German Spaniel
Alemania FCI 104 . Flushing Dogs

German Spaniel

The German Spaniel it is very appreciated especially for hunting.

Content

History

The study of the history of hunting teaches us that centuries ago there were hunting dogs very similar to the current one German Spaniel. At that time they were used to hunt.

Breeding of the breed controlled in a herd book began in the early 20th century, with a few suitable bitches. The first representative of the German Spaniel was Mr. Augusta 1834 L, a Staufenberg dog in Upper Bavaria.

At first there were only brown dogs with partial white markings and dogs with white markings.. The latter had small red spots on the head and limbs, calls “fire marks”. It was the bitch Baby auf de Schanze 1838 L the one that introduced the roan in the race. Rudolf Friess, a dog lover who for decades had a great influence on the breeding of the German Spaniel, introduced separate breeding of the brown and roan varieties.

Despite the narrow initial breeding base, put in place an essential requirement to avoid damage due to inbreeding through selective mating. The separation of the two colors is also justified by a certain disparity in the natural qualities of the German Spaniel. Chestnut trees were easier to drive over short distances and more persistent on the track, while the roans had a highly developed penetration over long distances.

These different natural gifts are no longer a reliable differential criterion today., since in the meantime, for many reasons, there have been repeated crosses between the two color varieties. However, in principle, the separation still maintains a certain reserve of unrelated blood within the race today.

The German Spaniel it is and continues to be bred by hunters and for hunters as a hunting dog with great versatility.

Photo: “German Spaniel” by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/wachtelhund-jagdhund-st%C3%B6berhund-4604508/

Physical characteristics

The German Spaniel it is a medium sized hunting dog, long-haired, very muscular, with a noble head and strong bones. In general, they are longer than they are tall, but they should never give the impression of being tall.

Lively and very passionate about hunting, friendly and confident in its natural environment, very docile and very adaptable; Neither timid nor aggressive.

The German Spaniel in some points:

– Has a well developed piercing,

– follow the path of hunting big and small with will and perseverance,

– give voice without hesitation,

– has a fine nose,

– he likes rapport and water,

– has a bite for hunting and vermin,

– Trained and properly managed, hunt without deviating from course over long distances; works as a Hound and in search of lost pieces; is a versatile hunting dog for tracking and hunting in ditches, heavily wooded areas and in the water. From the beginning of supervised breeding, the ability to stop has not been taken into account.

The coat is strong, glued, mostly wavy, occasionally also curly (Astrakhan), or long, flat with thick undercoat; not too long, especially not fine or silky; on the nape, often curled on the ears and rump; well furnished hindquarters and tail; the presence of a frill around the neck is frequent; the belly is also well provided with hair; muzzle and cranial region have short but tight hair; the ears are covered with curls or tight, wavy hair that extends beyond the edge of the pinna; the interdigital spaces have a tight hair but not too long.

The “German Spaniel” it is bred in two color varieties:

– Solid brown, more rarely also red; often with white or mottled markings on the chest and toes.
– Brown roan, more rarely also red roan; the background color consists of brown hairs, possibly red, intimately mixed with white hairs; often the head is brown, possibly red, with spots or also a mantle that extends all over the back ; this color variety includes variegated coats with a white background and large brown spots, possibly red, also the so-called dogs “Tiger”, in which the white background is also mottled or mottled with small tufts of brown hair, possibly red; the latter can perfectly descend from monocolored parents.

All shades and variations of red are included in this term (red fox, red deer, red deer).

SIZE AND WEIGHT :

  • Males 48-54 cm.
  • Females 45-52 cm.
  • Varies in relation to size, between some 18 and 25 kg.

    Character and skills

    Robust, brave, can work on all terrains, mainly forests and swamps. Active tracker, bush hunter, screaming on the road, he specializes in hunting small game but also in tracking foxes and large animals. He is a good collector, it is also a trail dog, able to search for wounded game. Loving, is appreciated as a companion. He is confident in his natural environment, while being endowed with a great capacity for adaptation.

    They are not shy or aggressive, but they need a strong education that starts soon.

    Education

    Kind, affectionate and docile, the German Spaniel has these wonderful predispositions by nature. But with one condition, and not the least. Because this dog needs a lot more exercise, education and activity from the beginning of what a family or active people can offer. Being on the go is not enough. The German Spaniel want more. It can and should do more than just be a family dog. Idleness goes against their nature. You need qualified hunting dog training that is physically and mentally challenging. If you are successful, this passionate hunter will prove to be an obedient and loyal companion.

    Health

    The German Spaniel have a slight predisposition to hip dysplasia. Breeders are very careful not to breed animals with this predisposition. This will greatly reduce this deficiency.

    On the other hand, their floppy ears predispose this dog to ear infections (and more for dogs used to getting into the water).

    Grooming

    The coat of the German Spaniel is perfectly adapted to your lifestyle. Dirt doesn't seem to stick to hair, even if he walks through the bushes for hours. A weekly brushing is enough. He usually decides when it is time to bathe. Showering in summer is a moment of well-being that you enjoy.

    Characteristics “German Spaniel”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “German Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “German Spaniel”

    Photos:

    1 – Deutscher Wachtel by Steffen Heinz (Caronna), CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4748569/
    3 – German Spaniel by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Deutscher_Wachtel.jpg
    4 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-hund-haustier-5753477/
    5 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4763510/
    6 – German Spaniel by https://pixabay.com/de/photos/deutscher-wachtelhund-jagdhund-4905048/

    Videos “German Spaniel”

    German Spaniel (Deutscher Wachtelhund)
    Training German Spaniel

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 104
    • Group 8: Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs
    • Section 2: Flushing Dogs. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 2: Retrievers

    FCI breed standard “German Spaniel”

    FCIFCI – “German Spaniel”
    German loser FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Deutscher Wachtelhund (German quail dog) (English).
      2. Chien d’oysel (French).
      3. Deutscher Wachtel (German).
      4. (em alemão: Deutscher Wachtelhund) (Portuguese).
      5. Spaniel alemán, (en alemán deutscher wachtelhund) (Spanish).

    Flat-coated Retriever
    Inglaterra FCI 121 . Retrievers

    Flat-coated Retriever

    The Flat-coated Retriever should be rediscovered as a companion dog and also for work, because it is still preferred to Labrador Retriever and to a lesser extent to Golden Retriever

    Content

    History

    The Flat-coated Retriever was born during the 19th century in Scotland. He is a member of the great family of the Retriever, with whom you share many physical and mental characteristics. Therefore, is a close cousin of Labrador Retriever, the Golden Retriever, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever, the Curly-coated Retriever and the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever.

    Scottish game wardens developed the Flat-coated Retriever from crosses between the Irish Setter, st john's dogs (already extinct) and the Newfoundland. These last two races, originating from the island of Newfoundland, had been imported by Canadians a few decades earlier, in 1814. These marriages gave rise to Retriever-type canines that could easily evolve both on land and in water.. In particular, hunting guard J. Hull got two dogs named Old Bounce and Young Bounce (father and daughter, respectively), distinguished by their physical and mental abilities. They were used as models to establish the general traits of the breed, so they played a great role in its creation. Although the resulting dogs had wavy hair - they were called Wavy-Coated Retrievers-, the crossing with the Collie and the Labrador Retriever was softening the coat of this dog.

    The first representatives of the breed as we know it today were born in the decade of 1860, and many other breeders contributed to its development. We can mention in particular Sewallis E. Shirley, Ettington breeder and founder of The Kennel Club, the british canine club. In the Decade of 1880, established the physical traits of the breed and drew up its official standard. We can also mention a breeder named Braisfort who, in 1869 in Birmingham, was the first to exhibit a representative at a dog show.

