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Continental Toy Spaniel
Francia Bélgica FCI 77 . Continental Toy Spaniel and others

Papillón

The Continental Toy Spaniel He was recognized by the AKC in 1935. The variety of drooping ears is called Phalène.

Content

History

The Continental Toy Spaniel (in French: Butterfly), water dog is a breed of dog of the type. One of the oldest of the Toy Spaniel, It is named after its resemblance to the butterfly, in its ears, large with long hair and fringes, It emulates open wings of a butterfly.

The history of Continental Toy Spaniel is traced through various works of art. The first Toy Spaniels which resembles the Continental Toy Spaniel you are in italy. Vicelli Tiziano painted these small dogs in many famous paintings, about 1500, as the Venus of Urbino (1542). Other renowned artists to have painted these small dogs are Watteau, González Coke, Fragonard, Paolo Veronese, and Mignard.

A painting of the Wallace Collection, London, appears a Continental Toy Spaniel portrayed with the family of Louis XIV. As well, Papillon dogs appear in paintings of European royal families and the families of merchants of the time paintings. The race was very popular in England, France and Belgium, which are considered countries of origin by the FCI.

The history of Continental Toy Spaniel and its long association with royalty have led to many stories about the breed. Marie Antoinette is said to have gone to the guillotine, clinging to her small dog under her arm, a Continental Toy Spaniel. But, Tradition says that Marie Antoinette's dog was a small dog belonging to the Water Dogs which had been brought to the French court from Spain on the back of pack mules. according to history, her puppy was saved and was treated in a building in Paris that, currently called the Papillon House.

The Continental Toy Spaniel He was recognized by the AKC in 1935. In the news, the Continental Toy Spaniel can be seen competing in obedience and agility.

Physical characteristics

Colors

  • S – black and white
  • S – Lemon and white
  • S – White and Red
  • S – Sable and white
  • S – Black and white as

Colors

  • A – Brown black and white
  • A – Black red and white
  • A – Brown and white
  • A – Black & Fawn
  • A – Red

Colors

  • A – Red, Sable and white
  • A – Sand
  • A – White
  • A – White and Brown
  • A – Silver and white

Markings

  • A – Black marks
  • A – Mask black
  • A – red marks
  • A – Sand
  • A – the marks fire
Phalène
PHALENE, Vittoria’s Come Along

To the Continental Toy Spaniel with floppy ears it is called Phalène (from French: moth). His small head is slightly rounded. The snout is a little short, fine, narrowing towards the nose. The eyes are dark, size medium, round, with a thin black border that, often extends into the Union of the eyelids to ears. The large ears may be erect or fall with the rounded tips.

They have the long tail of high insertion, covered with long, fine hair. The hair is smooth, long, fine, a single layer, and on the chest, the ears and the back of the queue have longer hair, as if it were a wheel.

The color of the coat is white with patches of any color. A mask of a color other than white covers both ears and the eyes from back to front..

The most distinctive of Continental Toy Spaniel it's his big fringed ears, It seems to the wings of a butterfly. They can also be registered, the American Kennel Club supports the following colors and markings, the types specified as S-standard, or A-alternative for use in shows and competitions:

There are two variations of this race, that of the fully erect ears of the Continental Toy Spaniel more common, and the lop-eared Spaniel type (ears of Phalène). But, the American Kennel Club and the International Cynological Federation consider variation Phalène and the Continental Toy Spaniel common, as the same race. The height is of 20 to 28 cm., and the weight of approximately 3.5 kg.

Observations

in brood, a specimen of the variety should never be crossed Continental Toy Spaniel with variety Phalène, because there is a considerable risk that arise with ears semierguidas either mixed puppies.

This detail, It must be taken into account for those people who wish to participate in show ring since that difference in the ears is penalized as a serious lack.

Character and skills

The temperament of Continental Toy Spaniel is very affectionate, docile and even at times, absorbent.

Is - by definition- a service dog is will be looking for pampering continuously, which makes it an ideal dog for older people, Since his love everyday waste and their small size are an infallible weapon against loneliness.

In general, is a quiet dog, is very patient and just ladra.

It adapts with total tranquility to any situation, the only thing that will interest him is to be next to his owner.

While they will not display aggressiveness to strangers, nor give exaggerated signs of love. They should not be shy or aggressive, that is not common in the breed.

They need a daily walk. The game really like, and it is good that there is time for fun, but long walks are necessary to be a good state of health.

Life expectancy Continental Toy Spaniel round the 16 years.

Y, as last detail, is an excellent Hunter of mice.

Education

The globally obedient and loyal character of the Continental Toy Spaniel makes you a good candidate for a first adoption. In particular, his intelligence makes him quickly understand and memorize the association between orders and actions. This makes it easier to learn the basic commands, but it also makes him an ideal student for a master who wants to go further and teach his dog tricks. Very intelligent, the dog Continental Toy Spaniel trains easily.

But, to use your intelligence and learn, must be willing to do it. In fact, pampered and treated like a prince for centuries, has maintained a certain propensity to do only what he wants. So, special emphasis should be placed on learning obedience early in your education, as it is the key to unlocking everything else and exploiting its full potential. But, it's not a matter of rushing: given its sensitivity and its closeness to its humans, punishing the dog for being recalcitrant would have every chance of backfiring, by weakening the bond that binds him to his master. Better to see it upside down, and reward him (with stimuli, treats or even caresses) every time he does what is expected of him. This is the very basis of the positive dog training method., and the value you place on everything that comes from your human referent only makes the use of rewards more effective. Like this, knowing how to show firmness (and if patience is necessary) to set and enforce limits upon arrival at home, it is better to share beauty with gentleness and rewards to make your education a success.

It also, the fact that he is sociable both with humans and with other animals does not exempt him from being socialized from his earliest age, at the risk of behaving differently. Make you meet lots of people (friends, neighbors, delivery man, veterinary…) and get used to meeting other animals (dogs, cats, rodents, birds…) it is essential to avoid any tendency to aggression once he is an adult and to hope to at least partially curb his hunting instinct. At the same time, exposing him to all kinds of noises and smells in all kinds of places allows him to be calm and balanced afterwards, and therefore perfectly capable of finding and holding its place alongside humans.

Health

Despite her fragile appearance, the Continental Toy Spaniel it is generally quite robust. Most people have few health problems and enjoy a good life expectancy, at least equal to that of other dogs of this structure.

His coat lacking undercoat, However, makes it little resistant to cold. On the other hand, has less difficulty in strong heat.

The health problems to which you are particularly predisposed are:

  • hereditary cerebellar ataxia, a rare genetic disorder whose outcome is usually fatal;
  • progressive retinal atrophy, which gradually causes the dog's weight due to neuronal degeneration of the eye responsible for vision.It is an incurable hereditary disease;
  • the opening of the fontanel, when a soft spot on the top of the head does not close completely.This genetic problem means that a head injury can be fatal;
  • von Willebrand's disease, an inherited condition that affects platelets and leads to a bleeding disorder: Therefore, a simple cut can cause excessive bleeding;
  • patellar luxation, which can cause pain in the knee of the animal and promote the development of arthrosis. Continental Toy Spaniel explains why you are predisposed to this problem;
  • the waterfall, giving the eye a milky or crystalline appearance, and can cause blindness. In some cases, corrected by surgery;
  • entropion, a malformation of the eyelid that causes painful lesions of the cornea in the animal;
  • collapsed windpipe, an irreversible condition that causes breathing problems and worsens over time;
  • follicular dysplasia of the black hairs, a skin condition that causes hair loss (alopecia);
  • dental problems, like all dogs of this size., the small size of its mouth favors the formation of tartar, and all the troubles that go with it (gingivitis,periodontosis…);
  • broken bones, especially in puppies, that are particularly fragile and must be handled with care;
  • hypoglycemia, which is characterized by a decrease in blood sugar levels. The animal is then in a state of great weakness and fatigue. In the most severe cases, may fall into a coma.

The fact that many of these conditions are inherited underscores the difference that adopting from a serious breeder Continental Toy Spaniel.In fact, a professional worthy of the name should be able to provide not only a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian, as well as the details of the vaccinations received by the animal (recorded in your health record or immunization record), but also and especially the results of the genetic tests carried out on the parents or the child on these diseases.

Having said that, making sure you adopt a healthy puppy is of little interest if you don't do everything you can to keep it that way. In this sense, prevention plays a fundamental role: wear it regularly (At least once a year) to a veterinarian for a health check allows, in particular, make sure you are up to date on your vaccinations, but also detect a possible problem as soon as possible.

Life expectancy

Of 14 to 15 years

Grooming

Although the Continental Toy Spaniel it's a long-haired dog, the absence of undercoat makes their coat relatively easy to maintain. In fact, this particularity implies that very little is detached, except during their molting periods, in spring and autumn. Daily brushing is necessary during these periods, but twice a week is more than enough the rest of the time.

As long as the coat is brushed enough, does not tend to get dirty or smell bad. So, unless it got especially dirty, wash the dog 2 or 3 times a year is usually enough. Always use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, since the pH of your skin is not the same as that of humans.

As in the case of any dog, their ears should be checked and cleaned once a week to reduce the risk of infection.

Since they are especially prone to eye diseases, your eyes should also be thoroughly cleaned weekly.

It also, regular tooth brushing, at least once a week, It is essential to limit the formation of tartar and avoid all the risks that this entails. Do not neglect this maintenance, as it is prone to dental problems.

Last, your nails grow quickly: therefore, generally need to be cut once a month. Otherwise, run the risk of disturbing or even breaking and injuring you.

Of course, all coat maintenance, the eyes, the ears, the dog's teeth and nails should not be done randomly: it is important to know how to proceed. It is important to know how to do it well. The first time, It may help to see a veterinarian or professional groomer to learn how to do this..

It also, so that the sessions go as well as possible, it is important to accustom your pet to all these manipulations from an early age.

Food

The Continental Toy Spaniel can be fed industrial dog food, as long as it is of good quality and adapted to their age, size and activity level, so that it provides you with all the nutrients you need.

Even if your dog is not predisposed to being overweight due to his activity level, you have to make sure that his daily intake does not exceed his needs and weigh him regularly, for example, Once a month. In the event that a discrepancy is confirmed or even worsens from one moment to the next, it doesn't take long to take him to a vet: he will be able to identify the medical origin (disease, side effect of a medication…) or dietary origin (unsuitable products or given in excessively large quantities) of the problem, and define how to remedy it. By the way, It's important to put attention on 300 or 400 grams of extra is not much for a human, but they represent for a small dog like Continental Toy Spaniel a significant percentage of your weight, and therefore clearly require to be alarmed.

By the way, treats can work wonders in the context of your education, but they can also work against you by promoting weight gain if given in large amounts. To limit this risk, the ideal is to deduct your caloric intake from your daily ration. Last, like any dog, the Continental Toy Spaniel must have access to clean, fresh water at all times.

Use

Unlike many dog ​​breeds that were originally developed for hunting or herding, the Continental Toy Spaniel has served from the beginning as an ideal companion dog, being gentle, affectionate and calm. From the 15th century, they were the perfect companion of noble ladies in the royal courts of Europe.

This role of faithful companion dog is still the most frequent today, and needs to be very close to his family. But, not to be confused with a lap dog that spends most of its time sleeping: has a lot of energy, and needs a master active enough to allow him to spend it every day.

