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Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound
Francia FCI 325 - Medium-sized Hounds

Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound

The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound It is not a dog that adapts to life in an apartment if there is no way for it to release its great energy..

Content

History

The breed had been around for a long time and various dog lovers like Mr M. Légeron, A. Rivot porthole, Willekens, Gairal, Daubigné had tried in vain to have it officially recognized.

Hare hunters had created this small order dog from medium-sized French breeds: Porcelaine, Gascon Saintongeois, Poitevin hound in crossbreeding with English dogs like him Beagle, several varieties of Harriers, even the little one English Foxhound. The objective of these crosses was to improve the construction of their dogs and thus increase the speed and attitude to take.

In any case it is a typical French hunting dog, in which English blood also flows. In 1957 the first official recognition of the breed took place in France, followed by the FCI in 1978.

Photo: Anglo-français de petite vénerie by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound – or also called Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie – He is of medium size and a dog with a powerful constitution, but it never seems heavy. In its appearance it reminds of the dogs of the French pack. According to the breed standard, the head should be long and not too wide. The hair is short, thick and smooth and can be two or three colors (white and orange or black, white with brown).

The eyes are large and soft but lively in expression.. The ears located under the line of the eyes are soft, slightly turned inwards and medium in size. The tail is of medium length and quite thin. The limbs are strong, with straight and broad forequarters in profile and muscular hindquarters with low set hocks.

Character and skills “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound is described as balanced and bold, independent, smart and leader, proud and trustworthy. He is affectionate and loyal to his owners. But, adult dogs are suspicious of strangers.

These dogs today make up the vast majority of hare and fox hunting packs.. But shooters increasingly appreciate its fine-nosed qualities., resistance, good throat, easy to put on, wise in the hunt and in the kennel.

In the last twenty years, The number of Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hounds medium has improved both in quality and quantity. But, the breeders, and buyers in particular, they must register their dogs with the LOF (Central Canine Society) to better control the selection.

Activities and exercise with “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

This dog loves to move, needs a lot of exercise and wants to work. You have to spend about four hours a day intensely with him. The breed is suitable for training as a hunting dog, but also for various dog sports. Keeping the dog in the house is strongly discouraged: The Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound you need and want a lot of space and would like to have free access to the garden also outside the “hours of walk”.

education of the “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

To the Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound he likes to learn, he is submissive and also has an intelligent mind. But, has a strong hunting instinct, so your education should start soon and therefore, any “rarity” that this dog acquires in his youth must be fixed as it is difficult to correct later.

care and health of “Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound”

The short and dense coat of this dog does not require any special care, cleans itself almost by itself. Its legs, However, should be checked regularly. Especially when used as a hunting dog, injuries and problems are more likely to occur.

In rare cases there is a tendency to osteoarthritis and bone tumors.

Images "Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound"

Photos:

1 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie, op der Haard, Diddeleng by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie, Kackeschbësch, Éiter by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie, 7 months, Wesley by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie (white and black with pale tan markings) three and four months old puppies. by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Anglo-français de petite vénerie by Jwh at Wikipedia Luxembourg, CC BY-SA 3.0 LU, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound"

07 - Anglo French of small hunting
Anglo Français de petite vénerie
le repas

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
  • Central Canine Society


FCI breed standard "Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound"

FCIFCI - Medium-Sized Anglo-French Hound
Hound

Alternative names:

1. Anglo-Français de Petite Vénerie (English).
2. Anglo-français de petite vénerie (French).
3. Anglo-Français de petite vénerie (German).
4. Anglo-Français de petite vénerie (Portuguese).
5. Sabueso anglo francés de tamaño mediano, Anglo-francés para la caza menor, Anglo-francés de tamaño medio (español).

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Blue Gascony Basset
Francia FCI 35 . Small-sized Hounds

The Blue Gascony Basset It is a dog with an excellent sense of smell, Active, Agile and good port

Basset Azul de Gascuña

Content

Characteristics "Blue Gascony Basset"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Blue Gascony Basset" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

The Blue Gascony Basset is a basset hound native to southwestern France, whose roots are uncertain. According to hunting historians, He is a contemporary of Mr. Gastón Fébus from the 14th century, like the great blue hounds. Some claim that it comes from a cross between the Gascon Saintongeois and the Small Blue Gascony, others that it is the result of a mutation of the Great Gascony Blue after the French Revolution, when commoners, who were now allowed to hunt, they needed a slower dog that they could keep on foot.

Endangered in the 19th century, the breed was reborn in the early 20th century at the initiative of a few western breeders. Its first standard was published in 1919.

Recognized in 1963 by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), the Blue Gascony Basset still rare outside of France. In North America, the breed obtained official recognition from the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1991, as well as the American Association of Rare Breeds, but it is ignored by the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC).

Even within the French borders, its extension was minimal until 1980. Since then, the Blue Gascony Basset, although it has become more known, has maintained its status as a little-known dog, especially in the southern region. They are often called “southern dog” due to its origin in the regions of Béarn and Gascony. Even today, most breeders of Blue Gascony Basset are found in the west and south of the country.