    The Flat-coated Retriever was first used to help fishermen, recovering fish or objects that have fallen into the water instead. In the 19th century it was especially popular with cod fishermen. However, with the evolution of fishing techniques, professionals gradually began to dispense with their services, but then they were recovered by the hunters. The latter also appreciated his swimming skills, since it was able to bring back the birds that had fallen into the water after the shots of their owner.

    The Flat-coated Retriever it was a very popular hunting dog until the end of the First World War, especially for hunting, both on land and in the water. However, the Labrador Retriever and the Golden Retriever they came to dethrone him, causing a great decrease in the number of specimens of the breed in the interwar period and causing it to be in danger of extinction at the beginning of the decade of 1960. The work of the breed's enthusiasts was not enough to restore its reputation: at the end of the decade, was once again present in large numbers in the country, though it never regained its former popularity. In fact, the number of breeders interested in him remained limited, even at that time, but this not only had disadvantages: some believe it helped them retain many of the historical qualities of the Flat-coated Retriever, starting with his great capacity for work, his intelligence and his gentle and calm character. Its official recognition by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), that came a few years before (in 1954), also helped to regain its reputation.

    Worldwide, this dog is still relatively underrepresented. In United States, for example, although it is recognized by the American Kennel Club for more than a century (more specifically since 1915, when you were in decline in your home country) and by the United Kennel Club from 1984, it only ranks slightly higher than 100 in the breed ranking according to the number of annual registrations in the organization. His position there is quite stable, contrary to what is observed in France, where it is getting more and more popular. In fact, yes at the beginning of the years 80 less than 10 births per year in the Société Centrale Canine, this figure suddenly increased to 35 in 1987 and then increased almost continuously to about 200 births per year in the early 1990s 2000 and overcome the 300 about fifteen years later.

    However, it is not surprising that their presence is greater in their country of origin, with an average of 1.200 births registered each year in The Kennel Club, the British organization of reference. The trend has been stable in the last ten years.

    Photo: A “Flat-coated Retriever” liver colored by Fesoj-wr, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    At first sight, you might think that the Flat-coated Retriever it seems like a Golden Retriever black or brown. In fact, the two breeds are so similar that in the past the second was presented at dog shows as a variety of the first. In fact, they are two different races, but the Golden Retriever descends in part of the Flat-coated Retriever and, like this, developed as a hunter for land and water game.

    The Flat-coated Retriever they are medium sized dogs, harmonious and with a lively and intelligent expression. The male is usually more imposing than the female, measuring up to about 5 cm taller and weighing up to ten kilos more than the female.

    His body is harmonious and well proportioned. The chest is wide and deep, and the spine is short and quite square. The legs are muscular and of solid bones. They are straight when viewed from the front and lead to strong round legs with tight toes.

    The tail is quite short, straight and well placed. Always carries it high, but never over the back and hardly ever stops wiggling.

    The head is rather long and the skull is rather flat. The jaws are long and strong, capable of carrying medium-sized game animals, such as hares or pheasants. They are shaped like a scissor and cover the teeth firmly implanted in the gums. The ears are quite small, drooping and well positioned on top of head. The eyes are medium in size and hazel or dark brown..

    As the name suggests, the fur of the Flat-coated Retriever It is smooth. Black or dark brown, it is also dense and of medium length. This protects the Flat-coated Retriever of all kinds of weather conditions, from water and dirt. His hair is longer in his ears, the chest, the belly, limbs and tail. Males also have longer and more abundant hair on their necks., that resembles a mane.

    Height and weight

      ▷ Male size: Of 58 - 61 cm.
      ▷ Female size: Of 56 - 59 cm.
      ▷ Male weight: Of 27 - 36 kg
      ▷ Female weight: Of 25 - 32 kg

    Character and skills

    The Flat-coated Retriever It is part of the large family of Retrievers and is particularly close to the Golden Retriever, both physically and in terms of temperament. However, one of the main differences is that they generally mature more slowly than other dogs and have a puppyish exuberance throughout their lives, which is why they are sometimes called the “Peter Pan from the Retrievers”. This great energy and vitality make him a wonderful and endearing companion., especially for children. On the other hand, It also implies that a certain amount of patience is necessary in their education.

    In fact, although he likes to please, the Flat-coated Retriever it can also be somewhat stubborn. This is partly because he loves to entertain himself., but sometimes this means ignoring or disobeying your master. That Yes, they are usually good students and are sensitive to reprimands. This sensitivity also means that overly strict and rigid training methods are not likely to suit you., as they can steer you in the wrong direction and make you even more stubborn. Therefore, it is better to favor a dog training method based on positive reinforcement, namely, in the reward of good behavior; is the case of clicker training, for example. Food in particular can do wonders for this dog, since it represents an important motivation for him. The Flat-coated Retriever It is an extremely greedy dog, and you can also remember it outside of work sessions: at the slightest drop in attention from its owner, is capable of stealing any food you have on hand, wherever you are. Therefore, it is advisable to be careful not to leave food lying around for this dog who seems to be always hungry.

    Tolerant and friendly, loves everyone, even the smallest. Combined with your enthusiasm, these traits even make it an ideal breed of dog for children. However, children must be a certain age: with young children, their exuberance and high energy could lead to unwanted jostling and tail bumps. His rather easy-going and very friendly personality also makes him a good companion for young retirees., provided they can take him out for a regular walk and meet his significant physical exercise needs.

    In general, loves human company, has strong ties to your family and needs your attention. Loves to play for hours and especially thrives in a large family.

    His good understanding with humans extends to those he does not know. If he barks when a visitor arrives, is to inform his master, and not because he considers any stranger a threat. Very welcoming and friendly, he tends to quickly like any new person who meets him - especially if that person is nice to him- and enjoy the visits, it's made for anything but guard. On the other hand, its great closeness to humans and its great need for attention make it a dog that does not tolerate loneliness well. If he lives in a family too small for him, runs the risk of being unhappy and developing destructive behaviors.

    Living with other dogs does not usually pose problems. Can also get along very well with a cat, provided adequate socialization work has been done. On the other hand, it is better to avoid the idea of ​​living with birds or rodents, since his hunting instinct would lead him to chase them.

    In addition, though it's pretty quiet inside, not really suitable for apartment living. He's a hunter at heart, who likes to exercise in spacious environments that give them the opportunity to run or swim. He is also one of the best swimmers and loves the water, never seems happier than when rolling around in puddles, jump in the fountains or just take long dips in the lakes, rivers and other bodies of water that it encounters in its path. You need to spend at least an hour and a half each day to feel good on your legs and on your head. Therefore, who thinks about adopting a Flat-coated Retriever you must ensure that it can provide you with living conditions that are compatible with your needs, because if you can't exercise enough, can quickly develop behavior problems, like stress or aggression.

    Education

    The Flat-coated Retriever learn very fast, but it is very sensitive: whatever happens, you must be careful not to punish your dog too often or too harshly, as you will remember it and could become resistant to work sessions. On the other hand, the use of a dog training method based on positive reinforcement - and, Therefore, in the use of rewards- like clicker training, for example, it comes in handy. It must be said that for him food is an important source of motivation that it would be a shame not to use during work sessions.

    The fact that he is late to maturity sometimes complicates his education a bit.. Therefore, it is advisable to just be patient and calm, and above all show great coherence, because this intelligent dog does not stop interpreting every movement and every word of his master. With everything, it is quite simple to train, and the time spent on short work sessions from an early age is a profitable and long-lasting investment in a compliant adult partner.

