Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) - Exotic birds | Pets

    Posted by pets | 16 June 2015

    - Psephotus haematonotus

    Red-rumped Parrot

    Description

    Of 27 to 30 cm. in length and between 55 and 85 grams.

    The Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) It has a bright pale green head, slightly iridescent, with the front of the pale blue Crown and diffusion in the throat. Fine greyish green mantle with dark stripes; lower part of back and hip pale scarlet; supracaudales bright green coverts. The bright blue-violet wing curve; dark blue carpal edge: small coverts bluish green, the external medium of yellow, the internal of a pale blue-green; great coverts bluish green, clearer internal, primary coverts dark blue. Blackish flight feathers with vane external edges and dark blue yellowish; greenish grey tertials with vane Dark internal. The dark blue wing feathers. Light green chest with a slightly yellow broadcasting, bright yellow belly, feathers of the breast and belly with fine darker stripes; thighs, sewer and subcaudales coverts whitish, sometimes blur of yellowish-green. Upper, the Green tail with side feathers of blue-green color with white tip; by down whitish appearance when it is closed.

    Black Peak; Brown irises; grey legs.

    The female It is much more off than the male, usually greyish green. With white spots on the headphones feathers, the upper part of the chest is olive grey clear with slightly darker fringes and whitish belly with a light bluish green broadcasting. The wing coverts are a grey olive more uniform than in the male (medium-sized coverts pale blue). The vane outer flight feathers are more muted and more greenish, with green tail. The peak and the iris are paler, with some brands shaped pale wing bar.

    The immature They also have a pale wing bar. Males are darker, with more olive than females and with a narrow red rump; Greenish blue feathers begin to appear in the head, the wing coverts and chest first.

    The adult plumage is acquired in two or three months, young males retain the wing bar and have more off rump for one further year.

    • Sound of the Red-rumped Parrot.

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    Subspecies description
    • Psephotus haematonotus caeruleus (Condom 1941) – Adults of both sexes are more pale in color, the male is a shade more blue, the Central caudal feathers have blue shades and Red rump is more pale, the nape and mantle of the female are more grayish Green
    • Psephotus haematonotus haematonotus (Gould 1838) – The nominal.
    Habitat:

    The Red-rumped Parrot they tend to be sedentary, but some movements of flocks with farming jobs have been recorded at the edges of its range.

    They prefer open terrain and trees of ribera, pastures and farmland up to 1.000 meters above sea level, where the annual precipitation is inferior to 800 mm. They are also found in suburban areas, having canevale for golf courses, roadsides and parks, and locally in the mangroves.

    Are usually replaced by the Bluebonnet and the Mulga Parrot in more humid areas.

    They are usually in pairs or small groups, but they are not uncommon flocks of 100 copies or more during the subsequent breeding season. These groups maintain the partner link and mutual grooming is common. The shrike Perico are sociable, and to retire to the roosts are constantly called.

    Reproduction:

    The breeding season of the Red-rumped Parrot extends from July to January, Although you can rely more on the rains in the North than elsewhere. Male courtship consists of head and tail Wiggles, as well as the pose of alas-caidas.

    The nesting usually producirese in small colonies, often resulting in disputes between couples. The nest is usually in a hollow tree, in different heights, often in a eucalyptus, also you can place in a tree stump or even the eaves of a building can provide a suitable place. Between two and eight eggs (usually four to five) they form the implementation. The female incubates alone for around 20 days, regularly fed by the male.

    The pricipio, males remain in small groups, but as the chicks grow, These groups begin to disperse and males joined young people directly in the moments of eating. Young people take to abandon the nest between four to six weeks.

    Food:

    The Red-rumped Parrot they tend to feed on the ground, but it is also common to see them feeding in trees and shrubs.

    The diet includes a mixture of grasses and herbs, also seed sprouts, leaves, flowers and grain. They rest during the heat of the day and they can remain hidden, unless you disturb them.

    Distribution:

    The Red-rumped Parrot are confined to the southeast of Australia, from the North of the Peninsula of Eyre and Yorke, in the South of Australia, until the Montes Flinders, the basin of the Lake Eyre and Innamincka in the Northeast. The species expands eastward through Victoria, having come up to Melbourne in the middle of the Decade of 1970.

