Vulturine Parrot
Pyrilia vulturina

Vulturine Parrot

Description:

23 cm.. length and a weight between 138-165 g..

The Vulturine Parrot (Pyrilia vulturina) It is a small parrot with bare skin yellow orange and covered bristles pale hairlike, in the area that covers the forecrown and back of the crown, until the eyes; bare skin on lores, the cheeks and center of crown black and covered with bristles black hairlike; feathers on the sides of neck and in the part back from the crown, are yellow, forming a band bright contrasting with the black of the head bare; back of the neck, black; upperparts green.

Carpal area and lesser upperwing-coverts, orange-yellow; outer median coverts with some blue; leading edge of wing, red; primary coverts blue; rest of the upper parts of the wings, green.

Primaries bluish-black with narrow bluish-green margins to outerweb. Under, the wings with coverts red; flight feather green with blackish tips. feathers throat and the chest, olive yellow with dark tips, giving a scalloped effect; belly green with bluish tint; undertail-coverts brighter yellowish green. Tail green with tips blue and outer feathers with yellow on base of innerwebs. Bill dark blackish-grey with patch pale yellow at the base of the upper mandible; cere yellowish-horn; irises brownish-orange; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar.

The head of the immature, fully feathered (except in the eye ring); greenish on the cheeks and yellow olive in the rest of the head with no collar yellow. The bend of wing and underwing-coverts, yellowish-orange; irises darker.

  • Sound of the Vulturine Parrot.

Habitat:

It inhabits in the rainforest of lowland formations várzea (seasonally flooded forest), and the Mainland (without flooding). Gregarious.

Reproduction:

No details on the reproductive biology of this species.

Food:

diet includes fruit, seeds and berries taken in the forest canopy. Its bareheaded adaptation may be a highly frugivorous diet, to prevent the fruit pulp enmarañara their feathers.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 1.030.000 km2

Endemic to the northeast of Brazil, to the South of the Amazon, from the eastern state of Amazon, on the east bank of Madeira river, passing by For, to the south, up to the Serra do Cachimbo, extending eastward to the areas bordering northwest Maranhão, in the region of the river Gurupí. They may be restricted to areas around major rivers in this region, which would mean that the size of the range may be overestimated.

References in relation to its range to include Venezuela (lower basin Río Caura) and Guyana, They are apparently wrong.

generally considered rare, although undoubtedly they not have a lot of data due to the difficulty of observation of this species.

The continuing rapid deforestation throughout its range has had to contribute to a substantial decrease in the population Vulturine Parrot in the last decades.

They can be seen in protected forests in the west of its range, but illegal logging and colonization remain a threat even there.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the red list category

Based on a model of future deforestation in the Amazon basin and its dependence on primary forest and sensitivity to fragmentation, It is suspected that population of this species will decrease rapidly during the next three generations and, therefore, It has risen to Vulnerability.

Justification of the population

The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “rare” (Stotz et to the ., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 37,1-54,8% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (21 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the ., 2006, Bird et to the ., 2011). Although the species may have some susceptibility to hunting and / or capture, also it appears to have some degree of tolerance habitat degradation (A. Lees in litt ., 2011). Therefore, you suspect your population decline by 30-49% during three generations.

Conservation Actions Underway

• It is listed as Vulnerable nationally in Brazil (MMA 2014).

• No specific actions are known.

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Expanding the network of protected areas to effectively protect the IBA.

• Manage effectively the resources and existing protected areas and new, using the emerging opportunities for financing the management of protected areas with the overall goal of reducing carbon emissions and maximize the conservation of biodiversity.

• It is also essential conservation on private land, through the expansion of market pressures for proper land management and prevention of deforestation on land not suitable for agriculture (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006).

• Campaign against the proposed changes to Brazilian Forest Code which would lead to a decrease in the width of the areas of riparian forest protected as Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs), that function as vital corridors in fragmented landscapes.

Lorito Vulturino in captivity:

It is not found in aviculture; Probably they never stood outside Brazil.

Alternative names:

Vulturine Parrot (English).
Caïque vautourin (French).
Kahlkopfpapagei (German).
curica-urubu, papagaio-urubu, periquito d’anta, periquito-urubu, pirí-pirí, urubu-paraguá (Portuguese).
Lorito Cabeza Zamuro, Lorito Vulturino (Spanish).

Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia vulturina
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus vulturinus

Vulturine Parrot images:

 Vulturine Parrot

Videos Lorito Vulturine:


Vulturine Parrot (Pyrilia vulturina)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – Pyrilia vulturina (adult and immature) – Imagen de Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
(2) – Pyrilia vulturina ( Curica Vulture) by victor castro

Bald Parrot
Pyrilia aurantiocephala

Bald Parrot

Description:

23 cm.. length.

The Bald Parrot (Pyrilia aurantiocephala) has the mandible and the upper maxilla, black with a large orange dot in the base; head naked orange chrome; lores, forecrown, pileum, nape, face and chin no true feathers; coverts only black bristles and some white bristles in lores; true feathers beginning in dorsal area neck, spectrum yellow in proximal half and yellow-green in distal half with black apex, passing rapidly to parrot green as basic color the mantle, back, uropigium, and of the uppertail-coverts; feathers in bend of wing and scapulars, yellowish orange with base scarlet; lesser wing coverts green, except scarlet carpal edge; median and greater wing coverts, with large suffusion of ultramarine blue.

The upper surface of the of remiges black with outerweb shaded with indigo blue; undersurface of remiges black color with a a shamrock greenish on the innerwebs; the outerweb and the apex of the upper surfaces of the rectrices, indigo blue, shaded to varying degrees with green; the base innerwebs of the rectrices, yellow; feathers of the chest with greenish yellow base and apex, forming a large banda pectoral; lower breast, abdomen and crissum, emerald green sprinkled with cyan; underwing-coverts scarlet; the thighs yellow; feet feet orange yellow with suffusion of ochre; irises orange.

The immature with the bare lores to the area around the eyes, orange, the rest of the head feathered dull green; upper breast greenish yellow. Bill yellow in very young birds.

Note:

This parrot was initially believed it was an immature species Vulturine Parrot (Pyrilia vulturina) due to the orange color head calva. However, when it was discovered that individuals were sexually mature, He described as a new species. In fact, the youth of both species have feathers head greenish, unlike adults.

Formerly, It was included in the genus Pionopsitta.

  • Sound of the Bald Parrot.

Habitat:

Seen in gallery forest and forest ‘campinarana‘ (on white sand soils). This region is threatened by logging (Gaban-Lima et al., 2002).

viewed individually, in pairs or small flocks of up to 10 birds. It is most active during the early morning that other parrots, and before going to sleep. It stays in the upper canopy where it is well camouflaged.

Reproduction:

The breeding season possibly either during September; little is known about their breeding habits.

Food:

Feeds of seeds, fruits and possibly larvae of gall wasps (Cynipidae).

Distribution:

Size of its range (breeding / resident): 407.000 km2

The Bald Parrot They are known only in some locations covering the lower basin of Madeira River and the upper basin of Tapajós River in the Brazil Amazon, more specifically in the Rio São Benedito (Field observations) and Cururu-acu River, both tributaries on the right bank of the river Teles Pires, himself a tributary of Tapajós.
There are several recent records of this new species from the micro-region of Madeira in the vicinity of Borba.

Since the species is currently known only from Two types of habitat and a relatively small area, it is unlikely that the population is much higher 10.000 individuals, so it is considered that it is near-threatened. It is likely to occur more records now that has been formally recognized as a species, and this may clarify its exact state.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Near-threatened.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Population size: 6.700 specimens.

Justification of the red list category

This species has recently described a moderately small population is declining due to loss of habitat. Therefore, it is classified as near threatened.

Justification of the population

The population preliminarily estimated with a number of at least 10.000 individuals, approximately equivalent to 6.700 mature individuals. This requires confirmation.

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 8,8-13,1% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (21 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Therefore, you suspect your decrease in population <25% durante tres generaciones.

Lorito Calvo in captivity:

unknown in captivity.