This breed represents a little more than 150 records in TFO – Central Canine Society.

There are four recognized races as “Blue Gascony” by the FCI:

The Great Gascony Blue and the Small Blue Gascony they are the best-known varieties.

Great blue by hondenrassenmetfoto.nl
Blue Basset by bassetbleudegascogne
Griffon blue by jjze.unblog.fr




Physical characteristics “Blue Gascony Basset”

The race Blue Gascony Basset carries much inheritance from the great race from which it comes: The Basset. It is a very big dog, Although not too heavy (16 kg approximately). It has a not very broad and slightly domed head. His neck is quite long, slightly arched. His height is around the 34-38 centimeters.

It has black and wide nose, with the wide open nostrils. Its snout is, practically, the same length as the skull. Their eyes are oval shaped, What gives them the feeling of being sunk, What makes them a very sweet expression, and a little sadder…

The ears of this breed are fine, a little curly, very long and finished at tip. The ear is narrow at its source, which is located below the eye line.

When is the dog standing, its tail almost touches the ground. Its fur is white mottled black spots, It must never be totally white. The hair is short and smooth. Such as dense speckled is what gives him the blue tone.

Character and skills “Blue Gascony Basset”

The Blue Gascony Basset It is a dog with an excellent sense of smell, Active, Agile and good port. It is a great Hunter. Usually howl. It is a dog that is easily vistas, It Intelligent, clever and funny, is also very loving and joyful. It is an excellent partner you need to play regularly (plenty of exercise).

It is quite stubborn, his instinct for Hunter is very developed. It can be an excellent guard dog.

Education “Blue Gascony Basset”

Due to his intelligence and loyalty to his master, the Blue Gascony Basset it is quite easy to train. But, how sometimes he gets distracted or stubborn, may have difficulty keeping order. Food is a good motivator, since they are greedy dogs.

In short, the Blue Gascony Basset needs rigorous but gentle training from a young age.

Health “Blue Gascony Basset”

This dog is in pretty good health, although it develops problems in the hindquarters with age. The breeders of the Blue Gascony Basset observe recurring problems, such as hip dysplasia or elbow dysplasia, dislocated kneecaps and herniated discs (that can cause dog paralysis). It is also prone to allergies and ear infections., because of his floppy ears.

Last, how prone to stomach twisting, your servings should be divided and you should wait two hours after each meal before exercising.

Images “Blue Gascony Basset”

Videos “Blue Gascony Basset”

Butch Basset bleu gascogne

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.3: Small-sized Hounds.
  • AKCHound
  • ​- UKCScenthounds


FCI breed standard "Blue Gascony Basset"

FCIFCI - Blue Gascony Basset
Basset

Alternative names:

1. Basset Bleu de Gascogne, Bleus de Gascogne (English).
2. Basset bleu de Gascogne (French).
3. Basset bleu de Gascogne (German).
4. Basset bleu de Gascogne (Portuguese).
5. Basset azul de Gascuña (español).

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Serbian tricolour hound
Serbia FCI 229 . Medium-sized Hounds

Sabueso tricolor serbio

The Serbian tricolour hound it is rare even in its country of origin and to see it abroad is almost impossible.

Content

History

The Serbian tricolour hound (Srpski Trobojni Gonič or Trobojac) It is considered one of the rarest species that exist. This breed is one of the three types of dogs developed in the former Yugoslavia. Before the disintegration of Yugoslavia, the breed was known as the “Yugoslavian Tricolour Hound”, changing its name in 1991 after the dissolution of Yugoslavia.

In 1946 whether this breed was independent or just a variety of the “Serbian hound“; finally given separate breed status and a first standard set. This breed was presented at the International Dog Show in Belgrade on 7 and 8 in June of 1950. The Serbian tricolour hound was recognized as a breed by the FCI the 25 in July of 1961 and the standard was published.

From the beginning, these dogs have been used as hunting companions. They are ruthless hunters of small game like foxes and rabbits. Due to his strength and fearless nature, they are also used to hunt wild boar, wild boars and other game animals. Unlike other Hounds that hunt on a leash, this breed can run freely and search for prey on its own. This independent hunter will never kneel in the face of difficult terrain. In search of prey, uses your excellent sense of smell, and with a penetrating voice will inform the hunter when he finds it.

Unfortunately, this persistent and tireless hunter is not known among hunting enthusiasts in other countries, so this rare breed is relatively unknown in other parts of the world.

Physical characteristics “Serbian tricolour hound”

All three Yugoslav dog breeds evolved from Phoenician merchant dogs and have almost identical characteristics, which is why they are often mistakenly identified as the same race. What distinguishes the Serbian tricolour hound of the other two races is the white mark on the chest, which emphasizes the striking print of dark red hair in the background and a black cloak.

The coat of the Serbian tricolour hound it is waterproof, short and bright. Slightly thick with a well developed undercoat, spreads well throughout the body. Both in the area of ​​the rear thigh and in the lower part of the tail the coat is slightly elongated.

The coat of the Serbian tricolour hound has a deep red or fox red background color, of which a saddle or black fur stands out. The black partly reaches the head of the dog and forms two dark marks on the temples. White forms a full or partial collar under or around the neck.

