Dutch Smoushond
Holanda FCI 54 - Pinscher and Schnauzer

Born to follow the horse and rider, and catch the rats in the blocks.



The Dutch Smoushond is a very ancient race. Its name derives from the term smous (mouse), because among their tasks it has always been found to hunt these rodents.

By mid-century 19 he was very popular with the upper middle class in the Netherlands following the carriages and horses and as a rat catcher in the stables. Although the origin of the breed is uncertain, it is generally believed that the Yellow schnauzer was one of the original dogs in the creation of this breed. A dog merchant sold the dog as "The Stable Knight Dog" to tourists from product exchanges in Amsterdam. The name quickly changed to "Smous”, rough barbarian, This distinguished him from Griffon Bruxellois. The first standard dates from 1905, was written by Messrs H.A. Earl of Bylandt, A. Woltman Elpers y L. Seegers. After a long period in which popularity and public interest decreased, the last litter was recorded in the Netherlands Book of Records (Dutch Dog Studbook) in 1949. In 1973, la Sra. H.M. Barkman van der Weel took the initiative to rebuild the breed. It started with a cross looking like a Dutch Smoushond. FCI-St. N°308 / 16.03.2012 3 From 1978 interest in Dutch Smoushond is protected by the Hollandse Smoushonden Club. In 1980 the standard of 1905.

In the news, puppies of this breed are very difficult to get outside of the Netherlands.

Physical characteristics

It is an agile dog, whose silhouette is inscribed in a square, It should not be thick or heavy. The eyes are characteristic of the breed, with a lively and benevolent expression, large, round and dark colored, the ears, inserted high, they fall forward and rest on the cheeks; they are small, thin and triangular in shape, with the end slightly rounded. The tail should be quite short, with a happy demeanor, but not coiled on the back. Can be cut to 2/3 its length.

  • Hair: on the body it is thick, enough, hard, straight, shaggy looking. In the extremities it has an average length, not tight but turned inward suggesting locks. Over the head is shorter, with mustaches, beard and longer eyebrows.
  • Color: yellowish along with all its gradients; straw yellow is preferable.
  • Size: males, of 37 a 42 cm.; females, of 35 a 40,5 cm..

Character and skills

The Dutch Smoushond was born to follow the horse and rider, and catch the rats in the blocks, the Dutch Smoushond has an affectionate character, joyful, friendly, always comfortable with everyone, fearless or very nervous. It is a perfect family dog, friendly and easy to educate.

Dutch Smoushond Images

Dutch Smoushond Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 1.3: Pinscher and Schnauzer type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. , Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer.
    • UKC – Terrier Group.

    Dutch Smoushond breed FCI standard


    Alternative names:

      1. Dutch Ratter, Hollandse Smoushond (English).
      2. Hollandse Smoushond (French).
      3. Holländischer Rattler, HOLLÄNDISCHER SMOUSHUND (German).
      4. Hollandse Smoushond (Portuguese).
      5. Smoushond holandés, Perro ratonero holandés (Spanish).


    1 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1424539
    2 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1581327
    3 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1061995
    4 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1426949
    5 – Dutch buzzard by gwendolenFlickr

    Dutch Shepherd
    Holanda FCI 223 - Sheepdogs.

    Dutch Shepherd

    The most widespread variety is the long-haired one, but the breed is almost unknown outside the Dutch borders.



    The Dutch shepherd descends directly from the belgian shepherds, which is very similar (including subdivision into three hair varieties).

    Originally the main function of the Dutch shepherd it was typical of a country sheepdog. From the earliest times the Dutch had an agricultural culture, among others, made up of flocks of sheep. Dogs should keep the herd away from planting, which they did patrolling the limits of the road and the fields. They also accompanied the transfer of the herd to the common meadows, markets and ports. In the farm, kept chickens out of the kitchen yard, cows were herded for milking and the milk cart was pulled. They also alerted farmers if anyone entered. Around 1900, herds had almost disappeared in the Netherlands. The Dutch Shepherd's versatility made him suitable for training, which at that time was beginning to become popular. Thus began a new career as a police dog, search and rescue and as a guide dog for the blind. Still capable of herding flocks anyway. The first breed standard dates from 12 in June of 1898.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a dog of medium size and weight, quite muscular, Powerfully built and well proportioned. His expression is intelligent and temperament, live. The eyes are dark in color, medium-sized, macaroons, somewhat oblique and never round. The ears, smaller than big, they are straight and facing the front, and inserted high. The tail, that at rest hangs straight or forms a slight curve, reaches the tip of the hock. When it is active, the dog is elegantly elevated, never coiled; never falls on the sides.

