Chihuahua
México FCI 263

Chihuahua

This little dog has a personality sassy large.

Content

History

The Chihuahua It is considered the smallest breed in the world; called the largest state of the Mexican Republic (Chihuahua), where it is assumed that lived in the wild and was captured and domesticated by the Indians during the era of civilization “Tolteca”; pigmy figures of a dog called “Techichi”, who lived in Tula, They were included in the decoration of its architecture which were very similar to the current Chihuahua.

There is a belief in some countries that the dog gave the name to the state of Chihuahua since the word "Chihuahua" means "dry and sandy place" in rarámuri, language of the Tarahumara people. Although it is known as Chihuahua, the official name of the race is Chihuahueño, Chihuahua is the name adopted in United States for the race.

Some experts say dogs were among the first native dogs of the Americas, others were brought to the New World after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Others believe that small dogs may have originated as miniaturized versions of pariah dogs, undefined brown dogs with pointed ears that result when allowed to raise dogs on their own without color selection or other specific characteristics. In any case, race takes its name from the state of Chihuahua, where American tourists at the end of the nineteenth century first found tiny canines.

Chihuahuas were brought to United States by American visitors who visited the North of Mexico and, later, presented at trade fairs Canófilas where they became known to worldwide.

The Chihuahua we know today was developed by American breeders. The first Chihuahua recorded by the American Kennel Club, in 1904, It was called Midget. Chihuahua Club of America was formed in 1923. Today, Chihuahua occupies the 13th place among the breeds registered by the AKC.

Physical characteristics

The AKC (American Kennel Club) It recognizes two varieties of Chihuahua: long hair and short hair. Many short-haired Chihuahua have very fine hair, but others have a very dense and thick hair. Standards of breeding this dog not generally specify a height, only a weight and a description of its overall proportions. As a result, the height varies more than in any other race.

Generally, the height range is between 15 and 25 cm to the cross. However, some dogs grow up the 30 to 38 cm.. AKC show dogs should weigh no more than 2,7 kg; the FCI standards mark dogs must weigh between 1,5 and 3 kg, Although most small dogs are acceptable in the show.

However, the quality pet Chihuahua (that is, those bred or purchased as companions rather than show dogs) can, and they achieve greater weight, until 4,5 kg or more if they have a skeletal structure that allows them to being overweight. This does not mean they are not purebred Chihuahuas, It only means that the requirements do not have to enter a display. Oversize Chihuahuas are seen equally in the best and worst bloodlines.

His teeth is commonly double, This demonstrates the purity of the breed.

Chihuahuas can have many colors, from solid black to white solid, spotted, or in a range of colors including Fawn (coffee), chocolate, blue (grey), Silver, tricolor (chocolate, blue, black or white with Brown and white markings), with lines, and speckled. Each of these colors vary in shades and intensities, coffee may be a term to describe a dog from a cream very pale to dark brown (almost Red), or any key within this range of colours.

Character and skills

The Chihuahua They are prized for their devotion and personality. Its state of alert, intelligence and size make them adaptable to a variety of environments, including the city and small departments, and usually live fifteen years or more. While often it considered the chihuahua as weak and fragile, proper training and socialization can result in an excellent pet.

The Chihuahua also have a reputation for being spoiled and impregnable, but that is often because people no effort to train. Chihuahuas are like any other dog I: They need consistent rules and structure if they will learn effectively.

Many chihuahua focus their devotion on one person, putting too jealous of human relationships of this person, This can be mitigated through proper socialization. The Chihuahua tend to have a nature of clans, preferring the company of other dogs Chihuahua on other.

Also, important to take into account, These toddlers, They seem to have no concept of its size, and they may face other larger animals, What can generate damage and injuries to our mascota…

Health

Many chihuahua are sensitive to the cold due to their small body size. Chihuahua owners generally dress their dogs with coats in cold climates, but for this, There is to get them, because if you do not, do not leave place fabrics above.

This breed requires a veterinary expert in areas such as development and care dental care. Chihuahua tend to have genetic abnormalities, usually neurological, as Epilepsy, strokes. Like other Toy breeds, They also tend to have dislocation of knee.

Another genetic abnormality in chihuahua and other breeds Toy is hydrocephalus, or water on the brain. This condition appears in young puppies and usually results in the death of the puppy, as much, six months of age. It is thought that this disease is diagnosed because the puppy has an abnormally large head during the first months of life, but other symptoms are notable (Since "a large head" is a very vague description). Chihuahua puppies showing hydrocephalus They have patched skulls plates rather than solid bone, they are typically lethargic and do not grow at the same pace as his brothers. A true case of Hydrocephalus can be diagnosed by a veterinarian, Although the prognosis is grim.

