Grey Parrot
Psittacus erithacus


Loro Yaco

Description Loro Yaco:

Of 33 cm.. length and an average weight of 475 g..

The Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) is famous for its intelligence and ability to mimic sounds and human speech, so it is one of the most popular of all pets avian. It is one of the largest African parrots.

They have the feathers of the lores, the cheeks, the frenyou and the crown silver grey, more clear tips. The of the the mantle and lower area of the back darker, Grey Slate with clear margins, giving a scaly appearance; the lower area of the back and tail are silver grey. Upper wing coverts, secondaries and scapulars slaty-grey. Primaries grey dark (almost black), more clear below that top.

Wing feathers light grey, with the exception of the greater coverts that are of a dark grey tone.

Feathers of the chest Grey Slate with pale grey margins fused with silver feathers much clearer in the belly; flanks and the thighs clear silver grey color.

Tail and their coverts, bright Scarlet.

Older birds they can show scattered red feathers between the plumage gray, especially in the the thighs and the belly.

The bill black; irises yellow; naked facial area with some fine white hairs; legs dark grey.

Without sexual dimorphism in the plumage.

Immature they have the tail darker red towards the tip, Grey dye in undertail- coverts and the irises grey.

Subspecies description:

  • Psittacus erithacus erithacus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Subspecies nominal
  • Psittacus erithacus princeps (Alexander, 1909) – Very similar to the nominal, except that they are a little smaller. Some bird breeders argue that the Princeps is a regional type of Psittacus erithacus erithacus, instead of separate subspecies.

Habitat:

The Grey Parrot They inhabit the tropical jungle primary and secondary, the forest edges and clearings, Gallery forest and mangroves; wooded Savannah, haunting, often, land cultivation and even gardens.

Partially confined in the lowlands, Although in the East of its range have been recorded at altitudes of 2.200 m.

They reach the highest densities in primary lowland forests, intermediate in the primary montane and lower density in plantation of coconut.

Gregarious, they form large communal roosts of up to 10.000 individuals, often at some distance from the feeding areas.

Favorite places of shelter are trees or Palm trees on the water, also islands in rivers.

Are dispersed into smaller groups (until 30) to feed.

Reproduction:

The reproduction of the Grey Parrot takes place in loose colonies, in which each pair occupies its own tree. Individuals select their partners carefully and have a monogamous union of lifelong It begins at sexual maturity, between three and five years of age.

Few details are known about the courtship in nature, but have been observed and recorded flights of visualization around the nest cavities. The males feed their mates (power dating) and both sing soft monotonous notes. At this time the female goes to sleep to the nest cavity, While the male takes care of it.

In captivity, the Grey Parrot fed males to females after copulation events and both sexes participate in a mating dance in tipping its wings.

The nest they build it into the cavities of trees (for example, Terminalia, Ceiba or Distemonathus), between 10 and 30 meters above the ground.

Sometimes breeds in colonies of up to several hundred couples loose (in Prince for example), but in most places they nest in solitary.

The breeding season varies with the town. In East Africa, breeding has been recorded in the months of January-February and June-July, both in dry periods.

Young chicks have been released for sale from March onwards in Ghana. Other records suggest as a rule from the breeder, the dry season.

The females lay from three to five eggs, that you are in charge of incubate while they are powered entirely by the male. The incubation lasts approximately thirty days and the young man emerges from the nest at twelve weeks of age.

Food Loro Yaco:

Their diet consists of a variety of seeds, nuts, fruits and berries.

Known within their power are the fruits and seeds of Ficus, heisteria, Dacryodes, Petersianthus, Combretum, Macaranga, Raffia, Harungana, Ceiba, Sapida, Bombax, Celtis, Caccia, Parkia, Terminalia and Prunus.

The fruit of the Palm oil (Elaeis guineensis) is her favourite in some areas, coming to bear its fruit over long distances before being consumed.

In Bioko, they prefer the berries of Tragacantha tail (Fam. Malvaceae).

They can be a pest, to cause significant damage in some areas corn crops.

Loro distribution Yaco:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 2.760.000 km2

The Grey Parrot are distributed between the West and centre of Africa, of Guinea-Bissau and this from Sierra Leone, across the South of Mali, Ivory Coast, Ghana and Nigeria, until Cameroon, extending to Bioko and Islands Santo Tomé and Principe in the Gulf of Guinea; from Gabon and the Congo through Zaire, Uganda and Western Kenya, the Southwest and East - Central of Zaire and Northwest of Tanzania.

Generally sedentary. Common where large tracts of forest persist and still abundant in some locations, especially in the tropical jungles of the Congo basin. However, due to the extensive loss of forests in some parts of the range (for example, of Nigeria to Sierra Leone) and the catch on a massive scale (the second best-selling parrot in the world in the Decade of 1980) There have been dramatic declines in some places (for example, in Liberia, Ghana, Kenya and around Kinshasa, Zaire, and other cities of the Congo basin).

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Psittacus erithacus erithacus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Species nominal
  • Psittacus erithacus princeps (Present on the islands of São Tomé (in this possibly introduced) and Principe)

Loro conservation Yaco:

• Current red list of UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing

The Grey Parrot They are protected by the convention CITES, consisting in annex II (species that may be threatened by a trade out of control).

If it is considered not threatened globally, the fact of being one of the species of the family Psittacidae (parrots and parakeets) most sold in the world makes its distribution is shrinking dramatically in certain places, being near its extinction in many of these areas according to the Organization The World Parrot Trust [4].

The following data are quite illustrative in this respect:

    1. In the period 1982-1989 It was the second psittacida then suffered more trade of Agapornis fischeri, with averages of more of 47.000 specimens exported from Africa annually [1].

    2. Export quotas under CITES Convention psittacine often do not meet scientific criteria for lack of detailed studies of population and annual renewal fees populations [2].

    3. Too often these fees are widely sobrepadas by exporting countries. For example Cameroon exported 23.000 grays in 1996, When available a quota of! 12.000! [2]. Although these facts to do that Cameroon could not legally exported in 1997, the current quota of 12.000 grays is exceeded with more of 15.000 all the years [5]. Another example, is the Republic of the Congo, with an annual fee of 10.000 grays, that has also been sanctioned by the impossibility of exporting them in 2001 and 2002 by the large number of existing fraudulent export [6].

    4. In the year 1999, the European Union imported (legally under the Convention CITES) from Africa 33.341 greys parrots, number only surpassed by parrots of the genus in this family Agapornis (71.588 of Agapornis roseicollis, 63.867 of Agapornis fischeri and 33.720 of Agapornis personatus). Spain It was the second destination of these parrots grays, After Holland, imported 6.216 specimens [7].

    5. There are specific areas Africa It supported much of the pressure from hunters of parrots for their trade. One of them is the area of Lobeke, in the southeast of Cameroon, where they hunt every year more than 15.000 grays, most of them die by mishandling in the capture and transport [5].

The before mentioned illegal trade is no stranger to our country, where was recently dismantled an international network of illegal import of this species from the Republic of the Congo, I had brought to Spain at least 3.982 specimens from the year 1998 [7].

On the other hand, in some countries, these birds are raised industrially for sale. This favours on the one hand the fact that decreases the importation of birds hunted in the wild [2], and on the other hand it increases the number of birds on the market, and with it the chance of leaks or intentional releases, that they can get to colonize areas outside its area of distribution. An example of a Spanish company of these features, among the many that are, It has more than 300 breeding pairs, can be found in [8].

