German Longhaired Pointer
Alemania FCI 117 . Spaniel type

German Longhaired Pointer

The first thing to keep in mind is that the German Longhaired Pointer is a head to toe hunting dog.

Content

History

The German Longhaired Pointer It is one of the oldest German pointing breeds. Long-haired hunting dogs can already be seen in ancient hunting paintings and tapestries from the Middle Ages, which are very similar to the current ones “Pointing Dogs” German. These dogs were used primarily as hunting dogs to stalk, but also for catching small game in nets.

It is purebred since 1879. On the occasion of an exhibition of the association for the refinement of dog breeds in Hannover, the characteristics of the breed were established, the breed standard. The breed was based on five different breeding lines, bearing the names of authorized stallions that already corresponded to the breed standard at that time.

The German Longhaired Pointer has earned the name of “Old forest dog” in particular for its ability to do very good tracking jobs, to warn the hunter with loud barks when searching and to bring lost animals by following their blood trail. Working in the water is also one of its strengths, which is appreciated by hunters.

Photo: A German long hair called Falko by Wikimedia

Physical characteristics

The breed is bred in brown, Brown and white, and brown and white. The best known and most common is the German Longhaired Pointer pure brown, which may also have white markings on the chest or legs. Taupe comes in gradations from light gray to dark gray and the rare trout gray color variant.

The German Longhaired Pointer it is usually a strong dog, muscular, low constitution and with harmonious body shapes. Males usually have a shoulder height of 63 – 66 cm., the females of 60 – 63 cm.. Has brown eyes, long, well-edged hocks and a tail with a beautiful flag. Your coat should be of medium length and not too lush.

Character and skills

The first thing to keep in mind is that the German Longhaired Pointer he's a hunting dog from head to toe. In the hands of a knowledgeable trainer, is a useful helper in hunting and later in a second job, a very good family dog. The breed is very fond of children and family. But this should not be misunderstood at all. Why “family friendly” does not mean “family dog”. It is a fairly pronounced working dog. The German Longhaired Pointer has the strong drive and willingness to work, either on the hunt or, if required, your substitute in the form of dog sports of all kinds. Therefore, It is not a dog for beginners nor a dog for people who do not want or cannot work intensively with it.

German Longhaired Pointer
“German Longhaired Pointer” during the international dog show in Katowice, Poland

In the practice of hunting, the German Longhaired Pointer is especially praised for its pronounced calm. Is a leading dog, resistant to nerves and of a calm and even-tempered nature. At the same time, he is a kind and peaceful friend with a high threshold for irritation.. However, the German Longhaired Pointer needs a consistent education, competent and sensitive to direct his high intelligence, alert senses and their pronounced willingness to act in the right channels. With such an appropriate atmosphere of character, this breed of dog is a great friend of children, a great family companion also outside of hunting or sports work and in any case a wonderful experience of the association of man and dog.

Aptitudes:

If occasionally offered simply as a family and apartment dog, one should approach such sellers with the utmost caution. Such offers certainly come from dubious sources. As a rule, a German Longhaired Pointer belongs to the hands of a hunter who works with him professionally. If you are not kept for the hunt, must keep busy with long walks in nature or challenges in dog sports. In addition, needs a personal connection with caregiver and family. If the hunting dog does not have a physical or mental challenge, in the long run this will lead to serious behavior problems. It does not belong to a multi-story building and not to the big city. In all other respects, he has no problems and his attitude is undemanding.

Education

A German Longhaired Pointer should only be trained by an experienced owner. It must absolutely come from a recognized breeding of the Association of “Pointing Dogs” German, where parents and puppies were already socialized for their tasks from the litter box onwards. In addition, you need to train and work professionally for hunting or suitable sporting purposes. Only dogs that have successfully passed the demanding fall breeding tests are allowed for breeding. “Schorlemer”. Ask at the breeding clubs of the German Longhaired Pointer.

Health

The race German Longhaired Pointer is served in an exemplary manner by its breeding clubs organized in the Deutsch-Langhaar-Verband. As a result, the average health of the dogs has no problem.

Grooming

Caring for a German Longhaired Pointer is undemanding. Regular brushing of the coat is sufficient.

Buy a “German Longhaired Pointer”

If you are thinking of buying a German Longhaired Pointer, you should be wondering if you can meet the requirements for an appropriate character attitude from this hunting dog. And what during 12 years and more will be your companion on a daily basis. Then you should contact the local breeders who are members of the “Deutsch-Langhaar-Verband“. A puppy of this breed costs around 1000 EUR.

Characteristics “German Longhaired Pointer”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “German Longhaired Pointer” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos “German Longhaired Pointer”

Kennels Obenstaat – Puppies German Longhaired Pointer – Introduction to water

“German Longhaired Pointer”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 117
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
  • CKCGrupo 1 – Sporting
  • ​KC – Hunting dog
  • UKCGun Dog

FCI breed standard “German Longhaired Pointer”

FCIFCI – “German Longhaired Pointer”
German long-haired pointing dog FCI

Alternative names:

    1. GLP, Pointer (German Longhaired), Langhaar (English).
    2. Langhaar (French).
    3. Deutsch-Langhaar (German).
    4. (em alemão: Deutsch Langhaar Vorstehhund) (Portuguese).
    5. Pointer de pelo largo (Spanish).

Portuguese Pointer
Portugal FCI 187 . Braque Type

Portuguese Pointer

The Portuguese Pointer He is extremely affectionate and very attached to children, it is also a very submissive dog.

Content

History

The Portuguese Pointer arose from Perdigueiro Peninsular, an ancient breed of Iberian dogs, its presence is documented since the 10th century, Its first appearance in art is on a Visigothic-Arab tombstone of the Church of San Juan Bautista de Tomar. Its evolution was the result of several factors such as adaptation to the climate, the type of hunting, the terrain and the selection introduced through the Portuguese cultural specificity.

In the fourteenth century, It was bred in the royal kennels and used for hunting Altaria, being known as “Podengo de mostra”, showing already the possibility of stopping before the hunt. In the 16th century (reign of D. Sebastião) its use by the popular classes was common (although prohibited). The constant bleeding in the working arms caused by the discoveries, the abandonment of the fields, hunger and change of habits, led the population to resort more to hunting for food and, as a result, to the use of Pointing Dogs, that they were “prohibited” for causing, thanks to its excellent qualities, serious damage to the vested interests of the royal house and the nobility.

In the 18th century, Many English families established a presence in the Porto region in the business of wine production and came into contact with the breed being brought to England where it played an important role in the origin of the Pointer.

