A

ABSCESS Accumulation of pus circumscribed to body tissues.

ACERVO GENÉTICO Available in a species genetic diversity, race or particular variety.

ÁCIDOS GRASOS ESENCIALES Ácidos grasos que no pueden ser sintetizados por el cuerpo y que deben ser adquiridos a través de la dieta.

AGUTÍ Clear areas of hair in the striped fur; also concerning the cats with any striped design.

SMOKED Coat color with white Undercoat. See also color tips, shading, silvering.

NSAIDS Antiinllamatorio non-steroidal, Group of drugs to which belong the carprofeno and the meloxicarn.

ANEMIA Disminución de los glóbulos rojos o del pigmento que transporta el oxígeno de la sangre (hemoglobin), produced by hemorrhage, the functional bone marrow suppression, parasites or immune diseases which destroy red blood cells.

GLASSES Areas of hair around the eyes clear, especially below.

ANTIBODY Proteína producida por glóbulos blancos especializados en respuesta a ciertos antígenos. La unión del anticuerpo con el antígeno es característica de la inmunidad.

ANTÍGENO Cualquier agente capaz de inducir una respuesta inmunitaria específica.

FERAL Animal that lives in the wild but descended from pets.

ASSOCIATIONS OF RACES Organizations with a record of races, dedicated to one or more other races. There are various associations for the registration of a single race. See also registry.

STRIPED Drawing of stripes or spots which is used as a camouflage. Véase también agutí.

B

BICOLOR Coats of white hair and other color.

C

PUPPY/KITTEN In the strict sense, cat is under the age of separation from his mother, that is to say, less than 12 weeks. Competitions are them can continue calling kittens for a few months.

CÁLIDOS Similar to the red fur colors.

COLOSTRUM First milk secreted after childbirth, It contains protection against numerous infectious diseases.

BREECHES Long hair which covers the upper part of the hind legs.

LOWER LAYER Insulating hair under the top layer. See laminen protective hair, less hair.

UPPER LAYER Outer layer of hair prolector, where is located the drawing in the atigrados. Please refer to laminen hair care.

CASTRACIÓN Suele referirse a la extracción quirúrgica de los testículos de los machos [but it also refers to the sterilization in males and females). See sterilization,

CASTRACIÓN FEMENINA Método de esterilización de gatos hembra mediante la extirpación de útero y ovarios. See also sterilization.

CAT FANCY Término que abarca los registros de gatos y las asociaciones que crían y exponen galos en todo el mundo.

CESÁREA Apertura quirúrgica del útero para extraer los cachorros de gato a término.

KETOACIDOSIS Presence of ketones in the blood as a result of kidney failure.

CFA Cal Eanciers acronym ' Association, Association of amateurs of cats. It is the largest feline registry, founded in 1906 and based in North America.

CHINCHILLA (White long hair with black traces JATO or such fur in any cat.

SHOCK Emergency situation, life-threatening, where there is collapse, rapid pulse, pallor in mucous membranes.

CHOQUE ANAFILÁCTICO Exaggerated allergic response, life-threatening, a una proteína extraña o a otras sustancias.

CYANOSIS Coloración azul purpúrea de las mucosas, producida por la falta de oxígeno.

ESTROUS CYCLE Female reproductive cycle.

CITOLOGÍA Examination of the cells through a microscope.

NECKLACE Long Pelaje1 that sometimes appear around the neck or chest.

COLOURPOINT Gallen whose face, ears, feet and tail are of a different colour to the trunk. Véase• también punteado.

CONGÉNITO Existing since birth; congenital diseases may or may not be inherited.

CREPITACIÓN Dry and gritty sound produced in the extension or flexion of the joints.

CRÍA SELECTIVA Intervención humana para determinar las parejas en una cría.

SEIZURE Abnormal electrical activity in the brain, It causes involuntary muscle contractions; also known as the epileptic seizure.

D

DEPRESIÓN DE LA NARIZ Change of address, slight or sharp, the tip of the snout, in profile.

COLOR TIPS Fur of white hair and color tips. See also smoked, silvering, shading.

DESHIDRATACIÓN Loss ele the normal concentration of water in the body.

DIABETES INSÍPIDA Deficit of antidiuretic hormone, that is to say, the hormone from the pituitary gland which controls the concentration of urine in the kidneys.

