The Curly Coated Retriever (Curly, for friends) It is a breed of dog originating in England than, in the beginning she was raised for the hunting of waterfowl and mountain.
It is the largest of the Retriever (bailiffs) and is it easily distinguished from their colleagues by the soft mass of curls covering her body.
The Curly Coated Retriever and the Flat-Coated Retriever, they were the two first races recognized and established in records from the year Retriever 1860.
While it is true that much information on the origins of the breed there, Several experts of the Retriever dogs agree that the ancestors of the Curly include very old breeds and some already extinct as the "English Water Spaniel" breed (Spanish water dog). Within the ancestors who have copies currently are St. John's Newfoundland, English Setter and the Poodle or Caniche.
The Chesapeake Bay Retriever (or Pointer of the Chesapeake Bay) It is a breed of dog that originated in the Chesapeake Bay, shores of Maryland in the East of United States.
They come from the race Newfoundland What, It was a gift from the British offered to families who helped the victims of a shipwreck off the coast of Maryland, in 1807. These two pieces of Newfoundland, a male named "Sailor" and a female named "Canton", they were rescued from the ship that sank in Maryland in 1807 and they are the parents of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever breed.
Coonhound (the English: Coon = raccoon; Hound = hound or hunting dog) It is a breed of dog of American origin which, It consists of a group of six different types of hounds. The "Coondogs" (or "raccoon dogs", as they tend to call them) they are highly valued in United States.
During the colonial period, several hunting dogs were imported because of the popular sport of the moment, Fox hunting. Various breeds of hunting dogs were imported from England, Ireland and France, and the particular mix of these different races form the initial genetic composition of dogs which became known later, as dogs Virginia.
At the time the existing hunting dogs, were considered inadequate or rather incomplete, because I could only focus on hunting animals hiding close to the ground, but they could not with those who were hiding in the cup of the trees, as raccoons, opossums, the Wildcats and even larger prey, as Cougars and bears.
The dogs were confused, They despistaban and in turn were unable to keep track of the dam, years. At that time, to take refuge in trees escaping. It was for that reason that cross mediantes, they managed a wide variety of dogs that might be able to track animals refugees at the cup of the trees. Above all, raccoons.
The race name derives from its original use in the hunt for raccoons.
This was the case that this group of dogs were developed trying to highlight and increase your best features: an acute sense of smell, the ability of tracking, pursue tirelessly its prey regardless of human orders, both on the ground as when they were hiding in the trees Cup. Y, especially guard cornered prey until the Hunter arrived. In addition, they are excellent in the delivery of all types of dam, If adequate training.
The Coonhound breed, the history is you have been adding different lines of Hounds in order to improve their skills, as the tracking, and physical as the shape of their feet characteristics, some Coonhound have webbed toes to deal with the rivers and swamps, so common in their usual hunting territory.
The Coonhound may hunt individually or Pack. In general, the hunters do not pursue their prey with the hounds, Unlike the fox hunting organized who do. In this case, just waiting to hear the distinctive howl to determine if a raccoon or other animal, It has been cornered.
In the rural area of the Colbert County, Alabama ((UNITED STATES)UU.) "there is a so-called graveyard"Key Underwood Coon Dog Memorial Graveyard”, reserved specifically for the burial of raccoon dogs (Coonhound).
A group of American troops, He chose this place because it had been a very popular hunting camp and the 4 in September of 1937 they buried a Coonhound (raccoon dog), property of the troop. Thus the cemetery was opened in memory of these precious hounds. He became an emblematic place, with the passage of the tiempo…en the 2007 more than 185 dogs were buried there.
In order to have a headstone there, a corner in the cemetery, Dogs must meet three requirements:
The owner has to prove (by primer and pedigree) its mascot is a dog authentic Coonhound.
A witness must declare that the deceased is a Coonhound.
A member of the "Coonhunter organization" of the place where resided the can must be authorized by the owner to see the deceased pet and declare the can as a genuine Coonhound.
The cemetery has the same format as a graveyard of human, There you will see tombstones of all kinds and details. Each 4 September (The day in United States), "for quite some time the"Tennessee Valley Coon Hunter ’ s Association"sponsor a meeting in the cemetery to offer homage to the opening of the same" (at the labour day on 1937). The celebration includes music, dance, Food and contests. They attend the event, often, local politicians.
"Work Day" or labor day, It is a federal holiday that is celebrated in United States the first Monday in September. It has its origin in a parade held the 5 in September of 1882 in New York organized by the Nobles of the order of the Knights of labour (Knights of Labor). Inspired by a similar annual event held in Toronto (Canada). In 1884 Another parade took place and the Knights of Labor decided to do so annually.