At the end of the 19th century it suffered a certain decline, due to serious social upheavals and new tastes and contacts with the outside world, that gave projection to the foreign races that were then in fashion. But it is still represented in art objects (tinaja painted by D. Fernando II of Saxe-Coburg, Pena-Sintra), painting of King Luis and the princes in hunting clothes in the Palace of Ajuda, Lisbon), painting of a hunting trip of an Englishman in the Douro (Quinta de Gatão, Duero) or in artistic ceramics from the Real Fábrica do Rato (Pimenta Palace, Lisbon).

Only in 1920 some breeders strove to save the breed, locating some of the dogs in the inaccessible north of Portugal. The Portuguese pedigree book was then established in 1932 and the breed standard in 1938. For at least a thousand years, this dog always had the same square head, triangular ears and compact look.

Photo: “Portuguese Pointer” during the Dog World Show in Poznań. by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Portuguese Pointer comes in average proportions, straight, good guy, robust but with a harmonic conformation allied to the manifest elasticity of the movements.

The head is proportionate in relation to the body, well shaped and harmonious; seems to be big on the set. A little thick, However, it is neither bony nor thick and has loose and thin skin.

The coat is short and thick in most dogs, with a velvety texture on the ears and face .

Yellow in light varieties, common and dark, solid or white spotted on the head, the neck, chest and footwear.

In males, the height at the withers is 52 a 60 centimeters, the weight is 20 a 27 kg. In females the height is 48 a 56 centimeters and the weight is 16 a 22 kg.

Character and skills

Portuguese Pointer
An image of a “Portuguese Pointer”, a Portuguese hunting dog breed. The animal in the photo had 11 years when it was photographed.

The Portuguese Pointer he is an extremely gentle and affectionate dog, with great delivery capacity and very resistant. It is quiet, very sociable and a bit petulant in relation to other dogs. Works with vivacity and persistence and is curious by nature. He always keeps in touch with his hunter.

He moves with an easy step and is graceful. It is versatile in its function and very adaptable to various terrains, climates and types of hunting.

Extremely affectionate and very attached to children, it is also a very submissive dog. Can, for lack of education, do not obey gestures or orders. However, it's easy to train.

Health

The Portuguese Pointer has an average life expectancy of 14 years. It is considered a hardy breed with no specific health problems. However, hip dysplasia, lunation of the patella, cancer and autoimmune diseases are potential health problems for dogs of this size.

Characteristics “Portuguese Pointer”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Portuguese Pointer” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos “Portuguese Pointer”

O Perdigueiro português, um cão polivalente
Main characteristics of the “Portuguese Pointer”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 187
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
  • AKC – Bracco

FCI breed standard “Portuguese Pointer”

FCIFCI – “Portuguese Pointer”
FCI Portuguese retriever

Alternative names:

    1. Perdigueiro Português, Portuguese Pointer Dog (English).
    2. (French).
    3. (German).
    4. (Portuguese).
    5. (Spanish).

Deutsch Stichelhaar
Alemania FCI 232 . Braque Type

Deutsch Stichelhaar

The Deutsch Stichelhaar has a calm and balanced character.

Content

History

The Deutsch Stichelhaar It is the oldest breed of wire-haired dogs. The history of Deutsch Stichelhaar goes back many hundreds of years. Already in 1539 this breed of dog could be admired in the bronze engravings. In 1888 Hans Von Kaddisch showed that this breed is not a variety of the Shorthaired Pointer Dog, but the wire-haired counterpart of the Old German Wirehaired Pointer, and that it was selected and developed from few surviving subjects who had survived in Germany.

The breed club, founded in 1892 as the “Club Stichelhaar“, changed his name to “Verein Deutsch Stichelhaar” in 1976. Since the beginning, has applied the rules of purebred breeding from the beginning, and excludes any crossing with the English breeds.

Photo: The german pointing dog Deutsch Stichelhaar by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

GERMAN BRISTLE-HAIRED POINT DOG
Deutsch Stichelhaar

Males reach a withers height of 60 a 70 centimeters. Females are somewhat smaller, growing up to about 58 a 68 centimeters. The weight of a Deutsch Stichelhaar it is usually between 20 and 29 kg.

The coat of this dog is hard and bristly. Is loose and has a moderate undercoat. The Deutsch Stichelhaar comes in a variety of colors and patterns. They are often solid brown in color, or have a white patch on the chest. There are also light browns and grays. The dog's coat has a few 4 centimeters long.

The structure of this breed of dog is square and strong. Has a straight back line, leaning slightly towards the rump. The skull is widely built and slightly domed. The ears are smooth and hanging and have a high base. The appearance of the Deutsch Stichelhaar reminds a German Wirehaired Pointer.

Character and skills

The Deutsch Stichelhaar has a calm and balanced character. He is very easy to train and very willing to learn. His alertness and protective instincts are strong, but they can be controlled well.

The temperament of Deutsch Stichelhaar it is usually quiet. Your temperament manifests when your abilities are nurtured through regular training. When you bring a Deutsch Stichelhaar to your family, you have a new friendly roommate.

Your new pet is neither shy nor aggressive. If you keep your friend busy enough, will be a loyal companion. However, you must make it clear that you have the position of leader within the hierarchy. Only then will he be a loyal dog to you.

The Deutsch Stichelhaar it is very popular with hunters. However, not suitable as a pure family dog. How this breed of dog is very self-confident, you should also be a strong leader.

Training

The natural instincts of Deutsch Stichelhaar can be controlled well with proper training. The best way to do this is to train him to be a hunting dog.. The training of the Deutsch Stichelhaar it is much more complex than that of other dogs. Just visiting a normal dog school is not enough. Usually the Deutsch Stichelhaar it is only given to hunters for this reason.

Grooming

Health and Grooming

When it comes to grooming, the Deutsch Stichelhaar it is similar to many other hunting dogs. Therefore, the amount of grooming required is low. If you brush your four-legged friend's coat once a week, is perfectly enough. The Deutsch Stichelhaar it is very robust in health. Therefore, fortunately it is not very susceptible to disease.

Characteristics “Deutsch Stichelhaar”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Deutsch Stichelhaar” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos “Deutsch Stichelhaar”

Deutsch Stichelhaar
Deutsch Stichelhaar

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 232
  • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type

FCI breed standard “Deutsch Stichelhaar”

FCIFCI – “Deutsch Stichelhaar”
FCI hard hair griffin

Alternative names:

    1. German Roughhaired Pointer , Stichelhaar (English).
    2. Braque allemand à poil raide (French).
    3. Stichelhaar (German).
    4. (Portuguese).
    5. Perro de muestra alemán de pelo cerdoso (Spanish).

