Hanoverian Scenthound
Germany FCI 213 . Leash (scent) Hounds

Hanoverian Scenthound

The Hanoverian Scenthound He is a dog with a very good sense of smell, specialized in locating injured prey.

Content

History

The Hanoverian Scenthound it is a medium sized hunting dog.

He is a highly developed specialist, but at the same time versatile in hunting. Tracking is the supreme discipline of a hunting dog, that the Hanoverian Scenthound dominates like no other. In the crawl, keep track of injured animals on a hunt. A fast and infallible work of the dog is decisive to reduce the suffering of the injured animal. This task is old, but no less relevant today.

The Hanoverian Scenthound dates back to archaic dog breeds. Bloodhounds are also called “Bracken”. For hunting, which was an important way of life for our ancestors for thousands of years, dogs with a particularly good sense of smell and an intelligent sense of detection were of elementary importance. The scent dogs were also indispensable to hunt criminals. Before the introduction of firearms, hunters had to stalk the game much closer. This is what guide dogs were for. From them emerged the hounds of today. This type of dog is probably over 10.000 years. For the Teutons a good “trail dog” was worth more than a horse. This is attested by a legal text of more than 1000 years old, el Lex Baiuwariorum. In the baroque era, wealthy princes ran the so-called hunting courts. This was a kind of college for hunting with a practical orientation. One of the first was the “Hanover hound”. Here these hounds were systematically bred and trained from 1657.

Breeding according to current standards started in Erfurt in 1894 with the founding of the Hirschmann club, that is still very successful with this breed today. Their breeding has been extremely responsibly organized since time immemorial. Therefore, vital and healthy dogs with great temperament and excellent performance can be reliably bred even today.

The Hanoverian Scenthound is a hunting dog, but also a good family dog ​​and companion in everyday life. It has to be. His controller has to be ready to act with him at any time, for example, if there has been a traffic accident and it is necessary to find an injured deer or wild boar. You don't have to be a hunter or a ranger to get a puppy from a Hirschmann club breeder, but you do have to be a member of this club and take a training course for trainers of the Hanoverian Scenthound. Between 40 and 60 puppies are bred every year under the umbrella of the German Canine Federation – VDH.

Photo: Hanover Hound by TobiasHR, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Hanoverian Scenthound it is a strong dog of medium size. By the size of her body, tends to have short legs, as this is advantageous when you must do your nose job close to the ground. Males are larger and heavier than females. Males must have a height at the withers of 50 a 55 centimeters with a weight of 30 a 40 kg. Bitches must have a height at the withers of 48 a 53 centimeters and a weight of 25 a 35 kg. The official standard describes their appearance this way:

The overall look of the powerful Hanoverian Scenthound is that of a medium-sized dog, well proportioned and powerful. Well-positioned and heavily muscled front and rear limbs allow you to work with resistance. Legs too high, especially an oversized right, they impede work with a deep nose and are out of character. The wide and deep chest provides plenty of room for the lungs and allows for long and grueling chases. The slightly wrinkled forehead and the light and dark eye give the Hanoverian Scenthound his typical serious facial expression.

The ears are of medium length and, held high on the head, falls. Its pelage is short, dense, thick. Typical of the breed is the basic reddish color, which can range from light pale red to dark brindle, almost black.

Character and skills

The Hanoverian Scenthound is a thoroughbred hunting dog with alert senses, but without any kind of nervousness. As long as you don't have a smell in your nose, impresses with a thoughtful nature, quiet and extremely gentle, that for us humans radiates pure slowdown. On the way he shows his passion and follows her with loud barks. The FCI standard describes its nature as follows:

Quiet and safe nature, but sensitive towards its controller. Selective and reserved with strangers. High concentration capacity in hunting tracking work with a pronounced herd relationship to the main hunter.

The Hanoverian Scenthound he is a very efficient working dog, who fulfills his tasks conscientiously and with the greatest commitment. Exploring nature together with him and his higher senses is a very special experience and happiness. Its balanced nature, even sovereign, his social qualities and human kindness make him an excellent family dog.

Fitness

A Hanoverian Scenthound not a companion dog for the city. Not an apartment dog, but a passionate hunting assistant who wants and needs the job. Otherwise, his attitude is completely undemanding. Ideally, you should live with your humans in a house on the edge of the forest or in the country with a garden. This already results from your task, which must also be that of your caregiver: the search.