However some chihuahua may have what is called 'Mollera the fontanelle', and it is completely natural and accepted for race, which is a small hole in the head where they do not have bone, only skin and hair. The Chihuahua is the only breed of dog that is born with an incomplete skull. The fontanelle It closes with age, but it requires great care during the first six months until the skull is fully formed.

Chihuahua tend to ocular infections, due to its large, round, protruding eyes and its relative proximity to the ground.

Chihuahuas can also be born with a defect in the liver known as portosystemic shunt, in which blood is diverted from the liver. This can cause a buildup of toxins in the body of the dog, Stunting and can be fatal if not corrected with surgery.

The speckled chihuahua coloring, or parents with such coloration descendants tend to a number of additional complications of health. The mottled coloration is a carrier of other possible and severe ocular conditions and blindness, deafness, Hemophilia, sterility, and other medical conditions. Buyers who own or want to buy a speckled chihuahua should do some research on possible health conditions of this coloration.

The pregnancy of a Chihuahua, hard 2 months and the young grow to between 3 cm to 5 cm..

Chihuahua are omnivores, and you must be careful in providing an adequate and balanced nutrition. At the same time, be careful in not supercharge this small breed. Chihuahua overweight tend to have problems with ligaments, tracheal collapse, chronic bronchitis, and shortening of life expectancy.

Some potential buyers looking for extremely small animals; very small dogs, in any way, are false. You can be sick, or malnourished, or, If you are healthy, they may experience short periods of life and health due to extreme dwarfism problems. They are not normally used for breeding, and may require special care. Some breeders chihuahua, they try to intentionally raise very small animals, and they increase the prices of smaller dogs, or they specifically advertised very small animals. Most reputable breeders disapprove such practices, pointing out that it is difficult to predict the adult size of a puppy, and citing other problems discussed earlier.

In practice there has been an increase in people wanting to have a Chihuahua Pocket rejecting the common size, This has changed the traditional pattern of raising this breed start doing that through the selection of specimens to breed chihuahua focusing on the size and eliminate the problems of a puppy that was born visibly smaller than others, many breeders reject this practice but it is a fact that the popularity of the "Chihuahua Pocket" It is here to stay ...

The tiny mouths often mean that there is no room for proper development of teeth. It is essential that a veterinary chihuahua receive regular dental care, and you may need to draw him some teeth to make room for proper development of the rest of the teeth in the mouth.

The Chihuahueño “Deer head” is the original Mexican Chihuahua, He was abroad where changed his appearance through crossing with other breeds, That's when you start to change your overall appearance now head more prominent and more stocky and abroad is precisely where racial establishing the standard race set this type of Chihuahua modified as “standard” When is the original the type “Deer” and even went beyond the damage to the original race to disqualify the type “Deer” and qualify as one “abnormality”.

This “abnormality” is more popular than any Canófila Federation would like to accept.

“Deer” or “Deer head” These are terms that are used sometimes to describe copies of Chihuahua that does not have the standard appearance of the “Apple head” of the race. These terms are not official.

The Deer heads They are not admitted for competition, they are disqualified, they are not for sale.

The “Nano Chihuahua” term used in the United States are chihuahua that are described with head up, and a very long nose, is not something natural, they are so because they suffered deformation in bone by malnutrition, These terms are not official, and prohibited the sale of the “Nano Chihuahua”. Those that are accepted are Chihuahua “Apple heads”

The life of the chihuahua usually up to 15 years of age. The more small are dogs more life they have. Their life expectancy depends first of all of their food (It is necessary, good quality and which have no obesity). Example: Not offer cookies, fat, chocolates, sweet, bread, pork and, much less, chicken bones to chew it becomes small needles, and they stuck in its body until his death. Not to give anything of great food, simply their respective croquettes or latitas for small breeds.

Reproduction

The sexual cycle of the dog is, in comparison with the rest of the domestic animals, is unique in many aspects, now that the time lag between periods of estrus (5-7 months) It is very long in proportion to the time of gestation (62 days), and ovulation occurs only once (but in several days) by zeal.

The sexual cycle is divided in 4 stages:

PROESTRO: have an average duration of 3-15 days. External manifestations are increasing the volume of the vulva, blood loss vulvar and attraction of male. At this stage the dog does not support mounting of the male.

ESTRO: popularly known as period of ZEAL. It has a duration of 3 to 10 days. The vulva is enlarged, There is a reduction of losses vulvar and attraction of male: It is at this time when ovulation occurs, mounting of the male and gestation.

DIESTRO: (of 110 to 140 days): This period includes the gestation, childbirth and lactation if occurred fertilization and the regression to normal tissues if not occurred.

ANESTRO (of 150 to 250 days): now there are no external signs and is the ideal for all kinds of interventions (ovary hysterectomy).