References:

[1] NECKLACE, N.J.. 1997. Family Psittacidae (Parrots). In: Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 4. Sandgrouse to Cuckoos (Ed: J. pit, A. Elliot, J. Sargatal). Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. pp. 280-477.
[2] MAY, D.L. 2001. Grey Parrots of the Congo Basin Forest. PsittaScene 13-2(47): 8-10.
[3] AALANGDONG, O.I., AUGUSTINE, S. 1999. Langyintuo. Crop damage by wildlife in Northern Ghana. Abstracts of the 2nd International Wildlife Management Congress, Gödöllő, Hungary.
[4] The WPT 12. The World Parrot Trust. African Grey Parrot. www.worldparrottrust.org
[5] NGENYI, A. 2002. African Grey Parrot trade in Cameroon. PsittaScene 14-2(51): 2-3.
[6] El Periódico de Catalunya. Dismantled a network of trafficking in protected species in Barcelona. 11-11-2004.
[7] Report of Animal Aid. 2002. From Rainforest to Retail. Leading DIY chain and the horror of the wild bird trade.
[8] Psittacus Catalonia, SL. Information available in: www.psittacus.com

Yaco parrot in captivity:

The ancient Egyptians already kept these birds as pets. Later the Greeks and the Romans did the same.

While the Grey Parrot they can be good pets, If you have children in your home, buying a Grey Parrot It would be a bad idea, by both the Parrot and the children that can be easily damaged with its claws and beak.

The Grey Parrot they can also be difficult to maintain for some people, This is probably due, Unlike other pets, because these are always active and they must be checked several times a day. These parrots can be unordered, for example, When they are eating the seeds or other foods it is likely that they end up throwing debris out of the cage and even against the walls.

More Intelligent any dog, calls attention to the 24 hours a day. His extreme intelligence and sensitivity takes you easily to the depression if it is unrequited.

It is a bird very long-lived, There are those who say that these animals can live 73 and up 93 years. More longevity record reliable, However, It is a specimen that was still alive after 49,7 years. In captivity, these animals they tend to breed to the 5 years of age.

Their cages they must also be cleaned daily, due to their feces, they are totally inconsistent and appear in their feeders, toys, or anywhere else in the cage. Because of this, you have to wash the cages thoroughly to remove any odor and bacteria.

To the Grey Parrot like biting everything, and when I say everything, I say this seriously. They mostly enjoy chew pieces of wood, probably because they do in nature, However, be aware that they will chew everything at your fingertips, clothing, curtains, the skin of our sofas, etc. If you have many objects in the House, make sure that they are safe when I leave their birds out of the cage.

Note: In the European Community and the United States this prohibited the marketing of these parrots if they have been captured in wild environments.

Alternative Names Parrot Iacchus:


- Grey or Timneh Parrot, African Gray Parrot, African Grey Parrot, Gray Parrot, Grey Parrot (inglés).
- Perroquet jaco ou P. de Timneh, Jacko, Perroquet gris, Perroquet gris du Gabon, Perroquet jaco (francés).
- Graupapagei (alemán).
- papagaio-do-congo, Papagayo Cinzento, Jacco (portugués).
- Cotorra Africana, Loro Yaco, Loro Gris Africano, Loro Gris, Loro Gris de Cola Roja, Yaco (español).

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification Loro Yaco:


- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittacidae
- Genus: Psittacus
- Nombre científico: Psittacus erithacus
- Citation: Linnaeus, 1758
- Protónimo: Psittacus erithacus

Images Grey Parrot:


Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus)

By

    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    Birdlife
    – Sociedad Española de Ornitología / BirdLife – SEO

    Photos:

    (1) – Congo African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus erithacus) at a bird park in Singapore By Michael Gwyther-Jones (originally posted to Flickr as Singapore) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (2) – Do Congo Grey parrot. Photo taken na Illa de Arousa, Galiza By L.Miguel Sánchez Bugallo (http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Lmbuga) [GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (3) – Congo African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus erithacus). Pet parrot held on a hand. By Eli Duke [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (4) – Young African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus erithacus) at Weltvogelpark Walsrode (Walsrode Bird Park, Germany) OLAF Oliviero Riemer [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (5) – Do Congo Grey parrot. Photo taken na Illa de Arousa, Galiza By L.Miguel Sánchez Bugallo (http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Lmbuga) [GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (6) – A Congo African Grey Parrot eating a piece of apple. It is perching on an open cage door and there is another parrot in the cage in the background By Peter F. (originally posted to Flickr as thanksgiving) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (7) – A pet Congo African Grey Parrot on held back By Sonny SideUp (originally posted to Flickr as Bird Tossing) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
    (8) – By Hans – pixabay

    Sounds: Martin St-Michel (Xeno-canto)
    (9) – A pet Congo African Grey Parrot in a cage By Angela from Portugal (Hello hello!Uploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Horned Parakeet
Eunymphicus cornutus


Horned parakeet

Description

32 cm.. length and an approximate weight of 140 g..

The Horned Parakeet (Eunymphicus cornutus) has a considerable size. It is an incredibly colorful and distinctive bird. The forecrown is bright red. The front of the crown It has a set of Red curly feathers with black bases. Two long black feathers with Scarlet trim emerge from the center of the crown. The area of the mumps is orange-yellow, that contrasts sharply with the lores and the sides of the cheeks that are black.

Horned parakeet, Nymphicus cornutus (above) and Ouvea parakeet, Nymphicus uvaensis (then)
Horned parakeet, Nymphicus cornutus (above) and Ouvea parakeet, Nymphicus uvaensis (then)

The bottom of the cheeks has a greenish black color. Neck and back of the crown bright orange yellow, Turning is gradually to colour green yellow or green bright in the part superior of the the mantle.

The upperparts are green, with the exception of the rump that is greenish-Orange.

The wings covers are green. The primary are of color blue-purple in them vane outer, Blackish in the vane inner. The secondaries they are darker on the outer rim.

The underparts is greenish. The lower parts are yellowish green clear. The undertail- coverts they have a slightly bluish in tips. The upper part of the tail is green with strong blue pink, the bottom is dark gray.

The bill It is blue-grey with black tip, irises orange. The legs are black.

Male and female are similar.

The youth they have more gray and less developed facial ornaments. The ear-coverts are pale green, the back of the neck olive green. The bill is color Horn and the irises Brown.

Taxonomic status:

Until very recently, It was generally considered conspecific with the species Eunymphicus uvaeensis. Monotypic.

Subspecies description:
  • Eunymphicus cornutus (Gmelin) 1788 – Nominal
  • Eunymphicus uvaeensis (Layard,THE & Layard,ELC) 1882 – Of, approximately, 32 26cm in length. Green, with the face and dark green head, front with a small red bow and a thin and small dark green Crest. The nape and neck of greenish-yellow, chest and abdomen yellowish green.

    Long tail. Black Peak.

    It has no sexual dimorphism.

    Today it is considered a kind monotypic. See

Habitat:

The Horned Parakeet frequent, as a priority, the moist forests. They are also areas that are regenerated and scrublands.

The preferred habitat of these birds are the kauris forests (Agathis australis), which are evergreens that are found mainly in the North of New Caledonia. However, They also appreciate the mixed forests with trees of the family Araucaria angustifolia. This species It can live up to the 1200 m. Avoid coconut plantations and areas close to the coast.

Endemic of New Caledonia. Its distribution is highly fragmented. These birds are present in the 57% the mountains in the North of the island and in the 42% the mountains of the South. Probably they are very common in the central channel.

The Horned Parakeet they tend to be very prudent, remaining in silence most of the time, and making it difficult to, Therefore, its location.

These parrots they live in pairs or in small flocks of up to ten individuals. When resent, They fly a distance of 100 meters or more before landing at the top of a tree. They rest in the canopy or in the cavity of a tree an hour before dawn, just before starting its activity.

During courtship, the Horned Parakeet, he tries to seduce the female with repeated head inclinations, erect their feathers, shaking his crest and emitting cries intermittently.

Reproduction:

The time of reproduction extends from October to December. The nest is often found in a cavity or on a tree branch healthy, of all of the species of Metrosideros myrtacee. You can also build the nest in the soil, under a rock or under a fallen tree.

The female lays of 3 to 4 eggs, but, generally, only two chicks manage to develop.

