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Yellow-faced Parrotlet
Forpus xanthops

Content

Description:


Anatomy-parrots-eng

14 cm.. height. Plump appearance and short tail terminated tip. Distinguishable by the Crown, face, Yellow chest and belly, with strong wing blue patch, Flying Blue occupies almost half of the wing. Dorsally gray cafesoso, with the blue rump. The female has the blue patch on the rump and wings paler and smaller.

Sound of the Yellow-faced Parrotlet.

Habitat:

Video – "Yellow-faced Parrotlet" (Forpus xanthops)

Forpus xanthops - Yellow-faced Parrotlet - Yellow Faced Parakeet.

The Yellow-faced Parrotlet He lives in varied habitats, usually arid, forest riparian in the tropical and subtropical area, between 1000 to 1600 m, Although it has been reported to 2745 m. It is gregarious. Their diet includes cactus, In addition to fruit trees and other things. They nest in communal area, using tree hollows or sand. The breeding season is from March to April..

Distribution:

They are found in northwestern Peru., in the upper valley of the Marañón river, from the east of La Libertad to the southeast of Cajamarca and the south of Amazonas.

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Vulnerable Vulnerable (UICN)ⓘ

According to the IUCN categories it is considered as Vulnerable (VU). Habitat degradation and trade are adversely affecting the population.

The ban on the capture and trade has improved the status of this species. The rate of decline was very rapid in the Decade of 1980, Although at present has been reduced and even stabilized. But, the population is still very small, with records in very few places, and as a result, according to the IUCN categories, qualified as vulnerable.

"Yellow-faced Parrotlet" in captivity

Captured for the trade of wild birds, It is estimated that 17.000 birds were captured between 1981 and 1994. The rate of mortality during capture is estimated between the 40% and the 100%. Rare and unknown in captivity until 1979-1980.

Images "Yellow-faced Parrotlet"

Alternative names:

1. Yellow-faced parrotlet (English).
2. Toui à tête jaune, Perruche-moineau à tête jaune (French).
3. Gelbmasken-Sperlingspapagei, Gelbmaskenpapagei (German).
4. Tuim-de-cabeça-amarela, Tuim, Periquito-de-cabeça-amarela (Portuguese).
5. "Catita enana de cara amarilla", Cotorrita carigualda, Periquito de Cara Amarilla (español).



Species of the genus Forpus

Sources: Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
Photo: Wilkipedia

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Brown-hooded Parrot
Pyrilia haematotis


Lorito Encapuchado

Content

Description:

21 cm.. height and weight around 165 g.

It more distinguishable from the Brown-hooded Parrot (Pyrilia haematotis) is your head, with forecrown White and the eye ring naked white also; ear with red feathers or oranges, crown grayish coffee, chest and nape Green yellowish.

The rest of the body usually green with it armpit red (easily view on the fly), contrasting with the blue-green of the wings and the green of the tail. The latter with light blue at the tip of the central feathers.

The bill is pale brown with yellow tinge. The irises they are red and the legs grayish brown.

The immature they are similar to adults, but more pale, off and without the color red in the head. Their irises is dark.

Subspecies description:

  • Pyrilia haematotis coccinicollaris

    (Lawrence, 1862) – With red marks on the bottom of the rear of the neck and in the part superior of the chest, often forming a band in the male, more weakly in the females.


  • Pyrilia haematotis haematotis

    (Sclater,PL & Salvin, 1860) – The nominal.

Habitat:

It inhabits mainly in the canopy of humid forests with a deciduous tendency, until the 1500 m. Their flocks are not numerous and are quiet at the time of feeding.
In Colombia is considered species very rare.

Reproduction:

It nests in hollow of trees and seems to share them with Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus).

Breeding season in February in Yucatan; May-July in Guatemala; August in Panama.

Food:

Feeds of fruits and seeds of trees in areas forested, as well as plants epiphytes and leaves green of some types of mistletoe.

Distribution:

Are you can observe in freedom from the Centre-South of Mexico to northwest of Colombia.
You can socialize with other parrots and toucans.

Subspecies distribution:

  • Pyrilia haematotis coccinicollaris

    (Lawrence, 1862) – It is from Panama and Northwest of Colombia.


  • Pyrilia haematotis haematotis

    (Sclater,PL & Salvin, 1860) – The nominal.