The hunting dog team, composed of the dog and the handler, be prepared at all times to search for injured game animals on behalf of the local hunting community, either after a hunt or a traffic accident. This task should also be shared by the whole family. The challenges are great in all aspects: all kinds of weather, day or night, crawl hard through dense terrain and open terrain, safely in search of an injured and perhaps aggressive animal, think about the boar. The hound must be able to be directed by its handler at all times. These are challenges that are unmatched in dog sports. In everyday life he is sociable and discreet. You can do everything with it.

Education

The Hanoverian Scenthound is a deeply friendly and eager to learn four-legged friend, that makes it easier for your trainer to train and educate you, as well as working with him. Want and need this guide. But it is not a dog that waits for orders from its keeper. You can't teach him, but you can train him excellently based on positive reinforcement and deep emotional confidence.

As dogs have only been allowed to breed for many generations if they have mastered many demanding behavioral tests, its performance level is extremely high. This is at the same time a commitment to the management of this dog.

Care and health

The Hanoverian Scenthound does not require any special care.

Brushing the dog's coat weekly is enough to get rid of the various debris collected during the walk or hunting and to remove dead hairs.

However, it is recommended to regularly inspect your ears. In fact, as in any breed of dog with lop ears, have an increased risk of otitis. Ear wax and accumulated bacteria can cause such infections.

To protect you from dental problems, the dog's teeth should be brushed regularly. Ideally, this should be at least two or three times a week.

In addition, when you return from long walks with your dog or hunting, it is a good idea to check the parts of your body that may be damaged, especially the legs, tail and ears.

You should also regularly check for parasites and make sure your dog receives proper pest control treatment..

At last, the dog's nails should be trimmed if they are too long. This is particularly necessary if the dog does not regularly walk on very hard surfaces such as concrete..

Typical diseases of the breed:

Although the Hanoverian Scenthound do not have a congenital predisposition to any particular pathology, is particularly prone to ear infections in dogs. To prevent these infections, it is advisable to inspect the dog's ears regularly.

It can also be sensitive to anesthetics and pose entropion risks (the edge of the eyelid is turned inward, which makes the eyelashes and skin rub against the eye) the ectropion (the eyelid is turned out, exposing the conjunctiva and possibly causing eye infections).

It also presents a risk of obesity for the dog, if you are overfed and / or lead a too sedentary life.

In addition, the main risks to which it is exposed as a hunting dog are insect bites or stings (of vipers, for example), as well as insolation. To avoid this, it is better to avoid hunting in the hottest hours of the day.

At last, you also run the risk of being injured by hunting (wild boar, Deer…). This risk is particularly important for the Hanoverian Scenthound, who is very stubborn at work and never gives up, even when he's hurt.

Nutrition / Food

The Hanoverian Scenthound it is a hardy dog ​​that is not difficult to feed. Quality industrial dog food is ideal for him, ideally divided into two meals a day.

If you hunt, the dog's diet must be adapted to this activity and its seasonality: one month before opening, it may be necessary to make your dog lose weight if he has gained too much weight during winter. This can be done by reducing your servings or by eating a lower calorie diet..

On the other hand, once hunting season begins, the dietary and energy needs of the dog are increased by its high physical activity, and it is necessary, on the other hand, or increase servings by 10 a 20% or give him a richer diet.

In addition, it is preferable to divide the meals during a hunting day: a small amount of food should be given before departure, and then another at noon, to avoid syncope due to hypoglycemia. This portion is preferably warm and moist so that it is digested faster, so as not to overwhelm you before intense exercise, that could make you sick (vomiting…). The largest portion is given at night.

Life expectancy

This breed of dog has a life expectancy of about 12 years.

Buy a “Hanoverian Scenthound”

If you are interested in a Hanoverian Scenthound, you must contact him Club Hirschmann well in advance of your planned purchase. Puppies are only released to members on a set schedule. Then you should be able and willing to give this species appropriate living conditions for this hunting dog for at least 10 years. A puppy of this breed costs about 850 EUR.

