Red-billed Hanging-Parrot
Loriculus exilis

Red-billed Hanging-Parrot

Description

10 a 11 cm.. length.

Red-billed Hanging-Parrot

The head of the Red-billed Hanging-Parrot (Loriculus exilis) is green, brighter around the base of the bill and bathed in color green blue in it chin, the throat, the cheeks and the part front of it crown.

The underparts is green, with the rump and uppertail-coverts dark red (very extended below the tail); the sides and the base of the rump are greenish-yellow. Wings green. Under, the wings Turquoise with coverts green. Throat of color red bordered of blue pale and extending is about part superior of the chest; rest of the underparts green, slightly more clear that the upperparts. The tail, at the top, Green with yellowish tips; undertail, the tail is of a pale color green blue.

The bill coral red; irises yellow; legs oranges.

The females lack of the bib red (or have very small bib). Also have a reduced blue diffusion in the chest and irises brown.

The young birds they have a bib Red small, a bill yellowish brown, and a pale brown iris.

  • Sound of the Red-billed Hanging-Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Loriculo Exiguo.mp3]

Habitat:

Generally little-known. It is distributed by forests, coastal mangroves, around the villages and in the open field, from the lowlands to the wooded hills to some 1.000 m, altitudes and in similar habitats to the of the Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot.

The birds are found in groups of up to five copies, feeding in the canopy of figs or the trees in flower nectar; their power moves have been compared with the movements of crawling in the Pygmy Parrot Micropsitta. Larger flocks have been found in the mangroves during may, Although the species can reproduce twice a year, in February and August; It is not known whether these represent concentrations post-cria or nomadic groups.

Reproduction:

A hole in a Palm tree dead is the only record known of a zone of nesting.

Food:

Feeds of figs or nectar.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 103.000 km2

Endemic of Sulawesi, where is located from the North, on Minahassa peninsula, to the South.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Near threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, Although it is estimated at more than 10.000 specimens. The species is described as rare and rare.

There are no data on trends in the population, but the species is suspected to be decreasing at a moderately fast pace, due to degradation of the habitat.

Lorículo Meager in captivity:

Very rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Red-billed Hanging-Parrot, Celebes Lilliput Hanging-Parrot, Green Hanging Parrot, Green Hanging-Parrot, Lilliput Hanging-Parrot, Pygmy Hanging Parrot, Pygmy Hanging-Parrot, Red billed Hanging Parrot, Red-billed Hanging Parrot, Talabula Hanging-Parrot (English).
Coryllis vert (French).
Däumlingspapageichen, Däumlings-Papageichen (German).
Lorículo Exiguo (Portuguese).
Lorículo Exiguo (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Loriculus
Scientific name: Loriculus exilis
Citation: Schlegel, 1866
Protonimo: Loriculus exilis

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Red-billed Hanging-Parrot (Loriculus exilis)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

(1) – By Peter Waanders – Caged female has attracted wild male. lynx
(2) – Loriculus exilis by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Mike Nelson (Xeno-canto)

Green-fronted Hanging Parrot
Loriculus tener


Green-fronted Hanging Parrot

Description

Measured around 10 cm.. length and approximately 12 g. of weight.

The head of the Green-fronted Hanging Parrot (Loriculus tener)(Loriculus tener) is green. Upperparts Green except for the rump and upper coverts of the tail that are yellowish-green. The wings they are green with vane internal darker towards the flight feather.

Below, the wings Blue with Feather coverts green. Chin red orange; rest of the underparts green. Upper, the tail green, pale blue view from below.

The bill black; irises yellowish white; legs yellowish brown.

The female have the front part of the crown and face blue.

The young birds they lack the orange patch of the throat and your bill is pale-brown.

Habitat:

A species very little known. Has been recorded along of the edge of forests and partially cleared from the lowlands up to the low hills areas.

Reproduction:

There is practically no information. Only a nest found, in the stump of one areca palm.

Food:

There is practically no information, but it is suspected that they feed on flowers and small fruit, usually, alone or in pairs, and often hung upside down.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 26.300 km2

Endemic to the Islands in the Bismarck Archipelago, registered in New Britain, New Ireland, Duke of York and New Hanover.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Near threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

This little known species is classified as Near-threatened, Since it is believed that it has a moderately low population that is limited to the lower forests. These areas are developing rapidly in oil palm plantations and therefore the population is undoubtedly decreasing.

In New England, the logging of forests in the lowlands for conversion to oil palm plantations has been intense in recent decades.

The population size is between the 10.000 and 19.999 mature individuals.

Lorículo of Bismarck in captivity:

Usually they are not in captivity.