Conservation:


Status


• Red List category of the UICN current: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

Justification of the population:

Partners in Flight estimates the population at fewer than 50.000 individuals (A. Panjabi in litt., 2008), by what is placed in the band 20,000-49,999 individuals here.

Justification trend:

The population of the Parrot Encapuchad suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

"Brown-hooded Parrot" in captivity:

Extremely susceptible to stress and diseases during the acclimatization, sudden deaths occur without warning. These are reasons why the they are seldom seen in captivity.

Alternative names:

Brown hooded Parrot, Brown-hooded Parrot, Red-eared Parrot (English).
Caïque à capuchon (French).
Grauwangenpapagei, Grauwangen-Papagei (German).
Brown-hooded Parrot (Portuguese).
Cotorra Cabeciparda, Lora cabeciparda, Lorito Abigarrada, Lorito Encapuchado, Loro Cabecipardo, Loro Cabeza Oscura, loro cabeza-oscura, Loro Orejirrojo (español).
Cotorra Cabeciparda (Colombia).
Loro cabecipardo (Costa Rica).
Lora cabeciparda (Honduras).
loro cabeza oscura, loro cabeza-oscura, Loro Orejirrojo (Mexico).
Loro Cabecipardo (Nicaragua).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia haematotis
Citation: (Sclater,PL & Salvin, 1860)
Protonimo: Pionus haematotis

Images "Brown-hooded Parrot"

Videos "Brown-hooded Parrot"

“Brown-hooded Parrot” (Pyrilia haematotis)


Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • parrots.org

  • Photos:

(1) – avconline

  • Sounds: controles-canto.org – Doug Knapp

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Orange-winged Parrot
Amazona amazonica

Amazona Alinaranja

Content


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Description Orange-winged Parrot

Of 33 to 36 cm.. height can weigh between 350 gr y 450 gr.
The Orange-winged Parrot (Amazona amazonica) It is distinguishable by having the Centre of the crown and cheeks yellow, separated by the forecrown and sides of the crown pale blue, edge of the wing orange, and inside of the tail Orange with stripe green in the Middle.
The copies juveniles have a color different to it of them adults; the head is green, Blue and pale yellow.
It is not possible to determine the sex of the Amazons in a safe manner by their appearance.

Habitat:

Present in varied habitats (dry forests, morichales, Savanna, stubble, mangroves, etc.) below the 500 m.

Frequently is seen in pairs or in flocks numerous out of it breeding season.

Reproduction:

It is a kind monogamous (the couple stays together for life).

It nests in trunks of Palms killed apparently at the end of the season dry.
The female lays from 3 to 5 eggs and she incubates them for three weeks approximately. the chicks take two months to develop.

Food:

It feeds on various fruits, seeds and sprouts leaves. Including the fruit of Palms (Sloanea, Richeria and Byrsonima) , flowers Erythrina and sometimes cocoa.
You can take oranges and mangoes of the cultivated areas when other food is scarce.

Distribution:


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 7.420.000 km2

North and Central South America to the East of Peru, Brazilian Amazon and northeast of Bolivia.

Conservation:

State of conservation ⓘ


Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ
  • Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.
  • The population trend: Decreasing.

  • Trapped for the wild bird trade: they have been 268.510 wild-caught individuals for international trade from 1981.
    In some areas of their range they are hunted for food by the indigenous population.
    The loss of habitat is also a concern.


    "Orange-winged Parrot" in captivity:

    Video – "Orange-winged Parrot"

    Amazona Amazonica

    Popular as a mascot for more than 100 years.
    Loving, playful, with good ability to speak, sociable with people.

    Known for being very friendly, easy to train, very Smart.
    They need constant attention of their owners, they carry out all kinds of fun pranks to get that attention.
    Over time they will form a strong bond with their owner., they can however be quite noisy. They will make noise early in the morning and when the Sun is setting. This usually lasts for a few 10 minutes, to wake up and just before sleep.

