Brown-necked Parrot
Poicephalus fuscicollis

Brown-necked Parrot

Description:

32 cm.. length and weight between 310-400 g..

The Brown-necked Parrot (Poicephalus fuscicollis) has a plumage variable; head and neck gray-brown / light pink, slightly festooned with orange / brown; band orange / red through crown on female (absent in the males); back and wings, dark green; rump and underparts, green; the thighs, bend of wing and the carpal edge, red / orange; tail black / brown; irises dark brown; eye ring white / grey; bill color horn.

Immature with the head and the neck, green to yellow / brown; body dark green / oliva.

Taxonomic status:

In a study initiated in 1992, the taxonomic status of Lorito was revised Robusto (Poicephalus robustus) (Gmelin), and two species were proposed; Poicephalus robustus, restricted to montane forests of southern Africa, Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus, with wider distribution in wooded areas, and Poicephalus fuscicollis fuscicollis, similar to the Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus ostensibly, but with discontinuous, restricted to a narrow range of forests and West Africa.

  • Sound of the Brown-necked Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Poicephalus fuscicollis.mp3]

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Poicephalus fuscicollis fuscicollis

    (Their Robust de Kuhl) (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal.

  • Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus
  • Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus

    (Gray-headed parrot) (Reichenow, 1898) – With a plumage variable; head and neck silver / grey, festoneado slightly orange / brown; band orange / red through crown on female (absent in the males); back and wings, dark green; rump and lower partess, green / blue ; the thighs, bend of wing and the carpal edge, orange / red; tail black / brown; irises dark brown; eye ring white / grey; bill color horn.

Habitat:

Usually, prefers habitats of forests, as Mopane (Colosphermum mopane), miombo (Brachystegia) and riparian forests.

Most populations are residents but in the dry season become nomads, wandering in search of food.

Reproduction:

Nest in natural cavities of trees, usually on the trunk or at the bottom of a branch. The laying is of 2-4 eggs, they are incubated only by the female during 28-30 days. The male contributes to providing food for the female and chicks. Them They learn to fly when they have a 68-83 days old, only become fully independent 4-5 months later.

Food:

It feeds almost exclusively on fruit, mainly foraging in the upper canopy, using its beak to climb branches. The following foods have been recorded in your diet:

Sclerocarya birrea (Marula)
Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia (Kudu-berry)
Commiphora mollis (Velvet cork)
Xanthocercis zambesiaca (Nyala tree)
Terminalia (cluster leaves)
Gmelina arborea (Melina)

Distribution:

It is distributed from South Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania until Zambia, Angola, Malawi and South of Africa; It is rare in the Caprivi Strip (Namibia), North of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, the Limpopo and Southeast of South Africa.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Poicephalus fuscicollis fuscicollis

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal. Inhabits most mangrove forests including and can be found in West Africa, from Gambia and South of Senegal to the North of Ghana and Togo.

  • Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus

    (Reichenow, 1898) – Is located in South Africa, North of Zimbabue, Mozambique, areas Namibia, Angola, Zambia, North of Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda and the southern part of the South Africa.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

This species has a extremely large range and therefore it is not close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of size range (Extension <20,000 km2 combinada con un tamaño de rango decreciente o fluctuante, extensión o calidad de hábitat o tamaño de población y un pequeño número De lugares o fragmentación severa). A pesar de que la population trend appears to be declining, do not believe that the decline is fast enough for approaching the threshold of vulnerable under the criterion of population trend (> 30% decline in ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to be close to the thresholds for Vulnerable under the criterion of population size (<10.000 individuos maduros con una disminución continua estimada> 10% in ten years or three generations or a population structure). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as least concern.

Local and most uncommon in the range, Although more numerous and frequent in Ghana. South Subspecies considered vulnerable in South Africa where, although erratic movements give the impression that the population fluctuates, It has suffered a decline due to the capture of the LBMs, the habitat destruction and persecution by farmers of pecan nuts; There are only fragmented patches of native vegetation. Generally scarce or rare across West Africa (except Ghana).

We know very little about the biology released subspecies Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus.
Although it has a very wide distribution area and is not classified as threatened, an analysis of the UICN and CITES They recorded a significantly high traffic Poicephalus robustus (including the Poicephalus fuscicollis suahelicus) between 1991 and 1995, It is involving a risk to natural populations. The lack of data on the ecology and behavior of this species restricts the establishment of conservation measures necessary to protect and effectively manage populations.

Brown Neck Parrot in captivity:

It easily adapts to captivity and is seen in the pet trade.

Alternative names:

Brown-necked Parrot, Angola Brown-necked Parrot, Brown-necked Parrot (Brown-necked), Gambia Brown-necked Parrot, Uncape Parrot (English).
Perroquet à cou brun, Perroquet à cou brun (nominal), Perroquet à cou brun (nominale), Perroquet à cou brun (race nominale) (French).
Graukopfpapage (German).
Brown-necked Parrot (Portuguese).
Loro de Cuello Marrón, You You Fuscicollis (Spanish).

Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Poicephalus
Scientific name: Poicephalus fuscicollis
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus fuscicollis

Images Brown-necked Parrot:

Poicephalus [robustus or fuscicollis] suahelicus

Poicephalus [robustus or fuscicollis]

Poicephalus [robustus or fuscicollis] suahelicus

Poicephalus [robustus or fuscicollis] suahelicus

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Brown-necked Parrot (Poicephalus fuscicollis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife
Parrots.org

Photos:

(1) – Youth, captive, friendly Poicephalus robustus fuscicollis by Bob CorriganFlickr
(2) – Brown-necked Parrot By Tremeau de Rochebrune, Alphonse [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Peter Boesman (Xeno-canto)

Senegal Parrot
Poicephalus senegalus


Lorito Senegalés

Description:

Of 25 cm.. length and a weight between 130 and 150 g..

