The Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese (Maremma Sheepdog or Maremma Sheepdog-Abruzzese), It is a breed of dog originating in central Italy and used Boyero for centuries by shepherds to protect their flocks from wolves.
The breed is still used, widely, in the region of the Abruzzo where the flocks of sheep vitalize the rural economy and the wolves are protected predators (of the few areas of the planet, Lamentablemente…).
He also descended from Shepherd dogs that once existed in the region of the Tuscan Maremma and the region of Lazio. From 1860, the transhumance of herds from one region to another has favoured the development of a natural mixture of these two primitive races.
Several descriptions of dogs defending vulnerable white sheep are found in the literature of ancient Rome, in works such as the Columella, Varro and Palladius. Similar to the Maremmano-Abruzzese Shepherd dogs are represented in numerous sculptures and paintings from Roman times until today.
Until year 1958, the Maremmano Pastor and Pastor Abrucense were regarded as separate races. The first Canine society of the Pastor Abrucense was established in the year in 1950, and three years later (1953) the first Canine society of the Pastor Maremmano.
But owing to transhumance of herds of sheep from one region to another, especially after the unification of Italy was "natural melting"” between the two races. For which reason, the 1 in January of 1958, the races were unified by the ENCI (Ente Nazionale della Cinophilia Italian, or national association Cynologique Italiana).
Today, It is not so encouraging and sympathetic as the history of this beautiful can, While they continue to be widely utilized by sheep farmers in Italy in areas where predation is common, as the central Apennines of Italy and the open countryside of the land of national parks in Abruzzo.
But, Ironically, Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, in the area of the Maremma of Tuscany, the memory can only, they are now a rarity just in the area which saw them to be born, well Yes, but do not like to hear it, the hand of the man and the ringing has resulted a sinister more: sheep farming has been reduced and the Wolf is almost extinct.
Although it is easier for Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, develop its link with sheep and goats, farmers have found that, also, they are able to develop a protective bond with cows, and in many places of United States, It also used for the purpose. Also, they are good defending corrales, chickens or ducks from the threats of land caused by coyotes, dogs and foxes, and air threats caused by birds of prey (Hawks, Eagles, owls, etc.).
In Australia, It has a lot bet by Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese. Specifically in the city of Warrnambool, which boasts great natural beauties, and one of them Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese today is a key element for the survival of other species.
Within the natural beauties that talked, the beach of Logan located on the East side of the city is a great example, recognized as a site of the southern right whale calf. Every year between May and August reach coasts copies of adult female whales to give birth to their calves, and at the end of September are often long trip offshore, sometimes with a little bit of human help, so the whales are not left stranded on the beach.
In addition to the whale southern franco, the coast is also visited by sea lions of Australia, penguins and the common dolphin. Albatrosses can spot during the winter and early spring.
There is also another natural beauty which is the protagonist of this post can… Middle Island had a large colony of penguins. But the uncontrolled presence of foxes brought the number of members of the colony to be reduced significantly. In 2005, There are only four penguins in the colony.
It was then when the Warrnambool City Council introduced an innovative and ecological program, first in the world with these features, several copies of Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese introduced in Middle Island to protect the penguins. This very original and innovative programme has been the cornerstone of the re-establishment of the colony of penguins that year 2009 already had more of 100 Members.
While the use of the Maremmano-Abruzzese Pastor to protect an endangered species was rare at the beginning, Thanks to the effort and commitment of the Warrnambool City Council, It has been shown that the Maremmano-Abruzzese Pastor along with other breeds of livestock protection dogs, they make it possible that the cattle and other species, as the penguins, they can live with their natural predators in danger of extinction, also, as wolves and coyotes. Program predation was reduced a 70% u 80% or more, and the survival of Wolf and different foxes, or coyotes, is not endangered, at least in the area.
In other countries as Italy, United States and Canada, It has also promoted the use of the dog Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, as well as other types of dogs pastors, to minimize the conflict between the species of predators in danger of extinction and farmers, achieving success several but without destroying the ecosystem.
The Maremmano-Abruzzese Shepherd is a dog of large size, powerful, aspect rustic and at the same time Majestic and well accused type. Its general appearance of medium proportions is a heavy dog, whose body is longer than the height at the cross. It is also harmony on its format (normal correlation between size and different parts of the body) and profiles (concordance between the profiles of the head and body).
The head altogether, is large and flat, conical and similar to the White bear form.
The skull in profile is convex. The eyes are ochre or brown. It has ears triangular and small relative to the size of the dog, are high insertion and hang.
The limb well well-angled, giving sense of lead and firmness. The tail hangs surpassing the Hock, and when the dog is alert rises to the line of the spine.
The hair is long, abundant and rough to the touch. The only supported color is the white solid. Although they tend to admit light reflections of color ivory, pale orange or lemon.
Height to the cross in the males is of 65 to 73 cm and females is of 60 to 68 cm.. The weight of 35 to 45 kg in males and 30 to 40 kg in females.
Character and skills
Despite its large size, Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese may be good companion dog in homes that have open spaces, appropriate to your needs.
Centuries of breeding of Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, assigning to be friendly and protective with their lambs, their flocks, they have forged the character of the race, today in an animal that adapts very well to home life very much joins his family who protects as if it were a herd, always showing a quiet character, balanced and intelligent.
In many areas this beautiful dog has earned a reputation for being aggressive, very nervous and even bite, but this is not true. The issue is that, When one decides to take this breed of dog it must be understood that it needs large spaces, freedom and independence. Not reach you with daily routine down to walk to do their physiological needs, This routine can generate stress and boost develop destructive behaviors.
Can be rather distrustful with strangers, due to his desire to protector, and despite the fact that it adapts well to home life, for its size and need for open spaces, and it is not advisable to raise him in urban areas, because it won't be a happy dog. A rural House, away from property of the neighbour and traffic lines, It would be an ideal place for this beautiful Shepherd. In this environment, Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, to be on the couch in the House before going to prefer sleeping with livestock, is there really happy.
In addition to its extensive use in Italy, Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese lives happy to play its protective functions of livestock in Australia, United States and Canada.
Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese, is a very versatile dog, and capable of generating a links very, but very strong with the animals who must take care. To develop this protective instinct in the blood, they are introduced in the flocks of sheep when they are puppies, in some cases with 3 or 4 weeks of life, but the most common is that they introduce with 7 u 8 weeks, they are once with his flock, quickly they implemented their skills, still of puppies, with a little bit of help, Of course, but only at the beginning.
What more can we say about the nature of the Maremmano-Abruzzese Pastor?? I believe that the words..., sobran.
- Otros nombres: Perro de Pastor Maremmano-Abrucés / Cane da Pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese / Pastore Abruzzese / Pastore Maremmano / Maremma Sheepdog / Abruzzese Sheepdog / Maremma / Maremmen-Abruzzen-Schäferhund / Berger de Maremme et Abruzzes.
- Group 1 / Section 1 – Shepherd dogs.
Dogs breeds: Pastor Maremmano-Abruzzese