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Oriental garden lizard
- Calotes versicolor

Although the Oriental garden lizard can be found relatively frequently and at a fairly low price in the trade, not easy to raise, so many wild-caught animals are still being sold.
Oriental garden lizard
Oriental garden lizard – J.M.Garg, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Content

Distribution and habitat

I don't know why this beautiful reptile is called Oriental garden lizard, It may be because of the red pouch in the throat or, according to population, for his red head, but this lizard is not a Bloodsuckers. The Oriental garden lizard lives from eastern Iraq to southeast Asia in various habitats, diurnal animals live mainly on insects, small invertebrates and vertebrates to mice, only rarely do they eat plant foods.

Description

The Oriental garden lizard (Calotes versicolor), found in open areas with shrubs and trees, often also in human settlements. They are usually solitary animals, since males are very territorial and females also react aggressively to other congeners. Males have a dorsal crest that extends from the nape to the root of the tail.. Coloration varies, usually have a yellow head and red throat. The transverse bands, which can be light or dark, are visible on the back.

Sexual dimorphism

Oriental garden lizard
Blood-sucking tree dragon in Narsapur, Medak district, Andhra Pradesh, India. – J.M.Garg, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Males have a distinctive dorsal crest that extends from the back of the head to the root of the tail.. Older specimens have a more massive head and a thicker tail root.. Animals show a remarkable ability to change color. In general, males are less contrasted than females.

The splendid coloration of the male is characteristic. At first there is a pale yellowish coloration of the head and a greenish yellow neck and back. The neck and back end up changing color to a dark blackish brown, while the throat and head stand out for their intense red coloration. A black band emerges from the throat to the cheeks. Limbs become very dark, while the tail clears. Females have a short nuchal crest.

The "Oriental garden lizard" in captivity

Although the Oriental garden lizard can be found relatively frequently and at a fairly low price in the trade, not easy to raise, so many wild-caught animals are still being sold. Unfortunately, these beautiful animals are often kept incorrectly. The Oriental garden lizard must be kept in pairs or groups with one male and several females

Terrarium

Oriental garden lizard
Bloodsucking Tree Dragon in Dehradun, India – Rakesh Kumar Dogra, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Its terrarium it must be big. A length of 180-200 cm., a height of 130 cm and a depth of 70 cm..

In principle, the caregiver of terrarium you can design the tank as you like. It is important that there is plenty of room to climb and that the relative humidity is not less than the 70%. In the warmest place, lizards need a temperature of around 40°C.

for breeding, it is important to have males and females of the same range. Otherwise, there will be no synchronization in sexual maturity and reproduction will remain an unfulfilled dream.

A single female from the population shown here from Vietnam produced no less than 25 eggs! So, breeding can be quite productive.

You can only have one male per terrarium, otherwise there will be murder and manslaughter. terrarium is big enough, can be kept 2-3 females, but it is safer to keep them in pairs.

Diet

Any live food available on the market corresponding to its size can be used as food for the Oriental garden lizard, but baby mice are used very rarely, if they are used. Of course, the diet must be varied and always well pollinated. To cover the low need for plant food, suitable plants can be planted in the terrarium, preferably in pots.

Breeding

Behind the “dry period”, the males will begin to mate, so its coloring is especially attractive, and if they keep well, mating will also occur. The females will put up 20 eggs that must be incubated for about 80 days. Juveniles should be kept as adults, with live food appropriate to its size.

For sale "Oriental garden lizard"

The price of a "Oriental garden lizard" ranges between 15 – 20 EUR.

Alternative names:

1. Oriental garden lizard, Eastern garden lizard, Indian garden lizard, Common garden lizard, Bloodsucker, or Changeable lizard (English).
2. Agame versicolore, Galéote versicolore, Lézard arlequin, Agame arlequin (French).
3. Blutsaugeragame, Verschiedenfarbige Schönechse bezeichnet (German).
4. Lagarto-de-Jardim-Oriental, Lagarto comum do jardim, Lagarto jardim indiano (Portuguese).
5. Lagarto bosque de Emma versicolor, Lagarto de jardín Oriental (español).

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Turtle feeding
What do turtles eat in the terrarium?