Estonian Hound
Estonia FCI 366 - Medium-sized Hounds

Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound they are extremely hardy hunting dogs used to long days in the woods

Content

History

The history of Estonian Hound (or Eesti Hagijas in the language of your country of origin) begins at the beginning of the 20th century in Estonia, when the crossing of english hounds, Poles and Finns used by local hunters gave rise to a large dog unofficially considered regional and ancestor of the current Eesti Hagijas.

Given the sharp decline in the population of large game and in order to reestablish it, in 1937 a law was passed that prohibited hunting with dogs over 45 cm to the cross, which in fact caused a change of orientation towards smaller animals, like foxes and hares. As a result, Estonian hunters and breeders had to breed smaller dogs than they had then, therefore, the breeding program was introduced Beagles, the Dachshunds and Swiss Hounds.

This law was amended three years later, in 1940: the maximum size was increased to 55 cm., and breeders stopped their efforts to miniaturize local hunting dogs.

In 1947, when Estonia was part of the USSR, the Soviet Ministry of Agriculture decided that all “republics” who made up Estonia had to have a local breed of dog. The Estonian hunting dog population was then estimated at around 900, and the intense selection helped to stabilize the characteristics of the breed that would become the Estonian Hound.

In 1954, the Ministry of Agriculture sent a specialized commission to Estonia to study the 648 specimens submitted by local breeders, and were clearly convinced: the first breed standard was approved by the Ministry a few months later. This year marked the official introduction of the Estonian Hound like a race, whose stamina and formidable nose were immediately emphasized.

After the collapse of the Soviet regime, Estonia gained independence and in 1998 la Estonian Kennel Club, the main canine association in the country, recognized race. Being the only native of the country, it was not surprising that it was granted national dog status.

The organization set out to make the breed known and recognized internationally. His efforts were crowned with success in 2019, cuando the International Cynological Federation (FCI) provisionally accepted the breed and published a standard. Having said that, there is still a long way to go, since it is not recognized, for example, by the prestigious British Kennel Club, nor by American reference organizations such as the United Kennel Club (UKC) o el American Kennel Club (AKC).

The Estonian Hound is popular in an area encompassing Estonia and nearby Russian regions, and its population is estimated at about 1200 individuals. It is still used there as a hunting dog and has also made a place in many homes as a pet.. However, has not yet conquered the rest of the world. Rare in europe, even in the neighboring countries of Estonia, is practically absent from the North American continent.

Photo: Estonian Hound by Marcin Błaszkowski, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Estonian-hound
Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound They are medium-sized hunting dogs that can easily be mistaken for the Beagle, one of the races that helped create them. However, they are bigger than the Beagle and they have a more pointed snout.

His powerful and muscular body is very long. Its solid bone legs are straight and almost half the size at the withers.. Saber-shaped tail flicks when in motion and remains fairly low, no higher than back level.

The head is quite wide at the level of the skull and the long muzzle ends in a very black nose. His slightly oblique eyes are more or less dark brown, while her long, thin ears fall along her cheeks.

The coat of the Estonian Hound is short, rough and shiny, with a moderately dense undercoat. Their fur is usually tricolor, with black spots with more or less wide red edges on a white background. However, the standard accepts bicolor individuals with completely red spots, without any trace of black. In all cases, the tips of the legs and tail should be white, as well as the throat and chest.

Sexual dimorphism is marked, the female being slightly longer than the male, which is taller in the legs and wider.

Physical characteristics

Estonian Hound
Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound he is particularly devoted to his family, who likes to spend time with. They are a breed of dog especially recommended for children: they love to interact with them and are very patient with them, they even accept having their tails or ears pulled. However, you should remember that interactions between a young child and a dog of any breed must be under the supervision of an adult.

This strong attachment to his family makes him not like loneliness, which can lead to separation anxiety. If you are often left home alone for long periods of time, not surprisingly you may experience destructive behavior.

A solution for a caregiver who is absent regularly during the day may be to provide a playmate. Made to hunt in a pack, the Estonian Hound they enjoy the company of other dogs. If they are used to its presence from an early age, They can also make friends with any feline in the house. On the other hand, as they have a strong hunting instinct, should not live with rabbits or other rodents.

Rather shy and not fond of novelty, the Estonian Hound they tend to bark at strangers and then observe their master's behavior from a distance. If he invites the newcomer to the house, comes to greet you politely, but stay reserved.

Extremely hardy hunting dogs used to long days in the woods, they need a lot of exercise to expend their great energy: a daily walk of one hour is a minimum for them. It is recommended to always keep it tied during these outings, as your excellent sense of smell often allows you to find an interesting track that you are likely to want to follow for hours, ignoring withdrawal orders. A dog owner who still wants to let him walk freely at this time should equip him with a GPS dog collar, so you can easily get your hands back on it if it disappears.

The Estonian Hound you can live in an apartment as long as you are outdoors often enough to satisfy your need for exercise, but he is much happier when he has a garden where he can patrol and play. However, this outdoor space must be well fenced to eliminate the risk of escape if you see potential prey to pursue.

A peculiarity of this dog is its need for routine and its aversion to novelty, which makes their behavior sometimes compared to that of domestic cats. This is not at all an appropriate choice for a master who wants to take their dog on vacation.: he is a poor traveler, you get stressed out when you get in the car and you don't like spending time in a place you don't know at all.

Last but not least, it is a breed of dog that barks often and forcefully. For the peace of the neighborhood, it is necessary to teach him from a young age not to bark for any reason and to shut up when ordered to do so.

Education

Estonian Hound
Estonian Hound

Like all its fellow men, the Estonian Hound must be socialized from an early age. This requires spending as much time with him as possible so that he meets all kinds of people (neighbors, family, friends, strangers…) And animals, but also so that you get used to the situations that you may face later.

This need to become very quickly acquainted with the outside world is all the more pronounced as it is fearful by nature. In particular, to prevent future vet visits from becoming a nightmare to handle, it is recommended to get used to traveling by car as soon as possible.

Addressing the barking issue at an early age is also imperative, so that you understand that it is not necessary to bark for hours at every unfamiliar noise.

It is also important to teach your dog to remember to bark, as you will not hear any more commands once you have sniffed the trail of a game animal and go in pursuit. Hunting instinct is well established in this breed, so it does not require any specific training to be able to follow a trail for hours and be an excellent hunter.

