Miniature American Shepherd
Estados Unidos FCI 270 . Sheepdogs

Miniature American Shepherd

With his alert expression, attentive and intelligent, the Miniature American Shepherd has all the qualities of Sheepdogs

Content

History

In forty years, Americans have managed to fix the characteristics of this new breed, from the strains of small Australian Shepherds. Recently, the American Kennel Club (AKC) agreed to integrate and, therefore, recognize the Miniature American Shepherd as a race in its own right, integrating it into the Pastoral Group “Sheepdogs” … next to his ancestor, the Australian Shepherd.

In the decade of 1960, the little ones Australian Shepherd that worked on the rodeo circuit in the United States were selectively bred to further reduce their size. The new breed was originally called the “Australian Shepherd” in miniature. “They became especially popular with riders who traveled to horse shows, since his intelligence, loyalty and size made them an excellent travel companion”, say the experts of the Club del Miniature American Shepherd from the USA. “In this way its popularity spread throughout the country.”

Currently, the breed is recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale), in view of the number of breeders that are embarking on the selection of this breed of dog in Europe.

Photo: Buddy” Miniature American Shepherd – Lost Island’s Roy ‘Arsenal’ Harper – bred by: Julia Bettendorf, Lost River Miniature American ShepherdsJugabe3b, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Miniature American Shepherd shares many physical traits with its predecessor the Australian Shepherd, only on a smaller scale. The females measure between 33 – 43 cm at shoulder; the males between 35,5 – 46 cm.. Despite its size, they are every inch a real herding dog: energetic, versatile, robust and extremely bright. Striking fur comes in black, blue merle, red and red merle. (Merle exhibits any amount of marbling, spots or mottling.) The Miniature American Shepherd they move with the smooth, agile gait of a dog built for tough work on rough terrain.

Character and skills

With his alert expression, attentive and intelligent, dogs Miniature American Shepherd they have all the qualities of a little Shepherd dog, with a pronounced instinct to lead and watch over the herds. Easy to train, able to respond to a variety of demands that allow them to evolve in different sports disciplines. the Miniature American Shepherd However, they are reserved for people who are not familiar to them.. But once the “known”, becomes a wild playmate, and capable of real feats, thanks to its agility and small size.
Like all working dogs, especially those able to work in their original profession, when in a situation with a herd of animals, their behavior changes and they become attentive and tireless helpers.

Its small size, your toilet reduced to a minimum, their adaptability and listening skills, greatly facilitate your life and your education in the city. But, like all shepherds, need to spend and “empty” his overflowing energy. Beautiful walks and runs in the forest are essential to maintain your tone, his physical form and his playful character.

Health and nutrition

This solid and sturdy dog, just like their ancestors, does not pose any particular problem in feeding. His health is that of a dog from generations of working dogs, although many buyers take the step of having a companion dog that is easy to live with. Never forget where it comes from, as you deserve regular physical activity to maintain your figure and strength.

The Miniature American Shepherd is generally a healthy dog, and responsible breeders test their breed for health conditions, communicating with other breeders dedicated to working together for the health of the breed and the preservation of its unique qualities.

Although the Miniature American Shepherd it is a relatively healthy breed, the following complications have been observed:

  • Juvenile cataracts
  • PRA (progressive retinal atrophy)
  • Iris Colobomas
  • PPM (persistent pupillary membrane)
  • Regular visits to the vet for checkups and parasite control help ensure a long and healthy life for the dog.

    Grooming

    The Miniature American Shepherd has a double coat, with a longer outer coat and a wool underlayer. The breed shows a good amount, even more so during shedding season, which can happen once or twice a year. Weekly brushing, daily during molting season, will help remove dirt and loose hair and keep the dog looking its best. Balls or tangles can be resolved with a finer brush or metal comb. As in all races, nails must be trimmed regularly, too long nails can cause discomfort to the dog.

    Training

    As in all races, early socialization and training classes for puppies are recommended, which help to ensure that the dog becomes a well-adjusted and well-behaved companion. Smart and willing to please, the Miniature American Shepherd is highly trainable and will reach its best potential as a partner when taught at least basic obedience.

    Physical exercises

    The Miniature American Shepherd he is active and athletic, and requires a moderate amount of exercise but is also very adaptable to your family's way of life. They do well as city dogs as long as their owners provide them with enough exercise.. They enjoy outings with their people that will occupy both their mind and their body. They enjoy and excel at many dog ​​events, including obedience, agility and tracking.

    Characteristics “Miniature American Shepherd”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Miniature American Shepherd” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Miniature American Shepherd”

    Photos:

    1 – Blue Merle Miniature American Shepherd by Lextergrace, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Miniature American Shepherd with Frisbee by Mullinspw, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Miniature american shepherd puppy by TanSinVic, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Miniature american shepherd by TanSinVic, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Miniature American Shepherd, blue merle, female by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – American miniature shepherd by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1029669

    Videos “Miniature American Shepherd”

    Type and recognitions:

    • classification FCI:

    • Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs ) / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. With working trial. –> FCI 367

    • Federations:

    • FCI
    • AKC

    FCI breed standard “Miniature American Shepherd”

    FCIFCI – “Miniature American Shepherd”
    American Miniature Shepherd FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Miniature Australian Shepherd, MAS (English).
      2. Miniature Australian Shepherd (French).
      3. Miniature Australian Shepherd, Mini-Aussie (German).
      4. Miniature Australian Shepherd (Portuguese).
      5. Miniature Australian Shepherd (Spanish).

    Montenegrin Mountain Hound
    Montenegro FCI 279 - Medium-sized Hounds

    Montenegrin Mountain Hound

    Even in his home country the Montenegrin Mountain Hound it is little spread, in other countries it is practically unknown.

    Content

    History

    Although its origins are surely much older, the existence of Montenegrin Mountain Hound (Crnogorski planinski gonič) is attested since the beginning of the 19th century.

    The race, confined to the border region with Greece, has kept its features intact.

    Bred for its ability to work in rocky terrain and scrub, hunt both small and large animals.

    There are two varieties: the Montenegrin Mountain Hound and the “Serbian tricolour hound”, that are distinguished mainly by the color of their fur, and both are virtually unknown outside its borders.

    In the past, the Montenegrin Mountain Hound has sometimes been called the “Black hound”.

    The first standard dates back to 1924 y la F.C.I. officially recognized the breed at its Warsaw meeting on 8 in May of 1969.

    Belonging to the ⓘAmerican Rare Breed Association (abbreviated as ARBA)

    Photo: https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1493407


    Physical characteristics “Montenegrin Mountain Hound”

    Montenegrin Mountain Hound
    Montenegrin Mountain Hound, b&t by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Robust medium-sized hounds, well balanced, calm and good-natured, very attached to their master.

    The skull is slightly domed, the muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull, the nose is always black, eyes are dark with a smart expression, the ears are hanging and without folds, their tips are rounded.

    The body is muscular and slightly long. The fur-covered tail is saber-shaped. The pelage is dense, short and with abundant undercoat. The coat is black with brown markings over the eyes, on the muzzle and lower legs.

    Size: Height to the cross 44 - 54 cm..

    Ideal size for males: 49 - 50 cm., ideal size for females: 48 - 49 cm..




    Character and skills “Montenegrin Mountain Hound”

    The Montenegrin Mountain Hound is bold, smart and calm. They are also particularly agile, resistant and tenacious.

    They are balanced dogs, quiet, kind, loving and obedient, which makes them excellent companions.

    It is often used to hunt hares and foxes, sometimes deer.

    Although its qualities make it a good companion dog, life in the city is not recommended for this hound..

    Videos “Montenegrin Mountain Hound”

    Specijalka Crnogorski planinski gonic 08.09.2012
    Stenci – Crnogorski planinski gonic

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 279
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.