Lorito Senegalés

The Senegal Parrot (Poicephalus senegalus) has the forecrown, crown, lores and nape dark slate gray; clear the chin and cheeks; ear-coverts Silver. Mantle, scapulars and back bright green; rump and uppertail-coverts lighter with yellowish tint. Upper, the wing-coverts bright green ; secondaries and primaries of color Brown dark with edges green to them vane outer. Under, the wing-coverts Yellow. Throat grey, merging with the chest green (green lighter on the upper parts); low area chest and belly bright yellow with orange dye plant; the thighs green, undertail- coverts bright yellow. Tail greenish brown.

Bill grey: irises yellow with bare periophthalmic black; Chere blackish: Legs dark brown.

Sexes similar in plumage.

Immature generally paler than the adult with the head in brown tone off, has the ear-coverts Silver; sometimes extends the green on the bottoms shaped yellow patches on the flanks. Iris dark brown.

  • Sound of the Senegal Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito Senegales.mp3]

Subspecies description:

  • Poicephalus senegalus mesotypus (Reichenow, 1910) – Similar to the species nominal, but with the green plumage paler and green color chest It is extending into the abdomen, the abdomen It is orange.
  • Poicephalus senegalus senegalus (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal species
  • Poicephalus senegalus versteri (Finsch, 1863) – Similar to the species nominal but the green color the mantle and wings is darker; the lower regions of chest and the abdomen are yellow orange to red in the middle of the abdomen.

Habitat:

The Senegal Parrot They are found in a variety of forest habitats ranging from open field with scattered and palm trees to the dense forests closed.

Its optimal habitat It seems to be the forest savannah, relatively open, with numerous Adansonias typed or Parkia filicoidea.

In Ghana river seen in forests and swamps.

They are probably just below 1.000 meters above sea level.

Gregarious, at least outside the breeding period.

Usually they are seen in couples or groups of up to 20 birds, Larger groups can meet locally to exploit abundant food areas.

They perform diurnal movements and of longer duration in relation to the food supply;. As a result, of the pobalación Senegal Parrot fluctuates widely in parts.

Reproduction:

The Senegal Parrot usually they build a nest in the cavity of a tree branch (of Adansonia or Parkia), at a height of 10 m, sometimes more.

The breeding season It seems to vary depending on location. In wetter areas, the breeding season can be extended. In the region of Gambia and the rio Senegal, they have been egg production in the months of April, may, August and september, also from November to February. In drier areas (as Mali) the éopca breeding is probably limited by the rainy season (May to October).

They put of 2 a 4 eggs on alternate days and the period of incubation is of 25 a 28 days, female being fed by the male until hatching. The juveniles to leave the nest 9 weeks of age.

Food:

The diet of the Senegal Parrot It is composed of a variety of fruits, seeds and sprouts leaves.

Registered foods include fruits and seeds Khaya senegalensis, Pterocarpus erinaceus, Ficus, Parkia, Sclerocarya birrea, Butyrospermum Parkt, Vitex cienkowskii, Adansonia, Ximena American and Acacia white. Also feed on of cultivated plants, including millet and peanuts.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 3.590.000 km2

The Senegal Parrot they are endemic in West Africa. From Guinea (including the The islands), Senegal, Gambia, South of Mauritania and South of Mali through forest-savanna mosaic of Ivory Coast. Burkina Faso, South of Niger, Ghana (also on the coast). Benin and Togo until Nigeria, Cameroon and Southwest Chad.

Partially sedentary but seasonal visitors in some areas (especially further north), for example, some birds move south on the Niger River in Mali with the beginning of the drier periods. In the rainy season visitantan Southern Mauritania and some movements Nigeria, with the driest north unemployed, outside wet season.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Poicephalus senegalus mesotypus (Reichenow, 1910) – East and Northeast Nigeria, South of Niger, North of Cameroon, southwest end Chad and possibly the extreme northwest Central African Republic.
  • Poicephalus senegalus senegalus (Linnaeus, 1766) – The nominal species
  • Poicephalus senegalus versteri (Finsch, 1863) – Ivory Coast and this from Ghana through Togo and Benin to western Nigeria, North of llorin, Zaria

Conservation:

• Current red list of UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population Senegal Parrot It has not been quantified, but the species, According to sources, It is often abundant (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable and may even benefit from the widespread loss of closed canopy forests in the West Africa.

This species has been heavily traded: 1994-2003, more than 410,000 wild individuals were exported from the range States (Trade Database, in October of 2005 UNEP-WCMC CITES). It is one of the most popular pet birds, since it is regarded as a quiet little bird in captivity. Due to the large amount of this kind traded, It was the subject of a review of significant trade of the CITES, in which was listed as “possible concern” (Inskipp et al. 1988). However, despite international exports of a large number of birds, trade seems to have not seriously affected this species in general, without significant decreases in reported national population.

EXPORTS:

    Guinea exported in the dates between 1994 and 2003 a few 164.817 specimens.
    Mali exported in the dates between 1994 and 2003 a few 60.742 specimens.
    Senegal exported in the dates between 1994 and 2003 a few 173.794 specimens.
    Liberia not considered diffusion area, however it is known that among 1999 and 2003 some were exported 4.860 specimens, so you become the fourth country with more exports of Africa.

Senegalese parrot in captivity:

The Senegal Parrot It, After the Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus), African parrot most traded and raised in captivity. You might say whole sentences and whistle songs. Thanks to its size it is considered a quiet pet and very manageable when it's raised hand (papillero). They are not noisy and create a bond with the family members.

Import adult birds always displayed even when reserved spend time with their caregiver / a. Young, on the other hand, They are docile and affectionate, and then adapt to the people.

