Estonian Hound
Estonia FCI 366 - Medium-sized Hounds

Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound they are extremely hardy hunting dogs used to long days in the woods

Content

History

The history of Estonian Hound (or Eesti Hagijas in the language of your country of origin) begins at the beginning of the 20th century in Estonia, when the crossing of english hounds, Poles and Finns used by local hunters gave rise to a large dog unofficially considered regional and ancestor of the current Eesti Hagijas.

Given the sharp decline in the population of large game and in order to reestablish it, in 1937 a law was passed that prohibited hunting with dogs over 45 cm to the cross, which in fact caused a change of orientation towards smaller animals, like foxes and hares. As a result, Estonian hunters and breeders had to breed smaller dogs than they had then, therefore, the breeding program was introduced Beagles, the Dachshunds and Swiss Hounds.

This law was amended three years later, in 1940: the maximum size was increased to 55 cm., and breeders stopped their efforts to miniaturize local hunting dogs.

In 1947, when Estonia was part of the USSR, the Soviet Ministry of Agriculture decided that all “republics” who made up Estonia had to have a local breed of dog. The Estonian hunting dog population was then estimated at around 900, and the intense selection helped to stabilize the characteristics of the breed that would become the Estonian Hound.

In 1954, the Ministry of Agriculture sent a specialized commission to Estonia to study the 648 specimens submitted by local breeders, and were clearly convinced: the first breed standard was approved by the Ministry a few months later. This year marked the official introduction of the Estonian Hound like a race, whose stamina and formidable nose were immediately emphasized.

After the collapse of the Soviet regime, Estonia gained independence and in 1998 la Estonian Kennel Club, the main canine association in the country, recognized race. Being the only native of the country, it was not surprising that it was granted national dog status.

The organization set out to make the breed known and recognized internationally. His efforts were crowned with success in 2019, cuando the International Cynological Federation (FCI) provisionally accepted the breed and published a standard. Having said that, there is still a long way to go, since it is not recognized, for example, by the prestigious British Kennel Club, nor by American reference organizations such as the United Kennel Club (UKC) o el American Kennel Club (AKC).

The Estonian Hound is popular in an area encompassing Estonia and nearby Russian regions, and its population is estimated at about 1200 individuals. It is still used there as a hunting dog and has also made a place in many homes as a pet.. However, has not yet conquered the rest of the world. Rare in europe, even in the neighboring countries of Estonia, is practically absent from the North American continent.

Photo: Estonian Hound by Marcin Błaszkowski, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Estonian-hound
Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound They are medium-sized hunting dogs that can easily be mistaken for the Beagle, one of the races that helped create them. However, they are bigger than the Beagle and they have a more pointed snout.

His powerful and muscular body is very long. Its solid bone legs are straight and almost half the size at the withers.. Saber-shaped tail flicks when in motion and remains fairly low, no higher than back level.

The head is quite wide at the level of the skull and the long muzzle ends in a very black nose. His slightly oblique eyes are more or less dark brown, while her long, thin ears fall along her cheeks.

The coat of the Estonian Hound is short, rough and shiny, with a moderately dense undercoat. Their fur is usually tricolor, with black spots with more or less wide red edges on a white background. However, the standard accepts bicolor individuals with completely red spots, without any trace of black. In all cases, the tips of the legs and tail should be white, as well as the throat and chest.

Sexual dimorphism is marked, the female being slightly longer than the male, which is taller in the legs and wider.

Physical characteristics

Estonian Hound
Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound he is particularly devoted to his family, who likes to spend time with. They are a breed of dog especially recommended for children: they love to interact with them and are very patient with them, they even accept having their tails or ears pulled. However, you should remember that interactions between a young child and a dog of any breed must be under the supervision of an adult.

This strong attachment to his family makes him not like loneliness, which can lead to separation anxiety. If you are often left home alone for long periods of time, not surprisingly you may experience destructive behavior.

A solution for a caregiver who is absent regularly during the day may be to provide a playmate. Made to hunt in a pack, the Estonian Hound they enjoy the company of other dogs. If they are used to its presence from an early age, They can also make friends with any feline in the house. On the other hand, as they have a strong hunting instinct, should not live with rabbits or other rodents.

Rather shy and not fond of novelty, the Estonian Hound they tend to bark at strangers and then observe their master's behavior from a distance. If he invites the newcomer to the house, comes to greet you politely, but stay reserved.

Extremely hardy hunting dogs used to long days in the woods, they need a lot of exercise to expend their great energy: a daily walk of one hour is a minimum for them. It is recommended to always keep it tied during these outings, as your excellent sense of smell often allows you to find an interesting track that you are likely to want to follow for hours, ignoring withdrawal orders. A dog owner who still wants to let him walk freely at this time should equip him with a GPS dog collar, so you can easily get your hands back on it if it disappears.

The Estonian Hound you can live in an apartment as long as you are outdoors often enough to satisfy your need for exercise, but he is much happier when he has a garden where he can patrol and play. However, this outdoor space must be well fenced to eliminate the risk of escape if you see potential prey to pursue.

A peculiarity of this dog is its need for routine and its aversion to novelty, which makes their behavior sometimes compared to that of domestic cats. This is not at all an appropriate choice for a master who wants to take their dog on vacation.: he is a poor traveler, you get stressed out when you get in the car and you don't like spending time in a place you don't know at all.

Last but not least, it is a breed of dog that barks often and forcefully. For the peace of the neighborhood, it is necessary to teach him from a young age not to bark for any reason and to shut up when ordered to do so.

Education

Estonian Hound
Estonian Hound

Like all its fellow men, the Estonian Hound must be socialized from an early age. This requires spending as much time with him as possible so that he meets all kinds of people (neighbors, family, friends, strangers…) And animals, but also so that you get used to the situations that you may face later.

This need to become very quickly acquainted with the outside world is all the more pronounced as it is fearful by nature. In particular, to prevent future vet visits from becoming a nightmare to handle, it is recommended to get used to traveling by car as soon as possible.

Addressing the barking issue at an early age is also imperative, so that you understand that it is not necessary to bark for hours at every unfamiliar noise.

