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Portuguese Water Dog
Portugal FCI 37 . Water Dogs

Cão de Água Português

The Portuguese Water Dog It is a kind and patient breed.

Content

History

The Portuguese Water Dog It is a breed of dog of the Algarve, Portugal. They were used as working dogs by fishermen from time immemorial, but in the 20th century have become a rare breed.

While, the origins of the breed are somewhat obscure, What if one certainty is that the history of these dogs is very old.
A probable reference to Portuguese Water Dog It is found in the text of a monk, that in 1297 described the rescue of a sailor carried out by a dog with similar characteristics to the breed we are talking about... "long, black hair, cut up the first rib, and with a tuft at the tip of the tail“.

The common standard of shearing for these dogs, Mark to be as the description of the monk. As well, a photo of early 19th century, It represents the arrival of the King of Portugal to the beach of Bethlehem, shows a water dog, swim to the boat of the King.

The closest relatives of the Portuguese Water Dog are Kerry Blue Terrier, the Barbet and the Poodle standard.

Originally, water dogs – excellent swimmer is- they were used by the Portuguese fishermen in their boats as helpers in varied tasks, how to be… herding the fish into the nets, recovery of objects fell into the water, carrying messages between ships or between Earth and the sea, among others.

The writer Raul Brandão, in his book the fisherman (1932), It describes the activity of a fishing boat in Olhao, and much of its description was based on these dogs and their marine skills.

From the 20th century with the advancement of new technologies both in fishing and in communication, the work that was usually done by dogs gradually was replaced, and there was no need to travel with dogs on board. Like everything else in life, progress has its 'pros' and its 'cons', in the decade of 1930 the number of specimens of the breed decreased greatly and the few specimens that survived were found on the Algarve coast.

The 1934 It was a crucial year for the subsistence of this breed, and perhaps the starting point of the recovery of the Portuguese Water Dog was the Lisbon Exhibition in 1934, under the direction of Frederick Pinto Soares. here enters the story, Vasco Bensaude, a wealthy businessman who lived in the Azores Islands, had attended this canine event, because he was also dedicated to breeding water dogs. He was so impressed with the Portuguese Water Dog What, decided to buy four specimens and thus start a careful breeding program in his hatchery, Algarbiorum. Y, what he achieved with the support of two loving friends in the race, Pinto Soares and Fernandes Marques.

In Lakes, found a beautiful male named Leão and was taken to Lisbon, followed by Dina, a female of Sesimbra. Two specimens found in the Algarve joined his Kennel, Nero, a male of curly hair and Venesa, a female of wavy hair. In 1937, born the first litter (by Leon and Dina). Starting the “Algarbiorum” saga.

Vasco Bensaude was responsible for the recovery of the Portuguese Water Dog from Portugal and began the modern history of the breed. He was responsible for his hatchery "Fausto Pereira Dos Santos", and became an expert in the formation of Portuguese water dogs.

For many years, Vasco Bensaude dedicated himself to breeding dogs but when in 1968 he felt that his end was near, delivered to Conchita Cintrón, Castelo Branco the 17 copies of Portuguese Water Dog that he had in his kennel and all his files.
Conchita Cintrón, was a brilliant person, breeder of Pointers, carried out the breeding Portuguese Water Dog in his Quinta do Indio, in Feijó, to the South of Lisbon.

Due to the tenacity and commitment to Conchita Cintrón dogs were placed in United States, where this wonderful race reached great popularity thanks to the commitment and efforts of another great personality in the history of this race, Mrs Miller Deyanne Farrell, He managed to diffuse them in America and around the world.

In 1972, In the United States, a group of breeders founded the (Portuguese Water Dog Club of America).

Physical characteristics

The Portuguese Water Dog it is a medium-sized breed, of strong Constitution, good muscular and compact body. Males have an ideal height for 54 cm., While the females measure approximately 46 cm.. The weight range from 19 until 25 kg in males and 16 and 22 kg in females.

There are two types of fur: long, wavy, with bright or short hair with hair is curly and more opaque.

The fur may be completely black, white or brown, or black or brown with white spots. The typical cut is made on the snout and the back of the body, leaving a ball of hair at the tip of the tail, It gives an appearance of a lion.
Hair grows them continually so it required to be regularly brushed and trim or cut.