With regard to its longevity, According to sources, a specimen lived 40 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Senegal Parrot, Yellow-bellied Parrot (English).
Perroquet youyou, Youyou, Youyou du Sénégal (French).
Mohrenkopf (German).
Periquito-massarongo (Portuguese).
Lorito del Senegal, Lorito Senegalés, You-You (Spanish).

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Poicephalus
Scientific name: Poicephalus senegalus
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1766)
Protonimo: Psittacus senegalus

Senegal Parrot Images:

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Senegal Parrot (Poicephalus senegalus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
Wikipedia

Photos:

(1) – An adult Senegal Parrot at Artis Zoo, Amsterdam, Netherlands. The extent of yellow tends to indicate that it is probably a male By Arjan Haverkamp [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – An adult Senegal Parrot in Maspalomas, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, By Juan Emilio Spain from Las Palmas, Spain [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Poicephalus senegalus senegalus, the Senegal Parrot By Charlesjsharp (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – A pair of Senegal Parrots in a tree. One parrot (probably the male) is feeding the other (probably the female). Thomas J. Haslam, http://www.flickr.com/photos/tjhaslam/ On 24 February 2007, I took the photos for this montage at the birding site Technopole in Dakar, Senegal. Licensed to Wikipedia under CC-BY 2.5 and GFDL. Published to my Flickr account under the same license.
(5) – A juvenile Senegal Parrot By Brian Holsclaw (originally posted to Flickr as IMG_2807) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Bram Piot (Xeno-canto)

Red-bellied Parrot
Poicephalus rufiventris


Lorito Ventrirrojo

Description:

22 cm.. length and an average weight of 130 g..

The Red-bellied Parrot (Poicephalus rufiventris) has the crown, nape and lores brown ash, the cheeks sometimes with orange tips; ear-coverts slightly paler. Mantle and scapulars brown ash; the back blue-black; rump iridescent pale blue or bluish green. Upper, the wings slightly darker than the head and back: the primaries brown. Under, the feathers of orange wings; underside of feathers Light brown flight. Throat and the chest ash brown with orange tint; top of the chest orange; belly up to undertail- coverts pale green sometimes shows Orange-tinged feathers. Tail dark brown ash.

Bill, cere and orbital skin black; irises orange-red; legs black.

The female You have the upper chest grey, the pale green underside sometimes dyed orange. The head paler and grayer than male. Feathers of the wings greyish.

Immature, generally, similar to females, but the young males have orange feathers Wings below and can show brown marks on the chest.

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Poicephalus rufiventris pallidus

    (Someren, 1922) – head of color Brown and throat clearer than the one of the species nominal..

  • Poicephalus rufiventris rufiventris

    (Ruppell, 1842) – The species nominal.

Habitat:

Usually associated with semiarid vegetation, including areas of dry scrub and forest steppe Acacia Commiphora. It tends to avoid the dense foliage and, often it perches on dead branches.

In the south of the range, He prefers savannas Adansonia.

Where it is sympatric with the Meyer's Parrot (West range) the Red-bellied Parrot riparian forests and avoid living in the most open savannas.

In Ethiopia They can be observed in areas of savannah Acacia-Chrysopogon, up to 2,000m. altitude.

In Somalia They are subject to seasonal altitudinal movements in relation to the food supply, moving in altitude of about 2,000m from July to September in search of wild figs Ficus. Otherwise, generally below 1,400m.

Usually, seen in pairs or in family groups 3-4 birds; rarely in larger flocks.

Reproduction:

Nest in cavities within terrestrial termite mounds, between 2 and 3 meters above ground or 10 meters or more, in a dead tree.

The female incubates the eggs while the male goes in search of food, these eggs hatch after a few 28 days and start flying to the 60 days after hatching.

A female It was registered in breeding conditions during the month of March (Tanzania) and feeding immature in July and October. Registered one laying in the months of May and June Ethiopia; In Somalia, between January and May; also recorded half-grown chicks in January. In Somalia in colonial times, with individual couples baobab, between 100 and 200 meters away. The implementation is of 1 a 2 eggs.

Food:

They feed on, besides the figs, seed (including Acacia), fruits of Egyptian balanites, Cordia ovation and Dalbergia melanoxylon, including the maize.

They drink frequently and often they can be found near the water.

Due to the limited food that is in their respective regions, the Red-bellied Parrot They reach the fields and harvest crops eaten, so they are often hunted by farmers.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 1.540.000 km2

Endemic East Africa, from the North-East of Tanzania, eastern and northern Kenya, in the Horn of Africa in the southern and eastern Ethiopia (included Rift Valley) and western and northern zone Somalia.

Generally common within its range. Absent in the coastal lowlands, mainly sedentary with seasonal movements in some areas.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Poicephalus rufiventris pallidus

    (Someren, 1922) – It is found exclusively in eastern Ethiopia.

  • Poicephalus rufiventris rufiventris

    (Ruppell, 1842) – The species nominal.

Conservation:

• Current red list of UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The Red-bellied Parrot It is included in the Appendix II According to CITES (The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) from 1981 and established as a lesser concern in the Red List of Threatened Species of the UICN since the population has fallen by more than 30% in the last 10 years. The Red-bellied Parrot it began exporting significant quantities primarily in Tanzania over the years 80. Years before it began to export to Great Britain in very small quantities.

Lorito Ventrirrojo in captivity:

In captivity is rare, although Spain Some important breeding centers have managed to bring them up without difficulty. This parrot can be purchased directly from a specialized breeding.

As pet They are very cheerful, Playful, Intelligent and affectionate, a generally peaceful nature.

They are not very noisy. He likes to climb and climb, great need to crack and it is always advisable a regular supply of fresh branches. They like to bathe.