    In addition, as with any dog ​​of any breed, early socialization can only be beneficial in every way. The Flat-coated Retriever is spontaneously very sociable and open to changes in his environment, and quality socialization, through exposure to all kinds of people, animals, sounds and situations, reinforces these traits, making it even more balanced and perfectly suited to evolve in the midst of humans. In particular, can be especially helpful to avoid confusing cats, birds or rodents with the game.

    Health

    First of all, It should be noted that the Flat-coated Retriever takes some time to reach full physical maturity and, like all large dog breeds, is especially fragile during its growth period. Depending on the individual, the growth period lasts until 12 or 15 months. Therefore, even if it is a breed with a great need for exercise, avoid any excessive exercise during this phase, at the risk of damaging your joints, often irreparably. In particular, stairs and activities that involve jumping should be avoided. You should also avoid excessively long walks: prior to the 3 months, are enough of 5 - 10 minutes, then it should not exceed half an hour until it has completed the 10 months.

    In addition, black individuals are especially sensitive to high temperatures. It is advisable to watch out for any signs that suggest heatstroke during the hottest seasons., as the dog's body can quickly overheat.

    Having said that, the Flat-coated Retriever is generally in good health. However, like all races, may be subject to certain problems, some of which are hereditary: hip dysplasia. When adopting a Flat-coated Retriever of a breeder, It is advisable to find out about the tests carried out on breeders and their young, as this will help rule out certain diseases.

    For this reason, sometimes have a patellar dislocation, namely, a knee slipping out of place, what causes lameness. Long-term, friction caused by this dislocation can also lead to arthritis problems in the dog. Depending on the severity of the dislocation, surgery may be necessary.

    Like most large dogs, the Flat-coated Retriever you also have an increased risk of hip dysplasia: the femur does not fit perfectly into the pelvic socket of the hip joint. Some individuals may experience pain and lameness in one or two of the hind legs., but others show no symptoms. However, as the dog ages, osteoarthritis problems may appear. How this disease is hereditary, dogs that test positive for hip dysplasia are excluded from breeding. This is at least what every serious breeder of Flat-coated Retriever, and it is advisable to make sure of this when adopting a puppy from a breeder, asking parents' test results.

    Another problem to which the Flat-coated Retriever is the dilation-torsion of the stomach. This serious and life-threatening syndrome affects large dogs with deep chests.. Air or gases build up in the dog's stomach, that twists and does not allow its evacuation. Even worse, compresses the surrounding veins, thus interrupting blood flow. No immediate veterinary care, the animal dies very quickly.

    The different types of dog cancer also especially affect this breed.

    Osteosarcoma, for example, especially affects large dogs, and the Flat-coated Retriever is no exception. It is a fairly aggressive bone cancer, which initially causes lameness. This disease usually leads to amputation of the affected limb and heavy chemotherapy. Unfortunately, it is very rare for a dog to survive this disease, as the problem is often diagnosed too late. Depending on the case and once identified, those affected may live between 9 months and 2 years longer than if they had not been treated, thanks to adapted treatments.

    Another form of cancer to which this dog is more exposed is malignant histiocytosis. Although this form of cancer is rare, it is the most commonly observed in this breed, and is usually contracted from 6 years of age. Appears as a localized mass, most often in the elbow or knee, and progresses very quickly once it appears. Can be treated with surgery and chemotherapy, but healing changes are usually small.

    The Flat-coated Retriever you can also get lymphosarcoma, one of the most common cancers seen in dogs of all breeds. It can appear in various parts of the body, like spleen, the gastrointestinal tract, lymph nodes, liver and bone marrow.

    In this dog it is also more subject is hemangiosarcoma. This form of malignant cancer is found in the lining of blood vessels and in the spleen.. Can be treated with surgery and chemotherapy, but also in this case the affected animal has little chance of recovery.

    Grooming

    Contrary to what her long dark hair might suggest, the Flat-coated Retriever it is an easy-care breed.

    His coat requires weekly brushing, or even a little more if you are regularly abroad. Some homeowners go so far as to brush it every day to prevent their long, shedding hair from falling all over the house.. Longer hairs can also be cut, namely, those with the ears, the feet, belly and tail; this prevents dirt from accumulating on rides.

    The bath should not be prescribed too regularly, but it can be useful in case the dog with long enough hair gets too dirty, for example, as a result of an excursion in a muddy environment. In all other respects, bathe the dog in 2 - 3 times a year is more than enough to keep their coat in good condition, in addition to weekly brushing.

    If you come across a water point during one of your walks, the Flat-coated Retriever often tempted to take a dip. If this happens, it is advisable to rinse the Retriever once it has come out of the water, especially if the water is chlorinated, is salty or contains algae, in order to prevent any skin problems and keep it clean.

    It can also be helpful to trim the dog's nails once or twice a month.. Contrary to what you might think with such an active dog, natural wear and tear is usually not enough, since its claws grow quite quickly.

    In addition, as in the case of any dog ​​with floppy ears, it is necessary to clean them weekly to avoid any risk of infection.

    The weekly grooming session should also be an opportunity to take care of your eyes, to make sure there are no problems (tearing, Red eyes…) and to clean the contours with clear water.

    It is also necessary to take advantage of this time to clean the teeth. Brushing your dog's teeth helps prevent tartar buildup and the problems that come with it, starting with strong breath.

    To avoid any uncomfortable reaction due to its size, it is advisable to get used to being handled as soon as possible, either by his master or by a third person. Learn to take care of the puppy, the noises, the smells and the manipulations involved, should be an integral part of your education.

    Use

    Used for over a century as a hunting dog, the Flat-coated Retriever continues to excel in this role today. They are suitable for all types of hunting, but they are especially good at tracking smaller animals. They are especially appreciated for their great ability to recover birds that have fallen into the water.

    It is also a perfect companion dog, especially for a sports master or family. Anyone who dreams of going for a run with their dog - or even taking long walks- you will find in him an ideal companion, and also excels in dog sports that take advantage of their physical qualities, like agility, the cani-cross or the flyball.

    On the other hand, even if you are the first applicant and have a great need for exercise, do not forget that it takes time to reach full physical maturity and that, in the meantime, you have to save him. For example, an excess of exercise could cause deformities or alter the proper development of your joints, often with lifelong consequences.

    Price

    Although less common than some of its Retriever cousins, find a Flat-coated Retriever in Europe it does not present any special difficulties, Unlike, for example, of United States, where months of waiting may be necessary.

    The cost of adopting a puppy from Flat-coated Retriever of a quality breeder ranges from 900 and 1200 EUR. Obviously, depends more or less on the quality of your lineage and the reputation of the breeder, as well as their physical qualities. There are no price differences depending on the sex of the puppy.

    Characteristics “Flat-coated Retriever”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Flat-coated Retriever” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Flat-coated Retriever”

    Photos:

    1 – Flat Coated Retriever by I, Gunnandreassen, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – “Flat-coated Retriever” by https://pixabay.com/photos/flatcoated-retriever-flat-coated-4219166/
    3 – “Flat-coated Retriever”, 8 years by Pdusschooten, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – “Flat-coated Retriever” llamado Molly by Flickr users David and Lynne Slater, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Flat-Coated Retriever black by Berthold Werner, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – Yellow Flat Coated Retriever by Dancer9, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Flat-coated Retriever”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 121
    • Group 8: Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs
    • Section 1: Retrievers. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs – Section 1: Retrievers
    • AKCSporting
    • ANKC Group 3 (Gundogs)
    • CKCSporting Dogs
    • ​KC – Gundog
    • NZKCGundog
    • UKCGun Dogs

    FCI breed standard “Flat-coated Retriever”

    FCIFCI – “Flat-coated Retriever”
    FCI straight hair collector

    Alternative names:

      1. Flatcoat, Flattie, Flatte (Sweden), flatt (Sweden) (English).
      2. Flat-Coated Retriever (French).
      3. Flat Coated Retriever (German).
      4. Flat-coated retriever (Portuguese).
      5. Retriever de pelo liso, (en inglés Flat-coated retriever) (Spanish).

