Hungría FCI 55 - Sheepdogs


With its black lace cape, gray or white, the Puli, a herding breed of sheep originating from Hungary


Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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The Puli se conoce en Hungría desde hace al menos 1.000 years. Perros como el Puli fueron traídos a Hungría por los invasores magiares. Dogs look like Tibetan Terrier, and it is possible that this race is one of its ancestors.

El tipo de trabajo que hacían los perros dependía de su tamaño y color. Los perros de color claro eran más útiles por la noche para poder ser vistos fácilmente, mientras que los de color oscuro trabajaban durante el día. Among the white flocks, were easier to see by the pastor.

During the 17th century, the Puli almost lost as a breed due to crossbreeding with sheepdogs from France and Germany. In 1912, a program was started to revive the breed. In 1915 A breed standard was drafted and approved by the (FCI) International Cynological Federation in 1924. Los perros habían hecho su primera aparición en una exposición canina de Budapest un año antes y se dividieron en tres clases: of work, exposure and dwarf. In 1934 breed standard was revised and dogs were divided by height: large, medium and dwarf. An inscription of 1935 en el libro genealógico húngaro señala cuatro tamaños: large (policeman), medium- (work), small and dwarf. Medium size was the most popular.

Physical characteristics

It's a solid dog, lean but muscular. The head is small and thin; front view looks round and in profile, elliptical. The skull is rounded; the nasal canal straight and shorter than the skull, with the stop well marked. The eyes are brown; the gaze is attentive and lively.

Tiene orejas caídas; en forma de «V». The body gives an impression of great solidity: the height at the withers is somewhat greater than the length of the trunk.

The limbs are straight and muscular. The size of the tail is curved and on the kidneys.

Observations and tips:

Puli's hair is not easy to keep clean. You must avoid getting dirty because you cannot brush or wash.

  • Fur: es tan tupido que hace difícil el examen de las distintas partes del cuerpo. The head appears round due to the hair that falls over the eyes, that hides them. The coat is made of thick textured hair and a fine undercoat: la justa proporción entre el pelo grueso y fino determina el afieltrado «estrecho», what is the desired. If there is too much thick hair, the coat is thin. On the other hand, if there is too much fine hair, the cloak will be too pressed. The stringy cloak is made up of uniform hairs that form wavy highlights. Curls are less prone to felting and form long strings. The hair is long on the rump, kidneys and thighs (of 8 a 18 cm.), so that in certain cases, while the dog is standing, hair almost touches the ground. On the other hand, it is moderately short on the head and on the feet.
  • Color: depending on the variety, black, black with reddish highlights, different shades of gray, and white.
  • Size: males, of 40 a 44 cm.; females, of 7 a 41 cm..

Character and skills

Dreadlocks usually attract the attention of those unfamiliar with the Puli. But for those who know him and love him, it is his personality that shines.

The Puli is an affectionate and loving dog that enjoys being with his family. It is intelligent, agile and has a strong work ethic. Desconfía de los extraños y se ocupa de cuidar de su familia, pero no debe ser demasiado tímido ni agresivo.

Como la mayoría de las razas de pastoreo, the Puli is independent and strong-willed. You need a nice hand, but firm, to achieve their best behavior. The Puli has a tendency to bark, another trait of grazing, así que cualquier programa de entrenamiento debe incluir una orden de “Silence”.

The Puli is a capable athlete, known for being able to climb a fence 180 cm.. Fenced yard and lots of supervision required.

Training should begin immediately for the Puli puppy. Even at 8 weeks of age, is capable of learning good manners. Never wait until i have 6 months to start training, or you will have a more stubborn dog to handle. If possible, take it to a puppy trainer when you have 10 a 12 weeks of age, and socializes, socialice, socialice. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) stay up to date, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to other dogs and public places until puppy vaccinations (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy. You can also invite people to your home, to get used to receiving visitors. These experiences as a young dog will help you become a sensible and calm adult dog..

