The Scottish Terrier (Scottish Terrier, also known as the Aberdeen Terrier), popularly known as "Scottie", It is one of the upper castes of Terrier grouped under the name of Skye Terrier, It is one of the five breeds of Terrier that originated in Scotland, the other four are the modern Skye Terrier, Cairn Terrier, Dandie Dinmont Terrier, and West Highland White Terrier.
The real origin of a breed as old as the Scottish Terrier is obscure and undocumented. The first written records about a dog of description similar to the Scottish Terrier was in 1436, When Don Leslie described them in his book the history of Scotland 1436-1561.
Two hundred years later, Sir Joshua Reynolds painted a portrait of a young girl caressing a dog of similar appearance to Scottish Terrier today. King James VI of Scotland was an important historical figure that accompanies the story of the Scottish Terrier. In the century 17, When King James VI became James I of England, sent six Terrier – believes that the precursors of the Scottish Terrier- a French monarch as a gift. His love and adoration for the race, It is said that you increased its popularity around the world.
In the century 19, in the Highlands of Scotland, including the Isle of Skye, the Terrier were abundant, originally known by the generic term “short hair” or ” Skye Terrier”. Towards the end of the century 19, It was decided to separate these Scottish Terrier and develop lines of pure blood and specific breeds.
Originally, the races were separated into two categories – Dandie Dinmont Terriers and Terrier Skye (not the Skye Terrier that is known today, but a generic name for a large group of the Terrier with different all features, It came from the Isle of Skye).
The written history and initial development of the race began at the end of 1870 with the development of dog shows. The exhibition of dogs required compared to a standard of the race and therefore the appearance and temperament of the Scottie was written for the first time.
At last, The Skye Terrier were divided into what is known today as the Scottish Terrier, Skye Terrier, West Highland White Terrier and Cairn Terrier.
Captain Gordon Murray and Shirley were responsible for establishing the type in 1879. Shortly after, in 1879, the Scottie were first exposed at Alexander Palace in England, While the following year they began to be classified in much the same way as is done today. The first written breed standard was written by JB Morrison and DJ Thomson gray and appeared in Vero Shows illustrated book of The Dog, published in 1880. The standard describes the color of the breed as “grey, greyish or Brindle “.
In 1881, the “Scottish Terrier Club of England” It was founded, being the first club dedicated to the race.
The Scottie is the only breed of dog that has lived in the White House more than three times.
In May of 2007, Carnegie Mellon University, He used the image of a Scottish Terrier as its official mascot.
It is a small Terrier breed with a distinctive shape and it has had many roles in popular culture.
They have been owned by a variety of celebrities, including to the President 32 of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the Scottie “Fala” It includes Franklin Delano Roosevelt in a statue in Washington, DC, as well as the 43 Th President of the United States George W.. Bush . They are also well known for being a piece to play in the Board game Monopoly.
Described as a territorial dog, wrestler, they can be a good guard dog and tend to be very loyal to his family.
Scottish Terrier may be more prone to clotting disorders, joint disorders, autoimmune diseases, allergies and cancer than other breeds of dog and not a disease is the name of the race called Scotty cramp. Is also a most successful breeds of dogs at the Westminster Kennel Club show of dog with a better show in 2010.
The Scottish Terrier is small but resistant, they have short legs, It Chunky and robust complexion, with one long head in proportion to its size. Scottish Terrier must have large paws adapted for digging.
Their ears they are erect and the tail It is one of the outstanding characteristics of the breed. Their eyes they are small, bright and dark brown or almost black and almond-shaped.
The height at the withers for both sexes should be approximately 25 cm., and the length of the back from the cross until the queue is of approximately 28 cm.. In general, is a well balanced dog, It must weigh 8.5 to 10 kg and a female 8 to 9,5 kg.
Scottish Terrier often has a hard mantle, rough, long, the inclement weather-resistant, an outer layer and a soft, dense layer attached to the skin. Combined, with a long beard in layer, the eyebrows, the legs and lower part of the body. The head, the ears, the tail and back are traditionally short, they are the Parties covered by the cutting of hair of the Scottish Terrier.
The the Layer palette It ranges from dark gray to Jet Black, or ” Brindle “(a mixture of black and Brown).
The color may appear “wheat” (straw to nearly white), but it should not be confused with the Cairn Terrier or West Highland White Terrier .
Character and skills
The breed is known to be independent and self-confident, Alegre, intelligent and has been dubbed the “Hard to peel”. They are described as very affectionate, they have also described as stubborn. It is sometimes described as a distant race, Although it has been observed that they tend to be very loyal and affectionate to its family.
The fourth Earl of Dumbarton nickname the race “the uncompromising“. The modern race said that it was able to trace their lineage to a single female, call splinter II.
It has been suggested that the Scottish Terrier can be a good watchdog, due to their tendency to bark only when necessary and that it tends to be reserved with strangers. The Scottish Terrier were bred to hunt and fight Badgers.
Therefore, the Scottie is prone to excavation, as well as Chase small vermin, as the squirrels, rats and mice.
The Scottie are territorial, they are always warning, they are fast and energetic in their movements, perhaps even more than other Terrier breeds.
With regard to health, the Scottish Terrier have a higher chance of developing some types of cancer, with regard to other Thoroughbred.
- Otros nombres: Terrier Escocés / Scottie / Aberdeenie.
- Group 3 / Section 2 – Small sized Terrier.
Dogs breeds: Scottish Terrier