Miniature American Shepherd
Estados Unidos FCI 270 . Sheepdogs

Miniature American Shepherd

With his alert expression, attentive and intelligent, the Miniature American Shepherd has all the qualities of Sheepdogs

Content

History

In forty years, los estadounidenses han logrado fijar las características de esta nueva raza, from the strains of small Australian Shepherds. Recently, the American Kennel Club (AKC) agreed to integrate and, therefore, recognize the Miniature American Shepherd as a race in its own right, integrating it into the Pastoral Group “Sheepdogs” … next to his ancestor, the Australian Shepherd.

In the decade of 1960, the little ones Australian Shepherd que trabajaban en el circuito de rodeo de los Estados Unidos fueron criados selectivamente para reducir aún más su tamaño. The new breed was originally called the “Australian Shepherd” in miniature. “They became especially popular with riders who traveled to horse shows, since his intelligence, lealtad y tamaño los convertían en un excelente compañero de viaje”, say the experts of the Club del Miniature American Shepherd from the USA. “De esta manera su popularidad se extendió por todo el país.

Currently, the breed is recognized by the FCI (International Cynological Federation), en vista del número de criaderos que se están embarcando en la selección de esta raza de perro en Europa.

Photo: Buddy” Miniature American Shepherd – Lost Island’s Roy ‘Arsenal’ Harper – bred by: Julia Bettendorf, Lost River Miniature American ShepherdsJugabe3b, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Miniature American Shepherd comparte muchos rasgos físicos con su antecesor el Australian Shepherd, only on a smaller scale. The females measure between 33 – 43 cm at shoulder; the males between 35,5 – 46 cm.. Despite its size, son cada centímetro un verdadero perro de pastoreo: energetic, versatile, robust and extremely bright. Striking fur comes in black, blue merle, red and red merle. (Merle exhibits any amount of marbling, spots or mottling.) The Miniature American Shepherd se mueven con el paso suave y ágil de un perro construido para el trabajo duro en terrenos difíciles.

Character and skills

With his alert expression, attentive and intelligent, dogs Miniature American Shepherd they have all the qualities of a little Shepherd dog, with a pronounced instinct to lead and watch over the herds. Easy to train, able to respond to a variety of demands that allow them to evolve in different sports disciplines. the Miniature American Shepherd However, they are reserved for people who are not familiar to them.. But once the “known”, becomes a wild playmate, and capable of real feats, thanks to its agility and small size.
Like all working dogs, especially those able to work in their original profession, when in a situation with a herd of animals, their behavior changes and they become attentive and tireless helpers.

Its small size, su aseo reducido al mínimo, their adaptability and listening skills, greatly facilitate your life and your education in the city. But, like all shepherds, need to spend and “empty” su energía desbordante. Beautiful walks and runs in the forest are essential to maintain your tone, su forma física y su carácter juguetón.

Health and nutrition

This solid and sturdy dog, just like their ancestors, no plantea ningún problema particular en la alimentación. His health is that of a dog from generations of working dogs, aunque muchos compradores dan el paso de tener un perro de compañía con el que es fácil vivir. Never forget where it comes from, ya que merece una actividad física regular para mantener su figura y su fuerza.

The Miniature American Shepherd is generally a healthy dog, and responsible breeders test their breed for health conditions, comunicándose con otros criadores dedicados a trabajar juntos para la salud de la raza y la preservación de las cualidades únicas de la misma.

Although the Miniature American Shepherd it is a relatively healthy breed, the following complications have been observed:

  • Juvenile cataracts
  • PRA (progressive retinal atrophy)
  • Iris Colobomas
  • PPM (persistent pupillary membrane)
  • Regular visits to the vet for checkups and parasite control help ensure a long and healthy life for the dog.

    Grooming

    The Miniature American Shepherd has a double coat, with a longer outer coat and a wool underlayer. The breed shows a good amount, más aún durante la temporada de desprendimiento, which can happen once or twice a year. Weekly brushing, daily during molting season, will help remove dirt and loose hair and keep the dog looking its best. Balls or tangles can be resolved with a finer brush or metal comb. As in all races, nails must be trimmed regularly, too long nails can cause discomfort to the dog.

    Training

    As in all races, early socialization and training classes for puppies are recommended, which help to ensure that the dog becomes a well-adjusted and well-behaved companion. Smart and willing to please, the Miniature American Shepherd is highly trainable and will reach its best potential as a partner when taught at least basic obedience.

    Ejercicios físicos

    The Miniature American Shepherd he is active and athletic, and requires a moderate amount of exercise but is also very adaptable to your family's way of life. They do well as city dogs as long as their owners provide them with enough exercise.. They enjoy outings with their people that will occupy both their mind and their body. They enjoy and excel at many dog ​​events, including obedience, agility and tracking.

    Characteristics "Miniature American Shepherd"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Miniature American Shepherd" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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    hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection level ⓘ

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    Need for exercise ⓘ

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    Social need ⓘ

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    Home ⓘ

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    Toilet ⓘ

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    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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    barking ⓘ

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    Health ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat friendly ⓘ

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    Intelligence ⓘ

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    Versatility ⓘ

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    Child friendly ⓘ

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    Surveillance ⓘ

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    joy ⓘ

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    Images "Miniature American Shepherd"

    Photos:

    1 – Blue Merle Miniature American Shepherd by Lextergrace, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Miniature American Shepherd with Frisbee by Mullinspw, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Miniature american shepherd puppy by TanSinVic, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Miniature american shepherd by TanSinVic, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Miniature American Shepherd, blue merle, female by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – American miniature shepherd by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1029669

    Videos "Miniature American Shepherd"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI
    • AKC


    FCI breed standard "Miniature American Shepherd"

    FCIFCI - Miniature American Shepherd
    Pastor

    Alternative names:

      1. Miniature Australian Shepherd, MAS (English).
      2. Miniature Australian Shepherd (French).
      3. Miniature Australian Shepherd, Mini-Aussie (German).
      4. Miniature Australian Shepherd (Portuguese).
      5. Miniature Australian Shepherd (español).

    Montenegrin Mountain Hound
    Montenegro FCI 279 - Medium-sized Hounds

    Montenegrin Mountain Hound

    Even in his country of origin the Montenegrin Mountain Hound it is little spread, in other countries it is practically unknown.

    Content

    History

    Aunque sus orígenes son seguramente mucho más antiguos, the existence of Montenegrin Mountain Hound (Crnogorski planinski gonič) is attested since the beginning of the 19th century.

    The race, confined to the border region with Greece, ha mantenido sus características intactas.

    Bred for its ability to work in rocky terrain and scrub, hunt both small and large animals.

    There are two varieties: the Montenegrin Mountain Hound and the “Serbian tricolour hound”, that are distinguished mainly by the color of their fur, and both are virtually unknown outside its borders.

    In the past, the Montenegrin Mountain Hound has sometimes been called the “Black hound”.

    The first standard dates back to 1924 y la F.C.I. officially recognized the breed at its Warsaw meeting on 8 in May of 1969.

    Belonging to the ⓘAmerican Rare Breed Association (abbreviated as ARBA)

    Photo: https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1493407


    Physical characteristics “Montenegrin Mountain Hound”

    Montenegrin Mountain Hound
    Montenegrin Mountain Hound, b&t by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Robust medium-sized hounds, well balanced, calm and good-natured, very attached to their master.

    The skull is slightly domed, the muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull, the nose is always black, eyes are dark with a smart expression, the ears are hanging and without folds, their tips are rounded.

    The body is muscular and slightly long. The fur-covered tail is saber-shaped. The pelage is dense, short and with abundant undercoat. The coat is black with brown markings over the eyes, on the muzzle and lower legs.

    Size: Height to the cross 44 a 54 cm..

    Ideal size for males: 49 a 50 cm., ideal size for females: 48 a 49 cm..




    Character and skills “Montenegrin Mountain Hound”

    The Montenegrin Mountain Hound is bold, smart and calm. They are also particularly agile, resistant and tenacious.

    They are balanced dogs, quiet, kind, loving and obedient, which makes them excellent companions.

    It is often used to hunt hares and foxes, sometimes deer.

    Aunque sus cualidades lo convierten en un buen perro de compañía, life in the city is not recommended for this hound..

    Videos "Montenegrin Mountain Hound"

    Specijalka Crnogorski planinski gonic 08.09.2012
    Stenci – Crnogorski planinski gonic

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.


