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Black-billed Hanging Parrot (2)
Loriculus philippensis bonapartei

Content

Description

Black-billed Hanging Parrot
14 cm.. length.

The Black-billed Hanging Parrot (2) is a subspecies of the Colasisi (Loriculus philippensis) being the only member of the genus, in the Sulu archipelago. The combination of the Red Crown on front, merging Orange gold neckband, and the black Bill are the brand identity of the Black-billed Hanging Parrot for both sexes. Aside from lacking these features, the most similar species within the subspecies of Loriculus philippensis, the L. p. apicalis and L. p. dohertyi, they have the necks much more of orange-red color and a strong orange color shawl in broadcast.

The female of the Ceylon Hanging-Parrot has the Red Crown, reddish diffusion in the mantle, peak red and a whitish iris (males do not have the Red bib of birds of Sulu).

The front of the Crown of the Black-billed Hanging Parrot is red, shading back in Orange and yellow in the back of the Crown, with a clear line of demarcation of the green mantle; bright green cheeks and Lores. Orange robe loosely washed in the Center; rump and tail coverts bright crimson (Blue Suffusion on sides of rump). Wings green brilliant with vane internal to blackish flight feathers. Feathers of the wings of Turquoise Green: below, the wings of blue. The Chin and throat bright Scarlet; rest of the underparts of bright green. Upper, the Green tail; Blue below. the black beak; Brown irises; Orange to greyish legs.

Habitat:

The species is little known, but their habits and ecology are presumably similar to those of the Colasisi. Commonly found in front of coconut groves on the coast, inside you have registered in forests, as well as in partially cleared areas. Observed feeding on flowers of Palm and flying between the trees.

Reproduction:

The breeding season starts around February and may continue until may. An average clutch can coasts of 2 to 4 eggs. Parents make their nests on top of the cavities of the trees.

Food:

Their natural diet consists of nectar, seeds, red fruits (especially wild figs), berries and flowers

Distribution:

Loriculus-bonapartei-Distribucion
Restricted to islands in the Sulu archipelago. Philippines, among them: Sibutu, Bongao, Sanga Sanga, Manuk Manka, Tawitawi, Siasi and Jolo.

Conservation:

There is no data

"Black-billed Hanging Parrot (2)" in captivity:

Captive breeding of this species has rarely been achieved.; It has however occurred in communal aviaries.

Alternative names:

Black-billed Hanging Parrot, Black-billed Hanging-Parrot (ingles).
Coryllis de Bonaparte, Coryllis à bec noir (French).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Black-billed Hanging Parrot
Citation: Souance, 1856
Protonimo: Loriculus Bonaparte

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“Black-billed Hanging Parrot” (Black-billed Hanging Parrot)


Sources:

– Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr

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Orange-fronted hanging parrot
Loriculus aurantiifrons

Loriculo Bean

Content


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Description

It measures each 11 cm.. length and a weight between 13 and 16 g..

Hanging-Papu

The head of the Orange-fronted hanging parrot (Loriculus aurantiifrons) is green, with the front of the crown yellow (sharp demarcation of the green in the crown rear). Upperparts green, with rump and uppertail-coverts bright red; sides rump with yellow marks. Wings Greens with vane internal to the flight feather blackish. Blue with green Underwing coverts. Chin red, rest of the underparts are slightly more yellowish than upperparts (especially coverts). Timoneras pens Green with tips yellow; undertail bluish.

Bill black; Iris whitish; legs brownish black.

Female has the face and the part front of it crown Green with red and pale blue feathers. Spada Red more small that it's the male. Iris brown.

The young birds lack of the crown and throat red. Bill brown.

Description 3 subspecies

  • Loriculus aurantiifrons aurantiifrons

    (Schlegel, 1871) – Nominal


  • Loriculus aurantiifrons batavorum

    (Stresemann, 1913) – Male with less yellow in forecrown. Female similar to nominal.


  • Loriculus aurantiifrons meeki

    (Hartert, 1895) – The male as of the subspecies batavorum but slightly larger. Female also similar to nominal but larger and bases of feathers on the front of the crown, yellow-brown color.

