Flat-coated Retriever
Inglaterra FCI 121 . Retrievers

Flat-coated Retriever

The Flat-coated Retriever should be rediscovered as a companion dog and also for work, because it is still preferred to Labrador Retriever and to a lesser extent to Golden Retriever

Content

History

The Flat-coated Retriever was born during the 19th century in Scotland. He is a member of the great family of the Retriever, with whom you share many physical and mental characteristics. Therefore, is a close cousin of Labrador Retriever, the Golden Retriever, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever, the Curly-coated Retriever and the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever.

Scottish game wardens developed the Flat-coated Retriever from crosses between the Irish Setter, st john's dogs (already extinct) and the Newfoundland. These last two races, originating from the island of Newfoundland, had been imported by Canadians a few decades earlier, in 1814. These marriages gave rise to Retriever-type canines that could easily evolve both on land and in water.. In particular, hunting guard J. Hull got two dogs named Old Bounce and Young Bounce (father and daughter, respectively), distinguished by their physical and mental abilities. They were used as models to establish the general traits of the breed, so they played a great role in its creation. Although the resulting dogs had wavy hair - they were called Wavy-Coated Retrievers-, the crossing with the Collie and the Labrador Retriever was softening the coat of this dog.

The first representatives of the breed as we know it today were born in the decade of 1860, and many other breeders contributed to its development. We can mention in particular Sewallis E. Shirley, Ettington breeder and founder of The Kennel Club, the british canine club. In the Decade of 1880, established the physical traits of the breed and drew up its official standard. We can also mention a breeder named Braisfort who, in 1869 in Birmingham, was the first to exhibit a representative at a dog show.

The Flat-coated Retriever was first used to help fishermen, recovering fish or objects that have fallen into the water instead. In the 19th century it was especially popular with cod fishermen. However, with the evolution of fishing techniques, professionals gradually began to dispense with their services, but then they were recovered by the hunters. The latter also appreciated his swimming skills, since it was able to bring back the birds that had fallen into the water after the shots of their owner.

The Flat-coated Retriever it was a very popular hunting dog until the end of the First World War, especially for hunting, both on land and in the water. However, the Labrador Retriever and the Golden Retriever they came to dethrone him, causing a great decrease in the number of specimens of the breed in the interwar period and causing it to be in danger of extinction at the beginning of the decade of 1960. The work of the breed's enthusiasts was not enough to restore its reputation: at the end of the decade, was once again present in large numbers in the country, though it never regained its former popularity. In fact, the number of breeders interested in him remained limited, even at that time, but this not only had disadvantages: some believe it helped them retain many of the historical qualities of the Flat-coated Retriever, starting with his great capacity for work, his intelligence and his gentle and calm character. Its official recognition by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), that came a few years before (in 1954), also helped to regain its reputation.

Worldwide, this dog is still relatively underrepresented. In United States, for example, although it is recognized by the American Kennel Club for more than a century (more specifically since 1915, when you were in decline in your home country) and by the United Kennel Club from 1984, it only ranks slightly higher than 100 in the breed ranking according to the number of annual registrations in the organization. His position there is quite stable, contrary to what is observed in France, where it is getting more and more popular. In fact, yes at the beginning of the years 80 less than 10 births per year in the Société Centrale Canine, this figure suddenly increased to 35 in 1987 and then increased almost continuously to about 200 births per year in the early 1990s 2000 and overcome the 300 about fifteen years later.

However, it is not surprising that their presence is greater in their country of origin, with an average of 1.200 births registered each year in The Kennel Club, the British organization of reference. The trend has been stable in the last ten years.

Photo: A “Flat-coated Retriever” liver colored by Fesoj-wr, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Physical characteristics

At first sight, you might think that the Flat-coated Retriever it seems like a Golden Retriever black or brown. In fact, the two breeds are so similar that in the past the second was presented at dog shows as a variety of the first. In fact, they are two different races, but the Golden Retriever descends in part of the Flat-coated Retriever and, like this, developed as a hunter for land and water game.

The Flat-coated Retriever they are medium sized dogs, harmonious and with a lively and intelligent expression. The male is usually more imposing than the female, measuring up to about 5 cm taller and weighing up to ten kilos more than the female.

His body is harmonious and well proportioned. The chest is wide and deep, and the spine is short and quite square. The legs are muscular and of solid bones. They are straight when viewed from the front and lead to strong round legs with tight toes.

The tail is quite short, straight and well placed. Always carries it high, but never over the back and hardly ever stops wiggling.

The head is rather long and the skull is rather flat. The jaws are long and strong, capable of carrying medium-sized game animals, such as hares or pheasants. They are shaped like a scissor and cover the teeth firmly implanted in the gums. The ears are quite small, drooping and well positioned on top of head. The eyes are medium in size and hazel or dark brown..

As the name suggests, the fur of the Flat-coated Retriever It is smooth. Black or dark brown, it is also dense and of medium length. This protects the Flat-coated Retriever of all kinds of weather conditions, from water and dirt. His hair is longer in his ears, the chest, the belly, limbs and tail. Males also have longer and more abundant hair on their necks., that resembles a mane.

Height and weight

    ▷ Male size: Of 58 - 61 cm.
    ▷ Female size: Of 56 - 59 cm.
    ▷ Male weight: Of 27 - 36 kg
    ▷ Female weight: Of 25 - 32 kg

Character and skills

The Flat-coated Retriever It is part of the large family of Retrievers and is particularly close to the Golden Retriever, both physically and in terms of temperament. However, one of the main differences is that they generally mature more slowly than other dogs and have a puppyish exuberance throughout their lives, which is why they are sometimes called the “Peter Pan from the Retrievers”. This great energy and vitality make him a wonderful and endearing companion., especially for children. On the other hand, It also implies that a certain amount of patience is necessary in their education.

In fact, although he likes to please, the Flat-coated Retriever it can also be somewhat stubborn. This is partly because he loves to entertain himself., but sometimes this means ignoring or disobeying your master. That Yes, they are usually good students and are sensitive to reprimands. This sensitivity also means that overly strict and rigid training methods are not likely to suit you., as they can steer you in the wrong direction and make you even more stubborn. Therefore, it is better to favor a dog training method based on positive reinforcement, namely, in the reward of good behavior; is the case of clicker training, for example. Food in particular can do wonders for this dog, since it represents an important motivation for him. The Flat-coated Retriever It is an extremely greedy dog, and you can also remember it outside of work sessions: at the slightest drop in attention from its owner, is capable of stealing any food you have on hand, wherever you are. Therefore, it is advisable to be careful not to leave food lying around for this dog who seems to be always hungry.

