The Portuguese Water Dog It is little known, both Spain and the rest of Europe.
The Portuguese Water Dog (Portuguese Water Dog) It is a breed of dog of the Algarve, Portugal. They were used as working dogs by fishermen from time immemorial, but in the 20th century have become a rare breed.
The Portuguese Water Dog It is a kind and patient breed.
The Portuguese Water Dog (Portuguese Water Dog) It is a breed of dog of the Algarve, Portugal. They were used as working dogs by fishermen from time immemorial, but in the 20th century have become a rare breed.
While, the origins of the breed are somewhat obscure, What if one certainty is that the history of these dogs is very old. A likely reference to the Portuguese Water Dog is found in the text of a monk, that in 1297 He described the rescue of a sailor by a dog with similar characteristics than the race hablamos… “long, black hair, cut up the first rib, and with a tuft at the tip of the tail“.
Origin: Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, France, Tunisia, Malta
Different Races Hound They are characterized by little ladradoras, extremely clever and agile for hunting.
It is called Hound a type of dog of ancient origins. There are several breeds today throughout the entire Mediterranean: is believed to be the origin of these modern breeds in old Egypt (specifically in the Tesem race) and that the dogs were broadcast by the Mediterranean coast by the Phoenicians. Its appearance slightly recalls a Jackal or the image of the Egyptian Dios Anubis.
The Portuguese Warren Hound It is a breed of dog found in danger of extinction.
The Portuguese Warren Hound (Warren Hound Portuguese, In English) It is considered one of the oldest dogs breeds, that has its origins in the Phoenicians, cultural matrix of which descend the Portuguese. It is a native breed of Portugal, with great skills for hunting, but also surveillance, It is commonly used on farms to alert of the presence of intruders.
The great family of the hound race, specialists in the topic raised it was in Portugal where most subjected to crossing and as a result, branched lineage. Within their ancestors argue that perhaps the closest the Ca Eivissenc, and various types of dogs of traces of lived (They inhabit) throughout the Mediterranean area. Like all hound dogs, History shows that they are represented in Egyptian paintings of thousands of years ago.
According to the size, There are three varieties of Portuguese Hound, Large, Small and medium, being each variety, products of the different crossing, over time.
It is believed that the great variety has emerged the variety of Portuguese Podengo small and medium, the ancestor of the Grande variety is the Pharaoh Hound It stretched from North Africa to the Iberian Peninsula. Although other authors raise that it is possible that the hound descends from the small Iberian wolves. Still controversia…
While one theory States that the Portuguese Podengo medium emerges, different dog hound natives of North Africa, the most widely accepted theory is that this variety, directly descended from the Portuguese Podengo Grande.
The small Portuguese Hound, sometimes described as a Chihuahua heavier (There is no kinship between these two races), often collaborate in the tasks of hunting with their larger peers, This dog is put in the burrow of the rabbits and scare them so they come out and they are hunted by his fellow Pack.
In the North of Portugal it is today still used for hunting rabbits and small varmints. Hunting Pack or only. While the rest of the country you can see this dog, its popularity lies in the North of the same.
As specified above, According to the size, There are three varieties of Portuguese Hound, Large, Medium- and Small:
Portuguese Podengo Grande: It is a very rare variety and is in danger of extinction, especially the smooth variety. Often used in packs to hunt large prey such as deer or wild boar. It is the only Portuguese breed used for hunting wild boar. His cloak can be short and smooth (less common, at the brink of extinction) or rough and long.
Medium-Portuguese Podengo: It is the fastest of the three varieties, excellent Hunter of rabbits and hares. You can hunt in Pack or solo. Like the great Portuguese Hound, their coats can be smooth or rough and short and long. This is the most common of the three varieties, and the greatest concentration of these dogs is located in the North of Portugal.
Poodle small Portuguese: Like his brother medium is an excellent Hunter of rabbits and hares. Responsible for getting into the Burrows (Thanks to its size and agility) to scare the dam and its Pack mates give hunting. The small Portuguese Podengo coat is short and smooth, only.
The varieties in the fur are related to the inclement weather and adaptation to the same, the smooth variety is more common in the North of Portugal, characterized by being a wet area, This soft and smooth coat is necessary because it is dried more easily after wet.
The variety of hair bristles found in drier areas, where the layer of hair has the function of protecting the dog from the rays of the Sun and the cold climate in winter. Nature is sabia…
The hair short or long, thick medium and bright. In dogs with long hair and rough, the hairs of the snout are long (Beard). The predominant colors are yellow and the fawn (with its varieties of color clear, to very dark), and diluted or matte black; unicolores with or without white spots or white spotting.