Habitat:

The Orange-fronted hanging parrot they are distributed in the low jungle to a altitude approximate of 1.200 m (from time to time to 1.000 m), along the edges of forests, in palm plantations, areas of secondary growth, casuarinas, pines, gardens and partially cleared areas.

The species is inconspicuous and usually difficult to detect, except when they are called among them, Since it flies above the canopy. It is usually found in groups of two to four members, foraging at various levels in the forest.

Birds perch on occasions in a branch and sing (possibly part of their courtship behavior).

Reproduction:

Guidelines of nesting you have registered between July and October, and it is said that on one occasion a bird was found incubating four eggs in a hole to 12 meters above the ground. The birds have also been observed visiting holes in arboreal termite, perhaps to rest.

Food:

Is them has observed entering their peak next to the needles of casuarinas, probably in search of Lerp insects. The diet also includes outbreaks, fruits and flowers.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 576.000 km2

Widely distributed, Although not particularly continuously, through much of the lowlands of New Guinea, in both Irian Java, Indonesian, and Papua New Guinea, Although it can be absent from most of the Center-South of the big island.

Its small size, coloration and habits make difficult his observation. Field work are running that the species is continuing in the North and South of New Guinea with the clinal variation in size. The range includes the following islands of the coast: Misool, Waigeo, Karkar, Fergusson and Goodenough.

Distribution 3 subspecies:

  • Loriculus aurantiifrons aurantiifrons

    Nominal.


  • Loriculus aurantiifrons batavorum

    Waigeu, West of the papua islands, and Northwest of New Guinea, East Coast region North of Sepik River, North of Papua New Guinea, and the South coast of Setekwa River, Irian Jaya.


  • Loriculus aurantiifrons meeki

    Fergusson, Goodenough, Karkar Islands (Papua New Guinea), and this from New Guinea, from the coast north to the West of the region of Sepik River, and in the South West area of lowland up to the region of Fly River, and possibly in the vicinity of Irian Jaya.

Conservation:


Status


• Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

The world population of the Orange-fronted hanging parrot It has not been quantified, Although it is suspected that it may be most of 100.000 specimens and are considered stable and locally common (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.


"Orange-fronted hanging parrot" in captivity:

extremely rare.

Alternative names:

Orange-fronted Hanging-Parrot, Bat Lorikeet, Golden-fronted Hanging-Parrot, Misool Hanging-Parrot, Orange fronted Hanging Parrot, Orange-fronted Hanging Parrot, Papuan Hanging Parrot, Papuan Hanging-Parrot (ingles).
Coryllis à front orange (French).
Goldstirnpapageichen, Grünstirnpapag (German).
Lorículo Papú (español).


scientific classification:

Hermann Schlegel
Hermann Schlegel

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Loriculus
Scientific name: Loriculus aurantiifrons
Citation: Schlegel, 1871
Protonimo: Loriculus aurantiifrons

Images "Orange-fronted hanging parrot"

“Orange-fronted hanging parrot” (Loriculus aurantiifrons)


Sources:

Avibase
Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Rockjumper
(2) – hbw

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Bismarck hanging parrot
Loriculus tener


Bismarck hanging parrot

Content

Description

Measured around 10 cm.. length and approximately 12 g. of weight.

The head of the Bismarck hanging parrot (Loriculus tener)(Loriculus tener) is green. Upperparts Green except for the rump and upper coverts of the tail that are yellowish-green. The wings they are green with vane internal darker towards the flight feather.

Under, the wings blue with Feather coverts green. Chin red orange; rest of the underparts green. Upper, the tail green, pale blue view from below.

The bill black; irises yellowish white; legs yellowish brown.

The female have the front part of the crown and face blue.

The young birds they lack the orange patch of the throat and your bill is pale-brown.

Habitat:

A species very little known. Has been recorded along of the edge of forests and partially cleared from the lowlands up to the low hills areas.

Reproduction:

There is practically no information. Only a nest found, in the stump of one areca palm.

Food:

There is practically no information, but it is suspected that they feed on flowers and small fruit, usually, alone or in pairs, and often hung upside down.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 26.300 km2

Endemic to the Islands in the Bismarck Archipelago, registered in New Britain, New Ireland, Duke of York and New Hanover.

