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Continental Toy Spaniel
Francia Bélgica FCI 77 . Continental Toy Spaniel and others

Papillón

The Continental Toy Spaniel He was recognized by the AKC in 1935. The variety of drooping ears is called Phalène.

Content

History

The Continental Toy Spaniel (in French: Butterfly), water dog is a breed of dog of the type. One of the oldest of the Toy Spaniel, It is named after its resemblance to the butterfly, in its ears, large with long hair and fringes, It emulates open wings of a butterfly.

The history of Continental Toy Spaniel is traced through various works of art. The first Toy Spaniels which resembles the Continental Toy Spaniel you are in italy. Vicelli Tiziano painted these small dogs in many famous paintings, about 1500, as the Venus of Urbino (1542). Other renowned artists to have painted these small dogs are Watteau, González Coke, Fragonard, Paolo Veronese, and Mignard.

A painting of the Wallace Collection, London, appears a Continental Toy Spaniel portrayed with the family of Louis XIV. As well, Papillon dogs appear in paintings of European royal families and the families of merchants of the time paintings. The race was very popular in England, France and Belgium, which are considered countries of origin by the FCI.

The history of Continental Toy Spaniel and its long association with royalty have led to many stories about the breed. Marie Antoinette is said to have gone to the guillotine, clinging to her small dog under her arm, a Continental Toy Spaniel. But, Tradition says that Marie Antoinette's dog was a small dog belonging to the Water Dogs which had been brought to the French court from Spain on the back of pack mules. according to history, her puppy was saved and was treated in a building in Paris that, currently called the Papillon House.

The Continental Toy Spaniel He was recognized by the AKC in 1935. In the news, the Continental Toy Spaniel can be seen competing in obedience and agility.

Physical characteristics

Colors

  • S – black and white
  • S – Lemon and white
  • S – White and Red
  • S – Sable and white
  • S – Black and white as

Colors

  • A – Brown black and white
  • A – Black red and white
  • A – Brown and white
  • A – Black & Fawn
  • A – Red

Colors

  • A – Red, Sable and white
  • A – Sand
  • A – White
  • A – White and Brown
  • A – Silver and white

Markings

  • A – Black marks
  • A – Mask black
  • A – red marks
  • A – Sand
  • A – the marks fire
Phalène
PHALENE, Vittoria’s Come Along

To the Continental Toy Spaniel with floppy ears it is called Phalène (from French: moth). His small head is slightly rounded. The snout is a little short, fine, narrowing towards the nose. The eyes are dark, size medium, round, with a thin black border that, often extends into the Union of the eyelids to ears. The large ears may be erect or fall with the rounded tips.

They have the long tail of high insertion, covered with long, fine hair. The hair is smooth, long, fine, a single layer, and on the chest, the ears and the back of the queue have longer hair, as if it were a wheel.

The color of the coat is white with patches of any color. A mask of a color other than white covers both ears and the eyes from back to front..

The most distinctive of Continental Toy Spaniel it's his big fringed ears, It seems to the wings of a butterfly. They can also be registered, the American Kennel Club supports the following colors and markings, the types specified as S-standard, or A-alternative for use in shows and competitions:

There are two variations of this race, that of the fully erect ears of the Continental Toy Spaniel more common, and the lop-eared Spaniel type (ears of Phalène). But, the American Kennel Club and the International Cynological Federation consider variation Phalène and the Continental Toy Spaniel common, as the same race. The height is of 20 to 28 cm., and the weight of approximately 3.5 kg.

Observations

in brood, a specimen of the variety should never be crossed Continental Toy Spaniel with variety Phalène, because there is a considerable risk that arise with ears semierguidas either mixed puppies.

This detail, It must be taken into account for those people who wish to participate in show ring since that difference in the ears is penalized as a serious lack.

Character and skills

The temperament of Continental Toy Spaniel is very affectionate, docile and even at times, absorbent.

Is - by definition- a service dog is will be looking for pampering continuously, which makes it an ideal dog for older people, Since his love everyday waste and their small size are an infallible weapon against loneliness.

In general, is a quiet dog, is very patient and just ladra.

It adapts with total tranquility to any situation, the only thing that will interest him is to be next to his owner.

While they will not display aggressiveness to strangers, nor give exaggerated signs of love. They should not be shy or aggressive, that is not common in the breed.

They need a daily walk. The game really like, and it is good that there is time for fun, but long walks are necessary to be a good state of health.

Life expectancy Continental Toy Spaniel round the 16 years.

Y, as last detail, is an excellent Hunter of mice.

Education

The globally obedient and loyal character of the Continental Toy Spaniel makes you a good candidate for a first adoption. In particular, his intelligence makes him quickly understand and memorize the association between orders and actions. This makes it easier to learn the basic commands, but it also makes him an ideal student for a master who wants to go further and teach his dog tricks. Very intelligent, the dog Continental Toy Spaniel trains easily.

But, to use your intelligence and learn, must be willing to do it. In fact, pampered and treated like a prince for centuries, has maintained a certain propensity to do only what he wants. So, special emphasis should be placed on learning obedience early in your education, as it is the key to unlocking everything else and exploiting its full potential. But, it's not a matter of rushing: given its sensitivity and its closeness to its humans, punishing the dog for being recalcitrant would have every chance of backfiring, by weakening the bond that binds him to his master. Better to see it upside down, and reward him (with stimuli, treats or even caresses) every time he does what is expected of him. This is the very basis of the positive dog training method., and the value you place on everything that comes from your human referent only makes the use of rewards more effective. Like this, knowing how to show firmness (and if patience is necessary) to set and enforce limits upon arrival at home, it is better to share beauty with gentleness and rewards to make your education a success.

It also, the fact that he is sociable both with humans and with other animals does not exempt him from being socialized from his earliest age, at the risk of behaving differently. Make you meet lots of people (friends, neighbors, delivery man, veterinary…) and get used to meeting other animals (dogs, cats, rodents, birds…) it is essential to avoid any tendency to aggression once he is an adult and to hope to at least partially curb his hunting instinct. At the same time, exposing him to all kinds of noises and smells in all kinds of places allows him to be calm and balanced afterwards, and therefore perfectly capable of finding and holding its place alongside humans.

Health

Despite her fragile appearance, the Continental Toy Spaniel it is generally quite robust. Most people have few health problems and enjoy a good life expectancy, at least equal to that of other dogs of this structure.

His coat lacking undercoat, However, makes it little resistant to cold. On the other hand, has less difficulty in strong heat.

The health problems to which you are particularly predisposed are:

  • hereditary cerebellar ataxia, a rare genetic disorder whose outcome is usually fatal;
  • progressive retinal atrophy, which gradually causes the dog's weight due to neuronal degeneration of the eye responsible for vision.It is an incurable hereditary disease;
  • the opening of the fontanel, when a soft spot on the top of the head does not close completely.This genetic problem means that a head injury can be fatal;
  • von Willebrand's disease, an inherited condition that affects platelets and leads to a bleeding disorder: Therefore, a simple cut can cause excessive bleeding;
  • patellar luxation, which can cause pain in the knee of the animal and promote the development of arthrosis. Continental Toy Spaniel explains why you are predisposed to this problem;
  • the waterfall, giving the eye a milky or crystalline appearance, and can cause blindness. In some cases, corrected by surgery;
  • entropion, a malformation of the eyelid that causes painful lesions of the cornea in the animal;
  • collapsed windpipe, an irreversible condition that causes breathing problems and worsens over time;
  • follicular dysplasia of the black hairs, a skin condition that causes hair loss (alopecia);
  • dental problems, like all dogs of this size., the small size of its mouth favors the formation of tartar, and all the troubles that go with it (gingivitis,periodontosis…);
  • broken bones, especially in puppies, that are particularly fragile and must be handled with care;
  • hypoglycemia, which is characterized by a decrease in blood sugar levels. The animal is then in a state of great weakness and fatigue. In the most severe cases, may fall into a coma.

The fact that many of these conditions are inherited underscores the difference that adopting from a serious breeder Continental Toy Spaniel.In fact, a professional worthy of the name should be able to provide not only a certificate of good health established by a veterinarian, as well as the details of the vaccinations received by the animal (recorded in your health record or immunization record), but also and especially the results of the genetic tests carried out on the parents or the child on these diseases.

Having said that, making sure you adopt a healthy puppy is of little interest if you don't do everything you can to keep it that way. In this sense, prevention plays a fundamental role: wear it regularly (At least once a year) to a veterinarian for a health check allows, in particular, make sure you are up to date on your vaccinations, but also detect a possible problem as soon as possible.

Life expectancy

Of 14 to 15 years

Grooming

Although the Continental Toy Spaniel it's a long-haired dog, the absence of undercoat makes their coat relatively easy to maintain. In fact, this particularity implies that very little is detached, except during their molting periods, in spring and autumn. Daily brushing is necessary during these periods, but twice a week is more than enough the rest of the time.

As long as the coat is brushed enough, does not tend to get dirty or smell bad. So, unless it got especially dirty, wash the dog 2 or 3 times a year is usually enough. Always use a shampoo specially designed for dogs, since the pH of your skin is not the same as that of humans.

As in the case of any dog, their ears should be checked and cleaned once a week to reduce the risk of infection.

Since they are especially prone to eye diseases, your eyes should also be thoroughly cleaned weekly.

It also, regular tooth brushing, at least once a week, It is essential to limit the formation of tartar and avoid all the risks that this entails. Do not neglect this maintenance, as it is prone to dental problems.

Last, your nails grow quickly: therefore, generally need to be cut once a month. Otherwise, run the risk of disturbing or even breaking and injuring you.

Of course, all coat maintenance, the eyes, the ears, the dog's teeth and nails should not be done randomly: it is important to know how to proceed. It is important to know how to do it well. The first time, It may help to see a veterinarian or professional groomer to learn how to do this..

It also, so that the sessions go as well as possible, it is important to accustom your pet to all these manipulations from an early age.

Food

The Continental Toy Spaniel can be fed industrial dog food, as long as it is of good quality and adapted to their age, size and activity level, so that it provides you with all the nutrients you need.

