Australian King-Parrot
Alisterus scapularis

Australian King-Parrot

Description

39-43 cm.. length between 195 and 275 g. of weight.

Australian King-Parrot

The Australian King-Parrot (Alisterus scapularis) is very similar to the Moluccan King-Parrot but larger.

It has the head and bright Scarlet underparts, with the exception of the coverts black infracaudales, with large red tips. Narrow rear necklace with mixture of the dark blue to dark green of the mantle (the mantle fringed darker feathers still); lower back and rump, dark blue. Pale necklaces, slightly greenish-blue, forming a distinctive 'taut'; Green wing coverts, and green flight feathers with vane Blackish internal. Under, feathers dark green bathed in blue wing. Upper, Black tail with a light blue bathroom in the vane external side feathers; undertail, Black tail.

Bright coral red beak, with black tips; iris yellow ; grey legs.

Strong dimorphism in female, with the Crown and green upper parts (including supracaudales coverts and tail, but not the Croup which is a lighter blue than in males). The face and the chest are coloured green opaque with a reddish spread warm. Females may occasionally show some pale necklaces. The infracaudales coverts are green, very red-tipped. The Central tail feathers are green, the lateral blackish with narrow pink tips.

The peak is a blackish brown dark.

The immature birds are like females, but with a pale beak and dark iris.

Younger females are less red below. Males get the adult plumage during a slow change that starts around of the 16 months, and continue for others 14 a 15 months.

  • Sound of the Australian King-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Papagayo Australiano.MP3]

Subspecies Alisterus scapularis:

  • Alisterus scapularis minor Mathews, 1911 – Same as the nominal species, but smaller.
  • Alisterus scapularis scapularis (Lichtenstein, 1816) – The nominal

Habitat:

The Australian King-Parrot disperse, regularly, After the breeding season, in wooded areas, reaching altitudes of 1.625 m, Although rarely seen on top of the 1.200 m, from where come down to more open habitats; they have seen other apparently climate-related movements. They can travel moderate distance; a ringed bird was recovered to 270 kilometers from their place of origin.

During the breeding season, they are often found in dense forests (sclerophyllous forest wet), wooded streams and associated habitats, including more open eucalyptus forests and savannahs bordering riparian forests.

Outside the breeding season, they are in a wider variety of habitats, including the cultivated areas, parks, orchards and occasionally suburban gardens.

They are usually in pairs or small groups, Although the post-breeding immatures can form groups of up to 50 or more birds. The Australian King-Parrot, often, they sit in a visible way on high exposed branches. When feed, However, the birds are still cautious and fairly quiet. They gather to eat early in the morning, sometimes in mixed groups with Rosella parakeets and other parrots. They remain silent during the warmest part of the day, to re-enable the afternoon.

Noisy flocks, often, they might be returning to the roosts at night.

Reproduction:

During courtship, males move head, the wings and inflate their feathers; the female responds with Wiggles head, and asking for food. The breeding season extends from September to February. The nest is a hollow in a tree dead or alive (often a large eucalyptus with hollow tips). The entrance of the nest is usually at a certain height. Between three and six (usually four) eggs are deposited in a deep hollow on a bed of wood dust. The female incubates alone during 20 days, with the male in the vicinity to provide food.

The young remain in the nest during 5 weeks, after which they leave the nest and remain with their parents.

Food:

The diet consists of fruit, berries, nuts, seeds, insect larvae, flowers, outbreaks and other vegetable materials. The species is also fond of mistletoe VISCUM album, eucalyptus and acacia trees. It can cause damage in orchards and fields, usually in search of potato, the maize and other crops.

When feed, They argue the food with their legs, and extract with its beak. If you bother, These parrots flying quickly to hide, but they can become tame in some inhabited areas.

Distribution:

The Australian King-Parrot is distributed along the East coast of Australia, in the interior of the western slopes of the Great dividing range, extending from Cooktown in the North of Queensland, to the South, the District of Atherton, then through Eungella, Blackall, MooNiE and in New South Wales, where it reaches inside approximately in Bingara, Mudgee and Albury. In Victoria is limited to the South-East, being Portland its southwestern boundary.