Characteristics “Hanoverian Scenthound”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Hanoverian Scenthound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Hanoverian Scenthound”

Photos:

1 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hs-hannoverscher-schweisshund-macho-5226519/
2 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hannoverscher-schwei%C3%9Fhund-perros-5193568/
3 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/terrier-hannoverscher-schweisshund-4453683/
4 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hannoverscher-schwei%C3%9Fhund-perros-5193562/
5 – Hanoverian Scenthound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hannoverscher-schwei%C3%9Fhund-perros-5193559/
6 – Hanoverian Scenthound by Hirschmann Association, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “Hanoverian Scenthound”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 213
  • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
  • Section 2: Leash (scent) Hounds. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 2: Leash (scent) Hounds.
  • UKCScenthounds

FCI breed standard “Hanoverian Scenthound”

FCIFCI – “Hanoverian Scenthound”
Hannover FCI Tracker

Alternative names:

    1. Hanoverian Hound, Hanoverian Scenthound, Hannover’scher Schweisshund (English).
    2. Chien de rouge du Hanovre (French).
    3. Hannoversche Schweisshunde (German).
    4. (em alemão: hannover’scher schweisshund) (Portuguese).
    5. Sabueso de Hannover (Spanish).

Hygen Hound
Noruega FCI 266 - Medium-sized Hounds

Hygen Hound

Its diffusion is very limited even in Norway; outside the country is practically unknown.

Content

History

The Hygen Hound originated in Norway in the 19th century. It owes its name to its creator Hans Fredrik Hygen, who wanted a brave and robust dog that could hunt even in harsh northern climates. So he decided to cross Swiss and German dogs with local dogs. The Hygen Hound has had a difficult history as the breed almost disappeared in the decade of 1970 without the intervention of a few passionate breeders. In the Decade of 2000, these breeders made genetic improvements by crossing with the Finnish Hound. Today, the Hygen Hound it is quite rare even in his homeland.

Photo: Norwegian dog breed hygenhound. Tosstjønna’s Nala by Bjørn Konestabo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics “Hygen Hound”

The Hygen Hound has a robust and solid gait and a body inscribed in a triangle. Medium-sized, measured between 50 and 58 cm if it is a male and between 47 and 55 cm if it is a female for a weight of about 22 kg by sex, size and age.

The Hygen, as it is also nicknamed, stands out for its head of average length and size, that is wedge-shaped and marked width without being excessively heavy. The skull is slightly domed and the stop is accentuated. The eyes express both calm and seriousness. They are medium in size and show dark brown tones. The ears are of medium length and width, taper at the tips and set at a medium height. Fall while spreading and do not stick to the cheeks.

The Hygen Hound they have rough fur, straight, short, bright and dense. The coat is available in three colors: white with yellow-red markings / brown or black and tan, black and tan with white markings or red-yellow or red-brown with or without white markings and charcoal on the back, head and tail attachment.

Character and skills “Hygen Hound”

The Hygen Hound It is a race linked to its social group that is both protective, Gentile, balanced and versatile. Although they specialize in hunting activities, nothing prevents them from being adopted as pets, as long as the exercise is given, the necessary care and education. The worst tolerated punishment is inactivity. He also does not like to be alone despite his slightly independent nature.. To be happy, prefers open spaces over closed ones.

Characteristics “Hygen Hound”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Hygen Hound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos “Hygen Hound”

Video Credits: Rolf The Horse Tree
Hygenhund Dog breed

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 266
  • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
  • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • FCI breed standard “Hygen Hound”

      “Hygen Hound” FCI Hygen FCI Hound

      Alternative names:

        1. Hygenhund (English).
        2. Hygen (French).
        3. Hygenbracke, Hygenlaufhund, Hygenhund (German).
        4. (Em sueco: hygenhund) (Portuguese).
        5. (En sueco: hygenhund) (Spanish).

Halden Hound
Noruega FCI 267 - Medium-sized Hounds

Halden Hound

Its diffusion is limited to its country of origin, where it is also little known.

Content

History

Originally from Norway, the Halden Hound takes its name from Halden, the city where it was created.

Breed selection was initiated by Hans Larsen Bisseberg, an Ostfold County farmer, in 1860. The breed is believed to be the result of various crosses between local hounds and Swedish hounds, Germans and English. The official breed standard was established in the decade of 1950 and it is very rare outside your home country. Most frequently used the Norwegian Hound and the Hygen Hound.

Photo: A female Halden Hound. Colour: tricolor by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics “Halden Hound”

The Halden is similar to the American Foxhound ostensibly, although it is smaller.

It is a dog whose body can fit in a rectangle, proud, strong but not heavy. The head is medium in size, well balanced. The eyes, dark brown, they are medium in size and have a calm expression. The ears, that are neither too high nor too low, they are turned forward and should reach the middle of the muzzle. The tail, that is neither too high nor too low, it is quite thick and is carried low.

