Salvadori's Fig-Parrot
Psittaculirostris salvadorii

Salvadori's Fig-Parrot

Description

19 cm.. length and a weight of environment to the 118 g..

The forecrown and crown of the Salvadori's Fig-Parrot (Psittaculirostris salvadorii) is bright green with a little blue diffusion; cheeks and ear-coverts elongated yellow gold; area behind the eyes, pale blue: yellow the nape.

Upperparts green; internal parts of flight feather, orange-red at their ends. Under, the wings opaque green. Top of the chest with bright red band, rest of the underparts bright yellowish green, brighter and clearer than the upperparts. Upper, the tail green; Yellow below.

Bill black; irises red-brown; legs grey,

Female lacks the band scarlet chest, evident in the male, which it is substituted by a band It is showing some green opaque red feathers on the sides.

Youth equal to the adult female but duller overall; band pale blue chest, weak or invisible. Iris reddish brown.

  • Sound of the Salvadori's Fig-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito de Salvadori.MP3]

Habitat:

The Salvadori's Fig-Parrot is distributed in the forests, along their edges, partially cleared areas and close to human settlements. Birds subsist mainly on the seeds of figs, and groups are fed into the cup of fruit trees, sometimes mixed with other species. Hang it upside down to feed, and they can make brief forays above the canopy. The species is found more often in pairs or in small groups, and nests colonies.

Reproduction:

Little is known of its ecology

Food:

Their diet consists mainly of figs and other fruit.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 81.500 km2

THE Salvadori's Fig-Parrot (Psittaculirostris salvadorii) is endemic to the North of Irian Jaya, Indonesia. You can see in the forests of lowlands from the eastern edge of the Cenderawasih Bay to the Humboldt Bay (approximately 137 ° to 141 ° East), reaching inside through the northern slopes of the Van Rees mountains a 700 meters above sea level. Not rare within its small range.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

This species is suspected of slow to moderate decline due to loss of habitat, limited degradation and some pressure for his capture.

Its population is estimated around the 10,000 specimens.

In the past, This species has been caught in a relatively large number for the cage bird trade, both for the domestic and foreign markets, with a total of 1.582 birds exported from Indonesia between 1985 and 1990 (Beehler 1985, Nash 1990b , KD Bishop in litt., 1996, 1997to collar), and 1.791 between 1990 and 2001, When the species registered trade ceased (UNEP-WCMC 2007). However, the true extent of trade is unknown and is likely to be overlooked by many hunters in the preference of the most coveted and abundant species (B. Beehler in litt. 2012).

Lorito of Salvadori in captivity:

Susceptible to stress and disease.

Very rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Salvadori’s Fig-Parrot, Salvadori’s Fig Parrot, Whiskered Fig-Parrot, Yellow-cheeked Fig Parrot (English).
Psittacule de Salvadori (French).
Salvadorizwergpapagei, Salvadori Zwergpapagei, Salvadori-Zwergpapagei (German).
Papagaio-dos-figos-de-salvador (Portuguese).
Lorito de Salvadori (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Psittaculirostris
Scientific name: Psittaculirostris salvadorii
Citation: (Oustalet, 1880)
Protonimo: Cyclopsittacus Salvadorii

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Salvadori's Fig-Parrot (Psittaculirostris salvadorii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Album parrots – parrots

Sounds: Hans Matheve (Xeno-canto)

Edwards' Fig-Parrot
Psittaculirostris edwardsii


Edwards' Fig-Parrot

Description

18 cm.. length and weight around 105 g..

The Edwards' Fig-Parrot (Psittaculirostris edwardsii) you have the front and a bright yellowish-green Crown, with a green stripe on the back; neck greyish-Brown band above the band of gris-negruzco color that extends into the eye; area before and just behind the eyes, green. Elongated lower headset feathers and orange-red fire Gorge, with some green basal feathers interspersed and ends the headphone rear (also elongated) golden yellow with orange.

Dark green back: curve of the wing marked in blue. Black flight feathers marked with green in vane outer (except the primary outer) and with vane internal yellow, forming a set of bars under her wings; marked inner coverts reddish-orange. The wings of blue-green feathers, the longest with yellow tip. Ruff of blue purple color with some lighter green feathers; Centre of the breast and upper belly of a showy orange-red; flanks, supracaudales yellowish-green coverts and thighs. Upper, the Green tail; undertail, opaque yellow olive.

Black Peak; reddish brown to Brown irises; light grey legs.

The female of the Edwards' Fig-Parrot It lacks the heart of red on the chest and upper abdomen, and it has a wider blue-purple band on the chest, inset below with red.

Immatures resemble females, but with the headphones coverts greenish yellow.

