Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)
Holanda FCI 314 . Flushing Dogs

Kooikerhondje

The Kooikerhondje was initially listed among companion dogs, outside of the Netherlands it is practically unknown.

Content

History

This puppy with an unpronounceable original name has a long history, that begins in the Middle Ages, more specifically in the fifteenth century, when the Spanish brought the first Spaniels to the Netherlands. Several crosses with local dogs resulted in the Kooikerhondje (Kooiker). The dog quickly spread, appearing in many paintings by 17th century Dutch masters, como Jan Steen (1626-1679), but also in literature, especially in the Dutch Historian Stories Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft (1581-1647).

It was his special talent for hunting ducks that made him famous. Dutch for "small cager dog" (other name of Kooikerhondje – Kooiker). He was trained to lure ducks with his white plumed tail into trapped channels that ended in a cage (“eendenkooi“, in Dutch), where the hunters (“kooiker“) they could easily catch them. The specimens used for this hunting technique were called “hondjes de Kooiker“, and the name has remained in this breed.

Apart from the Kooikerhondje (Kooiker), few breeds are capable of learning this hunting technique. A notable exception is the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, which appeared in the 19th century and is generally considered to be a descendant of the Kooiker.

However, the usefulness of the dog did not end there: when it wasn't duck hunting season, it was used to hunt vermin.

Its population declined rapidly between the two wars, mainly due to the abandonment of this hunting method (which required a lot of work to maintain the channels from the traps) in favor of the use of the rifle, facilitated by the greater precision of firearms. Like this, on the eve of World War II, the breed had almost disappeared, with a total number of individuals estimated at only thirty.

After the invasion of the Netherlands in 1940, the baronessa von Hardenbroek of Ammerstol, in the spirit of resistance to the German occupation, decided to save this typically Dutch dog. Delivered a black and white photo to several street vendors, asking them to notify you if they encountered such an animal. This is how he found tommy, a female Kooiker from the north of the Netherlands, which was the reason for the rebirth of the breed as we know it today.

Between 1942 and 1976, the baroness raised 52 layers of Dutch foxhounds that were named after his kennel, from Valhalla, and obtained the recognition of the breed by the Raad van Beheer (the country's official canine organization) in 1971. Later, the breed was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1990 and by the United Kennel Club (UKC) American in 1996. The other leading American organization, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same in 2004.

If he Kooikerhondje (Kooiker) has become a relatively common dog in its home country, not yet the case in the rest of the world, where remains unknown. However, things seem to be changing since the decade of 2010.

Like this, en el Reino Unido, where it is recognized by The Kennel Club, Enrollments have increased considerably since 2013, to the point of already exceeding fifty copies a year.

Also in France there is a certain madness for this breed: while in 2007 and 2012 they only signed up 5 specimens in the LOF (French Origins Book), between 2013 and 2018 there were more than 200.

In United States, the Dutch for "small cager dog" still very weird, but the Dutch Kooikerhondje Club of America (NKCUSA) registered 11 new breeders in 2018 and 2019, suggesting that the breed is also enjoying growing interest there, and that its population will increase rapidly.

Photo: Kooikerhondje puppy by Petful

Physical characteristics

The Kooikerhondje – Kooikerhondje is a medium-sized dog with a harmonious build, with a general appearance reminiscent of a Spaniel. Her body, slightly longer than tall, he is muscular but thin: they are dogs made for speed and agility. The tail follows the line of the back and reinforces its slim appearance.

The head is carried high, which gives it an aristocratic air. The skull is quite wide and rounded, while the muzzle, ending in a black nose, is slightly truncated. His dark brown almond eyes express intelligence and kindness. The ears are medium in size, placed in a line that starts from the nose and passes through the eye, falling down the cheeks.

The coat is of medium length and can be smooth or slightly wavy. The legs have a longer plumage on the hind legs than on the front ones., but the plumage of the tail is the most characteristic of the Kooikerhondje: long and white, giving the tail a feathery look. The long black hairs on the tips of the ears, known as “Earrings”, they are highly sought after.

The coat is predominantly white, with large well-marked orange-red spots on the body. The rule Kooiker accepts small marks of this color on the legs, as well as the presence of some black hairs mixed with the orange-red color. The head should have a clear white line that reaches the nose.

Sexual dimorphism is moderately marked, the male being slightly larger than the female, that tends to shed more hair during the shedding period.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 38 – 42 cm.
▷ Female size: 36 – 40 cm.
▷ Male weight: 10 – 13 kg.
▷ Female weight: 9 – 12 kg.

Character and skills

The Kooikerhondje It is a loyal dog, very attached to his family, from which he does not like to part. However, they are not effusive and prefer to stay quietly by their master's side rather than jump up to show their attachment. You also need a quiet environment, and does not bear stress well: frequent parties or quarrels would risk lasting disruption.

Logically, not a recommended breed of dog for young children, since the cries of a baby or the whims of a small child are hardly to his liking. They are much better suited to a family that shares their calm and relaxed approach to life..

They are quite suspicious of people they do not know, but they quickly accept those who pay them a little attention, especially if they take the trouble to offer them a reward.

Although it accepts other dogs of a similar character, does not especially seek the company of other dogs. Regarding coexistence with other animals, especially with cats or rodents, can be especially difficult due to strong hunting instincts. Even if he is able to get along with the household animals he has been raised with, the risk that one day he will start chasing the family cat is very real.

If its placid character could make it suitable for the elderly, he forgets a bit quickly that he is also very active, needing at least two hours of exercise a day. Having said that, he is not very demanding with what he does, and he is as likely to accompany his owner on a long and quiet walk as he is to play chasing a ball with the children in the garden or looking for it. However, prefers water activities: to swim, jumping into the water or just playing in a pond are activities that make this water-loving dog happy, since he was originally bred to work on the canals.

If you can live in an apartment as long as your daily need for activity is met, the Kooikerhondje greatly prefers to have a garden to frolic in. However, you need to make sure the space is well fenced because, even if I do not have a special predisposition to flee, his hunting instinct is likely to push him to run after all the animals in the region and, Therefore, to move away from your residence.

In any case, although it is generally calm, Problems can arise if you don't have a chance to expend your energy and are left alone too often. In particular, the owner may face inopportune barking and / or destructive dog behavior.

Smart and attentive, to the Kooikerhondje he likes to be stimulated intellectually; they especially like obedience exercises or learning new tricks. However, your intelligence is a double-edged sword, as they quickly pick up on any hesitation on the part of their master, and they can decide to assume the leadership of the family pack. Therefore, It is a breed reserved for a master who already has experience, in addition to being able to provide you with the stable environment you need.

Education

Like all dogs, the Kooiker needs to be socialized from a young age to get used to people, places, noises, smells… that you will know during your life. It is especially advisable to introduce the small animals that share your home as soon as possible, to minimize the risk of lawsuits or even accidents once you are an adult.

The Kooikerhondje, very sensible, reacts poorly to stressful situations and can be traumatized by traditional training methods. Therefore, their training should be based on positive reinforcement: the compliments, accompanied by caresses and some sweets, they work much better than reprimands. However, your teacher must stand firm and consistent, so as not to confuse you and make you lose confidence in your leader's ability to lead.

It is important that all family members are involved in their education, to assimilate and accept your authority.

Active, smart and eager to please, the Kooikerhondje It is an ideal student for obedience exercises as well as for learning different canine sports: Flyball, agility, dogs-cross…

Health

The Kooiker has a small gene pool and, Therefore, is prone to many life-threatening genetic diseases. Fortunately, the work of selecting the breeders responsible for Kooiker has resulted in the practical elimination of these risks today.