With regard to its longevity, According to sources, a specimen lived 33,4 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Red-bellied Parrot, African Orange-bellied Parrot, Orange-bellied Parrot, Red bellied Parrot (English).
Perroquet à ventre rouge (French).
Rotbauch-Mohrenkopf (German).
Papagaio-de-ventre-vermelho (Portuguese).
Lorito de Vientre Rojo, Lorito Ventrirrojo, Loro Abisinio (Spanish).

Eduard Rüppell
Eduard Rüppell

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Poicephalus
Scientific name: Poicephalus rufiventris
Citation: (Rüppell, 1842)
Protonimo: Pionus rufiventris

Images Red-bellied Parrot:


Red-bellied Parrot (Poicephalus rufiventris)

Sources:

(1) – Red-bellied Parrot; a male juvenile pet parrot on a wooden perch stretching By Ruth Rogers [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Mature breeding pair of Red-Bellied Parrots (Poicephalus rufiventris) on a perch in a cage. Picture taken by user:Fruitwerks at home By Fruitwerks at English Wikipedia(Original text: User:Fruitwerks on en wiki) (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A adult male pet Red-bellied Parrot perching on a bright red perch. Photography: one SB-600, diffused, hand held to the left and below Joey, fired with CLS, on TTL with no Compensation. By Bram Cymet [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Red-bellied Parrot; a juvenile male pet parrot on a wooden perch. Shows back By Ruth Rogers [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – A Red-bellied Parrot at San Antonio Zoo, USA. In the male the abdomen is red-orange and in the female the abdomen is green, but the abdomen is not visible making it difficult to sex this parrot from the view shown By Zach Welty (originally posted to Flickr as Parrot 2) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Rueppell's Parrot
Poicephalus rueppellii


Lorito de Rüppell

Description:

22 cm.. length and a weight between 105 and 132 g..

Lorito de Rüppell Ilustración

The Rueppell's Parrot (Poicephalus rueppellii) has the head, generally, dark brown, clearer in the sides of the face with ear-coverts Silver. Nape, the mantle and scapulars brown with slightly paler and rather diffuse silver tips in most feathers (especially in the nape); rump brown with blue wash, occasionally feathers Bright blue. Upper, the under wing-coverts brown. Leading Edge wing , Since the carpal joints at the base of the primaries bright yellow. The primaries and secondaries brown above, paler below. Wing feathers bright yellow.

The underparts, above all, uniformly brown, clearly lighter than the upperparts; the thighs bright yellow; undertail- coverts and posterior flanks with blue wash, sometimes a few feathers with bright blue tips. Tail darker brown than the rest of the plumage.

Bill greyish black; cere black; irises orange-red; perioftalmico ring black ; legs black.

The females They have lower back, rump, uppertail-coverts, lower abdomen, undertail- coverts and the back of the flanks bright blue..

The immature They are similar to females but duller blue and less extensive, lighter brown in the body, the thighs brown. Wing feathers and set carpiano yellowish brown brown; clear margins in the wing-coverts.

  • Sound of the Rueppell's Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito de Ruppell.mp3]

Habitat:

They live in forests along water courses dry, dry forests (including forests Euphorbia), dry steppe thorny veld, showing a preference for areas with Adansonia or other tall trees; also in formations Acacia / Commiphora in Escarpment Namibia. Not registered above 1.250 metres in Angola.

Usually they found near water, in small flocks (until 20 birds); sometimes in greater numbers when food is abundant.

Reproduction:

The nest usually it located in the old hole of a carpenter, at a height of up to 5 meters above the ground. It is believed that usually they breed from the months of February to May, but juvenile birds have been observed in September: the breeding It may be more closely linked to precipitation of the season. Of 3 a 5 egg white, rounded form the usual commissioning.

Food:

They feed yolks, outbreaks, nectar, flowers, seeds, guilt, etc… (the endocarpio It is believed to be very important in your diet), of the Acacia karoo, A. erubescens, Prosopis juliflora, Faidherbia whitish, Terminalia prunoides, Combretum beardless, Grewia, Loniceroides, Ficus and melons; insect larvae They have also been registered in your diet.

The Rueppell's Parrot quake, normally, morning and afternoon.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 940.000 km2

Distributed by Southwest Africa, from the southwest of Angola (Luanda) a Damaraland, West of Ovamboland and North of Namaqualand (region Rehoboth), in the North of Namibia.

Some local nomadic movements in relation to the food supply, otherwise residents. Usually they reported as locally common but fluctuations can occur with nomadic movements.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red List: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, although it is estimated below 30.000 individuals.

The species according to information, It quite common within suitable habitat.

The population is suspected of being in decline due to unsustainable levels of exploitation. Also their population numbers are threatened by the cage bird trade – an estimated between 600 and 1000 birds are exported annually to South Africa and Europe, approximately 60-70% of them die during transport.

Rüppell parrot in captivity:

Very rare in captivity.

Take it easy, It is a species in which males seem to speak better than females, usually they have easy to mimic sounds of other birds.

In terms of their longevity, According to sources, a specimen lived 34,3 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Rueppell’s Parrot, Ruppell’s Parrot, Rüppell’s Parrot (English).
Perroquet de Rüppell (French).
Rüppellpapagei, Rüppell Papagei, Rüppell-Papagei (German).
Papagaio de Rüppell, Papagaio-de-rüppell (Portuguese).
Lorito de Ruppell, Lorito de Rüppell (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Poicephalus
Scientific name: Poicephalus rueppellii
Citation: (Gray, GR, 1849)
Protonimo: Psittacus Rüppellii

Rueppell's Parrot images :

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Rueppell's Parrot (Poicephalus rueppellii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – An adult female Rüppell’s Parrot near Hobatere Lodge, Kamanjab, Namibia By Ron Knight from Seaford, East Sussex, United Kingdom (Ruppell’s ParrotUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – In captivity by Udo Berg –> Heggy – Wikipedia
(3) – Rüppel parrot – papageien.org
(4) – Poicephalus rueppellii rueppells parrot – Birds-pet-wallpapers
(5) – Poicephalus rueppellii in Erongo Mountains, Namibia – Buckham Birding
(6) – Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1882 by Joseph Smit [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Charles Hesse (Xeno-canto)

Meyer's Parrot
Poicephalus meyeri


Lorito de Meyer

Description:

21 cm. and a weight of 100-130 g..

