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Rough-tailed gecko
- Cyrtopodion scabrum

The Rough-tailed gecko needs a dry sandy terrarium with shelter and a small log to climb on or under.
Rough-tailed gecko
Rough-tailed gecko in Dezfull, Khozestan province, Iran – Barbod Safaei, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

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Distribution and habitat

The Rough-tailed gecko (Cyrtopodion scabrum) it is widespread in Asia Minor and North Africa and lives in desert and stony landscapes.

Conservation status

The species is not subject to any legal protection status.

Size

The Rough-tailed gecko can reach a total length of 12 cm..

Behavior

The Rough-tailed gecko is active at night, faster, robust and easy to care for, and can often be seen during the day. Group breeding with several males and females possible. They are group animals with a very interesting behavioral spectrum and hunting behaviour.. The need to scale is very great, therefore adequate opportunities must be offered. This species does not have adhesive sheets, their feet are equipped with claws.

Sex differences

Males have clearly visible hemipenal pouches.

Terrarium

Rough-tailed gecko
Rough-tailed gecko – GCA-Reptiles, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The terrarium is provided with sand or a mixture of sand and clay, as well as climbing possibilities with roots, stones and branches. The planting consists of succulents, aloe and tillandsia. UV lamps are not necessary, daylight lamps are sufficient.

terrarium size

Due to its small final size, the crocodile gecko can be kept in relatively small terrariums. are kept in relatively small terrariums. You must have a minimum size of 50 cm x 50 cm of base area and 50 height cm.

Temperature and climate

The temperature in the terrarium should be between 25° and 30° C and locally 40° C, much colder at night.

Diet

The Rough-tailed gecko feeds on small/medium crickets, crickets, mealworms/buffalo worms, etc., with adequate vitamin and mineral supplements. A bowl of fresh water should not be missing.

Hibernation

According to its origin, the Cyrtopodion scabrum needs a period of hibernation. This hibernation period should last 2 months. Temperatures should be reduced to between 15° and 18° C and lighting should be reduced accordingly. 2 to 3 hours.

For sale "Rough-tailed gecko"

The price of a Rough-tailed gecko can vary between 10 and 20 euros in specialized stores.

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Mediterranean house gecko
- Hemidactylus turcicus

The Mediterranean house gecko is active at sunset and at night. It only activates sporadically during the day, especially when it's sunny on the warmest days of winter.
Mediterranean house gecko
Konstantinos Kalaentzis – Hemidactylus turcicus (Rhode, Greece) – Konstantinos Kalaentzis, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

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Characteristics

The Mediterranean house gecko is a small reptile (until 12 cm of total head length), thin and with a depressed body and a narrow, short head, but well differentiated from the rest of the body. The back of the animal is covered with small granules that give it a rough appearance. It has a pink color with pale or sandy ocher tones and an almost translucent appearance.. The spots on the tail give it a ringed appearance by alternating light and dark bands. The fingers are widened at the base and have a row of sheets below, divided in the center (hence the Latin name: middle -finger hemi -dactyl-). Has claws on all toes.

Habitat

Species that prefer warm places, as rocky places, tree trunks, stones, abandoned and dilapidated houses. It is found less in cities than the common gecko (Tarentola mauritanica). Common in small rural areas, as irrigation systems, wells and wells.

Behavior

The Mediterranean house gecko is active at sunset and at night. It only activates sporadically during the day, especially when it's sunny on the warmest days of winter. Climb slightly vertical surfaces with great agility. The accession mechanism is similar to that of the common gecko: the inner laminae of their fingers have hairs that exert a chemical and electrostatic attraction on the attachment surface (Van der Waals forces). It is active almost all year round, although it is more difficult to observe between November and February, when it falls into a semi-targo that can be interrupted during some sunny days. Essentially, feeds on small insects and nocturnal arachnids. Take advantage of the fact that they are attracted to artificial light.

Reproduction

The breeding season runs from March to July. Right now, males show aggressive behavior, defend their territory and emit vocal noises, something unusual among reptiles. Females can put 1 to 2 eggs two or three times a year and are buried under stones, in cracks in the trunk or on the ground. The pups of the Mediterranean house gecko are born between one and three months after laying eggs.

Degree of protection

It doesn't seem to have major conservation issues, which is related to the fact that it can live both in human habitat and in unspoiled nature.

The "Mediterranean house gecko" in captivity

Adaptable in nature, makes them resistant to many environments. They also have a sweet and docile temperament that makes them friendly with beginners..

They often live in human homes and adapt well to man-made habitats..

Pros

  • They are very resistant and do not suffer from many health problems.
  • This species is tiny and pretty.
  • They are very easy to care for and cost between 5 and 20 EUR.

Contras

  • They are agile and move very fast so they can easily escape.
  • Your droppings can stain fabrics.
  • They get stressed very easily, so they require careful handling.

Food

The Mediterranean house gecko it is insectivorous. They eat a wide variety of insects.

In the wild, this reptile hunts by slowly crawling towards its prey before pounced and threw its head forward to catch the insect.. They most often hunt around porch lights or man-made light structures..

Mediterranean house gecko
Mediterranean house gecko with prey on a wall: (Hemidactylus turcicus) in Messenia, Greece – Koppi2, GFDL 1.2, via Wikimedia Commons

Your Gecko can eat crickets, cockroaches and worms.

feed your Gecko three to four times a week. In each feeding session, provide it from four to five crickets.

Be sure to feed insects that are no larger than the size of your dog's head. Gecko. Whether the insects are the right size, can maintain a consistent feeding schedule almost daily.

Sprinkle insects with a vitamin and mineral supplement before feeding them. In the case of adults, do it once a week and in the case of growing geckos, do it three times a week. Use a supplement that includes calcium but not phosphorus.

You can also load the insect guts a few days before feeding for extra nutrients.