His past and present success as a companion dog owes much to his attractive appearance.. It's no wonder that many owners try to display them at dog shows, so it is common to find them as sample dogs.

His intelligence and physical abilities are above average for a dog of his size., which makes them ideal competitors in dog sports such as agility, the flyball, obedience and rally-obedience.

It also, His level of vigilance and the fact that he is not one of those who spend hours sleeping during the day make him a good alert dog., that does not stop warning in case of unusual presence.

Last, His closeness to humans and ability to quickly become friends with them combine with his sensitivity to make him an excellent therapy dog., gifted to calm the most fragile people with his simple presence. They can be found in hospitals, mental health centers and rehabilitation centers.

How much does a “Continental Toy Spaniel”?

The price of a puppy Continental Toy Spaniel it's average 1200 EUR.

But, there may be a more or less important difference from one individual to another, based on your lineage, the prestige of the kennel from which they come, its intrinsic characteristics (and, in particular, of its greater or lesser conformity with the standard, which means that within the same litter there may be significant price differences), as well as their sex, since females tend to cost more than males.

Characteristics "Continental Toy Spaniel"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Continental Toy Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images “Continental Toy Spaniel”

Videos “Continental Toy Spaniel”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 9: Continental Toy Spaniel and others
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Continental Toy Spaniel"

FCIFCI - Continental Toy Spaniel
Continental Toy Spaniel

Alternative names:

1. Epagneul Nain Continental, Papillon, Butterfly dog, Squirrel dog (English).
2. Papillon (French).
3. Ursprünglich Epagneul Nain Continenta, Schmetterlingshündchen, Papillon und Phalène, Für den Papillon (German).
4. Borboleta, Papillon (Portuguese).
5. Epagneul papillón, Spaniel continental enano, Spaniel Continental enano de compania (español).

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French Bulldog
Francia FCI 101 . Small Molossian type Dogs

Bulldog Francés

The French Bulldog It is protective and playful but it is not ideal for hiking.

Content

History

What is the origin of "French Bulldog"?

The French Bulldog it is one of the smallest representatives of the class of molossi. Its origin is not very old, since it did not appear until the middle of the 19th century, in the Paris region. It is the only French dog breed originating from Paris.

In the 19th century, most Parisian butchers traditionally owned doguines, a breed of small dog that is now extinct. But to be fashionable, they started to buy small Bulldogs, called Toy Bulldogs. Importing Bulldogs in France had begun at the end of the 18th century.

It also seems that, parallel, between 1865 and 1880, English workers pushed by the industrial revolution to come to work in France contributed to introducing race into the French working class.

At that time, besides being popular in England, dogfighting was very popular in the Parisian suburbs and many butchers, cocheros, merchants and workers had a fighting dog. The Bulldog had not yet acquired the character of a companion dog, and still had the tenacity of the Molossoid from which it came.

At the same time, the rat dog was also very common in the Parisian suburbs, especially popular with coachmen, who used it to rid their stables of rats.

Like this, the crossing of a Buzzard with a Bulldog, to get a smaller fighting dog, laid the foundations of French Bulldog. The Bulldog he was also randomly bred with other local dogs, as the Doguins or French Terriers, and the brachycephalic character of the dog was accentuated with the help of Lilleois, a small dog from northern France derived from Pug, today extinct.

In 1880 the first French Toy Bulldog Club was formed and in 1888 a draft standard was drawn up. The goal was to have short-faced, straight-eared dogs.

In 1893, Krehl, a British breeder, imported French Toy Bulldogs to England to present to the English Kennel Club. Immediately, a dispute broke out over the paternity of the breed between the French and the English. The British considered that the breed standard had not been respected by the French, and they considered that the French Toy Bulldog was their creation. Until 1899, the Club of Bulldog refused to admit the French Bulldog in the breeding book, claiming that it did not preserve the purity of the race, before reversing his decision and finally accepting him French Bulldog together with him Bulldog.

The French preserved the paternity of the race, not without reason. “The British provided the main ingredients, but it was the French who established the final recipe that led to the French Bulldog as we know it”, escribió Françoise Girard in her book The French Bulldog.

The first breed standard was established in 1898, year in which the Société Centrale Canine recognized her. It was subsequently modified several times, in 1931-1932 and in 1948. Refurbished in 1986 por H.F. Reant and Raymond Triquet and published in 1987 by the FCI, was last corrected in 1994 by the committee of the Club of French Bulldog, with the collaboration of Raymond Triquet.

His mouth and his clown mimicry opened the French Bulldog the gates of the bourgeoisie. In the early 20th century, became the darling of the aristocracy, and the great names of the time like Colette, Mistinguett or Yves Saint-Laurent succumbed to its charms. In addition to becoming the favorite of French high society, it was also highly coveted by the aristocracy of other European countries, like English royalty or the Russian emperor's court, and had great success in the United States, where prominent American personalities, como Josephine Baker, they became infatuated with the little animal.

In summary, throughout the West, the ladies wanted to be accompanied by a French Bulldog, although the race came from the poorest strata of the population.

The austerity brought about by the world wars will be dramatic for the race, that was on the verge of extinction due to lack of breeders to produce it. We had to wait for the beginning of the eighties and the tenacity of certain passionate breeders of French Bulldog so that I would return under the lights of the wall.

Physical characteristics

for a French Bulldog in good condition, the weight must not be less of 8 kg, or more of 14 kg, the size is in proportion to the weight.

The French Bulldog is a typical small molossoid. It is a powerful dog with a stocky appearance, compact all out of proportion. They have a short, flattened face, with folds and wrinkles, and a mighty jaw. His eyes are big, dark and bulging, and his nose is necessarily black.

The coat of the French Bulldog it's short and closed, without Undercoat, and it can be tawny, solid or slightly brindle, sometimes with white spots.

Last, the French Bulldog has naturally straight and pointed ears, while his tail is short, often twisted or naturally amputated and pointed.

Weight and height

▷ Male size: 30 – 35 cm.
▷ Female size: 29 – 34 cm.
▷ Male weight: 8 – 14 kg
▷ Female weight: 7 – 12 kg

Character and skills

It is said that most dogs are sticky, and the French Bulldog confirm the rule. So much so that it is usually closer to its owner than to its companions., and sometimes he is possessive and exclusive with his dear master.

For all of it, is a happy dog, cuddly and playful.

When he's not sleeping, he is close to his master, often reproducing their actions by mimicry. To the French Bulldog he does not like to be alone, but its small size allows it to be carried to most public places, and even to work if your education has been well done.

He loves children and plays with them without showing any aggression. It also, if sometimes he barks to signal the arrival of a stranger (knowing that he rarely barks and does the minimum of guard duty, because it is not their main occupation), the real French Bulldog, well mannered, will never bite a human. Aggression is considered a defect of this breed. In fact, most French Bulldogs they are kind and respectful to everyone, with both humans and animals, but some may be reserved with strangers.

The temperament of French Bulldog also makes it a suitable dog breed for seniors.

Having said that, although they are capable of being the calmest companions, they need to expend their energy daily, otherwise their owners may encounter some mischief, like destruction and damage to the house.

Education

How to educate a "French Bulldog"?

Despite his cute looks, do not forget the roots of this dog. So, their ability to be dominant must be controlled from a very early age through gentle upbringing, firm and consistent. In fact, a little rigorous education could have bad repercussions in the daily life and the coexistence between the dog and its humans.

On the other hand, the French Bulldog can easily get angry if his upbringing is too aggressive, While, on the other hand, a well-balanced firmness in the voice allows you to quickly and easily incorporate the rules of the house.

Health

Unlike many races, the French Bulldog do not have any recurring genetic defects.

But, your health needs to be closely monitored to prevent or identify the most common problems as soon as possible:

Sensitivity to heat

The French Bulldogs they are very sensitive to heat. From about 25° and especially on sunny days, the risks of heat stroke and heat stroke can occur very quickly, and even cause the death of the dog. As much as saying that the French Bulldog cannot live abroad.

Spinal problems

The dehydration of the intervertebral disc, which plays the role of buffer between 2 vertebrae, is a real danger for him French Bulldog. The intervertebral disc becomes cartilaginous and ends up ossifying little by little. It no longer performs its role as a shock absorber and tends to be expelled to the outside. This ossification may be followed by compression of the spinal cord., at risk of nerve tissue injury and paralysis.

The herniated disc is another classic disorder in the French Bulldog. Appears with premature wear of cartilage. This condition most often affects individuals who have been jumped on their hind legs during their youth.. Dogs with this disease experience severe muscle pain when they move. They walk with their heads down, with contracted neck muscles. In severe cases, this can lead to hind limb paralysis.

The chondrodystrophy, less common, causes a shortening of the bones, which can cause significant locomotion problems.

Last, the French Bulldog can also suffer Hip Dysplasia, elbow dysplasia or dislocation of patella.

airway obstruction

The French Bulldog may be exposed to different types of airway obstruction problems, call brachycephalic syndrome.

First of all, the nasal stenosis (also called “pinched nostril”) corresponds to a collapse of the alar cartilage, too soft. This causes respiratory discomfort that can force the dog to breathe through the mouth to compensate for the lack of oxygen. The condition is noticeable by the line of the nostrils, which is then straight instead of comma-shaped. In this case, the only remedy is surgery.

The soft palate is too long and may cause compression of the larynx. This condition is not detectable in young puppies, but there are some symptoms that should set off the alarm. But, you have to notice certain symptoms, like a very pronounced snoring, or fatigue and shortness of breath that occur quickly when walking. A bluish discoloration of the mucous membranes and tongue may also be noted., bloodshot eyes and, sometimes, rickets.

The edema of the larynx, what is a specific disorder, appears especially in case of stress or heat stroke, or even both combined. The dog then gasps and scratches when inhaling. This situation requires quick intervention, placing the dog in a cool place as much as possible and cooling it, for example, spraying it with plenty of cold water. The first priority is to calm the animal, before taking him to the vet for an emergency cortisone injection.

Eye problems

The French Bulldogs can be victims of Nictitating gland dislocation. This gland tends to stick out of the corner of the eye and can grow rapidly to the size of a blackberry.. This condition is common in Bulldogs growing, but it can also be the result of an eye infection.

In general, the prominence of the eyes of the French Bulldog makes them particularly fragile in this area. But, it is possible to protect them thanks to glasses perfectly adapted for them.

Hermaphroditism

Hermaphroditism in the French Bulldog It is rare, but its existence deserves to be informed.

Grooming

The coat of the French Bulldog does not require very difficult maintenance. Regular brushing (two or three times a week) it is enough to remove its many dead hairs, and a bath once a month with a dog shampoo will keep their coat shiny. It also, has a light that spills.

On the other hand, the folds of your face should be cleansed at least twice a week and kept with cream, to avoid infection. You also have to clean his ears at least once a week.

It also, you have to clean the eyes regularly with an anti-inflammatory eye drops and be careful with the blows. His eyes are particularly fragile, and any tearing, either regular or excessive, may be a sign of a disease. At this level, great vigilance is necessary.

Last, you also have to take care of the area under your tail, since the fact that it is located on your buttocks causes dirt to accumulate, and the morphology of the animal does not allow it to clean itself properly.

Food

Due to his brachycephalic head, the French Bulldog tends to swallow food without chewing it, which causes digestive sensitivity and causes rumbling in the stomach and flatulence. So, you need a diet that allows you to maintain your weight and offers good digestibility, without excess fat, but with a sufficient enrichment in essential fatty acids, amino acids and vitamins of group B.

