Russkiy Toy
Rusia FCI 352 . Continental Toy Spaniel and others

Russkiy Toy

The Russkiy Toy he is incredibly loving and close to his family, with which you want to spend as much time as possible.

Content

History

The “Russkiy Toy” it is a recent breed of dog, but its history began in the 18th century, in Russia, with the importation of many English Toy Terrier. One of them was even adopted by Emperor Peter I the Great (1672-1725), during the last years of his life and his reign.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, the popularity of Toy Terrier rose among the Russian aristocracy. They became an essential element, and at the beginning of the 20th century they had clearly become a symbol of prestige. Participating in cultural events and social gatherings with a well-behaved little dog became the norm of the good society of the time.

Although many of these dogs were imported from Great Britain, most were born in Russia, and a loose breeding program had already begun to gradually differentiate them from their ancestors. Present at Russian dog shows for some time, they began to officially call each other Russian toy terriers at an exhibition held in St. Petersburg in 1907, where they were exposed 11 specimens.

The revolution of 1917 I was going to change things: associated with the aristocracy, the Russian Toy Terrier experienced a sudden and brutal decline, that left him on the brink of extinction. A few breeders tried to preserve the breed, but they faced many difficulties at a time when dog breeding was run by the regime, which instead encouraged the development of dogs that could be used by the military.

The death of Josef Stalin in 1953 eased restrictions and some Moscow breeders, St. Petersburg, Svendlosk and Irkutsk were able to revive the breed. But after 40 years, there were no more specimens with perfectly known ancestry and pure characteristics, so they had to start from scratch, from individuals with characteristics similar to those previously known.

The year 1958 marked a turning point for the breed, when a guy named Chicky was born with long hair and fringed ears and tail. Until then, all representatives of the breed had a smooth and short coat. The breeder Yevghenina Zharova wanted to preserve these characteristics and crossed it with a female with a coat longer than average and started a specific breeding program. His initiative was crowned with success: starting at 1966 and the creation of a specific standard, these dogs were considered as belonging to a breed other than the Russian Toy Terrier and they were called Moscow Long Haired Toy Terrier.

The year 1988 marked another turning point, because the Russian Cynological Federation (RKF), the reference organization in Russia, then decided to unify short hair and long hair again under the same standard, considering them as two varieties of the same breed.

In the following years, after the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, the first copies of Russian Toy Terrier They were able to go out to conquer Europe and the breed began to develop, particularly in Finland and the Eastern countries.

However, the opening of the borders also brought about the entry of new breeds into Russia, who replaced local dogs in the hearts of dog lovers. As a result, in the Decade of 1990, this dog was again on the brink of extinction in Russia. However, on the one hand, it had already been imposed abroad and, for another, Russian breeders managed to maintain a sufficient gene pool in their country to keep the breed healthy.

In the first decade of 2000, things sped up. In 2006, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognized the breed provisionally and gave it the official name of Russkiy Toy, removing the name of Terrier. Two years later, in 2008, a breed club was founded in the United States (Russian Toy Club of America), and that same year the United Kennel Club (UKC) American also accepted the breed. El American Kennel Club (AKC) did the same in 2010 by including it in your Foundation Stock Service (FSS), a step prior to full recognition.

In 2017, the Russkiy Toy obtained the definitive recognition of the FCI, as well as the famous Kennel Club (KC) British. In fact, today it is recognized by most of the large national canine organizations – is the case, in particular, del Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), for example.

Today, the AKC is present in almost all of Europe, but it is still rare in the United States, which explains why the final recognition of the AKC is still pending.

In Great Britain, annual records around the KC have been around 50 since the acceptance of the breed in 2017.

This figure is higher in France, where they were registered between 100 and 150 births in the French Book of Origins (LOF) in 2010, which shows that this dog, although it remains relatively discreet in the country, has managed to find its audience.

Photo: A Russkiy Toy of 20 meses by Skest at German Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Russkiy Toy bears his name well, as it belongs to the smallest dog breeds in the world on the particular sides of the Chihuahua, of which shares several characteristics.

Its square body with a raised belly is higher at the neck than the rump. The extremities, of fine bones and lean muscles, they are quite long, giving the impression that they are high on the legs. The tail is relatively short, carried in the shape of a sickle or saber, and fringed in the case of long-haired dogs. In areas where tail docking is permitted, docked tail is accepted, as long as a stump is left with 2 - 4 vertebrae.

The head is small in proportion to the body, with a clearly marked stop. The muzzle is pointed and ends in a preferably black nose. The eyes are large, round and very expressive. your colour must be as darkest as possible. The ears, which are a distinctive feature of the breed, They are set high and sustained. Big and thin, they form two isosceles triangles in the skull. The long-haired variety is covered with long, thick hair that falls in a plume shape.

This dog has no undercoat. However, upper hair differs from dog to dog, to the point that there are two varieties of the breed: the one with straight hair is short, smooth and shiny, while the one with long hair has a medium length (of 3 - 5 cm.). The latter also have fringes on the ears and on the tail., that cover the entire outside of the ear when mature.

Multiple coat colors are allowed: black and tan, Brown and fire, Blue and fire, lilac and fire, and red with blue, brown or black. There are also some smooth dogs: his fur is red, leonado or cream. The most common color is black and tan.

Last but not least, there is no real sexual dimorphism in this breed: males and females are roughly the same size and appearance.

Size and weight

Size: 20 – 28 cm.
Weight: 1 – 3 kg

Varieties

National and international canine associations usually distinguish between two varieties of Russkiy Toy: the of smooth hair, sometimes called shorthair, and the of Long-haired. Although it is not usual, since the breeders of Russkiy Toy they usually specialize in one or the other, these varieties can be crossed: then mixed litters are obtained, composed of both short-haired and long-haired individuals.

The long-haired variety, with its specific fringes on the ears, is the most sought after by fans, and also the most common. It has a semi-long coat (between 3 and 5 cm.) in the body, while the tail and ears are covered with a long and thick fur that forms characteristic fringes.

The straight hair variety, on the other hand, has a short smooth shiny looking top coat. Historically, the first representatives of the breed were all short-haired.

None of the varieties of Russkiy Toy has undercoat. In general, apart from its fur, are perfectly identical in character and physical characteristics.

Character and skills

The Russkiy Toy he is incredibly loving and close to his family, with which you want to spend as much time as possible. Your attachment can even turn into possessiveness and, if i wasn't well socialized, can be overtly threatening (insofar as your size allows) towards those who get too close to their master. He also tends to distrust strangers, at least at the beginning: if you see that they are invited to the house, quickly curious to know more about them.

If you are able to stay alone for a few hours, will quickly become anxious if absent for a long time (especially if this happens almost every day) and can then behave destructively. The presence of a small companion in the home can be a pertinent solution to help you not see time pass when your master is at work and reduce the risk of separation anxiety.. Usually, your pet will get along with other animals, already be partners, cats, rodents or reptiles, and this is usually the case even with those who do not live in your house. However, be careful not to be disturbed or scared by this barking and hyperactive puppy. And don't forget that a cat is usually much bigger, quick and better armed in case of discussion…

In any case, lives perfectly in an apartment, as long as your need for exercise is met. The latter is also relatively consistent due to its size., since it is necessary to travel it at least half an hour a day. In other words, carry you in a bag, in a dog stroller or even in the arms of its owner is not the best gift that can be given, since you need to stretch your legs. However, if you live in a house with a garden in the country, it can be dangerous to leave it alone in the garden, because its size makes it a potential prey for many wild animals: birds Raptors, foxes, weasels…

Like other miniature dog breeds, not really aware of the latter, so it is able to put itself in dangerous situations. No doubt, for example, to provoke a dog that weighs more than 20 times its weight, without worrying about the possible consequences. Therefore, it is better to lead him on a leash when he goes out and teach him to curb his burning.

To the smart Russkiy Toy he likes to be stimulated intellectually. Dog games and puzzles can be a great way to keep him busy while his owners are out and about., and loves to learn new tricks. You can also participate in dog sports such as obedience and agility, but its small size makes it difficult to compete.

On the other hand, not recommended for families with young children. In effect, its small size and its fragility mean that it can be easily mistreated by the little ones, and the accident risks are very real – for the two protagonists, In addition. You can be seriously injured by a small car thrown at you in a moment of anger, just as he can respond by biting if his tail or ears are pulled. In addition, a dog should never be left alone unsupervised with a young child, and that is valid whatever your race.

Last but not least, the Russkiy Toy barks often. Its high-pitched voice is an excellent alarm in case of threat, but it is also likely to quickly anger the neighbors.

Education

Like all its fellow men, the Russkiy Toy needs to be socialized from the first weeks. This is all the more important as you tend to be cautious: only successful socialization can allow you to become a sociable and balanced adult. Therefore, need to meet many people (family, friends…) but also other animals, be it dogs, cats or rodents.

