Meaning of the term Collie
The term Collie It refers to many dog breeds that have originated in Scotland and Northern England. The exact origin of the name is unknown. It is possible that it comes from:
- The term 'Col’ o ‘Coll'of the old Scottish meaning'black’.
- Or the English 'coal’: 'coal'.
- Also, It is possible that it is a deformation of the word Colley It was as they called the sheep (face and Black-legged), These dogs pastoreaban.
- The Anglo-Saxon regional term Collie, which means '[thing] useful’.
- So it has been called in several ways: Coll, colly, Collie, Colley, Pastor of Scotland…
The Shetland Sheepdog, for example, It is erroneously called Collie miniature, While aesthetically (with the exception of the size) they are identical, they are two different races… Although, We should not forget that, the most direct ancestor of the Shetland Sheepdog or "Sheltie" as usually nickname, is the Border Collie.
Collie breed history
The high mountains of Scotland are the natural home of this breed. It is not known if you run Roman blood in his veins, but we do know that the Romans conquered Scotland in the 6th century to. C. Then, the Collie was known for his great abilities of grazing, capable of driving up 500 sheep at a time. Unlike the current Collie, I didn't have such long and beautiful hair. The Collie was crossed with Setter Irish and with the Borzoi, and from there he was getting the characteristics of today's Collie. William Shakespeare wrote about this dog, calling it Collied Ski. The first illustration of this breed dates back to the year 1790.
While collies have used this dog for a long time and since the beginning of the race, as ovejero dog, the different forms varieties were developed in England at the end of the 1800.
The ancient race Collie was referred to as Scottish Collie in the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century. Scottish Collie were heavier than the current. Their modern ancestors were exhibited for the first time Scotch Sheepdogs (foresee Scots) in 1860, in Birmingham (England), in a dogshow.
In the 19th century, this breed was not known yet, but with the first dog shows, its popularity began to grow to their highest point. Today remains one of the breeds of dogs most popular. South Africa still used as pastor, but in this case, large flocks of ostriches, his sense of monitoring is very developed.
Lassie, the character of the television that popularized this race, is a Rough Collie.
Collie dog has two varieties. The first is the Rough Collie, more easily recognizable due to its wide use in films and television (e.g.: Lassie). This variety has pretty hair in neck, tail and legs. It has a double cover, with small hairs lining the body. The second variety is the Smooth Collie, It has two coatings but the outer coat is short and smooth.
Collie breed characteristics
Collie dog has long body in relation to height. Its height of cross is of 56 - 61 cm. the male and 51 - 56 cm. females. They weigh in 18 - 29 kg. He has Brown eyes, almendrada and slightly oblique way. Their ears are small and are played back, or forward when the dog is alert. The snout is long and flat, with black truffle. Its tail is long and abundant hair, and the fur is dense, hard to the touch, soft and bright if it is taken care of very well. It can be color caramel and white, tricolor or blue dark. This dog's life expectancy is of 12 years.
Collie dog character
Healthy by nature, It is also known that he has very few known congenital problems. The most delicate part of the body tends to be your eyes, they should be frequently cleaned through a piece of absorbent cotton impregnated simply with warm clean water.
Known to be sweet and protective. They are easy to train due to her intelligence and innate please desire. They develop a very strong bond with their masters. They are excellent foresee dogs, good company for the family and other dogs. They are very loyal and faithful, but distrust of strangers if do not fall them well. They are also very playful and love to children. She loves to charge monitor children. It is sweet, good very attentive and vigilant: a suitable dog to leave a child in his charge. With babies is treated as a stuffed animal, and a baby can learn to walk if he grabs her hair. This dog will be careful to avoid it to fall. In addition, It will avoid that the baby will go with strangers.
On the beach, It will be devoted to monitoring the smallest, and if something happens, They cry or fall, do not hesitate to act. He does not fear nothing. It is not a scary or timid dog. In case of danger, defends the family. And it is able to stay a whole night warning, to pounce to lower noise. Every time that the members of the family discuss, It stands always because he hates disputes.