It is advisable to give two meals a day, one in the morning and one at night.

Use

The French Bulldog is primarily a companion and indoor dog, but it can also be a good guard and defense dog.

On the other hand, because of your bad breath, it is not a sporting dog. Like this, although I appreciate the walks, that are good for maintaining your powerful muscles, jogging with him is not recommended.

Also be careful with the waterways and the pool. In effect, because of his stocky body and heavy head, the French Bulldog is not a very good swimmer, and you risk drowning.

Breeders list "French Bulldog"

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Characteristics "French Bulldog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "French Bulldog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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Images “French Bulldog”

Videos “French Bulldog”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 11: Small Molossian type Dogs
  • AKC
  • ANKC
  • CKC
  • KC
  • NZKC
  • UKC


FCI breed standard "French Bulldog"

FCIFCI - French Bulldog
Bulldog

Alternative names:

1. Frenchies (English).
2. Bouledogue (French).
3. Französische Bulldogge (German).
4. Buldogue francês (Portuguese).
5. Frenchie (español).

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Poodle
Francia FCI 172 . Poodle

Caniche

The Poodle is a CF dog, joyful, Nice, curious and intelligent.

Content

History

The Poodle is a breed of dog, from the fifteenth century to the present day, It is considered to be of exclusive use for the luxury of the aristocrats and nobles. Known for its woolly and curly coat, There are four varieties: Grand, Medium-, Dwarf and Toy.

Until the Renaissance, This was a collector of water dog, they retrieved the already hunted prey that had fallen into the water, such as ducks and swans.

In each language, the poodle Gets a different name:

  • English: Poodle, French Poodle
  • French: Caniche, Chien Canard
  • German: Pudel
  • Italian: Barbone Nano, Barboncino
  • Spanish: Caniche

From France, the Poodle is a descendant of Barbet, original German swamp; and in the middle ages, He was assigned to tumble as duck or goose birds hunting, so it was selected for characteristics such as its adaptability to boggy terrain and its resistance to water, What makes this breed, along with others are called water dogs.

From the 16th century, the poodles began to be famous for her beauty and intelligence, especially in various circus performances and works of art by various authors as Albrecht Dürer and Francisco de Goya. In the times of Louis XVI of France, their presence in the French court was already very common..

By changes in taste in its appearance, during the 19th century the protection of the fur that was scorned, until then, had the function of protecting him from hypothermia, What stylists began to create various courts such as the British Montano and the Continental. For the poodle newborns, began the custom of amputate the tail.

The Franco-Prussian War began the dissemination of the race as such, intended for millionaires and aristocrats. In the 20th century, only dominated the giant variety, Therefore, later, with the approval of the Canine Associations —such as the Kennel Club— the Standard varieties emerged. (low diffusion from 1792), Miniature (1911) and Toy (1957). In the final years of the 20th century, the hybrid race emerged “Labrapoodles” (combination of Poodleand with Labrador).

Did you know??

These canines curly hair are often considered the national dog of France, although the breed originated in Germany.

Physical characteristics


The four varieties of Poodle:

Poodle large:

Is believed to be the original variety of which emerged the other varieties, through crossings to reduce the size. The height at the withers varies from 45 to 60 cm., is supported 2 cm over, provided that the copy keep proportions. Y, they weigh around 30 kg.

Medium Poodle (or standard):

This type of poodle is perhaps, the less well known, and at the same time the more quiet. Measures of 36 to 44 Cross cm, and as in all sizes, just accept the plain colors in fur. The weight is commensurate with its size.

Miniature Poodle:

This variety has a height to the cross 28 to 35 cm.. You have to look like a medium-sized Caniche, but smaller and show no signs of dwarfism. As in the larger varieties, they are judged grouped by colors.

Toy Poodle:

The variety has a height of between 24 and 28 centimeters at the withers or height, provided that the proportions are maintained and that they do not present any symptoms of dwarfism. Are judged all together colors.

Depending on your health, a miniature poodle lives on average 14,8 years; one Toy 14,4 years; a medium Poodle also 14,4 years, and a Large Poodle live media 13,5 years. Although these data are quite accurate, It is not uncommon to see poodle small, of more than 18 years, or even of 20.

In the exhibitions held under the rules of the FCI, copies of black, White and Brown are judged in the same group to obtain the CACIB. The same applies to copies of grey, Apricot and Red; the best of each of these groups becomes a final judgment to determine the best copy of the variety.

For your care, Peel according to your style, requiring a dog hairdresser. Accepted the hair in the form of long-haired head, ears and neck, including legs. They do not loose too much hair and health must clean the eyes and ears. They should be washed with some frequency. The care of the fur is unconditional in this breed, so it is necessary to wash with exclusive dog shampoo and in no case with human shampoo, that damages the skin of the Caniche because it causes you to lose the natural oil that has in its hair and, in the long run, brings complications.

Their care has to be very guarded, because due to his long-haired Kale, thick and woolly, of a single type of hair, It can tangle with ease. They require cepillados every week (without going).

The baths should be monthly (It is not advisable or necessary to abuse these) with moisturizing shampoos and masks. It has to be dried with a dryer and never air. They are dogs that after the silent main hair puppy to adult not move almost hair and are nearly hypoallergenic.

There are many types of court, but students admitted for exhibition: Continental, Continental American, Scandinavian and Puppy Clip. The Court will be based on the structure of the dog and the taste of exhibitor or owner, the most widely used is the American Continental.
Apart from the common poodle, There is also the variety Cordelé, taking this more curly hair and being able to display in the form of strings as the Puli.

Health Poodles

Not all of these diseases affect standard poodles, but the conditions that can generally occur in poodles include the following:

Addison's disease and Cushing's syndrome are two sides of the same coin. In dogs with Addison's disease, the adrenal glands produce insufficient amount of the hormone cortisol. Dogs become lethargic, intolerant and depressed stress, and may have digestive problems. Some dogs may have an acute crisis, requiring hospitalization. The lifelong treatment involves the administration of drugs.

In dogs with Cushing's syndrome, the adrenal glands produce too much cortisol. Symptoms include weight gain, gasps, excessive thirst and hunger, bladder infections and urinating in the house but the dog has been previously trained. Cushing's disease is usually controlled with medication for life, but sometimes surgery is necessary.

Another hormonal problem seen in poodles is hypothyroidism (An inappropriate thyroid hormone). Symptoms include weight gain, loss of hair, lack of resistance to disease, excessive hunger and heat seeking. Normally supplements prescribed thyroid hormone to control the condition.

Progressive retinal atrophy (ARP) is an eye disease that can eventually lead hereditary blindness. Standard other potential eye problems in poodles and toy are cataracts and glaucoma. Poodles can also be affected by von Willebrand's disease (a disorder of blood clotting).

Although all Poodles, regardless of size, They are the same “race”, They not all have the same health problems. Poodles toy and miniature poodles share many common health problems for smaller breeds of dogs, as kneecaps that easily out of place (You dislocated kneecaps), breathing difficulties caused by a collapse of the trachea and dental problems due to the overcrowding of teeth within their small mouths.

The Toy Poodles can also suffer Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, which causes a reduction of the blood supply to the head of the bone of the thigh, causing degradation. The first sign of this disease is lameness, that usually appears when the puppy has to 4 to 6 months of age. Treatment is surgical, after which the puppy can lead a relatively normal life apart from a greater chance of developing arthritis.

Standard Poodles, like many large breeds deep chest, They have an increased risk of swelling, also known as gastric dilation volvulus, a life-threatening condition in which the stomach twists on itself, trapping air inside. Swell dogs require immediate veterinary care and, usually, surgery to correct the problem. Since most dogs that swell once swell again, the surgeon may also recommend a procedure known as “turn of the stomach” or gastropexia, as a preventive measure.

A skin problem that can affect the toy poodles and standard is the sebaceous adenitis, an inflammation of the sebaceous glands that causes hair loss and skin problems. It can be diagnosed with a skin biopsy, but the effectiveness of treatment varies.

Hip dysplasia is an orthopedic problem beginning at puppyhood. Is a malformation and poor fit of the joint of the ball and socket hip. It may be a minor problem or life-altering disability. Treatment can range from something as simple as daily medication to major surgery., even a hip replacement.

Last, Standard Poodles have a higher incidence of certain cancers, including insulinoma and hemangiosarcoma, compared to some other breeds.

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it can be difficult to predict whether an animal will be free of these diseases, so it is necessary to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for these defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking dogs, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life.

Character and skills

Intelligent, loving, legal and naughty, those are the four words that the poodle enthusiasts describe the personality and character of this breed.

Despite his actual appearance, the poodle has a playful side, likes to interact with their owners, tends to be very friendly with people and always likes to please.

If we combine his legendary intelligence with its sociability gives as a result a dog highly entrenable.

A poodle, you have been taught canine manners, will have a quiet character, especially if you exercise regularly to burn off your natural energy.

The poodle is a protective dog that will not hesitate to use its bark when a stranger approaches its home., and although he is affectionate with the family, can take you some time socializing with other people.

An outstanding feature of the poodle is their intelligence (occupies the position No. 2 on classification of intelligence dog breeds by Stanley Coren).
It is often said that they have a human intelligence, an incredible cunning that amazes its owners. Of course, smart dogs can be tricky. They learn fast, both the bad and good habits

Basics of grooming poodles

The toilet is an important consideration in Poodles. Fine and curly coat that worked well when the Poodle spent his time in the water needs to be trimmed regularly, normally every 6 u 8 weeks, depending on the preferences of its owner. It easily fits and requires regular brushing at home, even with a professional grooming. If left untrimmed, coat will curl naturally strings, although some people prefer that aspect.

Dental care is important, particularly for Poodles Toys and Miniatures. Keep the much brushing her teeth with toothpaste approved by the vet pet and making a veterinarian make regular dental checkups.

Trim nails as needed, usually every week or two. They should not be so long that you can hear the click on the ground.

Characteristics "Poodle"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Poodle" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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Home ⓘ

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Breeders of the breed "Poodle"

Poodle images

Poodle Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 2 “Poodle”
  • AKC – Toy Group
  • ANKC – Toy Group 7 (Non-Sporting)
  • ​KC – Toy Utility
  • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
  • NZKC – Non-sporting toy
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Poodle"

FCIFCI - Poodle
Poodle

Alternative names:

1. Pudelhund, Caniche (English).
2. Caniche (French).
3. Caniche (German).
4. Caniche (Portuguese).
5. Poodle (español).

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Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)
Francia FCI 233 . Little Lion Dog

The Little Lion Dog It is little known, so much that in 1960 was defined as the rarest dog in the world.

Little Lion Dog

Content

Characteristics "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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History

The origins of Little Lion Dog, also called Löwchen they are old and controversial. The most widespread theory places its origins in northern Europe (Germany, Belgium and France) and claims that he is related to the race “Poodle” Dwarf, while another theory places its origins in the Mediterranean regions of Spain and France and states that it is closer to the Bichon.

Some give it a much more exotic origin, claiming that it descends from dogs that came from Tibet via Russia: However, this theory seems unlikely and is most certainly due to a mispronunciation, since his name is sometimes pronounced “Low Chen” in the Anglo-Saxon world, what gives it Asian sounds. Another hypothesis based on linguistics claims that his name is not a reference to the king of animals, but to the city of Lyon, from which it would originate.

