Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus) - Exotic birds | Pets

Posted by pets | 21 October 2014

- Pionus menstruus

Blue-headed Parrot


28 to 30 cm.. height and between 234 and 295g. weight.

The Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus) is distinguishable by having the head, neck and breast blue; Red in the rump and in the Base ventral of the tail (very visible on the fly), basis of the bill and neck dotted with pink.

Shoulder and end of the wing olive green with yellow border, tail Green with blue tip.

  • Sound of the Blue Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS:// Cabeciazul.mp3]
Subspecies description:
  • Pionus menstruus menstruus

    (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal

  • Pionus menstruus reichenowi

    (Heine, 1884) – Blue head, the neck and darker throat; lower underparts washed with blue green color; coverts red infracaudales with blue ends.

  • Pionus menstruus rubrigularis

    (Cabanis, 1881) – Smaller, head pale blue, neck more extensive and clear Red.


Species very common, inhabits rainforests, semi-hĂşmedas, Gallery, stubble, crop areas until the 1500 m.


It feeds on various seeds, fruits and flowers.


It nests in hollows of trees and palms in dry season.


They live in freedom from the South of Costa Rica, North of South America to the West of Ecuador. To the East of the Andes, comes to Peru, part of Brazil to the North of Bolivia.

Subspecies description:
  • Pionus menstruus menstruus

    (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal

  • Pionus menstruus reichenowi

    (Heine, 1884) – Coastal areas of the northeast of Brazil (Alagoas until Spirit Holy)

  • Pionus menstruus rubrigularis

    (Cabanis, 1881) – Tropical North of Costa Rica to western Colombia and West of Ecuador.


• Red list category of the UICN current: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world population of the Blue-headed Parrot It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “common” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

This species is suspected that it may lose 18,5-23% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (20 years) based on a model of deforestation in the Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the. 2011). Therefore, they suspected that can decrease in <25% en tres generaciones.

In captivity:

Pretty common in captivity. Intelligent, inquisitive Although sometimes shy. Active by nature, they can become overweight if you don't have a wide space where exercise your flight. Mature birds usually match throughout his life with his partner, you will defend with aggression of any intruder.

Its diet in captivity is wide. fruits such as: Apple, pear, orange, banana, Granada, cactus fruits, Kiwi, they form around the 30 percent of the diet; vegetables such as: carrot, celery, Green beans and peas in pod; fresh corn; Greens such as: Chard, lettuce, Kale, Dandelion, healer, chickweed; mixture of small seeds, such as: millet, birdseed, and small amounts of buckwheat, oats, safflower and hemp; soaked and sprouted sunflower; beans, cooked vegetables and boiled corn.

Alternative names:

- Blue-headed Parrot, Cobalt Parrot (inglés).
- Schwarzohrpapagei, Schwarzohr-Papagei (alemán).
- Cotorra Cabeciazul, Loro Cabeciazul, Loro de Cabeza Azul (español).
- Pione à tête bleue, Pionus à tête bleue (francés).
- baitaca, curica, maitaca, maitaca-de-barriga-azulada, maitaca-de-cabeça-azul, sijá, Sôia, Suia (potugués).
- Pappagallo testablu (italiano).

Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Pionus
- Nombre cientĂ­fico: Pionus menstruus
- Citation: (Linnaeus, 1766)
- ProtĂłnimo: Psittacus menstruus


Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus)


– Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
– Photo: Andres Hernandez
– Sound: Diego Caiafa

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The Blue-headed Parrot video

Classification Pionus menstruus

  • Pionus menstruus
  • Subspecies:
  • Pionus menstruus menstruus
  • Pionus menstruus reichenowi
  • Pionus menstruus rubrigularis
  • Anatomy of the Psitacidae


    Species of the genus Pionus


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