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Rough-tailed gecko
- Cyrtopodion scabrum

The Rough-tailed gecko needs a dry sandy terrarium with shelter and a small log to climb on or under.
Rough-tailed gecko
Rough-tailed gecko in Dezfull, Khozestan province, Iran – Barbod Safaei, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

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Distribution and habitat

The Rough-tailed gecko (Cyrtopodion scabrum) it is widespread in Asia Minor and North Africa and lives in desert and stony landscapes.

Conservation status

The species is not subject to any legal protection status.

Size

The Rough-tailed gecko can reach a total length of 12 cm..

Behavior

The Rough-tailed gecko is active at night, faster, robust and easy to care for, and can often be seen during the day. Group breeding with several males and females possible. They are group animals with a very interesting behavioral spectrum and hunting behaviour.. The need to scale is very great, therefore adequate opportunities must be offered. This species does not have adhesive sheets, their feet are equipped with claws.

Sex differences

Males have clearly visible hemipenal pouches.

Terrarium

Rough-tailed gecko
Rough-tailed gecko – GCA-Reptiles, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The terrarium is provided with sand or a mixture of sand and clay, as well as climbing possibilities with roots, stones and branches. The planting consists of succulents, aloe and tillandsia. UV lamps are not necessary, daylight lamps are sufficient.

terrarium size

Due to its small final size, the crocodile gecko can be kept in relatively small terrariums. are kept in relatively small terrariums. You must have a minimum size of 50 cm x 50 cm of base area and 50 height cm.

Temperature and climate

The temperature in the terrarium should be between 25° and 30° C and locally 40° C, much colder at night.

Diet

The Rough-tailed gecko feeds on small/medium crickets, crickets, mealworms/buffalo worms, etc., with adequate vitamin and mineral supplements. A bowl of fresh water should not be missing.

Hibernation

According to its origin, the Cyrtopodion scabrum needs a period of hibernation. This hibernation period should last 2 months. Temperatures should be reduced to between 15° and 18° C and lighting should be reduced accordingly. 2 to 3 hours.

For sale "Rough-tailed gecko"

The price of a Rough-tailed gecko can vary between 10 and 20 euros in specialized stores.

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Leopard gecko
- Eublepharis macularius

The Leopard gecko they are peaceful and friendly creatures. They can be kept individually, as a couple or in a group without any problem.
Leopard gecko
Leopard gecko – Iterat at the English-language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

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Distribution and habitat

The Leopard gecko is originally from eastern Afghanistan, Pakistan and North India. They inhabit rather dry steppe landscapes and grasslands. These crepuscular and nocturnal reptiles spend the day under stones or in burrows that they have dug themselves or have taken from other animals.. At dusk, they like to use the stones that are still hot from the day to warm themselves.

The Leopard gecko is considered a good climber because, Unlike many other species of geckos, does not have adhesive foils on the fingers, but claws. They reach a total length of about 30 centimeters and live up to 20 years.

Summers in the natural range of the Leopard gecko they are hot and humid, with daytime temperatures around 40ºC. Winters are dry and cool, below 20°C during the day. At night there are sometimes temperatures below zero, in the mountains even down to 20°C below zero.

during the cold season, animals hibernate for several months.

Description

The Leopard gecko also shows great variability in nature. The head is about half as long as the trunk.. The eyelids are striking. The snout usually shows an X- or Y-shaped light pattern. The scales are fine grained, with bulging elevations below. The body is usually yellow to grey-violet.. The spots are blackish brown. The segmented tail reaches about a third of the length of the head and torso and, often, still shows the bands of the youth brands. The ventral side is smoothly scaled and unmarked.. Fingers have claws but no sticky plates.

males are more powerful, with broader heads and have pronounced preanal pores. Can you find out the sex of a Leopard gecko observing the anal regions.

Behavior

Leopard gecko
Leopard gecko – Matt Reinbold, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

During the day, the Leopard gecko they shelter from the heat and sunlight in caves, well-heated crevices and burrows. They occasionally bask in the sun for a short period of time, but they only activate at dusk. They choose stones heated by the sun to obtain the heat of their activity, then they go hunting and take refuge in caves to protect themselves from the night cold.

in the terrarium, animals change residence several times. At bedtime (during the day) prefer heated caves and crevices, which must offer a maximum of 27°C. They switch between wet areas, dry, lighter or darker. Especially for egg laying and moulting, well-moistened areas should be offered. This is easily achieved by using a wet box, which can be made decoratively to match the design of the terrarium.

The Leopard gecko They need a place to relieve themselves.. Us, we determine which place in the terrarium is suitable. From then on, droppings are always deposited in the same place.

The Leopard gecko are in dire need of protection, are reluctant to move through open spaces. They prefer to cover themselves from at least 3 sides (soil, rear wall and from above).

In case of danger, The Leopard gecko they can release their tail fully or partially (so-called default breakpoints). This severed piece continues to squirm like a worm and distracts the attacker from their true prey.. Terrarium keepers should never grab an animal by the tail.

The Leopard gecko they are good to keep them in groups, but you should never socialize 2 males. A male can share a terrarium with 2-4 females, it just needs to be the right size.

Leopard Gecko in captivity

Life expectancy

The Leopard gecko they can become proverbially old if maintained in a manner appropriate to the species. In this case, 20 years are considered normal. In the news, almost been verified 30 years in literature.

Terrarium

For a group of 1,2 Geckos, the minimum dimensions of 100 long x 50 wide x 50 high have proven to be adequate. You should not choose the smallest, the largest is gladly accepted.
If the group consists of 4 animals, should aspire to 120 long x 60-80 wide x 60-80 High.
The substrate should consist of a mixture of sand and clay, that makes it suitable for excavation. Soft sand is avoided by animals. It is a mistake to think that the sand is eaten on principle, what causes a bowel obstruction. Healthy animals can also ingest sand, which is not necessarily harmful.

Building

The terrarium can be glass, wood, Styrodur, acrylic or similar materials.
Back walls can be Styropur, construction foam, adhesive for tiles or natural materials.
Crush holes in the rear walls look mandatory. But, taking into account their way of life, more attention should be paid to substrate design.
The substrate must be rich in cracks, caves and passageways. In this way, different microclimatic zones can be offered. Substrate may be tiled or otherwise protected from moisture, but a cana steppe must be designed above.

ventilation slots

They must always be at odds, that is to say, at the front under the glass panes and at the top of the rear wall or on the terrarium lid.