The fact that he is intelligent and likes to be liked greatly facilitates his education. Learning to clean and remember orders is usually not a problem. If the family is patient and firm, it is possible to go much further, since they can also learn many tricks.

Positive reinforcement is the best method to reach and educate the best possible Russkiy Toy. The moods, caresses and treats are real motivations for him, and quickly learns to do everything possible to satisfy his Master.

In fact, the Russkiy Toy It is a breed of dog adapted for a beginner, but his master must never forget that a dog needs a leader to direct it. This role of leader, it is he who must exercise it. Your partner needs limits, which must be immutable, taxes from a very young age and consistent over time, as well as from one family member to another. If he is allowed to do what he wants when he is little, or if the rules are different depending on the day of the week or the person, you don't know what to expect and your behavior is affected.

It is about the famous “the small dog syndrome”, common to all miniature breeds: little by little adopts unacceptable attitudes (do not leave space on the sofa, growl at his master, steal food…) but ignored by their master, who remains hypnotized by his little one and “beautiful” partner. As nothing stops you, this laxity encourages you to push the limits further and further, to the point of gradually taking control of the house. The longer the owner waits to take control of the situation and allow bad habits to take root, the harder it will be to put your partner back in order. To avoid this, rules should be clear and instilled from the start, and then apply in all circumstances, without exception. In the same logic, it is not advisable to hold him in your arms too often, especially if it comes to moving with him when he could also walk next to his master, because not only does it not help him to live his dog life and spend, but it can also provoke a tendency to dominate.

Health

The Russkiy Toy is particularly robust and poses little risk of disease.

However, It is sensitive to extreme temperatures and must be protected from both heat and cold. When the thermometer is rising, you should limit your activities to the coolest hours and not let it stay too long in the sun, while adog coatnot too much when you have to go out in cold weather., has no vocation to spend most of his time outdoors: its natural place is inside the house.

Among the conditions that can affect the breed, the most commons are:

  • impacted tooth, when a baby tooth does not fall out and therefore does not give way to a growing adult tooth.This is a fairly common problem, which is solved without great difficulty by a veterinarian;
  • the patellar dislocation, a kneecap problem: leaves its position and forces the dog to limp to move.This problem is relatively common in all small dogs and, sometimes, requires surgery;
  • the progressive retinal atrophy, degeneration of eye tissues leading to total blindness It is an inherited disease and carriers are normally excluded from reproduction, so it's still pretty rare;
  • the Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, which attacks the hip and causes necrosis that causes stiffness and pain., this disease is very rare and can be operated on to relieve pain caused.

However, the main risk to the health of the Russkiy Toy comes from its small size and fiery character, which can be the cause of many fractures. Falling a book on its legs, A career that ends in a collision with a chair or an agitated argument with a larger fellow can end in the emergency room., your family must be constantly vigilant.

Another risk you are particularly exposed to is obesity, and once again only your master can help you.You need to monitor your weight regularly and act at the first signs of overweight, adjusting both your portion sizes and your activity level.

As with any race, the adoption of a creator of Russkiy Toy serious and responsible greatly increases the probability of obtaining a healthy puppy The professional must provide a certificate of good health issued by a veterinarian, present the medical history or vaccination record, in which the vaccines administered to the animal are recorded, and make available the results of genetic tests performed to parents. a small one.

Of course, this does not guarantee that you will stay healthy for your entire life To maximize the chances of this being the case, prevention is essential: it is advisable to wear regularly (At least once a year) take your dog to the vet for a routine checkup.This not only identifies the beginning of a possible problem, it also ensures that you don't miss your shot reminders.

Life expectancy

12 - 13 years

Grooming

Either for the straight-haired variety or for the long-haired variety, the maintenance of the coat of the Russkiy Toy is simple. In effect, a weekly brushing is enough to avoid knots and remove possible dirt. Muda little, but it may be helpful to increase brushing frequency to 2 or 3 times a week when applicable, in spring and autumn.

How he tolerates the bathroom well, clean it every 1 or 2 months to rid it of all impurities and make sure it doesn't mess up the house is usually not a problem either. You just have to make sure to use a specific shampoo for dogs, and in no case a product made for humans.

The rest is a matter of course. For example, your weekly grooming session should also be an opportunity to check and clean your eyes and ears with a damp cloth. This will prevent debris and dirt from accumulating, thus reducing the risk of infection.

You should also take the opportunity to brush your dog's teeth with a special toothpaste for dogs, although twice a week (or even daily) is even better. This will help prevent tartar buildup., that can cause bad breath, cavities and other problems.

Last but not least, although it has gone out enough, their claws tend to grow faster than they wear out. For this reason, they need to be trimmed with a simple nail clipper when they have become too long, to prevent them from getting in the way or even breaking. A monthly cut is usually sufficient. The first time, you can learn how to do it with a vet or a groomer, to avoid doing it wrong.

Food

The Russkiy Toy perfectly fits commercially available industrial dog foods. You just have to be careful to choose a product adapted to dogs of this size, especially if you eat kibble. You also have to choose food of sufficient quality and establish an adapted daily ration to provide it with all the nutrients it needs., especially considering your activity level and your age.

In any case, cat food, although it certainly is the perfect size for its size, not at all adequate. Too rich, are likely to cause rapid and dangerous weight gain.

This is especially true since obesity is a very real problem for this breed whose needs are often much lower than their family thinks.. It is necessary to scrupulously follow the daily rations recommended by the manufacturers or the veterinarian, and regularly weigh your dog to quickly detect too large a variation. A weight gain of 200g is negligible for a human, but for a Russkiy Toy this is around the 10% of their normal weight.

In case of unjustified weight gain, it is advisable to react without delay, adjusting both the dog's daily ration and activity level. If this doesn't help, a visit to the vet is necessary to explore the possibility of a disease and to develop a more appropriate diet if this is not the problem.

Last but not least, like all dogs, the Russkiy Toy you should always have access to a bowl of fresh water, so you can quench your thirst whenever you want.

Use

The Russkiy Toy is above all – and also always – a companion dog, made to spend most of his time with his family. Playful and affectionate, perfectly capable of apartment living, represents an ideal option for those who have little space to offer their dog, but on the other hand they may be available to dedicate time.

His affectionate character also makes him a very good therapy dog, able to spend hours by his master's side if he needs it, and to help you with your mere presence.

His natural distrust of the unknown and his propensity to bark make him an excellent alert dog., but its size prevents it from being a true watchdog, though his bravery is not questionable.

Last but not least, it is common to find it at dog shows, where your success is not denied. They can also participate in dog sports competitions, like obedience, but its small size is definitely a disadvantage.

How much does a "Russkiy Toy"?

The price of a puppy Russkiy Toy is of some 1500 EUR, but this average hides great disparities. In effect, depending on the reputation of the kennel, of the prestige of their ancestors but also and above all of their intrinsic physical characteristics, can go from 800 euros for the copies with some small defects up to almost 4000 euros for those intended for breeding and / or exhibitions. On the other hand, there are no big differences in price according to sex.

Characteristics "Russkiy Toy"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Russkiy Toy” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Russkiy Toy"

Photos:

1 – “Russkiy Toy” by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Russkiy Toy” Puppy, 4 months old by Shamanofthistown, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Russkiy Toy” Smooth-haired, smooth coat, brown and tan by NiaNike, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Short hair “Russkiy Toy” by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Two “Russkiy Toy”, one with short hair and one with long hair by Ernst Vikne, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Russkiy Toy” Daniel, Rostov del Don by Sofiya357, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Russkiy Toy"

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 9: Continental Toy Spaniel and others
  • AKCToy
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Service dog


FCI breed standard "Russkiy Toy"

FCIFCI - "Russkiy Toy"
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. Russian Toy Terrier, Russian Terrier, Moscow Toy Terrier, Moscovian Miniature Terrier, Toychik (English).
    2. Toychik, Toy-chic (French).
    3. Russischer Zwergspaniel, Moskauer Langhaariger Toy Terrier (московский длинношерстный той-терьер) (German).
    4. (em russo: Русский той-терьер) (Portuguese).
    5. Miniatura ruso, Toy Terrier ruso (Spanish).

Petit Brabançon
Bélgica FCI 82 . Petit Brabançon

Petit Brabançon

The Petit Brabançon is the least known of the “Small Belgian Dogs”.

Content

History

The Petit Brabançon has common origins with the Griffon Bruxellois and the Griffon belge. All three breeds are descended from a small wire-haired dog, the Smousje, originally from Brussels.

In the 19th century, crosses with him Cavalier King Charles spaniel (Ruby) and the Pug they brought the black and short fur and fixed the type.

These alert little dogs were bred to guard carriages and keep rodents out of stables..

Photo: Petit Brabançon by Ger Dekker, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Petit Brabançon it is a small companion dog, Intelligent, balanced, alert, proud and robust, practically square in shape, with good bone, but also elegant in his gait and complexion, drawing attention with his almost human expression.