Even if your dog is not predisposed to being overweight due to his activity level, you have to make sure that his daily intake does not exceed his needs and weigh him regularly, for example, Once a month. In the event that a discrepancy is confirmed or even worsens from one moment to the next, it doesn't take long to take him to a vet: he will be able to identify the medical origin (disease, side effect of a medication…) or dietary origin (unsuitable products or given in excessively large quantities) of the problem, and define how to remedy it. By the way, It's important to put attention on 300 or 400 grams of extra is not much for a human, but they represent for a small dog like Continental Toy Spaniel a significant percentage of your weight, and therefore clearly require to be alarmed.

By the way, treats can work wonders in the context of your education, but they can also work against you by promoting weight gain if given in large amounts. To limit this risk, the ideal is to deduct your caloric intake from your daily ration. Last, like any dog, the Continental Toy Spaniel must have access to clean, fresh water at all times.

Use

Unlike many dog ​​breeds that were originally developed for hunting or herding, the Continental Toy Spaniel has served from the beginning as an ideal companion dog, being gentle, affectionate and calm. From the 15th century, they were the perfect companion of noble ladies in the royal courts of Europe.

This role of faithful companion dog is still the most frequent today, and needs to be very close to his family. But, not to be confused with a lap dog that spends most of its time sleeping: has a lot of energy, and needs a master active enough to allow him to spend it every day.

His past and present success as a companion dog owes much to his attractive appearance.. It's no wonder that many owners try to display them at dog shows, so it is common to find them as sample dogs.

His intelligence and physical abilities are above average for a dog of his size., which makes them ideal competitors in dog sports such as agility, the flyball, obedience and rally-obedience.

It also, His level of vigilance and the fact that he is not one of those who spend hours sleeping during the day make him a good alert dog., that does not stop warning in case of unusual presence.

Last, His closeness to humans and ability to quickly become friends with them combine with his sensitivity to make him an excellent therapy dog., gifted to calm the most fragile people with his simple presence. They can be found in hospitals, mental health centers and rehabilitation centers.

How much does a “Continental Toy Spaniel”?

The price of a puppy Continental Toy Spaniel it's average 1200 EUR.

But, there may be a more or less important difference from one individual to another, based on your lineage, the prestige of the kennel from which they come, its intrinsic characteristics (and, in particular, of its greater or lesser conformity with the standard, which means that within the same litter there may be significant price differences), as well as their sex, since females tend to cost more than males.

Characteristics "Continental Toy Spaniel"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Continental Toy Spaniel" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Continental Toy Spaniel”

Videos “Continental Toy Spaniel”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 9: Continental Toy Spaniel and others
  • AKCToy
  • ANKC – Group 1 (Toy)
  • CKC – Group 5 – (Toy)
  • ​KC – Toy
  • NZKCToy
  • UKC – Group 8 – Companion dog


FCI breed standard "Continental Toy Spaniel"

FCIFCI - Continental Toy Spaniel
Continental Toy Spaniel

Alternative names:

1. Epagneul Nain Continental, Papillon, Butterfly dog, Squirrel dog (English).
2. Papillon (French).
3. Ursprünglich Epagneul Nain Continenta, Schmetterlingshündchen, Papillon und Phalène, Für den Papillon (German).
4. Borboleta, Papillon (Portuguese).
5. Epagneul papillón, Spaniel continental enano, Spaniel Continental enano de compania (español).

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French Bulldog
Francia FCI 101 . Small Molossian type Dogs

Bulldog Francés

The French Bulldog It is protective and playful but it is not ideal for hiking.

Content

History

What is the origin of "French Bulldog"?

The French Bulldog it is one of the smallest representatives of the class of molossi. Its origin is not very old, since it did not appear until the middle of the 19th century, in the Paris region. It is the only French dog breed originating from Paris.

In the 19th century, most Parisian butchers traditionally owned doguines, a breed of small dog that is now extinct. But to be fashionable, they started to buy small Bulldogs, called Toy Bulldogs. Importing Bulldogs in France had begun at the end of the 18th century.

It also seems that, parallel, between 1865 and 1880, English workers pushed by the industrial revolution to come to work in France contributed to introducing race into the French working class.

At that time, besides being popular in England, dogfighting was very popular in the Parisian suburbs and many butchers, cocheros, merchants and workers had a fighting dog. The Bulldog had not yet acquired the character of a companion dog, and still had the tenacity of the Molossoid from which it came.

At the same time, the rat dog was also very common in the Parisian suburbs, especially popular with coachmen, who used it to rid their stables of rats.

Like this, the crossing of a Buzzard with a Bulldog, to get a smaller fighting dog, laid the foundations of French Bulldog. The Bulldog he was also randomly bred with other local dogs, as the Doguins or French Terriers, and the brachycephalic character of the dog was accentuated with the help of Lilleois, a small dog from northern France derived from Pug, today extinct.

In 1880 the first French Toy Bulldog Club was formed and in 1888 a draft standard was drawn up. The goal was to have short-faced, straight-eared dogs.

In 1893, Krehl, a British breeder, imported French Toy Bulldogs to England to present to the English Kennel Club. Immediately, a dispute broke out over the paternity of the breed between the French and the English. The British considered that the breed standard had not been respected by the French, and they considered that the French Toy Bulldog was their creation. Until 1899, the Club of Bulldog refused to admit the French Bulldog in the breeding book, claiming that it did not preserve the purity of the race, before reversing his decision and finally accepting him French Bulldog together with him Bulldog.

The French preserved the paternity of the race, not without reason. “The British provided the main ingredients, but it was the French who established the final recipe that led to the French Bulldog as we know it”, escribió Françoise Girard in her book The French Bulldog.

The first breed standard was established in 1898, year in which the Société Centrale Canine recognized her. It was subsequently modified several times, in 1931-1932 and in 1948. Refurbished in 1986 por H.F. Reant and Raymond Triquet and published in 1987 by the FCI, was last corrected in 1994 by the committee of the Club of French Bulldog, with the collaboration of Raymond Triquet.

His mouth and his clown mimicry opened the French Bulldog the gates of the bourgeoisie. In the early 20th century, became the darling of the aristocracy, and the great names of the time like Colette, Mistinguett or Yves Saint-Laurent succumbed to its charms. In addition to becoming the favorite of French high society, it was also highly coveted by the aristocracy of other European countries, like English royalty or the Russian emperor's court, and had great success in the United States, where prominent American personalities, como Josephine Baker, they became infatuated with the little animal.

In summary, throughout the West, the ladies wanted to be accompanied by a French Bulldog, although the race came from the poorest strata of the population.

The austerity brought about by the world wars will be dramatic for the race, that was on the verge of extinction due to lack of breeders to produce it. We had to wait for the beginning of the eighties and the tenacity of certain passionate breeders of French Bulldog so that I would return under the lights of the wall.

Physical characteristics

for a French Bulldog in good condition, the weight must not be less of 8 kg, or more of 14 kg, the size is in proportion to the weight.

The French Bulldog is a typical small molossoid. It is a powerful dog with a stocky appearance, compact all out of proportion. They have a short, flattened face, with folds and wrinkles, and a mighty jaw. His eyes are big, dark and bulging, and his nose is necessarily black.

The coat of the French Bulldog it's short and closed, without Undercoat, and it can be tawny, solid or slightly brindle, sometimes with white spots.

Last, the French Bulldog has naturally straight and pointed ears, while his tail is short, often twisted or naturally amputated and pointed.

Weight and height

▷ Male size: 30 – 35 cm.
▷ Female size: 29 – 34 cm.
▷ Male weight: 8 – 14 kg
▷ Female weight: 7 – 12 kg

Character and skills

It is said that most dogs are sticky, and the French Bulldog confirm the rule. So much so that it is usually closer to its owner than to its companions., and sometimes he is possessive and exclusive with his dear master.

For all of it, is a happy dog, cuddly and playful.

When he's not sleeping, he is close to his master, often reproducing their actions by mimicry. To the French Bulldog he does not like to be alone, but its small size allows it to be carried to most public places, and even to work if your education has been well done.

He loves children and plays with them without showing any aggression. It also, if sometimes he barks to signal the arrival of a stranger (knowing that he rarely barks and does the minimum of guard duty, because it is not their main occupation), the real French Bulldog, well mannered, will never bite a human. Aggression is considered a defect of this breed. In fact, most French Bulldogs they are kind and respectful to everyone, with both humans and animals, but some may be reserved with strangers.

The temperament of French Bulldog also makes it a suitable dog breed for seniors.

Having said that, although they are capable of being the calmest companions, they need to expend their energy daily, otherwise their owners may encounter some mischief, like destruction and damage to the house.

Education

How to educate a "French Bulldog"?

Despite his cute looks, do not forget the roots of this dog. So, their ability to be dominant must be controlled from a very early age through gentle upbringing, firm and consistent. In fact, a little rigorous education could have bad repercussions in the daily life and the coexistence between the dog and its humans.

On the other hand, the French Bulldog can easily get angry if his upbringing is too aggressive, While, on the other hand, a well-balanced firmness in the voice allows you to quickly and easily incorporate the rules of the house.

Health

Unlike many races, the French Bulldog do not have any recurring genetic defects.

But, your health needs to be closely monitored to prevent or identify the most common problems as soon as possible:

Sensitivity to heat

The French Bulldogs they are very sensitive to heat. From about 25° and especially on sunny days, the risks of heat stroke and heat stroke can occur very quickly, and even cause the death of the dog. As much as saying that the French Bulldog cannot live abroad.

Spinal problems

The dehydration of the intervertebral disc, which plays the role of buffer between 2 vertebrae, is a real danger for him French Bulldog. The intervertebral disc becomes cartilaginous and ends up ossifying little by little. It no longer performs its role as a shock absorber and tends to be expelled to the outside. This ossification may be followed by compression of the spinal cord., at risk of nerve tissue injury and paralysis.

The herniated disc is another classic disorder in the French Bulldog. Appears with premature wear of cartilage. This condition most often affects individuals who have been jumped on their hind legs during their youth.. Dogs with this disease experience severe muscle pain when they move. They walk with their heads down, with contracted neck muscles. In severe cases, this can lead to hind limb paralysis.

The chondrodystrophy, less common, causes a shortening of the bones, which can cause significant locomotion problems.

Last, the French Bulldog can also suffer Hip Dysplasia, elbow dysplasia or dislocation of patella.

airway obstruction

The French Bulldog may be exposed to different types of airway obstruction problems, call brachycephalic syndrome.