Decor

  • Stones taken from nature or trade, according to taste and color combination.
  • Roots taken from nature or from a specialized store.

Illumination

– Basic lighting should be fluorescent tubes (LSR) during 12-14 hours a day to simulate a day. In this case, simple light bars with a daylight spectrum are enough.

– late afternoon, for example between 16 and 20 hours, a foco BY 38 of 50 watts, or a little more, can heat a root, a rocky outcrop, a stone or similar structure.

– UV light is considered controversial, animals are active at dusk, so ultraviolet light is unnecessary.

– Heating stones or heating mats are also controversial, but they can be very useful to provide a warm surface at night, similar to rocks heated by the sun in nature.

– Heating stones or mats should never be buried in the substrate. Rather they should be integrated above the substrate, like the rocks in nature.

– The operating time of these “hot stones” is reasonable of 16 to 22 hours, after which it should be cooled in the terrarium.

– Night lighting should be refused for this species, because it goes against his nature.

Diet

  • There are crickets on the menu, various cockroaches, crickets, grasshopper, zophobas larvae and mealworms, centipede, worms, beetles, spiders, scorpions, as well as mammals and young birds that nest.
  • These Geckos they are hunters who are attuned to a certain range of movements of their prey, so they should also actively hunt whenever possible in the terrarium and not passively wait for them to feed.
  • A varied diet is recommended, more than a lot, to avoid overfeeding.
  • This variety is easier to come by if small foods are chosen rather than a single large one..
  • Insects from specialized stores can be used as food, their own brood and prairie plankton.
  • Adult animals only need to be fed a variety of small insects once a week in the terrarium.
  • Young animals should be given food every day for breeding, reduced according to development progress.
  • Care must be taken to ensure optimal supplementation.
  • – The insects, if not the plankton of the prairie, should also be well fed before feeding. This is called a good charge.
  • It also, the terrarium should not lack a supply of calcium. It is useful to distribute cuttlefish bone or ground shell gravel on the rock walls, since animals like to explore their territory by licking. A small bowl filled with calcium flour is also helpful.
  • Of course, there should always be a small bowl of water.
  • As animals tend to quickly lose their shyness towards humans, they will eat from the tweezers or even from the hand of the keeper. This should not tempt you to train them, so to speak, because active hunting at the right time keeps them healthier in the long run than begging for food.

Reproduction

Females usually lay 2 eggs each, sometimes only one. It is quite common for there to be 4-5 put per year, and have a few 4 weeks between two sets. We incubate the eggs between 26 y 28°C. The young hatch after a few 7-8 weeks.

It is interesting to note that young animals are extremely aggressive at first, but completely harmless. This protection mechanism disappears after a few weeks. The juvenile coloration in the form of horizontal stripes is maintained for about 4-6 months, then the animals slowly change color and after a few 10-12 months have the appearance of an adult animal. The completion of the color change is a clear signal of the beginning of sexual maturity.. The rearing of young animals does not present any problem.. They are raised separately from the adults. Price of a

price of a leopard gecko

The price of a Leopard gecko in the exotic animal market ranges from 50 – 60 EUR.

Alternative names:

1. Common leopard gecko (English).
2. Eublepharis macularius (French).
3. Pakistanische Fettschwanzgecko (German).
4. Osga-leopardo, Geco-leopardo (Portuguese).
5. Gecko Leopardo Asiático, (español).

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Golden gecko
- Gekko badenii

The Golden gecko golden yellow in color is a splendid host of the terrarium, since they are very easy to maintain and are also completely docile
Golden gecko
Golden gecko – Paolo Tonon, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

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Distribution and habitat

The exact data of the distribution are not known. The species is known to occur in sandstone formations in transition zones to virgin forest.

Appearance of “Golden gecko”

The Golden gecko can measure up to 25 cm in size with its coloration on the back, what gives it its name, light yellow to light orange, that takes on a golden hue with rising temperatures. This is only interrupted with 4-8 light horizontal stripes from neck to tail.

Limbs are light pink to white, the ventral part is also whitish. Females remain smaller and have a more subtle light brown dorsal coloration.. They also seem to be more shy than males., that despite their nocturnal activity they can also be seen during the day.

Kept in a small group of one male and several females, the Golden gecko they constitute an attractive and interesting option for their maintenance in a terrarium.

The “Golden gecko” in captivity

Due to the relatively small size of the Golden gecko, relatively little space is needed in the terrarium, although it is important to note that animals should be kept in a small group. The furniture and the climate must be adapted to the conditions of the tropical/subtropical zone of origin..

Minimum size of the terrarium

As the Golden gecko it is a good climber with its adhesive leaflets and stays in nature on sandstone formations and trees, height is more decisive than floor space. For a harem group of one male with two females, the minimum size of the terrarium is 80 x 80 x 120 cm. (length x widht x hight).

Terrarium furniture

The Golden gecko lives in transition regions from montane forests to tropical rainforests in its area of ​​origin. The sandstone formations of its habitat offer many opportunities for climbing and hiding in the form of ledges or crevices.. Younger animals have also been observed in trees, possibly to escape predation pressure from Golden gecko adults feeding on young.

When setting up the terrarium Golden gecko, many climbing possibilities and hiding places must be offered, even in captivity. A properly designed back wall with ledges to climb on and crevices to hide in is a must. Inside, roots and wood, large-leaved plants and caves and tunnels can be used for climbing and hiding. Peat or pieces of fine bark are suitable as a substrate.

Temperature, illumination, humidity

The temperature in the tropical terrarium should be about 25-30 °C during the day. At night, When setting up the terrarium 20 °C. Make sure there is a temperature gradient so Geckos can seek out cooler regions or refuel when they need it.

When setting up the terrarium, the latter means that there must be places that continue to give off heat at night. A stone lit by a radiant heater during the day or a spot on the back wall, for example, the latter means that there must be places that continue to give off heat at night, the latter means that there must be places that continue to give off heat at night. A heating mat or cable on part of the floor or back wall ensures warm hiding places during the day, the latter means that there must be places that continue to give off heat at night.