Shelter:

The Petit Brabançon has a short coat. The coat is rough, closed and bright, and does not exceed 2 cm..

The same colors as in the Griffon belge and Griffon Bruxellois (red, black, black and tan). Has a dark mask. The gray in the mask of older dogs will not be penalized.

Some white hair on the chest is tolerated in all three breeds, but it is not sought.

Weight:

of 3,5 - 6 kg.

Character and skills

The Petit Brabançon he is a balanced puppy, alert, proud, very attached to his master and very vigilant. Neither shy nor aggressive.

Characteristics "Petit Brabançon"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Petit Brabançon" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “"Petit Brabançon"“

Photos:

1 – PePetit Brabançon: BEL, NED, GER, INT Champion “Gaystock Le Pas De Tout”. Photo: Hans Bleeker by Hans Bleeker, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – PETIT BRABANCON, Flor de Canelas Head Over Heals MyDOG, nordens största hundevenemang by Swedish Fair from Sweden, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Petit Brabancon; Robbins Uranos – Gucci by Maria michaelsson, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Petit Brabançon” by Ger Dekker
5 – “Petit Brabançon” by Lusadi, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Petit Brabançon” by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “"Petit Brabançon"“

Sitting comfortably on the bedroom rug, a family of Petit Brabançon play together with great complicity.

Petit Brabançon de 3 meses

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 3.2 Petit Brabançon
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 – (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Service dog


FCI breed standard "Petit Brabançon"

FCIFCI - "Petit Brabançon"
Petit

Alternative names:

    1. Petit Brabançon, Small Brabant Griffon (English).
    2. Petit brabançon (French).
    3. Petit brabançon (German).
    4. (em francês: petit brabançon) (Portuguese).
    5. Petit brabançon (Spanish).

Romagna Water Dog
Italia FCI 298 . Water Dogs

Romagna Water Dog

The Romagna Water Dog not suitable for sedentary people or living in the city.

Content

History

The Lagotto Romagnolo, or “Romagna Water Dog”, descended from the Italian dogs that were used to recover game from the water. In fact, your name means “Dog of the lakes of Romagna” in Italian, reflecting its original use and the northern Italian region from which it came, the Romaña.

It was used at least since the Italian Renaissance for this task, especially in the swamps and lagoons present in his native region. In addition to keeping their masters company and watching over their homes, he was also very good at recovering dead ducks that were in the water. They are the Italian equivalent of the Spanish Spaniel and the Irish Spaniel.. Many specialists believe that Romagna Water Dog is the oldest breed of Retrievers and that it is the distant ancestor of many more recent races, as the Golden Retriever, the Portuguese Water Dog and the Poodle. It is also believed to be one of the oldest Italian dog breeds.

The first trace of a similar animal dates back to the 15th century, and more specifically to 1474, in a fresco called Parete dell’Incontro, painted by italian Andrea Mantegna. It was also described by the philosopher Erasmus (1466 – 1536) and appeared in some works of the engraver Marcantonio Raimondi (1480 – 1534).

Later, in the XVIII century, the famous naturalist Carl von Linné (1707-1778) described a Mediterranean spaniel that looked very much like the Romagna Water Dog.

Towards the end of the 19th century, much of the marshes in the area were drained into farmland, leaving the Romagna Water Dog jobless. However, farmers and other owners soon discovered that he had a great talent for finding truffles, highly appreciated in the world of gastronomy. In fact, this dog's excellent sense of smell, combined with his thick fur that protected him from the branches, brambles and other weeds, made it very efficient. This change of use also implied certain changes in the traits of the breed: his primitive hunting instinct weakened, while he developed an iron concentration very useful in the search for truffles. These two facts were combined so that you would not be distracted by the game when you were working.

However, the number of people hunting for truffles was much less than the number of people hunting. As a result, the breed's population decreased dramatically, so that by the middle of the 20th century there were only a few Romagna Water Dog. In addition, truffle hunters weren't really interested in developing a breed in their own right: as long as the dog was good at his task, it seemed good to them. As a result, at the beginning of the 20th century there was a certain decrease in interest in the selection of this dog and several poorly thought-out crosses were made with other breeds.

The rescue and diffusion of the breed in the 20th century

Over the years 70, some thought that the Lagotto Romagnolo had completely disappeared. However, there were still some left in Italy, and some passionate breeders took important steps to preserve them. The group was led by Quintino Toschi, breeder and judge of Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI), the main canine organization in the country. With the support of the veterinarian Antonio Marsiano and from another lover of the Lagotto, Lodovico Babini, a selection program was launched to save the dog from extinction that loomed over him. In 1988, they founded a breed club, the Club Italiano Lagotto, and they did a great job to get the breed to develop again in good condition.

The work carried out by this group was a success and allowed the Lagotto Romagnolo was recognized by the ENCI in 1992.

Then it began to be known and spread abroad, particularly in Europe (France, Switzerland, Germany, Finland, Great Britain…), but also much beyond, as in Australia and the United States. Although in some of these countries truffles are not as abundant as in Romagna, the Lagotto found its place in families as a watchdog and companion dog. It is also possible to find them - although much more rarely- in the water courses, as hunting retrievers.

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognized the breed provisionally in 1995. Ten years later, in 2005, granted him full recognition.

In 1997, was founded the Unione Mondiale dei Club Lagotto Romagnolo (Lagotto Romagnolo Club World Union), in view of the worldwide expansion of the breed. Chaired by the Dr. Giovanni Morsiani, allowed to preserve the original traits of the breed and coordinate quality breeding programs around the world.

That same year a breed club was founded in the United States., the Lagotto Club of America.

In 2001, the American Kennel Club (AKC) agreed to enroll the Lagotto in its Foundation Stock Service, a prerequisite for full recognition that occurred in 2015. The other reference organization in the United States, the United Kennel Club (UKC), recognized her in 2006.

In canada, the Lagotto Romagnolo debuted in 1999. The first specimen imported into the country came from a famous Italian kennel called Farnie. That same year a first calf was created in Alberta. Others followed him in 2000 and 2004, respectively in Ontario and Nova Scotia. Although these pioneer hatcheries no longer exist today, contributed greatly to the spread of the breed in the Canadian territory. The breed was provisionally recognized in 2012 by the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), and then definitely in 2016.

At last, en el Reino Unido, the romanian spaniel was accepted by the prestigious Kennel Club in the year 2000.

Photo: “Lagotto romagnolo” of 6 meses by XTY78, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Distribution and popularity

After having been on the verge of extinction half a century ago, the Romagna Water Dog seems to be as popular today in its home country as it was at times in its history, and it is even more and more successful.

Like this, while the number of annual registrations in the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI) was around the 1.500 early in the decade 2010, reached the 2.000 in 2014 and even approached the 2.500 at the end of the decade.

In France, the Romagna Water Dog has quickly conquered hearts. At the beginning of the 21st century, the number of dogs registered each year in the LOF (French Origins Book) you could count on the fingers of one hand. A midyear 2000 he was already in his fifties, and then shot up to exceed 300 at the end of the decade. The success of Lagotto did not stop in the decade of 2010, quite the contrary: they ended up with some 500 births per year.

In Switzerland, the Lagotto is also well represented. According to statistics from the official Amicus database, in 2017 it was the 28th most represented breed in the country, at around 3.500 animals.

On the other hand, in the UK it is much more discreet, although it seems that it begins to break through. Since the decade of 2000 until early next, there was no more than 20 or 30 births per year registered in the Kennel Club. However, this figure reached about 50 in the mid 2010, and then tripled in no time, to the point of ending the decade with more than 150 by year.

The Lagotto Romagnolo it is also small in the United States. The Lagotto Romagnolo is in the middle of the breed ranking based on the number of annual AKC registrations, around the post 100.

However, the breed has spread around the world in recent decades, with a success in some countries that was not easy to imagine. This is the case of Australia, where the first records in the Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC) go back to the year 2000. Just fifteen years later, in the middle of the Decade of 2010, the organization already counted between 300 and 400 annual births.

Physical characteristics

The Lagotto Romagnolo it is a small to medium sized dog, solid build and rather square profile. In fact, its length should be approximately equal to its height at the withers. They give an overall impression of robustness and strength.

The back is straight and muscular, with a strong and slightly convex loin. The chest is well developed and reaches to the elbows.

The tail is covered with stiff, woolly hair. It is not too high or too low and reaches the level of the hocks.

The front legs are well muscled with a fine but robust bone structure. Their feet are rounded and compact, with clenched fingers. As for the hind legs, they are very powerful, while still being well proportioned. The feet are a little more oval than the front ones, with slightly less arched fingers. On all legs, the pads are very resistant, the claws well curved and solid.

The skull is quite wide and slightly convex when viewed from the side. Neck is strong, muscular and much more massive in males than in females.

The ears are medium-sized and triangular in shape, but rather rounded at the tips. They are hanging and reach the level of the dog's jaws.