Before a rebuke sometimes it can be susceptible, and away to a corner to grumbling. But if the owner gets to look for him there is nothing spiteful: jump to your arms. It is active and disciplined. You must be educated with affection and without resorting to force.
Collie breeds ancestry
There are many breeds of dog with ancestry in Collie, as for example, to get an idea…:
- Australian dog: used in Australia for livestock. Dogs of this type are also known as Queensland Heeler, Blue Heeler and Red Heeler. Heeler, means "talonero".
- Australia Collie or “Bordaussie”: It is not really a recognized breed, but a cross between two popular breeds: Australian Shepherd and Border Collie.
- Australian Kelpie: Developed in Australia from Collie dogs brought from Scotland and Northern England. Erect ears, Smooth-haired, usually black, black and brown or red and Brown and white feet.
- Australian Shepherd: Developed in United States, with crossing of British dogs, German and Spanish, but they are in other parts of the world (including Australia).
- Stumpy Tail: Used in Australia for livestock. Erect ears, Smooth-haired, mottled grey or red without white. With a very short tail or no tail.
- Bearded Collie: Now largely animal home and exhibition, but they are still used as working dogs on farms. Long and silky hair (included in the face and legs), Black, grey or beige, and white on the shoulders.
- Blue Lacy: Grey, Smooth-haired, drooping ears. Derived in part from English Pastor, with other races that descend from the Collie but aren't Collie.
- Border Collie: The most famous race for grazing sheep around the world. Originally developed in Scotland and Northern England. According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges ("The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Border Collie is the No. 1 from the list.
- Cumberland Sheepdog: An extinct breed similar to the Border Collie and, possibly, absorbed by this race. An ancestor of the Australian Shepherd. Ears erect or semi-erectas, dense fur, Black with white only on the face and chest.
- English Shepherd: Developed in United States from a farm Collie originating in Great Britain. It should not be confused with the old English Pastor.
- Farm Collie or farm Collie: It was any dog grazing is encuontraba for farming in Britain or United States (descendants of British dogs), and perhaps in other places.
- German Collie: Developed in Australia, probably from British Collie dogs, but they may have included Germany and Spain dogs. The name of “German Collie” also applies to a cross between a German Shepherd and Border Collie).
- Huntaway: New Zealand developed from a mixture of races, probably including some Collie – but it is not a breed of the Collie type. It is larger and more full-bodied than most of the Collie.
- Hound: It is not a race, but a Collie cross (or other grazing or Terrier dog) with a hound or Greyhound. Obtained in a traditional way for poaching, with the speed of a hound, but more obedient and less visible.
- McNab Shepherd: Developed in United States from British Collie dogs. Ears of variable size, upright or semi-erectas, Smooth-haired, black or red, usually with some white on the face and chest.
- Old English Pastor: Derivative of the ancestors of the Collie Barbudo. They are larger than most of the Collie, with a lack of tail, hair is long and silky (included in the face), usually grey and white. It should not be confused with the English Shepherd.
- Scottish Collie, in its two varieties, Rough Collie and Smooth Collie: They were created by crossing dogs working with other races Collie (especially dogs Borzoi).
- Shetland Sheepdog: comes from the Shetland Islands (Scotland, United Kingdom), intentionally was raised in small size. At first sight, It seems to be a copy of miniaturized hair long Collie, However, are 2 different races with a similar look.
- Smithfield: a breed of British dog that has been terminated, It was like a great Collie, strong, white or black and white color that is used to guide cattle in South East England, especially the Smithfield market (an area of the city of London).
- Welsh Sheepdog: a native of Wales. Ears erect or semi-erectas, short or silky hair, red, black, black and fire or Blackbird, usually with white over shoulders.
Lines Collie dog breed
According to the type of fur have born different lines of Collie, among them are:
The Border Collie is regarded as the breed of smarter dogs que existe
The Bearded collie It is an energetic dog. They need exercise and homework to do, How to care for children.
The Smooth Collie, today is considered a variety of Border Collie in countries such as United States and Canada
It is a very sweet and affectionate dog, maybe a little shy.