The Golden gecko, the latter means that there must be places that continue to give off heat at night, the latter means that there must be places that continue to give off heat at night. Basic lighting with fluorescent tubes such as T5 or T8 guarantees a natural rhythm of day and night. A UV lamp contributes to a natural light spectrum and provides animals with the UVB component necessary for the synthesis of vitamin B3.

The humidity in the area of ​​origin of the Golden gecko is from 70-80 % and should increase towards the night. These values ​​can be easily achieved with a spray bottle or automatically., for example, with a sprinkler system. It is important that the “rain” fall again in the afternoon, since animals cover their liquid needs by licking the drops that accumulate on the crystals and leaves of plants. A wet box should also not be missing. The Golden gecko they can go there when they need especially high humidity. These may include, during the move.
To check the values, the usual means of measurement and control technology are used.

Terrarium cleaning

Droppings, food and any peeling residue should be removed from the terrarium of the Golden gecko daily. Otherwise, crystals can be cleaned once a week with hot water, steam and cleaning products from a specialized shop to ensure optimal visibility. steam and cleaning products from a specialized shop to ensure optimal visibility.

Nutrition of the “Golden gecko”

The Golden gecko steam and cleaning products from a specialized shop to ensure optimal visibility. steam and cleaning products from a specialized shop to ensure optimal visibility. In the wild, steam and cleaning products from a specialized shop to ensure optimal visibility, steam and cleaning products from a specialized shop to ensure optimal visibility. in the terrarium, steam and cleaning products from a specialized shop to ensure optimal visibility, like crickets, steam and cleaning products from a specialized shop to ensure optimal visibility. steam and cleaning products from a specialized shop to ensure optimal visibility, for example, steam and cleaning products from a specialized shop to ensure optimal visibility, steam and cleaning products from a specialized shop to ensure optimal visibility.

Young animals should be fed every day, steam and cleaning products from a specialized shop to ensure optimal visibility. steam and cleaning products from a specialized shop to ensure optimal visibility, feed animals should be dusted with a vitamin and mineral preparation according to package directions. Always have a bowl of cuttlefish powder on hand.

Feeding animals can simply be placed in the terrarium. This has the advantage that the hunting process can be observed. But, you have less control over which animal you eat and how much. This works best with food tongs.

The Golden gecko they will also get used to regular contact with you, which is not only nice. It also makes your job easier when you have to take them out.. These may include, to clean the terrarium from scratch. Or in case of suspected disease, for the exam, the visit to the veterinarian or the transfer to the quarantine tank.

Hibernation of the “Golden gecko”

For about two months in winter, temperatures should be reduced to 15-18 °C. Lighting time is also reduced, each 6 hours a day. Hibernation is important for Golden gecko and has a positive effect on reproduction.

Breeding and reproduction of “Golden gecko”

The Golden gecko reach full sexual maturity at 15 months approximately. Colder winter temperatures herald spring mating season, which lasts until about September. for each setting, the female sticks two hard-shelled eggs on the windows, back walls or furniture such as branches. Depending on the temperature, The young hatch after a few 70 to 90 days. Next, should be placed in a breeding tank, as they are persecuted by adults.

The Golden gecko it is a good guardian for the terrarium. It does not need a lot of space or require too much maintenance. It is even more surprising that there is hardly any information on the conservation of this exotic Vietnamese. But, observation is even more interesting. In this article we have summarized the most important data for you.

For sale “Golden gecko”

The price of a Golden gecko in the exotic animal market ranges from 15 and 20 EUR.

Alternative names:

1. Baden’s Pacific gecko (English).
2. Gecko dorée du vietnam (French).
3. Vietnam-Goldgecko, Gelber Vietnamgecko (German).
4. Lagartixa dourada, Lagartixa do Pacífico de Baden (Portuguese).
5. Lagartija leopardo (español).

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Marbled gecko
- Christinus marmoratus

Very nice asian gecko, with a splendid contrast of colors in its range of grays, black and white. It is an animal that like the rest of its genus lives on the walls.
Marbled gecko
Marbled gecko – own work, GFDL 1.2, via Wikimedia Commons

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Distribution and habitat

The Marbled gecko it is quite common in some parts of Melbourne, but people rarely see it because it's nocturnal. You will most likely find them among driftwood in your garden, on your roof or even inside, behind a photo frame.

Description

The Marbled gecko is a small soft-bellied lizard, of up 150 length mm. Easily identified by large finger and toe pads, that extend to grip slippery or soft surfaces. Lacks mobile eyelids and uses the tongue to keep the eyes clean. It is insectivorous by nature., but eat anything small enough to fit in your mouth. In summer, females usually lay a clutch, containing two eggs at once.

Accommodation

The Marbled gecko is a very easy lizard to accommodate, since it is nocturnal and does not need heat or light. In cold areas, a heating pad or heat cord covering no more than 1/3 of the base during the colder months to keep them more active. Be sure to place them in a well-lit room if not using an overhead light so that a night/day simulation can be achieved. How is a small gecko, a small enclosure is suitable.

The minimum size would be a reptile terrarium of 45 cm.. The substrate should consist of a mixture of sand and clay, that makes it suitable for excavation. You have to place other pieces of rock or wood around the enclosure so that they have many places to hide. A small bowl of shallow water is recommended and it is also beneficial to spray the water regularly, as they are more likely to lick water from a piece of wood or rock than to drink from a bowl.

Food

The diet of the Marbled gecko consists mainly of small crickets and flies. When they are younger they should be fed every day and when they are adults every other day is fine. Wax worms and small silkworms may be offered when available. Crickets should be dusted with multivitamin and calcium powder weekly.

For sale Marbled gecko

The price of a Marbled gecko in the exotic animal market around the 20 EUR.

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Lined gecko
- Gekko vittatus

Gecko arborícola big size and nice design. This type of gecko also has the advantage of being totally docile when handling it.
Lined gecko
An adult Gecko vittatus, close-up of the head – Pekka Veikkolainen, Hannes Vartiainen, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

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Description

The Lined gecko is a slender representative of the genus Gekko, which can reach a length of up to 30 cm.. The tail represents just over half. But, numerous individuals are fully developed with a length of about 25 cm..

