Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina
Yugoslavia FCI 41 - Molossoid . Mountain

Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina

The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina is a brave dog, quiet, safe and reserved with strangers.

Content

History

As it is the case with many breeds, the true origins of this agility is unknown, Although there are theories that attempt to approach them. Some authors raised that their ancestors were the ancient molossians, especially from Greece and cattle dogs natives of Turkey dogs.

Other authors believe that the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, drift of Asian dogs that arrived in Europe accompanied by migration of peoples who were engaged in raising them. This theory is currently the most widely accepted.

The race was initially recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1939 under the name Illyrian Shepherd Dog, demonstrating the ancient name of the native region of these dogs.

In 1957, at the request of the Yugoslav Canine Federation (JKS), the FCI changed the name to Yugoslav Shepherd DogYugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, because it is in the mountains Šar (Šar Planina in the South Slavic languages, is a chain of mountains located on the border south of Serbia in the province of Kosovo and in the northwestern part of the Republic of Macedonia), where is concentrated the largest number of specimens of the breed.

If there is something indisputable it is that the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, lives since ancient times in the mountainous regions of the former Yugoslavia, from where it has spread throughout the Balkan Peninsula and recently, beyond these borders.

Escudo de DragasThe image of the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina appears on the obverse of the coin 1 Denar, issued in the Republic of Macedonia in the year 1993, and also is the emblematic character of the coat of arms of Dragaš, a city in the South of Kosovo, found in the region of the mountains Šar.

The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina has reached the ranches of North America as an esteemed sheepdog and cattle guardian. Predator problems have been greatly diminished once a Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina , takes the responsibility of a herd. You are one of the few dogs that can chase away a wolf or bear.

Physical characteristics

The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, is a large size dog, It is quite above average when it comes to large breeds. It is also robust and equipped with a strong Constitution.

The height males average is of 56 a 62 cm and females is of 54 a 58 cm.. The length of the body is slightly greater than the height at the withers.

Although some authors speak of the existence of individuals whose actions were between 75 and 85 cm. of height and a weight of 65 a 100 kg.

– The huge head is proportional to the body, It has the skull slightly convex and slightly longer than the muzzle.
– The eyes of the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina they are almond-shaped and chestnut-colored (light or dark), transmit an expression of serenity but the look is penetrating.
– The ears they are medium-sized, flat and hang on the cheeks.
– The tail It is long and Sabre-shaped, If it is in a State of alert takes high just beyond it the line of the spine.
– The fur It is long in some parts of the body and short in others. In the head, the ears and the anterior part of the extremities, is short. The length of the neck, the body and the back of the limbs and tail, is long.
– Regard to the the fur color, all uniform colors are supported but it is preferable to be gray iron and gray very dark. Also, at the top of the head, the neck and the trunk have darker hair.

Character and skills

The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina it is silent, active and very protective, extremely bright, but very independent. It is an extremely good watchdog, and very reserved with strangers. The Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina they are calm sheepdogs, very smart, which is why, wisely, they choose their friends, they don't trust anyone too fast. They are naturally fearless defenders of the pack, as well as his master and his property, so everything he considers his property is jealously and unconditionally guarded. This is a dog with character and very dominant that requires work.. If we just want this dog to be a companion, constant professional education from an early age is essential.

The animals that live with him on the farm will be under his protection and there is no need to fear for them.. However, does not tolerate strange and unknown animals, often aggressive, and the same problems can happen with smaller pets, that can be seen as prey.

She will get along well with the children she will be together with from an early age, will be devoted and protective of them, and you may consider children you don't know as uninvited guests, so we must be very careful. You must be especially careful with younger children, since he will watch over them all the time due to the shepherd's instinct, but if the children want to get away, will drag them back, so you can injure them without realizing it.

Comments

Similar to the Caucasian Shepherd Dogthat is very much– He has a temperament more characteristic of a dog guard to a lead dog herds.

Let us not forget that this agility, He was selected to defend the herds of the attack of wolves that were previously very numerous in their homeland.
It is necessary that the owner of this dog is a person responsible and very conscious of the copy that is in charge of, the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina, It has a specially developed and powerful teeth, It can be a real danger if the dog is not given a correct and healthy education.

Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina Education

This is not a suitable dog for beginners. He is very suspicious and incorruptible. Usually, is completely loyal to a single owner. Education must be clear, consistent and should be carried out from the first meeting with the puppy. Early socialization is mandatory. With an inadequate education, this dog can become uncontrollable, very aggressive, dangerous even to the owner.

Required activity

These dogs really need a lot of exercise. If the dog goes to work on a farm, will meet your daily career needs while working, otherwise, need a longer walk or daily run.

Suitable environment

This is a dog suitable exclusively for outdoor life. You will feel better on a farm or in a larger rural fenced yard because you will be able to run freely and perform your primary role as a sheepdog..

Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina Care

Your care is not too demanding. Thick hair just needs brushing once in a while, once a week will be enough, except when you change your coat that more frequent brushing is recommended. As with other dogs, this breed also needs to clean their ears, eyes and shorten their claws.

Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina Health

No known genetic health problems, it is considered a relatively healthy breed. As with other large breeds, hip dysplasia can occur in this breed.

Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina Images

Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 41
  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
  • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • CKC – Miscellaneous list
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog Sharplanina breed FCI standard

    YUGOSLAVIAN SHEPHERD DOG - SHARPLANINA FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Illyrian Shepherd Dog, Šarplaninac (English).
      2. berger yougoslave, charplanina, charplaninatz berger albanais, sarplaninac (French).
      3. Šarplaninac, Jugoslovenski Ovčarski Pas – Šarplaninac, Jugoslawischer Hirtenhund – Šarplaninac, Illyrischer Schäferhund (German).
      4. Šarplaninac, Charplaninatz, Sarplaninac (Portuguese).
      5. Charplaninatz, Perro ovejero ilirio, Perro pastor ilirio, Perro montañés de Serbia, Perro pastor de Serbia, Perro montañés macedonio, Perro pastor macedonio, Šar Planinac (o Šar Planinec), Perro pastor yugoslavo, Perro montañés yugoslavo (Spanish).