It is also important to teach your dog to remember to bark, as you will not hear any more commands once you have sniffed the trail of a game animal and go in pursuit. Hunting instinct is well established in this breed, so it does not require any specific training to be able to follow a trail for hours and be an excellent hunter.

Relatively independent and headstrong, the Estonian Hound require patience to be trained, but they like to please their master and usually end up listening to him. If necessary, be firm to assert your dominant position and show your dog who is the master, traditional training methods should be avoided, at the risk of damaging the relationship of trust. It is preferable to opt for a learning technique based on positive reinforcement.

Health

As the Estonian Hound it is a relatively new breed and not very widespread, there is still no real and in-depth study of their possible health problems. However, looks quite robust, undoubtedly thanks to a reasoned breeding program that has prioritized the personality and abilities of individuals over their appearance.

However, you have probably inherited from Beagle and the Foxhound a certain predisposition to the following diseases:

  • Progressive retinal atrophy, a breakdown of the eye tissue that can eventually lead to blindness;
  • entropion and ectropion, problems with the eyelids that cause itching and / or irritation of the eye, but that can be surgically corrected;
  • dislocation of the patella, which affects the kneecap and causes walking difficulties. It can also be responsible for premature arthritis;
  • Elbow or hip dysplasia, that can cause lameness.
  • In addition, the Estonian Hound is sensitive to allergies and sinusitis. These ailments are not serious in themselves, but they can cause a certain amount of stress to the dog, as this breed relies heavily on its sense of smell. Therefore, a temporary loss of your sense of smell is likely disorienting you.

    At last, like most hunting dogs, the Estonian Hound have a ferocious appetite that can lead to overweight or even obesity if they don't get enough exercise.

    Grooming

    Despite her short hair and sparse undercoat, the Estonian Hound require some maintenance. Brushing twice a week is recommended to remove dead hairs and avoid finding them all over the house. This also helps to distribute sebum on the skin to better protect it against infectious agents..

    During shedding periods, in autumn and spring, it is even necessary to opt for a daily frequency, to cope with the large amount of hair she loses during this period.

    On the other hand, it is only necessary to bathe your dog when it is particularly dirty, for example, if he has rolled in the mud.

    Besides keeping your coat, it is recommended to check your teeth once a week to make sure there are no cavities, and wipe your eyes with a damp cloth to remove any dirt that may cause an infection.

    Weekly ear care is especially important: like any dog ​​with floppy ears, the Estonian Hound are at increased risk of ear infections and infections.

    Buy a “Estonian Hound”

    The price of a puppy Estonian Hound is of some 700-800 euros in your country of origin, and there is no price difference between male and female puppies.

    However, it is difficult to find outside of Estonia, but the situation may change rapidly after the breed is recognized by the FCI in 2019.

    Characteristics "Estonian Hound"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Estonian Hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Dog friendly ⓘ

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    Hair loss ⓘ

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    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

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    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

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    Grooming ⓘ

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    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

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    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

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    Health Issues ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat Friendly ⓘ

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    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
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    versatility ⓘ

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    Child Friendly ⓘ

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    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

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    Playfulness ⓘ

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    Videos "Estonian Hound"

    Estonian Hound / 99+1 Dog Breeds
    ESTONIAN HOUND PUPPIES / ESTONIAN HUNDRED PUPPIES

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.


    FCI breed standard "Estonian Hound"

    FCIFCI - Estonian Hound
    Hound

    Alternative names:

      1. (Estonian: eesti hagijas) (English).
      2. eesti hagijas (French).
      3. (estnisch: Eesti hagijas), Estnische Bracke (German).
      4. Eesti hagijas (Portuguese).
      5. Cazador estonio (Spanish).

    Small swiss hound
    Suiza FCI 60 . Small-sized Hounds

    Small Bernese hound
    Small Bernese hound

    The dog Small swiss hound, little stimulated, often becomes an annoying pet that can be difficult to train.

    Content

    History

    In the early 20th century, hunting began to change in Switzerland. Private hunting grounds were introduced and the standard size of the Swiss Hound he was too fast and enthusiastic to hunt properly within these smaller hunting grounds. The hunters decided to develop a different breed of hunting that could hunt efficiently and effectively within the closed private hunting grounds.. Many people think that Small swiss hound it's just a smaller version of the Swiss Hound. While this is partly true, They are a different race that originated from crossing the Swiss Hound with the Basset Hound. The ultimate goal was to develop a breed that was shorter and smaller., but also had the same four color variants as the Swiss Hound. The resulting dogs were expected to have a strong sense of smell for nose work and a melodious voice to sound the alarm when hunting..

    The Small swiss hound He is an outstanding hunter and has the ability to track scents for miles over rough terrain. The Small swiss hound became the hunting dog of people hunting on private land.

    The United Kennel Club recognized the Small swiss hound in 2006. The Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) accepted them and adopted the official breed standard under the name Schweizer Niederlaufhund in 2015.

    The Small swiss hound still a popular hunting companion in his native Switzerland.

    Photo: Small Bernese Hound Smooth-coated male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    In proportion smaller than the Swiss Hound. Its body shape is rectangular, moderately long, and strong conformation. Medium size head, thin, elegant, with friendly facial expression
    and attentive. His ears are very long, low insertion, and he wears them folded. Thin and strong limbs. When walking calmly, he has his tail hanging, in activity bends it slightly upwards.

    The Small swiss hound comes in four different varieties. The only difference between the varieties is the color, but each variety has its own name.

    Variants Small swiss hound

    Small Jura houndSmall Bernese houndSmall Schwyz houndSmall Lucerne hound
    Small hound of Juraequeño de Jura
    Small Jura hound
    Small Bernese hound
    Small Bernese hound
    Small Schwyz hound
    Small Schwyz hound
    Small Lucerne hound
    Small Lucerne hound
  • The Small Jura hound has a smooth coat that is black with tan markings found over the eyes.
    The Small Jura hound has only one coat and may only have a small amount of white on its body.
  • The Small Bernese hound has two types of fur:
    the smooth coat and the rough coat.
    The rough coat has a single hard coat and a small beard.
    The Small Bernese hound it's black and white with fiery marks over its eyes; many call it tricolor.
  • The Small Schwyz hound has a smooth, unique coat that is predominantly white with yellow-red spots; orange-red spots are also acceptable.
  • The Small Lucerne hound has a smooth and unique coat that is predominantly white but speckled with black or gray giving the illusion of a blue body. They have black spots with tan markings over their eyes.