Habitat:

The Edwards' Fig-Parrot (Psittaculirostris edwardsii) they are distributed between the humid lowland forests, partially cleared areas, wooded edges, as well as many rural communities, up to about 800 meters above sea level.

The birds are usually found in pairs or small noisy flocks, Although groups have been found for up to 400 birds collected in the canopy of fruit trees.

Rapid movements are, and usually they hang you upside down to reach food.
Has been in mixed flocks with the Double-eyed Fig-Parrot.

Reproduction:

Nesting behavior of the Edwards' Fig-Parrot they have been observed since January through may. In October he was seen a male rubbing its peak with the female and hovering above its perch. The nest is in a hole, at the top of a tree in the forest.

Food:

The diet consists of fruit, including the Ficus figs and casuarinas, nectar and probably insects

Distribution:

Endemic to the lowlands of the North of New Guinea in Irian Jaya and Papua New Guinea. It is commonly distributed in the Northeast all Jayapura along the coastal lowlands and inland to around of Pagwi, Chamhri Lake and the Jimi River. Observed in the region of the Sepik River, extending eastward to the lowlands of the Huon peninsula and the Markham River. The world's population is believed to be in excess of 100.000.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population Edwards' Fig-Parrot It has not been quantified, It is estimated around the 100,000 specimens. The species according to sources, is common to very frequent, at the local level (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Edwards parrot in captivity:

Active Parrot, need space to exercise. It has nice voice, harmless. Initially shy and nervous, It is customary to the caregiver with the time. You can die suddenly without apparent reason.

It is very rare in poultry.

Alternative names:

Edwards’ Fig-Parrot, Edward’s Fig Parrot, Edwards’ Fig Parrot, Edwards’s Fig Parrot, Edwards’s Fig-Parrot, Scarlet-cheeked Fig Parrot (English).
Psittacule d’Edwards (French).
Edwardszwergpapagei, Edwards Zwergpapagei, Edwards-Zwergpapagei (German).
Psittaculirostris edwardsii (Portuguese).
Lorito de Eduardo, Lorito de Edwards (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Psittaculirostris edwardsii
Genus: Psittaculirostris
Citation: (Oustalet, 1885)
Protonimo: Cyclopsittacus Edwardsii

Edwards' Fig-Parrot images:

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Edwards' Fig-Parrot (Psittaculirostris edwardsii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Indonesia Traveling Guide – by Farelli in Indonesia Bird
(2) – Birds-pet-wallpapers
(3) – “Psittaculirostris edwardsii” by http://www.birdphotos.comhttp://www.birdphotos.com/photos/v/parrots/IMG_3537b.jpg.html. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
(4) – By Michal Pilař – Methodological Portal
(5) – By Katerina Tvardikova – New Guinea Birds

Large Fig Parrot
Psittaculirostris desmarestii


Large Fig Parrot

Description

18 cm.. length and a weight between 108 and 126 g..

The Large Fig Parrot (Psittaculirostris desmarestii) is a small Parrot, Chunky, of head large, with one tail short of tip, can only be confused with the Double-eyed Fig-Parrot.

The Large Fig Parrot have the front of the crown burning Orange, paler towards the nape; lores orange red; area above and below the eye, clear turquoise and bright blue-violet; cheeks and elongated headphones feathers bottom of color green pale bright, diffuse orange in the Center. Stripe blue in the part back from the neck.

Upperparts green, with a wash light color olive on the part lumbar and Hip; coverts of the wings green, with orange spots at the tip of the greater coverts more internal; vane outside of the flight feather more blue-green that the coverts and with margin yellow on the tips; vane blackish brown internal; bend of wing light blue. Wing feathers Turquoise Green (the longest yellow); below, the wings, with yellow band in vane inner, with the exception of the primaries outermost.

The underparts of a green more light, broken by a close and continuous band of pale blue at the top of the chest, bordered below by a reddish-brown band.

Upper, the tail green; below greyish green.

The bill black; irises dark brown; legs gray-green.

The females the males are, except in the lowlands of the South where lack of yellow in the back of the neck, present in males (in this species, young birds are like the female).

The immature they have a crown of color yellowish dirty in it most of the subspecies, Although the immature of the Southeast they have the crown green. In Misool, the juveniles they have a blue dot in the eye that is lost with the plumage of the adult.

  • Sound of the Large Fig Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito of Desmarest.mp3]
Subspecies description
  • Psittaculirostris Psittaculirostris desmarestii

    : (Desmarest, 1826) – The nominal.

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii blythii

    : (Wallace, 1864) – Males and females are similar to the occidentalis, but with cheeks bright orange-yellow; the blue color under the eyes, absent.

    The youth, similar to adults, but with blue under the eye.