The eyes are round, large and quite far apart. Its color can be ocher, dark brown or hazelnut. Then already Romagna Water Dog a very attentive and lively expression.

The muzzle is quite wide and slightly shorter than the skull. Finish off with a nose that can range from flesh-colored to dark brown., it is quite large and has large nostrils.

The lips are rather thin and covered with long and somewhat bristly whiskers.. They cover powerful scissor-shaped jaws.

The skin is quite fine and pigmented. Goes from very light to dark brown, According to the color of the fur.

The coat consists, first, in a highly water resistant underlayer. It is covered by a very dense top layer, curly and woolly. The tight curls give the impression that the dog is disheveled all over the body. The curls are a little looser on the head, showing the beard, the mustache and bushy eyebrows.

The coat can be whitish, white with brown or orange highlights, orange red, brownish red or completely brown (in any shade of this color). Tan markings are also allowed in all shades, regardless of the dog's coat color.

It is worth mentioning that the fur of the Lagotto Romagnolo takes time to acquire its characteristic appearance, since it is not until 2 or 3 years of age. In effect, her curls form only very gradually; when it is still a puppy, its fur is very soft.

Last but not least, the breed is characterized by a certain sexual dimorphism. In addition to having a more solid neck than the female, the male is usually taller and more massive than the female.

Size and weight
    ▷ Male size: 43 – 48 cm.
    ▷ Female size: 41 – 46 cm..
    ▷ Male weight: 13 – 16 kg
    ▷ Female weight: 11 – 14 kg

Character and skills

The Lagotto Romagnolo is smart and lively, but he is also close to his family, with which he enjoys.

This is especially true of the very young., which makes it a very good dog breed choice for children. Their high energy level allows you to spend hours playing with them without tiring. However, as with any of his peers, should never be left alone with a young child without adult supervision. This is all the more true since it has a relatively high energy level and could, for example, unintentionally pushing or even knocking down your young partner.

The Romagna Water Dog he also gets along very well with other dogs, whether they live in the same house or just pass each other on a walk. Having largely lost the strong hunting instinct of a few centuries ago, they can also get along with other animals such as cats, rodents and birds. If you have to share your home with one of them, coexistence is so much easier as it is established as soon as you get home. In any case, it is important to socialize him well from an early age and get him used to meeting representatives of other species: this way you will have less desire to chase them throughout your life. In any case, if he is not well socialized and his hunting instinct tends to prevail, or if you do not respond perfectly to the call for attention, it may be preferable to walk it on a leash than in freedom.

The sense of smell is not the only one that is very acute in this dog. In fact, he also has excellent hearing, that allows you to hear from afar anyone who approaches you. In addition, fully fulfills the role of alert dog, barking and warning his owner as soon as an unknown person approaches his house. However, your role ends there: as it is not one of those who threaten or impress, not really a good watchdog.

The Lagotto Romagnolo tends to keep some distance from strangers at first, even if they are invited by their master and the introductions are done correctly: it may take a while before they trust. However, once well socialized and educated, he ends up getting used to their presence and is very friendly with them. In fact, some of the breed representatives are open enough to be used as psychological support dogs, visiting hospitals, schools or even prisons, and bringing comfort wherever they go.

To accept new people, you have to be comfortable in your own home, as well as on its paws. To do this, you should be physically active for at least one hour a day, for example, through walks, Games, puzzles or dog sports like agility or flyball. His physical abilities and stamina also allow him to happily accompany the sportsmen in their careers., mountain bike rides or hikes. However, it can also be a good match for retired people, as long as they stay active enough and can get enough of it every day. In any case, how you tend to get bored easily, It is convenient to offer you varied activities and regularly change the places of your walk.

Swimming is also a great way to get your dog to exercise.. In fact, the centuries that it has spent being used as a waterfowl retriever explain that it is a dog that loves water. Loves swimming and enjoys every moment spent in a lake or river. One of his favorite games is to go to find and recover the objects that his master throws into the water..

If you are not given enough opportunity to exercise and get bored, or if it suffers a lack of attention from its owners (either because they are absent too often and for too long, or because they neglect him), the Romagna Water Dog is likely to develop a number of undesirable behaviors. In particular, may start barking untimely and become excessively loud. If you have access to a garden, can start digging holes to search for objects or food under the ground. Degrading objects or stealing food are also part of their history. All these behaviors are the sign of a psychological distress that is important to treat, and for which the owner is often responsible.

On the other hand, as long as your needs for attention and physical activity are respected, the Romagna Water Dog he is a very affectionate companion, that he does not stop appreciating the most cuddly moments and that he is very calm.

In addition, as long as I have enough outings and activities, can be fully adapted to life in the city and in an apartment, although the ideal environment for him remains a house with access to a garden. However, it is not a question of relegating it to the bottom of the garden, for example in a kennel: I would hardly tolerate it and separation anxiety symptoms would be very likely to appear.

Last but not least, It should be noted that the female of the Lagotto Romagnolo reaches psychological maturity long before the male.

Education

The Lagatto Romagnolo he is intelligent and devoted: very eager to please, he has in his heart to understand what his owner wants, and meet your expectations. This makes it an easy dog ​​to train and suitable even for a beginner..

The most experienced people can go a long way in their education, because it was selected to quickly understand complex commands. It is not by chance that he often shines in obedience competitions.

Having said that, the practice in which you can excel the most is, of course, truffle hunt, allowing you to exploit your developed sense of smell. This does not require a great effort, since it is very easy to train a truffle dog, as long as you know how to do it.

Whatever your future mission, it is best to base the training of the Romagna Water Dog in playful and varied exercises. In effect, his intelligence and alertness mean that he can get bored quickly if the sessions are repetitive. It is also important not to go for methods that are too strict for your taste.; it is better to bet on positive reinforcement, that motivates you to learn and makes things easier.

In any case, the fact that he is docile and obedient does not exempt you from having clear house rules, and to teach you quickly. As with any dog, You have to decide from the beginning what you can do and what you are not allowed to do., and try to keep it after, namely, be consistent over time. This consistency should also apply from one family member to another.: everyone must enforce the same rules, uniformly. If these conditions are not respected, the child is likely confused, having difficulty understanding what is expected of him, what is and what is not allowed.

Health

The Lagotto Romagnolo it is a generally resistant dog: when you are not experiencing any major health problems, can live long enough until 17 years, which is significantly above the average of its congeners that have such a template.

In addition, its thick coat protects it not only from water and humidity, but also from the cold., it can live very well in significantly less accommodating climates than its native Italy., its origins explain that it is not particularly sensitive to high temperatures.

Despite his good general health, It, like all races, particularly susceptible to certain diseases, in this case, is about:

  • The Hip Dysplasia, a disease whose onset may be favored by a hereditary predisposition, which especially affects medium to large sized dogs.This is an abnormal conformation of the hip joint, that can cause pain, lameness and some difficulty moving.It also promotes the formation ofosteoarthritis aAs the animal ages, if the problem is detected early, some surgeries can delay the effects of the disease or relieve symptoms;
  • The Dysplasiadelcodo, a developmental problem of the elbow joint that causes pain or lameness., also leads to the development ofosteoarthritis.Like hip, a hereditary predisposition may increase the likelihood of it occurring Consequences can be limited thanks to surgical intervention, to be done as soon as possible;
  • The juvenile epilepsy, an inherited disease of the nervous system characterized by seizures, generally observable from the first 5 - 9 puppy weeks.In the majority of cases, symptoms go away on their own around the 4 months of age, although some dogs with the disease continue to experience occasional episodes of seizures into adulthood.The gene that originates it is particularly widespread in Lagotto Romagnolo: according to the data provided by the laboratories that carry out the tests to identify the disease (Optigen in the United States, Mydogdna in Germany and Genoscoper in Finland) 46. % of the representatives of the tested breed carry it., only 3% of the total population actually suffer from the symptoms of the disease;
  • The ataxia cerebelosa, a neurological disease causing an inherited movement coordination disorder., it is also a source of involuntary muscle contractures problems.There is no treatment forla ataxia cerebelosa, whose symptoms worsen and lead todog euthanasiaabout two years after its appearance;
  • Abiotrofia cerebelosa, a nerve condition that can be inherited and is caused by the degeneration of certain brain cells Its main symptoms are tremors and inappropriate movements, especially when facing an obstacle.There is no cure for this disease, but it does not cause physical suffering to the dog., as the situation progressively worsens, there comes a time when the disability is too severe, so euthanasia is recommended;
  • Distrofia neuroaxonal, which corresponds to an accumulation of various substances in neurons. It is the particular cause of head tremors, Balance disorders or even falls These symptoms usually appear in the puppy's first month There is no treatment for this potentially inherited disease, which very often leads to the euthanasia of the animal;
  • Lysosomal storage disease, an inherited neurological disorder that often leads to euthanasia., is at the origin of uncoordinated movements and loss of balance, according to a study published in 2015 in the scientific journal PLOS Genetics and entitled “Missense in the ATG4D gene links aberrant autophagy with neurodegenerative vacuolar storage disease“, approximately 12% of the Lagotti are carriers of the genetic mutation at the origin of this disease There is no cure and things are only getting worse;Therefore, an affected subject dies very young or ends up being euthanized.
  • The waterfall, a disease causing progressive loss of vision due to clouding of the lens, sometimes inherited and mainly affecting the elderly, can be cured with a surgical operation;
  • Infections ofear (otitis, etc.), due to the hanging shape of his ears.

