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Pink cockatoo
Cacatua leadbeateri

Cacatúa Abanderada

Content

Description


Anatomy-parrots-eng

35 cm.. length and weighing approximately between 340 and 425 g.
The Pink cockatoo (Cacatua leadbeateri) is distinguishable by its spectacular Crest composed by 16 long feathers forward curved. These pens have a wide base with a slightly pink and yellow red-stained central part.

The top ends of the crest are white. Another set of more rounded feathers grow over the eye, forming a white base when the crest is raised. The forecrown is spanned by a band thin and reddish.

The face, neck and underparts are salmon, becoming is white in the coverts.
The flight feather and tail are white with infiltration of salmon on the bottom.

The bill is horn. The irises dark brown and legs grey.

The female looks like your partner, but the head Pink salmon and underparts they are paler. The band Yellow that decorates the bill is brighter and wider. Upper belly It is white instead of Pink salmon. The irises are reddish-pink.

The immature they are identical to the female. The frontal band is bright orange-red, the irises light brown.

Description 2 subspecies

  • Cacatua leadbeateri leadbeateri

    (Vigors, 1831) – Nominal.


  • Cacatua leadbeateri mollis

    (Mathews, 1912) – Both similar to the kind adults nominal, but with the crest darker red, with little or no yellow. White Peak.

Behavior:

The couple is the basic social unit, but are maintained contact with other couples nonreproductive through the establishment of groups.

Out of it breeding season, There are mainly small bands consisting of 10 to 50 birds. Major gatherings occur only during periods of drought or when food sources are abundant. In this case, There may be a few hundred individuals, among them, small Galah.

Dormitories they are occupied exclusively outside the breeding season and the birds leave early at dawn.

The Pink cockatoo they forage in trees and on the ground. But, This species is more arboreal that the Galah wave Little corella.

When moving on the ground, He walks slowly to avoid the tall grass.

In the Flock, a bird play always the role of Sentinel. It adopts a very careful attitude, it partially roughcast its crest and regularly pauses during which is very upright inspecting the surroundings.

During the mid-day heat, it finds shelter in the foliage of the trees.. During the summer, rest period is longer.

The paired birds they are always near each other. During periods of intense heat, This bird visit water points, even during the day. At sunset, they return to your bedroom.

Habitat:

Video – "Pink cockatoo" (Cacatua leadbeateri)

Cockatoo leadbeateri _ Inkakakadu`s in Aktion

Its population is distributed by a variety of forest habitats in arid or semi-arid areas.
The species is closely related to the areas of “Mallee“.

Found particularly in afforestation of cypress and eucalyptus, in mixed plots of eucalyptus and Casuarinas or near cliffs.
Its presence in a place is largely also to the existence of a water fountain.
On the other hand, shows a very weak attachment to the fragmented habitats that is no long.

Reproduction:

The nesting season running from August to December. Cockatoos return to their traditional nesting sites.

The cavity for the nest receives improvements: the entrance is enlarged and covered with a layer of fresh chips placed at the bottom of the nest. The nests they are almost always far from one another, at a distance of 2 km.

The spawning is between 2 and 5 eggs being deposited between 2 and 3 days. The incubation It made both parents, begins after the deposit of the third egg and lasts between 23 and 24 days.

The chicks they remain at the bottom of the cavity during 57 days and are fed by the male and the female indistinctly. The family stays near the nest until the last hatchling leaves the nest., they will then join other family groups in the place where food resources are appropriate.

On rare occasions, the Pink cockatoo is forced to eject a couple of Galah He started to lay eggs in their nest, but it can also happen that this form of parasitism is a success. In this case, the partner of the Pink cockatoo takes care of eggs and young after hatching. When are born, the young of the species Eolophus roseicapilla, they behave exactly like their hosts, ignoring the difference in origin.

Food:

With feed seed, herbs, cereals and often of melons (Cucumber myiocarpus). Also consume fresh local figs, pine cones, eucalyptus seeds, bulbs, dried fruits, estate, insects and larvae.

During and after your meal, These birds biting branches and pieces of bark, causing a shower of timber crushed at the foot of the trees.

During periods of intense heat, increase the frequency of his visits to water points.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 2,88 million km2

endemic to Australia. Its main strongholds are in the southwest of Queensland where is quite extended and South of Australia, where is locally common.

In other parts of the continent are very rare and scarce, going back to the vicinity of the Northern Territory and carrying out raids in Western Australia.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Cacatua leadbeateri leadbeateri

    (Vigors, 1831) – Nominal.


  • Cacatua leadbeateri mollis

    (Mathews, 1912) – Interior West and centre of Australia, towards the East, up to the eyre peninsula and the basin of the Lake Eyre, South of Australia.

Conservation:

Least concern (Red list 2006).

• Listed as vulnerable by NSW national parks and wildlife.

Threatened by the law of conservation of species (2005).

Its distribution is very unequal, but only in the Centre - this actually is and South-East where they have widespread. In other parts of Australia, This species is declining due to the thinning of the habitat and its marketing as bird cage.

Competition with the Galah's disability for nesting cavities may be a crucial problem in the future if this species continues to grow. The world population of the Pink cockatoo It is estimated in a little less than 20 000 birds. It is classified as near threatened.

"Pink cockatoo" in captivity:

It is a frequently held in captive animal in your Australia natal, but it is less known in other countries like ours. Its price in the market is very high, especially that of males, being one of the most expensive white cockatoos.

Very noisy, with a great personality, playful and very active. It is very destructive, We must therefore provide toys and wood to gnaw, or otherwise you will satisfy with house furniture and other elements. Inactive animals, bored or stressed tend to yell a lot.

Its life expectancy round between the 40 and 60 years of life.

