The short snout Echidna It is the only species of Echidna of Australia. It is easy to recognize by their sharp spines, short legs and long snout.
Measured between 30 and 45 cm.. and weigh between 2 and 5 kg. Found on Australia, including Tasmania. While found in all Australia, It is not as common in Sydney as it was before. The body, with the exception of the bottom, the face and the legs, It is covered with cream-coloured spines. These thorns, that it reach 50 length mm, they are actually modified hairs.
It lives in forests and woodlands, grasslands, heathland and arid environments.
The Echidna is shy and moves slowly. Is solitary most of the year, but in time of mating several males may follow a female. Their patterns of activity differ according to the location and temperature – in the warmer areas of Australia is completely nocturnal, through the rest of the day resting in the heat. It usually took refuge in rotten logs, stumps or Burrows, either under bushes. In more temperate areas activity occurs at sunset, While in the South of Australia the echidnas are often active during the day, especially during the winter.
The Kelpie Australian or Australian Kelpie He is a native of Australia grazing dog. Weighs between 12 and 22 kilos and reach a height between 43 and 50 cm to the cross. Their hair color can be black, red, Blue or fawn. Is classified as a dog by the FCI.
The inhospitable and unknown environment of Australia forced the English and Scottish settlers to select a few working dogs who adapt to the conditions of the country - much larger spaces, herd many great rebel breed Merino sheep, and the tremendous heat-.
The MOH (as they call in Australia to the flock) We had to pick it up in pens of the ranch or the station to spend the night protecting it from Aboriginal dingoes and so will not lose. This was missing a really worker dog who knew meet and direct the herd, more than the typical pastor of their country of origin.
Many areas of England had developed its own line of pastor, almost always with the name of the region or the owner. Most of them have lost today, but in 1.800 still existed when it had its heyday emigration to Australia. Many breeds were introduced in Australia, and those who served in the new environment were used and were crossed with each other.
One of the first types that proved ideal for Australian conditions was the North County Collie Rutherford. These dogs were of short hair, erect ear or semi, black or black and fire, and they were described by G. S. "Kempe as dogs"robust construction and brave temperament with a large head and powerful JAWS”.
Several members of the Rutherford family emigrated from Scotland to Australia, and they received a good batch of these dogs of their families. Other people soon saw the abilities of these dogs and wanted Cubs of this line. There are doubts about itself stayed pure 100%, that pragmatic owners of herds crossing their good females of working with the best dogs that could be found, No matter your genealogy. But the line Rutherford formed the basis for the breed now known as Kelpie.
At the end of the 19th century, a rancher called Gleason changed a horse by a black female puppy and raised in Victoria fire, parents imported line Rutherford. He called “Kelpie”, which in Gaelic means Ondine, and proved to be a splendid worker. The dog was known as "Gleason´s Kelpie", and it was their descendants who gave the name to the breed. This original Kelpie was crossed twice with “MOSS”, a black Australian dog, Rutherford line, and then with “Caesar”, a black dog and fire of purely Scottish parents. This latest litter with Caesar would give the most famous Kelpie of history. A black female and fire, also called “Kelpie“, It was given to G. T. W. King. The Kelpie (the second) He won the first working with herd dogs competition held in Australia. This victory has raised the interest in this line.
The Kelpie breed is based on these early, with crosses over the years with other lines. The race is essentially English, without the introduction of the Dingo. They left many good work Black dogs line created sobre “MOSS”, especially one called “Barb”.
For many years it was believed that black specimens were a separate race called Barb. Had other lines known by the names of his best dogs or its owner, but soon unified all under the name of Kelpie.
His head bears a resemblance to a Fox, but it differs from these by their almond-shaped eyes. Its overall texture is compact and muscular, but flexible, measuring the males among 46 to 51 cm and females between 43 to 48 cm.. Their coat is double layer, having a dense inner layer, and a foreign hard hair, prepared so that it is resistant to rain. It is long by the belly, becoming a fringe in the hind, While the rest of the extremities have a short hair. The neck has a long and thick hair forming a collar.