Alternative names:

Bald Parrot, Orange-Headed ParrotT (English).
Caïque chauve (French).
Orangekopfpapagei, Langkopfpapagei (German).
Papagaio-de-cabeça-laranja (Portuguese).
Lorito Calvo (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia aurantiocephala
Citation: Gaban-Lima, Raposo & Höfling, 2002

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Bald Parrot (Pyrilia aurantiocephala)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife
– Department of Zoology, Bioscience Institute, University of Sao Paulo, Street Mata~o, dish 14, not. 101, POCKET 05508-900, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil – Notes

Photos:

(1) – Bald Parrot (Pyrilia aurantiocephala) – Watercolor, Romain Risso. By Gossipguy (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Orange-cheeked Parrot
Pyrilia barrabandi


Orange-cheeked Parrot

Description:

The Orange-cheeked Parrot (Pyrilia barrabandi) measured, approximately, 25 cm., has the head and throat black, except for the bright colored area amarillento-naranja that goes from the base of the bill up to the lower cheek well behind the eyes.

Parrot-carinaranja-6

Upperparts green, lesser coverts, yellow-orange; edge front of the wing red; primary coverts blue-black; greater coverts bluish green; other coverts, green. Primary, dark blue at the base and in outerweb, If not black; underwing-coverts, bright red, flight feather opaque green. Upper zone of the chest Golden, its bottom and belly, bright blue green, the thighs with orange-yellow feathers. Tail Green with blue tip, with yellow bases to the innerwebs of outer feathers.

Bill grey; brown the irises; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar.

The immature has the head Brown golden colour with yellowish brown in cheeks inferiores. Younger birds also has less yellow in the bend of wing, some green feathers in the underwing-coverts and yellow on the tips of the primaries.

  • Sound of the Orange-cheeked Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Cotorra Cabecinegra.mp3]

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Pyrilia barrabandi aurantiigena

    (Gyldenstolpe, 1951) – Lesser coverts, curve of the wing and the thighs intense Orange instead of yellow-orange.

  • Pyrilia barrabandi barrabandi

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal.

Habitat:

They inhabit mainly in lowland forests, apparently less frequently in forests and marshes. They are distributed at the edge of forests and partially disturbed forest, occasionally in small groves in deforested areas. Observed in altitudes of 150-300 metres in Venezuela and 500 meters in the southeast of Colombia. Seen individually, in pairs and in small groups of up to 10 individuals (sometimes more in banks of land rich in minerals). Are activated more early, In the morning, than other parrots and will rest later.

Reproduction:

There is no information about the nesting, but that suggests the registration of immature birds in February and March breeding season It can be between the months of September/October until the end of year.

Food:

Observed taking seeds or fruits of Ficus sphenophylla, Pourouma, Pseudolmedia, Mimosa, Pithecellobium and Heisteria and possibly larvae of the gall wasps. Usually, they feed in the canopy of the trees, or just below them; less frequently in low branches. Regularly visit areas with soil rich in minerals in the company of other species of parrots.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution(reproduction / resident): 3.470.000 km2

This is a kind of basin of the Western Amazon and the Alto Orinoco. Its length extends from the southeast of Colombia, from the Caquetá Western and bass Río Inírida, Guainía, until Venezuela in Amazon and the Center and South of Bolivar and in Brazil in the upper part of the Amazon to the West, from the rivers Black and Madeira through the rivers Juruá and Purus and to the South towards Mato Grosso, through the East of Ecuador and East of Peru and to the Northwest of Bolivia, in Beni.

They are generally considered rare throughout its distribution area, Although they are fairly common in the Northwest of Bolivia and many in the sandy Woods of bass Inírida River, to the southeast of Colombia. Its population has fallen locally due to deforestation, Although large tracts of primary forest remain in all range States. Live in several areas protected.

Distribution 2 subspecies:

  • Pyrilia barrabandi aurantiigena

    (Gyldenstolpe, 1951) – Is located in the East of Ecuador and to the East of Peru, where is this in the Manu National Park. In the North of Bolivia is it described as frequent to numerous. The extension also comes to Brazil: is limited by the Amazon in the North and Rio Madeira from the East (pit et to the., 1997).

  • Pyrilia barrabandi barrabandi

    (Kuhl, 1820) – Nominal.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Almost threatened.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but this species is described as “rare” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 12.1-15% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (21 years) based on a model of Amazon deforestation (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the., 2011). Given the susceptibility of the species to the fragmentation and degradation of forest and potentially your hunting and/or trapping, It is suspected that its population will decrease at a rate close to the 30% during three generations.