DIETA DE EXCLUSIÓN Diet removes all components from previous diets, consistente generalmente en nuevas fuentes de proteínas, fats and carbohydrates.

DISLOCACIÓN Separation of a bone of the adjacent bone of a joint, with occurrence of sprain of ligaments: It can be full or partial (síibdislocación).

E

ECOCARDIOGRAFÍA Method of diagnostic imaging that allows the identification of the interior and the exterior of the heart by means of ultrasonic waves that are then displayed on a monitor.

ELECTROCARDIOGRAM (ECG) Registration of the electrical activity of the heart.

ELISA Enzymeimmunoassay, técnica usada en la detección tanto de antígenos como de anticuerpos.

ELURÓFILO Lover of cats.

ENDORPHIN Sustancia química natural del cerebro que reduce la percepción del dolor.

ENDOSCOPE Instrument inserted into the visceras hollow body to examine the inside of the body.

AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE Any disease where the immune system mistakenly healthy parts of the body.

EMPHYSEMA Pathological accumulation of air in the tissues.

ENFERMEDAD GENÉTICA Disease that is transmitted through the genes of the parents.

ENFERMEDAD IDIOPÁTICA Disease of unknown cause.

IMMUNE DISEASE Disease caused by an excessive reaction of the immune system.

ENTIRE Not neutered cat.

EOSINÓFILOS White blood cells that increase in the presence of parasites or allergies.

EPILEPSY Alteration of the electrical activity of the brain that produces a seizure.

SPECIES Población ele animales que comparte un acervo genético común a través de cruces. Its members have a different aspect of other species. See also race, family, genus, order, subspecies.

ESTÁNDAR DE RAZA Descripción de las características que conforman el espécimen ideal de una raza.

ESTERILIZACIÓN Male castration or lentenina in order to avoid unwanted sexual behaviour and reproduction.

EUTHANASIA Muerte inducida sin sufrimiento físico; It can be active, gutter ' a lethal substance, or passive, by abolition of measures which artificially maintain life.

EXUDATE Líquido inflamatorio que sale de los vasos sanguíneos y se deposita en olios tejidos.

F

FAMILY In biological classification, Group understood animal language between gender and the agenda, que comparte numerosas características comunes y evolutivas. See laminen race, genus, order, species, subspecies.

FIFé Acronym for Fédération Internationale Félme, European Organization of associations of cats, founded in France in 1949.

FRÍOS Away from the red colors.

G

GCCF Acronym of Governing Council of the Cat Fancy, founded in 1910, organismo redor de la mayoría de las asociaciones de gatos británicas.

DOMINANT GENE Which is always transmitted as a genetic trait. See also recessive gene.

GÉNERO Grupo de especies dentro de una familia que comparten características y ascendencia comunes no mostradas por otras especies. See also race, family, order, species, subspecies.

RECESSIVE GENE Gen que puede ser transmitido sin que se exprese con un rasgo característico.

GINGIVITIS Inflamación de las encías.

GLÁNDULA ENDOCRINA Gland produces hormones and secretes them directly in the bloodstream.

GLÁNDULA SEBÁCEA Gland of the skin that secretes an oily substance that waterproofs fur.

GLÁNDULA TIROIDES Internal secretion gland, very voluminous, It secretes hormones vital to the growth and metabolism.

GLAUCOMA Increased pressure iniraocular.

GLOVES White hind legs in a brown or bicolor cat, you finish above or below the Hock. See also mittens.

H

HEMATOMA Hint hazón of blood under the skin.

HEMATURIA Blood in the urine.

HYPERSENSITIVITY Immune response exaggerated to a foreign agent.

HIPÓFISIS Gland main] internal secretion in the base of the brain that controls all the other hormone-producing glands, controlled in turn by the hipnlálamo (brain area).

HYPOGLYCEMIA Disminución del azúcar en sangre.

HISTEROOVARIECTOMÍA Extirpación del útero y de los ovarios; It is the usual female castration procedure.

I

ITIS Sufijo que significa «inflamación»; for example, la nefritis es una inflamación de los ríñones.

JAUNDICE Pigmentación amarilla de la piel y de las mucosas provocada generalmente por una enfermedad del hígado.

