The Spanish Alano It is a breed of dog of grip or prey, its size is medium and is considered as indigenous breed of Spain. Of very ancient origins. To the mix are created other races like the bull in Spain, the alano of vautre (grip) in France, the old bulldog in England, the extinct bullenbeiser in Germany, or the own Argentine dogo.
Molosser light dam and corridor. The traditional feature is the handling of cattle bravo and semibravo, Iberian trunk, extensive system, as well as hunting, as a dog's tooth to the subjection of deer and wild boar. Its modern implementation is care and defence, How to care for cattle against any kind of predator.
Some authors consider the Alano Spanish descends from the old dog named Alaunt used the Alans both for war and for the handling of cattle, lying bulls as good grip can, Since the time of the Empire in central Asia Sármata, in the 1st century c.e..
The existence of Alans dogs in Spain dates from several centuries ago, Although it is not clear which was its origin. Some believe that this breed of molosser was extended across Europe by the Alans in the 4th century and that it was brought to the Iberian Peninsula and North Africa by the Vandals.
In 1350 King Alfonso XI publishes its “Book of the Monteria”, and in the 15th century publishes the “Treaty of the Monteria”, anonymous, which performs a deep somatic description of the dog. When talking about Alan dog everyone knew it was a dam corridor that to justify its name should meet certain characteristics: with strong head, of longuilíneas proportions, high rump and good bones. Also, his character was clearly defined by her function of dog's grip; “No taking by hunger or award, but by right nature gave Dios” (Today we call it instinct of dam).
Of which there is no doubt is that these dogs were very extended, as evidenced by his appearance in paintings, for example the Alans plasma Velázquez in the hunt for the hole, It is located in the National Gallery, London, Goya in his capture of a bull or an engraving of the French romantic Blanchard. They are also appointed by Cervantes and Lope de Vega Alans of thirds.
It is believed, According to the most likely hypothesis, He arrived in the Iberian Peninsula, accompanying the Alan people, shortly after the fall of the Roman Empire, about the 5th century. These were sturdy and primitive copies, the Alans used mainly for war, hunting and animal husbandry. Later, its unbeatable psychophysical qualities (robustness, courage and loyalty) do the alano play a notable role as a member of the Spanish armies, especially during the conquest of the Americas. The first references written about the alano appear in the middle ages, in the hands of Gonzalo de Berceo, and 1247. More complete data are in 1347, in the book of the Monteria, don Alfonso XI "The vigilante". Other mentions of importance about the alano, worthy of mention occurs in Utrera in 1603, by fray Francisco Tamayo.
Dogs played a key role in the conquest of the new world, animal unknown to the indigenous peoples. These, coupled with the horses, armor and arquebuses contributed to the victory. They were the terror of the natives, Thus the stories of the time not directed impressive descriptions as the following:
The Friar Bernardino de Sahagún terms of testimonies of Indians attacked by huge ¨perros, with ears cut, fierce yellow eyes Bloodshot, huge mouths, hanging languages and teeth in the form of knives, wild as the demon and stained as the jaguares¨. The description has an inevitable tone of admiration and fear; Let us not forget that in pre-Columbian times (before the arrival of the conquistadors) the Indians possessed dogs small size and often body. In this way, the Indians called the canes of the Spanish ¨una diabolical invention.
Bartholomew Columbus and Fontanarossa, brother of the discoverer and Adelantado Governor of Hispaniola, they say the Chronicles employed 200 men, 20 horses and 20 Alans, It was the "debut" of the Alans in the conquest of America.
The Spanish Alano It is mainly backed by enormous bravery, with special reference to deal with the wild boar, disregarding even his own life. Its functions have changed little during these centuries: dog of war, livestock (especially for the beef and veal), hunting and nursery. It is in the 18th century when the first written evidence of the alano appear, about his participation in the Festival of the bull.
Its qualities traspasarán Spanish borders, becoming very significant exports, both the Americas and Europe as France, England or Germany in order to improve their own races, especially the English bulldog and the Doge of Bordeaux. Even the international press echoed their characteristics, as happened in 1873, in the British press, describing carefully to a copy of prey Spanish (Alano), called Bull and reads: “…fighting only subject to his opponent by the head, is silent and immune to pain…”.
At the end of the 19th century or the beginning of the 20th, begins the decline of the alano, motivated by multiple factors: exclusion of the armies, changes in the tradition of the Monteria and grazing, definitive exclusion from the Festival of the bull and custom. This led to the gradual replacement of the Alans by other imported races, in most of the times, in an unjustified way. Years later, you get even to speculate the possible disappearance of the Alans, Since his last appearance publishes occurs in Madrid, in the year 1963 (exhibition at the Retiro Park).
But they have not disappeared, were some population loopholes in certain marginal areas, difficult access, such as certain mountains of Cantabria, País Vasco, Burgos, Salamanca… These cracks of population managed to survive thanks to their functional qualities, as for the farmers and hunters in the area, outside all fashion and with an enviable sense of practicality, simply not had a better animal for those committed to the alano.
Today, and thanks to the excellent work of recovery of some professionals and public bodies, Spanish alano virtually, remains unchanged, It's a medium dog of prey, strong, Agile and very serious. Specially equipped for the handling of cattle, for hunting and for custody.
Little barking by nature, very resistant to pain and disease, tends to be suspicious and distrustful with strangers and bottom and very affectionate with its owner and family.
Related breeds Spanish Alano
|Alano||Bou||Corso||Canary Islands||Spanish Mastiff||Bullmastiff|
The Alano is an animal slow in their development, reaching maturity, physical and mental, over the two years. From that moment you will find a powerful animal, determined and very noble. As it's a dog selected primarily by their willingness to work, There is some variety of "types", Since the lighter Alans, gifted for hunting, until the heavier, suitable for grazing and save (livestock lines or old Bull Dog).
Perhaps in recent times less attention to the latter is being, for the most consistent lines for hunting. Perhaps the lovers of this type of alano (Bull Dog), have to consider its viability as a separate race.
In 1880 "prohibited the fate of"dogs the bull"and that is why Bull rings left keep dogs". On the other hand, to stop practicing "hunting in the round", becomes otherwise organize the montería so it is no longer interesting for cattle fall clasped by dogs, but to reach the positions where the montero is bet, who is who pays the entertainment. In these circumstances the flocks deshicieran of the Alans who had.
Once a dog was useful whether it performed any task, Spanish alano "ceased to have work" after the selection of more docile breeds of cattle, so this race back to a dizzying to extinction speed.
- Alternative names: Bulldog Español, Spanish Bulldog
Dogs breeds: Spanish Alano