    Italian Spinone
    Italia FCI 165 . Griffon type.

    Italian Spinone

    In some countries, the Italian Spinone does not enjoy the dissemination it deserves, because faster breeds of dogs with more olfactory capacity are preferred.

    Content

    History

    As the name suggests, the Italian Spinone -or “Italian Griffon” – is originally from Italy, more specifically from the Piedmont region, in the north of the country. It is a very old breed of dog, and whoever looks for its exact origins will find more questions than answers. However, it is generally accepted that it is the result of various crosses over the centuries between Italian Setters, Griffons from France, White Mastiffs and Dogs of Greece.

    There is evidence that their ancestors already hunted in the Alps and Apennines more than 2000 years. However, the first clear reference to the breed dates back to the Middle Ages, more specifically to the fifteenth century, in the form of a fresco by Andrea Montegna (1431-1506) inside the Ducal Palace of Mantua (Italy), which represents an Italian Spinone. Two centuries later, Jacques Espée of Sélincourt, evoca en su manual The Perfect Hunter (1683) an Italian Griffon from Piedmont.

    Popular for centuries in Italy, the Spinone suffered greatly during WWII. The end of hostilities did not mean a notable improvement in their situation, as Italian hunters began to prefer breeds imported from abroad.

    In 1949, Dr. Paolo Branzi and Dr.. Ezio Caraffini founded La Famiglia dello Spinone -which has since become the Italian Spinoni Club- and they had 59 representatives of the breed throughout Italy. They chose 10 of them to start a breeding program aimed at rebuilding the population and stabilizing its characteristics. They drew up a first standard and contacted the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana (ENCI), reference body of the country, to initiate the necessary procedures for the recognition of the breed.

    His work paid off, so that in 1955 the Spinone Italiano was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Then it began to spread internationally, although it took a while, especially in North America. For this reason, until 1995 el United Kennel Club (UKC) American did not grant him his recognition. The other reference organization in the United States, the American Kennel Club (AKC), did the same in 2000. The Canadian Kennel Club did the same in 2006.

    In fact, although it is quite common in its country of origin and is the second most popular hunting dog in that country, its international distribution remains limited. However, is quite successful in Britain, where the Kennel Club registers between 400 and 500 births every year. This is far from the case in France.: with less than ten annual entries in the French Book of Origins (LOF), it is clear that he is far from having conquered the hearts of French hunters.

    In United States, AKC statistics put her around the position 110 (of 195) in the ranking of the most popular breeds in the country.

    Photo: I came across this adorable dog while walking around Dorset. Took a photo and then got really scared of the camera. by Caroline Granycome, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Italian Spinone it's well built, with well developed muscles and strong bones.

    Her body, as high as long, is square in shape and ends in a thick bushy tail. The tail hangs at rest and is horizontal when in action. The legs are solid and end in compact round legs.

    The head is egg-shaped, with a curved skull and a muzzle the same length as the skull. The color of the nose varies between the pink of the white dogs and the brown of the roan dogs. The eyes are round, big and far apart. They are of a more or less dark ocher color. Triangular shape, the ears are rather long and fall along the cheeks.

    The body of the Spinone is entirely covered in stiff, dense fur, about 4 - 6 cm long, that protects it when it slides through the undergrowth, but also when thrown into cold water. It is shorter at the top of the head and at the front of the legs. In the face, a dense coat of thick eyebrows and a full beard, typical of the breed, which also protects it from brambles and bushes. Beneath this top layer is the dog's fur, which has the peculiarity of not having undercoat.

    The coat can be plain white, white with orange spots, chestnut or brown, or roan with orange spots, chestnut or brown. Tricolor or black-haired dogs are not accepted by the breed standard.

    Last but not least, sexual dimorphism is marked: the male is larger and above all significantly more massive than the female.

    Size and weight

      Male size: Of 60 - 70 cm.
      Female size: Of 58 - 65 cm.
      Male weight: Of 32 - 37 kg
      Female weight: Of 28 - 30 kg

    Character and skills

    Generally easier to live with than other pointers, the Spinone Italianos they are affectionate and close to their family, they love to play and spend most of the time with them. Although they are hunters, They are not the kind that jump into the open sea and disappear as soon as potential prey catches their eye: they never stray too far from their master, preferring to always have it in sight.

    Your affection, patience and playful character make them an ideal breed for a child. He loves children and is an excellent playmate for those old enough to have learned to behave in the presence of a dog. Less recommended for younger children, as it is large enough to inadvertently push them down. In any case, regardless of race, interactions between a dog and a young child should always take place in the presence of an adult.

    The Italian griffon also it is sociable with other dogs Griffon, those who are often willingly adopted as playmates. Small animals, as cats, rabbits and other rodents, have more to worry about and are more likely to be hunted as potential prey. However, they may live with a cat if they have been raised with them, but the latter is likely to still be haunted in the garden from time to time.

    As for humans who are unknown to him, the Spinone is generally cozy with them, especially if he's been well socialized from his early months. In fact, used to living with humans for centuries, is more of the type that actively seeks your company. Also easily suffers from loneliness: although you can spend a few hours alone at home without difficulty, it is not advisable to leave it all for a weekend. Adopting one more dog can be a good way of offering companionship to help you avoid loneliness when your family is away..

    He is as active in the early years as he is calm and collected afterward.. This can be seen in his hunting style, that is calm and methodical.

    Having said that, if you like to rest on the living room rug, this does not mean that you do not need to exercise. So that you feel comfortable and calm when you get home, your daily walks should total at least one hour. Although they are slower than other signaling breeds, they are very resistant and can adapt to many types of terrain. For this reason, if the opportunity arises to take a long walk of several hours, he is delighted. During the latter, does not tend to stray far from his master, so it can be walked without a leash. You can live in an apartment as long as you go out two or three times a day, but its size makes it unsuitable for a small studio.

    He prefers a house with a garden that he can frolic in and gladly dispose of any unwanted critters.. However, it is not convenient for you to live abroad: you need to be in contact with your family and should be able to spend as much time as possible with them.

    On the other hand, It is an intelligent breed of dog that likes to be mentally stimulated. Rather stubborn and showing little interest in activities that seem useless, you need a leader who offers motivational exercises. Obedience exercises, agility or hunting are a great way to get his attention and stimulate him. The rapport is also something instinctive in him, and you will not be asked to carry the ball or bat thrown by your master. He does not hesitate to do the same with the toys scattered around the house when he wants to show him that he wants to have fun.

    It is also important to know that your beautiful beard gets wet every time you drink. He tends to pour water all over the house whenever he quenches his thirst, so it may be a good idea to put your bowl outside and not inside the house.

    Last but not least, although don't hesitate to bark when you see fit, the Italian Spinone it's not overly vocal.

    Education

    The Italian Spinone, like all dogs, must be socialized from an early age. It is important that you can meet all the people who are part of your close or distant environment (friends, neighbors, family…). You must also face all kinds of situations (walk through different places, meet other dogs or other animals, travel in different means of transport) not to be scared once an adult.