These diseases with which the breed has often been associated are:

  • The von Willebrand disease, which causes blood clotting problems and can lead to death from bleeding. Widespread DNA testing since the years 90 make that today we hardly find more affected subjects;
  • Hereditary necrotizing myelopathy, a neurological problem that affects the spinal cord and causes paralysis. Thanks to a responsible breeding policy, now there is less than one case a year worldwide;
  • The hereditary epilepsy, which can cause seizures that range from a few seconds to several minutes. The number of affected dogs is steadily decreasing, to the point that this disease only affects between 1 and 5 dogs a year;
  • The miositis, o polymositis, it is a chronic inflammation of one or more muscles that can cause very different symptoms depending on the muscles affected. Potentially deadly, this disease is still relatively widespread, affecting about the 1% of the population;
  • The waterfall, an opaque filter in the eyes that can cause blindness in dogs, that has been practically eliminated;
  • The patellar dislocation moderate, which is disabling but not dangerous, and it is by far the most common condition. In fact, almost the 15% of the breed representatives are affected.
  • Another risk to the health of the Dutch for "small cager dog" is obesity, so the owner should regularly check that the dog is not overweight, in addition to giving him enough exercise.

    Last but not least, like all breeds of dogs with hanging ears, are at increased risk of ear infections.

    Life expectancy

    12 - 14 years

    Grooming

    The Kooikerhondje it is a low maintenance breed of dog. A quick weekly brushing is more than enough to keep the coat healthy. However, during the shedding periods in spring and fall, brushing more frequently is recommended to remove dead hair.

    Bathing your dog is seldom necessary. In any case, you should not bathe your dog more than twice a year, so as not to damage your skin. On the other hand, After the Kooikerhondje have fun in a pool, in the sea or in a doubtful-looking pond, it is advisable to rinse it with fresh water to remove any traces of chlorine, shall, algae or bacteria.

    On the other hand, it is advisable to take advantage of the weekly brushing session to check the eyes, teeth and, above all, the dog's ears, to ensure that there is no dirt that could cause the start of an infection or otitis.

    Last but not least, the claws of Kooikerhondje are tough and grow relatively quickly: natural wear and tear is often not enough, and then you have to trim them manually when they have become too long.

    Utility

    Historically used for duck hunting in the canals of the Netherlands, the Kooiker is today mainly a pet.

    His high level of activity and intelligence also allow him to obtain excellent results in dog sports competitions, and a patient and dedicated trainer can turn you into a flyball or agility champion.

    Characteristics "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Dog friendly ⓘ

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    Hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Need to exercise ⓘ

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    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    Apartment ⓘ

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    Grooming ⓘ

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    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    intelligence ⓘ

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    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    Child Friendly ⓘ

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    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “"Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"“

    Photos:

    1 – Kooikerhondje by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kooikerhondje-kooiker-3917568/
    2 – Kooikerhondje by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kooikerhondje-mascotas-4744089/
    3 – Dutch Decoy Dog puppy by Jeroenzwaan, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – KOOIKERHONDJE PUPPY by https://pixy.org/4695950/
    5 – Kooikerhondje by Burner83 / from wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Kooiker – petsadviser.com by Pets Adviser from Brooklyn, USA, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “"Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"“

    Kooiker – 16 weeks – MOOS
    Carino in der Hundeschule

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
    • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • UKCGun Dogs


      • FCI breed standard "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"

        FCIFCI - "Kooikerhondje (Kooiker)"
        Spaniel

        Alternative names:

          1. Kooiker, Dutch Spanie (English).
          2. Petit chien hollandais de chasse au gibier d’eau (French).
          3. Kooikerhondje (German).
          4. (em neerlandês: Kooikerhondje) (Portuguese).
          5. Kooikerhondje, Pequeño Perro Holandés para la caza acuática (Spanish).

    Korea Jindo Dog
    Corea del Sur FCI 334 . Asian Spitz and related breeds

    Korean Jindo

    The Korea Jindo Dog It is the classic single master dog.

    Content

    History

    Korea Jindo Dog

    The exact origins of this breed of dog are lost in the obscurity of history. With a probability that borders on certainty, it can be assumed that the breed is actually of Korean origin, more precisely from the island of Jindo in southwestern Korea. Due to the isolated geographic location, this kind of dog was only found here. At last, an export ban on the breed was imposed, which is still in force today.

    In his homeland., the Korea Jindo Dog is under the protection of nature and species. In 1938 the breed was declared the national animal of Korea. However, some quadrupeds have crossed the borders: In the Decade of 1980, local people smuggled specimens to the US. In 2003 took place in Great Britain the first official exhibition of a Korea Jindo Dog outside asia. In the USA., the “Korean Association of Jindo of America” is working now to preserve this breed.

    Physical characteristics

    This four-legged Korean friend is one of the best in Asia. With a weight of about 14 - 21 kilograms and a height of 34 - 47 cm to the cross, the Korea Jindo Dog belongs to medium-sized dogs. Carries its tail curled or sickle-shaped on its back. The relatively small and erect ears are also typical of the point.

    Whereas in the standardized Korean breeding only white and red coat colors are recognized, depending on the frame organization the following other coat colors are allowed: kitsch, black and tan, grey, black and Brindle.

    Character and skills

    The Korea Jindo Dog shows corresponding original characteristics. It is considered to be independent, territorial and has a strong hunting instinct, what can make living with other pets impossible, but it doesn't have to be that way with good socialization.

    The breed is not easily disturbed and is characterized by great loyalty to its keeper.

    It is reserved with strangers: When used as a watchdog, the Korea Jindo Dog indicate in a way the defense of your home your home. Many representatives of the breed do not accept food from strangers. These dogs are playful and intelligent, sometimes even “too smart”, because they can learn to open doors, for example.

    When looking for a Jindo, always look for responsible breeders – unfortunately there are also alleged breeders who have bred the Jindo for backyard dogfighting or otherwise have disproportionately promoted the aggressive side of this dog.

    Education of “Korea Jindo Dog”

    Consistent and clear communication, as well as some experience with dogs are necessary for the education of a Korea Jindo Dog. The docile dog is not only characterized by its intelligence, but also for its primitive behavior and great independence, that you must direct in a controlled way.

    As leader of the pack it is your task to make it clear that you know with confidence and confidence where to go.. The Korea Jindo Dog quickly use uncertainties and exceptions to take the helm himself. However, never confuse strong and confident leadership with toughness, as this could destabilize the Korea Jindo Dog and not just destroy educational successes, but also lastingly disrupt the bond between you and your partner.

    A dog school is a recommended opportunity to introduce the Korea Jindo Dog other dogs of the same species and to socialize them even more.

    Health of the “Korea Jindo Dog”

    Robust Spitz

    It is considered that Korea Jindo Dog it is a robust breed of dog, that he hardly has a predisposition to genetic diseases. Healthy animals can reach an average age of 13 years. The most important health precautions are already taken before birth, thanks to the experience of experienced breeders, that minimize the risk of disease by selecting suitable parent animals, including appropriate preventive exams. Accumulation of the autoimmune disease discoid lupus erythematosus has occasionally been reported (DLE). This skin disease is usually treated for life.

    In addition, there are some cases of hypothyroidism, what is the lack of thyroid hormone supply to the body. In the Korea Jindo Dog this disease usually manifests itself through aggression or apathy and changes in the coat. In all other respects, The same as us, two legged friends, sufficient exercise and healthy nutrition are other important pillars of health. Increased risk of food intolerance in some Jindos can also be counteracted with a balanced diet.

    Nutrition del “Korea Jindo Dog”

    A high-quality, grain-free, meaty diet is, Fortunately, not just appropriate for the species, but also tasty. Both are important criteria, since it is considered that the Korea Jindo Dog is relatively selective. It is best to accustom him to several varieties of the same quality from the age of the puppy. This way you won't find yourself in a situation where, due to prescription changes or delivery issues, suddenly there is no more pet food and you have no alternative. In addition, you can usually change different known foods of the same quality without your dog having digestive problems.

