Bourke's Parrot (Neopsephotus bourkii) - Exotic birds | Pets

Posted by pets | 20 July 2015

- Neopsephotus bourkii


Bourke's Parrot

Description

19 cm. length and an approximate weight of 39 g..

The Bourke's Parrot (Neopsephotus bourkii) they have the frontal area White. The chin, lores and contour of the eyes they are also white and form a kind of orbital ring clear when seen from a distance.

The ear-coverts and the upper cheeks are dark brown with pink dots and you specks. The Cap and the neck are greenish-Brown, with darker edges.

The upperparts are brown-grey color with pale edges on scapulars.

The rump and the top of the tail has darker tones, with some pale blue on the sides. The curvature of the wing is blue.

The small coverts are blue, - medium-sized they have light blue, - greater coverts they have a dark tint with yellow-white and blue pink.

The flight feather primary and secondary are mostly blue.

The bottom is blue.

The breast feathers are brown with pink ends, giving an appearance of general pinkish brown.

The abdomen is bright pink.

Thighs, lower flanks, side of the rump, under belly and lower area of the tail they have a light blue color. The upper part of the tail infiltrates with bluish-grey.

The bill is greyish black, without hook in the upper jaw. The iris Brown, legs grey-brown.

The female in General, the colors are off and the blue coloration is very little visible or is absent.

The youth they are equal to the female adult but more muted, with a pale band under the wings which is less pronounced in the male juvenile

For a long time, the Bourke's Parrot It was classified in the genus Neophema. A number of ornithologists, more and more, is of the opinion that this parakeet does not belong to this genus and species have been classified in a separate genus called Bourkii.

  • Sound of the Bourke's Parrot.

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Habitat:

The Bourke's Parrot they are distributed among the driest inland areas.
They mark a strong preference for scattered areas of mulga (Acacia aneura) but does not disdain the plantations of eucalyptus. Can also be observed in plots along streams and afforestation of Callitris they are conifers belonging to the family of Cypress.

Are nomads and slightly Twilight. These birds are established in a territory and remain there several years before disappearing completely. The Bourke's Parrot they can be very sociable. During periods of drought, You can meet thousands around the water wells and springs.

During the months of the summer, We can see them in the morning and in the evening around the ponds.

In Winter, These parakeets come to drink during the day in the company of species of pigeons as the Common Bronzewing (Phaps chalcoptera). In places close to the drinking fountains, the Bourke's Parrot They fly in Group emitting loud cries and making whistling wings. However, These parakeets sometimes go unnoticed, they are able to rest or to eat ground in pairs or in small groups. They remain in silence on the floor or hide in the dead wood that serves as camouflage. There are more assets during the sunset.

Reproduction:

The Bourke's Parrot they usually reproduce in August to December, but the season can vary depending on rainfall. The courtship of this bird are similar to those of other species of Parrot Neophema. Males approach the female in upright position with outspread wings and tail.

The nest is located in one a tree cavity, between 1 and 3 meters above the ground. The Sunset is formed by between 3 and 6 eggs they are incubated during at least 18 days. There are often two Broods in the season. The female leaves the nest just once a day in order to be resupplied by the male. The male is also in charge of mounted guard, patrolling and emitting cries in the vicinity of the nest, with the intention to deter intruders.

At birth, the chicks have a white marker, are altricial and remain in the nest for at least 4 weeks. They remain dependent on their parents during a week after feather.

Food:

The Bourke's Parrot they are almost exclusively vegetarian: they eat grass seeds, especially those that are dispersed by the wind. They also eat herbs collected in the soil and in the bushes. These parakeets also appreciate the fresh young shoots and seeds of Acacia or of Bassia, they are small shrubs belonging to the category of Chenopodium album.

Distribution:

Scattered through the interior of Australia, where are nomads but locally common.

The species ranges from the West coast of Western Australia around the inside of Geraldton to Ashburton River and South, through Leonora, and through Gibson and the Great Victoria desert in the South of the Northern Territory, about 20 ° S.

Extends from the Northwest of Southern Australia, South-East through Woomera until Port Augusta, that also extends to the North through Oodnadatta and the regions of the Lake Eyre and the Lake Frome.

Birds, to the This of the Montes Flinders You can isolate, Since there are no records from among 139 ° and 140 ° E.

Apparently, the species has declined in the center of New South Wales due to overgrazing by cattle and rabbits, and is now mainly in the West, from the surroundings of Broken Hill, to Paroo River; nomads, However, There have been more towards the This, in the surroundings of Narrandera in the South and the Lightning Ridge in the North.

In the South of Queensland, the Bourke's Parrot are distributed to the This, about Dirranbandi and Cunnamulla. and in the North until Windorah.

Escapes There have been around Brisbane.

The world population is considered to be more of 50.000 copies.

The species is probably increasing in the West due to agricultural expansion that includes the provision of artificial irrigation sites.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

It is estimated one population superior to the 50 000 individuals.

In the western part of its range, the numbers are growing, probably due to the development of agriculture and the installation of new irrigation areas. The reason for their development can also be found in sheep breeding and the replacement of areas reducing salinas with grass.

In captivity:

The Bourke's Parrot they are very good birds for beginners amateurs, easy-to-play.

It is a bird peaceful, silent and it is active only in the first and last hours of the day. Are calm and confident by nature and easy to maintain. It has almost no cravings for crack and your bathroom need depends on the individual. A dry climate supports well, but it is sensitive to cold and wet mist.

Les gusta estar en tierra firme y son susceptibles a la infección por gusanos, también son susceptibles a infecciones oculares.

With regard to its longevity, According to sources, una muestra vivíó 12,6 years in captivity. In captivity, estos animales pueden criar, approximately, to the 2 years of age.

Alternative names:

- Bourke's Parrot, Blue-vented Parakeet, Blue-vented Parrot, Bourke Grass-Parakeet, Bourke Parakeet, Bourke Parrot, Bourke's Grass-Parakeet, Night Parrot, Pink-bellied Parakeet, Pink-bellied Parrot, Sundown Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche de Bourke (francés).
- Bourkesittich, Bourke-Sittich (alemán).
- Periquito-rosa (portugués).
- Papagayo de Bourke, Periquito Rosado (español).

John Gould

John Gould

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Neopsephotus
- Nombre científico: Neopsephotus bourkii
- Citation: (Gould, 1841)
- Protónimo: Euphema Bourkii

Bourke's Parrot pictures:

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Bourke's Parrot (Neopsephotus bourkii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Bourke’s parrot (Neopsephotus bourkii) By Flickr user Jan Tik (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Bourke’s Parrot – Neopsephotus bourkii taken at the Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Gardens By Greg5030 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Bourke’s Parrot Neopsephotus bourkii. Wild pair at Bowra Station, near Cunamulla, Queensland, Australia By Bruce Kendall (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A male Bourke’s Parrot at the Flying High Bird Sanctuary, Apple Tree Creek, Queensland, Australia By paulgear (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Neopsephotus bourkii (formally placed in genus Neophema) By Jan Tik (originally posted to Flickr as Hitchhiker) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – By T.H. Maguire (1821–1895) (http://www.birdresearch.dk/dk/jgould.htm) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Tom Tarrant (Xeno-canto)

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