Due to the slender body and narrow head, the extremities, and especially the fingers and toes, appear larger. The white stripe that runs from the base of the tail to the back of the head, where it divides and reaches the sides of the eyes, It is characteristic and very striking. This strip is responsible for its trivial name. The original queue, on the other hand, has white transverse bands. A regenerated tail no longer shows this transverse band.

Dorsal coloration is usually yellowish-brown, but there are also individuals of slightly greenish yellow or reddish and dark brown color. Specimens with two longitudinal stripes are also known., just a very faint stripe and also without any streaks.

Distribution and habitat

Indonesian, east of Java through numerous islands such as Halmahera, in New Guinea to Oceania.
Way of life

The Lined gecko, of night activity, prefers to live in trees, Palm trees, pandanus and banana plants in his native country, but in many regions it can also be found as a cultural follower in houses and cabins.

The Lined gecko in captivity

The Lined gecko is easy to preserve, provided that one or two important points are taken into account.

Terrarium

Lined gecko
An adult Gecko vittatus, close-up of the head – Pekka Veikkolainen, Hannes Vartiainen, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The terrarium must be taller than it is wide, since it is an arboreal species. 80 x 50 x 100 cm. (width x depth x height) is enough for a couple of Lined gecko. Walls must be coated, for example, of natural cork. Some cork tubes provide the necessary hiding places. The necessary increase in humidity is achieved by spraying several times a day. One plant (for example, Scindapsus) complete the assembly.

There should also be a large bowl of water, or better a small part of water or a waterfall in the terrarium.

Substrate:

Use a white peat mixture (without fertilizer) and plantation land, of about 10 height cm. To avoid stagnation of water at the bottom of the terrarium, use a layer of clay balls.

Illumination

It is debatable whether ultraviolet light is necessary for the Lined gecko, but it won't do you any harm. Temperatures should be 24-28°C during the day, with sunny spots up to 35°C, and drop to 20-22°C at night. Humidity should oscillate between 70-90% during the day, which can be easily achieved with a daily spray (morning and evening) and through the water section. To check these parameters, use a thermometer and hygrometer.

Diet

The diet of the Lined gecko is based on insects. Easily accepts all kinds of insects: crickets, cockroaches, lobsters, worms, … It is important to vary your diet. This prevents your Gecko get bored, but above all it provides you with all the necessary nutrients.
You should always make sure to give to your Gecko a prey adapted to its size.
Last, from time to time, it is advisable to supplement your diet with calcium and vitamins, to avoid any shortcomings. This is especially important for the growth of Geckos juveniles.

Breeding and reproduction

with a good brood, the reproduction of animals does itself. the female may lay one or two eggs several times a year, that can be left in the terrarium. The pups are born after about 100 to 120 days and can stay in the terrarium up to a size of some 15 cm..

The pups usually look the same as the parents., in some populations they show white spots on the head. Only the tail is slightly darker, so that the transverse white bands appear brighter and thus have a signaling effect. When parents approach, wag their tail to avoid being accidentally eaten by them. Keeping them in a group is only possible with young animals until they reach sexual maturity.. As soon as they are adults, you have to take them out of the terrarium, otherwise they can be attacked by parents.

For sale Lined gecko

The price of a Lined gecko in the exotic animal market ranges from 40 and 50 EUR.

Alternative names:

1. Skunk Gecko (English).
2. Streifen Gecko (French).
3. Gefütterte Gecko, Skunk-Gecko (German).
4. Lagartixa Skunk (Portuguese).
5. Gecko de Java (español).

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Cameroon dwarf gecko
- Lygodactylus conraui

Extraordinary arboreal dwarf lizard that will soon replace those already only very rarely seen in terrariums Electric blue gecko, with which it keeps quite similar.
Cameroon dwarf gecko
Cameroon dwarf gecko in the Bobiri Forest Reserve, Ghana – Simon J. Tonge, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

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Description

In normal coloration, the background color is composed of different shades of gray. From the nostril, a black stripe runs along the muzzle, passing through the eye to the back of the head, where it merges with a lighter dorsal line at the nape. This one runs slightly to the side of the back to the tail. From the nape of the neck, the whole body, except for limbs, is dotted with white spots of irregular size. These can be delimited by a thin black line. The largest spots line up in three longitudinal lines, that run along the center of the back and the lighter dorsal lines.

When you are in a good mood, skin glows bluish-green. The belly and throat are a solid light gray to white. The original queue, in the male, is reddish at the bottom. On the other hand, the regenerated tails are featureless gray and do not show any reddish coloration after their total loss. But, regenerated tails may still show red bottom. Male geckos have a total length of 63 mm, while females are much smaller.

The sexes can be easily distinguished by the usual sexual characteristics.. Males are always larger, show distinct hemipen pockets and have four active preanal pores.

Distribution and habitat

The Cameroon dwarf gecko, scientific name Lygodactylus conraui, It is native to the tropical primary forests of Cameroon., Ghana, Togo, Gabon, Benin and Ivory Coast. It lives there mainly hidden in tree trunks, close to the ground. No further usable information on the natural habitat of the Cameroon dwarf gecko.

The Cameroon dwarf gecko in captivity

The Cameroon dwarf gecko It is a peaceful and social animal.. They can be kept in pairs or in mixed groups if there is enough space.

Terrarium

For proper maintenance of the species, the terrarium must have the appropriate dimensions. A copy of 50 x 50 x 70 cm is absolutely enough for the little ones Cameroon dwarf gecko.

There are no limits to your creativity when it comes to furnishing the terrarium. But, it is important that the new habitat is endowed with a hydrating substrate. For this it is recommended to use soil, bark or humus. It also, planting has significant relevance. climbing plants, bamboo tubes and branches are great for climbing and hiding.

The Cameroon dwarf gecko is purely diurnal. They need ultraviolet light and a “sunny place” to rest and relax. The temperature in the terrarium should be between 25-28° C during the day. During the afternoon and evening hours the temperature can be lowered to 21-24° C.

To the Cameroon dwarf gecko he likes humidity. In the terrarium should prevail a humidity of the 60-80% during the day, during the night you can also climb the 90%. It is advisable to spray the terrarium with water several times a week.

Diet

Young Lygodactylus are fed food appropriate to their size. Especially small crickets, springtails, white isopods and Drosophila are readily accepted. You can also offer fruit pulp or fruit yogurt. The feed should be sprinkled with a vitamin preparation / mineral before each feeding to prevent deficiency symptoms. In this way, young animals grow quite rapidly and should have reached sexual maturity within a year.