    Alternative names:

    Orange winged Parrot, Common Amazon Parrot, Orange-winged Amazon, Orange-winged Parrot (English).
    Amazone à ailes orange, Amazone aourou (French).
    Venezuelaamazone (German).
    curica, airu-curuca, ajuru-catinga, ajuru-curau, ajuru-curuca, curau, curuçá, Papagaio-do-mangue, papagaio-grego, papagaio-poaieiro (Portuguese).
    Amazona Alinaranja, Amazona Guaro, Cotorra Alianaranjada, Lora Amazónica, Loro Real, Lora alianaranjada (español).
    Lora Amazónica (Colombia).
    Loro Guaro (Venezuela).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittacidae
    Genus: Amazona
    Scientific name: Amazona amazonica
    Citation: (Linnaeus, 1766)
    Protonimo: Psittacus amazonicus

    Orange winged Parrot images :


    Species of the genus Amazona


    Sources:

    – Parrot Book, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
    avibase

    Photos:

    Our beautiful world
    – An Orange-winged Amazon at Kuala Lumpur Bird Park, Malaysia. It is eating a slice of corn on the cob by Vasenka – Wikimedia
    – by Patrick Ingremeau – IBC.lynxeds.com
    – by Snowmanradio (talk) – Wikimedia
    – by Thore Noernberg – IBC.lynxeds.com

    Sounds: Joao Antonio de B.. Vitto (Xeno-canto)

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    Long-billed corella
    Cacatua tenuirostris

    Cacatúa Picofina

    Content

    Description

    35 to 41 cm.. length. The weight of 500 to 600 g..
    The Long-billed corella (Cacatua tenuirostris) has white plumage. The undertail coverts and the parts below from the wings they are bathed in pale yellow, very visible in flight. It has red coloration in the throat and the chest, with a Red Crescent ranked in the upper breast.
    The Head shows a small crest white, Red front and a wide, nude and fleshy eye ring blue-grey around the eyes dark browns. The bill is white with blue base. upper jaw is long and hooked. The legs and feet are dark gray.

    The female is similar to the male, with the upper jaw more short and less red.

    There are two similar species:

    Cacatua sanguinea. Lack of forecrown Red and the red color in the neck. The upper jaw is shorter.

    Cacatua galerita. Similar in flight, has crest yellow and lacks of colour red. The bill is black.

    Habitat:

    Video – "Long-billed corella" (Cacatua tenuirostris)

    Long-billed corella ~ Cacatua tenuirostris

    Common in forests and remnant trees on farmland. It nests in Eucalyptus camaldulensis in the flooded Plains or close to streams. Wild populations living on farms and parks in urban areas.

    Behavior:

    It´s resident in their area of distribution, some local movements. Outside of breeding season, You can see in large flocks of up to 2.000 birds or more. Son noisy and visible, pronouncing discordant calls.

    Pose in large eucalyptus near water. They leave the roost in the morning to drink, and then, go to the feeding areas. Again when the darkness comes to sleep, but not before excited participate in games and stunts .

    They move on the floor with stunning movement jump. They do not have the other species waddling gait cockatoo.
    It causes damage to crops of cereals and tree fruit, considered as one pest for farmers.

    Nest colonies. They can create their nests with other species of Corella, and sometimes they hybridize. Populations feral in Sydney and Perth, from the release of unwanted birds, they may hybridize with endangered species such as the Cacatua pastinator

    Reproduction:

    Held from July to November. Forman couples monogamous. The male and female prepared the nest in the Hollows of large old eucalypts. If you do not find a suitable tree, You can make a burrow in soft soil Bank. They fill the nest of wood chips and often reuse it for several years.

    They nest in large colonies, with several nests in the same tree.
    The female lays 2-4 eggs White. The incubation lasts a few 24 days, shared by both parents. The young leave the nest 55 days after hatching, being fed by the parents for three weeks more.

    Food:

    Feeds mainly on what obtained from soil, seeds, estate and bulbs that unearths with its upper jaw. They feed in the coolest hours of the day. Also consumes insects.

    Distribution:

    Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 382.000 km2

    Is located in the southeast of Australia. Introduced in urban centers of Australia and Tasmania.

    Conservation:

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    • Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern.

    • Population trend growing


    Populations may be declining due to loss of breeding grounds in its original distribution area.
    But, the Long-billed corella It common in its range.

    Is created that in the world there are more than 250 thousand individuals.


    "Long-billed corella" in captivity:

    It is very popular as a pet for the most part of Australia, and he has catalogued as the best “talkative” of the australian cockatoos for its ability to mimic words almost to perfection.
    Has a personality playful and active.

    Out of its area of distribution is rare in poultry farming.