In captivity, the incubation lasts a few 21 or 22 days. The young leaves the nest after 5 to 6 weeks.

Food:

The Horned Parakeet they are almost exclusively vegetarian. They feed on flowers, dried fruits, fruit, berries and seeds that are found in shrubs and trees. Also like ripe papaya.

Distribution:

The Horned Parakeet It is endemic to the main island of New Caledonia in the Pacific Southwest, where due to the poor coverage of observers, the status of the species may vary. It is probably stable, but it can be challenged in some degree due to the trade .

Recent records in Blue River Provincial Park (La Rivière Bleue) they indicate that it is relatively common in the Park. It is almost certain that it is more common in less accessible areas, over 470 m.

Distribution of subspecies:
Conservation:

• Current red list of UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Increasing.

The Horned Parakeet It has a small population that probably has been declining for many years with unknown reasons.
Current populations are threatened by habitat degradation and, probably, by the introduction of other mammals, particularly rats. Fortunately, his capture and poaching do not constitute a significant threat for this species.

Considering their low numbers and the small size of its territory, It classified as vulnerable.

Some of the measures taken for their conservation is the start control against introduced predators. Increase the area of suitable habitat to protect its State and to establish breeding populations in captivity for future reintroductions.

In captivity:

Very rare poultry.

According to sources, a sample lived during 19,7 years in captivity

Alternative names:

- Horned Parakeet, Crested Parakeet, Horned Parakeet (Horned), Long-horned Parakeet (ingles).
- Perruche cornue (francés).
- Hornsittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-chifres (portugués).
- Perico Cornudo, Perico Maorí Cornudo (español).

Gmelin Johann Friedrich
Gmelin Johann Friedrich

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Eunymphicus
- Nombre científico: Eunymphicus cornutus
- Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
- Protónimo: Psittacus cornutus

Horned Parakeet pictures:

Horned Parakeet (Eunymphicus cornutus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – Horned Parakeet By Tunpin.ong (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Horned Parakeet, Nymphicus cornutus (above) and Uvea Parakeet, Nymphicus uvaensis (below Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1882 By Joseph Smit (1836-1929) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Horned parakeet by AlexKant – zoochat
(4) – A adult bird perched on a branch by Tomasz Doroń – Lynx
(5) – A bird perched in a tree by Josep del Hoyo – Lynx
(6) – Feeding on papaya in a garden by Julien Baudat-Franceschi – Lynx

Eastern Ground Parrot
Pezoporus wallicus


Eastern Ground Parrot

Description

30 cm. length and an approximate weight of 130 g..

Eastern Ground Parrot

The Eastern Ground Parrot (Pezoporus wallicus) has a medium-sized, It gives the impression of a slender silhouette, feeling is enhanced by the presence of a very long tail terminating beak. The identification is reinforced with rounded wings and for a few fine peaks and sharp.

The of adults they have a plumage greenish color with patterns of yellow and black as gallons or points that serve to camouflage itself.

A red band runs through all the forecrown. The face and upper part of the chest They show a pretty uniform green colour. The crown Green it is abundantly stained black.

The flanks and abdomen they have yellowish clear black bars. The tail opaque green color shows yellow slots on the outer edges.

Its bill is ochre tones, with the cere rose gray. They present a periocular ring pale grey, the irises eye whitish yellow. Their legs distant have long fingers and their claws they are not curved as in the rest of the parrots.

In the females, You can see a pale yellow stripe at the bottom of the wing .

The immature they have no red frontal band, the face and the chest they have black marks. Its tail is shorter and irises of her eyes are brown.

Subspecies description
  • Pezoporus wallicus wallicus (Kerr, 1792) – The nominal
  • Pezoporus wallicus leachi (Mathews, 1912) – They have black markings more prominent on the head and thicker, the neck and belly
Habitat:

The Eastern Ground Parrot usually live in lawns along the coast and in the neighbouring moors which rise to the 1.800 meters above sea level. The Moors dominated by shrubs suffered a fire in the last decade are generally considered as their optimal habitat. Also, moorland dominated by rushes and herbs that have suffered some fire between 15 and 18 years ago, they are considered as excellent performance for these parrots. In the interior of the Moors, These birds are concentrated in the driest areas from mid autumn to late spring.

Wetlands they are frequented by the Eastern Ground Parrot, from summer to early autumn, probably in relation to the abundance of seeds at this time of the year. They can also be seen in estuaries, in boggy soils that are full of rods, in the meadows and pastures.

In Tasmania, the Eastern Ground Parrot occupies a rather special habitat consisting of a mixture or a mosaic of Heath, Sedge and weed.

As its common name suggests, These birds are reluctant to take flight. On the rare occasions when they dare to fly, its zigzag in flight seems the of a Sandpiper guy (Actitis hypoleucos) or a Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) and develops within walking distance (a few 30 m). Once it lands, looking for thick cover and may be difficult to relocate.

Contrary to what many people believe, the Eastern Ground Parrot has great activity during the day, Although, often, they are difficult to detect, except when fleeing hastily, hearing the loud vibration of wings just before plunge among the foliage.

Are assets morning and afternoon average. At night, whatever the season, they establish the dormitories in the drylands.

These parrots are mostly sedentary and live in couples United in a territory which is around of 9 hectares, Although the area may occasionally change.

Between February and may, There is a great post-reproductive dispersion in which these birds move away some 120 kilometers from its nesting area.

Reproduction:

The Eastern Ground Parrot usually nest between jJuly and December. A litter was discovered in March. The nest is a fled surface excavated soil from 15 cm and 18 cm in width and between 2 cm and 5 depth cm; It is often full of stems or leaves. It is placed at the base of a mound or a Bush on the floor which can be accessed through a small tunnel.

The main plants that make up the nest, they are herbs of the genus (empodisma), plants of the genus (Xanthorrhoeoideae) and Banksia sheet wide.

Of 20 nests found, 18 located in arid wastelands and 2 only in areas of transition between wetlands and land dry. In all these places there has been a fire for at least four years. The density was low, from January to March a nest each 10 hectares.

The laying includes, usually, 3 or 4 eggs, but in Tasmania (subspecies leachi), were observed 6 eggs in some nests. The incubation lasts around 20 days. Young people are altricial. When leaving the nest, at an age between 20 and 28 days, lie hidden among shrubs, just before fly.

The failure rate breeding is big enough, going from the 22 until 31%.

Food:

The Eastern Ground Parrot feeds primarily on seeds of a wide variety of Sedge, herbs, herbaceous plants and shrubs. Occasionally they eat green shoots, leaves, outbreaks, flowers and small fruits.

In the Great Sandy National Park (Cooloola section), the Eastern Ground Parrot feeds primarily on seeds of Sprengelia sprengelioides (Epacridaceae), Schoenus paludosus (Cyperaceae) and Restio complanatus (Restionaceae).

In the Croajingalong National Park, the diet consists, mainly, seeds or fruits of the species Cyperaceae, particularly Schoenus brevifolius and Cassytha (Lauraceae), and also unidentified species of Ericaceae and Fabaceae.

The Eastern Ground Parrot, usually, feeds on Earth, but sometimes forages among the foliage of low shrubs, or on top of clumps of planting of reeds.

The seeds take them from the soil and plants. The parakeet will remain on the stem of a plant to flatten it and throw the seeds of heads down, or it will be the peak along the stem and base of the seeds, with the intention of evicting them and that fall to the ground.

The peak used to cut the seeds and their bases, as well as to manipulate food. Legs used only for flattened stems of plants.

In the Bundjalung National Park, the Eastern Ground Parrot It was observed feeding on flowers. Occasionally they feed in habitats that have been modified by man, for example, one in corn field.

They are diurnal, and they feed actively throughout the day.

Distribution:

The Eastern Ground Parrot are confined in Australia. The range has contracted in recent times and the species now only found in foci isolated coastal heathland and lands covered with reeds, It extends to the South, from the South of Queensland, where a population of 3.000 birds is dispersed through of the Fraser Island and close to the continent, including Cooloola National Park, Reserve Wide Bay Military, Fraser State forest and Great Sandy National Park.