In addition, the Romagna Water Dog also poses a risk of being overweight. Not to be taken lightly, since being overweight can lead to various health problems, but also aggravate pathologies already present in the affected animal.

However, Many of the diseases to which the breed is exposed are or may be of hereditary origin., the utmost vigilance is required when choosing acreator of Lagotto Romagnolo.A professional worthy of the name, as well as ensuring that your puppies benefit from good socialization from their first weeks, is committed to maximizing the chances that they will be healthy and stay that way., is in charge of carefully selecting its breeders, making them pass various genetic tests to avoid any transmission to their descendants of a possible hereditary defect., must be able to present the results of such tests, that may also have been done on the little ones themselves., must present a veterinary certificate attesting to the good health of the puppy whose adoption is being considered, as well as your health or vaccination history, the latter in particular confirms that the animal has received the various required vaccinations.

Once the latter returns to his new home, It is worth remembering that a dog is particularly vulnerable during its first few months., inappropriate physical activities (too long and / or too intense) can easily cause injury, but also affect the proper development of bones and joints, with potentially long-lasting consequences., it is better to wait for him to reach adulthood to take him for long walks or hunt for truffles for hours, for example.This is even more true that this breed is particularly prone to some joint problems (Hip Dysplasiaandelbow dysplasia).

From then on, It is not because you are an adult that you should no longer worry about your health., should benefit like any dog ​​from close monitoring, including a visit to the vet once a year, and even more regularly when you are older, this allows the professional to perform a complete check-up of your health, and sometimes detect a problem that a less informed eye like the owner's could not, yet, This is also the perfect time to take any booster dose.

In addition to the diseases against which the latter protect you, it is also necessary to ensure that you are permanently protected against parasites and the risks they imply.Therefore, It is the responsibility of the owner to renew the antiparasitic treatments of his companion throughout the year.This is even more important for people who spend a lot of time outdoors..

Life expectancy

13 years

Food

Feeding a Romagna Water Dog it's not especially difficult: a balanced and good quality industrial feed is perfectly adequate. However, it is important to choose products and establish portions adapted to their age, health and level of physical activity.

The latter can vary significantly during the year, especially in the case of an individual used for truffle hunting during the winter season. It is then necessary to adjust upwards the amount of food that is given each day, so that you benefit from a sufficient energy supply and can work in good conditions. On the other hand, once the period in question has ended, servings should return to normal level, to prevent you from suffering from overweight problems.

When the dog is young, the ration must be adapted to the growth period in which it is. This is especially important because an improper diet could be detrimental to the physical development of the puppy.: if the food is too rich or is given in too large quantities, could grow too fast, which could lead to joint problems. Otherwise, insufficient nutrition could lead to deficiencies and growth problems.

This is especially true because the Lagotto Romagnolo is easily prone to obesity. That is why it is important to pay attention to the evolution of your weight and weigh it twice a month.. If a discrepancy is observed, which is confirmed or even increased in the following measurements, it is necessary to visit the vet. Only a professional can safely determine the cause of weight gain, which may not be related to the dog's diet or activity level, but with a disease or a treatment, for example. Once the cause of the problem has been identified, the vet will be able to advise how to remedy it and return the dog to a healthy weight.

In any case, the fact that the Romagna Water Dog being prone to obesity implies that some caution should be exercised regarding the use of treats, although they can be very useful, especially in the context of training. Ideally, opt for low-calorie products and deduct their caloric intake from your daily ration.

This propensity to be overweight also justifies dividing your daily ration into multiple meals.: even if I have a sweet tooth, less likely to order food when you know another is waiting for you later.

Last but not least, like any dog, the Lagotto Romagnolo a bowl of clean, fresh water should always be available to you.

Grooming

The Lagotto Romagnolo is covered in thick, curly fur that needs a lot of maintenance.

First of all, it is necessary to brush it about twice a week, to avoid knot formation. The longer the coat, more important is to take the opportunity to examine it to remove dirt and other weeds, and undo the knots, especially around the joints: this will prevent injury or irritation caused by rubbing. It is also a good idea to get used to examining their coat after a long period in a humid environment or with very dense vegetation..

On the other hand, sheds very little and has no seasonal shedding periods. If we add to this that he does not drool much, This makes it an especially appreciated companion for people who are very attached to cleanliness., but also for those who suffer from allergies. For this reason, are often presented as a hypoallergenic dog breed, but you have to remember that none of them is 100% hypoallergenic and that the amount of allergens emitted can vary significantly from one individual to another, even within the same race. Therefore, there is nothing to replace a test in real conditions, consisting of spending a few hours in the company of the animal whose adoption is being considered.

Regarding the bathroom, a monthly frequency is adequate to keep the dog's coat clean. Lagotto Romagnolo, without affecting its natural ability to resist water and inclement weather. However, it is important to use a mild shampoo specially designed for dogs, otherwise your skin will be damaged, and do not dry or brush it after bathing, which could damage your beautiful curls.

In addition, their hairs grow quickly and require regular trimming, at the rate of some 3 or 4 times a year. The latter can be done by a professional dog groomer or directly by its owner, if he knows how to do it.

Ears of the Lagotto Romagnolo require rigorous maintenance, since its hanging shape and the hairs that grow around it constitute fertile ground for the development of infections caused by the accumulation of moisture and dirt. Therefore, it is imperative to examine and clean them weekly, as well as after every long outing in nature. This is especially important if the animal has been in a humid environment or has been swimming., and it is important to dry it well. In addition, it is recommended to regularly trim the hair around the ears to prevent wax and dirt from settling there.

You should also check your eyes weekly and clean the area around them if they are dirty.. Hair around the eyes can cause infections to develop there too. If to that we add that they can obstruct the vision of the dog, the interest of cutting them regularly is easily understood.

Regarding the teeth, they must be brushed regularly to avoid the formation of dental plaque, which can itself be the cause of many oral problems. The ideal is daily brushing and, in any case, it is better not to brush less than once a week. In any case, it is advisable to systematically use a toothpaste intended for the canine species.

The claws of the Lagotto Romagnolo they tend to be much less demanding in terms of maintenance, especially if you spend a lot of time outdoors: this usually allows them to file naturally. However, it is convenient to make sure that it really is like this. In fact, if they get too long, can hinder the dog's movements, and even hurt you a lot if they break. If you hear them rubbing against the ground when walking on hard surfaces, It is a sign that you have to cut them manually.

Whether the fur, the ears, the eyes, teeth or even claws, take care of a Lagotto Romagnolo requires mastering a series of gestures. If they are not necessarily complex, better make sure you do them correctly, not only for good results, but also and above all so as not to risk hurting your partner, or even injure him. Therefore, the first time it may be wise to make an appointment with the vet or a groomer, to learn from a professional how to proceed. In any case, it is advisable to accustom your pet to this type of manipulation as soon as possible, Since, otherwise, maintenance sessions may be particularly unpleasant for you.

Utility

Originally, the Lagotto Romagnolo used -and selected- to recover the game that fell into the water. This selection explains its particularly waterproof coat and its very pronounced taste for swimming..

Since the end of the 19th century, after the drying up of many swamps in its Romagna natal, is dedicated body and soul to the search for truffles. Today, it is the only breed of dog that is bred specifically for this task. Her highly developed sense of smell and her innate propensity to search by digging holes make her a true expert in this field..

He is also an excellent companion dog today, that is sociable and easy to train. They are suitable for beginners and are especially suited to families, especially those who are quite active. They are especially popular with those allergic to dogs, as they shed very little hair and only release a small amount of allergenic proteins. However, no dog can be considered 100% hypoallergenic, therefore compatibility cannot be guaranteed: there is nothing to replace a trial period of several hours with the person whose adoption is being considered.

Wide awake, the Lagotto Romagnolo It is also an excellent alert dog that does not hesitate to bark when an unfamiliar person approaches its home. On the other hand, can't really take on the role of watchdog, since they are not aggressive or threatening to strangers, and it would be highly unlikely that they would scare them away.

On the other hand, His excellent sense of smell obviously works wonders in crawling competitions and, of course, in the romps. They can also be distinguished in dog sports that highlight their great energy and intelligence, like agility, flyball or obedience.

Last but not least, due to his friendly and always uniform temperament, sometimes used as a therapy dog, for example in hospitals, schools or prisons.

