Flat-coated Retriever
Inglaterra FCI 121 . Retrievers

Flat-coated Retriever

The Flat-coated Retriever should be rediscovered as a companion dog and also for work, because it is still preferred to Labrador Retriever and to a lesser extent to Golden Retriever

Content

History

The Flat-coated Retriever was born during the 19th century in Scotland. He is a member of the great family of the Retriever, with whom you share many physical and mental characteristics. Therefore, is a close cousin of Labrador Retriever, the Golden Retriever, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever, the Curly-coated Retriever and the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever.

Scottish game wardens developed the Flat-coated Retriever from crosses between the Irish Setter, st john's dogs (already extinct) and the Newfoundland. These last two races, originating from the island of Newfoundland, had been imported by Canadians a few decades earlier, in 1814. These marriages gave rise to Retriever-type canines that could easily evolve both on land and in water.. In particular, hunting guard J. Hull got two dogs named Old Bounce and Young Bounce (father and daughter, respectively), distinguished by their physical and mental abilities. They were used as models to establish the general traits of the breed, so they played a great role in its creation. Although the resulting dogs had wavy hair - they were called Wavy-Coated Retrievers-, the crossing with the Collie and the Labrador Retriever was softening the coat of this dog.

The first representatives of the breed as we know it today were born in the decade of 1860, and many other breeders contributed to its development. We can mention in particular Sewallis E. Shirley, Ettington breeder and founder of The Kennel Club, the british canine club. In the Decade of 1880, established the physical traits of the breed and drew up its official standard. We can also mention a breeder named Braisfort who, in 1869 in Birmingham, was the first to exhibit a representative at a dog show.

The Flat-coated Retriever was first used to help fishermen, recovering fish or objects that have fallen into the water instead. In the 19th century it was especially popular with cod fishermen. However, with the evolution of fishing techniques, professionals gradually began to dispense with their services, but then they were recovered by the hunters. The latter also appreciated his swimming skills, since it was able to bring back the birds that had fallen into the water after the shots of their owner.

The Flat-coated Retriever it was a very popular hunting dog until the end of the First World War, especially for hunting, both on land and in the water. However, the Labrador Retriever and the Golden Retriever they came to dethrone him, causing a great decrease in the number of specimens of the breed in the interwar period and causing it to be in danger of extinction at the beginning of the decade of 1960. The work of the breed's enthusiasts was not enough to restore its reputation: at the end of the decade, was once again present in large numbers in the country, though it never regained its former popularity. In fact, the number of breeders interested in him remained limited, even at that time, but this not only had disadvantages: some believe it helped them retain many of the historical qualities of the Flat-coated Retriever, starting with his great capacity for work, his intelligence and his gentle and calm character. Its official recognition by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), that came a few years before (in 1954), also helped to regain its reputation.

Worldwide, this dog is still relatively underrepresented. In United States, for example, although it is recognized by the American Kennel Club for more than a century (more specifically since 1915, when you were in decline in your home country) and by the United Kennel Club from 1984, it only ranks slightly higher than 100 in the breed ranking according to the number of annual registrations in the organization. His position there is quite stable, contrary to what is observed in France, where it is getting more and more popular. In fact, yes at the beginning of the years 80 less than 10 births per year in the Société Centrale Canine, this figure suddenly increased to 35 in 1987 and then increased almost continuously to about 200 births per year in the early 1990s 2000 and overcome the 300 about fifteen years later.

However, it is not surprising that their presence is greater in their country of origin, with an average of 1.200 births registered each year in The Kennel Club, the British organization of reference. The trend has been stable in the last ten years.

Photo: A “Flat-coated Retriever” liver colored by Fesoj-wr, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

At first sight, you might think that the Flat-coated Retriever it seems like a Golden Retriever black or brown. In fact, the two breeds are so similar that in the past the second was presented at dog shows as a variety of the first. In fact, they are two different races, but the Golden Retriever descends in part of the Flat-coated Retriever and, like this, developed as a hunter for land and water game.

The Flat-coated Retriever they are medium sized dogs, harmonious and with a lively and intelligent expression. The male is usually more imposing than the female, measuring up to about 5 cm taller and weighing up to ten kilos more than the female.

His body is harmonious and well proportioned. The chest is wide and deep, and the spine is short and quite square. The legs are muscular and of solid bones. They are straight when viewed from the front and lead to strong round legs with tight toes.

The tail is quite short, straight and well placed. Always carries it high, but never over the back and hardly ever stops wiggling.

The head is rather long and the skull is rather flat. The jaws are long and strong, capable of carrying medium-sized game animals, such as hares or pheasants. They are shaped like a scissor and cover the teeth firmly implanted in the gums. The ears are quite small, drooping and well positioned on top of head. The eyes are medium in size and hazel or dark brown..

As the name suggests, the fur of the Flat-coated Retriever It is smooth. Black or dark brown, it is also dense and of medium length. This protects the Flat-coated Retriever of all kinds of weather conditions, from water and dirt. His hair is longer in his ears, the chest, the belly, limbs and tail. Males also have longer and more abundant hair on their necks., that resembles a mane.

Height and weight

    ▷ Male size: Of 58 - 61 cm.
    ▷ Female size: Of 56 - 59 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: Of 27 - 36 kg
    ▷ Female weight: Of 25 - 32 kg

Character and skills

The Flat-coated Retriever It is part of the large family of Retrievers and is particularly close to the Golden Retriever, both physically and in terms of temperament. However, one of the main differences is that they generally mature more slowly than other dogs and have a puppyish exuberance throughout their lives, which is why they are sometimes called the “Peter Pan from the Retrievers”. This great energy and vitality make him a wonderful and endearing companion., especially for children. On the other hand, It also implies that a certain amount of patience is necessary in their education.

In fact, although he likes to please, the Flat-coated Retriever it can also be somewhat stubborn. This is partly because he loves to entertain himself., but sometimes this means ignoring or disobeying your master. That Yes, they are usually good students and are sensitive to reprimands. This sensitivity also means that overly strict and rigid training methods are not likely to suit you., as they can steer you in the wrong direction and make you even more stubborn. Therefore, it is better to favor a dog training method based on positive reinforcement, namely, in the reward of good behavior; is the case of clicker training, for example. Food in particular can do wonders for this dog, since it represents an important motivation for him. The Flat-coated Retriever It is an extremely greedy dog, and you can also remember it outside of work sessions: at the slightest drop in attention from its owner, is capable of stealing any food you have on hand, wherever you are. Therefore, it is advisable to be careful not to leave food lying around for this dog who seems to be always hungry.

Tolerant and friendly, loves everyone, even the smallest. Combined with your enthusiasm, these traits even make it an ideal breed of dog for children. However, children must be a certain age: with young children, their exuberance and high energy could lead to unwanted jostling and tail bumps. His rather easy-going and very friendly personality also makes him a good companion for young retirees., provided they can take him out for a regular walk and meet his significant physical exercise needs.

