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Common blue-tongued skink
- Tiliqua scincoides

Common blue-tongued skink

Its coloration ranges from gray to brown with perpendicular dark bands. reaches 60 cm in length and its is a popular species for keeping in captivity, coming to live 25 years. Dry terrarium, not desert.

Price ranges from 180 and 250 EUR.

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Electric blue gecko
- Lygodactylus williamsi

The trade of Electric blue gecko is now banned in the EU. Cannot be kept or sold in the EU without documentation and permits, renewables every three years
Electric blue gecko
Electric blue gecko – Esther Bock; AnimalBase.info, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Content

Description

Males and females of the Electric blue gecko do not show decisive differences in size. Most animals of this species reach a total body length of about 60-80 mm.

The length of the tail is more or less the same (not decisively minor) than the rest of the body including the head. Sex distinction is often made based on the intense blue coloration of males.. But, this method of sex determination can lead to considerable errors, since a male subdued, in contrast to the dominant rival, it doesn't have to show this intense coloration. So, clear sex determination is only possible in strict individual preservation or on the basis of male preanal pores (7 parts). It also, males can be recognized by a thickened tail root.

The females of the Lygodactylus williamsi they have a clear greenish-gold coloration. Both sexes are decorated with a black band from the muzzle over the eyes to the neck.. In the head, a second minor V-shaped line approaches the first. Juveniles of this species have the same coloration as females and are first recognized by distinctive preanal pores..

Distribution and habitat

The Electric blue gecko lives exclusively in the Kimbosa Forest, less than 4 km², and in small nearby areas of Tanzania, and lives to some 350 m above sea level. The Kimboza forest area is very dry during the day and semi-humid at night. Ocean temperatures and rainfall prevail locally. The highest temperatures are reached in December and are 28 degrees Celsius. There is a dry season from the end of June to the end of August. In the other months maximum values of 24 degrees. This species lives in trees and is found mainly in trees of Pandanus (Pandanus kirkii and rabaiensis).

The Electric blue gecko in captivity

Electric blue gecko
Hembra Lygodactylus williamsi (in captivity) – Hembra Lygodactylus williamsi, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Electric blue gecko (Lygodactylus williamsi) is under the protection of EU Appendix B in December 2014, under the protection of EU Appendix A in January 2017 and under the protection of CITES Appendix I in January 2017. Cannot be kept or sold in the EU without documentation and permits, renewables every three years, and Geckos must now register. Similar restrictions apply in some other jurisdictions. Trade in these animals is now banned in the EU.

Specimens bred for which an exemption from the trading ban has been issued are exempt from the ban.. So, breeders of these species will in future have to apply for such a marketing permit from their competent nature conservation authority before they can sell their offspring.

Terrarium

Relatively little is known about the life expectancy of the Electric blue gecko in the terrarium. This is because this species was recently discovered and, therefore, has not been kept in the terrarium for a long time. According to other species of Lygodactylus, life expectancy is between 6 and 9 years. It is already known that, especially in the male, intense blue coloration becomes darker and darker and, Therefore, represents the first sign of the aging process.

Behavior in the terrarium

Electric blue gecko
Electric blue gecko at Berkenhof Tropical Zoo – Donar Reiskoffer, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The huge sexual impulse of the male is often reported and therefore a maintenance of 1,2 or 1,3, so that a single female does not suffer this sexual pressure. I personally recommend keeping the 1.1 for the moment, only if necessary, and whether the terrarium is large enough, possibly a female can be added later. Note that with a 1.x breeding, each animal should have its own place to sunbathe.

The male may copulate once a day after laying the eggs and, for the rest, leaves the female alone. Copulation can last between 10 and 45 minutes. After a brief acclimatization period, one quickly realizes that the Electric blue gecko not a shy species and makes the most of the tank. Especially the male turns out to be a real acrobat and does gymnastics all over the terrarium. Its main phase of activity is mainly in the afternoon, which now lasts until shortly before the lights go out. In the terrarium you can experience jumps of more than 20 cm over and over again.

Terrarium measurements

According to legal regulations, the terrarium must be a size of 30 x 30x 40 cm.. (Length x width x height) As minimum (if a Electric blue gecko of 5 cm.). But, this size cannot be recommended at all and is too small. Due to the behavior already described, a larger terrarium is recommended so that animals can also follow their natural preferences. A terrarium with a minimum size of 50 x 50 x 80 for breeding 1.1. for breeding 1.2 a terrarium with dimensions of 60 x 60 x 100. Of course, the terrarium can also be much larger, because the bigger, best!

When buying the terrarium, make sure that the upper ventilation area is greater than the 6 to 10 cm that standard terrariums usually have. It is also very advantageous to use fine gauze if you want to offer it to the Drosophila as food from time to time.

I can only disagree with the frequently asked questions that it is supposedly more difficult for the animals to get hold of food in a larger tank and that, Therefore, a smaller tank is recommended. The Electric blue gecko It, on the one hand, a very good and agile hunter and, for another, nothing is served on a silver platter in nature. Even in young animals, a pronounced hunting instinct can be observed, which should certainly be encouraged.

Decoration terrarium

As a substrate we use a layer of large balls of expanded clay/seramis as drainage and a layer of untreated coconut fiber on top of it.. To prevent the soil from settling over time and mixing the two layers, you must add a layer of fleece. It is recommended to inoculate the substrate with white isopods and tropical springtails. They can serve as food, but mainly take care of the tasks of natural waste disposal (mold, feces, dead plants).

Otherwise, it is advisable to have at least one large-leaved plant, as: Sanseveria, bromeliads, Palm trees, etc., since they are usually used as walking areas, rest, removal and egg laying. Cork tubes, the branches, lianas or bamboo tubes can be used as additional furniture.

Illumination

In commercial terrariums, a large part of the UV radiation is filtered due to the insufficient ventilation zone at the top and the forced placement of the light source on the glass, and does not reach the animal at all. It also, the glass can crack in the worst case due to the high heat.