Thus, ovulation takes place during the mating season and it's a spontaneous ovulation. Most frequently it is between the day 10 and 14 the beginning of zeal, Although in less of 1 minute can be confirmed with a vaginal smear performed by a veterinarian.

Pregnancy in the bitch has a duration of 58 to 63 days. The normal delivery period varies between 5 and 24 hours, and alghourscasos, mainly if they are first-time, the time may be extended until 36 hours.

The delivery mechanism is divided into three phases:

  • The first phase corresponds to the openness and relaxation of the neck of the uterus to the exit of the puppies. The female trembles, Pant and may vomit. The vulvar lips will thicken and escapes by the lower corner a blanco-amarillento viscous liquid. You can see uterine contractions, but always of weak intensity. Walk in circles, recuesta in soil, and does not want to eat or drink (Although some females show a voracious appetite).
  • The dog chooses a quiet, dark place, and he prepares his paridera breaking rags and materials; It is desirable to provide elements so that you can make this work, more usual is the role of journal. Nothing should bother to her around.

  • The second phase is the expulsion of the puppies. The female is lying in position on one side, with the face directed towards your abdomen and contractions begin each 2 or 3 minutes, with great effort.

Grooming

Chihuahuas have two types of hair:

  • smooth and long. The Chihuahuas smooth They carry a velvety coat, bright and tight and have a collar – an area hair thicker and longer – around the neck. Coverage have little hair on the head and ears. The tail should be hairy, not naked. Brush them weekly with a rubber glove or soft brush to remove dead hair and maintain healthy skin and coat.
  • The Long haired chihuahua It is the product of a recessive gene, which means that a puppy must have the gene from both parents to express long hair, so it is not seen in litters as often as smooth. The long, soft fur is flat or slightly curly, and the dog has a collar around the neck, fringed ears, feathers on the legs and a tail plumed. Hair from the rest of the body is almost as soft as soft straight hair Chihuahua. The long-haired Chihuahua are beautiful, and they are easy to comb, but the hair falls are seasonal.

Long robe brushing with soft bristle brush once or twice a week. Use a stainless steel comb to remove tangles of hair ears, legs and tail.

If brush to the faithful chihuahua, You should not need frequent bathing. However, If you spend much time on your couch or in bed, there is nothing wrong with bathing as often as twice a week. Use a mild shampoo made for dogs and dry it well so not cool. Never let it sit and dry to the outdoors.

Keep clean your big ears chihuahua with a solution recommended by your veterinarian. Do not use cotton swabs within the ear; They can push dirt deeper. Laa orejaa clean with a cotton ball, I never deeper than the first knuckle of your finger.

Cut off nails regularly, usually every two weeks. They should never be so long that hear smacking on the floor.

Ratings Chihuahua

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Chihuahua” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

adaptation ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

1.0 rating
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Chihuahua”

credits:

1. triplet chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
2. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/animal-chihuahua-mascota-ojos-50718/
3. Chihuahua by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/60641
4. Blue merle chihuahua by Nuclearblitz12 / CC BY-SA
5. Chihuahua by https://www.pexels.com/photo/photo-of-tan-chihuahua-1048236/
6. A Chihuahua protecting its bone by David Shankbone / CC BY
7. standard chihuahua by Caterinarufo / Public domain
8. Buddy the Chihuahua by Jean G – HTTPS://www.flickr.com/photos/whatjeanlikes/
9. Chihuahua by https://www.pxfuel.com/es/free-photo-xzmeb

Videos “Chihuahua”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 9 –> Companion and Toy Dogs. . / Section 6 –> Chihuahueño. Without working trial.
  • FCI 218
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
  • Standard FCI breed Chihuahua
  • CHIHUAHUA FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Chi, Chi-chi, Hua-Hua, Chihuahueño (English).
    2. Chihuahueño, aussi chihuahua (French).
    3. Chihuahua (German).
    4. Chihuahueño (Portuguese).
    5. Chihuahua (Spanish).

Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Gales FCI 38 - Cardigan

Corgi-Cardigan Welsh-de-

Affectionately called the “Dog garden” in his native Wales, Cardigan Welsh Corgi is active and affectionate.

Content

History

It is believed that the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is the oldest of the two races Corgi. Although nobody knows for sure, their ancestors may have come to Wales with the ancient Celts who migrated from Central Europe. The dog we know today comes from the hills of Cardiganshire, that once they were filled with farms and valleys that were perfect for cattle breeding. His predecessors had cattle to market, their heels for cattle moved, and they deviated from the path if cattle drew back.

Industrialization ended the usefulness of the Corgi on the farm, and people began to cross with other dogs herding breeds, including Collies and the first Pomeranian, which they were much larger than the current standard of Pomeranian. The crossing with Collie You may have thrown the blue merle color to the genetic background of the Cardigan.