The haircut of the Portuguese Water Dog can be done in two ways or styles:

The lion Court

In the Lion Court, the hindquarters, the snout, and the base of the tail they shave and the rest of the body is left in its normal length. This is the traditional cut and perhaps the most functional, given the historical importance of race as a partner of a fisherman. The lion cut reduced the initial impact and the shock with the cold water, given that performed various aquatic work. The hindquarters are afeitaban to allow easy movement of the hind legs and tail, used it as a rudder.

The Retriever cut

The Court Retriever is left 2,5 cm long in a uniform manner on the body (Although some owners prefer the part of the snout and the base of the shorter tail). This is a more recent cut and the style originated because breeders wanted to make the breed more attractive and less unusual looking for buyers..

Character and skills

Is considered an exceptionally intelligent animal, with an active temperament, slightly restless, but obedient. It is also very resistant to fatigue. It is an excellent swimmer, being able to dive and swim underwater to recover the lost objects.

In the Ria Formosa Natural Park, one of the attractions is the kennel where he was saved from extinction by Portuguese Water Dog, today known as the dog Obama, and where it still continues to grow today.

The Portuguese Water Dog he is an excellent companion, loving, independent and intelligent it is easy to train in tasks of obedience and agility skills.

Because they are working dogs, the Portuguese Water Dog, in general, he is usually always close to his master awaiting instructions and if he is -duly- trained, It is able and willing to follow orders very complex. They learn very quickly, They seem to enjoy the training, and they have a great memory for names of objects. These features and its single-layer coat, have not moved, makes an excellent dog services several such as assistance dogs for the deaf, guide dogs, Therapy Dogs.

Are very good companions for people who understand what they need, the Portuguese Water Dog it is not a dog for everyone. Due to his intelligence and the need for unity in the work, require regular intensive exercise, as well as the mental challenges. They are kind and patient, but not “teleadictos”, physical inactivity and boredom can awaken destructive behaviors.

Recently, the race gained an unexpected publicity after the family of the President of United States, Barack Obama, choose a Portuguese Water Dog as a pet. The dog, called Bo, was presented to the public 14 of April 2009, due to the great interest shown by the media.

Did you know??

The Portuguese Water Dog used to be the fisherman's best friend, helping to push the fish into networks, to retrieve objects that fell to the water and to carry messages from ship to ship.

Valuations "Portuguese Water Dog"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Portuguese Water Dog" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

friendly dog ​​ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

hair loss ⓘ

Rated 1.0 out of 5
1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

Rated 5.0 out of 5
5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Home ⓘ

Rated 4.0 out of 5
4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

Rated 3.0 out of 5
3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

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3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

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3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

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Intelligence ⓘ

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Versatility ⓘ

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Child friendly ⓘ

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4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

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4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

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Images Portuguese Water Dog

Videos Portuguese Water Dog

Type and recognitions:

  • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
  • Group 8: Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
  • Section 3: Water Dogs. .

Federations:

  • Federations: FCI , AKC , ANKC , CKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC


  • FCI breed standard "Portuguese Water Dog"

    FCIFCI - Portuguese Water Dog
    Dog

    Alternative names:

    1. Water Dog, Portie, PWD (English).
    2. chien d’eau, chien pêcheur portugais (French).
    3. Portugiesischer Wasserhund (German).
    4. Cão d’Água, Cão Pescador Português, Cão d’Água Algarvio (Portuguese).
    5. Cão de agua português (español).

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    Portuguese Pointer
    Portugal FCI 187 . Braque Type

    Portuguese Pointer

    The Portuguese Pointer He is extremely affectionate and very attached to children, it is also a very submissive dog.