    Pyrenean Mountain Dog
    Francia España FCI 137 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Pyrenean Mountain Dog

    The Pyrenean mountain dog is a guardian and protector with territorial claims.

    Content

    History

    The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is an ancient watchdog of the mountainous world of the Pyrenees. There it is officially called Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées. The people of the Pyrenees call him the cute little one Patou. The pyrenees, like a vast, deserted and rugged, previously inaccessible mountain range, form the natural border between France and Spain. Here there were and there are wolves and bears, with the consequent problem for ranchers. In addition, sheep used to be one of the few livelihoods of the people here. While in Germany and other Central European countries people mourn the return of the wolf and complain about the damage caused to hunting and herds of sheep, in the Pyrenees dogs such as the Patou from time immemorial. And there are no complaints. Guard dogs are an integral part of every flock of sheep in the Pyrenees mountains.

    On the French side, they are officially called Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées or Pyrenäenberghund, on the Spanish side Perro de montaña de los Pirineos or Gran Pirineo. In addition to protecting herds against thieves, wolves and bears, also protected the great properties. His powerful figure, his determination and ability to attack in an emergency were not without effect. The impression must have been so long-lasting that his work was already documented in writings of antiquity and the Middle Ages. Dogs reportedly would have recognized people from afar for their clothing. In 1391 it is said that the Count of Foix did a test. If he came dressed as a tramp, the dogs attacked him from afar without hesitation. If he came dressed as an earl, he wasn't bothered.

    The Patou was not a uniform race in the past. In the very remote valleys there were often local races, genetically isolated, optimized for your job task naturally, but in the end the same dogs came out with a very similar appearance and character, although they could have been genetically separated for generations. Extremely harsh living conditions obviously outweighed the disadvantages of inbreeding. Modern pedigree dog breeding became interested in these impressive dogs very soon. Already at the first dog show in France, in 1863, a separate class was established for the Pyrenean Mountain Dog.

    An attempt was made to establish the Patou also outside the Pyrenees as a watchdog and protection. In 1907 the first standard was established in France. However, due to the two world wars and the associated famine, the population of Patou outside the mountains suffered serious setbacks. In 1955 obtained the official recognition of the FCI – Fédération Cynologique Internationale.

    Physical characteristics

    The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a big dog, imposing, powerful and at the same time athletic and agile. Doesn't seem clumsy or massive, but rather elegant piecework. It has a medium length coat, very dense and flexible, which can be slightly wavy. The bottom layer is also very dense. To the colors that the official standard says:

    White or white with gray spots (badger gray or wolf gray), pale yellow or orange (rusty) in the head, ears and base of tail, sometimes also in the body.

    The Pyrenean Mountain Dog it has a majestic height at the withers 70 and 80 centimeters in males and of 65 a 75 in females. The weight must be between 60 and 70 kg. The measurements are quite similar to those taken by the Conde de Bylandt when he first described the breed in 1897, when he just called the dogs “Chien des Pyréneés“. The head of the Patou remember the contours of a molosser. Shows a very alert and attentive facial expression. It is a dog that rests on itself, who first of all observes everything, seemingly listless. This is underlined by his eyes, they're supposed to be sweet and dreamy, with its dark amber color.

    Character and skills

    The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a guardian and protector with territorial claims. He looks cute and calm looking, sublime and imposing almost like a blank teddy bear, but you must not be wrong. It has a strong character combined with a very own but clear idea of ​​how it should behave – and the others in their domain. This idea is naturally shaped by its use throughout the centuries, where he had to defend his flock to life or death as a guard without the presence of the shepherd and, therefore, had to make decisions independently. The official standard classifies his character qualities as follows:

    Since the dog was used exclusively to protect herds against attacks by predators, his selection for breeding was based on his suitability as a keeper, their respectable appearance and also their relationship with the herd. The resulting characteristics are strength and agility, as well as the sweetness and attachment to their protégés. This watchdog has a tendency to independence and initiative, which requires some authority from his master.

    A Pyrenean Mountain Dog should only be held by an experienced and mentally strong person. First of all, not a family dog. However, it can become so if you have extremely competent guidance from your master or caretaker and if the external conditions are right. Only then can he be a good family dog ​​and lovingly protect all members of the family., including other four-legged friends. In addition, is a good guardian and extremely reliable protector of the house and all those who, in your opinion -which should be clarified-, belong to it. Towards strangers he is suspicious.

    Attitude

    The Pyrenean Mountain Dog it is extremely undemanding in its maintenance – if one ignores the aforementioned restrictions due to its nature as a watchdog. It is undemanding in its nutrition as well as in its accommodation. You can spend the whole year outside without problems – as long as you have a suitable hiding place and “suitable” does not mean neither kennel nor chain, because he must be able to move in his territory. This large, self-confident dog is quite sensitive and attaches great importance to a close emotional bond with his human family.. You need a trusting relationship with your master or caregiver.

    Thanks to modern pedigree dog breeding, the Patou is better prepared for a big city life than other herd protection dog breeds like the Kangal or the Central Asian Shepherd Dog. So if you have a large, well-fenced property in the country, if you have joy, fun, experience and the possibility of getting involved with these dogs, you can experience a particularly impressive and beautiful facet of the human-dog association.

    Pyrenean Mountain Dog Education

    The education of Pyrenean Mountain Dog belongs to the hands of a teacher or lover with deep experience and canine knowledge. Like any other race, Pyrenean mountain dogs must be well socialized and educated since they are puppies. It would be irresponsible to want to keep a dog as well as a beginner.

    Care and health of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

    Absolutely easy to care for and undemanding. The Pyrenean Mountain Dog generally enjoys very robust health. Some health problems may include hip dysplasia; heart problems like dysplasia of the tricuspid valve; cancers like osteosarcoma (bone cancer); eye problems such as persistent pupil membranes, progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts; dissecting osteochondritis (an orthopedic problem), patellar dislocation (dislocation of the patella) and swelling.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Pyrenean Mountain Dog he has no problem with his diet.