Conservation:


Status


• Current IUCN Red List category: Near threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

This little known species is classified as Near-threatened, Since it is believed that it has a moderately low population that is limited to the lower forests. These areas are developing rapidly in oil palm plantations and therefore the population is undoubtedly decreasing.

In New England, clearing of lowland forests for conversion to oil palm plantations has been intense in recent decades.

The population size is between the 10.000 and 19.999 mature individuals.

"Bismarck hanging parrot" in captivity:

Usually they are not in captivity.

Alternative names:

Green-fronted Hanging Parrot, Bismarck Hanging Parrot, Bismarck Hanging-parrot, Green fronted Hanging Parrot, Green-fronted Hanging-Parrot (ingles).
Coryllis des Bismarck, Coryllis à front vert, Coryllis des Bismark (French).
Bismarckpapageichen, Goldstirnpapageichen, Zartpapageichen (German).
Lorículo de las Bismarck (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Loriculus
Scientific name: Loriculus tener
Citation: Sclater,PL, 1877
Protonimo: Loriculus tener

Images “Bismarck hanging parrot”:

Loriculus tener. Image from page 18 of "Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club" (2007) - (N. J. Collar © Natural History Museum)
Loriculus tener. Image from page 18 of “Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club” (2007) – (N. J. Collar © Natural History Museum)

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“Bismarck hanging parrot” (Loriculus tener)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – “Loriculus tener Smit” by Joseph Smit – Ornithological Miscellany. Volume 2. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – http://Commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/file:Loriculus_tener_smit.jpg#mediaviewer/file:Loriculus_tener_smit.jpg

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Pygmy hanging parrot
Loriculus exilis

Pygmy hanging parrot

Content


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Description

10 to 11 cm.. length.

Pygmy hanging parrot

The head of the Pygmy hanging parrot (Loriculus exilis) is green, brighter around the base of the bill and bathed in bluish green at the chin, the throat, the cheeks and the part front of it crown.

The underparts is green, with the rump and uppertail-coverts dark red (very extended below the tail); the sides and the base of the rump are greenish-yellow. Wings green. Under, the wings Turquoise with coverts green. Throat of color red bordered of blue pale and extending is about part superior of the chest; rest of the underparts green, slightly more clear that the upperparts. The tail, at the top, Green with yellowish tips; undertail, the tail is of a pale color green blue.

The bill coral red; irises yellow; legs oranges.

The females lack of the bib red (or have very small bib). Also have a reduced blue diffusion in the chest and irises brown.

The young birds they have a bib Red small, a bill yellowish brown, and a pale brown iris.

Habitat:

Usually little-known. It is distributed by forests, coastal mangroves, around the villages and in the open field, from the lowlands to the wooded hills to some 1.000 m, altitudes and in similar habitats to the of the Great hanging parrot.

The birds are found in groups of up to five copies, feeding in the canopy of figs or the trees in flower nectar; their power moves have been compared with the movements of crawling in the Pygmy Parrot Micropsitta. Larger flocks have been found in the mangroves during may, Although the species can reproduce twice a year, in February and August; it is not known if these represent post-breeding concentrations or nomadic groups.

Reproduction:

A hole in a dead palm tree is the only known record of a zone of nesting.

Food:

Feeds of figs or nectar.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 103.000 km2

Endemic to Sulawesi, where is located from the North, on Minahassa Peninsula, to the South.

Conservation:


Status


• Current IUCN Red List category: Near threatened

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, Although it is estimated at more than 10.000 specimens. The species is described as uncommon and rare.

There are no data on trends in the population, but the species is suspected to be decreasing at a moderately fast pace, due to degradation of the habitat.

"Pygmy hanging parrot" in captivity:

Very rare in captivity.