Breeding

If all conditions for species-appropriate breeding are met, These dwarf geckos they will also reproduce willingly. Females usually produce two eggs, rarely one. These are nailed in a suitable place of the terrarium or in hiding places like bamboo canes.

Hard-shelled eggs, which are usually glued together to form a double clutch, measure 5 mm in diameter. If the eggs are laid on a bamboo stick, it is possible to transfer them to an incubator, where the young are born at a temperature of 25 °C after a few 80 days. If incubated to 28 °C, incubation time is reduced to a few 60 days. The clutches left in the terrarium hatched at temperatures of 20-27°C after about 82 days.

After leaving the eggshell, young people have a length of 24 mm and resemble adults in terms of coloration and markings. Hard-shelled eggs, which are usually glued together to form a double clutch, measure 5 mm in diameter. If the eggs are laid on a bamboo stick, it is possible to transfer them to an incubator, where the young are born at a temperature of 25 °C after a few 80 days. If incubated to 28 °C, incubation time is reduced to a few 60 days.

After leaving the eggshell, young people have a GL of 24 mm and resemble adults in coloration and markings. Only the tail of hatchlings is reddish-brown.. Due to its small body size, young animals must be housed in the so-called terrariums small.

As such, 1l domestic cans converted into terrariums and planted with a small plant (for example, Scindapsus) are the most suitable. This creates a microclimate that benefits the small geckos. Experience has shown that young people Lygodactylus they do better in used breeding tins than in newly installed sterile containers. This could be due to the intestinal flora left by the previous inhabitant, which is absorbed by the “new tenant” through licking and, thus, the latter is more capable of breaking down its food. The breeding boxes are placed in a bright place or illuminated by a fluorescent tube.

Additional irradiation with a UV-emitting light source appears to have a positive effect on the development of young animals.

For sale Cameroon dwarf gecko

The price in the exotic animal market of a Cameroon dwarf gecko ranges between 45 and 60 euros depending on size.

Alternative names:

1. Conrau’s dwarf gecko (English).
2. Gecko du Cameroun (French).
3. Kameruner Zwerggecko, Lygodactylus conraui (German).
4. Gecko anão de Conrau (Portuguese).
5. Gecko enano de Camerún, Gecko arborícola enano multicolor (español).

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Electric blue gecko
- Lygodactylus williamsi

The trade of Electric blue gecko is now banned in the EU. Cannot be kept or sold in the EU without documentation and permits, renewables every three years
Electric blue gecko
Electric blue gecko – Esther Bock; AnimalBase.info, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

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Description

Males and females of the Electric blue gecko do not show decisive differences in size. Most animals of this species reach a total body length of about 60-80 mm.

The length of the tail is more or less the same (not decisively minor) than the rest of the body including the head. Sex distinction is often made based on the intense blue coloration of males.. But, this method of sex determination can lead to considerable errors, since a male subdued, in contrast to the dominant rival, it doesn't have to show this intense coloration. So, clear sex determination is only possible in strict individual preservation or on the basis of male preanal pores (7 parts). It also, males can be recognized by a thickened tail root.

The females of the Lygodactylus williamsi they have a clear greenish-gold coloration. Both sexes are decorated with a black band from the muzzle over the eyes to the neck.. In the head, a second minor V-shaped line approaches the first. Juveniles of this species have the same coloration as females and are first recognized by distinctive preanal pores..

Distribution and habitat

The Electric blue gecko lives exclusively in the Kimbosa Forest, less than 4 km², and in small nearby areas of Tanzania, and lives to some 350 m above sea level. The Kimboza forest area is very dry during the day and semi-humid at night. Ocean temperatures and rainfall prevail locally. The highest temperatures are reached in December and are 28 degrees Celsius. There is a dry season from the end of June to the end of August. In the other months maximum values of 24 degrees. This species lives in trees and is found mainly in trees of Pandanus (Pandanus kirkii and rabaiensis).

The Electric blue gecko in captivity

Electric blue gecko
Hembra Lygodactylus williamsi (in captivity) – Hembra Lygodactylus williamsi, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Electric blue gecko (Lygodactylus williamsi) is under the protection of EU Appendix B in December 2014, under the protection of EU Appendix A in January 2017 and under the protection of CITES Appendix I in January 2017. Cannot be kept or sold in the EU without documentation and permits, renewables every three years, and Geckos must now register. Similar restrictions apply in some other jurisdictions. Trade in these animals is now banned in the EU.

Specimens bred for which an exemption from the trading ban has been issued are exempt from the ban.. So, breeders of these species will in future have to apply for such a marketing permit from their competent nature conservation authority before they can sell their offspring.

Terrarium

Relatively little is known about the life expectancy of the Electric blue gecko in the terrarium. This is because this species was recently discovered and, therefore, has not been kept in the terrarium for a long time. According to other species of Lygodactylus, life expectancy is between 6 and 9 years. It is already known that, especially in the male, intense blue coloration becomes darker and darker and, Therefore, represents the first sign of the aging process.

Behavior in the terrarium

Electric blue gecko
Electric blue gecko at Berkenhof Tropical Zoo – Donar Reiskoffer, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The huge sexual impulse of the male is often reported and therefore a maintenance of 1,2 or 1,3, so that a single female does not suffer this sexual pressure. I personally recommend keeping the 1.1 for the moment, only if necessary, and whether the terrarium is large enough, possibly a female can be added later. Note that with a 1.x breeding, each animal should have its own place to sunbathe.

The male may copulate once a day after laying the eggs and, for the rest, leaves the female alone. Copulation can last between 10 and 45 minutes. After a brief acclimatization period, one quickly realizes that the Electric blue gecko not a shy species and makes the most of the tank. Especially the male turns out to be a real acrobat and does gymnastics all over the terrarium. Its main phase of activity is mainly in the afternoon, which now lasts until shortly before the lights go out. In the terrarium you can experience jumps of more than 20 cm over and over again.