Relatively independent and headstrong, the Estonian Hound require patience to be trained, but they like to please their master and usually end up listening to him. If necessary, be firm to assert your dominant position and show your dog who is the master, traditional training methods should be avoided, at the risk of damaging the relationship of trust. It is preferable to opt for a learning technique based on positive reinforcement.

Health

As the Estonian Hound it is a relatively new breed and not very widespread, there is still no real and in-depth study of their possible health problems. However, looks quite robust, undoubtedly thanks to a reasoned breeding program that has prioritized the personality and abilities of individuals over their appearance.

However, you have probably inherited from Beagle and the Foxhound a certain predisposition to the following diseases:

  • Progressive retinal atrophy, a breakdown of the eye tissue that can eventually lead to blindness;
  • entropion and ectropion, problems with the eyelids that cause itching and / or irritation of the eye, but that can be surgically corrected;
  • dislocation of the patella, which affects the kneecap and causes walking difficulties. It can also be responsible for premature arthritis;
  • Elbow or hip dysplasia, that can cause lameness.
  • In addition, the Estonian Hound is sensitive to allergies and sinusitis. These ailments are not serious in themselves, but they can cause a certain amount of stress to the dog, as this breed relies heavily on its sense of smell. Therefore, a temporary loss of your sense of smell is likely disorienting you.

    At last, like most hunting dogs, the Estonian Hound have a ferocious appetite that can lead to overweight or even obesity if they don't get enough exercise.

    Grooming

    Despite her short hair and sparse undercoat, the Estonian Hound require some maintenance. Brushing twice a week is recommended to remove dead hairs and avoid finding them all over the house. This also helps to distribute sebum on the skin to better protect it against infectious agents..

    During shedding periods, in autumn and spring, it is even necessary to opt for a daily frequency, to cope with the large amount of hair she loses during this period.

    On the other hand, it is only necessary to bathe your dog when it is particularly dirty, for example, if he has rolled in the mud.

    Besides keeping your coat, it is recommended to check your teeth once a week to make sure there are no cavities, and wipe your eyes with a damp cloth to remove any dirt that may cause an infection.

    Weekly ear care is especially important: like any dog ​​with floppy ears, the Estonian Hound are at increased risk of ear infections and infections.

    Buy a “Estonian Hound”

    The price of a puppy Estonian Hound is of some 700-800 euros in your country of origin, and there is no price difference between male and female puppies.

    However, it is difficult to find outside of Estonia, but the situation may change rapidly after the breed is recognized by the FCI in 2019.

    Characteristics “Estonian Hound”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Estonian Hound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos “Estonian Hound”

    Estonian Hound / 99+1 Dog Breeds
    ESTONIAN HOUND PUPPIES / ESTONIAN HUNDRED PUPPIES

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 20
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.

    FCI breed standard “Estonian Hound”

    FCIFCI – “Estonian Hound”
    Estonian Hound FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. (Estonian: eesti hagijas) (English).
      2. eesti hagijas (French).
      3. (estnisch: Eesti hagijas), Estnische Bracke (German).
      4. Eesti hagijas (Portuguese).
      5. Cazador estonio (Spanish).

    Bavarian Mountain Hound
    Germany FCI 217 . Leash (scent) Hounds

    Bavarian Mountain Hound

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound is very suspicious of strangers, I am calm and balanced with its owner.

    Content

    History

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound it is a medium sized hunting dog. He is a highly developed specialist, but at the same time versatile in hunting. Tracking work is his specialty. Master searching and hunting and especially tracking. On the trail, keep track of an injured animal. Fast and infallible dog work is crucial to reduce the suffering of the prey.

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound dates back to ancient dog breeds. These hounds are also called “Bracken”. For hunting, which was an important way of life for our ancestors for thousands of years, dogs with a particularly good sense of smell and an intelligent sense of detection were of great importance. Trace Dogs were also needed to hunt criminals.

    For the Teutons a good Scent hound was worth more than a horse. This is attested by a legal text of more than 1000 years old, el Lex Baiuwariorum. A document of the year 1459 later attests to Bracken's donation to the Tegrinsee monastery (today Tegernsee) by a count Kaspar Törring. Already at that time the count systematically raised the Bracken according to a breeding book. The actual Bavarian Mountain Hound also descends from these Bracken.

    In 1870 he also grew up Hanoverian Scenthound. This resulted in a modern and versatile helper for the ranger and hunter.. The dogs had to be distinguished by their high performance in hunting. At the same time, they had to cope with the harsh conditions of the mountains. Therefore, sharp stones were not allowed to bother them as much as storms, snow or high demands on your ability to climb. In 1883 took place the first official exhibition of the Bavarian Mountain Hound. In 1912 was founded the Klub für Bayerische Gebirgsschweißhunde, who has since been very successful in caring for these dogs.

    After World War II, the genetic bottleneck was worked on by crossing into the Tyrolean hound. Although the breed is very rare, is spread throughout Germany. Their breeding is organized in a very responsible way. To avoid “elite or champion breeding” the number of offspring of a farm animal is limited to 18 a 20. On the other hand, at least one animal from each litter raised must be reintroduced into the breed if there are no signs of inherited diseases. In addition, breeding is only allowed with dogs that have passed performance tests anyway. The breeding of the Bavarian Mountain Hound is a model, a project, how to breed healthy and strong pedigree dogs, even with a numerically very small population. They are raised between 10 and 12 litters with 60 a 80 puppies per year. These go almost only to the professional hands of professional rangers and hunters.

    Photo: Bavarian Mountain Hound (name: Zoran Spod Ruskiej Granicy) by Ralf Lotys (Definitely), CC BY 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound It is a strong dog, medium-sized, with a height at the withers of about 44 a 52 cm and a weight of 17 a 30 kg. Males, However, they are larger and heavier than females. For your size, has rather short legs. The standard describes its appearance in this way:

    A medium sized dog, harmonious, light, very agile and muscular. The body is slightly longer than tall, slightly raised from behind; leans on legs not too high. The head is carried horizontally or somewhat erect, tail horizontal or slanted down.

    The coat must be dense, smooth, moderately rough, low gloss. The standard requires the following colors:

    Dark red, deer red, Red brown, yellowish red, also pale yellow (even sand color); reddish gray like the winter hair of the red deer, also brindle or dark flecked.
    In the back, the basic color is generally more intense. Muzzle and ears dark.
    The tail is almost always dotted dark. A small, clear spot is allowed on the chest (hound star).

    The meaning is: The colors must camouflage the dog in its hunting work and not give it away, for example with large white marks.