Alternative names:

Pink Cockatoo, Leadbeater’s Cockatoo, Major Mitchell’s cackatoo (ingles).
Cacatoès de Leadbeater, Cacatoès commandant Mitchell (French).
Inkakakadu (German).
Cacatua-rosa (Portuguese).
Cacatúa Abanderada, Cacatúa Inca (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cacatuidae
Genus: Cockatoo
Scientific name: Cacatua leadbeateri
Citation: (Vigors, 1831)
Protonimo: Plyctolophus Leadbeateri

Images Flag-crested Cockatoo:



Species of the genus Cacatua
  • Cacatua tenuirostris
  • Cacatua pastinator
  • —- Cacatua pastinator derbyi
  • —- Cacatua pastinator pastinator
  • Cacatua sanguinea
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea gymnopis
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea normantoni
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea sanguinea
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea transfreta
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea westralensis
  • Cacatua goffiniana
  • Cacatua ducorpsii
  • Cacatua haematuropygia
  • Cacatua galerita
  • —- Cacatua galerita eleonora
  • —- Cacatua galerita fitzroyi
  • —- Cacatua galerita galerita
  • —- Cacatua galerita triton
  • Cacatua ophthalmica
  • Cacatua sulphurea
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea abbotti
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea parvula
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea sulphurea
  • Cacatua moluccensis
  • Cacatua alba

  • Sources:

    Avibase, infoexoticos, Oiseaux.NET

    – Photos: imagenesdeanimalessalvajes (Alexis Obninsk), David Cook Wildlife Photography, Wikimedia , parcodeipappagalli , Geoffrey Dabb

    – Sounds: Patrik Åberg (Xeno-canto)

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    Sulphur-crested cockatoo
    Cacatua galerita

    Cacatua galerita

    Content

    Description

    55 cm.. height and a weight between 815 and 975 g..
    The Sulphur-crested cockatoo (Cacatua galerita) It is a bird with a predominantly white plumage.
    In adults, the ear-coverts, bases feathers throat and cheeks, are pale yellow. the arista formed by the 6 Erectile feathers slightly inclined forward, are yellow. The crest You can reach up 14 centimeters in length. The bottom of the wings and of the tail van dyed pale yellow.
    The ring surrounding the eye shows a white. The irises is dark brown in the male and reddish brown in the female. The bill is blackish grey, the legs grey.

    The immature They are just different from adults. The irises They are pale brown.

    Description 4 subspecies
    • Cacatua galerita eleonora

      (Finsch, 1863) – It's like Cacatua galerita triton but smaller and with bill smaller.


    • Cacatua galerita fitzroyi

      (Mathews, 1912) – Yellowed feathers, both ear-coverts, and the throat and cheeks, they are absent. The eye ring It is light blue. Bill but great.


    • Cacatua galerita galerita

      (Latham, 1790) – Nominal.


    • Cacatua galerita triton

      (Temminck, 1849) – Something smaller, the crest WIDER and eye ring pale blue.

    Behavior:

    They are very noisy and very easy to observe, Although they are more identifiable by their cries.

    During the breeding season, they live in pairs or in small family groups, but the rest of the year, They are in flocks that may contain hundreds of birds.

    In the urban areas and in places that they are equipped with feeders, adopt a family behavior.
    In other places, It inspired his distrust and his usual prudence, the Sulphur-crested cockatoo they are very difficult to deal with.

    In open areas these birds are implementing a sentinel system that is organized as follows: while most of the flock feeds, Some birds seen from a nearby perch and are likely to sound the alarm if danger.

    Habitat:

    Video – "Sulphur-crested cockatoo" (Cacatua galerita)

    Cacatua galerita (mini documentary)

    Is located in variety of forest areas, forests (including swamps and river areas), mangroves, Open field, on farm land (including rice fields and plantations of Palm), Savannah, Mallee and suburban areas. Found up to 1.500 meters in parts of Australia, 2.400 metres in Papua New Guinea.

    Reproduction:

    In Australia, the breeding season occurs from May to August in the North and between August and January, in the South.

    In New Guinea, It takes place during every month of the year, although the most active months are during the period from May to December.

    This species occasionally breeds in colonies. The nest is a natural cavity in a eucalyptus large near a stream between 3 and 30 meters above the ground. Sometimes the residence of the Sulphur-crested cockatoo It is located in the holes of the limestone cliffs along the murray river. In this case, the eggs are deposited directly in the sand.

    In New Zealand, These birds lay amid bales of hay in barns. The nest generally it contains 3 white eggs. These are deposited on a layer of debris decomposing at the bottom of the cavity.
    incubate both parents alternately for a period of 30 days. Hatchlings have a yellowish color and leave the nest after 6 to 9 weeks. Quite regularly, they return to the nest to rest for about two weeks.

    The juveniles They remain within the family group for several months. They feed together in small scattered groups.

    Food:

    forages in grasses and herbs. You can take corn and wheat sprouts. It also feeds harmful herbs like cotton thistle. other foods include: estate, Rhizomes, nuts, berries, flowers, bulbs, flower and insect larvae.

    They can cause great damage to crops. They dig in lands that were recently planted to eating fruit ripening, It also causes damage to crops that are stored and bales of hay to tear the plastic covering them.

    Distribution:

    Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 10600000 km2

    This species is endemic to the north and east of Australia, New Guinea and nearby islands, especially islas Aru, Indonesian.
    It was imported successfully to Palau Islands in Micronesia, New Zealand and some Maluku islands.

    The population in Taiwan It has been estimated at about 100 introduced breeding pairs

    Lives mainly below 1.000 m, but sometimes you can see in Australia to 1500 m. and 2000 m in east New Guinea.

    Distribution 4 subspecies

    Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Least concern.

    • Population trend: In decline.

    It is thought that his population It is greater than 500.000 individuals.

    It is not an endangered species. But, despite protection Indonesian this species is followed by trapping wild bird trade. Nor is a protected species in Australia, therefore sacrifices occur.

    In New Guinea, sometimes it is hunted for its feathers.

    It is suspected that his population is in decline due to ongoing habitat destruction.