In general, loves human company, has strong ties to your family and needs your attention. Loves to play for hours and especially thrives in a large family.

His good understanding with humans extends to those he does not know. If he barks when a visitor arrives, is to inform his master, and not because he considers any stranger a threat. Very welcoming and friendly, he tends to quickly like any new person who meets him - especially if that person is nice to him- and enjoy the visits, it's made for anything but guard. On the other hand, its great closeness to humans and its great need for attention make it a dog that does not tolerate loneliness well. If he lives in a family too small for him, runs the risk of being unhappy and developing destructive behaviors.

Living with other dogs does not usually pose problems. Can also get along very well with a cat, provided adequate socialization work has been done. On the other hand, it is better to avoid the idea of ​​living with birds or rodents, since his hunting instinct would lead him to chase them.

In addition, though it's pretty quiet inside, not really suitable for apartment living. He's a hunter at heart, who likes to exercise in spacious environments that give them the opportunity to run or swim. He is also one of the best swimmers and loves the water, never seems happier than when rolling around in puddles, jump in the fountains or just take long dips in the lakes, rivers and other bodies of water that it encounters in its path. You need to spend at least an hour and a half each day to feel good on your legs and on your head. Therefore, who thinks about adopting a Flat-coated Retriever you must ensure that it can provide you with living conditions that are compatible with your needs, because if you can't exercise enough, can quickly develop behavior problems, like stress or aggression.

Education

The Flat-coated Retriever learn very fast, but it is very sensitive: whatever happens, you must be careful not to punish your dog too often or too harshly, as you will remember it and could become resistant to work sessions. On the other hand, the use of a dog training method based on positive reinforcement - and, Therefore, in the use of rewards- like clicker training, for example, it comes in handy. It must be said that for him food is an important source of motivation that it would be a shame not to use during work sessions.

The fact that he is late to maturity sometimes complicates his education a bit.. Therefore, it is advisable to just be patient and calm, and above all show great coherence, because this intelligent dog does not stop interpreting every movement and every word of his master. With everything, it is quite simple to train, and the time spent on short work sessions from an early age is a profitable and long-lasting investment in a compliant adult partner.

In addition, as with any dog ​​of any breed, early socialization can only be beneficial in every way. The Flat-coated Retriever is spontaneously very sociable and open to changes in his environment, and quality socialization, through exposure to all kinds of people, animals, sounds and situations, reinforces these traits, making it even more balanced and perfectly suited to evolve in the midst of humans. In particular, can be especially helpful to avoid confusing cats, birds or rodents with the game.

Health

First of all, It should be noted that the Flat-coated Retriever takes some time to reach full physical maturity and, like all large dog breeds, is especially fragile during its growth period. Depending on the individual, the growth period lasts until 12 or 15 months. Therefore, even if it is a breed with a great need for exercise, avoid any excessive exercise during this phase, at the risk of damaging your joints, often irreparably. In particular, stairs and activities that involve jumping should be avoided. You should also avoid excessively long walks: prior to the 3 months, are enough of 5 - 10 minutes, then it should not exceed half an hour until it has completed the 10 months.

In addition, black individuals are especially sensitive to high temperatures. It is advisable to watch out for any signs that suggest heatstroke during the hottest seasons., as the dog's body can quickly overheat.

Having said that, the Flat-coated Retriever is generally in good health. However, like all races, may be subject to certain problems, some of which are hereditary: hip dysplasia. When adopting a Flat-coated Retriever of a breeder, It is advisable to find out about the tests carried out on breeders and their young, as this will help rule out certain diseases.

For this reason, sometimes have a patellar dislocation, namely, a knee slipping out of place, what causes lameness. Long-term, friction caused by this dislocation can also lead to arthritis problems in the dog. Depending on the severity of the dislocation, surgery may be necessary.

Like most large dogs, the Flat-coated Retriever you also have an increased risk of hip dysplasia: the femur does not fit perfectly into the pelvic socket of the hip joint. Some individuals may experience pain and lameness in one or two of the hind legs., but others show no symptoms. However, as the dog ages, osteoarthritis problems may appear. How this disease is hereditary, dogs that test positive for hip dysplasia are excluded from breeding. This is at least what every serious breeder of Flat-coated Retriever, and it is advisable to make sure of this when adopting a puppy from a breeder, asking parents' test results.

Another problem to which the Flat-coated Retriever is the dilation-torsion of the stomach. This serious and life-threatening syndrome affects large dogs with deep chests.. Air or gases build up in the dog's stomach, that twists and does not allow its evacuation. Even worse, compresses the surrounding veins, thus interrupting blood flow. No immediate veterinary care, the animal dies very quickly.

The different types of dog cancer also especially affect this breed.

Osteosarcoma, for example, especially affects large dogs, and the Flat-coated Retriever is no exception. It is a fairly aggressive bone cancer, which initially causes lameness. This disease usually leads to amputation of the affected limb and heavy chemotherapy. Unfortunately, it is very rare for a dog to survive this disease, as the problem is often diagnosed too late. Depending on the case and once identified, those affected may live between 9 months and 2 years longer than if they had not been treated, thanks to adapted treatments.

Another form of cancer to which this dog is more exposed is malignant histiocytosis. Although this form of cancer is rare, it is the most commonly observed in this breed, and is usually contracted from 6 years of age. Appears as a localized mass, most often in the elbow or knee, and progresses very quickly once it appears. Can be treated with surgery and chemotherapy, but healing changes are usually small.

The Flat-coated Retriever you can also get lymphosarcoma, one of the most common cancers seen in dogs of all breeds. It can appear in various parts of the body, like spleen, the gastrointestinal tract, lymph nodes, liver and bone marrow.

In this dog it is also more subject is hemangiosarcoma. This form of malignant cancer is found in the lining of blood vessels and in the spleen.. Can be treated with surgery and chemotherapy, but also in this case the affected animal has little chance of recovery.

Grooming

Contrary to what her long dark hair might suggest, the Flat-coated Retriever it is an easy-care breed.

His coat requires weekly brushing, or even a little more if you are regularly abroad. Some homeowners go so far as to brush it every day to prevent their long, shedding hair from falling all over the house.. Longer hairs can also be cut, namely, those with the ears, the feet, belly and tail; this prevents dirt from accumulating on rides.

The bath should not be prescribed too regularly, but it can be useful in case the dog with long enough hair gets too dirty, for example, as a result of an excursion in a muddy environment. In all other respects, bathe the dog in 2 - 3 times a year is more than enough to keep their coat in good condition, in addition to weekly brushing.

