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Puggle
Estados Unidos - Hybrid breeds

Puggle

Content

Exploring the Fascinating Puggle Dog Breed

Dogs have been loyal companions to humans for centuries., and among the numerous races that have arisen, the Puggle stands out as a unique and charming blend. This race, born from the combination between a Beagle and Dutch bulldog, He has gained popularity for his playful personality and adorable appearance.. In this article, We will explore the story in depth, characteristics and care of Puggles.

Origins of the Puggle

The Puggle It is relatively young compared to other breeds, since their intentional crossing began in the decade of 1980 in the United States. The objective was to combine the best qualities of Beagle and of the Dutch bulldog, thus creating a dog with the energy and sense of smell of the first, along with the friendly personality and distinctive appearance of the second.

Physical Characteristics

Puggles are medium sized dogs, with a compact and robust appearance. They have a round head and floppy ears., inherited mainly from Beagle, while its short and wrinkled snout is characteristic of the Dutch bulldog. Their fur is usually short and dense., with a variety of colors including beige, black, and brindle. Large, expressive eyes add a touch of charm to your appearance.

Playful and Social Personality

One of the reasons why Puggles have become such beloved pets is their friendly and playful personality. They are known for being social dogs that get along well with children and other animals.. Their curious and energetic nature makes them ideal for active families who enjoy constant interaction with their pets..

Essential Care

Despite its robust appearance, the Puggles require specific care to ensure their well-being. Regular exercise is essential to keep your energy level in check and prevent weight-related health problems. It also, Your facial wrinkles require regular cleaning to avoid skin infections. Weekly brushing also helps keep their coat shiny and healthy..

Common Health Challenges

Like all races, the Puggles They may be prone to certain health problems. Their short facial structure can contribute to respiratory problems, and are often susceptible to obesity. Owners should watch for signs of difficulty breathing and maintain a balanced diet and adequate exercise to prevent weight gain..

Conclusions

In conclusion, the Puggle It is a fascinating and charming breed of dog that has won the hearts of many families around the world.. Its unique combination of features Beagle and of the Dutch bulldog makes it distinctive in both appearance and personality. With proper care and attention to your health, Puggles can become loyal and loving companions for those seeking the joy of having a pet in their lives..

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Andalusian Hound
España Not recognized by the FCI

Podenco Andaluz

The Andalusian Hound It is a dog with a lively character and very balanced..

Content

History

Native to the Andalusian region of southern Spain, It is believed that the Andalusian Hound probably descended from the European hunting dog. It had been speculated that it was one of the ancient races represented in the cave paintings of the Iberian Peninsula thousands of years ago., but recent genetic studies have made this theory unlikely.

This breed was not officially recognized in Spain until 1990, when a group of races was created. Due to the lack of any unique distinguishing features and the similarities it shares with other dog breeds, in particular with him Portuguese Podengo, the Andalusian Hound not usually recognized in its own right outside its country of origin.

Traditionally used as hunting dogs, your senses of sight, hearing and smell have developed a lot over the years, and have the ability to withstand the hot and dry conditions of the arid landscape from which they originate. They are known to be successful and methodical hunters.. The Andalusian Hound smallest traditionally hunts hares or rabbits, while the larger variants can be used to hunt wild boar. They usually hunt in packs.

The race not is recognized by the FCI or by no other international Cynological Association given the large number of matches with the standard of the Portuguese Podengo, It causes doubt dealt or not, really, of different races.

Physical characteristics

As in the Portuguese Warren Hound, the Andalusian hound distinguishes three sizes and three types of hair, factors whose combination may cause up to nine different varieties.

Bearing in mind the size varieties are:

  • Great Andalusian Hound
  • Medium-Andalusian Hound
  • Small Andalusian Hound

If we consider the different types of hair, We have the following varieties:

  • Andalusian Hound hair Sardinia or hard.
  • Andalusian hound Solorio or long hair.
  • Andalusian Hound of smooth or short hair.

There is a variety derived from the short-haired medium Andalusian Podenco, which receives the name of Andalusian Hound Maneto, due to its short and sturdy legs, phenomenon known in the field of cynology as bassetismo, alluding to the Basset. Currently the Maneto is accepted as a breed by the RSCE provisionally.

The basic color of the layer is white or cinnamon, either consisting of both colors. The white color exists in its variants silver, mate and ivory; and the cinnamon can vary from clear to cinnamon ignition.

With regard to the size and weight of the three varieties, below we specify:

Height to the cross:

  • Size large: males of 54 to 64 cm and females in 53 to 61 cm..
  • Size medium: males of 43 to 53 cm and females in 42 to 52 cm..
  • Small size: males of 35 to 42 cm and females 32 to 41 cm..

Weight:

  • Size large: 27 kg. (+ – 6 kg).
  • Size medium: 16 kg. (+- 6 kg).
  • Small size: 8 kg. (+ – 3 kg).

The Andalusian Hound, is a harmonic dog, compact, very rustic and well plumbed.

Character and skills

The Andalusian Hound, has a great intelligence, nobility, sociability and is always alert. It is a dog alive and well balanced character, reacts only to important stimuli.

It is a dog fast, par b. Hunt, with an excellent sense of smell and very resistant to fatigue, not mannish before anything, he is methodical and quick in his search, both hunting and in a minor, being an excellent collector's hair or feather, whether in water or rough terrain.

The Andalusian Hound like the other podencos it has a highly developed sense of sight, hearing and smell which makes them good hunters especially when it comes to rabbit hunting.

The shakes of hunting practiced in the center and south of Spain the podencos constitute the nucleus of the rehalas (Group of hunting dogs, whose number ranges from 20 and 24), which are usually made up of large hounds for harassment and some medium-sized specimens such as point or search dogs.

In the small game hunting used medium and girl varieties, either on an individual basis, in pairs or forming arcades (gang of hunting dogs).

