Mexican Parrotlet (Forpus cyanopygius) - Exotic birds | Pets

Posted by pets | 21 April 2017

- Forpus cyanopygius

Mexican Parrotlet

Description:

13–14 cm. long and 30-37 grams.

Mexican Parrotlet

The Mexican Parrotlet (Forpus cyanopygius) has lores, cheeks, forehead and ear-coverts, brighter yellowish green.

The average area crown to the top of the back, green; lower back, rump and uppertail-coverts, turquoise. Great coverts turquoise, other coverts, green. Primaries green, secondaries dark turquoise blue color with narrow edges outerweb. Under the wings turquoise blue and green, the flight feather dark blue-green. Underparts green tinged with yellow. Upper, the tail is green; undertail, duller. Bill and cere pale grayish; bare periophthalmic grey; iris dark brown; legs pink.

Female all green. Immature as female, with some blue feathers on the rump and in the wing-coverts, in the case of young male.

hybrids:


Forpus [conspicillatus x cyanopygius] (hybrid)
Forpus [coelestis x cyanopygius] (hybrid)
Forpus [cyanopygius x passerinus] (hybrid)

  • Sound of the Mexican Parrotlet.

Description 2 subspecies:

Two subspecies. However, some authorities regarded the northern birds range as a third subspecies (Forpus cyanopygius pallidus), doubtfully distinct from the nominees. See also Note on Blue-winged Parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius).

Habitat:

The Habitat of the Mexican Parrotlet are the gallery forests and deciduous forests, plantations, scrub, semiarid open field and trees cultivated areas; mainly observed in lowlands and foothills largest number of records in southern Sonora to 360-455 m; at higher altitudes in western Durango and Zacatecas, with higher limit 1.320 m.

Aptitudes breeding birds have been observed above 900 indicating possible breeding meters higher altitudes. Gregarious, forming flocks 4-30 or more, sometimes in company Orange-fronted Parakeet (Eupsittula canicularis).

Reproduction:

Breeding season may July. Clutch three eggs in captivity.

Food:

Little information on diet or breeding: birds observed taking fruits Ficus, berries and grass seed soil.

Distribution y status:

Tamaño de su área de distribución (reproductor/residente): 177.000 km2

Endemic West Mexico from Alamos in the South of Sonora to the South by Sinaloa, Nayarit (including the Islands Three Marias) and Jalisco until Colima, with the southernmost record in the Manzanillo Bay (19 ° 03’N).

Its range extends eastward Durango and Zacatecas. irregular population with widely fluctuating local abundance, perhaps in relation to the availability of local foods. There has been a large-scale modification of habitats within range but the species remain common (at least locally). Birds in the Tres Marias Island Perhaps they are in risk of extinction.

Distribution 2 subspecies:
Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Near-threatened.

• Population trend: In decline.

Justification of the red list category

The species has risen to near threatened because its population has probably been reduced to a rate close to 30% during three generations (12 years), depending on the estimated operating levels and reducing the area of ​​occupancy and extent of occurrence; almost meet the listing requirements as threatened under the criteria A2cd + 3cd + 4cd. If the declinations are found to exceed the 30% then the species would qualify for Vulnerable lift. If there is evidence suggesting that the global population of this species is <10.000 individuos maduros, y está sufriendo una disminución continua de> 10% in three generations (until 100 years in the future), also qualify to lift Vulnerable.

Justification of the population

Partners in Flight estimated that the population number less than 50.000 individuals (A. Punjabi in some. 2008), so it is placed in the band 20.000 to 49.999 copies here.

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is declining rapidly due to moderately heavy pressure from his capture by illegal trade (Cantu et al ., 2007, Marín-Togo et al ., 2012). According to reports, the population of the island Three Marias It has decreased (Collar y Bushman 2014).

Threats

The capture for trade in wild birds It poses a serious threat to a 8.000 individuals illegally caught per year (Cantu et al ., 2007). The range of the species is found in one of the main routes for illegal trade in parrots Mexico and it is thought that the heavy exploitation of the species is an important factor in their apparent absence of suitable habitat areas.

Conservation actions and research in progress

CITES Appendix II.

Conservation and research actions proposed

Implement legislation to prevent illegal trade. Raise awareness of the species.

In captivity:

Quite frequently seen in aviculture.

Capture for trade in wild birds represents a serious threat to a 8.000 individuals illegally caught per year.

In captivity is not a very long-lived bird; According to sources a specimen lived 10,5 years in captivity.

Each captive specimen of this species which is capable of reproducing, It must be placed in a program well managed captive breeding and not be sold as a pet, in order to ensure its long-term survival.

Alternative names:


- Blue-rumped Parrotlet, Mexican Parrotlet (inglés).
- Perruche-moineau à croupion bleu, Perruche-moineau turquoise, Toui du Mexique (francés).
- Blaubürzel-Sperlingspapagei (alemán).
- Tuim-mexicano (portugués).
- Catita Enana Mejicana, Cotorrita Mexicana, Perico Catarina, Periquito Mexicano (español).

Scientific classification:

Orden: Psittaciformes
Familia: Psittacidae
Genus: Forpus
Nombre científico: Forpus cyanopygius
Citation: (Souancé, 1856)
Protónimo: Psittacula cyanopygia

Imágenes Mexican Parrotlet:

————————————————————————————————

Mexican Parrotlet (Forpus cyanopygius)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos: Richard E. Webster, XC353214. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/353214

(1) – Mexican Parrotlet (Forpus cyanopygius) in Durango Highway,Sinaloa By Ron Knight from Seaford, East Sussex, United Kingdom (Mexican Parrotlet (Forpus cyanopygius)) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – MEXICAN PARROTLET by Bryant OlsenFlickr
(3) – MEXICAN PARROTLET by Bryant OlsenFlickr
(4) – Mexican Parrotlet – Forpus cyanopygius city Laurel PARSHALLFlickr
(5) – Mexican Parrotlet – Forpus cyanopygius city Laurel PARSHALLFlickr
(6) – Iconographie des perroquets :. Paris :P. Bertrand,1857.. by Biodiversity Heritage LibraryFlickr

Sounds: Richard E. Webster, XC353214. accessible www.xeno-canto.org/353214

Filed under: Birds, Birds, C, MNOP | No comments »

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

Print Friendly, PDF & Email



Vídeo Mexican Parrotlet

Subespecies Forpus cyanopygius

Species:
  • Forpus cyanopygius
  • Subspecies:
  • Forpus cyanopygius cyanopygius
  • Forpus cyanopygius insularis
  • Anatomy of the Psitacidae


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    Species of the genus Forpus

    raton

    Use of cookies

    This web site uses cookies so that you have the best user experience. If you continue browsing you are giving your consent for the acceptance of the aforementioned cookies and the acceptance of our cookies policy, Click the link for more information.plugin cookies

    TO ACCEPT
    Notice of cookies
    WordPress lightbox