Alternative names:

Red-billed Hanging-Parrot, Celebes Lilliput Hanging-Parrot, Green Hanging Parrot, Green Hanging-Parrot, Lilliput Hanging-Parrot, Pygmy Hanging Parrot, Pygmy Hanging-Parrot, Red billed Hanging Parrot, Red-billed Hanging Parrot, Talabula Hanging-Parrot (ingles).
Coryllis vert (French).
Däumlingspapageichen, Däumlings-Papageichen (German).
Lorículo Exiguo (Portuguese).
Lorículo Exiguo (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Loriculus
Scientific name: Loriculus exilis
Citation: Schlegel, 1866
Protonimo: Loriculus exilis

Videos "Pygmy hanging parrot"

Videos "Pygmy hanging parrot"

————————————————————————————————

“Pygmy hanging parrot” (Loriculus exilis)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – By Peter Waanders – Caged female has attracted wild male. lynx
(2) – Loriculus exilis by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Mike Nelson (Xeno-canto)

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Great hanging parrot
Loriculus stigmatus

Great hanging parrot

Content

Description

15 cm.. length between 28 and 35 g. of weight.

The head of the Great hanging parrot (Loriculus stigmatus) is bright green, with bright red crown ending in a clear line across the rear of the crown not extending over the nape.

Green upperparts, lightly impregnated with yellowish-orange in the mantle; rump and uppertail coverts dark crimson. green wings; edge of the carpal bones with small red mark. The underwings of turquoise blue with small green coverts. The lower parts of bright green with red stripe below the Chin and throat Center. Upper, the Green tail; light blue below.

the black beak; pale-yellow IRIS; Pink-Orange legs.

Females lack Red Crown and has a narrow red bib; Iris can be darker.

Young birds lack the Red Crown, It has a bib less clear and more yellowish, yellow edges of the Carpus, and in general a duller Green.

Subspecies

Slight differences in the degree of the orange-yellow colour in the mantle of some populations of the island are not considered sufficient to differentiate them.

    Loriculus stigmatus stigmatus : The nominal.

    Loriculus stigmatus croconotus

    Loriculus stigmatus quadricolor

Habitat:

Little is known about the ecology of the species.. Possible seasonal movements have been observed. According to reports, not found in old-growth forest and most common along forest edges, in the open field, and sometimes around urban centers, until 1.000 meters above sea level. Birds move usually alone or in pairs, whether it is flying above or feeding on the trees in flower. Nest-holes in thick bamboo have been recorded.

Reproduction:

Reproductive activity has been reported in February, from April to June, and in August and October
The Great hanging parrot nests in cavities. It usually lays three eggs. The female incubates the egg during 20 days and after hatching the chicks take time to develop 33 more days

Food:

The diet includes fruits and nectar.

Distribution:

common in Sulawesi, since the minahassa peninsula in the North, including Bangka and Islands Lembeh, to the South, also where in Muma and Button on the high seas. They are also found in the Togian Islands.

Of the three subspecies, including the nominal:

    Loriculus stigmatus stigmatus – Müller, S, 1843 – Celebes

    Loriculus stigmatus croconotus – Jany, 1955 – Buton Islands and Muna

    Loriculus stigmatus quadricolor – Walden, 1872 – Togian Islands.

Conservation:


Status


– Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern
– The population trend: Stable

The size of the world's population has not been quantified, Although it is estimated above 100.000 specimens. The species is reportedly common and widespread in most of its range. (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

"Great hanging parrot" in captivity:

Rare.

Alternative names:

Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot, Black-billed Hanging-Parrot, Celebes Hanging Parrot, Celebes Hanging-Parrot, Celebes Spotted Hanging-Parrot, Great Hanging Parrot, Maroon-rumped Hanging-Parrot, Red-capped Hanging-Parrot, Sulawesi Hanging Parrot (ingles).
Coryllis des Célèbes (French).
Rotplättchen, Rotlättchen (German).
Lorículo do Célebes (Portuguese).
Lorículo Celebiano, Lorículo de Célebes (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Loriculus stigmatus
Citation: (Muller,S, 1843)
Protonimo: Psittacus (Psittacula) stigmatus

Images “Great hanging parrot”:

Videos "Great hanging parrot"

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Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – By Lip Kee Yap [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – male perched. by iggino – lynx
(3) – Birds-pet-wallpapers – link
(4) – male hanging by iggino – lynx
(5) – By F. Schulter – papageien.org

Sounds: Frank Lambert (Xeno-canto)

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Moluccan hanging parrot
Loriculus amabilis

 Moluccan hanging parrot

Content

Description

11 cm.. length between 25 and 38 g. of weight.