Although its origins are unclear, the truth is that the Little Lion Dog It was already a highly sought-after companion dog in the Middle Ages.. This animal with its characteristic fur appears in numerous paintings, engravings and tapestries from the 15th centuries, 16Th and 17TH. One of the first representations of the breed can be seen in France, in the cathedral of Amiens, built in the 13th century, where two little lion dogs are carved in stone, perfectly representative of the breed.

Its famous lion's mane shearing is linked to the values ​​of the aristocracy during the Renaissance. As the lion represents strength and courage, the men used the Little Lion Dog as a status symbol. As for women, they appreciated being able to warm their feet against their little companion's bare skin and spend time grooming him this way.

So that, it is this peculiarity relative to the animal's fur that is at the origin of its name, even if it is not natural.

In the 18th century, both the Earl of Buffon (1707-1788) in his famous Natural History as the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), known as Carl von Linné for his ennoblement and author of Systema Naturae, they described the Löwchen and highlighted its rarity.

The breed gradually declined during the 19th century, and it was rare in 1897, when Mr.. by Coninick, a breeder of Dieghem (Belgium), sold a bitch of Little Lion Dog white to young Madelaine Bennert (1876-1972), also from Belgium, who fell in love with this nice dog.

The two world wars were about to suppose the death of this race. But, in 1944, Madelaine Bennert vowed to save the Löwchen starting a breeding program. Found two females, respectively in Lille and in the Dieghem region, and then a male named Ulan. The first litter was born in 1948. Later, a new female named Sirginia joined the program, and Hans Rickert, a german vet, teamed up with Mrs. Bennert to relaunch the breed. The dogs they used and gave birth to are the origin of the Löwchen what we know today.

His efforts paid off in 1961 When the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) officially recognized the breed, designating France as your country of origin.

But, It was from Germany that the first specimens were exported to Great Britain in 1967 and then to the United States in 1971, which undoubtedly explains why this dog is now much better known with its Germanic name than with the French. But, at that time it was still a very rare breed: with less than 50 registered copies (half of them in Germany), was even designated “the rarest dog breed in the world” by the Guinness Book of Records.

While the British Kennel Club quickly recognized the Little Lion Dog (already in 1971), the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC) they waited until 1994, 1995 and 1999, respectively, to give you full breed status.

Today, although it is still rare, the Little Lion Dog It is no longer an endangered breed and can count on a loyal fan base. The Löwchen is at the bottom of the popularity ranking in the United States (around the stall 170 of 190), but it enjoys a certain popularity in Britain, where some are registered 80 births per year. But, this figure tends to erode, since around 2010 I was well above 100. In France, the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) records an average of 70 new Löwchen per year, and the trend has been stable since the early 1990s. 2000.

Photo: Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Little Lion Dog it is a small dog breed with a robust appearance and solid bones. His body is square in shape, as high as long, and her back is straight, like its front legs. The tail, placed just below the line of the back, it is carried high and curved.

The head of the Löwchen it is relatively wide and short, with a wide muzzle ending in a black nose. The big eyes, dark and round should be well positioned forward and express drive and intelligence. The ears are low set, at the height of the eyes, and they fall quite low.

The coat is long and silky, and consists solely of a dense, wavy top layer. It is important to know that the appearance of “Lion's mane” so typical of the breed is not natural, but it is due to the cutting of part of its fur. Although this is mandatory for individuals participating in dog shows, a Löwchen confined to the role of companion dog can perfectly keep its long hair on the whole body.

The breed standard allows all colors and color combinations, but the white, cream and black are the most popular.

Last, there is little sexual dimorphism in this breed.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: Of 25 – 33 cm.
▷ female size: 25 – 33 cm.
▷ Male weight: 5 – 7 kg
▷ female weight: 5 – 7 kg

Character and skills

The Löwchen has been used as a pet for many centuries, and is extremely loving and attached to his family. They love spending time with their owners, either playing with them or just lying next to them. This attachment makes it a breed of dog that does not tolerate loneliness well.: if left alone frequently for several hours at a time, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety. This can lead to excessive barking., scratches on the door or even destructive behavior.

Rather distrustful, the Little Lion Dog not very sociable with strangers, those he greets with barks. But, They accept them quickly once they realize that they are friends of the family and that they too get their share of attention.

Playful dog, he likes to have fun with the children he knows, but he is less receptive to those he does not know. As with all dogs of any size, should not be left alone with young children, especially if one or more of them are unknown.

Used to getting all the attention from your family, to the Little Lion Dog does not particularly like to share his home with other animals, whether they are companions or representatives of other species. On the other hand, accepts perfectly those with whom he has grown up and whom, Therefore, consider part of the family, although there is a risk that rodents will one day awaken their hunting instincts.

Regardless of its small size, not afraid to provoke other dogs much bigger than him, without being aware of the danger. So, a certain vigilance is necessary during walks, and particularly during encounters with unfamiliar dogs.

Despite the tendency to bark when he hears or sees something out of the ordinary, what can cause neighborhood problems, fits very well in apartment living, as long as you walk at least 20 minutes a day. But, to prevent something bad from happening to you, it is better that this walk be done on a leash. It also, if you have access to a garden, make sure that the latter is perfectly closed, since wandering the big world alone is quite risky for him, in particular because of its small size and its tendency to attack those bigger and stronger than it.

Intelligent, affectionate and endearing, the Löwchen it does not take long to win the hearts of his family, that you may even end up realizing that you have adapted your lifestyle to that of this new member, reserving your favorite spot on the couch or matching your bedtime and waking time with theirs. Many owners admit that “belong” to your Little Lion Dog… but they are absolutely delighted with him.

Curious and sometimes stubborn, this little bundle of joy is sure to delight singles and large families alike. He knows how to make himself loved and fills the lives of those who have time to dedicate to him, but his place is as close to his master as possible: does not about, for example, to make him spend the nights in another place that is not inside the home.

In short, although their barking and possible difficulty learning grooming can cause difficulties, his affectionate character, His obedient nature and unlimited attachment make him an ideal companion dog - as long as you have time to dedicate to him., and this even without experience. It is undoubtedly a good option for a first dog to adopt.

Education

The socialization of Löwchen should be started at an early age, so that it is perfectly balanced in adulthood. In addition to meeting all the members of his family (including other animals in the house), you must get used to all the stimuli and situations that you may encounter later: other people and animals, vehicles, city ​​noises, etc.

Cleaning training should also be undertaken as soon as you arrive at your new home., at the risk of never being able to correct the bad habits acquired. It is important to take him out as often as possible to relieve himself outside and be vigilant when he is inside, to identify the places you have chosen as toilets.

Another aspect that must be worked on as soon as possible is that of barking, since the Little Lion Dog tends to bark more than it should. Good socialization and work at this level as part of your education can quickly solve this problem.. As such, an inexperienced owner may need the help of a professional dog trainer.

But, this dog is smart and learns quickly. His desire to please his owner makes him an easy dog ​​to train, even without much experience. With a little patience, a beginning owner can teach you all the basic commands, as “Sit down” and “below”, and even go further in his education teaching him more advanced tricks.

It also, if he can have the vocation to participate one day in a dog show and then he will have to raise a lion's mane skin, it is necessary to accustom your partner to shearing when he is still a puppy, so that from then on you will not be afraid of these grooming sessions.

Being a very emotional dog, the Löwchen can be traumatized by traditional dog training methods. It is advisable to use the positive reinforcement method, rewarding good behavior with lots of caresses, affection and treats.

Health

Thanks to the rigorous breeding program carried out in the years 70, the Löwchen it is a very robust breed of dog, who is normally immune to serious inherited diseases, as long as, of course, a breeder of Löwchen responsible.

The most common health problems of this dog are:

  • Canine eye diseases, like the falls, progressive retinal atrophy or distichiasis, a condition that causes hair to grow on the inside of the eyelids and can be surgically corrected;
  • Hip Dysplasia;
  • Patellar dislocation;
  • congenital deafness, a relatively rare problem outside certain lines.
Life expectancy

12 to 14 years

Grooming

The Little Lion Dog requires some maintenance effort. In fact, although she changes very little, if it does (which often makes it a recommended dog breed for allergy sufferers), it is recommended to brush it every two or three days to keep its beautiful coat in good condition and avoid knots, that are as unsightly for their owner as they are uncomfortable for him. It is also useful to bathe him about once a month, taking care to use a specific shampoo for dogs.

When brushing your dog's hair, check your eyes and ears to make sure they are clean and not at risk of infection.

It also, how he usually spends most of his time indoors, natural wear and tear on the nails is seldom enough, so it is necessary to trim them regularly to avoid embarrassment or even injury.

Any owner who wants their dog to participate in dog shows should plan to take their companion to the groomer every two months or so, so that you can show off the beautiful mane so typical of the breed. But, it must be remembered here that the dog's coat allows him to conserve heat: if you live in a cold region, shaving it in winter is not necessarily ideal…

Utility

The Little Lion Dog has always been a companion dog, and this is still its main function today: be with your family and bring them love and happiness.

But, can also be useful as an alert dog, barking at the approach of a stranger. Brave, does not hesitate to defend his family, but its size does not allow it to play the role of watchdog.

They can also be trained to be admirable athletes in obedience and agility competitions..

He is also a regular at dog shows, where fans can admire the most beautiful specimens of the breed.

Last, his cheerful and optimistic demeanor allows him to be used as a therapy dog.

Images "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Photos:

1 – Little Lion Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-lowchen-löwchen-paja-1330537/
2 – Basil Smile (un perro de Löwchen, Ch Taywill Brillant Roman Basilia) mostrando su rostro by John M. P. Knox from Austin, USA, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Adult Lowchen Gaiting by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – This is a 9 month old Lowchen puppy by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Lowchen-10-Ch-Boondock Musicbox Don’t Roll Those Eyes At Me! 02 by Petful

Videos "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs – Section 1.3: Little Lion Dog
  • AKCNon-Sporting
  • ANKC Group 1(Toys)
  • CKCGroup 6 (Non-Sporting)
  • ​KC – Toys
  • NZKCToys
  • UKCCompanion Breeds


FCI breed standard "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

FCIFCI - Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)
Petit

Alternative names:

1. Löwchen (English).
2. Löwchen (French).
3. Petit chien lion (German).
4. Löwchen (Portuguese).
5. Löwchen (español).

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Barbet (French Water Dog)
Francia FCI 105 . Water Dogs

The Barbet they prefer to be in the same room with the family at all times

Barbet

Content

Characteristics "Barbet (French Water Dog)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Barbet (French Water Dog)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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Affection level ⓘ

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Need for exercise ⓘ

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Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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History

The Barbet (French Water Dog) It is a French breed of dog of medium size water.

This dog of waters is a rare species. Almost everyone has heard of breeds like the Poodle, Griffon and the Bichon Frise … Have you ever wondered where all these breeds come from?? Your answer is the following … all came from the Barbet, or as some known, the French Water Dog. Now, Where does he come from French Water Dog? Well, that is a question for which no one has a definite answer, but there are a lot of conjectures.

Some people say that the dog of the Barbet is a descendant of the original Griffon, others say it came from the Bergamasco that were brought from Asia, When was Europe invaded, others say that the Barbet North African wine, travelling through Spain to install on France, people say that, but the french spaniel is not the origin of all Water Dogs, It is very likely that it was close to the original type.

