The Alaskan Malamute It has a reputation for being stubborn and difficult to train between people do not know.
Alaskan Malamute History
Also called Mally. It is native to the Arctic dog, and one of the oldest breeds within the sledge dogs.
It's a dog with a strong appearance, strong, with good musculature. It is capable of carrying significant weight (until 20 kg) for tens of kilometres. This is a very ancient race, from the first races of sled dogs.
Raised by a tribe of Inuit call mahlemiut. The meaning of the word mahle It is unknown, but it is known that mouse means “town of”. Mahlemiut as Mahle people can therefore be interpreted. Following the English phonetics, diction is then transformed into MALAMUTE.
The area inhabited by the people of the MALAMUTE were the banks of Kotzebue Sound, a territory between two large rivers: the Kobuk and the Noatak. Men and women of the tribe mahlemiut (MALAMUTE) They were highly prized among others Inuit tribes for their courage, his pride and his skill in hunting and fishing.
These dogs were famous for their beauty and characteristics of strength and endurance, they did of them optimal elements for shooting.
They were, in general, larger and more powerful than the other Nordic dogs, with similar in appearance to the Wolf and large and soft tails carried on the back. Contemporary witnesses tell it between 1870 and 1880 approximately, the caribou, for unexplained reasons, They changed their usual migration routes and taking away the Malamute tribes an important source of livelihood.
In these conditions families no longer could afford keep groups of dogs trained for more than two or three copies: testimonies of the time talking about men, women and even children helped their dogs to pull the sledges. So the population began to decline and the way they ran their dogs.
Its ability to carry heavy loads it is revealed when he is chosen for expeditions to the Arctic Circle, as the two who placed the Admiral Byrd. They were also used as a rescue of injured dog in World War II.
His presence, always with the head-up, It gives some impressive aspect that, However, It is not at odds with a very friendly and playful character with their owners, Although it gives the impression of being a very serious dog anyone that knows no race.
Physical characteristics Alaskan Malamute
It has two layers hair: an external, thick and rough, and an internal feel oily and woolly, and it is longer in the area of the neck and shoulders, on the back and the tail. Its color It is predominantly gray but colors ranging from white to reddish sand allowed.
The tail is well covered and is carried over the back; has the appearance of a feather bush that sways.
The Malamute stands upright on its legs and embodies the pride and great joy of movement with its upright head posture and alert radiating eyes., interest and curiosity. His head is wide. Ears are triangular and are pricked when attention is drawn. The muzzle is massive and tapers only slightly from the base to the nose. It is neither pointed nor long nor short and thick. … The Malamute must have heavy bones and powerful legs, good legs, a deep chest, powerful shoulders and all the other physical conditions you need to do your job efficiently. Your movement should be smooth, harmonious, tireless and completely efficient. He was not bred as a racing sled dog for speed competitions.
In contrast to other races, When it gets wet is not drastically reduced its size.
There are different colors in the Alaskan Malamute, Black with white, coffee, reddish and recently found a color of white Malamute. The history of this color is equal to of the Siberian Husky; they are white to camouflage in the snow and thus be able to catch prey.
How big is an Alaskan Malamute?
Malamutes have a height at the withers of 64 cm in males and 59 centimeters in females. The weight is between 34 and 38 kg.
How long can an Alaskan Malamute live??
His life expectancy is more than 12 years.
Character and skills Alaskan Malamute
It is a sled dog with ancient origins, little changed from its origin Wolf. This does not mean that it is aggressive. While his appearance and pride can impress the external observer, It's a playful animal (When you are invited to do so), faithful to his master and a great protective instinct with children.
It is a dog outside, She loves the outdoors and is happy to live in the open air; If locks it after a fence, It is very likely that finding the way to escape, because likes freedom and not lose a chance to go in search of an adventure or a career.
Shyness is usually not a good sign, but fortunately, seems to be a pretty rare feature in this race and if it occurs it may be due to causes outside of the animal genetics and having been produced by an owner who has failed to give a proper socialization, keeping it locked and devoid of psychic stimuli, interaction with the same kind and a very limited human contact. If it detects, It should be monitored and provide training to overcome the problem, that otherwise his behavior may become unpredictable and therefore dangerous.
On the other hand, given the way of Eskimo and nomadic life share everything, is not a race of protection, but it can be a good Dog Alert, It will notify the owner that he sees something strange, with the so particular sound it emits, It is a combination between howl and bark.
It is not a dog to guard and defense than by nature tend to be friendly with humans.
As a result of his former life, It is a dog with strong herd instinct and hierarchy, which results in frequent attacks with other animals. In addition, males are very territorial and competitive among themselves so it is not advisable to accommodate them together. Females may be easier to train and better adapted to living in houses. This race like the company human, has huge doses of loyalty, love and willingness to work, What makes a good dog home.
It is affectionate with children, even with strangers, and he loves to accompany them on all sides. Because of its independent character is reputed to be stubborn and difficult to train among people who do not know. However, There are Malamutes champions working with blind obedience.
They are sensitive, affectionate and playful, but they know to protect themselves effectively. With a good training and socialization are balanced dogs, both physically and psychologically, because they have good potential for learning because they are quick to learn and acute reflexes.
Mixtures of Alaskan Malamute with other dog breeds are common in the sled dog scene. Many ⓘ mushers they try it to improve the performance of their dogs. Individuals who from the point of view of the mushers do not bring optimal performance against the sled, they are then sometimes in the shelter or offered as a companion dog.
Care, health and diseases
How much care does an Alaskan Malamute need?
The Alaskan Malamute needs regular brushing, at least weekly, of the coat. Change of coat, twice a year, is particularly intensive. Then your house, his car and his clothes will be full of his long hair, even though they brush it daily. But the main effort for its care is due to its nature as a sled dog.
Is there a typical Alaskan Malamute disease?
The Alaskan Malamute it is a very healthy breed of dog, as long as it is not bred in extreme form, which fortunately is seen very little so far: too heavy dogs with too short legs.
What food is best for an Alaskan Malamute?