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii occidentalis

    : (Salvadori, 1876) – Both the male and the female with the cheeks and throat golden yellow, becoming yellow bright in the elongated ear-coverts; Blue pale and greenish below the eyes; absent the blue color of the neck.

    The youth, equal to adults.

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii intermedius

    : (Victoria, 1909) – Both adults similar to the nominal species, but much deeper orange color of the crown and nape; cheeks Green and ear-coverts Yellowish orange to some feather-tipped; the nuchal collar blue, minimal or absent.

    The youth, equal to adults

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii godmani

    : (Ogilvie-Grant, 1911) – In the male, the blue color in the occiput and under the eye, is absent; orange-red in the crown and nape with a yellow stripe on the back of the neck; cheeks and headphones coverts bright; the band light blue above the chest is more extensive, but the red-orange band below is absent or minimal. The female is green on the back side of the neck, absent yellow band.

    The youth, equal to adults.

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii cervicalis

    : (Salvadori & D ’ Albertis, 1875) – Male and females are similar to the subspecies godmani, but with the nape and back neck , are blue; darker blue chest band; Orange the part low of the chest and the abdomen.

    The youth with the crown and nape green.

Habitat:

The Large Fig Parrot are found in the land low and forests in the hills, riparian forests, edge forest and occasionally in sheets, usually below 1.100 m, at the local level to the 1,650 m.

Very active, are released from branch to branch and quickly fly in groups of 2 a 6 birds through the trees in search of food, make calls constantly.

Reproduction:

Its breeding season It has registered in various moments of the year, with reproductive behaviors observed in July and September. Little is known of their habits of breeding but is has observed that use them nests communally, in groups of up to three couples, also it has observed them in noisy groups in the vicinity of alleged nests high in the trees.

During the courtship, mutual grooming is common, and during copulation the male places one foot on the back of the female and one on its perch.

Food:

The diet is made up mainly of figs and their seeds, nectar, and probably insects.

Birds gather in small groups to feed at the top of the fruiting fig trees. Cut the fruit with their sharp beaks to expose seeds.

Distribution:

Size area (reproduction / resident): 82.400 km2

West and South of Irian Jaya, Indonesia New Guinea, Since the Islands of Papua (West Batanta, Salawati and Misool), through the peninsulas of Vogelkop a Bomberai and Onin in the South, and in the North of the Peninsula Wandamen, in the South and East of the lowlands and hills (in the area of Karimui) 137 ° E, reaching around of Popondetta on the North coast of the peninsula of Southeast. The species is unique and common to locally, with a stable world population estimated at more of 150.000 specimens. The subspecies Psittaculirostris desmarestii occidentalis they are declining, probably because the bird trade and habitat loss.

Distribution of subspecies
  • Psittaculirostris Psittaculirostris desmarestii

    : The nominal – West of New Guinea (East of regions of peninsula Vogelkop)

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii blythii

    : Islands of Misool (West of Papua Islands)

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii occidentalis

    : West of peninsula Vogelkop, Salawati and Batanta Islands

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii intermedius

    : West of New Guinea (peninsula Onin)

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii godmani

    : South of New Guinea (from the southeast of Irian Jaya a Fly River)

  • Psittaculirostris desmarestii cervicalis

    : Southeast of New Guinea (from Fly River at the East end of Papua New Guinea)

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world population Although not it has quantified, It is thought that it may be above the 150,000 specimens. The species, According to sources, is usually rare and local (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected that it may be in decline due to the destruction of habitat and fragmentation underway, and perhaps also by the captures for the bird trade.

Desmarest parrot in captivity:

Rare in captivity.

The Large Fig Parrot It Active and playful. Pretty quiet; only makes noise when shaken. It is customary to caregiver quite easily. You can stay in the colony only in a large aviary.

Alternative names:

Large Fig Parrot, Demarest’s Fig Parrot, Desmarest’s Fig Parrot, Desmarest’s Fig-Parrot, Flame-headed Fig Parrot, Large Fig-Parrot (English).
Psittacule de Desmarest (French).
Buntbrust-Zwergpapagei, Buntbrust-Zwergpapgei (German).
Lóris-da-cabeça-dourada-de-desmarest (Portuguese).
Lorito de Desmarest (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: c
Scientific name: Psittaculirostris desmarestii
Citation: (Desmarest, 1826)
Protonimo: Psittacus Desmarestii

Large Fig Parrot images:

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Large Fig Parrot (Psittaculirostris desmarestii)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
parrots.org

Photos:

(1) – By Zdeněk ChalupaBiolib
(2) – By Vladimir MotyčkaBiolib
(3) – Would Janmad (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – animalphotos
(5) – “Buntbrust-Feigenpapagei desmarestrii Psittaculirostris 090501 We 228“. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: BAS van Balen (Xeno-canto)