    • Hair: the short-haired variety has a well attached coat; the long-haired one has straight hair, and the variety of hard hair has it thick and hard; on the head it forms prominent eyebrows, mustaches and beard. Depending on the cloak, in the breed there are three varieties: Smooth-haired, long and hard.
    • Color: striated but the least intensely, on brown background (golden fluted) or gray (fluted gray). The stripes are less evident in hard-haired specimens. Black mask is preferable.
    • Size: males, of 57 a 62 cm.; females, of 55 a 60 cm..

    Character and skills

    Affectionate, obedient, docile, vigilant, trustworthy, undemanding and very resistant. Always watch out, active and endowed with the true nature of a shepherd dog. It is a little less reactive and less nervous than Belgian Shepherd, the one who looks like, However, even in character.

    The Dutch Shepherd works willingly with his master and is able to cope with any task assigned to him.
    Herding larger herds must have the ability to work in conjunction with various other dogs..

    Dutch Shepherd Images

    Dutch Shepherd Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs) / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. With working trial
    • FCI 223
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
    • ​KC – Pastoral
    • NZKC – Working dog
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • Dutch Shepherd breed FCI standard

    Alternative names:

      1. Dutch Herder, Hollandse Herder (English).
      2. Berger hollandais (French).
      3. Holländischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Pastor holandês (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de pastor holandés (Spanish).


    1 – Short-haired Dutch Shepherd stacked by CaroleField / CC BY-SA
    2 – Silverbrindle and goldbrindle are the approved colors of the breed by Lissunmusta / CC BY-SA
    3 – Short-haired brindle male Dutch Shepherd named Black, 2 years old, owned by Jason Paluck by Wikipedia
    4 – Adult brindle Dutch shepherd by https://www.pikrepo.com/fyvdb/adult-brindle-dutch-shepherd
    5 – dutch shepherd by https://www.peakpx.com/504961/dutch-shepherd
    6 – Dutch shepherd by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1387398
    7 – Neros van Guard is a Dutch Shepherd imported from Canada to the USA by Ulyseemuff / CC BY-SA

    Croatian Sheepdog
    Croacia FCI 277

    Croatian Sheepdog

    With a great instinct for working with the herd.



    The Croatian Sheepdog, according to some authors it is an autochthonous Croatian race, while according to others they come from the East and have stabilized and settled in Croatia working with local pastors.

    In the news, the Croatian Sheepdog it is a little known dog outside its country.

    Physical characteristics

    The Croatian Sheepdog it is a dog in the lower limit of medium size. Short hair on the head and limbs is the hallmark of the breed. The head is quite light with a cone shape. The stop is poorly marked. The eyes are medium in size, macaroons, with a lively expression; the color goes from brown to black. The ears are triangular, raised or semi-raised, medium length and set slightly to the side. Straight ears are referable and cutting is not allowed. The tail is implanted a little high, with long thick hair. It is cut so that it does not have a length greater than 4 cm in adult error.

    Hair: hair length is 7 a 14 cm on the spine. The face is always covered with short hairs. The ears have short hair on the outer face and long on the inner. The hair is relatively soft, wavy and even curly. The undercoat must be dense.

    Color: predominantly black although some white spots on the throat or chest are admitted.

    Size: of 40 a 50 cm..

    Character and skills

    It is a lively dog, attentive, very docile, easy to educate and train, especially frugal and rustic. Has a great instinct for working with the herd, where it is used in both driving and custody, but it can also be used as a guard dog.