The Alaskan Malamute is often a picky eater. The ⓘ mushers they have secret recipes with treats to provide their dogs with enough energy before races. Like most dogs, likes a meaty beef bone and fresh meat.
The Alaskan Malamute has to work. This usually means its use as a sled dog.. An attitude like that of a farm or family dog would not be appropriate for the species.
Considerations before purchase
Where can you buy an Alaskan Malamute?
If you are interested in a Alaskan Malamute, the first thing to do is visit some sled dog races. Then you should check if you want to spend at least the next ten years a common life, sporting and intensive with these dogs and also having the objective conditions for it. Then you should get information from a local breeder who is affiliated with a sled dog club.. If everything goes well, you will have a wonderful experience.
Breeding and maintenance
Is an Alaskan malamute good for me?
The Alaskan Malamute a dog is not for beginners. You have high demands on your attitude, stemming from its destiny as an original sled dog. All the lives of their caregivers, your human family must adjust to your needs. The real MALAMUTE needs the challenge to the sled physically and mentally. Here are several replacement possibilities even without snow. We see a kind of sled on wheels like a tricycle or a training car with four tires. Especially for Malamutes, drag competitions are organized, that are accepted by dogs with great joy and full commitment. Especially the sport of dogsledding has something very special. Driving with the sleigh of the MALAMUTE through a snowy landscape in winter is one of the greatest experiences of all.
It also allows you to experience a deep unity between man-dog and nature in a way that is hardly possible otherwise.. Of course it is also good for your health.
When traveling, it is better to take the MALAMUTE in an aluminum transport box. The Malamute is not a dog for an apartment. A house with a “garden” should be an ideal space for this breed.
The MALAMUTE it is one of the few dog breeds that can be kept as a pack in a kennel without any problem. But this kennel must be well secured. It is not that Malamutes are a danger to the environment, but they are kings of escape and they dig well and with gusto. You can hardly believe, through which little holes these heavy dogs can escape.
To the malamutes they like to sleep outside and snuggle with their head under their tail during the biggest snowstorm. The garden, where the Malamutes, should not be considered an ornamental garden, to put it in a nice way. The malamutes require the whole lifestyle to be in tune with this association.
The Alaskan Malamute can be well trained by an experienced dog owner. One must accept the challenge, even love, of fighting mentally with these primitive and self-assured dogs. They will gladly accept their masters and caregivers, will be loyal to them, but they must have leadership qualities combined with a lot of doggy mind. You have to fully commit to the experience of having a MALAMUTE. Not a dog for people without deep canine experience.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Alaskan Malamute" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The American Mastiff He was raised to be a family dog, they attest to this character and temperament
The American Mastiff "is a breed dog trotting kind that was developed over many years of selective breeding by Fredericka Wagner of"Flying W Farms” (Kennel dedicated to the race), in Piketon, Ohio, ago 20 or 25 years (the truth is that me I burned eyelashes looking for date exacta… and I have not given her).
The objective was to develop a dog that had the size, temperament, the provision, and the appearance of the Mastiff breed, but with fewer health problems and did not lose as much saliva as other varieties of dog Mastiff, and that life expectancy was greater.
The Maltese is very sensitive, and you prefer a home that is stable.
The Maltese It is a canine breed that has existed since ancient times and was already widespread in Mediterranean cultures. However, contrary to what its name might suggest, its exact origin remains uncertain, but it seems to come from one of the countries of the Mediterranean basin. Along its history, it has been given many names, as Melitae Dog, Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta or Maltese Lion Dog. However, today it is known mainly as Maltese or Maltese dog.
Archaeological finds tend to confirm that the Maltese even existed in ancient Egypt. In fact, in a tomb dating from the reign of Ramses II (1304 BC. - 1214 a.C.) a statuette was found representing a dog that looks like him in everything. Therefore, we can assume that the Egyptians considered it a sacred animal.
Maybe because, like Europeans later, they thought it was capable of curing diseases, or at least they discovered that he was able to calm the sick by snuggling up next to them.
They weren't the only ones who honored him, since the Greeks also built graves for their deceased dogs. The dog was also found in ancient Greece, to the point that the famous philosopher Aristotle (384 BC. – 322 a.C.) mentioned it in his zoological work History of animals. He mentioned a breed of small dog that he called in Latin canes melitenses, that means “Maltese dog”.
Before the beginning of the Christian era, Maltese was also very popular with the Romans. Many noblewomen owned one and never went out without it. They wore it on the bodice or sleeve, as a jewel or an accessory. This trend continued well beyond ancient Rome.
In the 1st century, Roman Emperor Claudius (10 BC. – 54 d.C.) he was probably the most famous Maltese owner. Regarding St. Publius (33 d.C. – 112 d.C.), Roman governor of Malta who owned a Maltese named Issa, asked the poet Marcial to write a eulogy for his dog, what he did in his Epigrams collection.
The Maltese came to the British Isles during the reign of Henry VIII (1491-1547), and there it also became very popular among the upper classes, especially among women, who used him as a companion and lap dog. It was appreciated for its beauty, while its small size allowed them to easily wear it on their blouses. It was especially adopted by Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603).
Although it survived many wars and conflicts over the years, the breed was about to disappear around the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, after unfortunate attempts to miniaturize it to the maximum. To save her it was necessary to cross with the Poodle, Small Spaniels and Asian Miniature Dogs.
Despite its success and presence in many countries, the breed was not introduced to North America until the 19th century. However, one of its representatives (white) was present at the first dog show in the history of the United States, the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, which was held for the first time in 1877. There it was shown with the name of Maltese Lion Dog.
The breed was soon recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), already in 1888. However, was not up 1948, 60 years later, when the other most important canine organization in the country, el United Kennel Club (UKC), he did the same. However, American organizations were more active than the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who waited until 1955 to recognize the Maltese.
They weigh between 1,8 and 4 kg. Being the maximum weight in adulthood of 3 kg in females and 4 kg in males. Its height is of 20 - 25,5 cm., and they have a compact body.
The Maltese it is a small dog with a noble and elegant appearance, and a fluid and graceful walk.
Your body is well proportioned, his chest is quite deep and his ribs are well sprung.