In any case, lighting for Geckos (and also for chameleons) must be installed outside the terrarium, because animals, very agile and jumping, can burn with the light source. Metal halide lamps (for example, Bright Sun, SolarRaptor, etc.), which are highly recommended, get very hot and there is a risk of injury.

In any terrarium of any species of gecko or chameleon, lighting - without exception- must be placed outside the terrarium! It doesn't matter what you've been told in a pet store.

Of course, tank lighting should be chosen individually. But, you must pay special attention to the necessary UV radiation. This ultraviolet radiation is very important because reptiles are tetrachromatic.. This means they see in the UV-A range and, unlike us, also have photoreceptors.

So-called compact lamps are not recommended (energy saving lamps) or fluorescent tubes, since neither the illuminance (lux) nor the UV intensity are sufficient for lighting. But, Unfortunately, this type of lighting is often used for cost reasons. You have to be aware that keeping terrariums is a hobby that requires a lot of technology and costs., and you should not skimp on the most basic element (lighting). Insufficient lighting causes deficiency symptoms and diseases in animals.

On a sunny day in nature, an illuminance of approximately 100.000 lux. By way of comparison, compact lamps reach an average of 1.500 lux, while metal halide lamps (HQI) reach approximately 60.000 lux. These values ​​speak for themselves.

For these reasons, it is advisable to buy an HQI spotlight with the appropriate ballast. Bright Sun, Reptile Expert or Solar Raptor can be recommended without reservation. At the time of buying, it is essential to take into account the power and the variant (flood or spot) depending on the size of the terrarium and the manufacturer's specifications (minimum distance to the animal). These lamps must be replaced no later than one year later than, as UV emission is not guaranteed after this period. Also keep in mind that your animals will thank you for this investment with health and activity.

Temperature in the terrarium

The temperature should oscillate between 26 and 30 degrees during the day, and occasionally up to 34 degrees. Make sure each animal has a place to sunbathe. At night, the temperature can oscillate between 18 and 22 degrees (approximately the ambient temperature). Relative humidity should be between the 50 and the 65% during the day and increase to 80% At night.

Food

All usual feeding animals can be offered. Medium-sized crickets, terfly, baked fish and occasionally fruit pulp, Repashy Daygecko Food or gelatin have been successful. Drosophila or worms rarely occur. Drosophila are not well tolerated by all animals and should never be used as exclusive food.. Small wax worms are popular, but they are very rich in content and should be offered as a rare gift or to feed themselves. Otherwise, animals can easily become obese.

Feeding insects should be dusted with a vitamin preparation before approximately every two meals.. We use Korvimin (available at the veterinarian), Herpetal T or Reptivite. Reptivite sticks to feeders better than Korvimin. It also, the animals fed must have been previously fed for an appropriate period of time (good load). We will use DIY gelatin, Repashy SuperLoad or BugBurger for our crickets. You can also use oatmeal, Cucumber, carrots, apples, etc., but the above products are easier to use and there is no risk of mold, but they are also much more expensive.

for females, there should be some cuttlefish/calcium citrate separately in a small container, for an increase in calcium needs (for example, during pregnancy) can be covered individually. The water supply is ensured by spraying water on the terrarium equipment every day. Please, do not use waterfalls or nebulizers, even if it seems to you “Nice”, as water becomes contaminated quickly and animals can get sick.

Reproduction and rearing in the terrarium

Due to the enormous demand of the Electric blue gecko, breeding is essential to protect the natural habitat of these animals. During the breeding season, females usually glue a double laying (2 eggs) to an accessory or use an offered place of oviposition. If possible, the laying must be transferred to an incubator. But, no problem in incubating the laying in the terrarium, unless damaged by daily spraying of terrarium furniture. It is not impossible for the parents to chase the young. Our first clutch of eggs could not be removed from the terrarium and one of the hatchlings was eaten by one of the parents., although they were provided with enough food as a precaution.

At a constant incubation temperature of 25 degrees Celsius, the pups will be born after a few 90 days. Due to relatively low temperatures, a higher than average number of females can be bred.
As eggs are hard shelled, moisture does not play an important role during incubation. Once the pups have hatched, I transfer them to our breeding terrarium.

Video Electric blue gecko

Electric Blue Geckos (Lygodactylus williamsi) at LLLReptile

Alternative names:

1. Turquoise dwarf gecko, William’s dwarf gecko (English).
2. Gecko de William (French).
3. Türkisblauer Zwergtaggecko, Williams-Zwerggecko (German).
4. Lagartixa anã turquesa, Lagartixa anã de William (Portuguese).
5. Gecko enano turquesa, Gecko enano de William (español).

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Gold dust day gecko
- Phelsuma laticauda

The Gold dust day gecko is commonly known as the mascot of GEICO Insurance, and also the main character of the video game series, Gex.
Gold dust day gecko
A Gold dust day gecko (Phelsuma laticauda laticauda) in Kona, Hawaii – Pharaoh Hound, CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

Content

Origin

Native to northern Madagascar and the Comoros, currently it is also found in the neighboring islands, the Seychelles and Hawaii.

Characteristics

With a head-torso length of up to a few 5 cm., the Gold dust day gecko is one of the smallest representatives of its species. The color of the body is a light green, 3 red stripes on the back appear to be applied with a brush. The golden, shiny scales of the neck and front of the back give it its name. The eyes are “painted” Turquoise.

Habitat

The Gold dust day gecko is often found near settlements. It inhabits various tree species, larger plants such as deciduous trees, coconut trees and other palm trees, sisal agaves, bananas and houses. It shares its habitat with the dull day gecko (Phelsuma dubia).

This species feeds on insects and other arthropods. They also tastefully eat sweet fruits, pollen and nectar.

Males of this species of Day gecko can behave quite aggressively. They do not accept other males in the vicinity.

The "Gold dust day gecko" in captivity

The Gold dust day gecko has been raised in the care of humans for generations and, of course, you always have to use the pups.