The color of the Kelpie is highly variable, through a range of dark colors to reds, These can be: Black, Black and Tan, Red, Fire and Red, Griffon, Chocolate, Smoke.
Although it is nice and easy to train, great energy and desire to work do not fit to live inside the House or an apartment. They do much to a single owner, and although he is loyal and intelligent, is very independent, essential aspect of his work.
The Kelpie is very smart, laborious and is always alert. It has also a docile disposition and an almost inexhaustible energy. On the other hand, It shows a great loyalty and devotion to work. It has a natural instinct for working with the sheep, both in the field, as in the poultry. Due to its great muscle ability in conjunction to his great energy and elasticity, arguably one of the best available for the working dogs, in general.
The Kelpie has also proven effective with pigs, horses, goats, birds and even reindeer. They are ex officio workers, and there are numerous stories of feats of specimens of the breed, Despite being injured.
The statistics of labour saving are amazing, and many American farmers are aware of the value of these dogs. Although by nature he is a shepherd, the Kelpie can be taught to work with cattle. The Kelpie was bred for working livestock is strong, and many can guide both push. They can be very useful to gather the sheep, taking them in pens, making them pass through bathrooms, making them upload to trucks and cars, and even “riding them” (weighing on his back) If trapped on channel loading. A team of Kelpie can be sent to gather a herd of cattle, While the owner waiting at the door of the corral. They can make them go through the veterinary vaccination, help load them, and bring them road down towards another grass.
Also, also used for other purposes apart from grazing, as search and rescue, Dog Guide and drug detection.
It is estimated that a 70.000 to 80.000 Kelpie are currently working in Australian ranches, It is the race of the largest pastor of the country, and the owners say that a good Kelpie is equivalent to two men on horseback.
Origin: USA, Switzerland, Belgium, Australia, Portugal
Character: Protector and partner
Known by the name of Sennenhund dog a number of breeds of dog traditionally have been used for the management and conduct of cattle.
The FCI breeds of Sennenhund dogs classified into two distinct groups based on their appearance.
In Group I, Section 2, He placed Sennenhund dogs Lupoid appearance (similar to a Wolf) and in Group II, Section 3, to the trotting of mountain.
As indicated by the name, the primary function of the dog, and which has no equal, is the control and grazing livestock in open areas or confined, as well as harsh conditions.
Always alert, extremely intelligent, vigilant, of great courage and reliability, with an implicit devotion to his task, making it an ideal working dog with Cattle.
The "Stumpy Tail" has a long history in Australia, He was carefully bred for herding cattle at the beginning of the nineteenth century.
There are two seculars of thought to the actual founder of the race:
– The first version is that Thomas Simpson Hall crossed the dogs herding Northern England Smithfields with indigenous Australian Dingos, creating the first Australian Shepherds called Hall's Heeler (1830).
– The second version is that a rancher named Timmins of Bathurst New South Wales, that in 1830 Smithfields crossed with native Australian Dingo dog, progeny, red, tailless, They were known as "TIMMINS BITERS".
The dogs were excellent at work, but too severe with cattle. Another cross was needed. A smooth collie Blue Merle was introduced, This established an excellent versatile dog, the predecessor of the current Stumpy Tail sheepdog.
Smithfield contributed to the dog naturally be rabón, Dingo the red color and a natural acceptance of harsh conditions.
The color blue came from the Collie Blue Merle who were also known as German Coolies.
Generally "Stumpy Tail" were raised in vast rural areas of Australia and only a small number of them were registered in the logbook.
In the 2001, this ancient race was renamed the Australian Stumpy Tail Shepherd Dog.
CLASSIFICATION FCI: Group 1 Shepherd dogs and dogs boyeros (except Swiss Cattle Dogs).
Section 2 Sennenhund Dogs.
Without working trial.
The Australian Cattle Dog is rustic unperro, robust and without health problems.
The Australian Cattle Dog It is a dog originating in australian. In comparison with other races its history is very well documented, because it is a relatively recent.