On the dog's head white is pronounced like a cutout. On the muzzle it can also be seen as a spread fire. If the dog has a white mark on its chest, this is permissible, although it extends to the end of the sternum and reaches both the belly and the interior of the hind limbs.

The tip of the tail can also be completely white. But, total white coat should be less than one third of total body. The Serbian tricolour hound also has medium length ears, high, found near the cheeks.

The height the male will of 45 to 55 cm and in the female of 44 to 54 cm., the weight of Serbian tricolour hound will of 20 to 25 kg.

The life expectancy of the Serbian tricolour hound, round the 12 years.

Character and skills “Serbian tricolour hound”

The breed is characterized by an intense temperament, always reliable and very loyal in his relationship with his pack. But, the Serbian tricolour hound also has a very friendly nature. On the one hand, dogs are suitable as watchdogs. On the other hand, can be used for dressage.

The Serbian tricolour hound is hard-working and optimally equipped to work even on difficult terrain. Due to its attentive and excellent eyes and its high performance, is an ideal hunting dog.

At home he behaves warmly and calmly. But, as soon as it is in working mode, is extremely energetic and very persistent.

If you get a Serbian tricolour hound, you will get a breed that will be a friendly and obedient companion dog. He always tries to please his owner. But, the prerequisite for this is that it is sufficiently busy when not used for hunting.

Images “Serbian tricolour hound”

Videos “Serbian tricolour hound”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.
  • AKCHound


FCI breed standard "Serbian tricolour hound"

FCIFCI - Serbian tricolour hound
Hound

Alternative names:

1. Serbian: (српски тробојни гонич, srpski trobojni gonič or тробојац, trobojac) Yugoslavian Tricolour Hound (English).
2. Chien courant yougoslave tricolore (French).
3. Original name: (Jugoslavenski Trobojni Gonic), Trikolor Laufhund, Dreifarbiger Jugoslawischer Laufhund (German).
4. in Serbian: (srpski trobojni gonic) (Portuguese).
5. En servio: srpski trobojni gonič o trobojac, Sabueso yugoslavo tricolor (español).

Other hounds:

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Spanish Hound

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Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound

Great Anglo-French White and Black Hound

The Great Anglo-French Black and White Hound can be used both in packs and individually.. History Content This breed is ...
Grand Griffon Vendéen

Grand Griffon Vendéen

The Great Vendean Griffon is a dog of great character, beautiful cloak and dreamy look. It's a pity his time ...
Hellenic Hound

Hellenic Hound

It stands out for its particularly harmonious voice. Contents History The Hellenic Hound has ancient origins, since their ancestors were already ...
Italian Rough-Haired Hound

Italian Rough-Haired Hound

The Italian Wirehaired Hound is reserved, wise, calm and thoughtful in his work. Contents History The Italian Hound ...

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Istrian Shorthaired Hound
Croacia FCI 151 . Medium-sized Hounds

Istrian Shorthaired Hound

There is also a “Istrian Coarse-haired Hound” and slightly larger.

Content

History

The Istrian Shorthaired Hound is an ancient breed of hound dog originating from Istria, whose origins are lost in dark prehistory. The frescoes (1474, Chapel of the Virgin Mary in Beram, near Pazin), the paintings (including Titian, first half of the 18th century), and the chronicles (1719, Bishop Bakic of Djakovo) bear witness to it.

The Istrian Shorthaired Hound, highly appreciated for its excellent hunting qualities, was sold from Istria to neighboring countries. The first inscriptions in the herd book date from 1924, the breed was recognized by the FCI already in 1949, but the standard wasn't published until 1973.

Today, the Istrian Shorthaired Hound it is quite common in and around Istria and is still very popular with hunters due to its excellent characteristics.

Photos:

1 – Istrian Shorthaired Hound at a dog show in Zadar, Croatia (CACIB 2006.) by Mirta12, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical Characteristics Istrian Shorthaired Hound

The Istrian Shorthaired Hound he is a medium sized running dog, who appears elegant and distinguished in his build and movements. The height at the withers in both males and females is between 44 and 56 cm., the weight of the dogs is 14 to 20 kg, the optimum is 18 kg.

The coat of these dogs is thin, dense and, as the name reflects, short. This short-haired variant is somewhat smaller than the wire-haired version of the Istrian Hound.. The basic color of the coat is white with orange yellow tints. As a whole, the coat is shiny.

The life expectancy of dogs is 12 – 14 years.

Character and skills Istrian Shorthaired Hound

The characteristic of Istrian Shorthaired Hound it's his distinctive hunting instinct. The dogs have always been used as hunting dogs and still show corresponding characteristics today.. This includes his liveliness and his passion for hunting itself.. Like most hunting dogs, these dogs have little instinct for protection and are therefore quite unsuitable for guarding and protection tasks.

While the Istrian Shorthaired Hound be able to live your hunting instinct and feel fully occupied, has a gentle and friendly disposition. It is obedient and loyal to its owner. Your posture is nice.
It also, these dogs are smart and insightful, so they must be challenged in this regard as well. If the dogs are not kept according to their nature, they often get stubborn and sometimes even start poaching.