  • Photos:

    1 – Small Bernese Hound Smooth-coated male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Jura low-run dog by Bhv The Max
    3 – This dog is a small Schwyz Hound by pets.ch
    4 – Little Lucerne Hound by carlosh catalog

    Character and skills

    When he's hunting, the Small swiss hound is tireless and relentless, exhibiting impressive endurance and strength of character. They tend to be lively and excitable, eager to do their job. The majority of the Small swiss hound they are happy to hunt regardless, without any royal order from his master.

    Despite being bred to hunt, most breed members can transition from working hound to family pet easily and are generally affectionate and demonstrative of their owners. They are good friends with children and other dogs, but they cannot be trusted with small animals, including cats and rabbits.

    Individual temperaments vary, and while some may be quiet and peaceful guests of the house, others may be excitable and jumpy. Dogs with more energy can often be taught to settle indoors once they have been properly exercised.. Ideally, the exercise should be done in the form of hunting, as this not only burns excess energy but also occupies your inquisitive mind. The dog Small swiss hound, little stimulated, often becomes an annoying pet that can be difficult to train.

    Not being an aggressive dog, the Small swiss hound should not be used as a guard dog as it does not tend to scare off intruders and does not usually feel the need to guard your property.

    Training “Small swiss hound”

    The phrase “the small dog syndrome” can be mentioned when talking about Small swiss hound, as they have a reputation for acting like large dogs in small dog bodies. Full of confidence, lively and independent, this is not a breed for the novice trainer. Obedience work can be a particular challenge, as they have a free-spirited character and a mind of their own.

    Coaches must be firm and inflexible, keeping your training sessions short and interesting to keep the dog's interest. How this breed likes to assume a dominant position in the home, he should be taught his place from an early age, to avoid any bad behavior.

    Most dogs Small swiss hound are still used as hunting dogs in Switzerland today, meaning your exercise requirements are easily met during hunting season. In the case of non-working dogs, or when the hunting season is over, owners should take time to meet the needs of this active hound.

    A rural setting is the ideal place for Small swiss hound, who needs wide terrain to explore and does not enjoy being confined. It is essential that your property is securely fenced to avoid solo adventures.

    Health “Small swiss hound”

    There are not many diseases that affect the Small swiss hound more than other races, but there are a handful of conditions that should be watched in individuals:

    Ear infections

    Hanging ears are prone to developing ear infections, particularly if a dog spends a lot of time outside wet and muddy. Keeping your ears clean can prevent this from becoming a problem.

    Hip Dysplasia

    Malformed hip joints can lead to lifelong discomfort and reduced mobility. X-rays of the hips (a process called “hip score”) should be performed when a breeding dog is over one year of age to ensure that its hips are of good enough quality to be passed on.

    Grooming “Small swiss hound”

    Although there are a number of different hair types within the breed, all are easy to maintain and need little in the way of grooming. Weekly brushing will suffice. The Small swiss hound you will only need to be bathed a few times a year. If owners feel the need to disguise their “odor to dog” they can use dry shampoo, avoiding the risk of drying out their skin and coat.

    Ears of the Small swiss hound should be cleaned weekly and ideally should be checked daily for signs of infection. They must be completely dried after getting wet.

    Characteristics "Small swiss hound"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Small swiss hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos "Small swiss hound"

    Swiss low-legged dog + Schweizer Laufhund + Orange hound
    Schweizer Laufhund CERVA

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.3: Small-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds


    FCI breed standard "Small swiss hound"

    FCIFCI - Small swiss hound
    Hound

    Alternative names:

      1. Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund (English).
      2. Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund (French).
      3. Schweizer Niederlaufhund (German).
      4. Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund (Portuguese).
      5. (en suizo, Schweizerischer Niederlaufhund) (Spanish).

    Swiss Hound
    Suiza FCI 59 . Medium-sized Hounds

    Schwyz Hound
    Schwyz Hound

    In the breed standard, the temperament of Swiss hound is described as “Vivaz y apasionado por la caza, sensitive, docile and very attached to his master”.

    Content

    History

    It is said that the Swiss Hound is among the oldest members of the Group of Hounds. According to a 15th century letter to Ernst, Elector of Saxony (1441-86), Swiss working dogs were among the best. 17th century images show packs of hounds “with the same color and the same size, large heads and very long ears”.

    Three centuries later, the german dog writer Richard Strebel wrote in “Die Deutschen Hunde” (German dog breeds, 1903-05) that hounds that lived separately in a restricted area of ​​Switzerland therefore developed separately.

    In the decade of 1890, it seemed that purebred hounds were marked for death in Switzerland, despite the breeding of the Schwyz Hound, Bernese Hound and Lucerne Hound. Some hounds were exported to Scandinavia and, thanks to the crossing with native hounds, the Stövares (scandinavian hounds) they were blooming. But at the same time, the Thurgauer Laufhund quietly disappeared in Switzerland, and the Aargauer Laufhund gave way to Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound).

    In 1903, J. Dust del Swiss Kennel Club founded the Schweizerische Laufhunde-Club (Swiss Hound Club) and in 1907 an appeal was made to save the Swiss hound of extinction. Then something remarkable happened: the breed club bought good quality Swiss hounds and gave them to prudent breeders and hunters. Test rules and regulations were developed and a series of obligations were established: -) only one dog at a time when hunting; b) the dog had to be under control when hunting; c) a dog that disappeared while hunting had to return to its master within half an hour; y d) the dog was to return as soon as the horn sounded, regardless of whether the dog was looking. Using these rules, the breed club tried to exclude disobedient dogs and forced owners to properly breed and train their dogs.

    Four varieties

    The development of Swiss Hound started in the decade of 1930, but it took time and effort. In 1937, only five hounds were entered in the Swiss herd book. The Dr. O. Vollenweider managed to gather 11 hound collectors in the city of Soleura, in northwestern Switzerland. Suitable dogs were selected for breeding and, in 1933, a breed standard was published. In the standard, the varieties were distinguished by coat color and pattern.