    Alternative names:

    Long billed Corella, Long-billed Cockatoo, Long-billed Corella, Slender-billed Corella (ingles).
    Cacatoès nasique (French).
    Nasenkakadu (German).
    Cacatua-corella-de-bico-longo (Portuguese).
    Cacatúa de Pico Largo, Cacatúa Picofina (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Cacatuidae
    Genus: Cockatoo
    Scientific name: Cacatua tenuirostris
    Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
    Protonimo: Psittacus tenuirostris

    Images Slender-billed Cockatoo:



    Species of the genus Cacatua

    Sources:
    Avibase
    – Photos: Alice Springs in Australia’s Red Centre, commons.wikimedia.org, Ian Barker (ibc.lynxeds.com/)
    – Sounds: Marc Anderson (Xeno-canto)

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    Red Lory
    Eos bornea

    Red Lory

    Content

    Description

    31 cm.. length and an approximate weight of 170 gr.

    The head and the neck of the Red Lory (Eos bornea) are entirely of a deep red color.

    In the adult the primary feathers are black with a large red mirror. The feathers tertiary and the coverts are of color blue. The joint of the feathers of the helmsman they are reddish-brown. The irises they are red, legs grayscale and the bill dark orange.

    The immature they tend to be more off than their parents coloring. They show the feathers tertiary grey, lightly stained blue. The ear-coverts Sometimes it tinges of blue. Times, the area of the vent and the thighs it infiltrates with small stains blue. The feathers of the abdomen often carry some edges blue dark. They have the irises brown.

    Not exists no sexual dimorphism visible although the males tend to be more corpulent that the females.

    Description 2 subspecies

    • Eos bornea bornea

      (Linnaeus, 1758) – Nominal.


    • Eos bornea cyanonotha

      (Vieillot, 1818) – The Red of his plumage is much more dark almost brown.

    Habitat:

    They are mostly primary forests, in the wooded areas during regeneration, Forest Hills, coconut plantations, in abandoned gardens and mangroves.

    They are mainly in coastal areas, What does not climb up to 900 m in the island of Ceram and up 1.800 m in the of Buru.

    Throughout its area, the Red Lory are fairly common, However, some populations are more dispersed around the villages, since they are very cautious towards humans.

    Behavior:

    The Red Lory they live in pairs or in small groups, but sometimes you can observe large flocks of 50 individuals.

    They are birds noisy and quite easy to observe, as they often fly above the canopy attracted by the red flowers of the tree of coral (Erythrina).

    They have a fast and direct flight and when moving, make your buzz due to its quick flapping.

    In the Kai Islands, their movements are common: all days, they cross the arm of sea that separates the different islands flying rapidly and at high altitude.

    During the rest hours that occur at noon, the Red Lory they spend most of their time smoothing their feathers in the shade of a tree. Probably, This practice is designed to strengthen marital ties. Parties that enjoy priority are the head and neck; as you can not reach these areas with its beak, you will always need your partner collaboration. The “patient” that is subject to this preferential treatment seems to express a deep sense of satisfaction.

    Reproduction:

    The couples begin to look for the location of the nest between the months of August and September. It is located high in a big tree.
    In mid-December some young leaving the nest have observed.

    As in all loris, the nesting period is very long and hard 7 to 9 weeks.

    In captivity, the Red Lory puts 1 or 2 litters per year. Each spawning has usually 2 white eggs that are incubated for a period ranging from 24 to 26 days.

    Food:

    In their natural habitats, the Red Lory feed of nectar, pollen, fruits and insects of fashion casual.
    Your food › seem to be them flowers of the trees of the species Eugenia and Erythrina.

    All the Loris they have a language that is especially suited, with a brush tip made up of elongated papillae. This characteristic allows birds to collect pollen from flowers and compress it in a suitable way for swallowing.. They play an important role in the pollination of flowering plants and trees.

    Distribution:

    Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 57.900 km2

    The Red Lory they have a very restricted distribution area. They live South of the Moluccan Islands, halfway between Sulawesi and the western end of New Guinea.

    Distribution 2 subspecies:

    Conservation:


    Status


    • Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern

    • Population trend: Decreasing

    This species has a very large range, and therefore not approaching the thresholds for Vulnerable according to the range size criterion.

    The population is suspected of being in decline due to unsustainable levels of exploitation.

    The species has undergone intense trade from 1981, When it began trading in Appendix II. 99.834 wild-caught specimens have been recorded in international trade, Although none from 2000 (UNEP-WCMC trade database, January 2005 CITES).