First of all, the nasal stenosis (also called “pinched nostril”) corresponds to a collapse of the alar cartilage, too soft. This causes respiratory discomfort that can force the dog to breathe through the mouth to compensate for the lack of oxygen. The condition is noticeable by the line of the nostrils, which is then straight instead of comma-shaped. In this case, the only remedy is surgery.

The soft palate is too long and may cause compression of the larynx. This condition is not detectable in young puppies, but there are some symptoms that should set off the alarm. But, you have to notice certain symptoms, like a very pronounced snoring, or fatigue and shortness of breath that occur quickly when walking. A bluish discoloration of the mucous membranes and tongue may also be noted., bloodshot eyes and, sometimes, rickets.

The edema of the larynx, what is a specific disorder, appears especially in case of stress or heat stroke, or even both combined. The dog then gasps and scratches when inhaling. This situation requires quick intervention, placing the dog in a cool place as much as possible and cooling it, for example, spraying it with plenty of cold water. The first priority is to calm the animal, before taking him to the vet for an emergency cortisone injection.

Eye problems

The French Bulldogs can be victims of Nictitating gland dislocation. This gland tends to stick out of the corner of the eye and can grow rapidly to the size of a blackberry.. This condition is common in Bulldogs growing, but it can also be the result of an eye infection.

In general, the prominence of the eyes of the French Bulldog makes them particularly fragile in this area. But, it is possible to protect them thanks to glasses perfectly adapted for them.

Hermaphroditism

Hermaphroditism in the French Bulldog It is rare, but its existence deserves to be informed.

Grooming

The coat of the French Bulldog does not require very difficult maintenance. Regular brushing (two or three times a week) it is enough to remove its many dead hairs, and a bath once a month with a dog shampoo will keep their coat shiny. It also, has a light that spills.

On the other hand, the folds of your face should be cleansed at least twice a week and kept with cream, to avoid infection. You also have to clean his ears at least once a week.

It also, you have to clean the eyes regularly with an anti-inflammatory eye drops and be careful with the blows. His eyes are particularly fragile, and any tearing, either regular or excessive, may be a sign of a disease. At this level, great vigilance is necessary.

Last, you also have to take care of the area under your tail, since the fact that it is located on your buttocks causes dirt to accumulate, and the morphology of the animal does not allow it to clean itself properly.

Food

Due to his brachycephalic head, the French Bulldog tends to swallow food without chewing it, which causes digestive sensitivity and causes rumbling in the stomach and flatulence. So, you need a diet that allows you to maintain your weight and offers good digestibility, without excess fat, but with a sufficient enrichment in essential fatty acids, amino acids and vitamins of group B.

It is advisable to give two meals a day, one in the morning and one at night.

Use

The French Bulldog is primarily a companion and indoor dog, but it can also be a good guard and defense dog.

On the other hand, because of your bad breath, it is not a sporting dog. Like this, although I appreciate the walks, that are good for maintaining your powerful muscles, jogging with him is not recommended.

Also be careful with the waterways and the pool. In effect, because of his stocky body and heavy head, the French Bulldog is not a very good swimmer, and you risk drowning.

Breeders list "French Bulldog"

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Characteristics "French Bulldog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "French Bulldog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “French Bulldog”

Videos “French Bulldog”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Section 11: Small Molossian type Dogs
  • AKC
  • ANKC
  • CKC
  • KC
  • NZKC
  • UKC


FCI breed standard "French Bulldog"

FCIFCI - French Bulldog
Bulldog

Alternative names:

1. Frenchies (English).
2. Bouledogue (French).
3. Französische Bulldogge (German).
4. Buldogue francês (Portuguese).
5. Frenchie (español).

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Poodle
Francia FCI 172 . Poodle

Caniche

The Poodle is a CF dog, joyful, Nice, curious and intelligent.

Content

History

The Poodle is a breed of dog, from the fifteenth century to the present day, It is considered to be of exclusive use for the luxury of the aristocrats and nobles. Known for its woolly and curly coat, There are four varieties: Grand, Medium-, Dwarf and Toy.

Until the Renaissance, This was a collector of water dog, they retrieved the already hunted prey that had fallen into the water, such as ducks and swans.

In each language, the poodle Gets a different name:

  • English: Poodle, French Poodle
  • French: Caniche, Chien Canard
  • German: Pudel
  • Italian: Barbone Nano, Barboncino
  • Spanish: Caniche

From France, the Poodle is a descendant of Barbet, original German swamp; and in the middle ages, He was assigned to tumble as duck or goose birds hunting, so it was selected for characteristics such as its adaptability to boggy terrain and its resistance to water, What makes this breed, along with others are called water dogs.

From the 16th century, the poodles began to be famous for her beauty and intelligence, especially in various circus performances and works of art by various authors as Albrecht Dürer and Francisco de Goya. In the times of Louis XVI of France, their presence in the French court was already very common..

By changes in taste in its appearance, during the 19th century the protection of the fur that was scorned, until then, had the function of protecting him from hypothermia, What stylists began to create various courts such as the British Montano and the Continental. For the poodle newborns, began the custom of amputate the tail.

The Franco-Prussian War began the dissemination of the race as such, intended for millionaires and aristocrats. In the 20th century, only dominated the giant variety, Therefore, later, with the approval of the Canine Associations —such as the Kennel Club— the Standard varieties emerged. (low diffusion from 1792), Miniature (1911) and Toy (1957). In the final years of the 20th century, the hybrid race emerged “Labrapoodles” (combination of Poodleand with Labrador).

Did you know??

These canines curly hair are often considered the national dog of France, although the breed originated in Germany.

Physical characteristics


The four varieties of Poodle:

Poodle large:

Is believed to be the original variety of which emerged the other varieties, through crossings to reduce the size. The height at the withers varies from 45 to 60 cm., is supported 2 cm over, provided that the copy keep proportions. Y, they weigh around 30 kg.

Medium Poodle (or standard):

This type of poodle is perhaps, the less well known, and at the same time the more quiet. Measures of 36 to 44 Cross cm, and as in all sizes, just accept the plain colors in fur. The weight is commensurate with its size.

Miniature Poodle:

This variety has a height to the cross 28 to 35 cm.. You have to look like a medium-sized Caniche, but smaller and show no signs of dwarfism. As in the larger varieties, they are judged grouped by colors.

Toy Poodle:

The variety has a height of between 24 and 28 centimeters at the withers or height, provided that the proportions are maintained and that they do not present any symptoms of dwarfism. Are judged all together colors.

Depending on your health, a miniature poodle lives on average 14,8 years; one Toy 14,4 years; a medium Poodle also 14,4 years, and a Large Poodle live media 13,5 years. Although these data are quite accurate, It is not uncommon to see poodle small, of more than 18 years, or even of 20.

In the exhibitions held under the rules of the FCI, copies of black, White and Brown are judged in the same group to obtain the CACIB. The same applies to copies of grey, Apricot and Red; the best of each of these groups becomes a final judgment to determine the best copy of the variety.

For your care, Peel according to your style, requiring a dog hairdresser. Accepted the hair in the form of long-haired head, ears and neck, including legs. They do not loose too much hair and health must clean the eyes and ears. They should be washed with some frequency. The care of the fur is unconditional in this breed, so it is necessary to wash with exclusive dog shampoo and in no case with human shampoo, that damages the skin of the Caniche because it causes you to lose the natural oil that has in its hair and, in the long run, brings complications.

Their care has to be very guarded, because due to his long-haired Kale, thick and woolly, of a single type of hair, It can tangle with ease. They require cepillados every week (without going).

The baths should be monthly (It is not advisable or necessary to abuse these) with moisturizing shampoos and masks. It has to be dried with a dryer and never air. They are dogs that after the silent main hair puppy to adult not move almost hair and are nearly hypoallergenic.

There are many types of court, but students admitted for exhibition: Continental, Continental American, Scandinavian and Puppy Clip. The Court will be based on the structure of the dog and the taste of exhibitor or owner, the most widely used is the American Continental.
Apart from the common poodle, There is also the variety Cordelé, taking this more curly hair and being able to display in the form of strings as the Puli.

Health Poodles

Not all of these diseases affect standard poodles, but the conditions that can generally occur in poodles include the following:

Addison's disease and Cushing's syndrome are two sides of the same coin. In dogs with Addison's disease, the adrenal glands produce insufficient amount of the hormone cortisol. Dogs become lethargic, intolerant and depressed stress, and may have digestive problems. Some dogs may have an acute crisis, requiring hospitalization. The lifelong treatment involves the administration of drugs.

In dogs with Cushing's syndrome, the adrenal glands produce too much cortisol. Symptoms include weight gain, gasps, excessive thirst and hunger, bladder infections and urinating in the house but the dog has been previously trained. Cushing's disease is usually controlled with medication for life, but sometimes surgery is necessary.

Another hormonal problem seen in poodles is hypothyroidism (An inappropriate thyroid hormone). Symptoms include weight gain, loss of hair, lack of resistance to disease, excessive hunger and heat seeking. Normally supplements prescribed thyroid hormone to control the condition.

Progressive retinal atrophy (ARP) is an eye disease that can eventually lead hereditary blindness. Standard other potential eye problems in poodles and toy are cataracts and glaucoma. Poodles can also be affected by von Willebrand's disease (a disorder of blood clotting).

Although all Poodles, regardless of size, They are the same “race”, They not all have the same health problems. Poodles toy and miniature poodles share many common health problems for smaller breeds of dogs, as kneecaps that easily out of place (You dislocated kneecaps), breathing difficulties caused by a collapse of the trachea and dental problems due to the overcrowding of teeth within their small mouths.

The Toy Poodles can also suffer Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, which causes a reduction of the blood supply to the head of the bone of the thigh, causing degradation. The first sign of this disease is lameness, that usually appears when the puppy has to 4 to 6 months of age. Treatment is surgical, after which the puppy can lead a relatively normal life apart from a greater chance of developing arthritis.

Standard Poodles, like many large breeds deep chest, They have an increased risk of swelling, also known as gastric dilation volvulus, a life-threatening condition in which the stomach twists on itself, trapping air inside. Swell dogs require immediate veterinary care and, usually, surgery to correct the problem. Since most dogs that swell once swell again, the surgeon may also recommend a procedure known as “turn of the stomach” or gastropexia, as a preventive measure.