    FCI breed standard "Montenegrin Mountain Hound"

    FCIFCI - Montenegrin Mountain Hound
    Hound

    Alternative names:

      1. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Black Hound, Yugoslavian Mountain Hound (English).
      2. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Chien courant yougoslave de montagne, Chien courant noir (French).
      3. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Montenegrinische Gebirgsbracke, Früher Jugoslawischer Gebirgslaufhund (German).
      4. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Sabujo-negro (Portuguese).
      5. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Sabueso montañés de Montenegro (español).

    Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound
    Francia FCI 325 - Medium-sized Hounds

    Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound

    The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound no es un perro que se adapte a la vida en un apartamento si no existe el medio para que desahogue su gran energía.

    Content

    History

    La raza había existido durante mucho tiempo y varios amantes de los perros como Mr M. Légeron, A. Rivot porthole, Willekens, Gairal, Daubigné habían intentado en vano que se reconociera oficialmente.

    Los cazadores de liebres habían creado este pequeño perro de orden a partir de razas francesas de tamaño medio: Porcelaine, Gascon Saintongeois, Poitevin hound in crossbreeding with English dogs like him Beagle, several varieties of Harriers, even the little one English Foxhound. El objetivo de estos cruces era mejorar la construcción de sus perros y así aumentar la velocidad y la actitud a tomar.

    En cualquier caso es un típico perro de caza francés, in which English blood also flows. In 1957 the first official recognition of the breed took place in France, followed by the FCI in 1978.

    Photo: Anglo-français de petite vénerie by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound – or also called Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie – He is of medium size and a dog with a powerful constitution, but it never seems heavy. En su apariencia recuerda a los perros de la jauría francesa. Según el estándar de la raza, the head should be long and not too wide. The hair is short, thick and smooth and can be two or three colors (white and orange or black, white with brown).

    The eyes are large and soft but lively in expression.. Las orejas situadas bajo la línea de los ojos son suaves, slightly turned inwards and medium in size. The tail is of medium length and quite thin. The limbs are strong, with straight and broad forequarters in profile and muscular hindquarters with low set hocks.

    Character and skills “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound is described as balanced and bold, independent, inteligente y líder, proud and trustworthy. He is affectionate and loyal to his owners. However, adult dogs are suspicious of strangers.

    Estos perros constituyen hoy en día la gran mayoría de las manadas de caza de liebre y zorro. But shooters increasingly appreciate its fine-nosed qualities., resistance, good throat, easy to put on, wise in the hunt and in the kennel.

    En los últimos veinte años, el número de Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hounds medium has improved both in quality and quantity. However, the breeders, and buyers in particular, they must register their dogs with the LOF (Central Canine Society) to better control the selection.

    Activities and exercise with “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    This dog loves to move, needs a lot of exercise and wants to work. Tienes que pasar unas cuatro horas al día intensamente con él. The breed is suitable for training as a hunting dog, but also for various dog sports. Keeping the dog in the house is strongly discouraged: The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound necesita y quiere mucho espacio y le gustaría tener acceso libre al jardín también fuera de las “hours of walk”.

    education of the “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    To the Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound he likes to learn, he is submissive and also has an intelligent mind. However, has a strong hunting instinct, so your education should start soon and therefore, any “rarity” que este perro adquiera en su juventud debe solucionarse ya que es difícil de corregir más tarde.

    Cuidados y salud del “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    El corto y denso pelaje de este perro no requiere ningún cuidado especial, cleans itself almost by itself. Its legs, However, should be checked regularly. Especially when used as a hunting dog, injuries and problems are more likely to occur.

    In rare cases there is a tendency to osteoarthritis and bone tumors.

    Images "Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound"

    Photos:

    1 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie, op der Haard, Diddeleng by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie, Kackeschbësch, Éiter by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie, 7 months, Wesley by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie (white and black with pale tan markings) three and four months old puppies. by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound"

    Anglo Français de petite vénerie
    le repas

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • Central Canine Society


    FCI breed standard "Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound"

    FCIFCI - Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound
    Hound

    Alternative names:

      1. Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie (English).
      2. Anglo-français de petite vénerie (French).
      3. Anglo-Français de petite vénerie (German).
      4. Anglo-Français de petite vénerie (Portuguese).
      5. Sabueso anglo francés de tamaño mediano, Anglo-francés para la caza menor, Anglo-francés de tamaño medio (español).

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog
    Rusia FCI 335 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Pastor de Asia Central

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog It is a cat with dog skin, sensitive and partner.

    Content

    History

    The dog Central Asian Shepherd Dog (среднеазиатская овчарка or Sredneaziatskaya Ovtcharka, also known as, Volkodav or The Crusher Wolf) is recognized by the FCI, as a breed of molosser dog Russia, where most of the copies.

    Los clubes cinológicos rusos coinciden en que ésta es una de las razas más populares en el país, on many occasions, considerándola la número 1 in the ranking of Russian dog breeds.

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog It probably originated in a geographical area between the Urals, the Caspian Sea, Asia minor, and the Northwest of the border of China. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, así como mezclas con otras razas, todavía, se pueden encontrar en sus países de origen, as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistán y los países vecinos.

    Some serve as guardians of livestock, some protect their owners, and some are used for dog fighting, que es una tradición nacional en muchos países de la región. Científicos y biólogos de Rusia han estudiado la población canina local desde el siglo XVIII, so far.

    After the Communist revolution, the Soviet Government focused on the working dog breeds for the Red Army, and imported the best representatives of the race to Russia accordance with the requirements of the army and guard dogs. For decades, This practice has harmed the local population. In addition to a large number of casualties, the introduction of new breeds to the region led to crossbreeding. With the time, purebred dogs were only left with some pastors and race enthusiasts, but in other places there was an excess of crosses.

    However, and despite all, hoy en día la población de perros de raza Central Asian Shepherd Dog remains stable, in general, and the reproduction of some true quality dogs that do honor to his capacity for work has been, independientemente de país de origen.

    In Europe, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is relatively unknown, pero en los países de Asia central todavía se utiliza como perro de trabajo y acompaña a los pastores en sus paseos por las estepas.

    Physical characteristics

    This breed has many varieties that differ in the size, the color, head types, and the types of fur. For these reasons it is very difficult to establish an official standard of the breed.

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog it is a dog of large or medium size, of rough constitution and strong musculature. Its coat is composed of the hard and smooth top layer and the abundant and dense inner layer. The top layer can be short (3 – 5 cm.) or slightly longer (7 – 10 cm.). With a longer top layer forms a distinctive mane around the neck. Due to a well developed undercoat and different lengths of the top coat, dogs adapt well to different weather conditions.

    The coat color of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's very diverse: it comes in the colors white, black, grey, red fox, marrón-gris, straw yellow, mackerel, spotted and mottled.

    The ears are triangular, low-set and pendulous. The tail is thick at the base and set quite high. The natural tail is long and is carried like a sickle tail. El corte de cola y orejas se sigue practicando en los países de origen.

    Aunque existen características únicas de la raza pura sangre de perro Central Asian Shepherd Dog, such as being extremely flexible, This is very notable in their joints, have false ribs, the very strong neck and a large Chin.

    Some have a black mask. The head is very solid, the neck is of low insertion, short, with double chin. El cuerpo es bastante amplio y proporcionado con músculos bien planos. The ribcage appears very long, because they have their famous false ribs. The legs are straight, el movimiento típico es un galope.

    He has expressive eyes, almost human, revealing his inimitable intelligence.

    According to the qualities of work required by the owners, the modern Pastor of Central Asia has been raised in different directions, intentando destacar habilidades específicas. Within the traditional area of origin of these canes, the dog fights were always, but they were never so cruel and destructive as the fights of type Pit Bull Terrier.

    Todos los años los pastores de la zona se reunían para organizar luchas de perro Pastor de Asia Central, pero a diferencia de las sangrientas y despiadadas luchas de las cuáles acostumbramos a oír noticias, en este caso luchaban por la tutoría de un rebaño, and the winner was the dog that eventually, se hacía con el mando del mismo. Se trataba de ‘dominación’ en lugar de destruirse entre propia especie.

    Los perros rara vez resultaban heridos entre sí, se causaban rasguños menores en la mayoría de los casos. Sólo los verdaderos líderes, In fact, se medías a través de una lucha real, pero eso no era lo más común. The primary task of these dogs has always been the defence of the flock to the attacks of various predators and venomous snakes.

    The Pastor of Central Asia, It is one of the most powerful group of livestock guardian dogs dogs, after the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, the Kangal, Akbash, for example.

    The height at the cross 60 a 65 cm.. And weigh in 37 a 50 kg.