One of the most typical functions of the large hound, is that of mascaras, accompanying the colleras of greyhounds during the hunting of the Hare. Its work is, first, getting up and doing the rabona from your bed or hiding out, making it available to the greyhounds and, after finished the lance, remove the piece of the Greyhound to bring it to its owner.

In the Andalusian farmhouses of large size were used as dogs guardians and the girl size as cleaners of rodents.

It is very loving, submissive and fair with the owner, but break that bond in the face of unjust punishment. As well, It has a great capacity for training.

Images “Andalusian Hound”

Videos “Andalusian Hound”

Federations:

  • RSCE – Group 5 Section 7 (Provisionally recognized)

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Pachón Navarro
España Not recognized by the FCI

Pachón Navarro

The Pachón Navarro has a conspicuous split on the nose that is also called a 'double nose'.

Content

History

The Pachón Navarro It is a Spanish breed of dog originating in Navarra, This is a sample dog used in small pen and hair game.

Scholars of the race, the popularity of this breed of dog reached its peak popularity in the pose, especially among the Spanish nobility in the 18th and 19th century. After the Spanish Civil War, the race was on the verge of extinction.

It was then, When a race enthusiasts decided to begin work on the recovery of the same. The first step was to travel the country and locate all the specimens of Pachón Navarro that had survived the social disaster.

That is why, the Pachón Navarro current is the product of the recovery through specimens from the Old Spanish Pointing Dog (Old Spanish Pointer), that is the theory maintained by classical authors during the last centuries.

In fact, Old dog sample Spanish, It is one of the seven breeds that appears as a show dog in the classification carried out by the Royal Canine Society of Spain., in the year 1911.

Within the documentation of its origins, Some theories suggest that the Pachón Navarro descends from the Talbot Hound and other hunting dogs., whose origin dates back to the 12th century.

Currently the Pachón Navarro, still in recovery phase.

Otros nombres: Old Spanish Pointer / Perdiguero Navarro / Pointer Navarro / Pachón de Victoria.

Dogs breeds: Pachón Navarro

Physical characteristics

It is a dog of robust body, rectangular, It has the large head and strong, square muzzle, the limbs are rather short, the trunk is cylindrical and its hair has a hard texture and a misaligned appearance.

It is a large size dog, weighs around 27-33 kilos and has a height the cross of 48 to 57 centimeters.

Pachón Navarro is a hunting dog whose most striking feature is one split in the truffle It is also called 'double nose'.

Apparently, that peculiar nose gives Pachón Navarro heightened olfactory sensitivity, being that one of the reasons why he was chosen as hunting dog.

Its hair short may be the color liver and white, or orange and white. The spots of the head and a large part of the layer are, generally, solid color.

While, in most of the specimens of the breed the short coat predominates, it is possible to find specimens with longer or “sedeño” fur.

Their ears they are long.

The Federation Cynologique Internationale, and the main Cinológicas federations in Europe, they do not recognize Pachón Navarro, as a race official.

Character and skills

Pachón Navarro is a dog Intelligent, quiet, docile. It is very sociable with both humans and other dogs.

Its largest state of happiness is in the field, there he will trot vigorously, giving gala of its wide resistance and its nature of Hunter. If plays his role as Hunter, will be an excellent companion.

Given your Hunter instinct, It is a dog that needs a lot of exercise., you will always have a torrent of energy that you need to expend, even running through the fields.

Anyway, It can adapt to the home life in very affectionate with his family although independent, and You will enjoy a lot being in the open air giving a few good rides.

Observations

You can find extensive information of the race in the web of the Pachón Spanish club.

Pachón Navarro images

Pachón Navarro videos

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Italian Greyhound
Italia FCI 200 . Short-haired Sighthounds

Galgo Italiano

The Italian Greyhound despite being an Italian breed, not widely used in your country.

Content

History

Of ancient origin, the Italian Greyhound He is a descendant of the small sighthounds that were present in the court of the pharaohs of ancient Egypt.

The current breed is believed to have originated in what is now Turkey and Greece.. Although it is not clear if the breed was used as a hunting dog or as a companion dog. (or maybe both), it is clear that he made a strong impression there, to the point that it is represented in many ceramic finds during archaeological excavations.

The breed spread to Italy around the 5th century BC.. Italian Greyhound Remains Found in Pompeii, city ​​buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in the year 79 a.C.

There are few traces of this dog until the Middle Ages, when he became the favorite of the nobility. Although the dog was found in most of Mediterranean Europe, was particularly successful in Italy, where its current name comes from. Once again, the artists of the time chose to pay tribute to him: This time, was immortalized in the paintings of the great masters.

Little by little he conquered northern Europe and arrived in Great Britain in the 16th century., where it soon became popular with the nobility, and was even adopted by some sovereigns. His popularity in Europe grew steadily, peaking in the 19th century, but the conflicts of the first half of the 20th century decimated their ranks.

Fortunately, had already crossed the Atlantic to the United States, to the point that the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1886. Although their number was never very great, it was these American lines that contributed to the post-war revival of the breed. In fact, to reinstate their breeding programs, European breeders (and in particular those of Great Britain) They resorted to importing animals from the United States.

In 1948, the United Kennel Club (UKC) American recognized breed, followed in 1956 by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FC). Today, all the main canine associations recognize the Italian Greyhound, o IG, as it is affectionately known by Anglo fans.

Like this, is present all over the world and enjoys a certain popularity, that tends to grow. in your country of origin, each year more than 300 dogs in the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana, versus less than 200 at the end of the years 200. In United States, ranks 70 (of 195) among the most popular breeds, according to the number of annual registrations in the AKC. In the United Kingdom, registrations are increasing considerably, going from little more than 200 per year around 2010 twice that figure alone 10 years later. The same upward trend is observed in France, where now more than 450 copies per year in the Livre des Origines Français (LOF), in front of some 200 in the decade of 1990 and principles of 2000. In the news, it is the second most popular sighthound breed in the country, far behind the Whippet.

