Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) - Exotic birds | Pets

Posted by pets | 1 December 2015

- Psittacula krameri

Cotorra de Kramer


Of 40 cm., length and a weight between 116 and 140 g..

Cotorra de Kramer

The Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) has the forehead, fore crown, the cheeks and the lores bright yellowish green; narrow dark line between the cere and the eye ring; the back of the crown, the nape and the sides of the neck, pale lavender gray, broken on the sides of neck with narrow black stripes; contiguous black markings with wide black stripes on the bottom of the cheeks merging the chin a solid black.

Pink collar in the back of the neck, of mantle and back light green tinged with olive; rump and uppertail-coverts slightly brighter. Lesser and medium upperwing-coverts light green (darker than the body); large coverts dark green; primaries and secondaries dark green with darker (almost black) margin to the vane inner. Bottom of the feathers flight gray; underwing-coverts brighter yellowish green. Underparts brighter yellowish green. Upper, the tail centrally blue with yellowish tips, green side; undertail, the tail centralmente negruzca, yellow-olive laterally.

Crimson in upper mandible tipped in black, the lower mandible of color stream blackish; cere whitish: iris yellowish white; legs pink, with 4 fingers ending in nails strong in black, two of these fingers are directed forward and two backward so called zigodactilia, which it allows them to easily climb.

The female lacks the neck black, brands in the chin and the cheekbone, of the collar pink and blue suffusion of neck; It has shorter central feathers tail.

The They are similar to immature females but with the bill a little paler, iris greyish; the males acquire the characteristic Pink collar in the third year.

  • Sound of the Rose-ringed Parakeet.
[audio:HTTPS:// the Kramer.mp3]
Subspecies description
  • Psittacula krameri borealis (Neumann, 1915) – Larger than the species nominal, with upper mandible all red and black marks on the lower mandible. Bluish suffusion in neck, behind ear-coverts; more than grayish bottoms species nominal.
  • Psittacula krameri krameri (Scopoli, 1769) – The species nominal
  • Psittacula krameri manillensis

  • Psittacula krameri manillensis (Bechstein, 1800) – Larger than other subspecies, slightly paler and more yellow than the subspecies borealis. Different facial markings that species nominal. Under the mandible black.
  • Psittacula krameri parvirostris (Souance, 1856) – Of head and cheeks yellowish least the species nominal. Bill small upper mandible brighter red, less blackish towards the tip. The birds living in eastern Sudan They are intermediate between subspecies appearance parvirostris and species nominal.

The Rose-ringed Parakeet It is a very adaptable bird. It is located in a variety of forest types Forest, from secondary forests, wet, riparian forests, mangroves, open farmland with scattered trees, to parks and gardens in urban areas.

They can live at altitudes 1.600 metres in Asia and 2.000 metres in Africa.

Gregarious, especially outside the breeding season, coming to form large noisy flocks sometimes several thousand birds. Communal roosts, often with Crows, Mynas or other parrots.


The Rose-ringed Parakeet It is not a territorial bird and, sometimes vaguely colonial while raising.

It nests in natural tree cavities or holes extended, in cracks in rocks or walls built; in Africa, always nest atop a tree.

The breeding season, mainly, It covers the months from January to April, although there have been young in July.

Typical setting 3 to 4 eggs, although they have been registered you put six eggs.
23 days of incubation and 45 day stay in the nest of pups.


Diet Rose-ringed Parakeet It includes a variety of cereals, herbs, seeds, vegetables, fruits, flowers and nectar, wild and cultivated; feeding varies seasonally,for example, in the Indian state of Punyab, They feed on weed seeds from April to June and sorghum between the months of August and January.

Inflingen crop damage, especially citrus, sunflower and corn.

In Africa feed of fruits, for example, of Boolean, Tamarindus, Adansonia, Psidium, Acacia white and Slassus.

In Asia, their diet consists of seeds of Acacia arabica, Prosopis spicigera, Casuarina equisetifolia and Crotalaria medicaginea and fruits of Morus alba, Bridiela retusa, Dalbergja, Ficus, Xanthium, Meliá and Albizia.


Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 27800000 km2

The Rose-ringed Parakeet they are the parrots more widely distributed around the Old world. They are native to África tropical, north of the humid forest zone, and much of Asia meridional.

In West Africa (Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau), East, through Mali, South of Niger, North of Ivory Coast, North of Ghana, Burkina Faso, Togo and Benin to the North of Nigeria and Cameroon, South of Chad, North of the Central African Republic, from southern Sudan to the North of Uganda and Ethiopia, Djibouti and Northwest of Somalia.

In Asia, from the West of Pakistan, South of Nepal through the India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to downtown Burma.

Many introduced populations are distributed by EE.UU., England, Germany, Netherlands, North of Egypt, Kenya, coastal area Ivory Coast (possibly wild relict), South Africa (Natal and Zululandia), Mauritius, Arabian Peninsula, Singapore, Macao and China, in the surroundings of Hong Kong.

Mainly sedentary, but apparently with some seasonal movements in most parts of the African range (for example, temporary visitors during the rainy season in southern areas Mauritania).

Common to abundant in Africa and part of Asia; quite common in Burma.

Residents and especially sedentary. Widely bred in captivity.