    It shouldn't be long before they start to learn to tame, which can be longer and more complicated than for most other breeds.

    Given its size once adult, It is also helpful to get him used to being handled without flinching from an early age, so that the grooming sessions are a moment of shared pleasure and not torture for both protagonists.

    The Italian griffon he's smart and has a strong personality. You need a firm master who knows how to earn your respect, but even if I do, does not like to do tasks that seem trivial. It's a working dog, who likes to be useful and prefers to learn, for example, to recover the game before turning around. In fact, if your master knows how to do it and has all the necessary patience, this dog can do wonders, even in obedience and agility competitions. The trick is to motivate you, above all making him understand the interest of the command.

    Not surprisingly, it responds much better to positive reinforcement-based dog training methods than traditional dog training.. Know that the fulfillment of what is asked allows you to receive caresses, encouragement and treats is in his eyes a legitimate reason to excel and give the best of himself.

    Health

    The Italian Spinone is generally quite robust. Apart from the health problems common to all large dogs and a serious genetic disease, but fortunately in the process of disappearance thanks to the work of the breeders, the risks are low.

    Like this, the conditions to which you are especially exposed are :

    • La ataxia cerebelosa, a genetic disease that attacks the cerebellum and is the most critical health problem in this breed. Puppies that have received a carrier gene from both parents die before their first birthday. However, nowadays it is extremely rare, since carrier individuals are eliminated from breeding programs. A breeder of Spinone worthy of the name must be able to show that parents are not carriers, based on test results;
    • Hip and elbow dysplasia, joint problems that make movement difficult;
      gastric dilation-torsion, often related to too fast a food intake, which can be fatal without prompt veterinary intervention;
    • Entropion and ectropion, malformations of the eyelid that can be surgically corrected if problematic;
      Hypothyroidism, a hormonal deficiency that causes a slowdown in bodily functions;
    • Cancer (bone, liver, base…), which according to a joint study by the British Kennel Club and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association is, with difference, the main cause of mortality in this breed, with a 45% of deaths.

    In addition, the floppy, hairy ears of the Spinone they get dirty easily. They can become infected quickly if they are not cleaned every week and after each bath.

    Despite its lack of undercoat and its Italian origins, adapts quite well to different climates and is resistant to both heat and cold, but extreme temperatures are hard to bear. A shelter is necessary so that it can be in the shade when the thermometer exceeds 30 °, and doesn't particularly appreciate spending the night outside when it's -10 °.

    Last but not least, the Italian griffon not very prone to obesity, especially if you have enough opportunity to exercise. However, a responsible handler should regularly make sure that everything is in order by taking the time to weigh your dog.

    Life expectancy

    Of 12 - 13 years

    Grooming

    The maintenance of Italian Spinone is simple, but it requires some discipline, as it can be difficult and time consuming if not done regularly.

    The absence of undercoat means that you only lose a small amount of hair. A weekly brushing is enough to remove dirt, remove dead hairs and untangle knots from their fur. The most frequent molt is not necessarily necessary during the fall and spring, since the lack of undercoat makes the shedding not very pronounced. On the other hand, if “forget” one or two grooming sessions, the situation is complicated: debris accumulates and knots form that can no longer be untangled with the brush. Then there is no choice but to undo them manually or even cut them with a chisel. Depending on the state of the coat, this can sometimes take more than an hour.

    In any case, rarely need a bath, unless it is especially dirty or smelly after a trip. Except for exceptions, two or three bathrooms a year are more than enough, and every time a mild dog shampoo should be used.

    Weekly grooming sessions are also an opportunity to clean your dog's eyes and brush his teeth.. Neither should you neglect the care of the ears: hanging and furry ears tend to catch dirt, so the risk of infection is high. Can be cleaned with a damp cloth.

    In addition, beard tends to trap moisture and becomes smelly. For this reason, should be towel dried often and cleaned from time to time.

    Last but not least, if you spend a lot of time outdoors, wear and tear is usually enough to file the claws of the Italian Spinone, that grow faster than most other dogs. If they become too long and may bother or hurt you, must be trimmed with a special nail clipper.

    Use

    The Italian Spinone it is above all a hunting dog, a mission that has been fulfilling for centuries and in which it stands out. Your ability to point methodically, making game disappear and recover makes them very versatile hunting dogs. This is all the more true since, how your name illustrates, derived from the Italian word for bramble, are able to sneak into the thorniest thickets in search of small game. It is also very resistant.

    When not used for hunting, can be used to show off their qualities in various dog sports, like agility or obedience. They are also good watchdogs, but their lack of aggressiveness and the fact that they bark very little disqualifies them as guardians. Having said that, it's awesome enough that most malicious people get past it.

    Last but not least, the Italian griffon he is also a wonderful companion dog, loving and totally devoted to his family. It can be the ideal companion for an active owner who wants to always have his dog by his side when going for a walk or hiking.

    Price

    The price of a puppy Italian Spinone is of some 800 - 1000 euros in Europe. In Canada and the United States, is usually between 1500 and 1800 $.

    In all cases, there is no noticeable price difference between males and females.

    Characteristics “Italian Spinone”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Italian Spinone” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Italian Spinone”

    Photos:

    1 – Solid white Spinone italiano. by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – A brown roan Spinone Italiano by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Spinoni italiani by francesco napoli
    4 – Spinoni italiani by francesco napoli
    5 – Brown roan spinone italiano. Risky Business Oliver Di La Ros by Timberdoodle Kennels, Ron & Pat Rosinski (User:Rrosinski), CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – This is a Spinone, an italian pointing dog. Coatcolor is white-orange by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Italian Spinone”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 107
    • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
    • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.3: Griffon type. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.3: Griffon type
    • AKCHound
    • CKCMiscellaneous
    • ​KC – Hunting dog
    • UKCGun Dog

    FCI breed standard “Italian Spinone”

    FCIFCI – “Italian Spinone”
    Italian Spinone FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Spinone, Bracco Spinoso, Italian Spinone, Italian Griffon, Italian Wire-haired Pointer, Italian Coarse-haired Pointer (English).
      2. Spinone italien (French).
      3. Italienischer Griffon, Spinone, Rauhaariger italienischer Vorstehhund, Italian Griffon, italienischer Spinone (German).
      4. Spinone (Portuguese).
      5. Espinone, Grifón italiano, Italiano de pelo duro (Spanish).

    Stabyhoun
    Holanda FCI 222 . Spaniel type

    Stabyhoun

    The Stabyhoun is very similar to the Dutch Partridge Dog, but smaller. It is practically unknown outside the Netherlands.

    Content

    History

    The Stabyhoun, o Stabijhoun, it is one of the five rarest dog breeds in the world. Created in the 19th century, is recognized as the national treasure of the Netherlands. How could it be otherwise with just 1.000 live specimens? It comes from the forest lands of Friesland. Poor farmers, they couldn't afford more than one dog, they really needed a versatile worker. From hunting to livestock surveillance and protection, it was also able to eliminate rodents. In fact, could do almost anything.

    It is possible that it descended from Spaniels imported to the Netherlands by the Spanish and crossed with the Dutch Partridge Dog. He would also have family ties with him Small Münsterländer.

    It is very little known outside its country of origin.

    Photo: “Stabyhoun” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stabyhounlayingingrass.jpg

    Physical characteristics

    The Stabyhoun has a robust complexion and beautiful black fur, brown or orange, sometimes with white markings. The straight hair is of medium length, smooth and silky to the touch. They are medium-sized dogs.