The Moluccan hanging parrot (Loriculus amabilis)(Loriculus amabilis) has the head of color green with the front of the crown red. The the mantle slightly tinted Orange; rump and uppertail-coverts dark red. The latter extends almost to the tip of the tail. Wings green; Red and yellow mark in the carpus. Under, the wings blue with coverts greenish blue. Chin red; rest of the underparts more green yellowish to them upperparts, especially the coverts at the bottom of the tail. The tail, at the top, green, by down Bluestone with fine yellowish tips.

The bill black; irises yellowish white; legs oranges.

Female with the crown green, red dots on the forecrown and throat. Iris brown.

The young birds with trademark yellow around the bib, and at the edge of the carpus. Iris pale brown.

Habitat:

It is distributed by primary and secondary forests, in the lowlands until 800 m, along the edges of forests, in the mangroves and the casuarinas coastal, on the edges of agricultural land, around the villages and occasionally in forests of coconut trees.

The species is observed more frequently in solitary, in pairs or in small groups in the vicinity of the trees in flower.

Reproduction:

Little is known of the habits of nesting, only periods of courtship have been recorded.

Food:

Their natural diet consists of nectar, fruit, outbreaks, flowers and seeds.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident) 23.000 km2

Endemic to Indonesian, where are distributed by the islands off the northeast of Sulawesi including the archipelagos of the Banggai (Peleng. Labobo) and Sula (Seho, Taliabu, Mangole, Sulabesi), and in the North of Moluccas in Kasiruta, Bacan, Halmahera and Morotai.

In the Sula Islands It is rare, its population is probably around of 5.000 birds due to habitat loss. The status of the species in Banggai and Peleng It is insufficiently known.

Conservation:


Status


• Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, Although it is believed that it is superior to the 20.000. specimens. The species is described as moderately common, although rarer in primary forest and common in secondary forest (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats, Although slightly affected by trade.

"Moluccan hanging parrot" in captivity:

Unknown.

Alternative names:

Moluccan Hanging-Parrot, Halmahera Hanging-Parrot, Moluccan Hanging Parrot, Wallace’s Hanging-Parrot (ingles).
Coryllis des Moluques, Coryllis des Moluques (nominal), Coryllis des Moluques (nominale), Coryllis des Moluques (race nominale) (French).
Zierpapageichen (German).
Loriculus amabilis (Portuguese).
Lorículo Amable (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Loriculus amabilis
Citation: Wallace, 1862
Protonimo: Loriculus amabilis

images of "Moluccan hanging parrot"

Videos "Moluccan hanging parrot"

————————————————————————————————

Moluccan hanging parrot (Loriculus amabilis)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Single bird on a branch by nvoaden – lynx

Sounds: Mike Nelson (Xeno-canto)

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Sula hanging parrot
Loriculus sclateri

Hanging of the Sula

Content


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Description

14 cm.. length.

The plumage of the Sula hanging parrot (Loriculus sclateri) is mostly green.

The chin and throat They are red. There are orange-yellow markings on the mantle and in the back. The coverts, rump and tail upper are crimson, extending to the tip of the tail. Carpal edge red (leading edge of the wing in the “shoulder”). The tail It is green with yellow-green tip. The bill is black.

the female has the irises brown, While the male is pale yellow.

To the Sula hanging parrot Sometimes I have treated as a subspecies of the Moluccan hanging parrot, but the two are treated as separate species based on its clear differences in plumage and size.

Description 2 subspecies

  • Loriculus sclateri ruber

    (Meyer,AB & Wiglesworth, 1896) – Similar to the nominal species but red in the mantle and back.


  • Loriculus sclateri sclateri

    (Wallace, 1863) – Nominal.

Habitat:

They are generally distributed in humid areas of subtropical primary and secondary forests or lowland tropical forests. until 450 meters above sea level – mainly on the edge of the forest. Can also be seen in remaining tall trees in plantations and cultivated areas.

viewed solos, or pairs or small groups.