    "Sulphur-crested cockatoo" in captivity:

    and valued species often as a pet.
    Very Intelligent, sociable and playful. It is a cockatiel for experienced bird owners. You can be dominant and aggressive. It can be very noisy.

    There are anecdotal reports of some Sulphur-crested cockatoo who they have lived more than 100 years. In the news, However, longevity record, according to sources, It belongs to a captive specimen called “Cocky” who he lived more than 57 years in the London Zoo. Another report suggests that these animals can live up 73.0 years in captivity, but this has not been verified.

    Alternative names:

    Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, Greater Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, White Cockatoo, Yellow-crested cackatoo (ingles).
    Cacatoès à huppe jaune, Grand Cacatoès à huppe jaune (French).
    Gelbhaubenkakadu (German).
    Cacatua-de-crista-amarela (Portuguese).
    Cacatúa de Moño Amarillo, Cacatúa Galerita (español).

    John Latham
    John Latham

    scientific classification:


    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Cacatuidae
    Genus: Cockatoo
    Scientific name: Cacatua galerita
    Citation: (Latham, 1790)
    Protonimo: parrot galeritns


    Images Galerita Cockatoo:



    Species of the genus Cacatua
  • Cacatua tenuirostris
  • Cacatua pastinator
  • —- Cacatua pastinator derbyi
  • —- Cacatua pastinator pastinator
  • Cacatua sanguinea
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea gymnopis
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea normantoni
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea sanguinea
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea transfreta
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea westralensis
  • Cacatua goffiniana
  • Cacatua ducorpsii
  • Cacatua haematuropygia
  • Cacatua galerita
  • —- Cacatua galerita eleonora
  • —- Cacatua galerita fitzroyi
  • —- Cacatua galerita galerita
  • —- Cacatua galerita triton
  • Cacatua ophthalmica
  • Cacatua sulphurea
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea abbotti
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea parvula
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea sulphurea
  • Cacatua moluccensis
  • Cacatua alba

  • Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    – Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – commons.wikimedia.org
    (2) – birdsandbirds.com
    (3) – tilcheff

    Sounds: Hans Matheve (Xeno-canto)

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    Blue-eyed cockatoo
    Cacatua ophthalmica

    Cacatúa Oftálmica

    Content

    Description:

    50 cm. length and a weight between 500 and 580 gr.
    The plumage of the Blue-eyed cockatoo (Cacatua ophthalmica) is mostly white. Its crest is yellow, large and well rounded back, leaning to the neck.

    The feathers that cover the ear, the base of the neck and cheek are pale yellow. The inside of the wings and tail are slightly yellowish. The ring around the eye is blue, the iris is dark brown and gray peak.
    Only you can distinguish males and females by iris.

    Habitat:

    Video – "Blue-eyed cockatoo" (Blue-eyed cockatoo)

    Ophthalmic cockatoo.MPG

    Primary forest, edges of forests and areas with sparse vegetation to 1.000 m.
    It is more common in the plains than in the mountains.

    They live alone, in pairs or flocks of birds 10-20. Easy to distinguish and noisy, usually. When you are flying over forests, your flight is sandwiched between glide and powerful flapping. Probably similar habits to the Sulphur-crested cockatoo, screams as she, only that stronger.

    Reproduction:

    There is no information about the reproduction of this species in the wild, but in captivity the female lays around 2 eggs and incubation lasts 28-30 days. The young are altricial (totally dependent on their parents for the first few weeks of life) and they remain in the nest for nine to twelve weeks being fed by both parents; later, young people, they are accompanied for a few months.

    Food:

    They feed mainly on seeds, fruit, in particular the figs, berries and, possibly, insects and larvae.

    Distribution:

    Ophthalmic Cockatoo Distribution

    New Britain and new Ireland in the Bismarck Archipelago (Papua New Guinea).

    Conservation:


    Vulnerable

    Conservation status of IUCN: Vulnerable (VU)

    This species has been upgraded to Vulnerable because remote sensing techniques indicate that the lowland forest, on which this species depends for nesting, It is disappearing at a notorious enough pace to cause a rapid decline in the population.
    The rapid conversion of lowland rainforest to oil plantation use over the past thirty years is likely to have caused significant loss of breeding habitat..

    Although it is rare in international trade, even the limited catch would be a cause for concern.

    The population is estimated at at least 10.000 mature individuals.

    "Blue-eyed cockatoo" in captivity:

    Extremely elegant and striking. It is gaining share as a companion pet.
    It mimics human speech, is very active, capable of stunts and very close to the people.

    Despite his intelligence and skills, not at all a cockatoo that can be kept in an apartment.
    On the one hand, due to its high energy, and secondly because of the power of their cries.

    Their average lifespan is of 40 years in captivity. Surprisingly their hope for life in nature is longer, of 50 to 60 years. The life expectancy in captivity decrease may be due to inadequate attention.

    Alternative names:

    Blue eyed Cockatoo, Blue-eyed cackatoo, Blue-eyed Cockatoo (ingles).
    Cacatoès à oeil bleu, Cacatoès aux yeux bleus (French).
    Brillenkakadu (German).
    Cacatua-de-olhos-azuis (Portuguese).
    Cacatúa Oftálmica (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Cacatuidae
    Scientific name: Cacatua ophthalmica
    Citation: Sclater,PL, 1864
    Protonimo: Cacatua ophthalmica

    Ophthalmic Cockatoo Images:



    Species of the genus Cacatua

    Sources:
    Avibase
    – Photos: Wikimedia Commons, kisspanda.rajce.idnes.cz/, Gros-becs.net
    – Sounds: Frank Lambert

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    Salmon-crested cockatoo
    Cacatua moluccensis

    Cacatúa Moluqueña

    Content

    Description

    40 to 50 cm.. length and a weight of up to 900 gr.
    The plumage of the Salmon-crested cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) is predominantly white, except the tuft, that consists of red feathers that is usually when the bird is excited.