    Height and weight

      Male size: Of 53 - 53 cm.

      Female size: Of 50 - 50 cm.

      Male weight: Of 15 - 20 kg

      Female weight: Of 14 - 20 kg

    Character and skills

    If you are lucky enough to meet a Stabyhoun, you will surely appreciate his docile character. Calm and patient, they are intelligent dogs that can sometimes be stubborn. Extremely patient with children and other animals, this breed is, with the proper education, both obedient and loyal to its owner. Although the Stabyhoun has a calm temperament on the inside, requires a lot of exercise and physical activity.

    They are distrustful of strangers, but they are not aggressive by nature. His education is easy to work with because he is obedient in nature. However, it must be started from its first months with benevolent and consistent methods.

    The Stabyhoun he is a dog very close to his master, making it hard for him to bear loneliness. Periods of loneliness can cause anxiety and lead to behavioral disorders such as destruction or barking. He is also a loud dog that barks regularly., which can lead to neighborhood problems.

    With his hunting instinct he can be a fugitive to follow a trail, if your property is not properly fenced.

    Health

    The Stabyhoun it is a strong and robust dog that is not affected by any particular pathology. However, fear heat and should not stay in a shady spot during a heat wave, as you are at risk of severe heat stroke.

    Grooming

    The Stabyhoun it is a resistant dog that does not require much maintenance. Its coat should be brushed regularly to avoid knots.

    Looking at your eyes and ears, they must be cleaned regularly, especially if it is a dog that lives abroad.

    Characteristics “Stabyhoun”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Stabyhoun” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Stabyhoun”

    Photos:

    1 – “Stabyhoun” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stabyhoun.jpg
    2 – 10 month old adolescent Stabij by Molliever, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – A picture of a stabyhoun wetterhoun pup for the stabyhoun wiki page by Daisai Gaming, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – Stabijs – world dog show 2010 by MJ Klaver
    5 – “Stabyhoun” by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Binky_Stabyhoun.jpg
    6 – “Stabyhoun” by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stabyhoun_with_11_puppies.jpg

    Videos “Stabyhoun”

    Stabyhoun puppy, mum and Welsh Springer Spaniel playing
    Working Stabyhoun

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 222
    • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
    • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
    • AKCHound
    • FSSFoundation Stock Service
    • UKCGun Dog

    FCI breed standard “Stabyhoun”

    FCIFCI – “Stabyhoun”
    Frisian loser FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Stabij, Beike, Stabijhoun, Fryske Stabij (English).
      2. Stabyhoun (French).
      3. Stabijhoun (German).
      4. (em alemão: stabyhoun) (Portuguese).
      5. Perro de muestra frisón, Perro de muestra de Frisia (Spanish).

    Dutch Partridge Dog
    Holanda FCI 224 . Spaniel type

    Dutch Partridge Dog

    A peculiarity of Dutch Partridge Dog It consists in the fact that during the search the tail makes a rotating movement faster and faster as the dog approaches the prey.

    Content

    History

    The Dutch Partridge Dog it is an ancient canine breed, that can be found in paintings painted centuries ago.

    Originaria de Drenthe, a dutch province, the breed was developed during the 16th century from dogs from Spain, what were called Spionenen or Spaniolen. In the Netherlands they were given the name Patrijshond, what does retriever mean.

    In the east of the country, especially in the province of Drenthe, these dogs were bred as pure breeds, without any mix with other foreign races, as it happened in other places. This isolation allowed the Perdiguero to remain unchanged during 3 or 4 centuries.

    The 15 in May of 1943, was recognized by the Raad van Beheer op Kynologish Gebied of the Netherlands, a recognition strongly encouraged by Baroness van Hardenbroek and Messrs. van Heek junior and Quartero.

    The responsible breed club was founded on 5 in June of 1948, with the name of Nederlandse Vereniging of Drentsche Patrijshond.

    Related to him Small Münsterländer and the French Spaniel, the Dutch Partridge Dog it is quite limited in number, and the breed is almost unknown outside its borders.

    Photo: “Drentsche Partridge Dog” macho by Stefanie Joksch, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Dutch Partridge Dog he is a well proportioned dog, with dry muscles, pure in its lines. His body reveals power and also the ability to run at the speed that suits a hunting dog. Wedge-shaped muzzle is slightly shorter than skull. The lips are quite dry and are not hanging. Her body, slightly longer than the height of the withers, is slightly elongated. Although the fur is not really long on the body, gives the impression of being so because of the well-populated ears, more abundant hair on the neck and chest, the fringes on the front and back legs and on the bushy tail, abundantly populated on all sides.

    They have a dense coat that covers the body well. Not curly. The hair is not really long, but as it is longer in some parts, the dog, as a whole, gives the impression of having long hair. On the neck and chest, the hair is longer. In the ears, the hair is long and preferably wavy. The ears, the back of the front and back legs and the back of the thighs are fringed. Hair preferably wavy on the upper part of the body and tail. Except for its base, the tail is abundantly provided with long hair on all sides. These hairs are gradually shortened towards the tip.

    COLOR: White fur with brown spots, mottled or not. Coats with a mix of brown and white hairs, with or without marks, are less desirable, like the cloak coats. The ears are brown, like the hair around the eyes.

    SIZE:

    Males: 58 - 63 cm..
    Females: 55 - 60 cm..

    Weight: Of 20 - 25 kg

    Character and skills

    They are ideal for hunting in a wide variety of terrain. They hunt with pistol shooting. Maintaining contact with the hunter is apparently an innate quality. A characteristic feature of many dogs of this breed is that, during the hunt, the tail describes a circular motion, especially when the dog is aware of the closeness of the prey. When he's close to hunting, the dog waits for the hunter to approach and when the hunter is late, turn your head to look for the game. Thanks to its adaptability, the dog is capable of hunting all kinds of animals on the plains and swamps. It is also a good retriever and excels in the search for lost game.. These characteristics are innate. For this reason, does not require long training.

    The Dutch Partridge Dog it is also a very good companion dog because it is faithful, friendly, attentive. Your education should be done smoothly, without aggressiveness or too much firmness.
    This dog requires regular maintenance. It will be an accomplice of the children and it is possible to leave them together. under surveillance, of course. Apartment living will get you down, he needs to have at least one garden for him. to let off steam and also for daily walks.

    Health

    The Dutch Partridge Dog he is a robust dog, but can be injured while hunting (fracture, sprain, tendinitis, wound…). His ears are drooping, poorly ventilated, prone to ear infections. Some dogs may be affected by hip-femoral dysplasia, a malformation of the hips that causes lameness and pain.

    Grooming

    The Dutch Partridge Dog should be brushed once a week to remove dead hairs and dirt. You can bathe once a month with a suitable shampoo.

    Inspect and clean floppy ears once a week. When we come back from the hunt, we will check that he is not injured. Good antiparasitic and vacation coverage will be launched.

    Characteristics “Dutch Partridge Dog”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Dutch Partridge Dog” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Dutch Partridge Dog”

    Dutch Partridge Dog
    Drentsche Patrijshond Bowi the Gloucester during upland game hunt in Idaho by DutchID, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    Dutch Partridge Dog
    Dutch Partridge Dog by mjk23, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Dutch Partridge Dog”

    Spyker – Partridge Dog (Spaniel) – 4 Week Residential Dog Training at Adolescent Dogs
    Drentsche patrijshond Indy: avonturen deel 27

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 224
    • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
    • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
    • UKCGun Dog

    FCI breed standard “Dutch Partridge Dog”

    FCIFCI – “Dutch Partridge Dog”
    FCI Drenthe Retriever

    Alternative names:

      1. Drentse Patrijshond, Drent (English).
      2. (en néerlandais : Drentse Patrijshond), épagneul à perdrix de Drente, épagneul hollandais de Drente (French).
      3. Drentscher Hühnerhund (German).
      4. (em neerlandês: Drentsche patrijshond) (Portuguese).
      5. Drentsche Patrijshond, Drent (Spanish).