    Character and skills

    In the news, rural people continue to demand and use the Central Asian Shepherd Dog like cattle watchdog, Although not as well as old.

    These dogs, to varying degrees, are protectors against human intruders, they are very territorial, excellent with children, shall ensure them as if were his flock were. El amor y el respeto a las personas mayores son algunas de sus características, to protect all small animals from predators, they are very kind and attached with the members of the family.

    No necesitan ningún entrenamiento complicado para aprender las reglas básicas de la casa pero son perros un poco testarudos y muy independientes, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog It must be able to work as a team to protect sheep against predators, therefore, If the animal has an overly aggressive character, both other dogs as with people outside the family, they cannot be members of a Pack, y no pasaría la prueba simple para el cumplimiento del objeto origen de la raza.

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog puede venir de las líneas de creación que imprimen un carácter muy diferente: of work, combat, and livestock guardian, and act accordingly, independientemente del país de procedencia.

    Según los diferentes clubes caninos la clasificación dentro de los grupos varía, the Russia Kennel Club classifies the Central Asian Shepherd Dog like a working dog, that is reflected in the exceptional results in obedience, protection and training relating to the army.

    Modern reproduction of the main Canine Clubs of Russia requirements, require to register copies of Central Asian Shepherd Dog una prueba de temperamento obligatoria y un título de formación acreditado, Besides show rating. In these tests the ability of the dog stands for fit and adapt to dog guardians shepherds of other flocks, not be cause for conflict between dogs. The FCI classifies Central Asian Shepherd Dog in the group of dogs Molossoid.

    While it is a good dog to live, We must not forget that the Pastor of Central Asia is a livestock protection dog, people and possessions, He was raised to solve single problems, is independent-minded, strong, brave and responsible.

    It is a large but agile dog, sometimes described as a cat with dog skin, for that reason, and taking into account his strong instinct for protection and territoriality, It may not be a recommended breed for a novice owner.

    Sensitive and Intelligent, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog You will respond better to someone who can inspire loyalty in you as well as strong leadership..

    Heavy-handed training will be counterproductive with this breed, but respectful training, reflexive will result in a dedicated and inseparable companion.

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog he spent a considerable amount of time moving around in his homeland, and this kind of slow but steady exercise is what he likes more.

    With a work to be done and a piece of property to protect, is the highest point of happiness and will always keep an eye on everything that happens.

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog Health

    the breed is still considered very healthy and extremely robust. Los propietarios no deben temer a las enfermedades típicas de la raza. However, from time to time, like in all big dogs, joint problems occur, especially on the knees.

    Central Asian Shepherd Nutrition

    Although many joint diseases are inherited, los síntomas a menudo pueden prevenirse o al menos aliviarse con la ayuda de una dieta y una postura adecuadas. Particularly in the growth phase of dogs, care must be taken that animals do not shoot too fast. El crecimiento demasiado rápido debido a una ingesta excesiva de proteínas en los meses de crecimiento se considera una de las causas más comunes de enfermedades articulares posteriores. Además de un alimento bastante bajo en proteínas, que se da en pequeñas cantidades unas tres o cuatro veces al día, los perros jóvenes también deben ser preservados físicamente durante esta fase. Stairs or long walks should be avoided..

    Meat as the main component of food

    When the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is fully developed, el contenido de proteínas del alimento puede ser aumentado nuevamente. The main component of dog food should be – like in all dogs – high quality meat. It can be cooked or raw or, if industrially produced food mixtures are used, puede presentarse en forma seca o húmeda. Regardless of the feeding method preferred by the respective owner, it is important that the content and composition of the food is adapted to the needs of the dog. Según la edad, sex, size, activity level and living environment, the composition of the necessary nutrients can vary considerably. There is no correct food for Central Asian Shepherd Dog.

    ¿Cuánta comida necesita el Central Asian Shepherd Dog?

    Nor can the question of the amount of food for all dogs of this breed be answered in general. If the composition of the food is correct, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog can cope with surprisingly small portions. So, dos comidas al día suelen ser suficientes para un perro adulto, which should be given at fixed times if possible. Portions too large, too many “sandwiches” between meals and lack of rest after feeding can increase the risk of stomach torsion.

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog care

    Like nomadic dog, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's quite undemanding, this applies not only to the size of your food portions, but also in your care. Short to medium length coat proves to be very resistant and requires little grooming. However, should be brushed regularly to remove dirt and maintain healthy hair structure. The claws should also be trimmed to avoid injury and teeth, oídos y ojos deben ser revisados y limpiados regularmente.

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog Education

    The purchase of a Central Asian Shepherd Dog must be well considered – although this applies to all breeds of dogs, it is especially true for this breed from Central Asia. It is not a family dog ​​in the classical sense nor is it suitable for a city life. This freedom-loving and independent dog finds it difficult to cope with living conditions in European industrial nations.

    ¿Para quién es adecuada esta raza?

    In the hands of livestock keepers and keepers who live in remote and isolated places, este perro protector de la manada está todavía en las mejores manos. Also people who live far from the city, own a large lot and wish to have a capable watchdog, can be considered as owners of this Central Asian Shepherd Dog. However, la experiencia y ciertos conocimientos en el adiestramiento de perros deberían ser requisitos previos para mantener a esta raza. It also, an owner needs above all time and patience, porque la socialización y la educación de este amigo de cuatro patas seguro de sí mismo, who doesn't think much about blind obedience, It is hard work. How Central Asian dogs tend to dominate, necesitan un adiestrador que les fije límites constantemente y que les muestre con la empatía necesaria (not to be confused with willingness to compromise) that it is worth trusting and following your human.

    ¿Puede tener éxito una convivencia armoniosa?

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog certainly not a family dog ​​in the classical sense, por lo que su mantenimiento como puro perro de casa y de compañía es absolutamente desaconsejable. This does not mean that a Owtscharka can't live together with humans. In a family that appreciates its natural instinct for vigilance and protection and gives it its original task of guarding the house, the yard and the cattle, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is quite adaptable and human-oriented. A basic socialization, that is to say, early contact with other people and animals, is as important to harmonious coexistence as sufficient opportunities for running and consistent parenting.

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog Pictures

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Watchdog


    FCI breed standard "Central Asian Shepherd Dog"

    FCIFCI - Central Asian Shepherd Dog
    Pastor

    Alternative names:

      1. Alabai, Central Asian Ovtcharka, CAO Aziat (English).
      2. Chien de berger d’Asie centrale (French).
      3. Zentralasiatischer Owtscharka (German).
      4. Türkmen Alabaý, mastim-da-ásia-central (Portuguese).
      5. Perro Pastor de Asia Central (español).

    Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog
    Italia FCI 201 . Sheepdogs

    The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog he will be really happy sleeping with the cattle rather than on the sofa in your home.

    Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese

    Content

    Characteristics "Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog (Maremmano-Abruzzese or Cane da pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese), It is a breed of sheepdog native to central Italy and used for centuries by shepherds to defend their flocks from wolves.

    La raza se emplea aún hoy, widely, in the region of the Abruzzo donde los rebaños de ovejas vitalizan la economía rural y los lobos son predadores protegidos (of the few areas of the planet, lamentablemente…).

    The race is similar to the Pyrenean Mountain Dog, to the Kuvasz de Hungría y al Akbash de Turquía (This, that more!).

    También desciende de los perros de pastor que existían antaño en la región de la Maremma Toscana y en la región del Lacio. Since 1860, the transhumance of herds from one region to another has favoured the development of a natural mixture of these two primitive races.

    Several descriptions of dogs defending vulnerable white sheep are found in the literature of ancient Rome, in works such as the Columella, Varro and Palladius. Dogs similar to Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog they are represented in numerous sculptures and paintings from Roman times to the present day.

    Until year 1958, the Maremma Sheepdog and the Maremmano-Abruzzese they were considered as separate races. The first Canine society of the Maremma Sheepdog was established in the year in 1950, and three years later (1953) the First Canine Society of the Maremma Sheepdog.

    But owing to transhumance of herds of sheep from one region to another, especialmente después de la unificación de Italia se dio “fusión natural” between the two races. For which reason, the 1 in January of 1958, the races were unified by the ENCI (Ente Nazionale della Cinophilia Italian, or national association Cynologique Italiana).

    Today, It is not so encouraging and sympathetic as the history of this beautiful can, si bien siguen siendo ampliamente utilizados por ganaderos ovinos de Italia en las zonas donde la depredación es común, as the central Apennines of Italy and the open countryside of the land of national parks in Abruzzo.