    Content

    Characteristics "Portuguese Pointer"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Portuguese Pointer" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    friendly dog ​​ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    hair loss ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Affection level ⓘ

    Rated 5.0 out of 5
    5.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Need for exercise ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Social need ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Home ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Toilet ⓘ

    Rated 1.0 out of 5
    1.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Friendly with strangers ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    barking ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Health ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Territorial ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Cat friendly ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Intelligence ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Versatility ⓘ

    Rated 4.0 out of 5
    4.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Child friendly ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    Surveillance ⓘ

    Rated 3.0 out of 5
    3.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    joy ⓘ

    Rated 2.0 out of 5
    2.0 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

    History

    The Portuguese Pointer arose from Perdigueiro Peninsular, an ancient breed of Iberian dogs, its presence is documented since the 10th century, Its first appearance in art is on a Visigothic-Arab tombstone of the Church of San Juan Bautista de Tomar. Its evolution was the result of several factors such as adaptation to the climate, the type of hunting, the terrain and the selection introduced through the Portuguese cultural specificity.

    In the fourteenth century, It was bred in the royal kennels and used for hunting Altaria, being known as “Podengo de mostra”, showing already the possibility of stopping before the hunt. In the 16th century (reign of D. Sebastian) its use by the popular classes was common (although prohibited). The constant bleeding in the working arms caused by the discoveries, the abandonment of the fields, hunger and change of habits, led the population to resort more to hunting for food and, as a result, to the use of Pointing Dogs, that they were “prohibited” for causing, thanks to its excellent qualities, serious damage to the vested interests of the royal house and the nobility.

    In the 18th century, Many English families established a presence in the Porto region in the business of wine production and came into contact with the breed being brought to England where it played an important role in the origin of the English Pointer.

    At the end of the 19th century it suffered a certain decline, due to serious social upheavals and new tastes and contacts with the outside world, that gave projection to the foreign races that were then in fashion. But it is still represented in art objects (tinaja painted by D. Fernando II of Saxe-Coburg, Pena-Sintra), painting of King D.Luis and the princes in hunting clothes in the Palace of Ajuda, Lisbon), painting of a hunting trip of an Englishman in the Douro (Quinta de Gatão, Duero) or in artistic ceramics by the Real Fábrica do Rato (Pimenta Palace, Lisbon).

    Only in 1920 some breeders strove to save the breed, locating some of the dogs in the inaccessible north of Portugal. The Portuguese pedigree book was then established in 1932 and the breed standard in 1938. For at least a thousand years, this dog always had the same square head, triangular ears and compact look.

    Photo: “Portuguese Pointer” during the Dog World Show in Poznań. by Pleple2000, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Physical characteristics

    The Portuguese Pointer comes in average proportions, straight, good guy, robust but with a harmonic conformation allied to the manifest elasticity of the movements.

    The head is proportionate in relation to the body, well shaped and harmonious; seems to be big on the set. A little thick, However, it is neither bony nor thick and has loose and thin skin.

    The coat is short and thick in most dogs., with a velvety texture on the ears and face .

    Yellow in light varieties, common and dark, solid or white spotted on the head, the neck, chest and footwear.

    In males, the height at the withers is 52 to 60 centimeters, the weight is 20 to 27 kg. In females the height is 48 to 56 centimeters and the weight is 16 to 22 kg.

    Character and skills

    Portuguese Pointer
    An image of a “Portuguese Pointer”, a Portuguese hunting dog breed. The animal in the photo had 11 years when it was photographed.

    The Portuguese Pointer he is an extremely gentle and affectionate dog, with great delivery capacity and very resistant. It is quiet, very sociable and a bit petulant in relation to other dogs. Works with vivacity and persistence and is curious by nature. He always keeps in touch with his hunter.

    He moves with an easy step and is graceful. It is versatile in its function and very adaptable to various terrains, climates and types of hunting.

    Extremely affectionate and very attached to children, it is also a very submissive dog. Can, for lack of education, do not obey gestures or orders. But, it's easy to train.

    Health

    The Portuguese Pointer has an average life expectancy of 14 years. It is considered a hardy breed with no specific health problems.. But, hip dysplasia, lunation of the patella, cancer and autoimmune diseases are potential health problems for dogs of this size.

    Videos "Portuguese Pointer"

    The Portuguese partridge, a versatile dog.
    O Perdigueiro português, um cão polivalente
    Main characteristics of the Portuguese Perdigueiro
    main characteristics of “Portuguese Pointer”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 7: Pointing Dogs. – Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs. 1.1: Braque Type
    • AKC – Bracco


    FCI breed standard "Portuguese Pointer"

    FCIFCI - Portuguese Pointer
    Perdiguero

    Alternative names:

    1. Perdigueiro Português, Portuguese Pointer Dog (English).
    2. Perdigueiro Portugais (French).
    3. Perdigueiro Português, Portugiesisch (German).
    4. Perdigueiro português (Portuguese).
    5. (Perdigueiro Português en portugués) (español).