It is common at local level to around of New South Wales, where are distributed in a number of coastal sites including Evans Head, the Broadwater National Park, Byron Bay, Morton National Park, around the Cape Howe, Barren Grounds and Nadgee nature reserve.

They come up to Victoria, in the Croajingolong National Park, and they are distributed, provided that the habitat is suitable, along the coast in a series of sites as the Wilson promontory National Park and the Discovery Bay coastal Park in the West.

In the subsequent breeding season, the dispersal of birds reaches areas of Gippsland and Ninety Mile Beach, Although they can also travel further including the interior Highlands.

The species has become extinct in Southern Australia and on the islands of the Bass Strait.

In Tasmania is quite common in the South-West, but small flocks in the central and South-East regions, they are probably now in decline.

Distribution of subspecies
  • Pezoporus wallicus wallicus (Kerr, 1792) – The nominal
  • Pezoporus wallicus leachi (Mathews, 1912) – Tasmania.
Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The Eastern Ground Parrot is not threatened globalmente.

Habitat loss mostly due to urban growth and the modernization of agriculture, accentuated by the use of improper burning of stubble and restoration techniques of plantations of pine trees along the coast, It can be that they are endangering the species. These signs of decline are seen mostly in the West and the South of Australia.

Although the population of Tasmania probably exceed of the 100.000 specimens, the population in the South-East of the continent It is much more low and does not exceed the 3.000 Member.

In captivity:

Take it easy, shy, active when feeds, After the sunset, enjoy bath. It is customary to their caregiver, but rarely survive beyond a few weeks.

Not found in captivity outside Australia.

Alternative names:

- Eastern Ground Parrot, Ground Parrot (Eastern) (ingles).
- Perruche terrestre (francés).
- Erdsittich (alemán).
- Arara-de-cabeça-azul (portugués).
- Perico Terrestre, Perico Terrestre Oriental (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Pezoporus
- Nombre científico: Pezoporus wallicus
- Citation: (Kerr, 1792)
- Protónimo: Psittacus wallicus

Images Eastern Ground Parrot:

Eastern Ground Parrot (Pezoporus wallicus)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – To western ground parrot (Pezoporus wallicus flaviventris), one of eight in captivity. (WA Department of Environment) – australiangeographic
(2) – A Ground Parrot amongst vegetation By Jarrod Amoore [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Eastern Ground Parrot – Office of Environment and Heritage
(4) – flight views of bird flushed from heath by Mat Gilfedder – lynx
(5) – By Jennene Riggs – abc
(6) – By James Sowerby (1757 – 1822) (English) (Artist, Details of artist on Google Art Project) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Elegant Parrot
Neophema elegans


Elegant Parrot

Description elegant parakeet

21 to 24 cm.. length between 40 and 51 g. of weight.

The Elegant Parrot (Neophema elegans) is very similar to the Blue-winged Parrot (Neophema chrysostoma), but its plumage It is brighter and more yellowish especially in the chest.

The crown is olive-green with a front band in dark blue tone and a distinctive and fine light blue on the rear margin. Lords bright yellow; the face Yellow olive.

The the mantle and back are olive green, staining in yellow tones in the area of the rump. The bend of wing they are blue. The wing-coverts more internal are olive green, the median pale blue tips, the large coverts with edge them in blue malva; the primary coverts in blackish shades with margins of violet-blue. The primaries black, with edges in blue violet dark; the secondaries greenish-yellow colour with external margins of blue color in the outermost zone.

The wing feathers blue-violet color. Throat and chest of yellowish-green, becoming bright yellow in the belly and in the undertail- coverts, sometimes with orange patches among the legs. Upper, the tail greyish blue, darker towards tip, Yellow lateral feathers with darker bases.

The bill black; irises dark brown; legs grey.

The plumage of the female is olive green opaque.

Immature females they are similar, except the line of the forecrown It is barely visible.

The adult plumage WINS in three or four months.

  • Sound of the Elegant Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidosPerico Elegante.mp3]
Habitat elegant parakeet:

The Elegant Parrot It is a nocturnal migratory bird. It is the least specialized of its kind. It attends the nearshore or coastal dunes, wooded grasslands and Shrublands, areas of Mallee that have the appearance of large shrubs and plots of eucalyptus.

You can also see in the shrubs of Acacia, in areas of low altitude provided Acacias (Acacia caesiella) or fitted with bushes of the salt Plains Saltbush Atriplex. They especially appreciate the groups of trees that are cleared up areas.

Outside the breeding season, the Elegant Parrot they form large flocks, often in association with the Blue-winged Parrot, in the Southeast. Gather in the grasslands and scrub areas to feed on seeds or native or imported herbs.

These parakeets are partially nomadic, above the outer limits of its range. Local low-intensity movements can also occur. These birds nest in Kangaroo Island, from November to April. After this last month, they move to the Mainland to form their winter quarters.

Elegant parakeet reproduction:

The Elegant Parrot They nest from August to November. Usually install their nest in a cavity in a tree at high altitude. They often use the highest branches of isolated trees. Spawning is composed of 4 or 5 eggs incubation lasts a few 18 days. The chicks are altricial and they leave the nest after one month.

Elegant parakeet food:

The Elegant Parrot they are almost exclusively vegetarian. Their menu consists of clover, sunflower seeds or plants of the type Helianthus, Trifolium and paspalum. Also appreciate the Berberis (Jeffersonia diphylla) and barberry (Berberis vulgaris).

Distribution elegant parakeet:

There is a two morphologically identical populations but well separated, Although the species is nomadic so the birds can appear outside the normal range sometimes.

In the Southwest the species is found to the West of a line from the surroundings of Esperance on the southern coast of the North of Western Australia through Merredin until Moora on the Northwest Coast.

Have spread through the wheat belt areas more dry northeast and are now in the vicinity of Perth, as well as occasionally North of Point Cloates and the Fortescue River.

In the Southeast are distributed in the South of Southern Australia, on Eyre Peninsula, on Kangaroo Island (present in summer), and in the districts of South, about Port Augusta, Port Wakefield and about Adelaide, in the Lofty Mountains, reaching northward in the northern most part of the Montes Flinders.

The species is irregular East of 140 ° E, with few records from New South Wales, North of Riverina to Paroo River; is also irregular in the Northwest of Victoria.

The population of the Southwest It is growing, While in the Southeast feel stable even though the species is generally less common and its historical distribution area is not easy to determine because of the possible confusion with the Blue-winged Parrot.

The world population is estimated over of 30.000 individuals.

Conservation elegant parakeet:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

According to the Manual of the birds of the world (HBW), This species is not threatened globally. It is common, especially in the southwest of Australia.

Until the Decade of 1930, It grew, After the use of clover in pastures.

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but the species, According to sources, It is common. (pit et to the. 1997). It is estimated that it may be around the 30,000 specimens.

In captivity:

The Elegant Parrot they belong to a species that are obtained very good results in reproduction. Are also suitable for fans to the parrots.

They are peaceful birds that make it very low noise. They are a little shy, but they become confident with time. They are easy to maintain but they have the need to crack, a little bigger, than other species of neophemas, without the destruction of your Aviary. Your bathroom need depends on the individual. Are heat-resistant, but they are very sensitive to cold and wet mist.

To the Elegant Parrot He loves to dig the ground and is therefore susceptible to infection by worms. They are also sensitive to eye infections.