    Life expectancy of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

    The Pyrenean Mountain Dog have a very high life expectancy of 12 and sometimes more years relative to its size.

    Evaluations of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed“Pyrenean Mountain Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    adaptation ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

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    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

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    Apartment ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    3.0 rating
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

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    intelligence ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    4.0 rating
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    2.0 rating
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    5.0 rating
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Pictures of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

    Photos:

    1 – Pyrenean Mountain Dog by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/774692
    2 – Pyrenees Mountain Dog, XI International Dog Show in Kraków by I, Lilly M / CC BY-SA
    3 – Great Pyrenees Mountain Dog by HeartSpoon / CC BY-SA
    4 – Pyrenees mountain dog by Arnaud 25 / CC BY-SA
    5 – Pasture of Anterne, Sixt-Fer-à-Cheval, Pyrenean Mountain Dog among the sheeps by Jérôme Bon from Paris, France / CC BY
    6 – Pyrenean Mountain Dog by Emma.Martinet / CC0
    7 – Pyrenees mountain dog by I, Beninho / CC BY-SA

    Pyrenean Mountain Dog Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 137
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
    • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • CKC – Group 3 – Working dogs
    • ​KC – Sheepdogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI Standard Pyrenean Mountain Dog breed

    PYRENEAN MOUNTAIN DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Great Pyrenees, Patou, Montañés del Pirineo, Perro de Montaña de los Pirineos, Can de Montaña de os Perinés, Chien des Pyrénées, Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Pyr, GP, PMD, Gentle Giant (English).
      2. montagne des Pyrénées, pastou, patou (French).
      3. Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Patou (German).
      4. Chien de Montagne des Pirénées (Portuguese).
      5. Gran Pirineo, Chien des Pyrénées, Chien de Montagne des Pyrénées, Gigante de los Pirineos, Gran Pirineu, Muntanya dels Pirineus, Patou (Spanish).

    Leonberger
    Alemania FCI 145 - Molosoides - Mountain

    Leonberger

    Once you get to know Leonberger dogs better, you will be enchanted by them forever.

    Content

    History

    The Leonberger it is a very big and beautiful dog. In his head and in his charisma he remembers a St. Bernard and a lion at the same time. And this is not a coincidence, because the St. Bernard is one of the ancestors of Leonberger. The Leo, as his friends call it, It is a young and at the same time old breed of dog. This breed is ancient, because it has been specifically bred according to the standard since 1846. The Leo It, therefore, one of the oldest dog breeds in modern breeding. At the same time it is a breed of young dog; because it was only created at that time. Most other pedigree dogs have a long history and originated from ancient breeds of working dogs.

    The Leonberger, However, it has a different and unique history. Between 1820 and 1850 San Bernardo became fashionable throughout Europe. The heroic exploits of the legendary St. Bernard Barry at the Great St. Bernard Pass in the Alps had a great effect. Barry has been shown to save more than 40 people of death by snow. Everywhere people wanted these big dogs and they were (and they are) really big dogs.

    Breeders and traders were unable to meet the high demand. At the same time high prices were paid for a puppy of St. Bernard. So quite a few dog dealers from southwest Germany helped out. They mated St. Bernard with very big bitches from the region. Puppies that looked like a St. Bernard they were sold as such, but for the others there were at most a few potatoes from a farmer. The dog trade was – as it still is today – a lucrative business and some sold hundreds of puppies a year and got rich.

    Like Leonberg City Hall and dog vendor Heinrich Essig. An intelligent idea occurred to him and turned need into virtue. He created a brand out of puppies that he couldn't market as St. Bernard. Instead of giving them away, sold the puppies for good money. Thus was born the Leonberger. Inspired by the lion from the coat of arms of his hometown, this new breed of dog has the appearance of a lion. His dogs were nicknamed Leonhardiner in the envious competition. Also in the official world of dogs these hybrids went unnoticed for a long time. Like this, el cinólogo Ludwig Beckmann, universally recognized at that time, does not even mention the Leonhardiner in his two-volume work “The breeds of the dog” (Dog breeds) of 1895. From the point of view of health, such a genetically heterogeneous offspring is an advantage.

    The Leonberger it should be a success in all respects. Today it belongs to the primitive rocks of the world of breed dogs, that no dog lover wants to miss. In 1895 was founded the “International Dog Club Leonberger“, which quickly achieved official recognition of the Leonberger like race. In 1948 followed by “German Dog Club Leonberger” based in Leonberg, which still represents the Leonberger at VDH and around the world. The Leonberger has a unique charisma, imposing and at the same time friendly, quiet and just sovereign. Its appearance is reminiscent of a lion and its character is also majestic, peaceful and totally suitable for families.

    Physical characteristics

    The Leonberger It is an impressive large dog with a height at the withers in males between 72 and 80 cm and in females between 65 and 75 cm.. No weight given. However, will be some 80 kg. The standard describes its appearance as:

    “In accordance with its original purpose, the Leonberger it's a very big dog, strong, muscular and elegant at the same time. It is characterized by a harmonious construction and a self-assured calm with a lively temperament. Especially the male dog is powerful and powerful.”

    Its coat should be medium soft to thick, broadly long, well lying. The Leo has a strong inner layer. The shapes of his physique should be recognizable. On the neck and chest, the fur, especially in males, must form a mane. The coat will be lion yellow, red, reddish brown and all the combinations between them, but always with a black mask. In favor of this lion gaze, hereditary factors related to health and longevity have been neglected.

    A study published by the University of Vienna evaluated 7582 layers of Leonberger between 1932 and 2009. “It was determined that the average age of death of the Leonberger It was from 7,55 years”. During the study period, life expectancy had even decreased by 1,5 years in the last three decades. With a healthy upbringing, 10 or 12 years would be normal. The breed has recognized these red flags and is now more focused on the health and extension of life expectancy for these large dogs..