    FCI breed standard “Montenegrin Mountain Hound”

    “Montenegrin Mountain Hound” FCI FCI Montenegrin Mountain Hound

    Alternative names:

      1. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Black Hound, Yugoslavian Mountain Hound (English).
      2. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Chien courant yougoslave de montagne, Chien courant noir (French).
      3. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Montenegrinische Gebirgsbracke, Früher Jugoslawischer Gebirgslaufhund (German).
      4. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Sabujo-negro (Portuguese).
      5. Montenegrin: (Crnogorski planinski gonič), Sabueso montañés de Montenegro (Spanish).

    Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound
    Francia FCI 325 - Medium-sized Hounds

    Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound

    The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound It is not a dog that adapts to life in an apartment if there is no way for it to vent its great energy.

    Content

    ->

    History

    The breed had been around for a long time and various dog lovers like Mr M. Légeron, A. Rivot porthole, Willekens, Gairal, Daubigné they had tried in vain to get it officially recognized.

    Hare hunters had created this small dog of order from medium-sized French breeds: Porcelaine, Gascon Saintongeois, Poitevin hound in crossbreeding with English dogs like him Beagle, several varieties of Harriers, even the little one English Foxhound. The objective of these crosses was to improve the construction of their dogs and thus increase the speed and attitude to take.

    In any case it is a typical French hunting dog, in which English blood also flows. In 1957 the first official recognition of the breed took place in France, followed by the FCI in 1978.

    Photo: Anglo-français de petite vénerie by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound – or also called Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie – He is of medium size and a dog with a powerful constitution, but it never seems heavy. In its appearance it resembles the dogs of the French pack. According to the breed standard, the head should be long and not too wide. The hair is short, thick and smooth and can be two or three colors (white and orange or black, white with brown).

    The eyes are large and soft but lively in expression.. Ears below the eye line are soft, slightly turned inwards and medium in size. The tail is of medium length and quite thin. The limbs are strong, with straight and broad forequarters in profile and muscular hindquarters with low set hocks.

    Character and skills “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound is described as balanced and bold, independent, smart and leader, proud and trustworthy. He is affectionate and loyal to his owners. However, adult dogs are suspicious of strangers.

    These dogs make up the vast majority of hare and fox hunting herds today. But shooters increasingly appreciate its fine-nosed qualities., resistance, good throat, easy to put on, wise in the hunt and in the kennel.

    In the last twenty years, The number of Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hounds medium has improved both in quality and quantity. However, the breeders, and buyers in particular, they must register their dogs with the LOF (Central Canine Society) to better control the selection.

    Activities and exercise with “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    This dog loves to move, needs a lot of exercise and wants to work. You have to spend about four hours a day intensely with him. The breed is suitable for training as a hunting dog, but also for various dog sports. Keeping the dog in the house is strongly discouraged: The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound you need and want a lot of space and would like to have free access to the garden also outside the “hours of walk”.

    Education of “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    To the Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound he likes to learn, he is submissive and also has an intelligent mind. However, has a strong hunting instinct, so your education should start soon and therefore, any “rarity” that this dog acquires in his youth must be solved since it is difficult to correct later.

    Care and health of the “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    The short and dense coat of this dog does not require any special care, cleans itself almost by itself. Its legs, However, should be checked regularly. Especially when used as a hunting dog, injuries and problems are more likely to occur.

    In rare cases there is a tendency to osteoarthritis and bone tumors.

    Images “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    Photos:

    1 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie, op der Haard, Diddeleng by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie, Kackeschbësch, Éiter by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie, 7 months, Wesley by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie (white and black with pale tan markings) three and four months old puppies. by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    Anglo Français de petite vénerie
    le repas

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 325
    • Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds.
    • Section 1: Scent hounds – 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • Central Canine Society

    FCI breed standard “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

    “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound” FCI Medium Anglo French Hound FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie (English).
      2. Anglo-français de petite vénerie (French).
      3. Anglo-Français de petite vénerie (German).
      4. Anglo-Français de petite vénerie (Portuguese).
      5. Sabueso anglo francés de tamaño mediano, Anglo-francés para la caza menor, Anglo-francés de tamaño medio (Spanish).

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog
    Rusia FCI 335 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Pastor de Asia Central

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog It is a cat with dog skin, sensitive and partner.

    Content

    History

    The dog Central Asian Shepherd Dog (среднеазиатская овчарка or Sredneaziatskaya Ovtcharka, also known as, Volkodav or The Crusher Wolf) is recognized by the FCI, as a breed of molosser dog Russia, where most of the copies.

    The Russian cinológicos clubs agree that this is one of the most popular in the country races, on many occasions, considering it the number 1 in the ranking of Russian dog breeds.

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog It probably originated in a geographical area between the Urals, the Caspian Sea, Asia minor, and the Northwest of the border of China. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, as well as mixing with other races, yet, can be found in their countries of origin, as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and neighbouring countries.

    Some serve as guardians of livestock, some protect their owners, and some are used for dog fighting, It is a national tradition in many countries of the region. Russia biologists and scientists have studied the local canine population since the 18th century, so far.

    After the Communist revolution, the Soviet Government focused on the working dog breeds for the Red Army, and imported the best representatives of the race to Russia accordance with the requirements of the army and guard dogs. For decades, This practice has harmed the local population. In addition to a large number of casualties, the introduction of new breeds to the region led to crossbreeding. With the time, purebred dogs were only left with some pastors and race enthusiasts, but in other places there was an excess of crosses.

    However, and despite all, Today the population of dogs Central Asian Shepherd Dog remains stable, in general, and the reproduction of some true quality dogs that do honor to his capacity for work has been, regardless of country of origin.

    In Europe, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is relatively unknown, but in Central Asian countries it is still used as a working dog and accompanies shepherds on their walks in the steppes.

    Physical characteristics

    This breed has many varieties that differ in the size, the color, head types, and the types of fur. For these reasons it is very difficult to establish an official standard of the breed.

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog it is a dog of large or medium size, of rough constitution and strong musculature. Its coat is composed of the hard and smooth top layer and the abundant and dense inner layer. The top layer can be short (3 – 5 cm.) or slightly longer (7 – 10 cm.). With a longer top layer forms a distinctive mane around the neck. Due to a well developed undercoat and different lengths of the top coat, dogs adapt well to different weather conditions.

    The coat color of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's very diverse: it comes in the colors white, black, grey, red fox, Brown grey, straw yellow, mackerel, spotted and mottled.

    The ears are triangular, low-set and pendulous. The tail is thick at the base and set quite high. The natural tail is long and is carried like a sickle tail. Tail and ear cutting is still practiced in the countries of origin.

    Although there are unique characteristics of the thoroughbred dog breed Central Asian Shepherd Dog, such as being extremely flexible, This is very notable in their joints, have false ribs, the very strong neck and a large Chin.

    Some have a black mask. The head is very solid, the neck is of low insertion, short, with double chin. The body is quite comprehensive and provided with good flat muscles. The ribcage appears very long, because they have their famous false ribs. The legs are straight, the typical movement is a gallop.

    He has expressive eyes, almost human, revealing his inimitable intelligence.

    According to the qualities of work required by the owners, the modern Pastor of Central Asia has been raised in different directions, trying to highlight specific skills. Within the traditional area of origin of these canes, the dog fights were always, but they were never so cruel and destructive as the fights of type Pit Bull Terrier.

    Every year the shepherds in the area met to organize Central Asian Shepherd Dog fights, But unlike the bloody and ruthless struggles of which we are used to hear news, in this case they were fighting for the tutelage of a herd, and the winner was the dog that eventually, was done with the command of the same. It was 'domination' rather than destroying between own species.

    Dogs rarely were injured each other, it caused scratches less in most cases. Only true leaders, In fact, You medías a real fight, but that was not the most common. The primary task of these dogs has always been the defence of the flock to the attacks of various predators and venomous snakes.

    The Pastor of Central Asia, It is one of the most powerful group of livestock guardian dogs dogs, After the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, the Kangal, Akbash, for example.

    The height at the cross 60 - 65 cm.. And weigh in 37 - 50 kg.

    Character and skills

    In the news, rural people continue to demand and use the Central Asian Shepherd Dog like cattle watchdog, Although not as well as old.