Reproduction:

The first breeding season begins in January and lasts until April; and if conditions are right, breeding activities can once again be observed from July to September.

Nest trunks of dead trees, favor of the narrow hollow long with small entrance holes. Noticed it a female carrying nesting material, that can include pieces of bark, leaves and feathers for lining of the nest. Sunset You can consist of 2 to 4 white eggs. Single the female incubates the eggs during 20 days, While the male feeds it. Each egg measures of ~ 15 mm to 18,7 mm.

Food:

Its diet natural It consists mainly of red fruits – particularly wild figs, guava and berries, as well as flower buds and flowers. They also feed on nectar and seeds.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 30.800 km2

endemic to the Sula Islands (Taliabu, Mangole and Sanana), as well as of Banggai in Sulawesi (formerly known as Celebes)

Distribution 2 subspecies

Conservation:


Status


• Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but the species is described as common in its range (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

A possible threat to its existence are the capture for the bird trade and habitat loss.

"Sula hanging parrot" in captivity:

Practically unknown in captivity.

Alternative names:

Sula Hanging-Parrot, Sula Hanging Parrot, Sulu Hanging Parrot (ingles).
Coryllis de Sclater, Coryllis des Sula (French).
Sulapapageichen (German).
Loriculus sclateri (Portuguese).
Lorículo de las Sula (español).

Alfred Russel Wallace
Alfred Russel Wallace

scientific classification:


Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Loriculus
Scientific name: Loriculus sclateri
Citation: Wallace, 1863
Protonimo: Loriculus sclateri


Images "Sula hanging parrot"

Videos "Sula hanging parrot"

————————————————————————————————

“Sula hanging parrot” (Loriculus sclateri)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife
beautyofbirds

Photos:

(1) – “Loriculussclateriwolf” by Joseph Wolf – Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1862 (Web). Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Sounds: Peter Wilton (Xeno-canto)

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Colasisi
Loriculus philippensis


Loriculo Filipino

Content


Anatomy-parrots-eng

Description

14 cm.. length and a weight between 31 and 40 g..

The head of the Colasisi (Loriculus philippensis) is bright green with a patch of narrow Scarlet color on the front of the Crown, bordered orange-red color on the back edge; yellowish-green Chin: narrow collar on the back of the Orange and red neck, with a wash light yellowish in the neck.

Bright green upperparts with dark crimson rump and uppertail coverts (lower sides of light blue). Bright green wings with vane internal to the darker flight feathers. Under, the wings of turquoise-blue with the exception of the outermost coverts which are green. Bright red throat Center, merging to red-orange in the center of the chest (yellow on the bases of feathers); rest of the lower region of bright green, lighter and more yellow than the upper region. Upper, the green tail; Blue below.

Coral red beak; dark brown irises; dark orange legs.

The female has a face marked in blue and does not have the Red bib, that is replaced by a greenish yellow colour wash. The female Crown is washed in yellow-orange (stronger than in the male).

Young birds have a more off Crown and paler beak.

Subspecies description
Subspecies
  • Loriculus philippensis apicalis

    (Souance 1856): Two aberrant samples previously attributed to theLoriculus salvadorii. They are larger, with less red on the Crown, more blue on the tail, and darker green colour. All the Crown of this subspecies is Scarlet, merging in Orange on the back of the neck and orange on the mantle in both sexes (duller in females). Bright red in the hip and more orange on the top.

  • Loriculus (philippensis) bonapartei

    (Souance 18563): You have the back of the head with pronunciation orange hue, Pico black and grey legs.

  • Loriculus philippensis bournsi

    (McGregor 1905): The male with red only in the front and light yellow area in the center of the Crown (female much less yellow on the Crown), upper part of the Crown of the male less yellow shows that the L. p. Regulus. Orange line on the nape of the male is less clear in the female. Female with less blue in the face that the nominal species.

  • Loriculus philippensis chrysonotus

    (Sclater, PL 1872): Frontal area and rest of the crown bright red that extends in golden yellow color on the mantle, and showing a fine reddish collar on the back of the neck. Male with more orange in the lower part of the throat patch. The female Crown similar but less marked.

