Tepui Parrotlet (Nannopsittaca panychlora) - Exotic birds | Pets

Posted by pets | 27 December 2016

- Nannopsittaca panychlora

Cotorrita de tepuy

Description:

Tepui Parrotlet

The Tepui Parrotlet (Nannopsittaca panychlora) measured between 14 and 15,7 cm.. height. Small size, with wings sharp and tail cut and wedge.

The head It is green with yellow tinge oliváceo; the eye area is yellow, color extending below and behind the eyes. The upperparts they are green (brighter and less than oliváceo head). Upperwing-coverts green. Flight feather blackish green tipped primary, brownish opaque below; INFRACA-wing coverts green. The underparts yellowish green turn yellow-green in the undertail-coverts. Upper, the tail is green; under, yellower. Bill grey; cere grey; Bello to singr dark gray; iris brown; legs Rosaceae.

Both sexes are similar; the female has the forehead Off-white to yellowish.

  • Sound of the Tepui Parrotlet.

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Habitat:

Montane rain forests inhabit in tropical and subtropical highlands, sometimes in the rainforest of the lowlands around tepuyes, generally 750-1,850 m (Gran Sabana), although they observed at the top of Auyantepui to 2,200 meters and near the summit Monte Roraima A 2,200 m; to 750-950 metres in Sucre.

Can reproduce in subtropical and tropical zone descend to feed. Recent records in the view of birds in the lowlands suggest at least seasonal aparienciones at lower altitudes. Fly very high, fast and in a straight line, in compact flocks of 6 to 150 individuals. It´s resident but it shows seasonal migrations.

Reproduction:

Sleeps and nests in Tepuis. Not much more information about the reproduction of this species in the wild.

Food:

In their natural habitat, the Tepui Parrotlet normally eat fruits, seeds and small insects.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 486.000 km2

Mainly montana, It is distributed in several scattered populations in eastern Venezuela and the adjacent area of ​​western Guyana; concentrated in Gran Sabana East of Bolivar in Venezuela (for example, Montes Roraima and Auyantepui); It is also present around the meseta del Duida and the lowlands of River Ventauri, Amazon, and in the West of Guyana from the area Río Camera to; a more distant population occupies the Paria peninsula (for example, the Monte Papelón), Sucre, to the northeast of Venezuela. Probably you can be observed at the north end of Roraima, Brazil.

Apparently locally common and stable, but perhaps it diminished in Paria Peninsula due to large-scale deforestation. Much of the range is included in Canaima National Park.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “quite common, but unevenly distributed” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 6,9-11,6% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (15 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to hunting and / or capture, It is suspected that its population decline by <25% durante tres generaciones.

In captivity:

It is very rare captive breeding outside South America. It is intelligent, quiet and very sociable.
Can normally live about 20 years.

Alternative names:

- Tepui Parrotlet, Tepui Parakeet, Tepui parrolet (inglés).
- Toui des tépuis, Toui tépui (francés).
- Tepuisittich, Grünsperlingspapagei, Tepui Sittich (alemán).
- Periquito-dos-tepuis, periquito-do-Tepui (portugués).
- Catita Chirica, Cotorrita de tepuy, Cotorrita Tepuí (español).
- Chirica (Venezuela).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Nannopsittaca
- Nombre científico: Nannopsittaca panychlora
- Citation: (Salvin & Godman, 1883)
- Protónimo: Brotogerys [sic] panychlorus

————————————————————————————————

Tepui Parrotlet (Nannopsittaca panychlora)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical

Photos:

(1) – Credit: © Scott Echols, DVM
(2) – Brotogerys panychlorus = nannopsittaca panychlora (color green) & Microcerculus ustulatus (color brown) By J G Keulemans (Ibis 1883 (Web)) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: (Xeno-canto)

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