Alternative names:

- Elegant Parrot, Elegant Grass-Parakeet, Grass Parakeet, Grass Parrot, Yellow Lowry (ingles).
- Perruche élégante (francés).
- Schmucksittich (alemán).
- Periquito-elegante (portugués).
- Papagayo Elegante, Periquito Elegante (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Neophema
- Nombre científico: Neophema elegans
- Citation: (Gould, 1837)
- Protónimo: Nanodes elegans

Elegant Parrot pictures:

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Elegant Parrot (Neophema elegans)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Elegant Parrot in the Walsrode Bird Park, Germany By Quartl (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – By Goura – Elegant parrot Perth, WA, Australia – ZooChat
(3) – Elegant Parrot Neophema elegans – animalphotos
(4) – Elegant Parakeet (Neophema elegans) at Walsrode 2007 by Maguari – ZooChat
(5) – Stirling Range Retreat, Stirling Range National Park, Western Australia, Australia (Monotypic species) by Clive Nealon – Lynx

Sounds: Mark Harper (Xeno-canto)

Hooded Parrot
Psephotellus dissimilis

Hooded Parrot

Description

25,5 to 28 cm.. length and a weight between 50 and 60 g..

The Hooded Parrot (Psephotellus dissimilis) is a very striking species, restricted to the dry forests of the North of Australia. The male has a pileum black, their underparts are Turquoise with a patch in the shoulders golden yellow.

The females are pale green with a pale turquoise diffusion in the cheeks, abdomen and ca(d)era.

The Golden-shouldered Parrot, with which it is closely linked, is very similar in appearance, but they are only observed in the Cape York Peninsula, in the North of Queensland, and males differ in their tones slightly. The Hooded Parrot does the yellow colour in the forecrown or in the lores and the yellow markings of the shoulders and reddish of the belly, they are smaller than. The females they are very similar, but the Golden-shouldered Parrot It shows a faint red marks on the area, white, Bass belly, has the undertail- coverts Blue, bluish color of the belly is absent and the undertail- coverts They have a pinkish tone; also has a Brown Suffusion in the crown, a forecrown yellowish and the cheeks they are greener.

The Northern Rosella shares territory with the Hooded Parrot and also has a pileum black, but it lacks of the underparts Turquoise and yellow markings on the wings.

The Hooded Parrot they have an elegant flight, and males they are very bright with a Flash of bright yellow showing in the wings. The flight fast and slightly wavy. Bird perch, times, phone cables, and can make long flights at high altitude.

Providing more detail to its description, the Hooded Parrot has the pileum, lores and the area below and in front of the eyes, black, merging into grey-brown colour in the the mantle (darker uppers than the Golden-shouldered Parrot). The rump is turquoise blue and the uppertail-coverts green. Wing coverts golden yellow (grey dark in vane inner).

Flight feather Blackish with difusion-verde turquoise at the edge of the vane outer (thin yellow color at the outer edge). Feathers of the wings and bend of wing bluish green; underside of flight feather blackish brown. The cheeks, the neck and the chest Turquoise, lightly coated with emerald green; rest of the underparts Turquoise with the exception of undertail- coverts they are orange-red with yellow tips. Uppertail dark bars.

Central feathers of the tail Green bronze with black tips, side green blue with white tips, with a blackish central bar; undertail, the tail apparently light blue with black tips when it is closed. Bill pale grey; irises dark brown; legs light brown.

The female is usually pale, a light yellowish green, with wing-coverts a bright yellowish-green, flight feather blackish, and a turquoise color broadcasting in the rump, from the top of the breast to belly, and vaguely in the cheeks. Subcaudales coverts bathed in Pink salmon; pale marks in the wings.

The immature they are like the females, but males have the head darker and the cheeks bright. Adult plumage they would earn in the second annual moult.

The very young birds they have the peaks yellow.

Habitat:

Sedentary, Although some early records of the Melville Island they probably relate to the post breeding dispersal. Scattered sparsely through the open dry forests, flooded Plains, especially grasslands of Malaleuca-dominated and Spinifex Triodia, meadows with termite mounds, also in rows of eucalyptus trees along watercourses and the rocky ridges.

Usually, they are in pairs or in small groups, but after the breeding season, from September (end of the dry season) onwards, they may gather in groups of up to 100 birds feeding.

Reproduction:

Egg-laying range from late January until mid-April, at the end of the rainy season, the nest is a tunnel in a Termite Mound. The direction and height of the entrance of the nest is variable, but the temperatures in nest Chambers are more stable within the larger mounds. A recent study of the ecology of nesting in the Northern Territory showed a density of 0,45 to 0,70 nests per square kilometer, with a 50% the egg producing offspring. Between two and six eggs make up the implementation, and are incubated for around 20 days by the female. Within five weeks the hatchlings leave the nest. The females., sometimes, they sit away from their nests during the heat of the day.

Food:

The diet is composed, mainly, of pasture seeds seasonal during the dry season and perennial plants during the wet season. The variation in the ability to master the techniques of power for different types of seeds can explain the apparent early dispersal of immatures in the wet season. Birds feed on quietly on the floor, resting in the foliage near the water during the heat of the day. When drinking, they often walk into the water along banks of sand. They are sometimes seen feeding on road verges, often in association with the Black-faced Woodswallow (Artamus cinereus).

Distribution:

Endemic to North of Australia where is located in the western part of Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, from the South of the Alligator River, to the southwest of Pine Creek and the South-East of Include. Birds also are scattered over East and West until the rivers Roper and upper area of the Daly.

The Hooded Parrot formerly extended eastward to the MacArthur River, but its territory, covering the Kakadu National Park, It has contrataido in recent times.

In general, It rare. Although it is now fully protected. Capture is believed to it has been a problem in the past. Burning and grazing may limit the availability of herbs seeds during the dry season.

Mining also threatens the habitat of the species. There is a moderate number of birds in captivity.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The world population is estimated at 20.000 specimens (Garnett and Crowley 2000).

Population trends have not been quantified, but populations seem to be stable, without descents recent (Garnett and Crowley 2000).

The species is still common in areas under the administration of the Park Aboriginal and National, where the grazing is minimal and where there are programs that ensure its survival, or around the Rocky slopes, where is the availability of food in the rainy season relatively assured.

In captivity:

Although the popularity of the Hooded Parrot has increased considerably in the last decade, This species is still quite unknown in poultry. The main reason is, probably, that they are not easy to care for and reproduce in captivity, due to its high demands care and difficulty it in terms of its food supply. The Hooded Parrot they are not recommended for a beginner breeder birds.

No one knows exactly when these birds were imported for the first time to Europe, but it was probably at the beginning of the last century. In the autumn of 1912 English Hubert Astley It was who got the first satisfactory result of breeding with the Hooded Parrot, got 4 young people from a litter of 5. In the Netherlands, the Dr. Polak It also had results before the second world war. Once born the offspring, they were taken along with a couple of Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) they grew up without any problem.

There is a variety of the Hooded Parrot because different crosses with other species such as Mulga Parrot (Psephotellus varius) and the the Golden-shouldered Parrot (Psephotellus chrysopterygius). Therefore, We must pay attention to the features when we are going to buy a couple of future players of this species. If you have doubts about the purity of certain birds, consult with a person who is familiar with this type of parrots.

In terms of the behavior, the Hooded Parrot adapt to the European climate relatively well, Although they are sensitive to the cold and damp climate. They are quiet birds, enable, not shy and that adapt quickly to their caregiver. His voice is not worrying. Love these birds being on the ground, where spend much time. They love to swim and are not rodents of wood. During the breeding season they are aggressive with other birds. Even outside the breeding season, It is not advisable to fit them with their peers or keep them with other bird species. Young birds together may stay in a birdhouse. As a basic rule, Ave predict an area of one square meter.