Leave the food out for a couple of hours before taking it out of the cage.

Provide a bowl of water to your Mediterranean house gecko, although this species normally prefers to drink from water drops. Mist his cage daily to keep humidity high and provide drops of water to drink..

Care & Health

The Mediterranean house gecko lives between three and nine years.

They are very resistant reptiles, but they can suffer from some health problems if their breeding and care routine is not followed:

Problems can occur when they eat something they can't digest. The most common source is the substrate. It can be fatal if left untreated, but it is easy to avoid if you feed on a diet only of insects and use the correct substrate (for example, paper or newspaper towels).

Parasites can infect your Mediterranean house gecko through contact with spoiled food. Your Gecko will appear lethargic or vomit frequently.

Sometimes respiratory infections can occur due to incorrect temperature or humidity in your enclosure. This is characterized by lethargy, loss of appetite or breathing with your mouth open.

Molting problems can be caused by low humidity levels. If the excess skin seems to be stuck to your Gecko, you must increase the humidity in your cage.

Metabolic bone disease can cause curved limbs, instability and difficulty standing up. Be sure to feed your lizard a healthy amount of supplements to keep its bones strong.

Frequently asked questions

Is it poisonous “Mediterranean house gecko”?

This Gecko it is not poisonous and is completely harmless to humans. Unlike some reptiles, are completely harmless and rarely bite.

Do the tails of the “Mediterranean house gecko”?

Yes, grows back. The Mediterranean house gecko drop your tail if you feel threatened. But, its tail contains significant fat reserves, so try not to stress your gecko. If your pet drops its tail, make sure she has plenty of food and is comfortable while she grows back.

Signs that you are healthy

  • Uniform skin and consistent texture.
  • Regular feeding and defecation.
  • Full and rounded body.
  • light eyes.

disease symptoms

  • Head or mouth dropped.
  • Lumps or swelling.
  • Discharge from the nose, the eyes or mouth.
  • Weakness, loss of appetite and lethargy.

Terrarium

This species of Gecko usually lives next to humans. They live on, inside and under houses. They can often be found hiding under roof tiles, behind refrigerators and climbing walls.

They are resistant, so they can live in tropical and subtropical environments from the Mediterranean to India.

Type of terrarium: Glass aquarium.
Aquarium size: 40 litres.
Illumination: UVB.
Substrate: kitchen paper or newspapers.

Terrarium Configuration

These Geckos are small but like to live in large spaces.

One terrarium glass 40 liters with a mesh cap will work, but an enclosure “alto” of 80 liters is much better. The terrariums for juveniles and hatchlings may be slightly smaller, of 20 litres.

Add 20 additional liters per each Gecko female if she harbors more than three, a tank of 80 liters is appropriate. It is not recommended to accommodate other reptiles apart from the common gecko (Tarentola mauritanica) with this species.

Place branches and foliage in your tank. Also make sure there are at least two hiding places per Gecko.

A UVB bulb is recommended. No need for full-spectrum lighting, but make sure they have a cycle 12 hours of day and night.

Installing a designated sunbathing point will help create a heat gradient and provide a warm place for the sleeping gecko.. The Geckos are thermoregulated, so it is essential to have a hot and a cold side in the aquarium.

To heat your enclosure use a heating pad or an incandescent bulb. The temperature inside the tank should be 24° to 32°C in the morning and 18° to 24°C at night.. Place the heating elements only in one of the halves of the tank, which will help create a heat gradient.

The humidity should be between 60 and the 75% at all times.

To keep humidity high, mist the cage with a spray bottle every day; point to walls, not to your lizard. You can also introduce live plants to increase humidity or bring your water dish closer to the sunny spot..

Reptile carpet can be used as a substrate, but it will need to be changed frequently because it may harbor bacteria. The best option is paper towels or newspapers.

Paper substrates should be changed three times a week.

Terrarium cleaning

Your tank should be cleaned once a month with soap (or a bleach solution 10%) and water.

When cleaning the terrarium, be sure to observe the droppings of your Gecko.

Their droppings should be long and light brown with white tips. They must maintain their shape. Droppings that leak or crumble are usually a sign of illness.

Behavior in captivity

The Mediterranean house gecko communicate primarily through visual cues. This is similar to what happens with the African fat-tailed gecko (Hemitheconyx caudicinctus), who usually greets.

One Gecko submissive will be removed or frozen, while an aggressor will snap his mouth, lash out or bite. In domain demos, two Geckos they will face and squeal – this is common in males.

  • In captivity, this lizard has a docile temperament.
  • Females can cohabit, but males can be territorial.
  • Common behaviors in captivity include sticking out the tongue and hitting the substrate with the nose to perceive its surroundings..
  • They are usually found in their hiding places during the day and are more active at night.
  • This Gecko mist in the colder months, but not necessary in captivity.
  • Brumation can be dangerous and is not recommended for first-time owners or Geckos youth.

Handling tips

This reptile tolerates handling, but it is very fast and can escape in the blink of an eye.

You should only handle adults when they have had a chance to get used to you..

When you handle it, do not hold or grab it by the tail or lower belly. This can cause them to release their tail in a panic or cause them stress.. Instead,, hold it tightly on top and gently support it on the lower belly.

Always wash your hands before and after handling your reptile.

Courtship

Males court females through aggressive behaviors and vocalizations.

He will approach the female and touch her with his muzzle or bite her neck. It will also vocalize before and after mating. The courtship is very brief and the female will leave shortly after to build a nest in an excavated substrate. Most of the eggs hatch within 45 to 60 days.

The breeding season occurs between April and August.

Females have small clutches of one to three eggs twice a season.

Incubation temperature can affect the sex of the hatchlings., females are more likely to be born at higher temperatures.

