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Chinese Crested Dog
China FCI 288 . Hairless Dogs

Perro crestado chino

The Chinese Crested Dog is a breed of small hairless companion dog native to China.

Content

History

The origin of the “Chinese Crested Dog” It's not very clear. Some specialists see in this breed a descendant of certain Egyptian dogs, but this theory is disputed.

In any case, the oldest traces of this dog date back to the Hans dynasty (226 a.C. to 220 d.C.). It was used as a utility dog (especially by sailors, who took him aboard their boats to hunt rats) and as a companion dog at the imperial court, to the point that the emperors themselves possessed one.

They were also used as currency in ports of call, what contributed to the spread of the breed.

Reports of Europeans who traveled to China in the 18th century mention dogs similar to the Chinese Crested Dog, but it was not until the second half of the 20th century that the first representatives of the breed as we know it today arrived in Europe, and more specifically to Great Britain. The first offspring was created in 1950 by Debora Wood. He founded the first breed club in 1959. The first dogs arrived in France in 1973.

The Chinese Crested Dog is recognized by the FCI since 1987, by the British Kennel Club since 1981 and by the American Kennel Club from 1991.

Physical characteristics

The Chinese Crested Dog is one of the most amazing looking dog breeds. This small dog with a slender silhouette is easily recognizable.

The naked variety, the best known, has a smooth and hairless body, except in the head, legs and tail.

There is another variety, the hairy, which is covered by a veil of long silky hair.

All coat colors are allowed. The ears are erect in the naked variety and drooping in the hairy variety..

Size and weight
    ▷ Male size: 28 – 33 cm.
    ▷ female size: 23 – 30 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: 3 – 4 kg
    ▷ female weight: 3 – 4 kg

Varieties

There are two different types of this breed:

  • Deer type lacking hair all over the body, except in the head, legs and tail, with light bones and lively character.
  • Cobby type long silky hair all over the body, with heavier bones.

Character and skills

The Chinese Crested Dog It is often known as an antidepressant dog due to its pleasant nature, besides her pretty crazy appearance. In fact, this little dog is affectionate, cheerful and playful. It is very endearing and it is never bad. So, it is a good companion for children. Quite suspicious of strangers, it won't take long to bark at the slightest visit.

With moderate needs in terms of physical activity, it is a breed of dog adapted to apartment life. But, what he needs the most Chinese Crested Dog is the company of his master. It can be very “dependent” with this. It also, you may suffer from separation anxiety from the dog. In effect, he is a very demanding partner, who will have a hard time withstanding loneliness.

If he Chinese Crested Dog has been well socialized, will tolerate other animals as well as other dogs without any problem.

Education

The education of Chinese Crested Dog must be firm but not violent, because it is sensitive. Otherwise, can adopt destructive behavior.

Use

The Chinese Crested Dog It is a companion and indoor dog.

People say that, thanks to its body heat, used as a living hot water bottle to treat rheumatism.

Health

The Chinese Crested Dog is prone to various skin diseases:

  • atopic dermatitis ;
  • Allergic dermatitis ;
  • solar dermatitis.

It also, the naked variety of Chinese Crested Dog is especially sensitive to cold and humidity. You should also take special care to protect your dog from the sun., because you could get burned.

Last, the genetic mutation that causes the absence of hair leads to teething problems: the dog usually loses all or part of its teeth at 2 years.

Grooming

In the case of the variety Deer type, without hair, you should bathe your dog frequently using a dog shampoo. No need to hydrate the skin or apply sunscreen.

In the case of the variety Cobby type, you should brush your dog every week, except during the dog's puberty period, when it should be brushed every day. It is advisable to give him a bath regularly. Do not forget to dry it with a hair dryer -low temperature- to prevent you from catching a cold.

Last, Since the Chinese Crested Dog often have dental problems, it is recommended to brush your dog's teeth every other day.

Characteristics "Chinese Crested Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Chinese Crested Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Chinese Crested Dog"

Photos:

1 – “Chinese Crested Dog” by https://pixabay.com/es/illustrations/perro-perro-crestado-chino-4882997/
2 – “Chinese Crested Dog” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/crestado-chino-cachorro-3799578/
3 – “Chinese Crested Dog” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-crestado-chino-invierno-2501289/
4 – “Chinese Crested Dog” by Sheri Lands, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Female of Perro crestado chino – Auriga Cassiopeia Maytays Minng – with her seven one-month-old puppies – four of them hairless, tres powderpuff” by HTO, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Chinese Crested Dog” by I, Jasmine2501, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Chinese Crested Dog"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section: 3.2 Petit Brabançon
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Chinese Crested Dog"

FCIFCI - Chinese Crested Dog
Dog

Alternative names:

1. Crested, Puff, Hairless Chinese Crested Dog (English).
2. Chien nu chinois (French).
3. Chinese Crested Dog (German).
4. (em chinês: 中国冠毛犬) (Portuguese).
5. Crestado, Puff (español).

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Cavalier King Charles spaniel
England FCI 136 . English Toy Spaniels

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles spaniel it is small, loving and playful.

Content

History Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The little ones “Spaniels” have been popular companion dogs for hundreds of years. They were found in royal courts and noble houses in Spain (where does the name of the Spaniel), France, England and Scotland, and they were often featured in portraits of their owners. A Scottish Stuarts were especially fond of dogs. Maria, Queen of Scots, she had a toy spaniel by her side when she was executed, to the same as their offspring, King Charles I of England. It was Carlos and his son Carlos II who lent their names to the dogs that eventually became known as the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.

The popularity of the toy Spaniels began to decline after a new king, Guillermo, replace Jaime II (Stuart also) on the throne of England. William was the Netherlands, and favored the Pug. People began to cross the Pug and Spaniels, and eventually he changed his appearance, becoming flatter with a domed head. Dogs like those seen in old portraits practically disappeared, except for a few lines here and there, such as guarding the Churchill family at Blenheim Palace.

The dogs might have faded into the past except for one Roswell Eldridge, a wealthy American who offered a prize to anyone who could produce a dog like the ones he had seen in 17th and 18th century paintings.

New Spaniels

British breeders accepted the challenge and rebuilt race, working with him English Toy Spaniel long-nosed (called King Charles Spaniels in England). The first of the “new” Spaniels was exhibited in 1928 Crufts Dog Show in. Unfortunately, Eldridge did not live long enough to see, but his estate paid the prize. Since then, the Cavalier has evolved into what it is today: a robust and very popular companion, combining the curiosity of a hunting dog with the affection of a toy dog ​​by people.

The Cavalier ranks 23rd among breeds registered by the American Kennel Club, vs. 54th for the year 2000. This is one of the biggest jumps in popularity in the last decade..

Physical characteristics

Various health issues affect this particular breed, especially the mitral valve disease, leading to heart failure. This will appear in most Cavalier King Charles spaniel at some point in their lives and is the most common cause of death. As well, a high number of specimens usually have a genetic condition called Syringomyelia, which causes the brain to grow in greater proportion than the skull of the dog, i.e. the brain remains tight inside the skull causing havoc neuronal causing severe pain to the animal and uncontrollable tremors.

The measures vary between the different canine federations of the world. But there is a certain consensus that allows us to get an idea of the standard.

The eyes are large, round, well separated in the face. dark brown. The ears are placed high on the head, well separated, they are long with many fringes and moderately long hair (pen). Snout and bite: Slightly cropped. Length of the base of the stop to the tip of the nose must be of a 3,8 cm.. It prefers the Scissor bite. The tail has moderated with long fringe hair length (well defined pen). It keeps it behind the body, rarely higher than the back. It is always her moving when it is in action.

The height at the cross or the shoulders is of 30 to 33 cm and the weight of 4,5 to 8,2 kg.

The life expectancy of a Cavalier King Charles spaniel is of 11 to 12 years. Although there have been documented several cases that have managed to live until the 16 years.

The mantle is composed of soft hair, silky, of moderate length. It may be slightly hondeado. Should not cut you and has to be brushed frequently.

The colors of the mantle of this breed are basically four: Blenheim, Tricolor, ruby, Black and Brown.

  • Blenheim: base is White Pearl with well-defined chestnuts marks. The ears are the chestnut.
  • Tricolor: base is White Pearl with well defined black markings. The ears are black. On the eyes, cheeks, inside the ears and at the bottom of the tail is brown.
  • ruby: The solid reddish brown color is called a ruby.. Is considered a lack if you have white markings.
  • Black and Brown: is basic black with Brown markings above the eyes, cheeks, inside of the ears, on the chest, at the bottom of the tail and legs. Is considered a lack if you have white markings.

Character and skills

The Cavalier King Charles spaniel it is small, loving and playful. The typical Cavalier is always happy, confident and carefree, friend of everyone you know. True to its heritage “protective dogs”, to the Cavaliers they love to be on a lap.

The temperament of Cavalier goes from sweet and placid to tough and stubborn. Sweet and placid Cavaliers sometimes have the reputation of being fools, and stubborn for not being trainable, but in general, These dogs are intelligent and learn quickly. They respond well to positive reinforcement techniques, especially when they offered food rewards, but the harsh words will leave them or even try to hide. One Cavalier should never be shy or aggressive towards people or other dogs.

The Cavalier King Charles spaniel, ranks 44 on Stanley Coren's list of "The intelligence of dogs”.

The Cavaliers they live to be with their people. Dogs generally love children and do well in families with older children who throw them a ball, They teach them tricks or just hang out with them. But, due to its small size, the Cavaliers must be protected from clumsy young children who may fall on them or “fondle” too hard.

Some things to know about Cavaliers:

They love to lick, love to chase moving objects (especially Feathered) and can be manipulative when they want food (those eyes!). It is difficult or impossible to stop these behaviors, so it is necessary to find a way to avoid, how to keep the dog always tied in the cities and be firm when the Cavaliers wants to share the fries.

The Cavaliers is not perfect. any dog, no matter how pleasant it, You may develop obnoxious barking levels, digging and other undesirable behavior if you are bored, untrained or unsupervised.

Training of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Start training your puppy the day you bring him home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything that can be taught. Don't wait until you have 6 months to start training or have to deal with more stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to a trainer so that when it is between 10 and 12 weeks old is a sociable dog. But, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) stay up to date, and many vets recommend limited exposure to other dogs and public places until puppy vaccinations have been completed (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus).

Instead of formal training, you can start training your puppy at home and socialize with family and friends until immunizations are completed for puppies.

Talk to the breeder, Describe exactly what you want in a dog and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see the puppies daily and can make amazingly precise recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality.

Images “Cavalier King Charles spaniel”

Videos “Cavalier King Charles spaniel”

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Facts

CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL || DEPORTIVO Dog Race, affectionate and calm || History ð©

Dogs 101- Cavalier King Charles spaniel

FIRST DAY WITH NEW PUPPY | Cavalier King Charles spaniel

Characteristics “Cavalier King Charles spaniel”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Cavalier King Charles spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Breeders of the breed "Cavalier King Charles spaniel"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 7: English Toy Spaniels
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Cavalier King Charles spaniel"

FCIFCI - Cavalier King Charles spaniel
Cavalier

Alternative names:

1. Cavalier (English).
2. Cavalier (French).
3. Cavalier (German).
4. Cavalier (Portuguese).
5. Cavalier (español).

Images:

-Image by Alexas_FotosenPixabay
Mario Simoes
– Kfiatek4300 [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
– Bru-no(pixabay.com)

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Chihuahua
México FCI 263 . Chihuahueno

Chihuahua

This little dog has a personality sassy large.