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    Portuguese Podengo
    Portugal FCI 94 . Primitive type - Hunting Dogs

    Podenco Portugués

    The Portuguese Podengo is a breed of dog that is in danger of extinction.

    Content

    History

    The Portuguese Podengo It is considered one of the oldest dogs breeds, that has its origins in the Phoenicians, cultural matrix of which descend the Portuguese. It is a native breed of Portugal, with great skills for hunting, but also surveillance, It is commonly used on farms to alert of the presence of intruders.

    The great family of the hound race, specialists in the topic raised it was in Portugal where most subjected to crossing and as a result, branched lineage. Within their ancestors argue that perhaps the closest the Ibizan Hound, and various types of dogs of traces of lived (They inhabit) throughout the Mediterranean area. Like all hound dogs, History shows that they are represented in Egyptian paintings of thousands of years ago.

    according to size, There are three varieties of Portuguese Hound, Grand, Small and medium, being each variety, products of the different crossing, over time.

    It is believed that the great variety has emerged the variety of Portuguese Podengo small and medium, the ancestor of the Grande variety is the Pharaoh Hound spread from North Africa to the Iberian Peninsula. Although other authors raise that it is possible that the hound descends from the small Iberian wolves. There is still controversy...

    Although one of the theories suggests that the Medium Portuguese Podenco arises, of different Podenco dogs from North Africa, The most accepted theory is that this variety, directly descended from the Portuguese Podengo Grande.

    The small Portuguese Hound, sometimes described as a Chihuahua heavier (There is no kinship between these two races), often collaborate in the tasks of hunting with their larger peers, what this dog does is get into the rabbit hole and scare them so that they come out and are hunted by their pack mates.

    In the North of Portugal today it is still used for hunting rabbits and small vermin. Hunting in a pack or alone. Although this dog can be seen in the rest of the country, its popularity lies in the North of the same.

    Physical characteristics

    As specified above, according to size, There are three varieties of Portuguese Hound, Grand, Medium- and Petit:

    • Portuguese Podengo Grande: It is a very rare variety and is in danger of extinction, especially the smooth variety. They are usually used in packs to hunt large prey such as deer or wild boar.. It is the only Portuguese breed used for wild boar hunting. His cloak can be short and smooth (less common and on the verge of extinction) or rough and long.
    • Portuguese Podengo Medio: It is the fastest of the three varieties, excellent Hunter of rabbits and hares. You can hunt in a pack or alone. Like the great Portuguese Hound, their coats can be smooth or rough and short and long. Of the three varieties this is the most common, and the greatest concentration of these dogs is located in the North of Portugal.
    • Portuguese Podengo Pequeno: Like his brother medium is an excellent Hunter of rabbits and hares. Responsible for getting into the Burrows (Thanks to its size and agility) to drive away prey and be hunted down by his pack mates. The small Portuguese Podengo coat is short and smooth, only.

    The varieties in the fur are related to the inclement weather and adaptation to the same, the smooth-haired variety is more common in northern Portugal, characterized by being a humid area, This soft and smooth coat is necessary because it is dried more easily after wet.

    The variety of hair bristles found in drier areas, where the coat of hair has the function of protecting the dog from the sun's rays and cold weather in winter. Nature is wise…

    The hair short or long, thick medium and bright. In dogs with long hair and rough, the hairs of the snout are long (Beard). The predominant colors are yellow and the fawn (with its varieties of color clear, to very dark), and diluted or matte black; unicolores with or without white spots or white spotting.

    Their life expectancy is around the 12 or 14 years, and it is a race that is rarely seen outside Portugal.

    In general, is a medium-sized dog, well proportioned, muscular with good bone structure. It has long, narrow head, with moderately wide skull and the pointed snout.

    The ears, large and triangular, they are carried erect. It has eyes expressive and little bulging in orbits, color honey or brown, according to coat color.