    "Red Lory" in captivity:

    This lori is considered one of the most widespread within poultry. It's an interesting bird, robust and easy of play, ideal for a start in the world of the loris. It also has a very attractive red color; It playful and is easy for tame.

    It is a great conversationalist. Some have entire sentences in their vocabulary. Unfortunately, his voice is sometimes very strong, with a high sharp squeal. Most are docile, even at maturity. They can be prolific breeders and are fairly easy to find as hand-raised pets..

    Too much protein in the diet can lead to gout., a type of arthritis that crystals are deposited in the joints. May be a bit uncomfortable due to liquid diet.

    Alternative names:


    Red Lory, Buru Red Lory (ingles).
    Lori écarlate, Lori rouge (French).
    Rotlori (German).
    Lóris-vermelho (Portuguese).
    Lori Rojo (español).

    Carl Linnaeus
    Carl Linnaeus

    scientific classification:


    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Genus: Eos
    Scientific name: Eos bornea
    Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
    Protonimo: Psittacus borneus


    Images “Red Lory”:

    Videos "Red Lory"

    ——————————————————————————————————–

    “Red Lory” (Eos bornea)


    Sources:

    Avibase
    – BirdLife.org
    – mundoexotics
    Oiseaux.NET

    Photos:

    * A Red Lorry at Taronga Zoo, Sydney, Australia by Navin – wikimdia
    * Red Lory (Eos bornea) looking upwards by shahram sharif – Wikimedia
    * Red Lory (Eos bornea) at Singapore Zoo by Joost Rooijmans – Wikimedia
    * Red Lory – KL Bird Park – Malaysia by diego_cue – Panoramio
    * Moluccan Red Lory – Parrots Australia

    Sounds: BAS van Balen (Xeno-canto)

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    Purple-crowned lorikeet
    Parvipsitta porphyrocephala

    Purple-crowned lorikeet

    Content

    Description

    The Purple-crowned lorikeet (Parvipsitta porphyrocephala) has a length of 16 cm.. and a weight between 40 and 50 g..

    The part forward of the crown is orange, merging is in red in the lores. Above and in front of the eyes, orange-yellow. Crown dark purple color, merging into green at the nape, also showing a few feathers of orange-red.
    The ear-coverts, yellowish-orange, Red Centre. Chin and throat, of color turquoise light.
    Upperparts, of color green with washed Brown in the the mantle and rump more bright, slightly greenish-blue.

    The upperwing green color, bright blue marked in the curve and on the edge of the carpal area.

    The interior of the flight feather color black; fine yellow margins in primaries.
    Coverts interiors, red. Breast , neck and upperparts, of color green with a wash light blue turquoise; sides chest top with slight brownish wash; Center of belly washed turquoise with flanks and coverts, of color color green; yellowish stains on the bottom sides of the chest hidden with the wing folded. Green the upper part of the tail and yellow on the inside.

    Its small bill curved is black, their legs grayscale and the irises her Brown eyes.

    The female is similar but has the irises darker, the ear-coverts lighter and lacks crimson spots.

    The immature are more muted tones and lack of purple coloration of the head.

    Habitat:

    It is a nomadic local that often are found in the forests dried sclerophyllous, especially when the eucalyptus Bloom.
    Nomadic flocks may also travel far, Sometimes the inside of the Australian continent.

    The flowering of the eucalyptus is mainly responsible of its movements unpredictable, Although in some areas, the birds may be present throughout the year.

    Found in diverse areas forming large flocks of hundreds of individuals, often with groups mixed from others Lori including the Musk Lorikeet.

    Found commonly in Woods and forests, but also visitors are urban areas, where feed on ornamental flowers.

    Casual visitors during the winter of banksias in habitats of Heath.

    The Purple-crowned lorikeet is characteristic of drier areas, lightly lined, especially eucalyptus Woods.
    Can convert it in a plague to the orchards.

    Roosts in large groups, sometimes very far from the feeding areas. Manso and discreet While feeds, except the constant calls. Usually feed on low branches and shrubs.

    Reproduction:

    The breeding season It includes the months of August to December. The nests are located in holes in trees, preferably a eucalyptus near the water. Several couples often occupy neighboring holes in the same tree.