    Regarding the amount of daily feeding, manufacturers' information can only give approximate values. If you notice that your Jindo is gaining too much weight, adjust your diet accordingly. You should also include treats in your daily ration. It's best to stick to healthy treats, like dental care snacks or dog treats that are 100% meat. Sugar has no place in food or reward snacks. With dry chews such as special dog bones or cow's ears, which are much less greasy than pig's ears, you can satisfy your friend's chewing needs from your Korea Jindo Dog.

    Make sure he always has enough water around him to quench his thirst at any time.

    Care “Korea Jindo Dog”

    The coat of this breed consists of a soft undercoat, depending on the season, and a hard coat. Especially during the coat change twice a year, the Korea Jindo Dog lose a lot of hair. You can limit hair loss on the floor accordingly, combing daily. Outside of coat change time, a weekly hairstyle is enough. At this time you can also check your ears and eyes for dirt and if they need to be cleaned with special ear and eye cleaners for dogs..

    The dirt on the coat is better to let it dry and then comb it out. A bath is not normally necessary, but it may be a good idea to gently accustom the Korea Jindo Dog, to a bath while still a puppy, so it can be cleaned every few months. Make sure to use a mild dog shampoo to avoid damaging the dog's own skin. Take a regular look at the claws, especially with older dogs. If they are too long, shorten them with claw scissors. This will prevent your dog from getting painfully stuck with them and possibly injuring himself.

    Activities with him “Korea Jindo Dog”

    give to you Korea Jindo Dog plenty of room to run, also as a jogging partner, but always on a leash. Also for free rescue and work of search dogs not suitable due to strong hunting instinct. Some Jindos like to learn tricks and play with various toys with great pleasure., that are available in stores. By the way, the Korea Jindo Dog normally stays away from water, so the common splash in the lake should not be included in the list of possible destinations. Many Korea Jindo Dog they even avoid small streams or puddles, Refuse to cross a bridge or don't want to go outside in the rain. To enjoy travel without restrictions, should show the young dog that the water on the trail is not a cause for concern and casually, and possibly supported with treats, get used to the unwanted item. Don't force your Jindo to jump into a pond or something similar – will probably never turn into a water rat.

    Before buying a “Korea Jindo Dog”

    Few dog lovers in Europe are likely to ask this question, since the Korea Jindo Dog It's very weird. In addition, you must be a nature lover and have a house or apartment at ground level in the countryside, because this four-legged friend must have a fenced-in property at his disposal, who can monitor. The fence must be generously planned, because the breed has a clear talent for jumping. Therefore, the minimum height of a fence should be 1,80 m. But still don't lose sight of your four-legged friend: Many young Jindo, if you have been alone for too long, the urge to discover has taken hold of him: The cunning dogs have quickly learned that a path can be prepared by digging even under fences.

    Anyway, the intelligence of Jindo may be too much for fairly comfortable dog owners who are supposed to keep him physically and mentally busy. This active and above average dog will take up a lot of time on your trips together, because you need to go out, what should normally be done on a leash due to his hunting instinct.
    Can be well kept in a family, also with children. Sociable four-legged friend doesn't like to be alone, so either he should be left alone for a very short time or you keep him together with another dog. In Korea it is common for dogs to live outside the house.

    The breed is excellent as a guard dog and often recognizes family acquaintances and friends from a distance. You can also befriend the postman if you make it clear that he is one of the “good”.

    Where can i find a “Korea Jindo Dog?”

    In Europe it is not easy to find a Korea Jindo Dog; for example, in Germany not a single litter has been registered in recent years and there is no active breeder. Here it is necessary to do research to find the closest breeder. Of course, some breeders also export from abroad, for example from the United States, but this is time consuming and should only be considered for absolute connoisseurs and lovers of the breed. However, Asian breeds might be worth a look Shiba Inu and Akita, which are much more common in Europe and have some similarities to the Korea Jindo Dog. When adopting a puppy from abroad, please consider the relevant entry requirements and especially the necessary vaccinations.

    If you are looking for a Korea Jindo Dog adult, you must be on a real winning streak to find one in Europe. It is true that dog owners sometimes underestimate the time and knowledge required for education and harmonious coexistence with a Korea Jindo Dog and, therefore, they give up their four-legged friend. However, this is extremely rare in Europe due to the very small number of Korea Jindo Dog.

    Characteristics "Korea Jindo Dog"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Korea Jindo Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Training ?

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    Suitability of the apartment ?

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    Suitable as a first dog ?

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    Weight gain ?

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    Health ?

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    Intelligence ?

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    Kindness with child ?

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    Tendency to flee ?

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    Suitable as a guard dog ?

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    Joy ?

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    Cat friendliness ?

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    Power level ?

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    Images “"Korea Jindo Dog"“

    Photos:

    1 – Korea Jindo Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-feliz-sol-perro-feliz-1792601/
    2 – Korea Jindo Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/progreso-perro-jindo-coreano-perro-1138824/
    3 – Korea Jindo Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/cachorro-perro-el-progreso-del-perro-1874281/
    4 – A male Korea Jindo Dog. Colour: red by Canarian / CC BY-SA
    5 – Korea Jindo Dog by https://flic.kr/p/dYtSF9
    6 – A male Korea Jindo Dog. Colour: red. by Canarian / CC BY-SA

    Videos “"Korea Jindo Dog"“

    Korean Jindo – TOP 10 Interesting Facts
    Jindo or Chindo Dog – Breed of dog

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 334
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 5: Asiatic Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds.

    FCI breed standard "Korea Jindo Dog"

    "Korea Jindo Dog" FCI [xyz-ips snippet=

    Alternative names:

      1. Jindo, Chindo, Jindo Gae, JindoGae (English).
      2. spitz coréen de Jindo (French).
      3. Jindot-gae, KOREANISCHER JINDO (German).
      4. Jindo (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de Chindo, Jindo, Yindo (Spanish).

    Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)
    Alemania FCI 97 . European Spitz

    Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz)

    The small Spitz is a loving and attentive dog, that is very people-oriented.

    Content

    History

    The Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) (Kleinspitz) is a variety of German Spitz, which today is available in five different sizes and in numerous colors. The exact origin of dogs spitz it is difficult to determine. In many regions there are indications of an early appearance of the breed. For example, in the terracotta pieces Mycenaean or in the Greek vases you can already find illustrations of similar dogs. From the Middle Ages, the Spitz guard and court dogs were popular, especially among the rural population. The obedient dogs took their duties as court protectors so seriously that they pinched the “intruders” on her calves. For this reason, Spitz was formerly considered a loved one.

    At the beginning of directed breeding, all representatives of the breed with a height at the withers less than 29 centimeters were summarized under the term Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz). As it was mainly in the area of Mannheim, he was also known as “Mannheimer Spitz“. Only later did the Dwarf Spitz (Pomeranian) with a height at the withers of up to 22 centimeters developed as a separate variety. Internationally the breed belongs to the group 5 from FCI “Spitz and dogs of the original type” in the section 4 “European Spitz“.

    Physical characteristics

    With a height at the cross of 23 - 29 centimeters, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) is the second smallest of the five varieties of German Spitz. Just the Pomeranian (Zwergspitz) is smaller. His pointed ears and mischievous eyes resemble those of a fox and give him a playful and mischievous look. It has a dense and protruding coat, consisting of two layers. The top layer is soft and long, while the undercoat is soft and dense. Around the neck the fur forms a mane like that of a lion and the bushy tail is carried over the back. Most of the coat color is black, brown, white, orange and cloudy gray. But some tips are cream too, cream-saber, orange-saber, black and tan.