Threats

The main threat This species is the acceleration of the deforestation on Amazon basin with large tracts of land used for cattle raising and soybean production; It is highly susceptible to degradation and fragmentation due to its dependence of primary forests (Soares-Filho et to the. 2006, Bird et to the. 2011, A. Lees in litt. 2011). It can also be vulnerable to the hunt (A. Lees in litt. 2011). The changes proposed by the Forest code of Brazil they reduce the percentage of land that a private owner has the legal obligation to maintain as forest and include an amnesty for owners who have deforested before July of 2008 (that would be subsequently absolved of the need to reforest lands illegally cleared) (Bird et to the. 2011).

Lorito Carinaranja in captivity:

It is very rare see you in captivity outside of Brazil.

Alternative names:

Orange-cheeked Parrot, Barraband’s Parrot, Orange cheeked Parrot (English).
Caïque de Barraband (French).
Goldwangenpapagei, Goldwangen-Papagei (German).
curica-de-bochecha-laranja, curica, curuca (Portuguese).
Cotorra Cabecinegra, Lorito Carinaranja, Lorito de Mejillas Amarillas (Spanish).
Cotorra Cabecinegra (Colombia).
Loro de Mejilla Naranja (Peru).
Perico Cachete Amarillo (Venezuela).

Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia barrabandi
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus Barrabandi

Orange-cheeked Parrot images:

————————————————————————————————

Orange-cheeked Parrot (Pyrilia barrabandi)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – Orange-cheeked Parrot (Pyrilia barrabandi) Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso, Brazil by Amy McAndrewsFlickr
(2) – Orange-cheeked Parrot at Napo Wildlife Reserve, Ecuador by ocelot123Flickr
(3) – Cobalt Winged Parakeet , Scarlet Shouldered Parrotlet and Orange Cheeked Parrot at 3rd lick by Vince SmithFlickr
(4) – Cobalt Winged Parakeet , Scarlet Shouldered Parrotlet and Orange Cheeked Parrot at 3rd lick by Vince SmithFlickr
(5) – Cobalt Winged Parakeet , Scarlet Shouldered Parrotlet and Orange Cheeked Parrot at 3rd lick by Vince SmithFlickr
(6) – Oiseaux brillans du Brésil.. Paris,1834.. biodiversitylibrary.org/page/47697228

Sounds: controles-canto.org

Saffron-headed Parrot
Pyrilia pyrilia

Saffron-headed Parrot


Description:

22,8 - 25,4 cm.. height.

Saffron-headed Parrot

The Saffron-headed Parrot (Pyrilia pyrilia) is characterized by the lores naked; head, rear and both sides of the neck, bright yellow. Upperparts green. The spots of the upperwing-coverts are bright yellow with some red feathers at the base; Red at the front edge of the wing with the external medium upperwing-coverts blue, or green with blue tips. The primary coverts are black, with the coverts remaining of the party top, green, sometimes with blue tips.

Primary and secondary bluish black with narrow green margin to the outerweb; tertiary green. Under the wings and axillary bright red, flight feather of color bluish pale. Breast Yellow olive; belly Green but paler and more yellowish than the top; undertail-coverts green. At the top the tail with yellow in the innerwebs and blue tips; yellowish below. Bill color pale horn; cere blackish; dark grey skin nude of the lores extends around the eye ring; eye ring whitish; irises dark brown; legs grey.

Both sexes similar. The immature has the crown and shoulders Green with yellow yellowish brown in the face and throat.

  • Sound of the Saffron-headed Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Casanga cabeciamarilla.mp3]

Habitat:

Little known throughout its distribution. It inhabits in jungles wet, very wet, high secondary forest and cleared areas, between the 300 - 1700 m. In Venezuela can be seen in tropical and subtropical areas at altitudes of 150-1650 m (perhaps only seasonally to higher altitudes) and 1.000 metres in Colombia. Generally gregarious, seen in groups of up to 10 individuals.