Terrarium measurements

According to legal regulations, the terrarium must be a size of 30 x 30x 40 cm.. (Length x width x height) As minimum (if a Electric blue gecko of 5 cm.). But, this size cannot be recommended at all and is too small. Due to the behavior already described, a larger terrarium is recommended so that animals can also follow their natural preferences. A terrarium with a minimum size of 50 x 50 x 80 for breeding 1.1. for breeding 1.2 a terrarium with dimensions of 60 x 60 x 100. Of course, the terrarium can also be much larger, because the bigger, best!

When buying the terrarium, make sure that the upper ventilation area is greater than the 6 to 10 cm that standard terrariums usually have. It is also very advantageous to use fine gauze if you want to offer it to the Drosophila as food from time to time.

I can only disagree with the frequently asked questions that it is supposedly more difficult for the animals to get hold of food in a larger tank and that, Therefore, a smaller tank is recommended. The Electric blue gecko It, on the one hand, a very good and agile hunter and, for another, nothing is served on a silver platter in nature. Even in young animals, a pronounced hunting instinct can be observed, which should certainly be encouraged.

Decoration terrarium

As a substrate we use a layer of large balls of expanded clay/seramis as drainage and a layer of untreated coconut fiber on top of it.. To prevent the soil from settling over time and mixing the two layers, you must add a layer of fleece. It is recommended to inoculate the substrate with white isopods and tropical springtails. They can serve as food, but mainly take care of the tasks of natural waste disposal (mold, feces, dead plants).

Otherwise, it is advisable to have at least one large-leaved plant, as: Sanseveria, bromeliads, Palm trees, etc., since they are usually used as walking areas, rest, removal and egg laying. Cork tubes, the branches, lianas or bamboo tubes can be used as additional furniture.

Illumination

In commercial terrariums, a large part of the UV radiation is filtered due to the insufficient ventilation zone at the top and the forced placement of the light source on the glass, and does not reach the animal at all. It also, the glass can crack in the worst case due to the high heat.

In any case, lighting for Geckos (and also for chameleons) must be installed outside the terrarium, because animals, very agile and jumping, can burn with the light source. Metal halide lamps (for example, Bright Sun, SolarRaptor, etc.), which are highly recommended, get very hot and there is a risk of injury.

In any terrarium of any species of gecko or chameleon, lighting - without exception- must be placed outside the terrarium! It doesn't matter what you've been told in a pet store.

Of course, tank lighting should be chosen individually. But, you must pay special attention to the necessary UV radiation. This ultraviolet radiation is very important because reptiles are tetrachromatic.. This means they see in the UV-A range and, unlike us, also have photoreceptors.

So-called compact lamps are not recommended (energy saving lamps) or fluorescent tubes, since neither the illuminance (lux) nor the UV intensity are sufficient for lighting. But, Unfortunately, this type of lighting is often used for cost reasons. You have to be aware that keeping terrariums is a hobby that requires a lot of technology and costs., and you should not skimp on the most basic element (lighting). Insufficient lighting causes deficiency symptoms and diseases in animals.

On a sunny day in nature, an illuminance of approximately 100.000 lux. By way of comparison, compact lamps reach an average of 1.500 lux, while metal halide lamps (HQI) reach approximately 60.000 lux. These values ​​speak for themselves.

For these reasons, it is advisable to buy an HQI spotlight with the appropriate ballast. Bright Sun, Reptile Expert or Solar Raptor can be recommended without reservation. At the time of buying, it is essential to take into account the power and the variant (flood or spot) depending on the size of the terrarium and the manufacturer's specifications (minimum distance to the animal). These lamps must be replaced no later than one year later than, as UV emission is not guaranteed after this period. Also keep in mind that your animals will thank you for this investment with health and activity.

Temperature in the terrarium

The temperature should oscillate between 26 and 30 degrees during the day, and occasionally up to 34 degrees. Make sure each animal has a place to sunbathe. At night, the temperature can oscillate between 18 and 22 degrees (approximately the ambient temperature). Relative humidity should be between the 50 and the 65% during the day and increase to 80% At night.

Food

All usual feeding animals can be offered. Medium-sized crickets, terfly, baked fish and occasionally fruit pulp, Repashy Daygecko Food or gelatin have been successful. Drosophila or worms rarely occur. Drosophila are not well tolerated by all animals and should never be used as exclusive food.. Small wax worms are popular, but they are very rich in content and should be offered as a rare gift or to feed themselves. Otherwise, animals can easily become obese.

Feeding insects should be dusted with a vitamin preparation before approximately every two meals.. We use Korvimin (available at the veterinarian), Herpetal T or Reptivite. Reptivite sticks to feeders better than Korvimin. It also, the animals fed must have been previously fed for an appropriate period of time (good load). We will use DIY gelatin, Repashy SuperLoad or BugBurger for our crickets. You can also use oatmeal, Cucumber, carrots, apples, etc., but the above products are easier to use and there is no risk of mold, but they are also much more expensive.

for females, there should be some cuttlefish/calcium citrate separately in a small container, for an increase in calcium needs (for example, during pregnancy) can be covered individually. The water supply is ensured by spraying water on the terrarium equipment every day. Please, do not use waterfalls or nebulizers, even if it seems to you “Nice”, as water becomes contaminated quickly and animals can get sick.

Reproduction and rearing in the terrarium

Due to the enormous demand of the Electric blue gecko, breeding is essential to protect the natural habitat of these animals. During the breeding season, females usually glue a double laying (2 eggs) to an accessory or use an offered place of oviposition. If possible, the laying must be transferred to an incubator. But, no problem in incubating the laying in the terrarium, unless damaged by daily spraying of terrarium furniture. It is not impossible for the parents to chase the young. Our first clutch of eggs could not be removed from the terrarium and one of the hatchlings was eaten by one of the parents., although they were provided with enough food as a precaution.

At a constant incubation temperature of 25 degrees Celsius, the pups will be born after a few 90 days. Due to relatively low temperatures, a higher than average number of females can be bred.
As eggs are hard shelled, moisture does not play an important role during incubation. Once the pups have hatched, I transfer them to our breeding terrarium.

Video Electric blue gecko

Electric Blue Geckos (Lygodactylus williamsi) at LLLReptile

Alternative names:

1. Turquoise dwarf gecko, William’s dwarf gecko (English).
2. Gecko de William (French).
3. Türkisblauer Zwergtaggecko, Williams-Zwerggecko (German).
4. Lagartixa anã turquesa, Lagartixa anã de William (Portuguese).
5. Gecko enano turquesa, Gecko enano de William (español).

