Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus) - Exotic birds | Pets

    Posted by pets | 22 April 2015

    - Polytelis anthopeplus

    Regent Parrot

    Description

    Of 37 to 42 cm.. length and around 114 grams.

    Regent Parrot

    The Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus) has a yellow head, tending to olive-yellow on the Crown and nape. Olive green mantle; Dark olive brown scapulars; lower part of the back and tail of showy yellow, tending to supracaudales coverts yellow olive. Small & medium corbeteras, Yellow; large bluish black coverts in foreign feathers, Red with yellow tips on the innermost feathers; tertiary greyish black in vane inner; reddish pink, with yellow tip in the vane outer; primary coverts bluish-black; primary and secondary bluish-black, with black inner tubes. The yellow wing feathers; bottom of Brown flight feathers, almost black. Yellow underparts, more yellow off olive in coverts infracaudales with some indistinct Orange marks around the anal area.

    The tail is black with dark blue pink at the top of the Central tail feathers and the internal threads of the lateral tail feathers.

    The beak is pinkish-Red. The iris is orange-brown, grey legs.

    The female the superior has the bottom grey and green. Lords and coverts of the ear are more greenish. The dark blue stripe of feathers is broader and extends to the coverts of the wings that are more greenish yellow which in the male. The rump is olive green opaque, not yellow. The red dot of the wing is less developed and has less brightness. Tail bluish-green above. It has a pink tip below.

    The youth they resemble females, However, young males have more yellow on the head.

    • Sound of the Regent Parrot.

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    Subspecies Polytelis anthopeplus:

    • Polytelis anthopeplus anthopeplus: (Lear 1831) – The nominal
    • Polytelis anthopeplus monarchoides: (Schodde 1993) – The male has much more brightness that the nominal species, particularly, the bottom yellow
    Habitat:

    The Regent Parrot they reside mainly in the East, Although the birds disperse after breeding season.

    More regular movements have been recorded in the Western population, with spread towards the South during the summer, and a concentration below the 32 ° S in the autumn.

    The birds move to the northeast in winter; movements of up to 320 km have been recorded. Oriental birds are linked to the banks of the rivers, where is the red rubber (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) trees with mallee Shrublands partners (Eucalyptus gracilis). They are also distributed in forests of eucalyptus, areas with thin Cypress pine (Callitris preissii), orchards and vineyards.

    In the West, the species is less dependent from the Mallee and they reside in mixed plots of acacia and eucalyptus (wandoo, salmonophloia) and within agricultural land.

    The Regent Parrot they are not in the forests of the South-western area, Although there have been in the forest clearings.

    Outside the breeding season, the birds can be found in noisy flocks of a hundred or more individuals, being cautious in general. They feed primarily on Earth.

    Reproduction:

    The nesting season takes place between January and August. These birds nest either in single pairs or in small colonies composed of a maximum of 18 couples. Before mating, There are ritual offerings of food.

    The site selected for reproduction is usually a great rubber tree dead or dying, to 20 metres above the ground and near a permanent water course. These nests are often reused.

    Includes the spawning of 3 to 6 white eggs You settle on a layer of decaying wood shavings. The female incubates alone during 21 days. His companion, he defected from the nest tree and joined a group consisting only of males, it comes to collaborate with food tasks. The chicks have white down. Usually, leave the nest after 5 to 6 weeks, but after feather, they remain in the family group for a few weeks yet.

    Food:

    The diet usually includes seeds of grasses, herbs, fruit, berries, sprouts and flowers. They also take crops of cereals and dried fruits from orchards, as well as the grain spilled on roads.

    In the East, males tend to feed in the mallee scrub (for example White Mallee Eucalyptus dumosto and Red Mallee Eucalyptus socialis) during the breeding season.

    Distribution:


    Confined to Australia, where in two very distant populations. In Western Australia are distributed mainly in the wheat belt, extending north to Ajana, on the inside of Laverton and Karonie, and down in Israelite Bay, on the South Coast; is also located to the South of Perth, but they have not fully colonized the wooded area Southwest.

    In the southeast of Australia the range has shrunk in recent years. In the South of Australia, the species occurs along of the Murray River, around Morgan at the border of New South Wales, Victoria (seven colonies).

    In Victoria are distributed in the Wyperfeld National Park and along the Wimmera River to the South of the Lake Hindmarsh, but the reproduction, probably, ceased to occur in the Lake Albacutya as recently as 1988.

    In New South Wales is isolated along foci of the Murray River, and around the mouth of the Murrumbidgee River.