The reality is that Barbet has been in Europe for centuries, There are even writings about him, from the Elizabethan era describing the Barbet and the type of care necessary to keep your hair healthy.

Physical characteristics

compact and vigorous, with good muscles and bones in relation to the volume of your body. The eyes are round, living with an expression that denotes intelligence.

Morphologically is classified as bracoide, head approaching the form primástica, with the wide snout at the same end than at the base and separated from the front by a depression or Groove very marked, gachas ears, long and hanging lips, with highlight of the higher above the level of the mandible.

The standard of the race measured between 58 and 65 cm for the male; and 52 to 61 cm for the female and a weight of between 17 and 28 kg . The Barbet It is the prototype of a water dog with woolly hair, long, curly. The accepted colors by the FCI they are pure black, brown, cervato, clear and grey cervato.

Character and skills

The Barbet was used as a water dog (as its name implies) was a great dog collector for hunting in marshy areas.

This dog has been used by farmers for grazing, but that's not all, This dog, the Barbet He also frequented port areas to be a friend and companion of sailors. A very versatile breed.

  • Personality Barbet It is accompanying, joyful, salty, obedient and intelligent. They are quick to learn and need training to obey. You are very kind with children, families and older people.

The Barbet they prefer to be in the same room with the family at all times. They need daily exercise to keep your body and mental state in a healthy state.

The average life of the Barbet is of 13 to 15 years, knowing some case that has come to live 19 years.

Images "Barbet (French Water Dog)"

Videos "Barbet (French Water Dog)"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 3: Water Dogs. .

Federations:

Recognized by the federations :

  • FCI
  • UKC
  • ​CKC


FCI breed standard "Barbet (French Water Dog)"

FCIFCI - Barbet (French Water Dog)
Barbet

Alternative names

1. Barbet, French water dog (English).
2. Barbet, chien d’eau français (French).
3. Barbet, Französischer Wasserhund (German).
4. Barbet, cão d’água francês (Portuguese).
5. Barbet, Perro de aguas francés (español).

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Brittany Spaniel
Francia FCI 95 . Spaniel type

Spaniel Bretón

The Brittany Spaniel are “Pointing Dogs” multifaceted, for all types of hunting and all-terrain.

Content

History

The Brittany Spaniel It, as the name reflects, originally from the Breton region, in the extreme west of France. It is probably one of the races Spaniel type and “Pointing Dogs” oldest in the country.

Some historians argue that it was developed a long time ago, about 150 years AD. In any case, the first traces of white and red dogs that resembled him and were undoubtedly the ancestors of the current Brittany Spaniel date back to 17th century tapestries and paintings. The dogs in question are represented hunting.

The most likely hypothesis is that the development of the breed began in the 18th century, but there is relatively little data on its exact origins. But, specialists believe that it probably originated from the “Welsh Springer Spaniel”, the English Setter and various breeds of “French Spaniel”. The first representatives of the breed were surely born in the village of Ponthou, located in the department of Finistère, and are most likely the result of the first crosses between the “Welsh Springer Spaniel” and “french dogs”.

During the 19th century, in the city of Callac and its surroundings (Côtes-d'Armor department), the dogs thus created were crossed with the English Setter. The city then specialized in breeding the dogs resulting from these crosses., and today it is considered the capital of Brittany Spaniel.

There are several theories about the exact development of the breed, including how the English Setter used for breeding. One of the theories is that they belonged to British families who spent their holidays in Brittany., while according to another they were brought by hunters of the same nationality who came to hunt in the region.

About 1850, Reverend E. W. Davies, Anglican writer, minister and hunter who liked to spend winters hunting in the Breton region, mentioned in his writings a medium-sized hunting dog, type Pointer, with short tail. This was definitely the Brittany Spaniel as we know it today, since this short or even absent tail, due to an English ancestor who introduced the corresponding gene into the bloodlines, it is one of the peculiarities of the breed.

From the beginning of its development, the Brittany Spaniel was bred as both a pointer and a collection dog, regardless of time. In fact, was (and it still being) very adaptable, which allowed it to spread later in many French regions, as well as in several European countries, like the UK. French breeders, However, they predisposed him to hunt birds.

Used to working in collaboration with man and eager to please him, the Brittany Spaniel he was not only at the service of hunters, but also integrated into their homes. When i wasn't working, voluntarily stayed with their masters in their homes. His reputation as a good pet was quickly established.

Dog shows also played an important role, as they allowed the breed to become known outside their homeland. In fact, the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th were marked by an important development of these events in Great Britain and other European countries, especially in France.

The year 1907 marked the creation of the Club l’Épagneul Breton à courte queue naturelle. Next, a first draft of the breed standard was written, which was adopted at the first plenary meeting of the association the following year in Loudéac. It was later modified into 1923 and again in 1933, 1956, 1995, 2001 and 2003.

As with many races, World War II marked the end of the breeding of Brittany Spaniels. Then it suffered a certain decline, However, it could be compensated once the conflict ended thanks to the work of the breeders and the evolution of certain rules.. In effect, as the gene pool of the breed had become too small throughout Europe, it was decided to accept individuals with black spots, what did not happen until then.

The problem did not arise in the United States and Canada, so local organizations did not follow the example of their French counterparts, British and others. The situation has not changed since then: this particularity is still not recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC), el United Kennel Club (UKC) and the Canadian Kennel Club (CCC).

The popularity of the “Brittany Spaniel”

in your country of origin, the Brittany Spaniel It is very much appreciated, and its popularity has not waned over the decades. Like this, the number of new annual registrations at the Société Centrale Canine (SCC) has never been below 4.000 since the middle of the years 70, and most of the time it even exceeds the 5.000. But, there has been a certain decline over the years 2010, in which the number of new registrations has dropped from almost 5.500 a year at about 4.500.

The Brittany Spaniel it's the only one “French Spaniel” which is also very popular outside your country. Official recognition of the breed by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) in 1954 obviously contributed to it.

He did not wait for the FCI to gain a foothold in the United States, where their first representatives arrived in 1931. Crossbreeding with other type dogs “Setter” made the breed gain in size and muscle, thus deviating from the original model. In fact, there is now a clear physical distinction between the American and French types, beyond the possible presence of black spots on the latter.

The Brittany Spaniel was recognized already in 1934 by the AKC under the name of Brittany Spaniel, then the latter was shortened to 1982 in favor of the simple denomination Brittany. In fact, both in Europe and America, this dog probably has more in common with the “Pointers” what with the “Spaniels”. It is the same choice made by the other reference organization in the country, the UKC, when he also accepted the breed in 1948, again with the simple name of Breton. The UKC has the particularity of being the only organization that recognizes both types of Brittany Spaniel like two different races. In fact, seeing how “Brittany” American had ended up diverging from his French ancestor, decided on 2002 also recognize the “french guy” as a race in its own right, with the name it bears in its country of origin.

But, This quick recognition should not obscure the fact that the lack of a tail was initially a major disruption to American hunters., so the Brittany Spaniel it took him a while to gain a foothold in the country. But, the general qualities of the breed eventually overcame this reluctance and the breed became very popular. Although it was also used as a hunting dog, its qualities as a companion dog, starting with his medium size and good character, also contributed greatly to its success. this last one is real, since it occupies around the post 25 (of something less than 200) in the breed ranking established by the AKC based on the number of annual births registered with the organization. This is even an improvement over the first decade of the 21st century., when he was around the post 30.

Also in North America, the Canadian CKC also recognizes the breed, and is quite appreciated in the country.
Closer to France, Great Britain contributed to the genesis of the breed thanks to “Welsh Springer Spaniel” and to the English Setter, and adopted her in turn, being their representatives used both for hunting and shows as well as for the company. But, its inhabitants seem to have subsequently moved away from it. Like this, was not up 1975 when the Kennel Club, the canine organization of reference in the country, recognized the Brittany Spaniel. Regarding the number of subjects enrolled each year, we cannot say that it reflects a great fondness for this dog, since it is below a hundred. This figure is even on the decline, since in the first semester of 2010 it was rather between 100 and 150.

But, other European countries have given it a much better reception. This is the case, in particular, of Italy, where hunting is very popular and widely practiced. This is, without a doubt, one of the reasons why, at the beginning of 2010, ranked 5th in the ranking of the most represented dogs in the country, based on the number of annual registrations in the Ente Nazionale Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI). But, since then the number has dropped steadily; now it is more or less around the 3.000, which is still considerable.

Worldwide, a classification established in 2013 and based on the sum of the annual registration statistics of 25 national organizations among the hundred members of the FCI places the Brittany Spaniel in the post 30, which confirms to what extent it has been able to gain a foothold around the world.

Physical characteristics

The Brittany Spaniel is within the “Pointing Dogs” smallest in the world, but it is longer than most dogs “Spaniel type”. They are of the braccoid type, muscular and agile, quite high-legged and with a compact silhouette. They are distinguished from dogs of type “Pointer” by his head, typical of “Spaniel”, and the frequent absence of tail.

straight and stiff, his back is generally as long as his height at the withers. The chest generally descends to the tips of the elbows, while the shoulders are long and very mobile.

Due to a genetic mutation introduced in the 19th century, the tail of Brittany Spaniel is absent or very short. When it is present, It is located in the upper part of the croup and usually measures between 3 and 6 cm., but the breed standard accepts up to 10 cm.. There was a time when the use of tail docking was common for dogs with a tail that was too long for their owner's liking. But, this practice is now banned in a large number of countries, like belgium, France, Switzerland and Quebec.

As for the legs, they are long and strong, and have flexible joints that allow them to run lightly without much effort. The feet are usually larger on the hind legs than on the front legs.. In all cases, they are well rounded, compact and have tight toes.

The head of the Brittany Spaniel rests on a moderately long neck, fine and strong. Whether viewed from the side or from the front, the skull is somewhat rounded. The stop is quite well defined. It also, this dog is slightly brachycephalic, which means that its muzzle is shorter than its skull. It ends in a nose with wide nostrils whose color corresponds to that of the fur, and tame scissor bite jaws.

Located on the top of the head and provided with semi-long hairs, sometimes wavy at the top, the ears are wide, short, triangles and falls. They are extremely mobile when you are on the lookout for something.
The eyes are slightly oblique and their color usually corresponds to the predominant color of the coat. His intelligent gaze shows the great alertness of this dog.

If there is no undercoat, the mantle of Brittany Spaniel consists simply of a thin layer of medium length hair, which is not very thick and can be smooth or slightly wavy. Most common color is fawn on white, but there are also brown and white dogs, fire and tricolor (black, Orange and white, or brown, Orange and white). Confidentially, the latter has gained in popularity in recent times. As for the black and white fur, there is debate: accepted by some organizations, as the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), but others reject it, as the American Kennel Club (AKC) or the Canadian Kennel Club (CCC). In any case, regardless of its color, some individuals have spots on the snout, the lips, around the eyes, on the legs or even on the chest.

Last, It should be noted that there are two very different types: the Brittany Spaniel French type and the Brittany Spaniel american type. They differ mainly by their size: the second (the most represented in the United States and Canada) it is bigger and more massive than the first (majority in Europe). As to the nature, tends to be more active and awake. These differences are explained by the fact that the first representatives of the breed imported to the United States in the decade of 1930 they quickly interbred with type dogs “Setter”.