It is not known exactly how these birds can live, According to sources, a specimen was still alive after 18 years in captivity

Alternative names:

- Hooded Parrot, Antbed Parrot, Anthill Parrot, Black-hooded Parakeet, Black-hooded Parrot, Golden-shouldered Parrot, Hooded Parakeet (ingles).
- Perruche à capuchon noir (francés).
- Collettsittich, Hooded Sittich (alemán).
- Periquito-encapuzado (portugués).
- Perico Capirotado, Periquito encapuchado (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Psephotellus
- Nombre científico: Psephotellus dissimilis
- Citation: Collett, 1898
- Protónimo: Psephotus dissimilis

Hooded Parrot images :

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Hooded Parrot (Psephotellus dissimilis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A male Hooded Parrot, about 30 km south of Pine Creek, Northern Territory, Australia By birdphotosneill (Hooded ParrotUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A pair of Hooded Parrots, about 30 km south of Pine Creek, Northern Territory, Australia By birdphotosneill (Hooded ParrotsUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A pair of Hooded Parrots about 30 Km south of Pine Creek, Northern Territory, Australia. The male is in the foreground By birdphotosneill (Hooded ParrotsUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – By originally posted to Flickr as parkiet xxx and uploaded to commons at Psephotus_dissimilis_(female)_-Burgers_Zoo-8a.jpg: frank woutersderivative work: Snowmanradio (Psephotus_dissimilis_(female)_-Burgers_Zoo-8a.jpg) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Male Hooded Parrot (Psephotus dissimilis) – Sylvan Heights Waterfowl Park in Scotland Neck, North Carolina By SandyCole (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons

Golden-shouldered Parrot
Psephotellus chrysopterygius


Golden-shouldered Parrot

Description

26 cm. length between 54 and 56 g. of weight.

Golden-shouldered Parrot

The Golden-shouldered Parrot (Psephotellus chrysopterygius) males have a pileum black, the forecrown, the lores and orbital area yellow, slightly with blue-green tones. The black of the pileum merges gradually with the greyish Brown of the the mantle, with some blue on the back neck pink. The rump shows a beautiful turquesa color that contrasts slightly with the green color of the tail view from above.

The median bright yellow, they form a visible band in the wings. The greater coverts they have a dominant brown-black color with some small patches of Turquoise Blue clear.

The flight feather they are blackish with a turquoise-colored border around the vane outer. The underparts is blue. The lower parts are turquoise blue, except the lower abdomen and the lower part of the tail, that are red with bases and white finishes. The Central tail feathers they usually have a bluish-black-tipped bronze color. The lateral tail feathers they are blue-green with white tips. The underside of tail is white with a dark blue finish. The bill is pale-grey. The irises are dark brown, the legs brownish grey.

The females they have a yellowish-grey colour, along with opaque Brown wash on the top. In addition, they have the forecrown yellowish. The flanks, bottom of the chest and Hip they are shaded light blue. The belly is whitish grey with red spots. You can see a pale bars on the wings.

The immature are similar to the females, Although the young male they have a dark CAP and the cheeks more blue. Young people acquire their adult plumage final at the age of 16 months.

  • Sound of the Golden-shouldered Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Aligualdo.mp3]
Habitat:

The Golden-shouldered Parrot they are birds sedentary. However, just after the nesting season, they can make short trips that lead to mangroves. At the time of playback, mainly frequent open forests of eucalyptus and logging and whose undergrowth is covered with a thick layer of grass. Within these areas, the Golden-shouldered Parrot nest, mainly, along with small partially invaded by water bowls. In the territory should, mandatory, Haber mounds of Earth made by termites, which are essential for the nesting of this species.

The Perico Aligualdor, usually, they live alone, in pairs or small family groups, but also sometimes gather in flocks of up to 30 individuals. These birds feed and quench your thirst first thing in the morning or in the evening. They rest in the foliage during the hottest times of the day. The Golden-shouldered Parrot they tend to feed on the ground, where venture with confidence. They find refuge in trees if bother them. They walk up to small pools of water where bathing and quench your thirst.

Reproduction:

The time of reproduction extends from April to August. During courtship, the male makes short flights around the female, rising from the front a short feather Crest and waving his chest feathers.

The Golden-shouldered Parrot they dig their nests in a termite still damp from recent rain.

There are two types of termite mounds that are usually used by this species:

– built by termites type conical termite mounds Scopulus

– semicircular termite mounds built by termites of the type laurensis.

The first are usually their favorite because the temperature is most constant, While in semicircular termite mounds, they often have the entrance North, which sometimes causes large thermal contrasts. The mound may contain several nesting rooms. The nest entrance is located between 45 and 125 cm above the ground. A long tunnel of 15 to 60 cm ends into a round hole in one 25 cm long.

The Golden-shouldered Parrot It lives in symbiosis with a moth:
The Trisyntopa Scatophaga that at the same time it lays its eggs in the nest of the parakeet. The larvae feed on feces and feathers of the juveniles, helping to keep the nest clean waste.

The female lays of 4 to 7 eggs who is responsible for incubating single for almost 20 days. The young man takes around 5 weeks to acquire all their feathers and leaving the nest. A week after hatching, the male joins the female to feed the offspring. He stands guard at the top of the nest for long periods of the day. When he brings the food, notifies the female's arrival, emitting loud cries. When it is time to leave the nest the young are able to fly inside the tunnel without landing. After the flight, they continue to be fed by adults during at least 2 weeks. They remain in the family group for quite some time. To the dispersal of family groups, young males are away more of their places of birth than young females.

Food:

Outside the breeding season, the Golden-shouldered Parrot they have a diet almost exclusively vegetarian. They remain of the seeds of grasses Panicum or Eragostris. They often feed on seeds falls of different plants. During the rainy season, When these resources become scarcer, It is likely that it depends on the species of plants that can be found throughout the year.

Distribution:

Endemic to the northeast of Australia, where is distributed only in a small area north of the River Morehead and South of Musgrave, to the North of Queensland. There are currently at least four populations, each with between 30 and 100 birds, so the world's population can be of no more than 500 individuals, or 150 breeding pairs. Other more recent sources estimate the spawning in around 2.500 individuals mature (Garnett et to the., 2011).

A record of 1980 It extended its known range North to the Pascoe River, but in general it has contracted significantly in recent 100 years, prior records were situated towards the South, until around Normanton.

They were largely trapped in the past, especially since the mid of 1960 until the beginning of 1970. However, grazing and burning of crop residues, the spread of tea trees Leptospermum, predation by cats and the disruption of nests by tourists, It may have played one major role in the decline of the species.

Despite the fact that is protected, probably continue some screenshots.
Some individuals in captive.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Danger

• Population trend: Decreasing

The breeding population has been estimated at around 2.500 individuals mature (Garnett et to the., 2011)

Historically, There were three confirmed breeding populations: from Coen to Port Stewart, According to sources in the Decade of 1920, River Musgrave-Moorhead where the population has shrunk significantly and continues to decline, and to the West of Chillagoe where the population persists, with a stable trend. In general, the population is suspected that it may now be decreasing (Garnett and Crowley 2000), Although the likely rate of decline has not been estimated.

The species has suffered terribly from poaching in the Decade of 1960 and the early 70 Although this bird is protected, There are still such practices.
Today, the Golden-shouldered Parrot faced with new threats: the development of new agricultural lands and the destruction of the traditional habitats where distributed.

In captivity:

The Golden-shouldered Parrot It has always been a rare guest of aviaries in the world. However, Currently, there are more birds in captivity of those existing in freedom, which demonstrates the difficulties encountered by these birds in their natural habitat.

This species is not recommended for beginners; prices already are high enough to discourage potential buyers, only the true fans virtually “Professional”.

A small group composed of one male and seven females of Golden-shouldered Parrot they came to Britain in 1897. These birds were forerunners, but the first known result of successful reproduction dates of 1961. Is inscribed with the name of Alan Lendon an Australian.
The second reproductive success corresponds to a German W. Etterich, This was in 1966. R. Burkard Zurich succeeded in 1968. In addition, in 1954, a so-called Australian breeder Edward Hallstrom He got sixteen hybrids after the mating of two males of Golden-shouldered Parrot with females of Hooded Parrot.
Currently there are many impure birds in the aviaries of fans and thats a shame. These are mostly young females hybrid. These birds do not have the opaque yellow band on the front and, Therefore, one can easily recognize, female purebred if they have the yellow tape and a bronze-colored Crown clear.