    These dogs, to varying degrees, are protectors against human intruders, they are very territorial, excellent with children, shall ensure them as if were his flock were. The love and respect for the elderly are some of its features, to protect all small animals from predators, they are very kind and attached with the members of the family.

    They do not need any complicated training to learn the basic rules of the House but they are very independent and a little stubborn dogs, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog It must be able to work as a team to protect sheep against predators, therefore, If the animal has an overly aggressive character, both other dogs as with people outside the family, they cannot be members of a Pack, and it would not be the simple test for compliance with the object of the race.

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog may come from creation lines that print a very different character: of work, combat, and livestock guardian, and act accordingly, regardless of the country of origin.

    According to the different canine clubs classification groups varies, the Russia Kennel Club classifies the Central Asian Shepherd Dog like a working dog, that is reflected in the exceptional results in obedience, protection and training relating to the army.

    Modern reproduction of the main Canine Clubs of Russia requirements, require to register copies of Central Asian Shepherd Dog a compulsory temperament test and an accredited training degree, Besides show rating. In these tests the ability of the dog stands for fit and adapt to dog guardians shepherds of other flocks, not be cause for conflict between dogs. The FCI classifies Central Asian Shepherd Dog in the group of dogs Molossoid.

    While it is a good dog to live, We must not forget that the Pastor of Central Asia is a livestock protection dog, people and possessions, He was raised to solve single problems, is independent-minded, strong, brave and responsible.

    It is a large but agile dog, sometimes described as a cat with dog skin, for that reason, and taking into account his strong instinct for protection and territoriality, It may not be a recommended breed for a novice owner.

    Sensitive and Intelligent, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog You will respond better to someone who can inspire loyalty in you as well as strong leadership..

    Heavy-handed training will be counterproductive with this breed, but respectful training, reflexive will result in a dedicated and inseparable companion.

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog he spent a considerable amount of time moving around in his homeland, and this kind of slow but steady exercise is what he likes more.

    With a work to be done and a piece of property to protect, is the highest point of happiness and will always keep an eye on everything that happens.

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog Health

    the breed is still considered very healthy and extremely robust. Owners should not fear typical diseases of the breed. However, from time to time, like in all big dogs, joint problems occur, especially on the knees.

    Central Asian Shepherd Nutrition

    Although many joint diseases are inherited, symptoms can often be prevented or at least alleviated with the help of proper diet and posture. Particularly in the growth phase of dogs, care must be taken that animals do not shoot too fast. Growth too fast due to excessive protein intake in the growing months is considered one of the most common causes of subsequent joint disease. In addition to a fairly low protein food, given in small amounts three to four times a day, young dogs must also be physically preserved during this phase. Stairs or long walks should be avoided..

    Meat as the main component of food

    When the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is fully developed, the protein content of the food can be increased again. The main component of dog food should be – like in all dogs – high quality meat. It can be cooked or raw or, if industrially produced food mixtures are used, can come in dry or wet form. Regardless of the feeding method preferred by the respective owner, it is important that the content and composition of the food is adapted to the needs of the dog. According to age, sex, size, activity level and living environment, the composition of the necessary nutrients can vary considerably. There is no correct food for Central Asian Shepherd Dog.

    How much food does the Central Asian Shepherd Dog?

    Nor can the question of the amount of food for all dogs of this breed be answered in general. If the composition of the food is correct, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog can cope with surprisingly small portions. Therefore, two meals a day are usually enough for an adult dog, which should be given at fixed times if possible. Portions too large, too many “sandwiches” between meals and lack of rest after feeding can increase the risk of stomach torsion.

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog care

    Like nomadic dog, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's quite undemanding, this applies not only to the size of your food portions, but also in your care. Short to medium length coat proves to be very resistant and requires little grooming. However, should be brushed regularly to remove dirt and maintain healthy hair structure. The claws should also be trimmed to avoid injury and teeth, ears and eyes should be checked and cleaned regularly.

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog Education

    Buying a Central Asian Shepherd Dog must be well considered – although this applies to all breeds of dogs, it is especially true for this breed from Central Asia. It is not a family dog ​​in the classical sense nor is it suitable for a city life. This freedom-loving and independent dog finds it difficult to cope with living conditions in European industrial nations.

    Who is this breed suitable for??

    In the hands of livestock keepers and keepers who live in remote and isolated places, this protective dog of the pack is still in the best hands. Also people who live far from the city, own a large lot and wish to have a capable watchdog, can be considered as owners of this Central Asian Shepherd Dog. However, experience and some knowledge in dog training should be prerequisites for keeping this breed. In addition, an owner needs above all time and patience, because the socialization and education of this self-assured four-legged friend, who doesn't think much about blind obedience, It is hard work. How Central Asian dogs tend to dominate, they need a trainer who constantly sets limits for them and shows them with the necessary empathy (not to be confused with willingness to compromise) that it is worth trusting and following your human.

    Can a harmonious coexistence succeed?

    The Central Asian Shepherd Dog certainly not a family dog ​​in the classical sense, reason why its maintenance like pure house and company dog ​​is absolutely inadvisable. This does not mean that a Owtscharka can't live together with humans. In a family that appreciates its natural instinct for vigilance and protection and gives it its original task of guarding the house, the yard and the cattle, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog is quite adaptable and human-oriented. A basic socialization, namely, early contact with other people and animals, is as important to harmonious coexistence as sufficient opportunities for running and consistent parenting.

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog Pictures

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 335
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI Standard of the Central Asian Shepherd breed

    Central Asian Shepherd Dog FCI Central Asian Shepherd Dog FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Alabai, Central Asian Ovtcharka, CAO Aziat (English).
      2. Chien de berger d’Asie centrale (French).
      3. Zentralasiatischer Owtscharka (German).
      4. Türkmen Alabaý, mastim-da-ásia-central (Portuguese).
      5. Perro Pastor de Asia Central (Spanish).

    Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog
    Italia FCI 201 . Sheepdogs

    Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese

    The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog he will be really happy sleeping with the cattle rather than on the sofa in your home.

    Content

    History

    The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog (Maremmano-Abruzzese or Cane da pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese), It is a breed of sheepdog native to central Italy and used for centuries by shepherds to defend their flocks from wolves.

    The breed is still used, widely, in the region of the Abruzzo where the flocks of sheep vitalize the rural economy and the wolves are protected predators (of the few areas of the planet, Regrettably…).

    The race is similar to the Pyrenean Mountain Dog, to the Kuvasz of Hungary and the Akbash of Turkey (This, that more!).

    He also descended from Shepherd dogs that once existed in the region of the Tuscan Maremma and the region of Lazio. From 1860, the transhumance of herds from one region to another has favoured the development of a natural mixture of these two primitive races.

    Several descriptions of dogs defending vulnerable white sheep are found in the literature of ancient Rome, in works such as the Columella, Varro and Palladius. Dogs similar to Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog they are represented in numerous sculptures and paintings from Roman times to the present day.

    Until year 1958, the Maremma Sheepdog and the Maremmano-Abruzzese they were considered as separate races. The first Canine society of the Maremma Sheepdog was established in the year in 1950, and three years later (1953) the First Canine Society of the Maremma Sheepdog.

    But owing to transhumance of herds of sheep from one region to another, especially after the unification of Italy was "natural melting"” between the two races. For which reason, the 1 in January of 1958, the races were unified by the ENCI (Ente Nazionale della Cinophilia Italian, or national association Cynologique Italiana).

    Today, It is not so encouraging and sympathetic as the history of this beautiful can, While they continue to be widely utilized by sheep farmers in Italy in areas where predation is common, as the central Apennines of Italy and the open countryside of the land of national parks in Abruzzo.

    But, Ironically, of the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, in the area of the Maremma of Tuscany, the memory can only, they are now a rarity just in the area which saw them to be born, well Yes, but do not like to hear it, the hand of the man and the ringing has resulted a sinister more: sheep farming has been reduced and the Wolf is almost extinct.

    Curiosities

    Although it is easier for him Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, develop its link with sheep and goats, farmers have found that, also, they are able to develop a protective bond with cows, and in many places of United States, It also used for the purpose. Also, they are good defending corrales, chickens or ducks from the threats of land caused by coyotes, dogs and foxes, and air threats caused by birds of prey (Hawks, Eagles, owls, etc.).