    Character and skills

    The Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) he is a loving and attentive dog, that is very people-oriented. Like all German Spitz, does not like to be alone and is glad of the full attention of their owners. They are quite reserved and distrustful of strangers. Puppies defend their territory with force and tend to bark when they are not trained. However, due to its charming nature and lack of hunting instinct, the little ones spitz they are also easy to train for beginners. With proper training you can take the dog off leash without any problem. Although he can sometimes be a bit rebellious and cheeky, the four-legged friend gets along with other dogs.

    Kleinspitz Education

    Despite its small size, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) he is a dog to be taken seriously and needs constant training. Therefore, show the puppy the basic rules from day one and do not allow him to do anything that he is not allowed to do as an adult dog. Don't let her charm and cuteness bewitch you. In the young years, dogs learn better and want to please their owner. When training the puppy, you should not rush anything and allow time for new orders. Success is best achieved with consistency and praise. Early socialization is very important, especially for the cheeky ones Spitz. In this way he learns to deal with other dogs and remains more relaxed in everyday life.. It is recommended to attend a puppy school or a trainer.

    Activities with the little Spitz

    The Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) he is a lively and attentive dog that loves to be by your side at all times. Daily walks are the order of the day with him in any weather. Dog sports such as agility are also suitable for sports workload. For the mental load you can provide with the intelligence toy. Smart tops are also known for their love of learning tricks and tricks. The loving Spitz is with a good education a pleasant companion dog. You can easily take it with you on vacation or on small trips.

    Health and care Kleinspitz

    Despite its long fur, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) it is not a breed that requires much care. Protruding hairs give it a natural firmness, that hardly tangles. Therefore, just comb the coat from time to time and remove any dirt. Your dog will be pleased with the extra care. However, during the coat change, the small spitz also need your help to get rid of superfluous hair. The Spitz it is also one of the least susceptible breeds in terms of health. Some members of the breed are susceptible to tartar, but it can be prevented by using chewing bone or a dog toothbrush.

    Buy a Kleinspitz

    Due to its size, the Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) it is also suitable for smaller homes and will be happy both in a city apartment and in a house. The most important thing is to give him enough exercise and not treat him like a lap dog. The cheerful and affectionate dog is well suited to singles or pensioners, but also fits in a family without problems. The puppy needs one or more caregivers who take care of it daily. So you should think carefully about buying a puppy from Kleinspitz (Miniature or Small Spitz) and not rush anything.

    If you are sure that the breed suits you, you have to find a serious breeder. For a purebred puppy with papers and vaccines, many breeders charge up to 1.500 EUR. A laudable alternative is, therefore, a shelter dog. As the German Spitz they only differ in size, you will also be happy with a Pomeranian or a Mittelspitz (Standard or Medium Spitz).

    Kleinspitz Videos

    Puppies Spitz Aleman. Kleinspitz

    Our kennel of Kleinspitz

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 97
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial.

    Karelian Bear Dog
    Finlandia FCI 48 - Nordic Hunting Dogs

    Karelian Bear Dog

    The Karelian Bear Dog is a very independent and intelligent dog.

    Content

    History

    The Karelian Bear Dog, which also bears the name of zyrians dog, is considered the progenitor of the breed. But the basic strain of the breed came from the Carelia de Ladoga, the Olonets and the Carelia Rusa, where these dogs were used to hunt in different ways. The breeding started in 1936 with the aim of developing a robust dog that could make noise when hunting big game. At that time it was agreed that the breed name should be Karelian Bear Dog. The first standard was created in 1945. In 1946 the first dogs were registered in the stud book. Today the breed is well established in Finland.

    Physical characteristics

    This four-legged friend has a great similarity to the Laika related to him.

    With a height at the withers of up to 60 cm., males weigh about 28 kg. Bitches are slightly smaller and should not weigh more than 20 kg. The Karelian Bear Dog has a strong trunk and generally a compact and dynamic stature. On his head there are medium and erect ears and he wears a folded tail on his back. The icing on the cake is usually a white tip. In all other respects, dense coat color is usually black with white markings. The rough top layer is very close to the dense undercoat, that glows with a slight brown hue.

    Character and skills

    The freedom-loving character

    This dog loves the vastness of the forest and its independence, a combination that combines his attitude with some challenges, because he'll take any chance to roam free. As this four-legged friend acts very independently during the hunt and must place the hunt alone, it is also, for the rest, a confident companion, who gladly takes command when the opportunity presents itself.

    He is considered brave and is always ready to defend his loved ones. Contact with other dogs can be problematic without extensive socialization, because some Karelian Bear Dog show aggressiveness when meeting other dogs. However, other owners report their dogs great balance and praise their social compatibility. It is a fact that many Karelian Bear Dog they are also working together as hunting assistants – so with good conditioning and socialization this shouldn't be a problem.

    They are excellent watchdogs, that reliably indicate intruders. Despite all the lovely nooks and edges, the Karelian Bear Dog they also have their soft sides: They are not aggressive with people, they like to be petted at home and they love to be petted by their caregivers.

    Karelian Bear Dog Education<

    Education without subordination

    Its independent nature requires a lot of knowledge, but it should be clear from the start to anyone considering having a Karelian Bear Dog: that this proud quadruped will never be subordinate. Their independence reaches such a point that many Karelian Bear Dog they disappear in the forest for days in their native country, just to show up again when it suits him.

    Harshness and yelling are absolutely out of place in training this sensitive dog, which will then retreat or crawl. However, with the right mix of positive reinforcement, empathy and consistent behavior, good daily obedience can be achieved.

    It is important to socialize extensively with other four-legged friends from puppy age onwards., since some Karelian Bear Dog are considered incompatible with other dogs of the same species, what can become problematic on daily trips. It is a challenge to keep this dog available and away from independent hunting trips. Specialists with experience in dogs of this breed are definitely needed.

    Karelian Bear Dog Health and Nutrition

    The original breed is considered very robust. If you buy it from a serious breeder and pay attention to a balanced and age-appropriate diet- plenty of exercise, your four-legged friend can reach a age up to 13 years.

    Important for a healthy dog ​​life is, of course, also the daily food content. give to you Karelian Bear Dog a high quality food with a high proportion of meat and little grain. The energy needs of your four-legged friend depend on their constitution and daily exercise. So be sure to adjust the food accordingly and keep an eye on her slim waist.

    As in humans, extra kilos increase the risk of various diseases, including painful joint problems. Always provide fresh water. On the longest trips, you should also have enough water for your partner, which is also more sensitive to heat. Visit the vet at least once a year for a checkup with your pet and talk to him about necessary vaccinations and regular deworming.

    Caring for the Karelian Bear Dog

    The skin of this weather resistant quadruped is easy to care for. However, loses more hair during coat change, so it may be helpful to brush it every day, so that less hair is spread around the house. Otherwise, brush it every few days; This ritual also reinforces the bond and should already be practiced with the puppy for a relaxed routine.

    Always check the eyes, your puppy's ears and claws and use a special eye and ear cleaner if necessary. The claws can become too long in dogs that walk a lot on soft ground – or they move too little, what in this quadruped, However, should only occur in very old or diseased specimens. In this case, shorten them with special tweezers.

    Many dog ​​owners brush their quadrupeds' teeth regularly with dog toothpaste and brush to prevent tartar and associated secondary diseases.. You can now practice this with your puppy. Alternatively, you can offer your dog dental care snacks.

    Activities with the Karelian Bear Dog

    Occupation: Go out to the forest!

    This four-legged friend's favorite hobby is clearly hunting.: extensive travels through the forest and hunting tracking are his passion. The Karelian Bear Dog seek the game to be hunted almost silently. Once you have reached your destination, barks long and persistently at the hunt to keep it in place until the hunter arrives.