    Character and skills

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound is a thoroughbred hunting dog with wide awake senses, but without nervousness. As long as you don't have a smell in your nose, impresses with a thoughtful nature, quiet and extremely gentle, that radiates pure slowdown for us humans. The official standard describes its nature as follows: “Calm and balanced; affectionate with his owner, reserved with strangers. What is required is a stable dog, self-confident, fearless and easy to handle, Neither timid nor aggressive”.

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound it is a very capable working dog that performs its tasks conscientiously and with the utmost dedication. Has a strong search instinct and is a master of crawling. Exploring nature with him is, therefore, a very special experience and happiness. The Bavarian Mountain Hound, professionally managed, it is also a very good family dog ​​with a gentle nature.

    Attitude

    A Bavarian Mountain Hound it is not a companion dog for the city or for walks in nature, even if they are daily. Not a dog for the home, but a professional hunting dog who wants and needs the job. Otherwise, his attitude is completely undemanding. Therefore, ideally you would live in a house on the edge of the forest or in the country with a garden.

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound wants and can go out in all climates. The standard provides information on the conditions of its maintenance:

    “In keeping with your hunting purpose as a cloven-hoof tracking specialist, the Bavarian Mountain Hound must possess all the qualities required of it to be useful in difficult follow-up. Utility must be proven by appropriate performance tests”.

    Education “Bavarian Mountain Hound”

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound is a very friendly and eager to learn four legged friend, that makes it easier for its owner to train and work with him. Because you want and need this guide. But it is not a dog that awaits orders from its owner. Since dogs have been allowed to breed for many generations only if they have mastered many demanding performance tests, your level of training is extremely high. This is at the same time an obligation for the leadership of this dog. Because you need the hunting job, where it feels good. Its element is search work. Here he has taken it to absolute dominance, you also need to live. However, you should take this into account if you are playing with the idea of ​​sharing your life with a Bavarian Mountain Hound as not a hunter.

    Care and health

    The breed is very easy to care for. Brushing once in a while is enough.

    Typical diseases of the breed:

    Hereditary diseases are not known.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound is undemanding in his diet.

    Life expectancy

    The Bavarian Mountain Hound has a life expectancy of about 12 years.

    Buy a “Bavarian Mountain Hound”

    If you are looking for a dog of this breed, you should contact a breeder affiliated with the Club Bávaro del Bavarian Mountain Hound well in advance of your planned purchase. As a rule, dogs are only handled by rangers or hunters. From time to time, However, it may happen that a dog is looking for another place. But then you should be able and willing to give him living conditions that can be a substitute for his species-appropriate way of life.. A puppy of this breed costs about 1500 EUR.

    Characteristics “Bavarian Mountain Hound”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Bavarian Mountain Hound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Bavarian Mountain Hound”

    Photos:

    1 – Bavarian Mountain Hound, female and male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – “Bavarian Mountain Hound” by Wikimedia
    3 – A Bavarian Mountain Scenthound by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Bavarian Mountain Hound during show of dogs in Rybnik – Kamień, Poland by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Kafka und Frodo beim ersten Outdoor Treffen und Grillen bei Audigast. Februar 2014. Kafka ist ein Magyar Vizsla und Frodo ein Bayerischer Gebirgsschweißhund by Andreas Kruger
    6 – Bavarian Mountain Hound by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Bavarian Mountain Hound”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 217
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 2: Leash (scent) Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 2: Leash (scent) Hounds.
    • AKCGrupo FSS
    • ​KCCazadores
    • UKCScenthounds

    FCI breed standard “Bavarian Mountain Hound”

    FCIFCI – “Bavarian Mountain Hound”
    Bavarian Mountain Tracker FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Bavarian Mountain Scenthound (English).
      2. Chien de recherche au sang de la montagne bavaroise (French).
      3. Bayerischer Gebirgsschweisshund (German).
      4. (em alemão: Bayrischer gebirgsschweisshund) (Portuguese).
      5. Sabueso bávaro de montaña, Rastreador de Baviera (Spanish).

    Hanoverian Scenthound
    Germany FCI 213 . Leash (scent) Hounds

    Hanoverian Scenthound

    The Hanoverian Scenthound He is a dog with a very good sense of smell, specialized in locating injured prey.

    Content

    History

    The Hanoverian Scenthound it is a medium sized hunting dog.

    He is a highly developed specialist, but at the same time versatile in hunting. Tracking is the supreme discipline of a hunting dog, that the Hanoverian Scenthound dominates like no other. In the crawl, keep track of injured animals on a hunt. A fast and infallible work of the dog is decisive to reduce the suffering of the injured animal. This task is old, but no less relevant today.

    The Hanoverian Scenthound dates back to archaic dog breeds. Bloodhounds are also called “Bracken”. For hunting, which was an important way of life for our ancestors for thousands of years, dogs with a particularly good sense of smell and an intelligent sense of detection were of elementary importance. The scent dogs were also indispensable to hunt criminals. Before the introduction of firearms, hunters had to stalk the game much closer. This is what guide dogs were for. From them emerged the hounds of today. This type of dog is probably over 10.000 years. For the Teutons a good “trail dog” was worth more than a horse. This is attested by a legal text of more than 1000 years old, el Lex Baiuwariorum. In the baroque era, wealthy princes ran the so-called hunting courts. This was a kind of college for hunting with a practical orientation. One of the first was the “Hanover hound”. Here these hounds were systematically bred and trained from 1657.

    Breeding according to current standards started in Erfurt in 1894 with the founding of the Hirschmann club, that is still very successful with this breed today. Their breeding has been extremely responsibly organized since time immemorial. Therefore, vital and healthy dogs with great temperament and excellent performance can be reliably bred even today.

    The Hanoverian Scenthound is a hunting dog, but also a good family dog ​​and companion in everyday life. It has to be. His controller has to be ready to act with him at any time, for example, if there has been a traffic accident and it is necessary to find an injured deer or wild boar. You don't have to be a hunter or a ranger to get a puppy from a Hirschmann club breeder, but you do have to be a member of this club and take a training course for trainers of the Hanoverian Scenthound. Between 40 and 60 puppies are bred every year under the umbrella of the German Canine Federation – VDH.