  • Hair: rough, very tight and smooth, with thick undercoat.
  • Color: White with black spots, small, less dark spots on the head, limbs and sometimes between black and white. However, black should not dominate.
  • Size: 52 a 60 cm for the male and 50 a 58 cm for female.
  • Weight: 23 a 29 kg for the male and 20 a 25 kg for females.

Character and skills “Halden Hound”

Kind and caring, the Halden Hound can be a great companion dog if you take the time to satisfy its many exercise needs. It is a nice dog to live, but can be unsociable with children, strangers or even other animals if not well socialized. Very exclusive, he does not like to be surrounded, which makes him a very good watchdog. Excellent hunter, fast and resistant. If you are not hunting, it will be the perfect companion for a sports owner.

Independent in nature, education should start very early to prevent this dog from developing too many bad habits. Firmness and consistency will be required to achieve results, but beware, no violence towards this sensitive dog will be tolerated.

Characteristics “Halden Hound”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Halden Hound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos “Halden Hound”

Fox hunting with halden hound and fox terrier in Norway
Foxhunting with halden hound and fox terrier 07.11.20

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 267
  • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
  • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.

FCI breed standard “Halden Hound”

“Halden Hound” FCI Halden Hound FCI

Alternative names:

    1. (Norwegian: Haldenstøver) (English).
    2. Halden (French).
    3. Haldenbracke, Haldenlaufhund, Halden-Stövare (German).
    4. (Norueguês: haldenstøver) (Portuguese).
    5. (Noruego: Haldenstøvare, Haldenstøver) (Spanish).

Dutch Smoushond
Holanda FCI 54 - Pinscher and Schnauzer

Born to follow the horse and rider, and catch the rats in the blocks.

Content

History

The Dutch Smoushond is a very ancient race. Its name derives from the term smous (mouse), because among their tasks it has always been found to hunt these rodents.

By mid-century 19 he was very popular with the upper middle class in the Netherlands following the carriages and horses and as a rat catcher in the stables. Although the origin of the breed is uncertain, it is generally believed that the Yellow schnauzer was one of the original dogs in the creation of this breed. A dog merchant sold the dog as "The Stable Knight Dog" to tourists from product exchanges in Amsterdam. The name quickly changed to "Smous”, rough barbarian, This distinguished him from Griffon Bruxellois. The first standard dates from 1905, was written by Messrs H.A. Earl of Bylandt, A. Woltman Elpers y L. Seegers. After a long period in which popularity and public interest decreased, the last litter was recorded in the Netherlands Book of Records (Dutch Dog Studbook) in 1949. In 1973, la Sra. H.M. Barkman van der Weel took the initiative to rebuild the breed. It started with a cross looking like a Dutch Smoushond. FCI-St. N°308 / 16.03.2012 3 From 1978 interest in Dutch Smoushond is protected by the Hollandse Smoushonden Club. In 1980 the standard of 1905.

In the news, puppies of this breed are very difficult to get outside of the Netherlands.

Physical characteristics

It is an agile dog, whose silhouette is inscribed in a square, It should not be thick or heavy. The eyes are characteristic of the breed, with a lively and benevolent expression, large, round and dark colored, the ears, inserted high, they fall forward and rest on the cheeks; they are small, thin and triangular in shape, with the end slightly rounded. The tail should be quite short, with a happy demeanor, but not coiled on the back. Can be cut to 2/3 its length.

  • Hair: on the body it is thick, enough, hard, straight, shaggy looking. In the extremities it has an average length, not tight but turned inward suggesting locks. Over the head is shorter, with mustaches, beard and longer eyebrows.
  • Color: yellowish along with all its gradients; straw yellow is preferable.
  • Size: males, of 37 a 42 cm.; females, of 35 a 40,5 cm..

Character and skills

The Dutch Smoushond was born to follow the horse and rider, and catch the rats in the blocks, the Dutch Smoushond has an affectionate character, joyful, friendly, always comfortable with everyone, fearless or very nervous. It is a perfect family dog, friendly and easy to educate.

Dutch Smoushond Images

Dutch Smoushond Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 308
  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 1.3: Pinscher and Schnauzer type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. , Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer.
    • UKC – Terrier Group.

    Dutch Smoushond breed FCI standard

    DUTCH SMOUSHOND FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Dutch Ratter, Hollandse Smoushond (English).
      2. Hollandse Smoushond (French).
      3. Holländischer Rattler, HOLLÄNDISCHER SMOUSHUND (German).
      4. Hollandse Smoushond (Portuguese).
      5. Smoushond holandés, Perro ratonero holandés (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1424539
    2 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1581327
    3 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1061995
    4 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1426949
    5 – Dutch buzzard by gwendolenFlickr

    Dutch Shepherd
    Holanda FCI 223 - Sheepdogs.