    But, Ironically, of the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, in the area of the Maremma of Tuscany, the memory can only, they are now a rarity just in the area which saw them to be born, pues sí, aunque no guste oírlo, la mano del hombre y el progreso… han dado como resultado un siniestro más: la cría de ovejas se ha reducido y el lobo está casi extinto.

    Curiosities

    Although it is easier for him Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, desarrollar su vínculo con ovinos y caprinos, farmers have found that, as well, son capaces de desarrollar un vínculo protector con las vacas, and in many places of United States, It also used for the purpose. As well, they are good defending corrales, chickens or ducks from the threats of land caused by coyotes, dogs and foxes, and air threats caused by birds of prey (Hawks, Eagles, búhos, etc.).

    In Australia, se ha apostado muchísimo por el Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog. Específicamente en la ciudad de Warrnambool que cuenta con grandes bellezas naturales, and in one of them the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog es hoy en día una pieza clave para la supervivencia de otras especies.

    Within the natural beauties that talked, the beach of Logan located on the East side of the city is a great example, reconocida como un sitio de cría de la ballena austral. Every year between May and August reach coasts copies of adult female whales to give birth to their calves, and at the end of September are often long trip offshore, sometimes with a little bit of human help, so the whales are not left stranded on the beach.

    In addition to the whale southern franco, the coast is also visited by sea lions of Australia, pingüinos y el delfín común. Albatrosses can spot during the winter and early spring.

    There is also another natural beauty which is the protagonist of this post can… Middle Island contaba con una gran colonia de pingüinos. Pero la presencia descontrolada de zorros llevó a que el número de integrantes de la colonia se redujera de manera significativa. In 2005, sólo quedan cuatro pingüinos en la colonia.

    It was then when the Warrnambool City Council introduced an innovative and ecological program, primero en el mundo con estas características, introduced to Middle Island several copies of Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog para proteger a los pingüinos. Este programa tan original e innovador ha sido la piedra angular del re-establecimiento de la colonia de pingüinos que en el año 2009 already had more of 100 Members.

    While the use of Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog to protect an endangered species was a rare thing at first, Thanks to the effort and commitment of the Warrnambool City Council, it has been proven that the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog along with other breeds of livestock guardian dogs, they make it possible that the cattle and other species, como los pingüinos, they can live with their natural predators in danger of extinction, as well, as wolves and coyotes. Program predation was reduced a 70% u 80% or more, and the survival of Wolf and different foxes, or coyotes, is not endangered, at least in the area.

    En otros países como Italia, United States and Canada, the use of dogs has also been promoted Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, así como otros tipos de perros pastores, to minimize the conflict between the species of predators in danger of extinction and farmers, achieving success several but without destroying the ecosystem.

    Physical characteristics

    The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog is a dog from large size, powerful, aspect rustic and at the same time Majestic and well accused type. Its general appearance of medium proportions is a heavy dog, whose body is longer than the height at the cross. También guarda armonía en cuanto a su formato (normal correlation between size and different parts of the body) and profiles (concordance between the profiles of the head and body).

    The head altogether, is large and flat, conical and similar to the White bear form.

    The skull in profile is convex. The eyes are ochre or brown. It has ears triangular and small relative to the size of the dog, are high insertion and hang.

    The limb well well-angled, giving sense of lead and firmness. The tail hangs surpassing the Hock, y cuando el perro está alerta se eleva a la línea del lomo.

    The hair is long, abundant and rough to the touch. The only one supported color is the white solid. Although they tend to admit light reflections of color ivory, pale orange or lemon.

    Height to the cross in the males is of 65 a 73 cm and females is of 60 a 68 cm.. The weight of 35 a 45 kg in males and 30 a 40 kg in females.

    Character and skills

    Despite its large size, the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog puede ser buen perro de compañía en hogares que cuenten con espacios abiertos, appropriate to your needs.

    Siglos de cría del Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, assigning to be friendly and protective with their lambs, their flocks, they have forged the character of the race, hoy en día en un animal que se adapta muy bien a la vida hogareña se une muchísimo a su familia a quién protege como si de un rebaño se tratara, always showing a quiet character, balanced and intelligent.

    In many areas this beautiful dog has earned a reputation for being aggressive, very nervous and even bite, but this is not true. The issue is that, When one decides to take this breed of dog it must be understood that it needs large spaces, freedom and independence. Not reach you with daily routine down to walk to do their physiological needs, This routine can generate stress and boost develop destructive behaviors.

    Can be rather distrustful with strangers, due to his desire to protector, and despite the fact that it adapts well to home life, for its size and need for open spaces, and it is not advisable to raise him in urban areas, because it won't be a happy dog. A rural House, lejos de las líneas de propiedad del vecino y del tráfico rodado, sería un lugar ideal para este hermoso pastor. In this environment, Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, to be on the couch in the House before going to prefer sleeping with livestock, allí es realmente feliz.

    In addition to its extensive use in Italy, the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog lives happily performing its livestock protection duties in Australia, United States and Canada.

    The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, is a very versatile dog, y capaz de generar un vínculos muy, but very strong with the animals who must take care. To develop this protective instinct in the blood, they are introduced in the flocks of sheep when they are puppies, in some cases with 3 or 4 weeks of life, pero lo más común es que se introduzcan con 7 u 8 weeks, they are once with his flock, quickly they implemented their skills, aún de cachorros, with a little bit of help, Of course, but only at the beginning.

    ¿Qué más podemos decir del carácter del Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog? Creo que las palabras…, sobran.

    Photos “Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog”

    Videos “Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
    • ​KC – Pastoral
    • NZKC – Working dog
    • UKC – Herding dogs

    FCI standard of the breed "Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog"

    FCIFCI - Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog
    Dog

    Alternative names:

      1. Cane da Pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese, Maremmano, Pastore Abruzzese, Pastore Maremmano, Abruzzese Mastiff, Mastino Abruzzese, Abruzzo Sheepdog, Abruzzese Sheepdog (English).
      2. cane da pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese (French).
      3. Maremmen-Abruzzen-Schäferhund (German).
      4. Cane da Pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese (Portuguese).
      5. Maremmano-Abrucense, Pastor de Maremma (español).

    Pug
    China Gran Bretaña FCI 253 . Small Molossian type Dogs

    The Pug It is a friendly and affectionate dog with other dogs and with people.

    Pug

    Content

    Characteristics "Pug"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Pug" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The Pug or Dutch bulldog (also known as Chinese Pug, Mops, Puggu) is a breed of dog miniature with wrinkled face and a body of small to medium-sized, originating in China.

    This breed is often summed up as “multum en parvo” (much in little), describing the personality of the Pug related to its small size.

    The word “Pug” It may come from old English Pugg, it is an affectionate adjective it would be something like a little playful demon or monkey. Pug puppies are called Puglets.

    The breed of dog Pug, has very ancient origins. It was raised and selected in China, country where he was the favorite dog of officials, It is also a very popular in Holland and England breed of dog.

    In fact, England claimed the patronage of la raza, since they had carried out excellent selection work for years. Finally, part of the patronage of the race was awarded to Great Britain.

    This wrinkled and funny puppy, He was a faithful companion of the ladies of the 19th century in Italy.

    As almost all dog breeds, it knew how to have its difficult moments, especially when the world wars took place, but it has not been on the verge of extinction like others.

    Today the breed Pug it is highly appreciated in almost every corner of the world.

    Did you know??

    Among the rich and famous are admirers of the Pug King Louis XIV, Josefina, Empress of Napoleon, Queen Victoria, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor and fashion designer Valentino.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a dog under, solid square and compact appearance, well proportioned and muscular; the head, large, rounded and solid appearance, is covered with folds; the muzzle is square and flat; the eyes, large, bulging, they are dark; It has straight legs and looped collector queue. The hair is tight, smooth and shiny.

    The Pug or Dutch bulldog can be silver or soft apricot with a black mask, in both cases it presents a black stripe that goes from head to tail; It can also be pure black or white which is the more scarce and expensive of all.

    It measures each 30 cm to cross and weighs between 6 and 8 kg. His confident nature, docile and friendly makes the Pug an appreciated companion animal. The Pug is particularly a dog “with sense of humor”, exhibiting very human facial expressions given its bone structure. Due to its striking appearance, some people tend to think that the characteristics of the Pug are the result of genetic manipulation or inbreeding.. However, the characteristics of the Pug are similar in the last five hundred years, period in which Europeans began it importing from China.

    The Pug's tail has a characteristic spiral or letter shape “Q”. This variation in the way of the tail is due to the vertebrae in this portion of the column are actually hemivertebra. In some few puppies, This alteration of the shape can be extended to the rest of the column and the animal presents spina bifida.. The spine of the animal must feel before purchasing to avoid choosing a sick puppy. An animal that suffers from this malformation should not be reproduced in order to not pass this problem to their offspring.

