Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis) - Exotic birds | Pets

Posted by pets | 9 November 2014

- Amazona autumnalis

Red-lored Amazon

Description:

35,5 to 38,1 cm.. height and between 314 and 485g. weight.

The Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis) is distinguished by its forehead red; Green with edge lilac it nape ; crown Lila; stain red in the wing , and tail blue margin.

The bill is grey with the upper mandible yellowish-horn. The iris his eye is orange. The legs are of color gray greenish.

They do not possess sexual dimorphism, namely, There is a physical difference between the male and female.

  • Sound of the Red-lored Amazon.

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Description 3 subspecies:

Amazona autumnalis lilacina Lesson, 1844

  • Amazona autumnalis autumnalis

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal.

  • Amazona autumnalis lilacina

    (Lesson, 1844) – It has a red band in the forehead that it extends over them eyes; the cheeks Yellow.

  • Amazona autumnalis salvini

    (Salvadori, 1891) – It has cheeks and ear-coverts green; the basis of the tail by under Red.

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Habitat:

This Amazon frequents a wide range of habitats wooded and open with trees, including rainforest, tropical deciduous forest, pine forests, mangroves, forest swamps, Gallery forests, areas cultivated with trees high and plantations; also forest dry in the South of Ecuador.

The Red-lored Amazon move from the rainforest (breeding season) to a habitat more open in winter in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. The altitudes that inhabit range from sea level to the 320 metres in Oaxaca, 1.100 metres in Honduras, 800 metres in the Caribbean, 1.000 meters on the slopes of the Pacific of Costa Rica, and 1.000 metres in Colombia.

The birds tend to be in pairs or in flocks loose, being more gregarious When feed (occasionally macaws) and when resting. Outside the breeding season, the bird is refuge in trees high in forests of Gallery or mangroves.

Reproduction:

They nest during the seasonal dry in hollow of trees (usually dead, for example, Tabebuia or Ceiba) or on the stump of a Palm tree. Birds in State reproductive in April, Oaxaca; February-March, Belize; March, Guatemala; January-February, Colombia. Reproduce between February-April, Panama; March-may, Belize and January-March, Ecuador. Clutch 3-4 eggs.

The incubation varies from 25 to 26 days. The chicks remain in the nest 70 days.

Food:

In the wild these birds feed on figs Ficus, orange, Mango, fruits of Palm (including the of Cordia lutea and Spondias purpurea), coffee beans (Coffea arabica), seeds of Ferrule, Casearia and Protium. Mainly are feeds in the tops of trees high.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 2.570.000 km2

The Red-lored Amazon It extends from the South of Mexico north of South America with a population disjunct in the Amazon.

You can find in them lands low of the this of Mexico, in the South of Tamaulipas, in the East of San Luis Potosí, Puebla, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Tabasco, Campeche and Quintana Roo. The records of other parts of the country (for example, City of Mexico) probably you refer to leak.

You can see in Belize and in the lowlands of the Caribbean of Guatemala and Honduras (including Roatan and Guanaja in Islands of the Bay and probably soon in Utila), until Nicaragua and Costa Rica, where are they present in humid areas of the tropical zone on both slopes (absent from the dry Northwest ), also in Panama and on the islands of Coiba and Escudo de Veraguas and in the Archipelago of pearls (absent from the driest areas of the Azuero peninsula).

In the Northwest of Colombia they appear on the Pacific slope of the Western Andes from the Panamanian border to the South up to the The Baudó mountains and from the southwest of Cauca south to Ecuador in the Gulf of Guayaquil. Also it extends to the North of the Andes in Colombia to Magdalena Medio and to the East in the Northwest of Venezuela in Zulia (Sierra de Perija).

In the Northwestern basin of the Brazilian Amazon a disjunct population exists between Rio Negro and Rio Solimões.

Usually resident with some local seasonal habitat preferences (for example, in Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico). Is usually the most common Parrot and more numerous in some parts of the range (for example, in parts of Central America) but now is a species very rare to the West of them Andes in Ecuador and Colombia with a population of the subspecies Amazona autumnalis lilacina estimated in 400-600 specimens.

Population decreased drastically in the island of Roatan (Honduras) where he captured it is massively for export, and maybe missing in Utila for the same reason.