    Dutch Shepherd

    The most widespread variety is the long-haired one, but the breed is almost unknown outside the Dutch borders.

    Content

    History

    The Dutch shepherd descends directly from the belgian shepherds, which is very similar (including subdivision into three hair varieties).

    Originally the main function of the Dutch shepherd it was typical of a country sheepdog. From the earliest times the Dutch had an agricultural culture, among others, made up of flocks of sheep. Dogs should keep the herd away from planting, which they did patrolling the limits of the road and the fields. They also accompanied the transfer of the herd to the common meadows, markets and ports. In the farm, kept chickens out of the kitchen yard, cows were herded for milking and the milk cart was pulled. They also alerted farmers if anyone entered. Around 1900, herds had almost disappeared in the Netherlands. The Dutch Shepherd's versatility made him suitable for training, which at that time was beginning to become popular. Thus began a new career as a police dog, search and rescue and as a guide dog for the blind. Still capable of herding flocks anyway. The first breed standard dates from 12 in June of 1898.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a dog of medium size and weight, quite muscular, Powerfully built and well proportioned. His expression is intelligent and temperament, live. The eyes are dark in color, medium-sized, macaroons, somewhat oblique and never round. The ears, smaller than big, they are straight and facing the front, and inserted high. The tail, that at rest hangs straight or forms a slight curve, reaches the tip of the hock. When it is active, the dog is elegantly elevated, never coiled; never falls on the sides.

    • Hair: the short-haired variety has a well attached coat; the long-haired one has straight hair, and the variety of hard hair has it thick and hard; on the head it forms prominent eyebrows, mustaches and beard. Depending on the cloak, in the breed there are three varieties: Smooth-haired, long and hard.
    • Color: striated but the least intensely, on brown background (golden fluted) or gray (fluted gray). The stripes are less evident in hard-haired specimens. Black mask is preferable.
    • Size: males, of 57 a 62 cm.; females, of 55 a 60 cm..

    Character and skills

    Affectionate, obedient, docile, vigilant, trustworthy, undemanding and very resistant. Always watch out, active and endowed with the true nature of a shepherd dog. It is a little less reactive and less nervous than Belgian Shepherd, the one who looks like, However, even in character.

    The Dutch Shepherd works willingly with his master and is able to cope with any task assigned to him.
    Herding larger herds must have the ability to work in conjunction with various other dogs..

    Dutch Shepherd Images

    Dutch Shepherd Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs) / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. With working trial
    • FCI 223
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • AKC – PASTORAGE
    • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
    • ​KC – Pastoral
    • NZKC – Working dog
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • Dutch Shepherd breed FCI standard
  • DUTCH SHEPHERD DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Dutch Herder, Hollandse Herder (English).
      2. Berger hollandais (French).
      3. Holländischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Pastor holandês (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de pastor holandés (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Short-haired Dutch Shepherd stacked by CaroleField / CC BY-SA
    2 – Silverbrindle and goldbrindle are the approved colors of the breed by Lissunmusta / CC BY-SA
    3 – Short-haired brindle male Dutch Shepherd named Black, 2 years old, owned by Jason Paluck by Wikipedia
    4 – Adult brindle Dutch shepherd by https://www.pikrepo.com/fyvdb/adult-brindle-dutch-shepherd
    5 – dutch shepherd by https://www.peakpx.com/504961/dutch-shepherd
    6 – Dutch shepherd by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1387398
    7 – Neros van Guard is a Dutch Shepherd imported from Canada to the USA by Ulyseemuff / CC BY-SA

    Croatian Sheepdog
    Croacia FCI 277 . Sheepdogs

    Croatian Sheepdog

    With a great instinct for working with the herd.

    Content

    History

    The Croatian Sheepdog, according to some authors it is an autochthonous Croatian race, while according to others they come from the East and have stabilized and settled in Croatia working with local pastors.

    In the news, the Croatian Sheepdog it is a little known dog outside its country.

    Physical characteristics

    The Croatian Sheepdog it is a dog in the lower limit of medium size. Short hair on the head and limbs is the hallmark of the breed. The head is quite light with a cone shape. The stop is poorly marked. The eyes are medium in size, macaroons, with a lively expression; the color goes from brown to black. The ears are triangular, raised or semi-raised, medium length and set slightly to the side. Straight ears are referable and cutting is not allowed. The tail is implanted a little high, with long thick hair. It is cut so that it does not have a length greater than 4 cm in adult error.