    The pigmentation of eyelids is darker that the of the fur. The body is quite long, with ribs moderately arched.

    The tail, is strong and pointed, long and medium length, It is held horizontal or slightly arched in activity.

    Character and skills

    The Portuguese Podengo, It is their three varieties has a cheerful character, intelligent and very sociable with other dogs. They are extremely affectionate with their owners, especially with the children.

    They are very shy with strangers, always alert and constant surveillance of their territory, that makes them good guard dogs, although, It lacks the aggressiveness which may show a watchdog or defence.

    Observations

    Unfortunately, the Portuguese Podengo It is one of the canine breeds that today are found in danger of extinction, even in Portugal. It is not easy to see them out of Portugal.

    Images “Portuguese Podengo”

    Videos “Portuguese Podengo”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • FCI – Group 5: Spitz-type dogs and primitive type – Section 7: Primitive type - Hunting Dogs.


    FCI breed standard "Portuguese Podengo"

    FCIFCI - Portuguese Podengo
    Warren hound

    Alternative names:

    1. Portuguese Warren Hound (English).
    2. Podengo portugais, Lévrier portugais (French).
    3. Podengo Português (German).
    4. Cão-coelheiro (Portuguese).
    5. Podengo português (español).

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    Castro Laboreiro Dog
    Portugal FCI 170 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Perro de Castro Laboreiro

    The Castro Laboreiro Dog It is an excellent guard dog and companion

    Content

    History

    The Castro Laboreiro Dog (Cão de Castro Laboreiro) It is a breed of Portuguese dog of large size. Originating in the parish of Castro Laboreiro, Melgaço, is a dog type Lupoid amastinado is lighter than other breeds of cattle dogs.

    The Castro Laboreiro Dog it has its origin in the region that gave it its name, the people of Castro Laboreiro, in the municipality of Melgaço. It is a rugged mountainous region that stretches from the Miño river to the Peneda and Soajo mountains between the Trancoso rivers, Laboreiro and moro, until around 1400 m above sea level.

    Like the dog, Castro Laboreiro is one of the oldest regions of the land of Portugal. The prehistoric remains such as dolmens and rock paintings, They demonstrate the presence of man in the region for thousands of years. The strengths are evidence of the strong presence of Celtic culture in the region. Also the Celts and the Romans came here, the roman roads and the construction of bridges with their landmarks. The castrejas communities have always lived of hunting, fishing, grazing and agriculture.

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    Estrela Mountain Dog
    Portugal FCI 173 - Molossoid . Mountain

    Estrela Mountain Dog

    The Estrela Mountain Dog is a big dog, rough lines and powerful appearance

    Content

    History

    The Dog of the Sierra de la Estrela (Cão da Serra da Estrela) It is a breed of dog native of Portugal, in the mountainous region that bears the same name. It has all the qualities required in this wild region, is intelligent, loyal and brave.

    There are those who hold the theory that they were introduced to Portugal by the Visigoths and slowly to various parts of Europe.. The Estrela Mountain Dog was used mainly- in mountainous areas to accompany shepherds and flocks on their annual migrations, defending the wolves and thieves.

    It is believed that the two varieties of existing hair: short hair and Longhair, they are due to regional variations. Contrary to what might be expected, the warmest region, the region of Manteigas, is where you could find the long-haired dogs, While short hair varieties were most frequent in the North, in Gouveia e Seia. Crosses between these two varieties were frequent.

    In 1934 the standard of the breed was drafted, which was established according to its two varieties of layer. From this point, the cross between two varieties became undesirable. The publication of the rule in 1966 and the recognition of the breed by the FCI, have not brought more popularity to the breed. Over the years 60 and 70, the Portuguese emigrated looking for escape from the regime of poverty. The population of dogs Serra da Estrela declined drastically in that period, but the dedication of some breeders allowed the continuity of the breed.

    Today, the Estrela Mountain Dog is highly requested, especially the variety of long hair. While the variety of short hair was more numerous at the beginning of the last century, is the variety of long hair that stands out, especially for being more eye-catching, stylish, with a larger. This made the breeders will focus primarily on the variety of long hair. Today the short-haired variety is particularly vulnerable and rare..