    In 1944, 150 Swiss hounds were entered in a hound exhibition. (As a neutral country, Switzerland did not participate in WWII) It was no longer forbidden to work with dogs that gave tongue, and bloodhounds of more than 20 inches (50 centimeters) to the cross.

    Attempts to save or restore the Laufhund de Argovia they were unsuccessful; in 1933, the breed standard was canceled. Four varieties remained: the Bernese Hound, the Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound), the Lucerne Hound and the Schwyz Hound. Their names connect them with cities and areas of Switzerland (Berne, Lucerne, Jura), or with Switzerland.

    It is said that between 1902 and 1922, a few 1.200 swiss hounds, mainly Schwyz Hound white-yellow, they were raised in Norway. Some years, there were more Swiss hounds outside of Switzerland than in their home country. In 1993, about 1.000 copies of Lucerne Hound they lived in sweden.

    France is another importer. Seventy-five Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound) enrolled in an exhibition in Lyon in 1976. It is not surprising that the Jura is predominantly found in France and Switzerland, and that it extends to Germany. Since the 15th century, Swiss hounds were also exported to Italy. According to Räber, they frequently crossed paths with his Italian cousin, the Italian short-haired Segugio.

    Photo: XXXVIII Wystawa krajowa psów rasowych w Częstochowie. Gończy ze Schwyz: Ella Haniccina Zahradka z hodowli Z Pastorowej Sfory należąca do Mariusza i Wioletty Antoszczuk by chained, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Swiss Hound varieties:

    1 Bernese Hound

    Bernese Hound

    The Bernese Hound It is mainly used for hunting hare.

    The Swiss Hound has a very ancient origin. Its existence in

    Read more

    2 Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound)

    Bruno Jura Hound

    The Jura Hound It is very distant with strangers and needs firm handling if kept as pets.

    In the year

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    3 Lucerne Hound

    Lucerne Hound

    The Lucerne Hound is a lively dog, but gentle and docile. Very attached to his master.

    The breed was originally bred in the

    Read more

    4 Schwyz Hound

    Schwyz Hound

    The Schwyz Hound they are a very lively and energetic breed that requires a significant amount of daily exercise.

    The Schwyz Hound has

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    Grand basset griffon vendéen
    Francia FCI 33 . Small-sized Hounds

    Grand basset griffon vendéen

    The Grand basset griffon vendéen is tenacious, brave and a little stubborn.

    Content

    History

    The Grand basset griffon vendéen have been through more than 400 years of evolution to produce today's French hounds.

    In general, French hounds were developed into the breeds that they are today training to suit the particular needs of their geographic areas. The dense region, The thorny and rocky Vendéée required a tough breed of dog with mental and physical stamina and a coat that would resist brambles.. In addition, lower-class hunters who did not own horses needed a slower hound to keep up. His solution was to shorten the dog's legs and, through evolution and breeding, a short dog was created. At the end of the 19th century, the Grand basset griffon vendéen, combining rusticity and a shortened leg, had evolved as part of the basset breeds of France.

    Working more on producing the exact size and proportions needed to hunt different game animals, the Vendeen Griffon Club, founded in 1907, recognized two varieties of Basset Griffon Vendéen, the Grand basset griffon vendéen and the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen.

    In the decade of 1950, the Grand basset griffon vendéen was separated on its own standard and considered a separate breed, although the miscegenation between basset vendeano “Grand” and the “Petit” not banned until 1977.

    The first selections were made in the late 19th century by the Earl of Elva, who was looking for straight-legged dogs, but it was Paul Dezamy who established the type. He had understood that to catch a moving hare you needed dogs of a certain size, that he fixed on some 43 centimeters.

    Nowadays it is used for rifle hunting and can hunt all furry animals, from the hare to the wild boar. A herd of Grand basset griffon vendéen won the 5th European Hare Championship.

    Photo: Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen in Tallinn duo CACIB, 17-18 Aug 2013, handler competition by Tomasyna, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Grand basset griffon vendéen it is a well balanced, heavily built, an olfactory hound with a friendly and noble character. It is medium size, with straight legs and deep chest. It is longer than high, with a moderately long muzzle, long ears and a long tail.

    His neck is moderately long and strong, his noble head with mustache and beard, and is crowned by long protective eyebrows. Its structure was designed to hunt rabbits and hares, at a rapid pace through the brambles, protected with his long eyebrows, and on the rugged terrain of the Vendée area in France.

    He is a brave hunter, passionate and very skilled that nowadays he is used to hunting not only rabbit and hare but also wild boar and roe deer. It is active, possesses great stamina for a full day of hunting and uses his voice freely while on the trail.

    Any feature that detracts from functionality is a serious fault.

    Character and skills

    The calm and docile demeanor of the Grand basset griffon vendéen makes them excellent companions and house dogs. Prepare to give him plenty of exercise. They won't thrive like a couch dog. They should have a fenced area to exercise, since these hunting dogs can't resist the urge to chase. They are sturdy and do not slow down with age, so plan to maintain your exercise routine until adolescence.

    You should be aware that like all hounds, the Grand basset griffon vendéen generally has a high prey drive and will follow its nose wherever it goes. Not only is a fence necessary and / or a strap, it is also required to train a constant memory from childhood. Another feature of the Grand basset griffon vendéen is your free use of voice; no amount of training will stop this chatty. If you don't like your dog talking to you, this breed may not be for you.

    Health

    As in all races, there may be some health problems. Some dogs may face these health challenges in their lives, but most of the Grand basset griffon vendéen they are healthy dogs. Working with a responsible breeder, those who wish to own a dog of this breed, they can get the information they need to learn about the specific health problems of this hound. Good breeders use genetic testing of their breeders to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.

    Recommended health tests for this breed:

  • Hip evaluation
  • Ophthalmologist evaluation
  • Cardiac examination
  • Patella evaluation
  • Thyroid evaluation
  • Characteristics "Grand basset griffon vendéen"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Grand basset griffon vendéen" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.3: Small-sized Hounds.
    • Central Canine Society

    FCI breed standard "Grand basset griffon vendéen"

    FCIFCI - Grand basset griffon vendéen
    Great

    Alternative names:

      1. Basset Griffon Vendéen (Petite), PBGV (English).
      2. Grand basset griffon vendéen (French).
      3. Briquet Griffon Vendéen, Großer Basset Griffon Vendéen (German).
      4. (em francês: Grand basset griffon Vendéen) (Portuguese).
      5. GBGV (Spanish).