With the right care and accommodation, the Gold dust day gecko is a grateful pet that gives a lot of pleasure to its owners. But, the conditions and needs of these animals mentioned here must be met. Next we want to show you some special characteristics of day geckos in general for their successful care in the terrarium. Here, animal welfare comes first.

Terrarium measurements

The terrarium for him Gold dust day gecko must be of sufficient height, since it is an animal that lives in trees. As a key to the size of the terrarium we recommend calculating with the head-torso length of the animal. The size of the terrarium is calculated as follows for non-adult animals:

  • Terrarium floor space: Four times x three times the head-torso length of the animal.
  • Height of the terrarium: Four times the head-torso length of the animal.
  • Observe the growth of the animal in the coming months (fast-growing animal/slow-growing animal) For adult animals (of legal age).

    As standard measures it is advisable a terrarium of 60 x 40 x 80 cm. (for 1-2 animals).

    Terrarium decoration

    The Gold dust day gecko is an excellent climber, you are almost never seen on the ground. Various cork branches, cork tubes and bamboo shoots have a decorative look and provide the animal with a space to walk, including the coveted spot for sunbathing under the point of ultraviolet light. As such, place a branch or root at the right distance from the light source so that the right temperature is created in it. They will also willingly accept some vertical climbing opportunities.. It also, the terrarium must be well decorated with plants. Artificial plants are a practical option in this case, as they can be easily cleaned of droppings.

    The suitable substrate is the bark bed and earth of the terrarium. Some moss cushions are decorative and regulate humidity. Droppings and food scraps should be removed daily.

    Temperature and lighting of the terrarium

    The Gold dust day gecko inhabits tropical habitats.

    Like the reptiles are warm-blooded animals, you have to simulate their natural habitat in the terrarium: temperature and humidity. This is achieved by various heat/light sources and water misting/spraying. (sprinkler system).

    One thermometer/hygrometer allows the caregiver to control these values. Animals have excellent eyesight and visual acuity. Depend on sufficient lighting. So, It good lighting is mandatory of the terrarium. They also need a sunny spot in the terrarium. This is created by the spot lighting, that provides light, heat and UV rays. The highest quality products are good enough here, because only they are equal to the natural light of the sun. The Gold dust day gecko see the colors in the ultraviolet range, so they can't perceive their surroundings normally without adequate light. It also, only an optimal supply of UV-B light provides enough vitamin D3 for young animals to grow optimally and adults to also be in top shape and display their bright colors.. We recommend the JBL L-U-W Light, which is available in different powers and in the version “Desert” or “Jungle“. This type of lighting provides light, heat and UVA/UVB rays.

    Terrarium Gecko golden diurnal
    Terrarium “Gold dust day gecko” Exoterra

    As a caregiver, you can get an especially good climate (and easy to control) using a heating mat under part of the floor of your terrarium. Although the Gold dust day gecko does not go down to the ground to warm up, yes it heats the basic temperature of the high terrarium -which by design is similar to a fireplace- from below. These terrariums usually have too low temperatures in the lower half of the terrarium outside of summer., so the fry have a hot back and a cold belly.

    The heating mat must be accompanied by a thermostat. In this way, always get the right climate, as the heating mat turns on automatically when needed. A plus point is the more favorable energy consumption in terms of the environment, since terrariums operated in this way not only require lower power for point lamps, but also, usually, fix themselves with less energy. For uniform lighting of your terrarium as decoration of your living space, we recommend the LED lighting across the entire terrarium. Light and heating sources are always turned on and off at a daily rate using a timer, 14h on, 10h off.

    Nutrition

    The Gold dust day gecko is a fast and agile hunter. The feeding insects (crickets, domestic crickets, grasshopper, etc.) they are always sprinkled with mixtures of vitamins and minerals. This is the only way to avoid irreversible deficiencies, which can often lead to serious illness or even death in young animals and pregnant females, for example.

    Feeding animals must always be adapted to the size of the Gold dust day gecko. Feed only insects that will be eaten directly. Otherwise, feeding animals would disperse around the terrarium, they would hide away and get rid of the attached vitamins/minerals – the result is malnutrition and malnutrition despite food supplies.

    It also, to the Gold dust day gecko in nature they like to lick overripe fruits and nectar. With “Exoterra Day Gecko Food” small glasses already prepared with a suitable food porridge are obtained. Not offered on the ground, but permanently in the so-called “cupholder” at a high altitude.

    Social behavior and reproduction

    The Gold dust day gecko can be maintained individually, in pairs or in a group constellation of one male with several females. Males are always incompatible with each other.

    Females of the species “Phelsuma” put 1-2 eggs after a few 28 days, until 5 times a year. Some species stick eggs to the substrate. The eggs quickly harden in the air and the females of the “kind of glue for eggs” stick 2 eggs each. They like to do it in small cavities like bamboo canes or cork tubes..

    The Gold dust day gecko puts up to 5 pairs of eggs per year, this species uses the indentations of bamboo leaves and tubes or similar cavities. At a constant temperature of 28°C, the colorful dwarfs hatch after a few 40-45 days with a size of something less than 60 mm.

    Curiosities

    It is commonly known as the mascot of GEICO Insurance, and also the main character of the video game series, Gex.

    Thanks to the special adhesive foils on your fingers, the Gold dust day gecko not only moves on the smoothest surfaces, but even clings to the glass upside down without problems. In doing so, develop true superpowers through so-called adhesion: thanks to their feet covered with billions of fine hairs, make use of Van der Waals forces and electrostatic forces.

    On the sides of the back of the head have small “calcium sacs”, which serve females to store calcium in preparation for egg formation.

    In the wild, guarantee their survival against predators by wagging their tails and “moving in a startled way”. If a hunter grabs them by the trunk, the skin sheds and the Gold dust day gecko escape. Tail and skin regenerate in case of emergency.