Price

The Mediterranean house gecko it's very affordable. They usually cost between 5 and 20 EUR, depending on size and age.

The cage, light and substrate should cost 50 EUR.

Recurring costs (for example, food and vitamins) will be around the 150 euros per year.

Despite being widely available in nature, it is much better to buy it bred in captivity from a breeder or a pet store.

When you buy a Mediterranean house gecko, make sure you have clear eyes and a healthy appetite.

Avoid pups with dry patches on their skin, no toes or tail drooping. If the tail is disproportionate to your body size, it's a sign that they've dropped it recently.

Treat the hatchlings the same as adults and make sure they receive nutrients from the insects they carry in their intestines.

Videos "Mediterranean house gecko"

Mediterranean house gecko - Hemidactylus turcicus - Miserable - Samiamidi - Cyprus

Turkish house gecko (Hemidactylus turcicus)

Alternative names:

1. Mediterranean Gecko, Turkish gecko, Moon lizard (English).
2. (French).
3. Türkischer Halbfingergecko, Hausgecko (German).
4. Lagartixa doméstica (Portuguese).
5. Gecko Casero del Mediterráneo, Cuija, Gecko pinto, Salamanquesa costera (español).

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Brygoo's chameleon
- Brookesia brygooi

The Brygoo's chameleon it is a small to medium sized chameleon, earthy brown to blend in with leaf litter.
leaf chameleon (Brookesia brygooi), South Center of Madagascar – GRID-ArendalFlickr

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Origin / Distribution

The Brygoo's chameleon (Brookesia brygooi) it is endemic to southwestern Madagascar, where its type locality is Analavelona, in the province of Fianarantsoa, in south-central Madagascar.

Characteristics / Appearance

The Brookesia Chameleons they are some of the smallest reptiles in the world: one of the species reaches a maximum length of just over an inch (30 mm). These tiny creatures are found in the leaf litter of tropical rainforests and dry deciduous forests across much of Madagascar..

The Brygoo's chameleon it is a small to medium sized chameleon, earthy brown to blend in with leaf litter.

Habitat

It is located at an altitude between 20 and 571 m above mean sea level, and in an area of 147.782 square kilometers. Details about the true population of the Brygoo's chameleon, although it is known to be very widespread.

Behavior

The Brookesia they feed on small insects and respond with their camouflage to hide from predators. When resent, these chameleons play dead in an effort to look like a fallen leaf.

Brookesias are easier to find at night, when they sleep on the leaves of small bushes.

Threats to the species

Because it is widespread and commonly found in protected areas, was listed as Least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

The "Brygoo's chameleon" in captivity

The terrarium

Minimum measurements are 60 x 31 x 46 cm..

Behavior

Males can become territorial and separate from other males. It is usually meek, but frequent handling stresses the animal. It is usually quite docile and shy. The species is diurnal.

captive environment

Use full spectrum lighting 12 to 14 hours a day. Provide multiple climbing areas on branches, trunks and plants. This species likes dense foliage to hide when climbing.

Temperature

The daytime temperature should be between 23 – 27 degrees C. Maintain night temperature between 20 – 2 degrees C.

Humidity

This species requires moderate to high humidity levels.

Water requirements

Provide a large, shallow container for drinking and soaking. Provide a constant running or trickling water supply. The enclosure must be well ventilated.

Nutritional requirements

This species is carnivorous (like meat). eat small insects, flies, mosquitoes and insect larvae. Always offer variety for proper nutrition. Sprinkle food with calcium and vitamins.

Buy one "Brygoo's chameleon"

It's probably the leaf chameleon What is most legally exported from Madagascar. Specimens of this species can be found relatively easily in specialized stores.. Its price in the exotic animal market ranges from 120 – 150 EUR.

Videos "Brygoo's chameleon"

Calumma boettgeri (Boulenger 1888)

Brookesia ambreensis (Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 1995)

Alternative names:

1. Brygoo's chameleon, Brygoo’s pygmy chameleon, Leaf chameleon (English).
2. Caméléon feuille de Brygoo (French).
3. Brygoos Chamäleon, Brygoos Pygmäenchamäleon, Blattchamäleon (German).
4. Camaleão de Brygoo, Camaleão pigmeu de Brygoo, Camaleão de folha (Portuguese).
5. "Camaleón pigmeo de Brygoo", Camaleón de Brygoo, Camaleón de hoja, Camaleón pigmeo malgache (español).

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Oaxacan spinytail iguana
- Ctenosaura quinquecarinata

As to the nature, the Oaxacan spinytail iguana is relatively tame, eats from the hand and does not get scared when you put your hand in the terrarium
Oaxacan spinytail iguana
Oaxacan spinytail iguana (Ctenosaura quinquecarinata) Osa Peninsula Costa Rica – Benjamint444, GFDL 1.2 , via Wikimedia Commons

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Origin / Distribution

The Oaxacan spinytail iguana (Ctenosaura quinquecarinata) mainly inhabits tropical and subtropical dry forests, in both Costa Rica and Nicaragua. They can also be found in secondary successional forests and in human-transformed environments, like small towns, crops, tree plantations and pastures for cattle.

Characteristics / Appearance

The tail of the Oaxacan spinytail iguana it is heavily armored with five rings of spines that form longitudinal ridges. The males of this species reach a length of 35 centimeters, while females measure 18,5 centimeters. Like most of the Ctenosaura, iguanas are born a bright green color that fades to brown as the animal ages. Females tend to take on a uniform brown color and males develop shades of black., blues and yellows on his body and head on the brown background.

Habitat

It is a kind of secretive and strictly diurnal habits, terrestrial and arboreal, that usually hides in caves or holes in the ground or between roots and cracks in fallen logs, or low over trees or bushes. They are occasionally seen resting or basking, usually during the hottest hours of the day, and are extremely quick to escape and hide from any potential danger..