Physical characteristics

The Italian Greyhound has, as the name reflects, the elegant and distinguished look of a miniature greyhound. In fact, It is the smallest of the sighthounds.

Her slender body is almost perfectly square, its length is equal to its height at the withers. Their slender legs, with a refined bone structure, have well-developed musculature, but not bulky. The tail, carried low in its first half and then curved up, it is also very fine.

The head is long, oblong and narrow, sitting on a long, muscular neck, with a diameter greater than that of the skull, which is flat. Its conical snout ends in a black nose, or at least dark. His big round eyes, very expressive, they are rather dark brown. His little ears, carried high, they have fine cartilage and fold in on themselves. When the dog is on the prowl, stands upright and the lobe is placed in a horizontal position, a position called “windlass”.

The mantle of Italian Greyhound has no undercoat and consists of short hair, silky and fine that covers the whole body without fringes. The coat can be any shade of black, gray or isabela (a color between beige and yellow). There may be some white markings on the chest and feet.

Last, sexual dimorphism is very mild: males and females are roughly the same size and weight.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: 32 to 38 cm.
▷ female size: 32 to 38 cm.
▷ Male weight: 5 kg
▷ female weight: 5 kg

Character and skills

The Italian Greyhound He is very affectionate with the members of his family. He likes to spend most of his time with them., either playing, walking, lounging next to you or sneaking under the covers for the night. Can tolerate being left alone relatively well when master is working, especially if you know that you will receive affection and attention when you return. On the other hand, You are likely to suffer from separation anxiety if you have to spend a whole weekend away from your family. It is a dog that needs attention, and is able to spend hours with his master on the living room sofa, but also to follow him with curiosity throughout the house.

No matter how close he is to his family, this dog is very shy in the presence of strangers: after barking to signal its presence, runs and hides to watch from a distance how things are going.

Live very well with young people, who are excellent playmates for him: It is a recommended dog for children. But, children must have learned to behave with an animal and be aware that it is not a toy, to avoid any form of abuse. This is especially true since the miniature size of this dog, attached to their fine and brittle bones, means that accidents can happen very quickly. They should also be careful to speak to you in a calm voice., as he would soon be frightened by loud shouts of joy or exaggerated crying. In any case, regardless of race, the interaction between a dog and a young child should always take place under the supervision of an adult.

The sociability of Italian Greyhound spreads to other animals, so living with them is not usually a problem. But, if the Italian Greyhound must share a home with a larger dog, it is important to ensure that the larger dog does not see the Italian Greyhound like prey or disturb him too violently when playing together. It also, this dog likes to chase everything that moves, what could be a source of stress for a small rodent like a mouse, although it is unlikely that it will actually be attacked.

In fact, the Italian Greyhound is an active dog, who likes to run, jump and play, although, of course, this decreases as you get older. Agility is an ideal dog sport to satisfy your need for exercise. But if you don't have access to the outside, quickly find a clue among the living room furniture, that you can use, for example, to run and jump on the highest furniture. It must be said that this dog shares with cats a special fondness for high places, so it is not uncommon to find him frolicking on the kitchen table or bedroom dresser.

But, they can live well in a flat, as long as they have enough space to exercise for at least an hour a day. But, the owner should be aware that they may have cleaning problems, especially if not taken for walks often enough. Thus, it is recommended that you have access to the outdoors, where he can run and relieve himself before returning to the heat of home, in every sense. As it is difficult for him to contain himself when he feels like it, a dog hatch is ideal so that he can go to the garden independently. This also makes it easy for you to sunbathe in the garden whenever you want., since it is one of his favorite activities. But, the garden must not have gaps through which it can slip and must be fenced with a fence of at least 1,5 m high to prevent it from jumping. In any case, an underground electric fence would not be an effective device, since it is not the download received that would make it go back. In fact, his propensity to run after anything that moves means he can take off quickly as soon as he is given the chance. For the same reason, it is recommended to always carry it on a leash when walking. This is all the more true since it can reach speeds of up to 40 km/h, which makes it very difficult to catch it once it has started.

In this regard, remember that, like all sighthounds, the Italian Greyhound has a neck wider than the head, which makes the usual collars ineffective. There are special collars on the market for this type of dog, but a simple harness can also achieve the desired result.

A little manipulative, the Italian Greyhound tends to do what he wants and can easily guide a master who does not know how to teach him the family hierarchy and who allows himself to be touched by his big eyes. However, is an intelligent dog, who generally likes to please his family. They can teach you some tricks and, in general, he loves games that stimulate him both physically and mentally. In particular, does not tire of looking for a ball and loves any activity that involves searching or chasing an object.

His drive makes him capable of getting into difficult situations, especially when he is young. In fact, This reckless little guy doesn't realize how fragile he is, and many representatives of the breed end up with a broken leg after trying to jump from too high a place.

Last, has a much more powerful voice than its small size suggests. Yes indeed, not a big barker, although he does not hesitate to let himself be heard throughout the neighborhood when he perceives an unknown noise.

education

The education of Italian Greyhound should start asap, placing special emphasis on their socialization. In fact, this is important for this relatively shy dog ​​to get used to people, animals and situations you may face later in life.

Another crucial point in your education is cleanliness.. Your bladder is only as small as your size. So, even with all the goodwill in the world, can't keep it for long. So, it is important to teach him to relieve himself in an agreed place (abroad, If it is possible, or in a litter box inside) and to point out your urgent needs, to be taken into account without delay. But, no homeowner is safe from an accident one day, even with a well-trained adult dog. If this happens, of course, you should avoid punishing your dog, since nothing good will come of it.

Despite your undeniable stubbornness, the training of the Italian Greyhound shouldn't be too difficult: in fact, it is a very suitable breed as a first dog. Positive reinforcement methods are very successful with this breed, who likes to be rewarded for their efforts with treats, encouragement and caresses. On the other hand, traditional dog training techniques do not work well with this dog and are likely to amplify his natural shyness.

