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Campeiro Bulldog
Brasil Not recognized by the FCI

Bulldog Campeiro

The Campeiro Bulldog, He is noted for fidelity with its owner

Content

History


The Campeiro Bulldog (Buldogue Campeiro or Bordoga), It is a dog breed originating in Brazil Bulldog. This is an ancient breed of working dog. The current, It descends from the ancient Old English Bulldog (Old English Bulldog), brought to Brazil during the 16th century by European immigrants.

This breed was once very common in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul and southern Brazil in the late 1980s. 60, where the role of the dog was largely focused on farms and slaughterhouses, in the capture and domain of the cattle or pigs. Over the years 70 He was in danger of extinction due to the introduction of new laws and health measures, but he returned to be present in Brazil, Thanks to the hard work for the conservation of the Bulldog breed, carried out by Ralf Bender Schein.

The Old English Bulldog was quite common, He was in much of Western Europe during the second half of the 19th century, and such was his importance to, In states such as the Vatican there is specific legislation to regulate the transit of animals on public roads.

At the same time, he woke up - in the well-to-do sectors of European society- the interest of creating a serious development and the formation of distinct castes, all of them are derived from the Old English Bulldog, as the English Bulldog and the modern French Bulldog.

In Brazil, European immigration (germans, Italian, Poles, etc.), increased during the early years of the 19th century and mid-20th century, they brought with them many animals, among them, several types of Bulldog, as for example, the old English Bulldog.

Physical characteristics

The Campeiro Bulldog, is a medium-dog, very a little heavy and robust for your height. With the short snout (approximately, one-third of the length of the skull), the ears are small and pendants. Short and crooked tail. The colors of the mantle are all are accepted, its soft fur and short.

Its ideal height is between 48 and 58 cm up to the shoulder and its ideal weight is of 35 to 45 kg for males and females.

Character and skills


This type of dog Bulldog, in Brazilian soil, It has been preserved, above all, Thanks to his talent for surveillance and to work with livestock, the best features of working with cattle and pig dog, in fact they are the most popular for this function.

They were the most popular, because in addition to the farm work, as for example dragging pigs by the ears to the right place, when escaping, was also a excellent guard dog What, While the cowboy rested, he dedicated himself to taking care of the horse and cart from the stalking of some intruder. He maintained the functional features of its predecessor, the old English Bulldog, being able to give life to dominate a bull, of up 400 kg.

This capability was very used in the old slaughterhouses in the southern region and the region where today is located the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, the Campeiro Bulldog, He was commissioned in drag to the cattle biting his snout and handed them over to the slaughterer. But with the development of technologies applied to these media, monitoring health and animal protection measures, It prevents the use of dogs in these establishments (fortunately), and also with the development of livestock, These dogs were losing their initial use, with so much speed that they came to extinction.

At the end of the year 70, This dog was on the brink of extinction, and it was there that Schein Ralf Bender began a rescue effort for these dogs, that materialised in 2001 When the CBKC recognized the breed Campeiro Bulldog (Pampa Doge).

It´s suspicious of strangers, is very quiet, and not when it is not necessary it ladra. You need a little exercise every day, and long walks through the countryside from time to time will keep completely happy.

The Campeiro Bulldog, stands out by the with your owner loyalty (It may be a little jealous), ease of adaptation and above all by the warmth with children. It is also remarkable strength and courage that give exceptional guardian dye.

Campeiro Bulldog Images

Campeiro Bulldog Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • Federations: CBKC
  • Molossians / Working dog / guard dogs
  • CBKC breed standard "Campeiro Bulldog"

  • CBKCCBKC – "Campeiro Bulldog"
    cbkc

Alternative names:

1. Buldogue campeiro, Brazilian Bulldog, Countryside Bulldog,Pampas Bulldog, Buldogue campeiro (English).
2. Bouledogue de Campeiro (French).
3. Campeiro-Bulldogge (German).
4. buldogue-pampeano, campeiro, bordoga (Portuguese).
5. Bordoga, Dogo Pampa (español).

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Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound
Rusia FCI 193 . Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds.

Borzoi

The Borzoi It is an affectionate and obedient dog with the master

Content

Characteristics "Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

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3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

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4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
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Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

Dogs are mentioned in 17th century publications, with which our ancestors successfully hunted not only hares, but also wolves. Presumably, the first and most famous breeder of greyhounds It was the Russian Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich Romanov, who received several dogs of this breed as a gift from the Zaporozhye Cossacks. The version that the ancestors of the Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound current were brought to us from Persia and the Kazakh Khanate during the reign of Ivan the Terrible also has its foundation. The Tsar had great respect for the greyhounds and was sincerely interested in the new hunting breeds.

From the 18th century, the clan of greyhounds was subjected to extensive “training”. To improve the performance of hunting dogs, they crossed paths with Sighthounds local and english and, later, with Greyhounds of the Crimea and the Highlands. Breeding activity was spontaneous, since the main breeder of the breed was the aristocracy who maintained their own kennels and had the opportunity to freely experiment with breeding. Unlimited, the owners had to raise the animals according to their own preferences, which ended up dividing the family of the Greyhounds and slow down the standardization of the breed. As a result, the first standard for the exterior of the Borzoi could be written in 1888.

The breed has been featured in Russian dog shows since 1872 and was immediately disappointed by all the aesthetes who saw the animals as a common mongrel who had lost all the classic traits of the Borzoi Russian. But, the jury of the Moscow exhibition of the Imperial Hunting Society was more faithful to the four-legged contestants and awarded a gold medal to the Borzoi nicknamed “Reward” in 1874. But even this decision did not put an end to the desperate debates among experts about what exactly a Borzoi Russian. Thus, supporters of the tradition continue to campaign to return to the original appearance of dogs, while the other half of the breeders persist in voting for a renewed appearance of the greyhounds.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, the breeding of Russian Wolfhound sped up and in 1917 the number of purebreds in Russia had already exceeded 2000. Of course, during the years of the Civil Wars and the Great Patriotic War the Russian clan of Borzoi greyhounds suffered considerable losses, but despite everything it existed, and this gave Soviet enthusiasts the opportunity to start breeding these amazing animals again. The breed has reached America and Canada in the early 20th century, after Europe got fed up with the grace and hunting talent of its representatives and even managed to cool them down a bit. By the way, across the Atlantic the Borzoi they became more popular and were accepted there not as hunting but as sporting and show pets.

Physical characteristics

The Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound, they are the epitome of sophistication and elegance. Among his peers, These slim, ascetic beauties are noted for their exquisite exterior and mesmerizing ease of movement. Despite his relatively tall stature (the males up 85 cm to the cross, the females up 78 cm.), the Borzoi does not look like a giant of great weight. At the time, this characteristic of the breed was subtly interpreted by the genius of the Art Nouveau era Louis Icarus. After a couple of photos of the artist with a stretched and proud silhouette of a Borzoi Russian, became a fashion trend, and the illustrations, engravings and even sculptures depicting the majestic posture of the Greyhound, massively attracted the attention of French and Russian fans of the breed.

Character and skills

The Borzoi Russians are geniuses of reincarnation. They are irrepressible and gamble when they hunt, but as soon as they get into the walls of their houses, they immediately awaken the melancholic tranquility. In general, the Russian Wolfhound they are one of the most comfortable pets: they don't bark much and don't go after their owners to get their share of attention. When not hunting or walking, the Borzoi Russian prefers to spend his time passively resting on the sofa or curled up at his owner's feet. Nor is it a breed capable of giving all kinds of nasty surprises., how to tear the wallpaper or bite the shoes, as long as, of course, take walks regularly.

The Borzoi they do not feel love towards children, but not great hostility. Sudden screaming and laughing mostly bothers him, so when groups of noisy children arrive at the master's house, the dog usually tries to get away. Due to his peaceful nature and his innate sensitivity, the Russian Wolfhound is moderately educated in communication, even with strangers, but in response it demands exactly the same treatment. Being a sensitive dog, the Borzoi is sensitive to injustice and punishment is a tragedy for this breed.

