Dusky Lory
Pseudeos fuscata


Lori Sombrío

Description

23-28 cm.. height and a weight between 140 and 190 gr.

The plumage of the Dusky Lory (Pseudeos fuscata) It is difficult to describe since there are many variations between the two other copies. Some are of a very dark brown color, almost black and others have a much lighter shade. In addition the same happens with the two bands that cross you the chest Since the species goes through three phases: red, Orange and yellow, Depending on the age, gender and the place of origin.

The area of bare skin is characteristic of this species under the lower mandible until the birth of the throat. The lower wing coverts are orange and the lower flows dark blue. The obispillo is a silvery-white the bill is bright orange. The irises is orange and the legs Dark.

There is no sexual dimorphism and the only way to tell the difference between male and female will be through DNA, Although some authors (Tomas Arndt) they are running that adult females lack the white feathers of the obispillo.

Habitat:

The Dusky Lory they are quite widespread and locally common in primary forests , namely, those who have not undergone any transformation. But they are also found in wooded areas, up to an altitude of 2.400 m, During regeneration, especially those with large mature trees.

They are also distributed between the massifs of waste during its flowering trees, including those located in the parks and gardens in cities.

They are occasionally present in the lightly wooded Savannah or plantations of teak and coconut trees.

They normally reside in the landscape of hills or slopes steep slightly from low and middle mountain.

It´s gregarious and when flies or are fed in the cup of them trees full of flowers it makes in groups of 20 to 100 individuals or more.

Reproduction:

The nesting season It is very different depending on the region: It extends from November to April in the mountainous areas of East, While in Irian Jaya, the Indonesian part, they do in July.

The Dusky Lory they prefer to nest in tall trees in the mountain area, the choice of a hole at high altitude on Earth probably do to protect itself against potential predators.

If the site is of your liking, reuse it for many years consecutively. Male and female participate in the work, the enlargement of the entrance or the cavity itself. Even if the nest has been used in the past, There are always minor changes to be carried out.

Although this species is fairly common, We really know very little about its reproduction in the wild. In captivity, the female lays two eggs which are incubated for approximately 24 days. As in most of New Guinea loris, the reproductive cycle is very long, about 70 days.

Food:

Consumes mainly nectar and perhaps the pollen it accumulates in plants of the genus schleffera or tree Rudraksha (Elaeocarpus sphaericus). Also consume flowers and fruits. It can be seen in large flocks in mango plantations and other cultivated trees. Feeds, occasionally, teak moth (Hyblaea puera).

Distribution:

The Dusky Lory It has its area of distribution largely of New Guinea, except the mountains more high of the interior and the peaks more high of the mountains of Parotia.

They are present in Salawati on the Western Islands of Papua and further to the East in the Yapen island on Cenderawasih Bay.

Conservation:

– Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

– The population trend: Stable

The species are not threatened. Common and very sociable, It often forms bedrooms that can reach thousand of birds.

A wild population estimated above 100.000 individuals.

In some parts of the southeast of New Guinea, its density may be superior to 30 birds per square kilometer.

Lori Gloomy captive:

Are birds enough prolific and sociable you adapt easily to captivity.

Contrary to other parrots that eat mainly seeds and nuts; The loris require a greater percentage of fruits, outbreaks, nectar and pollen in your diet. In fact, in the nature, they can feed a maximum of 640 flowers in a day. They also feed on seeds.

It is usually aggressive with other species of lory. Easy to startle with strangers.

Alternative names:

Dusky Lory, Dusk-orange Lory, Dusky-Orange Lory, White-rumped Lory (English).
Lori sombre, Lori à dos blanc (French).
Weißbürzellori (German).
Lóris-dusky (Portuguese).
Lori Sombrío, Lorito crepuscular (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Pseudeos fuscata
Genus: Dusky
Citation: (Blyth, 1858)
Protonimo: those darkened

Dusky Lory images:


Dusky Lory (Pseudeos fuscata)

Sources:

Avibase, mundoexotics, Oiseaux.NET

Photos: Wikimedia, birdsville.NET.au, Dick Daniels – Completo Tampa Lowry Park Zoo, Dusky Lory – Woburn Safari Park (Wikimedia),

Sounds: BAS van Balen (Xeno-canto)

Cardinal Lory
Pseudeos cardinalis


Lori Cardenal

Description

31 cm.. height and weight of 175 to 215 gr.