    Physical characteristics

    The Estrela Mountain Dog is a big dog, rough lines and powerful appearance. The head is huge, rounded and with a stunning skull. It has oval eyes, very expressive, Smart and serene.
    The ears they are small and pendants, covered with a soft skin.

    mastiff-type molosoid, the Estrela Mountain Dog has a broad chest and a slightly drooping rump. The members are strong and muscular. The tail is long, thick and slightly droopy.

    There are two varieties of Estrela Mountain Dog: long hair and short hair. The hair is strong, thick, but not too rough. In some regions it is longer than others, especially in the queue, around the neck and back.

    Only allowed the tawny colors, Lupine and yellow, monochrome or marbled.

    Observations

    Estrela Mountain Dog is a healthy dog, due to the strong natural selection which was exposed. But, There are some diseases of large animals with a higher incidence in this breed. The Dysplasia is one of them, especially that of hip. Due to this trend, owners must use quality diets, not exercise too your dog when he is young, avoid the steep stairs, breaks and slippery floors.

    The variety of long hair they require more maintenance: brushed daily to untangle hair.
    The variety of short hair only needs weekly brushings. Bathing should only be administered, only, When cannot be avoided,Since the protective greasiness of the skin can be damaged by cleaning products.

    Character and skills

    The Estrela Mountain Dog has always been kept with the sheep, While pastor was away from his flock the dog developed an independent organization and this led to his character of excellent guard dog.

    It is also used for self defense and as a dog shot.

    The Estrela Mountain Dog, due to its isolation and difficult access, It has become the home of this breed of dog. His hard hair helps you survive the harsh winters of the region. Each race has its specific character developed throughout its existence, of their own history.

    This more or less independent nature makes this breed adapts well to modern times, where instead of caring won, waits for their owners to return from work at the end of the day. They have a lot of patience.

    The beauty of this dog, his intelligence and strength, are the characteristics that allow him to be in addition to an excellent guard, a good family dog and very tolerant with children.

    Habitat Estrela Mountain Dog

    The Estrela Mountain Dog it's a big dog with a big boost. So, an apartment in the city is not ideal for him. Fluctuations of time and temperature do not bother him much, so you prefer to spend the day outdoors. So, the ideal is a house with a large patio or garden where you can move freely. It also, does not want to do without his long walks. For many other canine sports, requiring reliable obedience, is however hardly suitable due to its obstinacy.

    Nutrition Estrela Mountain Dog

    The Estrela Mountain Dog requires a correspondingly large serving of food, which should also be considered when buying it. Proper dog feeding helps keep it healthy for a long time. Whether one wants to use dry or wet food is a matter of personal preference.. In particular, nutrition during growth, especially in large dogs, sets the course for later life.

    While puppies and adult dogs need enough energy, young dogs need an adapted diet, protein rich, to ensure that your muscles and skeleton grow evenly. If the young dog grows too fast on food that is too high in energy, there is a risk of permanent joint problems and malpositions. It also, It should be noted that all large breeds of dogs are at risk of stomach upset if the daily ration is administered at one time.. So, it is better and healthier to divide the food into at least two servings in the morning and at night and then give the animal a break for digestion.

    Education and care

    Due to the close connection of the Estrela Mountain Dog with humans and their good understanding, good conditions are created for purposeful education. But, the race's own head should not be underestimated. The Hound of the Sierra de la Estrela dog stubbornly reacts to too much hardness in training and the orders he considers meaningless. Therefore, the right key to a successful workout is patience, empathy and a consistent hand. During training special attention should be paid to the tendency to dominate, especially in males.

    Although this is rarely directed against humans, but mainly against other big dogs, can disturb harmonious interaction and, above all, The walking. Ideally, great importance should be given to socialization already in the breeder. You should also practice meeting other dogs as soon as possible after your dog has moved in.. You can learn that other dogs are an enrichment and not a danger and that dominant behavior is not tolerated. In a good dog school you will receive many tips when in doubt, which will facilitate the management of your Dog from the Sierra de la Estrela.