    For sale "Gold dust day gecko"

    The price of a "Gold dust day gecko" at the exotic animal market, bred in captivity, ranges between 80 – 100 EUR.

    Videos "Gold dust day gecko"

    Phelsuma Laticauda

    Gold Dust Day Gecko - Phelsuma Laticauda

    Alternative names:

    1. Broad Tailed Day Gecko (English).
    2. Gecko diurne à large queue, Gecko diurne des îles, Gecko poudre-d’or, Gecko vert à trois taches, Phelsume poussière-d’or (French).
    3. Goldstaubtaggecko (German).
    4. Gecko Poudre d’Or (Portuguese).
    5. Gecko diurno del polvo de oro (español).

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    Green iguana
    - Iguana iguana

    The Green iguana is a large reptile with a powerful body that can reach a length of almost two meters.
    Green iguana
    Green iguana (Iguana iguana) juvenile, Grand Cayman – Charles J. Sharp, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Content

    Origin / Distribution

    The Green iguana (Iguana iguana) belongs to the iguana family (Iguanidae). There are two subspecies, Iguana iguana iguana and Iguana iguana rhinolopha. The latter has two or three horns on the muzzle and thus can be distinguished from the Iguana iguana. A few years ago two other subspecies of the Green iguana: Iguana iguana insularis and Iguana iguana sanctaluciae.

    The native range of the Green iguana (Iguana iguana) stretches from southern Mexico to central Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia and the Caribbean; specifically Grenada, Aruba, Curacao, Trinidad and Tobago, St. Lucia, San Vicente and Útila. They have been introduced in Grand Cayman, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola (in the Dominican Republic), Guadalupe, Texas, Florida, Hawaii and the U.S. Virgin Islands USA. It also, green iguanas colonized the island of Anguilla in 1995 after being swept away by a hurricane. Although the species is not native to Martinique, in the historic Fort of San Luis there is a small wild colony of green iguanas released or escaped.

    Characteristics / Appearance

    What does a Green iguana?

    The Green iguana is a large reptile with a powerful body that can reach a length of almost two meters. But, the average size of a Green iguana is closer to the 1,50 m, much of which is due to its long tail. The body grows to a few 50 cm in males and some 40 cm in females. When fully developed, the Green iguana weighs about ten kilograms. With good care, They can live up to 20 years.

    Young iguanas are characterized by a strong green color. With the age, green coloration decreases and becomes darker, sometimes even brown or grayish. They have a crest on the back and tail and usually have dark bands on the body and tail.. The head is characterized by a blunt snout, from which hangs a membranous gular pouch with a large jagged crest.

    As inhabitants of the trees, the Green iguana can climb well. Their sharp claws also help them do that.. Diurnal animals can also swim well. As for his character, green iguanas are considered curious, sensitive and relatively confident, although, of course, they are not at all cuddly animals. If the danger threatens, the Green iguana can wag tail like lizards. Then it grows back, but it falls shorter.

    Wide variety of colors

    Green is not the only color that can be shown by Green iguanas. Its hue is usually bluish and can change throughout your life. Many Green Iguanass become more and more pink, brown, grey or almost black. The Green iguanas are characterized by their scaly and delicate skin. A thorny ridge runs through the back of reptiles; have a double chin under their chin.

    Habitat

    The natural habitat of the Green iguana are the rainforests of the lowlands, in the vicinity of large bodies of water. Populations in coastal regions with low rainfall are extremely rare.

    Behavior

    Animals are diurnal and spend most of their time in trees and like to bathe. Although they are considered sociable, there is usually only one adult male in a group. It is important to keep this in mind when keeping them in a terrarium., otherwise fights may occur. A Green iguana can even become meek, which is noticeable in the fact that he greets contact persons by nodding his head..

    Threats to the species

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    The Green iguana is included in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which means that international trade is regulated by the CITES permit system. It also, the Green iguana is classified as Least Concern by the IUCN, mentioning that habitat depletion by development is a potential concern for populations of Green iguana in the future. Historically, green iguana meat and eggs have been consumed as a source of protein throughout their range, and are appreciated for their supposed medicinal and aphrodisiac properties. Efforts have been made in the past to breed green iguanas in captivity as a food source in an attempt to encourage more sustainable land use in Panama and Costa Rica..

    The "Green iguana" in captivity

    The terrarium

    • Type of terrarium Jungle or tree terrarium
    • Temperature of 25 to 30 degrees Celsius during the day, 20-25 degrees Celsius at night
    • Humidity High humidity
    • Need for sun A sunny place per animal is required with temperatures of approximately 35 – 40 Celsius degrees.

    If you want to have a Green iguana, you need a lot of space. Since these animals can reach two meters or more, a medium-sized terrarium is not enough for good conservation. Yes, you Green iguana has to live tight, won't feel comfortable with you. The minimum size of the terrarium for a Green iguana adult should be 300 x 200 x 250 centimeters. Young animals are raised in a smaller terrarium. It is important to have a sufficient height with many climbing branches so that the animals can climb. Animals like to rest on horizontal branches under a spotlight.

    If several animals are housed in the same terrarium, they need enough hiding places so they don't look all the time. Thick PVC pipes into which a board or floor is inserted are suitable for this purpose. The ground should be covered with sphagnum, sawdust, linoleum or tiles. Coatings with sharp edges, such as expanded clay or gravel, are absolutely inadequate.

    Even with a spacious terrarium, is controversial among terrarium enthusiasts whether the Green iguana must be kept in a terrarium in general. As an alternative, if you have the opportunity, it's a good idea to host the Green iguana in your own reptile room. As long as you can create in it the right weather conditions, this option is preferable to a large terrarium.

    Temperature and humidity in the terrarium

    Green iguana
    Adult green iguana – Cy, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    A rainforest or tree terrarium is suitable for maintaining a Green iguana. It doesn't matter which variant you choose: Temperatures and humidity must be adequate for green iguanas to feel comfortable in them. Temperatures should range from 25 and 35 degrees during the day and at least 20 degrees at night. It also creates a warmer place where the temperature is between 40 and 45 degrees Celsius. If you have several animals in the same terrarium, each of them needs what is called a sun point.

