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Pharaoh Hound
Malta FCI 248 . Primitive type

Pharaoh Hound

The Pharaoh Hound in family is smart, friendly, affectionate and playful.

Content

History

The Pharaoh Hound it is a hunting dog like those of hunting dog breeds, formerly at home in many areas of the Mediterranean. It is also called Kelb-tal-Fenek. “Kelb-tal-Fenek” It is Maltese and it means “Rabbit dog”.

Like all Warren hound, is the specialist in rabbit hunting. But, does not go to the burrow like the Dachshund or the terriers. Because the Pharaoh Hound and Warren hound they hunt on land when they see them. They are agile like a hunting dog and can launch attacks fast as lightning. As a group, surround their prey. In this way, knock down dozens, even hundreds of rabbits in a short time. The Pharaoh Hound they often work completely independently without guidance from the hunter. In Malta they also help with herding the goats and are useful as all-rounders for all tasks around the home and on the farm..

The Pharaoh Hound was created in Great Britain in the decade of 1960 as an independent breed of dog. It is an offshoot of the population of these dogs, that have existed for thousands of years in the northern and eastern Mediterranean. Besides of Pharaoh Hound, the Warren hound are other descendants of these dogs, each of which is now an independent race. Its roots go deep into the past.. But, its exact origin is not clear. Its resemblance to the ancient Egyptian hunting dog Tesem, one of the oldest documented dog breeds, it's amazing. But, not proven and not likely to be descendants “pure” of Tesem. This type of dog probably existed everywhere, since it already served the people of the ancient world in its current role.

With the time, regional strains were developed that, However, repeatedly mated with each other. The World Canine Federation, Fédération Cynologique Internationale, took this into account when establishing a collection standard for Mediterranean breeds up to 1977. Great Britain then created the breed of dogs Pharaoh Hound and later handed over the patronage to Malta. There it was even declared a national dog in 1974. In 1991 was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale as an independent race.

(See study on canine genome).

Physical characteristics

Haughty and delgado, the Pharaoh Hound is a dog from size medium with very defined lines, elegant and noble porte.

The height in the males is of 55 to 63 cm., and weigh in 10 to 12 kg; the females measure of 52 to 61 cm to the cross, and weigh in 8 to 10 kg. If born with a tail does not lack that ampute you.

The belly is fine and the back straight and strong. The body is made up of long muscles, of dry lines.

Has the head triangular, almost without stop, the eyes Amber blend with the mantle, they are oval and slightly sunken. The ears they are inserted to half-height, Reprint alert to carry them, they are wide at its base and thin and long.

The tail is curved and carries low, but when he is happy he has been in high.

Its fur is fine, short and glossy. In some cases it may be a little rough to the touch. The color fur is reddish brown clear to reddish brown dark with white markings. According to the standard, the white tail is highly desirable.

As well, is supported in the standard to submit a white mark on the chest and white fingertips, including a white stripe down the center line of the face.

Character and skills

The Pharaoh Hound he is a hunting dog and a hound at the same time. They are sometimes used in their homeland as watchdogs or herding dogs for goats.. Before genetic separation from the total population, many dogs had to struggle for scraps of human food and often suffered from hunger. These original living conditions still determine its nature today.. They are very agile and alert. Almost nothing escapes your keen senses. Especially like young dogs who crave exercise and experiences, ideally hunting and first of all the option of free running. As they tend to have a strong hunting instinct, this deep-rooted need of dogs in our latitudes can only be satisfied on rare occasions.

It is an experience to see him Pharaoh Hound running freely. Because they can sprint fast and especially capture prey in extremely courteous races. the Pharaoh Hound hunt with all three senses: Odor, view, ear. The standard describes its nature in this way:

Vigilant and passionate hunter who uses both sight and smell. When working short distance, he also uses his ears in a remarkable way.

The Pharaoh Hound they are very intelligent and docile. They quickly learn what is allowed and what is taboo. They are friendly and open-minded with people. Towards humans there is no aggression; towards other dogs, However, this may be different, particularly with males. The Pharaoh Hound they have a kind and playful nature. They seek intimate connection with their masters and are loyal to them.. Even in spite of its thinness, they are very hard and resistant.

Observations

The Pharaoh Hound is very similar to the Cirneco dell'Etna Italian.

Fitness

Basically the Pharaoh Hound it's good to keep it. It is very suitable as a family dog ​​and friend of children and wants to be seen as a member of their family. But, generally not suitable for a flat in the big city. You need long daily walks in nature, better several times a day. Here your senses are at their highest level. He is a dedicated and alert hunting dog. You need at least here and there the possibility of being able to exhaust yourself while running free.