    A lot brushed in the change of coat

    The Estrela Mountain Dog has a dense coat with a lot of undercoat, that adapts to weather conditions. The change of coat is therefore strong in this breed. To facilitate this process for the animal and reduce the amount of dog hair at home, should be brushed sufficiently and correctly, especially during the period. Ideal for this purpose are the special brushes, they can comb the bottom layer. Outside the change of coat phase, brush once a week.. The rest of the preparation is limited to a minimum. Especially if the dog is outside and a lot in the meadows and forests, should be checked regularly for parasites. If required, claws must be shortened with claw pliers.

    Typical health and illnesses

    The Estrela Mountain Dog it is a very robust animal that does not have to fight with the typical diseases of the breed. But, being a very large breed, you may suffer from dysplasia of the hip joint. Breeders recognized by the FCI only use parents that are not affected by this disease for breeding purposes., which also greatly reduces the risk to offspring.

    Estrela Mountain Dog life expectancy

    As a healthy race, the Estrela Mountain Dog reaches an age of 10 to 12 years without difficulty and generally without many visits to the vet. Proper nutrition and parenting are the prerequisites for a long and healthy life.

    Photos Estrela Mountain Dog

    Videos Estrela Mountain Dog

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    FCI , AKC , ANKC , ​KC , NZKC , UKC – The AKC does not have its own standard and instead is linked to the FCI

    FCI breed standard "Estrela Mountain Dog"

    FCIFCI - Estrela Mountain Dog
    Dog

    Alternative names:

    1. Portuguese Shepherd (English).
    2. Chien de montagne portugais (French).
    3. Serra da Estrela Berghund (German).
    4. Perro de la sierra de la Estrela (Portuguese).
    5. Perro de la Sierra de la Estrela (español).

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    Portuguese Sheepdog (Cão da Serra de Aires)
    Portugal FCI 93 . Sheepdogs

    Perro de pastor portugués

    The Portuguese Sheepdog has an excellent herd instinct, always ready to take care of the goats

    Content

    History

    The Portuguese Sheepdog has nearly 100 years.

    This hairy, use livestock and guardian of the plains of the Portugal South may descend from the Berger de Brie, imported by the conde de Castro Guimarães and which in turn bred with local mountain dogs.

    Despite the similarities with the Berger de Brie and the Catalan Sheepdog, there is no reliable evidence to suggest a direct line of descent.

    During the greater part of the last century, the Portuguese Sheepdog was the companion of the shepherds in southern Portugal, but in the Decade of 1970 was almost extinct.

    Fortunately, the beauty of your fur and your docile predisposition came to knowledge of the breeders. Today, many owners in Portugal are owners of this breed and their future is assured..

    Although he is practically unknown outside his native country, This dog of woolly appearance is a class dog, worthy of greater international recognition.
    The owners say that these small dogs “monkey”, nicknamed for their peculiar appearance and picturesque expression, have been part of farming and family life for a very long time. As with many working breeds, the ability to work was more important than the appearance, and the standard was not set up to 1930.

    Recognition: CKC, FCI, NKC, APRI, ACR, DRA

    Physical characteristics

    The fur of the < is long and smooth, with a light ripple. Do not have a background layer.

    The colors We accept yellow, the brown, the fawn to red and more or less stained gray with red fire. There may be greater or lesser amount of white hairs scattered around the mantle, but never forming stains, except in the chest.

    The previous tips they are symmetrically covered with long hair.
    It has a beard that gives a mature look. The eyes they are round and dark, with a friendly expression. The ears moderate size usually hang on the sides of the cheeks, Although sometimes clipped. Clipping is prohibited in some European countries. Their feet are particularly adaptable to difficult terrain. Their legs they are strong and their chest deep.

    Males can measure of 45 to 55 cm., while females measure of 42 to 52 cm.. The weight must be between 12 and 18 kg.

    The hair is longer on the head giving these dogs a curious and messy bangs.
    It has a head wide and robust, with a prominent nose and strong jaw. The tail, very close from the base, the high boot, it reaches the Hock and tapered.

    Their life expectancy is of 12-13 years.

    Character and skills

    The Portuguese Sheepdog It is one of the smartest Sheepdogs. This is a great dog, joyful, happy and always ready to work. Very loyal, and paired with their own town.