The Meyer's Parrot (Poicephalus meyeri) has the forecrown, lores, cheeks, ear-coverts and ash Brown nape; crown bright yellow. The mantle feathers ash brown edges blue or cyan dye in some birds; scapulars brown ash, some individuals show Tips blue or greenish blue; rump bright turquoise or teal; uppertail-coverts green. Outermost children and wing-coverts above bright yellow, other variables showing green tints, especially towards Tips. The primaries and high schools ash Brown with paler narrow margins to vane outer.

Feathers of the wings, undertail, bright yellow in some birds, but grayish-brown in larger in other. The chin, the throat and top of the chest brown ash; remaining chest and belly turquoise or teal; the thighs yellow; undertail- coverts turquoise blue or greenish blue. Tail brown ash.

Bill dark gray or black; cere black; irises orange-red; periophthalmic skin desnuda negruzca; legs blackish.

Both sexes similar.

Youth more generally greenish brown. No yellow in the crown or the the thighs and the yellow area in the wings, at the top, It is lower. Wing coverts, undertail, green and brown with little or no yellow. The underparts más greenish. Iris dark brown.

  • Sound of the Meyer's Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito de Meyer.mp3]
Description Meyer's Parrot subspecies
Subspecies
  • Poicephalus meyeri damarensis (Neumann, 1898) – No Yellow crown. Paler than subspecies reichenowi. Intergrades with transvaalensis subspecies in the region of the delta del Okavango, Botswana and with subspecies reichenowi in Angola.
  • Poicephalus meyeri matschiei
    matschiei by Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Poicephalus meyeri matschiei (Neumann, 1898) – Brown is paler than in the subespecie satisfied and cyan dye to the margins of the scapulars less pronounced than in the species nominal. Green colors are blue (especially below). The female spot shows yellow feathers at the base of the lower mandible.
  • Poicephalus meyeri meyeri (Cretzschmar, 1827) – Species nominal
  • Poicephalus meyeri Reichenow (Neumann, 1898) – Similar to the subespecie matschiei but with the yellow crown generally absent. Paler blue in the rump. Size larger than the subespecie matschiei.
  • reichenowi by Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
    reichenowi by Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Poicephalus meyeri saturatus (Sharpe, 1901) – Darker than the species nominal (especially the brown parts), rump less blue than the nominal, showing a bit of green in the feathers. The dark centers feathers on the bottom, giving it a mottled appearance. Intergrades with the subspecies matschiei in Tanzania.
  • Poicephalus meyeri transvaalensis (Neumann, 1899) – Brown clearer than in the subespecie matschiei, bluer still in rump and below. Yellow areas in the crown They are often reduced and, sometimes completely lacking (especially in males). It is thought that can hybridize with the Poicephalus cryptoxanthus.

Habitat:

The Meyer's Parrot It is in a range of habitats from dry savannah forests to gallery forests and riparian forests of secondary growth around crops. Observed in forests dominated by Terminalia laxiflora and Doka Isoberlinia, thickets Combretum acacia grasslands; also Brachystegia and riparian forests Syzygium-Adina.

Avoid lowland rainforests in the basin Congo rainforests and other areas including the eastern highlands district Zimbabwe and Cork in Malawi.

Show a preference for the tallest trees in the drier savannah habitats – in particular specimens Adansonia. They may be restricted to gallery forests in the drier parts of its range and are usually found near the water.

Where it is sympatric with the Red-bellied Parrot (Poicephalus rufiventris), the Meyer's Parrot It is limited to riparian forests.

In Kenya, which it is largely in areas with higher annual rainfall 500 mm.

Sometimes observed in suburban areas.

In general, in the lowlands at altitudes of 1,250m in Ethiopia, 2.200m in east Africa and 1.500 meters in the highlands of eastern Zimbabwe.

They are distributed in pairs or small groups 3-5 birds (possibly couples); until 50 birds can congregate in areas where food sources in breeding season. Roosts in tree cavities. Generally shy and cautious.

Reproduction:

Solitary nesters in tree cavities at a height between 3 and 10 meters above the ground, during the season, dry (for example Mar-June Zimbabwe, from May to September Zambia and Malawi, July Angola and in December or January Sudan).

The implementation is of 2 a 4 eggs.

Food:

The diet of the Meyer's Parrot fruit is, nuts and seeds, including Ficus, Sound abyssinica, Uapaca nitidula, Monotes glaber, Combretum, Grewia, Sclerocarya, Pseudolachnostylis, fruit of the great growth and riparian trees afzelia quanzensis and Melia volkensii, grown oranges and flowers Schotia brachypetala.

The pulp of the fruit is less important than the hard seeds and the arbolados share, the Meyer's Parrot is one of the few species consume seeds Brachystegia and other leguminous trees.

They also consume grain and is considered as crop pests in some areas.

Eat some insects, including caterpillars.

You can vary widely from areas in search of food during droughts.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 5.840.000 km2

The Meyer's Parrot They are distributed throughout the central and eastern Africa. From the North-East of Cameroon and South of Chad through the North of the Central African Republic, center Sudan and South and West Ethiopia, to the south through Uganda, Kenya Western, East of Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania, coming to Malawi, Zambia, Angola, Northeast of Botswana, Zimbabwe, western end of Mozambique, Namibia and northeast of South Africa.