One Pharaoh Hound maintained in a species appropriate manner is calm and gentle in the home. Then you can rest relaxed in your basket or on the sofa. It also, is very playful. Some specimens are extremely alert and like to bark.. Also in another way barking is used very happily for communication and to express their feelings. It should also be noted that the Pharaoh Hound It does not have an undercoat and by nature it has little insulating fat and is therefore sensitive to cold..

Education

One Pharaoh Hound well socialized can be trained very well. Your senses alert, his intelligence and friendly affection make it easy for him to understand humans. He also wants to please us and live in harmony. Of course it always requires a just consequence. He realizes his master's lack of care immediately and uses him mercilessly. So he'll use every inattention to steal an unprotected gift.. For proper occupation and physical workload for dogs, the greyhound association offers the possibility of participating with Pharaoh Hound in Greyhound racing or hunting dogs. Other dog sports such as agility are also suitable. Due to his strong hunting motivation, training requires patience and empathy.

Care and health

The Pharaoh Hound he is very frugal. Brushing the coat from time to time is enough.

Typical diseases

There are no exact data on the typical diseases of this rare breed of dogs.. One problem could be inbreeding.

Nutrition

The Pharaoh Hound he is usually very gluttonous. you have to be careful here. Otherwise, They are very austere breeds in terms of the type of food..

Life expectancy “Pharaoh Hound”

There are no figures on the life expectancy of Pharaoh Hound. But, should be around 12 years.

For sale “Pharaoh Hound”

If you want to spend your life with a Pharaoh Hound, you should first check if you can guarantee all the conditions for it, especially if you have the possibility to let it run regularly. Otherwise, you should look for very similar dogs in animal shelters, in serious animal protection organizations.

Characteristics "Pharaoh Hound"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Pharaoh Hound" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Training ?

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Suitable as a first dog ?

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Intelligence ?

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Tendency to bite ?

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Tendency to flee ?

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hair loss strength ?

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Suitable as a guard dog ?

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Joy ?

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Images “Pharaoh Hound”

Videos “Pharaoh Hound”

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group :
  • Section : . .

Federations:

  • FCI – Group 5: Spitz-type dogs and primitive type – Section 6: Primitive type.


FCI breed standard "Pharaoh Hound"

FCIFCI - Pharaoh Hound
Dog

Alternative names:

1. Kelb tal-Fenek (English).
2. Lévrier du pharaon (French).
3. Pharaoh Hound, Kelb tal-Fenek (German).
4. Cão de coelho, Kelb-tal fenek (Portuguese).
5. Podenco faraónico, Pharaoh hound (español).

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Warren hound breeds
Italia España Portugal Grecia Francia Túnez Malta Warren hound

Razas de Podenco

The different “Warren hound breeds” are characterized by being little barking, extremely clever and agile for hunting.

Content

It is called Warren hound to a type of hunting dog of ancient origins. There are several breeds today throughout the entire Mediterranean: is believed to be the origin of these modern breeds in old Egypt (specifically in the Tesem race) and that the dogs were broadcast by the Mediterranean coast by the Phoenicians. Its appearance slightly recalls a Jackal or the image of the Egyptian Dios Anubis.

Various genetic studies carried out in recent years have come to the conclusion that contrary to the widespread belief that the Podenco is a type of primitive dog imported a few 3.000 the area of middle years, These dogs really are close genetic relationship with the rest of European hunting dogs and are not more “primitive” that most of them.

The Federation Cynologique Internationale brings together the Podencos within section 7 (“Primitive type - Hunting Dogs”) Group v, the Pharaoh Hound which in its place of origin is used for rabbit hunting is not included in this section, If not in the section 6 (“Primitive type”).

Podenco breeds recognized by the FCI

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Not recognized by the FCI

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Other races, Despite not being recognized by the FCI, they have morphological and usage characteristics typical of Podencos., are:

According to the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, the difference between Greyhound, Lebrel and poodle is based on the following definitions:

  • Greyhound: Lightweight dog breed, with small head, large eyes, the pointed snout, the ears are thin and hanging, the slim body and neck, the long legs and tail.
  • Sighthound: Variety of dog that is distinguished by having an upper lip and drooping ears, the strong muzzle, straight back, the long body and legs removed back. It was given this name for being very suitable for hunting hares.
  • Warren hound: The somewhat lower body, but more robust than the hound, with round head, the ears stiff, straight back, moderately long hair, the coiled tail and hands and feet small, but very strong. It is little barking and extremely shrewd and Agile for hunting, by its great view, smell and resistance.

Warren hound breeds