Pesquet's Parrot (Psittrichas fulgidus) - Exotic birds | Pets

Posted by pets | 28 March 2015

- Psittrichas fulgidus

Pesquet's Parrot

Description

46 cm. length and a weight between 680 and 800 g..

The head of the Pesquet's Parrot (Psittrichas fulgidus) is black, front without feathers, It can be covered with small black feathers ruffled patch of rigid red feathers in the anterior zone of the ear-coverts. Nape, mantle, back and tail blackish brown with fine pale edges.

Uppertail Red with black bases. Upper, black flight feathers, with large and medium-sized external coverts (except the innermost) and vane external Central flight feathers, Red; Black primary coverts. -, Black tail with red in the lower and medium coverts. More Brown on the top breast than in the rest, with a wavy effect to pale fringes to the feathers; belly, flanks and coverts red infracaudales. Upper, Black tail.

Black Peak; black skin of the face; dark brown irises; Blackish grey legs.

The female It lacks the red patch on the side of the head and is slightly smaller on average.

In birds immature the red marks are more off.

  • Sound of the Pesquet's Parrot.

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Habitat:

The Pesquet's Parrot are found mainly in the primary and secondary montane rain forest at an altitude between 600 and 1.200 m. However there are to the 2.000 m, and are occasional at altitudes as low as 50 m.

The species is thought, generally, they have a low density of population, finding the highest concentrations in forest areas relatively calm, where the birds are free from persecution.

These large and showy parrots, commonly found in pairs or in groups of up to 20 individuals, perched, usually, at the top of the exposed trees, or loud flying through or above the canopy.

Jump nervously around the Bush with quick flapping, and they can stay in the tops of emergent trees during a rain. It has been flying to settle on a solitary tree in the midst of the darkness.

Reproduction:

Reproductive habits in nature are unknown, but in terms of breeding birds have been observed in the months of February to may. In captivity a pair was observed to courting; There was a two-egg-laying, which were incubated by the female during 31 days, and the only chick, yellowish white, was fed by both parents.

Food:

The Pesquet's Parrot mainly feed on the soft pulp of fruits such as Ficus figs, handles (Mangifera indica) and Freycinetia cumingiana.

During their feeding, the base of the beak can become covered with fruit pulp, and it is likely that extension of the exposed facial skin has evolved to avoid that feathers absorb from food scraps.

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 278.000 km2

Confined in West Papua New, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. It goes from the Mountains Tamrau, Vogelkop, West Papua, to the East by the mountains of snow and the Cordillera Central (including the upper part of the Fly River, Lake Kutubu and Karimui district), in the Owen Stanley mountain range and the Huon peninsula, in the East of Papua New Guinea.

The species is unevenly distributed in montane forests, and it is considered uncommon in most areas. World population is thought to be in decline, mainly due to hunting for food and feathers (they are more appreciated than the feathers of the bird of paradise Paradisaeidae).

The introduction of weapons has significantly increased the pressure of the species in more densely populated areas. Live bird trade and habitat loss, It is also thought that they represent potential threats. There is a small number in captivity.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable

• Population trend: Decreasing

It is estimated that their population may be setting to the 42,000 birds.

This species is under severe pressure from the hunt for obtaining their colorful feathers, and to one degree lower for trade and meat. The hunt for the obtaining of feathers has increased with the growth of the population and the growing number of tourists. As a whole, These factors are suspected of being leading to a rapid and continuous reduction of the population of this species.

Proposed conservation actions:

– Conduct surveys to improve the accuracy of the estimate of the population.
– The research of the basic ecology of the species, especially any of their food.
– Investigate the trade in feathers.
– Monitor numbers in the sites studied, as the crater of the mountain and Kikori.
– Numbers of monitors marketed domestically and internationally.
– Transport Control of threatened species in domestic flights.
– Run an education program to discourage tourists from buying feathers and artifacts.
– Investigate adequacy of a program to replace artificial or dyed feathers (Mack and Wright 1998) .

In captivity:

Extremely rare.

Birds, even bred hand, they can be difficult and show aggressiveness with your caregiver; they can be a bit uncomfortable mainly due to their diet of fruit.

Alternative names:

- Pesquet's Parrot, Vulturine Parrot (ingles).
- Psittrichas de Pesquet, Perroquet de Pesquet (francés).
- Borstenkopf (alemán).
- Papagaio-de-pesquet (portugués).
- Loro Aguileño (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Psittrichas
- Nombre científico: Psittrichas fulgidus
- Citation: (Lesson, 1830)
- Protónimo: Banksianus fulgidus

Pesquet's Parrot images:

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Pesquet's Parrot (Psittrichas fulgidus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – “Pesquetsparrot03” by Greg HumeOwn work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(2) – “Psittrichas fulgidus-Jurong Bird Park-8a” by Peter TanPesquet’ s ParrotUploaded by Snowmanradio. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(3) – “Psittrichas fulgidus-Miami Zoo, USA-8-toc” by Psittrichas_fulgidus_-Miami_Zoo,_Usa-8. jpg: bognietsderivative work: Snowmanradio (talk) – originally posted to Flickr as Pesquet’ s Parrot and uploaded to commons as Psittrichas_fulgidus_-Miami_Zoo,_Usa-8. jpg. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(4) – Greg HumeTo feltoltő sajat munkaja: „Pesquetsparrot03”. Engedely: CC BY-SA 3.0, Forrás: Wikimedia Commons
(5) – By Matthias Wicke – Flickr

Sounds: Phil Gregory (Xeno-canto)

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