Adults are basically vegetarians, feeding mainly on leaves and fruits and occasionally on some invertebrates. Its reproduction is oviparous.

Behavior

Food

The Oaxacan spinytail iguana it is omnivorous and is known to consume leaves, fruits and flowers of many trees, including the indian agati (Sesbania grandiflora), the jobo (Spondias mombin) and the azulillo (Tecophilaea cyanocrocus), as well as various insects. This species has a significant symbiotic relationship with shrubs in the plant families Fabaceae and Bignoniaceae. It is sometimes known to eat crop plants, like the bean.

Reproduction

The sexual maturity of Oaxacan spinytail iguana reached at two years of age; reproductive males have an average of 26 cm long snout-cloaca (SVL), while the females measure 24 cm SVL. Males can reach up to 35 cm long SVL. Breed annually, with five eggs or less; the incubation period is 80 days. Their average lifespan is six years.

Threats to the species

Oaxacan spinytail iguana
Pygmy club-tailed garrobo in Prague Zoo – Jklamo, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

It is currently considered a rare species with reduced populations and in danger..
Total population size unknown, but it is estimated that there may be less than 2,500 mature individuals.

These Ctenosaura are threatened by habitat fragmentation and destruction caused by human activities, including urbanization, Agriculture, deforestation and ranching.

  • The Oaxacan spinytail iguana takes refuge in fence posts or hollow trees that are threatened by ranchers and farmers who intentionally set fires to annually regenerate their fields.
  • Sometimes they are also killed by accident, inside tree holes that are collected for firewood.
  • Large-scale farming and ranching displaces Oaxacan spinytail iguana and fragment the population, this can reduce their genetic variability to some extent.
  • forest clearing, the uncontrolled burning and extraction of wood and the construction of roads, provides easier access to garrobo dispersals outside its habitat for gamers.
  • In regions where they are not hunted for food or for the pet trade, these iguanas are feared and intentionally killed in the belief that they are poisonous.
  • In many cases, iguanas die due to blocking their burrow entrances in hollow trees and fence posts.

  • The "Oaxacan spinytail iguana" in captivity

    This species is widely traded within the legal and illegal pet trade and is sold nationally and internationally.. The Oaxacan spinytail iguana was the second species of the genus Ctenosaura most imported into the United States 2001-2008, with the 50 % of imported specimens registered as wild-sourced and 50 % as captive maids (3171 iguanas) from two hatcheries in Nicaragua. One of the breeding facilities reported a total export of more than 6000 captive-bred juveniles to Europe, Asia and USA in 2009. Since 2005, the number of reported exports to the US has decreased; the number of exports to other countries is unknown. Interviews conducted in several municipalities reported wild captures destined for the pet market.

    Recently, all spiny tailed iguana were approved for inclusion in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), to improve the regulation of international trade. Before listing in CITES, this species was included in a partial trade ban within the European Union since 1996.

    The terrarium

    As to the nature, the Oaxacan spinytail iguana is relatively tame, eats from the hand and does not get scared when you put your hand in the terrarium, but if you try to catch it it bites, to clean the terrarium you have to hold it with gloves. When it comes to eating, he likes practically everything.: Apple, pear, banana, melon, zucchini, green pepper, Canons, cockroaches, crickets, grasshopper,all kinds of worms, little mice, small reptiles, etc.. It is a very easy species to care for..

    Buy one "Oaxacan spinytail iguana"

    Annually they are exported every year to Europe, Asia, and the US, an approximate number of plus almost 6000 young individuals of Oaxacan spinytail iguana from captive breeding.

    Its price can range from 30 euros for a baby up to 300 euros for an adult male.

    Videos "Oaxacan spinytail iguana"

    ctenosaura

    New black iguana terrarium

    Alternative names:

    1. Oaxacan spinytail iguana, Five-keeled spiny-tailed iguana (English).
    2. Iguane à queue épineuse (French).
    3. Fünfkiel-Schwarzleguan , Oaxaca-Stachelschwanz-Leguan, Fünfkielige Stachelschwanz-Leguan (German).
    4. Iguana de cauda espinhosa de Oaxaca, Iguana de cauda espinhosa de cinco quilhas (Portuguese).
    5. "Garrobo enano de cola de garrote", Cola chata, Garrobo de cola espinosa, Garrobo enano o Iguana de cola espinosa de cinco quillas (español).

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    Schneider's skink
    - Eumeces schneideri

    Schneider's skink

    The great skink North Africa and one of the most beautiful we can find, since the orange colors that it has on the back with the yellow sides make it a beautiful animal. feeding, In addition to giving it insects and worms, we can add fruit that it will take with pleasure.. Docile and manageable. Perfect.

    Its price ranges from 30 and 40 EUR, 60 euros for the couple.

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    Leopard gecko
    - Eublepharis macularius

    The Leopard gecko they are peaceful and friendly creatures. They can be kept individually, as a couple or in a group without any problem.
    Leopard gecko
    Leopard gecko – Iterat at the English-language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Content

    Distribution and habitat

    The Leopard gecko is originally from eastern Afghanistan, Pakistan and North India. They inhabit rather dry steppe landscapes and grasslands. These crepuscular and nocturnal reptiles spend the day under stones or in burrows that they have dug themselves or have taken from other animals.. At dusk, they like to use the stones that are still hot from the day to warm themselves.

    The Leopard gecko is considered a good climber because, Unlike many other species of geckos, does not have adhesive foils on the fingers, but claws. They reach a total length of about 30 centimeters and live up to 20 years.

    Summers in the natural range of the Leopard gecko they are hot and humid, with daytime temperatures around 40ºC. Winters are dry and cool, below 20°C during the day. At night there are sometimes temperatures below zero, in the mountains even down to 20°C below zero.

    during the cold season, animals hibernate for several months.

