Canadá FCI 50 - Molossoid - Mountain


The Newfoundland radiates majestic serenity.



The Newfoundland was born on the east coast of Canada. The great island of Newfoundland, which is in front of Canada, gave him his name. The fact that it descends from the dogs of the Vikings of pre-Columbian times or from the dogs of the Indians is a legend that has not been proven until now.. Its relationship with the molossi can be seen but also proved in the genetic map of the Heidi G dog breeds. Parker.

Probably the ancestors of the Newfoundlands came with the first settlers as molossi from Europe. Demostró ser un ayudante de los pescadores y cazadores de focas y ocasionalmente era útil cuando cazaba osos y caza mayor en tierra. Transportaba cargas y servía como perro de tiro de los trineos con la caza muerta. Working with fishermen in the rough North Atlantic was extremely demanding. The Newfoundland had to think, had to do heavy work on the networks. The Newfoundland saved the lives of the castaways over and over again. De esta manera desarrolló las peculiaridades de su carácter y físico que le permitieron hacer frente a las duras condiciones climáticas en tierra y a los peligros del mar como perro de agua y rescate.

With the cod ships he came to England over and over again as early as the 18th century. Aquí se hizo famoso desde el principio debido a sus impresionantes logros. Was not up 1886 that the Club of Newfoundland in England, and soon after, in 1893, The club of Newfoundland for the Continent, now called the “German Club of Newfoundland“. Even today, Newfoundland keep working as a water rescue dog.

Did you know??

One Newfoundland named Rigel sank with the Titanic and swam alongside a lifeboat for three hours in the icy water, apparently looking for its owner, que se había hundido con el barco. La gente en el bote salvavidas casi fue atropellada por el barco de vapor Carpathia porque la tripulación no podía oír sus débiles gritos, but Rigel's bark was noticed and the people and the dog were saved.

Physical characteristics

The Newfoundland is a big dog. De acuerdo con el estándar, adult males must weigh an average of 68 kg and females 54 kg. It is a very strong dog, very muscular and with long dense hair. Her coat is water repellent. It has a strong and soft undercoat, que lo hace parecer aún más voluminoso. Esto no debería tentar a criarlo como un oso de peluche. Because the real Newfoundland combines enormous power with agility, sportiness and impressive skills in the water. Its exterior does not deceive its interior. Domina los desafíos con una calma comprometida. The hair on your head, muzzle and ears is short and thin. The front and rear legs are covered in fur. The tail is completely covered in long thick hair. The black, brown and black and white are allowed as coat colors.

Character and skills

Even the mere appearance of Newfoundland has a relaxing and calming effect, at least for people who are not usually afraid of dogs. The Newfoundland radiates majestic serenity. Its character is as stable as it appears on the outside. It has a friendly and kind nature. But that must not be misleading: He knows very well how to distinguish between friend and enemy, lo que puede subrayar inequívocamente por su aspecto tranquilo pero más decidido. If required, defends his family with all his might without hesitation. Los ladridos no son necesarios para que se haga oír.

He is extremely friendly with his friends. The Newfoundland he is very close to his family and loves children more than anything. He wants education and he absolutely needs it. Because like a powerful big dog it is always stronger than the other end of the leash.. Sometimes he has a hard head, but after a friendly request from his master or caretaker he does everything, as long as it's well connected. The Newfoundland impresses by the unity of two apparently irreconcilable poles: on the one hand it radiates calm and tranquility, por otro lado puede salvar a la gente de ahogarse en poco tiempo en las condiciones más difíciles. Usually, the Newfoundlands are real water rats. They are excellent swimmers, which they are happy to proudly demonstrate.

The Newfoundland not a dog for the city or a flat. He likes long walks, but water is the best for him. Due to its strength and the high technical demands of its maintenance, not suitable for beginners, although it can be trained and managed well. It is a great family dog. But he also likes to sleep outside, even with wind and rain. What you don't need is running or doing activities in the heat.

The Newfoundland It is a natural lifeguard and can be a good helper for parents who have a pool or enjoy taking children to the lake or ocean, aunque nunca debe ser el único responsable de su seguridad.

Newfoundland Education

The Newfoundland can be educated very well. It is intelligent, interested and quickly understand what you are allowed to do and what you are not. Sometimes it's a little slow, but a little motivated, he is very cooperative and strives to make his master and lady happy. The puppy should already show itself clearly and without exception where the hammer hangs. There should be no doubt about the orientation of your humans, así como sobre la relación íntima y el respeto por él.

Hay que tener siempre presente que este perro es el más fuerte físicamente y que el liderazgo sólo funciona a través del reconocimiento incuestionable del papel de liderazgo humano. With praise and results, basically you can achieve everything with it. On the basis of a good education you can train him very well Newfoundland. Many terranovas son utilizados con éxito como perros guía para los ciegos y especialmente como perros de rescate en el agua, but also on land. For this you can do work tests with water in the clubs.

Caring for a Newfoundland

Maintain and care for the Newfoundland it is very expensive. El abrigo denso y resistente a la intemperie debe ser cepillado todos los días con un cepillo especial. Should not be sheared or trimmed. Due to its constitution and dense coat, do not tolerate heat well.

Nutrition / Food

Like all large dogs, Newfoundland need a lot of food. Especially in the growth phase you need professional nutritional planning.

Newfoundland life expectancy

Life expectancy is between 8 and 12 years. That depends a lot on the upbringing. Thin and light dogs tend to age more than heavy, plump dogs.