    Character and skills

    The mind of a Leonberger is pious as a lamb. Being with him is pure slowdown for man. The essence is described in the standard:

    As a family dog, the Leonberger is a pleasant companion in current living conditions, that can be carried everywhere without any difficulty and is characterized by a pronounced kindness towards children. He is neither shy nor aggressive. As a companion dog it is a nice companion, obedient and fearless in all life situations.

    The strength of character required includes above all: self-confidence, sovereign calm, average temperament (including game instinct), willingness to subordinate, good learning and memorizing ability and noise tolerance. The character of Leonberger impresses all dog lovers.

    Once you get to know dogs better Leonberger, you will be enchanted by them forever. There is almost nothing that can disturb this giant. His very high stimulus threshold as well as his stoic composure are the necessary counterpart to his enormous strength. These two poles thus characterize the nature of the Leonberger. Here and there is a stubborn thing. Only good persuasion and supplication will help, then he will do everything for his master or lady. But as a family member he is very kind. Seeks proximity to its humans. It is a reliable protector for them. The Leonberger he is a great guy, A fascinating dog!

    Attitude

    The Leonberger not an easy dog ​​to keep due to its size. By its nature, has very few demands. A daily walk, brushed once a week, that was all. You don't need a big garden, but a garden is already useful. He likes to take possession of it. Therefore, a small apartment on the nth floor would not be for him. Does not fit in all cars. One must consider: You're mine, the whole car will get wet. Leo can bear the heat, but it should not be challenged. Prefer the cold. The Leonberger he is a great friend and not an object for acting addicts.

    It should also be borne in mind that in our current society, large dogs are often rejected. Some people just fear a giant like Leo, even if he behaves – as is normal for him – exemplary. This is one of the reasons why it is not advisable to keep it in the big city..

    One must have a sufficient budget to be able to pay a lot of good food and, in case of doubt, also the vet. In addition, You should have considered before buying what to do if the dog is sick and may need to be brought 80 kg or more. Last but not least, but not less important, there are many practical things that have a profound influence on everyday life. Here one must be really responsible and look honestly in the mirror if all the conditions for a happy coexistence with the dogs are given. Leonberger. Who can claim this, is in an enviable situation of dog owner. The Leonberger worth a sin.

    Leonberger's Education

    It must be remembered that in a Leo adult, the strap is just a symbol of control. The Leonberger has the power to control the other end of the strap. But he doesn't want. The Leonberger it's basically easy to train. Only his stubbornness has to be broken here and there with consistent smoothness. He wants to follow his lord and master and he does it very reliably. It is an elementary duty of the owner of a Leonberger to pay attention to a consistent education already in the puppy. Because only this and not the leash makes wonderful walks in nature possible, that together with this great four-legged friend become a balm for the soul of agitated people. The great dog should never be “educated” by blows or barracks methods. Because that would cause the exact opposite of education and end in disaster..

    Leonberger care

    Caring for a healthy Leo is not a problem. Brushing the coat once a week is enough.

    Nutrition / Food

    You need a lot of high quality food. A raised bowl is helpful in counteracting the risk of stomach twisting. Always pay attention to the weight.

    Leonberger Health

    As in most large dogs, we see hip or elbow dysplasia. Osteosarcoma, the most common bone tumor in dogs, it is also very common in the Leonberger.

    Leonberge life expectancy

    Before the life expectancy of a Leonberger It was from 12 years, today is from 7 a 9 years. The pup is working to regain the possible natural life of a healthy dog. It is accompanied here by a research project of the University of Veterinary Medicine of Hannover.

    Buy a Leonberger

    Buying a Leo it should be long-term and well thought out. You should carefully check if you have all the requirements to spend many wonderful years with this giant. If you are looking for a puppy, above all, make sure that dogs are not over-bred. Ask about ancestors, their illnesses, his age reached. You should see a breeder affiliated with the FCI Leonberger. Really, a Leonberger it costs about 2.000 EUR.

    Leonberger images

    Photos:

    1 – Leonberger bitch by The animal photography at de.wikipedia / CC BY-SA
    2 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1394923
    3 – Leonberger, head photographed in 2004 at a dog show in Dresden by Karina Leo-Steffen, uploaded here from –Caronna 13:43, 15 Apr 2005 (UTC) / CC BY-SA
    4 – Leonberger by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/75295/
    5 – Leonberger by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1434187
    6 – Leonberger by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
    7 – Leonberger by https://www.needpix.com/photo/1100946/dog-leonberger-giant-pedigree-purebred-animal-canine

    Leonberger Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 145
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.2: Molossian, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
    • AKC – Working dogs
    • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
    • CKC – Working dogs
    • ​KC – Working dogs
    • NZKC – Utility dog
    • UKC – Guard dog

    Leonberger breed FCI standard

    LEONBERGER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Leo, Gentle Lion, Gentle Giant (English).
      2. Chien Leonberg (French).
      3. Leo (German).
      4. Leo (Portuguese).
      5. Leo (Spanish).

    Dogo Canario
    España FCI 346 - Molosoids - Mastiff

    Dogo Canario

    Their aggressiveness should not be excessively stimulated. It is an optimal guardian and defender without the need for training.

    Content

    History

    The Dogo Canario It is a classic moloso. It is the offspring of an ancient and in this ancient form it is only rarely found in Central Europe today.. It has many names: Presa Canario, Perro de Presa, Perro de Toro, Alano o Presa Canario. Dogs of the current type Dogo Canario existed still ago 200 years everywhere. They were the old saupackers, bear teethers, guard dogs, butcher dogs, the ancestors of the current great danes, bulldogs, boxers and mastiffs. They are extremely strong and bulky dogs, that even today are summarized as molossi. They were raised in ancient times and have always been highly appreciated. They were used on large farms, with livestock herds or for example on merchant ships such as guard and protection dogs, served as herding dogs and as hunting dogs for boars or bears. They served rulers like Hammurabi as war dogs, they had them carved in stone in full recognition does 3700 years.