On the other hand, even with a good training method and a good coach, you will find it difficult to pay attention for a long time, so it is better to do several short sessions each day than one long session that will bore you and probably not be successful.

Health

The little Italian greyhound is a fairly robust breed, and many of these representatives have more than 15 years.

But, is particularly predisposed to a long list of diseases and conditions:

  • Hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, joint problems that can make walking easier or more difficult;
  • Dislocated kneecap, that affects the ball and causes lameness;
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, hip bone deformity often mistaken for dysplasia, what can make arthritis premature if not done in time;
  • Periodontal problems, for example with bleeding gums or even tooth loss;
  • Progressive retinal atrophy, causing breakdown of eye tissue that could lead to vision loss;
  • Alopecia, total or partial hair loss;
  • cryptorchidism, when one of the testicles of a male individual does not descend into its place;
  • The Hypothyroidism, a thyroid gland disorder responsible for excessive weight gain and listless behavior;
  • Epilepsy, a disease caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain that causes seizures;
  • The glaucoma, excessive increase in pressure inside the eye, causing pain and loss of vision;
  • Vitro-retinal degeneration, characterized by deposits on the retina that resemble snowflakes;
  • The portosystemic shunt, when a vein allows blood to bypass the liver. So it no longer leaks, which causes a lot of problems. Surgery is usually prescribed, with a success rate of 85%;
  • Skin cancer, often caused by excessive sun exposure;
  • Von Willebrand disease, causing blood clotting problems.

This breed is also particularly prone to leg fractures., especially in the radius and ulna (Paws). In fact, its fine structure is not as resistant as sometimes seems to be imagined, so much so that his reckless side can often lead to an accident.

It also, this breed seems particularly sensitive to organic phosphate insecticides. So, it is necessary to carefully choose the products used inside the house and / or in the garden.

The Italian Greyhound you may also be allergic to certain anesthetics and barbiturates. This point should be discussed with the veterinarian before any operation..

Finally, with its small size and short fur, It is a canine breed that fears cold and bad weather. If you live outside the house, what is not recommended, need adequate shelter. It also, it is useful to dress him in a dog windbreaker on walks when it rains, or a sweater if the air is cold.

On the other hand, even if you particularly appreciate this, we need to make sure you don't spend too much time in the sun in the summer, because it is quite prone to skin problems. So, it is advisable to keep it in the shade, or at least put on a dog sunscreen.

Life expectancy

Of 13 to 14 years

Grooming

The Italian Greyhound it is a very easy breed to care for.

In fact, its short coat only requires a quick weekly brushing to keep it shiny. They shed very little and do not have a noticeable molting period during which molting might require more regular maintenance..

That is why they are considered a hypoallergenic breed of dog.. Having said that, remember that there is no zero risk: someone allergic to dogs should take the time to check in real conditions that there are no problems with the animal they are considering adopting. But, a dog that sheds very little, as is the case of the Italian greyhound, has an effectively reduced risk of transmitting allergens.

In any case, brushing the dog's hair once a week is usually enough to clean it: unless it has been rolled up in a sticky or smelly substance, it is usually not necessary to bathe him.

To complete this weekly session, you have to check your teeth, eyes and ears and clean them if necessary. Pay special attention to your teeth and gums to check for any inflammation that could be a sign of periodontal disease., since it is a health problem to which it is more prone than other dogs.

Last, check that its claws are not too long, and if they are, you have to cut them, as there is a risk that you will be hindered in your movements and / or hurt. But, this is not necessarily a problem with a very active dog, as natural wear and tear can take care of it.

Food

The Italian Greyhound you have no difficulty choosing your food, and commercial dog food is doing well. So that you receive all the nutrients and vitamins necessary for your good health, food must be of good quality and adapted to their size and age.

It's important to stick to the manufacturer's recommended daily amounts to make sure you don't overeat. If your dog receives treats, especially as part of their training, the corresponding caloric intake should be deducted from your daily allowance to avoid weight gain.

In general, a responsible owner who cares about keeping his dog healthy should monitor his diet and weight by weighing him regularly. If you have a slip, do not wait to correct the situation: in general, just reduce your servings and give you more exercise. If that is not the case, it is advisable to consult a veterinarian to rule out a possible health problem and establish a more appropriate diet.

On the other hand, remember that the Italian Greyhound is a naturally slimmer breed than many others: do not be alarmed by it, or try to remedy it by increasing your diet.

Price “Italian Greyhound”

The price of a puppy Italian Greyhound round the 1000 EUR.

But, this average price hides a rather large disparity, since the fork goes from 700 to 1.400 EUR. The difference from one subject to another is largely explained by their physical characteristics., more or less close to the norm. Lineage is important too: a puppy whose parents or other ancestors have received honors at various dog shows is bound to fetch a higher price. Sex also influences, as females tend to be slightly more expensive than males.

Characteristics "Italian Greyhound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Italian Greyhound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Italian Greyhound"

Photos:

1 – A male of Italian Greyhound by christina, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – A female of Italian Greyhound llamada Sakura by tanakawho, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Enzo, a Italian Greyhound called Enzo by madaise
4 – Italian Greyhound by Mark Robinson
5 – Italian Greyhound by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-galgo-italiano-lindo-mascota-3810479/
6 – dogs of Italian Greyhound by Italian_Greyhound_Puppies.jpg: Jim or Katie McClartyderivative work: Anka Friedrich, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Italian Greyhound"


Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 10: Section 3: Short-haired Sighthounds
  • Standard CCC (Canadian Kennel Club / Canadian Kennel Club)
  • Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana –


FCI breed standard "Italian Greyhound"

FCIFCI - Italian Greyhound
Petit

Alternative names:

1. (Italian: Piccolo levriero Italiano), Italian Sighthound (English).
2. Petit lévrier italien (French).
3. Italian Greyhound (German).
4. (em italiano: Piccolo levriero italiano), Piccolo levriero italiano (Portuguese).
5. Piccolo, Galgo Italiano, Lebrel italiano (español).