Content

History

The Chihuahua It is considered the smallest breed in the world; receives the name of the largest state of the Mexican Republic (Chihuahua), where it is supposed to have lived in the wild and was captured and domesticated by the indigenous people during the time of civilization “Tolteca”; pigmy figures of a dog called “Techichi”, who lived in Tula, They were included in the decoration of its architecture which were very similar to the current Chihuahua.

There is a belief in some countries that the dog gave the name to the state of Chihuahua since the word “Chihuahua” means “arid and sandy place” in Rarámuri, language of the Tarahumara people. Although it is known as Chihuahua, the official name of the race is Chihuahueño, Chihuahua is the name adopted in United States for the race.

Some experts say dogs were among the first native dogs of the Americas, others that were brought to the New World after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Others believe that small dogs may have originated as miniaturized versions of pariah dogs, the vague brown dogs with pointed ears that result when dogs are left to breed on their own without color selection or other specific characteristics. In any case, race takes its name from the state of Chihuahua, where American tourists at the end of the nineteenth century first found tiny canines.

Chihuahuas were brought to United States by American visitors who visited the North of Mexico and, later, presented at trade fairs Canófilas where they became known to worldwide.

The Chihuahua we know today was developed by American breeders. The first Chihuahua recorded by the American Kennel Club, in 1904, It was called Midget. Chihuahua Club of America was formed in 1923. Today, The Chihuahua ranks 13th among the breeds registered by the AKC.

Physical characteristics

The AKC (American Kennel Club) It recognizes two varieties of Chihuahua: long hair and short hair. Many short-haired Chihuahua have very fine hair, but others have a very dense and thick hair. Standards of breeding this dog not generally specify a height, only a weight and a description of its overall proportions. As a result, height varies more than within any other race.

Usually, the height range is between 15 and 25 cm to the cross. However, some dogs grow up the 30 to 38 cm.. AKC show dogs should weigh no more than 2,7 kg; the FCI standards mark dogs must weigh between 1,5 and 3 kg, Although most small dogs are acceptable in the show.

But, the quality pet Chihuahua (that is, those bred or purchased as companions rather than show dogs) can, and they achieve greater weight, until 4,5 kg or more if they have a skeletal structure that allows them to being overweight. This does not mean they are not purebred Chihuahuas, It only means that the requirements do not have to enter a display. Larger sized chihuahuas are seen equally in the best and worst bloodlines..

Usually their teeth are double, This demonstrates the purity of the breed.

Chihuahuas can have many colors, from solid black to white solid, spotted, or in a range of colors including Fawn (coffee), chocolate, blue (grey), Silver, tricolor (chocolate, blue, black or white with Brown and white markings), with lines, and speckled. Each of these colors varies in shades and intensities, coffee may be a term to describe a dog from a cream very pale to dark brown (almost Red), or any key within this range of colours.

Character and skills

The Chihuahua They are prized for their devotion and personality. Its state of alert, intelligence and size make them adaptable to a variety of environments, including the city and small departments, and usually live fifteen years or more. While often it considered the chihuahua as weak and fragile, correct training and socialization can result in an excellent companion animal.

The Chihuahua also have a reputation for being spoiled and impregnable, but that is often because people no effort to train. Chihuahuas are like any other dog I: They need consistent rules and structure if they will learn effectively.

Many chihuahua focus their devotion on one person, putting too jealous of human relationships of this person, This can be mitigated through proper socialization. The Chihuahua tend to have a nature of clans, preferring the company of other Chihuahuas over other dogs.

As well, important to take into account, These toddlers, They seem to have no concept of its size, and they may face other larger animals, which can cause damage and injury to our pet...

Health

Many Chihuahuas are sensitive to cold due to their small body size.. Chihuahua owners often dress their dogs in coats in cold weather, but for this, There is to get them, because if you do not, do not leave place fabrics above.

This breed requires a veterinary expert in areas such as development and care dental care. Chihuahuas tend to have genetic abnormalities, usually neurological, as epilepsy, strokes. Like other Toy breeds, They also tend to have dislocation of knee.

Another genetic abnormality in Chihuahuas and other Toy breeds is hydrocephalus, or water on the brain. This condition appears in young puppies and usually results in the death of the puppy, as much, six months of age. It is thought that this disease is diagnosed because the puppy has an abnormally large head during the first months of life, but other symptoms are more noticeable (because "a big head" is a very vague description). Chihuahua puppies showing hydrocephalus They have patched skulls plates rather than solid bone, and are typically lethargic and do not grow at the same rate as their siblings. A true case of Hydrocephalus can be diagnosed by a veterinarian, Although the prognosis is grim.

However some chihuahua may have what is called 'molera or fontanelle', and it is completely natural and accepted for race, which is a small hole in the head where they do not have bone, only skin and hair. The Chihuahua is the only breed of dog that is born with an incomplete skull.. The fontanelle It closes with age, but it requires great care during the first six months until the skull is fully formed.

Chihuahua tend to ocular infections, due to its large, round, protruding eyes and their relative proximity to the ground.

Chihuahuas can also be born with a liver defect known as portosystemic shunt, in which blood is diverted from the liver. This can cause a buildup of toxins in the body of the dog, stunted growth and can be fatal if not corrected with surgery.

The speckled chihuahua coloring, or parents with such coloration descendants tend to a number of additional complications of health. The mottled coloration is a carrier of other possible and severe ocular conditions and blindness, deafness, Hemophilia, sterility, and other medical conditions. Buyers who own or want to buy a speckled chihuahua should do some research on possible health conditions of this coloration.

The pregnancy of a Chihuahua, hard 2 months and the offspring measure between 3 cm to 5 cm..

Chihuahuas are omnivores, and you must be careful in providing an adequate and balanced nutrition. At the same time, be careful in not supercharge this small breed. Chihuahua overweight tend to have problems with ligaments, tracheal collapse, chronic bronchitis, and shortening of life expectancy.

Some potential buyers looking for extremely small animals; very small dogs, in any way, are false. You can be sick, or malnourished, or, If you are healthy, may suffer from short lifespans and health problems due to extreme dwarfism. They are not normally used for breeding, and may require special care. Some breeders chihuahua, they try to intentionally raise very small animals, and they increase the prices of smaller dogs, or specifically advertise very small animals. Most reputable breeders disapprove such practices, noting that it is difficult to predict the adult size of a puppy, and citing other problems discussed earlier.

In practice there has been an increase in people wanting to have a Chihuahua Pocket rejecting common size, This has changed the traditional pattern of raising this breed start doing that through the selection of specimens to breed chihuahua focusing on the size and eliminate the problems of a puppy that was born visibly smaller than others, many breeders reject this practice but it is a fact that the popularity of the “Pocket Chihuahua” has come to stay...

The tiny mouths often mean that there is no room for proper development of teeth. It is essential that a veterinary chihuahua receive regular dental care, and you may need to draw him some teeth to make room for proper development of the rest of the teeth in the mouth.

The Chihuahueno “Deer head” is the original Mexican Chihuahua, He was abroad where changed his appearance through crossing with other breeds, That is when its general appearance begins to change, now with a more prominent head and a stockier body, and it is precisely abroad where, by establishing the racial norm of the breed, this type of modified Chihuahua is established as the “standard” When is the original the type “deer” and even went beyond the damage to the original race to disqualify the type “deer” and qualify as one “abnormality”.

This “abnormality” is more popular than any Canófila Federation would like to accept.

“Deer” or “Deer head” These are terms that are used sometimes to describe copies of Chihuahua that does not have the standard appearance of the “Apple head” of the race. These terms are not official.

The Deer heads They are not admitted for competition, they are disqualified, they are not for sale.

The “Nano Chihuahua” term used in the United States are chihuahua that are described with head up, and a very long nose, is not something natural, they are like this because they suffered a deformation in the bones due to malnutrition, These terms are not official, and prohibited the sale of the “Nano Chihuahua”. Those that are accepted are Chihuahua “Apple heads”

The life of the chihuahua usually up to 15 years of age. The more small are dogs more life they have. Their life expectancy depends first of all of their food (It is necessary, good quality and which have no obesity). Example: Not offer cookies, fat, chocolates, sweet, bread, pork and, much less, chicken bones to chew it becomes small needles, and they stuck in its body until his death. Not to give anything of great food, simply their respective croquettes or latitas for small breeds.

Reproduction

The sexual cycle of the dog is, in comparison with the rest of the domestic animals, is unique in many ways, now that the time lag between periods of estrus (5-7 months) It is very long in proportion to the time of gestation (62 days), and ovulation occurs only once (but in several days) by zeal.

The sexual cycle is divided in 4 stages:

PROESTRO: have an average duration of 3-15 days. External manifestations are increasing the volume of the vulva, Vulvar blood loss and male attraction. At this stage the dog does not support mounting of the male.

ESTRO: popularly known as period of ZEAL. It has a duration of 3 to 10 days. The vulva is enlarged, There is a reduction of losses vulvar and attraction of male: It is at this time when ovulation occurs, mounting of the male and gestation.

DIESTRO: (of 110 to 140 days): This period includes the gestation, childbirth and lactation if occurred fertilization and the regression to normal tissues if not occurred.

ANESTRO (of 150 to 250 days): now there are no external signs and is the ideal for all kinds of interventions (ovary hysterectomy).

So that, ovulation takes place during the mating season and it's a spontaneous ovulation. Most often it is between the day 10 and 14 the beginning of zeal, Although in less of 1 minute can be confirmed with a vaginal smear performed by a veterinarian.

Pregnancy in the bitch has a duration of 58 to 63 days. The normal delivery period ranges from 5 and 24 hours, and alghourscasos, mainly if they are first-time, the time may be extended until 36 hours.

The delivery mechanism is divided into three phases:

  • The first phase corresponds to the opening and relaxation of the cervix for the exit of the puppies.. The female trembles, Pant and may vomit. The vulvar lips thicken and a yellowish-white viscous liquid escapes from the lower corner.. You can see uterine contractions, but always of weak intensity. go in circles, recuesta in soil, and does not want to eat or drink (Although some females show a voracious appetite).
  • The dog chooses a quiet, dark place, and he prepares his paridera breaking rags and materials; It is desirable to provide elements so that you can make this work, more usual is the role of journal. Nothing should bother to her around.

  • The second phase is the expulsion of the puppies. The female is lying in position on one side, with the face directed towards your abdomen and contractions begin each 2 or 3 minutes, with great effort.

Grooming

Chihuahuas have two types of hair:

  • smooth and long. The Chihuahuas smooth They carry a velvety coat, bright and tight and have a collar – an area hair thicker and longer – around the neck. Coverage have little hair on the head and ears. The tail should be hairy, not naked. Brush them weekly with a rubber glove or soft bristle brush to remove dead hair and keep their skin and coat healthy.
  • The Long haired chihuahua It is the product of a recessive gene, which means that a puppy must have the gene from both parents to express long hair, so it is not seen in litters as often as smooth. The long, soft fur is flat or slightly curly, and the dog has a collar around the neck, fringed ears, feathers on the legs and a tail plumed. Hair from the rest of the body is almost as soft as soft straight hair Chihuahua. The long-haired Chihuahua are beautiful, and they are easy to comb, but the hair falls are seasonal.