Keeping an Istrian Shorthaired Hound

The Istrian Shorthaired Hound It, by its nature, first of all a tracking dog. It is particularly suitable for hunting foxes and hares and is used almost exclusively for this purpose in its native country.. It is important that the dogs of this breed are kept by a hunter and encourage them to go hunting and take the trail., so it should be considered as an example for animals. Despite your gentle nature, they are not suitable as pure family dogs, as their pronounced hunting instinct would be neglected too.

Images "Istrian Shorthaired Hound"

Photos:

2 – Luri the Istrian Shorthaired Hound in a dog shelter in Zadar, Croatia by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Luri the Istrian Shorthaired Hound in a dog shelter in Zadar, Croatia. He was underweight when the photo was taken by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Luri the Istrian Shorthaired Hound in a dog shelter in Zadar, Croatia. He was underweight when the photo was taken by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Istrian Shorthaired Hound Luri in a dog shelter in Zadar. When the photo was taken, he was underweight by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Istrian Shorthaired Hound puppies at a dog show in Zadar, Croatia (CACIB 2006.) by Mirta12, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Istrian Shorthaired Hound"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.1: Large-sized Hounds.
  • UKCScenthound Group


FCI breed standard "Istrian Shorthaired Hound"

FCIFCI - Istrian Shorthaired Hound
Hound

Alternative names:

1. Original name – Istarski Kratkodlaki Gonič (English).
2. Chien courant d’Istrie à poil ras (French).
3. Istarski Kratkodlaki Gonič (German).
4. Istarski kratkodlaki gonic (Nome original) (Portuguese).
5. Nombre original – Istarski Kratkodlaki (español).

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Estonian Hound
Estonia FCI 366 - Medium-sized Hounds

Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound they are extremely hardy hunting dogs accustomed to long days in the forest

Content

History

The history of Estonian Hound (or Eesti Hagijas in the language of your country of origin) begins at the beginning of the 20th century in Estonia, when the crossing of english hounds, Poles and Finns used by local hunters gave rise to a large dog unofficially considered regional and ancestor of the current Eesti Hagijas.

Given the sharp decline in the population of large game and in order to reestablish it, in 1937 A law was passed prohibiting hunting with dogs over 45 cm to the cross, which in fact caused a change of orientation towards smaller animals, like foxes and hares. Therefore, Estonian hunters and breeders had to breed smaller dogs than they had then, so they were introduced in the breeding program the Beagles, the Dachshund and Swiss Hounds.

This law was amended three years later, in 1940: the maximum size was increased to 55 cm., and breeders stopped their efforts to miniaturize local hunting dogs.

In 1947, when Estonia was part of the USSR, the Soviet Ministry of Agriculture decided that all “republics” that made up Estonia had to have a local breed of dog. The Estonian hunting dog population was then estimated at around 900, and intense selection helped stabilize the characteristics of the breed that would become the Estonian Hound.

In 1954, the Ministry of Agriculture sent a specialized commission to Estonia to study the 648 specimens submitted by local breeders, and were clearly convinced: the first breed standard was approved by the Ministry a few months later. This year marked the official introduction of the Estonian Hound like a race, whose stamina and formidable nose were immediately emphasized.

After the collapse of the Soviet regime, Estonia gained independence and in 1998 la Estonian Kennel Club, the main canine association in the country, recognized race. Being the only native of the country, it was not surprising that it was granted national dog status.

The organization set out to make the breed known and recognized internationally. His efforts were crowned with success in 2019, cuando the International Cynological Federation (FCI) provisionally accepted the breed and published a standard. Having said that, there is still a long way to go, since it is not recognized, for example, by the prestigious British Kennel Club, nor by American reference organizations such as the United Kennel Club (UKC) o el American Kennel Club (AKC).

The Estonian Hound is popular in an area encompassing Estonia and nearby Russian regions, and its population is estimated at about 1200 individuals. It is still used there as a hunting dog and has also made a place for itself in many homes as a pet.. But, hasn't conquered the rest of the world yet. Rare in europe, even in Estonia's neighboring countries, is practically absent from the North American continent.

Photo: Estonian Hound by Marcin Błaszkowski, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Estonian-hound
Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound They are medium-sized hunting dogs that can easily be mistaken for the Beagle, one of the races that helped create them. But, they are bigger than the Beagle and they have a more pointed snout.

His powerful and muscular body is very long. Its solid bone legs are straight and almost half the size at the withers.. Saber-shaped tail flicks when in motion and remains fairly low, no higher than back level.

The head is quite wide at the level of the skull and the long muzzle ends in a very black nose. His slightly oblique eyes are more or less dark brown, while her long, thin ears fall along her cheeks.

The coat of the Estonian Hound is short, rough and shiny, with a moderately dense undercoat. Their fur is usually tricolor, with black spots with more or less wide red edges on a white background. But, the standard accepts bicolor individuals with completely red spots, without any trace of black. In all cases, the tips of the legs and tail should be white, as well as the throat and chest.

Sexual dimorphism is marked, the female being slightly longer than the male, which is taller in the legs and wider.