    Given the shape of the skull, the eyes of the Pug have a bouncy and lively appearance. To find the eyes located above, they are more exposed to friction with plants and objects to the eyes of other animals, and it is advisable to take them to the vet as soon as possible if they have an injury. It is recommended that the owners of the Pug clean the eyes of the animal once a week with a clean cotton moistened with cold boiled water or cold tea, in order to remove secretions or dirt.
    The characteristic wrinkles of the face can also accumulate secretions and dirt. It is recommended at least once a week clean gently between wrinkles using the same method. It is not necessary to apply SOAP, creams or other substances. Simple toilet is enough and to spare.

    The Pug is a short hair dog, tends to constantly pelechar, so his tenure is not recommended for persons allergic or asthmatic. They have a characteristic pungent odor that may bother some people, but that decreases a bath every couple of weeks.

    The biggest health problem presented by the Pug is one that is completely preventable and treatable, and that depends entirely of the OWNER. This disease is the OBESITY. A Pug it receives proper care can live more than fourteen years, Although on average they tend to live around ten.

    One 1% the Cubs can reach presenting a degenerative neurological disease called The Pug encephalitis (or tap for its acronym in English). This disease is lethal and has no known cure. For this reason dogs must not be reproduced within the two years, in order to not transmit the gene to their offspring. Last year of life it is very unlikely that the Pug will have this disease.

    Character and skills

    The Pug aren't aggressive animals. Like any dog, they can bite, but it is very rare that this happens without the animal mistreatment. The Pug do honor to his motto “Multum in parvo” and they do not amilanan to larger breeds dogs, which you can get into trouble.

    Before humans, the Pug tend to be playful and seek interaction. However can be apprehensive to strangers, and with their barking to announce the presence of unknown people. Although its size are not guard dogs, If they are good “alert dogs”.

    The Pug show a moderate level of intelligence, being able to use their short snouts and front paws to obtain objects out of reach. They sometimes tend to stubbornness, and do not necessarily come when you are called, but rather when crave it. Despite this, they do not go far from their owners and prefer their company to that of other dogs..

    During the first years of life Pug may occasionally be hyperactive (run, jumping and barking constantly) but this characteristic tends to disappear over the years. The Pug 5 and older tend to be calmer and enjoy the chairs more than the street.

    There is a tendency to believe that Pug they are animals “sickly”, which is very far from reality. One Pug healthy will be energetic and playful, and even a bit hyperactive in its first years of life. Its solid structure makes they tolerate well the game with children and adults, and its particularly hard head can cause bumps and falls in young children and older adults.

    The Pug It's a small animal, and although strong, requires very little food. However, being a pet, owners tend to supercharge them and share their food with them. This must not be. The Pug can perfectly feed on a cup of dry food in the morning and a cup at night, and you won't go hungry or require any extra supplements.

    An obese Pug is not a Pug “beautiful”, on the contrary, It is an animal that sick because you can not breathe well, be it exhausted easily and will begin to suffer from problems in the spine and joints. A Pug fed healthy is, on the other hand, a robust animal, with his sharp and clearly visible muscles under the skin. A healthy Pug can run as fast as any other dog, and you can skip two or three times its own height. While the animal enjoys eating meals extras and receive “prizes” occasionally, is task of the owner to ensure that the quantity and quality of food that consumes is adequate.

    Images “Pug”

    Videos “Pug”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC


  • FCI breed standard "Pug"

    FCIFCI - Pug
    Pug

    Alternative names:

      1. Chinese pug, Dutch mastiff (English).
      2. Pug (French).
      3. Pug (German).
      4. Carlin, Mops (Portuguese).
      5. Pug chino, Mops, Pug carlino, Doguillo (español).

    Maltese
    Italia FCI 65 . Bichons

    The Maltese is very sensitive, and you prefer a home that is stable.

    Bichón Maltés

    Content

    Characteristics "Maltese"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Maltese" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The Maltese es una raza canina que existe desde la antigüedad y que ya estaba muy extendida en las culturas mediterráneas. However, al contrario de lo que podría sugerir su nombre, its exact origin remains uncertain, pero parece proceder de uno de los países de la cuenca mediterránea. Along its history, it has been given many names, as Melitae Dog, Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta or Maltese Lion Dog. However, hoy en día se le conoce principalmente como Maltese or Maltese dog.

    Archaeological finds tend to confirm that the Maltese incluso existía en el antiguo Egipto. In fact, in a tomb dating from the reign of Ramses II (1304 a.C. a 1214 a.C.) a statuette was found representing a dog that looks like him in everything. So, we can assume that the Egyptians considered it a sacred animal.

    Maybe because, like Europeans later, they thought it was capable of curing diseases, or at least they discovered that he was able to calm the sick by snuggling up next to them.

    No fueron los únicos que lo honraron, since the Greeks also built graves for their deceased dogs. The dog was also found in ancient Greece, to the point that the famous philosopher Aristotle (384 a.C. – 322 a.C.) mentioned it in his zoological work History of animals. Mencionó una raza de perro pequeño que denominó en latín canes melitenses, that means “Maltese dog”.

    Before the beginning of the Christian era, Maltese was also very popular with the Romans. Muchas mujeres de la nobleza poseían una y nunca salían sin ella. They wore it on the bodice or sleeve, as a jewel or an accessory. This trend continued well beyond ancient Rome.

    In the 1st century, Roman Emperor Claudius (10 a.C. – 54 d.C.) he was probably the most famous Maltese owner. Regarding St. Publius (33 d.C. – 112 d.C.), gobernador romano de Malta que poseía un maltés llamado Issa, asked the poet Marcial to write a eulogy for his dog, what he did in his Epigrams collection.

    The Maltese came to the British Isles during the reign of Henry VIII (1491-1547), y allí también se hizo muy popular entre las clases altas, especially among women, who used him as a companion and lap dog. It was appreciated for its beauty, mientras que su pequeño tamaño les permitía llevarlo fácilmente en sus blusas. It was especially adopted by Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603).

    Although it survived many wars and conflicts over the years, the breed was about to disappear around the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, after unfortunate attempts to miniaturize it to the maximum. To save her it was necessary to cross with the Poodle, Small Spaniels and Asian Miniature Dogs.

    A pesar de su éxito y presencia en muchos países, the breed was not introduced to North America until the 19th century. However, one of its representatives (white) was present at the first dog show in the history of the United States, the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, which was held for the first time in 1877. Allí se mostraba con el nombre de Perro León Maltés.

    The breed was soon recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), already in 1888. However, was not up 1948, 60 years later, cuando la otra organización canina más importante del país, el United Kennel Club (UKC), he did the same. However, American organizations were more active than the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who waited until 1955 to recognize the Maltese.

    Physical characteristics

    They weigh between 1,8 and 4 kg. Being the maximum weight in adulthood of 3 kg in females and 4 kg in males. Its height is of 20 a 25,5 cm., and they have a compact body.

    The Maltese it is a small dog with a noble and elegant appearance, and a fluid and graceful walk.

    Your body is well proportioned, his chest is quite deep and his ribs are well sprung.

    Like other Spitz breeds, its tail curves between the hips until it touches the rump. Carries high and can be curved sideways.

    The head is proportional to the size of the body. The skull is slightly rounded and quite wide between the ears. The ears are set low and triangular in shape. The eyes are round and dark brown, with a soft but alert look. The eyelids conform to the eyeball and are pigmented black. The muzzle is fine, average length, and ends in a black nose.

    The coat of the Maltese It is thick, shiny and silky. No undercoat, but a layer of long straight hair all over the body, no waves or curls. On the sides, hangs to the ground, which almost gives the impression that the dog is floating.

    The fur is white, but a shade of ivory and lemon strokes are allowed. Until the end of the 19th century, it was even possible to use other coat colors. However, at that time, all colors other than solid white were deprecated, por lo que los criadores se concentraron únicamente en los individuos de pelaje blanco.

    As they have no undercoat and shed relatively little, Maltese are often considered a hypoallergenic breed. Although none of them are hypoallergenic, they are usually well tolerated by people allergic to dogs. However, This does not exempt any potential adopter who suffers from this allergy from carrying out a test in real conditions before taking the step..

    Last, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are about the same size.

    Some breeders offer the Maltese miniature, whose weight is around 2 kg, or even less. These dogs not only don't conform to the breed standard, Rather, this extreme miniaturization is often accompanied by genetic problems and, in general, health risks. So, you better stay away from them.