If you come across a water point during one of your walks, the Flat-coated Retriever often tempted to take a dip. If this happens, it is advisable to rinse the Retriever once it has come out of the water, especially if the water is chlorinated, is salty or contains algae, in order to prevent any skin problems and keep it clean.

It can also be helpful to trim the dog's nails once or twice a month.. Contrary to what you might think with such an active dog, natural wear and tear is usually not enough, since its claws grow quite quickly.

In addition, as in the case of any dog ​​with floppy ears, it is necessary to clean them weekly to avoid any risk of infection.

The weekly grooming session should also be an opportunity to take care of your eyes, to make sure there are no problems (tearing, Red eyes…) and to clean the contours with clear water.

It is also necessary to take advantage of this time to clean the teeth. Brushing your dog's teeth helps prevent tartar buildup and the problems that come with it, starting with strong breath.

To avoid any uncomfortable reaction due to its size, it is advisable to get used to being handled as soon as possible, either by his master or by a third person. Learn to take care of the puppy, the noises, the smells and the manipulations involved, should be an integral part of your education.

Use

Used for over a century as a hunting dog, the Flat-coated Retriever continues to excel in this role today. They are suitable for all types of hunting, but they are especially good at tracking smaller animals. They are especially appreciated for their great ability to recover birds that have fallen into the water.

It is also a perfect companion dog, especially for a sports master or family. Anyone who dreams of going for a run with their dog - or even taking long walks- you will find in him an ideal companion, and also excels in dog sports that take advantage of their physical qualities, like agility, the cani-cross or the flyball.

On the other hand, even if you are the first applicant and have a great need for exercise, do not forget that it takes time to reach full physical maturity and that, in the meantime, you have to save him. For example, an excess of exercise could cause deformities or alter the proper development of your joints, often with lifelong consequences.

Price

Although less common than some of its Retriever cousins, find a Flat-coated Retriever in Europe it does not present any special difficulties, Unlike, for example, of United States, where months of waiting may be necessary.

The cost of adopting a puppy from Flat-coated Retriever of a quality breeder ranges from 900 and 1200 EUR. Obviously, depends more or less on the quality of your lineage and the reputation of the breeder, as well as their physical qualities. There are no price differences depending on the sex of the puppy.

Characteristics "Flat-coated Retriever"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Flat-coated Retriever" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Flat-coated Retriever"

Photos:

1 – Flat Coated Retriever by I, Gunnandreassen, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Flat-coated Retriever” by https://pixabay.com/photos/flatcoated-retriever-flat-coated-4219166/
3 – “Flat-coated Retriever”, 8 years by Pdusschooten, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Flat-coated Retriever” llamado Molly by Flickr users David and Lynne Slater, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Flat-Coated Retriever black by Berthold Werner, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Yellow Flat Coated Retriever by Dancer9, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Flat-coated Retriever"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 1: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "Flat-coated Retriever"

FCIFCI - Flat-coated Retriever
Cobrador

Alternative names:

    1. Flatcoat, Flattie, Flatte (Sweden), flatt (Sweden) (English).
    2. Flat-Coated Retriever (French).
    3. Flat Coated Retriever (German).
    4. Flat-coated retriever (Portuguese).
    5. Retriever de pelo liso, (en inglés Flat-coated retriever) (Spanish).

Field Spaniel
Inglaterra FCI 123 . Flushing Dogs

Field Spaniel

The Field Spaniel It takes its name “field” of its great ability to work in the open field.

Content

History

The Field Spaniel (Field) is an example of what can go wrong when trying to breed sporting dogs for their looks without considering their use in the field. In the early days of the breed, in the XVIII century, the Spaniels were defined by their size, and it was considered Field Spaniel to any dog ​​that weighed more than 11 kg (25 pounds). The Spaniels smaller ones were known as “Cockers”, and both sizes could be born in the same litter. His fur used to be liver, liver and white, red, Red and white, yellow or black and white.

The advent of dog shows in the mid-19th century motivated dog breeders to start considering both appearance and function.. The different was good. Thus was born the “Black Spaniel”. That was good, but unfortunately the dogs that were long and short – as the “Sussex Spaniel“- they were popular at dog shows at the time. The breeders began to cross Field Spaniel with “Sussex Spaniels“. How the size of the dogs was so different, the results were disastrous, converting to Field into a heavy, unattractive dog that could barely move. Even so, exaggerated-looking dogs won at shows.

At last, people came to their senses and the fashion of Field Spaniel finished. The dogs could have become extinct, but they were revitalized after World War I through crosses with the “English Springer Spaniel”, that were more suitable for the size of the Field Spaniel. Through careful breeding, their usefulness as hunting dogs was restored, with the ability to cut through undergrowth that was too difficult for him to “Springer”, and the speed that the “Sussex” and the “Clumber“.

The race was not yet saved. World War II put an end to breeding, and then only a few good dogs were left. In United States, there was no Field Spaniel until the age of 60. The Field Spaniel Society of America was formed in 1978. Dogs remain little known today, but they are no longer in danger of extinction. The Field Spaniel ranks 132 between breeds registered by the AKC.

Physical characteristics

The Field Spaniel is closely related to the Cocker Spaniel and the “English Springer Spaniel”. In the beginning, the three races were separated mainly by size. With a weight range of 15 - 22 Kg, the Field Spaniel is bigger than him “Cocker” but smaller than the “Springer“. Besides hunting, competes in field tests and uses his excellent nose in tracking tests. It is a rare breed, but if you are looking for a solid hunter in addition to a family companion, the Field Spaniel is one of those you should consider.

Weight and size:

Females have an approximate size of 43 cm., While the males measure approximately 45 cm.. Its approximate weight varies from 18 – 25 kg.

Character and skills

The Field Spaniel has the typical features of Spaniel: sensitivity, affection for his family and willingness to learn. With strangers, is reserved, even shy if not well socialized, but their owners will experience a playful and mischievous side. May be barking when happy or restless.

Its medium size and docile character can make it a good choice for families with children.. He also gets along well with pets, as cats, if he grew up with them. However, pet birds may need to watch your tail. Even though i don't hunt, the Field Spaniel he will take every opportunity to hunt birds and will do his best to go after them. Unless you are in an area with no traffic, keep it on a leash or you'll lose it in the chase.

The Field Spaniel is a dog that needs a job. Not the type of dog that spends the day eating cookies. Take a daily leash walk of at least an hour, take him to safe, traffic-free areas where he can run off-leash and target him for dog sports like agility, obedience, rally and crawl.

Education

The Field Spaniel is intelligent and accepts training well. Like most Spaniels, has a mild temperament and responds best to positive reinforcement techniques, like the compliments, the game and the food rewards. Tends to mature slowly, so you must be patient and constant. In the field he has a natural tendency to explore, that can be stopped by teaching commands like “Venz”, “Wait” and “stay”.