A skin problem that can affect the toy poodles and standard is the sebaceous adenitis, an inflammation of the sebaceous glands that causes hair loss and skin problems. It can be diagnosed with a skin biopsy, but the effectiveness of treatment varies.

Hip dysplasia is an orthopedic problem beginning at puppyhood. Is a malformation and poor fit of the joint of the ball and socket hip. It may be a minor problem or life-altering disability. Treatment can range from something as simple as daily medication to major surgery., even a hip replacement.

Last, Standard Poodles have a higher incidence of certain cancers, including insulinoma and hemangiosarcoma, compared to some other breeds.

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it can be difficult to predict whether an animal will be free of these diseases, so it is necessary to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. Must be able to produce an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for these defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

Careful breeders screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best looking dogs, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy develops one of these diseases despite good husbandry practices. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that in most cases dogs can still live a good life.

Character and skills

Intelligent, loving, legal and naughty, those are the four words that the poodle enthusiasts describe the personality and character of this breed.

Despite his actual appearance, the poodle has a playful side, likes to interact with their owners, tends to be very friendly with people and always likes to please.

If we combine his legendary intelligence with its sociability gives as a result a dog highly entrenable.

A poodle, you have been taught canine manners, will have a quiet character, especially if you exercise regularly to burn off your natural energy.

The poodle is a protective dog that will not hesitate to use its bark when a stranger approaches its home., and although he is affectionate with the family, can take you some time socializing with other people.

An outstanding feature of the poodle is their intelligence (occupies the position No. 2 on classification of intelligence dog breeds by Stanley Coren).
It is often said that they have a human intelligence, an incredible cunning that amazes its owners. Of course, smart dogs can be tricky. They learn fast, both the bad and good habits

Basics of grooming poodles

The toilet is an important consideration in Poodles. Fine and curly coat that worked well when the Poodle spent his time in the water needs to be trimmed regularly, normally every 6 u 8 weeks, depending on the preferences of its owner. It easily fits and requires regular brushing at home, even with a professional grooming. If left untrimmed, coat will curl naturally strings, although some people prefer that aspect.

Dental care is important, particularly for Poodles Toys and Miniatures. Keep the much brushing her teeth with toothpaste approved by the vet pet and making a veterinarian make regular dental checkups.

Trim nails as needed, usually every week or two. They should not be so long that you can hear the click on the ground.

Characteristics "Poodle"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Poodle" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Breeders of the breed "Poodle"

Poodle images

Poodle Videos

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9 Section 2 “Poodle”
  • AKC – Toy Group
  • ANKC – Toy Group 7 (Non-Sporting)
  • ​KC – Toy Utility
  • CKC – Group 5 – Toys
  • NZKC – Non-sporting toy
  • UKC – Company


FCI breed standard "Poodle"

FCIFCI - Poodle
Poodle

Alternative names:

1. Pudelhund, Caniche (English).
2. Caniche (French).
3. Caniche (German).
4. Caniche (Portuguese).
5. Poodle (español).

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Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)
Francia FCI 233 . Little Lion Dog

The Little Lion Dog It is little known, so much that in 1960 was defined as the rarest dog in the world.

Little Lion Dog

Content

Characteristics "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The origins of Little Lion Dog, also called Löwchen they are old and controversial. The most widespread theory places its origins in northern Europe (Germany, Belgium and France) and claims that he is related to the race “Poodle” Dwarf, while another theory places its origins in the Mediterranean regions of Spain and France and states that it is closer to the Bichon.

Some give it a much more exotic origin, claiming that it descends from dogs that came from Tibet via Russia: However, this theory seems unlikely and is most certainly due to a mispronunciation, since his name is sometimes pronounced “Low Chen” in the Anglo-Saxon world, what gives it Asian sounds. Another hypothesis based on linguistics claims that his name is not a reference to the king of animals, but to the city of Lyon, from which it would originate.

Although its origins are unclear, the truth is that the Little Lion Dog It was already a highly sought-after companion dog in the Middle Ages.. This animal with its characteristic fur appears in numerous paintings, engravings and tapestries from the 15th centuries, 16Th and 17TH. One of the first representations of the breed can be seen in France, in the cathedral of Amiens, built in the 13th century, where two little lion dogs are carved in stone, perfectly representative of the breed.

Its famous lion's mane shearing is linked to the values ​​of the aristocracy during the Renaissance. As the lion represents strength and courage, the men used the Little Lion Dog as a status symbol. As for women, they appreciated being able to warm their feet against their little companion's bare skin and spend time grooming him this way.

So that, it is this peculiarity relative to the animal's fur that is at the origin of its name, even if it is not natural.

In the 18th century, both the Earl of Buffon (1707-1788) in his famous Natural History as the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), known as Carl von Linné for his ennoblement and author of Systema Naturae, they described the Löwchen and highlighted its rarity.

The breed gradually declined during the 19th century, and it was rare in 1897, when Mr.. by Coninick, a breeder of Dieghem (Belgium), sold a bitch of Little Lion Dog white to young Madelaine Bennert (1876-1972), also from Belgium, who fell in love with this nice dog.

The two world wars were about to suppose the death of this race. But, in 1944, Madelaine Bennert vowed to save the Löwchen starting a breeding program. Found two females, respectively in Lille and in the Dieghem region, and then a male named Ulan. The first litter was born in 1948. Later, a new female named Sirginia joined the program, and Hans Rickert, a german vet, teamed up with Mrs. Bennert to relaunch the breed. The dogs they used and gave birth to are the origin of the Löwchen what we know today.

His efforts paid off in 1961 When the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) officially recognized the breed, designating France as your country of origin.

But, It was from Germany that the first specimens were exported to Great Britain in 1967 and then to the United States in 1971, which undoubtedly explains why this dog is now much better known with its Germanic name than with the French. But, at that time it was still a very rare breed: with less than 50 registered copies (half of them in Germany), was even designated “the rarest dog breed in the world” by the Guinness Book of Records.

While the British Kennel Club quickly recognized the Little Lion Dog (already in 1971), the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC) they waited until 1994, 1995 and 1999, respectively, to give you full breed status.

Today, although it is still rare, the Little Lion Dog It is no longer an endangered breed and can count on a loyal fan base. The Löwchen is at the bottom of the popularity ranking in the United States (around the stall 170 of 190), but it enjoys a certain popularity in Britain, where some are registered 80 births per year. But, this figure tends to erode, since around 2010 I was well above 100. In France, the Livre des Origines Français (LOF) records an average of 70 new Löwchen per year, and the trend has been stable since the early 1990s. 2000.

Photo: Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

The Little Lion Dog it is a small dog breed with a robust appearance and solid bones. His body is square in shape, as high as long, and her back is straight, like its front legs. The tail, placed just below the line of the back, it is carried high and curved.

The head of the Löwchen it is relatively wide and short, with a wide muzzle ending in a black nose. The big eyes, dark and round should be well positioned forward and express drive and intelligence. The ears are low set, at the height of the eyes, and they fall quite low.

The coat is long and silky, and consists solely of a dense, wavy top layer. It is important to know that the appearance of “Lion's mane” so typical of the breed is not natural, but it is due to the cutting of part of its fur. Although this is mandatory for individuals participating in dog shows, a Löwchen confined to the role of companion dog can perfectly keep its long hair on the whole body.

The breed standard allows all colors and color combinations, but the white, cream and black are the most popular.

Last, there is little sexual dimorphism in this breed.

Size and weight

▷ Male size: Of 25 – 33 cm.
▷ female size: 25 – 33 cm.
▷ Male weight: 5 – 7 kg
▷ female weight: 5 – 7 kg

Character and skills

The Löwchen has been used as a pet for many centuries, and is extremely loving and attached to his family. They love spending time with their owners, either playing with them or just lying next to them. This attachment makes it a breed of dog that does not tolerate loneliness well.: if left alone frequently for several hours at a time, you are likely to suffer from separation anxiety. This can lead to excessive barking., scratches on the door or even destructive behavior.

Rather distrustful, the Little Lion Dog not very sociable with strangers, those he greets with barks. But, They accept them quickly once they realize that they are friends of the family and that they too get their share of attention.

Playful dog, he likes to have fun with the children he knows, but he is less receptive to those he does not know. As with all dogs of any size, should not be left alone with young children, especially if one or more of them are unknown.

Used to getting all the attention from your family, to the Little Lion Dog does not particularly like to share his home with other animals, whether they are companions or representatives of other species. On the other hand, accepts perfectly those with whom he has grown up and whom, Therefore, consider part of the family, although there is a risk that rodents will one day awaken their hunting instincts.

Regardless of its small size, not afraid to provoke other dogs much bigger than him, without being aware of the danger. So, a certain vigilance is necessary during walks, and particularly during encounters with unfamiliar dogs.

Despite the tendency to bark when he hears or sees something out of the ordinary, what can cause neighborhood problems, fits very well in apartment living, as long as you walk at least 20 minutes a day. But, to prevent something bad from happening to you, it is better that this walk be done on a leash. It also, if you have access to a garden, make sure that the latter is perfectly closed, since wandering the big world alone is quite risky for him, in particular because of its small size and its tendency to attack those bigger and stronger than it.

Intelligent, affectionate and endearing, the Löwchen it does not take long to win the hearts of his family, that you may even end up realizing that you have adapted your lifestyle to that of this new member, reserving your favorite spot on the couch or matching your bedtime and waking time with theirs. Many owners admit that “belong” to your Little Lion Dog… but they are absolutely delighted with him.

Curious and sometimes stubborn, this little bundle of joy is sure to delight singles and large families alike. He knows how to make himself loved and fills the lives of those who have time to dedicate to him, but his place is as close to his master as possible: does not about, for example, to make him spend the nights in another place that is not inside the home.

In short, although their barking and possible difficulty learning grooming can cause difficulties, his affectionate character, His obedient nature and unlimited attachment make him an ideal companion dog - as long as you have time to dedicate to him., and this even without experience. It is undoubtedly a good option for a first dog to adopt.

Education

The socialization of Löwchen should be started at an early age, so that it is perfectly balanced in adulthood. In addition to meeting all the members of his family (including other animals in the house), you must get used to all the stimuli and situations that you may encounter later: other people and animals, vehicles, city ​​noises, etc.

Cleaning training should also be undertaken as soon as you arrive at your new home., at the risk of never being able to correct the bad habits acquired. It is important to take him out as often as possible to relieve himself outside and be vigilant when he is inside, to identify the places you have chosen as toilets.