J

HOCK Later half of the legs joint gap (an animal spatulas.

K

KITTEN CAP White cats are the dominant gene W', It hides other colors. The white puppies sometimes show a hint of the hidden color in a kitten cap of hair on the head, He disappears with age.

L

LAPAROTOMÍA Aperiura quirúrgica de la cavidad abdominal.

LÍNEAS DE FRUNCIDO Dark farms that form the letter M in the front of the Gaul.

LIPOMA Benign tumor of fat, particularmente común en animales viejos pertenecientes a razas de gran lamaño.

LÍQUIDO SINOVIAL Líquido que lubrica las articulaciones.

M

MACRÓFAGOS Células rctículocndoteliales grandes que consumen sustancias de desecho.

MALABSORCIÓN Aléeción characterized by a poor intestinal absorption of ingested nutrients.

GHOST SPOTS Marcas atigradas desvaídas que a veces aparecen en el pelaje de los gatos no agutíes, normally in puppies.

MANX Tailless cat breed. The absence of tail is produced by a gene that causes problems lethal if it comes from both parents.

MARKING BY SMELL Cat marks its territory with its urine or the smell of the glands of the face, lips and ears.

BRANDS Bands of light and dark color on the hair.

MÁSCARA Líneas oscuras que se extienden desde los ángulos externos de los ojos.

MEDALLÓN Small area of white hair on the chest of Brown cats, considered a defect in many breeds.

MANE Grassy black stools, similar to tar, It contains digested blood.

NICTITATING MEMBRANE See third eyelid.

MENINGES Protective membranes which envelop the brain.

MISCEGENATION Process by which animals choose mates without human intervention. Also called free breeding.

METÁSTASIS Spread of cancer cells from their area of origin to other distant from the body parts.

MIELOGRAFÍA Radiological examination of the spinal cord through the injection of a contrast (substance opaque toa x-ray),

FINGERLESS GLOVE White in the front legs of a mottled or bicolor cat which reaches the ankle.

MOSAIC The fur colours with spots randomly, in the turtle colors.

MUCOSA Membrane lining the visceras hollow body, such as the mouth and the small intestine.

MUCUS Lubricant secretion clear produced cocks mucous cells.

MUTACIÓN Modification of a gene.

MUTACIÓN ESPONTÁNEA Genetic mutation that occurs in a natural way.

N

NECROSIS Cell death.

NEPHRITIS Inflamación de los ríñones.

NEOPLASIA A tumor character i can be benign or malignant tissue formation. See also tumor.

NEUMOTORAX Presence of air in the pleural cavity which causes the collapse of the lung.

NO AGUTÍ Any cat smooth color that does not have atigradas spots.

O

ODD-EYED (times with different colored eyes; in terms of race one blue and another Orange.

ORDER In biological classification, categoría amplia de animales que comprende una o más familias. Sus miembros muestran características defmitorias y ancestrales. See also race, family, genus, species, subspecies

ÓRGANO VOMERONASAL Órgano sensorial situado en ia cavidad nasal que analiza los olores y los gustos. Also known as the organ of Jacobson.

P

PABELLÓN AURICULAR Pinna.

PARESIS Incomplete paralysis.

PEDIGRÍ Genealogical evidence showing the relationship of the cat for several generations.

GUARD HAIR Hair long and roughness that protects the inner fur and serves as a waterproof layer. See also prolector hair, less hair.

HAIR LOWER Hair soft and insulated from the bottom layer.

HAIR PROTECTOR Bottom layer of bristle hair. Also see less hair, Guard hair.

PERIANAL Around the anus.

PERINEAL Concerning the area between the anus and genitals.

PERIODO DE INCUBACIÓN Tiempo transcurrido entre la exposición al agente responsable de la enfermedad y la aparición de sus signos clínicos.

PERIODONTAL Around or near a tooth.

PERITONITIS Inflammation of the membrane lining the inside of the abdominal cavity.

FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS (PIF) Enfermedad vírica, usually deadly, caracterizada por la acumulación de líquido en la cavidad abdominal, jaundice and anemia.

PICA Desire of swallowing inedible and potentially harmful substances.