Irritability is another characteristic of the Borzoi. At one point your dog walked imposingly at your feet, the next minute an occasional cat appears and the wind carries your dog away. The reason for this abrupt transition from one state to another is a chasing instinct, which in this race has evolved to the level of mania.

The intellectual performance of the Borzoi it's pretty good, although inexperienced owners may find it difficult to educate and train their pet at first. It is important to understand that the Borzoi not a companion or service dog, but a professional hunter whose main objective is to work with hunting. Consequently, all the intelligence and ingenuity of the breed go exactly to the hunting process. At the same time, in normal life the dog's brain works in energy saving mode, what is sometimes confused with stupidity.

Character and skills

Even though that him Borzoi it is a mostly docile and obedient dog, they are not very good students. By the way, experienced hunters are of the opinion that enrolling representatives of the breed in a general training course only spoils their natural talents. The Borzoi must always be alert: an accidental yell or threatening movement toward the dog, and immediately regards it as an attempt to degrade his dignity. So you have to be respectful when training with these “aristocrats”. It also, the Borzoi it is one of those races that have a different personality, so the training program and style for each individual can vary drastically.

The first and most important skill that owners must teach is the ability to distinguish between hunting and social life.. Gently train your puppy to chase anything that moves during walks, using the side-by-side pursuit order. Never leave him off a leash if there are smaller four-legged critters nearby. It also, don't try to raise a Borzoi as a domestic or circus dog. Despite his gentle nature, will not look for slippers or walk on hind legs.

You will have to forget about monotonous training with this breed, since monotony is the worst of evils for the Borzoi. Guide him seriously but without forcing him, rewarding your progress with treats. To the 6 months, your pup should have learned basic obedience commands (“Come here!”, “about!”) and be able to walk on a leash. The period of 6 to 10 months is considered a period of adolescent rebellion. Attempts to assert your authority by defying rules and regulations.

The best way to combat adolescent leadership in Russian Wolfhound is the additional physical training. The more you work and train, less time the puppy will have to do mischief. The easiest in this regard is for owners who already have a Borzoi adult at home besides puppy. An experienced dog will quickly put the overexcited teenager in his place and be an example and a teacher for him..

Hunting with a “Borzoi”

The Borzoi he is an excellent midland hunter who can successfully hunt both hares and foxes as well as wolves. This is not only due to natural instincts and innate cunning, but also to a peculiar linear position of the legs that allows the dog to abruptly change the direction of movement, allowing you to capture prey at lightning speed. But, despite these clear breed advantages, today's hunters often reject their representatives as untrained pets. The reason for such carelessness lies in the fact that Russian Wolfhound they are often crossed with other hunting dogs, so the descendants' stalking instinct is not alive enough. It also, not all owners understand that, although hunting with a Borzoi it's a seasonal affair, the dog will have to develop and hone his skills for the rest of his life. A dog that goes hunting twice a year and lies on the couch the rest of the time will never win a hunting trophy for its owner..

The Russian Hunting Sighthound is a short distance runner. The optimal conditions for dogs to show their hunting skills are a treeless area of ​​up to 500 metres in length, although practice shows that most animals only need between 200 and 300 meters to catch a prey and deliver it to its owner. The innate impulsiveness of dogs also plays a role in hunting: when seeing the prey, the Borzoi Go from waiting to chasing in a split second. If your attempts to hunt the prey are unsuccessful, they can repeat the unsuccessful march after a half-hour break.

The Borzoi is used to a dog collar in preparation for the first hunt. Training will begin at approximately 6 months of age and the puppy should learn to walk in a group without throwing himself forward and without lagging behind at the end of the pack. The Borzoi can be trained to 10-12 months, but in the beginning they are not allowed to make more than a chase attempt. Youngsters are not yet as hardy as older dogs and tire easily. It is advisable for the owner to raise two puppies at the same time, not necessarily both of the same race. As they mature and compete for the role of alpha male, they will try harder to prove themselves in training.

The training of the Borzoi Teenager in the wolf is better to do in the company of experienced dogs and their owners. But it is allowed to ride hares alone and, in general, it is better to start training the Greyhounds young men to chase the game with a herd of “hanging ears dogs”. Often, during the first hunt Greyhounds they cannot contain themselves and tear the small prey to pieces and even eat it before the master arrives. This, of course, not a reason to get angry, but even so, it is worth reproaching the dog a little for that behavior.

Care

The Borzoi they need little space, so they are suitable for a flat in the city with a lot of exercise. But, it must be remembered that this breed does not respect a common cradle and is unlikely to settle for a modest corner in the hallway. To the Russian Wolfhound they like to lie on the couch or in the master's bed better and do not get angry with them for it. It is a way for the dog to relax, trying to rest your back and tired muscles. Some experts even recommend placing the pet on a separate sofa with an orthopedic mattress if space permits.. Regarding outdoor animals, it is worth building a large enclosure and placing a house of at least 1 meter high and about 1,5 square m² with insulated walls and floor. If there are two Greyhounds in the home, the inner surface of the kennel should be increased to 2,5 m².

Grooming

The fine wool of a Russian Wolfhound has practically no undercoat and is often tangled. But, they can keep their fur clean by themselves. The owners only have to brush a couple of times a week and after walks pick up the fluff that has become tangled. During the molting period, the same routine will have to be repeated daily, which is quite common in all races.

When it comes to the frequency of baths, the breeders of Russian Wolfhound They disagree. Thus, some breeders recommend bathing the Borzoi once every three months, while others advise to give up this occupation completely and do bathing days only in emergencies, for example, when the dog gets dirty in the liquid mud. Your dog's eyes and ears do not need any special care.. You just have to keep them clean by removing the wax from the ear canal and cleaning the dirt that accumulates in the corner of the eyes with a piece of damp cloth.

The claws of the Russian Wolfhound must be trimmed so that they do not obstruct the animal during the race. The hair between the toes should also be trimmed, as it gets dirty very quickly and can become a source of bacteria, which can lead to skin infections. It also, the Greyhounds living in flats will have to wash their paws after every walk.

Walking with a “Borzoi”

If you find it difficult to motivate yourself to go for a run in the morning and in the afternoon, the Borzoi Russian is your dog. As passive as this breed is at home, it is not uncommon for you to stroll along sidewalks and park lanes, which means you will have plenty of opportunities to stretch while he walks. If the walk is not very stimulating, tie your Greyhound to the bike and pedal at full speed: to the Russian Wolfhound they also love. By the way, the walks with the Borzoi Russians should be practiced in any weather, so you can't go out for a walk in the drizzle.

It will be good if you have the opportunity to take your dog to the field, where you can let your hunting instincts flow. The city is useless, so make sure you walk your dog on a leash if you don't want him to be abandoned forever, because a Russian Wolfhound chased simply cannot hear the orders and screams of their owners. It also, dogs that are not going to be hunted should find an interesting alternative hobby. Can be treated, for example, of a coursing (chase of a “Hare” mechanics) or some simple activities like running after a ball or a Frisbee.

Food

In the case of Borzoi russians, experts advise sticking to the principles of divided meals. This breed feeds 3-4 times a day, dividing the daily ration into small portions. Dry food is not contraindicated either, unless it's an inexpensive version of the nearest supermarket. The basis of the diet of Borzoi russians fed “directly” must be lean raw meat. Ranchers consider horse meat to be ideal, since it is rarely infected with brucellosis. Lean cod is on the dog's menu, but if it is desired and funds are available, can be easily substituted for squid.

buckwheat, oatmeal and rice are suitable cereals, which can be turned into porridge by boiling broth or milk and leaving them to swell for half an hour. To the Russian Wolfhound they are given vegetables boiled or simply added to the soup. You also can't go overboard with sour dairy products, so pamper your four-legged friend with kefir or ryazhenka more often.