Start training your puppy the day you bring him home. Even at eight weeks old, is able to absorb everything that can be taught. Don't wait for you to have 6 months to start training or you will have to deal with a stubborn dog. If possible, take him to a kennel school for puppies when he is between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes.

Health

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, like all people have the potential to inherit diseases. Run away from any breeder who does not offer a health guarantee for the puppies, to tell you that the breed has no known problems or to keep puppies isolated from the main part of the house for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the breed's health problems and the incidence with which they occur.

The Field Spaniel They have some health conditions that may be of concern, especially if you are not cautious with breeder selection. Among them are the Hypothyroidism and eye problems such as cataract, progressive retinal atrophy and retinal dysplasia.

Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation that the parents have been exempted from health issues affecting the breed. Make the dogs are “reviewed by the veterinarian” not a substitute for genetic health testing.

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best-looking dogs., but sometimes mother nature has other ideas. A puppy can develop one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that, in most cases, dogs can still have a good life. If you are getting a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what are the most common causes of death.

Remember that after welcoming a new puppy into your home, you have the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping the dog at an adequate weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life. Take advantage of your prevention skills to ensure a healthier dog for life.

Grooming

The Field Spaniel has only one coat, namely, does not have undercoat. Silky hair is moderately long and can be straight or slightly wavy. The front of the chest, the belly, the back of the legs and the rear are fringed like those seen in breeds “Setter”.

The coat is not heavy and it is easy to maintain. You have to brush it weekly and comb its fringes a couple of times a week, or whenever the dog has been outside or has twigs or other debris stuck to the hair. Trim the hair between the paw pads and inside the ears. Bathe the dog only when necessary; regular brushing should keep it pretty clean. The Field Spaniel they molt moderately.

If you plan to expose your Field Spaniel, ask the breeder for advice on how to present the dog at a dog show. You must have a natural look, but may need a little more razor cleaning, Grooming scissors and blades than a companion dog would receive.

The rest are basic care. Trim nails as needed, usually every few weeks. Yes to your Field Spaniel he likes to swim - and even if he doesn't like- keep hanging ears clean and dry to avoid bacterial or fungal infections. Brush your teeth frequently for general good health and fresh breath.

Characteristics "Field Spaniel"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Field Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Field Spaniel"

Photos:

1 – Field Spaniel by Peter, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – A Grupp 8: FIELD SPANIEL, Winterbourne Itsy Bitsy Spider by Swedish fair
3 – My dog, Lily, after enjoying a smelly romp through a fetid swamp close to home. what a plague. Lily is a Field Spaniel. by Jo-Anna Ghadban, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Daisy – Field Spaniel by Peter, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Field Spaniel In Liver Color by RishiBali, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Field Spaniel The Westminster Kennel Club 137th Annual All Breed Dog Show February 11-12, 2013 New York, NY by Andrea Arden

Videos "Field Spaniel"

Field spaniel Molly
Playing with Jekku
Valpelek Field Spaniel
Field Spaniel Bite jumps into water

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "Field Spaniel"

FCIFCI - Field Spaniel
Field

Alternative names:

    1. Field (English).
    2. Field (French).
    3. Field (German).
    4. Field (Portuguese).
    5. Field, Spaniel de campo (Spanish).

Fox Terrier Smooth
Gran Bretañaa FCI 12 - Large and medium sized Terriers

Non-hunters who want to keep Fox Terrier like a pure companion dog, they must divert their innate hunting instincts with the sports and games of dogs

Content

History

The first fox terrier, which were first presented at an English dog show in the mid-19th century, they were almost white dogs, especially suitable for fox hunting. Due to his courage, their endurance and ability to track and reach the foxes hidden in their burrow, little terriers soon found a large following among England's hunting and dog lovers. Thanks to his physique, the intrepid dogs were able to get into the tubes Fuchsbau narrower. The purpose of breeding for fox hunting was also always the main focus when selecting the right breeding dogs and finally gave the dogs their breed name Fox Terrier. (Fox = Zorro, terre = Earth).

In 1876 the newly founded Fox Terrier Club introduced the first breed standard for the Fox Terrier. Today the FCI distinguishes two variants of the Fox Terrier: the Fox Terrier Smooth and the Fox Terrier (wire). Although both types of dogs only differ in the structure of their coat, are kept separately.

At the beginning, the straight hair variant of the fox terrier was much more popular than the Fox Terrier (wire). However, this changed in the decade of 1920, when a real boom developed around the Fox Terrier (wire) and the little dog “practical” became the new “fashion dog” for the fine ladies. Unfortunately, often forgot that the Fox Terrier was originally bred as a hunting dog and that the animals still possessed a lot of courage, hunting instinct and a certain sharpness.

Lack of education and inappropriate attitude gave dogs, who liked to dig gardens and seldom avoided a fight with other dogs, the reputation of being scathing and aggressive. In the middle of the last century, the number of inscriptions in the breeding book, especially from Fox Terrier (wire), noticeably decreased. Today, twice as many are born Fox Terrier Smooth that the Fox Terrier (wire). Today, the traditional english dog in both variants belongs to the rather rare dog breeds.

Physical characteristics

The body of a Fox Terrier Smooth is compact and muscular, built for speed and agility. The dog has a short body but a long, elegant face with ears that bend toward the cheeks.. The height of this breed should not exceed 39 cm in males; slightly less in females and its weight ranges from seven to eight kilograms.

The coat of a Fox Terrier Smooth is short, flat against the body and dense. Normally, the hair covers the belly and the inner thighs too. Coat color is predominantly white with black and tan markings.

Character and skills

In agility, the Fox Terrier straight hair is in its element. The vivacious little terrier loves to move around and use his cute head. No wonder he never tires of dog sports like agility, obedience and flyball. Lying on the couch and lounging is definitely a thing of the past for smooth-haired Fox Terrier owners..

Daily exercise and recovery games, jogging together or hiking boots, wheels or horse, during which the persevering four-legged friend can accompany you, they should definitely be on the show with a Fox Terrier Smooth.

The Fox Terrier usually gets along very well with children, after all they share their need to play and exercise. Active families who like to be outdoors will find a lively playmate and a loyal companion in the English Terrier.

A valuable companion for hunters and non-hunters

Although, like most dog breeds, today it is mainly kept as a family and companion dog, the Fox Terrier still have a good figure when hunting. The versatile hunting dog can be used to build and rummage, to recover, to search or even to work in the water. His desire to work, his courage and vigilance make him an invaluable hunting companion. Non-hunters who want to keep the Fox Terrier as a pure companion dog, they must divert their innate hunting instincts with the sports and games of dogs and thus offer them a suitable alternative occupation.