Like other Spitz breeds, its tail curves between the hips until it touches the rump. Carries high and can be curved sideways.
The head is proportional to the size of the body. The skull is slightly rounded and quite wide between the ears. The ears are set low and triangular in shape. The eyes are round and dark brown, with a soft but alert look. The eyelids conform to the eyeball and are pigmented black. The muzzle is fine, average length, and ends in a black nose.
The coat of the Maltese It is thick, shiny and silky. No undercoat, but a layer of long straight hair all over the body, no waves or curls. On the sides, hangs to the ground, which almost gives the impression that the dog is floating.
The fur is white, but a shade of ivory and lemon strokes are allowed. Until the end of the 19th century, it was even possible to use other coat colors. However, at that time, all colors other than solid white were deprecated, so breeders focused only on white-furred individuals.
As they have no undercoat and shed relatively little, Maltese are often considered a hypoallergenic breed. Although none of them are hypoallergenic, they are usually well tolerated by people allergic to dogs. However, This does not exempt any potential adopter who suffers from this allergy from carrying out a test in real conditions before taking the step..
Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are about the same size.
Some breeders offer the Maltese miniature, whose weight is around 2 kg, or even less. These dogs not only don't conform to the breed standard, Rather, this extreme miniaturization is often accompanied by genetic problems and, in general, health risks. Therefore, you better stay away from them.
In comparison to the Yorkshire Terrier or the Chihuahua, the Maltese you are not as likely to have fingernails or other diseases that can shorten your life.
Still today, the Maltese it is still very popular and is present all over the world.
In United States, is around the post 30 (out of a total of 195) in the breed ranking established by the American Kennel Club (AKC) according to the number of births registered each year in the organization. However, this marks a steady decline from, at least, early 21st century, when I was about the twentieth position.
At the same time, on the other hand, has greatly increased its popularity in the UK: while in the middle of the decade of 2000 there were some 400-500 Annual Kennel Club Enrollments, This figure is around the 1100, and has been fairly stable since 2012.
The situation is different in France, since the number of annual inscriptions in the French Book of Origins (LOF) almost never stopped increasing for at least half a century. He was in his early twenties 70, a quarantine at the end of this decade, and then multiplied by ten during the 80, until exceeding 400. The trend continued over the years 90, until it stabilized around the 600 at the end of the decade and, Therefore, at the beginning of the 21st century. This trend continued until the decade of 2010, characterized by an increase in 50%, ending with more than 900 births per year.
In Switzerland, It is the 13th most popular breed in the country. There are more than 7000 people registered in the Swiss Amicus database.
Did You Know?
The sweet little one Maltese dog is the favorite of celebrities, including Halle Berry, Heather Locklear y Eva Longoria. Could it be because they are so adorable in photos? We think so.
Kind, loving and affectionate with their masters, the Maltese he is also very attentive to his emotions, and is able to comfort them in difficult moments. He is very active and maintains a young spirit all his life.
Your attachment to family is so strong that it can be problematic if you are alone too often or for too long. In fact, does not tolerate loneliness well and, therefore, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety in such circumstances, what can drive, for example, destructive behavior or incessant barking. Therefore, not suitable for a teacher who usually spends most of his days away from home.
Have him share his home with another dog or with a representative of another species (CAT, rodent, bird…) it is a good way to help you better cope with the absences of your masters. However, this is only possible if you have grown up together or if you are used to living with other animals since childhood. In fact, in the event that another animal comes to your family one day, they are likely to be jealous and do not appreciate having to share their master's attention with another animal. In any case, given its small size, it is not advisable to make him live with a large congener, as it could harm you unintentionally, for example just playing with him.
Its small size and fragile bone structure also explain why it is not recommended to live with young children.. In fact, the latter are quick to make gestures too abrupt towards him, especially during playtime, and they could hurt you unintentionally. In addition, even if it is not like that, may become scared and overwhelmed when faced with young children who are moving around a lot and making noise, which could lead to inappropriate reactions on your part. In any case, a small child should never be left alone with a dog without adult supervision, regardless of race.
Not content with being around family members, the Maltese he's kind to strangers too, as long as I see there is nothing to fear from them. However, this does not prevent you from barking when you perceive a threat or a stranger approaching your home, which makes him a very good alert dog.
The Maltese's need for exercise is very moderate, making it a good breed for older people. Half an hour of activity a day is more than enough, for example, two or three short walks a day and / or small play sessions. However, he also likes dog sports like agility, obedience and rally, but its resistance is limited. In any case, he is always delighted to discover new things and learn new tricks.
As soon as you exercise enough, is quiet, able to adapt to any living space, and is delighted to spend long periods of time with his master, receiving pampering. It is therefore a breed of dog adapted to apartment living., who can be happy both in the city and in the country, in a big house with a garden. However, not made to spend most of the time outside. This is especially true in winter, since its lack of undercoat makes it sensitive to cold. But also the rest of the year, because its small size can make it prey for potential predators (birds Raptors, foxes…), plus the risk of it being stolen by malicious people. In any case, it is not about relegating it abroad, away from his family: accustomed for centuries to living in the heart of homes and loving to be the center of attention, you need to live and interact with your family to be happy and balanced.
Unlike other dogs the Maltese needs little physical activity, What are good candidates for older people. Hunting mice, and they keep them away from the House.
Take them to walk would also make them sociable that don't require much exercise, adults should keep the weight and the best way to do this is by controlling what you eat and taking them for a walk. We must pay attention to the hair, and the help of a dog hairdresser may be required from time to time. You must be careful with approaching other dogs that are very nervous and are uncontrollable.
They can make stunts, How to keep standing on their hind legs for several minutes. Although perfectly adapted to living in apartments for its small size and domestic, love to walk in the open air. To be a difficult race, about all when they are puppies, they require many care. It is recommended to feed with feed, and though loves food human should never be given chocolate, It is highly deadly to this race.
Like any dog, the socialization of Maltese must start at a very young age, period during which it is more malleable and adaptable. It is advisable to make you know as many different individuals and animals as possible, as well as exposing him to all kinds of situations and environments. This is essential for it to be an animal with a good head and serenity in all circumstances..