Physical characteristics

Estonian Hound
Estonian Hound

The Estonian Hound he is particularly devoted to his family, who likes to spend time with. They are a breed of dog especially recommended for children: they love to interact with them and are very patient with them, they even accept having their tails or ears pulled. But, you should remember that interactions between a young child and a dog of any breed must be under the supervision of an adult.

This strong attachment to his family makes him not like loneliness, which can lead to separation anxiety. If you are often left home alone for long periods of time, not surprisingly you may experience destructive behavior.

One solution for a caregiver who is regularly absent during the day may be to provide a playmate. Made to hunt in a pack, the Estonian Hound they enjoy the company of other dogs. If they are used to its presence from an early age, They can also make friends with any feline in the house. On the other hand, as they have a strong hunting instinct, should not live with rabbits or other rodents.

Rather shy and not fond of novelty, the Estonian Hound they tend to bark at strangers and then observe their master's behavior from a distance. If he invites the newcomer to the house, comes to greet you politely, but stay reserved.

Extremely hardy hunting dogs used to long days in the woods, they need a lot of exercise to expend their great energy: a daily walk of one hour is a minimum for them. It is recommended to always keep it tied during these outings, as your excellent sense of smell often allows you to find an interesting track that you are likely to want to follow for hours, ignoring withdrawal orders. A dog owner who still wants to let him walk freely right now should equip him with a GPS dog collar, so you can easily get your hands back on it if it disappears.

The Estonian Hound you can live in an apartment as long as you are outdoors often enough to satisfy your need for exercise, but he is much happier when he has a garden where he can patrol and play. But, this outdoor space must be well fenced to eliminate the risk of escape if you see potential prey to pursue.

A peculiarity of this dog is its need for routine and its aversion to novelty, which makes their behavior sometimes compared to that of domestic cats. This is not at all an appropriate choice for a master who wants to take their dog on vacation.: he is a poor traveler, you get stressed out when you get in the car and you don't like spending time in a place you don't know at all.

Last, it is a breed of dog that barks often and forcefully. For the peace of the neighborhood, it is necessary to teach him from a young age not to bark for any reason and to shut up when ordered to do so.

Education

Estonian Hound
Estonian Hound

Like all its fellow men, the Estonian Hound must be socialized from an early age. This requires spending as much time with him as possible so that he meets all kinds of people (neighbors, family, friends, strangers…) And animals, but also so that you get used to the situations that you may face later.

This need to become very quickly acquainted with the outside world is all the more pronounced as it is fearful by nature. In particular, to prevent future vet visits from becoming a nightmare to handle, it is recommended to get used to traveling by car as soon as possible.

Addressing the barking issue at an early age is also imperative, so that you understand that it is not necessary to bark for hours at every unfamiliar noise.

It is also important to teach your dog to remember to bark, as you will not hear any more commands once you have sniffed the trail of a game animal and go in pursuit. Hunting instinct is well established in this breed, so it does not require any specific training to be able to follow a trail for hours and be an excellent hunter.

Relatively independent and headstrong, the Estonian Hound require patience to be trained, but they like to please their master and usually end up listening to him. If necessary, be firm to assert your dominant position and show your dog who is the master, traditional training methods should be avoided, at the risk of damaging the relationship of trust. It is preferable to opt for a learning technique based on positive reinforcement.

Health

As the Estonian Hound it is a relatively new breed and not very widespread, there is still no real and in-depth study of their possible health problems. But, looks quite robust, no doubt thanks to a reasoned breeding program that has given priority to the personality and abilities of individuals rather than their appearance.

But, you have probably inherited from Beagle and the Foxhound a certain predisposition to the following diseases:

  • Progressive retinal atrophy, a breakdown of the eye tissue that can eventually lead to blindness;
  • entropion and ectropion, problems with the eyelids that cause itching and / or irritation of the eye, but can be surgically corrected;
  • dislocation of the patella, which affects the kneecap and causes walking difficulties. It can also be responsible for premature arthritis;
  • Elbow or hip dysplasia, that can cause lameness.
  • It also, the Estonian Hound is sensitive to allergies and sinusitis. These ailments are not serious in themselves, but they can cause a certain amount of stress to the dog, as this breed relies heavily on its sense of smell. So, a temporary loss of your sense of smell is likely disorienting you.

    Finally, like most hunting dogs, the Estonian Hound have a ferocious appetite that can lead to overweight or even obesity if they don't get enough exercise.

    Grooming

    Despite her short hair and sparse undercoat, the Estonian Hound require some maintenance. Brushing twice a week is recommended to remove dead hairs and avoid finding them all over the house. This also helps to distribute sebum on the skin to better protect it against infectious agents..

    During moulting periods, in autumn and spring, it is even necessary to opt for a daily frequency, to deal with the large amount of hair you lose during this period.

    On the other hand, it is only necessary to bathe your dog when it is particularly dirty, for example, if he has rolled in the mud.

    Besides keeping your coat, it is recommended to check your teeth once a week to make sure there are no cavities, and cleaning your eyes with a damp cloth to remove any dirt that could cause an infection.