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Geckos – A fascinating lizard
- Gekkonidae

Gekko gecko
Gekko gecko – Robert Michniewicz, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Content

Geckos – a brief profile

The Geckos are, without a doubt, fascinating animals. Although they are becoming more popular as pets, the Geckos they continue to enjoy a kind of exotic status. The following brief profile aims to introduce a little to these interesting reptiles.

Origin

The Geckos have an impressive adaptability. That is why there is no region of the world in which they are exclusively located.. The Geckos can be found both in temperate climate regions such as in the desert or in the tropics.

Social behaviour

In the wild, most species of Geckos live in loose associations. But, some species are also strictly solitary, and males and females only come together to mate. In pet ownership, the Geckos they are usually kept in groups of two or more per terrarium.

But, if you keep several Geckos in different terrariums, you will be able to observe very well the communication between the animals. If there are others Geckos in the same territory, greeting each other, will threaten or make courtship sounds.

Geckos for maintenance in captivity

Family
- Lygodactylus williamsi
Electric blue gecko

Electric blue gecko

Trade in the electric blue Gecko is now banned in the EU. They cannot be maintained or sold in the ...
Family
- Correlophus ciliatus
Crested gecko

Crested gecko

Source Content The Crested Gecko (Correlophus ciliatus) is located at the southern end of Grande Terre, the main island of ...
Family
- Cyrtopodion scabrum
Rough-tailed gecko

Rough-tailed gecko

The Rough-tailed Gecko needs a dry, sandy terrarium with shelter and a small log to climb on or climb into. ...
Family
- Underwoodisaurus milii
Thick-tailed gecko

Thick-tailed gecko

Thick-tailed Gecko have the nickname of "Barking Gecko" because they can make the corresponding sounds. If they sit ...
Family
- Phelsuma madagascariensis
Madagascar day gecko

Madagascar day gecko

Thanks to the special adhesive foils on your fingers, the daytime Gecko of Madagascar does not only move through the ...
Family
- Phelsuma laticauda
Gold dust day gecko

Gold dust day gecko

The Golden Day Gecko is commonly known as the GEICO Insurance mascot, and also the main character of the ...
Family
- Gekko badenii
Golden gecko

Golden gecko

The golden yellow Gecko is a splendid terrarium host, as they are very easy to maintain ...
Family
- Lygodactylus luteopicturatus
Dwarf yellow-headed gecko

Dwarf yellow-headed gecko

The Dwarf yellow-headed gecko is widely traded in the exotic animal trade. Content Origin and habitat The ...
Family
- Lygodactylus conraui
Cameroon dwarf gecko

Cameroon dwarf gecko

Extraordinary arboreal dwarf lizard that will soon replace the rarely seen Gecko in terrariums. ...
Family
- Aeluroscalabotes felinus
Gecko cat arboricola

Cat gecko

The Tree Cat Gecko is a graceful gecko highly sought after by gecko collectors.. It's relatively easy to create, ...
Family
- Eublepharis macularius
Leopard gecko

Leopard gecko

Leopard Geckos are peaceful and friendly creatures.. They can be kept individually, as a couple or in a group without any problem. Content ...
Family
- Teratoscincus scincus
Common wonder gecko

Common wonder gecko

The Common Wonder Gecko inhabits the ground in deserts and semi-deserts with sparse vegetation.. High daytime and low temperatures ...
Family
- Gekko vittatus
Lined gecko

Lined gecko

Large and beautifully designed tree gecko. This type of gecko also has the advantage of being totally ...
Family
- Christinus marmoratus
Marbled gecko

Marbled gecko

Very nice Asian gecko, with a splendid contrast of colors in its range of grays, black and white. It is a ...
Family
- Hemidactylus turcicus
Mediterranean house gecko

Mediterranean house gecko

The Pink Salamander is active at sunset and at night. It only activates sporadically during the day, especially when ...

Characteristics

As there are different species of Gecko, the physique of animals is sometimes very different. In total, the respective species reach a length of about 4 to 60 cm.. But, the species of Geckos smaller ones are especially suitable for keeping as pets, as they require less space.

A special feature of the Geckos are its legs, since many species have adhesive sheets with which they can cling to very smooth objects or walk and climb them. Other species, However, have intermediate skins on their fingers and can walk on sand.

Life expectancy

As a rule, the Geckos they live between 8 and 15 years, but there are exceptions. The Leopard gecko, for example, can live 25 years. In principle, you can already tell by the size of the species of Gecko whether the animal can reach a longer life. The smaller a Gecko, the lower your life expectancy will be.

If the Geckos are kept as pets, their life expectancy depends mainly on the conditions in which they are maintained. Keep the Geckos in conditions that are not appropriate for the species usually causes premature death.

Sexual maturity

Sexual maturity in Geckos usually begins at 12-18 months, although there may be differences from one species to another. If the Geckos find abundance of food, females may reach sexual maturity before their physical development is complete. This fact can have fatal consequences for the Gecko.

Gestation period

As for the gestation period, also varies from species to species. In general, However, it can be said that the Geckos have a gestation period of about 45 to 60 days. Depending on the ambient temperature, can pass up to 80 days until hatching. But, in ideal conditions, it only takes a few 50 days.

Food

To maintain the health of the Geckos, depend on a varied and nutritious diet. Between the Geckos there are carnivores, herbivores, omnivores and scavengers. So, the diet can include both insects and snails, green foods and even smaller mammals.

Minimum space required

Before deciding on the terrarium size, you should know what kind of Gecko is and how many animals you want to have together. Basically, the necessary space depends on the body size of adult animals.

So, the species of Geckos smaller require less space than larger ones. If two are maintained Geckos in a terrarium, it is assumed that a minimum space of about 100 cm x 75 cm x 50 cm.. With each additional animal, the need for space increases a 50% more.

Frequently Asked Questions about Geckos

There are questions about the Geckos that are often done. We would like to answer some of them here.

Because the Geckos they can stick to smooth surfaces and thus climb walls?