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Pekingese
China Inglaterra FCI 207 . Japan Chin and Pekingese

Pekinés

The Pekingese She loves being the center of attention and will ask to be integrated in all family activities.

Content

History

The Pekingese or Pequinés It is a breed of companion dog, developed in China. This small breed of dog is a native of the East Asian area, and is considered a departure from the mythical shaggy dogs of Tibet. Referral after referral, known in Korean prints first official documentation of ago 4.000 years, and others from the 8th century immersed in the Imperial Court of China, in the middle of H'ang Dynasty.

For the Empire, this animal arose in a mythological era, and here is a small paragraph about this origin: “-Lovely in love with a little monkey, the Lion King sought permission to marry her God magician Hai Ho. -If you are willing to sacrifice your strength and your size, I give my consent, It was the answer of the god.

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Pug
China Gran Bretaña FCI 253 . Small Molossian type Dogs

The Pug It is a friendly and affectionate dog with other dogs and with people.

Pug

Content

Characteristics "Pug"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Pug" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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History

The Pug or Dutch bulldog (also known as Chinese Pug, Mops, Puggu) is a breed of dog miniature with wrinkled face and a body of small to medium-sized, originating in China.

This breed is often summed up as “multum en parvo” (much in little), describing the personality of the Pug related to its small size.

The word “Pug” It may come from old English Pugg, it is an affectionate adjective it would be something like a little playful demon or monkey. Pug puppies are called Puglets.

The breed of dog Pug, has very ancient origins. It was raised and selected in China, country where he was the favorite dog of officials, It is also a very popular in Holland and England breed of dog.

In fact, England claimed the patronage of la raza, since they had carried out excellent selection work for years. Finally, part of the patronage of the race was awarded to Great Britain.

This wrinkled and funny puppy, He was a faithful companion of the ladies of the 19th century in Italy.

As almost all dog breeds, it knew how to have its difficult moments, especially when the world wars took place, but it has not been on the verge of extinction like others.

Today the breed Pug it is highly appreciated in almost every corner of the world.

Did you know??

Among the rich and famous are admirers of the Pug King Louis XIV, Josefina, Empress of Napoleon, Queen Victoria, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor and fashion designer Valentino.

Physical characteristics

It is a dog under, solid square and compact appearance, well proportioned and muscular; the head, large, rounded and solid appearance, is covered with folds; the muzzle is square and flat; the eyes, large, bulging, they are dark; It has straight legs and looped collector queue. The hair is tight, smooth and shiny.

The Pug or Dutch bulldog can be silver or soft apricot with a black mask, in both cases it presents a black stripe that goes from head to tail; It can also be pure black or white which is the more scarce and expensive of all.

It measures each 30 cm to cross and weighs between 6 and 8 kg. His confident nature, docile and friendly makes the Pug an appreciated companion animal. The Pug is particularly a dog “with sense of humor”, exhibiting very human facial expressions given its bone structure. Due to its striking appearance, some people tend to think that the characteristics of the Pug are the result of genetic manipulation or inbreeding.. But, the characteristics of the Pug are similar in the last five hundred years, period in which Europeans began it importing from China.

The Pug's tail has a characteristic spiral or letter shape “Q”. This variation in the way of the tail is due to the vertebrae in this portion of the column are actually hemivertebra. In some few puppies, This alteration of the shape can be extended to the rest of the column and the animal presents spina bifida.. The spine of the animal must feel before purchasing to avoid choosing a sick puppy. An animal that suffers from this malformation should not be reproduced in order to not pass this problem to their offspring.

Given the shape of the skull, the eyes of the Pug have a bouncy and lively appearance. To find the eyes located above, they are more exposed to friction with plants and objects to the eyes of other animals, and it is advisable to take them to the vet as soon as possible if they have an injury. It is recommended that the owners of the Pug clean the eyes of the animal once a week with a clean cotton moistened with cold boiled water or cold tea, in order to remove secretions or dirt.
The characteristic wrinkles of the face can also accumulate secretions and dirt. It is recommended at least once a week clean gently between wrinkles using the same method. It is not necessary to apply SOAP, creams or other substances. Simple toilet is enough and to spare.

The Pug is a short hair dog, tends to constantly pelechar, so his tenure is not recommended for persons allergic or asthmatic. They have a characteristic pungent odor that may bother some people, but that decreases a bath every couple of weeks.

The biggest health problem presented by the Pug is one that is completely preventable and treatable, and that depends entirely of the OWNER. This disease is the OBESITY. A Pug it receives proper care can live more than fourteen years, Although on average they tend to live around ten.

One 1% Puppy can reach presenting a degenerative neurological disease called Pug encephalitis (or tap for its acronym in English). This disease is lethal and has no known cure. For this reason dogs must not be reproduced within the two years, in order to not transmit the gene to their offspring. Last year of life it is very unlikely that the Pug will have this disease.

Character and skills

The Pug aren't aggressive animals. Like any dog, they can bite, but it is very rare that this happens without the animal mistreatment. The Pug do honor to his motto “Multum in parvo” and they do not amilanan to larger breeds dogs, which you can get into trouble.

Before humans, the Pug tend to be playful and seek interaction. However can be apprehensive to strangers, and with their barking to announce the presence of unknown people. Although its size are not guard dogs, If they are good “alert dogs”.

The Pug show a moderate level of intelligence, being able to use their short snouts and front paws to obtain objects out of reach. They sometimes tend to stubbornness, and do not necessarily come when you are called, but rather when crave it. Despite this, they do not go far from their owners and prefer their company to that of other dogs..

During the first years of life Pug may occasionally be hyperactive (run, jumping and barking constantly) but this characteristic tends to disappear over the years. The Pug 5 and older tend to be calmer and enjoy the chairs more than the street.