    In comparison to the Yorkshire Terrier or the Chihuahua, the Maltese you are not as likely to have fingernails or other diseases that can shorten your life.

    Popularity

    Still today, the Maltese it is still very popular and is present all over the world.

    In United States, is around the post 30 (out of a total of 195) in the breed ranking established by the American Kennel Club (AKC) según el número de nacimientos registrados cada año en la organización. However, this marks a steady decline from, at least, early 21st century, when I was about the twentieth position.

    At the same time, on the other hand, has greatly increased its popularity in the UK: while in the middle of the decade of 2000 había unas 400-500 Annual Kennel Club Enrollments, This figure is around the 1100, and has been fairly stable since 2012.

    The situation is different in France, ya que el número de inscripciones anuales en el Libro de Orígenes francés (LOF) almost never stopped increasing for at least half a century. He was in his early twenties 70, a quarantine at the end of this decade, and then multiplied by ten during the 80, until exceeding 400. The trend continued over the years 90, until it stabilized around the 600 at the end of the decade and, Therefore, at the beginning of the 21st century. This trend continued until the decade of 2010, characterized by an increase in 50%, ending with more than 900 births per year.

    In Switzerland, es la 13ª raza más popular del país. There are more than 7000 people registered in the Swiss Amicus database.

    Did you know??

    The sweet little one Maltese dog is the favorite of celebrities, including Halle Berry, Heather Locklear y Eva Longoria. ¿Podría ser porque son tan adorables en las fotografías? Creemos que sí.

    Character and skills

    "Maltese"

    Kind, loving and affectionate with their masters, the Maltese he is also very attentive to his emotions, y es capaz de reconfortarlos en los momentos difíciles. Es muy activo y mantiene un espíritu joven toda su vida.

    Your attachment to family is so strong that it can be problematic if you are alone too often or for too long. In fact, does not tolerate loneliness well and, therefore, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety in such circumstances, what can drive, for example, destructive behavior or incessant barking. So, no es adecuado para un maestro que suele pasar la mayor parte de sus días fuera de casa.

    Have him share his home with another dog or with a representative of another species (cat, rodent, bird…) it is a good way to help you better cope with the absences of your masters. However, this is only possible if you have grown up together or if you are used to living with other animals since childhood. In fact, en el caso de que otro animal venga a parar un día a su familia, they are likely to be jealous and do not appreciate having to share their master's attention with another animal. In any case, given its small size, it is not advisable to make him live with a large congener, ya que éste podría hacerle daño involuntariamente, for example just playing with him.

    Its small size and fragile bone structure also explain why it is not recommended to live with young children.. In fact, estos últimos se apresuran a tener gestos demasiado bruscos hacia él, especially during playtime, y podrían herirle involuntariamente. It also, aunque no sea así, may become scared and overwhelmed when faced with young children who are moving around a lot and making noise, lo que podría provocar reacciones inadecuadas por su parte. In any case, a small child should never be left alone with a dog without adult supervision, regardless of race.

    Not content with being around family members, the Maltese he's kind to strangers too, as long as I see there is nothing to fear from them. However, this does not prevent you from barking when you perceive a threat or a stranger approaching your home, which makes him a very good alert dog.

    The Maltese's need for exercise is very moderate, making it a good breed for older people. Media hora de actividad al día es más que suficiente, for example, two or three short walks a day and / or small play sessions. However, he also likes dog sports like agility, obedience and rally, but its resistance is limited. In any case, he is always delighted to discover new things and learn new tricks.

    As soon as you exercise enough, is quiet, able to adapt to any living space, and is delighted to spend long periods of time with his master, receiving pampering. It is therefore a breed of dog adapted to apartment living., who can be happy both in the city and in the country, en una casa grande con jardín. However, not made to spend most of the time outside. This is especially true in winter, ya que su falta de subpelo le hace sensible al frío. But also the rest of the year, because its small size can make it prey for potential predators (birds Raptors, foxes…), plus the risk of it being stolen by malicious people. In any case, it is not about relegating it abroad, away from his family: accustomed for centuries to living in the heart of homes and loving to be the center of attention, you need to live and interact with your family to be happy and balanced.

    Observations

    Unlike other dogs the Maltese necesita poca actividad física, What are good candidates for older people. Hunting mice, and they keep them away from the House.

    Llevarlos a caminar serviría también para hacerlos sociables ya que no requieren mucho ejercicio, adults should keep the weight and the best way to do this is by controlling what you eat and taking them for a walk. We must pay attention to the hair, and the help of a dog hairdresser may be required from time to time. You must be careful with approaching other dogs that are very nervous and are uncontrollable.

    They can make stunts, How to keep standing on their hind legs for several minutes. Although perfectly adapted to living in apartments for its small size and domestic, love to walk in the open air. To be a difficult race, about all when they are puppies, they require many care. It is recommended to feed with feed, and though loves food human should never be given chocolate, It is highly deadly to this race.

    Education

    Like any dog, the socialization of Maltese must start at a very young age, period during which it is more malleable and adaptable. It is advisable to make you know as many different individuals and animals as possible, así como exponerle a todo tipo de situaciones y entornos. This is essential for it to be an animal with a good head and serenity in all circumstances..

    At the same time, dado el fortísimo nivel de apego a sus humanos que caracteriza a esta raza, teaching the puppy to endure loneliness is part of the priorities of their education, to avoid that the absences of their masters suppose a later problem.

    The Maltese he is smart and likes to please his owners. However, sometimes he is stubborn, which can complicate the learning sessions a bit. Ideally, opt for the positive reinforcement training method, ya que no son receptivos a las reprimendas y responden mucho mejor a los estímulos y las golosinas. However, it is important not to abuse the treats or discount them from your dog's daily intake to avoid weight gain.

    In any case, you can't miss inappropriate behavior (grunts, barking, aggressiveness, refusal to obey…) when he is young, with the argument that it is small, beautiful and harmless. Esta sería la mejor manera de hacer que desarrolle el “small dog syndrome”, that is to say, get used to doing what you want in any circumstance, and become dominant, agresivo y difícil de convivir. So, its owner must be firm from the start and make sure to establish - and enforce- clear rules, long-term constant and applied uniformly by all household members.

    Health

    The Maltese they are generally robust and healthy dogs.

    However, due in particular to the absence of an undercoat, es particularmente sensible al frío y la humedad.Cuando las temperaturas son frías, should be covered with adog coat.In any case, no está destinado a vivir en una zona donde el clima es frío durante gran parte del año.

    It also, of course, not completely free from health problems, many of which are common to other small breeds.The conditions to which you are predisposed are:

    • The Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation whose appearance can be enhanced by a hereditary predisposition, produces pain and lameness in the hips and causes the appearance ofosteoarthritiswhen the animal gets old;
    • The dislocation of the patella (or dislocation of the patella), común en los perros.Ocurre cuando la rótula se mueve hacia adentro o hacia afuera de la rodilla y puede causar dolor o cojera de diversos grados de severidad.En los casos más graves, an operation is necessary;
    • The tracheal collapse, a respiratory disease that mainly affectssmall dogsy corresponde a una reducción del diámetro de la tráquea.El signo más común es una tos seca y crónica, but it can also cause great shortness of breath. If necessary, it may be necessary to place a prosthesis;
    • The cryptorchidism, a menudo un defecto hereditario que hace que los testículos del animal no desciendan al escroto.La única solución entonces es extirparlos quirúrgicamente para evitar complicaciones posteriores, which leads to the sterilization of the animal;
    • Congenital portosystemic derivation, una anomalía vascular que puede provocar retraso del crecimiento, weight loss or even neurological problems and / or digestive.In some people, los síntomas son sutiles, lo que hace que el diagnóstico de la enfermedad sea posterior.Esta patología, whose cause may be hereditary, puede curarse mediante intervención quirúrgica;
    • Hydrocephalus, a disease of nervous system in dogs.Los síntomas varían de un individuo a otro (bulging head, growth retardation, nervous disorders, etc.), but the vital prognosis is never very good;
    • Síndrome del perro tembloroso, a disease that mainly affects small dogs in white coats. Consiste en la inflamación del cerebelo y provoca ataques de temblores involuntarios en todo el cuerpo y falta de coordinación.Los síntomas suelen empezar a aparecer entre los 9 months and 2 years and can be reduced, or even disappear, with drug treatment;
    • Hypoglycemia, which mainly affects diabetics and corresponds to a significant decrease in blood glucose level. Los síntomas del problema son pérdida de apetito, lethargic state, tremors and unsteady gait, in the most severe cases, can lead to coma and then death of the animal, si no se le administra azúcar de una forma u otra;
    • The Cushing's disease, una enfermedad hormonal cuyos signos clínicos más comunes incluyen aumento del apetito, thirst and amount of urine produced, muscle atrophy or the appearance ofalopecia;
    • The gradual retention atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that consistently affects both eyes at the same time, causing retinal degeneration and progressive loss of vision, de noche y luego de día;
    • The glaucoma, una enfermedad ocular que se puede heredar y causa la degeneración del nervio óptico y la retina debido a una presión anormalmente alta en el ojo.Esta dolorosa patología para el animal evoluciona rápidamente hacia una pérdida total o parcial de la vista, unless it is attended urgently;
    • The waterfall, It mainly affects the elderly and is a clouding of the lens Causes vision disturbances, up to total loss of sight if uncontrolled, only an operation can allow the animal to regain good vision;
    • The otitis, frequent inflammation inperros con orejas caídas.