    Description

    The Leopard gecko also shows great variability in nature. The head is about half as long as the trunk.. The eyelids are striking. The snout usually shows an X- or Y-shaped light pattern. The scales are fine grained, with bulging elevations below. The body is usually yellow to grey-violet.. The spots are blackish brown. The segmented tail reaches about a third of the length of the head and torso and, often, still shows the bands of the youth brands. The ventral side is smoothly scaled and unmarked.. Fingers have claws but no sticky plates.

    males are more powerful, with broader heads and have pronounced preanal pores. Can you find out the sex of a Leopard gecko observing the anal regions.

    Behavior

    Leopard gecko
    Leopard gecko – Matt Reinbold, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    During the day, the Leopard gecko they shelter from the heat and sunlight in caves, well-heated crevices and burrows. They occasionally bask in the sun for a short period of time, but they only activate at dusk. They choose stones heated by the sun to obtain the heat of their activity, then they go hunting and take refuge in caves to protect themselves from the night cold.

    in the terrarium, animals change residence several times. At bedtime (during the day) prefer heated caves and crevices, which must offer a maximum of 27°C. They switch between wet areas, dry, lighter or darker. Especially for egg laying and moulting, well-moistened areas should be offered. This is easily achieved by using a wet box, which can be made decoratively to match the design of the terrarium.

    The Leopard gecko They need a place to relieve themselves.. Us, we determine which place in the terrarium is suitable. From then on, droppings are always deposited in the same place.

    The Leopard gecko are in dire need of protection, are reluctant to move through open spaces. They prefer to cover themselves from at least 3 sides (soil, rear wall and from above).

    In case of danger, The Leopard gecko they can release their tail fully or partially (so-called default breakpoints). This severed piece continues to squirm like a worm and distracts the attacker from their true prey.. Terrarium keepers should never grab an animal by the tail.

    The Leopard gecko they are good to keep them in groups, but you should never socialize 2 males. A male can share a terrarium with 2-4 females, it just needs to be the right size.

    Leopard Gecko in captivity

    Life expectancy

    The Leopard gecko they can become proverbially old if maintained in a manner appropriate to the species. In this case, 20 years are considered normal. In the news, almost been verified 30 years in literature.

    Terrarium

    For a group of 1,2 Geckos, the minimum dimensions of 100 long x 50 wide x 50 high have proven to be adequate. You should not choose the smallest, the largest is gladly accepted.
    If the group consists of 4 animals, should aspire to 120 long x 60-80 wide x 60-80 High.
    The substrate should consist of a mixture of sand and clay, that makes it suitable for excavation. Soft sand is avoided by animals. It is a mistake to think that the sand is eaten on principle, what causes a bowel obstruction. Healthy animals can also ingest sand, which is not necessarily harmful.

    Building

    The terrarium can be glass, wood, Styrodur, acrylic or similar materials.
    Back walls can be Styropur, construction foam, adhesive for tiles or natural materials.
    Crush holes in the rear walls look mandatory. But, taking into account their way of life, more attention should be paid to substrate design.
    The substrate must be rich in cracks, caves and passageways. In this way, different microclimatic zones can be offered. Substrate may be tiled or otherwise protected from moisture, but a cana steppe must be designed above.

    ventilation slots

    They must always be at odds, that is to say, at the front under the glass panes and at the top of the rear wall or on the terrarium lid.

    Decor

    • Stones taken from nature or trade, according to taste and color combination.
    • Roots taken from nature or from a specialized store.

    Illumination

    – Basic lighting should be fluorescent tubes (LSR) during 12-14 hours a day to simulate a day. In this case, simple light bars with a daylight spectrum are enough.

    – late afternoon, for example between 16 and 20 hours, a foco BY 38 of 50 watts, or a little more, can heat a root, a rocky outcrop, a stone or similar structure.

    – UV light is considered controversial, animals are active at dusk, so ultraviolet light is unnecessary.

    – Heating stones or heating mats are also controversial, but they can be very useful to provide a warm surface at night, similar to rocks heated by the sun in nature.

    – Heating stones or mats should never be buried in the substrate. Rather they should be integrated above the substrate, like the rocks in nature.

    – The operating time of these “hot stones” is reasonable of 16 to 22 hours, after which it should be cooled in the terrarium.

    – Night lighting should be refused for this species, because it goes against his nature.

    Diet

    • There are crickets on the menu, various cockroaches, crickets, grasshopper, zophobas larvae and mealworms, centipede, worms, beetles, spiders, scorpions, as well as mammals and young birds that nest.
    • These Geckos they are hunters who are attuned to a certain range of movements of their prey, so they should also actively hunt whenever possible in the terrarium and not passively wait for them to feed.
    • A varied diet is recommended, more than a lot, to avoid overfeeding.
    • This variety is easier to come by if small foods are chosen rather than a single large one..
    • Insects from specialized stores can be used as food, their own brood and prairie plankton.
    • Adult animals only need to be fed a variety of small insects once a week in the terrarium.
    • Young animals should be given food every day for breeding, reduced according to development progress.
    • Care must be taken to ensure optimal supplementation.
    • – The insects, if not the plankton of the prairie, should also be well fed before feeding. This is called a good charge.
    • It also, the terrarium should not lack a supply of calcium. It is useful to distribute cuttlefish bone or ground shell gravel on the rock walls, since animals like to explore their territory by licking. A small bowl filled with calcium flour is also helpful.
    • Of course, there should always be a small bowl of water.
    • As animals tend to quickly lose their shyness towards humans, they will eat from the tweezers or even from the hand of the keeper. This should not tempt you to train them, so to speak, because active hunting at the right time keeps them healthier in the long run than begging for food.

