White-eyed Parakeet (Psittacara leucophthalmus) - Exotic birds | Pets

    Posted by pets | 22 April 2016

    - Psittacara leucophthalmus

    Aratinga Ojiblanca

    Description:

    Of 32 cm. length and a weight between 140 and 170 g..

    The White-eyed Parakeet (Psittacara leucophthalmus) has the head dark green with small scattered red feathers, especially in the area of the lores, cheeks, sides neck and throat. The head and the nape Some birds are almost entirely green, others have solid red spots in the cheeks, with numerous scattered red feathers elsewhere.

    The upperparts are dark green, with one or two scattered red feathers. Upper, - wings dark green, with a little red in the curve; under, with golden brown flight feathers, the outer red and green small coverts inner; Yellow large coverts external and green internal.

    The underparts Green with scattered red feathers on the throat and the breast, sometimes forming irregular patches. Upper, the tail dark green; Brown down.

    The bill hooked is color Horn and its gray tip; bare periophthalmic grayish white; iris yellow-orange; legs grey.

    The plumage of the male and the female, they are identical.

    The immature they have more muted colors; some feathers Red in the head, No red in the bend of wing and olive in the underwing-coverts outer.

    • Sound of the White-eyed Parakeet.

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    Subspecies description:
    • Psittacara leucophthalmus callogenys

      (Salvadori, 1891) – They have head, neck and throat, green grass dark with small feathers red color above the cheeks. The mantle, - wing-coverts, the tail and the primary feathers of the tail are dark green. The lower part of the breast and the flanks of the body are green clear. The feathers largest of the wings and the secondaries are dark green with a grey reflection at the ends. Smaller feathers of the wings and the area of the wing curvature are bright red; small coverts feathers are red; the feathers of the greater coverts are yellow. The top of the large feathers of the tail are dark green, the bottom is olive green.

      The eyes are black with the iris orange-brown. The bare periophthalmic is grayish white. Bill color horn, the sides and the tip of the upper part are dark gray. Legs brownish grey, Black nails.

      On average largest the species nominal with the bill more robust. Birds in the West have a green dark.

    • Psittacara leucophthalmus leucophthalmus

      (Statius Müller, 1776) – The species nominal.

    • Psittacara leucophthalmus nicefori

      (Meyer de Schauensee, 1946) – Similar to the species nominal, except for having a red frontal band.

    Habitat:

    The White-eyed Parakeet It is in a great range of forest habitats and forests, mainly in lowlands, even if they manage to reach altitudes of 1.700 meters in the Ecuador and 2.500 meters in Bolivia.

    In the Amazon, they are in tropical rainforests, for the most part along the rivers (including the forests and marshes), in scattered areas of woodland and in land grown in wetlands, mangroves, sheets and the forests of Palms in the Guianas, chaco types of forests in the South of its range, Gallery forests and alluvial forests in Bolivia.

    The White-eyed Parakeet they are highly gregarious, they form flocks, usually, hundreds of birds (usually up to 90), covering large expanses between the roosts and feeding areas.

    In the Amazon, in general, the birds travel along the banks of the rivers, crossing also large tracts of forest to reach the meanders and hidden Marsh.

    They form large community groups to sleep in trees, sugar cane fields and caves.

    Associated with the Blue-crowned Conure (Psittacara acuticaudatus), the Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus), the Chestnut-fronted Macaw (Ara severus) and the
    Crimson-bellied Parakeet (Pyrrhura perlata), in mixed flocks, especially while they forage.

    Reproduction:

    The nest It consists of a natural cavity in a tree, often a palma, but also in limestone caves in Mato Grosso, Brazil. The female deposits there usually 3 white eggs, What incubates alone during 24 or 25 days. During this period, It is fed by the male. At birth the chicks are completely naked, a gray marker appears at the end of the first week. Are fed by parents for approximately 6 weeks, those that leave the nest and get together with the family group. They are still dependent parents during 2 to 3 months.

    The breeding season It has been reported in the months of November-December, and Argentina; July-August, in the East of Peru; From January to April, Mato Grosso; and Guianas during the month of February.

    Food:

    The diet of this species depends on the habitat, including a variety of dried fruits, seeds, fruit, berries, flowers and insects.

    In general, they feed in the canopy, Although also feed on of grass seeds. Other reported foods include fruits of Palms and Goupia glabra, Tetragastris altissima and Allantoma lineata, as well as flowers of Erythrina and ficus.

    Distribution:

    The White-eyed Parakeet are widespread in much of the North of South America, to the East of the Andes, to the North of Argentina.

    Are distributed from the West of the Guianas (absent from Guyana), through Venezuela, from Anzoátegui and Monagas through the Delta Amacuro, until Bolivar and Amazon, and up to the Colombian Amazon, to the North of the Department of the Goal. They live in much of Ecuador and Peru.

    Extend through the entire interior of Brazil and possibly reach the coast of São Paulo and Rio Grande do Sul (absent in the arid zones of the Northeast, mountainous areas of the northern basin of the Amazon and Brazil and Venezuela, and the basin of the Rio Negro and Brazil and Colombia).

    Are also distributed to the East of Bolivia through Paraguay until Argentina, to the South of Santa Fe and Entre Rios (possibly in the North of Buenos Aires), including Tucumán and Catamarca (There are no recent reports in Catamarca or Santa Fe, While reports of Santiago del Estero, Córdoba and San Luis they are probably incorrect).