    Westphalian Dachsbracke
    Germany FCI 100 . Small-sized Hounds

    Westphalian Dachsbracke

    The Westphalian Dachsbracke It is mainly a hunting dog that maintains an active temperament and a great need for exercise.

    Content

    History

    The Westphalian Badger Dog was developed in the 17th century in Germany, in the region between the Rhine and the Weser. The result of the cross between the German Hound and various types of Dachsbrack, was created to satisfy the need for a fast dog, small and short, able to cut through bushes and chase prey into burrows. They were the favorite companions of the Germanic nobles, who were so appreciated for their ability to hunt hares, rabbits and foxes as per their friendly disposition.

    It is mentioned in the official description of the German Hound in the Decade of 1880, and a first standard was established in 1910. However, the breed was not recognized by the German Kennel Club until 1935, and then by the FCI in 1954.

    The Westphalian Dachsbracke It, However, uncommon outside of Germany. In addition, among the main canine organizations in the Anglo-Saxon world, only the UKC recognizes this breed, and only from 2006.

    Photo: Westphalian Dachsbracke by Volbu1, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Westphalian Dachsbracke It is a small hound that measures between 30 and 38 cm at the withers and weighing about 15 kg. It seems to the German Hound, which is even considered a miniature version.

    His coat is tricolor, combining black, red and white. White markings are found on the neck, the chest, the snout, paws and tail tip. Bi-color is not accepted. The coat is rough and very tight, medium length in the back, neck and back of the tail, but short in the rest of the body.

    With a slightly elongated skull and a slightly accentuated stop, his head clearly evokes his kinship with the other double basses. His eyes are dark, while his ears, big and long, are flat against the head.

    The tail, strong and tall at the base, is in perfect extension of the back line. It is carried out with a saber blade or hanging.

    Character and skills

    The Westphalian Dachsbracke he's a smart working dog, stubborn and tenacious who can follow the trail of prey over great distances without hesitation.

    They are primarily hunting dogs that maintain an active temperament and a great need for exercise. This need must be met every day to prevent destructive dog behavior.. Live in an apartment, although it is not recommended, it is possible as long as the dog can take long walks at least twice a day. During these walks, it is strongly recommended to keep it on a leash, in case you smell prey that takes you off the beaten track. However, ideally it would have access to a garden.

    In the home, although he is not the most docile of dogs, the Westphalian Dachsbracke shows a lot of attachment and affection for his master, family loyalty, and gets along very well with children. All these are qualities that make it a very pleasant companion dog.. However, requires a lot of interaction and availability, since he needs constant company and cannot be left alone for a whole day. Playtime and obedience or agility training can keep you busy, but nothing will make you happier than a hunting trip.

    At last, the Westphalian Dachsbracke tolerate other pets as long as they are exposed to your presence from a young age. Otherwise, his hunting instincts take over, and is capable of chasing and hurting them.

    Education

    Due to its firm character, the Westphalian Dachsbracke can be tough and stubborn in his upbringing. Some commands will take longer to assimilate than with other dog breeds. Therefore, the master must act as the leader of the pack to be heard and obeyed, and under no circumstances allow him to take over the family hierarchy. Therefore, it is clearly important not to be fooled by the small size of this dog and to turn it into a “Princess”, at the risk of experiencing real cohabitation problems in the near future.

    At the end, the Westphalian Dachsbracke must be trained early and firmly, while promoting the principles of positive dog training.

    Health

    The Westphalian Dachsbracke he is a robust dog, healthy and with a good life expectancy. However, their kinship to the Basset family explains why they are prone to back problems, ranging from muscle tension to degenerative disc disease.

    In addition, you have to be careful with his long and floppy ears, as they are sensitive to ear infections. In case of infection, the dog tends to shake its head and scratch its ear. Other signs are a bad smell and the development of redness around the ear canal.. An ear infection requires a visit to the vet and is treated with prescription medications.

    Last but not least, like any working dog, a Westphalian Dachsbracke that participates in hunting is more likely to be injured than a companion dog that is kept at home. However, in the heat of the moment, the dog tends to ignore pain, so it is often only after the owner notices lacerations or bites, for example.

    Grooming

    One to two weekly brushings are recommended to maintain the very tight and rough-textured coat of the Westphalian Dachsbracke. These dogs should rarely be bathed, since they deprive the coat of its natural oils.

    The ears should also be visually inspected at least once a week and they should be dried after soaking in water to limit the risk of infection..

    Last but not least, the dog's teeth should be brushed regularly to reduce the risk of periodontal diseases and infections, that one day may require dental extractions.

    Characteristics "Westphalian Dachsbracke"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Westphalian Dachsbracke" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Westphalian Dachsbracke"

    Westphalian Badger
    Westphalian Dachsbracke by Mare.s., CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    Donar from the Wild Man, Westphalian Dachsbracke by <a href="https://Commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/file:Donar.jpg&quot;>Jörg Erich</a>, a href=&quot;httpsttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0&quot;>CC BY-SA 4.0&-t;/a>, via Wikimedia Commons
    Donar from the Wild Man, Westphalian Dachsbracke by Jörg Erich, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Westphalian Dachsbracke"

    Westfälische Dachsbracke – Jagd: Weidmannsheil!
    Jersey (Rhodesian Ridgeback) & Lea (Westfälische Dachsbracke) Sparring Nr. 2

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.3: Small-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds


    FCI breed standard "Westphalian Dachsbracke"

    FCIFCI - Westphalian Dachsbracke
    Dog

    Alternative names:

      1. Westphalian Hound (English).
      2. (Westfälische Dachbracke en allemand) (French).
      3. Westfälische Dachsbracke (German).
      4. (em alemão: Westfälische dachsbracke) (Portuguese).
      5. Cazador de Westfalia (Spanish).