Whatever the type, there is only a very slight sexual dimorphism between males and females, although the former may be a bit larger and heavier. It also, regardless of gender, representatives of the breed reach their adult size between 14 and 16 months of age.

Height and weight

▷ Male size: Of 49 to 50 cm.

▷ female size: Of 48 to 49 cm.

▷ Male weight: Of 14 to 16 kg

▷ female weight: Of 13 to 16 kg

Varieties:

Although not strictly varieties, there are two types of Brittany Spaniel: the original French type and the American type, that appeared after the breed's arrival in the United States in the years 30 and their crossing with local Setters. This resulted in a larger dog, stronger and faster with a livelier temper.

Smaller and more compact, the Brittany Spaniel French type is easier to train and handle during hunting parties.
These two types can also be differentiated by their fur. The Brittany Spaniel American type has no black spots, unlike his cousin. It also, they tend to have shorter hairs.

El United Kennel Club (UKC) American is the only organization that recognizes these two types as distinct breeds. In 1948, the Brittany Spaniel was recognized as Brittany. Arrived in the country less than 20 years before, this dog was still broadly identical to the one found in France. But, as the gap widened over the decades, the race finally decided that the “Brittany” It corresponds to Brittany Spaniel american type, and in 2002 decided to also recognize his ancestor, the french type, under the name of Brittany Spaniel.

Character and skills

The Brittany Spaniel it is one of the most popular dog breeds in France, and even to a certain extent the world. In effect, is sociable, Intelligent, attentive and cheerful. With the, it seems impossible to get bored and in a bad mood, so contagious is his joy of living!

Having said that, as it happens with many races, the temperament of this dog can vary according to sex. For an individual destined for hunting, a sterile male is often preferred, as it is considered calmer and more gentle than an uncastrated female or male.

In any case, it is a joy for the whole family, And he gets along especially well with children.. He loves to play actively with them and can be quite protective if he perceives a threat to them. But, his boundless energy and enthusiasm can lead him to unintentionally push or even knock over a small child. In any case, as with any dog, should never be left alone with a very young child without adult supervision, and those whose age allows it must learn to behave with respect towards him.

Loyal to his family and little tolerant of loneliness, this dog requires a lot of presence and affection to feel good: if he is left alone too long or does not receive enough attention from his masters, can quickly develop destructive behavior or bark excessively. Its need for attention and interaction also means that it is not suitable for a household where members are often away for long periods of time..

Sharing your home with another little companion is an interesting option to help you pass the time when your caregivers are away. In fact, the Brittany Spaniel not only appreciates humans: he is also very sociable with his peers, whether you come across them on walks or those you would have to deal with on a daily basis. He is also grateful that he is not the only dog ​​in the family.. You can also plan a coexistence with a cat, as soon as I am in contact with him from a very young age. On the other hand, when he meets an unknown feline, you probably want to go after him. Good socialization is not enough for you to live under the same roof as a small prey-like animal, like a rodent or a bird. In fact, hunting instinct is in his genes and he is likely to regain the upper hand at any moment, ending this coexistence prematurely.

Their propensity to hunt small animals that pass by, as well as his permanent desire to run, also implies that if you live in a house with a garden, this must be well fenced, at the risk of sometimes going too far. A property with a large fenced area is the ideal environment for him, but it is quite adaptable. So, as long as your need for exercise is met each day with the help of long walks and other activities, you can even live in an apartment and in an urban environment.

But, keep in mind that they can be sensitive to noise. So, can get stressed out when your home is particularly noisy, for example, by very noisy children. The same type of problem can arise if you live in the city or move regularly (for example, when walking) in a very crowded environment, especially if you haven't gotten used to it from a very young. On the other hand, used since its inception for hunting, he is indifferent to the noise of rifle shots.

Although they live in the quiet countryside and have access to a very large garden at all times, this is not enough for this particularly active and hardy dog ​​to be comfortable with his head and paws. To be able to expend his great energy, needs at least an hour or two of daily activity. It's not about being much less active during the week and trying to make up for it on the weekend.: if this dog does not expend enough energy each day, can quickly develop behavior disorders, such as excessive nervousness or hyperactivity.

Given your level of activity, it is easy to understand that the Brittany Spaniel it is not at all adapted to elderly or very homey people. On the other hand, he is the best friend of an active master who likes to run, hiking or taking long bike rides and dreams of taking his animal with him. Knowing that he also likes to swim, do not hesitate to take him swimming in a lake from time to time, or in planning a swim break when there is a water point along the way during any activity. It can also be very good at practicing canine sports such as cani-cross or cani-VTT. In fact, usually always willing to do any activity that involves exercise, especially if it is fun or is accompanied by other dogs.

During the walks, It is important to bear in mind that at any time you can run after a bird or any other animal that is in your way, or you can be tempted by a smell that will not leave you indifferent. Your determination and stamina can go a long way, even to get lost. To avoid this, the most effective solution is, of course, always carry him on a leash, but this is by no means ideal for your well-being, as he urgently needs to vent. So, it is better to put the emphasis on learning to withdraw, considering that it is impossible to completely trust such a dog: Investing in a connected dog collar is a good way to prevent walks from being a source of anxiety, since then it is possible to know where it is at all times.

But, it is not enough to give him physical exercise to keep him balanced: you also have to keep him mentally busy. So, the ideal is to keep him mentally occupied with activities that appeal to his intelligence, like certain canine disciplines (obedience, agility or flyball, for example), o solving puzzles and other problems. As a working dog, he likes his owner to assign him tasks, and usually takes them very seriously.

This is all the more true as his closeness to his caregiver, her desire to please him and her intelligence make the Brittany Spaniel an easy to train dog that learns very quickly. They are especially attentive to the orders of their owner, attentive to every facial expression and ready to react and respond to any request.

Unlike other races, the Brittany Spaniel are not particularly destructive or difficult during their adolescence, which starts around 6 months and continues until 18 months of age. Even if you start to adopt undesirable behavior, his great desire to please makes him very easy to correct.

Last, because of his personality, not very assertive by nature, not a good watchdog, although it can be protective in especially threatening situations. He does not hesitate to bark to warn of the arrival of a stranger, but it is not usually the kind that does much more to deter the intruder. They can also be especially loud barking at the top of their lungs when they are home alone.. He has a groan that is his own and that he can also show when he is in this situation, or when scared or intrigued.

Education

The education of Brittany Spaniel it's pretty easy, because it is an obedient dog that likes above all to please its master. Thus, not the type to use his intelligence to try to exploit loopholes and challenge his master's dominance, but it allows you to learn very quickly. This makes it a recommended dog breed for a beginner..

With the, sweetness is the key word. In fact, is sensible, does not support violence and is not at all receptive to education based on punishment or negative reinforcement. If these methods are used, is likely to show signs of anxiety and stress at work. Positive reinforcement, that is to say, a work method based on the assessment of good behavior through rewards (petting, stimuli, candies…) is much more effective and allows you to feel real pleasure from your work.

Hunting individuals can quickly learn their future role. In effect, the Brittany Spaniel has a great hunting instinct, to the point that it is not uncommon to see a cub that begins hunting from the 3 months of age. It is possible to take your dog hunting from the 5 months of age. Obviously, it is not at that moment when he catches his first woodcock, but it allows you to become familiar with the environment and hunting. It is important, However, stick to short games and be fairly sure to watch the game, so as not to demotivate him. It also, being still growing and being fragile, avoid trying too hard. Only when it reaches its adult size, between 14 and 16 months, you can fully participate in this activity.

Although not intended for hunting, any activity that reinforces their persecution instinct should be prohibited in their education. Obviously, this should not detract from your need to be active and exercise properly. The learning and regular practice of a dog sport, like agility, obedience or flyball, for example, is a good alternative, although it can also be practiced perfectly by an individual employed as a hunter.

Teaching your dog to remember is also helpful in preventing him from unleashing his predatory instincts in inappropriate circumstances.. But, since even well-trained dogs are difficult to trust completely, the leash is more or less often essential for your safety and that of the animals and people around you. So, learning to walk on a leash is another important aspect of your education.

Last, like any dog, the Brittany Spaniel should benefit from great socialization from a young age, especially as you can tend to be suspicious and shy around strangers, or being especially stressed when in a noisy environment. Getting used from a young age to meet all kinds of people and fellow humans, but also to live in different places and to face a great variety of situations and stimuli (noises, smells, etc.), we give you all the possibilities to make you feel good in your head, calm down and easily find your place with humans.

Use

The Brittany Spaniel was developed to be a versatile hunter. remarkable in search, the signaling and collection (both in water and on land), is specialized in hunting birds (especially the woodcock and the duck), acts alone and not in a pack and continues to be, Still today, the hunting dog breed preferred by many hunters.
From the beginning of its history, has also found its place in the homes of its owners, thanks to his friendly personality and his natural closeness to man.

Today, It is still appreciated as a companion dog and is an excellent choice for anyone who is active and available., hunter or not, wanting nothing better than hiking with your dog or taking it with you when you go for a run or ride a bike.

your energy, his resistance and his desire to please also make him a perfect student for many canine disciplines such as agility, the flyball, obedience, the cani-cross or the mountain bike.

Grooming

Due to her very moderate hair loss throughout the year, its lack of undercoat and its little tendency to tangle, the fur of the Brittany Spaniel requires little maintenance: a weekly brushing is enough. Your seasonal shed, in spring and autumn, it is not very pronounced, but still requires more regular brushing, on the order of 2 or 3 times per week.

It is also possible to take the dog to the groomer to cut the medium hairs of the legs (or do it yourself), to avoid knots, since this part of the body is especially prone to them. But, this is not essential: depends on the preferences of each caregiver.

How their coat is generally kept clean, it is not necessary to bathe the dog more than 2 or 3 times a year. In any case, unless it got especially dirty, avoid bathing him too close, as it could seriously damage the skin or fur. In any case, it is important to always use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, since the pH of human skin and that of your best friend are different.

The drooping shape of the ears of the Brittany Spaniel implies an increased risk of infections at this level (otitis, etc.), as it facilitates the accumulation of dirt and moisture. So, it is essential to examine and clean them weekly, as well as dry them after each prolonged moment in a humid place, and of course every time you swim.

The weekly maintenance session is also an opportunity to check the condition of your partner's eyes and clean the contours. This also greatly reduces the risk of infection. This is all the more important since the Brittany Spaniel is quite sensitive to the eyes and can have a number of eye diseases: the sooner they are detected, best.

Caring for a Brittany Spaniel it also involves taking care of your teeth, always using a toothpaste specially designed for dogs. This helps limit the build-up of dental plaque., which can lead to tartar formation, which can be the cause of many problems, some of which are potentially serious. The ideal is daily brushing and, in any case, it is better to avoid brushing less than once a week.

Last, the activity level of this hyperactive dog causes claw wear to occur normally naturally. So, they rarely need to be cut, unless, for example, your mobility is limited by a health problem. If you hear them rubbing when you walk on the hard ground, it's time to take care of them. Otherwise, they could hamper your movements or even break and injure you.

As with any race, the steps to take care of a Brittany Spaniel (either its fur, his eyes, his ears, their teeth or claws) should not be taken at random. In fact, beyond the risk of being ineffective, could hurt or even injure you. So, it is wise to see a vet or professional groomer the first time, to learn from him the best way to proceed. The sooner the animal gets used to these different manipulations, it will be easier for you to let them do it throughout your life. The sessions can then be beautiful moments of sweetness and complicity, instead of being tests feared by the two protagonists.