    The Karelian Bear Dog sometimes they hunt in threes, so they can also keep bigger animals like bears at bay. The breed does not necessarily have to be hunted. As an alternative to hunting, the karelian bear dog also suitable for dog sports, but in this case you can only do activities that you like. If you enjoy it, Agility sports can be a good activity for a Karelian Bear Dog adult. Also suitable as a companion for jogging or cycling – but you must keep his hunting instinct in check. Most of these excellent trackers like tracking work of all kinds.

    Is a Karelian Bear Dog Right for Me?

    The Karelian Bear Dog belong to the hands of seasoned enthusiasts, preferably hunters. Alternatively, need a lot of exercise and outdoor work. Only then is it possible to keep them as family dogs. Experience with dogs should be available in any case. You must also be clear that this quadruped can only be trained conditionally. Does not belong to the group of dogs that subordinate themselves – as a dog owner you must respect this, but still be able to direct his power in a controlled way.

    The Karelian Bear Dog not in any way suitable for a city apartment. Ideally, offer you a leak-proof garden, in addition to the daily run in forests and fields, but beware: the Karelian Bear Dog freedom lover is considered a fugue artist and can jump up to two meters high.

    This four-legged friend likes to befriend children, but they should be older and have learned to treat animals with respect.

    Cats in the same household are not necessarily a good idea, not to mention rabbits or other small animals. The norse hunter you will always see potential prey in them. Of course there are exceptions to the rule and there may even be friendships between Karelian Bear Dog and cats socialized at a young age – but you won't be able to get a guarantee before you move in. So you must bring a lot of time, space and experience if you want this proud dog to move in with you.

    The Karelian Bear Dog is a four-legged friend for connoisseurs, not to be chosen as a new roommate for its rustic look. If you are not looking for a true character head, you will have little joy with this animal roommate. Of course, before moving, one-time expenses also need to be calculated (buy creator, basic team, travel expenses) and regular expenses (food, veterinary, dog tax and insurance).

    Where can I find a Karelian Bear Dog?

    This breed of dog is found naturally mainly in Scandinavia, especially in finland. Further south there are only a few dogs of this very special hunting breed. In Germany, for example, not a single cub of Karelian Bear Dog in recent years. Special Nordic dog clubs can help you find the dog of your dreams. However, There are some things to consider if you are interested in a puppy from abroad. It's always better if you can get a picture of the puppies' house and meet their parents. The Nordic Dog Experts, who you should contact through the appropriate associations, can advise you if there are possible alternatives to Karelian Bear Dog that suit you, to your life situation and your wishes. Or you can refer them to the breeders of Karelian Bear Dogs, if there is currently no one in your country who has a litter in the near future.

    Characteristics "Karelian Bear Dog"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Karelian Bear Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Training ⓘ

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    Suitability of the apartment ⓘ

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    He can be alone all day ⓘ

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    Suitable as a first dog ⓘ

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    Weight gain ⓘ

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    Health Issues ⓘ

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    intelligence ⓘ

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    Kindness with child ⓘ

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    Tendency to bite ⓘ

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    Tendency to bark ⓘ

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    Tendency to flee ⓘ

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    Hair loss force ⓘ

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    Suitable as a guard dog ⓘ

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    Playfulness ⓘ

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    Kindness with cat ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
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    Energy level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    Images "Karelian Bear Dog"

    A 10-year-old male Karelian Bear Dog. Head shot with tracking collar around neck by Uusijani / CC0

    Karelian bear dog by Friesian.marcin / CC BY-SA

    Videos "Karelian Bear Dog"

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 42
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs. Working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway and Finland).
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 5 – Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs.
    • AKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • CKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • UKC – Nordic Hunting Dogs

    FCI breed standard "Karelian Bear Dog"

    "Karelian Bear Dog" FCI [xyz-ips snippet=

    Alternative names:

      1. Karjalankarhukoira, Karelsk Björnhund (English).
      2. Karjalankarhukoira (French).
      3. Karjalankarhukoira, Björnhund (German).
      4. Karjalankarhukoira (Portuguese).
      5. Karjalankarhukoira (Spanish).

    Karst Shepherd
    Eslovenia FCI 278 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Karst Shepherd

    The Karst Shepherd a typical watchdog. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd.

    Content

    History

    The Karst Shepherd It is a breed that has existed for several centuries and belongs to the group of molosoids. Probably, This dog followed the Illyrian tribe in their migration through Styria and the Dalmatian islands and settled in the Slovenian region of the Karst Massif.. The first time that race is referred to in writing is in 1689, in the book of Baron Janez Vajkart Valvasor entitled «The glory of the Duchy of Carniole». The breed and its standard were officially recognized on 2 in June of 1939 with the name of " Iliria Shepherd »During the F.C.I general assembly. in stockholm. During the F.C.I general assembly. in Bled-Slovenia in 1948, the standard was completed and the breed recognized again. However, to 16 in March of 1968, the Iliria Shepherd from the Karst massif, bore the same name as the Shepherd of the Sarplanina massif. In front of two shepherd dogs with the same name, The Yugoslav Central Society decided to name the one from the Karst region "Shepherd of the Karst massif" and the other " Sarplaninac ». Since then, these two races are totally independent.

    Physical characteristics

    Externally, the Karst Shepherd they are hardly distinguishable from those of Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina. They are on average slightly smaller than their relatives who live further south, but the height at the cross accepted for breeding is the same for both breeds.

    It is a dog's size medium, harmoniously built, robust, with well-developed muscles and a strong constitution.

    The head is big, with powerful teeth. The eyes are almendrados, brown or almost black. The ears are inserted moderately high and fall flat in the form of “V”. The tail, wide at the base, takes the form of a saber, drawing a light hook with the tip should reach the hock.
    Hair: quite long, reaches the 14 cm.; the undercoat is well developed.

    • Color: grey iron. A dark shade is preferable on the cross; towards the abdomen and feet the color changes without visible transition to light gray or even sand color, with a dark gray band across the lower extremities. The dark mask on the head surrounded by beige gray hair.
    • Size: males, of 57 - 63 cm. (ideal 60 cm.); females, of 54 - 60 cm. (ideal 57 cm.).

    Character and skills

    The Karst Shepherd is a typical watchdog. Acts largely independently, which is also essential for the protection of the herd. It is very territorial, brave and vigilant, but without biting. He is distrustful and even hostile to strangers, but a loyal and devoted companion of his master and his family.

    The born Guardian needs early and careful socialization and loving but consistent education. He only submits to clear leadership.
    Like all guard dogs, the Karst Shepherd is late developing, reaches mental maturity only at 3-4 years.

    He loves country life and being outdoors. Its ideal habitat is a house with a large parcel of land that it can monitor. With a close family relationship and a task that fits your natural waking instinct. The Karst Shepherd he's a nice companion dog, kind and also obedient, but he will never completely detach himself from his strong independence.

    Overall Karst Shepherd It:

    • Incorruptible guard in the house
    • Does not get along with other dogs.
    • Patient, but still affectionate
    • Forgiving with children

    Karst Shepherd Education and Maintenance

    Only conditionally suitable for the city.
    Outside the mountainous regions of Slovenia, these dogs are very rarely found. This is because, on the one hand, to his great need to move and, on the other hand, to the high demands of their education. The Karst Shepherd are more individual than other sheepdog breeds, since they are often left to their own devices in their “natural habitat” and protect herds independently. An experienced owner with a lot of patience and a sense of mind for your dog will have little trouble educating his Karst Shepherd towards an obedient and calm companion.

    Karst Shepherd Health

    The Karst Shepherd it's quite healthy for a sheepdog, but suffers from some typical breed problems. On average, they reach an age of 10 - 12 years and therefore become significantly older than most German shepherds. The Karst Shepherd, living in a family environment, they are less susceptible to disease than animals that have to sleep in kennels and are permanently exposed to the weather. Boredom is also a stressor and affects the mind and health of dogs..