    The humidity of the terrarium should be between the 60 and the 80 percent during the day and between 80 and the 95 percent at night. Animals also need UV-B lighting for about twelve hours a day.. To adapt the climate to the natural habitat, animals and terrarium should be sprayed with water daily. During the winter period (December-April), the climate must be maintained 5 cooler and drier degrees Celsius. To avoid bacteria and mold, the terrarium should also be well ventilated.

    Tips for decoration

    Equip the terrarium or reptile room with enough branches and trunks to climb and rest. Branches for climbing should be at least as thick as the trunk of the lizard. Rocks are also useful, the roots and the cork caves. It is also important to have a water basin with a temperature of about 25 degrees Celsius. It is best to heat it with a bottom heater or a heater in the filter.

    You can use real or artificial plants in the terrarium of your iguanas. Real plants are good for the climate, but they can be crushed or eaten. So, real plants must definitely be non-toxic. The substrate must be dry and absorbent.

    Care and nutrition

    Green iguana
    Male Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) of wildlife in the Botanical Garden of Portoviejo, Ecuador – First, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    So that your Green iguana stays well, prudent care is essential. Good care starts with diet. The green iguanas are vegetarian, so animal foods shouldn't be on your menu. Exceptions are young iguanas and pregnant females, whose diet should consist of a 15% of animal feed (insects and eggs).

    A varied diet is important to ensure a sufficient supply of nutrients. Leafy greens should make up the main part of the diet, around the 60%. These may include, can be fed with dandelion, Canons, clover, rib or parsley grass. To the green iguanas they also like cabbage. The 40% remaining diet should consist of flowers (30%) and fruits (10%). Papaya, strawberries, mandarins or prickly pear figs are suitable. The foliage of trees is particularly greedily consumed by animals. You can supplement your diet with vitamin and mineral supplements to prevent malnutrition. Animal feed should never exceed the 5%. Its excess can cause kidney problems in animals.

    Hygiene also plays an important role in maintaining green iguanas. Infestation with parasites such as mites and worms is relatively common in green iguanas. Thorough hygiene prevents pathogens and, Therefore, diseases. Remove food scraps and droppings every day, change the water daily and clean the entire terrarium regularly. Diseases that are comparatively common in green iguanas include putrefaction of the mouth, tail necrosis and intestinal and respiratory diseases.

    How many green iguanas can you keep together?

    In the wild, the Green iguana lives in groups consisting of one male and several females. So, you should not maintain a Green iguana individually. You can keep them in pairs or in a small group with a maximum of one male.. The latter option is more relaxed for females, since during the mating season a single female is not too harassed by the male.

    It is not recommended to keep several males together. Especially dominant males do not get along with each other. Especially in the season of heat, animals have a marked territorial behavior, which can lead to bloody conflicts between males. In any case, they should only be kept together in very large terrariums with enough hiding places.

    Iguanas also get along well with the turtle (Terrapene) of the warmest regions. On the other hand, the Common basilisk (Basiliscus basiliscus) wave Marine iguana (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) should not be kept together with the green iguanas. The similar appearance in terms of physique and color can cause stress in animals.

    Are green iguanas suitable for beginners?

    It is not the same to have a reptile in the living room of the house than a cat, a dog or rabbit. These exotic inhabitants need adequate climatic conditions and can suffer damage if poorly maintained.. Some species are so demanding that it is desirable or necessary to have previous experience in maintaining terrariums..

    The green iguanas fall into this category. They are less forgiving of breeding errors than other reptiles. So, this species of iguana is not the best choice for beginners. Inadequate breeding conditions can lead to illness or premature death of the animal.

    Just because of the size of the animals, you should think carefully about whether you can really meet the requirements to have green iguanas. A standard terrarium is usually not enough to keep large reptiles. Don't be dazzled by the small size of very young animals in pet stores. Must be able to offer the animal the space it needs when it has grown.

    Buy one "Green iguana"

    The green iguanas can be purchased from reputable breeders. Make sure the maintenance conditions are good and the animals look clean, well fed and, in general, healthy. You can also find them at a rescue center or animal shelter.. The pet shop is also a place to go, but here it is not known where the animals come from or under what conditions they have been raised.

    For reasons of protection of species and the environment, you should not buy wild-caught animals, especially since they are usually in a worse state of health than the offspring.

    The green iguanas cost between 50 and 100 euros per copy. Adult specimens are more expensive, just like the rarest color varieties. The costs of the terrarium and its equipment are much higher than those of the animals themselves. You also have to take into account the costs of food and electricity.

    Frequently Asked Questions about the Green Iguana

    Green iguana
    Green iguana – Photo by David J. pole, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    How many years do green iguanas live?

    Live some 10 years.

    Where do green iguanas live??

    Its natural habitat is in central and central South America., and prefers rainforests and savannah forests with proximity to water. In the news, the iguana is also native to some Caribbean islands and parts of Florida.

    What size should a terrarium be for an iguana?

    Due to its size, iguanas need very large terrariums with dimensions of approximately 300 x 200 x 250 cm..

    How can I distinguish male iguanas from females??

    Animals are not easy to distinguish. Male iguanas have a larger throat pouch, larger femoral pores, a thicker tail root and a wider head than females when they are between one and two years old. During the mating season, males have a red color, more intense orange or gold. They are also usually more dominant than females.

    How do green iguanas reproduce??

    In the wild, animals copulate at the beginning of the dry season, while in captivity they behave differently. In this case, it may be helpful to keep animals apart for a while to stimulate them. If a couple is lying next to each other, sometimes there is a vigorous courtship with head movements that is followed by a mating.

    Do iguanas become meek?