    It also, the Maltese is easily susceptible to obesity, que puede provocar o agravar muchas patologías ya existentes, and therefore have a very negative impact on your health. Esto es tanto más cierto cuanto que constituye un círculo vicioso, because an overweight dog becomes less active and, Therefore, being overweight tends to increase.

    Finally, even if it is not strictly speaking a disease, is also subject to reverse sneezing (or reverse sneezing).This is manifested by short-lived seizures during which you make loud noises when you inhale that may give the impression that you are choking. Seizures are usually rare and harmless., if they repeat too often, a veterinarian should be consulted to confirm that it is not another condition.

    Although the list of diseases the breed is predisposed to can be terrifying, hay que tener en cuenta que su prevalencia es baja y que la mayoría de las personas llevan una vida perfectamente sana.Esto también lo confirma un estudio realizado en 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Association of Small Animal Veterinarians, as old age was found to be the leading cause of death in this breed, a la par del cáncer.Las causas cardíacas ocupan el tercer lugar y juntas representan más de la mitad de las muertes observadas.

    El número de enfermedades a las que está predispuesta la raza siendo o pueden ser hereditarias, choosing acreator of Malteseshould not be left to chance: directly influences the probability of obtaining a healthy animal and that it continues to be so., in addition to ensuring thepuppy socialization from its first weeks, A serious breeder refrains from reproducing an individual capable of transmitting a hereditary affection to all or part of his offspring., must be able to present the results of DNA tests performed to parents (and possibly the young) and that they demonstrate that they are free from hereditary defects., it is better not to take unnecessary risks and turn to another breeder., también deberá aportar un certificado de buen estado de salud establecido por un veterinario así como el detalle de las vacunas recibidas, recorded in the puppy's health or vaccination registry.

    Later, se recomienda encarecidamente no hacerle realizar esfuerzos físicos prolongados o demasiado intensos durante su crecimiento, período en el que sus huesos y articulaciones aún son muy frágiles.Se arriesgaría a lesionarse o desarrollar malformaciones, potencialmente con consecuencias de por vida.Esto es aún más importante porque está predispuesto a varios problemas articulares:dislocation of the patella,Hip Dysplasia,etc.

    Finally, like any dog, should be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete checkup, que en ocasiones puede detectar un problema que aún es embrionario y tratarlo lo mejor posible.It is also an opportunity to perform the necessary booster injections.. At the same time, para prevenir el riesgo de parásitos y las múltiples enfermedades que los acompañan, your teacher should make sure to renew your deworming treatments throughout the year, whenever necessary.

    Life expectancy

    15 years

    Grooming

    The coat of the Maltese requires a lot of daily care. In fact, to avoid knots and keep it clean and shiny, es aconsejable cepillarlo todos los días con un cepillo o guante especial y utilizar un spray desenredante y revitalizante. However, the absence of undercoat means that it is not subject to seasonal shedding and that it loses very little.

    The length of her hair makes dirt build up easily, so it tends to quickly give off bad odors. To remedy it, it is necessary to wash it on average once a month. However, you must not go any further: una frecuencia excesiva podría perjudicar el equilibrio de tu piel, by eliminating the sebum that it produces naturally and that protects it from skin problems. It also, hay que utilizar sistemáticamente un champú especialmente diseñado para perros, also with the risk of damaging your skin, y evitar mojar el interior de sus oídos, ya que son especialmente propensos a las infecciones de oído y otras infecciones.

    It is also recommended not to let the hair air dry, but clean it directly with a towel after bathing, so that its coat is beautiful once dry.

    It also, para evitar que se avergüence de la longitud de su pelo a la altura de los ojos, it may be a good idea to tie it at the top of the head with a small elastic band or a hair clip.

    So that daily detangling is less heavy, It may also be a good idea to take your dog to a professional groomer every one to two months for a short haircut., or do it yourself, for the most skilled. Helps keep the coat neat, prevents dirt from accumulating on the hair and prevents bad odors, common when the coat is long.

    It also, hair between the pads and around the ears and eyes should be trimmed once a month to reduce the risk of infection caused by any small plants or spikes that may be stuck in the fur.

    También hay que prestar especial atención a sus orejas caídas, ya que esta característica morfológica aumenta el riesgo de infecciones a este nivel (otitis, etc.). So, they must be inspected and cleaned once a week, and get into the habit every time they get wet or moisture builds up on them.

    The weekly maintenance of your ears is also an opportunity to check that there are no tear stains at the corner of your eyes., due to a blocked tear ducts, a very common problem in Maltese. Then, just clean them with a special lotion or with a cotton pad soaked in physiological serum, and then gently wipe them with a cloth. In case of constant and / or continuous discharge, a veterinarian should be consulted.

    Looking at your teeth, they must be cleaned with a dog toothpaste at least once a week, using a toothbrush or finger bowl. This routine is important to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause: bad breath, diseases, etc. The ideal for optimal oral health is even to do it several times a week, o incluso todos los días.

    Utility

    The Maltese es una de las razas de perro de compañía más antiguas del mundo, cumpliendo esta función desde la antigüedad. Her beautiful fur, its small size, his friendly temperament and the fact that he is a very calm breed of dog made him a very popular companion for women of high society, así como para muchos personajes históricos, tanto en la antigüedad como en la Europa del Renacimiento y los siglos posteriores. Incluso tenía fama de curar a los enfermos, or at least alleviate them. In other words, the important place he occupied in his master's life was not new.

    In fact, las cosas no han cambiado mucho hoy en día, ya que se utilizan principalmente como perros de compañía. However, needs their owners to be present enough by their side on a daily basis, in addition to having time to dedicate to its maintenance.

    They are often recommended for people with allergies to dogs, since their lack of undercoat and their moderate shedding make them a fairly hypoallergenic companion. However, keep in mind that no race is 100% hypoallergenic, since all dogs produce dandruff, and there may be quite noticeable differences between individuals, even within the same litter. So, Anyone who suffers from this type of allergy and wishes to adopt a Maltese must first spend a few hours with the proposed animal, to make sure no allergic reaction occurs.

    It also, its small size, its shiny white fur, his elegance and graceful gait make the Maltese a must-have in beauty pageants, where he wins prizes very often. However, if you want to expose your dog to a dog show, you better have plenty of time for grooming sessions, since the maintenance of the Maltese coat for this type of event can be time consuming.

    Perhaps a more enjoyable way to spend time with him is to train him in various dog sports. In fact, his desire to please his master and his liveliness make him a good competitor in agility competitions, obedience, rally and crawl.

    Last, your kindness and kindness, así como su carácter alegre y atento, make it sometimes used as a therapy dog, since his temperament facilitates contact with the sick.

    Price

    The price of a puppy Maltese varies between the 650 and 2500 EUR, being the average of about 1600 EUR, without great differences between males and females. Whether in Europe, no es muy difícil encontrar un criador de malteses, because they are numerous.

    In United States, the offer is wide and the price is similar. You just have to make sure you respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad, and keep in mind that transportation costs and administrative fees are added to the purchase price.

    Whatever the place, the price difference from one individual to another is explained, in particular, by the greater or lesser conformity of each with the breed standard. The kennel's prestige also comes into play, así como el linaje del que descienden.

    Images “Maltese”

    Videos “Maltese”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
    • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
    • ANKC Group 1 (Toys)
    • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
    • ​KC – Toy
    • NZKC – Toy
    • UKC – Company


    FCI breed standard "Maltese"

    FCIFCI - Maltese
    Bichon

    Alternative names:

      1. Maltese, Sleeve Dog (English).
      2. Bichon maltais (French).
      3. Malteser (German).
      4. Maltês, bichon maltês (Portuguese).
      5. Bichón maltés, Maltaise, Couton, Mini Maltés, Pulguis (español).