    Weekly ear care is especially important: like any dog ​​with floppy ears, the Estonian Hound have a higher risk of infections and ear infections.

    For sale “Estonian Hound”

    The price of a puppy Estonian Hound is of some 700-800 euros in your country of origin, and there is no price difference between male and female puppies.

    But, hard to find outside of Estonia, but the situation may change rapidly after the breed is recognized by the FCI in 2019.

    Characteristics "Estonian Hound"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Estonian Hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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    Videos "Estonian Hound"

    Estonian Hound / 99+1 Dog Breeds
    Estonian Hound / 99+1 Dog Breeds
    ESTONIAN HOUND PUPPIES
    ESTONIAN HOUND PUPPIES / ESTONIAN HUNDRED PUPPIES

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.2: Medium-sized Hounds.


    FCI breed standard "Estonian Hound"

    FCIFCI - Estonian Hound
    Hound

    Alternative names:

    1. (Estonian: eesti hagijas) (English).
    2. eesti hagijas (French).
    3. (estnisch: Eesti hagijas), Estnische Bracke (German).
    4. Eesti hagijas (Portuguese).
    5. Cazador estonio (español).

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    Swiss Hound
    Suiza FCI 59 . Medium-sized Hounds

    Schwyz Hound
    Schwyz Hound

    In the breed standard, the temperament of Swiss hound is described as “Vivacious and passionate By hunting, sensitive, docile and very attached to his master”.

    Content

    History

    It is said that the Swiss Hound is among the oldest members of the Group of Hounds. According to a 15th century letter to Ernst, Elector of Saxony (1441-86), Swiss working dogs were among the best. Images from the 17th century show packs of hounds “with the same color and the same size, large heads and very long ears”.

    Three centuries later, the german dog writer Richard Strebel wrote in “Die Deutschen Hunde” (German dog breeds, 1903-05) that the hounds that lived separately in a restricted area of ​​Switzerland therefore developed separately.

    In the decade of 1890, it seemed that purebred bloodhounds were marked for death in Switzerland, despite the breeding Schwyz Hound, Bernese Hound and Lucerne Hound. Some hounds were exported to Scandinavia and, thanks to the crossing with native hounds, the Stövares (scandinavian hounds) they were blooming. But at the same time, the Thurgauer Laufhund quietly disappeared in Switzerland, and the Aargauer Laufhund gave way to Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound).

    In 1903, J. Dust del Swiss Kennel Club founded the Schweizerische Laufhunde-Club (Swiss Hound Club) and in 1907 an appeal was made to save the Swiss hound of extinction. Then something remarkable happened: the breed club bought good quality Swiss hounds and gave them to prudent breeders and hunters. Test rules and regulations were developed and a series of obligations were established: to) only one dog at a time when hunting; b) the dog had to be under control when searching for game; c) a dog that disappeared during the hunt had to return to its master within half an hour; y d) the dog was to return as soon as the horn sounded, regardless of whether the dog was looking. Using these rules, the breed club tried to exclude disobedient dogs and forced owners to properly breed and train their dogs.

    Four varieties

    The development of Swiss Hound started in the decade of 1930, but it took time and effort. In 1937, only five hounds were entered in the Swiss herd book. The Dr. O. Vollenweider managed to gather 11 hound collectors in the city of Soleura, in northwestern Switzerland. Dogs suitable for breeding were selected and, in 1933, a breed standard was published. In the standard, the varieties were distinguished by coat color and pattern.

    In 1944, 150 Swiss hounds were entered in a hound exhibition. (as a neutral country, Switzerland did not participate in WWII) It was no longer forbidden to work with dogs that gave tongue, and bloodhounds of more than 20 inches (50 centimeters) to the cross.

    Attempts to save or restore the Laufhund de Argovia they were unsuccessful; in 1933, the breed standard was canceled. Four varieties remained: the Bernese Hound, the Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound), the Lucerne Hound and the Schwyz Hound. Their names connect them with cities and areas of Switzerland (Berne, Lucerne, Jura), or with Switzerland.

    It is said that between 1902 and 1922, a few 1.200 swiss hounds, mainly Schwyz Hound white-yellow, they were raised in Norway. Some years, there were more Swiss Hounds outside of Switzerland than in their country of origin. In 1993, about 1.000 copies of Lucerne Hound they lived in sweden.

    France is another importer. Seventy-five Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound) enrolled in an exhibition in Lyon in 1976. It is not surprising that the Jura is predominantly found in France and Switzerland, and that it extends to Germany. Since the 15th century, Swiss hounds were also exported to Italy. According to raven, they frequently crossed paths with his Italian cousin, the Italian short-haired Segugio.

    Photo: XXXVIII Wystawa krajowa psów rasowych w Częstochowie. Gończy ze Schwyz: Ella Haniccina Zahradka z hodowli Z Pastorowej Sfory należąca do Mariusza i Wioletty Antoszczuk by chained, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Swiss Hound varieties:

    1 Bernese Hound

    Bernese Hound

    The Bernese Hound It is mainly used for hunting hare.