For a while, seemed that the Cardigan follow the way of the dinosaur because it was less popular than its cousin, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. At any given time, both they were considered the same race, but the Kennel Club separated in 1934, giving the cardigans better chance of surviving on their own.

Physical characteristics

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi It is best described as a Pembroke tailed, but it stands out from his cousin, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, in other respects. The cardigan has big ears and round and comes in a variety of colors, including tricolor (black and white, with tans or brindle points), blue merle, striped, marten and red. Most Cardis also have white markings on neck, the chest, paws and tail tip. They weigh between 11 and 17 Kg, which makes them a little larger than Pembroke.

Although Cardigan and Pembroke Welsh Corgi were developed in Wales, They have different ancestors: twin sons of different mothers, it could be said. the Cardigans, dog nicknamed the garden in his home county of Cardigan, shares ancestors with another long race, the Dachshund.

Character and skills

Welsh Corgi Cardigan fun is a classic dog grazing: even, loyal and loving. His real goal in life is to spend time and please his people. Its moderate size and activity level make it adaptable to any type of home or family, and it is robust and tolerant of children and other pets. In fact, the company of another dog or cat is a great benefit to him.

Cardigans may not seem athletes, but they are agile. You will be surprised how fast you can run a Corgi when chasing a ball or compete in agility trials. If you can deviate from the path of mad cow, certainly you can browse frames, tunnels, jumps and other obstacles. CARDI has a lot of resistance, You can even walk the trails, but also it conforms with a short walk or play on the playground.

Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach you. Do not wait until you have 6 months to start train or have to deal with more stubborn dog. If possible, Take it to the class of kindergarten for puppies when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until vaccines puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

Of course, Cardigan Welsh Corgi distrustful of strangers, thanks to its heritage grazing, so early socialization is important. To counter this trend, invite people to your house, to be used to receive regular visits.

Health Cardigan Welsh Corgi

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi are a generally healthy breed, but they are susceptible to some health conditions, including intervertebral disc disease and eye problems such as progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and cataracts.

Veterinarians can not predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so it is important to find a reputable breeder and insist on seeing an independent certification that the parents of the dog have been examined for defects and considered healthy.

Careful breeders their dogs examined for genetic diseases, and only raise better-looking specimens, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy can develop one of these diseases. In the majority of cases, still you can live a good life, thanks to advances in veterinary medicine. And remember that you have the power to protect his Cardigan one of the most common health problems: the obesity. It keep a proper weight is a simple way to extend the life of its Cardi.

Ratings Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Cardigan Welsh Corgi” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

adaptation ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

2.0 rating
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

3.0 rating
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

4.0 rating
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

5.0 rating
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Image of the cardigan welsh corgi

credits:

1 – FatFairfax / CC BY-SA
2 – Wikimaster97commons / CC BY-SA
3 – RdRnnr / CC BY-SA
4 – Blue Merle Cardigan Welsh Corgi by WJ van den Eijkhof

Videos from the cardigan welsh corgi

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs ) / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. With working trial.
  • FCI 38
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
  • FCI standard of Cardigan Welsh Corgi breed
  • WELSH CORGI (CARDIGAN) FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Cardigan, CWC, Cardi (English).
    2. Cardigan (French).
    3. Cardigan (German).
    4. Cardigan Welsh Corgi (Portuguese).
    5. Cardigan Welsh corgi, Cardi, Corgi (Spanish).

Rough Collie
Gran Bretañaa FCI 156

It is a very sweet and affectionate dog, maybe a little shy.

Content

History

The Rough Collie is one of the Collie breeds medium-sized and long-haired who was born in Scotland in the early 1800.

Both the Long-haired Collie and the Smooth Collie , they are descended from a variety of grazing dogs from Scotland and Wales.

  • The variety of Scotland, It is characterized for being a strong dog, large, aggressive, raised to care for flocks of sheep in the Highlands, an all terreno…
  • The variety of Wales, However, was a small dog, Agile, home and cuddlier, and also pastor of goats.

These two varieties of dogs crosses shepherds are born the precious Collie that we call today Rough Collie and Smooth Collie.

After the industrial revolution, owning a dog became fashionable, people began to acquire copies and began to expand and cross with other breeds. Y, there is a theory that says those first Collie, were crossed with a Borzoi (Russian Greyhound) in order to obtain a more "noble" head (finest), What is today one of the true characteristics of the Rough Collie. But in reality, is not known conclusively if it crosses with the Borzoi It took place on the main stream of the race.

But trends are changing according to blowing the wind... Like for example, When the Queen Victoria acquired a Border Collie, After seeing one in the Balmoral Castle, the Collie is transformed into something like an article of fashion.