    Pont-Audemer Spaniel
    Francia FCI 114 . Spaniel type

    Pont-Audemer Spaniel

    The Pont-Audemer Spaniel he is a gentle dog, very balanced and obedient. Energetic, smart and loyal, they are easy to train.

    Content

    History

    The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is originally from the Pont-Audemer region, looking for the Marais Vernier, in normandy, where it is traditionally used for hunting waterfowl. In 1886, the Kennel Club of Le Havre began to select him. After World War II, only a few copies of this small brown spaniel remained and crosses were made with the Irish water dog to save the race.

    The Pont-Audemer Spaniel It's very weird. The total population of the breed is about three hundred individuals in France. Some breeders perpetuate the breed, mainly in Normandy and Picardy.

    Photo: Riga, Baltic Winner 2013, 9-10 Nov by Tomasyna, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Pont-Audemer Spaniel he is a stocky and vigorous Spaniel, whose body is almost square. Placed almost level with the line of the loins, the tail is carried quite straight. It is usually cut in the third; when the tail is not cut, It should be of medium length, a little curved. Dark amber or hazelnut, the eyes are rather small. The upper part of the skull and the long ears are well provided with curlers that frame the head, giving the impression of wearing a wig.

    Hair is slightly rough on the body, wavy, neither flat nor curly. The fur is brown, preferably brown and speckled gray, with reflections of dead leaves.

    Height and weight

    • Male size: Of 52 - 58 cm.
    • Female size: Of 52 - 58 cm.
    • Male weight: Of 19 - 20 kg
    • Female weight: Of 17 - 19 kg

    Character and skills

    The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is loving and displays unwavering loyalty to his masters. However, if they don't get their regular dose of care, these dogs can often get anxious, which is an important trait of his personality.

    These dogs are especially good with children and are very sociable. They are also great playmates and family companions.. However, if you are looking for a good watchdog, it may not be the best option, as they are too friendly and quiet to keep an eye on something or someone.

    This breed gets along very well with other dogs, but does not get along with dogs of the same breed that do not belong to the same pack or group. It is also not very friendly with other pets.. However, puppies of this breed are easily mixed with other pets and are known to have a friendly demeanor towards them.

    Training and education

    The training of the Pont-Audemer Spaniel It is easy. This dog is very obedient and loyal to the orders of the master. However, training sessions should be short, since the dog hates any long and repetitive task.

    Exercise of Pont-Audemer Spaniel

    This dog has aggressive exercise needs, which means that even long walks don't usually satisfy you. The greatest satisfaction you would get would be from any long hunting session. However, if hunting is not a reality, this dog should be allowed to frolic in controlled areas so that he burns enough calories and meets his exercise requirements.

    Health

    Like the rest of the animals, this breed has health conditions to watch out for. Canine hip dysplasia, a condition related to the hip cavities, can cause arthritis in dogs. These dogs are also prone to Von Willebrand's disease (a bleeding disease related to clotting), and hyperthyroidism (overproduction of hormones in the thyroid).

    Apart from these problems, patella luxation and dental problems are the most common in this breed. Alopecia, a skin disease caused by ringworm or other parasites, can also affect these dogs.

    In summary, the following health problems are not uncommon in the breed Pont-Audemer Spaniel:

    • Canine hip dysplasia
    • Von Willebrand disease
    • Hyperthyroidism
    • Dental disease
    • Patella dislocation
    • Alopecia

    Grooming

    These dogs' fur and fur might look like they need a lot of grooming, but in reality, this breed needs little to no maintenance. A regular brushing once or twice a week is all you need.

    However, the dog's ears need to be cleaned whenever necessary and are at risk of infection if not kept clean.

    Characteristics “Pont-Audemer Spaniel”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Pont-Audemer Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    How much does it cost to have a Pont-Audemer Spaniel?

    Cubs Pont-Audemer Spaniel usually cost between 1000 and 1300 EUR.

    Images “Pont-Audemer Spaniel”

    Photos

    1 – “Pont-Audemer Spaniel” at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – The Epagneul Pont Audemer is a french pointing dog by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Head profile of a Pont-Audemer Spaniel male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – A Pont-Audemer Spaniel male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    5 – Pont-Audemer Spaniel male by Canarian, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    6 – “Pont-Audemer Spaniel” by https://worlddogfinder.com/es/razas/spaniel-de-pont-audemer

    Videos “Pont-Audemer Spaniel”

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 114
    • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
    • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
    • Central Canine SocietyGun Dog

    FCI breed standard “Pont-Audemer Spaniel”

    FCIFCI – “Pont-Audemer Spaniel”
    Spaniel de Pont-Audemère FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Epagneul Pont-Audemer, Setter of Pont-Audemer (English).
      2. Épagneul de Pont-Audemer (French).
      3. Epagneul de Pont-Audemer (German).
      4. (em francês: epagneul de Pont-Audemer) (Portuguese).
      5. Epagneul du Pont-Audemère (Spanish).

    Picardy Spaniel
    Francia FCI 108 . Spaniel type

    Docile and resistant, happy with little, the Picardy Spaniel however needs the constant attention of your caregiver.

    Content

    History

    The French Spaniel and the Picardy Spaniel the two races of Spaniel oldest on the European continent. They both seem to descend from “oysel dog” described in the works of Gaston Fébus (siglo XIII). At that time, Hunting was one of the most popular activities of the French nobility and the Spaniel French type was one of the most popular breeds. The breed is represented in paintings from this period by artists such as Alexandre-François Desportes and Jean-Baptiste Oudry. It is also the first dog breed to be admitted to exhibitions..

    The breed became more popular after the French Revolution, since hunting is no longer an activity reserved exclusively for the nobility. Although it is found all over the country, a large contingent is present in the northwest of the country, where its water resistant coat makes it an ideal breed for hunting in forests and swamps. During the 19th century, English hunters crossed the English Channel and traveled to northwestern France to hunt in these famous lands. So they brought their own hunting dogs, that the French gradually adopted, thus endangering the Picardy Spaniel. In addition, the infusion of blood from English Setter in the race created the Blue Picardy Spaniel.

    The Picardy Spaniel it is a very rare breed of dog, which is almost only found in metropolitan France.

    The Picardy Spaniel is recognized by a wide variety of canine clubs and associations such as the International Canine Federation, even abroad like him North American Kennel Club, the American Rare Breed Association, the United Kennel Club. All these associations use the FCI standard. It is also recognized by the Continental Kennel Club, but unlike the Blue Picardy Spaniel, which is closely related to him, is not recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club.

    Photo: “Picardy Spaniel” at the World Dog Show in Poznań by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Picardy Spaniel he is a beautiful dog, strong, elegant, nervous, solid and well muscled. Its coat is gray with brown spots on the different parts of the body and often tan on the head and legs.. Her dark amber eyes go wide giving you an expressive look. Its abundant and slightly wavy coat gives it protection, allowing you to work in the toughest places, especially in the water. The ears are long, quite low, located on the eye line and decorated with beautiful fringes. The tail, adorned with beautiful fur, worn with distinction. Its size ranges from 55 and 60 cm..