Long robe brushing with soft bristle brush once or twice a week. Use a stainless steel comb to remove tangles of hair ears, legs and tail.

If brush to the faithful chihuahua, should not need frequent baths. But, If you spend much time on your couch or in bed, there is nothing wrong with bathing as often as twice a week. Use a mild shampoo made for dogs and dry it well so it doesn't get cold. Never let it sit and dry to the outdoors.

Keep clean your big ears chihuahua with a solution recommended by your veterinarian. Do not use cotton swabs within the ear; They can push dirt deeper. Laa orejaa clean with a cotton ball, I never deeper than the first knuckle of your finger.

Cut off nails regularly, usually every two weeks. They should never be so long that hear smacking on the floor.

Characteristics "Chihuahua"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Chihuahua" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Chihuahua”

credits:

1. triplet chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
2. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/animal-chihuahua-mascota-ojos-50718/
3. Chihuahua by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/60641
4. Blue merle chihuahua by Nuclearblitz12 / CC BY-SA
5. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/photo/photo-of-tan-chihuahua-1048236/
6. A Chihuahua protecting its bone by David Shankbone / CC BY
7. standard chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
8. Buddy the Chihuahua by Jean G – HTTPS://www.flickr.com/photos/whatjeanlikes/
9. Chihuahua by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xzmeb

Videos “Chihuahua”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 6: Chihuahueno
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Chihuahua"

FCIFCI - Chihuahua
Chihuahua

Alternative names:

1. Chi, Chi-chi, Hua-Hua, Chihuahueño (English).
2. Chihuahueño, aussi chihuahua (French).
3. Chihuahua (German).
4. Chihuahueño (Portuguese).
5. Chihuahua, chihuahua mejicano (español).

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Poodle
Francia FCI 172 . Poodle

Caniche

The Poodle is a CF dog, joyful, Nice, curious and intelligent.

Content

History

The Poodle is a breed of dog, from the fifteenth century to the present day, It is considered to be of exclusive use for the luxury of the aristocrats and nobles. Known for its woolly and curly coat, There are four varieties: Grand, Medium-, Dwarf and Toy.

Until the Renaissance, This was a collector of water dog, they retrieved the already hunted prey that had fallen into the water, such as ducks and swans.

In each language, the poodle Gets a different name:

  • English: Poodle, French Poodle
  • French: Caniche, Chien Canard
  • German: Pudel
  • Italian: Barbone Nano, Barboncino
  • Spanish: Caniche

From France, the Poodle is a descendant of Barbet, original German swamp; and in the middle ages, He was assigned to tumble as duck or goose birds hunting, so it was selected for characteristics such as its adaptability to boggy terrain and its resistance to water, What makes this breed, along with others are called water dogs.

From the 16th century, the poodles began to be famous for her beauty and intelligence, especially in various circus performances and works of art by various authors as Albrecht Dürer and Francisco de Goya. In the times of Louis XVI of France, their presence in the French court was already very common..

By changes in taste in its appearance, during the 19th century the protection of the fur that was scorned, until then, had the function of protecting him from hypothermia, What stylists began to create various courts such as the British Montano and the Continental. For the poodle newborns, began the custom of amputate the tail.

The Franco-Prussian War began the dissemination of the race as such, intended for millionaires and aristocrats. In the 20th century, only dominated the giant variety, Therefore, later, with the approval of the Canine Associations —such as the Kennel Club— the Standard varieties emerged. (low diffusion from 1792), Miniature (1911) and Toy (1957). In the final years of the 20th century, the hybrid race emerged “Labrapoodles” (combination of Poodleand with Labrador).

Did you know??

These canines curly hair are often considered the national dog of France, although the breed originated in Germany.

Physical characteristics


The four varieties of Poodle:

Poodle large:

Is believed to be the original variety of which emerged the other varieties, through crossings to reduce the size. The height at the withers varies from 45 to 60 cm., is supported 2 cm over, provided that the copy keep proportions. Y, they weigh around 30 kg.

Medium Poodle (or standard):

This type of poodle is perhaps, the less well known, and at the same time the more quiet. Measures of 36 to 44 Cross cm, and as in all sizes, just accept the plain colors in fur. The weight is commensurate with its size.

Miniature Poodle:

This variety has a height to the cross 28 to 35 cm.. You have to look like a medium-sized Caniche, but smaller and show no signs of dwarfism. As in the larger varieties, they are judged grouped by colors.

Toy Poodle:

The variety has a height of between 24 and 28 centimeters at the withers or height, provided that the proportions are maintained and that they do not present any symptoms of dwarfism. Are judged all together colors.

Depending on your health, a miniature poodle lives on average 14,8 years; one Toy 14,4 years; a medium Poodle also 14,4 years, and a Large Poodle live media 13,5 years. Although these data are quite accurate, It is not uncommon to see poodle small, of more than 18 years, or even of 20.

In the exhibitions held under the rules of the FCI, copies of black, White and Brown are judged in the same group to obtain the CACIB. The same applies to copies of grey, Apricot and Red; the best of each of these groups becomes a final judgment to determine the best copy of the variety.

For your care, Peel according to your style, requiring a dog hairdresser. Accepted the hair in the form of long-haired head, ears and neck, including legs. They do not loose too much hair and health must clean the eyes and ears. They should be washed with some frequency. The care of the fur is unconditional in this breed, so it is necessary to wash with exclusive dog shampoo and in no case with human shampoo, that damages the skin of the Caniche because it causes you to lose the natural oil that has in its hair and, in the long run, brings complications.

Their care has to be very guarded, because due to his long-haired Kale, thick and woolly, of a single type of hair, It can tangle with ease. They require cepillados every week (without going).

The baths should be monthly (It is not advisable or necessary to abuse these) with moisturizing shampoos and masks. It has to be dried with a dryer and never air. They are dogs that after the silent main hair puppy to adult not move almost hair and are nearly hypoallergenic.

There are many types of court, but students admitted for exhibition: Continental, Continental American, Scandinavian and Puppy Clip. The Court will be based on the structure of the dog and the taste of exhibitor or owner, the most widely used is the American Continental.
Apart from the common poodle, There is also the variety Cordelé, taking this more curly hair and being able to display in the form of strings as the Puli.

Health Poodles

Not all of these diseases affect standard poodles, but the conditions that can generally occur in poodles include the following:

Addison's disease and Cushing's syndrome are two sides of the same coin. In dogs with Addison's disease, the adrenal glands produce insufficient amount of the hormone cortisol. Dogs become lethargic, intolerant and depressed stress, and may have digestive problems. Some dogs may have an acute crisis, requiring hospitalization. The lifelong treatment involves the administration of drugs.

In dogs with Cushing's syndrome, the adrenal glands produce too much cortisol. Symptoms include weight gain, gasps, excessive thirst and hunger, bladder infections and urinating in the house but the dog has been previously trained. Cushing's disease is usually controlled with medication for life, but sometimes surgery is necessary.

Another hormonal problem seen in poodles is hypothyroidism (An inappropriate thyroid hormone). Symptoms include weight gain, loss of hair, lack of resistance to disease, excessive hunger and heat seeking. Normally supplements prescribed thyroid hormone to control the condition.

Progressive retinal atrophy (ARP) is an eye disease that can eventually lead hereditary blindness. Standard other potential eye problems in poodles and toy are cataracts and glaucoma. Poodles can also be affected by von Willebrand's disease (a disorder of blood clotting).

Although all Poodles, regardless of size, They are the same “race”, They not all have the same health problems. Poodles toy and miniature poodles share many common health problems for smaller breeds of dogs, as kneecaps that easily out of place (You dislocated kneecaps), breathing difficulties caused by a collapse of the trachea and dental problems due to the overcrowding of teeth within their small mouths.

The Toy Poodles can also suffer Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, which causes a reduction of the blood supply to the head of the bone of the thigh, causing degradation. The first sign of this disease is lameness, that usually appears when the puppy has to 4 to 6 months of age. Treatment is surgical, after which the puppy can lead a relatively normal life apart from a greater chance of developing arthritis.

Standard Poodles, like many large breeds deep chest, They have an increased risk of swelling, also known as gastric dilation volvulus, a life-threatening condition in which the stomach twists on itself, trapping air inside. Swell dogs require immediate veterinary care and, usually, surgery to correct the problem. Since most dogs that swell once swell again, the surgeon may also recommend a procedure known as “turn of the stomach” or gastropexia, as a preventive measure.

A skin problem that can affect the toy poodles and standard is the sebaceous adenitis, an inflammation of the sebaceous glands that causes hair loss and skin problems. It can be diagnosed with a skin biopsy, but the effectiveness of treatment varies.

Hip dysplasia is an orthopedic problem beginning at puppyhood. Is a malformation and poor fit of the joint of the ball and socket hip. It may be a minor problem or life-altering disability. Treatment can range from something as simple as daily medication to major surgery., even a hip replacement.

Last, Standard Poodles have a higher incidence of certain cancers, including insulinoma and hemangiosarcoma, compared to some other breeds.

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it can be difficult to predict whether an animal will be free of these diseases, so it is necessary to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for these defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking dogs, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life.

Character and skills

Intelligent, loving, legal and naughty, those are the four words that the poodle enthusiasts describe the personality and character of this breed.

Despite his actual appearance, the poodle has a playful side, likes to interact with their owners, tends to be very friendly with people and always likes to please.

If we combine his legendary intelligence with its sociability gives as a result a dog highly entrenable.

A poodle, you have been taught canine manners, will have a quiet character, especially if you exercise regularly to burn off your natural energy.

The poodle is a protective dog that will not hesitate to use its bark when a stranger approaches its home., and although he is affectionate with the family, can take you some time socializing with other people.

An outstanding feature of the poodle is their intelligence (occupies the position No. 2 on classification of intelligence dog breeds by Stanley Coren).
It is often said that they have a human intelligence, an incredible cunning that amazes its owners. Of course, smart dogs can be tricky. They learn fast, both the bad and good habits

Basics of grooming poodles

The toilet is an important consideration in Poodles. Fine and curly coat that worked well when the Poodle spent his time in the water needs to be trimmed regularly, normally every 6 u 8 weeks, depending on the preferences of its owner. It easily fits and requires regular brushing at home, even with a professional grooming. If left untrimmed, coat will curl naturally strings, although some people prefer that aspect.

Dental care is important, particularly for Poodles Toys and Miniatures. Keep the much brushing her teeth with toothpaste approved by the vet pet and making a veterinarian make regular dental checkups.

Trim nails as needed, usually every week or two. They should not be so long that you can hear the click on the ground.

Characteristics "Poodle"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Poodle" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Breeders of the breed "Poodle"

Poodle images

Poodle Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 2 “Poodle”
  • AKC – Toy Group
  • ANKC – Toy Group 7 (Non-Sporting)
  • ​KC – Toy Utility
  • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
  • NZKC – Non-sporting toy
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Poodle"

FCIFCI - Poodle
Poodle

Alternative names:

1. Pudelhund, Caniche (English).
2. Caniche (French).
3. Caniche (German).
4. Caniche (Portuguese).
5. Poodle (español).

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Coton de Tulear
Madagascar FCI 283 . Coton de Tuléar

The Coton de Tulear is very playful, to the point that the standard describes it by saying that “sometimes he's a bit of a clown”.

Content

History

The Coton de Tulear He is originally from the port city of Tulear, in southern Madagascar (currently Toliara).