The Turtles they can be carnivorous, omnivorous or herbivorous and there are some species that change their diet as they grow and tend to go from a carnivorous diet to a more omnivorous one.
Turtles in captivity
Even if they seem like it, are not porcelain …, are real, alive and well alive – Get this image at: Flickr

Content

TABLE 1

Classification of Some Turtles
Terrestrial according to their Diet

herbivores Omnivores
Sulcata turtle Box Turtles
Leopard Turtle Terrapenes Turtles
Yellow-footed turtle Articulated Turtles
Radiated Turtle Some Asian box turtles
Chilean turtle
Turtles of the species Testudo

Turtle feeding (chelonians)

The pets, which are very popular today, place high demands on people. Especially when it comes to maintaining and feeding, it is very important to know the conditions in the areas of origin of the turtles and to orient oneself on them. although Turtles can live up to very old, unfortunately it is not uncommon for them to live a few years in captivity. The proper feeding of the species is, therefore, an indispensable factor for successful maintenance. In contrast, incorrect nutrition of turtles is the most common cause of illness and death.

Its original habitat consists of arid and dry landscapes. There, the Turtles you will find slow-growing plants very rich in minerals, trace elements, vitamins, crude fibres and fodder. If you look at this habitat, it is clear that our lush, protein-rich meadows, fruits, cultivated lettuce and vegetables are not part of your natural food supply.

The intestines cannot properly digest this overly soft and sugary food. Even the occasional feeding with fruits, Salads and vegetables lead to an altered balance of microorganisms in the gut. This imbalance in the intestine sometimes leads to severe diarrhea. What, Unfortunately, turtles are not able to distinguish between healthy and unhealthy foods, tomatoes, salads and vegetables are tastefully eaten. The drop, constipation, shell and fatty liver deformities and even death are often the result.

The Turtles they can be carnivorous, omnivorous or herbivorous and there are some species that change their diet as they grow (see tables 1 and 2); for example the aquatic turtles of the gender Trachemys tend to go from a carnivorous to a more omnivorous diet as they grow older; becoming adult vegetarians. This is a reflection of changing dietary requirements, from its phase of greatest development to maturity.

An appropriate one turtle nutrition (chelonians) allows adequate growth, shell conformation and reproductive capacity (48).

Turtle feeding (chelonians) omnivorous

TABLE 2

Classification of Some Aquatic Turtles
according to your Diet

herbivores Omnivores carnivores or
predominantly
carnivorous
There are very few aquatic turtles
herbivores like
Indian Roof Turtle
Painted Turtles European Pond Turtle
Adult Emidids of North America Spotted Turtle along with the
other species of Clemmys
Crocodile and alligator turtle
Map turtles Tortuga Mata mata
Swamp Turtles Soft-shelled turtles
Red-eared turtle Shield turtle
Turtles of the genus Phrynops Long-necked turtles
South American turtles
of the gender Platemys

Most of the omnivorous chelonians they are mainly carnivorous during their youth, but as they mature they increase their consumption of plant matter. It is suggested that their diet in captivity contains plant and animal matter in proportions of 75:25 to 90:10 (49).

In the wild, omnivorous species have access to a wide variety of live foods., frequently insects such as earthworms, snails, slugs, one hundred feet, Pupae, worms, mealybugs, crickets, etc. To get a better idea of the components that a diet may contain for these species in captivity it is recommended to see the table 3 and 4 (50).

TABLE 3

Recommended Components for the
Diet of Omnivorous Terrestrial Turtles

Worms, slugs, snails, myriopods, mealybugs, among other invertebrates
Pinkies (newborn mice)
Skinned and chopped adult mouse
Vegetables and pastures (fungi, lettuce)
fallen fruit (bananas, Peaches, tomatoes)
(McArthur et al, 2004).
TABLE 4

Recommended Components for the
Omnivorous Water Turtles Diet

Pellets for turtles (Tortuguetas [Petmmal], ReptoMin®sticks [Tetra])
Green leaves
Fruits
Low-fat canned dog food
Low-fat rehydrated dog kibble
Pellets for pond fish
Raw whole fish
Fresh meat (liver)
Insects (red worms, tubifex worms, artemias)
Prawns

Since insects contain more phosphorus than calcium (especially the larvae), should be supplemented with vitamins and minerals (calcium), to avoid the presence of nutritional deficiencies. So insects should be fed a diet rich in vitamins and minerals especially calcium, 24h before being offered to the reptile; this is known as "gut loaded" in English, and moments before offering them should also be sprinkled. Occasionally they may be provided with a small amount of meat, fish or dog food “LIGHT” (Normal foods are high in fat), in order to maintain a balanced diet (51).