A correct balance of protein and calcium is very important for the normal growth and development of the Borzoi Russian. For this reason, mineral supplements are added to the menu from the 4 months, when the puppy's teeth start to change. It also, up to six months of age, dogs are given calcified cottage cheese and a chicken egg several times a week. But, be careful with preparations containing calcium, since an excess of this macronutrient is no less harmful to puppies than a lack.

Forbidden food:

  • Any food from the owner's table;
  • Potatoes and other high-starch vegetables;
  • Sweet;
  • Fatty meat and lard;
  • Tubular bones;
  • river fish.

The Russian Wolfhound usually feed after a walk by putting enough food in a bowl. The dog must not chase the bowl across the floor, licking it to clean it.

Health

The Borzoi it is a relatively healthy breed, but very sensitive to all kinds of anesthetics. It also, many dogs are allergic to flea and tick remedies, so the choice of such drugs should be especially careful. Regarding the genetic predisposition to specific diseases, most of the time the Russian Wolfhound suffer from volvulus, abdominal distension, retinopathy (retinal damage), cataracts and wobbler syndrome (compression of the spinal cord in the cervical spine).

How to choose a puppy from “Borzoi”

  • Choose from February or March litters, whose babies will be ready to move into a new home in May-June. In this case, you can diversify your pet's diet with seasonal fruits and vegetables, they contain most of the vitamins necessary for a growing body.
  • Do not get hung up on a specific type of appearance of the future pet (for example, the owner breeds white dogs and you want a gray one). The Russian Wolfhound it is one of the most diverse breeds, and each of its representatives is beautiful in its own way.
  • If in the foreseeable future you hope to raise a professional hunter from a puppy, ask if their parents have field diplomas. Hereditary talents are not worth praising too much, either., as hunting skills are not always passed down from parent to child and are highly dependent on proper training.
  • The exterior of a puppy Russian Wolfhound growing constantly changes, so it is unlikely that you will be able to choose the most spectacular baby of the litter. But, it is still worthwhile to visually assess the correction of the bite, the cleanliness of the dog and the general condition of the future pet.

Images "Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound"

Photos:

1 – Borzoi by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/borzoi-perro-galgo-raza-retrato-4950553/
2 – Borzoi by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/search?q=perro+lobo+ruso
3 – Borzoi by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/borzoi-galgo-perro-animales-raza-4966781/
4 – Russian Wolfhound Borzoi, red & white, female by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Borzoi by https://en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/file:Borzoi-2ym-body.png
6 – Borzoi by https://www.piqsels.com/en/public-domain-photo-jidhs

Videos "Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 10: Section 1: Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds
  • AKC – Hound
  • ANKC – Group 4 (Hounds)
  • CKC – Group 2 – Hounds
  • KC – Hound
  • NZKC – Hound
  • UKC – Sighthound and Pariah


FCI breed standard "Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound"

FCIFCI - Borzoi – Russian Hunting Sighthound
Borzoi

Alternative names:

1. Russian Hunting Sighthound, Russian Wolfhound, Barzoï (English).
2. Lévrier russe (French).
3. Barzaia, Russischer Windhund, Russischer Wolfshund, Borzoi (German).
4. Nome original “Russkaya Psovaya Borzaya” (Portuguese).
5. Galgo Ruso, Lebrel ruso (español).

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Bolognese
Italia FCI 196 . Bichons

Hair texture Bolognese It is the wool one and should never be cut or trimmed

Bichón Boloñés

Content

Characteristics "Bolognese"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bolognese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History “Bolognese”

Small dog breed, original of Italy. Its name refers to his hometown, Bologna, located north of Italy.

According to dog literature, It is believed that the Bolognese descends from different types of dogs bichon South Italy, and its existence dates back to the 11th or 12th century. Similar to the Bichon Frise, became popular as a companion dog among the royal courts and the nobility of Spain, as well as in other parts of Europe since the 19th century 16 until the early nineteenth century.

The Francia appear among the most appreciated gifts that were made for a time by the powerful of this world. Cosimo (1389 – 1464) It took no less than eight to Brussels as gifts to different Belgian nobles. Philip II, King Spain from 1556 to 1598, After receiving two, as a gift Duke of This, thanked him in writing, saying “These two small dogs are more real gifts you can do to an emperor”. Bolognese breed is represented in paintings Titian, of Pierre Breughel and Goya.

The Bolognese It was recognized in 1989 by the Federation Cynologique Internationale as race number 196 in the Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs, Section 1.1 Bichons.

Physical Characteristics Bichon Bolognese

White small dog, compact, classified as a companion dog and with a unique distinctive in the Bichons: their coat entirely white and without layers. The eyes are large and dark, as the nose. Height Bolognese varies between 25 and 30 cm.. The weight can vary between 4 and 5 kg.

Did you know??

You may have heard that dogs' non-shedding coats make them a breed “non-allergenic”, but this is not true. It is the dog dander – skin flakes – what triggers allergic reactions, no fur. The coat that is not descaled means less dander in the environment and sometimes less allergic reactions. But they still produce dandruff, and can cause an allergic reaction.

The unique distinctive coat (that is to say, without layer) It falls in loose and open throughout the body curls, with shorter hair on the face. The texture of the hair is of wool and should never be cut off or cut. The Bolognese sheds very little hair, but requires regular hairdo.

Each hair grows from a hair follicle, It has a cycle of growth, and then die and are replaced by another follicle. When the follicle dies, the hair falls out. The length of time of the culture cycle and shedding varies with age and other factors.. Frequent brushing and bathing, to keep the Bolognese at its best, is essential.

Character and skills Bolognese

These dogs are very smart and love the company of people, but they are often very reserved with strangers. Although it may not seem like it, they have a very sharp ear., in general, they only bark when they hear strange noises. Usually, they are less active than the Bichón Frise, However, is a cheerful and friendly breed.

Develops a close bond with its owner.

To be intelligent, it is easy to train, and eager to please, making it an ideal companion dog for the family, Although initially it may be something reserved with strangers. They are good with children. Their life expectancy is 12 to 14 years.

Education

The education of Bolognese not particularly difficult, because he is a calm dog, obedient and intelligent by nature. But, do not let yourself be softened by his cuddly side and by his ability to enchant with his tender and amazed gaze, because he would quickly put his little world in his pocket and turn situations in his favor.

Like this, a firm but gentle education, as well as a well-cared socialization, contribute significantly to the flourishing of the Bolognese.

Health

The Bolognese he is a robust dog, with a good life expectancy, since it is situated in an average between 12 and 14 years. But, may suffer from certain disorders of the musculoskeletal system, such as patella luxation, or inherited eye disorders, like distichiasis.

Grooming

Despite what its abundant fur might suggest, the Bolognese little mute. It also, their annual molts, in spring and autumn, they are weak. On the other hand, to keep the pure white of their fur, requires regular and careful maintenance.

The coat of the Bolognese should never be cut, but to brush impeccably two or three times a week. Your hair should be detangled with a comb or a stiff brush, insisting above all behind the ears and legs, as well as in the womb, to counteract the formation of knots, especially in the molting period.

It also, to avoid brown spots in the hair around the eyes of the Bolognese, it is advisable to clean them regularly with a saline solution.

It also, to prevent ear infections, it is important to remove the hair from the inside of the ears with tweezers.

Last, it is recommended to bathe the dog every two or three months with a special shampoo for white dogs.

Images “Bolognese”

Videos “Bolognese”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
  • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
  • ​KC – Toy


FCI breed standard "Bolognese"

FCIFCI - Bolognese
Bichon

Alternative names:

1. Bichon Bolognese, Bolognese Toy Dog, Bologneser, Bolo, Botoli, Bottolo (English).
2. Bichon bolonais, Bolognese (French).
3. Bologneser, Bichon Bolognese (German).
4. Bichon bolonhês, Bolognese (Portuguese).
5. Bichón boloñés, Boloñes (español).

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Boston Terrier
Estados Unidos FCI 140 . Small Molossian type Dogs

Annie the Boston Terrier

The Boston Terrier they are ready and friendly, mainly used as companion dogs.