There is a tendency to believe that Pug they are animals “sickly”, which is very far from reality. One Pug healthy will be energetic and playful, and even a bit hyperactive in its first years of life. Its solid structure makes they tolerate well the game with children and adults, and its particularly hard head can cause bumps and falls in young children and older adults.

The Pug It's a small animal, and although strong, requires very little food. But, being a pet, owners tend to supercharge them and share their food with them. This must not be. The Pug can perfectly feed on a cup of dry food in the morning and a cup at night, and you won't go hungry or require any extra supplements.

An obese Pug is not a Pug “beautiful”, on the contrary, It is an animal that sick because you can not breathe well, be it exhausted easily and will begin to suffer from problems in the spine and joints. A Pug fed healthy is, on the other hand, a robust animal, with his sharp and clearly visible muscles under the skin. A healthy Pug can run as fast as any other dog, and you can skip two or three times its own height. While the animal enjoys eating meals extras and receive “prizes” occasionally, is task of the owner to ensure that the quantity and quality of food that consumes is adequate.

Images “Pug”

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Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC


  • FCI breed standard "Pug"

    FCIFCI - Pug
    Pug

    Alternative names:

    1. Chinese pug, Dutch mastiff (English).
    2. Pug (French).
    3. Pug (German).
    4. Carlin, Mops (Portuguese).
    5. Pug chino, Mops, Pug carlino, Doguillo (español).

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    Continental Toy Spaniel
    Francia Bélgica FCI 77 . Continental Toy Spaniel and others

    Papillón

    The Continental Toy Spaniel He was recognized by the AKC in 1935. The variety of drooping ears is called Phalène.

    Content

    History

    The Continental Toy Spaniel (in French: Butterfly), water dog is a breed of dog of the type. One of the oldest of the Toy Spaniel, It is named after its resemblance to the butterfly, in its ears, large with long hair and fringes, It emulates open wings of a butterfly.

    The history of Continental Toy Spaniel is traced through various works of art. The first Toy Spaniels which resembles the Continental Toy Spaniel you are in italy. Vicelli Tiziano painted these small dogs in many famous paintings, about 1500, as the Venus of Urbino (1542). Other renowned artists to have painted these small dogs are Watteau, González Coke, Fragonard, Paolo Veronese, and Mignard.

    A painting of the Wallace Collection, London, appears a Continental Toy Spaniel portrayed with the family of Louis XIV. As well, Papillon dogs appear in paintings of European royal families and the families of merchants of the time paintings. The race was very popular in England, France and Belgium, which are considered countries of origin by the FCI.

    The history of Continental Toy Spaniel and its long association with royalty have led to many stories about the breed. Marie Antoinette is said to have gone to the guillotine, clinging to her small dog under her arm, a Continental Toy Spaniel. But, Tradition says that Marie Antoinette's dog was a small dog belonging to the Water Dogs which had been brought to the French court from Spain on the back of pack mules. according to history, her puppy was saved and was treated in a building in Paris that, currently called the Papillon House.

    The Continental Toy Spaniel He was recognized by the AKC in 1935. In the news, the Continental Toy Spaniel can be seen competing in obedience and agility.

    Physical characteristics

    Colors

    • S – black and white
    • S – Lemon and white
    • S – White and Red
    • S – Sable and white
    • S – Black and white as

    Colors

    • A – Brown black and white
    • A – Black red and white
    • A – Brown and white
    • A – Black & Fawn
    • A – Red

    Colors

    • A – Red, Sable and white
    • A – Sand
    • A – White
    • A – White and Brown
    • A – Silver and white

    Markings

    • A – Black marks
    • A – Mask black
    • A – red marks
    • A – Sand
    • A – the marks fire
    Phalène
    PHALENE, Vittoria’s Come Along

    To the Continental Toy Spaniel with floppy ears it is called Phalène (from French: moth). His small head is slightly rounded. The snout is a little short, fine, narrowing towards the nose. The eyes are dark, size medium, round, with a thin black border that, often extends into the Union of the eyelids to ears. The large ears may be erect or fall with the rounded tips.

    They have the long tail of high insertion, covered with long, fine hair. The hair is smooth, long, fine, a single layer, and on the chest, the ears and the back of the queue have longer hair, as if it were a wheel.

    The color of the coat is white with patches of any color. A mask of a color other than white covers both ears and the eyes from back to front..

    The most distinctive of Continental Toy Spaniel it's his big fringed ears, It seems to the wings of a butterfly. They can also be registered, the American Kennel Club supports the following colors and markings, the types specified as S-standard, or A-alternative for use in shows and competitions:

    There are two variations of this race, that of the fully erect ears of the Continental Toy Spaniel more common, and the lop-eared Spaniel type (ears of Phalène). But, the American Kennel Club and the International Cynological Federation consider variation Phalène and the Continental Toy Spaniel common, as the same race. The height is of 20 to 28 cm., and the weight of approximately 3.5 kg.

    Observations

    in brood, a specimen of the variety should never be crossed Continental Toy Spaniel with variety Phalène, because there is a considerable risk that arise with ears semierguidas either mixed puppies.

    This detail, It must be taken into account for those people who wish to participate in show ring since that difference in the ears is penalized as a serious lack.

    Character and skills

    The temperament of Continental Toy Spaniel is very affectionate, docile and even at times, absorbent.

    Is - by definition- a service dog is will be looking for pampering continuously, which makes it an ideal dog for older people, Since his love everyday waste and their small size are an infallible weapon against loneliness.

    In general, is a quiet dog, is very patient and just ladra.

    It adapts with total tranquility to any situation, the only thing that will interest him is to be next to his owner.

    While they will not display aggressiveness to strangers, nor give exaggerated signs of love. They should not be shy or aggressive, that is not common in the breed.

    They need a daily walk. The game really like, and it is good that there is time for fun, but long walks are necessary to be a good state of health.

    Life expectancy Continental Toy Spaniel round the 16 years.

    Y, as last detail, is an excellent Hunter of mice.