Distribucion Chalcopsitta cardinalis

The Cardinal Lory (Pseudeos cardinalis) It has a characteristic shape due to its relatively long tail.

Among adults, There is no sexual dimorphism, the plumage is completely brilliant red, but the upperparts and wings They seem to be darker.

The bill is orange-red with a black color in the base area.
The bare orbital skin is black.
The feathers the lower parts have small yellowish features, What gives a vaguely scaly appearance.
The legs are grey.
The irises is red-orange.

The immature has the back and blankets of Red Wings clear. Its bill It is pale orange with small black marks. Its orbital skin is whitish grey. Their irises are pale yellow.

Habitat:

It is a kind forest. It is very widespread and is locally abundant in primary and secondary forests. It is also in the forests in regeneration in coconut plantations and mangroves where there are trees in flower.

Can rise to 1.200 m above sea level, Although in the Bougainville Island (Papua New Guinea), does not exceed of the 800 m.

It is a bird loud that does not happen easily unnoticed.

It is usually in small flocks of up to 20 birds flying high above the canopy. Also gets into branches higher trees in flower which is notable for its continuous shrieks and its beautiful bright colors.

Is often found in the company of the Coconut Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus) and they particularly appreciate red flowers.

This bird is constantly moved in the day, flying from one island to another.

Reproduction:

The breeding season probably starts in June. There are reports of links in August and stops extending to September.

To date, We have found a nest in a high tree cavity, at low altitude above the ground. This is the only information we have on the natural environment.

In captivity, the Cardinal Lory puts two white eggs. Both parents incubate and care for young people.
The incubation period is of 24 days.

When out of the shell, chicks weigh in 6 to 7 g.. They are covered with a white quilt, long and dense.

As with all the Loris type Chalcopsitta y Pseudeos the nest is especially long and hard between 65 and 80 days.

Food:

The Cardinal Lory is exclusively vegetarian. Feeds in the canopy and fruit Palms, small berries, flowers, outbreaks, also pollen and nectar.

This Parrot seems to mark a clear preference for the flowers and red fruits.

Distribution:

The Cardinal Lory It is endemic to the Islands to the East of New Guinea. Its area of distribution covers New Hanover and the islands surrounding (Tabar, Lihir, Thong, FeNi and Nissan). Extends to Buka and Bougainville. In the Solomon Islands occupies a territory that extends to the South of San Cristóbal.

Conservation:

– Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern

– The population trend: Stable

The world population It has not been quantified, but the species is described as abundant (pit et to the. 1997). Sources estimate that the total population in nature exceeds the 100 thousand copies.
The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

However, is classified by the UICN as a species “in restricted zone “, which means that it has a territory whose surface is less to 50 000 km, therefore, potential danger.

Lori Cardinal in captivity:

Very rare.

In 1989, the Solomon Island allowed that a few Cardinal Lory were exported to the EE.UU.. However, because of the Law on the conservation of wild birds in 1992 The export of the Lori of Solomon Islands to the United States. UU. they banned except that is for authorized reproduction.

Alternative names:

Cardinal Lory (English).
Lori cardinal (French).
Kardinallori (German).
Lóris-cardinal (Portuguese).
Lori Cardenal (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Pseudeos cardinalis
Genus: Dusky
Citation: (Gray,GR, 1849)
Protonimo: cardinal lorius

Cardinal Lory images:


Cardinal Lory (Pseudeos cardinalis)

Sources:

Avibase, BirdLife.org, Oiseaux.NET

Photos: Wikipedia, Chalcopsitta cardinalis - Cincinnati Zoo (Wikipedia), Ethan Ograngy (IBC.lynxeds.com), Minppu (IBC.lynxeds.com)

Sounds: Niels Krabbe (Xeno-canto)

Brown Lory
Chalcopsitta duivenbodei


Lori Pardo

Description

31 cm.. length and a weight between 200 and 230 gr.

The bottom of the wings of the Brown Lory (Chalcopsitta duivenbodei) are bright yellow narcissus.

Two other features of their plumage that calls powerfully the attention are, seen head-on , the yellow that completely surrounds the bill and forecrown and also the contrast of color violet or blue deep in it low back, the thighs and feathers of the tail.