Its exact origins are unknown., but it probably descends in part from the Bichon. The latter was fashionable in the sixteenth century, and many people kept dogs of this breed as pets or to hunt rats.

The ancestors of Coton de Tulear they could be, Therefore, Bichons owned by French settlers in Madagascar or by sailors, merchants or pirates, who used them to hunt rats on board. A popular half legend of the island speaks of the Bichons accompanied the ladies on a boat and survived the shipwreck.

In any case, These Bichons would have interbred naturally with the Terriers local, giving rise to a new breed of dog described at the time as almost wild and living by hunting.

Later, natural selection worked its way into a living dog, very adaptable and resistant.

From the seventeenth century, These little dogs were domesticated and adopted by the “Merinas”, one of the island's ethnic groups, and more specifically for its nobility.

at the end of the century, the French nobility settled in the colony of Fort-Dauphin (created in 1643) took hold of this new breed, baptized then as “Royal Dog of Madagascar”, coming to enact laws that prohibited commoners from owning them and jealously guarding them on the island.

Like this, the Cotón remained isolated and unknown to the rest of the world for several centuries, time during which it developed remarkable specificities, starting with the fur that gave it its current name. Dense and cottony, protects you from both the cold nights and the heat of the Malagasy days.

Thus appeared the Coton de Tulear what we know today, obviously related to the different Bichons (Havanese, Maltese, Bolognese and above all Bichon Frise, the closest to him).

Madagascar gained its independence in 1960. Tourists, more and more numerous and mostly French, they began to discover the paradisiacal landscapes of the island and their funny puppy so affectionate. A handful adopted them and brought them to France, where they were immediately successful. But, it was not until the following decade when it was possible to speak of export on a larger scale.

During the Decade of 1960, Madagascar had to face multiple economic and political problems, as well as natural disasters. Concerned about these events, Malagasy paid less attention to their national dog, and the breeders of Coton de Tulear gradually moved away from the breed standard. That's how it was until the years 70, when it began to be known also outside of France. But this knowledge - and recognition- followed two different paths: the european and american way.

The spread of Coton de Tulear in Europe

In 1970, Louis Petit, then president of the Société Canine de Madagascar, requested the FCI (International Cynological Federation) the recognition of Coton de Tulear. So a new standard was set and presented to the institution, and the process was successful: the FCI recognized the breed that year. Later, the FCI standard was revised in 1987, 1995 and 1999.

The FCI designated France as the depository of the breed standard, in view of the problematic situation in Madagascar and the difficulty of creating hatcheries on the island. Automatically recognized by the SCC (Central Canine Society), the Coton de Tulear was assigned to 1977 to the Club Français du Chihuahua et des Chiens Exotiques.

France then definitely launched into breeding, breed selection and promotion, under the direction of the FCI. The Cotón began to be exported from France to the rest of Europe and beyond, and France soon had the best specimens, something that continues to happen to a large extent today.

The first Coton de Tulear exported to Europe bore the letters TI (Initial Holder) in their name to indicate that they were original Cotons, that is to say, that his parents were born on the island.

Wherever i went, this happy and carefree puppy won hearts. This was especially true in the UK, where the prestigious British Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1990. Although not one of the most popular breeds there, it is becoming more popular, at around 400 births registered with the organization every year: This figure was three times lower in the early 1990s. 2010.

In France, the number of entries in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) increased dramatically over the years 80, going from a few dozen a year at the beginning of the decade to more than 1.000 at the end. The trend continued after, with, for example, the crossing of the 1.500 annual births in 1995 and that of the 2.000 ten years later. Since the second half of the second decade of the 21st century, a small drop has been observed., with an annual figure closer to 1.700.

The spread of Coton de Tulear in United States

The French were not the only ones interested in the Coton de Tulear. At the same time it spread through Europe through France, an American biologist who studied lemurs in Madagascar, The doctor. Robert Jay Russell, met him in 1973 and imported the first copies to the United States. The following year, in turn established a breed standard based on the direct descendants of imported individuals, and different from the FCI. In 1976, founded the Coton de Tulear Club of America (CTCA).

Although appreciated, the breed remained - and remains today- much more confidential in North America than in Europe. National canine authorities took longer to recognize the breed: was not up 1996 for the United Kennel Club (UKC) and up 2014 for the American Kennel Club (AKC).

But, several breed fan clubs were formed, some of which developed their own standards. The result is that there are now no fewer than four different standards for the Coton de Tulear in United States:

  • UKC standard, followed by NACA (North America Coton Association) ;
  • The FCI standard (or standard “European”), developed in France and recognized by the ACC (American Cotton Club);
  • The standard USACTC (The United States of America Coton de Tulear Club), which became the AKC standard;
  • The standard mCTCA (Madagascar Coton de Tulear Club of America, which replaced the one created by Robert Jay Russell in 1974), and followed by the MCPC (Malagasy Coton Preservation Club).

The differences between these standards are mainly based on two characteristics: color and size. These may include, the MCPC allows a larger size and multiple colors, whereas the FCI standard only allows dogs totally - or almost totally- white and smaller.

But, the breed remains relatively small in the country, occupying the position 80 (of something less than 200) in the ranking of the most popular breeds according to the number of annual registrations in the AKC.

The situation of Coton de Tulear in Madagascar

Although he was named the island's official dog, of which it is the only endemic dog breed, not many left Coton de Tulear in Madagascar. In fact, was a victim of its success in the years 80: a puppy bought from 500 francs in Madagascar were sold ten times more expensive in France. Like this, most newborns were exported.

The situation of the breed in its country of origin today seems like a field of ruins. The number of hatcheries Coton de Tulear in Madagascar it is very low and the quality is not usually the same. In the best case, their dogs show little homogeneity and are quite far from the standard; in the worst case, have major defects and major health problems, because some breeders work exclusively on inbreeding. The Coton de Tulear they are also found in families as pets or on the streets, but most are not purebred.

Although it is highly appreciated as a companion dog and quite popular in some countries. (the Netherlands and Thailand, for example, have become large importers of Cottons French), the Coton de Tulear still a relatively rare breed around the world.

Physical characteristics

The Coton de Tulear it's a small dog, longer than tall and muscular. His stride is regular, no jumps or jerks, but it covers little ground.

The neck is well muscled and the skin is fine and taut, as in the whole body. The back is firm and muscular, like the rump, which is oblique and short. The chest is long and well developed, the ribs are rounded. The belly is tucked up but not elevated.

The tail is low, in line with the spine. At rest, descends below the hock and the tip rises. In action, curves on the back.

The head of the Coton de Tulear it is short and triangular. The skull is quite wide and slightly domed, with the presence of a slight frontal groove. The stop is not very marked.

The eyes are round and wide apart, dark colored, and the look is alive and intelligent. The ears are triangular and droopy, high insertion. Located close to the cheeks, reach up to the corner of the lips.

The muzzle is straight, the nose is black (although brown color is tolerated), with wide open nostrils. The lips are thin and the same color as the nose.

Teeth are well aligned, articulated in scissors (the upper jaw covers the lower), in clamp (the two jaws are edge to edge) or articulated reverse without loss of contact (the jaws are not the same shape and shift to fit).

The coat is one of the most notable characteristics of the breed: it's cottony, very soft and flexible (never hard or rough), dense and abundant. It can also be slightly wavy.

The coat is generally white, but some auberization stains are allowed (white and tawny hairs) or gray (black and white hairs), especially on the ears.

These stains are also tolerated - but not sought- in other parts of the body, provided they do not alter the general white appearance of the coat.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 26 – 28 cm.
▷ female size: 23 – 25 cm.
▷ Male weight: 4 – 6 Kg
▷ female weight: 3 – 5 kg

Varieties

There are a variety of Coton de Tulear which is completely black at birth. The legs, tail and head turn white after a few weeks, while the rest of the body takes on a silvery-gray hue in two to three years.

Call Panda, this variety is highly sought after in the United States and Canada.

Character and skills

The Coton de Tulear he is a very nice companion, with a cheerful and stable character: It's full of energy, spontaneous, loving and faithful. He loves to attract attention and does not hesitate to play a clown.

He is also a seducer capable of looking at his master with large innocent eyes or of clowning around in hopes of escaping punishment.. Observant and sensitive, knows how to recognize the right moments to achieve their goals, for example when his master is available to him, but he also knows how to find faults and take advantage of them.

So, not necessarily an ideal dog for a novice owner: if you love to please your master and, in fact, is generally considered quite compliant, can also be stubborn, like many small dogs. It should be noted that the females of this breed are usually more independent and dominant than the males..

Very sociable, the Coton de Tulear gets along with humans he meets, but instead is suspicious and / or fearful of strangers. It can be considered as an alarm dog, although their propensity to fulfill this role varies significantly across individuals, some being more territorial than others.

On the other hand, they tend to get along well with other dogs and animals, including cats, whether or not they belong to the house.

Vivaces and smart, they love to play and they especially like children, regardless of your age. In fact, It is a breed of dog recommended for children, for which it is an excellent playmate.

Both children and adults, These naughty and alert little dogs quickly become attached to their family and are very sensitive to the moods and emotions of their companions. This makes it an exceptional companion., endowed with empathy and considered a real stress reliever. They are very cuddly and like to cuddle with their owners and “talk to them” with a lot of vocalization and growling, and they are delighted to hear back.

Despite her delicate appearance, these resilient dogs are physically and mentally strong and easily adapt to change. Not afraid to travel or commute, the most important thing for him is to be with his family and share his activities. Otherwise, it is an ideal option for an owner who wants to take their dog on vacation, especially since its size also makes things easier.

On the other hand, cannot be left alone for long. If his owners work during the day and have no choice but to leave him home alone, the presence of another animal is an interesting option to avoid problems, such as destructive behavior or untimely barking, that can be important and wear down the nerves of the neighborhood. The Coton de Tulear It is also, usually, a pretty noisy dog, who likes to give the voice.

For this reason, for his good character and for his need in rather moderate exercise (30 minutes a day are enough for him), the Coton de Tulear It is a breed of dog adapted for elderly and / or not very active people. Easily adapts to a calm and sedentary lifestyle: a daily walk and play sessions are enough for your happiness. This low need for activity and its small size make it an ideal dog for apartments, although of course he is also happy in a house with a garden in the country. As long as you can exercise and are well trained, it is very quiet at home. Otherwise, they can be very energetic, to the point of being exhausting.

If you have free access to a garden, it is better that the latter is closed. The Coton de Tulear he's too attached to his family to really run away, and does not have a very marked hunting instinct, but your curiosity may push you to follow a clue and not find your way back. At the same time, early training to remember can greatly reduce the risk of problems, especially if allowed to walk without a leash.

In any case, having a garden, even if it is big, does not dispense with the need to walk it daily. In effect, walks are not only interested in allowing the dog to stretch its legs: allow you to possibly meet colleagues, which is always enriching, but also stimulate your senses (and especially his sense of smell), what is necessary for your psychic balance.

The Coton de Tulear also suitable for active owners: he likes nothing more than sharing family activities and appreciates dog sports such as obedience, el agility, the canine dance or the cavage. But, your endurance has its limits: not able to run long distances. So, not a companion to take for jogging or cycling.