    The cycle of of reproduction in captivity gives a period of incubation of around 22 days, with the young people of 6 to 7 weeks weaned high is after the hatching.

    Food:

    Feed primarily of nectar and pollen of the flowering of the eucalyptus, but they can also attack the orchards to feed on ripe fruit.

    Distribution:

    Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 938.000 km2

    The Purple-crowned lorikeet are located in two areas separate from Australia to the Southwest and Southeast of the continent. Separate ranges, but racial differences are not recognized, and it is possible that the birds can travel from time to time between the two areas of distribution. Also located in the Kangaroo Island, Although not found in Tasmania.

    Conservation:


    Status

    • Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern

    • Population trend: Decreasing

    The world population It is believed that it is superior to 50.000 individuals.
    This species has a very large range, and therefore not approaching the thresholds for Vulnerable according to the range size criterion.

    While the trend of the population seems to be decreasing, the descent do not believe that it is sufficiently fast for approaching the thresholds of Vulnerable according to the criterion of population trend.

    For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least concern.

    "Purple-crowned lorikeet" in captivity:

    It is a bird noisy, sociable and always in motion.

    Very rare in captivity out of Australia.

    Alternative names:

    Purple crowned Lorikeet, Purple-crowned Lorikeet (ingles).
    Lori à couronne pourpre (French).
    Blauscheitellori (German).
    Lorikeet Roxo-coroado (Portuguese).
    Lori Coronipúrpura, Lori de Corona Púrpura (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Genus: Parvipsitta
    Scientific name: Parvipsitta porphyrocephala
    Citation: (Dietrichsen, 1837)
    Protonimo: Trichoglossus porphyrocephalus

    Images “Purple-crowned lorikeet”:

    Videos "Purple-crowned lorikeet"


    “Purple-crowned lorikeet” (Parvipsitta porphyrocephala)


    Sources:

    Avibase
    Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    BirdLife.org

    Photos:

    1 – by Ian Colley – IBC.lynxeds.com
    2 – "Purple-crowned Lorikeetvon KeresH – Eigenes Werk. Lizenziert unter CC BY-SA 3.0 über Wikimedia Commons.
    3 – by Nick Talbot – IBC.lynxeds.com
    4 – by Nick Talbot – IBC.lynxeds.com
    5 – gopixpic.com

    Sounds: nick talbot (Xeno-canto)

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    Meek's Lorikeet
    Charmosyna meeki

    Content

    Description

    Of 16 cm.. length and a weight between 23 and 32 g..

    Meek's Lorikeet

    The head of the Meek's Lorikeet (Charmosyna meeki) is bright green, more yellowish in the Chin and throat, darker on crown and streaked on ear coats; patch of dark green blue above and in front of the eye. Green upper parts with fused olive through the mantle.

    The wings of green at the top. Under the yellowish-green wing coverts. The yellowish green underparts, lighter in the back and more yellow from the chest to the belly. Top of tail dark green with yellow tip; the yellow bottom. Orange peak; pale red irises; legs Orange.

    Both sexes are equal. Immature with the paler beak with base brown color and shorter tail.

    Habitat:

    Nomad. It is distributed in the humid hills and montane forests, but they have also found found in lowland coconut palms. Usually found alone or in small flocks of about of 10 to 15 birds flying through or above the forest cover. Larger groups can gather in the blooming of trees to feed on pollen and nectar. It can be associated with other parrots as the Duchess Lorikeet, Finsch's Pygmy-Parrot, Yellow-bibbed Lory and Coconut Lorikeet

    Reproduction:

    Information is not available.

    Food:

    Its diet includes pollen and nectar.

    Distribution:

    Endemic to the mountains of the largest islands in the Group of Solomons: Bougainville, New Georgia, Malaita, Kolombangara, Guadalcanal and in the past Santa Isabel. Moves starting from the 300 m, until the 1.700 m, but reportedly rarely in the lowlands or above 1.200 m. The world's population is believed to be below 50,000 exemplary but probably stable.

    Conservation:


    Status

    • Current IUCN Red List category: Near threatened
    • Population trend: Decreasing

    The size of the world's population has not been quantified, It is believed that it is below 50,000 specimens, but the species is described as abundant at the Summit of Kolombangara.

    There is still no evidence of a decline in its population, but would be threatened by any future large-scale export trade

    "Meek's Lorikeet" in captivity:

    They are not known to be in captivity.