    If iguanas grow with human contact from an early age, they become tame and you can handle them without leather gloves. Animals that are not used to humans can react aggressively and hit with their tails., scratch with claws and bite. But, with a lot of patience, even the oldest animals can be domesticated by hand.

    How are iguanas domesticated??

    It is best to feed by hand the green iguanas regularly to get them used to. To feed them, you can also put them on your arm and keep them at eye level while you talk to them.. In this way, you can also show the animals to the veterinarian or move them without problems.

    Videos "Green iguana"

    IGUANAS - The green iguana as a pet. How is it? What do you need? What do you eat??

    The fascinating Green Iguana

    Alternative names:

    1. Green iguana, American iguana, Common green iguana (English).
    2. Iguane vert, Iguane commun (French).
    3. Grüner Leguan (German).
    4. Iguana-verde, Iguana-comum, Iguano, Sinimbu, Cambaleão, Senembi, Senembu, Tijibu (Portuguese).
    5. "Iguana verde", Iguana común (español).

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    Red-eyed crocodile skink
    - Tribolonotus gracilis

    Red-eyed crocodile skink

    Precious and very rare Indonesian lizard that nowadays is very difficult to find. It likes humid places so we will put a terrarium preferably with moss and a small bathtub in which it can get into, since he likes to even immerse himself completely. Tº aprox. of 27ºC. Insects.

    Price ranges from 150 and 250 EUR.

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    Pink-tongued skink
    - Cyclodomorphus gerrardii

    The Pink-tongued skink it is a forest animal so in the terrarium we will put some humidity. very easy maintenance.
    Pink-tongued skink
    Pink-tongued skink – The original uploader was Wilfried Berns at German Wikipedia., CC BY-SA 2.0 OF, via Wikimedia Commons

    Content

    Description

    The Pink-tongued skink reaches more than 45 cm.. The female measures 42 cm long, of which 18 cm correspond to the trunk of the head.

    Coloration is grey-brown with a hint of silver, about her until 40 dark brown horizontal stripes, on juveniles strongly contrasting black stripes , that fade in the first year of life after several moults.

    Yellow background is not uncommon in young. Adult specimens without transverse stripes have also been seen, raised in the third generation.

    The underside is solid gray to pink.. In the young, the tongue is deep blue and only turns pink after two years, what explains the english name “Pink-Tongued Lizard“. Oral mucosa is bright cobalt blue in young, later fades.

    In the lower jaw there is an enlarged molar on the left and one on the right, a functional device for crushing shell snails?.

    The claws are rather short, they only allow safe climbing even on smooth bark, because the body is relatively light and the long prehensile tail and the long prehensile tail supports it. Once the tail breaks, it only regenerates 1-2 cm..

    The sex of an animal can only be determined with certainty it can only be determined with certainty if comparison animals can be used. As is often the case with skinks, males tend to have thicker and wider heads.

    Then compare the root of the tail from the ventral side: the female's tail tapers immediately after the cloaca, in contrast to that of the male.

    Pink-tongued skink
    Pink-tongued skink

    Distribution and habitat

    The Skinks (Scincidae) they are the most diverse family of lizards on the Australian continent, with 140 species. The genus Cyclodomorphus comprises 10 species, 9 of which are restricted to Australia, with at least one species represented in each state. the tenth species, Cyclodomorphus gerrardii, lives outside of Australia in Indonesia and New Guinea. Cyclodomorphus gerrardii is an active skink like Cyclodomorphus casuarinae, but the only species in the genus with a long prehensile tail.

    The females of all species of Cyclodomorphus are viviparous. They have a simple built placenta.

    The Pink-tongued skink is located north of sydney, in the Gosford/New South Wales region, to Cape York/Queensland. Lives in the coastal jungle on the ground, but also likes to climb low vegetation. It was found in a banana plantation near Coff's Harbor., as well as in a dry hardwood forest in North Queensland.

    Diet

    They prefer snails to any other food. Field observations in Australia showed that the usual garden snail (Helix sp.) is their usual prey, even if a second, smaller species (Mitor sp.) is present in the same biotope.

    It is important to add fiber, for example, cooked rice or buckwheat flakes, as well as calcium, lime, vitamins and trace elements.

    A very elaborate substitute food could be mussel meat after having watered it several times.
    The drinking needs of the Pink-tongued skink are easy to satisfy. Or they quench their thirst by licking the water sprayed or from the drinker.

    Terrarium

    Terrarium
    Terrarium

    A terrarium with the dimensions 60 x 60 x 80 (Length x width x height) is enough for a couple of Pink-tongued skink, even for a third animal.

    It is important that the Pink-tongued skink, as climbing animals, can also use the side walls. Cork or tree fern boards are good for covering. Tested glass containers with a ventilation hole on the side and another on the lid.
    At the top there is a separate lamp box in which the electrical system, including lighting, is built-in, inaccessible to animals.
    If high humidity is created by spraying, the lamp box also ensures more security.

    After some experiments, bark mulch with a ratio of sand and peat in the ratio is preferable 3 : 2 : 1 as a substrate. Various ornamental cork tubes serve as decoration and as climbing and hiding places for animals. The walls are covered on all sides with flat cork boards. You can also integrate plants, like ivy (Scindapsus) or a wax flower (Fleshy hoya).

    With a sufficient distance to the plant, you can use an HQL lamp from 80 W as a light source, what benefits animals and plants. High luminous efficacy, a certain amount of UV rays and the heat of the focus and ballast make it stand out. It also, there is a focus of 60 W from above.

    HQL lamp ballast heats the terrarium floor from the outside. As such, a small Eternit plate is glued under the glass floor as protection against overheating and the ballast is mounted underneath. Try to maintain a constant relative humidity around the 70 % in the terrarium, as well as an air temperature of 28° C. For the soil, 20°C is enough. For the soil, 20°C is enough.

    Manual spray can be replaced, time-consuming, by an automatically controlled spray system.

    The Pink-tongued skink they move in their terrarium from the 16:00 until midnight.