Fox Terrier Smooth education

The Terrier have a reputation for having a mind of their own – the Fox Terrier Smooth is no exception. In case of lack of orientation and carelessness on the part of humans, smart four-legged friend likes to take command, normally not to the delight of his two-legged roommates. A consistent and early education is essential for a harmonious coexistence with the fox terrier. However, if you take your time, knows the most important basic rules of dog training and at the same time gives your dog enough mental and physical exercise, you will have little trouble with this little bundle of energy. The Fox Terrier not only is he smart, but also very docile and people-oriented.

Fox Terrier smooth hair health and care

Basically, the Fox Terriers they are considered very robust and healthy dogs. Ocular diseases occasionally occur. There is also a certain predisposition to neurological diseases such as ataxia and myelopathy., which can lead to destruction of the spinal cord. With responsible upbringing, a healthy diet, lots of exercise and proper care for each species, the risks of possible illness can, Fortunately, reduce.

The Fox Terrier Smooth they have a clear advantage over their relatives, the Fox Terrier (wire). While the Fox Terriers wire hair need a professional cut, regular brushing is enough to preserve the beautiful coat of the Fox Terrier Smooth. However, as fox terriers don't like “stay still”, you should get your dog used to brushing already at the puppy stage.

Needs-based nutrition and careful care play an important role in maintaining dogs' health. Needs-based means that the diet must be age-adapted, dog's weight and range of motion. The Fox terrier They are extremely sporty and active dogs and generally need a high energy diet with lots of high quality meat and vegetables..

Buy Fox Terrier Smooth

If you are interested in a Fox Terrier Smooth, the characteristics of this breed must first be thoroughly informed. The Fox Terrier Smooth they are extremely temperamental and demanding dogs, who need consistent handling. A reputable breeder will ask you about your dog breeding ideas and goals and, if required, will advise you not to buy a fox terrier. In this case, don't look for the next best seller, but carefully reconsider your reasons for buying a fox terrier.

You should only purchase a purebred puppy from a reputable breeder whose dogs have been tested for possible hereditary diseases and other suitability criteria for breeding before use.. Puppies go on sale at the earliest between the eighth and tenth week of life. The price of the puppy varies between 850 and 1.500 euros and depends on the sports aptitude and the breeding value of the parents.

It is important that you know the exact needs of your dog and that you are familiar with the nutritional value of different foods.; both a deficiency and an oversupply of certain substances can cause serious health problems. Alternatively, you can feed your fox terrier with high-quality wet or dry food. Convince yourself of the quality of processed ingredients and make sure unhealthy additives like sugar or artificial flavor enhancers have been avoided. You should also avoid too high a grain content in the food.

Characteristics "Fox Terrier Smooth"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Fox Terrier Smooth" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Need to exercise ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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Playfulness ⓘ

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Images "Fox Terrier Smooth"

Photos:

1 – Fox Terrier pelo liso by publicdomainpictures.net
2 – Fox Terrier pelo liso by needpix.com
3 – Fox Terrier pelo liso by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/738534
4 – Vos Spits (born in March 2006) in action by Piet ter Beek / Public domain
5 – Fox Terrier pelo liso by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1617503
6 – Smooth Fox Terrier from “Sterlet” Poland by Piotr Pietryka / CC BY-SA

Videos "Fox Terrier Smooth"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Terriers 1 Large and medium-sized terriers.
  • ​KC – Working dogs


  • FCI breed standard "Fox Terrier Smooth"

    FCIFCI - Fox Terrier Smooth
    Fox

    Alternative names:

      1. Fox Terrier, Smooth Fox Terrier, Foxie, SFT (English).
      2. Fox-terrier à poil lisse (French).
      3. Glatthaar-Foxterrier, Foxterrier (Glatthaar) (German).
      4. Fox terrier de pelo liso (Portuguese).
      5. Fox terrier ratonero (Spanish).

Fox Terrier (wire)
Gran Bretañaa FCI 169 - Large and medium sized Terriers

The Fox Terrier (wire) he is an active and happy dog, small volume in which bones of good substance and great physical strength are combined, never heavy or rough.

Fox Terrier pelo de alambre

Content

Characteristics "Fox Terrier (wire)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Fox Terrier (wire)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

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1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

Terriers form a large group of dogs. Its name is derived from Latin “Terra” for the earth. So they were dogs for work on land. The first evidence is given by the ancient Romans. Already in the Middle Ages terriers are described in detail. His homeland is in the British Isles. Terriers existed across the country. In the stables they kept vermin small. Even the big rats were not a problem for them. The hens, pigeons and rabbits protected them from marten and foxes. To keep chasing foxes, the terriers were sent to the trench. They were supposed to get the fox out of the den. All of these tasks required enthusiastic commitment, special courage, independent thinking and so-called predatory acuity. The Terriers were the world champions back then “sport” from the rat bite. They were not afraid and with every fiber of their being they tried hard to do their job as well as possible.

We can still experience all of these qualities in our terriers today.. They make the special charm of these dogs. Terriers come in all sizes, but they are mostly quite small dogs up to the Yorkshire Terrier of nowadays. But they were all once very busy working dogs. Most small terriers like those Yorkie, the Westie or the Scottish they had their home in the narrow settlements of the emerging industry working class in England or Scotland. Despite her sometimes quite delicate appearance today, they are still whole dogs, yet. They are concise reps with their own heads and bold temperament. Great terriers like him Airedale Terrier they belong to the first service dogs, who worked for the police, customs or army worldwide. Small and medium terriers are still in high demand as hunting dogs, as the Parson Russel Terrier, el Fox Terrier o el German Hunting Terrier.

In times past all terriers formed a large group of dogs, they were especially suitable for the tasks mentioned here. Depending on the special field of application or the surface of the earth, formed different regional lines, that however remained connected to each other. Only modern pedigree dog breeding created genetically separate dog breeds from this., as we know them today. Like this, no less than 34 races, mostly native to england, Ireland, Scotland or Wales. Just the German Hunting Terrier comes from Germany.

Physical characteristics

The Fox Terrier (wire) he is an active and happy dog, small volume in which bones of good substance and great physical strength are combined, never heavy or rough. Its structure presents a perfect balance, particularly with regard to the proportions between the skull and the muzzle, and in the same way between the height at the cross region and the length of the body from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock, they look roughly the same. It stands tall like a hunting horse that has a short back and is able to cover a lot of ground.

HEIGHT AND WEIGHT:

Height to the cross region: It should not exceed 39 cm in males; females are slightly smaller.
The ideal weight of a developed specimen is 8,25 for males; for females it is slightly lower.