Talk to a reputable and experienced Puli breeder. Describe exactly what you are looking for in a canine companion, and ask for help selecting a puppy. Breeders see puppies daily and can make incredibly accurate recommendations once they know something about their lifestyle and personality. Choose a puppy whose parents have pleasant personalities and who has been well socialized by the breeder since birth.

Puli dog health

The Puli are generally healthy, but the conditions that are sometimes seen in the breed include hip dysplasia, eye problems such as progressive retinal atrophy and deafness.

No compre un cachorro de un criador que no pueda proporcionarle documentación escrita de que los padres fueron eximidos de los problemas de salud que afectan a la raza. Make the dogs are “reviewed by the veterinarian” It is not a substitute for testing genetic health.

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest, best-looking specimens., but sometimes mother nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life. If you are going to have a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in their lines and what they died of.

Remember that after you have welcomed a new puppy into your home, has the power to protect you from one of the most common health problems: the obesity. Keeping a Puli at the right weight is one of the easiest ways to extend his life.. Make the most of your preventive skills to help ensure a healthier dog for life.

Puli dog grooming

The Puli has a dense, weather resistant coat that can be wavy or curly but never silky. The undercoat is soft, woolly and dense. The hair clumps together easily and if left alone it will form shaggy cords as the dog matures, a partir de los 9 months of age. Depending on the coat texture and the amount of undercoat and outer coat, laces can be flat or round. It takes four to five years to fully grow and can reach the ground.

The Puli coat can be brushed or left as a drawstring. If you plan to brush the coat instead of leaving it twine, comience temprano y espere cepillarlo cada uno o dos días.

The coat doesn't fall off much, but the laces must be separated regularly to maintain their appearance, and they attract dirt and debris. The Puli's coat should never be dirty, tangled or foul-smelling. To avoid problems, ask the breeder to show you how to care for the coat. Trimming the hair around the mouth and cleaning the dog's face after meals is one way to help reduce odor.. Bathing and drying a Puli can take hours. Asegúrate de que esté seco hasta la piel, or it will smell musty. If you don't plan to display it, you can choose to keep your coat short for easy maintenance.

The rest is basic care. Córtele las uñas según sea necesario y cepíllese los dientes frecuentemente con una pasta de dientes para mascotas aprobada por el veterinario para una buena salud general y un aliento fresco. Revise los oídos semanalmente para detectar suciedad, redness or odor that may indicate an infection. If the ears look dirty, límpielos con un algodón humedecido con un limpiador de oídos suave y de pH balanceado recomendado por su veterinario. Start brushing the Puli while you are young so that you get used to it and accept it willingly.

Characteristics "Puli"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Puli" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Images "Puli"

Videos "Puli"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 1: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
  • Section 1: Sheepdogs. Without working trial..


  • FCI – Group 1 Herding dogs, Section 1 Sheepdogs
  • ANKC – Group 5 (working dogs)
  • CKC – Group 7 – Herding dogs
  • ​KC – Pastoral
  • NZKC – Working dog
  • UKC – Herding dogs

FCI standard of the breed "Puli"


Alternative names:

    1. Hungarian Puli (English).
    2. Puli hongrois (French).
    3. Puli (German).
    4. Puli (Portuguese).
    5. Puli húngaro, Pulik (español).


1 – Picture of a white Puli by http://www.rabakozi-nemes.hu / CC BY-SA
2 – Pulik by No machine-readable author provided. Pleple2000 assumed (based on copyright claims). / CC BY-SA
3 – Puli en la Exposición Mundial de Perros en Poznań by Wikipedia
4 – White puli, sheared by age by Benutzer:Cryptodirum / Public domain
5 – Puli would Haplochromis / CC BY-SA
6 – Puli (Pastor Húngaro), female, 2 years and a half by Wikipedia
7 – Puli would https://pxhere.com/es/photo/1362559

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