    German Hound
    Germany FCI 299 . Small-sized Hounds

    German Hound

    The German Hound It is a fairly frequent dog in its country and very rare outside its borders.

    Content

    History

    The first written traces of the German Hound date from the 18th century. German breeders wanted to create a versatile hunting dog, but it is very difficult to precisely define the ancestry of the breed. However, the German Hound was originally a descendant of Beagle, English Pointer and English Foxhound. Other breeds like greyhounds, the hounds, the “Westphalian Dachsbracke“, the “Holzbracke de Sauerland tricolor” (little hound for hunting in the forest) and “Steinbracken” locals may have contributed to the breed.

    Multipurpose hunting and hounds were booming in Germany at the time, after the dismantling of large hunting grounds and the abandonment of traditional hound hunting methods in favor of stalking and stalking.

    Over the years, the German Hound has become known by a large number of regional variants with different names. The Deutscher Bracken Club was founded in Olpe (North Rhine-Westphalia) in 1896 and covered all the varieties of the northwest of the country. In 1900, were finally grouped into a single race called “Deutsche Bracke” (German Hound).

    However, was not up 1964 that was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). The standard currently in force dates from 1987.

    Sometimes known as the “Braque d’Olpe” (the city where one of the variants of the breed was found and where the Deutscher Bracken Club), the German Hound still a very popular hunting dog in his native region, and even in the rest of Germany. However, its distribution outside of Germany remains highly confidential.

    That does not prevent it from being recognized by the American Kennel Club (A.K.C.) and the United Kennel Club (U.K.C.) in the United States, as well as by the Kennel Club (K.C.) From great britain.

    Photo: hundeo.com

    Physical characteristics

    The German Hound it is a light hunting dog, tall and elegant that, However, it is of solid construction. The head is noble and rather light, with hanging ears of medium size and a well carried but relatively thick tail in relation to the body line. The abdomen is slightly folded.

    The teething of the German Hound is particularly strong and regular, with powerful pointed incisors. The eyes, that are moderately large, they are clear and bright. The head, dry and moderately long, and relatively strong neck (compared to the head) follow each other to achieve a slightly arched top.

    The coat is long, very dense and hard, and even covers the belly. It is tricolor: red or fawn, black and white. The saddle and / or coat must be black and well defined. The white markings characteristic of the breed are a continuous list on the muzzle, the neck (a totally white collar is particularly appreciated), chest and limbs. The tip of the tail is also white.

    Character and skills

    The German Hound he is a medium-sized dog that exudes great joie de vivre. Attached and endowed with a stable character, is happy when put to work and has plenty of outdoor space. Being able to live in complete freedom in a large fenced garden is essential if your master is regularly outside, since he likes to live outdoors and exercise. In fact, needs to vent at least two hours a day to be balanced. If you don't allow your partner to use your energy, the master has every chance of ending up with a stressed dog, overexcited, aggressive or even destructive.

    German Hound

    In addition, even if you have enough opportunities to exercise, the risk of the dog escaping is high with the German Hound, who especially appreciates sneaking out of his house as soon as he gets the chance, whether to explore new environments or follow tempting smells.

    The German Hound not at all a suitable breed of dog for apartment living. And unless you have a very big garden – and even then… – it is also not a suitable breed of dog for an elderly or sedentary person. You need an active owner, even sporty, to provide you with the exercise and outings you need.

    Nice to live, can be both a companion and hunting dog, since it is able to adapt to many situations. However, although they love to roam every corner of the garden, his great passion is still hunting, in which they excel thanks to their particularly developed sense of smell. The German Hound it is above all a tough tracking dog that needs to work hard and work hard. They excel in the pursuit of uninjured game and in the pursuit of wounded prey.

    Due to his cautious behavior in front of strangers and his ability to be attentive and alert in any situation, also can, occasionally and as long as it does not last too long (your joviality is likely to regain control), occasionally assume the role of watchdog.

    However, whatever your activity at that time, can be easily distracted from your mission by a pleasant smell, in which case it becomes difficult to attract their attention again.

    These hunting dogs are passionate about stalking their prey, but they are also very sensitive. They are very close to their family and are very loyal to them. Therefore, should be handled with care and never intimidated, although sometimes they are on guard. Particularly loyal, faithful and sociable, the German Hound proves to be the ideal companion for the whole family, and gets along so well with adults – whose authority and leadership you seek – as with small children, who likes to have fun with. However, should not be left alone with young children, as their overwhelming energy could inadvertently push them, knock them down or knock them unconscious.

    Although the German Hound is generally friendly and balanced, meeting other dogs can be a problem in some cases. Although the German Hound has long become used to living with other dogs due to its long use in pack hunting, some dogs still tend to be dominant, especially when it comes to unfamiliar animals. For this reason, any outing synonymous with a possible dog encounter involves keeping your partner on a leash.

    Regarding cohabitation with other pets, especially a cat, it can also be difficult. In fact, unless you got used to it too soon, namely, created together, tends to regard other animals as potential prey. In other words, not really a recommended dog breed with a cat…

    At last, the German Hound is a noisy dog ​​whose voice extends far. This is a characteristic common to all hunting dogs., since they must communicate with their master at a distance. But this might not be to the taste of the neighbors, who might complain about the dog's untimely barking. It is important to pay attention to this point when training the puppy, to prevent his barking from becoming a problem once he is an adult.

    Education “German Hound”

    Although it is soft, stable and very nice, the German Hound not an easy dog ​​breed to train and obedient. Therefore, requires a strong and early education, but of course without any brutality, as this could only backfire. To get the best of your partner, it is necessary to combine sweetness and firmness, and put special emphasis on the socialization of the dog.

    Last but not least, if it is to be used as a hunting dog, learning how to call your dog back is obviously of particular importance.

    In any case, training sessions should be short and interesting enough, since the German Hound it can be annoying, especially if tempting smells distract your attention.

    For all these reasons, should be reserved for experienced teachers: not a suitable breed as a first dog.

    Health “German Hound”

    The German Hound it is a fairly robust and resistant dog.

    However, you are particularly at risk of hip dysplasia, as well as the risk of reversal of the stomach (dilation-torsion).