Another habit to take - and that also leads to manipulation- is to systematically examine your body when you return from every long moment you spend outdoors, in particular its fur, its feet and its pads. This ensures that you have not been injured, nor has he caught spikes or parasites.

Health

In general, the Brittany Spaniel enjoys robust health, which is illustrated by the fact that a good number of representatives of the breed are celebrating their 15th birthday.

It also, his Breton origins mean that bad weather does not impress him or prevent him from carrying out his outdoor activities. It is also capable of adapting to many weather conditions, even at extreme temperatures.

But, like all dogs, have a predisposition to develop certain diseases, many of which are hereditary:

  • Hip Dysplasia, a potentially inherited joint malformation that mostly affects medium and large dogs. Causes pain and lameness to a greater or lesser extent, as well as osteoarthritis from a certain age;
  • Cleft palate, a congenital and often inherited malformation responsible for poor communication between the puppy's mouth and nose. Then you may suffer from feeding difficulties, swallowing problems, choking or coughing. Difficulty feeding can lead to stunted growth and requires surgery to correct the problem;
  • Spinal muscular atrophy, a sometimes hereditary syndrome that causes a decrease in muscle mass. This can cause, among other things, difficulty moving, breathing problems or trouble eating properly. It is a progressive and often fatal disease for which there is no treatment;
  • La abiotrofia cerebelosa, a disease that causes tremors and a significant loss of coordination, that affects young men more. These symptoms initially occur only when the animal is in motion, and then they get worse over time, more or less quickly, until they appear when idle. There is no treatment for this rare disease, but it is not painful for the animal;
  • Epilepsy, a sometimes inherited disease causing more or less severe and often impressive seizures. Various treatments allow limiting or even eliminating them, so that, usually, those affected continue to lead an almost normal life;
  • Hypothyroidism, an endocrine disruption that corresponds to a defect in the regulation of thyroid hormones. You can have all kinds of symptoms: weight gain, decreased heart rate, dry skin, hair loss, increased sensitivity to cold.;
  • Hemophilia, an incurable inherited disease that causes a deficiency in coagulation and, Therefore, excessive bleeding. They can appear mostly under the skin, during tooth growth, in urine and feces, during vaccination or when the animal is injured. They can also be internal and invisible, and often lead to death;
  • Lupus erythematosus, a skin disease resulting from a deficiency of the immune system, what causes, among other things, depigmentation of certain parts of the body (nose first, then the ears and legs), erosions and ulcers ;
    external otitis, due to the drooping shape of their ears.

The Brittany Spaniel it is also predisposed to certain eye diseases:

  • Dislocation of the lens, causing instability and abnormal movement of the lens in the eye. In this breed, most often it is the result of hereditary transmission. Very painful, can lead to total loss of sight if not treated with surgery;
  • The waterfall, a potentially inherited eye disease that usually develops in old age. Cataracts cause a cloudy lens that gradually reduces the dog's vision until total blindness occurs. Can be treated by surgery;
  • Glaucoma, an often inherited disease that can cause sudden loss of vision. It is the result of an abnormal increase in pressure in the dog's eye and must be treated quickly, otherwise its consequences are irreversible.

It also, specimens used for hunting are at increased risk of injury, parasites and spikes.

Last, despite its high level of activity, the Brittany Spaniel does not get rid of obesity, that can cause or accentuate many health problems. It is also a vicious circle, since an overweight individual tends to be less active.

But, the long list of diseases to which the breed is predisposed should not obscure the fact that most of its representatives spend most of their lives in perfect health. This is confirmed by a study carried out in 2004 by the British Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association, which established that the leading cause of death in this breed is simply advanced age.

On the other hand, this list leads to many inherited conditions, or that are likely to be hereditary. This underlines how important it is to go to a serious and competent Brittany Spaniel breeder who rigorously selects his breeders.. If you are unable to present the results of the genetic tests carried out on the parents or offspring to prevent any transmission of said disease, it is better to go your way and go to another breeder; no lack of options. In addition to these documents, any serious professional should be able to provide a certificate from a veterinarian proving that the puppy is in good health, as well as your health or vaccination card, confirm that you have received all necessary vaccinations.

Adopting a healthy animal is one thing, but its usefulness is limited if you don't make sure it stays that way. So, it is essential to note that, until the age of 14 to 16 months, a puppy of Brittany Spaniel is still in its growth phase, and therefore is particularly fragile. Throughout this period, it is important to only very gradually increase the duration and intensity of your activities, at the risk of impairing the proper development of your bones and joints, or even causing injuries and/or malformations that he could suffer throughout his life. This is all the more important since you are predisposed to hip dysplasia.

Last, one of the best ways to keep your dog healthy is to take him to the vet at least once a year for a thorough check-up to detect any possible problems, which may not be visible to the inexperienced eye. It is also a great opportunity to take stock of vaccinations and any necessary withdrawals.. It also, antiparasitic treatments also help protect your pet against a number of diseases: it is up to the owner to renew them throughout the year, whenever necessary.

Life expectancy

Of 12 to 15 years

Price “Brittany Spaniel”

In Switzerland, the lower popularity of the breed means that the number of breeders of Brittany Spaniel be quite limited. A solution to have many more options is to buy directly in France.

in Canada, the number of breeders barely exceeds ten, and also here the prices are very different, generally ranging between 750 and 1500 canadian dollars. Of course, It is also possible to go to the United States, where you have to have some 800 US dollars for a good quality puppy.

In the case of a purchase abroad, keep in mind that transportation and administrative costs are added to the price of the puppy and, of course, make sure you respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog.

Characteristics "Brittany Spaniel"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Brittany Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

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Images "Brittany Spaniel"

Photos:

1 – An eleven-month-old male Brittany Spaniel dog, named “Kinwashkly That’s Mr. Jagger To You” (nickname “Mick”). by Pharaoh Hound, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – We had front row seats the second night of Westminster at Madison Square Garden in NYC. 2/2009 by Kjunstorm, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – A liver and white Brittany Spaniel. by John Blyberg, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Brittany Spaniel Dog. Hank watches other dogs misbehaving at the dog beach by Uber Phot, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – “Brittany Spaniel” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Epagneul_Breton.jpg
6 – “Brittany Spaniel” by https://pixabay.com/photos/brittany-brittany-spaniel-dog-3410384/

Videos "Brittany Spaniel"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
  • AKCDeportivo
  • ANKCGroup 3
  • CKCPerros Deportivos
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dog


FCI breed standard "Brittany Spaniel"

FCIFCI - Brittany Spaniel
Spaniel

Alternative names:

1. Brittany Spaniel, Brittany Wiegref, Epagneul Breton, French Brittany (English).
2. Épagneul breton (French).
3. Brittany, Bretonischer Vorstehhund (German).
4. Brittany, (em francês: Épagneul breton) (Portuguese).
5. American Brittany Spaniel, Bretón Americano, Pointer Bretón, Spaniel bretón, Bretón Español (español).

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Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
Holanda Alemania Francia FCI 107 . Griffon type

Grifón Korthals

Vigorous, fiery and proud, the Wirehaired Pointing Griffon he is very attached to his master and his territory, who watches.

Content

History

The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon It is a breed of dog of French origin. Their ancestors are Dutch, but shown as a French race, It was in France where he developed.

This breed is still relatively rare today in the Americas as well as in the UK., Although it is recognized by their respective Kennel Clubs, as well as by the International Cynological Federation (CRF not. 107).

Grifón de muestra Korthals de pelo duro

The culprit of the existence of Korthals Griffon was a man named Eduard Karel Korthals, born the 16 in November of 1851 in Amsterdam that, he was the son of a wealthy shipbuilder who had a keen interest in breeding hunting dogs, to the extent that his son inherited that passion and as a result and the ability for business, the beautiful was born Griffon, protagonist of this post.

His dream was to create the ideal hunting dog, versatile, with extreme resistance, force and devotion to his master. The dog, as well, he would have to know how to work close to his master, be docile and very capable of learning. In 1873 to the 22 years of age and with the financial support of his father, He settled near some friends in Hesse (Germany) a region known for its great fondness for hunting with dogs and was dedicated to the breeding of purebred dogs Griffon.

four years later, one of his friends, the prince of Solms-Braunfels, I entrust him with the management of his kennel “Bibesheim” (was then, the most famous of Germany) which was dedicated especially to the breeding of purebred dogs English Pointer, that change in his life did not prevent him at all, continue with the development of their race Griffon.

Soon Eduard Korthals became one of the largest breeders nationwide, very proud and sure of his work of selection, breeding began with seven specimens of Griffon of different kinds, hard hair, woolly hair, barbets, a mestizo German short hair, etc. He called them "The Seven Patriarchs" and their names were: Bank, Hector, Janus, Satan, Donna, Junon and Mouche. Thus begins the story that after twenty years, resulted in the birth of a specific breed of Griffon with wire hair, leonado, with blood of “Pointer” (Although not pure, then we have) and beautiful dog, it must be said...

We must also tell which, Eduard Korthals carried out ruthless work in its breeding program, with very close consanguinity coupling and many deaths on the road, you are right…, the history has beautiful parts and others less so. Y, here comes the bomb! Out of a total of 600 dogs, only kept alive to 62 and he made them work in the Woods, in swamps, in Plains, in different seasons, to see how they worked in different situations and hunting tasks.

In creating your Wirehaired Pointing, Korthals did not use all the blood purity of the English Pointer, because after having tried, realized that the mixture led to his Griffon lose some of its most important features.

With his method of consanguinity, exhaustive selection and unit, the Wirehaired Pointing Griffon It was of such quality that many specialists in the canine world in Germany, in Belgium, in the Netherlands, in France and several parts of Europe, they were stunned, Given the Korthals he had created a dog like no other, a dog with an essential width, great search speed, a well-developed sense of smell and, In short, its versatility.

The 15 in November of 1887, supported by the contributions of a Commission formed by 16 renowned breeders and presided over by the Prince of Solm-Braunfels (who had entrusted Eduar Korthals -years before- the management of its hatchery “Bibesheim”), Eduar Korthals wrote the standard of Korthals Griffon, that curiously never amended since then. The following year, He created a Club specialized in his breed whose objective was to bring together all the lovers of his Griffon fawn with wire hair from various countries and until his death in 1896, He devoted himself to the improvement and dissemination of their race. He died of laryngeal cancer 4 in July of 1896 in the hatchery Bibeishem.

But despite his death, his ideas continued living, then many followers and friends as Baron Gingins (Switzerland), Charles Prudommeaux (France) and the Sr. Leliman (Netherlands) they continued their valuable work, turning to improving your Wirehaired Pointing Griffon, and the diffusion of the breed throughout Europe and even in United States and Canada. It was the 8 in June of 1951, on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the death of Eduar Korthals What, the “Wirehaired Griffon French Club” decided to associate the name of Korthals the race, to perpetuate the memory of its creator, and in honor of all his achievements and life dedicated to the task of breeding. Hence the name "Korthals Griffon”.

The first specimen registered in the Book of Origins of the American Kennel Club was a Korthals Griffon called "Zolette", in the year 1887. But, the Griffon was still relatively- unknown, was registered as “Russian Setter (Griffon)”, by its supposed Russian heritage. It was not until 1916, Twenty-nine years later, the breed was officially recognized in United States.