The issue is that, the Collie they were distributed around the map and continuous reproduction in order to improve the breed for exhibitions, He carried that drastically changed the appearance of the dogs, in the Decade of 1960, the Collie was much higher than today.

At the first dawn of the breed the dogs were more robust and resistant, they could travel long distances during the whole day and retained energy...

While many theories attempt to explain them, Unfortunately, the exact origins of the Collie have a dark veil. The race has been the subject of much research and speculation. The origin of the word “Collie” It is as uncertain as the origin of the breed information. In the century 18, the natural home of the Long Haired Collie was on the Highlands of Scotland lands, where had it been used for centuries as a herding dog. Dogs were bred with great care in order to assist their masters in grazing and the monitoring of their flocks.

In the UK the Longhair Collie is no longer used for grazing cattle, After having been replaced by the Border Collie. Although in United States and several European countries, there has been a revival in the use of Collie like a working and performance dog, already not are seen as old.

The Club Collie of America was founded the 26 in August of 1886, What makes it one of the oldest clubs in the race. The objective of the original club was "the promotion and the improvement of the breed of Border Collie". From there the first official breed standard was carved Collie. The celebration of the centenary of the club took place in 1986. Y, Although much time has passed and many things cambiado… the objective of the Club is still the same. The Collie Club in England dates of 1881 (Although officially, is oldest club americano…).

The Collie's long hair was exhibited for the first time in 1860 in the Birmingham, England, in the dogshow “Scotch Shee-pdog“. In 1879 the first hair long Collie was imported to England. And from there are the pillars of the breed.

With the turn of the century, this breed was already in a state of continuous development. This dog continued to flourish in England. As a result of imports, the race progressed rapidly between the years 1900 to 1920. These dogs built the foundation on which the Rough Collie of today and paved the way for the emergence of large and famous American dog kennels in the years 1920 and 1930.

One of them and perhaps the one that catapulted the Rough Collie, He was the author Albert Payson Terhune devoted almost all his life to these dogs. Albert Payson Terhune (21 December 1872 until 18 February 1942) was an American author, Collie dog breeder, and journalist. The public is known both for his novels relating the adventures of his beloved Collie, "as for its famous breeding sites"Sunnybank”, from which the bloodlines of specimens of Rough Collie who live among us today.

Physical characteristics

One of the characteristic features of the Collie's long hair is his head and delicately pointed snout. It resembles a wedge decline gently from the ears until the black nose. The snout is rounded and never square. The eyes are of medium size and Pacific way. The ears are supposed to be semi-erectas, folded in the upper third. In appearance they are very similar to the Shetland Shepherd Dog, but larger.

Regarding the coat of hair of the Rough Collie, the admitted colors are:

  • Sable color: Where sable or grey goes from Pale to mahogany.
  • Blackbird: the blue Merle, It is a mottled grey.
  • Tricolor: It is mainly Tan.

All have white areas, in the neck, the back of the legs, and usually the tip of the tail. Some may have white fringes on the face. The American Kennel Club supports white, where is the dog predominantly white with spots of the sable color, Tricolor and blue Merle, in the head and patches in the body as a.

It has dual layer, the woolly, dense subpelo, It is covered by a layer of hair is long and rough exterior with a remarkable necklace around the neck, feathers on the legs, a skirt in the abdomen, and a steering wheel in the rear quarters.

The outer layer needs brushing frequent, careful to keep it free from spikes and thorns, He has long hair and it seems a velcro… Shearing it is something very harmful to the skin and some not again them grow a significant amount of hair after having been shaved.

The desired size and weight vary between the standards of the breed of dog clubs, but trying to balance the medidas… a long hair male Collie measured 55,8 to 66 cm in height to the cross, females tend to be a 5 lowest centimeters. Males weigh in 20 to 34 Kg and females are generally lighter (of 2 to 5 fewer kilos).

Character and skills

The Rough Collie it is a dog that never shows nervousness or aggression, and they are generally good with children and other animals. However, They must be well socialized to prevent shyness. Although they are medium-sized to large dogs, It adapts very well to life in small apartments, because of his quiet nature.

Like many dogs grazing, the Rough Collie can be very vocal (ladrador…), and in some cases it is difficult to correct them. They are very loyal and excellent with children, provided have been well socialized and trained. They are always eager to learn and respond better to a gentle hand. They enjoy human company and home heat.

For yeah "The character of"Lassie"created by the British author Eric Knight was a Collie of long hair", It is probably the most famous dog in the world, fictional character that appeared in various films, TV series and books for years.

"That character inspired screenwriter Hugo Butler in the film"Lassie Come Home”, under the direction of Fred M. Wilcox, in the year 1943. Film that definitely launched to fame to the beautiful long hair Collie.