Other organizations, mostly the affiliated with the first international, they preferred the 1 may, date that recalls the beginning in 1886 of a strike demanding the eight-hour day and which had led to the revolt of Haymarket, Chicago, three days later, the 4 may. President Grover Cleveland believed that the holiday of the 1 would be an opportunity for disorders. Therefore, fearing that it would reinforce the Socialist Movement, rapidly in 1887 He gave his support to the position of the Knights of work and the date for the day of work.
Since unlike most of the countries, United States celebrates the day of the work on a different date.
The Short hair Collie or Smooth Collie (It means smooth Collie), It is a breed of dog developed originally for herding. It is a variety of the Border Collie. Some canine organizations, copies of soft hair and wire-haired, classified them as variations of the same race.
The Bearded collie (Bearded Collie) It is a breed of dog of medium size and long coat, It was originally used in tasks of grazing by Scottish shepherds. He is originally from Scotland, and their closest ancestors are a race of imported Polish shepherds in 1514.
The history of the Collie-as we have said in another post of race– is a mixture of reality and legend. One story recounts that Kazimierz Grabski, a Polish merchant, went to Scotland in 1514 in order to negotiate a shipment of grain for sheep in several pastors, apparently brought six copies of pastoral dogs (Poles) it performed tasks of grazing in his native Poland, and at the destination they would help to move the cattle. A Scottish Shepherd, He was so impressed with the ability of herding dogs of Kazimierz Grabski, which changed several sheep by some of those six dogs. Y, was that, These Polish shepherds dogs were bred with the local dogs from Scotland and from there was born the beautiful Bearded Collie. This is one of the theories.
The term Collie It refers to many dog breeds that have originated in Scotland and Northern England. The exact origin of the name is unknown. It is possible that it comes from:
The term 'Col’ o ‘Coll'of the old Scottish meaning'black’.
Or the English 'coal’: 'coal'.
Also, It is possible that it is a deformation of the word Colley It was as they called the sheep (face and Black-legged), These dogs pastoreaban.
The Anglo-Saxon regional term Collie, which means '[thing] useful’.
So it has been called in several ways: Coll, colly, Collie, Colley, Pastor of Scotland…
The Shetland Sheepdog, for example, It is erroneously called Collie miniature, While aesthetically (with the exception of the size) they are identical, they are two different races… Although, We should not forget that, the most direct ancestor of the Shetland Sheepdog or "Sheltie" as usually nickname, is the Border Collie.
Collie breed history
The high mountains of Scotland are the natural home of this breed. It is not known if you run Roman blood in his veins, but we do know that the Romans conquered Scotland in the 6th century to. C. Then, the Collie was known for his great abilities of grazing, capable of driving up 500 sheep at a time. Unlike the current Collie, I didn't have such long and beautiful hair. The Collie was crossed with Setter Irish and with the Borzoi, and from there he was getting the characteristics of today's Collie. William Shakespeare wrote about this dog, calling it Collied Ski. The first illustration of this breed dates back to the year 1790.
While collies have used this dog for a long time and since the beginning of the race, as ovejero dog, the different forms varieties were developed in England at the end of the 1800.
The ancient race Collie was referred to as Scottish Collie in the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century. Scottish Collie were heavier than the current. Their modern ancestors were exhibited for the first time Scotch Sheepdogs (foresee Scots) in 1860, in Birmingham (England), in a dogshow.
In the 19th century, this breed was not known yet, but with the first dog shows, its popularity began to grow to their highest point. Today remains one of the breeds of dogs most popular. South Africa still used as pastor, but in this case, large flocks of ostriches, his sense of monitoring is very developed.
Lassie, the character of the television that popularized this race, is a Collie hair long.
Collie dog has two varieties. The first is the Collie hair long, more easily recognizable due to its wide use in films and television (e.g.: Lassie). This variety has pretty hair in neck, tail and legs. It has a double cover, with small hairs lining the body. The second variety is the Short hair Collie, It has two coatings but the outer coat is short and smooth.
Collie breed characteristics
Collie dog has long body in relation to height. Its height of cross is of 56 to 61 cm. the male and 51 to 56 cm. females. They weigh in 18 to 29 kg. He has Brown eyes, almendrada and slightly oblique way. Their ears are small and are played back, or forward when the dog is alert. The snout is long and flat, with black truffle. Its tail is long and abundant hair, and the fur is dense, hard to the touch, soft and bright if it is taken care of very well. It can be color caramel and white, tricolor or blue dark. This dog's life expectancy is of 12 years.
Collie dog character
Healthy by nature, It is also known that he has very few known congenital problems. The most delicate part of the body tends to be your eyes, they should be frequently cleaned through a piece of absorbent cotton impregnated simply with warm clean water.
Known to be sweet and protective. They are easy to train due to her intelligence and innate please desire. They develop a very strong bond with their masters. They are excellent foresee dogs, good company for the family and other dogs. They are very loyal and faithful, but distrust of strangers if do not fall them well. They are also very playful and love to children. She loves to charge monitor children. It is sweet, good very attentive and vigilant: a suitable dog to leave a child in his charge. With babies is treated as a stuffed animal, and a baby can learn to walk if he grabs her hair. This dog will be careful to avoid it to fall. In addition, It will avoid that the baby will go with strangers.