    Photo: Hanover Hound by TobiasHR, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Hanoverian Scenthound it is a strong dog of medium size. By the size of her body, tends to have short legs, as this is advantageous when you must do your nose job close to the ground. Males are larger and heavier than females. Males must have a height at the withers of 50 a 55 centimeters with a weight of 30 a 40 kg. Bitches must have a height at the withers of 48 a 53 centimeters and a weight of 25 a 35 kg. The official standard describes their appearance this way:

    The overall look of the powerful Hanoverian Scenthound is that of a medium-sized dog, well proportioned and powerful. Well-positioned and heavily muscled front and rear limbs allow you to work with resistance. Legs too high, especially an oversized right, they impede work with a deep nose and are out of character. The wide and deep chest provides plenty of room for the lungs and allows for long and grueling chases. The slightly wrinkled forehead and the light and dark eye give the Hanoverian Scenthound his typical serious facial expression.

    The ears are of medium length and, held high on the head, falls. Its pelage is short, dense, thick. Typical of the breed is the basic reddish color, which can range from light pale red to dark brindle, almost black.

    Character and skills

    The Hanoverian Scenthound is a thoroughbred hunting dog with alert senses, but without any kind of nervousness. As long as you don't have a smell in your nose, impresses with a thoughtful nature, quiet and extremely gentle, that for us humans radiates pure slowdown. On the way he shows his passion and follows her with loud barks. The FCI standard describes its nature as follows:

    Quiet and safe nature, but sensitive towards its controller. Selective and reserved with strangers. High concentration capacity in hunting tracking work with a pronounced herd relationship to the main hunter.

    The Hanoverian Scenthound he is a very efficient working dog, who fulfills his tasks conscientiously and with the greatest commitment. Exploring nature together with him and his higher senses is a very special experience and happiness. Its balanced nature, even sovereign, his social qualities and human kindness make him an excellent family dog.

    Fitness

    A Hanoverian Scenthound not a companion dog for the city. Not an apartment dog, but a passionate hunting assistant who wants and needs the job. Otherwise, his attitude is completely undemanding. Ideally, you should live with your humans in a house on the edge of the forest or in the country with a garden. This already results from your task, which must also be that of your caregiver: the search.

    The hunting dog team, composed of the dog and the handler, be prepared at all times to search for injured game animals on behalf of the local hunting community, either after a hunt or a traffic accident. This task should also be shared by the whole family. The challenges are great in all aspects: all kinds of weather, day or night, crawl hard through dense terrain and open terrain, safely in search of an injured and perhaps aggressive animal, think about the boar. The hound must be able to be directed by its handler at all times. These are challenges that are unmatched in dog sports. In everyday life he is sociable and discreet. You can do everything with it.

    Education

    The Hanoverian Scenthound is a deeply friendly and eager to learn four-legged friend, that makes it easier for your trainer to train and educate you, as well as working with him. Want and need this guide. But it is not a dog that waits for orders from its keeper. You can't teach him, but you can train him excellently based on positive reinforcement and deep emotional confidence.

    As dogs have only been allowed to breed for many generations if they have mastered many demanding behavioral tests, its performance level is extremely high. This is at the same time a commitment to the management of this dog.

    Care and health

    The Hanoverian Scenthound does not require any special care.

    Brushing the dog's coat weekly is enough to get rid of the various debris collected during the walk or hunting and to remove dead hairs.

    However, it is recommended to regularly inspect your ears. In fact, as in any breed of dog with lop ears, have an increased risk of otitis. Ear wax and accumulated bacteria can cause such infections.

    To protect you from dental problems, the dog's teeth should be brushed regularly. Ideally, this should be at least two or three times a week.

    In addition, when you return from long walks with your dog or hunting, it is a good idea to check the parts of your body that may be damaged, especially the legs, tail and ears.

    You should also regularly check for parasites and make sure your dog receives proper pest control treatment..

    At last, the dog's nails should be trimmed if they are too long. This is particularly necessary if the dog does not regularly walk on very hard surfaces such as concrete..

    Typical diseases of the breed:

    Although the Hanoverian Scenthound do not have a congenital predisposition to any particular pathology, is particularly prone to ear infections in dogs. To prevent these infections, it is advisable to inspect the dog's ears regularly.

    It can also be sensitive to anesthetics and pose entropion risks (the edge of the eyelid is turned inward, which makes the eyelashes and skin rub against the eye) the ectropion (the eyelid is turned out, exposing the conjunctiva and possibly causing eye infections).

    It also presents a risk of obesity for the dog, if you are overfed and / or lead a too sedentary life.

    In addition, the main risks to which it is exposed as a hunting dog are insect bites or stings (of vipers, for example), as well as insolation. To avoid this, it is better to avoid hunting in the hottest hours of the day.

    At last, you also run the risk of being injured by hunting (wild boar, Deer…). This risk is particularly important for the Hanoverian Scenthound, who is very stubborn at work and never gives up, even when he's hurt.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Hanoverian Scenthound it is a hardy dog ​​that is not difficult to feed. Quality industrial dog food is ideal for him, ideally divided into two meals a day.

    If you hunt, the dog's diet must be adapted to this activity and its seasonality: one month before opening, it may be necessary to make your dog lose weight if he has gained too much weight during winter. This can be done by reducing your servings or by eating a lower calorie diet..

    On the other hand, once hunting season begins, the dietary and energy needs of the dog are increased by its high physical activity, and it is necessary, on the other hand, or increase servings by 10 a 20% or give him a richer diet.

    In addition, it is preferable to divide the meals during a hunting day: a small amount of food should be given before departure, and then another at noon, to avoid syncope due to hypoglycemia. This portion is preferably warm and moist so that it is digested faster, so as not to overwhelm you before intense exercise, that could make you sick (vomiting…). The largest portion is given at night.

    Life expectancy

    This breed of dog has a life expectancy of about 12 years.

    Buy a “Hanoverian Scenthound”

    If you are interested in a Hanoverian Scenthound, you must contact him Club Hirschmann well in advance of your planned purchase. Puppies are only released to members on a set schedule. Then you should be able and willing to give this species appropriate living conditions for this hunting dog for at least 10 years. A puppy of this breed costs about 850 EUR.

    Characteristics “Hanoverian Scenthound”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Hanoverian Scenthound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Hanoverian Scenthound”

    Photos:

    1 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hs-hannoverscher-schweisshund-macho-5226519/
    2 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hannoverscher-schwei%C3%9Fhund-perros-5193568/
    3 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/terrier-hannoverscher-schweisshund-4453683/
    4 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hannoverscher-schwei%C3%9Fhund-perros-5193562/
    5 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hannoverscher-schwei%C3%9Fhund-perros-5193559/
    6 – Hanoverian Scenthound by Hirschmann Association, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Hanoverian Scenthound”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 213
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 2: Leash (scent) Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 2: Leash (scent) Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds

    FCI breed standard “Hanoverian Scenthound”

    FCIFCI – “Hanoverian Scenthound”
    Hannover FCI Tracker

    Alternative names:

      1. Hanoverian Hound, Hanoverian Scenthound, Hannover’scher Schweisshund (English).
      2. Chien de rouge du Hanovre (French).
      3. Hannoversche Schweisshunde (German).
      4. (em alemão: hannover’scher schweisshund) (Portuguese).
      5. Sabueso de Hannover (Spanish).