    Its claws must be shortened regularly.
    They have sensitive ears that swell quickly.
    Very long-growing dogs suffer more often from so-called dachshund paralysis (intervertebral disc disorders).
    Dysplasia of the elbow and hip joints are also more common in these dogs..

    Buy a Karst Shepherd

    Several breeders of the Karst Shepherd they are members of the Dog Club of Southern and Eastern Europe.
    Some Slovenian breeders offer their dogs for export.
    Pay attention to good breeding conditions!
    As the Karst Shepherd they are very rare outside of Slovenia, you will hardly be able to visit the breeder before buying. If you have the possibility, Combine buying a puppy with a multi-week vacation in Slovenia. If your puppy already knows you, you will feel much less stress during the transfer and during the first adaptation phase. You can also check the conservation conditions during a visit to the breeder.

    Images "Karst Shepherd"

    Photos:

    1 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Wikipedia
    2 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    3 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    4 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Wikipedia
    5 – Owczarek_kraski en el World Dog Show en Poznan by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA

    Videos "Karst Shepherd"

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 278
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI breed standard "Karst Shepherd"

    KARST SHEPHERD DOG FCIKARST SHEPHERD DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. KARST SHEPHERD DOG, kraški ovčar, kraševec (English).
      2. Kraski Ovcar (French).
      3. Illyrischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Pastor da Ístria (Portuguese).
      5. kraški ovčar (Spanish).

    King Charles Spaniel
    England FCI 128 . English Toy Spaniels

    English Toy Spaniel

    The King Charles Spaniel it is a gentle and calm dog in any circumstance.

    Content

    History

    Already in the sixteenth century there was talk of King Charles Spaniel. Much appreciated by all the kings who succeeded the crown of England, it is above all with Carlos II that they will have a privileged relationship. It is in homage to him that he was given the name of King Charles to the race. In fact, Carlos II dedicated a great passion to them. He had many, who came and went as they pleased through the corridors of the Royal Palace. They even had a privileged status!

    Knights took him hunting while ladies hugged him by the fire. He had managed to make himself indispensable to the Court.

    However, at that time, the muzzle was pointed. It was after the crossing with the Japanese Chin that the flat nose standard emerged. The Cavalier King Charles spaniel, another closely related race, is slightly larger, with a less flat nose.

    Accepted by the FCI at 1965, the King Charles Spaniel is based on standards that were last revised in 2010.

    Physical characteristics

    Selected to be small in size, the silhouette of the King Charles Spaniel fits in a square. They are elegant dogs with low, elongated ears and wavy fringes that hang flirtatiously down the cheeks.. His dark eyes are very big, a bit protruding and far apart. The skull is voluminous with a well marked stop and a very short muzzle.. The jaw is slightly lower, but the tongue does not stick out. The body is compact, with straight legs, wide chest and fringed tail carried along the hocks. Some choose to cut it.

    ▷ Size of King Charles Spaniel: Between 25 cm and 35 cm.
    ▷ Weight of King Charles Spaniel: Between 3,5 kg and 6 kg
    ▷ Hair King Charles Spaniel: Long and fringed on the legs, ears and tail. The coat is silky and shiny, smooth with a slight wave.

    Character and skills

    It is difficult to find a dog that is easier to live with. The King Charles Spaniel is not a guard dog, since he doesn't bark much. Very attached to his master and the whole family, You know “disappear” of the landscape when his master has no time to dedicate. Therefore, Do not wait for it to come to you and anticipate its needs!

    He is very comfortable with young children, the elderly and the disabled, is nice, cheerful and patient with everyone. Said to have calming properties to combat anxiety since the 17th century. In England, It is said to be “comforting”.

    It's not especially sporty, he likes comfort, the nap and the pillow. Do not forget that you must do enough sports to maintain good health..

    More reserved than his cousin the Cavalier King Charles spaniel, remains gentle and calm in all circumstances.

    Its reserve does not make it an aggressive animal with strangers. Intelligent and playful, the King Charles Spaniel enjoys the company of children. Appreciates pampering and displays of affection in general. It is no coincidence that he is often compared to a cat.

    In an apartment or a house, the King Charles Spaniel is equally happy. As long as you can snuggle with your master and show your joy whenever you feel like it, will be happy. Older people like it a lot.

    Education

    Your sense of smell, his hearing and intelligence make him not only a pleasant dog to live with, but also relatively easy to train. It is enough to indicate the limits that he should not cross and offer him a good socialization to make him an excellent life partner. To the King Charles Spaniel loves to play: take advantage of this trait to perfect your education and strengthen your ties.

    Health

    With regard to health, the King Charles Spaniel needs to be watched regarding your eyes, ears, respiratory system and heart. Similar to the Cavalier King Charles spaniel, you are likely to have microphthalmia, which may be associated with cataracts. You may also have ear irritation problems and breathing and / or heart difficulties. Last but not least, you should know that childbirth can be complicated in females.

    Grooming

    The King Charles Spaniel molts twice a year, one in autumn and one in spring. Its abundant fur, his fringed ears and eyes should be maintained regularly to keep him clean and healthy.

    For its hygiene it is recommended to brush the dog once a week, using an iron brush without bristles or a soft card, and then with a fine comb. You have to take care that your hair does not form knots. The dog must be bathed every two months, making sure to use a special dog shampoo and to remove knots beforehand.

    Characteristics "King Charles Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "King Charles Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Dog friendly ⓘ

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    Hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection Level ⓘ

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    Need to exercise ⓘ

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    Social Needs ⓘ

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    Apartment ⓘ

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    Grooming ⓘ

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    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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    Health Issues ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat Friendly ⓘ

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    intelligence ⓘ

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    versatility ⓘ

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    Child Friendly ⓘ

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    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
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    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
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    Images "King Charles Spaniel"

    Photos:

    1 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=281614&picture=perfil-de-king-charles-spaniel
    2 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/es/view-image.php?image=281614&picture=perfil-de-king-charles-spaniel
    3 – King Charles Spaniel by https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/en/view-image.php?image=281620&picture=king-charles-spaniel
    4 – King Charles Spaniel sitting while looking up, during the dog show in Katowice – Saucer, Poland. by Pleple2000 10:18, 5 April 2006 (UTC), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – King Charles Spaniel by Universe876 at Italian Wikipedia, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – King Charles Spaniel named blenheim by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "King Charles Spaniel"

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9: Section 7: English Toy Spaniels
    • AKCToy
    • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
    • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
    • ​KC – Toy
    • NZKCToy
    • UKC – Group 8 – Service dog


    FCI breed standard "King Charles Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - "King Charles Spaniel"
    King

    Alternative names:

      1. English Toy Spaniel, Toy Spaniel Charlies, Prince Charles Spaniel, Ruby Spaniel, Blenheim Spaniel (English).
      2. King Charles Spaniel (French).
      3. English Toy Spaniel (German).
      4. King charles spaniel (Portuguese).
      5. Toy spaniel inglés, English Toy Spaniel, Spaniel del Rey Carlos (Spanish).

    Kuvasz
    Hungría FCI 54 - Sheepdogs.

    Kuvasz

    The Kuvasz (PL. Kuvaszok) It is an ancient Hungarian breed of sheepdog.

    Content

    History

    The Kuvasz is an ancient guardian breed of herds that originated in Hungary, although their distant ancestors were probably type dogs Tibetan Mastiff.