    The interior of the wings is light salmon color. The the tail feathers they have a yellow-orange and pink color at the base.
    The bill is strong, curved and black. The legs also are of color black. A skin bare of color white blue surrounds them eyessexual dimorphism It is in the color of your eyes. Males have dark eyes while females have them red.
    The immature are like adults.

    Habitat:

    Video – "Salmon-crested cockatoo" (Cacatua moluccensis)

    moluccan cockatoo

    It shows preference for forests. It is from sea level up to the 1200 metres of elevation. In noisy roosts, during the breeding season, alone or in couples; at other times are found in groups of up to 16 birds. Species usually shy. You enable in the early morning and at dusk.

    Reproduction:

    The breeding season exact in the nature is unknown, but the activity of nesting It has observed in mayo, July and August, When the birds are usually seen alone or in pairs. The nests are built in large trees, taking advantage of holes in the trunks to 25 meters above the ground. The implementation size in captivity is from one to three, usually two, the eggs, they are incubated by both parents for 28 to 29 days.

    Food:

    With feeds fruit, grains, seeds, berries, vegetables and dried fruits. It has a peak strong, able to break the hard shells.
    Probably also feed on insects and their larvae and from time to time in the coconut plantations, where Peck young fruits, to reach the water and the meat of the content.

    Distribution:

    Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 33.800 km2

    Lives in the Plains to low height in the islands of the South of the Moluccas in Indonesian, Islands of Ceram, Saparua and Haruku.
    It was introduced on the neighbouring island of Ambon.

    Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: Vulnerable.

    • Population trend: Decreasing.

    Is in the list of species at risk of CIPA (International Council for the protection of birds). It became part of the I in 1989 of the CITES and, in Europe, is covered by the program of protection of the species in extinction (EEP).

    Their main threats they are the illegal trade (in great measure responsibility of Indonesian) and deforestation, that has led to a dramatic loss of habitat.

    In 1982, exported a total of 6.413 birds, around the 15% of all local poultry exports, Since this species is still very desired as a companion bird.

    Although the international trade reported fell to zero in the Decade of 1990, them hunters will have maintained very active and the birds are sold openly in Indonesian.

    Just 62.400 Salmon-crested cockatoo in the world according to the FWS Federal Register.

    In the news Loro Parque Foundation has in place a “field project” for their protection and survival in their country of origin, We hope that this great work to proceed and succeed.

    "Salmon-crested cockatoo" in captivity:

    In captivity is quite rare and face, but he has adapted well and plays smoothly in the spaces provided.

    As a pet is simply exceptional for its docility. The only drawback is the noise it emits at times when its demands are not immediately met.

    Despite their exceptional behavior, we should not consider the possession of this cockatoo as a cage bird of this wonderful bird. Trade can lead in a few years to extinction.

    Alternative names:

    Salmon-crested Cockatoo, Moluccan Cockatoo, Rose cackatoo (ingles).
    Cacatoès à huppe rouge, Cacatoès des Moluques (francés).
    Molukkenkakadu (alemán).
    Cacatua-das-molucas (portugués).
    Cacatúa Copete Encarnado, Cacatúa Moluqueña, Cacatúa de las Molucas (español).

    Gmelin Johann Friedrich
    Gmelin Johann Friedrich

    Clasificación científica:


    Orden: Psittaciformes
    Familia: Cacatuidae
    Genus: Cacatua
    Nombre científico: Cacatua moluccensis
    Citation: (Gmelin, 1788)
    Protónimo: Psittacus moluccensis


    Imágenes Cacatúa Moluqueña:



    Especies del género Cacatua

    Fuentes:
    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Par
    – Birdlife

    – Fotos: de.wikipedia.org, Wikimedia

    – Sonidos: Frank Lambert (xeno-canto)

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    White cockatoo
    Cacatua alba

    Cacatúa Blanca

    Content

    Description White Cockatoo


    Anatomy-parrots-eng

    40 to 50 cm.. length and a weight of approximately 550 gr.
    The White cockatoo (Cacatua alba) is completely white, with yellowing below wings, bill black and legs dark gray.

    The eye ring is blue.
    It has a crest exuberant, that is elevated or low, Depending on your state of mind. The wings They are tapered or rounded.

    If he irises is brown, then it is male, if reddish, it is female. The females has bill smaller.

    The juveniles only they differ by color irises.

    White Cockatoo Behavior:

    They usually fly solo, in pairs, small groups, or in flocks of up to fifteen birds. In the afternoon, they gather in groups of up to fifty birds. even though they are social, with the exception of mating pairs, usually, they do not form close ties with others. As a result, There is no firmly defined order of dominant position in the community. Son day and they tend to be sedentary, Although some can be nomadic and wander in search of food.

    The white cockatoos they are very bright and curious birds. They have the ability to use tools, as the use of a branch to scratch your back. They are monogamous, with couple bonds lasting lifetime. They can fall into a deep depression if you lose your partner.

    Habitat White Cockatoo:

    Video – "White cockatoo" (Cacatua alba)

    Presentation of the cockatoo alba

    They live in lowland forests below 900 m, as well as in mangrove forests, plantations and agricultural land.
    they are particularly common around the edge of clearings and rivers. They spend most of their time in the tops of the trees. The secondary vegetation high is its preferred habitat.

    White Cockatoo Reproduction:

    It nests in the hollows of trees. They lay two eggs and two birds hatch for a few 28 days. The larger hatchling tends to take dominance over the smaller hatchling, which will not be able to survive.. The chicks leave the nest to the 84 days old and are independent around 15-18 weeks. These birds reach sexual maturity at the age of 3-4 years.

    White Cockatoo feeding:

    In nature it feeds mainly on Tree fruits. They are often seen feeding on papaya, Durian, complexioned and rambutan. It has also seen them will eat crickets and lizards. They often feed on corn that grows in the fields, sometimes doing considerable damage.

    Distribution:

    Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 51.400 km2

    The white cockatoo It found in rainforests on the islands of Halmahera, Bacan, Ternate, Ternate, Kasiruta and Mandioli in the north of the Moluccas of Indonesian.