    Character and skills

    The FCI breed standard does not describe a typical temperament for the Picardy Spaniel. The Picardy Spaniel it is considered a docile breed of dog that loves to play with children, and easily bond with your caregiver. Generally described as a docile dog, good-natured and easy to train.

    Above all, they are hunting dogs that need a lot of exercise to express their energy, resistance and rusticity.

    His training is natural; the Picardy Spaniel they work to please their caregiver. Report, on land and in deep water, it's a pleasure for him. The rewards, caresses and compliments are the basis of his education.

    Utility

    The Picardy Spaniel is a hunting dog, that needs daily departures.

    The Picardy Spaniel are used for hunting, in the woods for pheasant or in the swamps where they hunt, in particular, the snipe. It is also an effective dog for duck hunting, the hare or the rabbit. They are especially effective in swamps, where they do not hesitate to jump into the water. If required, can also recover hunting. This dog loves wide spaces where he can exercise, but you can also settle for smaller spaces and you can live very well in the city. The hair is abundant and slightly wavy, allowing you to hunt in dense vegetation and enter the water without any difficulty.

    These docile dogs make pleasant companion dogs, but they require a lot of physical exercise.

    Health

    There are no known hereditary genetic diseases in dogs Picardy Spaniel. Its longevity is of 14 years on average. The Picardy Spaniel is especially sensitive to ear infections, like most lop-eared dogs, like other races of “Spaniels or Bassets”. The Picardy Spaniel tend to gain weight quickly if overfed.

    Characteristics “Picardy Spaniel”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “Picardy Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “Picardy Spaniel”

    Picardy Spaniel

    Our “Picardy Spaniel”, Gibbs des Chaumes de Thiérache to the 6 meses by Rachelle Vafidis, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Picardy Spaniel

    Our “Picardy Spaniel”, Gibbs des Chaumes de Thiérache to the 6 meses by Rachelle Vafidis, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Videos “Picardy Spaniel”

    Spaniel picardo (Epagneul picard) – Breed of dog
    Picardy Spaniel (Epagneul Picard)

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 108
    • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
    • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
    • ​KC – Hunting dog
    • UKCGun Dog

    FCI breed standard “Picardy Spaniel”

    FCIFCI – “Picardy Spaniel”
    Spaniel Picardo FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Epagneul picard (English).
      2. Épagneul picard (French).
      3. Epagneul Picard (German).
      4. (em francês: Epagneul Picard) (Portuguese).
      5. Epagneul picard (Spanish).

    French Spaniel
    Francia FCI 175 . Spaniel type

    French Spaniel

    Very gentle nature, courteous and intelligent, the French Spaniel is eager to learn.

    Content

    History

    The origins of the French Spaniel are very uncertain and many hypotheses have been raised.

    Its name would come from Spain or from the old French espaigner, that means “lie”. He is also considered the ancestor of the “Pointing Dogs”.

    According to the most probable hypothesis, the French Spaniel it would be the descendant of the Oysel dogs described by Gaston Phoebus and used in the Middle Ages.

    The French Spaniel is at the origin of the different varieties of hunting spaniels. By selecting, became the elegant and athletic breed of the type of the “Pointing Dogs” very firm that today shines in work competitions.

    The first standard was written in 1891 by James de Connick, and later it was reworked and adapted to the different developments of the breed.

    Photo: “French Spaniel”, from the group of Pointing Dogs franceses by Alephalpha, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    Hair: Plano, silky and dense. Slightly wavy behind the neck, above the tail set over the ears. Short and fine on the head but longer on the ears.

    Its color: White and Brown (cinnamon to dark liver), with regular spots, little or moderately mottled.

    His head : worn with pride, with well marked reliefs, medium length and width. The stop is moderately steep.

    Ears : laid back, pulled forward, with more or less long and wavy fringes.

    Eyes : So big, oval, tan to brown in color, according to the coat. Soft and intelligent expression.

    Her body : slightly longer than the height at the withers. The top line is straight, always well supported, the cross is dry and wide, the back is broad and muscular, the rump is rounded and harmoniously sloping, the chest is divided and the sternum region wide and curved.

    Tail : Thick at the base and tapers towards the tip. It is below the top line, carried more or less curved, provided with long and silky hair, slightly wavy.

    Height and weight

    ▷ Male size: Of 56 - 61 cm.

    ▷ Female size: Of 55 - 59 cm.

    ▷ Male weight: Of 24 - 25 kg

    ▷ Female weight: Of 24 - 25 kg

    Character and skills

    Very gentle nature, elegant and smart, the French Spaniel is eager to learn. Although hunting is his main vocation, his sociability and sweetness make him a dog that adapts to all styles.

    Balanced and frank, they are calm and docile dogs that are willing and eager to hunt, during which they are flexible and robust.

    Very attached to their master, its deep sensitivity requires gentle training.

    They do not tolerate loneliness and require regular outings.

    How to take care of your “French Spaniel”: your needs

    As a hunting dog, the French Spaniel you need to exercise and, therefore, needs wide open spaces. However, as it adapts very well to all environments, it can live very well in the city as long as its master takes it out regularly. Must be able to take long walks, if possible also in the forest or on a wooded area. It is a dog that loves water.

    Regarding maintenance, the French Spaniel it should be brushed once or twice a week to detangle its fur.

    The diet “French Spaniel”

    Like other hunting dogs, the French Spaniel you only need one meal a day as an adult, preferably at night. You don't need any special food. It just has to be of good quality, varied and adapted to their age, state of health and physical exercise.

    Health “French Spaniel”

    The French Spaniel is in fairly good health. However, can be the target of certain diseases such as cataracts, hip dysplasia or eczema. It is also advisable to monitor and clean your ears regularly.

    Price of a puppy “French Spaniel”

    The price of a puppy French Spaniel it will depend on the sex, the pedigree of the parents, compliance with breed standards, etc.

    Average price of a male of French Spaniel: 625€.
    Average price of a female of French Spaniel: 625€.

    Characteristics “French Spaniel”

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed “French Spaniel” you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, You must take into account their character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, your care and if you have young children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Dog friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection Level ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need to exercise ⓘ

    Rated 5 out of 5
    5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social Needs ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Apartment ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Grooming ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Stranger Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Barking Tendencies ⓘ

    Rated 3 out of 5
    3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health Issues ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child Friendly ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Watchdog Ability ⓘ

    Rated 2 out of 5
    2 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Playfulness ⓘ

    Rated 4 out of 5
    4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Images “French Spaniel”

    Photos:
    1 – “French spaniel” by Vertwatt94, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    2 – “French Spaniel” by Tux-Man, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    3 – Une femelle épagneul français à exposition by Canarian, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
    4 – “French Spaniel” by http://epagneul-francais-buck.e-monsite.com/
    5 – “French Spaniel” by https://www.perdrioles.com/produit/chiots-epagneul-francais-2/
    6 – “French Spaniel” https://chiens.photos/epagneul-francais-chiot/

    Videos “French Spaniel”

    Epagneul français
    Haniel & Cloé in the garden

    Type and recognitions:

    • CLASSIFICATION FCI: 175
    • Group 7: Pointing Dogs.
    • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type. With working trial.

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.2: Spaniel type
    • CKCMiscellaneous
    • UKCGun Dog

    FCI breed standard “French Spaniel”

    FCIFCI – “French Spaniel”
    Spaniel francés FCI

    Alternative names:

      1. Canadian Setter, French Setter (English).
      2. Épagneul français (French).
      3. Epagneul Français (German).
      4. (em francês: epagneul français) (Portuguese).
      5. Epagneul Français (Spanish).