    Due to its strength, courage and determination, have been used as fighting dogs in the arenas of animal fighting since Roman times. Molossians have a commanding head with a rather short snout and long lips.. The ears are usually worn hanging. According to the traditions of antiquity in words and images, the main characteristics of the molosser have remained essentially the same for thousands of years, but in recent centuries and especially due to modern dog breeding, the classic type of molosser has been lost to some extent. In extreme cases strange shapes have been bred with many extremely short folds or snouts such as bulldogs or giants like him Great Dane or the Mastiff. The Dog is still raised in his homeland only for his performance at work.

    Therefore, chances are that the Dogo Canario still embody the type Molosoide as was common in the old days. It is clearly recognized as trotting, but he does not suffer from cultivated exaggerations of any bodily characteristics or traits. You can only hope it stays that way. Unfortunately, breeders are very much at odds with Dogo Canario. They haven't even managed to agree on a name and a registry office. From 1991 has been officially considered as “The Canary Presa Dog” among the natural symbols of the Canary Islands. Meanwhile in 2001 the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture recognized these dogs as a national breed also under the name of Dogo Canario, the same dogs were then provisionally recognized as Dogo Canario by the world federation FCI in 2001 and finally in 2011. Other names are Perro de Presa y Alano. Alano It is an old word that means Great Dane.

    Physical characteristics

    The Dogo Canario, Perro de Presa, Perro de Toro, Alano o Presa Canario – all designations for the same four-legged friend – he is an elegant dog that radiates athletic power. He is an athletic, muscular, elongated but nevertheless typical molosser.

    The skull-muzzle ratio is approximately 6:4. The upper lip rests a little flaccidly on the lower one. The eyes, medium-sized, they are oval and hazelnut, the ears, high, they are separated from each other and are shaped like a button; they are only amputated to remember their original role as a fighting dog. The neck, long and muscular, shows a slight dewlap. The tail is implanted high: thick at the base, is tuned to the extreme. The belly is retracted, but the last ribs stand out only slightly, giving a harmonious harp shape. Limbs are sturdy, muscular and perfectly plumb; angulation of the hind limbs is not very marked.

    The difference between male and female bulldogs desired by the FCI standard is therefore unnaturally large. Anyway, desires of this standard for outward appearance should not be taken so seriously.

    Because fortunately this originally preserved dog breed, robust and healthy has set its standard “By herself”, more exactly for their performance at work, and has kept it in the practice of life until today. People, who now wants to put it in a modern pedigree breeding dog standard, don't even agree to the principle, as we can see in its history of the breed. Modern pedigree dog breeding has not done any dog ​​breed any good, both in terms of health and character. In old times, the Bulldog fitted with pleasure to the ears, so that they protruded upwards. This is now prohibited. Today they show big ears hanging down.

    • Hair: short, without Undercoat, pretty hard.
    • Color: leonado or atigrado. The tabby specimens have a wide range of colors, from the very dark ones to a quite cold tone light gray.
    • Size: males, of 61 a 66 cm.; females, of 57 a 62 cm..

    Character

    The Dogo Canario is a quiet dog, balanced and self-confident. He is a powerful and defensive athlete who can show his performance at any time. Like all molossi, he is extremely kind, have strong nerves and a high stimulus threshold. However, he is more anxious to move and not as lethargic as most molossi bred today only as companions. A Dogo Canario well socialized is friendly to people who know and like children. It is very sociable. Towards strangers is at first a little distant without fear. He is an incorruptible guardian, fearless and protective of his family without being aggressive by himself. The FCI standard describes the character desired by the breed:

    Calm appearance; alert look. It is especially suitable as a watchdog… His temperament is balanced and he has a lot of self-confidence. Deep barking. He is docile and kind to his family members and with strong ties to his master, but you may suspect strangers. Self-confident behavior, elegant and somewhat distant. When you are alert, his attitude is confident and alert.

    It must be added that the Dogo Canario rarely barks. But if it barks once, it's pretty awesome.

    Attitude

    The Dogo Canario is undemanding in terms of external conditions. Of course: a small apartment in the big city would not be optimal for your attitude. But other than that it's easy to maintain. It is also a working dog, a guard, a driver, a hunting dog for hunting wild boars. The Dogo Canario it is suitable as a family dog ​​only on the condition that it is well socialized, well educated and physically fit. You also have to take into account a fact: It is considered a “dangerous dog” in many countries.

    Presa Canario Education

    The Dogo Canario can be trained well, but it's not a beginner dog yet. It is intelligent, very sociable and eager to work. But at the same time he is very powerful and assertive. In case of doubt, always the strongest end of the strap. Therefore, his master or caretaker must not leave doubts about his role as leader and this on the basis of natural authority. Then this dog will gladly leave the main role to his bipeds without reservation. But it must be filled. The Dogo Canario it is even suitable for demanding tasks such as training as an assistance or protection dog. The basic requirement is that it comes from a serious breeder and has already been socialized there.

    Presa Canario health and care

    The Dogo Canario has no special demands on your care.

    Typical diseases

    Breed specific diseases are not known. Due to his still short career as an official pedigree dog, it can be assumed that the population of the Dogo Canario, Presa Dog or Presa Canario – Whatever this ancient breed of dog is called – enjoys robust health.

    Nutrition / Food

    The Dogo Canario has no special demands on their diet.

    Life expectancy Dogo Canario

    There are no reliable figures on life expectancy. Seriously raised, the Dogo Canario I should be able to live on 10 a 12 years.

    Buy Dogo Canario

    Before making a purchase, be aware that the restrictive attitude of the State can cause many problems in daily life and additional financial burdens. The Dogo Canario it is a large and powerful dog that belongs to the hands of an experienced teacher or lover. The cost of a Dogo Canario is of some 1200 EUR.