Tolerant and friendly, loves everyone, even the smallest. Combined with your enthusiasm, these traits even make it an ideal breed of dog for children. However, children must be a certain age: with young children, their exuberance and high energy could lead to unwanted jostling and tail bumps. His rather easy-going and very friendly personality also makes him a good companion for young retirees., provided they can take him out for a regular walk and meet his significant physical exercise needs.

In general, loves human company, has strong ties to your family and needs your attention. Loves to play for hours and especially thrives in a large family.

His good understanding with humans extends to those he does not know. If he barks when a visitor arrives, is to inform his master, and not because he considers any stranger a threat. Very welcoming and friendly, he tends to quickly like any new person who meets him - especially if that person is nice to him- and enjoy the visits, it's made for anything but guard. On the other hand, its great closeness to humans and its great need for attention make it a dog that does not tolerate loneliness well. If he lives in a family too small for him, runs the risk of being unhappy and developing destructive behaviors.

Living with other dogs does not usually pose problems. Can also get along very well with a cat, provided adequate socialization work has been done. On the other hand, it is better to avoid the idea of ​​living with birds or rodents, since his hunting instinct would lead him to chase them.

In addition, though it's pretty quiet inside, not really suitable for apartment living. He's a hunter at heart, who likes to exercise in spacious environments that give them the opportunity to run or swim. He is also one of the best swimmers and loves the water, never seems happier than when rolling around in puddles, jump in the fountains or just take long dips in the lakes, rivers and other bodies of water that it encounters in its path. You need to spend at least an hour and a half each day to feel good on your legs and on your head. Therefore, who thinks about adopting a Flat-coated Retriever you must ensure that it can provide you with living conditions that are compatible with your needs, because if you can't exercise enough, can quickly develop behavior problems, like stress or aggression.

Education

The Flat-coated Retriever learn very fast, but it is very sensitive: whatever happens, you must be careful not to punish your dog too often or too harshly, as you will remember it and could become resistant to work sessions. On the other hand, the use of a dog training method based on positive reinforcement - and, Therefore, in the use of rewards- like clicker training, for example, it comes in handy. It must be said that for him food is an important source of motivation that it would be a shame not to use during work sessions.

The fact that he is late to maturity sometimes complicates his education a bit.. Therefore, it is advisable to just be patient and calm, and above all show great coherence, because this intelligent dog does not stop interpreting every movement and every word of his master. With everything, it is quite simple to train, and the time spent on short work sessions from an early age is a profitable and long-lasting investment in a compliant adult partner.

In addition, as with any dog ​​of any breed, early socialization can only be beneficial in every way. The Flat-coated Retriever is spontaneously very sociable and open to changes in his environment, and quality socialization, through exposure to all kinds of people, animals, sounds and situations, reinforces these traits, making it even more balanced and perfectly suited to evolve in the midst of humans. In particular, can be especially helpful to avoid confusing cats, birds or rodents with the game.

Health

First of all, It should be noted that the Flat-coated Retriever takes some time to reach full physical maturity and, like all large dog breeds, is especially fragile during its growth period. Depending on the individual, the growth period lasts until 12 or 15 months. Therefore, even if it is a breed with a great need for exercise, avoid any excessive exercise during this phase, at the risk of damaging your joints, often irreparably. In particular, stairs and activities that involve jumping should be avoided. You should also avoid excessively long walks: prior to the 3 months, are enough of 5 - 10 minutes, then it should not exceed half an hour until it has completed the 10 months.

In addition, black individuals are especially sensitive to high temperatures. It is advisable to watch out for any signs that suggest heatstroke during the hottest seasons., as the dog's body can quickly overheat.

Having said that, the Flat-coated Retriever is generally in good health. However, like all races, may be subject to certain problems, some of which are hereditary: hip dysplasia. When adopting a Flat-coated Retriever of a breeder, It is advisable to find out about the tests carried out on breeders and their young, as this will help rule out certain diseases.

For this reason, sometimes have a patellar dislocation, namely, a knee slipping out of place, what causes lameness. Long-term, friction caused by this dislocation can also lead to arthritis problems in the dog. Depending on the severity of the dislocation, surgery may be necessary.

Like most large dogs, the Flat-coated Retriever you also have an increased risk of hip dysplasia: the femur does not fit perfectly into the pelvic socket of the hip joint. Some individuals may experience pain and lameness in one or two of the hind legs., but others show no symptoms. However, as the dog ages, osteoarthritis problems may appear. How this disease is hereditary, dogs that test positive for hip dysplasia are excluded from breeding. This is at least what every serious breeder of Flat-coated Retriever, and it is advisable to make sure of this when adopting a puppy from a breeder, asking parents' test results.

Another problem to which the Flat-coated Retriever is the dilation-torsion of the stomach. This serious and life-threatening syndrome affects large dogs with deep chests.. Air or gases build up in the dog's stomach, that twists and does not allow its evacuation. Even worse, compresses the surrounding veins, thus interrupting blood flow. No immediate veterinary care, the animal dies very quickly.

The different types of dog cancer also especially affect this breed.

Osteosarcoma, for example, especially affects large dogs, and the Flat-coated Retriever is no exception. It is a fairly aggressive bone cancer, which initially causes lameness. This disease usually leads to amputation of the affected limb and heavy chemotherapy. Unfortunately, it is very rare for a dog to survive this disease, as the problem is often diagnosed too late. Depending on the case and once identified, those affected may live between 9 months and 2 years longer than if they had not been treated, thanks to adapted treatments.

Another form of cancer to which this dog is more exposed is malignant histiocytosis. Although this form of cancer is rare, it is the most commonly observed in this breed, and is usually contracted from 6 years of age. Appears as a localized mass, most often in the elbow or knee, and progresses very quickly once it appears. Can be treated with surgery and chemotherapy, but healing changes are usually small.

The Flat-coated Retriever you can also get lymphosarcoma, one of the most common cancers seen in dogs of all breeds. It can appear in various parts of the body, like spleen, the gastrointestinal tract, lymph nodes, liver and bone marrow.

In this dog it is also more subject is hemangiosarcoma. This form of malignant cancer is found in the lining of blood vessels and in the spleen.. Can be treated with surgery and chemotherapy, but also in this case the affected animal has little chance of recovery.

Grooming

Contrary to what her long dark hair might suggest, the Flat-coated Retriever it is an easy-care breed.