A wild population, possibly, is distributed in the eastern province of Cape Town, South Africa, even if they are probably extinct.

Nomad in some areas during periods of drought, when they distributed outside the normal range; normally resident with local movements.

Meyer's Parrot subspecies distribution
Subspecies
  • Poicephalus meyeri damarensis (Neumann, 1898) – South of Angola, Northeast of Namibia and North of Botswana.
  • Poicephalus meyeri matschiei (Neumann, 1898) – Southeast Kenya through eastern and central Tanzania to Southeast Democratic Republic of the Congo, North of Malawi, Zambia and northeast of Angola.
  • Poicephalus meyeri meyeri (Cretzschmar, 1827) – Species nominal
  • Poicephalus meyeri Reichenow (Neumann, 1898) – North and Central Angola from Malange and sierra central until Huila, possibly also adjacent parts of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Poicephalus meyeri saturatus (Sharpe, 1901) – The Far East Democratic Republic of the Congo, through Burundi, Rwanda and east of Uganda, in West and Central East Kenya towards Meru and Local inside Tanzania to the South of the Parque Nacional Ruaha.
  • Poicephalus meyeri transvaalensis (Neumann, 1899) – Areas of northern and central Mozambique to northern Save river across the South of Zambia and central and southern Zimbabwe to northeast Botswana and West of Transvaal

Conservation:

• Current red list of UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The Meyer's Parrot It, in general, Common to very common and is the most abundant parrot in parts of its range (for example, Zimbabue and Angola), although few in other areas and absent from some apparently suitable habitats.

Its population has declined in some parts (for example Transvaal) where is thought to be a result of habitat destruction. I also persecuted in some locations due to crop damage (for example, in the center of Zambezi because of the damage inflicted to the maturation of the berries Boolean).

Lorito Meyer in captivity:

The Meyer's Parrot, is a bird common in captivity, quiet, tender, easy to carry and with a stable temperament.

They are birds social and they tend to bond with everyone in the family, unlike other species that may prefer one person to another. In general, No es voluble – once you liked someone, the person is a friend for life.

They are not as dependent on humans for entertainment like most parrots and therefore no son tan demanding.

They like being handled and petted on the head and neck. A baby fed by hand into an adult soft if treated properly, and it is not prone to bite, although it may provide a powerful bite if provoked.

You can learn a few words, although They are not known for their ability to speak. They can learn to whistle, making noises, and occasionally they will offer strong squeals. Fortunately, They are not likely to scream or make loud squawks, making good birds for apartment life. Some individuals learn household noises, as the beep of the microwave.

The Meyer's Parrot they are ready to breed at the age of 3 a 4 years and reproduce easily in captivity.

With regard to its longevity, According to sources, Meyer lived a parrot 34,2 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Meyer’s Parrot, Brown Parrot (English).
Perroquet de Meyer, Perroquet brun, Youyou de Meyer (French).
Goldbugpapagei, Goldbug-Papagei (German).
Papagaio de Meyer, Papagaio-de-meyer (Portuguese).
Lorito de Meyer (Spanish).

Philipp Jacob Cretzschmar
Philipp Jacob Cretzschmar

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Poicephalus
Scientific name: Poicephalus meyeri
Citation: (Cretzschmar, 1827)
Protonimo: Psittacus Meyeri

Meyer's Parrot images :

————————————————————————————————

Meyer's Parrot (Poicephalus meyeri)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A Meyer’s Parrot at Birds of Eden, Western Cape, South Africa. It is eating what looks like a piece of bread By SandyCole (mailto:[email protected]) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Two Meyer’s Parrots in Zimbabwe By Oce Eeco (DSC_0108Uploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Brown parrot also known as Meyer’s Parrot (Poicephalus meyeri) by Papooga – Flickr
(4) – A Meyer’s Parrot near Kwara Camp, North-West District, Botswana By Benjamin Hollis from Seattle, WA, USA (Meyer’s parrotUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – A Meyer’s Parrot in Akagera National Park, Rwanda By Lip Kee Yap [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Derek Solomon (Xeno-canto)

Niam-Niam Parrot
Poicephalus crassus

Description:

25 cm.. length.

The Niam-Niam Parrot (Poicephalus crassus) has the head and nape Brown olive; the ear-coverts Silver. Feathers of the the mantle and tertiary Brown with dark green margin; back, uppertail-coverts and bright green.

Lorito nianiam
Upper, wing-coverts dark green; secondary more internal dark green; rest of the flight feather Brown with vane dark green external. Throat and top of the chest Brown olive opaque; bottom of the chest, the belly, the the thighs and undertail- coverts green.

Feathers of the tail dark brown tipped with dark green margins.

Bill yellowish, upper mandible darker than black-tipped; irises yellow; legs blackish.

Both sexes similar.

Hood grayish brown of the immature It shows strong brands of color yellow olive; the the mantle is greener. Underparts paler and more yellowish in adults. Secondary internal lined with yellow. More pale the upper mandible the adults and with grey tip.

It was thought that the Niam-Niam Parrot (Poicephalus crassus) It could form a species within the Group of the Poicephalus meyeri, Poicephalus rueppellii and Poicephalus cryptoxanthus, and possibly other. In the past, treated as species Poicephalus cryptoxanthus, that is morphologically very close.

Habitat:

Frequents wooded areas of Savannah, forest-savanna mosaic, wet sheets and Syzygium-Adina forests in the savanna to the 1.000 m.

Common in areas close to water. Observed in pairs or in small groups. Regular daily movements take place even in the mountainous areas where the Niam-Niam Parrot visit tall trees to feed.