It is common in Canberra, especially during autumn and winter, and birds Getaways, occasionally seen in Adelaide, along the Murray River and in the West of Victoria.

The species can also be seen in Fraser, Stradbroke and Broughton Islands.

The world's population is considered that it is far superior to 50.000 specimens and stable, While may have been affected by trade and some degree of habitat loss.

Distribution subspecies Alisterus scapularis:

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, Although it is estimated over the 50,000 specimens.

The species, According to sources, It is generally common, but may be declining due to deforestation and the destruction of their habitat in course (pit et to the. 1997).

Australian parrot in captivity:

Fairly common in Australia, not so much in other places.

Sweet disposition, tame; It will tolerate other species outside the breeding season.

Alternative names:

Australian King-Parrot, Australian King Parrot, Blood Rosella, King Lory, King Parakeet, King Parrot, King-Red Lory, Queensland King-Parrot, Scarlet-and-Green Parrot, Southern King-Parrot, Spud Parrot (English).
Perruche royale (French).
Königssittich, Königsittich (German).
Periquito-rei-australiano (Portuguese).
Papagayo Australiano, Papagayo Real Australiano (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Alisterus
Scientific name: Alisterus scapularis
Citation: (Lichtenstein, MHC, 1816)
Protonimo: Psittacus scapularis

Australian King-Parrot images:

————————————————————————————————

Australian King-Parrot (Alisterus scapularis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – “Alisterus scapularis (male) -Bunya Mountains-8” by Arthur Chapman – originally posted to Flickr as Alisterus scapularis (Australian King Parrot). Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(2) – By Andy (originally posted to Flickr as King Parrot Couple) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – By Geoff Penaluna from Australia (Female King parrotUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – By Jan from Singapore, Singapore [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – “Alisterus scapularis-Commonwealth Park, Canberra, Australia-male-8” by Duncan McCaskillPicasa Web Albums. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(6) – HBW Alive – hbw

Sounds: Diego Caiafa (Xeno-canto)

Papuan King-Parrot
Alisterus chloropterus

Papuan King-Parrot

Description

36 cm.. length between 138 and 190 g. of weight.

The Papuan King-Parrot (Alisterus chloropterus) It has a bright red head, wide rear collar of blue stretching at the nape to the back of the Crown and sides of the upper part of the chest. Blackish green mantle, apparently black in the field; lower part of the back, buttocks and supracaudales coverts Dark Violet.

Dark green wings with large patch of yellowish-green through the lower, internal medium and more large inner coverts; Green flight feathers, with vane Dark internal. Under, the wing coverts blue-violet. Bright red bottoms, with hidden dark bases to the coverts infracaudales. Upper, tail bluish black; Black down.

Black beaks with a red upper mandible base; Orange iris; feet of color grey blackish.

The female of color green for over, devoid of the pale in wings patch, with a dark blue rump and blackish tail. Head and upper part of the chest of green (reddish mottled), and the rest of of the Red bottoms. Under, the Green wing coverts. Coverts with dark centers infracaudales, but this is less evident in the Australian females. That base with more Brown in the upper jaw in males.

Young as females, but with tips to the tail feathers pink, a greener chest, and a peak and iris darker.

  • Sound of the Papuan King-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Papagayo Papu.mp3]

Subspecies description

  • Alisterus chloropterus chloropterus

    (Ramsay, EP 1879), the nominal subspecies.

  • Alisterus chloropterus callopterus

    (Albertis & Salvadori 1879) – Male with blue band narrow through the mantle, It does not extend to the rear of the Crown. More green in the mantle.

  • Alisterus chloropterus moszkowskii

    (Reichenow 1911) – Sexes generally similar. Male has no or only shows a blue light in the back of the neck band, and it has the mantle and signs on the sides of the chest of green. Male with violet that extends more down in the back that the nominal species. Both sexes can display tips pink tail feathers. Immature with narrower and more off the wings patch. Green marks on the chest.

Habitat:

They are distributed in the dense forests from close to sea level until the 2.800 m. The birds are also sometimes found in cultivated areas, at higher altitudes, in more open habitats with casuarinas, and in areas of secondary growth. To the Papuan Parrot hears them more frequently of what seen, and are more frequently asked vislumbrados flying between the trees through breaks in the forest.