His coat requires weekly brushing, or even a little more if you are regularly abroad. Some homeowners go so far as to brush it every day to prevent their long, shedding hair from falling all over the house.. Longer hairs can also be cut, namely, those with the ears, the feet, belly and tail; this prevents dirt from accumulating on rides.

The bath should not be prescribed too regularly, but it can be useful in case the dog with long enough hair gets too dirty, for example, as a result of an excursion in a muddy environment. In all other respects, bathe the dog in 2 - 3 times a year is more than enough to keep their coat in good condition, in addition to weekly brushing.

If you come across a water point during one of your walks, the Flat-coated Retriever often tempted to take a dip. If this happens, it is advisable to rinse the Retriever once it has come out of the water, especially if the water is chlorinated, is salty or contains algae, in order to prevent any skin problems and keep it clean.

It can also be helpful to trim the dog's nails once or twice a month.. Contrary to what you might think with such an active dog, natural wear and tear is usually not enough, since its claws grow quite quickly.

In addition, as in the case of any dog ​​with floppy ears, it is necessary to clean them weekly to avoid any risk of infection.

The weekly grooming session should also be an opportunity to take care of your eyes, to make sure there are no problems (tearing, Red eyes…) and to clean the contours with clear water.

It is also necessary to take advantage of this time to clean the teeth. Brushing your dog's teeth helps prevent tartar buildup and the problems that come with it, starting with strong breath.

To avoid any uncomfortable reaction due to its size, it is advisable to get used to being handled as soon as possible, either by his master or by a third person. Learn to take care of the puppy, the noises, the smells and the manipulations involved, should be an integral part of your education.

Use

Used for over a century as a hunting dog, the Flat-coated Retriever continues to excel in this role today. They are suitable for all types of hunting, but they are especially good at tracking smaller animals. They are especially appreciated for their great ability to recover birds that have fallen into the water.

It is also a perfect companion dog, especially for a sports master or family. Anyone who dreams of going for a run with their dog - or even taking long walks- you will find in him an ideal companion, and also excels in dog sports that take advantage of their physical qualities, like agility, the cani-cross or the flyball.

On the other hand, even if you are the first applicant and have a great need for exercise, do not forget that it takes time to reach full physical maturity and that, in the meantime, you have to save him. For example, an excess of exercise could cause deformities or alter the proper development of your joints, often with lifelong consequences.

Price

Although less common than some of its Retriever cousins, find a Flat-coated Retriever in Europe it does not present any special difficulties, Unlike, for example, of United States, where months of waiting may be necessary.

The cost of adopting a puppy from Flat-coated Retriever of a quality breeder ranges from 900 and 1200 EUR. Obviously, depends more or less on the quality of your lineage and the reputation of the breeder, as well as their physical qualities. There are no price differences depending on the sex of the puppy.

Characteristics “Flat-coated Retriever”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Flat-coated Retriever” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Flat-coated Retriever”

Photos:

1 – Flat Coated Retriever by I, Gunnandreassen, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
2 – “Flat-coated Retriever” by https://pixabay.com/photos/flatcoated-retriever-flat-coated-4219166/
3 – “Flat-coated Retriever”, 8 years by Pdusschooten, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
4 – “Flat-coated Retriever” llamado Molly by Flickr users David and Lynne Slater, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
5 – Flat-Coated Retriever black by Berthold Werner, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
6 – Yellow Flat Coated Retriever by Dancer9, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Videos “Flat-coated Retriever”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 121
  • Group 8: Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs
  • Section 1: Retrievers. With working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 1: Retrievers
  • AKCSporting
  • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
  • CKCSporting Dogs
  • ​KC – Gundog
  • NZKCGundog
  • UKCGun Dogs

FCI breed standard “Flat-coated Retriever”

FCIFCI – “Flat-coated Retriever”
FCI straight hair collector

Alternative names:

    1. Flatcoat, Flattie, Flatte (Sweden), flatt (Sweden) (English).
    2. Flat-Coated Retriever (French).
    3. Flat Coated Retriever (German).
    4. Flat-coated retriever (Portuguese).
    5. Retriever de pelo liso, (en inglés Flat-coated retriever) (Spanish).

Lurcher

The Lurcher is a dog Hound of English origin whose name derives from “Lur” that means thief in Gypsy language. Always it has been acknowledged as the dog of the poachers so occasionally is called Poacher ’ s Dog (dog of fugitive).

As a result of its appearance (hairy and scruffy) It is not admitted in competitions but for many it is a dog to enhance. In general, the Lurcher is a cross between a hound and a working dog, What gives rise to many opportunities: Greyhound and Golden Retriever; Whippet and Border Collie.

In the event that you want a Lurcher with more features of hound that of working dog is often cross for the second time with a dog hound type. With this you get a dog faster than a working dog, but with the strength of this. The character of the Lurcher is derived from the best of parents and, some, They define it as quiet and affectionate.

Read more

Pug
China Gran Bretaña FCI 253

Pug

The Pug It is a friendly and affectionate dog with other dogs and with people.

Content

History

The Pug or Carlin (also known as Chinese Pug, Mops, Puggu) is a breed of dog miniature with wrinkled face and a body of small to medium-sized, originating in China.

This breed is often summarized as "multum in parvo" (much in little), describing the personality of the Pug related to their small size.

The word “Pug” It may come from old English Pugg, He is a loving description would be something like as a small demon playful or mono. Pug puppies are called Puglets.

The Pug dog breed, has very ancient origins. It was raised and selected in China, country in which was the favourite dog of officials, It is also a very popular in Holland and England breed of dog.

In fact, England claimed the patronage of la raza, since they had been for years an excellent job of selection. At last, part of the patronage of the race was awarded to Great Britain.

This wrinkled and funny puppy, He was a faithful companion of the ladies of the 19th century in Italy.

As almost all dog breeds, It had its difficult moments especially when followed by the world wars but has not been on the verge of extinction like other.

Today the Pug breed is very appreciated in almost all corners of the world.

Did You Know?

Among the rich and famous are admirers of the Pug King Louis XIV, Josefina, Empress of Napoleon, Queen Victoria, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor and fashion designer Valentino.

Physical characteristics

It is a dog under, solid square and compact appearance, well proportioned and muscular; the head, large, rounded and solid appearance, is covered with folds; the muzzle is square and flat; the eyes, large, bulging, they are dark; It has straight legs and looped collector queue. The hair is tight, smooth and shiny.

The Pug or Carlino can be color silver or soft apricot with a black mask, in both cases it presents a black stripe that goes from head to tail; It can also be pure black or white which is the more scarce and expensive of all.