    Reproduction

    Females usually lay 2 eggs each, sometimes only one. It is quite common for there to be 4-5 put per year, and have a few 4 weeks between two sets. We incubate the eggs between 26 y 28°C. The young hatch after a few 7-8 weeks.

    It is interesting to note that young animals are extremely aggressive at first, but completely harmless. This protection mechanism disappears after a few weeks. The juvenile coloration in the form of horizontal stripes is maintained for about 4-6 months, then the animals slowly change color and after a few 10-12 months have the appearance of an adult animal. The completion of the color change is a clear signal of the beginning of sexual maturity.. The rearing of young animals does not present any problem.. They are raised separately from the adults. Price of a

    price of a leopard gecko

    The price of a Leopard gecko in the exotic animal market ranges from 50 – 60 EUR.

    Alternative names:

    1. Common leopard gecko (English).
    2. Eublepharis macularius (French).
    3. Pakistanische Fettschwanzgecko (German).
    4. Osga-leopardo, Geco-leopardo (Portuguese).
    5. Gecko Leopardo Asiático, (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Crested gecko
    - Correlophus ciliatus

    Crested gecko
    The “Crested gecko” in captivity it is docile and tolerates regular handling – Jazium, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Content

    Origin

    The Crested gecko (Correlophus ciliatus) is located at the southern end of Grande Terre, the main island of New Caledonia, and on the island of Pins, what makes it endemic.

    Although the natural habitat of the Crested gecko continues to decline due to permanent environmental degradation, unfortunately not subject to any international protection status. It is being considered in protected status by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

    Description

    The Crested gecko usually measures between 15-25 cm length, including between 10-15 cm of tail. Among the most distinctive features of these geckos are the hair-like projections above the eyes., that look a lot like tabs. These projections continue in the form of two rows of spines that run from the eyes to the sides of its wedge-shaped head and continue to the base of its tail..

    The Crested gecko no eyelids. In its place, a transparent scale, or glasses, keeps each eye moist, using the tongue to clean up waste.

    These geckos have a semi-prehensile tail that they use to climb. Tail can be dropped (via caudal autotomy) to distract predators. The Crested gecko do not regenerate their tail once they have lost it; most adults in the wild lack a tail.

    The toes and the tip of the semi-prehensile tail are covered with small hairs called setae. Each mushroom is divided into hundreds of smaller hairs (of about 200 nanometers in diameter) called spatulas. These structures are thought to take advantage of the weak van der Waals force to help the gecko climb most solid surfaces., easier in the flatter and smoothest, like glass or wood. The fingers have small claws that help them climb over surfaces that their fingers can't hold onto..

    Habitat

    It is arboreal in nature and lives in the treetops of humid forests., hot and dense lowland vegetation.

    The Crested gecko perches on tree branches, but also in the holes of the branches that serve as a hiding place. Its period of activity begins at dusk and ends in the early hours of the morning.

    Characteristics

    The Crested gecko it is a crepuscular and nocturnal gecko and less shy than the species of the genus Rhacodactylus.

    She is a skilled climber. For this it has the help of its adhesive sheets and its claws, as well as his tail, which serves as an additional gripping organ and to maintain balance. Like most Geckos, the Crested gecko is able to release the tail in case of danger (autotomy). But, does not form a full regenerate, so there is only a short stump left.

    The growth of the Geckos in general it has no comparison with that of many other reptile species.
    Its nature is slow growing. While many species of Geckos of the warm regions of the world grow completely in 1 or 2 years maximum, all the Gecko of New Caledonia need more time for their development.

    In the case of Crested gecko need 3 years until they have grown at all.
    But, in general, each animal must be considered individually.
    Even siblings born on the same day and raised the same way can grow up totally different.

    There is a wide range of colors on the market, the following types have demonstrated their heritage over time.

  • No pattern | Exists 1 color Orange, Yellow, White, Negro…
  • Bicolor | 2 colors with mostly light reverses
  • Tricolor | The animal is completely stamped or superimposed with 3 colors.
  • Tiger / Striped | Patterns very rich in contrast, mostly single basic color.
  • Design harlequin interlaced with dark background tone
  • Rear stripe mostly white and the rest very dark
  • Morphs There are many of these on the market, but only the years will show if the inheritance is guaranteed.

  • The "Crested gecko" in captivity

    Terrarium

    The terrarium for him Crested gecko must be high enough, as they are inhabitants of trees and are almost never found on the ground. As a key to the size of the terrarium we recommend calculating with the head-torso length of the animal. The size of the terrarium is calculated as follows for non-adult animals:

    Terrarium floor space: 4 x 3 times the head-torso length of the animal.
    Height of the terrarium: Four times the head-torso length of the animal.
    Observe the growth of the animal in the coming months (fast-growing animal/slow-growing animal).

    Terrarium decoration

    Terrarium Crested Gecko
    Terrarium “Crested gecko” Exoterra

    The Crested gecko it is an excellent climber and needs several cork branches and cork tubes. The bamboo poles also have a decorative aspect and provide the animal with a space to walk, including the coveted heat point under a spotlight. As such, place a branch or root at the right distance from the light source so that the right temperature is created in it. Some vertical climbing possibilities should not be missing.

    It also, the terrarium must be well decorated with plants. Artificial plants are a practical option, as they can be easily cleaned of feces.

    The substrate suitable is the bark bed (also called “Cortex”) and the land of the terrarium. Moss cushions are decorative and regulate humidity. Droppings and food scraps should be removed daily.

    Temperature and lighting of the terrarium

    Although they are twilight and nocturnal, the Crested gecko sometimes sunbathe and will gladly accept a spot of ultraviolet light. It also, only an optimal supply of UV-B light provides enough vitamin D3 for young animals to grow optimally and adults to also be in top shape and display their bright colors.. We recommend the JBL L-U-W Light, which is available in various powers and in the version “Jungle“. This type of lighting provides light, heat and UVA/UVB rays.