    Education

    The globally obedient and loyal character of the Continental Toy Spaniel makes you a good candidate for a first adoption. In particular, his intelligence makes him quickly understand and memorize the association between orders and actions. This makes it easier to learn the basic commands, but it also makes him an ideal student for a master who wants to go further and teach his dog tricks. Very intelligent, the dog Continental Toy Spaniel trains easily.

    But, to use your intelligence and learn, must be willing to do it. In fact, pampered and treated like a prince for centuries, has maintained a certain propensity to do only what he wants. So, special emphasis should be placed on learning obedience early in your education, as it is the key to unlocking everything else and exploiting its full potential. But, it's not a matter of rushing: given its sensitivity and its closeness to its humans, punishing the dog for being recalcitrant would have every chance of backfiring, by weakening the bond that binds him to his master. Better to see it upside down, and reward him (with stimuli, treats or even caresses) every time he does what is expected of him. This is the very basis of the positive dog training method., and the value you place on everything that comes from your human referent only makes the use of rewards more effective. Like this, knowing how to show firmness (and if patience is necessary) to set and enforce limits upon arrival at home, it is better to share beauty with gentleness and rewards to make your education a success.

    It also, the fact that he is sociable both with humans and with other animals does not exempt him from being socialized from his earliest age, at the risk of behaving differently. Make you meet lots of people (friends, neighbors, delivery man, veterinary…) and get used to meeting other animals (dogs, cats, rodents, birds…) it is essential to avoid any tendency to aggression once he is an adult and to hope to at least partially curb his hunting instinct. At the same time, exposing him to all kinds of noises and smells in all kinds of places allows him to be calm and balanced afterwards, and therefore perfectly capable of finding and holding its place alongside humans.

    Health

    Despite her fragile appearance, the Continental Toy Spaniel it is generally quite robust. Most people have few health problems and enjoy a good life expectancy, at least equal to that of other dogs of this structure.

    His coat lacking undercoat, However, makes it little resistant to cold. On the other hand, has less difficulty in strong heat.

    The health problems to which you are particularly predisposed are:

    • hereditary cerebellar ataxia, a rare genetic disorder whose outcome is usually fatal;
    • progressive retinal atrophy, which gradually causes the dog's weight due to neuronal degeneration of the eye responsible for vision.It is an incurable hereditary disease;
    • the opening of the fontanel, when a soft spot on the top of the head does not close completely.This genetic problem means that a head injury can be fatal;
    • von Willebrand's disease, an inherited condition that affects platelets and leads to a bleeding disorder: Therefore, a simple cut can cause excessive bleeding;
    • patellar luxation, which can cause pain in the knee of the animal and promote the development of arthrosis. Continental Toy Spaniel explains why you are predisposed to this problem;
    • the waterfall, giving the eye a milky or crystalline appearance, and can cause blindness. In some cases, corrected by surgery;
    • entropion, a malformation of the eyelid that causes painful lesions of the cornea in the animal;
    • collapsed windpipe, an irreversible condition that causes breathing problems and worsens over time;
    • follicular dysplasia of the black hairs, a skin condition that causes hair loss (alopecia);
    • dental problems, like all dogs of this size., the small size of its mouth favors the formation of tartar, and all the troubles that go with it (gingivitis,periodontosis…);
    • broken bones, especially in puppies, that are particularly fragile and must be handled with care;
    • hypoglycemia, which is characterized by a decrease in blood sugar levels. The animal is then in a state of great weakness and fatigue. In the most severe cases, may fall into a coma.

    The fact that many of these conditions are inherited underscores the difference that adopting from a serious breeder Continental Toy Spaniel.In fact, a professional worthy of the name should be able to provide not only a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian, as well as the details of the vaccinations received by the animal (recorded in your health record or immunization record), but also and especially the results of the genetic tests carried out on the parents or the child on these diseases.

    Having said that, making sure you adopt a healthy puppy is of little interest if you don't do everything you can to keep it that way. In this sense, prevention plays a fundamental role: wear it regularly (At least once a year) to a veterinarian for a health check allows, in particular, make sure you are up to date on your vaccinations, but also detect a possible problem as soon as possible.

    Life expectancy

    Of 14 to 15 years

    Grooming

    Although the Continental Toy Spaniel it's a long-haired dog, the absence of undercoat makes their coat relatively easy to maintain. In fact, this particularity implies that very little is detached, except during their molting periods, in spring and autumn. Daily brushing is necessary during these periods, but twice a week is more than enough the rest of the time.

    As long as the coat is brushed enough, does not tend to get dirty or smell bad. So, unless it got especially dirty, wash the dog 2 or 3 times a year is usually enough. Always use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, since the pH of your skin is not the same as that of humans.

    As in the case of any dog, their ears should be checked and cleaned once a week to reduce the risk of infection.

    Since they are especially prone to eye diseases, your eyes should also be thoroughly cleaned weekly.

    It also, regular tooth brushing, at least once a week, It is essential to limit the formation of tartar and avoid all the risks that this entails. Do not neglect this maintenance, as it is prone to dental problems.

    Last, your nails grow quickly: therefore, generally need to be cut once a month. Otherwise, run the risk of disturbing or even breaking and injuring you.

    Of course, all coat maintenance, the eyes, the ears, the dog's teeth and nails should not be done randomly: it is important to know how to proceed. It is important to know how to do it well. The first time, It may help to see a veterinarian or professional groomer to learn how to do this..

    It also, so that the sessions go as well as possible, it is important to accustom your pet to all these manipulations from an early age.

    Food

    The Continental Toy Spaniel can be fed industrial dog food, as long as it is of good quality and adapted to their age, size and activity level, so that it provides you with all the nutrients you need.