It measures each 30 cm to cross and weighs between 6 and 8 kg. His confident nature, docile and friendly made a prized pet of the Carlin. The Pug is particularly a dog “with sense of humor”, exhibiting very human facial expressions given its bone structure. Its striking look some people tend to think that the characteristics of the Pug are the result of genetic manipulation or inbred crosses. However, the characteristics of the Pug are similar in the last five hundred years, period in which Europeans began it importing from China.

The tail of the Pug has a characteristic shape spiral or lyrics “Q”. This variation in the way of the tail is due to the vertebrae in this portion of the column are actually hemivertebra. In some few puppies, This alteration of the form can be extended to the rest of the column and present the animal spina bifida. The spine of the animal must feel before purchasing to avoid choosing a sick puppy. An animal that suffers from this malformation should not be reproduced in order to not pass this problem to their offspring.

Given the shape of the skull, the eyes of the Pug have a bulging and lively aspect. To find the eyes located above, they are more exposed to friction with plants and objects to the eyes of other animals, and it is advisable to take them to the vet as soon as possible if they have an injury. It is recommended that the owners of the Pug cleaned once a week the eyes of the animal with a clean cotton soaked with cold boiled water or cold tea, in order to remove secretions or dirt.
Features wrinkles of the face may also collect secretions and dirt. It is recommended at least once a week clean gently between wrinkles using the same method. It is not necessary to apply SOAP, creams or other substances. Simple toilet is enough and to spare.

The Pug is a short hair dog, tends to constantly pelechar, so his tenure is not recommended for persons allergic or asthmatic. They have a characteristic pungent odor that may bother some people, but that decreases a bath every couple of weeks.

The biggest problem of health with the Pug is one that is completely preventable and treatable, and that depends entirely of the OWNER. This disease is the OBESITY. A Pug it receives proper care can live more than fourteen years, Although on average they tend to live around ten.

A 1% the Cubs can reach presenting a degenerative neurological disease called The Pug encephalitis (or tap for its acronym in English). This disease is lethal and has no known cure. For this reason dogs must not be reproduced within the two years, in order to not transmit the gene to their offspring. Last year of life it is very unlikely that the Pug will have this disease.

Character and skills

The Pug aren't aggressive animals. Like any dog, they can bite, but it is very rare that this happens without the animal mistreatment. The Pug do honor to his motto “Multum in parvo” and they do not amilanan to larger breeds dogs, which you can get into trouble.

Before humans, the Pug tend to be playful and seek interaction. However can be apprehensive to strangers, and with their barking to announce the presence of unknown people. Although its size are not guard dogs, If they are good “alert dogs”.

The Pug show a moderate level of intelligence, being able to use their short snouts and front paws to obtain objects out of reach. They sometimes tend to stubbornness, and do not necessarily come when you are called, but rather when crave it. However they are not far away from their owners and to prefer the company of other dogs.

During the first years of life the Pug can occasionally be hyperactive (run, jumping and barking constantly) but this feature tends to disappear over the years. The Pug of five or more years tend to be more relaxed and enjoy more than the chairs to the street.

There is a tendency to believe that the Pug are animals “sickly”, which is very far from reality. A healthy Pug will behave in an energetic and playful manner, and even a bit hyperactive in its first years of life. Its solid structure makes they tolerate well the game with children and adults, and its particularly harsh head may cause bumps and falls to young children and older adults.

The Pug is a small animal, and although strong, requires very little food. However, to be a pet, owners tend to supercharge them and share their food with them. This must not be. The Pug can perfectly feed with a cup of dry food in the morning and a Cup in the night, and it won't be famine or require any supplement extra.

An obese Pug is not a Pug “beautiful”, on the contrary, It is an animal that sick because you can not breathe well, be it exhausted easily and will begin to suffer from problems in the spine and joints. A Pug fed healthy is, on the other hand, a robust animal, with his sharp and clearly visible muscles under the skin. A healthy Pug can run as fast as any other dog, and you can skip two or three times its own height. While the animal enjoys eating meals extras and receive “Awards” occasionally, is task of the owner to ensure that the quantity and quality of food that consumes is adequate.

Ratings of the Pug

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Pug” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images of the Pug

Videos del Pug

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 9 –> Companion and Toy Dogs. . / Section 11 –> Small Molossian Dogs. Without working trial.
  • FCI 253
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
  • FCI standard of the Pug breed
  • PUG FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Chinese pug, Dutch mastiff (English).
    2. Pug (French).
    3. Pug (German).
    4. Carlin, Mops (Portuguese).
    5. Pug chino, Mops, Pug carlino, Doguillo (Spanish).

Pharaoh Hound
Malta FCI 248 . Primitive type

Pharaoh Hound

The Pharaoh Hound in family is smart, friendly, affectionate and playful.

Content

History

The Pharaoh Hound it is a hunting dog like those of hunting dog breeds, formerly at home in many areas of the Mediterranean. It is also called Kelb-tal-Fenek. “Kelb-tal-Fenek” It is Maltese and it means “Rabbit dog”.

Like all Warren hound, is the specialist in rabbit hunting. However, does not go to the burrow like the Dachshund or the terriers. Because the Pharaoh Hound and Warren hound they hunt on land when they see them. They are agile like a hunting dog and can launch attacks fast as lightning. As a group, surround their prey. In this way, knock down dozens, even hundreds of rabbits in a short time. The Pharaoh Hound they usually work completely independently without guidance from the hunter. In Malta they also help with the herding of goats and are useful as multipurpose for all tasks at home and on the farm.

The Pharaoh Hound was created in Great Britain in the decade of 1960 as an independent breed of dog. It is an offshoot of the population of these dogs, that have existed for thousands of years in the northern and eastern Mediterranean. Besides of Pharaoh Hound, the Warren hound are other descendants of these dogs, each of which is now an independent race. Its roots go deep into the past. However, its exact origin is not clear. Its resemblance to the ancient Egyptian hunting dog Tesem, one of the oldest documented dog breeds, it's amazing. However, not proven and not likely to be descendants “pure” of Tesem. This type of dog probably existed everywhere, as it already served the people of the ancient world in its current role.

With the time, regional strains were developed that, However, they repeatedly mated with each other. The World Canine Federation, Fédération Cynologique Internationale, took this into account when establishing a collection standard for Mediterranean breeds up to 1977. Great Britain then created the breed of dogs Pharaoh Hound and later handed over the patronage to Malta. There it was even declared a national dog in 1974. In 1991 was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale as an independent race.