Education

The Coton de Tulear is an intelligent dog that understands very quickly what is expected of him. He is constantly listening to his master, which makes it quite easy to educate, as long as certain conditions are respected, because he is also stubborn and very observant: easily detects faults and does not hesitate to take advantage of them to do just what you want. So, his master must show sweetness, but also firmness and great coherence, so as not to be taken at fault.

Must be educated from an early age and responds very well to dog training method positively, appreciating the rewards in the form of play, treats or caresses. But, since he is prone to getting bored quite quickly, puppy training sessions should not exceed ten minutes. It also, how he is a playful dog and that he can be very energetic, you have to show him very quickly the return to the basket (and therefore to calm down), as well as the recall.

Like all dogs, the Coton de Tulear also needs to be socialized very soon, to prevent him from becoming fearful or aggressive. It is also essential to get him used to being handled from a young age, since its coat requires important maintenance throughout its life.

Health

The Coton de Tulear It is a small and resistant dog that, usually, has a robust constitution and good health. It also, thanks to its particular fur, fears neither cold nor heat.

But, there are a number of more or less recurrent diseases to which they are prone:

  • One of the most frequent is progressive retinal atrophy. Genetic in origin, can reach various degrees of gravity, reaching the total blindness of the dog;
  • The Hip Dysplasia it's not weird either, y corresponds to a situation where the head of the femur does not fit into the corresponding socket of the hip. This causes pain, lameness and a prosthesis may be required;
  • Rarer are the patella dislocation and degenerative myelopathy, which generally appears around the 9 years and is characterized by a gradual loss of coordination. These conditions are not painful for the animal, but there is no treatment for them.

There is also no treatment for ataxia neonatal, which fortunately is not very widespread. This sickness, caused by a genetic mutation, affects the part of the brain that controls movement and coordination, so the puppies that suffer from it are unable to walk. They are usually euthanized before their first birthday.

In addition to these diseases with often serious consequences, the Coton de Tulear are prone to certain less serious problems, but they require a certain vigilance.

This is the case in particular of skin allergies. They cause itching that prompts the dog to scratch, with the key to a risk of infection.

You should also keep a close eye on your dog's eyes, since they usually run a lot: Cleaning daily or every other day is usually necessary to avoid eye inflammation or skin infection due to constant humidity.

Last, a dog with hanging ears is at increased risk of otitis, and the Coton de Tulear does not escape the rule. So, great vigilance is also to be established at this level.

Life expectancy

14 years

Grooming

The hair Coton de Tulear is abundant and requires daily brushing, knots can easily form at the base. If there are many, the only solution is even shaving.

So, it is necessary to get used to these daily sessions very soon, and it is necessary to take your dog to the groomer at least twice a year, to prevent hair from becoming too long.

This is all the more true since the Coton de Tulear It is a breed of dog that does not change. Loses very little hair, which makes it a hypoallergenic dog.

We can bathe him once a month, but always using a shampoo adapted for dogs that does not dry out the hair and skin (are prone to skin allergies), and drying it carefully after.

You also need to take care of your teeth by brushing them two to three times a week.. The ideal is, of course, a daily frequency, which is not a problem if you are used to it since childhood.

At the same time, regular inspection and cleaning of the eyes (all days, as it has a strong tendency to have watery eyes) and from the ears (at least once a week) will help avoid many problems like conjunctivitis, ear infections, ear scabies, etc.

Last, as with all dogs, nails may need to be trimmed from time to time. How often depends on your lifestyle, because a very active individual wears them out naturally. If you hear them snap on the ground when you walk, it's time to cut them out.

Food

The Coton de Tulear not a difficult dog to feed, and does not have a particular propensity to be overweight. Good quality small croquettes are perfect, and can be given in one or two meals. On this last case, it is advisable to opt for a lighter portion in the morning and a larger one in the evening.

In any case, your diet should be adapted to your age, health and activity level.

You should also make sure that your dog has a bowl of fresh, clean water at all times..

Utility

The Coton de Tulear he is essentially a companion dog with many qualities and rarely disappoints in this role.

For his sensitivity and playful nature, can also be used as a therapy dog, especially with depressed people.

Last, his vivacity and his permanent attention to his master make him stand out in certain canine sports such as agility or obedience.

Price

The price of a puppy Coton de Tulear registered in the LOF ranges from 1.000 and 1.500 EUR, but it can reach the 2.000 euros for the specimens of the most beautiful lines.


Breeders of the breed "Coton de Tulear"

Characteristics "Coton de Tulear"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Coton de Tulear" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Coton de Tulear"

Photos:

1 – Tuléar cotton by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/coton-de-tulear-perro-mascota-5799865/
2 – Tuléar cotton by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/el-coton-de-tulear-perro-2417968/
3 – Tuléar cotton by https://www.hippopx.com/es/puppies-coton-tulear-dog-animal-cotton-tulear-white-petit-domestic-animal-6371
4 – Coton de Tulear Puppy by EthanMallang365, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Tuléar cotton by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/coton-de-tulear-perro-mascota-5799868/
6 – Conton de Tulear, Granadina de Domaine de la Louvière by CamilleVila, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Coton de Tulear"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1.2 “Coton de Tuléar”
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Coton de Tulear"

FCIFCI - Coton de Tulear
Cotón

Alternative names:

1. Toliara, Coton, Cotie (English).
2. Coton (French).
3. Coton, Baumwollhund (German).
4. Coton, Nenhum (Portuguese).
5. Coton, Cotie (español).

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Portuguese Water Dog
Portugal FCI 37 . Water Dogs

Cão de Água Português

The Portuguese Water Dog It is a kind and patient breed.

Content

History

The Portuguese Water Dog It is a breed of dog of the Algarve, Portugal. They were used as working dogs by fishermen from time immemorial, but in the 20th century have become a rare breed.

While, the origins of the breed are somewhat obscure, What if one certainty is that the history of these dogs is very old.
A probable reference to Portuguese Water Dog It is found in the text of a monk, that in 1297 described the rescue of a sailor carried out by a dog with similar characteristics to the breed we are talking about... "long, black hair, cut up the first rib, and with a tuft at the tip of the tail“.

The common standard of shearing for these dogs, Mark to be as the description of the monk. As well, a photo of early 19th century, It represents the arrival of the King of Portugal to the beach of Bethlehem, shows a water dog, swim to the boat of the King.

The closest relatives of the Portuguese Water Dog are Kerry Blue Terrier, the Barbet and the Poodle standard.

Originally, water dogs – excellent swimmer is- they were used by the Portuguese fishermen in their boats as helpers in varied tasks, how to be… herding the fish into the nets, recovery of objects fell into the water, carrying messages between ships or between Earth and the sea, among others.

The writer Raul Brandão, in his book the fisherman (1932), It describes the activity of a fishing boat in Olhao, and much of its description was based on these dogs and their marine skills.

From the 20th century with the advancement of new technologies both in fishing and in communication, the work that was usually done by dogs gradually was replaced, and there was no need to travel with dogs on board. Like everything else in life, progress has its 'pros' and its 'cons', in the decade of 1930 the number of specimens of the breed decreased greatly and the few specimens that survived were found on the Algarve coast.

The 1934 It was a crucial year for the subsistence of this breed, and perhaps the starting point of the recovery of the Portuguese Water Dog was the Lisbon Exhibition in 1934, under the direction of Frederick Pinto Soares. here enters the story, Vasco Bensaude, a wealthy businessman who lived in the Azores Islands, had attended this canine event, because he was also dedicated to breeding water dogs. He was so impressed with the Portuguese Water Dog What, decided to buy four specimens and thus start a careful breeding program in his hatchery, Algarbiorum. Y, what he achieved with the support of two loving friends in the race, Pinto Soares and Fernandes Marques.

In Lakes, found a beautiful male named Leão and was taken to Lisbon, followed by Dina, a female of Sesimbra. Two specimens found in the Algarve joined his Kennel, Nero, a male of curly hair and Venesa, a female of wavy hair. In 1937, born the first litter (by Leon and Dina). Starting the “Algarbiorum” saga.

Vasco Bensaude was responsible for the recovery of the Portuguese Water Dog from Portugal and began the modern history of the breed. He was responsible for his hatchery "Fausto Pereira Dos Santos", and became an expert in the formation of Portuguese water dogs.

For many years, Vasco Bensaude dedicated himself to breeding dogs but when in 1968 he felt that his end was near, delivered to Conchita Cintrón, Castelo Branco the 17 copies of Portuguese Water Dog that he had in his kennel and all his files.
Conchita Cintrón, was a brilliant person, breeder of Pointers, carried out the breeding Portuguese Water Dog in his Quinta do Indio, in Feijó, to the South of Lisbon.

Due to the tenacity and commitment to Conchita Cintrón dogs were placed in United States, where this wonderful race reached great popularity thanks to the commitment and efforts of another great personality in the history of this race, Mrs Miller Deyanne Farrell, He managed to diffuse them in America and around the world.

In 1972, In the United States, a group of breeders founded the (Portuguese Water Dog Club of America).

Physical characteristics

The Portuguese Water Dog it is a medium-sized breed, of strong Constitution, good muscular and compact body. Males have an ideal height for 54 cm., While the females measure approximately 46 cm.. The weight range from 19 until 25 kg in males and 16 and 22 kg in females.

There are two types of fur: long, wavy, with bright or short hair with hair is curly and more opaque.

The fur may be completely black, white or brown, or black or brown with white spots. The typical cut is made on the snout and the back of the body, leaving a ball of hair at the tip of the tail, It gives an appearance of a lion.
Hair grows them continually so it required to be regularly brushed and trim or cut.

The haircut of the Portuguese Water Dog can be done in two ways or styles:

The lion Court

In the Lion Court, the hindquarters, the snout, and the base of the tail they shave and the rest of the body is left in its normal length. This is the traditional cut and perhaps the most functional, given the historical importance of race as a partner of a fisherman. The lion cut reduced the initial impact and the shock with the cold water, given that performed various aquatic work. The hindquarters are afeitaban to allow easy movement of the hind legs and tail, used it as a rudder.

The Retriever cut

The Court Retriever is left 2,5 cm long in a uniform manner on the body (Although some owners prefer the part of the snout and the base of the shorter tail). This is a more recent cut and the style originated because breeders wanted to make the breed more attractive and less unusual looking for buyers..

Character and skills

Is considered an exceptionally intelligent animal, with an active temperament, slightly restless, but obedient. It is also very resistant to fatigue. It is an excellent swimmer, being able to dive and swim underwater to recover the lost objects.

In the Ria Formosa Natural Park, one of the attractions is the kennel where he was saved from extinction by Portuguese Water Dog, today known as the dog Obama, and where it still continues to grow today.

The Portuguese Water Dog he is an excellent companion, loving, independent and intelligent it is easy to train in tasks of obedience and agility skills.

Because they are working dogs, the Portuguese Water Dog, in general, he is usually always close to his master awaiting instructions and if he is -duly- trained, It is able and willing to follow orders very complex. They learn very quickly, They seem to enjoy the training, and they have a great memory for names of objects. These features and its single-layer coat, have not moved, makes an excellent dog services several such as assistance dogs for the deaf, guide dogs, Therapy Dogs.

Are very good companions for people who understand what they need, the Portuguese Water Dog it is not a dog for everyone. Due to his intelligence and the need for unity in the work, require regular intensive exercise, as well as the mental challenges. They are kind and patient, but not “teleadictos”, physical inactivity and boredom can awaken destructive behaviors.