    Xoloitzcuintle
    Mésico FCI 234 . Primitive type

    The Xoloitzcuintle is a quiet dog, affectionate, loving, sensitive and happy.

    Content

    History

    One Xoloitzcuintle Mexican may be an unusual phenomenon, but it is by no means an eccentric invention of modern times. On the other hand, this breed of dog is probably many thousands of years old.

    American dog researchers believe that the Xoloitzcuintle came to the west coast of Mexico on Chinese merchant ships. Others believe that it was introduced into Central America by Cortez and its occupying forces.

    However, perros que se parecían al perro que hoy conocemos existieron en México mucho antes de la llegada de los conquistadores españoles – this is documented by archaeological finds. Los científicos datan una estatua de unos 1700 years before Christ. This proves that the Xoloitzcuintle Mexican is probably the oldest breed of dog in the American continent – and one of the oldest dog breeds in the world. Su origen exacto es aún desconocido hoy en día, but it must be more than 4000 years. The fact that this dog can be seen in such art objects indicates that it was already considered valuable in pre-Christian times. Its name indicates that it was considered as the dog of the god Xoloti, the aztec god of death.

    “Xoloitzcuintle”: historical value

    Hoy en día se supone que la raza de perro encontró muchos usos: Se le consideraba como el compañero de las almas de los difuntos y por lo tanto a menudo tenía que dar su vida como un animal de sacrificio o acompañar a su dueño difunto a la tumba. At the same time, However, también era un guardián de la casa y la granja y servía como una bolsa de agua caliente debido a su piel desnuda y a la alta temperatura corporal. Los nativos mexicanos tenían en alta estima la carne de los Xoloitzcuintle. One Xoloitzcuintle Naked was considered a delicacy and a diet enrichment.

    Hoy en día se le mantiene como perro de compañía y de familia y se le considera inteligente, loving, sporty and calm. By nature you are sensitive and temperamental and want to be encouraged and kept busy. En temperaturas muy bajas y en días soleados y calurosos, the owners of the Xoloitzcuintle they should protect their four-legged friend with a dog coat against hypothermia or with a special sunscreen against sunburn.

    Physical characteristics “Xoloitzcuintle”

    Height to the cross: 33 a 57 cm for dogs and bitches.

    Weight: Weight depends on height.

    The color:

    The Xoloitzcuintle not furry, but it has a thick pile mop that goes from black to black-gray, Slate gray, dark grey, reddish, liver, bronze to golden yellow; sometimes stained. The skin is wrinkled on the head and neck and is grayish red. At birth, puppies are pink like piggies and don't look standard until they are one year old.

    Típicas y al mismo tiempo particularmente llamativas son las orejas de murciélago de aproximadamente 10 cm long, así como los ojos almendrados, which can be black to yellow.

    Average life expectancy: 14 years

    Character and skills “Xoloitzcuintle”

    The Xoloitzcuintle is a quiet dog, affectionate, loving, sensitive and happy. He clings a lot to his family and wants to follow you everywhere. He seems to follow your voice and is a warm companion, gentle and affectionate. For this reason it is often used as a therapy dog.. He is also an energetic and agile athlete who loves to play and needs a lot of exercise and attention..

    Le encantan sus juguetes y le gusta jugar en el patio o el jardín, warm up in the sun and need your long daily walks. When i'm outdoors, should always be kept on a leash, since he likes to hunt small animals. It is not a dog that wants to be left alone in the yard. Can jump or climb over fences. Must participate in family activities and depends on your affections and interests.

    Although he is tender and affectionate with his family, is quite reserved and distrustful of strangers and needs a little time to get used to you. It learns fairly quickly and is easy to train, although sometimes it can be quite independent. You have to train it with a lot of determination and discipline.

    You are protective by nature and have a strong drive to protect your home and loved ones. The Xoloitzcuintle is usually a quiet dog that only barks when there is a good reason for it. He's also fearless and won't shy away from a fight. Can get along well with other dogs and pets, if you have lived with other animals from a young age. He also gets along very well with children if they treat him with respect.

    Es un perro excepcionalmente robusto y saludable que necesita un suéter en las estaciones frías y extremadamente cálidas para proteger su casa desnuda. It is an odorless dog that does not lose its hair.

    Care “Xoloitzcuintle”

    The Xoloitzcuintle he is an unusual dog, why don't you pant, but sweats through your skin, like us. But your skin is sensitive to the sun, it even burns in the sun. That is why you should always have a sunscreen with a medium sun protection factor with you at sea., in the city, in the field and in the mountains. The advantage of this breed is that the Xoloitzcuintle cannot hide ticks or fleas under its fur.

    Can be stored on a floor, pero una casa con jardín es más adecuada. Oddly enough, to the Xoloitzcuintle loves to roll in the snow in winter and bathe in icy water. But before I'm ready, deberías ir acostumbrándolo poco a poco. A warm coat is advisable for walks in winter. However, debería ser un abrigo de fieltro forrado con algodón, because your naked and sensitive skin can react allergic to wool.

    Nutrition “Xoloitzcuintle”

    The Xoloitzcuintle needs a lot of water, especially in summer, ya que mucho líquido se evapora a través de su piel. In extremely hot weather, water with a high mineral content should be given to avoid a lack of salt. It also, the Xoloitzcuintle necesita una dieta equilibrada con una alta proporción de proteínas. Unfortunately, thickens quickly, así que debes evitar la grasa y el azúcar. With less exercise, es mejor alimentarlo con judías verdes y arroz.

    The breeding of the Xoloitzcuintle

    La cría de esta antigua raza de perro es problemática. Los expertos en bienestar animal incluso recomiendan la prohibición de la cría. Hairlessness is inherited in a dominant way. A dog with mixed genetic makeup is naked, un cuadrúpedo sin pelo no lleva el gen de la falta de pelo. However, a Xoloitzcuintle homozygous and hairless is not viable and dies shortly after birth.

    To ensure healthy offspring, a Xoloitzcuintle heterocigoto y desnudo tendría que aparearse con un representante peludo. La descendencia sería viable, pero sólo la mitad no tendría pelo. Dado que la variante peluda no está reconocida como raza en muchos países, the mating of two hairless animals is often practiced and the death of non-viable animals is accepted. Esta circunstancia hace que la raza sea controvertida y aparezca una y otra vez en el contexto de la cría con tortura. It also, el gen de la falta de pelo también aumenta la predisposición a las malformaciones de la mandíbula y a la falta de dientes, and Xoloitzcuintle Mexicans also have a stronger tendency to various skin diseases and immune deficiencies.

    Health “Xoloitzcuintle”

    Además de la preocupación por la dificultad de la cría, some health problems are particularly common in theXoloitzcuintle. The first and most important thing is dental defects, de modo que los perros carecen de algunos o todos los dientes y/o malformaciones de la mandíbula son hereditarios. It also, immunological deficiencies are frequently found and the breed is predisposed to skin diseases such as purulent inflammations. So, if you decide to choose this breed, it is important that you choose a breeder carefully and that you are willing to invest a lot of time and money in caring for your dog.

    Images "Xoloitzcuintle"

    Photos:

    1 – A Xoloitzcuintle (Mexican Hairless Dog). by Micyaotl G.T., CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Xoloitzcuintli or Xoloitzcuintle by Alfredo&Sara aguirre, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Hairless Dog, preHispanic. by Rod Waddington, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Xoloitzcuintle by https://flic.kr/p/agfgec
    5 – Xoloitzcuintle by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/imagen-perro-mascota-canino-2628918/
    6 – Xoloitzcuintle or Mexican hairless dog in Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico by Emőke Dénes, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Xoloitzcuintle"

    “Xoloitzcuintle”, the breed with historical value
    ALL ABOUT XOLOITZCUINTLI: THE MEXICAN HAIRLESS DOG

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 5: Spitz-type dogs and primitive type – Section 6: Primitive type.


    FCI breed standard "Xoloitzcuintle"

    FCIFCI - Xoloitzcuintle
    Xoloitzcuintle

    Alternative names:

      1. Mexican hairless dog, xolo (English).
      2. xolo, chien nu mexicain, chien nu du Mexique (French).
      3. Xoloitzcuintle, Tepeizeuintli, xolo (German).
      4. Xoloitzcuintle, xolo (Portuguese).
      5. Xolo, Perro azteca, Perro mexica. Perro con y sin pelo mexicano, Bogar, xoloitzcuintli (español).