    While the Komondor was used on the grounds lower with drier climates, the Kuvasz was used in the wet grasslands of the highest mountains and the two were an integral part of the Hungarian economy. Later, during the century 15, the Kuvasz became a prized animal, the dog belonged to the Royal Court of the King Matthias Corvinus. Y, Since the Kingdom was offered to visiting dignitaries as a Royal gift Kuvasz puppies, Legend has it that the King was more confident their dogs than in their own Councillors. After the death of the King, the popularity of the breed among the nobles decreased, But even so the dog still their traditional role in the protection of livestock.

    At the end of World War II, almost all the Kuvasz in Hungary had been killed. The dogs were used for the protection of their families, reason why were actively sought and killed by German and Soviet soldiers, while at the same time, some German soldiers were a large number of copies to their homes. After the Soviet invasion and the end of the war, the breed was almost extinct in Hungary.

    The word Kuvasz, probably, it comes from the Turkish "Kavas" meaning guard, soldier or a protector. One theory posits that the Word may have its origin in ancient farmers of Russia-related, the Chuvash, that has contributed many words to the Hungarian language.

    For a long time, the property of the Kuvasz was restricted, but they were finally used by the shepherds as guardians of the flock. That is the job they are known for today.. The dog's white fur allowed the shepherd to easily distinguish it from a wolf while mixing with the herd.

    Physical characteristics

    The Kuvasz should be of good size, solidly built and with a dignified air. The skull should be slightly arched and not too long, wedge-shaped snout. Leads the small ears hanging in the form of V. The body is rather long, with the slightly outgoing ribs. The legs are strong and not too long. The tail is long, slightly curved at the tip, which wears a beautiful plume. The coat is long, rough and undulating. The color has to be pure white, Although the white ivory can be accepted.

    Although the skin is white, the pigmentation of the skin of Kuvasz should be dark and the nose should be black. The eyes must have an almendrada form. The females usually weigh between 35 and 50 kg, While males weigh in 50 - 70 kg, tieneto a bone structure medium. The height at the cross in the males is of 71 - 76 cm and the females of 66 - 70 cm..

    For a casual observer, the Kuvasz may be similar to a Pyrenean Shepherd, to the Akbash, a dog “Maremma Shepherd”, a Samoyed, a Pudelhund white mixed with a Labrador Retriever, or some slovak dog like him Polish Tatra Sheepdog.

    As with many livestock guardian dogs, the color of the layer of the Kuvasz serves a functional purpose and is an essential breed criterion. To develop the breed a purpose clear in the Kuvasz was to realise a mantle of color, to provide pastors distinguish the dog of wolves attacking animals at night. The Komondor, a close relative of the Kuvasz, It has a white coat for the same reason.

    The Kuvasz lose a lot of hair from time to time. The rest of care are complicated. We must bear in mind that it is a dog of strong personality, which is why their education must be early and can be put to the test the patience of the educator. You need a suitable space of movement and exercise.

    Hair: short, smooth, closed and thick on the head and on the front of the extremities. in the trunk, brazos, tie and tail is long and wavy, and often forms ridges and locks. it's pretty rough, a little stiff and in no case felt. the undercoat is fine and woolly.

    Color: white.

    Size: males of 71 - 75 cm.; females of 66 - 70 cm..

    Character and skills

    The Kuvasz he is a tireless keeper of flocks, defending the predators. Previously it had been used also as a hunting dog to pursue wolves, wild boars and bears. It is also a great guardian. In his country the police and army use it as Assistant. In recent decades it has become also companion dog.

    Good working dog, reliable watchdog, Pleasant Home Companion, so is the Kuvasz.

    It has been used as a livestock guardian, but in recent years can be found in households as pet.

    The Kuvasz he is a smart dog and is generally said to have a clown sense of humor, that can last throughout adolescence and adulthood. They are very loyal but patients animals who appreciate human attention, but it also needs its space, they are very independent animals.

    According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges ("The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Kuvasz is the No. 42 from the list.

    Despite his intelligence, It should not be perceived as easy to train. Her independent personality can make the training a difficult task that, You can exhaust the patience, even for experienced owners. As a result, It is not recommended for beginners and those who do not have time to train and socialize in a manner appropriate to their Kuvasz.

    On the other hand, many of these qualities make the Kuvasz excellent guardians for sheep or large farms. The Kuvasz has a very special and close relationship with his owner.

    It is a sober and suffered dog, It resists weathering in the toughest conditions, Frequent brushing is therefore, necessary to keep their fur clean. A Kuvasz should not smell bad, This is usually a sign of illness or poor nutrition.

    Homemade dog is friendly, affectionate and intelligent, and above all an excellent guardian, brave and quiet, suspicious and even reserved with strangers. Under its dignified appearance hides a playful temperament which makes him a loyal friend of children.

    It is generally a healthy and robust breed whose life expectancy is about 12 or 14 years.

    Kuvasz Health

    In the Kuvaszok, more serious health problems include hip dysplasia, osteocondrosis (a joint disorder that damages cartilage and bone) and a propensity for cruciate ligament injury. An eye disease called progressive retinal atrophy (ARP) is a potential concern, just like hypothyroidism (a common hormonal disease in dogs in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroxine) and vonWillebrand's disease (a disorder of blood clotting).

    Not all of these diseases are detectable in a growing puppy, and it can be difficult to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined to detect these defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

    Do not buy a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation showing that the parents were exempt from health problems affecting the breed.. If the breeder tells you that the tests are not necessary because they have never had problems with their lines, that the dogs have been “reviewed by the veterinarian”, or offers you any other excuse to skimp on genetic testing of your dogs, leave immediately.

    Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas. A puppy can develop one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in his lines and what are the most common causes of death.

    Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Kuvasz at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. Make the most of diet and exercise to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    observations and advice

    not a very well-known dog and, therefore, it is difficult to find a puppy of this breed. However, it is more widely used than Komondor, whose cloak scares many potential buyers. In fact, Kuvasz's hair is more difficult to care for, Since it must be brushed periodically to avoid the formation of knots, although it should be washed as little as possible.

    Kuvasz toilet

    The Kuvasz has a beautiful white double coat that loosens dirt but also loosens hair. Brush it weekly with a pin brush to remove dead hair and keep skin and coat healthy. Trim the hair between the toes to keep your feet looking good. Its coat repels water and removes dirt easily with brushing, so a bath is rarely necessary.

    When summer comes, don't think your Kuvasz has suddenly developed a disease causing hair loss. It is normal for the Kuvasz to lose most of its long coat in hot weather.

    The rest are basic care. Cut nails as needed, normally each week the. Brush your teeth frequently with a vet-approved pet toothpaste for good general health and fresh breath.

    Characteristics "Kuvasz"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Kuvasz" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Kuvasz"

    Videos "Kuvasz"

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Swiss Shepherd Dogs and Cattle Dogs) / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 54
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • AKC – PASTORAGE
    • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
    • CKC – Group 7 – Herding dogs
    • ​KC – Pastoral
    • NZKC – Working dog
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • FCI breed standard "Kuvasz"
  • KUVASZ FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Hungarian Kuvasz (English).
      2. Kuvasz (French).
      3. Kuvasz (German).
      4. Pastor Húngaro (Portuguese).
      5. Kuvaszok (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – kuvasz by Vkoves / Public domain
    2 – KUVASZ by Swedish Fair from Sweden / CC BY
    3 – Kuvasz Prince of The Dogs Kennel by Kuvaszprince / CC BY-SA
    4 – 7.5 months old kuvasz bitch by Sprays / Public domain
    5 – Female kuvasz in Ópusztaszer, Hungary by DenesFeri / CC BY-SA
    6 – Nine-week-old Kuvasz dog by Vkovesz / Public domain

    Kromfohrlander
    Germany FCI 192 . Kromfohrlander

    Kromfohrlander

    The Kromfohrlander (nicknamed Länder or Krom) It is a breed of dog originating in Germany company.