Content

history “Boston Terrier”

Unlike many ancient races, history Boston Terrier is well known and can be accurately tracked. In 19th century England, the popularity of bloodthirsty activities involving attack dogs led to the trend of crossing breeds Terrier and Bull to develop individuals who could excel in dogfighting and other rat bait contests (the activity consisting of placing rats in an enclosed area and betting on the time it takes for a dog to kill them all). At the end of the decade 1860, and Liverpool, a cross between a Bulldog and White English Terrier (an extinct breed of dog) spawned a strong, muscular dog named Judge.

The owner of Judge sold it to an American named William O’Brien, that brought him home to Boston. In 1870, O'Brien sold Judge to another bostonian, Robert C. Hooper. Judge, now known in the pedigree trees of the breed as “Hooper’s Judge“, became the patriarch of the race Boston Terrier and in the common ancestor of almost all its representatives.

Judge had a good build and good posture, and weighed about 14 kg. He had dark brown fur, a square, stocky head and a white stripe on the muzzle. Surprisingly, only raised once, with a white bitch of 9 kg call “Burnett’s Gyp” (o Kate). Kate belonged to Edward Burnett, which was based in Southboro, Massachusetts. From this union was born a male cub named Well’s Eph. According to what they say, it was not particularly attractive, but had other features Hooper and his friends admired. This prompted them to start a breeding program with him at the center..

Well’s Eph he mated with a female named Tobin’s Kate, that weighed only 6 kilos and had a rather short head. It was golden tabby in color and had a straight, three-quarters docked tail.. Their offspring are believed to have bred with one or more French Bulldogs to create the base of the Boston Terrier what we know today.

But, this name did not yet exist at that time. Thus, the many offspring of Eph they received different names, as Bullet Dogs, Bull-and-Terriers, American Terriers y Boston Bull Terriers.

In 1889, about thirty owners of these dogs formed the American Bull Terrier Club, deciding to use the term Bull Terrier to name your favorite dog, simply adding an adjective indicating its geographical origin. As expected, the lovers and owners of the Bull Terrier they strongly opposed this choice. Given the influence they had at the time with the American Kennel Club (AKC), enthusiasts Boston Bull Terrier they had no choice but to change the name of their association to Boston Terrier Club, in honor of the breed's birthplace.

Four years later, in 1893, the Boston Terrier became the first American-born dog breed to be recognized by the AKC. At the same time, was the first dog added by the organization to the group of non-sporting breeds.

In the early days, the color and markings of the dog's coat Boston Terrier they were not considered very important. The standard set by the club was very flexible regarding the appearance of the coats, so there was a wide variety of apparitions. After years of careful breeding to define a specific coat type, developed and standardized the Boston Terrier as we know it today. The characteristic marks, similar to the tuxedo, have become a hallmark of the breed, What has earned him the nickname of “american gentleman”.

In the early 20th century, the Boston Terrier achieved great popularity in the United States: was officially recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1914, and in 1915 it was the most popular dog breed in the country. It remained between 10 favorite dog breeds of Americans up to the decade of 1960. Today, although he has lost part of his pride, we keep finding it around the post 20 of the ranking established by the AKC based on the number of registrations in the organization.

Its international diffusion was greatly facilitated by its official recognition by the prestigious and influential Kennel Club. (KC) british in 1937 y por the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1955. Today, is recognized by leading national organizations around the world, including, of course, the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).

Did you know??

The Bill was exhibited at the Boston State Parliament and approved by the Assembly in 1979. The Boston Terrier was proclaimed mascot of the state by Edward King (the Governor, at that time that in his youth, had had a Boston Terrier).

Photo: Fickr – marada

Boston terrier physical characteristics

The Boston Terrier presents a certain diversity in terms of size. Without actually talking about varieties in their own right, organizations that recognize race generally distinguish between 3 weight categories:

▷ less than 6,80 kg ;
▷ of 6,80 kg less than 9 kg ;
▷ of 9 kg to 11,35 kg.

Whatever its size, they have a beautiful stature and a very proud appearance. In effect, is well proportioned and has a complexion muscular and robust, built around a broad chest and a short muscular back. The rump curved gives the body a boxy look without looking chunky. The tail it's short and short. Can be worn straight or with corkscrew.

The neck, slightly arched, it is elegant and leads to reasonably broad, sloping back shoulders. The Paws they are straight and muscular, with straight elbows. The hind legs they are solid and well muscled, ending in small and compact feet.

The head it is structured by a square skull and has a flat forehead. The facial skin It should be free of wrinkles. The ears they are big, pointed and erect. In the territories where it is allowed, they are sometimes surgically trimmed to help them stand upright or give them a defined shape. This practice, named otectomy, is prohibited in an increasing number of jurisdictions (for example, France, Belgium, Switzerland and Quebec), unless there are medical reasons for it.

The eyes they are dark, large, round and very expressive, which gives this dog a particularly intelligent and friendly look. Some dogs have light blue eyes, with a single blue eye, and others even have both blue eyes. But, this particularity is usually accompanied by one or more health problems: glaucoma, uveitis (inflammation of the uvea), deafness in one or both ears… Consequently, they are not recognized by the breed standard and are excluded from breeding.

The snout is short, square and wide, and ends in a flat black snout that dominates a toothless jaw. The Boston Terrier It is one of the so-called breeds of dogs brachycephalic. Like all other brachycephalic dogs, the lower jaw is proportional to the rest of the body, but the upper one is much shorter, which gives the head a sunken look.

The fur of the Boston Terrier is short, bright and smooth. It has no undercoat, which partly explains its low molt and its low resistance to extreme temperatures. The distinctive white markings on the muzzle, between the eyes and on the chest they form a pattern similar to that of the tuxedo, hence the nickname “american gentleman”. Although black and white fur is the best known and most common, the breed standards established by the most important organizations in the world also recognize the combination of brindle and white, as well as the seal and white (the seal is a color that looks black, but actually has a reddish glow visible only in sunlight or strong light). In addition to these official colors, specimens with smooth white fur can also be found, plain black, fawn and white, Blue and white, lilac and white, sand and white or brown and white.

Last, the sexual dimorphism not very pronounced in this breed, although females are usually slightly thinner than males.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 25 – 40 cm.
▷ Female size: 25 – 40 cm.
▷ Male weight 7 – 11 Kg.
▷ Female weight 7 – 10 kg

Varieties

The question of the possible varieties of Boston Terrier it is still a topic that is sometimes highly debated. Some breeders insist that there are Boston Terriers “standard”, on the one hand, and Boston Terriers “miniature” less than 6 kg, the minimum weight recognized by world organizations, for another. Others go further and say that there are also Boston Terriers “in years”.

But, most professionals, as well as the different reference organizations that recognize the breed, consider that there are no varieties within it. But, take into account the great diversity of the breed in terms of size, and classify their representatives in three weight categories:

▷ less than 6,80 kg ;
▷ of 6,80 kg less than 9 kg ;
▷ of 9 kg to 11,35 kg.

This does not prevent some breeders from intentionally crossing Boston Terriers smaller and smaller to get miniature or even tiny dogs. The latter are still purebred, but cannot be entered in a stud book and have a pedigree, because its size is smaller than that established by the breed standards. In fact, the Boston Terrier it's like any other race: dwarfism is synonymous with greater frailty and health problems.

Boston Terrier character and skills

The Boston Terrier combines the enthusiasm of their ancestors Terrier with the sweetness and good sense of their ancestors Bulldog. More of a rascal, has a certain sense of humor and likes to clown around. Loving, he likes to receive a lot of attention and be with his family, especially if that means being able to sit on your lap or share the bed or sofa. He gets very excited at first when he receives visitors, but he calms down quickly once he has been able to give them an enthusiastic welcome.

Has a special affinity with children, and their physical characteristics (small but robust) complete the image of a dog recommended for children. Having said that, just because you can let them play with him without fear of harm doesn't mean you should allow them to do anything and everything, especially since he may not stand being manipulated. So, you have to teach them as soon as possible to treat it with respect. On the other hand, he may also unintentionally push younger children, carried away by his enthusiasm. In any case, regardless of race, a dog should never be left alone with a small child.