    Hair: hair length is 7 a 14 cm on the spine. The face is always covered with short hairs. The ears have short hair on the outer face and long on the inner. The hair is relatively soft, wavy and even curly. The undercoat must be dense.

    Color: predominantly black although some white spots on the throat or chest are admitted.

    Size: of 40 a 50 cm..

    Character and skills

    It is a lively dog, attentive, very docile, easy to educate and train, especially frugal and rustic. Has a great instinct for working with the herd, where it is used in both driving and custody, but it can also be used as a guard dog.

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs) / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial
    • FCI 277
    • Federations: FCI , UKC
    • Croatian Sheepdog breed FCI standard
    • CROATIAN SHEPHERD DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Hrvatski ovčar, Kroatischer Schäferhund (English).
      2. Berger de Croatie (French).
      3. Kroatischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Hrvatski Ovčar (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de pastor croata (Spanish).

    Photo:

    croatian sheepdog Mawlch Gera by Michala Mračková / Public domain

    Hovawart
    Alemania FCI 190 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Hovawart

    The term Hovawart derived from medieval german, in which -hova- meant “Court” and -wart-, “guardian”.

    Content

    History

    The dog as guardian of the house and the courtyard has an ancient tradition in the history of humanity. Maybe thousands of years ago, private ownership of the house and yard, goods and workshops could only be established with the help of the protective function of dogs. The four-legged court guards were already highly regarded by the Teutons, which is reflected in the various laws of the last Teutons. Of the 24 Lex Baiuvariorum articles, an entire article is dedicated only to dogs. Here, plus a dozen other dog breeds, the court dog is explicitly mentioned as “Houvavart”. The Houvavart was valued at 3 shillings. It was a huge amount, if you consider that in the same body of law a horse “mediocre” was valued at only half a shilling. The Hovawarts are also mentioned in various writings from the Middle Ages.

    The Hovawart Today is in the intellectual and functional tradition of these old court dogs. Regarding their genetic offspring, will not be more or less related to them than the other breeds of guard dogs and native dogs. Building a direct line of descent to old Hovavart would not be permissible, especially since it is not known at all what these dogs looked like.

    After 1910 the Hovawart but without a description of the appearance. Over the years 20 established itself as a breed of dog.

    In the FCI breed standard of 1998 It is said that:

    “From 1912 the reproduction of this breed has been using similar type dogs that are still in farms to restore the breed. Apart from this, at the beginning of the crossing, you cross them with German shepherds, Newfoundland, Leonberger and other races were admitted. In addition to the strict measures taken in the breeders, the type of work was obtained again.”

    In addition, crossed the Hungarian watchdog Kuvasz, what is important to understand the nature of Hovawart. After having almost died out, after the first world war, the breed was recovered by the kinophile K. F. king. In a span of time, what had been done very successfully thousands of years before was rebuilt here. Like, but mostly of the nature the right dogs were mated. The decisive criterion was performance for the intended purpose, so to speak, the work championship. It is quite possible that the Hovawart current look like the old ones Hovawart of our ancestors by this procedure of appearance and nature, but that is speculation. Only in 1944 brood book closed. So a vast gene pool was created as the basis for this breed of dog., that even today is very useful for your health and fitness.

    Physical characteristics

    The Hovawart is a big dog, strong and at the same time quite thin. With the Hovi today three strokes of color are allowed: Rubio, black marks (black with gold brown markings) black and white. Males have a height to the cross of 63 a 70 cm.. Considering its type and size, the Hovawart is thinner than it appears underneath its medium long wavy coat. Therefore, a weight of 30 a 45 kg is considered normal for males. Despite this not so high weight, it is a very powerful and strong dog. Only for its strength and size it belongs to a hand with experience in dogs. The Hovawart he's a working dog, Guard and protection.

    Character and skills

    The character of Hovawart demands a person with a strong dog mind. He has a strong will, a head of its own and is very independent. Probably an heir to the pack guard dog, Kuvasz, who is one of his ancestors. He is sure of himself and sure of himself at the same time. The “desire to please” not as strong on him as on many other working dog breeds. Your master or caregiver has yet to work and earn it. then a Hovawart well educated he is an extremely efficient off-roader and a lovely friend. Master the role of companion dog suitable for everyday life, as well as his challenges in canine sports or even as a rescue and tracking dog. He has a very good nose. Yes, and the Hovawart it is also an excellent watchdog and protection dog.

