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Hungría FCI 55 - Sheepdogs


With its black lace cape, gray or white, the Puli, a herding breed of sheep originating from Hungary


Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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The Puli has been known in Hungary for at least 1.000 years. Dogs like the Puli were brought to Hungary by the Magyar invaders. Dogs look like Tibetan Terrier, and it is possible that this race is one of its ancestors.

The type of work dogs did depended on their size and color. Light-colored dogs were most useful at night so they could be easily seen, while those of dark color worked during the day. Among the white flocks, were easier to see by the pastor.

During the 17th century, the Puli almost lost as a breed due to crossbreeding with sheepdogs from France and Germany. In 1912, a program was started to revive the breed. In 1915 A breed standard was drafted and approved by the (FCI) International Cynological Federation in 1924. The dogs had made their first appearance at a Budapest dog show a year earlier and were divided into three classes.: of work, exposure and dwarf. In 1934 breed standard was revised and dogs were divided by height: large, medium and dwarf. An inscription of 1935 in the Hungarian herd book it notes four sizes: large (policeman), medium- (work), small and dwarf. Medium size was the most popular.

Physical characteristics

It's a solid dog, lean but muscular. The head is small and thin; front view looks round and in profile, elliptical. The skull is rounded; the nasal canal straight and shorter than the skull, with the stop well marked. The eyes are brown; the gaze is attentive and lively.

has droopy ears; V-shaped. The body gives an impression of great solidity: the height at the withers is somewhat greater than the length of the trunk.

The limbs are straight and muscular. The size of the tail is curved and on the kidneys.

Observations and tips:

Puli's hair is not easy to keep clean. You must avoid getting dirty because you cannot brush or wash.

  • Fur: it is so dense that it makes it difficult to examine the different parts of the body. The head appears round due to the hair that falls over the eyes, that hides them. The coat is made of thick textured hair and a fine undercoat: the right proportion between thick and fine hair determines the “narrow” felting, what is the desired. If there is too much thick hair, the coat is thin. On the other hand, if there is too much fine hair, the cloak will be too pressed. The stringy cloak is made up of uniform hairs that form wavy highlights. Curls are less prone to felting and form long strings. The hair is long on the rump, kidneys and thighs (of 8 to 18 cm.), so that in certain cases, while the dog is standing, hair almost touches the ground. On the other hand, it is moderately short on the head and on the feet.
  • Color: depending on the variety, black, black with reddish highlights, different shades of gray, and white.
  • Size: males, of 40 to 44 cm.; females, of 7 to 41 cm..

Character and skills

Dreadlocks usually attract the attention of those unfamiliar with the Puli. But for those who know him and love him, it is his personality that shines.

The Puli is an affectionate and loving dog that enjoys being with his family. It is intelligent, agile and has a strong work ethic. He is wary of strangers and takes care of his family, but should not be too shy or aggressive.

Like most herding breeds, the Puli is independent and strong-willed. You need a nice hand, but firm, to achieve their best behavior. The Puli has a tendency to bark, another trait of grazing, so any training program must include an order of “Silence”.

The Puli is a capable athlete, known for being able to climb a fence 180 cm.. Fenced yard and lots of supervision required.

Training should begin immediately for the Puli puppy. Even at 8 weeks of age, is capable of learning good manners. Never wait until i have 6 months to start training, or you will have a more stubborn dog to handle. If possible, take it to a puppy trainer when you have 10 to 12 weeks of age, and socializes, socialice, socialice. But, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) stay up to date, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to other dogs and public places until puppy vaccinations (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy. You can also invite people to your home, to get used to receiving visitors. These experiences as a young dog will help you become a sensible and calm adult dog..

Talk to a reputable and experienced Puli breeder. Describe exactly what you are looking for in a canine companion, and ask for help selecting a puppy. Breeders see puppies daily and can make incredibly accurate recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality. Choose a puppy whose parents have pleasant personalities and who has been well socialized by the breeder since birth.

Puli dog health

The Puli are generally healthy, but the conditions that are sometimes seen in the breed include hip dysplasia, eye problems such as progressive retinal atrophy and deafness.

Don't buy a puppy from a breeder who can't provide you with written documentation that the parents were cleared of health issues affecting the breed. Make the dogs are “reviewed by the veterinarian” It is not a substitute for testing genetic health.

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens., but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died of.

Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Puli at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend his life.. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Puli dog grooming

The Puli has a dense, weather resistant coat that can be wavy or curly but never silky. The undercoat is soft, woolly and dense. The hair clumps together easily and if left alone it will form shaggy cords as the dog matures, a partir de los 9 months of age. Depending on the coat texture and the amount of undercoat and outer coat, laces can be flat or round. It takes four to five years to fully grow and can reach the ground.

The Puli coat can be brushed or left as a drawstring. If you plan to brush the coat instead of leaving it twine, start early and expect to brush every day or two.

The coat doesn't fall off much, but the laces must be separated regularly to maintain their appearance, and they attract dirt and debris. The Puli's coat should never be dirty, tangled or foul-smelling. To avoid problems, ask the breeder to show you how to care for the coat. Trimming the hair around the mouth and cleaning the dog's face after meals is one way to help reduce odor.. Bathing and drying a Puli can take hours. Make sure it's dry to the skin, or it will smell musty. If you don't plan to display it, you can choose to keep your coat short for easy maintenance.

The rest is basic care. Trim nails as needed and brush teeth frequently with a vet-approved pet toothpaste for overall good health and fresh breath. Check ears weekly for dirt, redness or odor that may indicate an infection. If the ears look dirty, clean them with a cotton swab moistened with a gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner recommended by your veterinarian. Start brushing the Puli while you are young so that you get used to it and accept it willingly.

Characteristics "Puli"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Puli" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Images "Puli"

Videos "Puli"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
  • Section 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial..


  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
  • CKC – Group 7 – Herding dogs
  • ​KC – Pastoral
  • NZKC – Working dog
  • UKC – Herding dogs

FCI breed standard "Puli"


Alternative names:

1. Hungarian Puli (English).
2. Puli hongrois (French).
3. Puli (German).
4. Puli (Portuguese).
5. Puli húngaro, Pulik (español).


1 – Picture of a white Puli by http://www.rabakozi-nemes.hu / CC BY-SA
2 – Pulik by No machine-readable author provided. Pleple2000 assumed (based on copyright claims). / CC BY-SA
3 – Puli at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Wikipedia
4 – White puli, sheared by age by Benutzer:Cryptodirum / Public domain
5 – Puli would Haplochromis / CC BY-SA
6 – Puli (Hungarian Shepherd), female, 2 years and a half by Wikipedia
7 – Puli would https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1362559

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