Reproduction:

Few details about the reproductive biology, but believes that nest between August-September during the rainy season.

Courtship and implementation not described.

Food:

Its diet It is little known but includes a wide variety of seeds; reported foods include millet, and beans.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 343.000 km2

North of Central Africa to the South of the Sahara. Believed to inhabit also in Cameroon Eastern (where is the status unclear) through the Center and South of the Central African Republic, South-West end of Chad and the north end of the upper area of the Democratic Republic of the Congoto the southwest of Sudan (Bahr-el-Ghazal).

Sedentary with local movements. Little-known state, but thinks it's usually common, Although most scarce in the southwest of Sudan.

Conservation:

• Current red list of UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world's population has not been quantified. This species is one of the lesser known African parrots, but it is assumed that it is common in its area of distribution.

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Lorito nianiam in captivity:

Very rare in captivity.

It is a parrot of middle voice, shy and suspicious. Young birds are more accustomed to the caregiver.
New birds susceptible to the stress or illness.

Is necessary for their well-being a regular supply of fresh wood; susceptible during the acclimatization period; resistant once acclimated.

Alternative names:

Niam-Niam Parrot, Niam niam Parrot (English).
Perroquet des Niam-niams, Perroquet des niam-niam (French).
Niamniampapagei, Niamniam Papagei (German).
Papagaio Crassus (Portuguese).
Lorito Niam niam, Lorito Niam-niam, Lorito nianiam (Spanish).

Richard Bowdler Sharpe
Richard Bowdler Sharpe

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Poicephalus
Scientific name: Poicephalus crassus
Citation: (Sharpe, 1884)
Protonimo: Pionias fat

————————————————————————————————

Niam-Niam Parrot (Poicephalus crassus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Photography: Caijin Wen – link

Brown-headed Parrot
Poicephalus cryptoxanthus


Lorito Cabecipardo

Description:

Of 22 cm.. length and a weight between 120 and 156 g..

The Brown-headed Parrot (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus) has the head, including the nape, the chin and throat brown; ear-coverts paler. Mantle brown, but more to the tail; scapulars dark green-edged Brown; rump and uppertail-coverts bright green. Upper, the wing-coverts green, sometimes with a small yellow spot on the curve of the wing folded; wing feathers yellow. Primaries Brown with vane Blue-Green external; the secondaries brown.

The feathers in the upper area of the chest Brown with a narrow edge of green at the bottom; the rest of the underparts green, but darker bases of the feathers, giving a mottled look.

Tail dark brown with green washing and dark green tip.

The upper mandible and cere grey-black (darker towards tip), lower pale, almost white; irises yellow-green light; periophthalmic ring and legs dark grey to black.

Both sexes similar.

Immature generally more muted than adults and with the irises brown.

  • Sound of the Brown-headed Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito Cabecipardo.mp3]

Subspecies description:

  • Poicephalus cryptoxanthus cryptoxanthus (Peters,W, 1854) – Nominal species
  • Poicephalus cryptoxanthus tanganyikae (Bowen, 1930) – As the nominal but more pale species; more green and less Brown. Green mantle and underparts brighter. Bib of brown feathers on the throat and upper of the much smaller chest than in the nominal species; the head more color olive brown.

Habitat:

Is located in almost all the forests: riparian forests, inside Savannah forests and dry forests in southeastern Africa, but it seems to avoid the miombo woodland and prefers areas with baobabs.

Registered in coconut plantations, riparian forest, the edges of small farms and mangroves.

Confined in lowlands (below the 1.200 metres above sea level in Tanzania and 1.000 metres in Malawi).

Gregarious; usually seen them is in small flocks of about 12 birds, but can meet up to 50 in places of power. Sometimes it is associated with the Cape Parrot and also observed feeding in company of the Madagascar Green-Pigeon.

Reproduction:

Normally nest in hollows of old trees of woodpeckers, between 4 and 10 meters above the ground. Often has to compete with the Cape Parrot, Meyer's Parrot, squirrels and Crowned Hornbill the nesting sites.

Season of laying egg is April-May in the South of its range.

The laying is of 2 a 4 eggs, which are incubated solely by the female during 26-30 days, While the male feeds her on the nest.

The chicks they remain in the nest during 50-54 days before leaving to the “breeding ground”, It is generally an area with dense trees broadband supply of water in the vicinity. During this time the chicks are silent and largely immobile, becoming fully independent a few 28 days later.

Food:

Diet includes figs, berries cultivation of cassava Manihot esculenta, seeds of Adansonia, coconut palm flowers, new shoots of trees, fruits of Pseudocadia zambesica, pods of Acacia nigrescens and Albizia gummifera, immature seeds of Erythrina and nectar from flowers of Aloe and African Kigelia; also takes millet and maize and in some areas considered to be a pest.

They forage, with slow and deliberate movements, climbing and often holding the food between the claws. They drink daily, around noon.

Distribution:

The Brown-headed Parrot are distributed by the southeast of Africa. From the North-East of South Africa (Swaziland, Zululand and Transvaal) through the southeast of Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South of Malawi to the East of Tanzania (including the island of Pemba and southern end of Zanzibar) and southeastern edge of Kenya.

There are also in Wasini island.

Apparently sedentary. In some places, the Brown-headed Parrot, are a species common, especially close to the coast and in the South of its range, but in some other areas are scarce or rather local; in Zanzibar possibly extinct.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Poicephalus cryptoxanthus cryptoxanthus (Peters,W, 1854) – Nominal species
  • Poicephalus cryptoxanthus tanganyikae (Bowen, 1930) – Mozambique, to the North of the Save river across the South of Malawi and this from Tanzania to the coastal part of Kenya.