    In Australia, a lot has been bet on Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog. Specifically in the city of Warrnambool, which boasts great natural beauties, and in one of them the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog It is today a key piece for the survival of other species.

    Within the natural beauties that talked, the beach of Logan located on the East side of the city is a great example, recognized as a site of the southern right whale calf. Every year between May and August reach coasts copies of adult female whales to give birth to their calves, and at the end of September are often long trip offshore, sometimes with a little bit of human help, so the whales are not left stranded on the beach.

    In addition to the whale southern franco, the coast is also visited by sea lions of Australia, penguins and the common dolphin. Albatrosses can spot during the winter and early spring.

    There is also another natural beauty which is the protagonist of this post can… Middle Island had a large colony of penguins. But the uncontrolled presence of foxes brought the number of members of the colony to be reduced significantly. In 2005, There are only four penguins in the colony.

    It was then when the Warrnambool City Council introduced an innovative and ecological program, first in the world with these features, introduced to Middle Island several copies of Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog to protect the penguins. This very original and innovative programme has been the cornerstone of the re-establishment of the colony of penguins that year 2009 already had more of 100 Members.

    While the use of Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog to protect an endangered species was a rare thing at first, Thanks to the effort and commitment of the Warrnambool City Council, it has been proven that the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog along with other breeds of livestock guardian dogs, they make it possible that the cattle and other species, as the penguins, they can live with their natural predators in danger of extinction, also, as wolves and coyotes. Program predation was reduced a 70% u 80% or more, and the survival of Wolf and different foxes, or coyotes, is not endangered, at least in the area.

    In other countries as Italy, United States and Canada, the use of dogs has also been promoted Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, as well as other types of dogs pastors, to minimize the conflict between the species of predators in danger of extinction and farmers, achieving success several but without destroying the ecosystem.

    Physical characteristics

    The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog is a dog from large size, powerful, aspect rustic and at the same time Majestic and well accused type. Its general appearance of medium proportions is a heavy dog, whose body is longer than the height at the cross. It is also harmony on its format (normal correlation between size and different parts of the body) and profiles (concordance between the profiles of the head and body).

    The head altogether, is large and flat, conical and similar to the White bear form.

    The skull in profile is convex. The eyes are ochre or brown. It has ears triangular and small relative to the size of the dog, are high insertion and hang.

    The limb well well-angled, giving sense of lead and firmness. The tail hangs surpassing the Hock, and when the dog is alert rises to the line of the spine.

    The hair is long, abundant and rough to the touch. The only supported color is the white solid. Although they tend to admit light reflections of color ivory, pale orange or lemon.

    Height to the cross in the males is of 65 - 73 cm and females is of 60 - 68 cm.. The weight of 35 - 45 kg in males and 30 - 40 kg in females.

    Character and skills

    Despite its large size, the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog can be a good companion dog in homes with open spaces, appropriate to your needs.

    Centuries of breeding Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, assigning to be friendly and protective with their lambs, their flocks, they have forged the character of the race, today in an animal that adapts very well to home life very much joins his family who protects as if it were a herd, always showing a quiet character, balanced and intelligent.

    In many areas this beautiful dog has earned a reputation for being aggressive, very nervous and even bite, but this is not true. The issue is that, When one decides to take this breed of dog it must be understood that it needs large spaces, freedom and independence. Not reach you with daily routine down to walk to do their physiological needs, This routine can generate stress and boost develop destructive behaviors.

    Can be rather distrustful with strangers, due to his desire to protector, and despite the fact that it adapts well to home life, for its size and need for open spaces, and it is not advisable to raise him in urban areas, because it won't be a happy dog. A rural House, away from property of the neighbour and traffic lines, It would be an ideal place for this beautiful Shepherd. In this environment, Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, to be on the couch in the House before going to prefer sleeping with livestock, is there really happy.

    In addition to its extensive use in Italy, the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog lives happily performing its livestock protection duties in Australia, United States and Canada.

    The Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog, is a very versatile dog, and capable of generating a links very, but very strong with the animals who must take care. To develop this protective instinct in the blood, they are introduced in the flocks of sheep when they are puppies, in some cases with 3 or 4 weeks of life, but the most common is that they introduce with 7 u 8 weeks, they are once with his flock, quickly they implemented their skills, still of puppies, with a little bit of help, Of course, but only at the beginning.

    What else can we say about the character of the Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog? I believe that the words..., sobran.

    Photos “Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog”

    Videos “Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 201
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
    • ​KC – Pastoral
    • NZKC – Working dog
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • FCI standard of the breed Maremma and the Abruzzes Sheepdog
  • MAREMMA AND THE ABRUZZES SHEEPDOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Cane da Pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese, Maremmano, Pastore Abruzzese, Pastore Maremmano, Abruzzese Mastiff, Mastino Abruzzese, Abruzzo Sheepdog, Abruzzese Sheepdog (English).
      2. cane da pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese (French).
      3. Maremmen-Abruzzen-Schäferhund (German).
      4. Cane da Pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese (Portuguese).
      5. Maremmano-Abrucense, Pastor de Maremma (Spanish).

    Pug
    China Gran Bretaña FCI 253

    Pug

    The Pug It is a friendly and affectionate dog with other dogs and with people.

    Content

    History

    The Pug or Carlin (also known as Chinese Pug, Mops, Puggu) is a breed of dog miniature with wrinkled face and a body of small to medium-sized, originating in China.

    This breed is often summarized as "multum in parvo" (much in little), describing the personality of the Pug related to their small size.

    The word “Pug” It may come from old English Pugg, He is a loving description would be something like as a small demon playful or mono. Pug puppies are called Puglets.

    The Pug dog breed, has very ancient origins. It was raised and selected in China, country in which was the favourite dog of officials, It is also a very popular in Holland and England breed of dog.

    In fact, England claimed the patronage of la raza, since they had been for years an excellent job of selection. At last, part of the patronage of the race was awarded to Great Britain.

    This wrinkled and funny puppy, He was a faithful companion of the ladies of the 19th century in Italy.

    As almost all dog breeds, It had its difficult moments especially when followed by the world wars but has not been on the verge of extinction like other.

    Today the Pug breed is very appreciated in almost all corners of the world.

    Did You Know?

    Among the rich and famous are admirers of the Pug King Louis XIV, Josefina, Empress of Napoleon, Queen Victoria, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor and fashion designer Valentino.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a dog under, solid square and compact appearance, well proportioned and muscular; the head, large, rounded and solid appearance, is covered with folds; the muzzle is square and flat; the eyes, large, bulging, they are dark; It has straight legs and looped collector queue. The hair is tight, smooth and shiny.

    The Pug or Carlino can be color silver or soft apricot with a black mask, in both cases it presents a black stripe that goes from head to tail; It can also be pure black or white which is the more scarce and expensive of all.

    It measures each 30 cm to cross and weighs between 6 and 8 kg. His confident nature, docile and friendly made a prized pet of the Carlin. The Pug is particularly a dog “with sense of humor”, exhibiting very human facial expressions given its bone structure. Its striking look some people tend to think that the characteristics of the Pug are the result of genetic manipulation or inbred crosses. However, the characteristics of the Pug are similar in the last five hundred years, period in which Europeans began it importing from China.

    The tail of the Pug has a characteristic shape spiral or lyrics “Q”. This variation in the way of the tail is due to the vertebrae in this portion of the column are actually hemivertebra. In some few puppies, This alteration of the form can be extended to the rest of the column and present the animal spina bifida. The spine of the animal must feel before purchasing to avoid choosing a sick puppy. An animal that suffers from this malformation should not be reproduced in order to not pass this problem to their offspring.

    Given the shape of the skull, the eyes of the Pug have a bulging and lively aspect. To find the eyes located above, they are more exposed to friction with plants and objects to the eyes of other animals, and it is advisable to take them to the vet as soon as possible if they have an injury. It is recommended that the owners of the Pug cleaned once a week the eyes of the animal with a clean cotton soaked with cold boiled water or cold tea, in order to remove secretions or dirt.
    Features wrinkles of the face may also collect secretions and dirt. It is recommended at least once a week clean gently between wrinkles using the same method. It is not necessary to apply SOAP, creams or other substances. Simple toilet is enough and to spare.