Recently, the race gained an unexpected publicity after the family of the President of United States, Barack Obama, choose a Portuguese Water Dog as a pet. The dog, called Bo, was presented to the public 14 of April 2009, due to the great interest shown by the media.

Did you know??

The Portuguese Water Dog used to be the fisherman's best friend, helping to push the fish into networks, to retrieve objects that fell to the water and to carry messages from ship to ship.

Valuations "Portuguese Water Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Portuguese Water Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images Portuguese Water Dog

Videos Portuguese Water Dog

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 3: Water Dogs. .

Federations:

  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC


  • FCI breed standard "Portuguese Water Dog"

    FCIFCI - Portuguese Water Dog
    Dog

    Alternative names:

    1. Water Dog, Portie, PWD (English).
    2. chien d’eau, chien pêcheur portugais (French).
    3. Portugiesischer Wasserhund (German).
    4. Cão d’Água, Cão Pescador Português, Cão d’Água Algarvio (Portuguese).
    5. Cão de agua português (español).

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    German Spaniel
    Alemania FCI 104 . Flushing Dogs

    German Spaniel

    The German Spaniel it is very appreciated especially for hunting.

    Content

    History

    The study of the history of hunting teaches us that centuries ago there were hunting dogs very similar to the current one. German Spaniel. At that time they were used to hunt.

    Breeding of the controlled breed in a studbook began in the early 20th century, with a few suitable bitches. The first representative of the German Spaniel was Mr. Augusta 1834 L, a Staufenberg dog in Upper Bavaria.

    At first there were only brown dogs with partial white markings and dogs with white markings.. The latter had small red spots on the head and limbs, calls “fire marks”. It was the bitch Baby auf de Schanze 1838 L the one that introduced the roan in the race. Rudolf Friess, a dog fancier who for decades had a major influence on the breeding of the German Spaniel, introduced separate breeding of brown and roan varieties.

    Despite the narrow initial breeding base, put in place an essential requirement to avoid damage due to inbreeding through selective mating. The separation of the two colors is also justified by a certain disparity in the natural qualities of the German Spaniel. Chestnut trees were easier to drive over short distances and more persistent on the track, while the roans had a highly developed penetration at long distances.

    These different natural gifts are no longer a reliable differential criterion today, since in the meantime, for many reasons, there have been repeated crosses between the two color varieties. But, in principle, the separation still maintains a certain reserve of unrelated blood within the race today.

    The German Spaniel it is and continues to be bred by hunters and for hunters as a hunting dog with great versatility.

    Photo: “German Spaniel” by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/wachtelhund-jagdhund-stöberhund-4604508/

    Physical characteristics

    The German Spaniel it is a medium sized hunting dog, longhair, very muscular, with a noble head and strong bones. In general, they are longer than they are tall, but they should never give the impression of being tall.

    Lively and very passionate about hunting, friendly and self-assured in their natural environment, very docile and very adaptable; neither shy nor aggressive.

    The German Spaniel in some points:

    – Has a well developed piercing,

    – follow the path of hunting big and small with will and perseverance,

    – give voice without hesitation,

    – has a fine nose,

    – he likes rapport and water,

    – has a bite for hunting and vermin,

    – Trained and properly managed, hunt without deviating from course over long distances; works as a Bloodhound and in the search for lost pieces; is a versatile hunting dog for tracking and hunting in ditches, heavily wooded areas and in the water. Since the beginning of the supervised breeding, the ability to stop has not been taken into account.

    The coat is strong, glued, mostly wavy, occasionally also curly (Astrakhan), or long, flat with thick undercoat; not too long, especially not fine or silky; on the nape, often curled on the ears and rump; well furnished hindquarters and tail; the presence of a frill around the neck is frequent; the belly is also well provided with hair; muzzle and cranial region have short but tight hair; the ears are covered with curls or tight, wavy hair that extends beyond the edge of the pinna; the interdigital spaces have a tight hair but not too long.

    The “German Spaniel” it is bred in two color varieties:

    – Solid brown, more rarely also red; often with white or mottled markings on the chest and toes.
    – Brown roan, more rarely also red roan; the background color consists of brown hairs, possibly red, intimately mixed with white hairs; often the head is brown, possibly red, with spots or also a mantle that extends all over the back ; this color variety includes variegated coats with a white background and large brown spots, possibly red, also the so-called dogs “Tiger”, in which the white background is also mottled or mottled with small tufts of brown hair, possibly red; the latter can perfectly descend from monocolor parents.

    All shades and variations of red are included in this term (red fox, red deer, red deer).

    SIZE AND WEIGHT :

  • Males 48-54 cm.
  • females 45-52 cm.
  • Varies in relation to size, between some 18 and 25 kg.

    Character and skills

    Robust, brave, can work on all terrains, mainly forests and swamps. Active tracker, bush hunter, screaming on the road, he specializes in hunting small game but also in tracking foxes and large animals. He is a good collector, it is also a trail dog, able to search for wounded game. Loving, is appreciated as a companion. He is self-assured in his natural environment., while being endowed with a great capacity for adaptation.

    They are not shy or aggressive, but they need a strong education that starts soon.

    Education

    Kind, affectionate and docile, the German Spaniel has these wonderful predispositions by nature. But with one condition, and not the least. Because this dog needs a lot more exercise, education and activity from the beginning of what a family or active people can offer. Being on the go is not enough. The German Spaniel want more. It can and should do more than just be a family dog. Idleness goes against their nature. You need qualified training as a hunting dog that will challenge you mentally and physically. If you are successful, this passionate hunter will prove to be an obedient and loyal companion.

    Health

    The German Spaniel have a slight predisposition to hip dysplasia. Breeders are very careful not to breed animals with this predisposition. This will greatly reduce this deficiency.

    On the other hand, floppy ears predispose this dog to ear infections (and more for dogs used to getting into the water).

    Grooming

    The coat of the German Spaniel is perfectly adapted to your lifestyle. Dirt doesn't seem to stick to hair, even if he walks through the bushes for hours. A weekly brushing is enough. He usually decides when it's time to bathe. Showering in summer is a moment of well-being that you enjoy.

    Characteristics "German Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "German Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "German Spaniel"

    Photos:

    1 – Deutscher Wachtel by Steffen Heinz (Caronna), CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4748569/
    3 – German Spaniel by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Deutscher_Wachtel.jpg
    4 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-hund-haustier-5753477/
    5 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4763510/
    6 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4905048/

    Videos "German Spaniel"

    German Spaniel (German Quail Dog)
    German Spaniel (Deutscher Wachtelhund)
    Training German Spaniel - Ayrin from Jiříčký luk
    Training German Spaniel

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers


    FCI breed standard "German Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - German Spaniel
    Perdiguero

    Alternative names:

    1. Deutscher Wachtelhund (German quail dog) (English).
    2. Chien d’oysel (French).
    3. Deutscher Wachtel (German).
    4. (em alemão: Deutscher Wachtelhund) (Portuguese).
    5. Spaniel alemán, (en alemán deutscher wachtelhund) (español).

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    Romagna Water Dog
    Italia FCI 298 . Water Dogs

    Romagna Water Dog

    The Romagna Water Dog not suitable for sedentary people or living in the city.

    Content

    History

    The Lagotto Romagnolo, or “Romagna Water Dog”, descended from the Italian dogs that were used to recover game from the water. In fact, your name means “Dog of the lakes of Romagna” in Italian, reflecting its original use and the northern Italian region from which it came, the Romaña.

    It was used at least since the Italian Renaissance for this task, especially in the swamps and lagoons present in his native region. In addition to keeping their masters company and watching over their homes, he was also very good at recovering dead ducks that were in the water. They are the Italian equivalent of the Spanish Spaniel and the Irish Spaniel.. Many specialists believe that Romagna Water Dog is the oldest breed of Retrievers and that it is the distant ancestor of many more recent races, as the Golden Retriever, the Portuguese Water Dog and the Poodle. It is also believed to be one of the oldest Italian dog breeds.

    The first trace of a similar animal dates back to the 15th century, and more specifically to 1474, in a fresco called Parete dell’Incontro, painted by italian Andrea Mantegna. It was also described by the philosopher Erasmus (1466 – 1536) and appeared in some works of the engraver Marcantonio Raimondi (1480 – 1534).

    Later, in the XVIII century, the famous naturalist Carl von Linné (1707-1778) described a Mediterranean Spaniel that closely resembled the Romagna Water Dog.

    Towards the end of the 19th century, much of the marshes in the area were drained into farmland, leaving the Romagna Water Dog jobless. But, farmers and other owners soon discovered that he had a great talent for finding truffles, highly appreciated in the world of gastronomy. In fact, this dog's excellent sense of smell, combined with his thick fur that protected him from the branches, brambles and other weeds, made it very efficient. This change of use also implied certain changes in the traits of the breed: his primitive hunting instinct weakened, while he developed an iron concentration very useful in the search for truffles. These two facts were combined so that you would not be distracted by the game when you were working.

    But, the number of people searching for truffles was much less than the number of people hunting. As a result, the breed's population decreased dramatically, so that by the middle of the 20th century there were only a few Romagna Water Dog. It also, truffle hunters weren't really interested in developing a breed in their own right: as long as the dog was good at his task, they seemed fine. Consequently, at the beginning of the 20th century there was a certain decrease in interest in the selection of this dog and several poorly thought-out crosses were made with other breeds.

    The rescue and diffusion of the breed in the 20th century

    Over the years 70, some thought that the Lagotto Romagnolo had completely disappeared. But, there were still some in Italy, and some passionate breeders took important steps to preserve them. The group was led by Quintino Toschi, breeder and judge of Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI), the main canine organization in the country. With the support of the veterinarian Antonio Marsiano and from another lover of the Lagotto, Lodovico Babini, a selection program was launched to save the dog from the extinction that hung over him. In 1988, they founded a breed club, the Club Italiano Lagotto, and they did a great job to get the breed to develop again in good condition.

    The work carried out by this group was a success and allowed the Lagotto Romagnolo was recognized by the ENCI in 1992.

    Then it began to be known and spread abroad, particularly in Europe (France, Switzerland, Germany, Finland, Great Britain…), but also much beyond, as in Australia and the United States. Although in some of these countries truffles are not as abundant as in Romagna, the Lagotto found its place in families as a guard and companion dog. It is also possible to find them - although much more rarely- in the water courses, as hunting retrievers.

    The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognized the breed provisionally in 1995. Ten years later, in 2005, granted him full recognition.

    In 1997, was founded the Unione Mondiale dei Club Lagotto Romagnolo (Lagotto Romagnolo Club World Union), in view of the worldwide expansion of the breed. Chaired by the Dr. Giovanni Morsiani, allowed to preserve the original traits of the breed and coordinate quality breeding programs around the world.

    That same year a breed club was founded in the United States., the Lagotto Club of America.

    In 2001, the American Kennel Club (AKC) agreed to enroll the Lagotto in its Foundation Stock Service, a prerequisite for full recognition that occurred in 2015. The other reference organization in the United States, the United Kennel Club (UKC), recognized her in 2006.

    in Canada, the Lagotto Romagnolo debuted in 1999. The first specimen imported into the country came from a famous Italian kennel called Farnie. That same year a first calf was created in Alberta. Others followed him in 2000 and 2004, respectively in Ontario and Nova Scotia. Although these pioneer hatcheries no longer exist today, contributed greatly to the spread of the breed in the Canadian territory. The breed was provisionally recognized in 2012 by the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), and then definitely in 2016.