    Dogo Canario Images

    Photos:

    1 – Canarian Presa Dog – Dogo canario by Kamen rider snipe / CC BY-SA
    2 – Presa Canario dog – Dogo Canario by Basil Dragon / CC BY-SA
    3 – Presa Canario by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/732874
    4 – Canary bulldog, edited by Canecorsodog (en.Wikipedia) edited by Caronna 12:25, 6 February 2008 (UTC) / CC BY-SA
    5 – Zai-Kan de Irema Curtó. Canary prey perro byManuel Curtó Jr. / CC BY-SA
    6 – Presa Canario by Wikipedia
    7 – Presa canario dog by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/75916

    Dogo Canario Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 346
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 2.1: Molossian, Dogue type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.1 Molossoid, doge type.
    • AKC – FSS
    • UKC – Guard dog

    FCI Standard Dogo Canario breed

    PRESA CANARIO FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Canary Mastiff, Canary Catch Dog, Canarian Dogo, Presa Canario.Dogo Canario, Presa (English).
      2. dogo Canario (French).
      3. Presa Canario, Kanarische Dogge (German).
      4. Perro de presa canário, Dogo canário (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de presa canario (Spanish).

    Dutch Smoushond
    Holanda FCI 54 - Pinscher and Schnauzer

    Born to follow the horse and rider, and catch the rats in the blocks.

    Content

    History

    The Dutch Smoushond is a very ancient race. Its name derives from the term smous (mouse), because among their tasks it has always been found to hunt these rodents.

    By mid-century 19 he was very popular with the upper middle class in the Netherlands following the carriages and horses and as a rat catcher in the stables. Although the origin of the breed is uncertain, it is generally believed that the Yellow schnauzer was one of the original dogs in the creation of this breed. A dog merchant sold the dog as "The Stable Knight Dog" to tourists from product exchanges in Amsterdam. The name quickly changed to "Smous”, rough barbarian, This distinguished him from Griffon Bruxellois. The first standard dates from 1905, was written by Messrs H.A. Earl of Bylandt, A. Woltman Elpers y L. Seegers. After a long period in which popularity and public interest decreased, the last litter was recorded in the Netherlands Book of Records (Dutch Dog Studbook) in 1949. In 1973, la Sra. H.M. Barkman van der Weel took the initiative to rebuild the breed. It started with a cross looking like a Dutch Smoushond. FCI-St. N°308 / 16.03.2012 3 From 1978 interest in Dutch Smoushond is protected by the Hollandse Smoushonden Club. In 1980 the standard of 1905.

    In the news, puppies of this breed are very difficult to get outside of the Netherlands.

    Physical characteristics

    It is an agile dog, whose silhouette is inscribed in a square, It should not be thick or heavy. The eyes are characteristic of the breed, with a lively and benevolent expression, large, round and dark colored, the ears, inserted high, they fall forward and rest on the cheeks; they are small, thin and triangular in shape, with the end slightly rounded. The tail should be quite short, with a happy demeanor, but not coiled on the back. Can be cut to 2/3 its length.

    • Hair: on the body it is thick, enough, hard, straight, shaggy looking. In the extremities it has an average length, not tight but turned inward suggesting locks. Over the head is shorter, with mustaches, beard and longer eyebrows.
    • Color: yellowish along with all its gradients; straw yellow is preferable.
    • Size: males, of 37 a 42 cm.; females, of 35 a 40,5 cm..

    Character and skills

    The Dutch Smoushond was born to follow the horse and rider, and catch the rats in the blocks, the Dutch Smoushond has an affectionate character, joyful, friendly, always comfortable with everyone, fearless or very nervous. It is a perfect family dog, friendly and easy to educate.

    Dutch Smoushond Images

    Dutch Smoushond Videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 308
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 1.3: Pinscher and Schnauzer type. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. , Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer.
    • UKC – Terrier Group.

    Dutch Smoushond breed FCI standard

    DUTCH SMOUSHOND FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Dutch Ratter, Hollandse Smoushond (English).
      2. Hollandse Smoushond (French).
      3. Holländischer Rattler, HOLLÄNDISCHER SMOUSHUND (German).
      4. Hollandse Smoushond (Portuguese).
      5. Smoushond holandés, Perro ratonero holandés (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1424539
    2 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1581327
    3 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1061995
    4 – Dutch buzzard by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1426949
    5 – Dutch buzzard by gwendolenFlickr

    Austrian Pinscher
    Austria FCI 54 - Pinscher.

    Austrian Pinscher 1

    Self-confident, lively, attentive, playful, especially attached

    Content

    History

    The Austrian Pinscher descends from old Austrian Landpinscher, who was still widespread in the second half of the 19th century as a frugal and versatile farm dog. In 1921 a pure breeding plan was started. Against him German pinscher, seems wider, more robust and more primitive. Emil Hauck became familiar with this type of dog during his travels in the early 20th century and worked for the recognition of the breed by the ÖKV and the FCI. The 16 in October of 1928, this breed was recognized as Austrian Shorthaired Pinscher by ÖKV. In the year 2000 the breed name was changed to Austrian Pinscher.

    However, according to the breeders association, the number of dogs decreased in the decade of 1970 so much so that only one stud dog remained, Diocles of Angers. Starting from this, the breed was preserved using “Landpinschers”. The “Landpinschers” are still used in breeding. The “Landpinschers” are dogs that correspond to the Austrian Pinscher in terms of phenotype and are relatively stable in terms of breeding, without being specifically bred as pedigree dogs in the sense of modern dog breeding.

    Physical characteristics

    It is a medium to small size dog. The eyes are large, with the dark iris. Ears are normally "V" shaped, but there are also buttons, semi-fallen or straight. Breeders try to fix as much as possible a "V" ear that, otherwise, it is already the most common. The tail is implanted high, the dog the coiled cam, frequently on the back, and it's short and thick. Can also be shortened.

    • Hair: short, straight and with undercoat. Remember the smooth-haired fox terrier.
    • Color: the most frequent are wheat yellow, brown yellow, Griffon, fawn red and black with fiery spots. Almost always with large white spots on the chest, snout, throat, neck, nape, extremities and tip of tail. The specimens with the mottled coat, completely black or white and fire are not desirable.
    • Size: 35 a 50 cm., more frequently in tone to the 40 cm..