    Conservation:

    Appears as vulnerable by the IUCN and placed in Appendix II in 1981.

    In their natural environment, the white cockatoo is a species vulnerable Due to the decrease in number due to habitat loss natural, as well as for the capture for the illegal bird trade. There are restrictions on the number of birds that can be exported, but BirdLife International He says that this is being exceeded by up to 18 times the agreed number in some areas.

    It can cause substantial damage to Corn crops.

    World population: 43,000 – 183,000 individuals.

    The White Cockatoo in captivity:

    The White cockatoo You can live more than 60 years. It is very common in poultry farming and it is perhaps one of the most frequent pet cockatoos.

    They are sympathetic, calm, beautiful, sweets and easy to domesticate. Bred to porridge they are usually wonderful pets, You can play some words but are not good talkers. These birds in captivity require mental stimulation almost constant. They are in constant motion, up and doing gymnastics. When lack of mental stimulation, often they are become neurotic, booting the feathers to the point of causing areas of baldness.

    They are known for being very affectionate with their human companions, acting more like a dog than a bird in this regard as.

    In the absence of a partner, captive white cockatoos will bond with their keeper as if that person were their mate.

    Alternative names:

    White cackatoo, Great White Cockatoo, White Cockatoo, White-crested Cockatoo (ingles).
    Cacatoès blanc, Grand Cacatoès blanc (French).
    Weißhaubenkakadu (German).
    Catatua-branca (Portuguese).
    Cacatúa Alba, Cacatúa Blanca, Cacatúa Copete Blanco, Cacatúa de Goffin (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Cacatuidae
    Genus: Cockatoo
    Scientific name: Cacatua alba
    Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
    Protonimo: Psittacus albus

    White Cockatoo Images:



    Species of the genus Cacatua

    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife
    avimarparrots.es

    Photos:

    (1) – commons.wikimedia.org
    (2) – Adam Lysican

    Sounds: Mike Nelson (Xeno-canto)

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    Long-billed corella
    Cacatua tenuirostris

    Cacatúa Picofina

    Content

    Description

    35 to 41 cm.. length. The weight of 500 to 600 g..
    The Long-billed corella (Cacatua tenuirostris) has white plumage. The undertail coverts and the parts below from the wings they are bathed in pale yellow, very visible in flight. It has red coloration in the throat and the chest, with a Red Crescent ranked in the upper breast.
    The Head shows a small crest white, Red front and a wide, nude and fleshy eye ring blue-grey around the eyes dark browns. The bill is white with blue base. upper jaw is long and hooked. The legs and feet are dark gray.

    The female is similar to the male, with the upper jaw more short and less red.

    There are two similar species:

    Cacatua sanguinea. Lack of forecrown Red and the red color in the neck. The upper jaw is shorter.

    Cacatua galerita. Similar in flight, has crest yellow and lacks of colour red. The bill is black.

    Habitat:

    Video – "Long-billed corella" (Cacatua tenuirostris)

    Long-billed corella ~ Cacatua tenuirostris

    Common in forests and remnant trees on farmland. It nests in Eucalyptus camaldulensis in the flooded Plains or close to streams. Wild populations living on farms and parks in urban areas.

    Behavior:

    It´s resident in their area of distribution, some local movements. Outside of breeding season, You can see in large flocks of up to 2.000 birds or more. Son noisy and visible, pronouncing discordant calls.

    Pose in large eucalyptus near water. They leave the roost in the morning to drink, and then, go to the feeding areas. Again when the darkness comes to sleep, but not before excited participate in games and stunts .

    They move on the floor with stunning movement jump. They do not have the other species waddling gait cockatoo.
    It causes damage to crops of cereals and tree fruit, considered as one pest for farmers.

    Nest colonies. They can create their nests with other species of Corella, and sometimes they hybridize. Populations feral in Sydney and Perth, from the release of unwanted birds, they may hybridize with endangered species such as the Cacatua pastinator

    Reproduction:

    Held from July to November. Forman couples monogamous. The male and female prepared the nest in the Hollows of large old eucalypts. If you do not find a suitable tree, You can make a burrow in soft soil Bank. They fill the nest of wood chips and often reuse it for several years.

    They nest in large colonies, with several nests in the same tree.
    The female lays 2-4 eggs White. The incubation lasts a few 24 days, shared by both parents. The young leave the nest 55 days after hatching, being fed by the parents for three weeks more.

    Food:

    Feeds mainly on what obtained from soil, seeds, estate and bulbs that unearths with its upper jaw. They feed in the coolest hours of the day. Also consumes insects.

    Distribution:

    Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 382.000 km2

    Is located in the southeast of Australia. Introduced in urban centers of Australia and Tasmania.

    Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern.

    • Population trend growing


    Populations may be declining due to loss of breeding grounds in its original distribution area.
    But, the Long-billed corella It common in its range.

    Is created that in the world there are more than 250 thousand individuals.


    "Long-billed corella" in captivity:

    It is very popular as a pet for the most part of Australia, and he has catalogued as the best “talkative” of the australian cockatoos for its ability to mimic words almost to perfection.
    Has a personality playful and active.

    Out of its area of distribution is rare in poultry farming.

    Alternative names:

    Long billed Corella, Long-billed Cockatoo, Long-billed Corella, Slender-billed Corella (ingles).
    Cacatoès nasique (French).
    Nasenkakadu (German).
    Cacatua-corella-de-bico-longo (Portuguese).
    Cacatúa de Pico Largo, Cacatúa Picofina (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Cacatuidae
    Genus: Cockatoo
    Scientific name: Cacatua tenuirostris
    Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
    Protonimo: Psittacus tenuirostris

    Images Slender-billed Cockatoo:



    Species of the genus Cacatua

    Sources:
    Avibase
    – Photos: Alice Springs in Australia’s Red Centre, commons.wikimedia.org, Ian Barker (ibc.lynxeds.com/)
    – Sounds: Marc Anderson (Xeno-canto)

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    Western corella
    Cacatua pastinator

    Cacatúa Cavadora

    Content

    Description

    The Western corella (Cacatua pastinator) is a cockatoo of medium size and quite stocky; 43-48 cm.. in length and a weight ranging from 560 and 815 gr.