    Finally, en el Reino Unido, the romanian spaniel was accepted by the prestigious Kennel Club in the year 2000.

    Photo: “Lagotto romagnolo” of 6 meses by XTY78, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Distribution and popularity

    After having been on the verge of extinction half a century ago, the Romagna Water Dog seems to be as popular today in its home country as it was at some point in its history, and it is even more and more successful.

    Like this, while the number of annual registrations in the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI) was around the 1.500 early in the decade 2010, reached the 2.000 in 2014 and even approached the 2.500 at the end of the decade.

    In France, the Romagna Water Dog has quickly conquered hearts. At the beginning of the 21st century, the number of dogs registered each year in the LOF (Book of French Origins) you could count on the fingers of one hand. A midyear 2000 he was already in his fifties, and then shot up to exceed 300 at the end of the decade. The success of Lagotto did not stop in the decade of 2010, quite the contrary: they ended up with some 500 births per year.

    In Switzerland, the Lagotto is also well represented. According to statistics from the official Amicus database, in 2017 was the 28th most represented breed in the country, at around 3.500 animals.

    On the other hand, in the UK it is much more discreet, although it seems that it begins to break through. Since the decade of 2000 until early next, there was no more than 20 or 30 births per year registered in the Kennel Club. But, this figure reached about 50 in the mid 2010, and then tripled in no time, to the point of ending the decade with more than 150 by year.

    The Lagotto Romagnolo it is also small in the United States. The Lagotto Romagnolo ranks in the middle of the breed ranking based on number of annual AKC registrations, around the post 100.

    But, the breed has spread throughout the world in recent decades, with a success in some countries that was not easy to imagine. This is the case of Australia, where the first records in the Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC) go back to the year 2000. Just fifteen years later, in the middle of the Decade of 2010, the organization already counted between 300 and 400 annual births.

    Physical characteristics

    The Lagotto Romagnolo it is a small to medium sized dog, solid build and rather square profile. In fact, its length should be approximately equal to its height at the withers. They give an overall impression of robustness and strength.

    The back is straight and muscular, with a strong and slightly convex loin. The chest is well developed and reaches to the elbows.

    The tail is covered with stiff, woolly hair.. It is not too high or too low and reaches the level of the hocks.

    The front legs are well muscled with a fine but robust bone structure. Their feet are rounded and compact, with clenched fingers. As for the hind legs, they are very powerful, while still being well proportioned. The feet are a little more oval than the front ones, with slightly less arched fingers. On all legs, the pads are very resistant, the claws well curved and solid.

    The skull is quite wide and slightly convex when viewed from the side. Neck is strong, muscular and much more massive in males than in females.

    The ears are medium-sized and triangular in shape, but rather rounded at the tips. They are hanging and reach the level of the dog's jaws.

    The eyes are round, large and quite far apart. Its color can be ocher, dark brown or hazelnut. Then already Romagna Water Dog a very attentive and lively expression.

    The muzzle is quite wide and slightly shorter than the skull. Finish off with a nose that can range from flesh-colored to dark brown., it is quite large and has large nostrils.

    The lips are rather thin and covered with long and somewhat bristly whiskers.. They cover powerful scissor-shaped jaws.

    The skin is quite fine and pigmented. Goes from very light to dark brown, according to coat color.

    The coat consists, first, in a highly water resistant underlayer. It is covered by a very dense top layer, curly and woolly. The tight curls give the impression that the dog is disheveled all over the body. The curls are a little looser on the head, showing the beard, the mustache and bushy eyebrows.

    The coat can be whitish, white with brown or orange highlights, orange red, brownish red or completely brown (in any shade of this color). Tan markings are also allowed in all shades, regardless of the dog's coat color.

    It is worth mentioning that the fur of the Lagotto Romagnolo takes time to acquire its characteristic appearance, since it is not until 2 or 3 years of age. In effect, her curls form only very gradually; when he is still a puppy, its fur is very soft.

    Last, the breed is characterized by a certain sexual dimorphism. In addition to having a more solid neck than the female, the male is usually taller and more massive than the female.

    Size and weight
      ▷ Male size: 43 – 48 cm.
      ▷ female size: 41 – 46 cm..
      ▷ Male weight: 13 – 16 kg
      ▷ female weight: 11 – 14 kg

    Character and skills

    The Lagotto Romagnolo is smart and lively, but he is also close to his family, with which he enjoys.

    This is especially true of the very young., which makes it a very good dog breed choice for children. Their high energy level allows you to spend hours playing with them without getting tired. But, as with any of his peers, should never be left alone with a young child without adult supervision. This is all the more true as it has a relatively high energy level and could, for example, unintentionally pushing or even knocking down your young partner.

    The Romagna Water Dog he also gets along very well with other dogs, whether they live in the same house or just pass each other on a walk. Having largely lost the strong hunting instinct of a few centuries ago, they can also get along with other animals such as cats, rodents and birds. If you have to share your home with one of them, coexistence is so much easier as it is established as soon as you get home. In any case, it is important to socialize him well from an early age and get him used to meeting representatives of other species: so you will have less desire to chase them throughout your life. In any case, if he is not well socialized and his hunting instinct tends to prevail, or if you do not respond perfectly to the call for attention, it may be preferable to walk it on a leash than in freedom.

    The sense of smell is not the only one that is very acute in this dog. In fact, he also has excellent hearing, that allows you to hear from afar anyone who approaches you. It also, fully fulfills the role of alert dog, barking and warning his owner as soon as an unknown person approaches his house. But, your role ends there: as it is not one of those who threaten or impress, not really a good watchdog.

    The Lagotto Romagnolo tends to keep some distance from strangers at first, even if they are invited by their master and the introductions are done correctly: it may be a while before they trust. But, once well socialized and educated, he ends up getting used to their presence and is very friendly with them. In fact, some of the breed representatives are open enough to be used as psychological support dogs, visiting hospitals, schools or even prisons, and bringing comfort wherever they go.

    To accept new people, you have to be comfortable in your own home, as well as on their paws. As such, should be physically active for at least one hour daily, for example, through walks, games, puzzles or dog sports like agility or flyball. His physical abilities and his resistance also allow him to happily accompany the sportsmen in their races., mountain bike rides or hikes. But, it can also be a good match for retired people, as long as they stay active enough and can get it out enough every day. In any case, how you tend to get bored easily, It is convenient to offer you varied activities and regularly change the places of your walk.

    Swimming is also a great way to get your dog to exercise.. In fact, the centuries that it has spent being used as a waterfowl retriever explain that it is a dog that loves water. He loves to swim and enjoys every moment he spends in a lake or river. One of his favorite games is to go to find and recover the objects that his master throws into the water..

    If you are not given enough opportunity to exercise and get bored, or if it suffers a lack of attention from its owners (either because they are absent too often and for too long, or because they neglect him), the Romagna Water Dog is likely to develop a number of undesirable behaviors. In particular, may start barking untimely and become excessively loud. If you have access to a garden, can start digging holes to search for objects or food under the ground. Degrading objects or stealing food are also part of their history. All these behaviors are the sign of a psychological distress that is important to treat, and for which the owner is often responsible.

    On the other hand, as long as their care and physical activity needs are respected, the Romagna Water Dog he is a very affectionate companion, that he does not stop appreciating the most cuddly moments and that he is very calm.

    It also, as long as I have enough outings and activities, can be fully adapted to life in the city and in an apartment, although the ideal environment for him is still a house with access to a garden. But, it is not a question of relegating it to the bottom of the garden, for example in a kennel: I would hardly tolerate it and it would be very likely that symptoms of separation anxiety would appear.

    Last, It should be noted that the female of the Lagotto Romagnolo reaches psychological maturity long before the male.

    Education

    The Lagatto Romagnolo he is intelligent and devoted: very eager to please, he has in his heart to understand what his owner wants, and meet your expectations. This makes it an easy dog ​​to train and suitable even for a beginner..

    The most experienced people can go a long way in their education, because it was selected to quickly understand complex commands. It is not by chance that he often shines in obedience competitions.

    Having said that, the practice in which you can excel the most is, of course, the hunt for truffles, allowing you to exploit your developed sense of smell. This does not require a great effort, since it is very easy to train a truffle dog, as long as you know how to do it.

    Whatever your future mission, it is best to base the training of the Romagna Water Dog in fun and varied exercises. In effect, his intelligence and alertness mean that he can get bored quickly if the sessions are repetitive. It is also important not to go for methods that are too strict for your taste.; it is better to bet on positive reinforcement, that motivates you to learn and makes things easier.

    In any case, the fact that he is docile and obedient does not exempt you from having clear house rules, and to teach you quickly. As with any dog, You have to decide from the beginning what you can do and what you are not allowed to do., and try to keep it after, that is to say, be consistent over time. This consistency should also apply from one family member to another.: everyone must enforce the same rules, uniformly. If these conditions are not respected, the child is likely confused, having difficulty understanding what is expected of him, what is and what is not allowed.

    Health

    The Lagotto Romagnolo it is a generally resistant dog: when you are not experiencing any major health problems, can live long enough until 17 years, which is significantly above the average of its congeners that have such a template.

    It also, its thick coat protects it not only from water and humidity, but also from the cold. Therefore, it can live very well in significantly less accommodating climates than its native Italy., its origins explain why it is not particularly sensitive to high temperatures.

    Despite his generally good health, It, like all races, particularly susceptible to certain diseases, in this case, is about:

    • The Hip Dysplasia, a disease whose onset may be favored by a hereditary predisposition, which especially affects medium to large sized dogs.This is an abnormal conformation of the hip joint, that can cause pain, lameness and some difficulty moving.It also promotes the formation ofosteoarthritis aAs the animal ages, if the problem is detected early, some surgeries can delay the effects of the disease or relieve symptoms;
    • The Dysplasiadelcodo, a developmental problem of the elbow joint that causes pain or lameness., also leads to the development ofosteoarthritis.Like hip, a hereditary predisposition can increase the probability of its occurrence. It is possible to limit the consequences thanks to a surgical intervention, to be done as soon as possible;
    • The juvenile epilepsy, an inherited disease of the nervous system characterized by seizures, generally observable from the first 5 to 9 puppy weeks.In most cases, symptoms go away on their own around the 4 months of age, although some dogs with the disease continue to experience occasional episodes of seizures well into adulthood.The gene that originates it is particularly widespread in Lagotto Romagnolo: according to the data provided by the laboratories that carry out the tests that allow the disease to be identified (Optigen in the United States, Mydogdna in Germany and Genoscoper in Finland) 46. % of the representatives of the tested breed carry it., only 3% of the total population actually suffer from the symptoms of the disease;
    • The ataxia cerebelosa, a neurological disease causing an inherited movement coordination disorder., it is also a source of involuntary muscle contractures problems.There is no treatment forla ataxia cerebelosa, whose symptoms worsen and lead todog euthanasiaabout two years after its appearance;
    • Abiotrofia cerebelosa, a nerve condition that can be inherited and is caused by the degeneration of certain brain cells. Its main symptoms are tremors and inappropriate movements, especially when facing an obstacle.There is no cure for this disease, but it does not cause physical suffering to the dog. However, as the situation progressively worsens, there comes a time when the disability is too severe, so euthanasia is recommended;
    • Distrofia neuroaxonal, which corresponds to an accumulation of various substances in neurons. It is the particular cause of head tremors, balance disorders or even falls. These symptoms usually appear in the puppy's first month. There is no treatment for this potentially hereditary disease, which very often leads to the euthanasia of the animal;
    • Lysosomal storage disease, an inherited neurological disorder that often leads to euthanasia., is at the origin of uncoordinated movements and loss of balance. According to a study published in 2015 in the scientific journal PLOS Genetics and entitled “Missense in the ATG4D gene links aberrant autophagy with neurodegenerative vacuolar storage disease“, approximately 12% of the Lagotti are carriers of the genetic mutation at the origin of this disease There is no cure and things are only getting worse;Therefore, an affected subject dies very young or ends up being euthanized.
    • The waterfall, a disease causing progressive loss of vision due to clouding of the lens, sometimes inherited and mainly affecting the elderly, can be cured with surgery;
    • Infections ofear (otitis, etc.), due to the hanging shape of his ears.