Newfoundland Health

Como podría predecirse, given its large size, the Newfoundland can suffer a series of joint and structural problems. It is important that young and growing dogs are kept lean and are not allowed to exercise too hard or eat too much, since this will cause injuries and problems that can be paralyzing in the future. In fact, all the Newfoundland they need to stay slim, since obesity increases the chances of them developing structural problems and makes them more painful when they occur.

One such structural problem is genetic hip deformation known as hip dysplasia.. The head of the femur does not fit well into the hip socket; with the time, el cartílago de la articulación se desgasta y el hueso subyacente sufre daños. Serious arthritis occurs that usually affects very young dogs. In some cases, se requiere una costosa cirugía, incluyendo una cirugía de reemplazo total de cadera. If not treated, the dog will suffer pain and a poor quality of life. Elbow dysplasia is another inherited joint problem, resulting from abnormal elbow formation.

The possibility that a Newfoundland develop dysplasia of the hip or elbow just because the parents are free of the disease, although it reduces the possibilities. And while a puppy's bones keep growing, a veces puede ser difícil confirmar un diagnóstico, depending on the tests performed and the severity of the condition.

To each Newfoundland se le deberían tomar radiografías de las caderas y los codos de su perro a los dos años de edad, independientemente de que muestre o no síntomas de cojera o rigidez. For dogs that show lameness before that age (that is to say, during the puppy stage), diagnostic tests should be performed promptly.

The Newfoundlands corren el riesgo de sufrir enfermedades cardíacas, incluyendo miocardiopatía dilatada y estenosis subaórtica (SAS). There is currently no genetic test for SAS, who has a complex inheritance, making it difficult to develop a test. Breeders must not breed Newfoundland con ningún signo de SAS y deben examinar a los cachorros con un cardiólogo veterinario certificado.

La cistinuria es un defecto renal genético que conduce a la formación de cálculos en la vejiga que son muy difíciles de manejar con la dieta o la medicación y que a menudo requiere una cirugía tanto para eliminar los cálculos de la vejiga como para reparar las obstrucciones urinarias. There may be no early signs that the dog is forming cystine stones, which can create a life-threatening emergency if they cause an obstruction. Fortunately, there is a genetic test for cystinuria. Given the availability of the genetic test, no need for a breeder to produce a dog with the disorder

Not all of these conditions are detectable on a growing puppy, and it can be difficult to predict whether an animal will be free of these diseases, so a reputable breeder must be found who is committed to raising the healthiest animals possible. Must be able to produce an independent certification that the parents of the dog (and grandparents, etc.) have been screened for these defects and considered healthy for breeding. That's where health records come in..

Not all visits by Newfoundland to the vet they are due to a genetic problem. It is known that the Newfoundland experience cruciate ligament rupture. They are also among the deep-breasted breeds predisposed to bloating., una condición en la que el estómago se dilata con el gas y puede torcerse sobre sí mismo (called gastric torsion), cortando el flujo sanguíneo. Swelling and torsion appear very suddenly, and a dog that was fine a minute can die a few hours later. Esté atento a síntomas como la inquietud y el ritmo, la baba, la palidez de las encías, lip licking, unsuccessful attempt to vomit and signs of pain. Swelling requires immediate veterinary intervention, y la cirugía es necesaria en muchos casos. Unfortunately, dogs that have swollen can do it again, por lo que la mayoría de los veterinarios ofrecen un procedimiento conocido como gastropexia o “turn of the stomach”, which anchors the stomach to the body wall to help prevent future twisting. This procedure can also be done as a preventive measure.

Buy a Newfoundland

Sólo deberías comprar un cachorro localmente a un criador que esté afiliado a la FCI. Debería venir de una cría, where dogs are rather sporty, thin and not too fat and “beary”. A puppy in the kennel is usually sold at a price between 1500 and 2000 EUR.

Valuations "Newfoundland"

Coexistence is important that you have with your new friend. Before considering the acquisition of a dog of the breed "Newfoundland" you know certain factors. Not all breeds of dogs are apt to live in an apartment, you must take into account his character, their need for exercise, their interaction with other pets, their care and if you have small children, their level of tolerance towards them.

Adaptation ⓘ

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friendly dog ​​ⓘ

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hair loss ⓘ

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5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Affection level ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Need for exercise ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Social need ⓘ

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Home ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Toilet ⓘ

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Friendly with strangers ⓘ

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4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

barking ⓘ

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3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Health ⓘ

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Territorial ⓘ

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Cat friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Intelligence ⓘ

Rated 4 out of 5
4 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Versatility ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Child friendly ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Surveillance ⓘ

Rated 3 out of 5
3 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

joy ⓘ

Rated 5 out of 5
5 out of 5 stars (based on 1 review)

Images "Newfoundland"


1 – Terranova by María Amaro Jiménez / CC BY-SA
2 – Terranova by
3 – Terranova by
4 – Terranova by
5 – Terranova by
6 – Terranova by

Videos "Newfoundland"

Type and recognitions:

  • Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs
  • Section 2.2: Molossoid, mountain type. Without working trial.


  • FCI – Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid type dogs – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattledogs. Section 2.2 Molossoid, mountain type.
  • AKC – Dogs working
  • ANKC – Group 6 (utility dogs)
  • CKC – Group 3
  • ​KC – Working dogs
  • NZKC – Utility dog
  • UKC – Watchdog

FCI breed standard "Newfoundland"

FCIFCI - Newfoundland

Alternative names:

    1. Newfs, Newfies (English).
    2. Retriever de Terre-Neuve, Chien de Terre-neuve (French).
    3. Newfoundland (German).
    4. Cão terra-nova (Portuguese).
    5. Perro de Terranova (español).
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