The frequency of inclusion of animal matter in the diet, depends on the lifestyle of the animal and the degree of meat consumption of the species, excessive amounts of cat food, dogs or monkey, cause metastatic mineralization problems; as it contains high levels of vitamin D3. Most omnivores will refuse to eat fresh vegetables and fruits., showing preference for mature plant material (52).
As for aquatic turtles, they also develop well with a suitable combination of animal and plant material, dried shrimp lack an adequate balance of vitamins and minerals, while greasy fish in large quantities produce steatosis, fatty liver and vitamin B deficiency due to excess thiaminases. So a proper diet is based on a balance of ingredients, a small amount of low-fat dog food can be given 1 once a week occasionally, and natural ingredients should always be preferred (53).
It should be remembered that high-protein diets have a higher content of phosphorus in relation to calcium, so they should be supplemented with calcium (e.g.. Calciosol with fixative) and some fish contain thiaminases, so you also have to supplement with vitamin B1 (e.g.. Thiaminal B-12, Benerva®. Roche Laboratories), to ensure intake (because the animals feed in the water and the supplements are lost) it is recommended to liquefy all the ingredients and then add grenetin to the mixture, to make a gelatin which prevents the loss in the water of calcium and vitamins ensuring its consumption (54).
The key is to prevent animals from being pigeonholed with one or two foods., as they frequently become addicted to meat or fish; which results in a poor diet. It is important to have a separate tank from the main tank so that the animals are transferred to it at feeding time and thus reduce the contamination of the water in the main tank. (55).

Adequate proportions of a diet for red-eared turtles, painted and swamp turtles and stinky:
Turtle in captivity
Turtle
  • 60-70% animal matter: sofobas, crickets, waxworm larvae, common earthworm, tubifex, Anemias, aquatic snails, small fish, trout pellets or low-fat dog kibble, avoid using raw or cooked meat, especially in juveniles due to its low calcium content, tubifex and snails can bring parasites.
  • 20-30% green leafy vegetables or aquatic plants.

In the wild they feed on snails, slug, insects, crabs, other aquatic invertebrates, Tadpoles, small fish, carrion, algae and aquatic plants, and as mentioned at the beginning, juvenile omnivorous turtles are more carnivorous and become more herbivorous as they mature. Adults can be fed from 2-3 times a week and only give them an amount of food that they can eat in a 30-40 minutes, it is recommended to give aquatic plants such as duckweed, water lettuce, Water hyacinth along with other aquatic plants and swamp plants, which form a substantial part of adult diets (56).

Feeding of herbivorous turtles

Microbial fermentation of intake occurs in the large intestine, microorganisms digest parts of the intake such as cellulose that the host cannot digest and this flora produces additional protein derivatives by modifying the plant material (57).

The diet of herbivorous reptiles should contain:
  • High-fiber vegetables that make up most of the diet.
  • It must be rich in certain minerals such as calcium.
  • Rich in vitamins such as vitamin A and D3.
  • Must have an adequate calcium and phosphorus balance, which must be at least 1.5-2: 1 That: P. wild chelonian diets contain at least one radius Ca: P of 4: 1.
  • Adequate water content.
  • Low phosphorus.
  • Low in fats and oils.
  • low in protein.
  • Low in thiocyanates, oxalates and phytates. (58).
  • Should be high in slow-digesting carbohydrates (e.g.. cellulose) and low-carb, high-digesting (e.g.. Feints)

Requirements are easily met when fed with wild plants, like flowers, pastures and weeds (be sure they are free of pesticides and pests), as store-bought greens are often high in protein and low in fiber compared to natural forages. Turtles can graze on their own if they are provided with adequate space for this., without the presence of poisonous plants, even so your diet should be supplemented, the species that benefit most from grazing are the leopard turtles and sulcata (59).

The Turtles have food preferences and will only eat 1 or 2 food to the exclusion of others, which can bring deficiencies. To reduce selective feeding it is recommended to liquefy the food, which is supplemented with vitamins and minerals (e.g.. Vitafort-A and Calciosol with fixative) (see Fig. 5), diet ingredients should be fresh and raw. Food must be washed very well to remove pesticide residues (60).

Turtle eating a salad
Fig. 5. Turtle eating a supplemented salad.

Animal protein should not be offered (see table 5) to herbivorous reptiles as it can affect the intestinal flora and predispose to hyperuricemia and therefore to gout, In addition to causing accelerated and abnormal growth in juvenile reptiles (61).