Character and skills

Terriers have a concise nature, that distinguishes them all – with a certain restriction also toroidal terriers. They are extraordinarily temperamental dogs that never say no to any adventure.. They are lively, bright, concise. They don't avoid fights. Little ones especially tend to start fights with other dogs of any size due to their chronic overconfidence.. In general, especially little ones tend to call themselves emperor. This is a challenge for the teacher or caregiver. As construction hunting dogs they are able to make their own decisions, which means they like to be stubborn and stubborn. Terriers can quickly become overbearing if their humans haven't made it clear who determines the house rules.

They are extremely cooperative and docile. It is a great pleasure to work with them. Terriers are faithful to their humans and are very suitable as family dogs, if your strong personality is not only respected, but also appreciated and acted. Hunting terriers especially are characterized by their intelligence and extraordinary courage. They are even capable of searching for a wild boar, lower it and then bark without hurting yourself. Of course they still go to the fox and badger dens. Even if the Yorkies are carried on the arm with bows – and they are happy to bear it – even the smallest terrier is essentially a daredevil and not a lapdog. They are energy packs that love and need a physical and mental challenge.

Fitness

Keeping a terrier has no problems. They have no demands regarding the size of the apartment. Only grooming is mandatory. The biggest challenge is his temperament. They need physical and mental challenges. Many are very successful hunters. As a companion dog they are suitable for a wide spectrum. Almost all terriers are great for various canine sports. As a running partner, of a cyclist. His high level of physical fitness, their often vigorous health and willingness to work pose both a challenge and an obligation to their masters..

Like most terriers they have a strong hunting instinct, must be kept on a leash in nature. Terriers are very suitable as playmates for children, They are designed for any kind of fun and are robust enough to play with children.. However, the house rules must be correct and the terrier must know his role in the family. Even the smallest terriers should not have room to live their overconfidence and become the children's school teacher.

Fox Terrier (wire) Education

Typical terriers can be very well trained and educated. The clear announcement and the consequence are the miraculous words here based on a respectful and loving relationship with the master or caregiver. Especially with small terriers education is an often underrated chapter. Although they are cute and delicate, they are still a real terrier. They need a consistent education from the puppy's age. Most terriers can be trained on the basis of a good education for the most different tasks.

Fox Terrier (wire) care and health

Terriers are usually very easy to care for. Apart from those with short hair, most terriers need a regular haircut. But they lose comparatively little hair.

Most terriers have robust health. Exceptions to this rule are temporarily fashionable or outward-facing breeds such as Yorkie, the Westi or the Bedlington Terrier, in whose population copper toxicosis has spread excessively, a disease that attacks the liver. The tendency to dwarf with copies of less than 3 kg, which is particularly notable in the Yorkie, leads to damage that can be described as nurturing torture.

Nutrition / Food

Nutrition is not problematic. However, breeds that are oriented towards outward appearances tend to suffer from allergies, what can make a food diet necessary.

Wire terrier Fox Terrier life expectancy

Life expectancy depends on the size of the dogs. The smallest dogs, but not too small, have a longer life expectancy. As a rule, terriers enjoy a long life as a dog, often over 15 years. The lines raised over generations for the “beauty” and especially extremely small specimens, so-called minis dogs, Toy- o Teacup, they usually die much earlier.

Buy a Terrier

It is best to buy your puppy locally from a breeder affiliated with one of the terrier breeding clubs or you can look around the shelters. Between 1.000 and 1.500 euros must be planned as costs.

Images "Fox Terrier (wire)"

Photos:

1 – Fox Terrier pelo de alambre Uploaded from http://flickr.com/photo/40567541@N08/8504670637
2 – A Wire Fox Terrier. by Pharaoh Hound / CC BY-SA
3 – Photograph of a Wire Fox Terrier sitting down by Walker Whited / CC BY-SA
4 – wo Wire haired Fox Terriers. Listed on Flickr as “Daisy and Gatsby” by Alicia Nijdam / CC BY
5 – Wire Fox Terrier by https://www.flickr.com/photos/paulaloe/140805906/
6 – Fox Terrier Wire dog show Racibórz by I, Lilly M / CC BY-SA

Videos "Fox Terrier (wire)"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Terriers 1 Large and medium-sized terriers.
  • AKC – Dogs working
  • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
  • CKC – Miscellaneous list
  • ​KC – Working dogs
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Guard dog


FCI breed standard "Fox Terrier (wire)"

FCIFCI - Fox Terrier (wire)
Fox

Alternative names:

    1. Wire hair fox terrier, Wirehaired terrier, Fox terrier, Wire, WFT (English).
    2. Fox-terrier à poil dur (French).
    3. Wirehaired terrier (German).
    4. Fox terrier de pelo duro (Portuguese).
    5. Wire hair fox terrier, Wirehaired terrier, Fox terrier (Spanish).

English Foxhound
Gran Bretañaa FCI 159 - Large-sized Hounds

Foxhound Inglés

The English Foxhound is dog friendly appreciates life in the pack, where he gets along with his peers.

Content

English Foxhound History

The English Foxhound can be considered a classic among British hunting dogs. This traditional breed is probably a cross between the Bracken medieval and the greyhounds, which were supposed to provide lighter weight for previously heavier tracking dogs. Its field of application was and is hunting, more precisely: pack fox hunt, also called “hunting by force”. In this hunt the herd chases game animals such as roe deer or foxes until they are exhausted. Persistent dogs can stay on their prey's heels for up to five hours. Although they are not faster than the pursued, tire the hunt so that the human hunter can hunt it. The “hunting by force” flourished in the 18th and 19th centuries, when it was practiced by the German nobility, British and French. Only the aristocracy could afford this elaborate form of hunting, and often destroyed numerous fields under the hooves of horse carts on the miles of unpredictable routes.

In the meantime, this form of hunting is prohibited in Great Britain, as well as in most European countries. In Germany, by the way, this prohibition was not originally justified by the practice of hunting, which is questionable from an animal welfare point of view. Rather, prohibition, when came into force in the years 30, aimed to limit the privileges of the nobility – and therefore also hunting. But a few decades later, hunting laws confirmed the ban. But this was not the end for him English Foxhound: Today, trawling is a friendly alternative – not the killing of the hunt, but the joy of riding fast together with the herd is the main focus. In 1964 the breed was recognized by the FCI. Besides of English Foxhound, there is also the American Foxhound, slightly lighter construction.

English Foxhound physical characteristics

It has a great physical resemblance with the Beagle, Although it is slightly larger. The average size of English Foxhound varies slightly depending on the gender of the animal. The males measure between 55 and 62,5 cm. up the cross, and females in 50,5 - 60 cm. up the cross. Generally weigh between 25 and 34 kg. Their fur is short and hard, tricolor-negro color, White and toasted or bicolor with a white background. It has a light head, and with pronounced eyebrows. The ears are medium-sized and falls, Hound style. His muscular back, It has straight legs and well located porte alegre queue, Whip style. The long legs allow the English Foxhound at a fast pace.