At the same time, given the very strong level of attachment to their humans that characterizes this race, teaching the puppy to endure loneliness is part of the priorities of their education, to avoid that the absences of their masters suppose a later problem.
The Maltese he is smart and likes to please his owners. However, sometimes he is stubborn, which can complicate the learning sessions a bit. Ideally, opt for the positive reinforcement training method, since they are not receptive to reprimands and respond much better to stimuli and treats. However, it is important not to abuse the treats or discount them from your dog's daily intake to avoid weight gain.
In any case, you can't miss inappropriate behavior (grunts, barking, aggressiveness, refusal to obey…) when he is young, with the argument that it is small, beautiful and harmless. This would be the best way to get him to develop the “the small dog syndrome”, namely, get used to doing what you want in any circumstance, and become dominant, aggressive and difficult to live with. Therefore, its owner must be firm from the start and make sure to establish - and enforce- clear rules, long-term constant and applied uniformly by all household members.
The Maltese they are generally robust and healthy dogs.
However, due in particular to the absence of an undercoat, it is particularly sensitive to cold and humidity.When temperatures are cold, should be covered with adog coat.In any case, you are not meant to live in an area where the climate is cold for much of the year.
In addition, of course, not completely free from health problems, many of which are common to other small breeds.The conditions to which you are predisposed are:
The Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation whose appearance can be enhanced by a hereditary predisposition, produces pain and lameness in the hips and causes the appearance ofosteoarthritiswhen the animal gets old;
The dislocation of the patella (or dislocation of the patella), Common in dogs, it occurs when the kneecap moves in or out of the knee and can cause pain or lameness of varying degrees of severity., an operation is necessary;
The tracheal collapse, a respiratory disease that mainly affectssmall dogsand corresponds to a reduction in the diameter of the trachea The most common sign is a dry and chronic cough, but it can also cause great shortness of breath. If necessary, it may be necessary to place a prosthesis;
The cryptorchidism, often a hereditary defect that causes the animal's testicles not to descend into the scrotum, the only solution then is to remove them surgically to avoid further complications, which leads to the sterilization of the animal;
Congenital portosystemic derivation, a vascular abnormality that can lead to growth retardation, weight loss or even neurological problems and / or digestive.In some people, symptoms are subtle, which makes the diagnosis of the disease later., whose cause may be hereditary, can be cured by surgical intervention;
Hydrocephalus, a disease of nervous system in dogs.Symptoms vary from one individual to another (bulging head, growth retardation, nervous disorders, etc.), but the vital prognosis is never very good;
Shaky dog syndrome, a disease that mainly affects small dogs in white coats. It consists of inflammation of the cerebellum and causes attacks of involuntary tremors throughout the body and lack of coordination.Symptoms usually begin to appear between the 9 months and 2 years and can be reduced, or even disappear, with drug treatment;
Hypoglycemia, which mainly affects diabetics and corresponds to a significant decrease in blood glucose level. Symptoms of the problem are loss of appetite, lethargic state, tremors and unsteady gait, in the most severe cases, can lead to coma and then death of the animal, if sugar is not given one way or another;
The Cushing's disease, a hormonal disease whose most common clinical signs include increased appetite, thirst and amount of urine produced, muscle atrophy or the appearance ofalopecia;
The gradual retention atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that consistently affects both eyes at the same time, causing retinal degeneration and progressive loss of vision, at night and then during the day;
The Glaucoma, an eye disease that can be inherited and causes degeneration of the optic nerve and retina due to abnormally high pressure in the eye.This painful pathology for the animal rapidly evolves towards a total or partial loss of sight, unless it is attended urgently;
The waterfall, It mainly affects the elderly and is a clouding of the lens Causes vision disturbances, up to total loss of sight if uncontrolled, only an operation can allow the animal to regain good vision;
The otitis, frequent inflammation indogs with lop ears.
In addition, the Maltese is easily susceptible to obesity, that can cause or aggravate many existing pathologies, and therefore have a very negative impact on your health. This is all the more true since it constitutes a vicious circle, because an overweight dog becomes less active and, Therefore, being overweight tends to increase.
At last, even if it is not strictly speaking a disease, is also subject to reverse sneezing (or reverse sneezing).This is manifested by short-lived seizures during which you make loud noises when you inhale that may give the impression that you are choking. Seizures are usually rare and harmless., if they repeat too often, a veterinarian should be consulted to confirm that it is not another condition.
Although the list of diseases the breed is predisposed to can be terrifying, It must be taken into account that its prevalence is low and that most people lead a perfectly healthy life, this is also confirmed by a study carried out in 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Association of Small Animal Veterinarians, as old age was found to be the leading cause of death in this breed, Along with cancer, cardiac causes rank third and together account for more than half of all deaths.
The number of diseases to which the breed is predisposed being or may be hereditary, choosing acreator of Malteseshould not be left to chance: directly influences the probability of obtaining a healthy animal and that it continues to be so., in addition to ensuring thepuppy socialization from its first weeks, A serious breeder refrains from reproducing an individual capable of transmitting a hereditary affection to all or part of his offspring., must be able to present the results of DNA tests performed to parents (and possibly the young) and that they demonstrate that they are free from hereditary defects., it is better not to take unnecessary risks and turn to another breeder., You must also provide a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian as well as the details of the vaccines received, recorded in the puppy's health or vaccination registry.
Later, it is strongly recommended not to make him perform prolonged or too intense physical efforts during his growth, period in which your bones and joints are still very fragile, you would risk injuring yourself or developing malformations, potentially with life-long consequences.This is even more important because you are predisposed to various joint problems:dislocation of the patella,Hip Dysplasia,etc.
At last, like any dog, should be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete checkup, that can sometimes detect a problem that is still embryonic and treat it as well as possible.It is also an opportunity to perform the necessary booster injections.. At the same time, to prevent the risk of parasites and the many diseases that accompany them, your teacher should make sure to renew your deworming treatments throughout the year, whenever necessary.