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs) / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial
    • FCI 277
    • Federations: FCI , UKC
    • Croatian Sheepdog breed FCI standard

    Alternative names:

      1. Hrvatski ovčar, Kroatischer Schäferhund (English).
      2. Berger de Croatie (French).
      3. Kroatischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Hrvatski Ovčar (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de pastor croata (Spanish).


    croatian sheepdog Mawlch Gera by Michala Mračková / Public domain

    Alemania FCI 190 - Molossoid - Mountain


    The term Hovawart derived from medieval german, in which -hova- meant “Court” and -wart-, “guardian”.



    The dog as guardian of the house and the courtyard has an ancient tradition in the history of humanity. Maybe thousands of years ago, private ownership of the house and yard, goods and workshops could only be established with the help of the protective function of dogs. The four-legged court guards were already highly regarded by the Teutons, which is reflected in the various laws of the last Teutons. Of the 24 Lex Baiuvariorum articles, an entire article is dedicated only to dogs. Here, plus a dozen other dog breeds, the court dog is explicitly mentioned as “Houvavart”. The Houvavart was valued at 3 shillings. It was a huge amount, if you consider that in the same body of law a horse “mediocre” was valued at only half a shilling. The Hovawarts are also mentioned in various writings from the Middle Ages.

    The Hovawart Today is in the intellectual and functional tradition of these old court dogs. Regarding their genetic offspring, will not be more or less related to them than the other breeds of guard dogs and native dogs. Building a direct line of descent to old Hovavart would not be permissible, especially since it is not known at all what these dogs looked like.

    After 1910 the Hovawart but without a description of the appearance. Over the years 20 established itself as a breed of dog.

    In the FCI breed standard of 1998 It is said that:

    “From 1912 the reproduction of this breed has been using similar type dogs that are still in farms to restore the breed. Apart from this, at the beginning of the crossing, you cross them with German shepherds, Newfoundland, Leonberger and other races were admitted. In addition to the strict measures taken in the breeders, the type of work was obtained again.”

    In addition, crossed the Hungarian watchdog Kuvasz, what is important to understand the nature of Hovawart. After having almost died out, after the first world war, the breed was recovered by the kinophile K. F. king. In a span of time, what had been done very successfully thousands of years before was rebuilt here. Like, but mostly of the nature the right dogs were mated. The decisive criterion was performance for the intended purpose, so to speak, the work championship. It is quite possible that the Hovawart current look like the old ones Hovawart of our ancestors by this procedure of appearance and nature, but that is speculation. Only in 1944 brood book closed. So a vast gene pool was created as the basis for this breed of dog., that even today is very useful for your health and fitness.

    Physical characteristics

    The Hovawart is a big dog, strong and at the same time quite thin. With the Hovi today three strokes of color are allowed: Rubio, black marks (black with gold brown markings) black and white. Males have a height to the cross of 63 a 70 cm.. Considering its type and size, the Hovawart is thinner than it appears underneath its medium long wavy coat. Therefore, a weight of 30 a 45 kg is considered normal for males. Despite this not so high weight, it is a very powerful and strong dog. Only for its strength and size it belongs to a hand with experience in dogs. The Hovawart he's a working dog, Guard and protection.

    Character and skills

    The character of Hovawart demands a person with a strong dog mind. He has a strong will, a head of its own and is very independent. Probably an heir to the pack guard dog, Kuvasz, who is one of his ancestors. He is sure of himself and sure of himself at the same time. The “desire to please” not as strong on him as on many other working dog breeds. Your master or caregiver has yet to work and earn it. then a Hovawart well educated he is an extremely efficient off-roader and a lovely friend. Master the role of companion dog suitable for everyday life, as well as his challenges in canine sports or even as a rescue and tracking dog. He has a very good nose. Yes, and the Hovawart it is also an excellent watchdog and protection dog.

    He is a defensive protector of his family and diligently protects his territory. He moves silently on the ground and faces an intruder suddenly but persistently. With built-in yard dog, the Hovawart not fully occupied, especially since nowadays it has to barely monitor a large enough area. He is intelligent and seeks true association with his caregiver. At the same time it is affectionate and sensitive and at the same time it radiates something primitive, archaic.