Price

In France and Belgium, the price of a puppy Lagotto Romagnolo ranges between 800 and 1.500 EUR, and the average is about 1.100 EUR.

In its country of origin, Italy, you have to tell about 600 - 1400 EUR. For a person who doesn't live very far, import may be an option to consider, since there are many more farms there, and therefore a greater offer.

In canada, breeders usually ask for an amount that is around 2400 canadian dollars. However, patience is often necessary, since the small number of breeders in the country makes it common to find oneself on a waiting list. This is especially true if you are looking for a puppy of a certain color..

The amount to pay to adopt a puppy from Lagotto Romagnolo in the United States it ranges from 1.800 and 2.500 American dollars.

In the case of an import from abroad, It is advisable to bear in mind that additional costs must be added to the purchase price: administrative expenses, quarantine, transport…

In any case, whatever the country, the price that is asked depends on the prestige of the kennel and the lineage from which the puppy comes, as well as its intrinsic characteristics, particularly on the physical plane, namely, its greater or lesser conformity with the standard. In addition, it is this point that explains why important price differences are sometimes observed within the same litter.

Characteristics "Romagna Water Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Romagna Water Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
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Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “"Romagna Water Dog"“

Photos:

1 – “Romagna Water Dog” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/lagotto-romagnolo-perro-cachorro-4272671/
2 – “Romagna Water Dog” at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – “Romagna Water Dog” La Gottis Campione by Flickr
4 – “Romagna Water Dog” by Rdo01, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Romagna Water Dog” during the dog show in Katowice, Polonia by Lilly M, CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – “Romagna Water Dog” 2½-year-old female by Entheta, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “"Romagna Water Dog"“

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 3: Water Dogs. .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 3: Water Dogs
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs


FCI breed standard "Romagna Water Dog"

FCIFCI - "Romagna Water Dog"
Dog

Alternative names:

    1. Lagotto Romagnolo (English).
    2. Lagotto Romagnolo, Lagotto (French).
    3. Lagotto Romagnolo (German).
    4. Lagotto romagnolo (Portuguese).
    5. Lagotto romagnolo, Lagotto de Romagna, Perro de laguna de Romagna (Spanish).

German Spaniel
Alemania FCI 104 . Flushing Dogs

German Spaniel

The German Spaniel it is very appreciated especially for hunting.

Content

History

The study of the history of hunting teaches us that centuries ago there were hunting dogs very similar to the current one German Spaniel. At that time they were used to hunt.

Breeding of the breed controlled in a herd book began in the early 20th century, with a few suitable bitches. The first representative of the German Spaniel was Mr. Augusta 1834 L, a Staufenberg dog in Upper Bavaria.

At first there were only brown dogs with partial white markings and dogs with white markings.. The latter had small red spots on the head and limbs, calls “fire marks”. It was the bitch Baby auf de Schanze 1838 L the one that introduced the roan in the race. Rudolf Friess, a dog lover who for decades had a great influence on the breeding of the German Spaniel, introduced separate breeding of the brown and roan varieties.

Despite the narrow initial breeding base, put in place an essential requirement to avoid damage due to inbreeding through selective mating. The separation of the two colors is also justified by a certain disparity in the natural qualities of the German Spaniel. Chestnut trees were easier to drive over short distances and more persistent on the track, while the roans had a highly developed penetration over long distances.

These different natural gifts are no longer a reliable differential criterion today., since in the meantime, for many reasons, there have been repeated crosses between the two color varieties. However, in principle, the separation still maintains a certain reserve of unrelated blood within the race today.

The German Spaniel it is and continues to be bred by hunters and for hunters as a hunting dog with great versatility.

Photo: “German Spaniel” by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/wachtelhund-jagdhund-st%C3%B6berhund-4604508/

Physical characteristics

The German Spaniel it is a medium sized hunting dog, long-haired, very muscular, with a noble head and strong bones. In general, they are longer than they are tall, but they should never give the impression of being tall.

Lively and very passionate about hunting, friendly and confident in its natural environment, very docile and very adaptable; Neither timid nor aggressive.

The German Spaniel in some points:

– Has a well developed piercing,

– follow the path of hunting big and small with will and perseverance,

– give voice without hesitation,

– has a fine nose,

– he likes rapport and water,

– has a bite for hunting and vermin,

– Trained and properly managed, hunt without deviating from course over long distances; works as a Hound and in search of lost pieces; is a versatile hunting dog for tracking and hunting in ditches, heavily wooded areas and in the water. From the beginning of supervised breeding, the ability to stop has not been taken into account.

The coat is strong, glued, mostly wavy, occasionally also curly (Astrakhan), or long, flat with thick undercoat; not too long, especially not fine or silky; on the nape, often curled on the ears and rump; well furnished hindquarters and tail; the presence of a frill around the neck is frequent; the belly is also well provided with hair; muzzle and cranial region have short but tight hair; the ears are covered with curls or tight, wavy hair that extends beyond the edge of the pinna; the interdigital spaces have a tight hair but not too long.

The “German Spaniel” it is bred in two color varieties:

– Solid brown, more rarely also red; often with white or mottled markings on the chest and toes.
– Brown roan, more rarely also red roan; the background color consists of brown hairs, possibly red, intimately mixed with white hairs; often the head is brown, possibly red, with spots or also a mantle that extends all over the back ; this color variety includes variegated coats with a white background and large brown spots, possibly red, also the so-called dogs “Tiger”, in which the white background is also mottled or mottled with small tufts of brown hair, possibly red; the latter can perfectly descend from monocolored parents.

All shades and variations of red are included in this term (red fox, red deer, red deer).

SIZE AND WEIGHT :

  • Males 48-54 cm.
  • Females 45-52 cm.
  • Varies in relation to size, between some 18 and 25 kg.

    Character and skills

    Robust, brave, can work on all terrains, mainly forests and swamps. Active tracker, bush hunter, screaming on the road, he specializes in hunting small game but also in tracking foxes and large animals. He is a good collector, it is also a trail dog, able to search for wounded game. Loving, is appreciated as a companion. He is confident in his natural environment, while being endowed with a great capacity for adaptation.

    They are not shy or aggressive, but they need a strong education that starts soon.

    Education

    Kind, affectionate and docile, the German Spaniel has these wonderful predispositions by nature. But with one condition, and not the least. Because this dog needs a lot more exercise, education and activity from the beginning of what a family or active people can offer. Being on the go is not enough. The German Spaniel want more. It can and should do more than just be a family dog. Idleness goes against their nature. You need qualified hunting dog training that is physically and mentally challenging. If you are successful, this passionate hunter will prove to be an obedient and loyal companion.

    Health

    The German Spaniel have a slight predisposition to hip dysplasia. Breeders are very careful not to breed animals with this predisposition. This will greatly reduce this deficiency.

    On the other hand, their floppy ears predispose this dog to ear infections (and more for dogs used to getting into the water).

    Grooming

    The coat of the German Spaniel is perfectly adapted to your lifestyle. Dirt doesn't seem to stick to hair, even if he walks through the bushes for hours. A weekly brushing is enough. He usually decides when it is time to bathe. Showering in summer is a moment of well-being that you enjoy.

    Characteristics "German Spaniel"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "German Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “"German Spaniel"“

    Photos:

    1 – Deutscher Wachtel by Steffen Heinz (Caronna), CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4748569/
    3 – German Spaniel by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Deutscher_Wachtel.jpg
    4 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-hund-haustier-5753477/
    5 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4763510/
    6 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4905048/

    Videos “"German Spaniel"“

    German Spaniel (Deutscher Wachtelhund)
    Training German Spaniel

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 104
    • Group 8: Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs
    • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers

    FCI breed standard "German Spaniel"

    FCIFCI – "German Spaniel"
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    Alternative names:

      1. Deutscher Wachtelhund (German quail dog) (English).
      2. Chien d’oysel (French).
      3. Deutscher Wachtel (German).
      4. (em alemão: Deutscher Wachtelhund) (Portuguese).
      5. Spaniel alemán, (en alemán deutscher wachtelhund) (Spanish).

    Stabyhoun
    Holanda FCI 222 . Spaniel type

    Stabyhoun

    The Stabyhoun is very similar to the Dutch Partridge Dog, but smaller. It is practically unknown outside the Netherlands.

    Content

    History

    The Stabyhoun, o Stabijhoun, it is one of the five rarest dog breeds in the world. Created in the 19th century, is recognized as the national treasure of the Netherlands. How could it be otherwise with just 1.000 live specimens? It comes from the forest lands of Friesland. Poor farmers, they couldn't afford more than one dog, they really needed a versatile worker. From hunting to livestock surveillance and protection, it was also able to eliminate rodents. In fact, could do almost anything.

    It is possible that it descended from Spaniels imported to the Netherlands by the Spanish and crossed with the Dutch Partridge Dog. He would also have family ties with him Small Münsterländer.

    It is very little known outside its country of origin.