The coat of the Maltese requires a lot of daily care. In fact, to avoid knots and keep it clean and shiny, it is advisable to brush it every day with a special brush or glove and use a detangling and revitalizing spray. However, the absence of undercoat means that it is not subject to seasonal shedding and that it loses very little.
The length of her hair makes dirt build up easily, so it tends to quickly give off bad odors. To remedy it, it is necessary to wash it on average once a month. However, you must not go any further: an excessive frequency could damage the balance of your skin, by eliminating the sebum that it produces naturally and that protects it from skin problems. In addition, a shampoo specially designed for dogs must be used systematically, also with the risk of damaging your skin, and avoid wetting the inside of your ears, as they are especially prone to ear infections and other infections.
It is also recommended not to let the hair air dry, but clean it directly with a towel after bathing, so that its coat is beautiful once dry.
In addition, to keep you from being embarrassed about the length of your hair at eye level, it may be a good idea to tie it at the top of the head with a small elastic band or a hair clip.
So that daily detangling is less heavy, It may also be a good idea to take your dog to a professional groomer every one to two months for a short haircut., or do it yourself, for the most skilled. Helps keep the coat neat, prevents dirt from accumulating on the hair and prevents bad odors, common when the coat is long.
In addition, hair between the pads and around the ears and eyes should be trimmed once a month to reduce the risk of infection caused by any small plants or spikes that may be stuck in the fur.
You also have to pay special attention to their floppy ears, since this morphological characteristic increases the risk of infections at this level (otitis, etc.). Therefore, they must be inspected and cleaned once a week, and get into the habit every time they get wet or moisture builds up on them.
The weekly maintenance of your ears is also an opportunity to check that there are no tear stains at the corner of your eyes., due to a blocked tear ducts, a very common problem in Maltese. Then, just clean them with a special lotion or with a cotton pad soaked in physiological serum, and then gently wipe them with a cloth. In case of constant and / or continuous discharge, a veterinarian should be consulted.
Looking at your teeth, they must be cleaned with a dog toothpaste at least once a week, using a toothbrush or finger bowl. This routine is important to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause: bad breath, diseases, etc. The ideal for optimal oral health is even to do it several times a week, or even every day.
The Maltese It is one of the oldest companion dog breeds in the world, fulfilling this function since ancient times. Her beautiful fur, its small size, his friendly temperament and the fact that he is a very calm breed of dog made him a very popular companion for women of high society, as well as for many historical figures, both in antiquity and in Renaissance Europe and later centuries. He even had a reputation for curing the sick, or at least alleviate them. In other words, the important place he occupied in his master's life was not new.
In fact, things haven't changed much nowadays, as they are mainly used as companion dogs. However, needs their owners to be present enough by their side on a daily basis, in addition to having time to dedicate to its maintenance.
They are often recommended for people with allergies to dogs, since their lack of undercoat and their moderate shedding make them a fairly hypoallergenic companion. However, keep in mind that no race is 100% hypoallergenic, since all dogs produce dandruff, and there may be quite noticeable differences between individuals, even within the same litter. Therefore, Anyone who suffers from this type of allergy and wishes to adopt a Maltese must first spend a few hours with the proposed animal, to make sure no allergic reaction occurs.
In addition, its small size, its shiny white fur, his elegance and graceful gait make the Maltese a must-have in beauty pageants, where he wins prizes very often. However, if you want to expose your dog to a dog show, you better have plenty of time for grooming sessions, since the maintenance of the Maltese coat for this type of event can be time consuming.
Perhaps a more enjoyable way to spend time with him is to train him in various dog sports. In fact, his desire to please his master and his liveliness make him a good competitor in agility competitions, obedience, rally and crawl.
Last but not least, your kindness and kindness, as well as his cheerful and attentive character, make it sometimes used as a therapy dog, since his temperament facilitates contact with the sick.
The price of a puppy Maltese varies between the 650 and 2500 EUR, being the average of about 1600 EUR, without great differences between males and females. Whether in Europe, it is not very difficult to find a Maltese breeder, because they are numerous.
In United States, the offer is wide and the price is similar. You just have to make sure you respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad, and keep in mind that transportation costs and administrative fees are added to the purchase price.
Whatever the place, the price difference from one individual to another is explained, in particular, by the greater or lesser conformity of each with the breed standard. The kennel's prestige also comes into play, as well as the lineage from which they descend.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Maltese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
Are what, they are their ancestor and the form in which it existed, What is known for certain is that the Mudi, has survived this time thanks to the appreciation of the shepherds who praise his innate ability in which protection of livestock with regard.
In the year 1936 wrote the first breed standard, naming it Mudi.
The studbook is still open, that means that more and more dogs of this type, they live in their homeland, they are incorporated into the breeding records.
The Mudi, "today is a"rare breed"there are few copies in his native country", and outside Hungary if hay…, very few inches.
Before the flocks of cattle were numerous and pastores… dogs, essential, This situation has changed dramatically from a time to this part and along the way we lost many canine breeds, specializing in working with cattle.
Usually weigh between 8 and 13 kg and measure between 38 and 48 centimeters to the cross.
The mantle is medium wavy or curly, with short hair on the face and legs. The colors accepted are black, Ash, brown, white, Fawn and merle.
The Mudi can have the tail short birth or birth with them long and cut them.
It is a very versatile dog, You can be on a farm, You can hunt, exterminate rodents, make guardian, dog herds and as dog boyero.
Although it is a much less popular breed than the Puli and the Komondor in its country of origin, owners always recognize his superiority due to his versatile talent and always friendly and working arrangement.
Hair: varies by region. The head and limbs are covered in short hair, straight and smooth. On other parts of the body there is hair of a length between and cm, dense, undulating and shiny. the undercoat is arranged in spirals and stripes.
Color: glossy black or white, but there are also white mantles with black stripes or black ones with white stripes, with medium-sized spots and uniform distribution.
Size: 35 - 47 cm..
The hair of the Mudi, Unlike other dog breeds, has much pigment. Surfaces devoid of hair, They must be totally black, However, the pads and nails are slate grey.