Physical characteristics

Haughty and delgado, the Pharaoh Hound is a dog from size medium with well-defined lines, elegant and noble porte.

The height in the males is of 55 - 63 cm., and weigh in 10 - 12 kg; the females measure of 52 - 61 cm to the cross, and weigh in 8 - 10 kg. If born with a tail does not lack that ampute you.

The belly is fine and the back straight and strong. The body consists of large muscles, line dry.

Has the head triangular, almost without stop, the eyes Amber blend with the mantle, they are oval and slightly sunken. The ears they are inserted to half-height, Reprint alert to carry them, they are wide at its base and thin and long.

The tail is curved and carries low, but when he is happy he has been in high.

Its fur is fine, short and glossy. In some cases it may be a little rough to the touch. The color fur is reddish brown clear to reddish brown dark with white markings. According to the standard, the white tail is highly desirable.

Also, is supported in the standard to submit a white mark on the chest and white fingertips, even a white stripe on the centerline of the face.

Character and skills

The Pharaoh Hound he is a hunting dog and a hound at the same time. They are sometimes used in their homeland as watchdogs or herding dogs for goats.. Before genetic separation from the total population, many dogs had to fight in search of human food scraps and often suffered from hunger. These original living conditions still determine their nature today.. They are very agile and alert. Almost nothing escapes your keen senses. Especially like young dogs who crave exercise and experiences, ideally hunting and first of all the option of free running. As they tend to have a strong hunting instinct, this deep-rooted need of dogs in our latitudes can only be satisfied on rare occasions.

It is an experience to see him Pharaoh Hound running freely. Because they can sprint fast and especially capture prey in extremely courteous races. the Pharaoh Hound hunt with all three senses: Odor, view, ear. The standard describes its nature in this way:

Vigilant and passionate hunter who uses both sight and smell. When working short distance, he also uses his ears in a remarkable way.

The Pharaoh Hound they are very intelligent and docile. They quickly learn what is allowed and what is taboo. They are friendly and open-minded with people. Towards humans there is no aggression; towards other dogs, However, this may be different, particularly with males. The Pharaoh Hound they have a kind and playful nature. They seek intimate connection with their masters and are loyal to them. Even in spite of its thinness, they are very hard and resistant.

Comments

The Pharaoh Hound is very similar to the Cirneco dell'Etna Italian.

Attitude

Basically the Pharaoh Hound it's good to keep it. It is very suitable as a family dog ​​and friend of children and wants to be seen as a member of their family. However, generally not suitable for a flat in the big city. You need long daily walks in nature, better several times a day. Here your senses are at their highest level. He is a dedicated and alert hunting dog. You need at least here and there the possibility of being able to exhaust yourself while running freely.

A Pharaoh Hound maintained in a species appropriate manner is calm and gentle in the home. Then you can rest relaxed in your basket or on the sofa. In addition, is very playful. Some specimens are extremely alert and like to bark. Also in another way barking is used very happily for communication and to express their feelings. It should also be noted that the Pharaoh Hound has no undercoat and is naturally low in insulating fat and therefore sensitive to cold.

Education

A Pharaoh Hound well socialized can be trained very well. Your senses alert, his intelligence and friendly affection make it easy for him to understand humans. He also wants to please us and live in harmony. Of course it always requires a just consequence. He realizes his master's lack of care immediately and uses him mercilessly. So he'll use every inattention to steal an unprotected gift. For an occupation and physical workload suitable for dogs, the greyhound association offers the possibility of participating with Pharaoh Hound in Greyhound racing or hunting dogs. Other dog sports such as agility are also suitable. Due to his strong hunting motivation, training requires patience and empathy.

Care and health

The Pharaoh Hound he is very frugal. Brushing the coat from time to time is enough.

Typical diseases

There are no exact data on the typical diseases of this rare breed of dog. One problem could be inbreeding.

Nutrition

The Pharaoh Hound he is usually very gluttonous. You have to be careful here. In all other respects, They are very austere breeds in terms of the type of food..

Life expectancy “Pharaoh Hound”

There are no figures on the life expectancy of Pharaoh Hound. However, should be around 12 years.

Buy a “Pharaoh Hound”

If you want to spend your life with a Pharaoh Hound, you should first check if you can guarantee all the conditions for it, especially if you have the possibility to let it run regularly. Otherwise, you should look for very similar dogs in animal shelters, in serious animal protection organizations.

Characteristics “Pharaoh Hound”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Pharaoh Hound” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitability of the apartment ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Can be alone all day ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a first dog ?

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Weight gain ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Kindness with child ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bite ?

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to bark ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Tendency to flee ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss force ?

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Suitable as a guard dog ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Joy ?

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat friendliness ?

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Power level ?

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Pharaoh Hound”

Videos “Pharaoh Hound”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 248
  • Group 5: Spitz and primitive types.
  • Section 6: Primitive type. Without working trial.

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5: Dogs type Spitz and primitive type – Section 6: Primitive type.

FCI standard of the Pharaoh Hound breed

Pharaoh Hound FCI Pharaoh Hound FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Kelb tal-Fenek (English).
    2. Lévrier du pharaon (French).
    3. Pharaoh Hound, Kelb tal-Fenek (German).
    4. Cão de coelho, Kelb-tal fenek (Portuguese).
    5. Podenco faraónico, Pharaoh hound (Spanish).

Border Terrier
Gran Bretaña FCI 10 -Large and medium-sized Terrier

Border Terrier

The Border Terrier they are intelligent, loving, quite independent and.

Content

History

Border Terrier It is a breed of dog of the Terrier that group, It takes its name from its place of origin, the Scottish borders. Shares ancestors with the Dandie Dinmont Terrier and Bedlington Terrier.

Originally bred as a Hunter of foxes and small varmints, they were used to hunt otters and Badgers, also.
Although the breed is very old, the Border Terrier was officially recognized by the Kennel Club of Great Britain in 1920, and by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1930.

In 2006, the Border Terrier ranked 81, number of records by the AKC and the post 10 in United Kingdom (in the 2088, ranked number 8).

Read more

Clumber Spaniel
Inglaterra FCI 109

Clumber Spaniel

This Clumber Spaniel is medium to large sweet and gentle, with a deceptively relaxed appearance

Content

History

Little is actually known about the origins of race, but legend says that the Duc de Noailles of France He gave his dear spaniels his English counterpart, the Duke of Newcastle, to save them from the horrors of the French Revolution. The dogs were sent to the estate of the Duke in Clumber Park, which later they acquired the name of race. Based on the paintings of that time, the Clumber They have not changed much in two centuries: Dogs still have a temperament somewhat reserved, as well as a sensible appearance, rather than striking. The Basset Hound and a dog known as spaniel alpino (an extinct race), probably they listed in their genealogy.