Collie Health

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, and all people have the potential to inherit a particular disease. Run, do not walk, any breeder that does not offer a health guarantee in puppies, to tell you that the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or to tell you that your puppies are isolated from the main part of the home for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about the health problems of race and the incidence with which occur in their lines. Collie is prone to a host of health problems. Here is a brief summary of what you should know.

Collies can be affected by a number of genetic health problems, including multiple drug sensitivities to a mutation in the multi-drug resistance gene (MDR1). Dogs with this mutation can have serious or fatal reactions to a number of common drugs., such as preventive ivermectin against heartworm and loperamide, a human antidiarrheal agent that is sometimes used in dogs. Detecting these diseases not only in the parents of your puppy, but also in your dog, it's a life-saving need. The test is simple and only requires a cheek smear.; information on how to test your dog can be found here.

Eye problems are also a serious concern in the breed. One of the most intractable is progressive retinal atrophy (ARP), but luckily the gene for detection was recently identified and a genetic screening test will be available as soon as this year, after which all breeders should have ARP authorizations on all their breeding dogs.

Collie eye abnormality is a group of eye disorders that range from mild to severe. They are present at birth, and can be detected in puppies between five and eight weeks of age. Your puppy's breeder should examine the eyes of all dogs in the litter before selling them.. Have a Certified Veterinary Ophthalmologist regularly examine your Collie's eyes. Reputable Collie breeders don't just check their breeders' eyes, but also those of all puppies offered for sale. Do not buy a Collie from a breeder who has not examined puppies' eyes or does not offer a certificate of their eye status.

Unfortunately, Collies can also be affected by a number of health conditions for which there are no screening tests. These include epilepsy, as well as a condition called bloating, in which the stomach expands with air. This can become the most serious condition, gastric torsion, if the stomach twists on itself, cutting off blood flow. Gastric torsion suddenly hits, and a dog that was fine a minute can die a few hours later. Watch for symptoms like restlessness and step, babeo, pale gums and lip licking, try to vomit but without bringing out anything, and signs of pain. Gastric torsion requires immediate veterinary surgery, and most dogs that have swollen once will swell again. This means that it is prudent to opt for the procedure known as “gastric torsion”, which will prevent the stomach from twisting in the future.

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce independent certification that the dog's parents (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

Careful breeders examine their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and raise healthier copies only and best looking, but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good breeding practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died from.

Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, It has the power to protect one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Collie at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend its life.. To take the most of preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Collie grooming

Both varieties of Collie have double layer, which means they have a thicker, softer inner layer and a thinner, flatter outer layer. The Rough Collie has a beautiful and voluminous coat that seems to need a lot of care, but it's not like that. Thorough brushing every one to two weeks will keep the coat healthy and tangle free. The Smooth Collie’s coat is a piece of cake to care for. Brush it weekly with a rubber brush or soft brush to remove dead hair. Your Collie should not need a bath more than once a month.

Rough Collie go through a heavy molt twice a year, floating dumb call. During this time, brush daily to keep all hair down under control. The Smooth Collie doesn’t blow his coat, but throughout the year it loses more hair than the Rough Collie.

The rest are basic care. Cut nails as needed, usually every few weeks. It shouldn't take so long for the click to be heard on the floor. Brush your teeth daily to improve overall health and breath.

Rough Collie Characteristics

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Rough Collie” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Shepherd Dogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss boyeros). / Section 1 –> Shepherd Dogs. Without working trial.
  • FCI 156
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
  • FCI Standard of the Rough Collie breed
  • COLLIE ROUGH FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, “Lassie” dog (English).
    2. Colley à poil long, berger écossais (French).
    3. Rough Collie, LANGHAARIGER SCHOTTISCHER SCHAFERHUND (German).
    4. Rough collie (Portuguese).
    5. Pastor escocés de pelo largo (Spanish).

Curly Coated Retriever

Curly Coated Retriever

The Curly Coated Retriever (Curly, for friends) It is a breed of dog originating in England than, in the beginning she was raised for the hunting of waterfowl and mountain.

It is the largest of the Retriever (bailiffs) and is it easily distinguished from their colleagues by the soft mass of curls covering her body.

The Curly Coated Retriever and the Flat-Coated Retriever, they were the two first races recognized and established in records from the year Retriever 1860.

While it is true that much information on the origins of the breed there, Several experts of the Retriever dogs agree that the ancestors of the Curly include very old breeds and some already extinct as the "English Water Spaniel" breed (Spanish water dog). Within the ancestors who have copies currently are St. John's Newfoundland, English Setter and the Poodle or Caniche.

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Chesapeake Bay Retriever
USA FCI 263

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

The Chesapeake Bay Retriever (or Pointer of the Chesapeake Bay) It is a breed of dog that originated in the Chesapeake Bay, shores of Maryland in the East of United States.