    Whatever the cause, a possible operation should be done with greater vigilance as this dog is very sensitive to anesthesia.

    In addition, as in any breed of dog with lop ears, special attention should be paid to the risk of ear infections in the dog.

    In addition, the absence of descent of one or even both testicles into the scrotum (dog cryptorchidism) it is relatively frequent in this breed. Generally prevents the affected male from reproducing and makes it impossible to confirm the dog.

    At last, the German Hound are frequently found with eye problems, so it is advisable to also pay attention to this point.

    Care “German Hound”

    The German Hound it is an easy breed of dog to keep. Its short coat requires only minimal grooming and regular maintenance.. Brushing your dog once a week should be enough to preserve the beauty of his coat. In addition, how the coat naturally repels dirt and water, bathing is not normally necessary.

    In addition, even during the molting period, loses very little hair.

    In addition, as in any dog ​​with floppy ears, the inside of the tubes should also be carefully watched to reduce the risk of ear infections.

    This may be an opportunity to inspect your eyes at the same time., to be able to intervene quickly if there is a problem in this area.

    Food “German Hound”

    As the German Hound it is a fairly resistant breed, Feeding your dog shouldn't pose any particular problems. A meat-based diet, vegetables and starchy foods, or quality croquettes, it will be perfectly adequate.

    However, Be careful with the volume of the servings! If used as a hunting dog, it may certainly be appropriate to increase them by 10 - 20% during hunting season, when you are more active than usual. But they must also adapt to the dog's energy needs when they decrease, to avoid any risk of the dog becoming overweight.

    In addition, it is important to avoid giving too much food before the dog goes hunting, At risk, for example, to throw up. A little pre-hunt snack is a good thing, but the bulk of the daily ration should be given in the afternoon.

    Activities “German Hound”

    Although they can be pleasant companion dogs, the German Hound It, above all and by its very nature, a hunting dog specialized more specifically in tracking hares, badgers and big game, whether or not they are injured. These fine hounds are experts in rough terrain and can withstand all types of weather conditions. They like to chase their prey for hours and hours. Its long snout and extremely sensitive nose are its best allies in this task.. Once the prey has been hunted, its loud and clear bark is highly appreciated by hunters, since it allows them to point out the exact position of the hunted animal.

    Although the German Hound it is very suitable for hunting alone, also excels in pairs or small groups of individuals. This is how the breed was originally used.

    Price “German Hound”

    The price to adopt a puppy from German Hound is between 700 and 900 EUR.

    Characteristics "German Hound"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "German Hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos "German Hound"

    Deutsche Bracke
    Deutsche Bracke Stöberhundwelpen district forest walk excursion

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.3: Small-sized Hounds.
    • AKCHound
    • ​KCHoundy
    • UKCScenthounds


    FCI breed standard "German Hound"

    FCIFCI - German Hound
    Hound

    Alternative names:

      1. Deutsche Bracke, German Bracke, Olper Bracke, Westphalian Bracke (English).
      2. (deutsche bracke en allemand) (French).
      3. Westfälische Bracke (German).
      4. braco alemão, (em alemão: Deutsche Bracke) (Portuguese).
      5. Sabueso de sangre de Baviera (Spanish).

    Smaland Hound
    Suecia FCI 129 - Medium-sized Hounds

    Smaland Hound

    The Smaland Hound It is used for hunting hare and fox; It is not a pack dog and is not used for deer hunting.

    Content

    History

    The history of Smaland Hound starts in the county of Smaland, in southern Sweden; there existed a great variety of hounds in the 19th century. Some, of german origin, Polish or Baltic, had arrived in the company of soldiers returning after the great wars between 1611 and 1678.

    These hunting dogs were later crossed with local farm dogs type Spitz and english hounds, becoming the ancestors of Smaland Hound. The size, tail color and length varied at that time: some dogs were black and tan, others red or yellow. However, white markings were common. Some cubs were born with short tails.

    During the early years of the 20th century, great efforts were made to rebuild the type of the old Smalandsstövare, especially the short-tailed variety. The first standard, written in 1921, allowed dogs to have both short and long tails. It was first decided that the color would be black and tan, but red and yellow were allowed, as well as the white spots.

    The Smaland Hound received continuous infusions of new blood, sometimes using strong lines from other dog breeds. The new blood was last used in the 1990s. 1950, When, for a short period, dogs of unknown origin were registered, but accepted type, as Smaland Hound.

    Photo: Smalandsstovare by amoreaquattrozampe.it

    Physical characteristics “Smaland Hound”

    Smaland-Stövare
    Smaland-Stövare

    The Smaland Hound he is a robust dog, similar to Rottweiler, and elegant looking. His eyes are dark brown with a calm expression. Ears are stuck high, slightly raised when the dog is paying attention. They are carried hanging, with rounded ends. The tail is placed in the extension of the line of the back, straight or slightly saber-shaped. May be short at birth.

    Hair: average length, rough, well attached to the body; thicker in the back and neckline. The undercoat is colored: black and fiery (all shades range from amber to reddish brown). Small white spots are allowed on the bib and fingers.

    Size: males 46-54 cm. (ideal 50 cm.); females 42-54 cm. (ideal 45 cm.).

    Character and skills “Smaland Hound”

    These Hounds form a strong bond with their owners, being loyal and devoted, kind and loving, which also makes them great companions at home.

    When they hunt, they are used mainly for hunting fox and hare. He is gifted with exceptional talent, he is a brave and determined dog.

    At home, is a gentle, calm and affectionate family companion. They are known to be territorial and distrustful of strangers, which makes them good watchdogs that will not fail to warn their masters of marauders.

    The Smaland Hound is very intelligent and they learn easily. He gets along well with his peers if they have grown up together, but it must be presented with delicacy and attention to other dogs and other animals.

    It is a dog that needs a lot of time in the presence of its master, you need space and the ability to expend your energy. Therefore, it is not a dog for owners who are absent or who do not have enough time to dedicate to it.

    The breed needs space and is therefore not suitable for apartment living.