Capture combined with the loss of habitat also has caused declines in some other parts of its area of distribution (for example, East of Mexico and Ecuador). Common in captivity in some areas, and marketed internationally.

Distribution 3 subspecies:
  • Amazona autumnalis autumnalis

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal. Coast of the Caribbean from the East of Mexico South to North of Nicaragua.

  • Amazona autumnalis lilacina

    (Lesson, 1844) – West of Ecuador.

  • Amazona autumnalis salvini

    (Salvadori, 1891) – North of Nicaragua south to Colombia and Venezuela.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

This species has a very large range and, Therefore, is not approaching the thresholds of Vulnerability at the discretion of the distribution area size.

The population size is very large and, therefore, not approaching the thresholds for vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con una disminución continua estimada en> 10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specific population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as least concern.

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is in decline due to the continuous destruction of the habitat and to levels of exploitation unsustainable.

In captivity:

Is of vital importance that the diet is complete and balanced in all directions, as this prevents, along with other factors, the appearance of bone problems or the known software that affects numerous parrots. To ensure the balance of this, prepared feed very well supply the nutritional needs of each animal, However, they should not miss plant, fruits and vegetables, as well as diversity of seeds that come in mixture.

As for accommodation, If they are not removed from cage constantly, This should be spacious enough so that you can exercise the muscles of the wings and the legs, and the plumage of the bird is preserved in perfect condition.

The Red-lored Amazon enjoy, like all parrots, tearing apart and finding out things, so it must be of some other toy or we can end up having problems with furniture. Them feet of parrot are very suitable if your stay is in the outside of the cage. Of course, they must not be exposed to draughts or sudden changes in temperature. The water must be clean at your fingertips, because the existence of fungi causes serious breathing problems.

In terms of coexistence to have it in the neighborhood area, in comparison with other species in Amazon, are relatively quiet, so in general do not cause many problems.

In captivity, can get to live up to 80 years.

BREEDING AND REPRODUCTION:

Its captive breeding started for the first time in United States, after their importation from the place of origin, South America in the 1950's.

Those individuals acquire their sexual maturity on the 4 years of age, and if you have a good breeding pair in the right conditions, they can perform two annual broods, Although the main thing if you want to raise, patience. Many couples will need several years to first breeding, so it is very important to be patient and wait for the right moment.

The female lays in the nest (No fill) of 2 to 6 eggs incubated without the help of the male usually. This is dedicated to feeding the own female and chicks after their birth to the 28 days until its independence after twelve weeks.

Alternative names:


- Red-lored Parrot, Red-lored Amazon, Yellow-Cheeked Amazon (inglés).
- Amazone à lores rouges, Amazone diadème (francés).
- Rotstirnamazone (alemán).
- Papagaio-diadema, Papagaio-diadema (Papagaio cavacué) (portugués).
- Amazona Frentirroja, Lora Frentirroja, Loro Frentirrojo (español).
- Lora cariamarilla (Honduras).
- loro cachete-amarillo (México).

Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:


- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Amazona
- Nombre científico: Amazona autumnalis
- Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
- Protónimo: Psittacus autumnalis

Red-lored Amazon images:

————————————————————————————————

Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
Grupohypermarkup

Photos:

(1) – Wikimedia.org
(2) – Red-lored Amazon or Red-lored Parrot; two captive parrots By Brian Gratwicke (originally posted to Flickr as Red-lored Amazon) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Red-lored Amazon in Panama By Nelson de Witt from USA (Hello!) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – To pet Red-lored Amazon By Richard (originally posted to Flickr as Looming….) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Red-lored parrots (Amazona autumnalis), OSA Peninsula, Costa Rica By Charlesjsharp (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – A Red-lored Amazon at Rock Farm, Belize. It has a feather problem By Rigrat [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – This is the image of a parrot originating of the jungle of Chiapas in Mexico By Joe Quick [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – Red-lored Amazon perching on a branch with wings open near Belmopan, Belize By Rigrat (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – A strange sight to me to see parrots flying in the wild. This Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis) was spotted with a group along the roadside in the Cayo distict of Belize By The Lilac Breasted Roller (originally posted to Flickr as Red Lored Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(10) – Lilacine Amazon, head from lateral by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Walter Rivera

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