Their life expectancy is around the 12 or 14 years, and it is a race that is rarely seen outside Portugal.
In general, is a medium-sized dog, well proportioned, muscular with good bone structure. It has long, narrow head, with moderately wide skull and the pointed snout.
The ears, large and triangular, they are carried erect. It has eyes expressive and little bulging in orbits, color honey or brown, According to the color of the fur.
The pigmentation of eyelids is darker that the of the fur. The body is quite long, with ribs moderately arched.
The tail, is strong and pointed, long and medium length, It is held horizontal or slightly arched in activity.
Portuguese Warren Hound: Standard FCI
HEAD: Thin, in the form of a quadrangular pyramid trunk. Its base is wide and its quite pointed end. The upper longitudinal axes skull facial differ.
Skull: Chato. The profile is almost straight. The eyebrows are prominent. The frontal furrow is little pronounced. The handset inter space is horizontal and the back of the head is prominent.
Depression front naso (Stop): Little pronounced.
Nose: Thin. Se adelgaza y es truncada en forma oblicua; is prominent in its end. Its color is darker than the coat.
Nose cane: Rounded cross section; straight profile. It is shorter than the length of the skull and wider at the base than at its tip.
Lips: Are well applied to each other. They are fine, strong and well straight.
JAWS/teeth: Normal, scissor bite, with solid and white teeth. The two jaws are a regular opposition. Complete dentition in the large variety.
Cheeks: Thin or placed oblique views of front.
Eyes: They are expressive and little bulging in orbits. Its colour goes from the honey to Brown, According to the color of the fur. They are small and oblique. The pigmentation of eyelids is darker than the coat.
Ears: Insertion oblique and medium. Straight and high mobility are. They are vertical to the front when the dog is alert. They are sharp, and wide at the base. Triangular shape, thin; a height larger than the base and considerable.
NECK: Harmoniously joined with the head and trunk. It is straight, long, provided, strong and well muscled. It presents no Chin.
Top line: It is straight, level.
Cross: Only slightly visible in relation to the neck and back.
Back: Straight. It is long.
Pork loin: Straight. It is wide and muscled.
Rump: Medium length. It is wide and muscled; straight, or little drop.
: Breastwork muscular and low protrusion. It is not very broad. Deep chest, medium-amplitude up to the level of the elbows. It is long, with the sternum inclined backwards and upwards. Ribs well arched and bent.
Belly and flanks: Thin; slightly agalgados.
Bottom line: It is slightly high.
TAIL: Natural. Set rather high. It is strong, thick and pointy; medium length. During rest falls between the buttocks, to the hock and is slightly curved. When the dog is moving rises horizontally, slightly arched, or folded vertically in the form of Scythe, Although never screwed.
PREVIOUS MEMBERS: Seen from the front and profile are appropriate limbs. They are muscular and thin.
Shoulder: Long, inclined, strong and muscular well, angle of scapula - humerus of about 100 °.
Elbows: Parallel to the main line of the body.
Forearm: Vertical; long and muscled.
Carpus: Delgado, is not prominent.
Metacarpus: Strong; short, little oblique.
Front feet: Rounded. Long toes, strong, together, and well arched. Fingernails are short and strong, preferably dark. The pads are durable and hard.
LATER MEMBERS: Seen from the back and side are well Plumb. They are muscular and thin.
Thigh: Long; medium-amplitude and well muscled.
Knee joint: angle femur - tibia approximately 135 °.
Leg: It is oblique, long, thin, strong and muscled.
Hock: Medium tall. It is thin and strong. The angle of the Hock is open approximately 135 °.
Metatarsus: It is strong, short, Spurs and oblique.
Rear feet: They are rounded, with long toes, strong, together, and well arched. Fingernails are short and strong, preferably dark. The pads are durable and hard.
MOVEMENT: Fast and agile. Lightweight trot.
SKIN: The mucous membranes are preferably black, or always darker than the coat. The skin is thin and stretched.
HAIR: Two varieties. The hair is short or long, medium-thick. The hair is smooth when it is short, or rough when long. Short hair is more abundant than the long hair. In dogs with long hair and rough, the hairs of the snout are long (Beard). There is no presence of an internal layer of hairs.
COLOR: The predominant colors are yellow and the fawn (with its varieties of color clear, to very dark), and diluted or matte black); unicolores with or without white spots or white spotting. In the small hound the following colors are accepted but are not preferred: black, Brown with or without white markings, or white with spots of these colors.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height to the cross:
Small: 20 – 30 cm..
Medium: 40 – 54 cm..
Large: 55 – 70 cm..