  • Loriculus philippensis dohertyi

    (Hartert 1906): Maybe more orange in the mantle, but hardly different to the L. p. apicalis.

  • Loriculus philippensis mindorensis

    (Steere 1890): Orange-yellow on the neck line. Crown Green. More extensive turquoise patch on both sides of the rump.

  • Loriculus philippensis philippensis

    (Statius Müller 1776): Nominal

  • Loriculus philippensis regulus

    (Souance 1856): Similar to the L. p. bournsi but male with much more yellow on the Crown (female shows a more subdued yellow broadcast, but more than in the previous race). Nape line weaker than in the bournsi. Male with more Scarlet patch.

  • Loriculus philippensis siquijorensis

    (Steere 1890): Male with less red bib and the red spot of the largest Crown than in the nominal species. Back of the Green Crown. Falata neck mark. Female with more blue in the face.

  • Loriculus philippensis worcesteri

    (Steere 1890): Male Scarlet throat patch smaller than that in the L. p. chrysonotus. Both sexes show a more extensive Crown of orange-red in the rear margin. There is a small patch on the back of the neck of orange color and a light reddish color in the mantle of diffusion.

  • Loriculus (philippensis) camiguinensis

    (Tello, JG 2006): has mainly green plumage, with throat, front side of the face and thighs of azure-blue; the front, the pileus, the obispillo and the top of the red tail, While the rest of the tail is blue. Males and females are identical in appearance, What is unusual in others Philippine parrots, Since only males of other species have red forehead.

Habitat:

The species is found along the edges of the forest, secondary growth, Bamboo forests, areas cultivated near villages, orchards and plantations of coconut. The birds are alone, in pairs or in family groups, sometimes in small flocks, sometimes with other birds.

Reproduction:

The breeding season has been recorded from April to August.. Three eggs are deposited and incubated by the female during 20 days, the young leave the nest in five weeks.

Food:

They feed in the upper levels of flowering plants or fruit trees, sometimes at lower levels, flower, nectar, fruit (including figs) and seeds, sometimes intoxicated by consumption of fermented coconut nectar (coconuts).

Distribution:

Limited to the Philippines (less the Sulu archipelago), where are widespread and resident except in Palawan. Its abundance varies according to the subspecies.. In general, the species is locally common up to 1000 meters above sea level, but have been recorded at altitudes of up to 2.500 m (Mount Apo, Mindanao).

Subspecies distribution
Subspecies

Conservation:


Status


– Current IUCN Red List category: Least concern

– The population trend: Decreasing

The world population is considered to be above the 20,000 exemplary but decreasing due to loss of habitat. The subspecies Mindoro is considered as threatened, and both subspecies of Cebu as Siquijor, are nearly extinct the loss of habitat (as these birds are commonly caged and traded between islands, contemporary records of birds from Siquijor they require confirmation to determine whether they refer to the breeds).

The combined population of Mindoro, Sibuyan, Blacks, Surigao del Sur, Tables, Romblon, Masbate, Ticao, Cuimaras and Basilan (subspecies L. p. mindorensis, L. p. bournsi, L. p. Regulus and L. p. dohertyi) probably add in total not more than 5.000 birds.

"Colasisi" in captivity:

Very rare.

Alternative names:

Colasisi, Philippine Hanging-parrot (ingles).
Coryllis des Philippines (French).
Philippinenpapageichen (German).
Loriculus philippensis (Portuguese).
Lorículo Filipino (español).

scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Loriculus philippensis
Genus: Loriculus
Citation: (Statius Müller, 1776)
Protonimo: Psittacus philippensis

Images “Colasisi”:

Videos "Colasisi"

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“Colasisi” (Loriculus philippensis)


Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – a female perched. by iggino – lynx
(2) – Birds-pet-wallpapers – link
(3) – Loriculus philippensis camiguinensis (Author AlexKant) – Crocolandia Foundation – ZooChat
(4) – Loriculus p. apicalis, male, By iggino – lynx
(5) – tapety-papousci

Sounds: David Edwards (Xeno-canto)