    Swiss Hound
    Suiza FCI 59 . Medium-sized Hounds

    Schwyz Hound
    Schwyz Hound

    In the breed standard, the temperament of the Swiss Hound is described as “Vivacious and passionate about hunting, sensitive, docile and very attached to his master”.

    Content

    History

    It is said that the Swiss Hound is among the oldest members of the Group of Hounds. According to a 15th century letter to Ernst, Elector of Saxony (1441-86), Swiss working dogs were among the best. 17th century images show packs of hounds “with the same color and the same size, large heads and very long ears”.

    Three centuries later, the german dog writer Richard Strebel wrote in “Die Deutschen Hunde” (German dog breeds, 1903-05) that hounds that lived separately in a restricted area of ​​Switzerland therefore developed separately.

    In the decade of 1890, it seemed that purebred hounds were marked for death in Switzerland, despite the breeding of the Schwyz Hound, Bernese Hound and Lucerne Hound. Some hounds were exported to Scandinavia and, thanks to the crossing with native hounds, the Stövares (scandinavian hounds) they were blooming. But at the same time, the Thurgauer Laufhund quietly disappeared in Switzerland, and the Aargauer Laufhund gave way to Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound).

    In 1903, J. Dust del Swiss Kennel Club founded the Schweizerische Laufhunde-Club (Swiss Hound Club) and in 1907 an appeal was made to save the Swiss hound of extinction. Then something remarkable happened: the breed club bought good quality Swiss hounds and gave them to prudent breeders and hunters. Test rules and regulations were developed and a series of obligations were established: a) only one dog at a time when hunting; b) the dog had to be under control when hunting; c) a dog that disappeared while hunting had to return to its master within half an hour; y d) the dog was to return as soon as the horn sounded, regardless of whether the dog was looking. Using these rules, the breed club tried to exclude disobedient dogs and forced owners to properly breed and train their dogs.

    Four varieties

    The development of Swiss Hound started in the decade of 1930, but it took time and effort. In 1937, only five hounds were entered in the Swiss herd book. The Dr. O. Vollenweider managed to gather 11 hound collectors in the city of Soleura, in northwestern Switzerland. Suitable dogs were selected for breeding and, in 1933, a breed standard was published. In the standard, the varieties were distinguished by coat color and pattern.

    In 1944, 150 Swiss hounds were entered in a hound exhibition. (As a neutral country, Switzerland did not participate in WWII) It was no longer forbidden to work with dogs that gave tongue, and bloodhounds of more than 20 inches (50 centimeters) to the cross.

    Attempts to save or restore the Laufhund de Argovia they were unsuccessful; in 1933, the breed standard was canceled. Four varieties remained: the Bernese Hound, the Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound), the Lucerne Hound and the Schwyz Hound. Their names connect them with cities and areas of Switzerland (Berne, Lucerne, Jura), or with Switzerland.

    It is said that between 1902 and 1922, a few 1.200 swiss hounds, mainly Schwyz Hound white-yellow, they were raised in Norway. Some years, there were more Swiss hounds outside of Switzerland than in their home country. In 1993, about 1.000 copies of Lucerne Hound they lived in sweden.

    France is another importer. Seventy-five Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound) enrolled in an exhibition in Lyon in 1976. It is not surprising that the Jura is predominantly found in France and Switzerland, and that it extends to Germany. Since the 15th century, Swiss hounds were also exported to Italy. According to Räber, they frequently crossed paths with his Italian cousin, the Italian short-haired Segugio.

    Photo: XXXVIII Wystawa krajowa psów rasowych w Częstochowie. Gończy ze Schwyz: Ella Haniccina Zahradka z hodowli Z Pastorowej Sfory należąca do Mariusza i Wioletty Antoszczuk by chained, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Swiss Hound varieties:

    1 Bernese Hound

    Bernese Hound

    The Bernese Hound is mainly used for hunting hare.

    The Swiss Hound has a very ancient origin. Its existence in Switzerland since Roman times is verified thanks to a

    Read more

    2 Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound)

    Bruno Jura Hound

    The Jura Hound It is very distant with strangers and needs firm handling if kept as pets.

    In the year of 1882 a standard was established for each of the five

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    3 Lucerne Hound

    Lucerne Hound

    The Lucerne Hound is a lively dog, but gentle and docile. Very attached to his master.

    The breed was originally bred in the Lucerne area, Switzerland. Already in appearance it is closely related to the

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    4 Schwyz Hound

    Schwyz Hound

    The Schwyz Hound is a very lively and energetic breed that requires a significant amount of daily exercise.

    The Schwyz Hound has ancient origins, the details are a bit confusing though. The dogs of

    Read more

    Romanian Bucovina Shepherd
    Rumanía FCI 357 - Sheepdogs

    Romanian Bucovina Shepherd

    The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd is a quiet dog, balanced, devoted and who loves children

    Content

    History

    Natural breed known for centuries in the Bucovina region, in northeastern Romania, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd was brought to light for the first time in 1934 by G. Radulescu Calafat, publisher of the first Carpathian Sheepdog standard, who mentioned in an article published in the journal Vet Sciences another molosser type sheepdog named “Dulau” or “Capau”. Until then, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd had been compared to him Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog, smaller.

    While the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd has long been used as a guard dog for flocks of sheep against large predators in the Carpathians, like bears, wolves and lynx, it has also been used for many years by Romanian farmers as a guard dog.

    In 1982 the Romanian Cynological Association, the reference canine organization in the country, developed a first standard that described the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd. It was updated in 2001 and 2002 in accordance with the FCI requests (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) with a view to their recognition of the breed, what actually happened provisionally in 2009.

    In 2019, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd obtained the definitive recognition of the FCI. On the other hand, not yet recognized by the British reference organization, The Kennel Club, nor by the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC).

    In fact, it is still very rare outside its country of origin and some neighboring countries, like Ukraine or Serbia. In Romania there have been 6.000 copies in the Romanian Origin Book, but only the breeding of 300 females and 200 males, as Romanian law imposes many restrictions on the breeding of dogs.