    Even if your dog is not predisposed to being overweight due to his activity level, you have to make sure that his daily intake does not exceed his needs and weigh him regularly, for example, Once a month. In the event that a discrepancy is confirmed or even worsens from one moment to the next, it doesn't take long to take him to a vet: he will be able to identify the medical origin (disease, side effect of a medication…) or dietary origin (unsuitable products or given in excessively large quantities) of the problem, and define how to remedy it. By the way, It's important to put attention on 300 or 400 grams of extra is not much for a human, but they represent for a small dog like Continental Toy Spaniel a significant percentage of your weight, and therefore clearly require to be alarmed.

    By the way, treats can work wonders in the context of your education, but they can also work against you by promoting weight gain if given in large amounts. To limit this risk, the ideal is to deduct your caloric intake from your daily ration. Last, like any dog, the Continental Toy Spaniel must have access to clean, fresh water at all times.

    Use

    Unlike many dog ​​breeds that were originally developed for hunting or herding, the Continental Toy Spaniel has served from the beginning as an ideal companion dog, being gentle, affectionate and calm. From the 15th century, they were the perfect companion of noble ladies in the royal courts of Europe.

    This role of faithful companion dog is still the most frequent today, and needs to be very close to his family. But, not to be confused with a lap dog that spends most of its time sleeping: has a lot of energy, and needs a master active enough to allow him to spend it every day.

    His past and present success as a companion dog owes much to his attractive appearance.. It's no wonder that many owners try to display them at dog shows, so it is common to find them as sample dogs.

    His intelligence and physical abilities are above average for a dog of his size., which makes them ideal competitors in dog sports such as agility, the flyball, obedience and rally-obedience.

    It also, His level of vigilance and the fact that he is not one of those who spend hours sleeping during the day make him a good alert dog., that does not stop warning in case of unusual presence.

    Last, His closeness to humans and ability to quickly become friends with them combine with his sensitivity to make him an excellent therapy dog., gifted to calm the most fragile people with his simple presence. They can be found in hospitals, mental health centers and rehabilitation centers.

    How much does a “Continental Toy Spaniel”?

    The price of a puppy Continental Toy Spaniel it's average 1200 EUR.

    But, there may be a more or less important difference from one individual to another, based on your lineage, the prestige of the kennel from which they come, its intrinsic characteristics (and, in particular, of its greater or lesser conformity with the standard, which means that within the same litter there may be significant price differences), as well as their sex, since females tend to cost more than males.

    Characteristics "Continental Toy Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Continental Toy Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Images “Continental Toy Spaniel”

    Videos “Continental Toy Spaniel”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9: Section 9: Continental Toy Spaniel and others
    • AKCToy
    • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
    • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
    • ​KC – Toy
    • NZKCToy
    • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


    FCI breed standard "Continental Toy Spaniel"

    FCIFCI - Continental Toy Spaniel
    Continental Toy Spaniel

    Alternative names:

    1. Epagneul Nain Continental, Papillon, Butterfly dog, Squirrel dog (English).
    2. Papillon (French).
    3. Ursprünglich Epagneul Nain Continenta, Schmetterlingshündchen, Papillon und Phalène, Für den Papillon (German).
    4. Borboleta, Papillon (Portuguese).
    5. Epagneul papillón, Spaniel continental enano, Spaniel Continental enano de compania (español).

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    Petit Brabançon
    Bélgica FCI 82 . Petit Brabançon

    Petit Brabançon

    The Petit Brabançon is the least known of the “Small Belgian Dogs”.

    Content

    History

    The Petit Brabançon has common origins with the Griffon Bruxellois and the Griffon belge. All three breeds are descended from a small wire-haired dog, the Smousje, originally from Brussels.

    In the 19th century, crosses with him Cavalier King Charles spaniel (Ruby) and the Pug they brought the black and short fur and fixed the type.

    These alert little dogs were bred to guard carriages and keep rodents out of stables..

    Photo: Petit Brabançon by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Petit Brabançon is a small companion dog, Intelligent, balanced, alert, proud and robust, practically square in shape, with good bone, but also elegant in his gait and complexion, drawing attention with his almost human expression.

    Shelter:

    The Petit Brabançon has a short coat. The coat is rough, closed and bright, and does not exceed 2 cm..

    The same colors as in the Griffon belge and Griffon Bruxellois (red, black, black and tan). Has a dark mask. The gray in the mask of older dogs will not be penalized.

    Some white hair on the chest is tolerated in all three breeds, but it is not sought.

    Weight:

    of 3,5 to 6 kg.

    Character and skills

    The Petit Brabançon he is a balanced puppy, alert, proud, very attached to his master and very vigilant. neither shy nor aggressive.

    Characteristics "Petit Brabançon"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Petit Brabançon" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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    Images "Petit Brabançon"

    Photos:

    1 – PePetit Brabançon: BEL, NED, GER, INT Champion “Gaystock Le Pas De Tout”. Photo: Hans Bleeker by Hans Bleeker, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – PETIT BRABANCON, Flor de Canelas Head Over Heals MyDOG, nordens största hundevenemang by Svenska Mässan from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Petit Brabancon; Robbins Uranos – Gucci by Maria Michaelsson, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – “Petit Brabançon” by Ger Dekker
    5 – “Petit Brabançon” by Lusadi, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – “Petit Brabançon” by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Petit Brabançon"

    Beatrice and Hugo Petit Brabancon 2
    Sitting comfortably on the bedroom rug, a family of Petit Brabançon play together with great complicity.
    Petit Brabançon:Flamby. 3 month

    Petit Brabançon de 3 meses

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 9: Section 3.2 Petit Brabançon
    • AKCToy
    • ANKC – Group 1 – (Toy)
    • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
    • ​KC – Toy
    • NZKCToy
    • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


    FCI breed standard "Petit Brabançon"

    FCIFCI - Petit Brabançon
    Petit

    Alternative names:

    1. Petit Brabançon, Small Brabant Griffon (English).
    2. Petit brabançon (French).
    3. Petit brabançon (German).
    4. (em francês: petit brabançon) (Portuguese).
    5. Petit brabançon (español).