Another aspect that must be worked on as soon as possible is that of barking, since the Little Lion Dog tends to bark more than it should. Good socialization and work at this level as part of your education can quickly solve this problem.. As such, an inexperienced owner may need the help of a professional dog trainer.

But, this dog is smart and learns quickly. His desire to please his owner makes him an easy dog ​​to train, even without much experience. With a little patience, a beginning owner can teach you all the basic commands, as “Sit down” and “below”, and even go further in his education teaching him more advanced tricks.

It also, if he can have the vocation to participate one day in a dog show and then he will have to raise a lion's mane skin, it is necessary to accustom your partner to shearing when he is still a puppy, so that from then on you will not be afraid of these grooming sessions.

Being a very emotional dog, the Löwchen can be traumatized by traditional dog training methods. It is advisable to use the positive reinforcement method, rewarding good behavior with lots of caresses, affection and treats.

Health

Thanks to the rigorous breeding program carried out in the years 70, the Löwchen it is a very robust breed of dog, who is normally immune to serious inherited diseases, as long as, of course, a breeder of Löwchen responsible.

The most common health problems of this dog are:

  • Canine eye diseases, like the falls, progressive retinal atrophy or distichiasis, a condition that causes hair to grow on the inside of the eyelids and can be surgically corrected;
  • Hip Dysplasia;
  • Patellar dislocation;
  • congenital deafness, a relatively rare problem outside certain lines.
Life expectancy

12 to 14 years

Grooming

The Little Lion Dog requires some maintenance effort. In fact, although she changes very little, if it does (which often makes it a recommended dog breed for allergy sufferers), it is recommended to brush it every two or three days to keep its beautiful coat in good condition and avoid knots, that are as unsightly for their owner as they are uncomfortable for him. It is also useful to bathe him about once a month, taking care to use a specific shampoo for dogs.

When brushing your dog's hair, check your eyes and ears to make sure they are clean and not at risk of infection.

It also, how he usually spends most of his time indoors, natural wear and tear on the nails is seldom enough, so it is necessary to trim them regularly to avoid embarrassment or even injury.

Any owner who wants their dog to participate in dog shows should plan to take their companion to the groomer every two months or so, so that you can show off the beautiful mane so typical of the breed. But, it must be remembered here that the dog's coat allows him to conserve heat: if you live in a cold region, shaving it in winter is not necessarily ideal…

Utility

The Little Lion Dog has always been a companion dog, and this is still its main function today: be with your family and bring them love and happiness.

But, can also be useful as an alert dog, barking at the approach of a stranger. Brave, does not hesitate to defend his family, but its size does not allow it to play the role of watchdog.

They can also be trained to be admirable athletes in obedience and agility competitions..

He is also a regular at dog shows, where fans can admire the most beautiful specimens of the breed.

Last, his cheerful and optimistic demeanor allows him to be used as a therapy dog.

Images "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Photos:

1 – Little Lion Dog by https://pixabay.com/es/photos/perro-lowchen-löwchen-paja-1330537/
2 – Basil Smile (un perro de Löwchen, Ch Taywill Brillant Roman Basilia) mostrando su rostro by John M. P. Knox from Austin, USA, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Lowchen by Jappitoo, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – Adult Lowchen Gaiting by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – This is a 9 month old Lowchen puppy by Jk9dat, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Lowchen-10-Ch-Boondock Musicbox Don’t Roll Those Eyes At Me! 02 by Petful

Videos "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 9: Companion and Toy Dogs – Section 1.3: Little Lion Dog
  • AKCNon-Sporting
  • ANKC Group 1(Toys)
  • CKCGroup 6 (Non-Sporting)
  • ​KC – Toys
  • NZKCToys
  • UKCCompanion Breeds


FCI breed standard "Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)"

FCIFCI - Little Lion Dog (Löwchen)
Petit

Alternative names:

1. Löwchen (English).
2. Löwchen (French).
3. Petit chien lion (German).
4. Löwchen (Portuguese).
5. Löwchen (español).

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Barbet (French Water Dog)
Francia FCI 105 . Water Dogs

The Barbet they prefer to be in the same room with the family at all times

Barbet

Content

Characteristics "Barbet (French Water Dog)"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Barbet (French Water Dog)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

History

The Barbet (French Water Dog) It is a French breed of dog of medium size water.

This dog of waters is a rare species. Almost everyone has heard of breeds like the Poodle, Griffon and the Bichon Frise … Have you ever wondered where all these breeds come from?? Your answer is the following … all came from the Barbet, or as some known, the French Water Dog. Now, Where does he come from French Water Dog? Well, that is a question for which no one has a definite answer, but there are a lot of conjectures.

Some people say that the dog of the Barbet is a descendant of the original Griffon, others say it came from the Bergamasco that were brought from Asia, When was Europe invaded, others say that the Barbet North African wine, travelling through Spain to install on France, people say that, but the french spaniel is not the origin of all Water Dogs, It is very likely that it was close to the original type.

The reality is that Barbet has been in Europe for centuries, There are even writings about him, from the Elizabethan era describing the Barbet and the type of care necessary to keep your hair healthy.

Physical characteristics

compact and vigorous, with good muscles and bones in relation to the volume of your body. The eyes are round, living with an expression that denotes intelligence.

Morphologically is classified as bracoide, head approaching the form primástica, with the wide snout at the same end than at the base and separated from the front by a depression or Groove very marked, gachas ears, long and hanging lips, with highlight of the higher above the level of the mandible.

The standard of the race measured between 58 and 65 cm for the male; and 52 to 61 cm for the female and a weight of between 17 and 28 kg . The Barbet It is the prototype of a water dog with woolly hair, long, curly. The accepted colors by the FCI they are pure black, brown, cervato, clear and grey cervato.

Character and skills

The Barbet was used as a water dog (as its name implies) was a great dog collector for hunting in marshy areas.

This dog has been used by farmers for grazing, but that's not all, This dog, the Barbet He also frequented port areas to be a friend and companion of sailors. A very versatile breed.

  • Personality Barbet It is accompanying, joyful, salty, obedient and intelligent. They are quick to learn and need training to obey. You are very kind with children, families and older people.

The Barbet they prefer to be in the same room with the family at all times. They need daily exercise to keep your body and mental state in a healthy state.

The average life of the Barbet is of 13 to 15 years, knowing some case that has come to live 19 years.

Images "Barbet (French Water Dog)"

Videos "Barbet (French Water Dog)"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 3: Water Dogs. .

Federations:

Recognized by the federations :

  • FCI
  • UKC
  • ​CKC


FCI breed standard "Barbet (French Water Dog)"

FCIFCI - Barbet (French Water Dog)
Barbet

Alternative names

1. Barbet, French water dog (English).
2. Barbet, chien d’eau français (French).
3. Barbet, Französischer Wasserhund (German).
4. Barbet, cão d’água francês (Portuguese).
5. Barbet, Perro de aguas francés (español).

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Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
Holanda Alemania Francia FCI 107 . Griffon type

Grifón Korthals

Vigorous, fiery and proud, the Wirehaired Pointing Griffon he is very attached to his master and his territory, who watches.

Content

History

The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon It is a breed of dog of French origin. Their ancestors are Dutch, but shown as a French race, It was in France where he developed.

This breed is still relatively rare today in the Americas as well as in the UK., Although it is recognized by their respective Kennel Clubs, as well as by the International Cynological Federation (CRF not. 107).

Grifón de muestra Korthals de pelo duro

The culprit of the existence of Korthals Griffon was a man named Eduard Karel Korthals, born the 16 in November of 1851 in Amsterdam that, he was the son of a wealthy shipbuilder who had a keen interest in breeding hunting dogs, to the extent that his son inherited that passion and as a result and the ability for business, the beautiful was born Griffon, protagonist of this post.

His dream was to create the ideal hunting dog, versatile, with extreme resistance, force and devotion to his master. The dog, as well, he would have to know how to work close to his master, be docile and very capable of learning. In 1873 to the 22 years of age and with the financial support of his father, He settled near some friends in Hesse (Germany) a region known for its great fondness for hunting with dogs and was dedicated to the breeding of purebred dogs Griffon.

four years later, one of his friends, the prince of Solms-Braunfels, I entrust him with the management of his kennel “Bibesheim” (was then, the most famous of Germany) which was dedicated especially to the breeding of purebred dogs English Pointer, that change in his life did not prevent him at all, continue with the development of their race Griffon.

Soon Eduard Korthals became one of the largest breeders nationwide, very proud and sure of his work of selection, breeding began with seven specimens of Griffon of different kinds, hard hair, woolly hair, barbets, a mestizo German short hair, etc. He called them "The Seven Patriarchs" and their names were: Bank, Hector, Janus, Satan, Donna, Junon and Mouche. Thus begins the story that after twenty years, resulted in the birth of a specific breed of Griffon with wire hair, leonado, with blood of “Pointer” (Although not pure, then we have) and beautiful dog, it must be said...

We must also tell which, Eduard Korthals carried out ruthless work in its breeding program, with very close consanguinity coupling and many deaths on the road, you are right…, the history has beautiful parts and others less so. Y, here comes the bomb! Out of a total of 600 dogs, only kept alive to 62 and he made them work in the Woods, in swamps, in Plains, in different seasons, to see how they worked in different situations and hunting tasks.

In creating your Wirehaired Pointing, Korthals did not use all the blood purity of the English Pointer, because after having tried, realized that the mixture led to his Griffon lose some of its most important features.

With his method of consanguinity, exhaustive selection and unit, the Wirehaired Pointing Griffon It was of such quality that many specialists in the canine world in Germany, in Belgium, in the Netherlands, in France and several parts of Europe, they were stunned, Given the Korthals he had created a dog like no other, a dog with an essential width, great search speed, a well-developed sense of smell and, In short, its versatility.

The 15 in November of 1887, supported by the contributions of a Commission formed by 16 renowned breeders and presided over by the Prince of Solm-Braunfels (who had entrusted Eduar Korthals -years before- the management of its hatchery “Bibesheim”), Eduar Korthals wrote the standard of Korthals Griffon, that curiously never amended since then. The following year, He created a Club specialized in his breed whose objective was to bring together all the lovers of his Griffon fawn with wire hair from various countries and until his death in 1896, He devoted himself to the improvement and dissemination of their race. He died of laryngeal cancer 4 in July of 1896 in the hatchery Bibeishem.