Conservation:

• Current red list of UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

It is not threatened, Although their distribution has shrunk from 1990, to a large extent due to the capture illegal for the industry of cage birds.

More and more vulnerable due to the loss and fragmentation of their habitat.

Largely confined to protected areas in Zululand and East of Transvaal.

Lorito Cabecipardo in captivity:

The only data we have on this bird, According to sources, is that a specimen was still alive after 32,1 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Brown-headed Parrot, Brown headed Parrot, Brownheaded Parrot (English).
Perroquet à tête brune (French).
Braunkopfpapagei, Braunkopf-Papagei (German).
Papagaio-de-cabeça-castanha (Portuguese).
Lorito Cabecipardo, Lorito de Cabeza Parda (Spanish).

Peters Wilhelm
Peters Wilhelm

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Poicephalus
Scientific name: Poicephalus cryptoxanthus
Citation: (Peters, W, 1854)
Protonimo: Psittacus (Poiocephalus) [sic] cryptoxanthus

Brown-headed Parrot images:

————————————————————————————————

Brown-headed Parrot (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – A Brown-headed Parrot at Kruger National Park, South Africa Henry Flower at en.Wikipedia [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], from Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Bungalow N ° 51, Mopani Camp, Kruger NP, SOUTH AFRICA By Bernard DUPONT from FRANCE (Brown-headed Parrot (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus)) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – A Brown-headed Parrot in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa By New Jersey Birds (Brown-headed ParrotUploaded by snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Bungalow N ° 51, Mopani Camp, Kruger NP, SOUTH AFRICA By Bernard DUPONT from FRANCE (Brown-headed Parrot (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus)) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Lower Sabie Camp, Kruger NP, SOUTH AFRICA By Bernard DUPONT from FRANCE (Brown-headed Parrot (Poicephalus cryptoxanthus)) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Peter Boesman (Xeno-canto)

Yellow-fronted Parrot
Poicephalus flavifrons


Lorito Carigualdo

Description:

28 cm.. length and a weight between 140 and 205 g..

The Yellow-fronted Parrot (Poicephalus flavifrons) has the forecrown, crown, lores, the cheeks and ear-coverts bright yellow, often with an orange colour wash; small area with yellow feathers around the cheek, often with a tinge of Brown-grey color.

The feathers of the nape, the mantle and scapulars dark green with paler areas and most brilliant green margins; rump and uppertail-coverts clearer and more brilliant green as the rest of upper parts.

Upper, the coverts Green dark green with light green margins, sometimes with yellow at the edge of the wing and at the base of the primary coverts most important.

The primaries and secondaries Brown with extrechos more clear margins in the vane outer. Chin and the thighs sometimes sprinkled with yellow; lower parts of bright green uniform.

Tail blackish brown.

Upper mandible Blackish grey, lower whitish; irises orange-red; legs Brown-grey color.

The mask of the females they lack the Orange wash.

Immature as adults, but the mask is olive green, not yellow.

  • Sound of the Yellow-fronted Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito Carigualdo.mp3]

Habitat:

The Yellow-fronted Parrot, generally, they live in the forests of Juniperus and Podocarpus, at altitudes between 1,800 and 2,900 m, mainly in trees of the genus Hagenia, that are above the 2.900 m. Also found in forest clearings, with Ficus trees intermingled areas of cultivated plateau and in Gallery forests of Acacia savanna. Also in riparian forests of Acacias and Ficus, a partir de los 800 m.

Occasionally visit urban areas, for example, gardens and parks in Addis Ababa.
Usually seen in pairs, small groups of relatives or in flocks of up to 20 birds; often in mixed flocks with the Black-winged Lovebird (Agapornis taranta).

The Yellow-fronted Parrot, probably, they use the same products trees every night.

Reproduction:

Largely unknown breeding habits, but it is suspected that nest usually in tree cavities.

The time of incubation is of 28 days. Birds fly from the nest after a few 80 days after the hatching. Even then, by generating it,l feed on the parents until its full independence.

Food:

Your diet, is created that it consists of grains, seeds and fruits. Also have seen them was eating mature fruits of Dovyalis abyssinica.

Considered a pest of crops in some areas, Although of little importance.

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 395.000 km2

Endemic to the Highlands of the West of Ethiopia, Although its exact range is unclear.

Common in forested areas; more common in the upper parts, to the North of its distribution area.

Probably sedentary Although there have been some periodic movements in Addis Ababa.

Conservation:

• Current red list of UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, but the species is reported from frequent to common. It is most common in the northern parts of their range (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Lorito Carigualdo in captivity:

It is a kind rare in captivity outside Ethiopia. No hay datos de su reproducción.
Las hembras son prácticamente imposibles de conseguir.

Alternative names:

Yellow-faced Parrot, African Yellow-faced Parrot, Yellow fronted Parrot, Yellow-fronted Parrot (English).
Perroquet à face jaune (French).
Schoapapagei, Schoa Papagei (German).
Papagaio-de-cara-amarela (Portuguese).
Lorito Carigualdo, Lorito de Cara Amarilla (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Poicephalus
Scientific name: Poicephalus flavifrons
Citation: (Rüppell, 1842)
Protonimo: Pionus flavifrons

Yellow-fronted Parrot images:

————————————————————————————————

Yellow-fronted Parrot (Poicephalus flavifrons)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – An adult Yellow-headed Parrot near Bishangari Lodge, Ethiopia By Peter Wilton (Yellow-fronted Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – exploriada.com
(3) – Merenkurkun Lintutieteellinen Yhdistys r.y
(4) – Yellow-fronted Parrot. Photo by Hakan Pohlstrand – Birds of the Bale Mountains National Park
(5) – PET FORO DE VIETNAM

Sounds: Andrew Spencer (Xeno-canto)

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