    In the news, the species is still scarce in the eastern end of the State. However, and New South Wales can be found around Sydney and along the coast towards the North, extending inward across the fullest part of New South Wales (largely absent in the Northwest of the Darling river,).

    In Queensland reaches Windorah, in the West and the surrounding area of Charleville, Chinchilla and Brisbane, in the East.

    Its population is common and growing in the North and to the South coast of Queensland, to the South of New South Wales, benefiting from the expansion of agriculture.

    The world population is more of 200.000 copies and the species is protected by law.

    Distribution of subspecies
    Conservation:
    • Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

    • Population trend: Crecent

    The size of the world's population has not been quantified, It is estimated over the 200.000 copies.

    Considered a bird of common to abundant in some parts of its area of distribution, do not believe that the Red-rumped Parrot is in danger of extinction, Although there is some evidence that the numbers may be slightly decreasing. The reasons for this are not clear.

    As the Red-rumped Parrot It is immersed in the pet trade, This species is included in the Appendix II the Convention on international trade in endangered species (CITES), which means that all international trade in this species should be carefully controlled.

    In captivity:

    You have a nice voice. It is active and not particularly shy. It can be kept with other parrots outside the breeding season.

    The Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus h. Psephotus) It is one of the species of most common breeding parakeets in captivity. First imports from Australia arrived in the mid-19th century. In 1857, London Zoo announced the first successful reproduction with this species. Other reproductive success would continue in Germany and the Netherlands, already in 1860.

    It's a tough species recommended for novice breeders. The Red-rumped Parrot It is very tolerant of our climate and prefers an Aviary in the open air all year round.

    You can play from the age of one year; being two years total maturity age. Playing at the end of the winter, early spring. It usually has two to three broods.

    The El Perico shrike is also used as a foster parent. Breeders have used their good reproductive provisions for more delicate species such as the Australian King-Parrot (Alisterus scapuleris), the Red-winged Parrot (Apromictus erytropterus) or other species of Polytelis.

    The first mentioned mutation goes back in the mid-of 1930. This mutation of Australian origin was named as Yellow before later being renamed as Green cake. Currently known as cinnamon.

    Other mutations emerged later as the panache, Blue, lutino, opaline, etc … In the news, This species is very common in aviaries. Observations show a unrecognized majority of mutated subjects and a worrisome decline in wild phenotypes. Reasonably, It is likely that the wild phenotypes genetically pure are extremely rare nowadays.

    According to sources, a sample lived 12,2 years in captivity.

    Alternative names:

    - Red-rumped Parrot, Grass Parrot, Grassie, Green Leek, Ground Parrot, Red rumped Parrot, Red-backed Parakeet, Red-backed Parrot, Redrump, Red-rumped Grass Parakeet, Red-rumped Parakeet (ingles).
    - Perruche à croupion rouge (francés).
    - Singsittich (alemán).
    - Periquito-dorso-vermelho (portugués).
    - Perico de Dorso Rojo, Perico Dorsirrojo, Periquito de Rabadilla Roja, Cotorra de rabadilla roja, Espalda roja, Periquito cantor (español).

    Scientific classification:

    - Orden: Psittaciformes
    - Familia: Psittaculidae
    - Genus: Psephotus
    - Nombre científico: Psephotus haematonotus
    - Citation: (Gould, 1838)
    - Protónimo: Platycercus haematonotus

    Images Red-rumped Parrot:

    ————————————————————————————————

    Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus)

    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    – Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – Anagé entry for Psephotus haematonotus
    Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – A male Red-rumped Parrot by Yarra River, Victoria, Australia By Andrea (originally posted to Flickr as rainbow parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – A male Red-rumped Parrot near Lake Ginninderra, Canberra, Australia By Duncan McCaskill (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Red-rumped Parrot in Capertee Valley, Blue Mountains, NSW, Australia. The red rump is seen only in male By Lip Kee Yap from Singapore, Republic of Singapore [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Red-rumped Parrot male (Psephotus haematonotus) – Flickr by Patrick_K59
    (5) – Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) Photographed @ Yarra Bend Park, Melbourne, Australia – Flickr

    Sounds: Peter Woodall (Xeno-canto)

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