    Character and skills

    It is a vigorous little dog, bold, temperamental and very resistant. It is a great surveillance dog; on the other hand, not spread as a companion dog, among other things because it is very barking. However, medium-small dogs do not meet the demands of someone who wants a dog for the apartment (always as small as possible), nor those who want a watchdog (preferably medium-large size), and for this reason the spread of the breed is very limited.

    Comments

    He has good hunting attitudes.

    Austrian Pinscher Images

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 64
    • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.
    • Section 1.1: Pinscher. Without working trial.
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Pinscher and Schanuezer dogs. Molossian type Dogs and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. . Section 1.1 Pinscher type.
    • UKC – Terriers

    FCI Standard of the Austrian Pinscher breed

    AUSTRIAN PINSCHER FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Austrian Shorthaired Pinscher (English).
      2. Oesterreichisher Kurzhaariger Pinscher (French).
      3. Österreichischer Pinscher (German).
      4. Österreichischer Pinscher (Portuguese).
      5. Pinscher austriaco de pelo corto (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Pinczer_austriaco at the World Dog Show in Poznań by chained / CC BY-SA
    2 – Austrian Pinscher at the World Dog Show in Poznań by chained / CC BY-SA
    3 – Pinscher austriaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1603530
    4 – Pinscher austriaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1593828
    5 – Austrian Pinscher at the World Dog Show in Poznań by chained / CC BY-SA

    South Russian Ovcharka
    Rusia FCI 326

    South Russian Ovcharka

    It is a dog that reacts fast, is strong, balanced and lively, with a tendency to be dominant and very active in defense.

    Content

    History

    The ancestry of the South Russian Ovcharka It comes from the thick-haired bearded dogs that were brought along with fine wool sheep to the steppe regions of the South from Spain. This fact is mentioned in volume XXVI (1830 and., St. Petersburg) from the complete collection of the laws of the Russian Empire. These agile medium-sized dogs, modern-like Catalan Sheepdog, they were able to corner the flocks of sheep and protect them. These dogs brought from Spain spontaneously mated with local shepherds and hunting dogs, who had been raised there as sheep since ancient times. Later, these crossbreeds spread throughout the southern regions of Russia and they were even known abroad, in western countries or in Europe as “the russian shepherd”. In 1867, a gold medal was awarded to Russian Shepherd Dog at the World's Fair in Paris for its beauty. However, the real selection started in 1898, in Crimea, en Askania – Nova, the demesne of the Russian baron of German origin Mr. Friedrich von Falz-Fein. He was the person who gave the breed modern typical traits and called it “South Russian Ovcharka“.

    Numerous offspring with local hounds had led to increased height and white color dominance, added a certain lightness of confirmation and a few chest flattening typical of fast-running dogs, as well as tucked-in belly and more pronounced angles of the hindquarters. The last typical characteristics of the conformation and the name “South Russian Ovcharka” they were finally assigned to the breed in the period of the USSR, in the early decade of 1930, when the first official breed standard was approved. The dogs of South Russian Ovcharka they are easy to maintain and can easily adapt to various weather conditions due to their resistance, and they are always ready to protect their owners and their properties. These dogs are exceptionally loyal and dedicated to their owners., but at the same time it should not be expected that the South Russian Ovcharka be friendly to strangers.

    Physical characteristics

    The South Russian Ovcharka it is a medium to large size dog, medium-bodied, not robust, with strong bones and powerful dry muscles. Sexual dimorphism is well defined, males are more bulky compared to females and have larger heads. The top line is a characteristic feature of the breed; forms a slight curve over the spine. The body, the head, the limbs and tail are covered in thick fur, long and disheveled that gives a deceptive impression of clumsiness and heaviness, but actually the South Russian Ovcharka he is a fast and agile dog. The eyes, slightly almond-shaped, must be dark and horizontally arranged. The ears are relatively small, triangular and hanging.

    • Hair: the cloak is made up of long hair (10-15 cm.), often dense and slightly wavy, hard with abundant undercoat.
    • Color: uniform white allowed, White grey (Ash), white with gray traces, stained gray; fawn white robes are rarer, straw and completely gray.
    • Size: males, minimum 65 cm.; females, minimum 62 cm.. Individuals of 75 cm or more.

    Observations and tips

    Puppies are sometimes born light gray in color and turn white with the first shedding.

    Character and skills

    It is a dog that reacts fast, is strong, balanced and lively, with a tendency to be dominant and very active in defense. Very smart and responsive, is very balanced but easily takes action if your family's safety is threatened. It is very good with the owners, children included.

    South Russian Ovcharka Pictures

    South Russian Ovcharka videos

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 326
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • UKC – Herding dogs

  • FCI Standard of the South Russian Ovcharka breed
  • SOUTH RUSSIAN SHEPHERD DOG FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Yuzhnorússkaya Ovcharka, Ukrainian Ovcharka, Ukrainian Shepherd Dog, Yuzhak, South Ukrainian Ovcharka, South Russian Shepherd Dog, South Russian Sheepdog (English).
      2. berger de l’Ukraine (French).
      3. Juschnorusskaja Owtscharka, Südrussischer Schäferhund, Ioujnorousskaïa Ovtcharka (German).
      4. pastor-da-ucrânia (Portuguese).
      5. Pastor Ucraniano, Pastor del sur de Rusia (Spanish).

    Photos:

    1 – Southern Russian Shepherd by https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/perro-2042862/
    2 – South Russian Ovcharka during dog’s show in Racibórz, Poland by user:chained / CC BY-SA
    3 – South Russian Ovcharka during dog’s show in Racibórz, Poland by user:chained / CC BY-SA
    4 – South Russian Ovcharka during dog’s show in Racibórz, Poland by user:chained / CC BY-SA
    5 – Wikimania Images by Sailesh by Sailesh Patnaik / CC BY-SA

    Slovak Cuvac
    Eslovaquia FCI 142 - Sheepdogs.