Small: 4 – 6 Kg.
Medium: 16 – 20 Kg.
Large: 20 – 30 Kg.
FAULTS: Any deviation from the above criteria should be considered as missing and the severity of this is considered in proportion to the degree of deviation from the standard and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog.
General appearance: Signs of crossing with a Greyhound (Spanish Hound) or a Perdiguero (Portuguese Braco).
JAWS: Inadequate opposition of the jaws.
Eyes: Eyes of different colour (heterochromia).
Ears: Bent or folded.
Color: Striped, black and tan, Tri-color or totally white.
Any dog showing clear signs of physical abnormalities or behavior should be disqualified.
NOTE: Los machos deben tener dos apariencia testiculos normal completamente descendidos en el escroto.
TRANSLATION: Rafael Santiago (Puerto Rico). Technical review: Miguel Angel Martinez (Federation Cynologique Argentina).
Character and skills
The Portuguese Podengo, It is their three varieties has a cheerful character, intelligent and very sociable with other dogs. They are extremely affectionate with their owners, especially with the children.
They are very shy with strangers, always alert and constant surveillance of their territory, that makes them good guard dogs, Although, It lacks the aggressiveness which may show a watchdog or defence.
Unfortunately, the Portuguese Warren Hound is one of the dog breeds that are found today in danger of extinction, even in Portugal. It is not easy to see them out of Portugal.
The Portuguese Sheepdog has an excellent herd instinct, always ready to take care of the goats
The Serra de Aire Dogs almost 100 years.
This hairy, use livestock and guardian of the plains of the Portugal South may descend from the Berger de Brie, imported by the conde de Castro Guimarães and which in turn bred with local mountain dogs.
Despite the similarities with the Berger de Brie and the Catalan Sheepdog, There is no reliable evidence to suggest a direct line of descent.
During the greater part of the last century, the Portuguese Sheepdog was the companion of the shepherds in southern Portugal, but in the Decade of 1970 was almost extinct.
Fortunately, the beauty of your fur and your docile predisposition came to knowledge of the breeders. To this day many owners in Portugal are the owners of this breed and their future is assured.
Although it is virtually unknown outside their home country, This dog of woolly appearance is a class dog, worthy of greater international recognition. The owners say that these small dogs “monkey”, nicknamed so by its peculiar look and picturesque expression, they have been part of the agricultural activity and family life for a very long time. As with many working breeds, the ability to work was more important than the appearance, and the standard was not set up to 1930.
Recognition: CKC, FCI, NKC, APRI, ACR, DRA
The fur of the Portuguese Sheepdog is long and smooth, with a light ripple. Do not have a background layer.
The colors We accept yellow, Brown, the fawn to red and more or less stained gray with red fire. There may be greater or lesser amount of white hairs scattered around the mantle, but never forming stains, except in the chest.
The previous tips they are symmetrically covered with long hair. It has a beard that gives a mature look. The eyes they are round and dark, with a friendly expression. The ears moderate size usually hang on the sides of the cheeks, Although sometimes clipped. Trimming is banned in some European countries. Their feet they are particularly adaptable to rough terrain. Their legs they are strong and their chest deep.
Males can measure of 45 to 55 cm., while females measure of 42 to 52 cm.. The weight must be between 12 and 18 kg.
The hair is longer on the head giving these dogs a curious and messy bangs. It has a head wide and robust, with a prominent nose and a strong jaw. The tail, very close from the base, the high boot, it reaches the Hock and tapered.
Their life expectancy is of 12-13 years.
Character and skills
The Portuguese Sheepdog It is one of the smartest Sheepdogs. This is a great dog, joyful, happy and always ready to work. Very loyal, and paired with their own town.
The Cao da Serra de Aires need a well balanced training. It has a above average intelligence and learns quickly and easily, but he can be stubborn and dominant if they feel that their owners do not have the same mentality. Therefore, It has always been a challenge for pastors. Trained once, This is the dog more reliable an owner may have. It requires educators safe and strong. These dogs can live with other animals, Although some males may try to dominate other males. They can live happily with other pets, provided that they have been properly socialized.
The Portuguese Sheepdog is usually patient with children, but the males, in particular, they can be very possessive within its territory. This race is reserved with strangers and they do a good job as a watchdog.
It is very Good Shepherd with cattle, that will tirelessly defend. These dogs are known for their fast attitude, intelligent and are particularly good to bringing back stray dogs. They love its owner above all on Earth. Not usually bite unless cause you.
CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 1 –> Herding dogs, except Swiss Cattle Dogs . / Section 1 –> Sheepdogs. Without working trial.