Reproduction:

With reproduce during the first half of the year.
Birds in conditions of breeding observed in the months of March to June in Antioquia (Colombia). Immature seen during the month of July in Sierra de Perija (Venezuela and Colombia).

Food:

Just have your feed data, Although it more likely is that your diet is composed of of fruit, berries and seeds.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 577.000 km2

The Saffron-headed Parrot is distributed in the this of the Province of Darien, Panama, to the North of Colombia and Northwest of Venezuela.

There are two records in the Northwest of Ecuador, a wandering pair alleged in the Book ecológica Cotacachi-Cayapas and a flock of about 20 birds in the Pedro Vicente Maldonado Canton, in the Northwest of Pichincha (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001), Although their status is uncertain (JF Freile in litt., 2000, Ridgely and Greenfield 2001).

Today it is rare to see to the Saffron-headed Parrot in accessible areas, Although still being common in the Serrania of them Quinchas (Boyacá) and in the Hill of the peace (Santander) (Donegan et to the., 2003), Colombia and is soon likely to have decreased significantly in the Chocó, Colombia, or Darien (GR Angehr in litt., 1999, G. Stiles in litt., 1999).

There are few recent records, but still can be numerous in the base North of them Andes, Córdoba, North of Antioquia and Bolivar, and in the Valley of the Magdalena, to the East of Caldas and to the southeast of Antioquia, Colombia (Hilty and Brown 1986, A. Cuervo in litt., 1999).

Seems to have decreased in Venezuela, where recent records are from the area of Merida, the South-East slopes of the Cordillera de Mérida, Barinas (Kirwan and Sharpe 1999, C. Sharpe, J. and F. Rodriguez Rojas-Suárez in litt., 1999) and Sierra de Perija (CJ Sharpe in litt. 2011).

The population total may have fallen below 10.000 individuals (Juniper and Parr 1998, G. Stiles in litt., 1999). In fact, is estimated that the Western population (West of Sinu) is of 2.000 - 4.000 individuals (the majority of the habitat intact), the population Center (Serranía de San Lucas) is probably less than 1.000 individuals, the slopes West of the Eastern Cordillera It is estimated at approximately 1.000 individuals and the eastern slope of the Eastern Cordillera and Merida perhaps less than 1.000 individuals (C. Sharpe, J. and F. Rodriguez Rojas-Suárez in litt., 1999).

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Near-threatened.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the red list category

This species has a population moderately small suspected is declining, and therefore qualifies as near-threatened. It is considered nationally vulnerable in Colombia (Renjifo et to the., 2002) and Venezuela (Sharpe 2008).

Justification of the population

The population is estimated at at least 7.000 copies in total, more or less equivalent to 4.700 mature individuals (PGW Salaman in litt., 2006).

Justification of trend

A slow to moderate and continuous decrease in population is suspected on the basis of the rates of habitat loss: its preferred habitat is severely threatened (T. Donegan in litt 2006.).

Lorito Cabecigualdo in captivity:

Very difficult acclimating to captivity, susceptible to diseases in captive State.

Alternative names:

Saffron-headed Parrot, Bonaparte’s Parrot, Saffron headed Parrot (English).
Caïque de Bonaparte (French).
Goldkopfpapagei, Goldkopf-Papagei (German).
Saffron-headed Parrot (Portuguese).
Cotorra Cariamarilla, Lorito Cabecigualdo, Lorito de Cabeza Dorada (Spanish).
Cotorra Cariamarilla (Colombia).
Perico Cabecidorado (Venezuela).

Charles Lucien Bonaparte
Charles Lucien Bonaparte

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia pyrilia
Citation: (Bonaparte, 1853)
Protonimo: Psittacula pyrilia


Saffron-headed Parrot (Pyrilia pyrilia)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – Saffron-headed Parrot (Pyrilia pyrilia) by Ron KnightFlickr
(2) – Iconographie des perroquets: Paris :P. Bertrand,1857. by Biodiversity Heritage Library – Flickr

  • Sounds:

Caica Parrot
Pyrilia caica


Lorito Caica

Description:

23 cm.. height.

The head of the Caica Parrot (Pyrilia caica) totally black is it more distinguishable from this species, together with a collar Golden cafesoso that extends up to the chest.