But despite his death, his ideas continued living, then many followers and friends as Baron Gingins (Switzerland), Charles Prudommeaux (France) and the Sr. Leliman (Netherlands) they continued their valuable work, turning to improving your Wirehaired Pointing Griffon, and the diffusion of the breed throughout Europe and even in United States and Canada. It was the 8 in June of 1951, on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the death of Eduar Korthals What, the “Wirehaired Griffon French Club” decided to associate the name of Korthals the race, to perpetuate the memory of its creator, and in honor of all his achievements and life dedicated to the task of breeding. Hence the name "Korthals Griffon”.

The first specimen registered in the Book of Origins of the American Kennel Club was a Korthals Griffon called "Zolette", in the year 1887. But, the Griffon was still relatively- unknown, was registered as “Russian Setter (Griffon)”, by its supposed Russian heritage. It was not until 1916, Twenty-nine years later, the breed was officially recognized in United States.

In the same year, sixteen copies of Korthals Griffon participated in the "Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show”, one of United States most prestigious dog shows. Since then, the race was growing in popularity, not only as a show and companion dog, but also a versatile hunting dog (that was the original intention of Korthals when he created the breed). for the most part, the breed continues to maintain its original characteristics: medium-sized, layer hard, good degree of training capacity and resistant in the field and in the ring.

Physical characteristics

The Korthals Griffon is a medium-sized dog with a hard and rough coat. The males measure of 55 to 60 cm de altura a la cruz y las hembras de 53 a 66 cm.. The weight should be proportional to the size and bone structure. In general, the weight varies from 20,5 a 31,75 kg. Males are usually larger and heavier than females bones. 50 to 55 cm.. Regarding weight, the males are located in 25-30 kg and females in 20-25 kg. According to the AKC standard, the hair must be color steel (grey) with brown spots. Other acceptable colors are chestnut, White and Brown, Ruano and, Orange and white. It has ears falls and well attached to the head, his eyes are yellow or Brown and the nose should always be Brown. Contrary to some publications that say that the Griffon does not lose or shed its hair, it should be clarified that yes it does, but to a lesser extent than other breeds.

There are dogs very similar to the Griffon Korthal in other countries, both in appearance and temperament:

Character and skills

The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon is defined as an intelligent dog, extremely friendly and eager to please its owner. They tend to maintain their typical playful puppy character well into adulthood.. They are also known for their Adaptive temperament.

The Korthals Griffon it is above all a hunting dog, resistant, powerful and brave. He's an outdoor dog who needs a garden to keep his instincts sharp.. Not a suitable breed of dog for apartment living, since it is very likely that confinement will cause anxiety attacks or greater nervousness that leads you to destroy everything. They need a lot of exercise to thrive, and they are tireless sporting dogs and very good swimmers. So, their owners must be able to offer them long walks and games, beyond simple daily outings for your needs: this is necessary to keep you in good physical and psychological health. In fact, the Wirehaired Pointing Griffon is an ideal candidate for canicross, el cani-VTT, the oberta or even the treasure hunt, that will fully satisfy your hunter instinct.

most of Korthals Griffon usually live long and healthy lives, and that is due to the seriousness of all the organizations and breeders dedicated to this breed that have a strong commitment to the health of the breed and carry out breeding programs that are mostly very selective, As a result, if we look at the OFA statistics, the cases of congenital diseases are –relatively- low.

education

The Korthals Griffon he is an intelligent and cunning dog. These qualities make hunters happy… but the misfortune of inexperienced teachers, whose defects he takes advantage of. This dog can be undocile if it does not benefit from a firm education, consistent and not brutal. As much as saying that it is not an adapted breed as a first dog.

It also, it is important to socialize the puppies as soon as possible so that they get used to the presence of different people and other animals. In effect, although they are not fearful in nature, the Wirehaired Pointing Griffon too isolated or too “protected” from the outside world can be particularly nervous and difficult to adapt to everyday life.

Health

Robustness is a fundamental characteristic of the Grifón Korthal: It is a breed of dog that does not fear cold or bad weather.

But, like all medium-sized dogs and large dogs, have a risk of hip dysplasia. Prostate disorders may also occur in some individuals.

Last, it is recommended to monitor the coat and skin of individuals who do not live outdoors, to prevent the development of skin diseases in dogs due to allergies to industrial product residues present in the home (solvents, Cleaning products…).

Life expectancy

13 years

Grooming

Although it is considered a dog “hypoallergenic” because of his low hair loss, the Grifón Korthal requires weekly brushing to keep its coat shiny. During the molting period (twice a year), more frequent brushing may be necessary.

It is also advised to clean the dog's ears regularly., especially after walks or bathing, to prevent the development of infections due to excess water inside the ear canal, or to the presence of residues or dirt. In case of redness or suspicious odors, consulting a vet is recommended.

Price

Adopt a Wirehaired Pointing Griffon costs between 600 and 1000 EUR.

The price of a puppy Khortals varies according to your lineage, but also according to their gender: females tend to be more expensive than males.

Characteristics "Wirehaired Pointing Griffon"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Wirehaired Pointing Griffon" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Wirehaired Pointing Griffon"

Photos:

1 – the first genuine Korthals Griffon in the USA to earn both a Grand Championship and the Advanced Master Hunter title by CarolPtak, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – Adult Griffon dog standing by Liv klesta, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
3 – Griffon d’arrêt à poil dur Korthals by Pierre André, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – running Korthals Griffon by CarolPtak, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Wirehaired Pointing Griffon by Pets Adviser from Brooklyn, USA, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Wirehaired Pointing Griffon by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos "Wirehaired Pointing Griffon"

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.3: Griffon type
  • AKCSporting group
  • ANKCSporting Group, Gundog
  • CKCSporting Group, Gundog
  • ​KC – Sporting Group, Gundog
  • NZKCSporting Group, Gundog
  • UKCGun Dog


FCI breed standard "Wirehaired Pointing Griffon"

FCIFCI - Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
Griffon

Alternative names:

1. Korthals Griffon (English).
2. Korthals, Griffon Korthals (French).
3. Griffon à Poil Dur, Griffon Korthals (German).
4. Korthals (Portuguese).
5. Grifón Korthals, Korthals (español).

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Ariège Pointer
Francia FCI 177 . Braque Type

Ariège Pointer

The Ariège Pointer it is a quiet breed of dog, although sometimes stubborn, which is common among hunting dogs.

Content

History

The Ariège Pointer is a French dog breed that comes from, as its name implies, from the department of Ariège, located on the Franco-Spanish border.

There are different theories about its origins.. But, the most common theory is that it descends from the ancient French Pointer, that was crossed in the 19th century with Braques of southern stock, with white and orange coats to give it more lightness and activity.

It also, looks a lot like the white and orange dogs painted in Jean-Baptiste Oudry's paintings (1686-1755), famous for his paintings of hunting scenes. So, It does not seem illogical that cynologists have attributed this dog to him as an ancestor.

Despite its official recognition by the F.C.I. (International Cynological Federation) in 1955, the second half of the twentieth century was almost fatal for the Ariège Pointer. But, some Ariège hunters continued to use it, which prevented the breed from completely disappearing.

In 1989, a team of fans of the breed decided to dedicate themselves to its survival, after having noticed that there was no more Ariège Pointer registered in the LOF (French Origins Book) from 1964.

The Club du Braque de l’Ariège was thus created the following year, with the mission of contributing to the safeguarding and promotion of this breed, but also to centralize all the information that makes it possible to identify the specimens that would be found in France in the breeders, hunters or other fans of this dog.

The operation was generally a success. Like this, the increase in births meant that in 1999, less than 10 years later, the symbolic milestone of the 50 Ariège Pointer listed in TFO. The trend has continued, since today there are more than 350 specimens in the LOF, many of whom have won prizes in beauty or hunting contests.

However, the breed has spread relatively little outside its homeland, since most breeders and owners of the Ariège Pointer are located in the south-west of France, although there are also some scattered throughout the rest of the country.

Internationally, the Ariège Pointer was officially recognized in 2006 by the UKC (United Kennel Club), one of the leading canine organizations in the United States. But, the UKC is an exception, since the other large national canine organizations do not yet recognize the breed. It's still very difficult, yes not impossible, acquire a Ariège Pointer outside france.

Photo: Ariege Pointer, male. Colour: orange & white by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

Vigorous and powerful, the Ariège Pointer has a certain elegance. His musculature is prominent and harmonious, and its well drawn lines.

Usually pale orange or brown fawn in color, there are also speckled white and trout. His great characteristic is that the color of his nose is more often in harmony with that of his fur..

His hair is short and shiny and his head is long, angulosa, without a very pronounced stop.

His tail is low and long, in contrast to his ears, that are thin and well placed above the eye line.

Finally, the eyes of the Ariège Pointer they are oval shaped, dark amber or brown. Her frank and gentle eyes will easily seduce humans who cross her path.

Character and skills

The Ariège Pointer it is a quiet breed of dog, although sometimes stubborn, which is common among hunting dogs. He is also a very intelligent dog.

Adapted to all types of hunting and considered one of the best hunting dogs that exist, thanks in particular to his excellent sense of smell, his great stamina and unerring determination, it is effective in all types of hunting and on all terrains.

The Ariège Pointer it is also very resistant and adapts easily to all weather situations, though still more at home in the cold than in the tropics.

Very sensitive and affectionate with his master and his relatives, is docile, Gentile, easy to train, and therefore it is an excellent pet.

May be in contact with other animals, in any case congeners or other species of the same size, especially if you've gotten used to them from a young age as part of puppy socialization. On the other hand, its innate hunting instinct could lead it to attack small potential prey. So, it is better to avoid sharing your daily life with a rabbit, a rat or other game that awakens their deep stalker nature.

It is also for this reason that it is recommended to keep it on a leash when in town. On the other hand, if your education is not lacking, it's conceivable – and even desirable – let it go when in the field, so it can be spent, as this is necessary for their physical and psychological well-being.

In effect, the Ariège Pointer remains a lively, independent dog who needs daily exercise and is happy to take part in long walks or bike rides. It is a recommended breed of dog for an athletic owner, since you can't settle for a few relatively short outings to relieve yourself.