Federations: FCI ⓘ, AKC ⓘ, ANKC ⓘ, UKC ⓘ
Standard FCI Breed Portuguese Sheepdog
1. Monkey dog, Cão da Serra de Aires (English). 2. Berger de la Serra de Aires, CHIEN DE BERGER DE LA SERRA DE AIRES (French). 3. PORTUGIESISCHER SCHÄFERHUND (German). 4. (Portuguese). 5. Perro de pastor portugués (Spanish).
The Estrela Mountain Dog is a big dog, the rough lines and powerful appearance
The Dog of the Sierra de la Estrela (Cão da Serra da Estrela) It is a breed of dog native of Portugal, in the mountainous region that bears the same name. It has all the qualities required in this wild region, is intelligent, loyal and brave.
Some argue the theory that were introduced in Portugal by the Visigoths and slowly to various parts of Europe. The Estrela Mountain Dog was used –mainly- in mountainous areas to accompany shepherds and flocks on their annual migrations, defending the wolves and thieves.
It is believed that the two varieties of existing hair: short hair and long hair, they are due to regional variations. Contrary to what might be expected, the warmest region, the region of Manteigas, This is where you may find long hair dogs, While short hair varieties were most frequent in the North, in Gouveia e Seia. Crosses between these two varieties were frequent.
In 1934 the standard of the breed was drafted, It was established according to its two varieties of coat. From this point, the cross between two varieties became undesirable. The publication of the rule in 1966 and the recognition of the breed by the FCI, they have not brought more popularity to the race. Over the years 60 and 70, the Portuguese emigrated looking for escape from the regime of poverty. The population of dogs Serra da Estrela declined drastically in that period, but the dedication of some breeders allowed the continuity of the breed.
Today, the Estrela Mountain Dog is highly requested, especially the variety of long hair. While the variety of short hair was more numerous at the beginning of the last century, is the variety of long hair that stands out, especially for being more eye-catching, stylish, with a larger. This made the breeders will focus primarily on the variety of long hair. Today the variety of short hair is particularly vulnerable and rare.
The Estrela Mountain Dog is a big dog, the rough lines and powerful appearance. The head is huge, rounded and with a stunning skull. It has oval eyes, very expressive, Smart and serene. The ears they are small and pendants, covered with a soft skin.
Molosser mastiff type, Estrela mountain dog has a broad chest and a slightly falling rump. The members are strong and muscular. The tail is long, thick and slightly fall.
There are two varieties of Estrela Mountain Dog: long hair and short hair. The hair is strong, thick, but not too rough. In some regions it is longer than others, especially in the queue, around the neck and back.
Only allowed the tawny colors, Lupine and yellow, monochrome or marbled.
Estrela Mountain Dog is a healthy dog, due to the strong natural selection which was exposed. However, There are some diseases of large animals with a higher incidence in this breed. The Dysplasia is one of them, especially that of hip. Due to this trend, owners must use quality diets, not exercise too your dog when he is young, avoid the steep stairs, breaks and slippery floors.
The variety of long hair they require more maintenance: brushed daily to untangle hair. The variety of short hair only needs weekly brushings. Bathing should only be administered, only, When cannot be avoided,Since the protective greasiness of the skin can be damaged by cleaning products.
Character and skills
The Estrela Mountain Dog has always been kept with the sheep, While pastor was away from his flock the dog developed an independent organization and this led to his character of excellent guard dog.
It is also used for self defense and as a dog shot.
The Estrela Mountain Dog, due to its isolation and difficult to access, It has become the home of this breed of dog. His hard hair helps you survive the harsh winters of the region. Each race has its specific character developed throughout its existence, of their own history.
This more or less independent nature makes this breed adapts well to modern times, where instead of caring won, waiting for their owners to return from work at the end of the day. They have lot patience.
The beauty of this dog, his intelligence and strength, they are the features that allow you to be in addition to an excellent guard, a good family dog and very tolerant with children.
Habitat Estrela Mountain Dog
The Estrela Mountain Dog it's a big dog with a big boost. Therefore, an apartment in the city is not ideal for him. Fluctuations of time and temperature do not bother him much, so you prefer to spend the day outdoors. Therefore, the ideal is a house with a large patio or garden where you can move freely. In addition, does not want to do without his long walks. For many other canine sports, requiring reliable obedience, it is, however, hardly adequate due to its obstinacy.
Nutrition Estrela Mountain Dog
The Estrela Mountain Dog requires a correspondingly large serving of food, which should also be considered when buying it. Proper dog feeding helps keep it healthy for a long time. Whether one wants to use dry or wet food is a matter of personal preference. In particular, nutrition during growth, especially in large dogs, sets the course for later life.