The Golden-shouldered Parrot a temperate maritime climate does not resist; they are very sensitive to the cold moisture. Apart from that, It's a peaceful and active bird, She is not shy and quickly forged a friendship with your caregiver. His voice is melodious, with what does not bother the neighbors. You spend much time on the ground and like, often, bathing. They are aggressive during breeding with other birds and it is not appropriate to keep abroad with other species; interactions with other birds are often problematic.

Alternative names:

- Golden-shouldered Parrot, Antbed Parrot, Anthill Parrot, Chestnut-crowned Parakeet, Chestnut-crowned Parrot, Golden shouldered Parrot, golden-shouldered parakeet, Golden-shouldered Parrot (chrysopterygius), Golden-winged Parakeet, Golden-winged Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche à ailes d'or, Perruche à ailes d'or (chrysopterygius) (francés).
- Goldschultersittich (alemán).
- Periquito-de-asas-douradas (portugués).
- Perico Aligualdo, Perico de Alas Amarillas, Loro Hombroamarillo, Periquito de Espalda Dorada (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Psephotellus
- Nombre científico: Psephotellus chrysopterygius
- Citation: Gould, 1857
- Protónimo: Psephotus chrysopterygius

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Golden-shouldered Parrot (Psephotellus chrysopterygius)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Male Golden-shouldered Parrot at Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia By TheGirlsNY (originally posted to Flickr as Pretty bird) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Golden-shouldered Parakeet (Psephotus chrysopterygius) – watercolor, Romain Risso By Gossipguy (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Phil Gregory (Xeno-canto)

Eastern Rosella
Platycercus eximius


Eastern Rosella

Description

30 cm.. length between 95 and 120 g. of weight.

The males of the Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius), has bill white. The lower area of the cheeks and chin are white, that contrasts sharply with the rest of the head and the chest that are of color red glossy. Upper abdomen shows a beautiful color yellow that is again gradually of color green pale in its part lower. The coats are of color red. The the mantle feathers, the back and scapulars are of color black with a broad edge yellow, giving these regions a highly scaled appearance. The median are black. The blankets, out of them coverts secondary and flight feather are bluish grey. The rump is bright green. The central feathers of the tail are green bottle, While the outer feathers of the tail are bluish grey with white tips.

The irises Brown, legs grey.

The female looks like your partner, but the Red of the head and the chest is less bright.

The underparts has a thin white stripe.

The youth they are a copy in Pale tones of the female. They have a little bit of green on the back of the head.

  • Sound of the Eastern Rosella.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico Multicolor.mp3]
Subspecies description:
  • Platycercus eximius diemenensis (North 1911) – Of 30 cm.. length. Head and chest color much more dark and white cheek much more large. Female as the nominal species.
  • Platycercus eximius elecica (Schodde & Short 1989) – Of 33 cm.. length. It is something more than the nominal species, the red and the chest and the head is slightly more dark, the black feathers of the neck, back and shoulders have a very broad bright yellow bordered. Area of the rump and coverts bluish-green supracaduales. Female with back and neck with hints. Your obispillo is bluish green
  • Platycercus eximius eximius (Shaw 1792) – The nominal.
Habitat:

The Eastern Rosella they tend to be fairly common in all habitats of open forests, including agricultural land, urban parks and gardens. They are usually in little populated wooded areas, rows of trees along streams, shrub and scrub savannahs “Mallee“.

They are common in cultivated areas and can invade orchards where you can cause severe damage.

In many areas, It is the most widespread species of parrot, You can even nest in the trees lining the streets of towns and cities. Wherever possible, they avoid dense forests and mountainous areas, where is replaced by the Crimson Rosella. The habitat of the Eastern Rosella usually less to 1.250 m above sea level.

Breeding pairs are sedentary in their territories, While young and immature form bands of up to 25 birds that roam the area. Very commonly, the multicolored parrot can be seen perched on power lines or poles lining the sides of the roads in the outskirts of cities.

On the floor were fed more frequently than other types of rosella Parrot. In flight, they are quite noisy and therefore very easy to detect. However, When they are on the ground, they are not always easy to observe.

They feed on, sometimes, in the company of the Red-rumped Parrot (Psephotus haematonotus) but never be with them organized mixed flocks.

Reproduction:

The Eastern Rosella They nest in the months from August to February, but also from time to time in April and may.

Pairs mate for life and is the female which chooses the nest site, usually in a hole or cavity of a eucalyptus branch. Sometimes the place to start may be an old stump, an any fence post, a fallen trunk, a rabbit hole, the nest of a Rainbow Bee-eater. Optionally, the Eastern Rosella also used the abandoned nest of the Blue-winged Kookaburra, a termite mound, ferns in facades of houses, rock walls, old buildings and an old nest of pomatostome.

The lower part of the nest is filled with sawdust or wood chips small.

Spawning includes 4-9 eggs (generally 5) which are incubated during 19 days. The female is responsible for only the incubation and her partner of supply. The chicks stay lasts a few 35 days.

Food:

The Eastern Rosella has a mainly vegetarian diet. Consumed mainly eucalyptus and acacia seeds, Although also seeds of a variety of greenery bushes. Berries, leaves and shoots are also part of your menu.

During the summer, eats some insects and their larvae. Take the seeds that are dispersed in fields and roads. It penetrates into the orchards where causes some damage.

Distribution:

The Eastern Rosella lives confined to the southeast of Australia where is spread around Gympie, Bribie Island and the Darling Downs district in the extreme southeast of Queensland, in the South through New South Wales, coming towards the inside of Moree, Parkes, Griffith and There is a, and reaching Victoria where is it absent only in the Northwest region, and West up to Edenhope.

In the southeast of South Australia the species is largely limited to the area between Bordertown and Salt Creek, but a population caused by birds in captivity is also distributed by the Lofty Mountains.

In Tasmania, the species is widespread, Although barely wide and sparsely distributed, and have been faced with the King Island in the Bass Strait.

There are small introduced populations in the South Island of New Zealand, concentrated around Dunedin (includes some Crimson Rosella mixed with Oriental hybrids) and in the Banks Peninsula, and a larger population in the North Island, that extends from the northern end of the island, along the West Coast through Raglan, New Plymouth and the interior of Pirongia and Taupo. They can also be found Eastern Rosella in the districts of Wellington and Lower Hutt, in the Tararua mountains, about Gisborne and along the Coromandel peninsula, but are rare in the South of Auckland.

The world population is more of 500.000 birds, and stable or increasing.

There is some competition with nesting places with the Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) in Tasmania.

Moderate multicolored parrot in captivity.

The species has benefited before the spread of agriculture, and although protected by law, they can be killed under license.

Distribution of subspecies:
  • Platycercus eximius diemenensis (North 1911) – Own East of Tasmania.
  • Platycercus eximius elecica (Schodde & Short 1989) – Present in the northeast of New South Wales and the southeast of Queensland.
  • Platycercus eximius eximius (Shaw 1792) – The nominal.
Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Growing

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, Although it is estimated over the 500.000 birds.

Throughout its distribution area, except Tasmania, the Eastern Rosella East are very common birds. Unlike in the Crimson Rosella, that like dense forests, the Eastern Rosella they have benefited from deforestation that took place for the establishment of new pastures or areas of cereals.

In captivity:

Very common in captivity, It is probably the most popular of the Rosellas.

The Eastern Rosella they are coveted because of the beautiful colors of plumage.

They are intelligent birds and that can be trained to whistle a large repertoire of melodies, and you can even learn how to pronounce some words.

These parrots can be good company birds but require a lot of care and attention, In addition to devices and toys to keep them mentally stimulated. They are wild birds which are not always adapted to live as a family pet, and even the hand reared parrots are never fully domesticated. They generally do not tolerate Petting or the Cuddles and often react to clicking when you try to handle them as well. Many breeders believe that the best way to keep this type of bird is in great aviaries where can fly freely, in pairs in order to cover your needs with minimal human interaction and social. Although they tend to be aggressive with other species Bird by should not be treated so integrate them to mixed aviaries.