The feathers of the chest have pointed yellow, giving a scaly appearance to the area.

The bill is black, as the eye ring and the skin bare at the base of the bill. The irises are orange-red, the legs are grey.

There is no sexual dimorphism, females are identical to males.

The youth they have more muted colors, with less yellow.

To the Brown Lory may be mistaken for it is a very similar species, the Dusky Lory (Pseudeos fuscata). This last, However, can be distinguished by their underparts predominantly orange or yellow, rump white, their bill Orange and its smaller size.

It is a bird of extraordinary beauty.

Subspecies description

  • Chalcopsitta Duivenbodei Syringanuchalis

    (Neumann, 1915) – 31 cm approx.. Brown is more dark by the area of the head and back. Many specimens with dark violet hue.

  • Chalcopsitta Duivenbodei Duivenbodei

    (Dubois, 1884) – The nominal

  • Sound of the Brown Lory.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori Pardo.mp3]

Habitat:

They frequent the primary and secondary forests with large mature trees.
They seem to especially appreciate the edges of wooded areas. They are also found in the partially open forests. They seem to be able to adapt to areas that have suffered more or less significant damage.

The Brown Lory It is a bird of lowland, It is usually present below the 200 m.

There is little information about the habits of this species. Often live in pairs or in small groups in that often is associated with other species of parrots dining rooms of nectar or near those trees in flower.

They usually seek food the canopy of the forest and vegetation at ground level. Their activity seems to have no end. At night they retire to dormitories in the branches.

When moving, they have a very characteristic flight made with very accentuated flapping at the tips of the wings.
Their flight is much slower than the Coconut Lorikeet (Trichoglossus hamatodus). Yellow-orange color under the wings are very obvious.

Reproduction:

The breeding season is produced in April. In captivity, the females usually lay two eggs, which hatch in approximately 24 days. The total duration of the nesting is very long. 11 weeks from the construction of the nest until the full autonomy of the offspring. We don't have more information.

Food:

We don't have many details on its menu. One thing is certain, their diet is almost exclusively vegetarian. It feeds on fruits, seeds and sprouts. Given the fact that spends most of its time in shrubs or flowering trees, pollen and nectar should be an essential resource in your diet.

Distribution:

This species has a patchy distribution along the lowlands of the North coast of New Guinea, since the Cenderawasih Bay between Papua and West Papua (Indonesia) to the The astrolabe Bay in Papua New Guinea. In general they are rare (Coates 1985, Beehler et to the., 1986), but is fairly common locally in locations such as the South of River Vanimo Puwani and in the area of the Wapoga River (A. Mack in lit. . 1999, KD Bishop in litt. 1999, B. Beehler in litt., 2000).

Distribution of subspecies

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

The species has a population global estimated at more of 50.000 individuals.
Forests throughout its area of distribution is threatened by commercial logging, but the abundance of the species in secondary forest suggests that it is not threatened.

The fact that are able to adapt to them areas forest exploited or degraded, It is an encouraging sign and the mark of the relative health of the species.

Lori Pardo in captivity:

It is of a bird rare in captivity, but his breeding is easy.

Information in BeautyofBirds

Alternative names:

Brown Lory, Duyvenbode’s Lory (English).
Lori de Duyvenbode (French).
Braunlori (German).
Lóris-castanho (Portuguese).
(Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Chalcopsitta
Scientific name: Chalcopsitta duivenbodei
Citation: (Dubois, 1884)
Protonimo: Chalcopsittacus Duivenbodei

Brown Lory images:

—————————————————————————————————

Brown Lory (Chalcopsitta duivenbodei)

Sources:
Avibase, BirdLife International, Oiseaux.NET

Photos: Bob|P-&-S (Flickr), Wikimedia, J. Brubaker (IBC.lynxeds.com), iggino (IBC.lynxeds.com), animalphotos.me

Sounds: BAS van Balen (Xeno-canto)

Yellow-streaked Lory
Chalcopsitta scintillata

Lori Chispeado

Description

Measured between 30 to 31 cm.. and a weight between 180 and 245 gr.

The adults of the species Yellow-streaked Lory (Chalcopsitta scintillata) have plumage dark green, pale green veins in head and the abdomen, and bright yellow bands in the chest and in the the mantle.