Although it may bark when someone knocks on the door, the Boston not a good protector. In fact, they tend to be so kind to humans that they warmly greet anyone who enters the house, friends or strangers. In fact, although it is territorial, usually does not pose a problem with strangers; unless provoked, not aggressive at all.

It also, although some representatives of the breed are especially active, it is by no means the general case. In general, the Boston Terrier need moderate exercise: the medium length walks, possibly supplemented with some play sessions (for example, with a ball) and that represent a cumulative duration of one hour per day, are more suitable than long sessions of vigorous exercise. Its small size, your need for moderate activity, its adaptability and low propensity to bark make it perfectly suited to living in an apartment. On the other hand, if you live in a house with a garden, it is necessary that the latter is properly insured and fenced to prevent his curious nature from pushing him to become interested in other animals or sources of distraction located outside. This will also protect him from other animals or people with bad intentions towards him..

On the other hand, when i come out, It must be worn with a leash and harness and not with a collar around the neck, because wearing a collar increases the risk of respiratory problems that your flattened face already predisposes to.

These morphological peculiarities also make, in periods of high temperatures, feel free to shorten your walks, but above all to avoid giving them in hot hours. In effect, its short snout considerably limits its cooling capacity and, Therefore, makes it especially sensitive to heat. On the other hand, his short fur makes him bear less the cold. In other words, even if I live in a temperate climate, not made to spend most of the time outside: your place is at home, and this is all the more true since you need to be in contact with your family to be in a good head.

If you can have fun alone, especially if they leave him his favorite toys, he far prefers to do it with his family. In any case, a Boston Terrier well raised and socialized he is certainly sociable and is always willing to play if the opportunity presents itself, needing a family that appreciates and seeks your company, but that does not require excessive attention or time. Easily adapts to its owner's schedules, although this does not mean that he likes to be alone for many hours. In fact, if your family is out most of the day, having him share your home with another little playmate is a great way to keep him from feeling lonely and developing behavior problems.

This is all the more true since their sociability does not only extend to human beings, but also other animals, starting with their congeners and cats, especially if you have gotten used to seeing them from a very young age, as part of their socialization. But, can quickly regain its hunting instincts when faced with a small rodent such as a rat or mouse: a possible coexistence with an animal of this type would have a great chance of going wrong.

On the other hand, when he meets strange dogs, can be a lot less friendly, if not directly territorial and protective. The best way to avoid these types of problems is also to allow you to meet all kinds of colleagues from the first time you go out.

Last, It should be noted that the Boston Terrier it's quite noisy. In fact, his short snout makes him sniff, drooling and snoring loudly. Some adopters may find this endearing., but for others it is reason enough to change their race.

Education

The Boston Terrier it's pretty smart, but sometimes he's stubborn. Some specimens are very willing to please and are easily and quickly trained, which explains the popularity of the breed in certain dog sports. Other, However, they are a little more difficult and take a little longer to train. This is true as soon as the dog learns to be tamed., what can lead up to 6 months with some dogs. In this context, it is highly recommended to use the dog cage indoors.

In any case, his sensitive temperament means that he does not take well harsh tones of voice and punishments. Both can be counterproductive to your education., since they can lead you to withdraw into yourself. On the other hand, thrives on gentle and continuous training through positive reinforcement.

Thus, if you are stubborn and not really willing to pursue the education we are trying to give you, it is important to try to understand what can motivate you, enlisting the help of a dog trainer if necessary. Treats are usually the trick, But the use of praise and abuse or the use of a favorite toy can also be the trigger for the success of the training..

As with all dogs, socialization and education of the Boston Terrier must start at an early age. Meet lots of people (family, friends, neighbors, delivery man, veterinary…) and accustom him to crossing with all kinds of other dogs, as well as with representatives of other species, allows you to become a sociable and balanced adult. This reduces the risk of aggressive behavior or subsequent conflicts.

Health

Despite a life expectancy of about 13 years, the Boston Terrier is prone to many health problems, some of which are related to subrachycephaly, that is to say, with the fact that his mouth is crushed.

This morphological peculiarity also implies that it is much more sensitive to heat than many of its congeners., like any dog ​​with a short muzzle, is not able to inhale and exhale large volumes of air, limiting its ability to cool down when the mercury rises The dog's risk of heat stroke, among others, is particularly pronounced and, therefore, it is important to avoid excessively intense or prolonged efforts in these periods.

On the other hand, his short fur also makes him afraid of the cold.

Apart from this pronounced sensitivity to extreme temperatures, the main risks to your health are:

  • respiratory problems caused by the shape of their mouth. Some are mild, such as loud snoring or sobbing, but others can have serious consequences, and even fatal, such as airway obstruction or cardiac fatigue. Should also be kept on a leash using a harness and not a collar around the neck, because wearing a collar increases the risk of respiratory problems, due to the pressure exerted;
  • eye problems like cataracts,corneal ulcers and glaucoma, again due to its flat face.In the case of juvenile cataracts, a genetic test allows breeders to identify dogs that carry the gene and exclude them from breeding;
  • heart murmur, a symptom often associated with partial obstruction of the heart tubes or valves;
  • the mega esophagus, a defect of the esophagus that prompts the dog to regurgitate its food;
  • the patellar dislocation, a problem that may be congenital or occur later in life, and is common to many small dogs. In milder cases, can be replaced by itself or with the help of the vet, but the most serious cases require surgery;
  • skin allergies, including demodicosis (demodectic scabies), which can lead to hair loss with itchy or crusty lesions;
  • the deafness: 4 to 6% of the puppies Boston Terriers they are deaf in one ear from birth, and some are completely deaf. This particularly affects people with blue eyes and / or whose fur contains a lot of white It is important to discover this affection when the dog is as young as possible, because it affects the education and socialization that should be provided;
  • hemivertebra, what is a failure in the development of the bones of the spine, it is more common in dogs with corkscrew tails. Some dogs with hemivertebra remain asymptomatic throughout their lives, while in others the disease usually manifests itself as soon as they are small, for example, through impaired movement and lack of coordination in the hind legs. Sometimes, the disease progresses very quickly, to the point that the animal can become paralyzed in a few days, and surgery is often the only treatment;
  • reverse sneezing, which can occur when the dog is overly excited or swallows his food too quickly Corresponds to a strange noise, snarling and snoring, usually not dangerous for the dog, but if the attacks become frequent, can be a symptom of airway inflammation, presence of parasites in your nostrils or, more rarely, nasal polyps or a tumor.

It also, the birth of bitches is often problematic in the Boston Terrier.Puppies' broad heads sometimes get stuck in the mother's narrow pelvis: cesarean section is often necessary Litters have an average of 3 or 4 Puppies.

On a completely different note, you should know that this dog is particularly prone to excess gas, even if it depends a lot on your diet.

He is also very gluttonous, so its owner must be careful not only to choose the food he gives him and the size of his portions, but also to allow you to push yourself hard enough. Obesity is not a disease in itself, but it can cause the appearance or worsen various health problems, starting with joint problems or related to poor breathing capacity. Keeping your dog at a suitable weight is one of the best ways to provide good living conditions..

Life expectancy

13 years

Grooming

The short, soft coat of the Boston Terrier it is easy to care. Molts very little, so a weekly brushing is sufficient. But, when the fur sheds during the spring and fall seasons, the amount of dead hair is much higher, so you need to brush at least two more times.

On the other hand, its short fur does not get dirty and, Therefore, does not tend to emit bad odors. So, it is seldom necessary to bathe your dog: unless it's especially dirty, once or twice a year is more than enough. Unless your dog is especially dirty, once or twice a year is enough. Bathing your dog too often will only dry out his coat and skin, causing them to lose their protective properties and can cause itching and even injuries. In any case, it is essential to use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, as it can cause these problems.