    The Swiss Hound has a very ancient origin. His existence

    ... Read more

    2 Jura Hound (Bruno Jura Hound)

    Bruno Jura Hound

    The Jura Hound It is very distant with strangers and needs firm handling if kept as pets.

    In the

    ... Read more

    3 Lucerne Hound

    Lucerne Hound

    The Lucerne Hound is a lively dog, but gentle and docile. Very attached to his master.

    The breed was originally bred in

    ... Read more

    4 Schwyz Hound

    Schwyz Hound

    The Schwyz Hound they are a very lively and energetic breed that requires a significant amount of daily exercise.

    The Schwyz Hound

    ... Read more

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    Norman Artesian Basset
    Francia FCI 34 . Small-sized Hounds

    The Norman Artesian Basset is a minor hunting dog

    Basset Artesiano de Normandía

    Content

    Characteristics "Norman Artesian Basset"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Norman Artesian Basset" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    History

    The first written mentions of a basset hound date back to the 16th century. In his book La venerie (1561), Jacques du Fouilloux describes an Artois dog (a former French province that straddles the border between Picardy in France and Flanders in Belgium), that runs on legs and is particularly formidable at hunting pests, like badgers.

    Much later, in the second half of the 19th century, when work began on cataloging, categorization and establishment of the characteristics of the various dogs of the world, the Norman Artesian Basset was one of the first breeds to be listed.

    In the decade of 1870, two types of Artois Hounds: the servants by him Conde Le Couteulx by Canteleu, based near Etrepagny, in the Eure, and those of the kennel of Louis Lane, who lived near Rouen. The two men had different views on what the Artois Hound.

    The Couteulx, as a skilled hunter, favored the utilitarian aspect of the dog and its physical efficiency. Selected dogs with almost straight front legs, a slightly compact body, a fairly common head, but above all a spirit of initiative and enthusiasm for hunting similar to the characteristics of the great and old Artois Dachsbracke.

    Louis Lane, on the other hand, gave more importance to the beauty of his dogs. They had magnificent heads with long, well-wound ears and twisted front legs that echoed the nobility of the ancient Norman race.. The dogs of Louis Lane they were less wanted for hunting, especially since their exaggeratedly crooked front legs left them almost crippled, but his temperament was more thoughtful and less stalking oriented.

    These two types of artisan hounds coexisted during 20 years. Thereafter, most breeders of Basset d’Artois preferred to cross the two models to get a dog that combined the best qualities of both bloodlines. Like this, when the first breed standard was written in 1898, most dogs had a mix of artisan traits (model Le Coulteulx) and normans (model Lane).

    It was at that time that Léon Verrier, the “father” of the modern Norman Artesian Basset, raised the best representatives of the breed, dominating dog shows for about fifteen years from 1896. Unfortunately, their calf was decimated by the disease during World War I.

    This did not prevent the French Basset Club from deciding on 1922 promote only the Verrier model for breeding the breed. In 1927, in recognition of their mixed origins, the Basset Artesian changed his name to Norman Artesian Basset. Having said that, an observation that appeared in 1930 in the standard suggests that the Norman Artesian Basset it was only considered as a transition in the creation of a new race, since it states that “The committee of the Société de Vénerie decides and observes that the Norman Artesian Basset it should only be a transitional stage towards a Norman type, without any trace of Artois. »

    But, this hypothesis was never fulfilled, as evidenced by the rejection of a name change of the breed to Basset of Normandy in 1932, but also and above all the recognition of the breed by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) the 29 in October of 1963. The American United Kennel Club will recognize the breed much later, in 1995. On the other hand, is still ignored by the American Kennel Club, the other great american canine organization.

    Today, the Norman Artesian Basset is still very little present outside france and the United States. It is often confused with the Beagle and the Basset Hound, at the moment it is mainly known to hunters.

    Physical characteristics

    The family of the Basset hound. Slim body and short limbs. The head has a scrawny appearance because its cheeks are made up solely of skin. The eyes are large (I) dark. The ears are so long as the snout, ending at tip. The neck has a slight double chin. The tail is long and wide at its base.

    Their short legs allow you to delve into the denser undergrowth to leave his hideout dam, which can do a larger dog. Preferably hunting rabbits, but you can also catch both hares, as a deer. While, has no speed, it does have a lot of precision in its movements. Their weight is between the 15 and 20 kg., and its appeal among 30 and 36 centimeters.

    It is very dog very appreciated by hunters.

    Character and skills

    Fairly calm and very obedient at first glance, the Norman Artesian Basset proves to be a real clown and a ball of affection within his family. Mainly a pack dog, finds it difficult to tolerate loneliness and seeks companionship at all costs, either from his classmates, of other animals in the house (even from cats, if they have already been presented to you before) or the humans around him. Very affectionate, needs a lot of attention to really bloom. So, not recommended for a teacher who is not very available. On the other hand, resourceful and kind by nature, it is a very suitable dog for children, for those who will be an inexhaustible and very patient playmate.

    Attention, otherwise, for homeowners in urban or residential areas: though less vocal than his hunting companions, the Norman Artesian Basset remains, However, an expressive and not very discreet dog, especially when playing. Bark to greet a newcomer, expressing your satisfaction or pointing out that you have found something interesting is second nature, and it is very difficult to prevent it from doing so. So, It is not a breed of dog that is recommended for use in apartments.

