Australian Shepherd
Estados Unidos FCI 342 - Sheepdogs

Pastor australiano

The Australian Shepherd It has a stable temperament and is good in nature.

Content

History

The Australian Shepherd It is a breed of dog of grazing which has developed on ranches in the West of United States. A pesar de su nombre, the race, did not originate in Australia. It acquired its name because some of the dogs, Australian Shepherds arrived in United States with shipments of Australian sheep.

Race gradually rose in popularity with the rise of the riding following the first world war western. Durante muchos años, the Australian Shepherd, has been dog valued by farmers for its versatility and capacity of training inherent. The race has gained recognition, with its training capacity and the desire to please, and are highly respected for his skills in obedience. Se hicieron conocidos para el público en general a través de rodeos, horse shows, ya través de Disney las películas hechas para la televisión.

Physical characteristics

The Australian Shepherd is a dog from medium-sized and solid construction, conocido por su natural ‘bob’ o cola amputada. He is an active breed of grazing, generally very good with pets and other well-known people, but they can be reserved with strangers. They are not a fair race, tender, que prefieren la compañía de sus dueños.

Its mantle is double layer, and the colors are black, red (a veces llamado el hígado), tricolor (black marble, White and grey), and the Red merle (red marble, White and beige), each of these colors may also have copper and / or white spots in various combinations in the face, the chest and legs.

The wide variety of color combinations comes from the interaction between the color of one allele, that is recessive, dominant or red black color, and the dominant allele marble. Together, They provide the color of the fur, and they can appear in any combination:

Negro, with spot color fire and / or white markings on the face, neck, legs, chest, belly. Copies of a black are equally valid as the Tan and / or white.

Red (liver), with or without points bronze and / or white markings on the face, neck, legs, chest, belly. White or Brown points are required.

Azul Merle (a mottled patchwork of black and grey) with or without stain color fire and / or white markings on the face, neck, legs, chest, belly.

Red Merle (un mosaico abigarrado de la crema y el rojo del hígado) with or without stain color fire and / or white markings on the face, neck, legs, chest, belly.

There is also great variety in the color of the eyes australian shepherd, they can be of any color or shade of brown or blue, You can have two different colored eyes, or even having “eyes split” or bicoloured (for example, Brown half, Blue half).

Character and skills

The race is usually is highly energetic, they require a large amount of exercise, education and care. The Australian Shepherd is playful, that is why it is good that training included days of games.

Like all races work, the Australian Shepherd tiene una energía considerable que necesita gastar, therefore, need a job to do. Often stands in canine sports, such as agility, the flyball and the Frisbee . As well, are good as rescue dogs, disaster dogs, detection dogs, guía, service and therapy dogs.

They are very loyal to their owners, and they are grateful when they receive a good deal, and love. Because the breed was developed to serve at the ranch, a work that includes being protective of its property, usually always alert and slope of the movements of the environment.

The Australian Shepherd, is a dog Intelligent, learn quickly and loves to play. Es importante que quien asuma la responsabilidad de tener un perro así, values that detail, because if you do not receive the necessary daily exercise, When they get bored they can become very destructive.

They require a mínimo de 2 or 3 horas al día de juego, exercise and attention. They need space to run and play, If living in an urban environment.

It is a hardy breed that, It can live in a wide variety of terrain. For this reason they are a very popular choice for Trail dogs and working dogs.

Dog health “Australian Shepherd”

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, from any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee on puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, o que le diga que sus cachorros están aislados de la parte principal del hogar por razones de salud. Un criador de buena reputación será honesto y abierto sobre los problemas de salud de la raza y la incidencia con la que se producen en sus líneas.

The australian shepherds they are generally healthy dogs, but they can develop certain health problems, including hip dysplasia, various eye diseases, sensitivity to certain drugs and epilepsy. Aquí hay un breve resumen de lo que deben saber.

The hip dysplasia is a genetic malformation of the hip socket. Dogs with hip dysplasia may appear perfectly normal, but because the head of the thigh bone does not fit properly in the hip socket, con el tiempo el cartílago de la superficie del hueso comienza a desgastarse. Constant inflammation leads to arthritis.

The Australians can be affected by a number of genetic eye problems. These include colobomas, in which part of the structure of the eye is missing. They can also suffer from different types of cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and retinal detachment. Another eye problem is persistent pupillary membrane, tiny threads of fetal tissue crossing over the iris. Los australianos también se encuentran entre las razas que pueden verse afectadas por la Anomalía del Collie Eye, a group of eye disorders ranging from mild to severe.

However, eye disease screening doesn't end with parents. All puppies should be examined by an ophthalmologist after six weeks of age and before you bring them home.. You should continue to have a veterinary ophthalmologist examine your eyes annually..

The Australians son también una de las razas que pueden ser afectadas por la Sensibilidad a Múltiples Drogas (MDS). Los perros con MDS pueden tener reacciones fatales a un número de medicamentos veterinarios comunes, including preventive ivermectin against heartworm. Detection of these diseases not only in the parents of the puppy, but also in the dog, it's a life-saving need. The test is very simple and only requires a cheek smear.; la información sobre cómo realizar la prueba a su perro está disponible aquí.

The epilepsy also occurs in the breed, but there is currently no screening test for seizure disorders in Australian Shepherds. A good breeder will be able to discuss the prevalence of all health problems, those who have and those without genetic testing, en las líneas de sus perros, and help puppy buyers make an informed decision about your dog's health risks.

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these evils, so you need to find a reputable breeder who is committed to raising the healthiest animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) have been examined for common defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens., pero a veces la madre naturaleza tiene otras ideas y un cachorro desarrolla una de estas enfermedades a pesar de las buenas prácticas de cría. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died of.

Recuerde que después de haber acogido a un nuevo cachorro en su casa, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keep a Australian Shepherd with a proper weight is one of the easiest ways to prolong your life. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Grooming “Australian Shepherd”

The Australian Shepherd he has a lot of hair and his grooming needs may seem daunting, pero cuidarlo no es tanto trabajo como se podría pensar. Brush your coat regularly to remove dead hair that would otherwise fall on your clothing and furniture.

Frequent brushing, hot baths and thorough drying during molting time, Spring and autumn, will help keep handfuls of hair under control. Outside the molting season, bathe the australiano only when it gets dirty.

The rest is basic care. Active Australian Shepherds often wear down their nails naturally, but it's a good idea to check them weekly to see if they need a cut. Otherwise, sólo mantenga los oídos limpios y cepille sus dientes frecuentemente para una buena salud general y un aliento fresco.

Characteristics "Australian Shepherd"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Australian Shepherd" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images “Australian Shepherd”

Videos “Australian Shepherd”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:Group –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
    / Section –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • FCI 342

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • AKC – PASTORAGE
  • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
  • CKC – Group 7 – Herding dogs
  • ​KC – Pastoral
  • NZKC – Working dog
  • UKC – Herding dogs

FCI standard of the breed "Australian Shepherd"

FCIFCI - Australian Shepherd
Pastor

Alternative names:

    1. Aussie (English).
    2. Australian Shepherd (French).
    3. Australian Shepherd (German).
    4. Aussie (Portuguese).
    5. Pastor ovejero australiano, Perro de pastor australiano (español).
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