    • Narosky and Di Giacomo (1993) they consider that the population in the city of Buenos Aires and its surroundings would have possibly originated from specimens escaped from captivity, i.e. released or escaped pet, owners or traffickers of fauna.

    Observed in the highest parts of Uruguay.

    In general resident, Although some seasonal movements seem to occur in some areas. The most numerous in the center of the range, the least, at the edges. Locally abundant in the Amazon central and Mato Grosso, Brazil, as well as in the East of Peru. Common in Colombia. Fairly common in the forests of the coast of Suriname and in the Gallery forests of Santa Cruz and Bolivia. Unevenly distributed in the North of Bolivia, where is described as from common to rare. Common in Argentina, especially in the North.

    The Aratinga Ojiblanca It adapts easily to the degradation and urban areas, long as no sources of food and nesting places (ceilings and other cavities) and this occurs in several cities.

    Large captive population with high volume of international trade, in particular from Argentina, where the species, Perhaps, is being threatened due to the capture.

    Distribution of subspecies:
    • Psittacara leucophthalmus callogenys

      (Salvadori, 1891) – East of Ecuador, Northeast of Peru and Northwest of Brazil.

    • Psittacara leucophthalmus leucophthalmus

      (Statius Müller, 1776) – The species nominal.

    • Psittacara leucophthalmus nicefori

      (Meyer de Schauensee, 1946) – Its validity is based on a single specimen found in an area around Guaicaramo in the Guavio River, Department of the Goal, Colombia.

    Conservation:

    • Red list category of the UICN current: Least concern

    • Population trend: Decreasing

    The size of the world population White-eyed Parakeet It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

    The species has undergone intense trade: from 1981, When it was included in the Appendix II, 60.207 individuals have been captured in the wild, registered for the international trade (UNEP-WCMC trade database CITES, January 2005).

    In captivity:

    The White-eyed Parakeet they are among the best talkers within the family Aratinga. Well socialized they can become a good companions. Rarely are destructive and usually they are not pijas, they often take the choice to imitate human speech in place. Personality always varies from one bird to another, but they are generally known to be very playful and curious.

    Imported birds are, in its most, shy and slow to take confidence with your caregiver.

    Alternative names:

    - White-eyed Parakeet, White-eyed Conure, Green Conure, White eyed Parakeet (inglés).
    - Conure pavouane, Perriche pavouane, Perruche pavouane (francés).
    - Pavuasittich (alemán).
    - Aratinga-de-bando, araguaí, araguari, aratinga, arauá-i, aruaí, guira-juba, maracanã, maracanã-malhada, maricatã, periquitão-maracanã (portugués).
    - Aratinga Ojiblanca, Calacante ala roja, Calancate Ala Roja, Loro Barranquero, Loro de ala roja, Loro Maracaná, Maracaná ala roja, Perico Ojiblanco, Periquito Verde (español).
    - Calacante ala roja, Calancate Ala Roja, Loro de ala roja (Argentina).
    - Loro ojiblanco, Perico Ojiblanco (Colombia).
    - Cotorra de Ojo Blanco (Perú).
    - Maracaná ala roja (Paraguay).
    - Loro Barranquero, Loro Maracaná (Uruguay).
    - Perico Ojo Blanco (Venezuela).

    Scientific classification:

    - Orden: Psittaciformes
    - Familia: Psittacidae
    - Genus: Psittacara
    - Nombre científico: Psittacara leucophthalmus
    - Citation: (Statius Muller, 1776)
    - Protónimo: Psittacus leucophthalmus

    White-eyed Parakeet images:

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    White-eyed Parakeet (Psittacara leucophthalmus)

    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – White-eyed Parakeet (also known as the White-eyed Conure) in Piraju, São Paulo, Brazil By Dario Sanches [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – White-eyed Parakeet at the aviary at the Mayaguez Zoo in Mayaguez, Puerto Rico By Kati Fleming (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – A White-eyed Parakeet in Reserva Guainumbi, São Luis do Paraitinga, São Paulo, Brazil By Dario Sanches from São Paulo, Brazil [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Praça Barão do Rio Branco, Serra Negra-SP By Dario Sanches [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – White-eyed Parakeet (also known as White-eyed Conure) in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil By Wagner Machado Carlos Lemes [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – White-eyed Conure (Aratinga leucophthalmus) – upper body, neck and face. In captivity in the Parrot’s Garden (Jardim dos Louros), in the Botanical Garden of Funchal, Madeira island, Portugal By jmaximo [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (7) – White-eyed From The Crossley ID Guide Eastern Birds By Richard Crossley (Richard Crossley) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (8) – White-eyed Conure, also called White-eyed Parakeet, in Brazil By Dario Sanches [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (9) – Couple of white-eyed parakeets (Aratinga elucophthalma). Spotted in São Carlos, Brazil By Leoadec (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

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    White-eyed Parakeet video

    Classification Psittacara leucophthalmus

    Species:
  • Psittacara leucophthalmus
  • Subspecies:
  • Psittacara leucophthalmus callogenys
  • Psittacara leucophthalmus leucophthalmus
  • Psittacara leucophthalmus nicefori
  • Anatomy of the Psitacidae


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