At the beginning of the 19th century the livestock industry in Australia had grown to the Plains and on the huge tracts of land. The cattle had become harsh and wild beasts, the Smithfields, until then their dogs of grazing, they already lost control often livestock. These dogs them due to the heat and the distances traveled to move livestock, They also tended to biting and barking lot, knowing pasture sheep and cattle do not, and sometimes with horns, they were injured. This problem existed both in Australia in the United States and while the Americans invented the Cowboys (Cowboys) Australians invented dogs jeans.
In 1830 a cross of Smithfields took place with Dingoes, the primitive dog that lives in Australia and killed the cattle. This, be regarded as a pest at that time, He went on to be the best contribution to this race. It was believed that more coupled climate dogs would result in, to work and quieter. Were dogs of red hair, silent but that mordían more. This breed was unsuccessful and died.
In 1840 another farmer with the same concern but different approach, He imported a couple of Highland Collie of blue hair in Scotland, were dogs that barked much. The offspring of this pair her crossed with the Dingo and obtained a silent working dog already out of blue or red fur.
Other races introduced to this cross: the Dalmatian in order to ensure that dogs also worked with horses and more faithful and reliable for the masters. The black Kelpies or straw-colored, Australian foresee dogs; to reaffirm their skills in the work that had been lost with the cross of Dalmatians. The influence of the Dalmatians believe puppies of white skin at birth and that it changes colour to the three weeks of age of a smooth coat other graying. The Kelpie come from the color trademark straw in the legs, chest and head. The end result was an active dog, Compact, cautiously Dingo, the reliability of a Dalmatian, the skill of a Collie and a Kelpie, and unique in the world fur coloration.
In the early 1890's the Sr. Robert Kaleski became interested in these dogs; as he lover of them and at the same time journalist decided to give to know this race and make it achieved in 1903 the Kennel Club of Wales accepted the first standard of the breed. Strongly believed in the important contribution of blood the Dingo for livestock grazing and eventually introduced dingoes to the crossing to maintain the efficient talonero.
In November of 1988 It was formed in Australian Cattle Dog Club of America in California. The 1 ° of may of 1980 they petitioned the AKC license (American Kennel Club) and the 1 ° of September of that year was granted.
In all these years Australians livestock herders have been gaining ground both at work and in the heart of the masters. They are known with many names or nicknames: “Blueys” (azulitos), “Blue Dogs” (blue dogs), “Heelers” (taloneros), “Queenlad heelers” (taloneros Queens), “Blue heelers” (Blue taloneros), “Red heelers” (Red taloneros) and so are erroneously called “Dingoes”.
Australians livestock herders are a race moderate in all aspects. They must be balanced, symmetric, robust and compact. Judging this race we must seek a harmonious dog.
We often hear: “It must be of large head”; This is fine if the body is in line with the head. The standard of the breed does not require a large head but a head according to the body, or of a heavy bone structure, If disagrees with the rest of the dog.
The Australian farmer Shepherd is a working dog, created strong, Compact, symmetric, with the ability and willingness to carry out its assigned no matter how difficult task will be. Its combination of substance, power, balance sheet and strong muscle condition, leads to great agility, strength and endurance. Both too big and fat dog, as one too small and thin, they would have serious faults. We must see the dog altogether. A large head does not make a good dog, not a very crude bone structure.
Remember: BALANCE SHEET, SYMMETRY AND MODERATION.
As its name says, It's primary function and no one matches, It is the control and management of livestock in open or closed extensions. Always alert, extremely intelligent, lookout, brave and reliable, with a total devotion to duty, making it the ideal dog.
A dog that is gentle in nature, outside of obese condition, will lose points. They are athletes and should always give that appearance.
In appearance it comes to draw the presentation…
The head It is strong and it must be proportional to the body of the dog, to maintain its overall conformation. The wide skull is slightly curved between ears. The mejilla5 are muscular, Neither crude nor prominent, strong jaw. The lips are clean and tight. !.nose is always black. A gluttony for measuring head is from the tip of the nose, passing between the eyes, stop ear tip; through the skull back through the eye to the tip of the nose; They must be measured an equilateral triangle.