While puppies and adult dogs need enough energy, young dogs need an adapted diet, rich in protein, to ensure that your muscles and skeleton grow evenly. If the young dog grows too fast with food too rich in energy, there is a risk of permanent joint problems and malpositions. In addition, It should be noted that all large breeds of dogs are at risk of stomach upset if the daily ration is administered at one time.. Therefore, it is better and healthier to divide the food into at least two servings in the morning and at night and then give the animal a break for digestion.
Education and care
Due to the close connection of the Estrela Mountain Dog with humans and their good understanding, good conditions are created for purposeful education. However, the race's own head should not be underestimated. The Hound of the Sierra de la Estrela dog stubbornly reacts to too much hardness in training and the orders he considers meaningless. As a result, the right key to a successful workout is patience, empathy and a consistent hand. During training special attention should be paid to the tendency to dominate, especially in males.
Although this is rarely directed against humans, but mainly against other big dogs, can disturb harmonious interaction and, above all, The walking. Ideally, great importance should be given to socialization already in the breeder. You should also practice meeting other dogs as soon as possible after your dog has moved.. You can learn that other dogs are an enrichment and not a danger and that dominant behavior is not tolerated. In a good dog school you will receive many tips when in doubt, which will facilitate the management of your Dog from the Sierra de la Estrela.
A lot brushed in the change of coat
The Estrela Mountain Dog has a dense coat with a lot of undercoat, that adapts to weather conditions. The change of coat is therefore strong in this breed. To facilitate this process for the animal and reduce the amount of dog hair at home, should be brushed sufficiently and correctly, especially during the period. Ideal for this purpose are the special brushes, they can comb the bottom layer. Outside the change of coat phase, brush once a week.. The rest of the preparation is limited to a minimum. Especially if the dog is outside and a lot in the meadows and forests, should be checked regularly for parasites. If required, claws must be shortened with claw pliers.
Typical health and diseases
The Estrela Mountain Dog It is a very robust animal that does not have to fight with the typical diseases of the breed. However, being a very large breed, you may suffer from dysplasia of the hip joint. FCI-recognized breeders only use parents who are not affected by this disease for breeding purposes., which also greatly reduces the risk to offspring.
Estrela Mountain Dog life expectancy
As a healthy race, the Estrela Mountain Dog reaches an age of 10 to 12 years without difficulty and generally without many visits to the vet. Proper nutrition and parenting are the prerequisites for a long and healthy life.
CLASSIFICATION FCI:Group 2 –> Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid- Dogs Swiss Mountain and Cattle. / Section 2.2 –> Molossoid breeds, mountain type. Without working trial.
Federations: FCI ⓘ, AKC ⓘ, ANKC ⓘ, KC ⓘ, NZKC ⓘ, UKC ⓘ – The AKC does not have its own standard and instead is linked to the FCI
Standard FCI of the breed Estrela Mountain Dog
1. Portuguese Shepherd (English). 2. Chien de montagne portugais (French). 3. Serra da Estrela Berghund (German). 4. Perro de la sierra de la Estrela (Portuguese). 5. Perro de la Sierra de la Estrela (Spanish).
The Castro Laboreiro Dog It is an excellent guard dog and companion
The Castro Laboreiro Dog (Cão de Castro Laboreiro) It is a breed of Portuguese dog of large size. Originating in the parish of Castro Laboreiro, Melgaço, is a dog type Lupoid amastinado is lighter than other breeds of cattle dogs.
The Castro Laboreiro Dog it has its origin in the region that gave it its name, the people of Castro Laboreiro, in the municipality of Melgaço. It is a rugged mountainous region that extends from the River Miño Peneda and Soajo mountains between the rivers Trancoso, Laboreiro and moro, until around 1400 m above sea level.
Like the dog, Castro Laboreiro is one of the oldest regions of the land of Portugal. The prehistoric remains such as dolmens and rock paintings, They demonstrate the presence of man in the region for thousands of years. The strengths are evidence of the strong presence of Celtic culture in the region. Also the Celts and the Romans came here, Roman roads and building bridges with their milestones. The castrejas communities have always lived of hunting, fishing, grazing and agriculture.
Origin: USA, Switzerland, Belgium, Australia, Portugal
Character: Protector and partner
Known by the name of Sennenhund dog a number of breeds of dog traditionally have been used for the management and conduct of cattle.
The FCI breeds of Sennenhund dogs classified into two distinct groups based on their appearance. In Group I, Section 2, He placed Sennenhund dogs Lupoid appearance (similar to a Wolf) and in Group II, Section 3, to the trotting of mountain.