    This is all the more true since, despite her wobbly appearance, the Norman Artesian Basset he's a consummate sporting dog, who needs to exercise to maintain their physical and psychological balance. Your relaxation, surprising for such a small size, allows it to jump over small walls and stand on its hind legs. It is a very resistant dog, can cover long distances without recoil: a breed of dog suitable for a sports teacher looking for a jogging partner, for example, as long as the terrain is not too steep.

    The qualities mentioned, combined with keen intelligence and excellent memory, make this dog very suitable for hunting, but also to learn tricks, practice dog sports, or even… take advantage of the lack of attention of his master to get away from it all. In fact, his hunting instincts and his developed sense of smell often lead him to follow the clues he finds interesting and to turn a deaf ear to any return order.. So, should not hesitate, for example, in equipping it with a GPS dog collar to limit the risks in case the dog escapes.

    Finally, in a rather paradoxical way, the Norman Artesian Basset they are also very homey, and like the routine. Once they get used to the arrangement of things in the house, the location of your basket and your pace of life, they hate change. So, the news, for example the arrival of a baby at home, adopting a pet or even moving a dog, should be introduced gradually as far as possible.

    Education

    Depending on the use that is given to the Norman Artesian Basset, his education is not the same.

    If it is intended to accompany its master in everyday life as a companion dog, the puppy should be socialized from an early age and should be taught good manners in the company of humans; for example, curb your hunting instincts and don't bark at all costs.

    If, on the other hand, it is intended to be used as a hunting dog, the education of the dog should be directed to the exploitation of these hunting instincts, through socialization with other dogs, hunting search training and teamwork.

    In any case, the dog's life rules must be clearly defined from the start and applied consistently throughout its life. In fact, although affectionate and obedient, this highly intelligent dog can be a real mule head when faced with conflicting commands. So, it is important to think about the role that the dog will play before the puppy comes home, and be firm – but respectful – throughout the training process.

    Health

    The Norman Artesian Basset enjoys fairly robust health compared to other bassets. But, does not escape the health problems inherent in its morphology (long body and short legs). So, you are particularly prone to back problems, and can easily crack or break vertebrae.

    In the case of an obese or overweight dog, being overweight can aggravate back pain that you naturally experience with age, hence the need for owners to closely monitor the dog's diet and provide sufficient and regular physical activity.. Regular exercise is essential to strengthen your back structure and maintain your joints..

    It is also important that your dog is screened for hip dysplasia, especially if there is a history of hip dysplasia in your lineage.

    Last, the Norman Artesian Basset are sensitive to ear infections, and they also have a predisposition to hypothyroidism. This disease can be in some cases hereditary, Therefore, it is recommended not to reproduce the individuals that suffer from it.

    Grooming

    The Norman Artesian Basset it is quite easy to maintain. Her short hair only requires an occasional brush stroke., essentially to get rid of the dried grass and mud that accumulates during your walks in the woods.

    But, like many hounds, tends to have a slightly stronger scent than other breeds, what no dog shampoo will be able to remedy.

    Apart from these considerations, it is important to examine and maintain your dog's ears about once a week, especially to clean any residue that may lodge in them, in order to avoid ear infections and other painful infections.

    Price “Norman Artesian Basset”

    The price of a puppy Norman Artesian Basset is between 400 and 900 EUR.

    Photos “Norman Artesian Basset”

    Videos “Norman Artesian Basset”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 6: Scent hounds, and related breeds. – Section 1.3: Small-sized Hounds.
    • UKCScenthounds


    FCI breed standard "Norman Artesian Basset"

    FCIFCI - Norman Artesian Basset
    Basset

    Alternative names:

    1. Basset Artésien Normand, BAN (English).
    2. BAN (French).
    3. BAN (German).
    4. (em francês: Basset artésien normand) (Portuguese).
    5. BAN (español).

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    Ariégeois
    Francia FCI 20 . Medium-sized Hounds

    Photo by danseaveclesloups.chiens-in-france.com
    Sabueso del Ariège

    The Ariégeois He is a smart dog that accepts well orders

    Content

    History

    The Ariégeois It is a dog of French origin, a native of the city of Ariege What, bordering Spain.

    The Ariégeois It was recorded, obtaining the original valid standard, the twenty-fourth day of January of 1996 (Classification: Group 6 – Section 1.2).

    Several theories agree that it was born from the cross between a bloodhound type dog with a lighter complexion in the country (We cannot say exactly what), a Old Pays Briquet and Great Gascony Blue or a Gascon Saintongeois.

    The truth is that this cross maintained the typical physical characteristics of these last two dogs., but you can highlight a more docile nature, along with the size and lighter weight.

    physical characteristics of the “Ariégeois”

    The Ariégeois, is a dog used for small game. Medium-size and light weight make it a wonder, either alone or in groups, can easily grow and develop on difficult terrain, It is a dog that tolerate heat well.

    His favorite is the hunting of the Hare, but it is also used –sometimes- for hunting deer or wild boar.

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