The Mudi is a very active race. If you live in the city it is necessary to carry out a walk every day to light step, or run.
In addition, It would be beneficial for their health have an area where it can run rampant at outdoor, they need plenty of exercise to maintain sanos… and happy.
To the Mudi She loves to play and Excel in all kinds of sports Canine as the Frisbee, for example.
Can also compete in the agility, obedience, Rally obedience, Schutzhund, show, Flyball, and tracking. It has strong instinct and grazing capacity, with appropriate training, It could also compete in herding trials.
A Mudi can live in a house doing enough exercise, but always they need ample space to run and play. They are active and they can live, perfectly, in the open air.
Their life expectancy is around the 14 years.
The Mudi is a generally healthy breed with a life expectancy of 12 - 14 years.
Health problems seen in the Mudi include Epilepsy, Hip Dysplasia, cataract, elbow dysplasia and patellar dislocation.
If a breeder tells you they don't need to do those tests because they've never had a problem with their lines or because their dogs have been vet checked, or if they give any other excuse to skimp on their dogs' genetic testing, leave immediately.
Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and raise healthier copies only and best looking, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in many cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what was their cause of death.
Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common canine health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Mudi at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend his life..
The coat of the Mudi loose the dirt (and the hair, of course) and does not require frequent bathing. A weekly brushing is usually all that is needed and the coat does not need to be trimmed.
If your Mudi is like most, you will enjoy swimming in a pool, a lake or the ocean. Thereafter, rinsed with fresh water to remove chlorine, algae or salt and restore shine to your coat.
The Mudi sheds her coat in the spring and doesn't get it back fully until late summer.
The rest are basic care. Trim nails every few weeks or as needed. Brush your teeth often – with a vet-approved pet toothpaste – for good general health and fresh breath.
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Mudi" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The Andalusian Hound Maneto It is a dog of a single master, with this will be very affectionate, but not sticky…
The Andalusian Hound Maneto It is a breed native to the South of Andalusia, of the provinces of Cadiz and part of the neighboring villages in the province of Málaga with Cádiz, Although their highest concentration is found in the Campo de Gibraltar.
One of their ancestors is the Andalusian Hound, has medium-sized, possibly due to a genetic mutation known as basetismo or dwarfism, what shapes the characteristic to this race.
As it is the case in almost all breeds of dog native Spanish, Andalusian Hound Maneto It is the name with which is popularly called by hunters and people who do know in the provinces of Cadiz and Malaga, places where this variety of the Andalusian Hound.
The Andalusian Hound Maneto it is a small-bodied dog, short legs, longuilíneo and very compact, the members are short in relation to body length. Is strong structure, muscular and compact.
Andalusian Hound Maneto videos
The coat is short and smooth, bright and compact, covers the entire body equally and presents the same length in all body regions. They can be Tan, that goes from the clear range to the darker, as in gradient. Or white and cinnamon.
Its height to the cross is between 30 and 35 cm. (both males and females). Y, the weight, is of 9 - 11 Kg.
The dog Andalusian Hound Maneto because of its morphological structure, It has been used exclusively in the game, in special, the rabbit. It is specially adapted to the mount under Mediterranean with Bramble patches, streams and tight gorges.
One of the features in the game, is perseverance and willingness to, his body help, post that allows you to have access to complicated terrain of low and thick shrubs, area to which other indigenous dogs of Andalusia, could not even entrar… For that reason, Historically, It has been used for the hunting of rabbits.
It is also very good bird Hunter, as Partridge and quail, as, also, to collect the ducks in the water, It is a great collector in all areas of tight mount, the Aeneas and shrubs, in the water.
Character and skills
The Andalusian Hound Maneto It is a dog of a single master, with this it will be very affectionate and sought his affection and attention but not empalagar, as - also- is very independent.
He is a confident dog, Moody, with a well developed sense of "possession" What makes it to be highly territorial with other dogs, from very early ages.
It will be necessary to know very well the Maneto and develop a strong bond of trust to be able to assess their intelligence and bravery, both in the work of hunting and in the home and in her role as companion dog.
You would love to live in a home (will be adapted without problems), but you will always want to take a country walk to be able to show off their hunting instinct.
The Tibetan Mastiff It is not a dog to live with children.
History of “Tibetan Mastiff”
The Tibetan Mastiff or Dogs-Khyi (Do-Khy), is a dog originating in Tibet, It appeared to the year 8000 -. C.
The “Mastin Tibetano” It is an ancient race of work of the pastoralists of the Himalayas and a traditional guardian of Tibetan monasteries. Its history has been surrounded by great mysticism since it was discovered in antiquity. Since its mention by Aristotle (384 – 322 -. C.) at the famous writings of Marco Polo, who went to Asia in 1271, all historical reports praising the natural strength and greatness of the Doge of Tibet, both physically and mentally.
Until his barking It has been described as only and as a feature of the race highly treasured.
Despite his fierce appearance, the Neapolitan Mastiff It is a balanced dog and friend of children.
History “Neapolitan Mastiff”
The Neapolitan Mastiff, like all broadcast, most likely descends from the molossus Tibetan. According to historical data it is found its community Italy since very ancient times which could put in the second millennium before Christ.
This shows that this architect of Campania (South Italy region, on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea, whose capital is Naples) brings lot of history under its belt.
All European mastiffs descend from the Tibetan Mastiff, the oldest representative of dog breeds.
Probably the first Asian mastiffs were carried in the India Greece by Alexander the great, around the year 300 BC.
Some historians argue that it was the Greeks who were known to the Romans these dogs so spectacular, to see them is struck and (for a change) they used them in their famous circuses like fighting dogs. The Neapolitan Mastiff fought with Lions, bears, Tigers, He was also a dog bred for war.
According to the English cinophilia, on the other hand, the Mastiff was brought to Britain (term designated to the island of Great Britain before that occurred the Germanic invasions) by the Phoenicians in the year 500 -. C. from that moment the dissemination would have initiated by Europe.
Beyond disagreements as to the diffusion of the breed you can ensure, years. At that time, that the “Neapolitan Mastiff” has lived in Campania for at least two thousand years, Although its first official appearance in the cinophilia data of 1946 and its official standard was approved in the year 1949.