    He is a defensive protector of his family and diligently protects his territory. He moves silently on the ground and faces an intruder suddenly but persistently. With built-in yard dog, the Hovawart not fully occupied, especially since nowadays it has to barely monitor a large enough area. He is intelligent and seeks true association with his caregiver. At the same time it is affectionate and sensitive and at the same time it radiates something primitive, archaic.

    Wants and seeks connection with family. Like a well-behaved and demanded working dog, the Hovawart it is also an excellent family dog. Often rejoices with petting and hitting like a little lapdog. He is very friendly and gentle with the people he has taken to his heart. Once you meet them, will never forget them. When he is young he shows his affection sometimes very stormy.

    The Hovawart it is a low maintenance dog. Apart from the change of coat it does not need to be brushed every day, because her coat doesn't tend to tangle due to the small amount of undercoat. Well educated and managed he is an excellent companion. However, cannot be recommended as a family dog ​​without further ado. If you are thinking of having a puppy Hovawart for the first time, you must consider the practical challenges first, they are only related to their strength and size. Not a beginner dog.

    Hovawart Education

    The Hovawart develops creativity and perseverance to realize his ideas about the world and its order. Here the dog owner is challenged with all the consequences, but paired with patience and empathy. And this already with the puppy. Hardness alone does not help the Hovawart at all. It is important to create and maintain trust, that the Hovawart he wants to show his pack leader. By the way, pack leader: A Hovawart usually test thoroughly, who will take this position. Here its owner must assert himself with the consequent nonchalance, then he will follow faithfully and with good behavior and accept the leadership of his humans without problems.

    One must bring with him time and knowledge for an intensive education and, the best of all, training. If one loses the basic elements of education, you can hardly walk with him without stress. So your self-confidence could even become a leadership claim.. Otherwise, the Hovawart it's the ideal companion dog image. He wants his humans to guide him, but without ever being submissive. The Hovawart maintains its own head and its own will. For some people this is perhaps too much of their own personality. But only this profile of the Hovawart can be an excellent basis for a respectful and intense human-dog relationship.

    Hovawart Health and Care

    The Hovawart it is a low maintenance dog. Except in times of coat change, twice a year, needs to be brushed regularly but not every day, because his coat does not tend to tangle due to the low amount of undercoat.

    The Hovawart it is considered a completely healthy breed. Hereditary diseases are systematically fought, such as cartilage disease of the knee joint (OCD), which is more common in Hovawarts. Dysplasia of the hip joint (HD) “often a problem especially with large dogs” has been under control for a long time.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Hovawart they don't make any special demands. He is consistently simple. For a dog of its size and strength it needs little food.

    Hovawart life expectancy

    The Hovawarts can reach 12 years and not rarely even more in good physical condition. It is a good life expectancy for such a large dog.

    Buy a Hovawart

    Puppies should only be purchased from an FCI registered breeder. For a puppy you should plan to 800 a 1000 EUR. The adult dogs of Hovawart they can also be taken out of shelter or emergency aid and offered a loving home..

    Hovawart Images

    Photos:

    1 – Hovawart by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hovawart-perro-perro-de-raza-pura-2611448/
    2 – Hovawart black and tan by Faigl.ladislav / CC BY-SA
    3 – Hovawart by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-hovawart-negro-marr%C3%B3n-1194081/
    4 – The three permitted colours of the Hovawart by Oxborrow / Public domain
    5 – Blond Hovawart female (10 months) by Faigl.ladislav / CC BY-SA
    6 – Hovawart by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xxpba

    Hovawart Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 190
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • CKC – Group 3 – Working dogs
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Hovawart breed FCI standard

    HOVAWART FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Hovie (English).
      2. Hovawart (French).
      3. Hovawart (German).
      4. Hovawart (Portuguese).
      5. Hovie (Spanish).

    Hokkaido
    Japón FCI 261 - Asian Spitz and related breeds

    Hokkaido

    The Hokkaido is still a very rare breed of dog, that you hardly ever see outside your home country.

    Content

    History

    This ancient lineage of dogs, known today as Hokkaïdo (name of the second Japanese island, largest), It is also known as Kyushu or Ainu dog. According to historical data its existence dates back to year 1000 BC. The offspring of dogs Hokkaïdo, is uncertain, but some authors believe that they come from the Nordic dogs. The Hokkaido is, probably, the oldest Japanese purebred. Similar to the Scandinavian Spitz in appearance, also has features of the Chow Chow and of the Shar-Pei.