    As a caregiver, can get an especially good climate (and easy to control) using a heating mat under part of the floor of your terrarium. Although the Crested gecko almost never goes to the ground to warm up there, yes it heats the basic temperature of the high terrarium -which by design is similar to a fireplace- from below. These terrariums usually have too low temperatures in the lower half of the terrarium outside of summer., so the fry have a hot back and a cold belly. The heating mat must be accompanied by a thermostat. In this way, always get the right climate, as the heating mat turns on automatically when needed.

    A plus point is the more favorable energy consumption in terms of the environment, since terrariums operated in this way not only require lower power for point lamps, but also, usually, fix themselves with less energy. For one uniform lighting of your terrarium as decoration of your living space, we recommend the LED lighting across the entire terrarium. Light and heating sources are always turned on and off at a daily rate by means of a timer, 14h on, 10h off.

    Food

    Food-Crested gecko
    Food-Crested gecko – ExoTerra

    The Crested gecko seems very quiet, but he is a good hunter. Feeding insects (crickets, domestic crickets, grasshopper, etc.) they are always sprinkled with mixtures of vitamins and minerals. This is the only way to avoid irreversible deficiencies, which can often lead to serious illness or even death in young animals and pregnant females, for example.

    Feeding animals must always be adapted to the size of the Gecko. Feed only insects that will be eaten directly. Otherwise, feeding animals would disperse in the terrarium, they would hide away and get rid of the attached vitamins/minerals – the result is malnutrition and malnutrition despite food supplies. They also like to eat fruit pulp, for example, food for the Crested gecko from Exoterra.

    Social behavior and reproduction

    The Crested gecko can be held individually or in a group. Males are territorial and incompatible with each other. They can be very demanding with females, so it is not recommended to keep them as “couple”.
    Females put 2 eggs several times a year, that burrow into the moist substrate. After 60-120 days at 21°C to 28°C the young hatch.

    For sale "Crested gecko"

    The price of a "Crested gecko" at the exotic animal market, bred in captivity, ranges between 60 – 80 EUR.

    Videos"Crested gecko"

    My Correlophus ciliatus and the aquaterrarium bombinas orientalis | dadenReptilera

    CUTE! Crested Gecko Correlophus ciliatus Eating

    Alternative names:

    1. Eyelash gecko (English).
    2. Gecko à cils, Gecko à frange (French).
    3. Neukaledonischer Kronengecko (German).
    4. Crested gecko (Portuguese).
    5. Gecko de pestañas (español).

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Malagasy giant chameleon
    - Furcifer oustaleti

    The Malagasy giant chameleon is considered the longest chameleon in the world (although exceptionally longer adults such as the Parson's chameleonCalumma parsonii).
    Malagasy giant chameleon
    Oustalet’s chameleon, Ambalavao, Madagascar. The image shows the different groupings of the front and hind toes. this is a male – Bernard Gagnon, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Content

    Origin / Distribution

    The Malagasy giant chameleon (Furcifer oustaleti) is endemic to Madagascar, where is the most widespread chameleon species. It has been recorded in all parts of the island at a variety of dry and wet sites at all elevations.. A localized population introduced into Kenya is probably extinct.

    Characteristics / Appearance

    Considered the longest chameleon in the world (although exceptionally longer adults such as the Parson's chameleonCalumma parsonii). This species reaches lengths close to 70 cm., and is also the second heaviest member of the family (after the Parson's chameleon). But, many specimens found are likely to be adults or smaller subadults. The helmet is high, with a pronounced parietal crest. Rostral ridges are present and extend to the tip of the muzzle, but do not connect. A lateral crest is present but poorly developed.

    The most important diagnostic feature is the Crest Ridge, which extends to the vent and consists of 45 or more short, triangular spines with a regular space between them. Ventral and gular ridges are present, but they are not connected to each other.

    Malagasy giant chameleon
    Oustalet’s chameleon (Furcifer oustaleti) female, Andasibe, Madagascar – Charles J. Sharp, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    The coloration in both sexes is usually gray or brown, although females are usually more showy and may show a red coloration on the head and limbs. But, females may be variable with a yellow or mottled coloration, and in some cases can be largely green. The pattern may include a row of four large circles of dark edges along the flanks., although a white line is absent in contrast to the Carpet chameleon (Furcifer Lateralis). There are often indistinct dark vertical bands on the flanks. The absence of a white stripe on the central part of the body is considered diagnostic, but see the warning in Taxonomy below.

    taxonomy

    The Malagasy giant chameleon belongs to a species complex consisting of three recognized species; However, the variation between populations and the wide distribution of both the Malagasy giant chameleon as of the Warty chameleon (Furcifer verrucosus) suggest that both may represent multiple cryptic species. In a population found by the author during fieldwork, animals assigned to Furcifer oustaleti (a diagnosis subsequently supported by Frank Glaw) consistently showed a small size, unusual coloration and pattern; Unlike in the F. oustaleti Typical, sometimes there was a white stripe in the central part. Since these animals coexist with the F. oustaleti Typical, it is not clear whether they represent a distinct population or species, or if this coloration and pattern is a constant feature of the subadults of this population.

    Habitat

    In Madagascar, the Malagasy giant chameleon It is distributed in the coastal lowlands. It is found throughout the island, but its appearance in the eastern part of Madagascar is linked to relatively high temperatures. Being a species well adapted to the warm climate of the savannah, benefits from human changes to the landscape (deforestation). It is said that there is an abandoned population in Kenya (ngong forest, near Nairobi) and that a breeding population also exists in South Florida.