Bird alone, couples or groups of up to ten copies, they feed on silently and discreetly in the lower floors and half-height of the forests, and they can be addressed a short distance when they deliberately leave in search of fruits, seeds, berries and nuts; When resent, they usually only fly within walking distance.

Reproduction:

Little-known cycle of reproduction, but nesting, According to sources, begins in the month of March with two or three eggs in the implementation. The period of incubation is of 21 days, and the incipient takes 35 days. Young people reach the independence in 50 days.

Food:

Fruits, seeds, berries and nuts

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 324.000 km2

The Papuan King-Parrot extends from North of Cenderawasih Bay, to the East, about Aitape on the North Coast. Although locally common, the species is probably suffering due to the trade of birds. The world population is estimated at around 70.000 birds.

Distribution of subspecies:

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, Although it is estimated at around 70,000 specimens.

The species is reported as locally common (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Papuan parrot in captivity:

Active Parrot; need extra space because of the tendency that has to turn into an apathetic or lethargic in a small cage bird. It is not very loud. The dietary changes must occur slowly. It has a tendency to internal parasites.

Very rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Papuan King-Parrot, Green-winged King Parrot, Green-winged King-Parrot, Papuan King Parrot (English).
Perruche à ailes vertes, Perruche royale à ailes vertes, Perruche royale de Papouasie (French).
Papuasittich (German).
Periquito-rei-de-asa-verde (Portuguese).
Papagayo Papú, Papagayo Real de Alas Verdes (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Alisterus
Scientific name: Alisterus chloropterus
Citation: (Ramsay, EP, 1879)
Protonimo: Aprosmictus chloropterus

Papuan King-Parrot Images:

————————————————————————————————

Papuan King-Parrot (Alisterus chloropterus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Wikipedia
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – “Alisterus chloropterus-Jurong Bird Park-male-8a” by Peter Tan – originally posted to Flickr as Australian King Parrot. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(2) – “Alisterus chloropterus-Grant’ s picnic ground-in tree-8” by Jade Craven – originally posted to Flickr as King Parrot at Grants Picnic Ground. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(3) – Birds and Birds – Parrocchetto reale aliverdi
(4) – Bottom view of a male perched on a branch by Carmelo López – Lynx
(5) – franz.kulman

Sounds: Sam Woods (Xeno-canto)

Moluccan King-Parrot
Alisterus amboinensis

Moluccan King-Parrot

Description

35 a 40 cm.. length between 145 and 163 g. of weight.

Moluccan King-Parrot

The Moluccan King-Parrot (Alisterus amboinensis) has a head, neck, the nape of the neck and the upper mantle of bright red, with strong demarcation to dark blue-violet in the lower mantle, back, buttocks and supracaudales coverts. Green wings with the exception of the blue in the small inner coverts and carpal edge. Under, black wings with blue-violet coverts. Bright red bottoms, with mauve bases to coverts infracaudales, sometimes visible; flanks with a little blue. Upper, the very dark blue colal; below black grey color wide-margin rose to the side feathers.

Peak with a base of orange-red in the upper jaw, Blackish lower; Orange iris; black grey legs.

The two sexes, somatic sexual dimorphism is not presented..

Immature with more green in the back; Brown-Black beaks; pale eye-ring and darker than the adults of iris. Dotted pink on the outer tail feathers. Mature in one year.

  • Sound of the Moluccan King-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Papagayo Moluqueno.mp3]
List of subspecies Alisterus amboinensis
Subspecies
  • Alisterus amboinensis amboinensis (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal
  • Alisterus amboinensis buruensis (Salvadori, 1876) – As the subspecies sulaensis but with more feathers in the tail with pink edges. Blackish grey peak in both sexes
  • Alisterus amboinensis dorsalis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1830) – As the nominal but the rose of the absent tail feathers; Red slightly darker on the head and underparts.
  • Alisterus amboinensis hypophonius (S. Muller, 1843) – As the nominal, but the wings and the deep blue wing coverts; the rose in the absent tail feathers
  • Alisterus amboinensis sulaensis (Reichenow, 1881) – As the nominal, but with a green stripe across the upper mantle; No rim with pink in the tail feathers.
  • Alisterus amboinensis versicolor (Neumann, 1939) – Unlike the subspecies sulaensis by having a uniform blue mantle; smaller in size than the nominal.