    Photo: “Stabyhoun” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stabyhounlayingingrass.jpg

    Physical characteristics

    The Stabyhoun has a robust complexion and beautiful black fur, brown or orange, sometimes with white markings. The straight hair is of medium length, smooth and silky to the touch. They are medium-sized dogs.

    Height and weight

      Male size: Of 53 - 53 cm.

      Female size: Of 50 - 50 cm.

      Male weight: Of 15 - 20 kg

      Female weight: Of 14 - 20 kg

    Character and skills

    If you are lucky enough to meet a Stabyhoun, you will surely appreciate his docile character. Calm and patient, they are intelligent dogs that can sometimes be stubborn. Extremely patient with children and other animals, this breed is, with the proper education, both obedient and loyal to its owner. Although the Stabyhoun has a calm temperament on the inside, requires a lot of exercise and physical activity.

    They are distrustful of strangers, but they are not aggressive by nature. His education is easy to work with because he is obedient in nature. However, it must be started from its first months with benevolent and consistent methods.

    The Stabyhoun he is a dog very close to his master, making it hard for him to bear loneliness. Periods of loneliness can cause anxiety and lead to behavioral disorders such as destruction or barking. He is also a loud dog that barks regularly., which can lead to neighborhood problems.

    With his hunting instinct he can be a fugitive to follow a trail, if your property is not properly fenced.

    Health

    The Stabyhoun it is a strong and robust dog that is not affected by any particular pathology. However, fear heat and should not stay in a shady spot during a heat wave, as you are at risk of severe heat stroke.

    Grooming

    The Stabyhoun it is a resistant dog that does not require much maintenance. Its coat should be brushed regularly to avoid knots.

    Looking at your eyes and ears, they must be cleaned regularly, especially if it is a dog that lives abroad.

    Characteristics "Stabyhoun"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Stabyhoun" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “"Stabyhoun"“

    Photos:

    1 – “Stabyhoun” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stabyhoun.jpg
    2 – 10 month old adolescent Stabij by Molliever, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – A picture of a stabyhoun wetterhoun pup for the stabyhoun wiki page by Daisai Gaming, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Stabijs – world dog show 2010 by MJ Klaver
    5 – “Stabyhoun” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Binky_Stabyhoun.jpg
    6 – “Stabyhoun” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stabyhoun_with_11_puppies.jpg

    Videos “"Stabyhoun"“

    Stabyhoun puppy, mum and Welsh Springer Spaniel playing
    Working Stabyhoun

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 222
    • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
    • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
    • AKCHound
    • FSSFoundation Stock Service
    • UKCGun Dog

    FCI breed standard "Stabyhoun"

    FCIFCI – "Stabyhoun"
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    Alternative names:

      1. Stabij, Beike, Stabijhoun, Fryske Stabij (English).
      2. Stabyhoun (French).
      3. Stabijhoun (German).
      4. (em alemão: stabyhoun) (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de muestra frisón, Perro de muestra de Frisia (Spanish).

    Dutch Partridge Dog
    Holanda FCI 224 . Spaniel type

    Dutch Partridge Dog

    A peculiarity of Dutch Partridge Dog It consists in the fact that during the search the tail makes a rotating movement faster and faster as the dog approaches the prey.

    Content

    History

    The Dutch Partridge Dog it is an ancient canine breed, that can be found in paintings painted centuries ago.

    Originaria de Drenthe, a dutch province, the breed was developed during the 16th century from dogs from Spain, what were called Spionenen or Spaniolen. In the Netherlands they were given the name Patrijshond, what does retriever mean.

    In the east of the country, especially in the province of Drenthe, these dogs were bred as pure breeds, without any mix with other foreign races, as it happened in other places. This isolation allowed the Perdiguero to remain unchanged during 3 or 4 centuries.

    The 15 in May of 1943, was recognized by the Raad van Beheer op Kynologish Gebied of the Netherlands, a recognition strongly encouraged by Baroness van Hardenbroek and Messrs. van Heek junior and Quartero.

    The responsible breed club was founded on 5 in June of 1948, with the name of Nederlandse Vereniging of Drentsche Patrijshond.

    Related to him Small Münsterländer and the French Spaniel, the Dutch Partridge Dog it is quite limited in number, and the breed is almost unknown outside its borders.

    Photo: “Drentsche Partridge Dog” macho by Stefanie Joksch, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Dutch Partridge Dog he is a well proportioned dog, with dry muscles, pure in its lines. His body reveals power and also the ability to run at the speed that suits a hunting dog. Wedge-shaped muzzle is slightly shorter than skull. The lips are quite dry and are not hanging. Her body, slightly longer than the height of the withers, is slightly elongated. Although the fur is not really long on the body, gives the impression of being so because of the well-populated ears, more abundant hair on the neck and chest, the fringes on the front and back legs and on the bushy tail, abundantly populated on all sides.

    They have a dense coat that covers the body well. Not curly. The hair is not really long, but as it is longer in some parts, the dog, as a whole, gives the impression of having long hair. On the neck and chest, the hair is longer. In the ears, the hair is long and preferably wavy. The ears, the back of the front and back legs and the back of the thighs are fringed. Hair preferably wavy on the upper part of the body and tail. Except for its base, the tail is abundantly provided with long hair on all sides. These hairs are gradually shortened towards the tip.

    COLOR: White fur with brown spots, mottled or not. Coats with a mix of brown and white hairs, with or without marks, are less desirable, like the cloak coats. The ears are brown, like the hair around the eyes.

    SIZE:

    Males: 58 - 63 cm..
    Females: 55 - 60 cm..

    Weight: Of 20 - 25 kg

    Character and skills

    They are ideal for hunting in a wide variety of terrain. They hunt with pistol shooting. Maintaining contact with the hunter is apparently an innate quality. A characteristic feature of many dogs of this breed is that, during the hunt, the tail describes a circular motion, especially when the dog is aware of the closeness of the prey. When he's close to hunting, the dog waits for the hunter to approach and when the hunter is late, turn your head to look for the game. Thanks to its adaptability, the dog is capable of hunting all kinds of animals on the plains and swamps. It is also a good retriever and excels in the search for lost game.. These characteristics are innate. For this reason, does not require long training.

    The Dutch Partridge Dog it is also a very good companion dog because it is faithful, friendly, attentive. Your education should be done smoothly, without aggressiveness or too much firmness.
    This dog requires regular maintenance. It will be an accomplice of the children and it is possible to leave them together. under surveillance, of course. Apartment living will get you down, he needs to have at least one garden for him. to let off steam and also for daily walks.

    Health

    The Dutch Partridge Dog he is a robust dog, but can be injured while hunting (fracture, sprain, tendinitis, wound…). His ears are drooping, poorly ventilated, prone to ear infections. Some dogs may be affected by hip-femoral dysplasia, a malformation of the hips that causes lameness and pain.

    Grooming

    The Dutch Partridge Dog should be brushed once a week to remove dead hairs and dirt. You can bathe once a month with a suitable shampoo.

    Inspect and clean floppy ears once a week. When we come back from the hunt, we will check that he is not injured. Good antiparasitic and vacation coverage will be launched.

    Characteristics "Dutch Partridge Dog"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Dutch Partridge Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “"Dutch Partridge Dog"“

    Dutch Partridge Dog
    Drentsche Patrijshond Bowi the Gloucester during upland game hunt in Idaho by DutchID, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    Dutch Partridge Dog
    Dutch Partridge Dog by mjk23, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “"Dutch Partridge Dog"“

    Spyker – Partridge Dog (Spaniel) – 4 Week Residential Dog Training at Adolescent Dogs
    Drentsche patrijshond Indy: avonturen deel 27

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 224
    • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
    • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
    • UKCGun Dog

    FCI breed standard "Dutch Partridge Dog"

    FCIFCI – "Dutch Partridge Dog"
    [xyz-ips snippet=

    Alternative names:

      1. Drentse Patrijshond, Drent (English).
      2. (en néerlandais : Drentse Patrijshond), épagneul à perdrix de Drente, épagneul hollandais de Drente (French).
      3. Drentscher Hühnerhund (German).
      4. (em neerlandês: Drentsche patrijshond) (Portuguese).
      5. Drentsche Patrijshond, Drent (Spanish).

    German Longhaired Pointer
    Alemania FCI 117 . Spaniel type

    German Longhaired Pointer

    The first thing to keep in mind is that the German Longhaired Pointer is a head to toe hunting dog.

    Content

    History

    The German Longhaired Pointer It is one of the oldest German pointing breeds. Long-haired hunting dogs can already be seen in ancient hunting paintings and tapestries from the Middle Ages, which are very similar to the current ones “Pointing Dogs” German. These dogs were used primarily as hunting dogs to stalk, but also for catching small game in nets.