The eyes: they are oval shaped, medium-sized, Neither prominent nor sunken, they should express State of alert and intelligence, are dark brown in colour.
The ears: they should be of moderate size, preferable to small to large, broad base and pointed tip, or round as spoon, Neither plicate of bat. Placed separate head inclined outwards. They must be thick, fleshy and covered with weight on the inside. The teeth would be strong, with equal separations, with grip, bite and scissors, the lower incisors just before close and playing at the incisive superiors.
The neck: is very strong, muscular, It allows you to turn the head to the body, It must not be loose or have hanging skin.
Front rooms: the forearm should join the shoulder almost in 90%. There is a tendency in the short forearms that does not allow you to the correct length needed. They must be just as the cross to the elbow to elbow on the floor. It must not exceed the width of the chest to the elbows. The creation of exaggeration is a problem in the race.
Proportions: The dog must be 10% longer than high, many are unfortunately very short and it subtracts them movement and flexibility.
Hindquarters: strong, widths, muscular. The rather long rump to slant, long thighs, wide and well developed. Seen from the back should be parallel and rights, not very close to each other, not very separate.
The legs: round, with fingers long and together. Hard bearings, short and strong nails.
The tail: placed moderately downward, following the contour of the thigh and rump of length until reaching the hocks. When rest with a slight curve. Movement or shaking the tail should be raised. At no time the queue should be beyond a vertical line that part of the root (or coiled). The tail should be abundant fur.
When it is in movement and walking: the action is real, free, flexible to tireless, and the movement of shoulders and fourth front is unison with the force of the rear. The rapid and unexpected movements ability is elementary. When they trotting legs tend to join the ground as the speed is on the rise.
Weight and height: The male can be measured in 46 cm to 51 cm., and weigh between 20 and 26 kg. The female can be measured in 43 cm to 48 cm., and weigh between 18 and 23 kg. Here there is almost no problems, because height requirements have been maintained with ease.
Fur: The hair is soft, with double layer being the shortest denser.; the hair of the longest layer is closed, each hair is, straight and hard, Why which is waterproof. On the hind legs the coat is long where join the thighs. In the head (even within the ears) up to the front of the legs the coat is short. Around the neck, longer and thicker. A very short or very long hair will be a lack. Curly hair in wavy is evident in the very adult females.
Colors of the mantle:
Blue: the color can be blue, graying blue, Blue mottled with or without other brands. Allowed in brands are, black, Blue or straw in the head, preferably symmetrical. Paws straw halfway and extending to the front to the chest and throat, and in the jaws. The Undercoat may be straw in the body where it stands not out to the blue upper layer. The black marks on the body are not desirable.
Red: the color should be very smooth throughout the body, including the bottom layer (either white or cream), with or without red marks on the head. Symmetrical marks are desired. The red marks on the body are permitted but not desired.
There are two main problems in color. The blue dogs tend to black and the second are the Red dogs without freckles. The latter is more than a problem, and one of the reasons why the reds are less dominant than blue.
Character and skills
The ranchers Australian shepherds are very versatile and tireless workers to adapt various activities. They have been used as search and rescue dogs, bombs and drugs detectors, service and of course dogs, livestock grazing.
An Australian farmer Pastor is not the dog ideal to lock him in a courtyard. These dogs require working and living together with people or at least the presence of someone to her around in the absence of their day-to-day work. Isolated in the courtyard of a house in the city the edge to create problems.
Dr. Harvey, Veterinary Australia, It has two of these dogs and also attends many more as patients. The comments: “The main problem that I see and that surpasses much to others, is the behaviour of these animals, everything is due to boredom and lack of exercise. Since they are very good guardians, people leave them in their backyard taking care of the House, completely ignoring their needs for exercise and mental stimulation”.
An Australian farmer Shepherd can live in an apartment or in a ranch of 20 hectares, the problem is not the space; It is the exercise and the time the owner puts into his dog. If no is given a job the dog, the same is going to invent:
Garden design: holes, plants cropped or out of place.