    The Pug is a short hair dog, tends to constantly pelechar, so his tenure is not recommended for persons allergic or asthmatic. They have a characteristic pungent odor that may bother some people, but that decreases a bath every couple of weeks.

    The biggest problem of health with the Pug is one that is completely preventable and treatable, and that depends entirely of the OWNER. This disease is the OBESITY. A Pug it receives proper care can live more than fourteen years, Although on average they tend to live around ten.

    A 1% the Cubs can reach presenting a degenerative neurological disease called The Pug encephalitis (or tap for its acronym in English). This disease is lethal and has no known cure. For this reason dogs must not be reproduced within the two years, in order to not transmit the gene to their offspring. Last year of life it is very unlikely that the Pug will have this disease.

    Character and skills

    The Pug aren't aggressive animals. Like any dog, they can bite, but it is very rare that this happens without the animal mistreatment. The Pug do honor to his motto “Multum in parvo” and they do not amilanan to larger breeds dogs, which you can get into trouble.

    Before humans, the Pug tend to be playful and seek interaction. However can be apprehensive to strangers, and with their barking to announce the presence of unknown people. Although its size are not guard dogs, If they are good “alert dogs”.

    The Pug show a moderate level of intelligence, being able to use their short snouts and front paws to obtain objects out of reach. They sometimes tend to stubbornness, and do not necessarily come when you are called, but rather when crave it. However they are not far away from their owners and to prefer the company of other dogs.

    During the first years of life the Pug can occasionally be hyperactive (run, jumping and barking constantly) but this feature tends to disappear over the years. The Pug of five or more years tend to be more relaxed and enjoy more than the chairs to the street.

    There is a tendency to believe that the Pug are animals “sickly”, which is very far from reality. A healthy Pug will behave in an energetic and playful manner, and even a bit hyperactive in its first years of life. Its solid structure makes they tolerate well the game with children and adults, and its particularly harsh head may cause bumps and falls to young children and older adults.

    The Pug is a small animal, and although strong, requires very little food. However, to be a pet, owners tend to supercharge them and share their food with them. This must not be. The Pug can perfectly feed with a cup of dry food in the morning and a Cup in the night, and it won't be famine or require any supplement extra.

    An obese Pug is not a Pug “beautiful”, on the contrary, It is an animal that sick because you can not breathe well, be it exhausted easily and will begin to suffer from problems in the spine and joints. A Pug fed healthy is, on the other hand, a robust animal, with his sharp and clearly visible muscles under the skin. A healthy Pug can run as fast as any other dog, and you can skip two or three times its own height. While the animal enjoys eating meals extras and receive “Awards” occasionally, is task of the owner to ensure that the quantity and quality of food that consumes is adequate.

    Ratings of the Pug

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Pug” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images of the Pug

    Videos del Pug

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 9 –> Companion and Toy Dogs. . / Section 11 –> Small Molossian Dogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 253
    • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
    • FCI standard of the Pug breed
    • PUG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Chinese pug, Dutch mastiff (English).
      2. Pug (French).
      3. Pug (German).
      4. Carlin, Mops (Portuguese).
      5. Pug chino, Mops, Pug carlino, Doguillo (Spanish).

    Maltese
    Italia FCI 65 . Bichons

    Bichón Maltés

    The Maltese is very sensitive, and you prefer a home that is stable.

    Content

    History

    The Maltese It is a canine breed that has existed since ancient times and was already widespread in Mediterranean cultures. However, contrary to what its name might suggest, its exact origin remains uncertain, but it seems to come from one of the countries of the Mediterranean basin. Along its history, it has been given many names, as Melitae Dog, Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta or Maltese Lion Dog. However, today it is known mainly as Maltese or Maltese dog.

    Archaeological finds tend to confirm that the Maltese even existed in ancient Egypt. In fact, in a tomb dating from the reign of Ramses II (1304 BC. - 1214 a.C.) a statuette was found representing a dog that looks like him in everything. Therefore, we can assume that the Egyptians considered it a sacred animal.

    Maybe because, like Europeans later, they thought it was capable of curing diseases, or at least they discovered that he was able to calm the sick by snuggling up next to them.

    They weren't the only ones who honored him, since the Greeks also built graves for their deceased dogs. The dog was also found in ancient Greece, to the point that the famous philosopher Aristotle (384 BC. – 322 a.C.) mentioned it in his zoological work History of animals. He mentioned a breed of small dog that he called in Latin canes melitenses, that means “Maltese dog”.

    Before the beginning of the Christian era, Maltese was also very popular with the Romans. Many noblewomen owned one and never went out without it. They wore it on the bodice or sleeve, as a jewel or an accessory. This trend continued well beyond ancient Rome.

    In the 1st century, Roman Emperor Claudius (10 BC. – 54 d.C.) he was probably the most famous Maltese owner. Regarding St. Publius (33 d.C. – 112 d.C.), Roman governor of Malta who owned a Maltese named Issa, asked the poet Marcial to write a eulogy for his dog, what he did in his Epigrams collection.

    The Maltese came to the British Isles during the reign of Henry VIII (1491-1547), and there it also became very popular among the upper classes, especially among women, who used him as a companion and lap dog. It was appreciated for its beauty, while its small size allowed them to easily wear it on their blouses. It was especially adopted by Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603).

    Although it survived many wars and conflicts over the years, the breed was about to disappear around the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, after unfortunate attempts to miniaturize it to the maximum. To save her it was necessary to cross with the Poodle, Small Spaniels and Asian Miniature Dogs.

    Despite its success and presence in many countries, the breed was not introduced to North America until the 19th century. However, one of its representatives (white) was present at the first dog show in the history of the United States, the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, which was held for the first time in 1877. There it was shown with the name of Maltese Lion Dog.

    The breed was soon recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), already in 1888. However, was not up 1948, 60 years later, when the other most important canine organization in the country, el United Kennel Club (UKC), he did the same. However, American organizations were more active than the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), who waited until 1955 to recognize the Maltese.

    Physical characteristics

    They weigh between 1,8 and 4 kg. Being the maximum weight in adulthood of 3 kg in females and 4 kg in males. Its height is of 20 - 25,5 cm., and they have a compact body.

    The Maltese it is a small dog with a noble and elegant appearance, and a fluid and graceful walk.

    Your body is well proportioned, his chest is quite deep and his ribs are well sprung.

    Like other Spitz breeds, its tail curves between the hips until it touches the rump. Carries high and can be curved sideways.

    The head is proportional to the size of the body. The skull is slightly rounded and quite wide between the ears. The ears are set low and triangular in shape. The eyes are round and dark brown, with a soft but alert look. The eyelids conform to the eyeball and are pigmented black. The muzzle is fine, average length, and ends in a black nose.

    The coat of the Maltese It is thick, shiny and silky. No undercoat, but a layer of long straight hair all over the body, no waves or curls. On the sides, hangs to the ground, which almost gives the impression that the dog is floating.

    The fur is white, but a shade of ivory and lemon strokes are allowed. Until the end of the 19th century, it was even possible to use other coat colors. However, at that time, all colors other than solid white were deprecated, so breeders focused only on white-furred individuals.

    As they have no undercoat and shed relatively little, Maltese are often considered a hypoallergenic breed. Although none of them are hypoallergenic, they are usually well tolerated by people allergic to dogs. However, This does not exempt any potential adopter who suffers from this allergy from carrying out a test in real conditions before taking the step..

    Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in this breed: males and females are about the same size.

    Some breeders offer the Maltese miniature, whose weight is around 2 kg, or even less. These dogs not only don't conform to the breed standard, Rather, this extreme miniaturization is often accompanied by genetic problems and, in general, health risks. Therefore, you better stay away from them.

    In comparison to the Yorkshire Terrier or the Chihuahua, the Maltese you are not as likely to have fingernails or other diseases that can shorten your life.