Alternative names:

Green-fronted Hanging Parrot, Bismarck Hanging Parrot, Bismarck Hanging-parrot, Green fronted Hanging Parrot, Green-fronted Hanging-Parrot (English).
Coryllis des Bismarck, Coryllis à front vert, Coryllis des Bismark (French).
Bismarckpapageichen, Goldstirnpapageichen, Zartpapageichen (German).
Lorículo de las Bismarck (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Loriculus
Scientific name: Loriculus tener
Citation: Sclater,PL, 1877
Protonimo: Loriculus tener

Images hanging of the Bismarck:

Loriculus tener. Image from page 18 of "Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club" (2007) - (N. J. Collar © Natural History Museum)
Loriculus tener. Image from page 18 of “Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club” (2007) – (N. J. Collar © Natural History Museum)

————————————————————————————————

Green-fronted Hanging Parrot (Loriculus tener)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

(1) – “Loriculus tener Smit” by Joseph Smit – Ornithological Miscellany. Volume 2. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – http://Commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/file:Loriculus_tener_smit.jpg#mediaviewer/file:Loriculus_tener_smit.jpg

Orange-fronted Hanging-Parrot
Loriculus aurantiifrons

Loriculo Bean

Description

It measures each 11 cm.. length and a weight between 13 and 16 g..

Hanging-Papu

The head of the Orange-fronted Hanging-Parrot (Loriculus aurantiifrons) is green, with the front of the crown yellow (sharp demarcation of the green in the crown rear). Upperparts green, with rump and uppertail-coverts bright red; sides rump with yellow marks. Wings Greens with vane internal to the flight feather blackish. Blue with green Underwing coverts. Chin red, rest of the underparts are slightly more yellowish than upperparts (especially coverts). Timoneras pens Green with tips yellow; undertail bluish.

Bill black; Iris whitish; legs brownish black.

Female has the face and the part front of it crown Green with red and pale blue feathers. Double Chin Red more small that it's the male. Iris brown.

The young birds lack of the crown and throat red. Bill brown.

Description 3 subspecies

  • Loriculus aurantiifrons aurantiifrons

    (Schlegel, 1871) – Nominal

  • Loriculus aurantiifrons batavorum

    (Stresemann, 1913) – Male with less yellow in forecrown. Female similar to nominal.

  • Loriculus aurantiifrons meeki

    (Hartert, 1895) – The male as of the subspecies batavorum but slightly larger. Female also similar to nominal but larger and bases of feathers on the front of the crown, yellow-brown color.

Habitat:

The Orange-fronted Hanging-Parrot they are distributed in the low jungle to a altitude approximate of 1.200 m (from time to time to 1.000 m), along the edges of forests, in palm plantations, areas of secondary growth, casuarinas, pines, gardens and partially cleared areas.

The species is inconspicuous and usually difficult to detect, except when they are called among them, Since it flies above the canopy. It is usually found in groups of two to four members, foraging at various levels in the forest.

Birds perch on occasions in a branch and sing (possibly part of their courtship behavior).

Reproduction:

Guidelines of nesting you have registered between July and October, and it is said that on one occasion a bird was found incubating four eggs in a hole to 12 meters above the ground. The birds have also been observed visiting holes in arboreal termite, perhaps to rest.

Food:

Is them has observed entering their peak next to the needles of casuarinas, probably in search of Lerp insects. The diet also includes outbreaks, fruits and flowers.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 576.000 km2

Widely distributed, Although not particularly continuously, through much of the lowlands of New Guinea, in both Irian Java, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea, Although it can be absent from most of the Center-South of the big island.

Its small size, coloration and habits make difficult his observation. Field work are running that the species is continuing in the North and South of New Guinea with the clinal variation in size. The range includes the following islands of the coast: Misool, Waigeo, Karkar, Fergusson and Goodenough.

Distribution 3 subspecies:

  • Loriculus aurantiifrons aurantiifrons

    Nominal.

  • Loriculus aurantiifrons batavorum

    Waigeu, West of the Papua Islands, and Northwest of New Guinea, East Coast region North of Sepik River, North of Papua New Guinea, and the South coast of Setekwa River, Irian Jaya.

  • Loriculus aurantiifrons meeki

    Fergusson, Goodenough, Karkar Islands (Papua New Guinea), and this from New Guinea, from the coast north to the West of the region of Sepik River, and in the South West area of lowland up to the region of Fly River, and possibly in the vicinity of Irian Jaya.

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

The world population of the Orange-fronted Hanging-Parrot It has not been quantified, Although it is suspected that it may be most of 100.000 specimens and are considered stable and locally common (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Lorículo Papuan captive:

Extremely rare.

Alternative names:

Orange-fronted Hanging-Parrot, Bat Lorikeet, Golden-fronted Hanging-Parrot, Misool Hanging-Parrot, Orange fronted Hanging Parrot, Orange-fronted Hanging Parrot, Papuan Hanging Parrot, Papuan Hanging-Parrot (English).
Coryllis à front orange (French).
Goldstirnpapageichen, Grünstirnpapag (German).
Lorículo Papú (Spanish).

Hermann Schlegel
Hermann Schlegel

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Loriculus
Scientific name: Loriculus aurantiifrons
Citation: Schlegel, 1871
Protonimo: Loriculus aurantiifrons

Orange-fronted Hanging-Parrot (Loriculus aurantiifrons)

Sources:

Avibase
Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
BirdLife

Photos:

(1) – Rockjumper
(2) – hbw

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