They can live in the city, but only if they have a garden. The latter does not make it less necessary to offer him long walks, all days, ideally in the middle of nature. It also, if you live in the city, it is advisable to accustom it from a young age to crowds and traffic, for example to avoid encountering a dog that runs behind cars.

Education

The Ariège Pointer has an innate aptitude for hunting, but he still deserves to be educated as soon as possible to consolidate his knowledge and teach him the fundamental commands of hunting (stop, stand up, report…).

Whether it is intended to be used as a working dog or simply as a companion dog, it is recommended to train it with patience and delicacy, since it is endowed with great sensitivity. If you don't, you risk getting upset and discouraged, and restoring trust between the owner and his animal is then a long and arduous task.

In any case, either during your education or at any time after, the owner must be calm, attentive and balanced to curb the very dynamic burning of your partner.

Health

The Ariège Pointer he is a robust dog with an iron constitution and no particular pathology.

Grooming

A weekly brushing of the dog's coat is sufficient, since the Ariège Pointer does not need much maintenance.

Having said that, like any hunting dog, the dog's ears should be systematically cleaned when he returns home, in order to remove any leaves or dirt that may have lodged there.

This special attention to its ears is also valid if it is only used as a companion dog., since dog breeds with floppy ears are at higher risk of ear problems.

For sale “Ariège Pointer”

The price of a puppy Ariège Pointer in a hatchery is between 600 and 800 EUR. There is generally no price difference between a male and a female.

Characteristics "Ariège Pointer"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Ariège Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendly ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Videos "Ariège Pointer"

Braque de l'Ariège
Braque de l’Ariège
Braque de l'Ariège
Braque de l’Ariège

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
  • UKCGun Dog


FCI breed standard "Ariège Pointer"

FCIFCI - Ariège Pointer
Bracco

Alternative names:

1. Ariège Pointer, Ariege Pointing Dog (English).
2. Braque de l’Ariège, braque de Toulouse, braque du Midi (French).
3. Ariège-Vorstehhund, Braque de l’Ariège (German).
4. (em francês: Braque de l’Ariège) (Portuguese).
5. Braco de Ariège (español).

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Auvergne Pointer
Francia FCI 180 . Braque Type

Auvergne Pointer

Even today, the Auvergne Pointer is most often bred to become a hunting dog.

Content

History

The precise origins of the Auvergne Pointer are not clearly determined. This dog has been around for many years and was most likely developed in Auvergne, more precisely in the Cantal region, in central France.

Already in the seventeenth century, to satisfy your needs, French hunters tried to cross and develop short, smooth-haired Pointer breeds, commonly known as “pointers” (the term “pointer” comes from the vocabulary of hunting and means “point”).

The Braque Francais is considered his ancestor, but its own origins are uncertain. In any case, It has been proven that it was the origin of the development of different races of Braques developed in all regions of the country, some of which gained in popularity, as the French Pointing Dog - Gascogne type or the French Pointing Dog - Pyrenean type . In Cantal, selective breeding gave rise to Auvergne Pointer.

According to some historians, the Auvergne Pointer is one of the oldest, with the exception of his own Braque Francais. But, contradictory assumptions have been made about it.

According to Jean Servier, former president of the Club of French braques and author of the World Dog Encyclopedia 1971, it is a cross between the Braque Francais, the Gascony type French Pointer and the Pyrenees French Pointer.

On the other hand, according to David Hancock, historian of dog breeds and author of the book The Heritage of the Dog, published in 1990, it is said to come from an imported breed when the Knights of the Order of Malta passed through Auvergne in the 16th century. The soldiers there developed a dog near the Auvergne Pointer, which is said to descend. There is no consensus on this hypothesis, but nevertheless it is accepted by certain organizations such as the Réunion des Amateurs du Braque d’Auvergne (RABA), the official breed club created in 1913.

Although the origins of Auvergne Pointer remain relatively unclear, In any case, most specialists agree that its development dates back to the beginning of the 18th century..

In the early 20th century, almost every, If not all, the Auvergne Pointer they were in france. The breed was relatively rare, although among their owners they were highly appreciated for their hunting qualities, especially for game birds. In fact, the breeding work that led to its development gave it an excellent style and great resistance, allowing you to follow long tracks in forests or dense vegetated terrain. They are also versatile: are able to get, track back, aim and bring the hunt back to its master. So, they can replace several specialized dogs in a particular area on their own. Perhaps its main flaw is its rather slow pace, meaning it works closely with its owner rather than independently, running from one side to the other. This does not take away from the hunting qualities that made it popular in France throughout the 19th century., as well as in the decades leading up to World War II.

During World War II, like many french breeds, the Auvergne Pointer was threatened with extinction. In effect, the conflicts and the occupation of part of the French territory by Germany wreaked havoc on the canine population: many of their representatives were killed or abandoned when their owners no longer had the resources to care for them.

But, at the end of hostilities, an enthusiast, André de Tournay, managed to locate a little more than 20 specimens in different parts of the country. They were at the origin of various bloodlines and therefore played an essential role in the renewal of the breed..

The postwar rebirth of the breed by Mr.. de Tournay led to his recognition in 1955 by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), that coordinates the official organizations of more than one hundred countries – among them the Société Royale Saint-Hubert (SRSH) Belgian, the Swiss Kennel Club (SCS) y the Société Centrale Canine (SCC) french. But, the latter had taken the initiative to recognize the Auvergne Braque already in 1913.

The prestigious and influential British Kennel Club took much longer to do the same, since he had to wait until 2016.

In 1987, a first article on this breed of dog was published in the American magazine Gun Dog Magazine. But, we don't know exactly when the first ones were imported Auvergne Pointer to the United States. In any case, they were probably delayed and limited in number. In 2016, a new article was published in the same magazine on the investigation of the origins of the establishment of this dog in the country, after fans surveyed Nelson Hooe, one of the first verified owners in the country.

In any case, the recognition of Auvergne Pointer in North America is still incomplete. Has been recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) from 2006, as well as by the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), but it is not the case of the other reference organization in the United States, the American Kennel Club (AKC).

Photo: Braque_d’auvergne at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Popularity

In France, the popularity of Auvergne Pointer is relatively stable in the long term, and has been at least since the early 1990s. 1970: there are around of 350 entries per year in the French Origin Book (LOF). This number sometimes peaks at around 500 births per year, how was the case, for example, in the mid 70. On the other hand, has never durably fallen below 250.

Although the Auvergne Pointer is relatively popular in his home country, it has only been exported and distributed to some extent outside of France, even in countries bordering France.

In Switzerland, for example, the statistics of the Amicus database show that its population is limited to about thirty individuals.

In Belgium, it is just as discreet, as evidenced by the absence of breeding on the national soil.

The same observation can be made, for example, in Italy, where the statistics of the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI) show an average of about ten registrations per year during 2010, or again in Spain, where the Royal Canine Society of Spain (RSCE) only count one birth between 2014 and 2019.

There are a handful of farms in Canada and the United States, but the Auvergne Pointer also still hard to find in those countries.

Physical characteristics

The Auvergne Pointer has a robust and noble appearance. His shapely body is well aligned, with a straight constitution – your back, from the tip of the shoulder to the tip of the buttock, is the same length as its front legs – and a long chest that descends to elbow level, midway between the withers and the lower part of the front legs. It is robust, strong but without heaviness, which gives it an elegant look. Their solid constitution gives them the stride and the resistance for which they are highly appreciated in hunting..

Both the front and back legs are straight, well aligned with the body, and the thighs and forearms are well muscled.

The tail stands quite high, carried horizontally and reaches the point of the hock. It can also be shortened at birth, and then barely exceeds 15 to 20 cm.. But, this practice, call “tail docking”, It is banned in many countries, including France, Belgium, Switzerland and Quebec.

The head of the Auvergne Pointer is well balanced. Seen from the front, the muzzle is square and its length is equal to or slightly less than that of the skull. Finish off with a pretty strong black nose, which dominates the solid jaws of equal length. It also, the upper lip covers the lower.

Positioned slightly toward the back of the skull, the ears are droopy, flexible and with a slightly satin texture.

The eyes are dark hazel, oval and quite large. They give this dog an expressive look, frank and gentle.

The fur of Auvergne Pointer consists of a sparse undercoat and short, smooth topcoat with a glossy appearance that is softer than other Braques. It is mottled black or grayish white, more or less present. The head is black, but the muzzle may have the same white markings as the body – a white border may also be present on the top of the skull, prolonging the color of the muzzle. Black fur can also tend to be blue, which is why these dogs are rarely called Auvergne Pointer blue.

There are also charcoal-colored dogs. But, this variety is rare and is not recognized by the breed standard.

Sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced in these dogs: the male is certainly on average a few centimeters taller than the female, but it's not particularly massive.

Character and skills

Even today, the Auvergne Pointer is most often bred to become a hunting dog. But, his affectionate character, Gentile, patient and smart also makes them great pets, and they are becoming more and more popular as such. In fact, fit perfectly into family life, they usually try to please their humans and are very loyal to them.

They are especially fond of children of all ages and are affectionate and playful provided they are not excessively boisterous. But, it should never be forgotten that a dog of any breed should never be left alone with a small child without adult supervision.

The downside of being so close to your family is that you cannot tolerate loneliness and need to be in the company of humans as often as possible.. If left alone for too long, can become a destructive or particularly loud reminder of your presence. No need to say, therefore, which does not suit people who are away for whole days or more. The close bond he has with his teachers also makes him very sensitive to reprimands and he is easily affected by possible punishments..

It is not only the humans in his family that he Auvergne Pointer inclines to appreciate. In effect, even if at first sight he is shy with strangers, quickly treats them like new friends, especially since it is totally devoid of aggression. Ready to greet newcomers with affection, may even tend to follow an intruder instead of defending your home or territory, which makes him a poor caretaker. But, is very capable of sounding the alarm when he hears something unusual.

In any case, He is not one of those who barks from morning to night, expressing yourself only when you have a good reason to do so: to raise the alarm, to express boredom, to seek attention, or to express any anxiety.

Sharing your home with a partner is a great way to reduce the risk of you suffering from the absence of your masters. In fact, such cohabitation generally goes very well, and he appreciates not living alone.
On the other hand, his hunting instinct is too ingrained in him to consider the possibility of peacefully cohabiting with another pet smaller than himself, like a bird, a rodent or even a cat: unless you were raised with him from a young age, chances are good that one day or another I'll end up attacking him. This character trait also means that he is best kept on a leash when going out to places where he is very likely to meet small animals., and where it would be dangerous for him to pursue them.