In the same year, sixteen copies of Korthals Griffon participated in the "Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show”, one of United States most prestigious dog shows. Since then, the race was growing in popularity, not only as a show and companion dog, but also a versatile hunting dog (that was the original intention of Korthals when he created the breed). for the most part, the breed continues to maintain its original characteristics: medium-sized, layer hard, good degree of training capacity and resistant in the field and in the ring.

Physical characteristics

The Korthals Griffon is a medium-sized dog with a hard and rough coat. The males measure of 55 to 60 cm de altura a la cruz y las hembras de 53 a 66 cm.. The weight should be proportional to the size and bone structure. In general, the weight varies from 20,5 a 31,75 kg. Males are usually larger and heavier than females bones. 50 to 55 cm.. Regarding weight, the males are located in 25-30 kg and females in 20-25 kg. According to the AKC standard, the hair must be color steel (grey) with brown spots. Other acceptable colors are chestnut, White and Brown, Ruano and, Orange and white. It has ears falls and well attached to the head, his eyes are yellow or Brown and the nose should always be Brown. Contrary to some publications that say that the Griffon does not lose or shed its hair, it should be clarified that yes it does, but to a lesser extent than other breeds.

There are dogs very similar to the Griffon Korthal in other countries, both in appearance and temperament:

Character and skills

The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon is defined as an intelligent dog, extremely friendly and eager to please its owner. They tend to maintain their typical playful puppy character well into adulthood.. They are also known for their Adaptive temperament.

The Korthals Griffon it is above all a hunting dog, resistant, powerful and brave. He's an outdoor dog who needs a garden to keep his instincts sharp.. Not a suitable breed of dog for apartment living, since it is very likely that confinement will cause anxiety attacks or greater nervousness that leads you to destroy everything. They need a lot of exercise to thrive, and they are tireless sporting dogs and very good swimmers. So, their owners must be able to offer them long walks and games, beyond simple daily outings for your needs: this is necessary to keep you in good physical and psychological health. In fact, the Wirehaired Pointing Griffon is an ideal candidate for canicross, el cani-VTT, the oberta or even the treasure hunt, that will fully satisfy your hunter instinct.

most of Korthals Griffon usually live long and healthy lives, and that is due to the seriousness of all the organizations and breeders dedicated to this breed that have a strong commitment to the health of the breed and carry out breeding programs that are mostly very selective, As a result, if we look at the OFA statistics, the cases of congenital diseases are –relatively- low.

education

The Korthals Griffon he is an intelligent and cunning dog. These qualities make hunters happy… but the misfortune of inexperienced teachers, whose defects he takes advantage of. This dog can be undocile if it does not benefit from a firm education, consistent and not brutal. As much as saying that it is not an adapted breed as a first dog.

It also, it is important to socialize the puppies as soon as possible so that they get used to the presence of different people and other animals. In effect, although they are not fearful in nature, the Wirehaired Pointing Griffon too isolated or too “protected” from the outside world can be particularly nervous and difficult to adapt to everyday life.

Health

Robustness is a fundamental characteristic of the Grifón Korthal: It is a breed of dog that does not fear cold or bad weather.

But, like all medium-sized dogs and large dogs, have a risk of hip dysplasia. Prostate disorders may also occur in some individuals.

Last, it is recommended to monitor the coat and skin of individuals who do not live outdoors, to prevent the development of skin diseases in dogs due to allergies to industrial product residues present in the home (solvents, Cleaning products…).

Life expectancy

13 years

Grooming

Although it is considered a dog “hypoallergenic” because of his low hair loss, the Grifón Korthal requires weekly brushing to keep its coat shiny. During the molting period (twice a year), more frequent brushing may be necessary.

It is also advised to clean the dog's ears regularly., especially after walks or bathing, to prevent the development of infections due to excess water inside the ear canal, or to the presence of residues or dirt. In case of redness or suspicious odors, consulting a vet is recommended.

Price

Adopt a Wirehaired Pointing Griffon costs between 600 and 1000 EUR.

The price of a puppy Khortals varies according to your lineage, but also according to their gender: females tend to be more expensive than males.

Characteristics "Wirehaired Pointing Griffon"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Wirehaired Pointing Griffon" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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Surveillance ⓘ

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joy ⓘ

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Images "Wirehaired Pointing Griffon"

Photos:

1 – the first genuine Korthals Griffon in the USA to earn both a Grand Championship and the Advanced Master Hunter title by CarolPtak, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Adult Griffon dog standing by Liv klesta, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Griffon d’arrêt à poil dur Korthals by Pierre André, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – running Korthals Griffon by CarolPtak, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Wirehaired Pointing Griffon by Pets Adviser from Brooklyn, USA, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Wirehaired Pointing Griffon by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Wirehaired Pointing Griffon"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.3: Griffon type
  • AKCSporting group
  • ANKCSporting Group, Gundog
  • CKCSporting Group, Gundog
  • ​KC – Sporting Group, Gundog
  • NZKCSporting Group, Gundog
  • UKCGun Dog


FCI breed standard "Wirehaired Pointing Griffon"

FCIFCI - Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
Griffon

Alternative names:

1. Korthals Griffon (English).
2. Korthals, Griffon Korthals (French).
3. Griffon à Poil Dur, Griffon Korthals (German).
4. Korthals (Portuguese).
5. Grifón Korthals, Korthals (español).

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Ariège Pointer
Francia FCI 177 . Braque Type

Ariège Pointer

The Ariège Pointer it is a quiet breed of dog, although sometimes stubborn, which is common among hunting dogs.

Content

History

The Ariège Pointer is a French dog breed that comes from, as its name implies, from the department of Ariège, located on the Franco-Spanish border.

There are different theories about its origins.. But, the most common theory is that it descends from the ancient French Pointer, that was crossed in the 19th century with Braques of southern stock, with white and orange coats to give it more lightness and activity.

It also, looks a lot like the white and orange dogs painted in Jean-Baptiste Oudry's paintings (1686-1755), famous for his paintings of hunting scenes. So, It does not seem illogical that cynologists have attributed this dog to him as an ancestor.

Despite its official recognition by the F.C.I. (International Cynological Federation) in 1955, the second half of the twentieth century was almost fatal for the Ariège Pointer. But, some Ariège hunters continued to use it, which prevented the breed from completely disappearing.

In 1989, a team of fans of the breed decided to dedicate themselves to its survival, after having noticed that there was no more Ariège Pointer registered in the LOF (French Origins Book) from 1964.

The Club du Braque de l’Ariège was thus created the following year, with the mission of contributing to the safeguarding and promotion of this breed, but also to centralize all the information that makes it possible to identify the specimens that would be found in France in the breeders, hunters or other fans of this dog.

The operation was generally a success. Like this, the increase in births meant that in 1999, less than 10 years later, the symbolic milestone of the 50 Ariège Pointer listed in TFO. The trend has continued, since today there are more than 350 specimens in the LOF, many of whom have won prizes in beauty or hunting contests.

However, the breed has spread relatively little outside its homeland, since most breeders and owners of the Ariège Pointer are located in the south-west of France, although there are also some scattered throughout the rest of the country.

Internationally, the Ariège Pointer was officially recognized in 2006 by the UKC (United Kennel Club), one of the leading canine organizations in the United States. But, the UKC is an exception, since the other large national canine organizations do not yet recognize the breed. It's still very difficult, yes not impossible, acquire a Ariège Pointer outside france.

Photo: Ariege Pointer, male. Colour: orange & white by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Vigorous and powerful, the Ariège Pointer has a certain elegance. His musculature is prominent and harmonious, and its well drawn lines.

Usually pale orange or brown fawn in color, there are also speckled white and trout. His great characteristic is that the color of his nose is more often in harmony with that of his fur..

His hair is short and shiny and his head is long, angulosa, without a very pronounced stop.

His tail is low and long, in contrast to his ears, that are thin and well placed above the eye line.

Finally, the eyes of the Ariège Pointer they are oval shaped, dark amber or brown. Her frank and gentle eyes will easily seduce humans who cross her path.

Character and skills

The Ariège Pointer it is a quiet breed of dog, although sometimes stubborn, which is common among hunting dogs. He is also a very intelligent dog.

Adapted to all types of hunting and considered one of the best hunting dogs that exist, thanks in particular to his excellent sense of smell, his great stamina and unerring determination, it is effective in all types of hunting and on all terrains.

The Ariège Pointer it is also very resistant and adapts easily to all weather situations, though still more at home in the cold than in the tropics.

Very sensitive and affectionate with his master and his relatives, is docile, Gentile, easy to train, and therefore it is an excellent pet.

May be in contact with other animals, in any case congeners or other species of the same size, especially if you've gotten used to them from a young age as part of puppy socialization. On the other hand, its innate hunting instinct could lead it to attack small potential prey. So, it is better to avoid sharing your daily life with a rabbit, a rat or other game that awakens their deep stalker nature.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to keep it on a leash when in town. On the other hand, if your education is not lacking, it's conceivable – and even desirable – let it go when in the field, so it can be spent, as this is necessary for their physical and psychological well-being.

In effect, the Ariège Pointer remains a lively, independent dog who needs daily exercise and is happy to take part in long walks or bike rides. It is a recommended breed of dog for an athletic owner, since you can't settle for a few relatively short outings to relieve yourself.

They can live in the city, but only if they have a garden. The latter does not make it less necessary to offer him long walks, all days, ideally in the middle of nature. It also, if you live in the city, it is advisable to accustom it from a young age to crowds and traffic, for example to avoid encountering a dog that runs behind cars.

Education

The Ariège Pointer has an innate aptitude for hunting, but he still deserves to be educated as soon as possible to consolidate his knowledge and teach him the fundamental commands of hunting (stop, stand up, report…).

Whether it is intended to be used as a working dog or simply as a companion dog, it is recommended to train it with patience and delicacy, since it is endowed with great sensitivity. If you don't, you risk getting upset and discouraged, and restoring trust between the owner and his animal is then a long and arduous task.

In any case, either during your education or at any time after, the owner must be calm, attentive and balanced to curb the very dynamic burning of your partner.

Health

The Ariège Pointer he is a robust dog with an iron constitution and no particular pathology.

Grooming

A weekly brushing of the dog's coat is sufficient, since the Ariège Pointer does not need much maintenance.

Having said that, like any hunting dog, the dog's ears should be systematically cleaned when he returns home, in order to remove any leaves or dirt that may have lodged there.

This special attention to its ears is also valid if it is only used as a companion dog., since dog breeds with floppy ears are at higher risk of ear problems.

For sale “Ariège Pointer”

The price of a puppy Ariège Pointer in a hatchery is between 600 and 800 EUR. There is generally no price difference between a male and a female.

Characteristics "Ariège Pointer"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Ariège Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

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Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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barking ⓘ

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3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
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Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
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Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 2.0 out of 5
2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos "Ariège Pointer"

Braque de l'Ariège
Braque de l’Ariège
Braque de l'Ariège
Braque de l’Ariège

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
  • UKCGun Dog


FCI breed standard "Ariège Pointer"

FCIFCI - Ariège Pointer
Bracco

Alternative names:

1. Ariège Pointer, Ariege Pointing Dog (English).
2. Braque de l’Ariège, braque de Toulouse, braque du Midi (French).
3. Ariège-Vorstehhund, Braque de l’Ariège (German).
4. (em francês: Braque de l’Ariège) (Portuguese).
5. Braco de Ariège (español).