    Mostly white with a wash of red orange color in prominent lores, a strong washing yellow at the bottom of the wings and tail, orbital ring blue-gray; bill pale grey, and legs and feet grey.

    It also, the feathers of the head, the neck and the chest have bases red orange that, Although normally hidden, they may be exposed during the Act of grooming or stands by the wind.

    The male and female look the same.

    The immature They are very similar to adult birds, but they can be distinguished when viewed up close; the texture Nonsquamous bill, washing pale yellow in ear-coverts, the upper jaw shorter and pale and bare periophthalmic less pronounced.

    Description 2 subspecies

    • Cacatua pastinator derbyi

      (Mathews, 1916) – Significantly smaller and with a bill shorter.


    • Cacatua pastinator pastinator

      (Gould, 1841) – Nominal.

    Habitat:

    The habitat of the Western corella seems very fragmented. Much of the original habitat has been lost due to logging, the dieback of the field due to processes as soil salinization and degradation.

    the Western corella It is now confined to small remnants of their former habitat, including trees isolated in areas cleared of native vegetation. It has been able to persist in small remnants of habitat in agricultural regions because these regions provide permanent water and an abundant food source., but many of these areas are now being converted into plantations Eucalytpus globulus or vegetable crops, which are not suitable for this species.

    Reproduction:

    The breeding season, generally, It covers the months from September to November.
    It lays its eggs in rotten wood or at the base of a hollow wood dust, or hole in a dead tree trunk, especially eucalyptus (Corymbia calophylla and Eucalyptus marginata).

    Pairs may use a different tree hollow for breeding each year or may use the same hollow for up to three consecutive seasons.

    The clutches They consist of a four white eggs are incubated for a period of 26 to 29 days.
    The role of parents in the incubation of the eggs and the care of young people has not been registered, but it is likely that both parents hatch the eggs and feed the young.

    The incipient period and the period of independence It is not registered, but it is likely that the young remain in the nest during 53 to 67 days and become independent three months after leaving the nest.

    The survival rates adult and immature birds are unknown, but the younger, they probably die until they are able to reproduce.

    Food:

    It feeds mainly from seeds but also takes insect larvae, bulbs, tubers, fruits and possibly nectar.

    There is little information available about seasonal variation in the diet, but the seeds of cereal grasses are important in summer and early autumn, and seeds and bulbs R. rosea, that they are common in the diet throughout the year, they are probably the main source of food from late autumn to spring.

    It´s gregarious. use your upper jaw long to unearth the underground parts of various native plants growing in the forest. Also pulls bulbs when soil is moist, and unearths the cereals in germination.

    Distribution:

    Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 258.000 km2

    Currently is recognized two separate populations, both confined in southwest Western Australia.
    You can find up to 400 meters above sea level.

    Distribution 2 subspecies

    • Cacatua pastinator derbyi

      (Mathews, 1916) – It is located in the northern wheat belt of Western Australia.


    • Cacatua pastinator pastinator

      (Gould, 1841) – Nominal. It is found in most southwest Australia, to the South of Perth from the rivers Swan and Avon in the North, to Augusta in the west and Broome in the East.

    Conservation:

    • Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern.

    • Population trend: Growing

    The total world population not known, It is estimated in 3000 individuals, but it is believed that it may be expanding due to the increase in agricultural areas and with it a greater availability of food. The legal protection by the legislation also plays an important role for the survival of these species.

    The decrease in the population of the south is attributed to persecution by farmers who regard the species as a pest for crops.

    It keeps in captivity in the Perth Zoo and by licensed poultry farmers as part of a captive breeding program initiated by the Department of Conservation and Land Management WA en 1995.

    The Burrowing Cockatoo in captivity:

    Very rare in captivity.

    It can be loud and aggressive with other birds. Has the ability to imitate and creates strong bonds with their caregivers.
    In captivity it can live more than 50 years.

    Alternative names:

    Western Corella, Bare-eyed Long-billed Corella, Corella, Eastern Long-billed Corella, Western Long-billed Cockatoo, Western Long-billed Corella (ingles).
    Cacatoès laboureur, Cacatoès à nez rose, Cacatoès à oeil nu, Cacatoès à oil nu (French).
    Wühlerkakadu (German).
    Cacatua-pastinator (Portuguese).
    Cacatúa Cavadora (español).

    John Gould
    John Gould

    scientific classification:


    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Cacatuidae
    Genus: Cockatoo
    Scientific name: Cacatua pastinator
    Citation: (Gould, 1841)
    Protonimo: Licmetis pastinato


    Images Burrowing Cockatoo:



    Species of the genus Cacatua

    ▷ The world of Pets: Dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, amphibians

    Yellow-crested cockatoo
    Cacatua sulphurea

    Yellow-crested cockatoo

    Content

    Description

    Medium-sized, 35 cm.. long.

    Yellow-crested cockatoo

    The Yellow-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) It is distinguished by its long, thin yellow erectile crest, that curves forward, and extending upward, above the nape, when it folded. The front of his crown and main feathers crest, are white. The rest of your plumage It is also white, except in yellow suffusion ear-coverts, under the wings and in the innerwebs of the undertail-coverts. The bases of the hackles and underparts, They are yellowed; some birds show a slight yellow tone, particularly on chest and the belly. The bill It is black; eye ring pale bluish; irises dark brown; legs grey. The female is similar to the male but with the irises reddish and slightly smaller.

    The young birds They show both sexes irises dark taupe, although females They begin to acquire the red coloration in the first year. The bill and legs immature are also lighter.

    Description 4 subspecies
    • Cacatua sulphurea abbotti

      (Oberholser, 1917) – Similar to the parvula, but largest.

    • Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata
    • Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata

      (Fraser, 1844) – Slightly larger than the nominal, with one crest orange & ear-coverts orange yellow. Additional research may provide a basis for improving this subspecies to a specific status..

    • Cacatua sulphurea parvula

      (Bonaparte, 1850) – Similar to the nominal species, but with the ear-coverts paler and less yellow on yellow feathers underparts. the size of the bill in this subspecies it increases clinically towards the west.

    • Cacatua sulphurea sulphurea

      (Gmelin, 1788) – Nominal.

    Habitat:

    Video – "Yellow-crested cockatoo" (Cacatua sulphurea)

    SULPHURE COCKATUA

    They inhabit at the edges of the forest, wooded areas, farmland, cocoteros, semi-arid areas and forests until the 800 m (locally 1.200 m).

    The Yellow-crested cockatoo usually they found in pairs or small groups of up to ten individuals, although they may meet in larger flocks to feed on fruit trees. They can form flocks with Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus).

    They tend to be noisy and visible, but can be difficult to spot when moving silently in the canopy, and they are more often in flight. The groups who leave their resting places in the montane forest areas frequently displace forage at lower altitudes including cultivated fields. Pairs may hover conspicuously above the forest canopy searching for fruitful trees, allowing a reasonably close approach when resting on a branch.

    The crest It is generally stands when landing, or when an individual is making calls from a perch. Like most of the Cockatoos They enjoy a bath in the rain.

    Reproduction:

    Specimens of Yellow-crested cockatoo on the island of button in State reproductive during the months of September and October, although Nusa Tenggara the breeding It occurs in the months of April and May. The female It lays two or three white eggs in the hollow of a tree, and incubation lasts around 28 days with both parents participating. Chicks they leave the nest to 10 weeks and are dependent parent for about two months.

    Food:

    They feed in trees and soil. Its diet It includes seeds, corn (Zea mays) of cultivated fields, fruit, berries, egg yolks, flowers and nuts (including large coconuts (cocos nucifera)).

    Distribution and status:

    Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 1.360.000 km2

    The Yellow-crested cockatoo They are confined Indonesian, where they can be seen in the lowlands Isla Celebes (virtually extinct in the north), islands in the Flores sea, in Nusa Tenggara and isolated islands Masalembu in the Java Sea.

    introduced in Singapore and Hong Kong. The species is found in both wooded areas and cultivated and is scarce throughout its range. It is estimated that the world population total is less than 40.000 birds and is decreasing. Although populations of the nominal subspecies and of the subspecies parvula may still be close to 10.000 specimens, the citrinocristata subspecies It has an estimated population between 800 and 7.200 only individuals, having declined by 80% between the years 1986 and 1989, while the distinctive subspecies abbotti It is now represented by only nine individuals in nature.

    Although habitat loss is clearly a factor in Sumba, where distribution appears to be linked to the extent of primary forest (is only about 15% the original forest), trade is the main threat to the species as a whole. Trade data show that exported almost 100.000 birds in years 1980-1992. The export citrinocristata subspecies It was banned in 1992 by local authorities, and 26 birds were confiscated in September of that year. There are probably at least 50 individuals of each subspecies in public collections and more than 2.000 in private aviculture, although the numbers for the subspecies abbotti They are unknown.

    Distribution 4 subspecies

    Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Critically Endangered critically endangered (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current category of the Red List of the UICN: critically endangered.

    • Population trend: Decreasing.

    Its crashing fall It is almost entirely attributable to the unsustainable exploitation for domestic and international trade. Logging to the conversion of forests for agriculture as well as the use of pesticides for land and large-scale.

    Justification of the population

    Based on recent surveys in various parts of the range of the species, C. Trainor in some (2007) It has been estimated the world population in less than 7.000 individuals: 3.200-5.000 en Sumba (though perhaps only 562 in 2012, Burung Indonesia en preparación), 500 en Komodo, 200-300 en Timor Leste, 200-300 en Sulawesi, 20-50 in West Timor, 40-70 Flores, 50-100 en Sumbawa, 100 in Rinca and other 700 birds in total. The best data is located in the band 2.500-9.999 individuals, equivalent to 1.667-6.666 mature individuals, rounded here to 1.500-7.000 mature individuals.

    Conservation actions and research in progress

    CITES Appendix I (2005). It has developed and adopted a recovery plan cooperative and has prepared an update 2012 (D. Mulyawati in some. 2012). The populations are found in various protected areas, It is the most important Rawa Aopa Watumohai (55 copies in 2011 [Waugh 2013]) and National Parks Caraente (en Sulawesi), supporting up 100 individuals (transgressed 2006) , Reserva Natural de Wildlife en Pulau Moyo, Komodo National Park and two national parks in Sumba: Manupeu-Tanadaru y Laiwangi-Wanggameti. Nini Konis Santana National Park declared in Timor has a 100 estimated birds (Trainor et al., Without date) . In Rawa Aopa Watumohai nests they have been protected from predators by removing vegetation pendant necklaces and installation of plastic around the tree trunks nesting (Waugh 2013). Moratoriums on international trade are in effect, although it is likely that a large proportion of trade is a national. Several subpopulations of Sulphur-crested Cockatoo have increased in Sumba between 1992 and 2002, due to conservation efforts (including local education, ecotourism and law enforcement), although densities remained below those typical for other cockatoo species (Cahill et al ., 2006) . Capture for trade has declined dramatically in Sumba through a variety of awareness and protection measures of the community (D. Mulyawati in some. 2012).