The secret of the climbing ability of many species of Geckos resides on its special legs. The Geckos have millions of fine hairs on the soles of their feet. These hairs are so fine that even a human hair is hundreds of times thicker.. With the help of these hairs, unique in nature, the Gecko find a foothold even on the smoothest surfaces. This is because a weak electrostatic force acts at the molecular level between each of the tiny hairs and the surface.. For a single hair, this attraction is almost insignificant, but the large number of combined hairs ensures that the Geckos can adhere to almost anywhere.

How do geckos communicate?? do they make sounds?

In fact, most species of Geckos they also communicate with each other using their own vocal language. So that, there are typical calls that can be used to clearly identify certain species of geckos (for example, the Tokay gecko (Gekko gecko)). The frequency and volume of the calls differ according to the species. And even within the same species there are individual differences from one animal to another..

Questions before buying a Gecko

Before buying Geckos, there are some basic questions you should ask yourself. It's important to know what you're getting into, because once you have them at home, you have to be prepared to take care of them for several years. During this time, not only will the costs of keeping the animals occur. Of course, the owner also has to invest a lot of work and time in maintaining the Geckos in a way appropriate to the species.

If you are not familiar with the Geckos as pets, first you should thoroughly inform yourself about the requirements for keeping these reptiles before buying them. Once the purchase decision has been made, the question of where you can buy geckos.

But before you do it, you should check if the Geckos are the right pet for you. And if it is suitable for keeping geckos at all. To avoid impulse purchases, you should take a little time and answer the following questions honestly:

  • I know what breeding is like Geckos appropriate to the species?
  • Work only starts with purchase. Am I willing to sacrifice time, money and space for animals?
  • The costs of breeding Geckos are easily underestimated due to their small size. can i afford to buy a Gecko?
  • The Geckos they can also get sick. Am I willing to pay for any veterinary treatment and medication and can I?
  • One terrarium needs space and special weather conditions. Do I have a suitable room to accommodate the animals?
  • The Geckos they are not stuffed animals. the characteristics of the Geckos fit my ideas about a pet?
  • The Geckos eat live animals. Am I prepared to buy and feed them myself?, and even to raise them?

What are the purchase and maintenance costs that I have to reckon with??

As already mentioned, many people underestimate the costs of maintaining Geckos of appropriate shape to the species due to its small size. But, the costs of keeping pets do not necessarily depend on their size, but of the demands they pose for their maintenance.

Basically, it can be said that pets more “exotic”, including reptiles such as Geckos, tend to be more expensive to maintain. This is due to the fact that these exotic animals live in nature in completely different climatic conditions than those that prevail here.. The “simulation” of the natural habitat is correspondingly more complex and, Therefore, also more expensive.

Basically, you can distinguish between one-off costs (or rare) and regular to maintain the Geckos.

One-off costs

  • Acquisition costs of animals
  • Terrarium
  • Furnish
  • Illumination
  • Heating systems or thermal carpets
  • Humidifiers or irrigation systems
  • Thermometer
  • Hygrometer

Ordinary costs

  • Food
  • Minerals
  • Detergent
  • Soils
  • Illuminators
  • Electricity for heating and lighting

One-time or infrequent costs amount to approximately several hundred euros, because terrariums and the necessary technology are usually not exactly cheap. It also, there are the costs of buying the animals, in which you have to have some 30 to 100 euros per Gecko.

The usual costs of raising Geckos are somewhat minor, although they should not be underestimated. Food and electricity also cost money. And finally, but not less important, do not forget the veterinary expenses. Regular costs should be at least 20 to 50 euros per animal per month.

Are geckos suitable for children?

And again, parents make the mistake of buying their children a Gecko as a pet. They think that a Gecko it's something completely different and that your child will have a pet “special”. But not even the Gecko nor will the child enjoy this decision, because geckos are definitely not pets for children.

Like the Geckos require a lot of attention, knowledge and care, children would quickly be overwhelmed by them. It also, you must be able to ensure that you are aware of the requirements of the Gecko. And the Geckos they are not stuffed animals, although this claim is often used as a sales strategy in the pet trade.

Of course, there is nothing wrong with buying a Gecko and let the children have a part of the new cohabitant. But, children should not be left to take care of the Gecko solos.

Buy a gecko

The Geckos can be purchased in pet stores, to breeders or at reptile fairs. But, the best and safest option is to buy directly from the breeder. The breeder can often give you advice on breeding Geckos or offer help with any questions or problems. You can also ask the breeder to show you where the Geckos and thus decide for yourself whether the breeder is trustworthy and experienced in breeding Geckos.

At the time of buying Geckos, you must first observe the behavior of animals. Only if the Gecko seems to be healthy and alert you should take it home. In the breeder, you can usually take your time to look and then decide which gecko you like best.. You can also make an appointment with the breeder beforehand and see how the animal is fed..

Unfortunately, there are always black sheep among breeders who only take into account the economic aspect and do not care about animals. It is better to avoid this type of breeders, because each purchase guarantees the continuity of the system.

At the time of buying, pay special attention to whether the terrariums are clean, if the Geckos behave fearfully, if they have enough space and fresh water, and what is the feeding of the Geckos. As you already know what a gecko needs, now it's easy to find out if geckos go well where you want to buy them.

Once you have decided on a Gecko, notice the following:

  • light eyes
  • No wounds or scars
  • No deformities in the toes
  • Age and size
  • Properly fed

Acclimatization period after purchase

After taking the Gecko at home, you need time to get used to your new environment. It is important that you place the animal in the terrarium ready for use immediately after transport and then only observe or talk to you.. In no case should it be removed Gecko to play the first day. New animals must first settle in their unfamiliar environment and this is already stressful enough for the Geckos. If you start too early with pressure or even coercion, there is a risk that animals will react with fear and shyness.

So that the Gecko feel comfortable, the terrarium must be arranged appropriately to the species. If he Gecko has enough hiding places, will be installed faster. after a few days, you should try to attract the Gecko with food and, when sufficiently domesticated, you can try to get it out. If you're lucky, the Gecko it will come to your hand later on its own, but it's also possible that he's still shy. Both must be accepted, because in the end each animal is its own individual.

Alternative names:

1. Gekkota, gekko (English).
2. Gekkonidae (French).
3. Gekkonidae (German).
4. lagartixas, taruíras, osgas, gecos, catongas, bribas, bibas, sardaniscas ou sardanitas (Portuguese).
5. Gecko, Gekko, Geco, Geko, Salamanquina, Salamanquesa (español).