    Another notable feature is the technique of cracking the shell snails or removing them from it. The small shell snails are swallowed whole by the Pink-tongued skink. If the shell snail is large, the skink they try to break it with their jaws.

    For sale Pink-tongued skink

    The price of a Pink-tongued skink in the exotic animal market is about 200 EUR.

    Video Pink-tongued skink

    Cyclodomorphus gerrardii.

    Alternative names:

    1. Pink-tongued lizard (English).
    2. Scinque mangeur d’escargot (French).
    3. Rosazungenskink, Schnecken-Blauzungenskink (German).
    4. Lagarto de língua rosa (Portuguese).
    5. Escinco gigante de lengua rosa (español).

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    Agamid Lizards
    - Agamidae

    Red-headed rock agama
    Red-headed rock agama – Jason Pratt, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Content

    The Agamid Lizards are found in Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia. They show an astonishing diversity of forms and behaviors. They inhabit dry deserts, steppes and forests. The Flying dragons of the gender Draco can plan from one tree to another, the Thorny devils (Moloch horridus) have a system of microscopic grooves on their skin to transport rainwater or moisture from fog to their mouth. The Agamid Lizards they have excellent eyesight and hearing. The sense of smell is not very developed, despite the presence of olfactory cells in the nostrils and Jacobson's organ.

    Between the Agamidae, six subfamilies are generally recognized:

  • Agaminae (Africa, Europe and South Asia)
  • Amphibolurinae (Australia and New Guinea, 1 species in Southeast Asia)
  • Draconinae (South and Southeast Asia)
  • Hydrosaurinae ( Hydrosaurus , Papua New Guinea, Philippines and Indonesia)
  • Leiolepidinae ( Leiolepis , Southeast Asia)
  • Uromasticinae ( Saara and Uromastyx , Africa and South Asia)
  • Alternative names:

    1. Agamid Lizards (English).
    2. Agamidés (French).
    3. Agamiden (German).
    4. Agamídeos (Portuguese).
    5. Agámidos (español).

    List of Agamid lizards for maintenance in captivity

    Family
    - Anolis carolinensis
    Green anole

    Green anole

    Very nice tree lizard also called chameleon lizard, due to the ability to change color depending on the environment ...
    Family
    - Uromastyx aegyptia
    Egyptian spiny-tailed lizard

    Egyptian spiny-tailed lizard

    The Egyptian Spinytail is the largest species of Spiny-tailed Lizards. Contents Characteristics The Spinytail ...
    Family
    - Uromastyx ocellata
    Tail hawthorn ocellated

    Ocellated spinytail

    The ringed spinytail is native to northeastern Africa., where it can be found in southern Egypt, Sudan, ...
    Family
    - Uromastyx ornata
    Ornate mastigure

    Ornate mastigure

    The ornate spiny tail (Uromastyx ornata) is included in the Appendix 2 of the Washington Convention on Trade ...
    Family
    - Calotes versicolor
    Oriental garden lizard

    Oriental garden lizard

    Although the Bloodsucking Tree Dragon can be found relatively frequently and quite cheaply in the trade, ...
    Family
    - Acanthosaura capra
    Acanthosaura capra

    Mountain horned dragon

    The Mountain Horned Dragon is a beautiful lizard that is also called the Asian chameleon., due to your changes of ...
    Family
    - Diploderma splendidum
    Green striped tree dragon

    Green striped tree dragon

    The Mountain Dragon is shy in nature and tends to panic. This can be counteracted with ...
    Family
    - Uromastyx acanthinura
    North African mastigure

    North African mastigure

    The North African Spiny-tailed Lizard is one of the most representative reptiles of the Sahara desert ...
    Family
    - Uromastyx geyri
    Saharan spiny-tailed lizard

    Saharan spiny-tailed lizard

    The Sahara Spiny-tailed Lizard is a relatively small and thin species for the genus, with a length ...
    Family
    - Agama agama
    Red-headed rock agama

    Red-headed rock agama

    The Fire Lizard (Agama agama) It is one of the most colored lizards that we can find, since even females ...

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    Cuban iguana
    - Cyclura nubila

    As the largest member of its kind, the Cuban iguana (Cyclura nubila) reaches a total length of 150 cm and a head-torso length of 70 cm..
    Cuban iguana
    Cuban iguana (Cyclura nubila nubila) at Zoo Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic – Miraceti, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Content

    Origin / Distribution

    The Cuban iguana (Cyclura nubila) it is found in the rocky coastal areas of Cuba and in the 4.000 islets surrounding the Cuban mainland, including the Isle of Youth, off the southern coast, which has one of the most robust populations. Populations are found on islets along the north and south coasts and in protected areas on the mainland.. [These include the Guanahacabibes Biosphere Reserve in the west., the Desembarco del Granma National Park, Hatibonico Wildlife Refuge, the Punta Negra-Quemados Ecological Reserve and the Delta del Cauto Wildlife Refuge, all in eastern Cuba. [According to Allison Alberts, San Diego Zoo Ecologist, among the many species of fauna at the base, ” the Cuban iguana (Cyclura nubila) is one of the largest, without a doubt the most visible and certainly the most charismatic”. It seems that no one completes a period of service at Guantanamo without meeting these prehistoric-looking giants.”. An unusual incident occurred when a detainee at the prison assaulted a guard with a bloodied tail ripped from a Cuban iguana in 2005.

    The subspecies, Cyclura nubila caymanensis, is endemic to “sister islands” of Little Cayman and Cayman Brac. The population in Cayman Brac is less than 50 of these animals and Small Alligator keeps 1.500. A feral population of C has been established in Grand Cayman. n. caymanensis.

    The Cuban iguana makes its burrow near cacti or thistles, sometimes even within the cactus itself. These thorny plants offer protection and their fruits and flowers offer food to iguanas.. In areas without cacti, lizards make their burrows in dead trees, hollow logs and limestone cracks.