The rest of the body usually Green, more clear in the belly and the inside of the tail; wing with blue stain and dark ends, Tip of the tail black.

Bill color bone; ring eyepiece bare of color grey pale; Orange irises.

The youth with crown green, face Dark greenish yellow, and collar not very notorious gold in neck and almost absent in chest.

  • Sound of the Caica Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/CGypopsitta Caicos (Caica Parrot)E.P.11.06.08.mp3]

Habitat:

It is found in humid forests little disturbed, firm ground, in Tepuis, from the 50 to the 1100 m.
Gregarious, They walk in small groups. They feed in the canopy of the forest.

Reproduction:

Currently with little information about the reproduction.

Food:

In nature, It believes that its diet consists mainly of eucalyptus flowers, fruit, nectar and pollen.

Distribution:

Can be observed in the South-East of Venezuela, Guyanas and northeast of the Brazilian Amazon.

Conservation:

• Red list category of the UICN current: Near-threatened

• Population trend: Stable

Justification of the population:

The size of the world population Caica Parrot It has not been quantified, Although this species is described as ‘ rare’ (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification trend :

This species is suspected that it may lose 13,6-17,2% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (21 years) based on a model of deforestation of the Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006, Bird et to the. 2011).

Given the susceptibility of this species to the hunting and/or entrapment, It is suspected that its population will decrease at a rate close to the 30% in three generations.

Lorito Caica in captivity:

They adult acclimatised quite easily to a new environment and are very resistant … Conversational skills (in comparison with other species).
They are very quiet in an Aviary, with a personality friendly and Gentile. They are very sociable and it should be with a partner or in a group environment. In any way, It is not easy to see to the Caica Parrot in captivity.

Alternative names:

Caica Parrot, Hooded Parrot (English).
Caïque à tête noire (French).
Kappenpapagei, Kappen-Papagei (German).
curica-caica, curica, papagainho, periquito-de-pescoço-marrom (Portuguese).
Lorito Caica, Lorito de Cabeza Negra (Spanish).
Perico Cabecinegro (Venezuela).

John Latham
John Latham

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia caica
Citation: (Latham, 1790)
Protonimo: Psittacus Caïca

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Caica Parrot (Pyrilia caica)

Sources:

Avibase
– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
Birdlife

Photos:

(1) – lynxeds

Sounds: controles-canto.org

Rose-faced Parrot
Pyrilia pulchra

Lorito Carirrosado

Description:

23 - 26 cm.. height.

The Rose-faced Parrot (Pyrilia pulchra) be distinguished easily by your face and both sides of the neck purple red with black margin; crown and throat grayish coffee. General green olive in the back and beige in the belly. Wings with the part superior mixed with yellow or red orange and the rest green blue.

Stubby-looking and tail short. The immature have only have a line red on the eye and the ear While their cheeks are coffee Green.

  • Sound of the Rose-faced Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito Carirrosado.mp3]

Habitat:

The Rose-faced Parrot is a parrot little known, that is is commonly between 1,200 and 2,100 m above sea level, Although has been observed at altitudes as low as 200 m. It inhabits lowland and warm humid and semi-deciduous forests. According to the information available, is known that this Parrot is often feed is on the canopy of forests, Although visit disturbed areas and crops. Flying in pairs or groups of size variable up to of 25 or more.

Reproduction:

The data on reproduction are scarce. However, they have observed individuals with gonads developed between November and February in the Chocó, in Colombia and Ecuador.

Food:

Its diet It is little known, but some observations indicate that includes in its feeding fruits of Oenocarpus bataua (Arecaceae) and other fruits from species wild and plants cultivated as banana and maize.

Distribution:

Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 195.000 km2

Are you can observe in freedom from the West of Colombia to the West of Ecuador.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Least concern.

• Population trend: Stable.

Justification of the population

The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “some common and distributed unevenly” (Stotz et to the., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that the population is stable in absence of evidence of any decline or threatens substantial.

Lorito Carirrosado in captivity:

Not usually seen in aviculture. Extremely sensitive, has ever survived more than one couple of months in captivity.