    It is purebred since 1879. On the occasion of an exhibition of the association for the refinement of dog breeds in Hannover, the characteristics of the breed were established, the breed standard. The breed was based on five different breeding lines, bearing the names of authorized stallions that already corresponded to the breed standard at that time.

    The German Longhaired Pointer has earned the name of “Old forest dog” in particular for its ability to do very good tracking jobs, to warn the hunter with loud barks when searching and to bring lost animals by following their blood trail. Working in the water is also one of its strengths, which is appreciated by hunters.

    Photo: A German long hair called Falko by Wikimedia

    Physical characteristics

    The breed is bred in brown, Brown and white, and brown and white. The best known and most common is the German Longhaired Pointer pure brown, which may also have white markings on the chest or legs. Taupe comes in gradations from light gray to dark gray and the rare trout gray color variant.

    The German Longhaired Pointer it is usually a strong dog, muscular, low constitution and with harmonious body shapes. Males usually have a shoulder height of 63 – 66 cm., the females of 60 – 63 cm.. Has brown eyes, long, well-edged hocks and a tail with a beautiful flag. Your coat should be of medium length and not too lush.

    Character and skills

    The first thing to keep in mind is that the German Longhaired Pointer he's a hunting dog from head to toe. In the hands of a knowledgeable trainer, is a useful helper in hunting and later in a second job, a very good family dog. The breed is very fond of children and family. But this should not be misunderstood at all. Why “family friendly” does not mean “family dog”. It is a fairly pronounced working dog. The German Longhaired Pointer has the strong drive and willingness to work, either on the hunt or, if required, your substitute in the form of dog sports of all kinds. Therefore, It is not a dog for beginners nor a dog for people who do not want or cannot work intensively with it.

    German Longhaired Pointer
    “German Longhaired Pointer” during the international dog show in Katowice, Poland

    In the practice of hunting, the German Longhaired Pointer is especially praised for its pronounced calm. Is a leading dog, resistant to nerves and of a calm and even-tempered nature. At the same time, he is a kind and peaceful friend with a high threshold for irritation.. However, the German Longhaired Pointer needs a consistent education, competent and sensitive to direct his high intelligence, alert senses and their pronounced willingness to act in the right channels. With such an appropriate atmosphere of character, this breed of dog is a great friend of children, a great family companion also outside of hunting or sports work and in any case a wonderful experience of the association of man and dog.

    Aptitudes:

    If occasionally offered simply as a family and apartment dog, one should approach such sellers with the utmost caution. Such offers certainly come from dubious sources. As a rule, a German Longhaired Pointer belongs to the hands of a hunter who works with him professionally. If you are not kept for the hunt, must keep busy with long walks in nature or challenges in dog sports. In addition, needs a personal connection with caregiver and family. If the hunting dog does not have a physical or mental challenge, in the long run this will lead to serious behavior problems. It does not belong to a multi-story building and not to the big city. In all other respects, he has no problems and his attitude is undemanding.

    Education

    A German Longhaired Pointer should only be trained by an experienced owner. It must absolutely come from a recognized breeding of the Association of “Pointing Dogs” German, where parents and puppies were already socialized for their tasks from the litter box onwards. In addition, you need to train and work professionally for hunting or suitable sporting purposes. Only dogs that have successfully passed the demanding fall breeding tests are allowed for breeding. “Schorlemer”. Ask at the breeding clubs of the German Longhaired Pointer.

    Health

    The race German Longhaired Pointer is served in an exemplary manner by its breeding clubs organized in the Deutsch-Langhaar-Verband. As a result, the average health of the dogs has no problem.

    Grooming

    Caring for a German Longhaired Pointer is undemanding. Regular brushing of the coat is sufficient.

    Buy a “German Longhaired Pointer”

    If you are thinking of buying a German Longhaired Pointer, you should be wondering if you can meet the requirements for an appropriate character attitude from this hunting dog. And what during 12 years and more will be your companion on a daily basis. Then you should contact the local breeders who are members of the “Deutsch-Langhaar-Verband“. A puppy of this breed costs around 1000 EUR.

    Characteristics "German Longhaired Pointer"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "German Longhaired Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos “"German Longhaired Pointer"“

    Kennels Obenstaat – Puppies German Longhaired Pointer – Introduction to water

    “German Longhaired Pointer”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 117
    • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
    • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
    • CKCGrupo 1 – Sporting
    • ​KC – Hunting dog
    • UKCGun Dog

    FCI breed standard "German Longhaired Pointer"

    FCIFCI – "German Longhaired Pointer"
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    Alternative names:

      1. GLP, Pointer (German Longhaired), Langhaar (English).
      2. Langhaar (French).
      3. Deutsch-Langhaar (German).
      4. (em alemão: Deutsch Langhaar Vorstehhund) (Portuguese).
      5. Pointer de pelo largo (Spanish).

    Portuguese Pointer
    Portugal FCI 187 . Braque Type

    Portuguese Pointer

    The Portuguese Pointer He is extremely affectionate and very attached to children, it is also a very submissive dog.

    Content

    History

    The Portuguese Pointer arose from Perdigueiro Peninsular, an ancient breed of Iberian dogs, its presence is documented since the 10th century, Its first appearance in art is on a Visigothic-Arab tombstone of the Church of San Juan Bautista de Tomar. Its evolution was the result of several factors such as adaptation to the climate, the type of hunting, the terrain and the selection introduced through the Portuguese cultural specificity.

    In the fourteenth century, It was bred in the royal kennels and used for hunting Altaria, being known as “Podengo de mostra”, showing already the possibility of stopping before the hunt. In the 16th century (reign of D. Sebastião) its use by the popular classes was common (although prohibited). The constant bleeding in the working arms caused by the discoveries, the abandonment of the fields, hunger and change of habits, led the population to resort more to hunting for food and, as a result, to the use of Pointing Dogs, that they were “prohibited” for causing, thanks to its excellent qualities, serious damage to the vested interests of the royal house and the nobility.

    In the 18th century, Many English families established a presence in the Porto region in the business of wine production and came into contact with the breed being brought to England where it played an important role in the origin of the English Pointer.

    At the end of the 19th century it suffered a certain decline, due to serious social upheavals and new tastes and contacts with the outside world, that gave projection to the foreign races that were then in fashion. But it is still represented in art objects (tinaja painted by D. Fernando II of Saxe-Coburg, Pena-Sintra), painting of King Luis and the princes in hunting clothes in the Palace of Ajuda, Lisbon), painting of a hunting trip of an Englishman in the Douro (Quinta de Gatão, Duero) or in artistic ceramics from the Real Fábrica do Rato (Pimenta Palace, Lisbon).

    Only in 1920 some breeders strove to save the breed, locating some of the dogs in the inaccessible north of Portugal. The Portuguese pedigree book was then established in 1932 and the breed standard in 1938. For at least a thousand years, this dog always had the same square head, triangular ears and compact look.

    Photo: “Portuguese Pointer” during the Dog World Show in Poznań. by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Portuguese Pointer comes in average proportions, straight, good guy, robust but with a harmonic conformation allied to the manifest elasticity of the movements.

    The head is proportionate in relation to the body, well shaped and harmonious; seems to be big on the set. A little thick, However, it is neither bony nor thick and has loose and thin skin.

    The coat is short and thick in most dogs, with a velvety texture on the ears and face .

    Yellow in light varieties, common and dark, solid or white spotted on the head, the neck, chest and footwear.

    In males, the height at the withers is 52 - 60 centimeters, the weight is 20 - 27 kg. In females the height is 48 - 56 centimeters and the weight is 16 - 22 kg.

    Character and skills

    Portuguese Pointer
    An image of a “Portuguese Pointer”, a Portuguese hunting dog breed. The animal in the photo had 11 years when it was photographed.

    The Portuguese Pointer he is an extremely gentle and affectionate dog, with great delivery capacity and very resistant. It is quiet, very sociable and a bit petulant in relation to other dogs. Works with vivacity and persistence and is curious by nature. He always keeps in touch with his hunter.

    He moves with an easy step and is graceful. It is versatile in its function and very adaptable to various terrains, climates and types of hunting.

    Extremely affectionate and very attached to children, it is also a very submissive dog. Can, for lack of education, do not obey gestures or orders. However, it's easy to train.

    Health

    The Portuguese Pointer has an average life expectancy of 14 years. It is considered a hardy breed with no specific health problems. However, hip dysplasia, lunation of the patella, cancer and autoimmune diseases are potential health problems for dogs of this size.

    Characteristics "Portuguese Pointer"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Portuguese Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos “"Portuguese Pointer"“

    O Perdigueiro português, um cão polivalente
    Main characteristics of the “Portuguese Pointer”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 187
    • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
    • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
    • AKC – Bracco

    FCI breed standard "Portuguese Pointer"

    FCIFCI – "Portuguese Pointer"
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    Alternative names:

      1. Perdigueiro Português, Portuguese Pointer Dog (English).
      2. (French).
      3. (German).
      4. (Portuguese).
      5. (Spanish).