    Popularity

    Still today, the Maltese it is still very popular and is present all over the world.

    In United States, is around the post 30 (out of a total of 195) in the breed ranking established by the American Kennel Club (AKC) according to the number of births registered each year in the organization. However, this marks a steady decline from, at least, early 21st century, when I was about the twentieth position.

    At the same time, on the other hand, has greatly increased its popularity in the UK: while in the middle of the decade of 2000 there were some 400-500 Annual Kennel Club Enrollments, This figure is around the 1100, and has been fairly stable since 2012.

    The situation is different in France, since the number of annual inscriptions in the French Book of Origins (LOF) almost never stopped increasing for at least half a century. He was in his early twenties 70, a quarantine at the end of this decade, and then multiplied by ten during the 80, until exceeding 400. The trend continued over the years 90, until it stabilized around the 600 at the end of the decade and, Therefore, at the beginning of the 21st century. This trend continued until the decade of 2010, characterized by an increase in 50%, ending with more than 900 births per year.

    In Switzerland, It is the 13th most popular breed in the country. There are more than 7000 people registered in the Swiss Amicus database.

    Did You Know?

    The sweet little one Maltese dog is the favorite of celebrities, including Halle Berry, Heather Locklear y Eva Longoria. Could it be because they are so adorable in photos? We think so.

    Character and skills

    Kind, loving and affectionate with their masters, the Maltese he is also very attentive to his emotions, and is able to comfort them in difficult moments. He is very active and maintains a young spirit all his life.

    Your attachment to family is so strong that it can be problematic if you are alone too often or for too long. In fact, does not tolerate loneliness well and, therefore, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety in such circumstances, what can drive, for example, destructive behavior or incessant barking. Therefore, not suitable for a teacher who usually spends most of his days away from home.

    Have him share his home with another dog or with a representative of another species (CAT, rodent, bird…) it is a good way to help you better cope with the absences of your masters. However, this is only possible if you have grown up together or if you are used to living with other animals since childhood. In fact, in the event that another animal comes to your family one day, they are likely to be jealous and do not appreciate having to share their master's attention with another animal. In any case, given its small size, it is not advisable to make him live with a large congener, as it could harm you unintentionally, for example just playing with him.

    Its small size and fragile bone structure also explain why it is not recommended to live with young children.. In fact, the latter are quick to make gestures too abrupt towards him, especially during playtime, and they could hurt you unintentionally. In addition, even if it is not like that, may become scared and overwhelmed when faced with young children who are moving around a lot and making noise, which could lead to inappropriate reactions on your part. In any case, a small child should never be left alone with a dog without adult supervision, regardless of race.

    Not content with being around family members, the Maltese he's kind to strangers too, as long as I see there is nothing to fear from them. However, this does not prevent you from barking when you perceive a threat or a stranger approaching your home, which makes him a very good alert dog.

    The Maltese's need for exercise is very moderate, making it a good breed for older people. Half an hour of activity a day is more than enough, for example, two or three short walks a day and / or small play sessions. However, he also likes dog sports like agility, obedience and rally, but its resistance is limited. In any case, he is always delighted to discover new things and learn new tricks.

    As soon as you exercise enough, is quiet, able to adapt to any living space, and is delighted to spend long periods of time with his master, receiving pampering. It is therefore a breed of dog adapted to apartment living., who can be happy both in the city and in the country, in a big house with a garden. However, not made to spend most of the time outside. This is especially true in winter, since its lack of undercoat makes it sensitive to cold. But also the rest of the year, because its small size can make it prey for potential predators (birds Raptors, foxes…), plus the risk of it being stolen by malicious people. In any case, it is not about relegating it abroad, away from his family: accustomed for centuries to living in the heart of homes and loving to be the center of attention, you need to live and interact with your family to be happy and balanced.

    Comments

    Unlike other dogs the Maltese needs little physical activity, What are good candidates for older people. Hunting mice, and they keep them away from the House.

    Take them to walk would also make them sociable that don't require much exercise, adults should keep the weight and the best way to do this is by controlling what you eat and taking them for a walk. We must pay attention to the hair, and the help of a dog hairdresser may be required from time to time. You must be careful with approaching other dogs that are very nervous and are uncontrollable.

    They can make stunts, How to keep standing on their hind legs for several minutes. Although perfectly adapted to living in apartments for its small size and domestic, love to walk in the open air. To be a difficult race, about all when they are puppies, they require many care. It is recommended to feed with feed, and though loves food human should never be given chocolate, It is highly deadly to this race.

    Education

    Like any dog, the socialization of Maltese must start at a very young age, period during which it is more malleable and adaptable. It is advisable to make you know as many different individuals and animals as possible, as well as exposing him to all kinds of situations and environments. This is essential for it to be an animal with a good head and serenity in all circumstances..

    At the same time, given the very strong level of attachment to their humans that characterizes this race, teaching the puppy to endure loneliness is part of the priorities of their education, to avoid that the absences of their masters suppose a later problem.

    The Maltese he is smart and likes to please his owners. However, sometimes he is stubborn, which can complicate the learning sessions a bit. Ideally, opt for the positive reinforcement training method, since they are not receptive to reprimands and respond much better to stimuli and treats. However, it is important not to abuse the treats or discount them from your dog's daily intake to avoid weight gain.

    In any case, you can't miss inappropriate behavior (grunts, barking, aggressiveness, refusal to obey…) when he is young, with the argument that it is small, beautiful and harmless. This would be the best way to get him to develop the “the small dog syndrome”, namely, get used to doing what you want in any circumstance, and become dominant, aggressive and difficult to live with. Therefore, its owner must be firm from the start and make sure to establish - and enforce- clear rules, long-term constant and applied uniformly by all household members.

    Health

    The Maltese they are generally robust and healthy dogs.

    However, due in particular to the absence of an undercoat, it is particularly sensitive to cold and humidity.When temperatures are cold, should be covered with adog coat.In any case, you are not meant to live in an area where the climate is cold for much of the year.

    In addition, of course, not completely free from health problems, many of which are common to other small breeds.The conditions to which you are predisposed are:

    • The Hip Dysplasia, joint malformation whose appearance can be enhanced by a hereditary predisposition, produces pain and lameness in the hips and causes the appearance ofosteoarthritiswhen the animal gets old;
    • The dislocation of the patella (or dislocation of the patella), Common in dogs, it occurs when the kneecap moves in or out of the knee and can cause pain or lameness of varying degrees of severity., an operation is necessary;
    • The tracheal collapse, a respiratory disease that mainly affectssmall dogsand corresponds to a reduction in the diameter of the trachea The most common sign is a dry and chronic cough, but it can also cause great shortness of breath. If necessary, it may be necessary to place a prosthesis;
    • The cryptorchidism, often a hereditary defect that causes the animal's testicles not to descend into the scrotum, the only solution then is to remove them surgically to avoid further complications, which leads to the sterilization of the animal;
    • Congenital portosystemic derivation, a vascular abnormality that can lead to growth retardation, weight loss or even neurological problems and / or digestive.In some people, symptoms are subtle, which makes the diagnosis of the disease later., whose cause may be hereditary, can be cured by surgical intervention;
    • Hydrocephalus, a disease of nervous system in dogs.Symptoms vary from one individual to another (bulging head, growth retardation, nervous disorders, etc.), but the vital prognosis is never very good;
    • Shaky dog ​​syndrome, a disease that mainly affects small dogs in white coats. It consists of inflammation of the cerebellum and causes attacks of involuntary tremors throughout the body and lack of coordination.Symptoms usually begin to appear between the 9 months and 2 years and can be reduced, or even disappear, with drug treatment;
    • Hypoglycemia, which mainly affects diabetics and corresponds to a significant decrease in blood glucose level. Symptoms of the problem are loss of appetite, lethargic state, tremors and unsteady gait, in the most severe cases, can lead to coma and then death of the animal, if sugar is not given one way or another;
    • The Cushing's disease, a hormonal disease whose most common clinical signs include increased appetite, thirst and amount of urine produced, muscle atrophy or the appearance ofalopecia;
    • The gradual retention atrophy, an incurable inherited disease that consistently affects both eyes at the same time, causing retinal degeneration and progressive loss of vision, at night and then during the day;
    • The Glaucoma, an eye disease that can be inherited and causes degeneration of the optic nerve and retina due to abnormally high pressure in the eye.This painful pathology for the animal rapidly evolves towards a total or partial loss of sight, unless it is attended urgently;
    • The waterfall, It mainly affects the elderly and is a clouding of the lens Causes vision disturbances, up to total loss of sight if uncontrolled, only an operation can allow the animal to regain good vision;
    • The otitis, frequent inflammation indogs with lop ears.