Character and skills English Foxhound

This friendly dog ​​appreciates life in the pack, where he gets along with his peers. In keeping with your original purpose and the life of your ancestors, who almost without exception lived in large herds, the English Foxhound show good obedience, but does not usually establish close relationships with humans individually. Even today dogs grow up in the pack and stay there. If a stronger impression on humans is desired, the English Foxhound would have to be taken out of the pack already at puppy age, but this is not practiced, because these dogs are primarily professional hunting companions and not companion dogs. In addition, the Foxhound always retains a relatively high degree of stubbornness and does not show a pronounced “will to please”. Despite your stubbornness, the breed also has an affectionate side: to much Foxhounds they love to be petted and are also quite playful.

English Foxhound Education

The majority of the English Foxhounds are hunters and receive proper hunting dog training, which is absolutely necessary. When you keep a English Foxhound as a companion dog, there may be some obstacles to overcome, because this breed is a passionate hunter who does not have a close relationship with people individually. Especially if you have lived in a pack for a long time, it is difficult to establish a close relationship with the sociable four-legged friend.

Promote the bond with common rituals and lots of positive motivation. This doesn't always have to consist of treats – petting or small games can also reward this breed of dog. The breed is considered to be very social and gets along very well with its peers. It should be clear to everyone that this four-legged friend has a great hunting instinct, adjust your walks accordingly and make sure the neighbor's cat or puppies by the roadside remain safe.

The diet of the English Foxhound

The English Foxhound needs a species-appropriate food, what it means: It must contain a lot of meat! Offer your English Foxhound wet or dry food without cereals, where meat is the main ingredient. Particularly for Foxhounds who are hunters, the energy requirement is highly dependent on the calories actually consumed – on days with long races up to 15 km, the four-legged friend needs correspondingly more energy. A food with a higher fat content is recommended for the most demanding sports needs. Give your dog the last serving about three hours before a sports session, so you have enough time to digest it before you start. Snacks are rarely necessary even during the longest sports drives. It is important that you Foxhound get a nice meal and a long rest after the job is done. The Foxhound it is a very good food processor – to avoid being overweight, watch your waistline and cut your portions accordingly when you start to gain weight. Dry chews are a welcome change to the four-legged friend's diet. However, avoid feeding the rumen with food, as it is suspected of promoting bloodhound ataxia in Foxhounds.

Remember to Drink Lots of Fluids: allow your Foxhound drink water at least once an hour, even during a hunt. There should always be enough fresh water available for all the four-legged friends in the kennel.

English Foxhound Health

A Foxhound healthy is basically a very robust quadruped. But if you want to keep these dogs running, you must inform yourself in advance about the call Hound Ataxia. This is a neurological disorder that mainly affects the Foxhounds and to the Beagle. It usually occurs between the second and seventh year of life and manifests as movement disorders and spasticity. The cause is a breakdown of the white matter in the thoracic cord and of the gray matter in the dog's brain stem.. It is not conclusive if feeding in the rumen favors the outbreak of the disease; However, it is recommended to avoid it as a precautionary measure. Usually, the disease continues to progress without effective treatment options. The English Foxhounds they should also be screened for hip dysplasia before breeding with them. In addition, it is important to avoid being overweight, since the English Foxhounds that don't have enough demand get fat quickly. Dogs can reach an age of up to 13 years.

Activity with the English Foxhound

Many kilometers at full gallop – this is the amount of work that English Foxhounds not only drive but also appreciate. Trawling is a good alternative to the old hunts and is now organized throughout Europe, for example, in trawling clubs. The animals follow a foxtail or a brine trail from the rumen that drips from the containers that the riders carry later. If, even if it is not the ideal case, you have a English Foxhound that is not used for hunting, you can take him for a bike ride or learn about sports like canicross. In addition, their Foxhound should have room to frolic, ideally within a large fenced property and with other dogs of the same species. If your specimen is no longer able to hunt due to physical impairments, give him a mental workload instead and see if slower nasal work, like guided mantrailing, it's a good idea for your dog.

Caring for the English Foxhound

The short, soft coat of the English Foxhound does not present a challenge in terms of grooming. Regular brushing or massaging with a grooming glove removes excess hair and is a pleasure for many quadrupeds. Especially if you don't have a English Foxhound in a pack but as a companion dog, you should practice such bonding rituals with him from an early age. With older dogs, the claws should be examined regularly to avoid painful hooking when they get too long.. You should also regularly check your dog's coat for parasites and discuss prophylaxis with your vet..

Where can I find an English Foxhound?

This breed is usually bred by hunters for hunters, and that's a good thing. If you are interested in having these dogs and you have the time, money and space to raise a herd, you can find out in the trawling clubs. You're probably already familiar with them anyway, because without this form of organized hunting, forming your own herd makes little sense. In any case, stay away from Foxhounds individuals who were raised without papers and whose parents are not hunters. Most are dubious sellers who want to make money off the classic hunting dog. Puppies are not usually Foxhounds pure-bred, but mixed races. It is wiser to resort to the animal welfare when looking for mixed-breed dogs with a part of Foxhound, rather than supporting dubious breeding practices.

If you are looking for a English Foxhound adult, you can find one at professional trawler clubs, for example. These always give away older dogs that are not suitable for very demanding use in trawling.. However, you should ask yourself critically and clarify in discussions with the pack leader if you have the possibility of offering this sporting dog with the characteristics already described a species-appropriate home.

Characteristics "English Foxhound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English Foxhound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

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Suitability of the apartment ?

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Can be alone all day ?

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Suitable as a first dog ?

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Weight gain ?

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Health ?

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Intelligence ?

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Kindness with child ?

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Tendency to bite ?

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Tendency to bark ?

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Tendency to flee ?

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Hair loss force ?

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Suitable as a guard dog ?

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Playfulness ?

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Cat friendliness ?

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Power level ?

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Images "English Foxhound"

Photos:

1 – Foxhound inglés by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1044061
2 – English Foxhounds. Cheshire Game and Country Fair 2014 by Photograph by Mike Peel (www.mikepeel.net)., CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Foxhound inglés by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/hund-foxhound-970780/
4 – Foxhound inglés by https://www.needpix.com/photo/1391525/foxhounds-foxhound-dog-horse-horses-riders-horseriders-hunt-hunting
5 – English Foxhound, male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Foxhound inglés by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1044065

Videos "English Foxhound"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.1: Large-sized Hounds.
  • AKCHound
  • ANKCGroup 4 (Hounds)
  • CKCGroup 2 – Hounds
  • ​KCHound
  • NZKCHound
  • UKCScenthounds


FCI breed standard "English Foxhound"

FCIFCI - English Foxhound
Foxhound

Alternative names:

    1. Foxhound (English).
    2. Foxhound (French).
    3. Foxhound (German).
    4. English Foxhound (Portuguese).
    5. Foxhound (Spanish).