Its diet poultry includes seeds, fruits like Apple, PEAR and grape, and vegetables such as lettuce, grass, and silver beet.

A sample of Eastern Rosella lived 27,4 years in captivity. In captivity, these animals have been able to play, approximately, to the 2 years of age..

Alternative names:

- Eastern Rosella, White-cheeked Rosella (ingles).
- Perruche omnicolore (francés).
- Rosella, Buntsittich (alemán).
- Rosela-multicolorida (portugués).
- Perico Multicolor, Rosela Común (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Platycercus
- Nombre científico: Platycercus eximius
- Citation: (Shaw, 1792)
- Protónimo: Psittacus eximius

Eastern Rosella images:

————————————————————————————————

Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Wikipedia
– Anage: The Animal Ageing and Longevity Database – Anagé entry for Platycercus eximius
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius), male, Queen’ s Domain, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius), female, Queen’ s Domain, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius) at Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle, USA By Platycercus_eximius_-Woodland_Park_Zoo-6. jpg: Nickderivative work: Snowmanradio [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Eastern Rosella at Hobart Domain, Tasmania (grazing) By KeresH (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY-SA 2.5], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius diemenensis), The Queen’ s Domain, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [GFDL 1.2 or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Peter Woodall (Xeno-canto)

Green Rosella
Platycercus caledonicus


Green Rosella

Description

37 cm.. length between 127 and 142 g. of weight.

The Green Rosella (Platycercus caledonicus) has the forecrown and lores bright red; a crown of a showy color yellow, marked in red and dotted with of Brown olive dark towards the part rear; area low of them cheeks and throat of color blue cake; ear-coverts a bright yellow, with the edges more dark. Strong contrast between the yellow and the dark area of the crown; Brown olive uniform in the the mantle, with fine dark green stripes on their feathers; feathers of the rump and uppertail-coverts have a diffusion of color yellow orange.

Curve of the wing blue; lesser coverts black; corbeteras internal Middle, black, lined in green dark, the light blue external; greater coverts Blue with feathers Interior black finished off with edges of color green; secondaries Blackish with vane Blue external (innermost with green edge); primaries Brown dark with vane external and dark blue margins; tertiary Brown dark with stripes Green.
Under, the wings blackish, with coverts and axillary blue.

The underparts is of color yellow with a tone clear of Orange and with small spots of color orange on the periphery of the area anal. Upper, the tail olive-green tipped off blue, lateral feathers of color blue pale with them tips white; undertail, the tail of color blue pale with them tips white.

Bill White grey; irises dark brown; legs grey.

The female It is smaller than the male and has the bill smaller; also shows more often a wash of orange-red in the upper part of the chest.

The immature they are more muted than adults, show more green in wing-coverts and have them upperparts of color grey olive and yellow olive in them underparts. Plumage adult is reached after the first comprehensive molt, in a few 15 months.

  • Sound of the Green Rosella.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Perico of Tasmania.mp3]
Subspecies description:
  • Platycercus caledonicus caledonicus

    (Gmelin, JF, 1788) – The species nominal

  • Platycercus caledonicus brownii

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Too little differentiated with the species nominal, According to some experts, to justify the recognition as subspecies.

Habitat:

The Green Rosella they are in all types of forest habitats in the territory in which they reside. However, more and more often, they come in orchards and gardens in urban areas, finding favorable conditions in those places to nest and feed themselves. However, its main habitat are still sclerophyllous forests and thickets. Apparently, on Hunter island, they have a strong preference for small ravines filled with piles of rocks.

As the majority of birds on the island who live in a small area, to the Green Rosella It is cataloged as sedentary. However, the specimens that live in altitudes of up to 1500 meters in the Alpine regions, they make altitudinal movements and approaching at low altitude towards the coastal regions in winter season. At the end of the nesting season, young birds roam in small flocks which do not exceed more of 4 or 5 individuals. The Green Rosella be associated at times with them Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius). While they are not shy, These parrots take precautions and are very cautious When venturing to Earth to find their food. They prefer to stay in the foliage for this activity. As the majority of them parrots, the female is attached to your partner by strong ties conjugal it last for many years. They maintain and strengthen these links practicing processions which are very similar to the one of other parrots.

Reproduction:

The Green Rosella They nest during the period from September to February. The nest It is usually placed in a cavity of any branch or hollow tree trunk, normally a eucalyptus. They also occupy, exceptionally, the walls of old buildings. They use abandoned nests of sparrows into disuse.

The spawning usually contains between 4 and 6 eggs and your incubation takes a few 19 days. The chicks are altricial and leave the nest only after 3 weeks after hatching. There is no additional information in the care and development of the offspring.

Food:

The Green Rosella they eat mainly eucalyptus seeds, Mirto, Acacia, ragwort large aromatic flowers, canaigre, Solanaceae (Solanum) and pimelea. Most of the flowers are toxic for pets.

These parakeets also eat many types of seeds of grasses and shrubs, some of which are at higher altitudes.

Do not disdain the berries of coprosma and the Hawthorn, they represent an important part of their diet in winter. The menu is sometimes complemented with Psyllids they are small homoptera and insect larvae .

Distribution:

Tamaño del área de distribución (reproducción/residente): 68.100 km2

The Green Rosella they are endemic in Tasmania. Also found in the larger islands of the Bass Strait, namely, on isla King and Flinders island. Has also been recorded in the Maatsuyker island, front South of Tasmania.

Birds coming from leaks can be found around Sydney.

The species is common and widespread within its range, with a stable world population of more than 50.000 specimens.

A small number in captivity.

The Green Rosella is protected, but it can be killed with a permit when they cause damage to crops.

The population living in the North of Tasmania It is sometimes differentiated under the name brownii, but this so-called subspecies differences are not as marked enough to consider it as such.

Destribución subespecies:
  • Platycercus caledonicus caledonicus

    (Gmelin, JF, 1788) – The nominal species

  • Platycercus caledonicus brownii

    (Kuhl, 1820) – isla King.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, Although estimated at more of 50.000 specimens. The species according to sources, It is common in all its small range (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected that it may be declining due to the habitat destruction in course of King Island (pit et to the. 1997).

The Green Rosella It may cause damage to the apple orchards and, Although protected, It can be controlled under a system of licensing.

In captivity:

It is not a popular Aviary bird, possibly due to its lack of color and its aggressive reputation.

Alternative names:

- Green Rosella, Caledonia Parrot, Green Parrot, Mountain Parrot, Tasmanian Rosella, Yellow-bellied Parakeet, Yellow-bellied Parrot, Yellow-breasted Parakeet, Yellow-breasted Parrot (ingles).
- Perruche à ventre jaune (francés).
- Gelbbauchsittich (alemán).
- Rosela-da-caledônia (portugués).
- Perico de Tasmania, Rosela Verde (español).

Scientific classification:

- Orden: Psittaciformes
- Familia: Psittaculidae
- Genus: Platycercus
- Nombre científico: Platycercus caledonicus
- Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
- Protónimo: Psittacus caledonicus

Green Rosella pictures:

————————————————————————————————

Green Rosella (Platycercus caledonicus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A Green Rosella at Tasmanian Devil Conservation Park, Tarana, Tasmania By rockmasterp (Beautiful ParrotUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Green Rosella (also known as Tasmanian Rosella) in Tasmania, Australia By Sammy Sam (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Green Rosella (also known as Tasmanian Rosella) in Tasmania, Australia By Sammy Sam (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Green Rosella (Platycercus caledonicus), Collinsvale, Tasmania, Australia By JJ Harrison ([email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Green Rosella (also known as Tasmanian Rosella) in Tasmania, Australia By Sammy Sam (Picasa Web Albums) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Marc Anderson (Xeno-canto)

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