    Characteristics “Smaland Hound”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Smaland Hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Videos “Smaland Hound”

    Smålandsstövare / Smalands Hound / Smalandstevare

    harjakt med smålandsstövare diva

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds


    FCI breed standard "Smaland Hound"

    FCIFCI - Smaland Hound
    Hound

    Alternative names:

      1. (Swedish: Smålandsstövare) (English).
      2. Smålandsstövare (French).
      3. Småland-Bracke, Smålandsstövare (German).
      4. Smalandsstovare (Portuguese).
      5. Cazador de Småland (sueco: Smålandsstövare) (Spanish).

    Schiller Hound
    Suecia FCI 131 - Medium-sized Hounds

    Schiller Hound

    The spread of Schiller Hound is regular in your country of origin, but very small abroad.

    Content

    History

    The Schiller Hound It is a working breed that has existed in Sweden since the Middle Ages. However, the breed was not really established and recognized until 1952. This recognition is due in large part to a breeder, Per Schiller, who gave the breed its name.

    In 1886, at the first Swedish dog show, they were shown 189 hounds. Among them were Tamburini and Ralla I, a brother and sister belonging to Per Schiller. They descended from the famous bloodhounds of the Kaflas estate. These dogs probably came from southern Germany: rather small, fawn in color with black fur and slight white markings.

    The Schiller Hound they were then based on the crossing of Swiss dogs, Germans and Austrians, as well as in British hunting dogs, especially the Harriers, to produce a fast and light breed that quickly acquired its type. curiously, Per Schiller worked alongside a Swedish doctor named Adolf Hamilton, and also led to the development of a similar dog named Hamilton Hound, that can be differentiated from Schiller Hound for its tricolor coat.

    Still very rare outside of his native country, the Schiller Hound was recognized by the Swedish Kennel Club in 1907.

    The Schiller Hound has been traditionally used as a sniffing dog, although some describe it as a hunting dog. The breed is known for both its speed and superior olfactory ability; able to quickly track its prey and then howl loudly when its master approaches, alerting of its position. It is a hardy dog ​​that can tolerate cold Swedish winters well.. Often, work individually rather than in a pack and typically hunt rabbits and foxes. Even today, many dogs still work as hunters, although they are equally good household pets.

    Photos: Schiller Hound during International show of dogs in Katowice – Spodek, Poland by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The conformation of Schiller Hound it's that of an athletic dog, and with his well-muscled body and strong limbs, you are clearly well suited to your job role. Its head is relatively small but long and has a well defined stop. The bridge of your nose should be straight and the nose itself is black with wide nostrils. His dark brown eyes are bright and alert, set deep in your face. Its medium-sized, high-set ears hang close to its face and do not extend beyond its lower jaw. Its long and thin limbs are parallel and are surely one of the main reasons for its impressive speed; giving them a very long stride. Their body is rectangular in shape and they have a deep chest with a robust and solid back.. Its long, tapered tail should not be carried too high in the exhibition ring..

    The Schillerstövare's shiny, straight coat fits perfectly against its skin. The top coat is actually quite tough, although the shorter fur on his face and ears is softer to the touch. Predominantly tan in color, the coat also has a prominent black coat. Only small white spots are allowed on the coat. Their fur is expertly designed to protect them in icy weather conditions.

    The Schiller Hound It is a medium to large sized hound for hunting fox and hare, what does it measure 53-61 cm to the withers and weighs 18-25 kg . The coat is rough and not too short, and it's close to the body.

    Character and skills

    These vivacious dogs live life to the fullest and are a pleasure to be around. Always alert, need a lot of attention and crave human company. The Schiller Hound they will form a close bond with their family, and although they tolerate children well, require supervision when with younger children, as they can be quite disruptive.

    The Schiller Hound are normally kept indoors and can be calm and polite housemates, although they can bark melodiously at times. The watchful nature of this dog means that it will always alert its owner to any unannounced guests., However, they are not territorial enough to be used as guard dogs. This dog's distrust of new people can be a problem, although this can usually be overcome by early and thorough socialization.

    Although it is not conventionally worked in packs of dogs, the Schiller Hound can socialize well with other dogs if given the opportunity. Of course, smaller animals are not safe in your company and are likely to be viewed as little more than prey.

    Health

    Most members of the breed live into adolescence and tend to enjoy good health.. There are a couple of conditions to consider when it comes to Schiller Hound:

    Hip Dysplasia

    Malformed hips result in an uneven gait, lifelong muscle loss and discomfort. Affected canines are treated with a variety of therapies, including physiotherapy, hydrotherapy and pharmaceutical pain relief. Prudent screening programs in adult dogs of breeding age can help reduce the overall incidence in the population. If a dog of breeding age scores low on the hip, must be neutered and removed from the kennel.

    Ear infections

    The floppy ears of hunting dogs are a magnet for infection as they create moist environments within the ear canal for bacteria and yeast to thrive.. Keeping your ears clear and dry can reduce the potential for infection. If wax builds up, an ear cleaner should be used. Infections should not be allowed to become infected and should be treated as soon as they are noticed. Chronic and whiny infections can pose a real challenge to healing and make the dog very uncomfortable and unhappy while they persist.

    Characteristics "Schiller Hound"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Schiller Hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 1 out of 5
    1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images "Schiller Hound"

    photos:

    1 – A female Schiller Hound by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – A female Schiller Hound by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Schiller Hound (Schiller's wanted poster) International Dog Show in Katowice 28 – 30. 03.2008 by Lilly Mreal name: Małgorzata Miłaszewska, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Schiller Hound during dogs show in Katowice, Poland by Lilly M, CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – “Schiller Hound” by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/cachorro-hound-schillerst%C3%B6vare-837998/
    6 – Schiller Hound (Schiller's wanted poster) International Dog Show in Katowice 28 – 30. 03.2008 by Lilly Mreal name: Małgorzata Miłaszewska, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Schiller Hound"

    Schillerstøveren Cora jager hare som unghund.
    Uttak på hare med Schillerstøveren Tilda

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.


    FCI breed standard "Schiller Hound"

    FCIFCI - Schiller Hound
    Hound

    Alternative names:

      1. Schiller Bracke, Schillerstövare (English).
      2. Schillerstövare (French).
      3. Schiller-Bracke, Schillerstövare (German).
      4. Schillerstövare (Portuguese).
      5. Schillerstövare (Spanish).