    It also, the Romagna Water Dog also poses a risk of being overweight. Not to be taken lightly, since being overweight can lead to various health problems, but also aggravate pathologies already present in the affected animal.

    But, Many of the diseases to which the breed is exposed are or may be of hereditary origin., the utmost vigilance is required when choosing acreator of Lagotto Romagnolo.A professional worthy of the name, as well as ensuring that your puppies benefit from good socialization from their first weeks, is committed to maximizing the chances that they will be and stay healthy. To achieve this, is in charge of carefully selecting its breeders, making them pass various genetic tests to avoid any transmission to their descendants of a possible hereditary defect., must be able to present the results of such tests, that may also have been done on the little ones themselves., must present a veterinary certificate attesting to the good health of the puppy whose adoption is being considered, as well as your health or vaccination history, the latter in particular confirms that the animal has received the various required vaccinations.

    Once the latter returns to his new home, It is worth remembering that a dog is particularly vulnerable during its first few months., inappropriate physical activities (too long and / or too intense) can easily cause injury, but also affect the proper development of bones and joints, with potentially long-lasting consequences., it is better to wait for him to reach adulthood to take him for long walks or hunt for truffles for hours, for example. This is even more true that this breed is particularly prone to some joint problems (Hip Dysplasiaandelbow dysplasia).

    From then on, it is not because you are an adult that you should no longer worry about your health. Throughout your life, should benefit like any dog ​​from rigorous monitoring, including a visit to the vet once a year, and even more regularly when you are older, this allows the professional to perform a complete check-up of your health, and sometimes detect a problem that a less informed eye like the owner's could not, yet, This is also the perfect time to take any booster dose.

    In addition to the diseases against which the latter protect you, it is also necessary to ensure that you are permanently protected against parasites and the risks they imply.So, It is the responsibility of the owner to renew the antiparasitic treatments of his companion throughout the year.This is even more important for people who spend a lot of time outdoors..

    Life expectancy

    13 years

    Food

    Feeding a Romagna Water Dog not particularly difficult: a balanced and good quality industrial feed is perfectly adequate. But, it is important to choose products and establish portions adapted to their age, health and physical activity level.

    The latter can vary significantly during the year, especially in the case of an individual used for truffle hunting during the winter season. It is then necessary to adjust upwards the amount of food that is given each day, so that you benefit from a sufficient energy supply and can work in good conditions. On the other hand, once the period in question has ended, servings should return to normal level, to prevent you from suffering from overweight problems.

    When the dog is young, the ration must be adapted to the growth period in which it is. This is especially important because an inappropriate diet could be detrimental to the puppy's physical development.: if the food is too rich or is given in too large quantities, could grow too fast, which could lead to joint problems. Otherwise, insufficient nutrition could cause deficiencies and growth problems.

    This is especially true because the Lagotto Romagnolo is easily prone to obesity. That is why it is important to pay attention to the evolution of your weight and weigh it twice a month.. If a discrepancy is observed, which is confirmed or even increased in the following measurements, it is necessary to visit the vet. Only a professional can safely determine the cause of weight gain, which may not be related to the dog's diet or activity level, but with a disease or a treatment, for example. Once the cause of the problem has been identified, the vet will be able to advise how to remedy it and return the dog to a healthy weight.

    In any case, the fact that the Romagna Water Dog being prone to obesity implies that some caution should be exercised regarding the use of treats, although they can be very useful, especially in the context of training. The ideal is to opt for low-calorie products and deduct their caloric intake from your daily ration.

    This propensity to be overweight also justifies dividing your daily ration into multiple meals.: even if I have a sweet tooth, less likely to order food when you know another is waiting for you later.

    Last, like any dog, the Lagotto Romagnolo a bowl of clean, fresh water should always be available to you.

    Grooming

    The Lagotto Romagnolo is covered in thick, curly fur that needs a lot of maintenance.

    First of all, it is necessary to brush it about twice a week, to avoid knot formation. The longer the coat, more important is to take the opportunity to examine it to remove dirt and other weeds, and undo the knots, especially around the joints: this will prevent injury or irritation caused by rubbing. It is also a good idea to get in the habit of examining your fur after a long period in a humid environment or with very dense vegetation..

    On the other hand, sheds very little and has no seasonal molting periods. If we add to this that he does not drool much, This makes it an especially appreciated companion for people who are very attached to cleanliness., but also for those who suffer from allergies. Thus, are often presented as a hypoallergenic dog breed, but you have to remember that none of them is 100% hypoallergenic and that the amount of allergens emitted can vary significantly from one individual to another, even within the same race. So, there is nothing to replace a test in real conditions, consisting of spending a few hours in the company of the animal whose adoption is being considered.

    Regarding the bathroom, a monthly frequency is adequate to keep the dog's coat clean. Lagotto Romagnolo, without affecting its natural ability to resist water and inclement weather. But, it is important to use a mild shampoo specially designed for dogs, otherwise your skin will be damaged, and do not dry or brush it after bathing, which could damage her beautiful curls.

    It also, their hairs grow quickly and require regular trimming, at the rate of some 3 or 4 times a year. The latter can be done by a professional dog groomer or directly by its owner., if he knows how to do it.

    Ears of the Lagotto Romagnolo require rigorous maintenance, since its hanging shape and the hairs that grow around it constitute fertile ground for the development of infections caused by the accumulation of moisture and dirt. So, it is imperative to examine and clean them weekly, as well as after every long outing in nature. This is especially important if the animal has been in a humid environment or has been swimming., and it is important to dry it well. It also, it is recommended to regularly trim the hair around the ears to prevent wax and dirt from settling there.

    You should also check your eyes weekly and clean the area around them if they are dirty.. Hair around the eyes can cause infections to develop there too. If to that we add that they can obstruct the vision of the dog, the interest of cutting them regularly is easily understood.

    Regarding the teeth, they must be brushed regularly to avoid the formation of dental plaque, which can itself be the cause of many oral problems. The ideal is daily brushing and, in any case, it is better not to brush less than once a week. In any case, it is advisable to systematically use a toothpaste intended for the canine species.

    The claws of the Lagotto Romagnolo they tend to be much less demanding in terms of maintenance, especially if you spend a lot of time outdoors: this usually allows them to file naturally. But, it is convenient to make sure that it really is so. In fact, if they get too long, can hinder the dog's movements, and even hurt you a lot if they break. If you hear them rubbing against the ground when walking on hard surfaces, It is a sign that you have to cut them manually.

    Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or even claws, take care of a Lagotto Romagnolo requires mastering a series of gestures. If they are not necessarily complex, better make sure you do them correctly, not only for good results, but also and above all so as not to risk hurting your partner, or even injure him. So, the first time it may be wise to make an appointment with the vet or a groomer, to learn from a professional how to proceed. In any case, it is advisable to accustom your pet to this type of manipulation as soon as possible, Since, otherwise, maintenance sessions could be especially unpleasant for you.

    Utility

    Originally, the Lagotto Romagnolo used -and selected- to retrieve game that fell into the water. This selection explains its particularly waterproof coat and its very pronounced taste for swimming..

    Since the end of the 19th century, after the drying up of many swamps in its Romagna natal, dedicates body and soul to the search for truffles. Today, it is the only breed of dog that is bred specifically for this task. Her highly developed sense of smell and her innate propensity to search by digging holes make her a true expert in this field..

    He is also an excellent companion dog today, that is sociable and easy to train. They are suitable for beginners and are especially suited to families, especially those who are quite active. They are especially popular with those allergic to dogs, since they shed very little hair and only release a small amount of allergenic proteins. But, no dog can be considered 100% hypoallergenic, therefore compatibility cannot be guaranteed: there is nothing to replace a trial period of several hours with the person whose adoption is being considered.

    Wide awake, the Lagotto Romagnolo It is also an excellent alert dog that does not hesitate to bark when an unfamiliar person approaches its home. On the other hand, can't really take on the role of watchdog, since they are not aggressive or threatening to strangers, and it would be very unlikely that they would chase them away.

    On the other hand, His excellent sense of smell obviously works wonders in crawling competitions and, of course, in the romps. They can also be distinguished in dog sports that highlight their great energy and intelligence., like agility, flyball or obedience.

    Last, due to his friendly and always uniform temperament, sometimes used as a therapy dog, for example in hospitals, schools or prisons.

    Price

    In France and Belgium, the price of a puppy Lagotto Romagnolo ranges between 800 and 1.500 EUR, and the average is about 1.100 EUR.

    in your country of origin, Italy, you have to tell about 600 to 1400 EUR. For a person who doesn't live very far, import may be an option to consider, since there are many more farms there, and therefore a greater offer.

    in Canada, breeders usually ask for an amount that is around 2400 canadian dollars. But, patience is often necessary, since the small number of breeders in the country makes it common to find yourself on a waiting list. This is especially true if you are looking for a puppy of a certain color..

    The amount to pay to adopt a puppy from Lagotto Romagnolo in the United States it ranges from 1.800 and 2.500 American dollars.

    In the case of an import from abroad, It is advisable to bear in mind that additional costs must be added to the purchase price: administrative expenses, quarantine, transport…

    In any case, whatever the country, the price that is asked depends on the prestige of the kennel and the lineage from which the puppy comes, as well as its intrinsic characteristics, especially on the physical plane, that is to say, its greater or lesser conformity with the standard. It also, it is this point that explains why important price differences are sometimes observed within the same litter.

    Characteristics "Romagna Water Dog"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Romagna Water Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Romagna Water Dog"

    Photos:

    1 – “Romagna Water Dog” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/lagotto-romagnolo-perro-cachorro-4272671/
    2 – “Romagna Water Dog” at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – “Romagna Water Dog” La Gottis Campione by Flickr
    4 – “Romagna Water Dog” by Rdo01, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – “Romagna Water Dog” during the dog show in Katowice, Polonia by Lilly M, CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – “Romagna Water Dog” 2½ year old female by Entheta, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Romagna Water Dog"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
    • Section 3: Water Dogs. .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 3: Water Dogs
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


    FCI breed standard "Romagna Water Dog"

    FCIFCI - Romagna Water Dog
    Dog

    Alternative names:

    1. Lagotto Romagnolo (English).
    2. Lagotto Romagnolo, Lagotto (French).
    3. Lagotto Romagnolo (German).
    4. Lagotto romagnolo (Portuguese).
    5. Lagotto romagnolo, Lagotto de Romagna, Perro de laguna de Romagna (español).

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