    Alternative names:

    Meek’s Lorikeet (ingles).
    Lori de Meek (French).
    Salomonenlori (German).
    Lori de Meek (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Scientific name: Charmosyna meeki
    Citation: (Rothschild & Hartert, 1901)
    Protonimo: Hypocharmosyna meeki

    Lori Meek images:

    ————————————————————————————————

    “Meek's Lorikeet” (Charmosyna meeki)


    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    – Birdlife

    Sounds: Mark Todd (Xeno-canto)

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    Wallace's hanging parrot
    Loriculus flosculus

    Wallace's hanging parrot

    Content

    Description

    11 to 12 cm.. length.

    The head of the Wallace's hanging parrot (Loriculus flosculus) is green. Upperparts green with faint orange on the back of the neck; rump and uppertail-coverts red.

    Wings green above. Chin red; rest of the underparts green, lighter in undertail-coverts. The tail, at the top, green color with a lighter Green Tip; ends of the lateral feathers, orange-red: Under, the tail bluish green. The bill red; Orange the irises; legs yellowish-orange.

    Female with red chin reduced or nonexistent.

    Immature with the red chin smaller. The color of the bill and legs more off.

    Habitat:

    Seem to need the humid mountain forests semi-evergreen. Birds have been seen in fruit trees, and outside the breeding season they gather in small flocks of up to 20 birds. Its altitudinal distribution seems to be closely linked to the distribution of fruiting figs.

    They easily unnoticed due to its small size and green plumage, and they are most often in flight when they can be identified by the size, strident calls and the buzz of the rapid flapping. They are most frequently, flying above the canopy.

    Reproduction:

    There are no data from the reproductive process in nature.

    Food:

    Most sightings in 1993, the Wallace's hanging parrot they were in the fig tree in fruit trees, and dependence or specialization in this food resource is more than likely.
    Its diet includes, In addition, nectar, outbreaks, flowers and seeds.

    Distribution:

    Size of its range (reproduction / resident): 13.400 km2

    Endemic to Flowers. Found at semi-annual primary forest at an altitude between 400 and 980 m (more between 850 and 980 meters during the fructification of the Ficus figs) during observations on 1993. These birds were recorded in the area of Tanjung Kerita Mese, about Paku, to the East of Flowers and proposed as protected area.

    Conservation:


    Endangered


    • Current IUCN Red List category: Danger

    • Population trend: Decreasing

    The habitat destruction through the combined effects of collecting firewood, the logging, timber extraction for construction materials and authorization for Agriculture, together they represent more relevant threats. Loss and fragmentation of forests is already widespread in Flowers, where there are semi-annual forest below 1.000 meters included within officially protected areas. These threats are exacerbated by the expansion of human population, with large volumes of wood necessary for housing construction, and the fact that there is little or no government enforcement of laws. Wet deciduous forest, it is currently being extensively destroyed through land grabbing and the establishment of agricultural areas., a factor that is inevitably shrinking the reach and the population of this species. Forest clearing continues on the coastal strip to make way for crops, and illegal logging continues in protected areas.

    The population is estimated at a number of 2,500-9,999 mature individuals based on an assessment of the known records, descriptions of the abundance and range size.

    Two recent studies have focused on endemic birds of Flowers. Two sites in which inhabits this species for the establishment as protected areas are proposed: Tanjung Kerita Mese and Egon Iliwuli (in Gunung Egon).

    "Wallace's hanging parrot" in captivity:

    Very rare in captivity.

    Alternative names:

    Wallace’s Hanging-Parrot, Flores Hanging-Parrot, Wallace’s Hanging Parrot (ingles).
    Coryllis de Wallace (French).
    Florespapageichen, Flores Papageichen (German).
    Lorículo do Flores (Portuguese).
    Lorículo de Flores (español).

    scientific classification:

    Order: Psittaciformes
    Family: Psittaculidae
    Genus: Loriculus
    Scientific name: Loriculus flosculus
    Citation: Wallace, 1864
    Protonimo: Loriculus flosculus

    Images:

    ————————————————————————————————

    Wallace's hanging parrot (Loriculus flosculus)


    Sources:

    Avibase
    – Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    – Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
    – Birdlife

    Photos:

    (1) – by © Hanom Bashari – Oriental Bird Club

    Sounds: Allen T. Chartier (Xeno-canto)