On the other hand, their eyes need regular care, as their size and prominence make them especially fragile. It is best to check daily for any discharge and clean it if necessary, but also make sure there are no signs of redness or irritation.

It may also be the occasion to brush your teeth, to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause (bad dog breath, diseases…). If it is difficult to maintain a daily frequency, two or three times a week is usually enough.

Regarding their ears, they must be checked every week to see if they are red or smell bad, what could be a sign of infection. You should take the opportunity to clean them to prevent infection.

In most cases, the nails should be cut once or twice a month, since natural wear and tear is usually not enough. The first time, do not hesitate to ask a veterinarian or a groomer for help to know how to do it right.

Last, it is important to take advantage of the grooming sessions to look for sores, rashes or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness or inflammation of the skin, in the nose, mouth and eyes, and on the feet. A thorough weekly review helps to identify potential health problems early. This is true of all dogs, but it is especially true for dogs like the Boston Terrier who are particularly prone to skin allergies.

Food

Since the Boston Terrier they can be gluttonous, it is especially important to be attentive when feeding them with products and quantities appropriate to their age, size and activity level.

Since you can be prone to excessive flatulence related to your diet, Choosing high-quality products and trying to identify how your body reacts to different foods can be especially helpful in avoiding or reducing this problem..

In all cases, do not hesitate to use the experience of a veterinarian to make the right decisions in order to feed him in the best way.

This does not exempt you from weighing him regularly to make sure he is not overweight.. If required, reviewing your rations and activity level often remedies the problem. If that is not the case, it is necessary to go to the vet to rule out a possible disease and develop a more appropriate diet.

As with most dogs, it is better to divide your daily ration into two meals.

Last, like all dogs, must have permanent access to fresh water.

Use

When the Boston Terrier, at the end of the 19th century, it was used mostly in rat bait competitions (which consist of placing rats in an enclosed space and betting on the time it takes a dog to kill them all), but he was also very popular in dogfighting.

As blood sports were gradually banned in most countries, was able to become and became smaller and much friendlier for decades. In fact, today it brings together many of the qualities of an ideal companion and house dog.

Thanks to their intelligence and strong desire to please their owners, they can also excel in certain dog sports, like agility, the flyball, obedience and rally-obedience.

Their friendly nature and desire to be close to people make them ideal therapy dogs..

How much can a cost "Boston Terrier"?

The price of a Boston Terrier puppy is between 1500 and 2000 EUR.

whatever the country, the price depends in particular on the lineage from which the dog descends (and the possible distinctions received by their ancestors), the prestige of the kennel and, above all, its intrinsic characteristics, that is to say, of its greater or lesser conformity with the standard, what it means, In addition, that within the same litter there may be quite significant price differences. On the other hand, there is no significant price difference between males and females.

Characteristics "Boston Terrier"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Boston Terrier" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Boston Terrier pictures

boston terrier videos

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC

FCI breed standard "Boston Terrier"

FCIFCI - Boston Terrier
Boston

Alternative names:

1. Boston Bull, Boston Bull Terrier, Boxwood, American Gentlemen (English).
2. Terrier de Boston, Boston Terrier (French).
3. Boston Terrier (German).
4. Boston Terrier (Portuguese).
5. Boston Bull Terrier (español).

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Griffon belge
Bélgica FCI 81 . Griffons

Grifón Belga

The Griffon belge is almost identical to Griffon Bruxellois, from which differs only in color.

Content

History

Originally from Belgium, as the name reflects, the Griffon belge It is an original and easy-going companion dog.. Rational in origin, They are today friendly and lively companions who however struggle to find their audience as they remain one of the lesser known breeds in the group. 9.

The three races that make up the group 9 of the ICF have a similar morphology, but different coat quality and color varieties.

They share a common history and are descended from a small, wire-haired dog., the “smousje“, present in the Brussels region for decades.

The three varieties were selected in the 19th century with blood from other small companion breeds such as the Pug and the Cavalier King Charles spaniel. The Yorkshire Terrier, the Miniature Schnauzer and the Affenpinscher they could also have been used in the cocktail that created the three races.

The first Griffon belge were entered in the Book of Origins of Saint-Hubert in 1883.

These dogs became very popular at the beginning of the 20th century thanks to the interest shown by Queen Marie Henriette of Belgium.. They became the favorites of high society ladies and elegant women.

The iconography that represents the breed is abundant and paintings with small wire-haired Griffons have been found since the 17th century..

The breed began to be exported abroad, especially to France in the middle of the 20th century.

Physical characteristics

This is a small dog a balanced, sturdy built, almost square body frame, fixed frame and elegant movements, the look awake and lively. Its almost human expression is especially striking.

The body weight is about 3,5 – 6 kg. The head is the most characteristic and striking part of the body. It must be quite large compared to the body and the hair of it is rough, erected, makes a rich mustache and beard. It also highlights the visual aspect of the “big head”. The skull should be broad and rounded, properly arched eyebrows.

The nose from the front at the same level as the eyes should be black, wide, with the nostrils properly open. Its tip should be so far back when viewed from the side flush with chin and forehead.

The lips are black at the edges, tight, near the jaws and teeth. There is no overlap of the top and bottom. If they are too loose, interrupt the desired expression. The lower jaw is longer than the upper jaw (physiologically underprotected jaw), directed slightly upwards, wide at the top and cannot be pointed. Its width is very important since the chin protrudes. The incisors of both jaws should be regularly arranged in a row, in which the top and bottom are parallel. No incisors should be missing. If the mouth is closed, neither teeth nor tongue can be seen.

The eyes must be separated, be big and round, should never be prominent. The iris is brown, the more dark best. The edges of the eyelids should be black. The defect is considered small eyes, oval in shape and bright colors.

The back is straight, short and strong. The tail must be set high and carried. When amputated, should be reduced by 2/3 of its original length. If the animal protection law prohibits cuts, can remain uncut. When it unfolds, must be high, curved so that its tip bends towards the back, don't touch the back or can't squirm. Short tail, twisted or kinked is considered a serious offense.

The Griffon belge they have a rough coat with undercoat. The mantle is rough, slightly wavy, but not curly. The fur rules, but to be correctly evaluated its structure must be long enough. Too long hair obscures the typical silhouette and is therefore not acceptable. A silky or woolly coat is evaluated as a serious fault.

Character and skills

He is a nervous dog and can become a very barking dog if he feels lonely or bored. He has a strong personality and for this he needs a good education from a very young age. The Griffon belge she is also lively, attentive, brave and always act with determination. So, You have to be careful that he does not suffer because his courage and self-confidence often means that he does not see the danger.

Can usually live with children and other pets. A curious and loving dog of character Terrier, very active and always reacts to strange noises.

The Griffon belge needs to be accompanied all the time, cannot stand being alone and may develop negative behaviors to attract attention such as barking or causing damage. This “hairy” has a tendency to become attached to a person, following her most of the time.

Tireless and always ready to play with everyone, he's kind most of the time, but you can also play a role of guardian of the property and your family.

Education

He is very intelligent and loves to learn. Your education is, Therefore, relatively easy, although it must be firm and adequate, as she tends to be slightly stubborn at times.

An early and well-adapted education will prevent him from growing up doing only what he wants.

Very sociable, has no problem with the inhabitants of the house, whether human or animal.

Although he is sociable by nature, sometimes he is shy with strangers, which makes him a good guardian. So, their socialization should be aimed at not exacerbating this natural shyness in front of strangers.

They can live anywhere and with any type of owner. Despite its small size, have a great need for exercise, but it is easy for him to do it anywhere, precisely because of its small size.

Health

The Griffon belge is generally in excellent health. They are not affected by any particular disease or pathology.

Some subjects may sometimes suffer from eye infections or dermatological problems, although these cases are still rare. Its longevity is very appreciable.

Grooming

Her pretty fur, quite complete, requires regular brushing to ensure a beautiful and healthy coat. No other particular maintenance is necessary.

Utility

They are great companions, besides being incredible guard and hunting dogs. They can easily raise the alarm when intruders invade their territory, as well as scare away small rodents from the area. It is also very noticeable in skill sports (agility).