PIO- Prefijo que significa «pus», as, for example, teratment (pus dentro del útero) opiódermia (purulent disease of the skin). POLYDACTYLY Anomalía caracterizada por la presencia de garras con más de cinco dedos.

POLYDIPSIA Excessive thirst.

POLYPHAGIA Excessive hunger.

POLYURIA Very abundant urine secretion.

DOTTED Pattern of the coat in which the color is limited to the ends of the head, the members and the tail, and the body is pale. Appreciated for the first time in the Siamese. It is also a genetic term to describe other less obvious dotted patterns. See also: mink, sepia.

R

RACE Visibly different from other strains of the same species animal lineage, produced by human intervention. See also family, genus, order, species, subspecies. Among breeders and exhibitors of cats has a wider sense.

FLEHMEN REFLECTION Conduct consisting of lifting the upper lip to a smell comes into contact with the vomeronasal organ. See also vomeronasal organ

REGISTRATION National or international authority, que toma las decisiones sobre el reconocimiento de la raza y sus estándares y tiene documentación sobre las razas con pedigrí. Composed of constituent breeds clubs. CF. also CFA, FIFé, GCCF, TCA, TICA.

RESONANCIA MAGNÉTICA (RM) Method of diagnosis for image showing detailed sections of internal anatomical structures, such as the joints and the brain; used especially in brain scans.

REX Any mutation that causes a curly coat. Also called rexing.

RUFOUSING Tonos rojizos de las partes agutíes de un pelaje, What gives a rich, warm tone. In the equine coat color silver is called tarnishing and usually regarded as a defect.

S

SEBORRHOEIC DERMATITIS Activity increased in the sebaceous glands.

SEPIA The color pattern of the fur where the darker colour is restricted to the ends of the head, members and tail, While the body takes a slightly paler shade. See also mink, dotted.

SILVERING Inhibition of the production of a part of the hair color, leaving a pale or white tone. See also smoked, shading, color tips.

SISTEMA LÍMBICO Sunna of the brain (foot controls basic emotions, the feeling of hunger and zeal.

SOMBREDO Fur of silver, about half of its length. See also silvering, smoked, ele color tips.

SUBSPECIES Population geographically separated within a species that is different from the rest in some things, pero que se cruza con otras subesperies donde las líneas se superponen. See also race, family, genus, order, species.

T

TCA Traditional acronym Cats' Association, registration of races was founded in 1987.

TERAPIA DE AVERSIÓN 'Tratamiento de un problema de conducta medíante el uso de un leve malestar físico o mental.

TERCER PÁRPADO Membrane that hides the inner corner of the eye of a cat and protects the eye blood for diseases and injuries.

TESTOSTERONE Male sexual hormone.

THROMBUS Coágulo de sangre dentro de un vaso sanguíneo.

TICA Acronym of the International Cat Association, founded log in 1979 and focused on genetics.

TYPE Configuración característica del cuerpo y/o forma de la cabeza de una raza o grupo de razas.

TRASUDADO Líquido que atraviesa una membrana no inflamada o bien que rezuma de un tejido.

PALLIATIVE TREATMENT 'Tratamiento que atenúa el malestar, but cjue does not cure permanently.

TUMOR I bullo or prominence produced by the multiplication of cells, It may be benign or malignant. See also neoplasm,

BENIGN TUMOR ' Localized tumor that is not expanding.

MALIGNANT TUMOR Tumor que posee la capacidad de invadir los tejidos circundantes o de difundirse a otras partes del cuerpo a través de la circulación linfática o sanguínea, por ejemplo los pulmones o el hígado.

U

ÚLCERA The surface of a tissue injury, with loss of substance, resulting from injury or disease.

UNIFORM Single-color coat. Véase también no agutí.

UREMIA Accumulation of waste substances in the blood as a result of kidney failure.

UROLITO Calculus in urinary bladder.

V

FELINE IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (VIF) Variant of HIV weakens the logical immune system and causes death. Spreads between cats but not to humans or other animals.

FELINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS (FELV) Virus that affects the lymphatic system, by inhibiting the immunity against the disease.

VISÓN Combination of sepia and dotted patterns, with the hair color and moderate stippling. Patrón característico de la raza tonquinesa.

Z

ZOONOSES Communicable diseases between animals and humans.

Via: Cats,. Dr. Bruce Fogle

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