Interior design: pull the tapestry of furniture, Chew chairs, dig a way out of the street, spreading garbage around the House, etc.
Another very common problem in the cities is the natural tendency with these dogs to protect your family and your home. Even without training, they defend their territory from outsiders, including the milkman, the postman and anyone who is not familiar
In some rural places of United States commonly used alerts that warn that this place is guarded by Pastor Ganadero Australian, to avoid that strangers come. If there are children running, screaming, any dog grazing naturally want to corner to put them under control; with biting and barking. If their children have guests it is preferable to keep the dog, because it will not allow their masters to be touched, even by game.
Social coexistence with children must be at an early age, dogs are taloneros by nature to instinctively chase other animals, Yet these dogs are very adaptable and can learn to suppress their natural inclinations part. They are a perfect companion for the family and its children. Once you know the dog and controls, their obedience will surprise your guests.
Dr. Harvey also believes about coaching: “The Australian farmer Shepherd is very manageable; as a coach and scholar of the behavior, He catalogued it as the most adaptable dog who had worked with. However these dogs do not respond well to the method in which force them.
After several months of unnecessarily trying to train a female with straps of punishment, correct and other, opt for more motivational methods and the results were excellent. The confidence and enthusiasm can be seen in the position of the tail. A dog with a drop tail, probably this suppressed or bored, a raised tail denotes a dog active and attentive.
Therefore the coaches that without the knowledge of the race, using traditional methods, such as the drawing with the collar of punishment; they invariably consider them fools, irritable and difficult. Coaches using positive methods, they believe that they are very attentive and willing to learn. Kalesky once said: “An Australian farmer Shepherd must remember a typical Dingo, and this is very important if we want to describe the race.
Before you choose the puppy we must stop to think for what they want to this dog, as a pet, as a guard dog, dog of grazing, dog for beauty exhibition, etc. Now let's see how they behave all the puppies in the litter. That see very mordelón that fight all siblings, would serve to guard; the largest and that always sleeps because it is where most ate, It would be fine as a pet or for beauty, the more chiquitos resembling whirlwinds have learned to make an extra effort to obtain their food fought against the elderly, they would be ideal for the job. But there is no written rule the nature of the dogs molded it in a large percentage owners, in this way one very aggressive can be very manso and vice versa. Always take into account the opinion of the breeder.
Faults occur in all races, without them there would be challenges for farmers. It is important to be attentive to the faults to overcome them. The faults are only an obstacle in our attempt to raise the perfect dog. Look at your dog with eyes of critic, see the faults and strive to rectify them. Don't want to pretend that they there is no because there is not a perfect dog.
The loyalty of the Pastor Ganadero Australian will keep you next to his master, more than anything in the world, They must be with the master, accompany you and assist you in everything. The easiest way of making them happy is having them on your side. If you leave the lane, It can be that the dog will bite the heels, But if you are the ideal type to have an Australian, This morderá you heart.
Mavis L. Australia Jones began the breeding of White Russians in 1970, When acquired rose, a white domestic short hair, Russia brought by an officer of the Embassy of Thailand. In 1971, Mrs Jones recorded his first generation of White Russians. In July of 1975 they were granted full registration, eligible to compete with the status of championship.
Standards for whites are identical to the of the Blues, with the exception of the colour of the mantle, It should be pure white, with no indication of discolouration.
The black Russian was created in 1971, derived from the Russian Blue, and they were accepted as true Russian cats in Australia. These hybrid colors are admitted in some records and others only to a limited extent.
The standard of the breed is exactly the same as the of a Russian Blue, with the exception of the color.
All the Russians raised in Australia have big ears in an upright position, straight profile, green almond-shaped eyes, You pillows in the Chin and a double layer of plush. The layer color is bright and colour is an intense Black.
Australian Mist version, changed pattern tabby in marked hazy background color.
The only difference with the Australian Mist is that in the Marbled stains on the face shall be replaced by the symmetrical patches of darker color burst with a lighter color spots, everything on a pale background and instead of being evenly ringed tail has a beautiful irregular embroidered Festoon. Both share a spotted belly.