This is all the more true as it does not lack energy, to the point that you need to spend at least an hour a day to be well on your legs and on your head. Your resistance, However, allows you to go much further, since it is capable of chasing a prey for miles. So, it is ideal to plan long walks that include times when you can run freely and safely, especially if you don't have a chance to hunt. In any case, this dog is perfectly suitable for an active owner who likes to jog, cycling or hiking, and he would like nothing more than to take his pet with him – provided that it is kept on a leash when necessary.

Another great way to allow him to expend his energy is to train him for one or more dog sports.. Their intelligence and willingness to cooperate are particularly well expressed in agility and obedience tests.. More broadly, imply that it is quite easy to train him for all kinds of activities and teach him different tasks.

By the way, if your pilgrimages take you to pass near a water space where you can swim safely, She loves water – he is even a good swimmer – and generally appreciates taking a dip as soon as you get a chance to.

In any case, its high level of activity makes apartment living unsuitable for the Auvergne Pointer. Even a house with a small yard probably wouldn't be enough to make him happy.: the ideal environment for him is clearly a house with a large fenced garden, although this cannot replace long daily walks to satisfy your need for exercise.

Education

The Auvergne Pointer is known for his intelligence and the sweetness of his temperament. He is also eager to please his owners, so it reacts positively to training: learns quickly and is generally an easy dog ​​to train.

But, it is important to use the right methods. In fact, its sensitivity means that the use of coercion or even punishment is strongly discouraged: would have every chance of undermining the trust that you normally place in your beloved master. On the other hand, positive dog training methods, based on repetition, the gratification and rewards, are very effective in taking full advantage of the great potential of this animal.

In fact, its obedient and cooperative nature makes it not difficult to train it for hunting, sports with dogs or any other task. This is all the more true since he is always happy to share activities with his master: unlike many races, prefers to work in complicity with his master rather than independently. So, It is an ideal option for those who like to spend time educating their partner and working alongside him, whether for hunting or dog sports. These may include, is an excellent candidate for agility and obedience competitions. Your sense of smell can also be used to track events, but its relatively slow speed limits its potential in this area.

For things to run smoothly, it is important to establish rules at an early age about what you are and are not allowed to do. They are not particularly stubborn by nature, and in fact they are quite obedient, but they can also do it when they are more flexible and responsive: this will make it easier and faster for them to assimilate the rules. It also, assimilates them more easily because they are the same from one day to the next and between the different people in the house: It is not a question of the gentleman authorizing today what the lady forbade the day before.

It also, teaching your dog to stay alone should be one of the priorities in the education of a Auvergne Pointer. In effect, as he likes company and is prone to separation anxiety, must get used to enduring absences from his family without reaching a state of discomfort.

It is also beneficial to start learning to call back soon, so that it can be allowed to unleash when conditions permit, limiting the risk of becoming deaf to his master's commands when he sees or smells a small passing animal.

You also have to be careful to quickly channel your tendency to chew what is within your reach., directing him to the right toys. This avoids the risk of damage and injury to the animal.

Finally, like any dog, we must not wait to offer you quality socialization from your first months. By letting you meet all kinds of humans, congeners and representatives of other species, but also face a multitude of different situations in various places, we make it a comfortable companion in all circumstances, performed in its environment and among humans.

Health

The Auvergne Pointer is generally a robust dog with few health problems. Your life expectancy of 12 to 15 years is quite honorable given its size.

It also, they are quite flexible in terms of weather, able to cope with both the summer heat and the winter cold of temperate or Mediterranean climates. If you are required to sleep outside when temperatures are low, a niche is necessary to provide shelter. In any case, their fur is not adapted to polar temperatures.

But, like any dog, are more prone to certain diseases, which in this case are :

  • hip dysplasia, whose appearance may be favored by a hereditary predisposition, and that corresponds to a malformation of this joint. Leads to pain, lameness and osteoarthritis when the animal ages;
  • dislocation of the patella, which is a malformation of the knee joint that causes the kneecap to slip out of position. Probably hereditary, causes a more or less severe limp. May require surgery in the most severe cases, although success is not guaranteed;
  • aortic stenosis, a potentially hereditary heart defect manifested by reduced blood flow. Leads to heart failure, that can manifest, for example, in a state of general weakness, and also increases the risk of heart attack. Not curable, but medications can reduce the effects of heart failure;
  • progressive retinal atrophy, which corresponds to a degeneration of the retina and is of hereditary origin. It affects both eyes and causes a progressive loss of vision in the dog;
  • Dilation-torsion of the stomach, which mainly affects breeds with a large chest and occurs when the stomach folds in on itself, blocking the evacuation of gases and interrupting blood circulation. It is fatal if a vet does not intervene quickly;
  • otitis, an ear infection favored by the pendulous shape of the ears.
  • Since a certain number of the conditions to which the breed is predisposed are or may be of hereditary origin, adopting a quality breeder from Auvergne Pointer can be a determining factor in obtaining a healthy puppy, and one that continues to be, in addition to having been well socialized from his first weeks. In effect, a professional worthy of the name sees to it that genetic tests are carried out systematically on his breeding stock, to rule out those who run the risk of transmitting this or that inherited condition to their offspring. So, must be able to present the results of these tests, as well as the health history of the dog, that attests to the vaccinations administered and that is useful for planning the next ones to be carried out, as well as withdrawals. At the same time, a certificate drawn up by a veterinarian attests to the good health of the animal at the time of adoption.

    Once the adoption is complete, it is important that the new owner respect the growth of his protégé: until it reaches adult size, what happens around two years of age, you should avoid intense physical exertion or excessively strenuous and prolonged exercises. This reduces both the risk of short-term injuries and that of sequelae or deformation of the bones or joints., which are particularly fragile during this period.

    Last, one way to keep your dog in good health is to take him to the vet regularly for a full checkup – At least once a year, and even more when he gets older. This will help prevent or detect potential health problems as soon as possible., as well as provide the opportunity to reinforce your dog's vaccinations.

    It is also important not to neglect the protection against fleas, worms, ticks and other undesirable pests, renewing your child's antiparasitic treatments throughout the year, whenever necessary. This is especially crucial for an individual who spends a lot of time, either hunting or in other activities.

    Grooming

    As his undercoat is not very thick and his top coat is short, the fur of the Auvergne Pointer requires little maintenance: a short brushing session with a soft bristle brush once a week is enough to keep you healthy, shiny and soft to the touch, especially since your hair loss is not very pronounced.

    During moulting periods, in spring and autumn, it is much more pronounced, so more frequent brushing is necessary. But, 2 or 3 times a week should be enough. After brushing it, the coat can be buffed with a clean soft cloth to make it even brighter.

    It is neither necessary nor advisable to bathe your dog too often: 3 or 4 times a year is usually more than enough, unless, Of course, that has gotten very dirty. In any case, you should always use a shampoo intended for dogs.

    Dangling ears require more attention, since their shape makes them prone to ear infections. So, it is important to examine them weekly and wipe them with a clean, slightly damp cloth to avoid the risk of infection.

    Your eyes need some attention too. The weekly maintenance session should be an opportunity to examine them, and wipe them gently with a damp cloth if there is dirt.

    Looking at its claws, regular physical activity that satisfies your need for fairly high levels of activity will usually allow you to smooth them out naturally. But, this does not mean that you should not check from time to time that this is the case. On the other hand, if your age or a health problem prevents you from being active enough, they generally need to be trimmed every 6 u 8 weeks to avoid being too long and bothering you, or even breaking and injuring you.

    The first time, a visit to a professional groomer can be a good way to learn how to care for a Auvergne Pointer, in order to operate efficiently and safely, while limiting the risks of hurting you. For its part, you will be calmer and more cooperative during care if it is part of your daily routine from a very young age: therefore, it is recommended to expose it to delicate handling from an early age.

    This is all the more true since it is also wise to get used to examining it after every long time spent outdoors. (especially after a hunting trip, for example), to detect possible injuries, thorns, parasites, spikes…

    For sale “Auvergne Pointer”

    Either male or female, the price of a puppy Auvergne Pointer is generally between 650 and 1100 EUR. The average is about 800 EUR, no significant differences between males and females.

    But, it is difficult to find it outside of its country of origin, France, even in countries bordering on the latter.
    The same is true in North America, although there are a handful of breeders in Canada and the United States.

    The import from France is, therefore, sometimes the most suitable solution to avoid possible waiting times and have a maximum of choice. But, It must be taken into account that various expenses are added to the purchase price of the puppy: transportation expenses, administrative expenses, etc. It also, it is necessary, of course, make sure you know and respect the regulations regarding the importation of a dog from abroad.

    In any case, whatever the place, the price charged varies according to the prestige of the breeding, the lineage the animal came from, but also and above all its intrinsic characteristics, in particular its greater or lesser conformity with the norm. This last point also explains why there are sometimes significant differences within the same litter..

    Characteristics "Auvergne Pointer"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Auvergne Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

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    Territorial ⓘ

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    Cat friendly ⓘ

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    Intelligence ⓘ

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    Versatility ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

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    Images "Auvergne Pointer"

    Photos:

    1 – Braque d’Auvergne sur fond blanc by Desaix83, based on the work of Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – Riga, Baltic Winner 2013, 9-10 Nov by Thomas, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Braque d’Auvergne during the Rzeszów International Exhibition, Poland. Marian Surma is the breeder and owner of Poland by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Braque d’Auvergne during the Rzeszów International Exhibition, Poland. Marian Surma is the breeder and owner of Poland by Wikimedia
    5 – Braque d’Auvergne during the Rzeszów International Exhibition, Poland. Marian Surma is the breeder and owner of Poland by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Braque_d’auvergne at the World Expo in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos "Auvergne Pointer"

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
    • UKCGun Dog


    FCI breed standard "Auvergne Pointer"

    FCIFCI - Auvergne Pointer
    Bracco

    Alternative names:

    1. Braque d’Auvergne (English).
    2. Bleu d’Auvergne (French).
    3. Braque d’Auvergne (German).
    4. (em francês: Braque d’Auvergne) (Portuguese).
    5. Azul de Auvernia (español).