Price

Purchase price of a puppy Griffon belge: between 700 € y 900 €.

Characteristics "Griffon belge"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Griffon belge" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Griffon belge"

Photos:

1 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Griffon belge” puppy by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker
6 – “Griffon belge” by Ger Dekker

Videos "Griffon belge"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Groupo 9 – Section 3.1 “Griffons”
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Griffon belge"

FCIFCI - Griffon belge
Griffon

Alternative names:

1. Belgium Griffon (English).
2. Griffon belge (French).
3. Griffon Belge (German).
4. Griffon belge (Portuguese).
5. Griffon belge (español).

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Griffon Bruxellois
Bélgica FCI 80 . Griffons

Grifón de Bruselas

The Griffon Bruxellois is known to have a big heart, and a strong desire to snuggle and spend long hours with their caregiver.

Content

History

The Griffon Bruxellois, semi-long hair variety, It is the oldest of the Belgian Griffons. It is said to descend from Smousje, a small rough-haired Brussels dog that was used to hunt rats.. Was before 1880 when the selection and improvement of this breed began in Brussels. Crosses were made between the Barbet, the Stable griffon, the Affenpinscher, el Yorkshire Terrier, the Pug and the Cavalier King Charles spaniel (ruby fur; solid red). Presented for the first time in Brussels at 1880, three years later a first standard of the Griffon Bruxellois, which was modified in 1904 to lead to the final version. A first breed club was then created in Great Britain in 1887, and then in the United States in 1945. The breed is recognized by the FCI since 1954.

Like all Grifones belgas, the Griffon Bruxellois was especially popular in the early 20th century, thanks above all to the interest shown by Queen Marie Henriette of Belgium. But, the two world wars brought the breed to the brink of extinction. It only owes its survival to the efforts of enthusiasts., especially the british. In fact, hardly any left Griffon Bruxellois in Belgium at the end of WWII.

Today, is a dog that is still relatively rare.

It is in Great Britain where Griffons are more widespread, while in the rest of Europe, the population is still very low.

The AKC registered its first Griffon Bruxellois in 1910. If not for the dedication of the American and British enthusiasts, the race might not have survived.

The Griffon Bruxellois gained millions of new fans in 1997, when a rogue Griffon Bruxellois named Jill outshone Jack Nicholson in the hit movie “As Good As It Gets“.

Physical characteristics

The Griffon Bruxellois is a small companion dog, Intelligent, balanced, alert, proud and robust, almost square in constitution, with good bone, but also elegant in his gait and complexion, drawing attention with his almost human expression.

Fur:

The Griffon Bruxellois has a hard coat with undercoat. The coat is naturally rough, slightly wavy, not curly, but yes skinny. The coat should be long enough to allow the structure to be seen. A coat that is too long damages the silhouette and is not sought after. A silky or woolly coat is a serious fault. The Petit Brabançon has a short coat. The coat is rough, closed and bright, and does not exceed 2 cm..

Color: Red, reddish; a little black is tolerated in head decoration.

In the three races (Griffon belge, Griffon Bruxellois and Petit Brabançon) some white hair is tolerated on the chest, but it is not sought.

Weight:

Of 3,5 to 6 kg.

Character and skills

The Griffon Bruxellois is balanced, alert and proud. With an assertive character and a certain ego, not necessarily suitable in the presence of very young children. In fact, will not appreciate being abused. On the other hand, it will be a very good companion for slightly older children. It also, gets along very well with other animals.

neither shy nor aggressive, the Griffon Bruxellois he is very vigilant and attached to his master. Above all, he needs to be close to his family, and is perfectly suited to apartment living. It also, have a moderate need for exercise: a daily walk is enough for him. This also makes him a suitable dog for an older person, if it is willing to provide the necessary maintenance. With more reason, by not supporting loneliness, will certainly prefer a very available master, with whom you can share games and emotions.

Last, it is a very funny and expressive animal, what will the happiness of home do. Some say that their mimicry is similar to that of a human or a monkey.

Education

In general, they seem to pick up tricks quickly and love to practice them when their attention is drawn to them. to him Griffon Bruxellois loves agility tests, in which they stand out. With his appearance of “mad king” in her fur coat, they can be fun and upbeat if given enough love. As it is a breed that tends to become more attached to a single member of the family, he will have to be accustomed to meeting as many people as possible from a young age so that he does not become excessively protective.

They are not troublemakers, but problems can arise if they become too dependent. They do not like to be alone for a long time because they immediately miss their master. Your love of the game makes it easy to bond. They love to play fetch and seem to be inexhaustible when it comes to having fun.. Once they have tired, they snuggle in your lap and take a well-deserved nap. They need a short leash walk every day, or just the chance to frolic outside, but they don't need a lot of exercise. Recovery usually works very well.

Health

Although the Griffon Bruxellois it is a generally healthy dog, with an estimated life of fourteen years, is nevertheless predisposed to certain hereditary genetic diseases such as displasia coxofemoral, the medial patella dislocation and the respiratory obstruction syndrome. It is also subject to hydrocephalus, “aberrant eyelashes” (distichiasis and trichiasis) and skin allergies.

Grooming

For your maintenance, daily brushing is necessary. It is also advisable to groom him regularly and monitor the condition of his eyes and the folds of his face.

His tough fur must be plucked, that is to say, dead hairs must be removed by hand. It is advisable to entrust this removal to a dog groomer.


Breeders of the breed "Griffon Bruxellois"

Characteristics "Griffon Bruxellois"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Griffon Bruxellois" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Griffon Bruxellois"

Photos:

1 – “Griffon Bruxellois” by The original uploader was Dan9186 at English Wikipedia., CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Griffon Bruxellois” – Riga, Baltic Winner -2013, 9-10 Nov by Thomas, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Griffon Bruxellois” by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Griffon Bruxellois” by Galawebdesign, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Griffon Bruxellois” one year old by Galawebdesign, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – European Dog Champion “Griffon Bruxellois” 2010 by Ger Dekker

Videos "Griffon Bruxellois"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Groupo 9 – Section 3.1 “Griffons”
  • AKCSporting


FCI breed standard "Griffon Bruxellois"

FCIFCI - Griffon Bruxellois
Griffon

Alternative names:

1. Griffon, Griff, Bruss (English).
2. Griffon bruxellois (French).
3. Griffon bruxellois (German).
4. (Portuguese).
5. Griffon bruxellois (español).

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Petit Brabançon
Bélgica FCI 82 . Petit Brabançon

Petit Brabançon

The Petit Brabançon is the least known of the “Small Belgian Dogs”.

Content

History

The Petit Brabançon has common origins with the Griffon Bruxellois and the Griffon belge. All three breeds are descended from a small wire-haired dog, the Smousje, originally from Brussels.

In the 19th century, crosses with him Cavalier King Charles spaniel (Ruby) and the Pug they brought the black and short fur and fixed the type.

These alert little dogs were bred to guard carriages and keep rodents out of stables..

Photo: Petit Brabançon by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Petit Brabançon is a small companion dog, Intelligent, balanced, alert, proud and robust, practically square in shape, with good bone, but also elegant in his gait and complexion, drawing attention with his almost human expression.

Shelter:

The Petit Brabançon has a short coat. The coat is rough, closed and bright, and does not exceed 2 cm..

The same colors as in the Griffon belge and Griffon Bruxellois (red, black, black and tan). Has a dark mask. The gray in the mask of older dogs will not be penalized.

Some white hair on the chest is tolerated in all three breeds, but it is not sought.

Weight:

of 3,5 to 6 kg.

Character and skills

The Petit Brabançon he is a balanced puppy, alert, proud, very attached to his master and very vigilant. neither shy nor aggressive.