During the course of World War II, the race was on the verge of extinction but was recovered by a writer and called cinólogo Piero Scanziani that between 1941 and 1980 He published a dozen volumes of fiction and non-fiction, including several treaties of Cinología. He was responsible for the reconstruction of the Neapolitan Mastiff during the postwar period, and he did so on the basis of the few copies remaining.
The Mastino Napoletano impresses even from a distance with his impressive physique. Especially the huge head stands out. It is a typical molossian head, but he has particularly pronounced full lips. Her facial expression is cold and relaxed, his overall impression is impressive. Its coat is short and smooth.
Modern breeding has given Mastino Napoletano an excess of loose skin, that borders on the torture of the young. For animal welfare reasons only, one must make sure that the skin is taut and there are not too many wrinkles and folds. Only slight wrinkles should be allowed in the neck area and on the dewlap.. Especially the head has raised an overabundance of skin and wrinkles in recent decades., partly so extreme that dogs can barely see due to all the wrinkles. In addition, severe wrinkles are a treasure for infections and itchiness.
According to the standard official of the breed the males of Neapolitan MastiffThey must be measured of 66 - 72 cm in the cross and his weight is of 70 kg, males can easily reach up 90 kg, females should be measured in 60 - 68 cm.. The weight of the males due of 60 - 70 Kg and females of 50 - 60 kg.
The head is huge and short, the rounded and flattened skull between the ears. It has the straight snout, a great truffle and fat lips it fall heavily.
It has the eyes well separated and the accumulation of skin seems they were oval shaped but in reality are round. The ears are triangular, medium and high insertion.
The body, in general, It is longer than high with the neck well massif and the Pope and grupa broad. The tail is amputated two-thirds of its length.
The favorite colors they are the lead, the grey and black (sometimes with small white markings on the chest and the tip of the fingers), the fawn, the mahogany, the Fawn and stag.
All cloaks can be atigrados, but the possibility that a Neapolitan Mastiff come out color "brindle" is one in a million.
Despite its large size, no need for large spaces to be happy, because it moves shortly. Although, It is important to set a relaxed routine daily walks to help you maintain your toned muscles.
Another issue to highlight is that they significantly drool-worthy.
Character and skills
Despite his surly and even fierce aspect, the Neapolitan Mastiff is a peaceful dog, balanced, sweet, fell, very affectionate with the master and friend of children.
Never behaves aggressively without a real reason, But if he were to have the answer, It could be terrible.
Its temperament is peaceful, but it may become aggressive if its owner is not able to educate him with wisdom and responsibility.
Due to its structure it solid, its movement is heavy and clumsy, but appearance because it is aware of its size and enough to see him interact with children to confirm (disarms in delicacy).
Has been dog of war, combat in the circus, auxiliary police, dog sledge drag, company and personal defense dog. Currently is what you train as guardian of houses and farms and it can be seen more and more as a companion dog.
In fact, is more a dog guard to company or exhibition. Of the molossians foster, It is the quietest character.
A Neapolitan Mastiff serious upbringing is, therefore, educated, an extremely simple dog. Here and there the fat man is a bit stubborn. Only if it is good to persuade and ask for help, then it will do everything for its owner or caretaker. As a family member, is extremely adorable. He seeks the proximity of his humans and is a reliable protector.
In case of acute threat to your humans, will try to keep danger away from them by facing the attacker with his body, but it won't attack him anymore. Does all of this quietly. Barks very rarely. His calm and serene temperament makes him a loyal and child-friendly companion, who forgives everything. Towards strangers, However, is initially waiting and watching. The Neapolitan Mastiff he's a cool guy and a fascinating dog.
Not an easy dog to keep just because of his strength. By its nature it has very few demands. A daily walk, sometimes brushing the coat, that is all. Only food is a certain challenge in terms of quantity and quality. You don't need a big garden, but a garden is already useful. A small apartment on the nth floor would not be suitable. The Neapolitan Mastiff he's a great partner, but it is not a companion for runners, dog athletes or performance junkies.
It must be remembered that in a Neapolitan Mastiff adult, the line is just a symbolic control. Large dog easily has the power to maneuver the other end of the leash at will. But he doesn't want, at least if you have enjoyed the basics of a good education. The Neapolitan Mastiff it is very easy to train. Only his stubbornness has to be broken here and there with consistent smoothness. He wants to follow his master and mistress and he does it very reliably. It is an elementary duty of an owner of Neapolitan Mastiff pay attention to a consistent education already in the puppy. Because only education and not the leash makes wonderful walks in nature possible, that together with this calm four-legged friend they become a balm for the soul of agitated people.
Care and health “Neapolitan Mastiff”
Caring for a Neapolitan Mastiff healthy breed is not problematic. Brushing your coat here and there is enough.
Bad habit of extremely strong folding of the head and body often leads to chronic inflammation. They are usually a source of constant itching for dogs.. Sometimes it even makes vision difficult. Such dogs need expensive time and care.
Nutrition “Neapolitan Mastiff”
You need a lot of high quality food. Having a raised feeding bowl is helpful to counteract the risk of stomach twisting. Weight must always be carefully considered.
Life expectancy “Neapolitan Mastiff”
Breeding mistakes have cost this dog, formerly robust, many years of his life expectancy. Before they were 12, today they are more likely to be 6 - 9 years. However, exact data not available.
Buy a “Neapolitan Mastiff”
Buying a Neapolitan Mastiff it must be long-term and well considered. You should carefully check if you have all the requirements to be able to spend many wonderful years with this strong friend. Financially also attitude is challenging. If you are looking for a puppy, you must make sure that the dogs are not too massive and wrinkled. You must ask about the ancestors, its appearance, their illnesses, your age. To get a Neapolitan Mastiff solid character, you should just look directly at a serious breeder. For animal welfare reasons you should refrain from buying puppies from parents with severe wrinkles. A puppy Neapolitan Mastiff from a good breeder costs about 2.500 EUR.