Alternative names:

Rose-faced Parrot, Beautiful Parrot, Rose faced Parrot (English).
Caïque à joues roses (French).
Rosenwangenpapagei, Rosenwangen-Papagei (German).
Rose-faced Parrot (Portuguese).
Cotorra Carirrosada, Lorito Carirrosado, Lorito de Cara Rosada (Spanish).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia pulchra
Citation: von Berlepsch, 1897
Protonimo: Pionopsitta pulchra


Rose-faced Parrot (Pyrilia pulchra)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • Book parrots, Parrots and macaws Neotropical
  • parrots.org
  • Rodriguez-Mahecha & Hernández-Camacho 2002

  • Photos:

(1) – Photo © stolmstead Flickr.com

Brown-hooded Parrot
Pyrilia haematotis


Lorito Encapuchado

Description:

21 cm.. height and weight around 165 g.

It more distinguishable from the Brown-hooded Parrot (Pyrilia haematotis) is your head, with forecrown White and the eye ring naked white also; ear with red feathers or oranges, crown grayish coffee, chest and nape Green yellowish.

The rest of the body usually green with it armpit red (easily view on the fly), contrasting with the blue-green of the wings and the green of the tail. The latter with light blue at the tip of the central feathers.

The bill is pale brown with yellow tinge. The irises they are red and the legs grayish brown.

The immature they are similar to adults, but more pale, off and without the color red in the head. Their irises is dark.

  • Sound of the Brown-hooded Parrot.
[audio:HTTPS://www.mascotarios.org/wp-content/themes/imageless_gray_beauty/sonidos/Lorito Encapuchado.mp3]

Subspecies description:

  • Pyrilia haematotis coccinicollaris

    (Lawrence, 1862) – With red marks on the bottom of the rear of the neck and in the part superior of the chest, often forming a band in the male, more weakly in the females.

  • Pyrilia haematotis haematotis

    (Sclater,PL & Salvin, 1860) – The nominal.

Habitat:

It inhabits mainly in the canopy of forests moist with trend deciduous, until the 1500 m. Their flocks are not numerous and are quiet at the time of feeding.
In Colombia is considered species very rare.

Reproduction:

It nests in hollow of trees and seems to share them with Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus).

Time of breeding in February in Yucatan; May-July in Guatemala; August in Panama.

Food:

Feeds of fruits and seeds of trees in areas forested, as well as plant epiphytes and leaves green of some types of mistletoe.

Distribution:

Are you can observe in freedom from the Centre-South of Mexico to northwest of Colombia.
You can socialize with other parrots and toucans.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Pyrilia haematotis coccinicollaris

    (Lawrence, 1862) – East of Panama and Northwest of Colombia.

  • Pyrilia haematotis haematotis

    (Sclater,PL & Salvin, 1860) – The nominal.

Conservation:

[stextbox id=”info” float=”true” width =”290″ align =”right”]

• Red list category of the UICN current: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

Justification of the population:

Partners in Flight estimated the population in a number lower of 50.000 individuals (A. Panjabi in litt., 2008), by what is placed in the band 20,000-49,999 individuals here.

Justification trend:

The population of the Parrot Encapuchad suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

Hooded parrot in captivity:

Extremely susceptible to stress and diseases during the acclimatization, the sudden mortality occur without prior notice. These are reasons why the they are seldom seen in captivity.

Alternative names:

Brown hooded Parrot, Brown-hooded Parrot, Red-eared Parrot (English).
Caïque à capuchon (French).
Grauwangenpapagei, Grauwangen-Papagei (German).
Brown-hooded Parrot (Portuguese).
Cotorra Cabeciparda, Lora cabeciparda, Lorito Abigarrada, Lorito Encapuchado, Loro Cabecipardo, Loro Cabeza Oscura, loro cabeza-oscura, Loro Orejirrojo (Spanish).
Cotorra Cabeciparda (Colombia).
Loro cabecipardo (Costa Rica).
Lora cabeciparda (Honduras).
loro cabeza oscura, loro cabeza-oscura, Loro Orejirrojo (Mexico).
Loro Cabecipardo (Nicaragua).

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia haematotis
Citation: (Sclater,PL & Salvin, 1860)
Protonimo: Pionus haematotis


Brown-hooded Parrot (Pyrilia haematotis)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife
  • parrots.org

  • Photos:

(1) – avconline

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