Distribution of subspecies
  • Psittacula krameri borealis (Neumann, 1915) – Distributed Pakistan, through North India, around of 20 north, Nepal and Bangladesh until Burma. He also believed to belong to this subspecies distributed parts of birds Middle East, Mauritius, Macao and parts of Southeast China.
  • Psittacula krameri krameri (Scopoli, 1769) – The species nominal
  • Psittacula krameri manillensis (Bechstein, 1800) – Distributed by South India, about 20 ° North and Sri Lanka. Observed in wild populations England, elsewhere Europe, EE.UU. and Singapore, They seem to belong to this subspecies.
  • Psittacula krameri parvirostris (Souance, 1856) – Distributed by this Sudan through North Ethiopia until Djibouti and North of Somalia

• Current red list of UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but the species, According to sources, It common to abundant throughout their natural range (pit et to the. 1997), while the population Japan it has been estimated between 100 and 10,000 introduced breeding pairs ( Brazil 2009).

Its population It increased in the twentieth century, in relation to the expansion of agriculture.

Nest protection and manipulation of breeding has helped Rose-ringed Parakeet recover.

Invasiveness in Spain

    Because of its colonizing potential and constitute a serious threat to native species, habitats or ecosystems, this species has been listed in the Spanish catalog Invasive Alien Species, approved by Royal Decree 1628/2011, of 14 November, It is banned in Spain its introduction into the wild, possession, transport, trade and commerce.
In captivity:

The Rose-ringed Parakeet is a bird with character that raised since childhood can become a docile pet, although its tendency is to be a fearful and aggressive bird. Form unstable pairs, something that affects their behavior. It is unlikely that this species has an affectionate behavior with their caregiver, with few exceptions.

To enjoy it Patience is needed and above all to have knowledge about this species, not to be disappointed if things are not progressing as expected.

The Rose-ringed Parakeet It is a bird that must be handled daily and this, throughout his life, with the aim to get a dressage “Optimal”. In fact, Naturally that tends to become suspicious if the time is not paid regularly. We have to “fight” against this tendency to touch, manipularla, caress, etc … He does not like human contact, other interaction need not destroy your confidence.

It is a bird that is in great need of occupation. She is Active and loves to be stimulated. Learns tricks easily and is always ready to learn, which makes it a bird very interactive with his master, despite being reluctant to hugs.

The Rose-ringed Parakeet It is also a bird that tend to rely solely on the person who takes care of her every day.

If we do not put enough games available in your area, it can be very destructive, He likes to chew and grind objects with their powerful beak, which would cause us a serious problem … it is also important to periodically renew the games to avoid boredom.

They have a powerful screech and are quite noisy.
While not a great conversationalist, You can learn to say a few words.

Eventually it could transmit diseases such as psitacosis.

With regard to its longevity, According to sources, a Rose-ringed Parakeet lived during 34 years in captivity. In captivity, these birds are known to breed, approximately, to the 2 years of age.

Alternative names:

- Rose-ringed Parakeet, Green Long-tailed Parakeet, Long-tailed Parakeet, Ring-necked Parakeet, Rose Ringed Parakeet, Roseringed Parakeet, Senegal Long-tailed Parakeet (inglés).
- Perruche à collier, Perruche de Kramer, Perruche verte à collier (francés).
- Halsbandsittich, Kleiner Alexandersittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-colar, Periquito-rabijunco (portugués).
- Cotorra de Kramer, Cotorra Verde de Collar, Periquito de Collar, Periquito de Kramer, Alejandrino común, Cotorra de Collar, Cotorra de Collar Verde, Cotorra de la India, Periquito de Collar (español).

Giovanni Antonio Scopoli

Giovanni Antonio Scopoli

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Psittacula
- Nombre científico: Psittacula krameri
- Citation: (Scopoli, 1769)
- Protónimo: Psittacus krameri

Images Rose-ringed Parakeet:


Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – A male Rose-ringed Parakeet (also known as the Ringnecked Parakeet) in Richmond Park, London, England By London looks (originally posted to Flickr as ring neck parakeet) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A Rose-ringed Parakeet at Agra Fort (Red Fort of Agra), Agra, India By Leigh Harries from London, UK (Parakeet, Red Fort, AgraUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Two Rose-ringed Parakeets (also known as the Ringnecked Parakeet) at Canberra Walk In Aviary, Gold Creek Village, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia By Richard Taylor (originally posted to Flickr as IMG_6777) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A male Rose-ringed Parakeet at Seaview Wildlife Encounter, Seaview, Isle of Wight, UK By Garry Knight from London, England (Blue Ring-Nosed ParakeetUploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Ring necked Parakeet (Psittacula krameri), Kew Gardens © Copyright Christine Matthews and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence. – geograph
(6) – Rose-Ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri). Pet parrot having the blue colour mutation By Tanya Dropbear (originally posted to Flickr as “Am I true blue?”) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – Rose-Ringed Parakeet (also known as the Ringnecked Parakeet) in Hong Kong By Charles Lam (originally posted to Flickr as Asking for Food…) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri in Narsapur, Andhra Pradesh, India By J.M.Garg (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – Rose-Ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri), Woluwe Park, Brussels by Frank Vassen – Flickr
(10) – SeoBirdlife
(11) – Female on left and male on right (Psittacula krameri manillensis) By J.M.Garg (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: José Carlos Sires (Xeno-canto)

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Classification Psittacula krameri

  • Psittacula krameri
  • Subspecies:
  • Psittacula krameri borealis
  • Psittacula krameri krameri
  • Psittacula krameri manillensis
  • Psittacula krameri parvirostris
  • Rose-ringed Parakeet video

    Anatomy of the Psitacidae


    Especies del género Psittacula

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