Characteristics "Neapolitan Mastiff"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Neapolitan Mastiff" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The English Mastiff He is extremely loyal and faithful to his family.
The English Mastiff It is a breed of dog of large size type trotting and English origin.
The history of this dog goes back to the year 55 -. c., time when the legions invaded Great Britain and to his surprise had to face an enemy that had two curious assistants, two dogs of striking features.
One of them was strong and robust both body and members, with a large head and a short but powerful jaw.
The other dog had dimensions that gave fear, looked more like a lion as a dog. This specimen was a direct descendant of the mastiffs 'asiriobabilonios' who had travelled to England by the Phoenicians five centuries before the Roman invasion.
Before this beanpole, the 'molossians of Epirus' that the Romans they brought with them their dogs of war, they seemed Chihuahuas…
What a time conquered 'Britannia', the Romans, they expanded his army with several copies of those giant and fearful dogs who called "Pugnaces Britannici" and they used them, mainly in the it shows typical
They faced these dogs with huge wild beasts in the arenas of circuses, There they were involved in bloody fighting against bulls, bears and other dogs. Also, they were used as guardians of herds, bodyguard, protectors and companions.
The English Mastiff and Mastiff, is descended directly from those dogs.
A Mastiff came to America on Board of the Mayflower, name of the ship that transported the so-called "Pilgrims" from England (United Kingdom), to the coast of what is today the United States of America, in the year 1620.
They were the first settlers, in settling on the coast of Massachusetts, forming the Plymouth Colony, and with them the English Mastiff.
There is documentary evidence that the English Mastiff first came to America on the Mayflower, but the standardization of the breed in United States did not occur until the end of the 19th century.
By the end of the second world war, the mastiffs were almost extinct in England. However, with the flow of imports of United States and Canada, the race returned to emerge and today its existence does not run any danger in England and it has gained much popularity in North America.
This is a race of powerful composition, burly, wide skull and the head usually has a square appearance.
Of size It must be very large and give the impression of power and strength, viewed from any angle. The body must be massive with great width and depth, especially between the Forelegs, cause these are well separated. While no height or weight have been specified for this race, the approximate height of 70 - 80 cm and the weight of 80 kg to 90 kg.
His hair is short and glued to the body and color may vary, while its snout, ears and nose, around the eyes is always black.
This is a particularly large dog that requires a correct diet and exercise. Normally live in 10 - 12 years.
Different colors are possible, for example, sand color, striped, brown or gray. Unfortunately the human tends to extremes and the mastiff was not spared from this. So he's been raised bigger and bigger and heavier for the past few decades. His head has become increasingly massive and many folds have also been made. Giants could no longer reproduce naturally, they could no longer walk properly, his life expectancy was dramatically reduced.
The Mastiff breed is a combination of greatness, dignity, and courage; calm and affectionate towards his owner, but capable of protecting.
He is a well-mannered dog but you need enough field to stretch his long body. It is an extremely loyal breed and, Although it shows no excessively, It is true to his family and is very good with children.
However, It can be very jealous for the protection of owners and should be handled sensibly, post is exceptionally powerful and can be difficult to control.
Seeks proximity to its humans. It is a reliable protector for them. In case of acute threat to your humans, will try to keep danger away from them by facing the attacker with his body, but it won't attack him anymore. His calm and serene temperament makes him a loyal and child-friendly companion, who forgives everything. It gets along very well with other pets.
English Mastiff Education
Keep in mind that in an adult mastiff the strap is only symbolically a control. The mastiff easily has the power to maneuver the other end of the line at will. But you don't want to do it, at least if you have enjoyed the basics of a good education. The Mastiff is very easy to train. Only its stubbornness has to be broken here and here a consistent smoothness is needed. He wants to follow his master and caretaker and he does it very reliably. It is an elementary duty of the owner of a Mastiff to pay attention to a consistent education already in the puppy. This alone and not the strap makes wonderful walks in nature possible, that together with this four-legged friend become a balm for the soul of agitated people.
Care and health English Mastiff
Caring for a healthy mastiff is not a problem. Brushing the coat once a week is enough.
Gigantism with copies of more than 90 kg, sometimes up to 120 kg, unbalances the entire natural dog building plan. Serious gait damage is just one consequence, and life expectancy is also greatly reduced. Bad habit of strong folding of the head and body often leads to chronic inflammations. As in most large dogs, we see hip or elbow dysplasia. Eye and heart disease can occur more frequently with mastiffs – the rule is always: the more serious, the greater the risk.
Nutrition / Food
You need a lot of high quality food. Especially in the growth phase you need a professional nutrition plan. Having a feeding bowl upright is helpful to counter the risk of stomach twisting. You should always pay close attention to their weight.
Characteristics "English Mastiff"
Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "English Mastiff" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.
The life expectancy of the English Mastiff
Breeding mistakes, especially the tendency to gigantism, they have cost this dog, once extremely robust, many years of his life expectancy. Before they were 12, Today are 7 – 9 years.
Buy an English Mastiff
Buying a mastiff should be long-term and well considered. You should carefully check if you have all the requirements to spend many wonderful years with this giant. If you are looking for a puppy, you must pay special attention that the dogs are not too massive. One should wonder about ancestors, its appearance, their illnesses, your age. Also to get a Mastiff with a stable character, you should just look directly at a serious breeder. For animal welfare reasons one should refrain from buying puppies from parents of more than 90 kg. Very occasionally there is also a mastiff in the animal shelter. Puppies raised in serious conditions cost around 2000 EUR.
– FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, mastiff type. ⓘ
– AKC – Dogs working ⓘ
– ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs) ⓘ
– CKC – Group 3 – Working dogs ⓘ
– KC – Working dogs ⓘ
– NZKC – Utility dog ⓘ
– UKC – Guard dog ⓘ
FCI breed standard "English Mastiff"
FCI - English Mastiff
1. Mastiff, Old English Mastiff (English).
2. Old English Mastiff (French).
3. Old English Mastiff (German).
4. Mastiff inglês, Mastim inglês, Canis molossus, С. mastivus gladiator, Mastife inglês (Portuguese).
5. Old English Mastiff (Spanish).
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