    Behavior

    Malagasy giant chameleon
    Madagascar giant chameleon in Prague zoo – dragus, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    The Oustalet’s chameleon (Furcifer oustaleti), also known as Malagasy giant chameleon, leads a mainly sedentary life. Moves very slowly, or does not move at all, for long periods of time, allowing you to conserve energy and stay out of sight of predators, and also be himself a predator. When an insect passes, an unsuspecting lizard or small bird, his very long sucker-tipped tongue is launched to catch him. Language, which is loaded with springs and shoots forward like an arrow bow, can extend to almost twice the length of the entire chameleon.

    Diet

    Until recently chameleons were thought to be totally carnivorous.. Recently, Takahashi (2008) reported the first confirmed case of herbivory in the Furcifer oustaleti, who was observed to select and consume fruits from the bushes Grangeria porosa, Chassalia princei and Malleastrum gracile.

    Reproduction

    The maximum and average sizes of the layings are unknown, but it is known that females can put at least 61 eggs in a single laying, with a combined weight of 56 g. This registration is from February, but no other information is available on the length of the breeding season.

    Gestation lasts a few 40 days and animals reach sexual maturity one year after hatching.

    Threats to the species

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    Apart from a small number legally exported as pets, the Malagasy giant chameleon is endemic to Madagascar, where it enjoys a stable population in various habitat types.

    They are also found in a number of protected national parks across the country., but they are abundant enough throughout the country to earn conservation status. “least concern“.

    The "Malagasy giant chameleon" in captivity

    Malagasy giant chameleon
    Malagasy giant chameleon(Furcifer oustaleti) male feeding, Anja Community Reserve, Madagascar – Charles J. Sharp, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Chameleons are usually considered easily excitable animals. It is notorious that, in some particularly territorial species, the constant vision of a congener (for example, when two animals can be seen in adjacent terrariums) can lead to stress-related kidney failure and, Therefore, death! But, the Malagasy giant chameleon is a comparatively peaceful and quiet representative of the chameleon clan. Males do not get along with each other, and pregnant females are strictly solitary. But in terrariums large enough (a greenhouse is, of course, more suitable in view of the size of animals), these chameleons can be kept in pairs. The Malagasy giant chameleon it also shows this coldness towards humans.. Even if they are carefully caught in the hand, do not get too excited. The threatening mouth opening, that we know of many other chameleons, it only occurs with the Malagasy giant chameleon if you are provoked a lot. Field researchers say you can normally put a Malagasy giant chameleon on the shoulder; will stay there quietly for hours.

    Since the Malagasy giant chameleon is comparatively common, the local population likes to take advantage of the voracity of these chameleons and put them in their gardens, where they eat unwanted animals up to the size of a mouse and thus keep them at bay.

    The terrarium

    To the Malagasy giant chameleon all the usual principles of chameleon care apply to you. This includes the need for relatively large feeding., What, However, is easy to satisfy for this species, since animals will eat all the usual food bugs, like crickets, domestic crickets, grasshoppers and zofas, as well as young nest mice; in the nature, small birds and reptiles are also eaten.

    All insects that serve as food should always be sprinkled with one of the vitamin lime powders available on the market.

    The need to drink water, which is also high, makes the care of chameleons always time-consuming, since most animals do not easily learn to drink from bowls. So, chameleons must be given to drink at least every other day with a pipette. But, there are some tricks to avoid it. Many chameleon caregivers use drip drinkers, of which a drop of water drips into a collection container placed underneath at intervals of 1-2 seconds. Chameleons recognize this “rainwater” simulated and drink. The most natural way to give chameleons a drink is by spraying the water that animals collect from the leaves of plants., etc. But this is also labor-intensive and can cause the terrarium to get too wet.. An elegant way is to install an artificial waterfall with a small aquarium pump. But, these systems are somewhat prone to failure and the pumps always break down – as in Murphy's Law- when you least need it, for example, during the holidays. A very clever way to make water move in the drinker and, therefore, that chameleons recognize it, is to aerate the container with an aquarium air pump available on the market. Simply hang the air hose in the bucket and adjust the air supply so that about two air bubbles per second come out of the hose.. A pleasant side effect of this method of watering is that it simultaneously increases the humidity of the terrarium, which should also be around the 70% of relative humidity for the Malagasy giant chameleon during the day; At night, humidity can rise up to 100%.

    Due to their natural habits, the Malagasy giant chameleon can be classified as one of the easiest chameleon species to care for, as it does not react immediately with discomfort and subsequent illnesses if it gets too hot in the terrarium.

    Daytime temperatures should range between 22 and 28°C, and under the spot they can rise up to 45°C. But, you always have to make sure that the animals can go to a relatively cool and well-ventilated place in the terrarium..

    Reproduction

    The female puts up 61 eggs after a gestation period of about six weeks. Eggs take between 210 and 280 days to hatch at an incubation temperature of about 28°C. Many breeders use vermiculite as a breeding substrate. Juveniles grow very quickly and reach sexual maturity at one year of age. In general, care and breeding are similar to those known Panther chameleon (Furcifer pardalis).

    Buy one "Malagasy giant chameleon"

    Although they are the largest chameleons, The "Malagasy giant chameleon" not necessarily one of the most expensive. You can find one in specialized stores for prices ranging from 150 – 300 EUR.

    Videos "Malagasy giant chameleon"

    Oustalets Chameleon (Furcifer oustaleti) Hand-Feeding

    Furcifer oustaleti, Oustalet's Chameleon in central west Madagascar

    Alternative names:

    1. Malagasy giant chameleon, Oustalet’s chameleon, Malagasy giant chameleon (English).
    2. Caméléon géant de Madagascar, Caméléon d’Oustalet (French).
    3. Riesenchamäleon, Madagaskar-Riesenchamäleon (German).
    4. Camaleão malgaxe gigante, Camaleão do Oustalet (Portuguese).
    5. "Camaleón gigante de Madagascar", Camaleón de Oustalet (español).