    In the middle of the Decade of 1960, a small group of Cuban iguanas was released from a zoo on Magueyes Island, southwest of Puerto Rico, forming an independent feral population. As of the year 2000, there has been talk of eliminating or relocating this iguana population by the U.S. Department of the Interior. This feral population is the source of the 90% of captive Cuban iguanas found in private collections.

    Characteristics / Appearance

    As the largest member of its kind, the Cuban iguana (Cyclura nubila) reaches a total length of 150 cm and a head-torso length of 70 cm.. Males are much larger than females and have large pores on their thighs through which they release pheromones. Both sexes have a dorsal crest. The scales of the muzzle are enlarged and bulging, but they do not form “horns”. Skin color varies from dark gray to brick red in males, and is olive green with dark bands in females. Feet are blackish.

    Habitat

    The Cuban iguana prefers to live in coastal and rocky areas covered with shrubs, holly and opuntia. Animals feed on plant material such as leaves, flowers or fruits. The Cuban iguana is oviparous. Egg clutches consist of 5-11 eggs, that hatch after 77-92 days at an ambient temperature of approximately 30ºC and have a length of 27-32 cm..

    Conservation

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Vulnerable Vulnerable ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    Since 1999, all major concentrations of iguanas, except one, are partially or fully protected by the Cuban government. Although there is no captive breeding program in Cuba, the National Center for Protected Areas has suggested that it will explore this avenue in the future.. In 1985, the Cuban government issued a commemorative peso with a Cuban iguana on the front of the coin in an attempt to raise awareness about this animal.

    The Cuban iguana is well established in public and private collections. Many zoos and private individuals keep them in captive breeding programs, minimizing the demand for wild-caught specimens for the pet trade. [The Cuban iguanas are listed as “vulnerable” on The IUCN Red list, as well as the predominant Cuban subspecies, while the subspecies of the Cayman Islands is “critically endangered”. The total population in Cuba is estimated between 40.000 and 60.000 individuals, and the feral population on Magueyes Island is estimated at more than 1.000..

    Indirectly, the status of the Cuban iguana under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. USA. came to American jurisprudence. In the autumn of 2003, Attorney Tom Wilner had to persuade U.S. Supreme Court justices. USA. to accept the case of a dozen Kuwaiti detainees who were isolated at Guantanamo Bay (Cuba), no fees, no hearing and no access to a lawyer. [According to Peter Honigsberg, Professor of Law at the University of San Francisco, Wilner unsuccessfully presented two arguments to the Court to hear his case.; in his third argument he changed tactics by mentioning U.S. law and the Cuban iguana. Wilner argued that “any, including a federal official, violating the Endangered Species Act by harming an iguana at Guantanamo, can be fined and prosecuted”. But, the government argues that U.S. law does not apply to protect human prisoners found there”. According to Honigsberg, the Supreme Court agreed to hear the case because of this argument.

    Unlike other Antillean islands where iguanids are found, iguana meat consumption was never widespread in Cuba. Some fishing communities may have practiced it at some point., but for the most part the animal was not consumed by Cubans. According to naturalist Thomas Barbour in 1946, this was based on superstitious beliefs suggesting that iguanas emit a dark fluid reminiscent of the black vomit of yellow fever victims when they are killed..

    One of the main threats to iguanas throughout the Caribbean is cats.. In Guantánamo they consume an incalculable number of iguana pups every year.

    In 1993, the San Diego Zoo experimentally tested the usefulness of a “head-starting” for newborn Cuban iguanas with funding from the National Science Foundation Conservation and Restoration Biology Program. “Head-starting” is a process by which iguana eggs are born in an incubator and animals are protected and fed during the first 20 months of his life. The purpose is to get animals to a size where they are better able to flee or fight predators.. This technique was originally used to protect newborn sea turtles, to Galapagos land iguanas and to the Ctenosaura bakeri on the island of Útila, but Alberts first used it in a kind of Cyclura with the Cuban iguana. The goal was not only to help the Cuban iguana population., but to test the overall effectiveness of headstarting as a conservation strategy for other critically endangered Cyclura species.

    According to Alberts, the strategy was successful when the released iguanas reacted to predators, they sought food and behaved like their free-born congeners.. This strategy has been applied with great success with other species of Cyclura and Ctenosaura endangered in the West Indies and Central America, in particular the Jamaican iguana (Cyclura collei), the Blue iguana of Grand Cayman, the Ricord's ground iguana (Cyclura ricordi), the Allen Cays rock iguana (Cyclura cychlura inornata), the Acklins ground iguana (Cyclura rileyi nuchalis) and Anegada rock iguana (Cyclura pinguis).

    The "Cuban iguana" in captivity

    Cuba exported 122 wild-caught specimens and the Cayman Islands 14. The last export took place in 2009. in the same period, export was recorded 109 captive bred animals around the world. From them, 56 came from the Czech Republic.

    The terrarium

    Males and females are extremely aggressive towards each other outside of mating season. So, good terrarium structure and escape possibilities are necessary. Animals must have a pool at their disposal. Temperature and humidity should vary throughout the day.

    According to the opinion of reptile experts, a terrarium for a couple should have at least 5 times the length, 4 times the width and 3 times the height of the animals head-torso length. For each additional animal, a is added 15% to the basic surface.

    Buy one "Cuban iguana"

    It is a protected species, even so we have found copies on the internet, supposedly, of "Cuban iguana" At a price of 40 EUR. Dodax

    Videos "Cuban iguana"

    Cuban iguana (Cyclura nubila) - cuban iguana

    Cuban Rock Iguana (Cyclura nubila) Prague Zoo Cuban Rock Iguana

    Alternative names:

    1. Cuban iguana, Cuban rock iguana, Cuban ground iguana (English).
    2. Iguane terrestre de Cuba (French).
    3. Kubaleguan, Kubanische Felsenleguan, Kubanischer Grundleguan, Kubanischer Leguan (German).
    4. Iguana-cubana (Portuguese).
    5. "Iguana cubana" (español).