Interest in the race continued during the nineteenth century, and even they were exhibited Clumbers in one of the first dog shows in 1859. The Clumber Spaniels also they became popular among the British aristocracy. Real race fans included the prince Albert and a Edward VII.

It has been allowed to be heavier, starting at 1950, and the weight limit is currently 34 Kg despite the excess in some specimens. Anyway, breed lovers make sure that this large does not cause any weakness in his hind.

Did You Know?

Some major British were in love with the Clumber Spaniel: The husband of Queen Victoria, Prince Albert, and Edward VII, They were both fans of the race.

Physical characteristics

It is a well balanced dog, of bones strong, Active, with a reflective expression; overall appearance denoting strength. The Clumber should be firm, active and able to perform daily work in the field.

Its shape is similar to that of the Sussex Spaniel smaller. The Clumber It has a heavy bone structure, Their fur is dense, Weatherproof, straight and flat, with hair around the ears, belly and legs. The tufts are predominantly white with lemon colored spots, brown or orange around the eyes and the base of the tail.

WEIGHT:
Ideal weight: Males: 29,5 – 34 kg. Females: 25 – 29,5 kg.

Character and skills

According to the breed standard, the Clumber Spaniel He is loyal and affectionate with his family. It can be reserved with strangers, but it is never aggressive or timid. Good words for firm include, reliable, friendly and worthy… but do not let that fool you their dignified behavior. The Clumber is very smart, determined to get what he wants, and more agile than it looks. During his puppy, which usually lasts until three or four years, it can be a wild dog running through the house at breakneck speed and gets into many problems. (For some, Part of getting into trouble never ends.) On the positive side, the Clumber also it tends to stay young at heart well into old age.

If they raised together, the Clumber and children can become fast friends. If you still have no children, make sure your Clumber meet the children of your friends often and from an early age, to get used to the loud screams and rapid movements. The Clumber also gets along well with other dogs, and it is friendly with cats, ferrets and other small pets, as long as the know. Because of its sporty nature, considers that the furry or feathered creatures that live outdoors are animals hunting. In other words, is more likely that your Clumber swallow your whole wild bird to look after him delicately.

On a walk, the Clumber it moves at a slow and steady pace. It does not have high levels of energy from many other races that are dedicated to collecting and point, but it has the ability to break through any type of shrub that stand in your way. In addition, It has an infinite resistance, so it is a great companion for hiking and hunting, recovering quickly and enjoys water. To keep fit and out of trouble, need rides 20 - 30 minutes twice a day. If you have a fenced yard, Do not assume that exercised. Like the rest of us, the Clumber need motivation from a friend to get up and go.

The Clumber It is an independent thinker, so it can be stubborn. Train Your Clumber requires patience and the ability to convince him to do what you want is actually all her idea. It's a good problem solver; The point is that the problem that often involves doing something forbidden resolved. any dog, no matter how nice it is, You may develop obnoxious barking levels… and the Clumber is no exception. Some Clumbers They are naturally quiet, other bark at all, and some of them fall somewhere in the middle. If you live with, Let's say, a burrow, expects you Clumber learn to bark a lot.

Start training your puppy the day you bring it home. Even at eight weeks old, He is able to absorb everything you can teach. Do not wait until you have 6 months to start training him or you'll have to deal with a more stubborn dog. If possible, take it to the class of kindergarten for puppies when you have between 10 and 12 weeks, y socialize, socialize, socialize. However, Note that many kinds of training puppies require certain vaccinations (such as kennel cough) are a day, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to dogs and other public places until vaccines puppies (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) They are completed. Instead of formal training, You can start training your puppy to socialize at home and among family and friends until immunizations are completed in the puppy.

Grooming

White and fringed coat Clumber requires a moderate amount of toilet: If you want me to be handsome, bathe him once a month, and brush or comb his coat during 10 - 15 minutes, up to three times a week, to prevent tangles and remove dead hair. You should also cut back on their feet, ears and feathers.

The locks were off at a moderate pace strong throughout the year, so buy a good vacuum cleaner; regular brushing will also reduce the amount of hair floating in your home.

The rest are routine care: Cut off nails every few weeks and keep drooping ears clean and dry to prevent infection. You should also brush his teeth regularly to maintain good overall health and fresh breath.

Health

The Clumber Spaniel They are generally healthy, but they are susceptible to some conditions, including eye problems such as Entropion and ectropion, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, or dry eye, and falls. They may also be prone to hip dysplasia and an inherited condition called deficiency pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase , which can cause exercise intolerance and heart and lung problems.

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free from these diseases, so you need to find a reputable breeder who commit to raise healthier animals possible. You must be able to produce an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) They have been examined for defects common and considered healthy for breeding. That's where they enter medical records.

Careful breeders their dogs examined for genetic diseases, and only raise better-looking specimens, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy can develop one of these conditions. In the majority of cases, still you can live a good life, thanks to advances in veterinary medicine. Having said that, not all visits to the vet involve a genetic problem. Puppies love to eat them things, so it's not uncommon to develop gastroenteritis (intestine garbage) or require surgery to remove random objects from the intestines, as hand towels and toys.

And remember that you have the power to protect your Clumber one of the most common health problems: the obesity. You keep a healthy weight is a simple way to prolong the life of your Clumber avoiding problems such as hip dysplasia.

Ratings of the Clumber Spaniel

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Clumber Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need to exercise ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images of the Clumber Spaniel

credits:

1. Clumber Spaniel in Tallinn by Tomasyna / CC BY-SA
2. Clumber Spaniel during show of dogs in Rybnik – Stone, Poland by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
3. Clumber_spaniel en el World Dog Show en Poznań by Pleple2000 / CC BY-SA
4. 2015 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, New York City by Pets Adviser from Brooklyn, USA / CC BYwww.petsadviser.com
5. Clumber Spaniel by audrey_sel / CC BY-SA
6. A Clumber Spaniel by Canarian / CC BY-SA

Videos del Clumber Spaniel

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 8 –> Retrievers, Flushing dogs, water dogs. / Section 2 –> Flushing dogs. With working trial.
  • FCI 109
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
  • FCI standard of the Clumber Spaniel breed
  • CLUMBER SPANIEL FCI

Border Collie
Gran Bretaña FCI 297 . Sheepdogs

Border Collie

The Border Collie is regarded as the breed of smarter dogs que existe

Content

History

The Border Collie takes its name from the region of Borders, the border region between Scotland and England, where he has been tending flocks of sheep since ancient times with extraordinary efficiency. For a long time, has remained there out of sight of international canine enthusiasts. Therefore, the official rule was not registered with the FCI until 1976.