    Photo: Ciobanesc de Bucovina – Romania 2018 by 1jagdterrier – YouTube

    Physical characteristics

    The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are huge dogs with a body slightly longer than the tall, powerful lower limbs and a horizontal, muscular back. Placed high on the body, its long tail is carried hanging at rest and rises in the back in a slightly upward curve when in the gazebo.

    Romanian Bucovina Shepherd

    The head, which is wide and carried slightly higher than the body, blends in with the voluminous and moderately long neck, which forms an angle of 100 a 110 degrees with the rest of the body.

    The muzzle is black, the eyes are relatively small in relation to the head, the powerful jaw is chisel-shaped and the V-shaped ears with a rounded tip fall along the cheeks.

    While the head and the front of the legs are covered with short hair, the rest of the body is covered with dense hair, long (6 a 10 cm.) and quite stiff. The coat is predominantly white, marked with black spots, gray or leonadas well defined. However, the standard of Romanian Bucovina Shepherd it also recognizes unbleached, uncoloured specimens that are completely white, white as snow, gray like ash or black.

    Sexual dimorphism is well marked in the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd, being the male larger than the female.

    Character and skills

    The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd is a quiet dog, balanced, devoted and who loves children, what can make it an ideal dog for a family. On the other hand, especially distrust strangers, so it is important to socialize him from an early age with the people with whom he can come into contact: friends, neighbors, postmen…

    Used to guarding herds in the company of other dogs, coexists perfectly with its congeners and other pets that share its territory.

    It is not aggressive at all, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are not prone to attack without reason. On the other hand, their very protective character makes them react in a very intimidating way if they perceive an intrusion into their territory. However, his growls and especially his serious and powerful barks are just a way to scare “invaders” and they are rarely precursors of offensive action. However, if you feel that your “family” (which is simply the herd that is in charge, if he has always lived like a sheepdog) is threatened, this extremely brave and protective dog risks going on the attack, without even backing down in front of a bear or a pack of wolves.

    Independent and used to wandering alone in the wild mountains of Romania, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd tolerates loneliness quite well and can be left alone for a few days without too much trouble, although he obviously prefers the company of his family. However, your ability to keep busy depends on having enough space to walk freely.

    Due to its size, his resonant voice and his need for great spaces, the Romanian Bucovina Shepherd They are not dogs that can live comfortably in apartments and are not recommended for urban areas. They greatly prefer sparsely populated areas, where they can patrol their territory in peace and quiet without risk of unwanted encounters.

    A very active and resistant dog, needs daily physical activity and is happy to accompany his master on long walks in the countryside.

    Education “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

    Romanian Bucovina Shepherd
    Dog of the months

    The puppy's socialization phase is of primary importance for the puppy. Romanian Bucovina Shepherd, and it is very important that you meet your family very soon, to possible other household pets, as well as the other people and animals that you will meet regularly during your life. In effect, once adult, find it difficult to accept a new person in your environment (including for example a prospective dog handler or dog behaviorist), although this is not impossible.

    As an intelligent and obedient dog, can be easily trained and trained for his future role as a sheepdog or watchdog from his first birthday. Despite its independent nature, responds very well to positive reinforcement methods, but the teacher must ensure that he always maintains a strong and authoritative demeanor.

    In addition, instead of a long daily training session, it is advisable to opt for several short sessions spread throughout the day.

    Health “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

    The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd it is a particularly healthy and resistant breed.

    However, like most large breeds of dogs, are prone to hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia. To reduce risks, make sure they don't overdo physical activity during their growing season.

    Gastric dilation of the dog is another problem that can affect this breed. Due to ingestion of food too fast, especially if they are dry, can be life-threatening and requires urgent intervention by a veterinarian. To minimize this risk, it is recommended to leave large amounts of water available when the dog eats, divide his daily ration into at least two meals and let him rest after these meals.

    Grooming “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

    The Romanian Bucovina Shepherd they are long-haired dogs that need to be brushed once a week, and even more often during the shedding period. Losing her hair galore, not recommended for people who do not like to find dog hair all over the house and always have a perfectly clean interior.

    In addition, at the end of winter, it is advisable to cut the hair between its pads to protect your dog from heat.

    It is not necessary to bathe your dog unless, of course, is particularly dirty. In any case, no more than 2 or 3 times a year, as this can damage the natural protective layer of the skin.

    On the other hand, the inside of the ears needs to be checked regularly, since it is common for external parasites to hide there, and clean them well to avoid any risk of infection.

    The dog's claws should be checked monthly and trimmed if natural wear and tear is not enough.

    Food “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

    If he Romanian Bucovina Shepherd he has always been fed what his pastor used to prepare for him, good quality commercial kibbles are an ideal solution today, If and when, of course, the manufacturer's recommendations are followed.

    Bones are important in this dog's diet, so it may be helpful to give him a bone to gnaw once in a while. However, chicken bones and other poultry should be banned as they can cause serious damage to the digestive system.

    In addition, as with any dog ​​at high risk of bloating-twisting stomach, the daily ration should be divided into 2 or 3 meals and ensuring that the dog remains calm during and after these meals. This means, for example, make sure he sees his food coming instead of discovering it in front of him when he wakes up, avoid having another animal around you when you eat, and do not stimulate him during his meal or in the following hour.

    In addition, is essential for Romanian Bucovina Shepherd have large amounts of fresh water available at all times.

    Price “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

    A puppy Romanian Bucovina Shepherd usually sold between 500 and 1000 EUR, but prices have tended to rise as the breed has been the subject of some interest after its recognition by the FCI. Males tend to be more expensive than females, and the price is higher when the animal has a smooth coat.

    It is necessary to be well informed about the origin of the puppy and check the documents with the Romanian Canine Association. From 2015, the breeding of dogs without pedigree or not registered in the Romanian Origin Book is prohibited in Romania, and the marketing of these puppies is illegal.

    Characteristics “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    4.0 rating
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    Social Needs ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    2.0 rating
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    Grooming ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

    Ciobanesc de Bucovina – Romania 2018 by 1jagdterrier
    Shepherd of Bucovina – Ilie Forest 2018

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 357
    • Group 1: Sheepdog and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs

    FCI breed standard “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”

    FCIFCI – “Romanian Bucovina Shepherd”
    Romanian Shepherd from Bucovina FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Bucovina Sheepdog, Bucovina Shepherd, Southeastern European Shepherd (English).
      2. Berger roumain de Bucovine, Berger de l’Europe du Sud-Est (French).
      3. Ciobănesc Românesc de Bucovina (German).
      4. (em romeno: Ciobanesc Romanesc de Bucovina) (Portuguese).
      5. (en rumano: Ciobănesc de Bucovina) (Spanish).