    The Portuguese Sheepdog needs a well-balanced training. It has a above average intelligence and learns quickly and easily, but he can be stubborn and dominant if they feel that their owners do not have the same mentality. So, It has always been a challenge for pastors. Trained once, This is the dog more reliable an owner may have. It requires educators safe and strong. These dogs can live with other animals, Although some males may try to dominate other males. They can live happily with other pets, provided that they have been properly socialized.

    The Portuguese Sheepdog is usually patient with children, but the males, in particular, they can be very possessive within its territory. This race is reserved with strangers and they do a good job as a watchdog.

    It is very good Shepherd with cattle, that will tirelessly defend. These dogs are known for their fast attitude, intelligent and are particularly good to bringing back stray dogs. They love its owner above all on Earth. Not usually bite unless cause you.

    Characteristics "Portuguese Sheepdog (Cão da Serra de Aires)"

    Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Portuguese Sheepdog (Cão da Serra de Aires)" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

    Adaptation ⓘ

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    Social need ⓘ

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    Images “Portuguese Sheepdog”

    Videos “Portuguese Sheepdog”

    Type and recognitions:

    • FCI CLASSIFICATION:
    • Group :
    • Section : . .

    Federations:

    • – FCI ,
    • – AKC ,
    • – ANKC ,
    • – UKC


    FCI breed standard "Portuguese Sheepdog (Cão da Serra de Aires)"

    FCIFCI - Portuguese Sheepdog (Cão da Serra de Aires)
    Dog

    Alternative names:

    1. Monkey dog, Cão da Serra de Aires (English).
    2. Berger de la Serra de Aires, CHIEN DE BERGER DE LA SERRA DE AIRES (French).
    3. PORTUGIESISCHER SCHÄFERHUND (German).
    4. Serra-d’aires (Portuguese).
    5. Perro de pastor portugués (español).

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    Cattle dog
    Cattle Dogs according to the FCI

    Boyero

    Content

    Known by the name of Sennenhund dog a number of breeds of dog traditionally have been used for the management and conduct of cattle.

    The FCI classifies the breeds of cattle dogs into two different groups based on their physiognomy.
    In Group I, Section 2, He placed Sennenhund dogs Lupoid appearance (similar to a Wolf) and in Group II, Section 3, to the trotting of mountain.

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    Warren hound breeds
    Italia España Portugal Grecia Francia Túnez Malta Warren hound

    Razas de Podenco

    The different “Warren hound breeds” are characterized by being little barking, extremely clever and agile for hunting.

    Content

    It is called Warren hound to a type of hunting dog of ancient origins. There are several breeds today throughout the entire Mediterranean: is believed to be the origin of these modern breeds in old Egypt (specifically in the Tesem race) and that the dogs were broadcast by the Mediterranean coast by the Phoenicians. Its appearance slightly recalls a Jackal or the image of the Egyptian Dios Anubis.

    Various genetic studies carried out in recent years have come to the conclusion that contrary to the widespread belief that the Podenco is a type of primitive dog imported a few 3.000 the area of middle years, These dogs really are close genetic relationship with the rest of European hunting dogs and are not more “primitive” that most of them.

    The Federation Cynologique Internationale brings together the Podencos within section 7 (“Primitive type - Hunting Dogs”) Group v, the Pharaoh Hound which in its place of origin is used for rabbit hunting is not included in this section, If not in the section 6 (“Primitive type”).

    Podenco breeds recognized by the FCI

    :


    Not recognized by the FCI

    .

    Other races, Despite not being recognized by the FCI, they have morphological and usage characteristics typical of Podencos., are:

    According to the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, the difference between Greyhound, Lebrel and poodle is based on the following definitions:

    • Greyhound: Lightweight dog breed, with small head, large eyes, the pointed snout, the ears are thin and hanging, the slim body and neck, the long legs and tail.
    • Sighthound: Variety of dog that is distinguished by having an upper lip and drooping ears, the strong muzzle, straight back, the long body and legs removed back. It was given this name for being very suitable for hunting hares.
    • Warren hound: The somewhat lower body, but more robust than the hound, with round head, the ears stiff, straight back, moderately long hair, the coiled tail and hands and feet small, but very strong. It is little barking and extremely shrewd and Agile for hunting, by its great view, smell and resistance.

    Warren hound breeds