Habitat:

The Parrot Moluqueno is distributed through the dense humid primary and secondary forest, and from time to time in the adjacent plantations, farmland and gardens, from the lowlands up to around the 2.100 meters above sea level.

The birds are usually found in pairs or in small groups, and are very quiet while they eat and shy at all times, hiding in the thick foliage and flying in the midst of strident calls at the first sign of the emergence of any intruder.

Reproduction:

Just nothing is known of the cycle of reproduction in the wild, but according to sources, nesting takes place between the months of February and April.

Two young birds nests have been found on two occasions in hollow trees.

An instance of the breeding in captivity gave data for the incubation of 19 days, with the emerging young in nine weeks.
The courtship was observed during feeding, and two eggs were deposited.

Food:

The diet includes acorns Lithocarpus, as well as the hard fruits, outbreaks and other forest tree berries.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 149.000 km2

Is distributed from Peleng and Sula Islands eastward through the Moluccas, including Halmahera, Buru, Ambon and Seram. Also found in the Western Islands of Papua, including Waigeo, Batanta and Salawati.

In New Guinea is from Vogelkop and East of the Bomberai peninsula some 135 ° E.

Generally rare due to habitat loss and trade in birds.

Distribution subspecies Alisterus amboinensis
Subspecies
  • Alisterus amboinensis amboinensis (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal
  • Alisterus amboinensis buruensis (Salvadori, 1876) – Is located in Buru in the center of the Moluccas.
  • Alisterus amboinensis dorsalis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1830) – Is located in West Papua.
  • Alisterus amboinensis hypophonius (S. Muller, 1843) – Endemic of Halmahera in the North of the Moluccas.
  • Alisterus amboinensis sulaensis (Reichenow, 1881) – Is located in the Sula Islands
  • Alisterus amboinensis versicolor (Neumann, 1939) – It is endemic in the Peleng island of the Banggai Islands

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but the species is described as generally common, Although rare in Halmahera.

The nominal subspecies population is estimated at 70.000 specimens (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be declining due to the destruction of habitat in course.

Moluccan Papagayo in captivity:

Occasionally available.

Nervous, is a bird a pet bird.

In captivity will have failed to reproduce.

In the Zoological gardens of Loro Parque, Tenerife, on Canary Islands, biologists Dr. Burkard and Dr. Gerlach they have made so large colonies, but since 1972 they have succeeded until now non.

More information on loromania

Alternative names:

Moluccan King-Parrot, Amboina King Parrot, Amboina King-Parrot, Ambon King-Parrot, Moluccan King Parrot (English).
Perruche tricolore, Perruche royale d’Amboine (French).
Amboinasittich (German).
Periquito-rei-amboina (Portuguese).
Papagayo Moluqueño, Papagayo Real de Amboina (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Alisterus
Scientific name: Alisterus amboinensis
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1766)
Protonimo: Psittacus amboinensis

Moluccan King-Parrot images :

————————————————————————————————

Moluccan King-Parrot (Alisterus amboinensis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– World Parrot Trust – parrots.org

Photos:

(1) – “Alisterus amboinensis-Brevard Zoo-8a-ec” by Alisterus_amboinensis_-brevard_zoo-8a.jpg: Malinderivative work: Snowmanradio (talk) – originally posted to Flickr as Purdy Birdy and uploaded to commons at Alisterus_amboinensis_-brevard_zoo-8a.jpg. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(2) – By richard broderick (T0010716uploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Brevard Zoo – Melbourne, FL, USA © 2004 Jeff Whitlock – The Online Zoo
(4) – Brevard Zoo – Melbourne, FL, USA © 2004 Jeff Whitlock – The Online Zoo
(5) – Vogelpark, Alphen Aan Den Rijn – ZOOTOGRAFIANDO
(6) – “Swainson king parakeet” by William John Swainson – Transferred from en.Wikipedia. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

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