    Since its origins has been used as a guard dog in the Hokkaïdo island, and, also, in hunting bears and other large animals.

    In 1937, this breed was recognized as a Natural Heritage of the Japan, by the society for the preservation of Japanese races.

    It is also a breed recognized by the FCI.

    Rare monument of nature

    The Hokkaido It is one of the oldest dog breeds in the Asian world and is part of the cultural heritage of the Japanese island. In 1937 Hokkaido was even declared “Monument of Nature” and has since been recognized and protected as a breed.

    Due to the hard-to-reach regions of the island, the dogs kept their “pure blood” during centuries. Unlike Akita or Shiba Inu, who gave way to Europe long ago, the Hokkaido still a very rare breed of dog, that you hardly ever see outside your home country.

    Physical characteristics

    This is a dog's size medium; its height usually get to the 53 cm in males and the 48 cm in females. Its weight varies between the 20 and 30 Kg. Their life expectancy is around the 14 years.

    The fur of this species is double: the sub-pelo is dense and soft and external hair is coarse and size medium or short. Their colors vary between the red fire, black and grey.

    Character and skills

    With regard to his temperament, Whereas it is a hunting and guard dog, We highlight features such as the bravery, impulsivity, agility and speed of movement.

    Within the family, is a tame animal, Devoto, with a safe and protective temperament with children if it it accustomed it to their presence from small. However, tends to be distrustful with strangers, reason why you need a good training and re-education of their less sociable side.
    They are very active dogs and it is necessary to provide good rides, long walks, workspace very well to the family but they need space, have garden in which to be at your own pace.

    Hokkaido care

    The coat of Hokkaido should be gently brushed regularly (about two or three times a week). You should even use the brush daily during the coat change to remove dead hairs from your dog.. In addition, Your dog's ears and teeth should be cleaned once or twice a week. To avoid injury, claws should also be trimmed regularly. You will hardly ever need to bathe your Hokkaido: first, he likes to jump into rivers or lakes and “bathing” there, in the second place, it is naturally very clean and thirdly, the skin's own protective barrier should not be attacked by a too frequent bath or even by dog ​​shampoo.

    Hokkaido Health

    In fact, possible inbreeding in the rearing of Hokkaido in Europe, since due to the rarity of this breed there are very few breeding dogs. Therefore, there is a realistic risk of undesirable hereditary diseases being introduced. A close look at the pedigree is worth it in any case and you can perhaps avoid any unpleasant surprises. Apart from the problem of inbreeding, the dogs of Hokkaido they are very robust and resistant to typical dog diseases. The life expectancy of healthy animals is between 9 and 15 years.

    Hokkaido Nutrition

    In addition to good genetic material, nutrition also has a decisive influence on the dog's health. Like descendants of the wolf, dogs are carnivores, this also applies to Hokkaido. The original dog especially likes fish. In his homeland., Japan, where it is still traditionally used for fishing and where salmon are fished on their way to spawning grounds with great skill and speed of reaction, this preference is not always appreciated – because the Hokkaido first he eats the fish caught by himself and only gives away some of his prey when he is full.

    Ratings of Hokkaido

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Hokkaido” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Training ?

    1.0 rating
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    Suitability of the apartment ?

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    Can be alone all day ?

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    Suitable as a first dog ?

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    Weight gain ?

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    Health ?

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    Intelligence ?

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    Kindness with child ?

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    Tendency to bite ?

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    Tendency to bark ?

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    Tendency to flee ?

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    Hair loss force ?

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    Suitable as a guard dog ?

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    Joy ?

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    Cat friendliness ?

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    Power level ?

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    Hokkaido Videos

    15 Things You Should Know About Ainu Dog
    Hokkaido Puppy Katana

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 261
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 5: Asiatic Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds.

    FCI Hokkaido breed standard

    Hokkaido FCI Hokkaido FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Dō-ken, Ainu-ken, Seta, Ainu dog, Hokkaido-Ken (English).
      2. Aïnou, Ainu-ken, Hokkaïdo-ken (French).
      3. Hokkaido-Hund, Ainu-Hund, Ainu Inu, Hokkaido-Ken (German).
      4. Hokkaido (cão) (Portuguese).
      5. Dō-ken, Ainu-ken, Ainu Dog (Spanish).