They come from the race Newfoundland What, It was a gift from the British offered to families who helped the victims of a shipwreck off the coast of Maryland, in 1807. These two pieces of Newfoundland, a male named "Sailor" and a female named "Canton", they were rescued from the ship that sank in Maryland in 1807 and they are the parents of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever breed.

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Coonhound

Coonhound (the English: Coon = raccoon; Hound = hound or hunting dog) It is a breed of dog of American origin which, It consists of a group of six different types of hounds. The "Coondogs" (or "raccoon dogs", as they tend to call them) they are highly valued in United States.

During the colonial period, several hunting dogs were imported because of the popular sport of the moment, Fox hunting. Various breeds of hunting dogs were imported from England, Ireland and France, and the particular mix of these different races form the initial genetic composition of dogs which became known later, as dogs Virginia.

At the time the existing hunting dogs, were considered inadequate or rather incomplete, because I could only focus on hunting animals hiding close to the ground, but they could not with those who were hiding in the cup of the trees, as raccoons, opossums, the Wildcats and even larger prey, as Cougars and bears.

The dogs were confused, They despistaban and in turn were unable to keep track of the dam, years. At that time, to take refuge in trees escaping. It was for that reason that cross mediantes, they managed a wide variety of dogs that might be able to track animals refugees at the cup of the trees. Above all, raccoons.

The race name derives from its original use in the hunt for raccoons.

This was the case that this group of dogs were developed trying to highlight and increase your best features: an acute sense of smell, the ability of tracking, pursue tirelessly its prey regardless of human orders, both on the ground as when they were hiding in the trees Cup. Y, especially guard cornered prey until the Hunter arrived. In addition, they are excellent in the delivery of all types of dam, If adequate training.

The Coonhound breed, the history is you have been adding different lines of Hounds in order to improve their skills, as the tracking, and physical as the shape of their feet characteristics, some Coonhound have webbed toes to deal with the rivers and swamps, so common in their usual hunting territory.

The Coonhound may hunt individually or Pack. In general, the hunters do not pursue their prey with the hounds, Unlike the fox hunting organized who do. In this case, just waiting to hear the distinctive howl to determine if a raccoon or other animal, It has been cornered.

There are six individual breeds of Coonhound:

In the rural area of the Colbert County, Alabama ((UNITED STATES)UU.) "there is a so-called graveyard"Key Underwood Coon Dog Memorial Graveyard”, reserved specifically for the burial of raccoon dogs (Coonhound).

A group of American troops, He chose this place because it had been a very popular hunting camp and the 4 in September of 1937 they buried a Coonhound (raccoon dog), property of the troop. Thus the cemetery was opened in memory of these precious hounds. He became an emblematic place, with the passage of the tiempo…en the 2007 more than 185 dogs were buried there.

In order to have a headstone there, a corner in the cemetery, Dogs must meet three requirements:

  • The owner has to prove (by primer and pedigree) its mascot is a dog authentic Coonhound.
  • A witness must declare that the deceased is a Coonhound.
  • A member of the "Coonhunter organization" of the place where resided the can must be authorized by the owner to see the deceased pet and declare the can as a genuine Coonhound.

The cemetery has the same format as a graveyard of human, There you will see tombstones of all kinds and details. Each 4 September (The day in United States), "for quite some time the"Tennessee Valley Coon Hunter ’ s Association"sponsor a meeting in the cemetery to offer homage to the opening of the same" (at the labour day on 1937). The celebration includes music, dance, Food and contests. They attend the event, often, local politicians.

"Work Day" or labor day, It is a federal holiday that is celebrated in United States the first Monday in September. It has its origin in a parade held the 5 in September of 1882 in New York organized by the Nobles of the order of the Knights of labour (Knights of Labor). Inspired by a similar annual event held in Toronto (Canada). In 1884 Another parade took place and the Knights of Labor decided to do so annually.

Other organizations, mostly the affiliated with the first international, they preferred the 1 may, date that recalls the beginning in 1886 of a strike demanding the eight-hour day and which had led to the revolt of Haymarket, Chicago, three days later, the 4 may. President Grover Cleveland believed that the holiday of the 1 would be an opportunity for disorders. Therefore, fearing that it would reinforce the Socialist Movement, rapidly in 1887 He gave his support to the position of the Knights of work and the date for the day of work.

Since unlike most of the countries, United States celebrates the day of the work on a different date.

Coonhound

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Smooth Collie
Escocia FCI 296

Content

The Smooth Collie It is a breed of dog developed originally for herding. It is a variety of the Border Collie. Some canine organizations, copies of soft hair and wire-haired, classified them as variations of the same race.