Chalcopsitta sintillata rubrifrons

The forecrown, cheeks and the thighs are bright red. The sides of the chest with large red infiltrations.

The under wing It is crossed by a thick yellow band. The bill is black. Bare skin eye and at the base of bill is dark gray. The irises are orange-red, the legs grey.

There is no sexual dimorphism, but in the female, the front spot It is less pronounced.

The immature They resemble adults, but have less red in the forecrown. The basis of the bill It is less stained yellow. The irises Brown.

They are particularly visible in the early hours of the day, When the bands fly over canopy, sometimes very large heights.

They have a direct flight with rapid wing beats. In spite of this, they give the impression of moving slowly, almost in a hesitant way. Its neck tense and the tail feathers widely deployed gives them a vision that is very characteristic flight. Couples often engage in stunts, with many screams.

  • Sound of the Yellow-streaked Lory.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori Chispeado.mp3]

Description 3 subspecies

  • Chalcopsitta scintillata chloroptera

    (Salvadori, 1876) – Adults of this subspecies differ little from those of the nominal species. However, They differ from the latter by the narrowest stripes on the plumage. The bottom of your wings They are green or green with red markings.

  • Chalcopsitta scintillata rubrifrons

    (Gray,GR, 1858) – In this subspecies, both adults and juveniles, they are identical to the nominal species, but the veins of body plumage They are more spacious and orange-yellow.

  • Chalcopsitta scintillata scintillata

    (Temminck, 1835) – Nominal.

Habitat:

common in the lowlands, in the Savanna They are covering the hills, in plantations cocoteros and in the mangroves.
They are also in the primary forest and secondary adjacent, even bands narrow Gallery forests bordering rivers in open terrain.
Occasionally, the Yellow-streaked Lory They sit near or inside Gardens in local villages.
They can fly to 800 m above sea level.

Reproduction:

Typically install their nests in treeholes high. There is not much information about the reproduction in the center of nature.

In captivity, the implementation is of 2 eggs which both parents incubate alternately during 26 days. At hatching, hatchlings weigh 7 u 8 g.. Duration reproductive cycle It is very long and can overcome 80 days. Despite this, There may be a second clutch in the season.

Food:

They feed in the trees.

consume nectar, pollen and fruit. Are said to some insects complete this predominantly vegetarian diet.

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding/resident): 586.000 km2

These birds are endemic to the Aru Islands and South of Papua New Guinea.

Distribution 3 subspecies

Conservation:

• Current IUCN Red list category: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

It is not an endangered species. In a study in Southeast New Guinea, its density was estimated at 20 birds per square kilometer.
Its world population approaches the 100.000 birds.

The population suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Lori Sparked in captivity:

Pretty common.

They are birds very noisy People who like to let their loud cries are heard. They are playful, they have no fear and they can easily become meek in the hands of your caregiver. They are not only extremely aggressive against other Yellow-streaked Lory, also as with other species.

Alternative names:

Yellow-streaked Lory, Greater Streaked Lory, Streaked Lory, Yellow streaked Lory, Yellowish-streaked Lory (English).
Lori flamméché, Lori à front jaune, Lori à front rouge, Lori strié (French).
Schimmerlori (German).
Lóris-listrado-amarelo (Portuguese).
Lori Chispeado (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Chalcopsitta
Scientific name: Chalcopsitta scintillata
Citation: (Temminck, 1835)
Protonimo: Psittacus sintillatus

Yellow-streaked Lory Images:

————————————————————————————————-

Yellow-streaked Lory (Chalcopsitta scintillata)

Sources:
Avibase, Oiseaux.NET

Photos:

Wikipedia
Goura (zoochat.com)
loryland.NET
Wikimedia
Wikipedia
– Chalcopsitta rubrifrons = Chalcopsitta sintillata rubrifrons by Joseph Wolf [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: BAS van Balen (Xeno-canto)

Black Lory
Chalcopsitta atra

Lori Negro

Description

32 cm.. height and a weight between 230 and 260 gr.

The Black Lory (Chalcopsitta atra) It is the least colorful member of an otherwise very colorful genre. It´s, in poultry, therefore, the least popular. This is unfortunate because it is equally as interesting as the other members of the genus.

Distribution Lori black
Black color with a purplish gloss in plumage that is highly apparent in the light of the Sun, which gives it a superficial appearance of a crow. Even their bare parts, as the nose , the skin around the eyes and on the basis of JAWS, eyes and claws, they are equally dark. Rump displays a violet blue.