    Wants and seeks connection with family. Like a well-behaved and demanded working dog, the Hovawart it is also an excellent family dog. Often rejoices with petting and hitting like a little lapdog. He is very friendly and gentle with the people he has taken to his heart. Once you meet them, will never forget them. When he is young he shows his affection sometimes very stormy.

    The Hovawart it is a low maintenance dog. Apart from the change of coat it does not need to be brushed every day, because her coat doesn't tend to tangle due to the small amount of undercoat. Well educated and managed he is an excellent companion. However, cannot be recommended as a family dog ​​without further ado. If you are thinking of having a puppy Hovawart for the first time, you must consider the practical challenges first, they are only related to their strength and size. Not a beginner dog.

    Hovawart Education

    The Hovawart develops creativity and perseverance to realize his ideas about the world and its order. Here the dog owner is challenged with all the consequences, but paired with patience and empathy. And this already with the puppy. Hardness alone does not help the Hovawart at all. It is important to create and maintain trust, that the Hovawart he wants to show his pack leader. By the way, pack leader: A Hovawart usually test thoroughly, who will take this position. Here its owner must assert himself with the consequent nonchalance, then he will follow faithfully and with good behavior and accept the leadership of his humans without problems.

    One must bring with him time and knowledge for an intensive education and, the best of all, training. If one loses the basic elements of education, you can hardly walk with him without stress. So your self-confidence could even become a leadership claim.. Otherwise, the Hovawart it's the ideal companion dog image. He wants his humans to guide him, but without ever being submissive. The Hovawart maintains its own head and its own will. For some people this is perhaps too much of their own personality. But only this profile of the Hovawart can be an excellent basis for a respectful and intense human-dog relationship.

    Hovawart Health and Care

    The Hovawart it is a low maintenance dog. Except in times of coat change, twice a year, needs to be brushed regularly but not every day, because his coat does not tend to tangle due to the low amount of undercoat.

    The Hovawart it is considered a completely healthy breed. Hereditary diseases are systematically fought, such as cartilage disease of the knee joint (OCD), which is more common in Hovawarts. Dysplasia of the hip joint (HD) “often a problem especially with large dogs” has been under control for a long time.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Hovawart they don't make any special demands. He is consistently simple. For a dog of its size and strength it needs little food.

    Hovawart life expectancy

    The Hovawarts can reach 12 years and not rarely even more in good physical condition. It is a good life expectancy for such a large dog.

    Buy a Hovawart

    Puppies should only be purchased from an FCI registered breeder. For a puppy you should plan to 800 a 1000 EUR. The adult dogs of Hovawart they can also be taken out of shelter or emergency aid and offered a loving home..

    Hovawart Images


    1 – Hovawart by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/hovawart-perro-perro-de-raza-pura-2611448/
    2 – Hovawart black and tan by Faigl.ladislav / CC BY-SA
    3 – Hovawart by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-hovawart-negro-marr%C3%B3n-1194081/
    4 – The three permitted colours of the Hovawart by Oxborrow / Public domain
    5 – Blond Hovawart female (10 months) by Faigl.ladislav / CC BY-SA
    6 – Hovawart by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xxpba

    Hovawart Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. With working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • CKC – Group 3 – Working dogs
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Hovawart breed FCI standard


    Alternative names:

      1. Hovie (English).
      2. Hovawart (French).
      3. Hovawart (German).
      4. Hovawart (Portuguese).
      5. Hovie (Spanish).

    Japón FCI 261 - Asian Spitz and related breeds


    The Hokkaido is still a very rare breed of dog, that you hardly ever see outside your home country.



    This ancient lineage of dogs, known today as Hokkaïdo (name of the second Japanese island, largest), It is also known as Kyushu or Ainu dog. According to historical data its existence dates back to year 1000 BC. The offspring of dogs Hokkaïdo, is uncertain, but some authors believe that they come from the Nordic dogs. The Hokkaido is, probably, the oldest Japanese purebred. Similar to the Scandinavian Spitz in appearance, also has features of the Chow Chow and of the Shar-Pei.

    Since its origins has been used as a guard dog in the Hokkaïdo island, and, also, in hunting bears and other large animals.