    Content

    History

    The Kromfohrlander it is a modern breed, born of the intervention of the United States in Germany after World War II. The exact story varies. A story tells that the founding dog of the breed, Peter, was a scruffy canine mascot that was found by American troops in northern France. Your ancestry could be a mix of Grand basset griffon vendéen and Fox Terrier (wire).

    Somehow, Peter parted ways with the troops, but he was rescued by a woman named Ilse Schleifenbaum. She adopted him, and in the natural course of things, Peter had an affair with Fifi, a Fox Terrier (wire) black and white. Her cubs, Shaggy y Witch, they looked a lot like their father in looks and temperament. Ilse decided that her qualities were worth reproducing and called the dogs “krom fohr” (“crooked groove”), by the local landscape.

    Another version of the history of the race is that Peter traveled with the troops and they handed him over to Frau Schleifenbaum. She raised him with her own dog, described as resembling a Fawn Brittany Griffon, producing five litters bearing their father's stamp. Be that as it may, the International Cynological Federation recognized them as a distinct breed in 1955.

    The first Kromfohrlander imported to the United States was Button von der Britzer Muhle in 1997. A female followed, Finca vom Kahlharz, in 1999. The United Kennel Club recognized the breed a few years earlier, in 1996, classifying it originally as Terrier, but then reassigning her to companion dog status in 2013. However, was not up 2012 when the Kromfohrlander began to be registered with the Stock Service of the American Kennel Club Foundation (AKC FSS).

    Currently, in Germany, a few 200 dogs of Kromfohrländer per year are under the umbrella of the VDH. Faced with the problem of inbreeding, in 2010 the breeding association was founded ProKromfohrländer e.V., you want to systematically counteract with selective crosses and other measures. For example, the Dansk-Svensk Gårdshund, a very similar Danish-Swedish dog breed provisionally recognized by the FCI, is being crossed to improve the breeding base. Taking into account the history of the breeding of the Kromfohrländer and the physical and psychological characteristics of both breeds of dogs, it seems that it is a good way. By the way, name Kromfohrländer comes from a valley near Siegen, that it's called Krom Fohr = Krumme Furche.

    The Kromfohrländer It is one of the newer German dog breeds, practically unknown outside its borders.

    Physical characteristics

    The Kromfohrländer It is a breed of medium-sized companion dog . There are two different types of hair: rough hair (Rauhaar) and smooth hair (Glatthaar). This is what the provisions of the standard say about the general appearance. The standard says about the color of the coat:

    Basic color white; Light brown markings, reddish brown to very dark brown in the form of spots of different sizes or like a saddle. Black hair ends with brown undercoat are allowed. In the head: light brown spots, reddish brown to dark brown on the cheeks, above the eyes and in the ears. Largely symmetrically subdivided with white markings extending to the forehead or nape (symmetrical mask with glow).

    As a result of extreme inbreeding, the dogs in practice became increasingly pale in terms of their brown tones. That is why the Fox Terrier (wire) they crossed in the decade of 1960 to enhance colors. A Kromfohrländer has manageable dimensions, matching her cheerful charisma, friendly and lively .

    Weight and height

  • Male size: 38 – 46 cm.
  • Female size: 38 – 46 cm.
  • Male weight: 11 – 16 kg
  • Female weight: 9 – 14 kg
  • Character and skills

    The Kromfohrländer purebred is an adaptable dog, sensitive and with terrier blood.

    It is a true family dog. He follows her where he can. At the same time, presents features of “unique dog”. Within his town there are always one or two people to whom he is especially attached. Especially close friendships can develop here, even intimate, if your humans allow it. So the world is alright for the dog, yes and while these his faithful friends are there. He is faithfully dedicated to them. Without them he is restless and only looks towards the door, when the master or loves her finally arrive.

    With a little good education and guidance, he is a very sociable family dog, who is also very good at living with children. At the same time, he is quite reserved with strangers.

    Some bark very discreetly, others report each movement. Both on the leash and on your own turf, the Kromfohrländer sometimes tends to megalomania. This appears to be an inheritance from the Terrier. Here your caregivers must show clear leadership. Only with the development of your own personality, usually at two years, becomes more relaxed in dealing with the outside world. Another advantage of Kromfohrländer is that he barely has hunting instinct. This makes walks or hikes in nature with him very relaxing.

    Health

    The Kromfohrlander is generally healthy, with a life expectancy of 12 - 14 years.

    All dogs have the potential to developgenetic health problems, Like all people, they have the potential to inherit a particular disease. – Do not walk – from any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee to their puppies, to tell you that the race is 100 percent healthy and having no known problems or telling you that their puppies are isolated from the main body. from home for health reasons A reputable breeder will be honest and open about health problems in the breed and the incidence with which they occur in their lines.

    Health problems that can be observed in the breed include:

    • Autoimmune thyroiditis (thyroid disease)
    • Cistinuria, a genetic defect that allows the accumulation of cystine, an amino acid, in urine.
    • Epilepsy
    • keratosis, stiffening of the foot pad caused by an excess of a protein called keratin
    • Patellar luxation, an orthopedic condition that involves the kneecap slipping out of place

    Ask the breeder what problems he has experienced in his lines - problems such as autoimmune thyroiditis may not appear until the dog is middle-aged or older.

    Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and most attractive specimens, But sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that, in many cases, thedogsThey can still live a good life. If you're going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what caused their death.

    If a breeder tells you they don't need to do these tests or that their dogs don't need health certifications because they have never had problems in their lines, that their dogs have been checked by a vet or give any other excuse to skimp on genetic testing. dog, walk away immediately.

    Remember that after you have brought a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common canine health problems: theObesity.Keep a Kromfohrländer at a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

    Grooming

    The coat of the Kromfohrländer can be rough or smooth, and each type of coat can vary in length. Wire-haired dogs, or rough fur, they always have beards, which makes them look pretty and scruffy. The hair is thick and rough in texture. Beneath him is a short soft cape.

    Smooth-haired dogs have feathers in their ears, chest and legs and a nice feathered tail. Your body hair can be short or long, and finishes off a short and smooth undercoat.

    The Kromfohrländer lose hair, but not in excess. People who live with dogs say that regular sweeping and vacuuming is enough to keep their fur under control.

    Fur tends to shed dirt easily, and dogs don't usually smell unless they've wallowed in something that smells bad. Bathe them when necessary. Depending on whether a Kromfohrländer spends a lot of time outdoors, as well as in your furniture, that can mean weekly, monthly or quarterly.

    The rest are basic care. Trim your nails every week or two, or when necessary. Brush teeth frequently - with a veterinarian approved pet toothpaste- for general good health and fresh breath.

    Characteristics "Kromfohrlander"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Kromfohrlander” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Kromfohrlander"

    Photos:
    1 – "Kromfohrlander" by Ellarie, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – A "Kromfohrlander", wirehaired subtype, lying on the grass. by Marc Rünger, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – "Kromfohrlander" Dog 2013 Helsinki 13-15/12/2013 by Tomasyna, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – "Kromfohrlander" by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kromfohrl%C3%A4nder-raza-de-perro-4417896/
    5 – "Kromfohrlander" by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kromfohrl%C3%A4nder-oto%C3%B1o-4417894/
    6 – "Kromfohrlander" by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-kromfohrl%C3%A4nder-raza-de-perro-4417897/

    Videos "Kromfohrlander"

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9: Section 10: Kromfohrlander
    • AKCToy
    • UKC – Group 8 – Service dog


    FCI breed standard "Kromfohrlander"

    FCIFCI - "Kromfohrlander"
    Kromfohrlander

    Alternative names:

      1. Länder, Kromi (English).
      2. Kromfohrländer (French).
      3. Kromfohrländer (German).
      4. Kromfohrländer (Portuguese).
      5. Länder, Krom (Spanish).