    In addition, the Maltese is easily susceptible to obesity, that can cause or aggravate many existing pathologies, and therefore have a very negative impact on your health. This is all the more true since it constitutes a vicious circle, because an overweight dog becomes less active and, Therefore, being overweight tends to increase.

    At last, even if it is not strictly speaking a disease, is also subject to reverse sneezing (or reverse sneezing).This is manifested by short-lived seizures during which you make loud noises when you inhale that may give the impression that you are choking. Seizures are usually rare and harmless., if they repeat too often, a veterinarian should be consulted to confirm that it is not another condition.

    Although the list of diseases the breed is predisposed to can be terrifying, It must be taken into account that its prevalence is low and that most people lead a perfectly healthy life, this is also confirmed by a study carried out in 2004 by the Kennel Club and the British Association of Small Animal Veterinarians, as old age was found to be the leading cause of death in this breed, Along with cancer, cardiac causes rank third and together account for more than half of all deaths.

    The number of diseases to which the breed is predisposed being or may be hereditary, choosing acreator of Malteseshould not be left to chance: directly influences the probability of obtaining a healthy animal and that it continues to be so., in addition to ensuring thepuppy socialization from its first weeks, A serious breeder refrains from reproducing an individual capable of transmitting a hereditary affection to all or part of his offspring., must be able to present the results of DNA tests performed to parents (and possibly the young) and that they demonstrate that they are free from hereditary defects., it is better not to take unnecessary risks and turn to another breeder., You must also provide a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian as well as the details of the vaccines received, recorded in the puppy's health or vaccination registry.

    Later, it is strongly recommended not to make him perform prolonged or too intense physical efforts during his growth, period in which your bones and joints are still very fragile, you would risk injuring yourself or developing malformations, potentially with life-long consequences.This is even more important because you are predisposed to various joint problems:dislocation of the patella,Hip Dysplasia,etc.

    At last, like any dog, should be taken at least once a year to the vet for a complete checkup, that can sometimes detect a problem that is still embryonic and treat it as well as possible.It is also an opportunity to perform the necessary booster injections.. At the same time, to prevent the risk of parasites and the many diseases that accompany them, your teacher should make sure to renew your deworming treatments throughout the year, whenever necessary.

    Life expectancy

    15 years

    The coat of the Maltese requires a lot of daily care. In fact, to avoid knots and keep it clean and shiny, it is advisable to brush it every day with a special brush or glove and use a detangling and revitalizing spray. However, the absence of undercoat means that it is not subject to seasonal shedding and that it loses very little.

    The length of her hair makes dirt build up easily, so it tends to quickly give off bad odors. To remedy it, it is necessary to wash it on average once a month. However, you must not go any further: an excessive frequency could damage the balance of your skin, by eliminating the sebum that it produces naturally and that protects it from skin problems. In addition, a shampoo specially designed for dogs must be used systematically, also with the risk of damaging your skin, and avoid wetting the inside of your ears, as they are especially prone to ear infections and other infections.

    It is also recommended not to let the hair air dry, but clean it directly with a towel after bathing, so that its coat is beautiful once dry.

    In addition, to keep you from being embarrassed about the length of your hair at eye level, it may be a good idea to tie it at the top of the head with a small elastic band or a hair clip.

    So that daily detangling is less heavy, It may also be a good idea to take your dog to a professional groomer every one to two months for a short haircut., or do it yourself, for the most skilled. Helps keep the coat neat, prevents dirt from accumulating on the hair and prevents bad odors, common when the coat is long.

    In addition, hair between the pads and around the ears and eyes should be trimmed once a month to reduce the risk of infection caused by any small plants or spikes that may be stuck in the fur.

    You also have to pay special attention to their floppy ears, since this morphological characteristic increases the risk of infections at this level (otitis, etc.). Therefore, they must be inspected and cleaned once a week, and get into the habit every time they get wet or moisture builds up on them.

    The weekly maintenance of your ears is also an opportunity to check that there are no tear stains at the corner of your eyes., due to a blocked tear ducts, a very common problem in Maltese. Then, just clean them with a special lotion or with a cotton pad soaked in physiological serum, and then gently wipe them with a cloth. In case of constant and / or continuous discharge, a veterinarian should be consulted.

    Looking at your teeth, they must be cleaned with a dog toothpaste at least once a week, using a toothbrush or finger bowl. This routine is important to prevent tartar buildup and the problems it can cause: bad breath, diseases, etc. The ideal for optimal oral health is even to do it several times a week, or even every day.

    Utility

    The Maltese It is one of the oldest companion dog breeds in the world, fulfilling this function since ancient times. Her beautiful fur, its small size, his friendly temperament and the fact that he is a very calm breed of dog made him a very popular companion for women of high society, as well as for many historical figures, both in antiquity and in Renaissance Europe and later centuries. He even had a reputation for curing the sick, or at least alleviate them. In other words, the important place he occupied in his master's life was not new.

    In fact, things haven't changed much nowadays, as they are mainly used as companion dogs. However, needs their owners to be present enough by their side on a daily basis, in addition to having time to dedicate to its maintenance.

    They are often recommended for people with allergies to dogs, since their lack of undercoat and their moderate shedding make them a fairly hypoallergenic companion. However, keep in mind that no race is 100% hypoallergenic, since all dogs produce dandruff, and there may be quite noticeable differences between individuals, even within the same litter. Therefore, Anyone who suffers from this type of allergy and wishes to adopt a Maltese must first spend a few hours with the proposed animal, to make sure no allergic reaction occurs.

    In addition, its small size, its shiny white fur, his elegance and graceful gait make the Maltese a must-have in beauty pageants, where he wins prizes very often. However, if you want to expose your dog to a dog show, you better have plenty of time for grooming sessions, since the maintenance of the Maltese coat for this type of event can be time consuming.

    Perhaps a more enjoyable way to spend time with him is to train him in various dog sports. In fact, his desire to please his master and his liveliness make him a good competitor in agility competitions, obedience, rally and crawl.

    Last but not least, your kindness and kindness, as well as his cheerful and attentive character, make it sometimes used as a therapy dog, since his temperament facilitates contact with the sick.

    Price

    The price of a puppy Maltese varies between the 650 and 2500 EUR, being the average of about 1600 EUR, without great differences between males and females. Whether in Europe, it is not very difficult to find a Maltese breeder, because they are numerous.

    In United States, the offer is wide and the price is similar. You just have to make sure you respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad, and keep in mind that transportation costs and administrative fees are added to the purchase price.

    Whatever the place, the price difference from one individual to another is explained, in particular, by the greater or lesser conformity of each with the breed standard. The kennel's prestige also comes into play, as well as the lineage from which they descend.

    Characteristics “Maltese”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Maltese” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
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    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
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    Exercise Needs ⓘ

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    Social Needs ⓘ

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    Apartment ⓘ

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    Grooming ⓘ

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    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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    Health Issues ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat Friendly ⓘ

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    intelligence ⓘ

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    versatility ⓘ

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    Child Friendly ⓘ

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    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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    Playfulness ⓘ

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    Images “Maltese”

    Videos “Maltese”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9 Section 1
    • AKC – Toy Group , ANKC
    • ANKC Group 1 (Toys)
    • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
    • ​KC – Toy
    • NZKC – Toy
    • UKC – Company


    FCI breed standard "Maltese"

    FCIFCI - "Maltese"
    Bichon

    Alternative names:

      1. Maltese, Sleeve Dog (English).
      2. Bichon maltais (French).
      3. Malteser (German).
      4. Maltês, bichon maltês (Portuguese).
      5. Bichón maltés, Maltaise, Couton, Mini Maltés, Pulguis (Spanish).