    Slovak Cuvac

    The Slovak Cuvac is a good watchdog, faithful and very brave, always ready to fight intruders, even if it's bears or wolves.

    Content

    History

    The white mountain dog breed group is derived from arctic-type wolves, whose survivors remained from the pre-glacial era in the mountainous areas of Europe, as far as freezing limits reached. These areas are the mountainous slopes of the North Caucasus, the balkans, especially the Rodope mountains, the Carpathians, especially the Tatra, the slopes to the north of Abruzzo and finally the Pyrenees. In these cold and humid regions the mountain dog was introduced, also accompanied by ancient flora and fauna, which were still discovered by the Swedish researcher Wahlenberg in Scandinavia.. We can find a similar relationship with Nordic pets, for example, in Tatra regions in the Carpathians where the Huzul horse has as its predecessor the Gudbrandstal horse; in the same way, the Slovak Cuvac has an analogy with the pomeranian sheepdog. Slovak alpine cowboy activity has a very old tradition.

    The Slovak Cuvac along with the mountain sheep, the Huzul horse and the typical mountain inhabitants constitute the basic economic conditions to take advantage of the pastures in cattle breeding. The Slovak mountains mostly belonged to the free people who were not subject to the servitudes of the Middle Ages; the people protected the country's borders and their task was only to make sheep cheeses. His institution was called ″ Wallach Alliance ″ (Vallasky belt), based in Kaschau until the abolition of easements. The members of this military and pastoral group carried out their services in the pastures, always accompanied by the typical surveillance dog. Tatra that also appear in many images. The Slovak Cuvac has shown his skills as a good caregiver, guardian and companion, as well as guide the flocks of sheep, to the care of the cattle and also in the pastures of turkeys and other domestic animals, as well as guarding various objects. Also the clients of the thermal stations who visited the alpine cowboys and who came to buy cheeses and other products, they looked with pleasure at these puppies covered in dense hair and bought them, taking this breed to lower places where it was often considered a luxury breed for its unique appearance.

    In the Polish Tatra region, where there is a similar breed of mountain dog called goral dog, exceptionally strong specimens were commonly called "Liptauer", indicating its Slovak origin. In this way, It is also limited from the topographical point of view the region of the breeding of the Slovak Cuvac white. The genealogical record of the Slovak Cuvac was started in Czechoslovakia more than 30 years by Professor Anton Hruza of the Veterinary Faculty of Brünn. The initial material came from the Liptovska Luzna region, kokava, Vychodna from Tatrach and the surrounding area of ​​Rachovo in the Carpathians. The first hatchery was named ″ Ze zlaté studny ″ (from the golden well) and it was founded in Svitavy u Brna.

    The calf in the Carpathians was called ″ z Hoverly ″ (the Hoverla). Since then, the Breeders Club of Slovak Cuvac is based in Bratislava where exact registrations are made and exhibitions are organized, judgments and powers that extend throughout the country. Other original bloodlines come from the Liptovské Hole regions, Velky Choc, buried, Martin, Jedlova and Jeseniky. The lines that have been extended further are Topas, career, Simba, Hrdos, Ibro, Cuvo, Ass, Dinar, Samko, Bojar, Olaf and others. Genetically the Slovak Cuvac can be characterized as a leuzistic mountain dog with a black muzzle, and to a lesser extent as a flavistico white dog with brown snout and lighter eyes. From the combination of the mentioned genetic types, in which the first is dominant, some variations in color tonality originate, pigmentation of the eyes, of the eyelids, of the muzzle, lips and mucosa. By means of a strict selection in the direction of the first type, judges and breeders achieved the rate required for the current standard and its stabilization within the hatchery area. The number of club members with bred and kennel dogs has reached as many as 200 in the last times. Since then, we have 800 live and registered dogs throughout the Republic. The quality of our upbringing of Slovak Cuvac it reflects, among other things, in the favorable judgment made in international exhibitions (Prague, Brno, Liberec, Bratislava, Leipzig among others) with intense foreign competition.

    Physical characteristics

    Shows the typical solid and solid appearance of mountain dogs. The bone is solid, the lively and vigilant temperament, fearless and attentive. The eyes are dark brown and oval. Ears are high and very mobile, of moderate length, hanging and almost attached to the head. The tail has a low implant and at rest descends to the hock. When the dog moves, he wears it curled on his back.

    • Hair: except for the head and limbs, where is shorter, the mantle constitutes a dense continuous covering without tufts in the tail and the haunches. The Mache have a marked mane. The subpelo, fine thick, it is completely covered by the hair and is less dense in summer.
    • Color: white. A yellowish blur at the end of the ears is supported but not desirable.
    • Size: males, of 62 a 70 cm.; females, of 59 a 65 cm..

    Observations and tips

    According to the tradition, only white individuals are selected to distinguish them at night from wild animals.

    Character and skills

    He is extremely faithful and brave and is always ready to face any harmful animal, still to wolves and bears. In order to differentiate it during the night from the wild beasts of the field, it is only bred in white color, this being an ancient tradition.

    He is very affectionate with his owner.

    Images of the Slovak Cuvac

    Videos of the Slovak Cuvac

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
    • FCI 142
  • Federations:
    • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
    • AKC – PASTORAGE
    • UKC – Herding dogs
  • Slovak Cuvac breed FCI standard
  • SLOVAKIAN CHUVACH FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Slovak Cuvac, Slovak Chuvach, Tatransky Cuvac, Slovak tschuvatsch (English).
      2. Slovenský čuvač, cuvac (French).
      3. Slovenský Cuvac (German).
      4. Cuvac (Portuguese).
      5. Cuvac eslovaco (Spanish).

    Source:

    1 – fci

    Photos:

    1 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1323780
    2 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1323780
    3 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1424979
    4 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/en/photo/898976
    5 – Cuvac eslovaco by https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1233682

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