    Following the surveys of 2008 and 2009, the Indonesia Parrot Project and Konservasi Kakatua Indonesia have started meetings with community leaders and villagers in Masakambing and Masalembu, as well as with the military and local police, to raise awareness and gain support for Sulphur-crested Cockatoo conservation (Metz et al. Al., 2009) . A conservation program-awareness-pride has also begun to involve adults and school Archipelago Masalembu (Metz et al. , 2009, Translating et al., 2009) And in Southeast Sulawesi (Anon., 2012). He wrote a “Regulations village” to make it illegal to catch, possess or transport the species and initiate measures to reduce habitat destruction and employ a former village chief to guard and protect nests and study Sulphur-crested Cockatoos (Translating et al., 2009) . Moronone community in Rawa Aopa Watumohai NP, where four members of the village have been hired as Forest Wardens (Anon., 2012), have established similar community-based regulations. The guards protect the species against poachers and perform monitoring activities (Waugh 2013). The pest status of the species can be addressed by planting crops to compensate for losses and to act as a “culture sacrifice”, for example, sunflower fields are used to attract the species out of other crops (Waugh 2013). Mangrove restoration is also being used to increase nesting habitat available (Waugh 2013). a repeat of the population census is planned abbotti , together with studies on its biological history and ecology (Metz et al., 2009) .

    Proposed Research and Conservation Actions

    Carry out further studies (including Roti, but also more studies on Alor and Pantar) to identify the most appropriate action for conservation areas and to periodically monitor key population surveys repeating ago 8-10 years. Provide relevant support for protected areas and conservation initiatives within its range and protect nests when possible. Strengthen the protection of forest Poronumbu, Sumba, declaring Nature Reserve (Translating y Agustina 2012). Strengthen control, the enforcement and monitoring of trade and establishing greater management of captive populations. Improve law enforcement in designated protected areas and other key areas for trade, including ports, markets, etc. Promote widespread community conservation initiatives. These may include, en la isla de Pasoso, Sulawesi Central, work to protect the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo should involve all five families living on the island and introduce community involvement programs for children and adults on several other islands where the species occurs (Translating y Agustina 2012). The recommendations formulated specifically for the protection of the species in the Komodo National Park consisted of carrying out an annual monitoring, maintain regular patrols, sensitize local communities and studying human activities and impacts within the park (Imansyah et al ., 2005, Benstead 2006) . Conduct ecological research to clarify options for management and conservation. Other objectives should be to study the abundance and distribution of nest holes and water sources.. The provision of artificial sources of water near the nesting sites, that is to say, water ponds, It is essential for the species on the island of Komodo and may also be necessary to protect the nests of young Komodo dragons in Komodo (Translating y Agustina, 2012).

    "Yellow-crested cockatoo" in captivity:

    The male Yellow-crested cockatoo It is especially aggressive with the female, sometimes to kill her. This phenomenon is known in many cockatoo species..

    among the white cockatoos, this is somewhat difficult to breed in captivity. As a pet can be a formidable partner provided it has been raised for that purpose and to provide much attention.

    It is very difficult for them to disconnect in the presence of their owners and entertain themselves without seeking continuous interaction.
    Great ability to imitate human sound within the world of cockatoos.

    Note: Because of its status, CRITICALLY ENDANGERED, only controlled captive breeding is recommended in an attempt to recover this species in the wild.

    Alternative names:

    Yellow-crested Cockatoo, Lesser sulphur-crested cackatoo, Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (ingles).
    Cacatoès soufré, Petit Cacatoès à huppe jaune (French).
    Gelbwangenkakadu, Orangehaubenkakadu (German).
    Cacatua-de-crista-amarela (Portuguese).
    Cacatúa de Moño Naranja, Cacatúa Sulfúrea (español).

    Gmelin Johann Friedrich
    Gmelin Johann Friedrich

    scientific classification:


    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Cacatuidae
    Genus: Cockatoo
    Scientific name: Cacatua sulphurea
    Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
    Protonimo: Psittacus sulphureus


    Images Sulphur-crested Cockatoo:



    Species of the genus Cacatua
  • Cacatua tenuirostris
  • Cacatua pastinator
  • —- Cacatua pastinator derbyi
  • —- Cacatua pastinator pastinator
  • Cacatua sanguinea
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea gymnopis
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea normantoni
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea sanguinea
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea transfreta
  • —- Cacatua sanguinea westralensis
  • Cacatua goffiniana
  • Cacatua ducorpsii
  • Cacatua haematuropygia
  • Cacatua galerita
  • —- Cacatua galerita eleonora
  • —- Cacatua galerita fitzroyi
  • —- Cacatua galerita galerita
  • —- Cacatua galerita triton
  • Cacatua ophthalmica
  • Cacatua sulphurea
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea abbotti
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea parvula
  • —- Cacatua sulphurea sulphurea
  • Cacatua moluccensis
  • Cacatua alba

  • Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    – Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – Cacatua sulphurea by Charles LamFlickr
    (2) – Citron-crested Cockatoo(Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata) in the Walsrode Bird Park, Germany By Quartl (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – A Yellow-crested Cockatoo at Auckland Zoo, New Zealand By Ashleigh Thompson (originally posted to Flickr as Captain) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata, Citron-crested Cockatoo. Photograph of upper body and crest By Ruth Rogers (originally posted to Flickr as Citron Cockatoo) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – Citron-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata). The glass between the camera and this parrot makes the picture just a little bit blurry By Alexander Tundakov (originally posted to Flickr as White Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – Photo of Lesser Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (wings clipped) By Snowmanradio, with permission from Tropical Birdland, Leicestershire, England. (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (7) – Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) at the KOBE Oji Zoo by opencage.info
    (8) – Lesser Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (wings clipped) By Snowmanradio, with permission from Tropical Birdland, Leicestershire, England. (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (9) – Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) by Darren – Flickr
    (10) – Yellow-Crested Cockatoo, Cacatua sulphurea by Sek Keung LoFlickr
    (11) – Cacatua sulphurea by Charles LamFlickr
    (12) – Cacatua sulphurea by Charles LamFlickr
    (13) – Cacatua sulphurea by Pichon Charles LamFlickr
    (14) – A painting of a Yellow-crested Cockatoo, also known as the Lesser Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, (originally captioned “Plyctolophus sulphureus. Lesser Sulphur-crested Cockatoo”) by Edward Lear 1812-1888. [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

    Sounds: (Xeno-canto)