On the beach, It will be devoted to monitoring the smallest, and if something happens, They cry or fall, do not hesitate to act. He does not fear nothing. It is not a scary or timid dog. In case of danger, defends the family. And it is able to stay a whole night warning, to pounce to lower noise. Every time that the members of the family discuss, It stands always because he hates disputes.
Before a rebuke sometimes it can be susceptible, and away to a corner to grumbling. But if the owner gets to look for him there is nothing spiteful: jump to your arms. It is active and disciplined. You must be educated with affection and without resorting to force.
Collie breeds ancestry
There are many breeds of dog with ancestry in Collie, as for example, to get an idea…:
Australian dog: used in Australia for livestock. Dogs of this type are also known as Queensland Heeler, Blue Heeler and Red Heeler. Heeler, means "talonero".
Australia Collie or “Bordaussie”: It is not really a recognized breed, but a cross between two popular breeds: Australian Shepherd and Border Collie.
Australian kelpie: Developed in Australia from Collie dogs brought from Scotland and Northern England. Erect ears, short hair, usually black, black and brown or red and Brown and white feet.
Australian Shepherd: Developed in United States, with crossing of British dogs, German and Spanish, but they are in other parts of the world (including Australia).
Stumpy Tail: Used in Australia for livestock. Erect ears, short hair, mottled grey or red without white. With a very short tail or no tail.
Bearded Collie: Now largely animal home and exhibition, but they are still used as working dogs on farms. Long and silky hair (included in the face and legs), Black, grey or beige, and white on the shoulders.
Blue Lacy: Grey, short hair, drooping ears. Derived in part from English Pastor, with other races that descend from the Collie but aren't Collie.
Cumberland Sheepdog: An extinct breed similar to the Border Collie and, possibly, absorbed by this race. An ancestor of the Australian Shepherd. Ears erect or semi-erectas, dense fur, Black with white only on the face and chest.
English Shepherd: Developed in United States from a farm Collie originating in Great Britain. It should not be confused with the old English Pastor.
Farm Collie or farm Collie: It was any dog grazing is encuontraba for farming in Britain or United States (descendants of British dogs), and perhaps in other places.
German Collie: Developed in Australia, probably from British Collie dogs, but they may have included Germany and Spain dogs. The name of “German Collie” also applies to a cross between a German Shepherd and Border Collie).
Huntaway: New Zealand developed from a mixture of races, probably including some Collie – but it is not a breed of the Collie type. It is larger and more full-bodied than most of the Collie.
Hound: It is not a race, but a Collie cross (or other grazing or Terrier dog) with a hound or Greyhound. Obtained in a traditional way for poaching, with the speed of a hound, but more obedient and less visible.
McNab Shepherd: Developed in United States from British Collie dogs. Ears of variable size, upright or semi-erectas, short hair, black or red, usually with some white on the face and chest.
Old English Pastor: Derivative of the ancestors of the Collie Barbudo. They are larger than most of the Collie, with a lack of tail, hair is long and silky (included in the face), usually grey and white. It should not be confused with the English Shepherd.
Scottish Collie, in its two varieties, Rough Collie and Smooth Collie: They were created by crossing dogs working with other races Collie (especially dogs Borzoi).
Pastor of Shetland: comes from the Shetland Islands (Scotland, United Kingdom), intentionally was raised in small size. At first sight, It seems to be a copy of miniaturized hair long Collie, However, are 2 different races with a similar look.
Smithfield: a breed of British dog that has been terminated, It was like a great Collie, strong, white or black and white color that is used to guide cattle in South East England, especially the Smithfield market (an area of the city of London).
Welsh Sheepdog: a native of Wales. Ears erect or semi-erectas, short or silky hair, red, black, black and fire or Blackbird, usually with white over shoulders.
Lines Collie dog breed
According to the type of fur have born different lines of Collie, among them are:
Origin: Scotland Character: Active and independent Longevity: Height: 51 to 56 cm.
The Bearded collie (Bearded Collie) It is a breed of dog of medium size and long coat, It was originally used in tasks of grazing by Scottish shepherds. He is originally from Scotland, y sus ancestros más
The Portuguese water dog It is a kind and patient breed.
The Water Português Cão (Portuguese water dog) It is a breed of dog of the Algarve, Portugal. They were used as working dogs by fishermen from time immemorial, but in the 20th century have become a rare breed.
While, the origins of the breed are somewhat obscure, What if one certainty is that the history of these dogs is very old.
A likely reference to the water Português Cão is found in the text of a monk, that in 1297 He described the rescue of a sailor by a dog with similar characteristics than the race hablamos… “long, black hair, cut up the first rib, and with a tuft at the tip of the tail“.