The foundation of the ISDS (International Society of Sheep Dogs) in 1906 marked a turning point in this dog's history. The name of Border Collie then appeared in 1915 to describe these famous “shepherds dogs”, in recognition of the selection work carried out by the pastoralists of the border regions. The word “frontera” refers to the border, while the word “Collie” used to describe a sheepdog.

The Border Collie owes excellent performance in many disciplines to rigorous and uncompromising selection in a pastoral environment. The different breeds that have stabilized the border are mainly herder breeds (Old English Sheepdog (Bobtail), Bearded Collie…), but also hunting dogs, as the English Pointer and especially the Gordon Setter.

Like this, the definitive pedigree of Border Collie, and therefore your right to breed pedigree dogs, directly depends on your herding skills.

Physical characteristics

The Border Collie is a dog of medium size, well proportioned, that can weigh between 16 and 23 kg. It has a double cloak of hair that supports various colors, variations of black, toasted and white though white should never be the predominant color, the fur is impermeable, It can be dense and coarse, or dense, soft. The body has athletic appearance, low chest, strong and agile.

The altitude varies between 46,5 and 56 cm for males and between 46 and 53 centimeters in females. The tail is moderately long, slightly curved, well populated, with a lock of his hair white at the end of the same.

There are two coat varieties, moderately long and short. In both, the outer layer is dense and has a medium texture; the inner layer is dense and soft, which gives it good protection against the inclement weather. In dogs that have a moderately long fur, the abundant hair is Manes, fringes and tail brush. In the face, ears, previous members (except for the fringes) and later members from hocks to the ground, the hair should be short and smooth.

Character and skills

He is loyal to his own and especially who take as leader, with who comes to forge an unconditional link. His gaze is one of its main features, in the moments of work never apart from its leader, denoting a capacity of rare focus on the rest of dog breeds. He is happy when working, enjoy doing it.

According to the classification made by Stanley Coren after analyzing the responses of more of 200 work of the AKC judges (“"The intelligence of dogs", Stanley city, Ediciones B, 1995), the Border Collie is the No. 1 from the list.

It is a clever dog, very acute hearing, with a broad response capacity but, above all, It has a great agility and is owner of extreme intelligence, both functional and obedience.

His strong herding instinct, coupled with his tenacity and resistance, It places it among the most required to bring races, controlling and driving flocks, proving the best breed of dog existing pastor.

The Border Collie is regarded as the breed of more intelligent dogs que existe, next to the Golden Retriever and to the German Shepherd, that is why it is so easy to train.

It´s awake, vigilant, responsive and intelligent. Affectionate and docile, sociable with humans and other animals. He possesses an innate curiosity. It is a working dog and requires exercise in large or open spaces. You need to feel that it is part of a group and it has a function in the same. As it is a breed of grazing need daily physical activity.

Slender, regular and easy, raising little toes, which gives the impression that move furtively and at high speed. The Agility It is a sport open to all those people who have one or more dogs (Whatever your race, with or without pedigree). It consists of dogs led by their guides are able to overcome a series of obstacles in order to put in evidence the intelligence, obedience, concentration, sociability and agility.

The Border Collie stands out in this sport for its physical and mental characteristics. If any of these tests has been occasionally observed, couldn't help but realize that the Border Collie They are present in many of them and they always end up doing it well.

Did You Know?

The Border Collie they are known as herding dogs, but a dog of this breed currently holds the Guinness World Record for the fastest car window opened by a dog. Striker, a Border Collie from Hungary, non electric opened window 11,34 seconds. Awesome!

The Border Collie Ratings

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Border Collie” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Exercise Needs ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Border Collie”

Videos “Border Collie”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs ) / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. With working trial.
  • FCI 297
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
  • FCI nomenclature race “Border Collie”
  • BORDER COLLIE FCI

Alternative names:

    1. Scottish Sheepdog (English).
    2. Border collie (French).
    3. Border collie (German).
    4. collie da fronteira (Portuguese).
    5. Collie de la frontera, Collie fronterizo (Spanish).

Bulldog
Gran Bretaña FCI 149 - Molossoid - Dogo

Bulldog

The Bulldog Currently he is a dog known for having a good humor.

Content

History

The race Bulldog or English Bulldog, It was initially used for betting in dog fights, during the 17TH century (in 1835 This practice was banned in England). In the news, This dog is one of the symbols of England.

Its origin is in the «ancient Greek dog», Kelb Thal Bulldog, or bulls Maltese dog: an imported breed to England, with ancient mastiffs crossed gave rise to the Old English Bulldog.

The Bulldog of yesteryear was lighter and similar to the Boxer than the chubby current Bulldog; was a purely sporting animal. It was used in the creation of other races as: Bullmastiff, Boxer, Bull Terrier, and some hounds like him Beagle old type. As a fighting dog was an animal that only accepted the challenge of greater such as bears animals, bulls and even Lions.

The origin of the name is due to the fact of being a dog butchers, namely, its function was to run the bulls, to believe so their meat was smoother. Although it is probably a deformation of the name Band Dog or «seasoned dog».
It must be borne in mind that the old Bulldog have nothing to do with the current, they were only modified with crosses with other races like the Pug or Carlin; race of which Bulldog inherited its flattened snout as well as its plump musculature.

Former Bulldogs were dogs of varied appearance, sometimes dogs elongated snout and all colors. It has to be taken into account that the former Bulldog was a working animal by which attached great importance to the character.

Physical characteristics

The Bulldog is a breed that is characterized by thick shoulders and a head large in proportion to their body. Generally thick folds of skin on his forehead, followed by a few black, large, round eyes. It has a short snout with folds above the nose, with a pendant Chin under neck, along with drooping lips and sharp teeth. The big legs give an idea, how strong is the dog that you have to deal with. Even a well-trained bulldog with an ideal weight seems to the uninitiated observer that it is a dog with excess pounds. He's really muscle loaded and he shouldn't have fat on his ribs. All this translates into a very powerful and imposing appearance.

Its pelage is short, smooth and elegant red color, Beige, white, striped (color mixing, sometimes in irregular stripes) and various colors of these.