Characteristics "Petit Brabançon"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Petit Brabançon" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Petit Brabançon"

Photos:

1 – PePetit Brabançon: BEL, NED, GER, INT Champion “Gaystock Le Pas De Tout”. Photo: Hans Bleeker by Hans Bleeker, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – PETIT BRABANCON, Flor de Canelas Head Over Heals MyDOG, nordens största hundevenemang by Svenska Mässan from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Petit Brabancon; Robbins Uranos – Gucci by Maria Michaelsson, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Petit Brabançon” by Ger Dekker
5 – “Petit Brabançon” by Lusadi, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Petit Brabançon” by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Petit Brabançon"

Beatrice and Hugo Petit Brabancon 2
Sitting comfortably on the bedroom rug, a family of Petit Brabançon play together with great complicity.
Petit Brabançon:Flamby. 3 month

Petit Brabançon de 3 meses

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 3.2 Petit Brabançon
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 – (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Petit Brabançon"

FCIFCI - Petit Brabançon
Petit

Alternative names:

1. Petit Brabançon, Small Brabant Griffon (English).
2. Petit brabançon (French).
3. Petit brabançon (German).
4. (em francês: petit brabançon) (Portuguese).
5. Petit brabançon (español).

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Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)
Francia Belgica Spain FCI 215 . Bichons

The owner of a Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé) You should avoid leaving it alone, suffers from anxiety when you're alone.

Content

Characteristics "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

It is said that the Bichon Frise, also known as Bichon à  poil frisé, is the product of a cross between the Maltese and other small dogs, including Barbet (French Water Dog), ancestor of Poodle.

Very present on the shore of the Mediterranean during the 14th century, would have been introduced to the Canary Islands by merchants and sailors who traveled the seas. At that time, the curly-haired Bichon was called Tenerife, by the name of one of the Canary Islands.

It was at the beginning of the 16th century when the Bichon Frise made its appearance in France, more specifically under the reign of Francisco I (1494-1547), that made him her favorite companion. Later, King Henry IV (1553-1610), that he was a great admirer of the breed, made it a very popular companion dog and requested by the ladies and gentlemen of the Court.

The heyday of Bichon Frise lasted until the 18th century, two centuries marked by the interest of the great painters of the time for this little dog. We find it for example in 1770 in the work of the painter Jean-Honoré Fragonard, The sweet ticket, depicting a woman with a magnificent bichon frize. In 1795, Francisco Goya painted The Duchess of Alba, with a Bichon Frise lying at his feet. Madame de Pompadour (1721-1764), Louis XV's favorite (1710-1774), would have had several Bichon Frise.

During the Second Empire (1852-1870), the Bichon Frise, always in fashion, progressively left the halls of the aristocracy and became very popular with the general population. Appreciated for his intelligence and agility, accompany the entertainers in the streets, to jugglers and other organ players.

Unfortunately, as with many breeds of dogs, World War I was a severe blow to the Bichon à  poil frisé, and during the interwar period, the breeders of Bichon Frise almost entirely disappeared.

Fortunately, a passionate Belgian breeder and lover of the breed allowed it to survive by organizing several reproductions in the decade of 1920. France officially recognized the breed in 1933.

World War II and its terrible consequences, in both human and animal terms, were a second blow to the race, you had to wait three decades before seeing a new boom.

In 1960, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) officially recognized the Bichon à poil frisé, giving him Belgian and French origins, but it wasn't until the decade of 1970 when his popularity really started to grow.

In United States, the Bichon Frize Club of America was created in 1964, and the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1973.

In France, el Club of Bichons and Small Dogs Lions trabaja desde 1947 to defend and improve the Bichon Frise, but also the Bichon Maltese, the habanero, the Bichon Bolonais and the Little Lion Dog.

  • Japanese canine Club: Recognized the dogs miniature group in 1972.
  • Organization International Dogshow: Recognized in the Group of Companion Dogs in 1972.
  • American Kennel Club: AKC (United States). Entered into regular classes in 1973.
  • Canadian Kennel Club: CKC (Canada). Classified in the Group of dogs not hunters in 1975.
  • United Kennel Club: UKC (United States). Recognized in 1981.
  • The Kennel Club: KC (Great Britain).

These associations allow having useful references to estimate the popularity of the breed, Learn about the effort to keep defined, get advice for purchasing a purebred puppy and see this race to compete.

Physical characteristics

The Bichon Frise it's a small dog, light and very elegant. His skull is flat, his stop is not very marked and his nose is quite black. His round eyes are dark (between dark brown and black) and his ears are thin, falls and with a lot of hair. The tail is carried erect and gracefully curved, but not curled.

Their coat is fine, soft, silky, slightly curly. Relatively long, of 7 to 10 cm.. It has an inner mantle of wool.

Hair color can be white or brown very clearly. The height at the cross in the males is of 24 to 26.5 cm and the females of 23 to 30 cm.. The standard weight of the Bichon Frise lies between 3 and 6 Kg.

Life expectancy

They tend to live in 12 to 15 years.

Character and skills

Happy, lively and fearless, the Bichon Frise He is a small dog who easily expresses and communicates his joie de vivre. Very cuddly, loving and playful, he likes to be taken care of, and his mischief makes his charm. Very attached to his master, he is a dog that loves family life.

So that, the Bichon Frise It is an ideal companion dog for all age groups., as playful with children as kind to the elderly. He also likes to be around active people, with which you can share some canine sports activity, like caniVTT or agility.

Living in an apartment suits you just as well as living in a house with a garden, as long as your need for exercise is met with at least one walk a day.

Well mannered, tolerate loneliness wisely and without barking for hours, although he undeniably seeks the company.

Very sociable, gets along as well with humans as with other animals, including cats. Like this, the Bichon Frise he's a bad watchdog, although it can alert to the presence of a stranger through some barking.

Education

The Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé) easy to educate as long as clear and precise hierarchical references are given from a young age. His master must be firm, but without excesses or brutality, patient and consistent.

Sometimes it can be a cheater, but he knows how to do it to get what he wants. Like this, its owner should not be overwhelmed, because a badly mannered dog that only does what it wants is a dog that is not comfortable with itself, In addition to being difficult for its owner to live with.

Naturally docile, vivacious and intelligent, the Bichon Frise is the ideal candidate for learning tricks or for obedience, because he quickly assimilates what is expected of him.

Health

The Bichon Frise he is a robust dog, cold and heat resistant. It is even one of the longest-lived dogs, with a life expectancy of up to 16 years.

But, this does not prevent you from being predisposed to certain diseases such as cutaneous lymphoma, mycosis fungoides, joint disorders (dislocation of patella, Legg-Perthes-Calvé disease, etc.) or eye disorders (cataract, stromal corneal dystrophy, etc.).

Grooming

The Bichon Frise, whose molt is almost non-existent, it is one of the most hypoallergenic dog breeds.

But, their coat requires a lot of maintenance. In effect, you have to brush it every day, at the risk of having so many knots that it is necessary to take it to a hairdresser to be sheared.

It is also a good idea to bathe your dog once a month with a nourishing dog shampoo., followed by an equally nourishing conditioner, to facilitate daily detangling and keep her beautiful white coat looking perfect.

To avoid the stripes that brown the pure white fur of the Bichon Frise, it is also necessary to clean the eyes every day.

It also, croquettes are preferable to other types of food, as they prevent whiskers from turning brown.

You should also take special care with your dog's ears and, in particular, prevent hair from growing on them, as it could allow moisture to settle in them and cause ear infections. Hair in the ear canal can be easily removed with tweezers.

Last, it is advisable to take the Bichon à  poil frisé to the groomer three or four times a year to get her long curly locks shortened.

Images “Bichon Frise”

Videos “Bichon Frise”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI
  • AKC
  • ANKC
  • CKC
  • ​KC
  • NZKC
  • UKC


FCI breed standard "Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)"

FCIFCI - Bichon Frise (Bichon à  poil frisé)
Bichon

Alternative names:

1. Bichon Frise (English).
2. Bichon à poil frisé (French).
3. Bichon Frisé, hannover’scher schweisshund (German).
4. Bichon frisé (Portuguese).
5. Bichon de pelo rizado, Bichón Tenerife (español).