Vulturine Parrot
Pyrilia vulturina

Vulturine Parrot

23 cm.. length and a weight between 138-165 g..

The Vulturine Parrot (Pyrilia vulturina) It is a small parrot with bare skin yellow orange and covered bristles pale hairlike, in the area that covers the forecrown and back of the crown, until the eyes; bare skin on lores, the cheeks and center of crown black and covered with bristles black hairlike; feathers on the sides of neck and in the part back from the crown, are yellow, forming a band bright contrasting with the black of the head bare; back of the neck, black; upperparts green.

Carpal area and lesser upperwing-coverts, orange-yellow; outer median coverts with some blue; leading edge of wing, red; primary coverts blue; rest of the upper parts of the wings, green.

Primaries bluish-black with narrow bluish-green margins to outerweb. Under, the wings with coverts red; flight feather green with blackish tips. feathers throat and the chest, olive yellow with dark tips, giving a scalloped effect; belly green with bluish tint; undertail-coverts brighter yellowish green. Tail green with tips blue and outer feathers with yellow on base of innerwebs. Bill dark blackish-grey with patch pale yellow at the base of the upper mandible; cere yellowish-horn; irises brownish-orange; legs grey.

Both sexes are similar.

The head of the immature, fully feathered (except in the eye ring); greenish on the cheeks and yellow olive in the rest of the head with no collar yellow. The bend of wing and underwing-coverts, yellowish-orange; irises darker.

  • Sound of the Vulturine Parrot.

Habitat:

It inhabits in the rainforest of lowland formations várzea (seasonally flooded forest), and the Mainland (without flooding). Gregarious.

Reproduction:

No details on the reproductive biology of this species.

Food:

diet includes fruit, seeds and berries taken in the forest canopy. Its bareheaded adaptation may be a highly frugivorous diet, to prevent the fruit pulp enmarañara their feathers.

Distribution and status:

Size of its range (breeding/resident ): 1.030.000 km2

Endemic to the northeast of Brazil, to the South of the Amazon, from the eastern state of Amazon, on the east bank of Madeira river, passing by For, to the south, up to the Serra do Cachimbo, extending eastward to the areas bordering northwest Maranhão, in the region of the river Gurupí. They may be restricted to areas around major rivers in this region, which would mean that the size of the range may be overestimated.

References in relation to its range to include Venezuela (lower basin Río Caura) and Guyana, They are apparently wrong.

generally considered rare, although undoubtedly they not have a lot of data due to the difficulty of observation of this species.

The continuing rapid deforestation throughout its range has had to contribute to a substantial decrease in the population Vulturine Parrot in the last decades.

They can be seen in protected forests in the west of its range, but illegal logging and colonization remain a threat even there.

Conservation:

• Current red list category of the UICN: Vulnerable.

• Population trend: Decreasing.

Justification of the red list category

Based on a model of future deforestation in the Amazon basin and its dependence on primary forest and sensitivity to fragmentation, It is suspected that population of this species will decrease rapidly during the next three generations and, therefore, It has risen to Vulnerability.

Justification of the population

The population size World has not been quantified, but this species is described as “rare” (Stotz et to the ., 1996).

Justification of trend

It is suspected that this species has lost 37,1-54,8% of habitat within its distribution over three generations (21 years) starting from a model of deforestation Amazon (Soares-Filho et to the ., 2006, Bird et to the ., 2011). Although the species may have some susceptibility to hunting and / or capture, also it appears to have some degree of tolerance habitat degradation (A. Lees in litt ., 2011). Therefore, you suspect your population decline by 30-49% during three generations.

Conservation Actions Underway

• It is listed as Vulnerable nationally in Brazil (MMA 2014).

• No specific actions are known.

Conservation Actions Proposed

• Expanding the network of protected areas to effectively protect the IBA.

• Manage effectively the resources and existing protected areas and new, using the emerging opportunities for financing the management of protected areas with the overall goal of reducing carbon emissions and maximize the conservation of biodiversity.

• It is also essential conservation on private land, through the expansion of market pressures for proper land management and prevention of deforestation on land not suitable for agriculture (Soares-Filho et to the., 2006).

• Campaign against the proposed changes to Brazilian Forest Code which would lead to a decrease in the width of the areas of riparian forest protected as Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs), that function as vital corridors in fragmented landscapes.

Lorito Vulturino in captivity:

It is not found in aviculture; Probably they never stood outside Brazil.

Alternative names:

Vulturine Parrot (English).
Caïque vautourin (French).
Kahlkopfpapagei (German).
curica-urubu, papagaio-urubu, periquito d’anta, periquito-urubu, pirí-pirí, urubu-paraguá (Portuguese).
Lorito Cabeza Zamuro, Lorito Vulturino (Spanish).

Kuhl, Heinrich
Heinrich Kuhl

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Pyrilia
Scientific name: Pyrilia vulturina
Citation: (Kuhl, 1820)
Protonimo: Psittacus vulturinus

Vulturine Parrot images:

 Vulturine Parrot

Videos Lorito Vulturine:


Vulturine Parrot (Pyrilia vulturina)

Sources:

  • Avibase
  • Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
  • Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
  • Birdlife

  • Photos:

(1) – Pyrilia vulturina (adult and immature) – Imagen de Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
(2) – Pyrilia vulturina ( Curica Vulture) by victor castro

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