Fila Brasileiro
Brazil FCI 225 - Molossoid - Dogo

Fila Brasileiro

The Fila Brasileiro it is a rare dog in Europe, which implies that it is difficult to find a good puppy.

Content

History

The Fila Brasileiro its history is linked to both genetic mixing and Brazilian colonization. There is no consensus on its origin, but probably the Brazilian line is the result of a mix of dogs whose specialty was hunting and grazing animals in the field. The mastiff, the Bulldog, the Terceira line (a portuguese breed) and the Scent hound they are just some examples of possible races that have contributed to trace the DNA of the Brazilian line. Some say that indigenous dogs (Aracambé) and even the savages, like the guarbo wolf, they may also have participated in the miscegenation.

In some 19th century carvings, the breed was already known to assist in catching oxen, cows, sheep and even big cats, like jaguars, for example. This shows that the Brazilian line was not just a dog to have on the doorstep, taking a nap in the late afternoon: I was really going to the fight! And maybe that's where his keen sense of protection comes from, always putting strangers in their place once they get home.

In 1946 the first effort was made to set the breed standard. In 1976, the second standard was recognized and approved during the 1st Symposium of the Brazilian Fila Race. In 1984 the third rule was defined, which is still in force today.

Physical characteristics

It is a trotting large but very agile. It has a powerful skeleton and a rectangular structure, compact and proportionate. The head is big, heavy and solid, although it is always proportionate to the body. The craniofacial relationship is almost 1:1, with the nose slightly shorter than the skull. The occipital ridge is very prominent, especially in the puppy. The stop is low and inclined, so it should not be seen when looking at the animal from the front. The eyes are medium or large, in the form of almond, quite sunken and colored according to the mantle (yellow to dark brown). Ears are wide and thick, pendants and "V" shaped. The limbs are parallel and straight, with strong bones. A characteristic of the breed is the way of moving around. The tail is very wide at the root and narrows rapidly when it reaches the hock height..

  • Hair: short.
  • Color: all solid colors are supported, except white, the rat gray and the mottled or stained coat, liable to disqualification. Solid color layers may have stripes of less intense or very dark color. Black mask is optional.
  • Size: in males, of 63 - 75 cm., with a minimum weight of 50 kg; in females, of 60 - 70 cm., with a minimum weight of 40 kg.

Character and skills

The Brazilian Fila is very determined, brave and can be very fierce. They can be docile and very obedient to their owners and family and are very tolerant of children.. It is a dog that loves the company of its owner and always tries to be with him. One of the most striking points of the Fila Brasileiro is the aversion to strangers. So they are excellent guard dogs..

The Fila Brasileiro are the protectors of the pack (namely, the family that raises him) and therefore they need to be educated from an early age. At the age of 7 months already begin to show surveillance potential. As they are very large and very strong dogs, it's important for owners to have a firm wrist and show leadership from an early age, so that the dog becomes obedient and respects the owners.

They are very smart and tend to easily learn the owners' teachings. Be careful not to be too rigid in corrections when the Fila Brasileiro does something wrong, because they can be a little stubborn and make training difficult.

This dog's aggressive instinct should not be stimulated (and less with bloody methods), because it could become a dangerous animal, given its great bulk. Without a doubt, this is a breed for experts.

Videos Fila BrasileiroFila brasileiro

Fila brasileiro puppies week 7

Caring for the “Fila Brasileiro”

Maintaining a “Fila Brasileiro” it is not laborious, not too different from other large, short-haired dogs. The frequency of the bath can vary according to the type and intensity of the activities carried out by each dog.

– Grooming: the “Fila Brasileiro” does not need more than a weekly brushing, because its coat is short and the breed doesn't get too dirty. Ideally, you should bathe monthly in summer and, in winter, Every two months.

– Nails and ears: you always have to check them. The nail cannot grow too long and the ear cannot accumulate wax and dirt. Remember that the “Fila Brasileiro” it is prone to developing otitis and keeping it clean makes it easier to perceive any problem.

– Eyes: if there is any spot near the eyes or accumulation of discharge, clean them with saline.

– Sol: sunbaths are welcome: stimulate the body to produce vitamin D, essential for strong teeth and bones. The ideal time for this is the same as for humans, avoid the hottest times of the day, between the 10 am and 4 pm.

Health of the “Fila Brasileiro”

The Fila Brasileiro it is a healthy breed of dog. Maintaining the basic routine of care and controlling your physical shape, the chances of you having a happy life are great! See some problems that may affect you:

– Obesity: common cause of health problems that can affect not only the Fila Brasileiro, but to all overweight dogs. As the Fila Brasileiro have a tendency to gain weight, watch for changes in the general shape of the dog, avoid giving treats and respect the recommended amounts of food for the breed.

– Otitis is an infection that can affect the hearing of the Fila Brasileiro and it can be caused by age or even poor hygiene.

Dog's level of exercise

The Fila Brasileiro need plenty of exercise, what requires available space – even if you walk on walks. Must exercise for one hour daily. And how is a smart dog, seeks to diversify its activities. A simple change in the ride route offers new stimuli and keeps you happy.

Characteristics "Fila Brasileiro"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Fila Brasileiro" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

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Hair loss ⓘ

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Affection Level ⓘ

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Need to exercise ⓘ

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Social Needs ⓘ

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Apartment ⓘ

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Grooming ⓘ

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Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat Friendly ⓘ

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intelligence ⓘ

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versatility ⓘ

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Child Friendly ⓘ

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2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Fila Brasileiro"

Photos:

1 – PETRA VESELÁ has published this image “Fila Brasileiro” under public domain license.
2 – Original bitch Fila Brasileiro – branca to AJorgeSC / CC BY-SA
3 – Fila Brasileiro (ALMODOVAR Rio Grande – from RIO GRANDE kennel) by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
4 – Puppy OFB at 4 months old by AJorgeSC / CC BY-SA
5 – row brazilian-colombia hatchery – 223 | Julio Cesar Hoyos A | Flickr
6 – row brazilian-colombia hatchery – 086 – Flickr

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type.
  • CKC – Miscellaneous list
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Guard dog


FCI breed standard "Fila Brasileiro"

FCIFCI - Fila Brasileiro
Row

Alternative names:

    1. Brazilian Mastiff, Onceiro (Jaguar Hound), Cabeçudo (Big-headed), Black Mouth (English).
    2. chien de Fila (French).
    3. Brasilianischer Mastiff (German).
    4. Brazilian mastiff, Mastiff brasileiro, Boca Negra, Onceiro, Cabeçudo, Boiadeiro das Minas Gerais, Cão de Fila brasileiro (Portuguese).
    5. Cabeçudo boiadeiro, Fila brasileño (Spanish).