    Along the border of New South Wales, Victoria, they are now grouped into four areas, and is absent 100 kilometres on both sides of Mildura; There are some couples throughout the North of the Darling river and Pooncarie, and along the Wakool River East.

    There is a certain dispersion post-cria, but the birds is unlikely it lies to the northeast of Balranald or to the South of Castenaso, except perhaps during periods of drought.

    Locally common in areas of riparian forest and Mallee (Eucalyptus gracilis).

    The world's population is believed to be superior to the 15.000 individuals, but the subspecies of the East is by far the smaller of the two.

    Completely protected by law in all but a few regions of the South-West.

    A moderate number of captivity.

    Distribution subspecies Polytelis anthopeplus:

    • Polytelis anthopeplus anthopeplus: (Lear 1831) – The nominal
    • Polytelis anthopeplus monarchoides: (Schodde 1993) – Inside West part of South East Australia (South East South Australia, Southwest and Northwest of Victoria and new South Wales).
    Conservation:
    • Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

    • Population trend: Decreasing

    The species has an estimated world population in 21.500 individuals (Garnett and Crowley 2000).
    The population of the subspecies anthopeplusis It is estimated in 20.000 individuals.
    The population of the subspecies monarchoides It is estimated in 1.500 individuals (Garnett and Crowley 2000).

    The population of the subspecies anthopeplusis is probably stable as a whole, While the subspecies monarchoides It may be waning (Garnett and Crowley 2000).

    Areas of Mallee degradation, accidents on the road, occupation natural cavities of swarms of bees and persecution due to farmers, they are the most recurrent threats. Despite its original development in areas of the southwest through the development of agriculture, even in these areas, It is considered a slight decline. The hope comes from the fact that can go to colonizing New Territories in forest areas in the South-western end. By now, the species is considered not presenting no important problem. However, in nearly all regions, except in areas of intensive agriculture, benefits from the protection.

    In captivity:

    It is a very quiet bird. It is customary to his carer quickly enough. Friendly, It will also tolerate other non-aggressive species. Very active in the morning and afternoon. They may be prone to infections in the eyes and feet.

    A sample was still alive after 13,8 years in captivity. It has been reported that these animals can live up to 27,5 years in captivity but it has not been able to be verified; the same study reported that these animals can reproduce from around the first year of age in captivity.

    It is not very common in captivity.

    Alternative names:

    - Regent Parrot, Black-tailed Parakeet, Black-tailed Parrot, Black-throated Parrot, Blossom-feathered Parakeet, Mallee Smoker, Marlock Parakeet, Marlock Parrot, Mountain Parrot, Plaide-wing Parrot, Regal Parrot, Rock Pebbler, Royal Parrot, Smoker, Smoker Parrot, Yellow King-Parrot (ingles).
    - Perruche mélanure, Perruche à queue noire (francés).
    - Bergsittich (alemán).
    - Periquito-regente (portugués).
    - Perico Regente, Periquito de Rock Pebbler (español).

    Scientific classification:

    - Orden: Psittaciformes
    - Familia: Psittaculidae
    - Genus: Polytelis
    - Nombre cientĂ­fico: Polytelis anthopeplus
    - Citation: (Lear, 1831)
    - ProtĂłnimo: Palaeornis anthopeplus

    Regent Parrot Images:

    ————————————————————————————————

    Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus)

    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife
    – Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – Anage entry for Polytelis anthopeplus

    Photos:

    (1) – A juvenile Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus) at the Bird Walk (Walk-in Aviary), Canberra, Australian National Territory, Australia By Polytelis_anthopeplus_2. jpg: JJ Harrison ([email protected])derivative work: Diliff (Polytelis_anthopeplus_2. jpg) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – An adult male perched by Josep del Hoyo – Lynx
    (3) – A juvenile Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus) also known as the Rock Pebbler, Black-tailed Parakeet, Smoker, Marlock Parakeet and sometimes Regent Parakeet By Rainey06au at en.wikipedia [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Two Regent Parrots in an aviary in Australia. It is also known as the Rock Pebbler, Black-tailed Parakeet, Smoker, Marlock Parakeet and sometimes Regent Parakeet By Kristina (originally posted to Flickr as Parrots) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – A Regent Parrot in Flying High Bird Sanctuary, Australia. The parrot is feeding on seeds from the left hand of small boy’ s outstretched arm By paulgear (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – The Cape Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus) Started by Dallas – Gros-becs.net

    Sounds: Scott Connop (Xeno-canto)

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