    In 1937, this breed was recognized as a Natural Heritage of the Japan, by the society for the preservation of Japanese races.

    It is also a breed recognized by the FCI.

    Rare monument of nature

    The Hokkaido It is one of the oldest dog breeds in the Asian world and is part of the cultural heritage of the Japanese island. In 1937 Hokkaido was even declared “Monument of Nature” and has since been recognized and protected as a breed.

    Due to the hard-to-reach regions of the island, the dogs kept their “pure blood” during centuries. Unlike Akita or Shiba Inu, who gave way to Europe long ago, the Hokkaido still a very rare breed of dog, that you hardly ever see outside your home country.

    Physical characteristics

    This is a dog's size medium; its height usually get to the 53 cm in males and the 48 cm in females. Its weight varies between the 20 and 30 Kg. Their life expectancy is around the 14 years.

    The fur of this species is double: the sub-pelo is dense and soft and external hair is coarse and size medium or short. Their colors vary between the red fire, black and grey.

    Character and skills

    With regard to his temperament, Whereas it is a hunting and guard dog, We highlight features such as the bravery, impulsivity, agility and speed of movement.

    Within the family, is a tame animal, Devoto, with a safe and protective temperament with children if it it accustomed it to their presence from small. However, tends to be distrustful with strangers, reason why you need a good training and re-education of their less sociable side.
    They are very active dogs and it is necessary to provide good rides, long walks, workspace very well to the family but they need space, have garden in which to be at your own pace.

    Hokkaido care

    The coat of Hokkaido should be gently brushed regularly (about two or three times a week). You should even use the brush daily during the coat change to remove dead hairs from your dog.. In addition, Your dog's ears and teeth should be cleaned once or twice a week. To avoid injury, claws should also be trimmed regularly. You will hardly ever need to bathe your Hokkaido: first, he likes to jump into rivers or lakes and “bathing” there, in the second place, it is naturally very clean and thirdly, the skin's own protective barrier should not be attacked by a too frequent bath or even by dog ​​shampoo.

    Hokkaido Health

    In fact, possible inbreeding in the rearing of Hokkaido in Europe, since due to the rarity of this breed there are very few breeding dogs. Therefore, there is a realistic risk of undesirable hereditary diseases being introduced. A close look at the pedigree is worth it in any case and you can perhaps avoid any unpleasant surprises. Apart from the problem of inbreeding, the dogs of Hokkaido they are very robust and resistant to typical dog diseases. The life expectancy of healthy animals is between 9 and 15 years.

    Hokkaido Nutrition

    In addition to good genetic material, nutrition also has a decisive influence on the dog's health. Like descendants of the wolf, dogs are carnivores, this also applies to Hokkaido. The original dog especially likes fish. In his homeland., Japan, where it is still traditionally used for fishing and where salmon are fished on their way to spawning grounds with great skill and speed of reaction, this preference is not always appreciated – because the Hokkaido first he eats the fish caught by himself and only gives away some of his prey when he is full.

    Ratings of Hokkaido

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Hokkaido” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Training ?

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitability of the apartment ?

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Can be alone all day ?

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitable as a first dog ?

    1.0 rating
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Weight gain ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Kindness with child ?

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to bite ?

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to bark ?

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Tendency to flee ?

    4.0 rating
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    Hair loss force ?

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Suitable as a guard dog ?

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Joy ?

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendliness ?

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Power level ?

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hokkaido Videos

    15 Things You Should Know About Ainu Dog
    Hokkaido Puppy Katana

    Type and recognitions:

    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 5: Asiatic Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial.


    • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds.

    FCI Hokkaido breed standard

    Hokkaido FCI Hokkaido FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Dō-ken, Ainu-ken, Seta, Ainu dog, Hokkaido-Ken (English).
      2. Aïnou, Ainu-ken, Hokkaïdo-ken (French).
      3. Hokkaido-Hund, Ainu-Hund, Ainu Inu, Hokkaido-Ken (German).
      4. Hokkaido (cão) (Portuguese).
      5. Dō-ken, Ainu-ken, Ainu Dog (Spanish).

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