    Xoloitzcuintle
    Mésico FCI 234 . Primitive type

    The Xoloitzcuintle is a quiet dog, affectionate, loving, sensitive and happy.

    Content

    History

    A Xoloitzcuintle Mexican may be an unusual phenomenon, but it is by no means an eccentric invention of modern times. On the other hand, this breed of dog is probably many thousands of years old.

    American dog researchers believe that the Xoloitzcuintle came to the west coast of Mexico on Chinese merchant ships. Others believe that it was introduced into Central America by Cortez and its occupying forces.

    However, Dogs that resembled the dog we know today existed in Mexico long before the arrival of the Spanish conquerors – this is documented by archaeological finds. Scientists date a statue of about 1700 years before Christ. This proves that the Xoloitzcuintle Mexican is probably the oldest breed of dog in the American continent – and one of the oldest dog breeds in the world. Its exact origin is still unknown today., but it must be more than 4000 years. The fact that this dog can be seen in such art objects indicates that it was already considered valuable in pre-Christian times. Its name indicates that it was considered as the dog of the god Condition, the aztec god of death.

    “Xoloitzcuintle”: historical value

    Today it is assumed that the breed of dog found many uses: He was regarded as the companion of the souls of the deceased and therefore often had to lay down his life as a sacrificial animal or accompany his deceased owner to the grave.. At the same time, However, he was also a house and farm keeper and served as a hot water bottle due to his bare skin and high body temperature. The Mexican natives held the meat of the Xoloitzcuintle. A Xoloitzcuintle Naked was considered a delicacy and a diet enrichment.

    Today it is kept as a companion and family dog ​​and is considered intelligent, loving, sporty and calm. By nature you are sensitive and temperamental and want to be encouraged and kept busy. In very low temperatures and on sunny and hot days, the owners of the Xoloitzcuintle they should protect their four-legged friend with a dog coat against hypothermia or with a special sunscreen against sunburn.

    Physical characteristics “Xoloitzcuintle”

    Height to the cross: 33 - 57 cm for dogs and bitches.

    Weight: Weight depends on height.

    The color:

    The Xoloitzcuintle not furry, but it has a thick pile mop that goes from black to black-gray, Slate gray, dark grey, reddish, liver, bronze to golden yellow; sometimes stained. The skin is wrinkled on the head and neck and is grayish red. At birth, puppies are pink like piggies and don't look standard until they are one year old.

    Typical and at the same time particularly striking are the bat ears of approximately 10 cm long, as well as almond eyes, which can be black to yellow.

    Average life expectancy: 14 years

    Character and skills “Xoloitzcuintle”

    The Xoloitzcuintle is a quiet dog, affectionate, loving, sensitive and happy. He clings a lot to his family and wants to follow you everywhere. He seems to follow your voice and is a warm companion, gentle and affectionate. For this reason it is often used as a therapy dog.. He is also an energetic and agile athlete who loves to play and needs a lot of exercise and attention..

    He loves his toys and he likes to play in the yard or garden, warm up in the sun and need your long daily walks. When i'm outdoors, should always be kept on a leash, since he likes to hunt small animals. It is not a dog that wants to be left alone in the yard. Can jump or climb over fences. Must participate in family activities and depends on your affections and interests.

    Although he is tender and affectionate with his family, is quite reserved and distrustful of strangers and needs a little time to get used to you. It learns fairly quickly and is easy to train, although sometimes it can be quite independent. You have to train it with a lot of determination and discipline.

    You are protective by nature and have a strong drive to protect your home and loved ones. The Xoloitzcuintle is usually a quiet dog that only barks when there is a good reason for it. He's also fearless and won't shy away from a fight. Can get along well with other dogs and pets, if you have lived with other animals from a young age. He also gets along very well with children if they treat him with respect.

    He is an exceptionally robust and healthy dog ​​who needs a sweater in the cold and extremely hot seasons to protect his bare house. It is an odorless dog that does not lose its hair.

    Care “Xoloitzcuintle”

    The Xoloitzcuintle he is an unusual dog, why don't you pant, but sweats through your skin, like us. But your skin is sensitive to the sun, it even burns in the sun. That is why you should always have a sunscreen with a medium sun protection factor with you at sea., in the city, in the field and in the mountains. The advantage of this breed is that the Xoloitzcuintle cannot hide ticks or fleas under its fur.

    Can be stored on a floor, but a house with a garden is more suitable. Oddly enough, to the Xoloitzcuintle loves to roll in the snow in winter and bathe in icy water. But before I'm ready, you should get used to it little by little. A warm coat is advisable for walks in winter. However, it should be a felt coat lined with cotton, because your naked and sensitive skin can react allergic to wool.

    Nutrition “Xoloitzcuintle”

    The Xoloitzcuintle needs a lot of water, especially in summer, since a lot of liquid evaporates through your skin. In extremely hot weather, water with a high mineral content should be given to avoid a lack of salt. In addition, the Xoloitzcuintle you need a balanced diet with a high proportion of protein. Unfortunately, thickens quickly, so you should avoid fat and sugar. With less exercise, it is better to feed it with green beans and rice.

    The breeding of the Xoloitzcuintle

    Breeding this ancient breed of dog is troublesome. Animal welfare experts even recommend a ban on breeding. Hairlessness is inherited in a dominant way. A dog with mixed genetic makeup is naked, a hairless quadruped does not carry the hairless gene. However, a Xoloitzcuintle homozygous and hairless is not viable and dies shortly after birth.

    To ensure healthy offspring, a Xoloitzcuintle heterozygous and naked would have to mate with a furry representative. The offspring would be viable, but only half would have no hair. Since the hairy variant is not recognized as a breed in many countries, the mating of two hairless animals is often practiced and the death of non-viable animals is accepted. This circumstance makes the breed controversial and appears again and again in the context of torture breeding.. In addition, the hairless gene also increases the predisposition to jaw malformations and toothlessness, and Xoloitzcuintle Mexicans also have a stronger tendency to various skin diseases and immune deficiencies.

    Health “Xoloitzcuintle”

    In addition to the concern about the difficulty of breeding, some health problems are particularly common in theXoloitzcuintle. The first and most important thing is dental defects, so that dogs lack some or all teeth and / or jaw malformations are inherited. In addition, immunological deficiencies are frequently found and the breed is predisposed to skin diseases such as purulent inflammations. Therefore, if you decide to choose this breed, it is important that you choose a breeder carefully and that you are willing to invest a lot of time and money in caring for your dog.

    Images “Xoloitzcuintle”

    Photos:

    1 – A Xoloitzcuintle (Mexican Hairless Dog). by Micyaotl G.T., CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Xoloitzcuintli or Xoloitzcuintle by Alfredo&Sara aguirre, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Hairless Dog, preHispanic. by Rod Waddington, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Xoloitzcuintle by https://flic.kr/p/agfgec
    5 – Xoloitzcuintle by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/imagen-perro-mascota-canino-2628918/
    6 – Xoloitzcuintle or Mexican hairless dog in Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico by Emőke Dénes, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Xoloitzcuintle”

    “Xoloitzcuintle”, the breed with historical value
    ALL ABOUT XOLOITZCUINTLI: THE MEXICAN HAIRLESS DOG

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 234
    • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
    • Section 6: Primitive type. Without working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 6: Primitive type.

    FCI standard of the Xoloitzcuintle breed

    Xoloitzcuintle FCI Xoloitzcuintle FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Mexican hairless dog, xolo (English).
      2. xolo, chien nu mexicain, chien nu du Mexique (French).
      3. Xoloitzcuintle, Tepeizeuintli, xolo (German).
      4. Xoloitzcuintle, xolo (Portuguese).
      5. Xolo, Perro azteca, Perro mexica. Perro con y sin pelo mexicano, Bogar, xoloitzcuintli (Spanish).

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