History

The early history of the Collie's short hair, like many breeds of dogs, It is largely a matter of speculation. The most common view of the race is that they are descendants of a population of shepherds dogs brought to Scotland by the Romans in the 5th century ("See more information about the race"Collie”).

The modern history of both Collie, soft layer and rough layer, It began in the reign of Queen Victoria, He turned his attention in the dogs of the shepherds and ordered that they bring to their Balmoral Castle in Scotland, some specimens. In 1860 years. At that time, the interest of the Queen, It became fashionable breed Collie of short hair. Thus began the transformation of the breed of dog of farm, similar to the modern Border Collie, Pet highlighting its aesthetics and preparation for dog competitions, sample, for example.

The Collie's short hair, today is considered a variety of Border Collie in countries such as United States and Canada, which means that they can sit and statistical records, register as "Collie" without specifying if it is 'Rough (rough)’ o ‘Smooth (soft)’.

In other countries, such as United Kingdom and Australia, they are classified as separate breeds, but for a very short time, the Kennel Club of the United Kingdom allowed the crossing of the two varieties until 1993.

Physical characteristics

Smooth Collie is a dog of medium size pulling big, the females measure of 56 to 61 cm. to the cross and the males of 61 to 66 cm.. Y, they weigh in 20 to 34 kg. The standard size of the breed varies by country, is the far larger in the range United States and Canada, and the smallest elsewhere.

The Collie's short hair is slightly longer than high, with a straight back and a deep chest. The characteristics of the head, especially of expression “sweet”, are considered very important in the ring. The breed has long snout, the flat skull and semi-erectas ears.

The layer is two-fold, one is soft and dense stuck to the body, and the outer layer is smooth and hard for a length of 2,54 centimeters, with the most dense hair around the neck forming a collar, and in the back of the thighs. The coat requires a weekly brushing. Unlike other Collie, It presents non bangs…, the hair is short.

The Smooth Collie coat can be of the following colors:

  • Sand: the colour of the famous Lassie, that it goes golden light to dark mahogany. With white areas on the chest, neck, feet, legs, and the tail.
  • Tricolor: black, with spots of color fire and white. With white areas on the chest, neck, feet, legs, and the tail.
  • Blue Merle: that color is a gray marble silver black with spots of color fire. With white areas on the chest, neck, feet, legs, and the tail.

Character and skills

The Smooth Collie is generally a sociable dog, easy to train family. Although it is not an aggressive breed, It is always alert and barking when he noticed something unusual, It is therefore a great watchdog.

Collie dogs - General- they are agile dogs, assets and need regular exercise. It is easy to train, due to their high intelligence and eagerness to please their owners. The formation of this breed requires exclusive dedication and patience, they are sensitive to correction and hide if they feel badly treated or it sobre required.

They get along well with children, they tend to harmonize well with other animals that live in the House, they usually mix well with other dogs.

The Smooth Collie is - mainly- a family pet, You can compete in obedience, agility, grazing trials, and other canine sports. Some are still used as working dogs in tasks of grazing (but less and less). They are also very useful as assistance dogs for people with disabilities.

It has a life expectancy of 12 to 14 years.

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> / Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
  • FCI 296
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • AKC – PASTORAGE
    • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
    • CKC – Group 7 – Herding dogs
    • ​KC – Pastoral
    • NZKC – Working dog
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • FCI Standard Smooth Collie breed
  • COLLIE SMOOTH FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Collie, Smooth Coat (English).
      2. Colley (French).
      3. Smooth Collie, KURZHAARIGER SCHOTTISCHER SCHAFERHUND (German).
      4. Collie de pelo curto, Smooth collie (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor escocés de pelo corto (Spanish).

    Bearded collie
    Escocia FCI 271

    Collie Barbudo

    Collie Barbudo is an energetic dog. They need exercise and homework to do, How to care for children.

    Content

    History

    The Bearded collie It is a breed of dog of medium size and long coat, It was originally used in tasks of grazing by Scottish shepherds. He is originally from Scotland, and their closest ancestors are a race of imported Polish shepherds in 1514.

    The history of the Collie-as we have said in another post of race– is a mixture of reality and legend. One story recounts that Kazimierz Grabski, a Polish merchant, went to Scotland in 1514 in order to negotiate a shipment of grain for sheep in several pastors, apparently brought six copies of pastoral dogs (Poles) it performed tasks of grazing in his native Poland, and at the destination they would help to move the cattle. A Scottish Shepherd, He was so impressed with the ability of herding dogs of Kazimierz Grabski, which changed several sheep by some of those six dogs. Y, was that, These Polish shepherds dogs were bred with the local dogs from Scotland and from there was born the beautiful Bearded Collie. This is one of the theories.

    Read moreBearded collie

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