The standard of weight and height varies according to country, but in general terms and averages, These dogs are usually measured in 30 - 40 cm. and weigh in 18 - 25 Kg. Some dog breeds need them they cut off the tail or her call after birth, the bulldogs are the few races that have naturally short and curly tail. A long, upright tail it is flaw in a Bulldog.

Character and skills

The Bulldog is friendly and courteous. There is hardly a quadruped that is so unconditionally dedicated to humans. Greet his family and all the people he has brought to his heart at some point in his life with exuberant warmth. It´s, in its most, a cool guy who can't be bothered by anything so quickly, not by a barking dog or by the vacuum cleaner running through its muzzle. But it can literally explode in an instant when it seems necessary. Then shoot like a rocket towards the front door and pile up with a dark bass in front of the alleged troublemaker.. In this situation, literally goes through the wall. The direct path is then his creed.

But do not worry, the Bulldog can be controlled and bite accidents are practically impossible. When you realize you've scared a friend, almost ashamed. Once the “danger”, he lies down comfortably on his couch again seconds later and growls like nothing happened. At these extremes his mental heritage comes out once again. The Bulldog has a sovereign character, making it the ideal companion even in hectic big cities and a balm for our often stressed psyche.

Care “Bulldog”

The Bulldog has no special demands on your posture. It is a frugal and low maintenance companion, as long as you are healthy. The most important thing is that you feel the love of your humans. Can be easily kept in a small apartment as long as it has its place on the sofa with a cushion. This is sacred to him. But there shouldn't be many stairs to climb. He loves his daily walks, you also need to stay fit, and is a smooth companion when traveling or in the restaurant. The Bulldog behaves perfectly and can also be left in the room for a few hours.

However, when is hot, you have to let her rest. Be careful that you are not physically or mentally stressed. You should avoid long car trips even with air conditioning. In all other respects, it is perfectly suitable for traveling. The majority of the Bulldogs they love to travel by car. Since he doesn't have a strong hunting instinct, you can walk with him relaxedly through the landscape, what he also likes Bulldog. You have to control yourself with food. The majority of the Bulldogs they are voracious eaters, they empty their bowl in no time and then look at us with an innocent expression: “Than, Thats not all, I'm supposed to starve here?” Being overweight is bad for your health, even in the Bulldogs.

No special coat care necessary; occasional brushing is good for fur and psyche.
Regular cleaning is necessary in case of exaggerated wrinkles.

Nutrition / Food

The Bulldog he's a greedy dog. He hurriedly empties the bowl and then asks with a disapproving look if that was all. In the interest of your health and your tendency to be overweight, must keep short and always watch the total ration of sweets included. It is advisable to feed the English Bulldog with high quality food with a high meat content.

Life expectancy

Due to over-exploitation and exaggeration in its appearance, the Bulldog has a life expectancy of only 6,3 years according to the statics of the Kennel Club leading the standard. A typical serious breeding Bulldog without exaggeration can easily reach the 10-12 years.

Health “Bulldog”

There's probably no dog, yes no animal, that was so deeply shaped and unfortunately deformed by us humans. This caused considerable health problems. In 2009 the Kennel Club of London, who is responsible for him, revised the standard of Bulldog in the sense of a healthier upbringing. Among other things, nose wrinkles are expressly prohibited. Unfortunately, these regulations are largely ignored in breeding. Natural births are a rarity and mating is increasingly being replaced by artificial insemination by the vet. The Bulldog healthy is very easy to care.

Many Bulldogs suffer from a deformation of the respiratory tract, it doesn't allow them to breathe freely. As a result, the heart is occasionally overloaded. In addition, inflamed wrinkles, entropion (eyelid turned inward) and narrow ear canals are frequent clinical pictures of the Bulldog. It also tends to cause allergies..

Education

The basis of your education is a relationship of love and trust with your master and caregiver. Humans must take their stubbornness and occasional stubbornness with humor.. Otherwise, we have a problem. Not a receiver of orders. However, you need clear limits and rules that must be strictly followed. Because when you want something, can be very stubborn. The Bulldog wants to please his people, but check the meaning of each order. If you don't want something, there is no way to enter. The only way to enter is by asking. But then he will do what he is asked. A relationship of trust, a good understanding of your individual personality and respect for him can be the basis of an extremely harmonious team, where the Bulldog follows its caregiver with only facial expressions and eye movements.

Ideal family dogs

The Bulldogs they are ideal family dogs. Social integration in the human family and participation in his life is the greatest for him. Also for us, the humans, her warm affection is always a source of joy, smile and good mood. Does not have an innate behavior, like the herding or protective instinct, it could become problems. It is an ideal playmate for children. Although at first glance it seems a bit awkward, he is surprisingly kind even to young children. Also gets along well with other pets.

Buy a “Bulldog”

Find a Bulldog healthy is not easy
Buy a puppy from Bulldog it's not easy. Although there is a wide range of offers on the relevant Internet portals, these are mostly dubious. Many of the Bulldogs offered there come from multipliers in Eastern Europe or even Germany. Breed dogs have a miserable life and puppies often show their illnesses already days after purchase. This can become a very expensive matter, not to mention suffering. The Bulldog seriously bred is an expensive dog to buy, precisely because their upbringing requires a lot of effort. Please, buy your Bulldog only from the local breeder from long ago, preferably breeders with all certifications. Take a close look at the breeder: Serious breeders like to show you their breeding dogs and document the health and age of their ancestors.. But it is also recommended to take a look at the refuge – there may be an opportunity to offer a Bulldog a new home. The puppies of a serious breeder cost from 2500 EUR. No special maintenance costs are necessary, but the Bulldog has a high risk of disease and therefore a high risk of cost.

Characteristics “Bulldog”

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Bulldog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Dog friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Hair loss ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection Level ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Exercise Needs ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social Needs ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Apartment ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Grooming ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Stranger Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Barking Tendencies ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health Issues ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

Rated 2 out of 5
2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Cat Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

intelligence ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child Friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Watchdog Ability ⓘ

Rated 1 out of 5
1 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Playfulness ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images “Bulldog”

Videos “Bulldog”

Type and recognitions:

  • CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 2 –> Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid breeds-Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. . / Section 2.1 –> Molossoid breeds, Mastiff Type.
    Without working trial.
  • FCI 149
  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC
  • FCI breed standard “?php the_title(); ?>”/strong>
  • BULLDOG FCI

Alternative names:

    1. British Bulldog, English Bulldog (English).
    2. Bulldog (French).
    3. Bulldog (German).
    4. Bulldog-inglês (Portuguese).
    5. Bulldog inglés (Spanish).