The underside of the tail feathers are color olivaceous with light infusions of red at the base.
The iris is orange-red, the grey legs.

The youth differ little from adults but have an eye-ring and a skin at the base of the peak which are whitish. It is grey.

There is a 3 subspecies, that differ little between if:

  • Chalcopsitta atra atra: Both adults, usually black. The bluish violet rump. The feathers of the bottom of tail olive/yellow washed in red. Naked eye-ring black , black skin at the base of the peak. Orange-red eyes.

  • Chalcopsitta atra bernsteini: Red marks / Purple forehead and thighs, less evident in females; Blue darker in the rump.

  • Chalcopsitta atra insignis: Head striped gray/blue. The front, the face, the thighs and the underside of the wings are red. The feathers of the throat and underparts with red trim. The rump is dull blue. The lower part of the tail is greyish blue. It is one of the most beautiful parrots that exist. It will be necessary to see any parrot in the light of the Sun to be able to appreciate its beauty.

It is also said that there are other subspecies, the calcopsitta atra spectabilis, resident in the peninsula Mamberiok, but the data given are running that it was only a hybridization of the Chalcopsitta Atra and the Chalcopsitta Sintillata.

They are nomads outside the breeding season, and, they are sometimes found in large groups, associated with the Blackbirds, feeding together on trees in flower.

  • Sound of the Black Lory.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lori Negro.mp3]

Habitat:

The Black Lory live in the Plains, rarely above the 200 m. They are very abundant in relatively open habitats, as the mangroves near the coast, swamp forest, coconut plantations, scattered eucalyptus in the Middle areas of meadows and scrub land. From time to time come to the edge of the Woods primary or forest growth. The Black Lory is endemic to New Guinea.

Reproduction:

Most of the information has been obtained from captive birds. In nature, most of these birds are played between December and February. In captivity, the female lays two white eggs which are incubated for about 25 days. The whole reproductive period is particularly long, lasting approximately 75 days.

The male incubates not, but sometimes it remains in the nest with the female. After birth the chicks remain in the nest approximately one 10 weeks.

Food:

The Black Lory is vegetarian. Primarily feeds on nectar and fruits. Migrates constantly search for food in season. Green corn seeds and sprouts are also within your diet. Enjoy the Schefflera shrubs.

Distribution:

This species is distributed along the western part of West Papua, the Indonesian portion of New Guinea. In particular, they are in the Western Vogelkop, also on the islands of Misool (provinces of Maluku), Batanta (Papua Province), the Onin and Bomberai and Salawati peninsulas (West Papua), off the coast.

Between the 3 [+] Subspecies:

  • Chalcopsitta atra atra: Distribution. West New Guinea

  • Chalcopsitta atra bernsteini: Distribution. Confined to the island of Misool (Indonesia) in the West of New Guinea.

  • Chalcopsitta atra insignis: Distribution. The Vogelkop, Island Amberpon, Onin, peninsulas Bomberai, Northeast of New Guinea.

  • calcopsitta atra spectabilis: Distribution. Peninsula Mamberiok

Conservation:

This lory is evaluated as least concern on the red list of threatened species. Is included in Appendix II of CITES.

The world population is estimated at 50.000 birds.

This number is probably stable, but data are lacking to say it with certainty.

The commercial import of this species in EC was banned in 1991.

Lori Negro en cautividad:

The Black Lory It is said is among the parrots with the sweetest character. They are easy to tame. Its obvious disadvantage is acute cries that often emit. Not everyone can tolerate them. It is however unusual in captivity.

The subspecies insignis is rare, and the subspecies bernsteini practically non-existent.

Alternative names:

Black Lory, Rajah Lory, Red-quilled Lory (ingles).
Lori noir (francés).
Schwarzlori (alemán).
Lóris-negro (portugués).
Lori Negro (español).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Scientific name: Chalcopsitta atra
Citation: (Scopoli, 1786)
Protonimo: Psittacus ater

Black Lory images:


Black Lory (Chalcopsitta atra)

Sources:
Avibase
– Photos: sciencio.com,
Goura (zoochat.com), My Birds Region
– Sounds: BAS van Balen (Xeno-canto)

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