TABLE 5

Foods to Avoid
herbivorous reptiles

Cat food
Meat
Dog food
Bread
Milk
Cheese
Refried beans
Bacon
Ham
Recovery diets for mammals (a/d Hill’s)
Insects: worms, sofobas, tenebrios
Meat
To mention a few
(McArthur et al, 2004; Walls, 1998).

Although pellet-based diets are very popular, some authors do not recommend them as the majority part of the diet, especially in juvenile animals since they provide them with accelerated growth as most are high in protein (>45%), which is detrimental to growth in juveniles, as the shell is deformed; its use in adults is also of dubious benefit to some; however it all depends on the quality and quantity of the ingredients (62).

As mentioned earlier in the green matter section, care should be taken with vegetables containing oxalates and thiocyanates (see table 6), since depending on the amount of these in the diet mineral deficiencies can occur (iodine and calcium) (63).

The herbivorous turtles differ from each other regarding their preferred intake of fiber, Mediterranean turtles are ramoneadoras so they will be better off if they are allowed to ram in gardens with herbaceous plants; While the leopard turtles and sulcata are better off with a diet high in grasses and hay (70-75%) because they require a higher intake of fiber, although it has been seen that in the wild some eat a greater amount of herbaceous plants, it has also kept a record of growth in freedom that can serve as a captive turtle guide, young and subadults grow 7mm/month, adult females grow 5.7mm/month and adult males 3.2mm/month (64).

A diet recommendation for herbivorous tortoises is:

  • Mediterranean turtles: 25% rubiaceae (Nubia, white gallium, coffee family), 22% legumes (bean, peanut, broad bean, lentil, soy, pea and chickpeas), 10% asteraceae or compounds (lettuce, Sunflower, endive, chicory, daisy, chamomile and safflower), 8% ranunculaceae (be careful with these because many are toxic like aconite, knight spur and adonis), these can be grown at home to ensure they are pesticide-free and it is recommended that it be in calcium-rich soils to ensure that the plants have a high content of this mineral..
  • Leopard and sulcata turtles: their diet is similar to that of Mediterranean turtles, but with a higher proportion of pastures (20%) such as achicalada alfalfa and good quality Timothy grass hay (65).

In general, the food should be provided ad libitum per meal. The newly hatched specimens and up to their juvenile stage should eat 2 times per day, chopping the food to obtain particles of the appropriate size. Juveniles and adults can be fed once a day and both juveniles and adults should have access to fresh water for both drinking and bathing. (66).

Canned and dehydrated herbivore diets are commercially available and a small portion may be used in the omnivore diet. (67).

Sources:

Corral Gutiérrez, Karla Marina. (2009). “Development of a manual and interactive disc on food, installations and common diseases in reptiles used as pets”. (Bachelor's Thesis). National Autonomous University of Mexico, Faculty of Higher Studies Cuautitlán, UNAM. Retrieved from https://repositorio.unam.mx/contenidos/3449228
Bibliography:
(48) (Alderton, 2002; Beynon and Cooper, 1999; McArthur et al, 2004).
(49) (Alderton, 2002; Girling and Raiti, 2004; Mader, 2006; Merck Veterinary Manual, 2007; McArthur et al, 2004).
(50) (McArthur et al, 2004; Wissman M. A., 2003).
(51) (McArthur et al, 2004; UNAM Diploma in Medicine and Wildlife Management, 1993).
(52) (McArthur et al, 2004).
(53) (McArthur et al, 2004).
(54) (Girling and Raiti, 2004; McArthur et al, 2004).
(55) (Girling and Raiti, 2004; McArthur et al, 2004).
(56) (Girling and Raiti, 2004; McArthur et al, 2004).
(57) (McArthur et al. 2004).
(58) (Girling and Raiti, 2004; McArthur et al, 2004).
(59) (Mader, 2006; McArthur et al, 2004).
(60) (McArthur et al, 2004; Wissman M. A., 2003; Syria et al., 2002; Walls, 1998).
(61) (McArthur et al, 2004).
(62) (McArthur et al, 2004).
(63) (Mader, 2006).
(64) (Girling and Raiti, 2004).
(65) (Girling and Raiti, 2004).
(66) (IMFAC, Practical Medicine Course in Non-Conventional Companion Species, 2006; McArthur et al, 2004).
(67) (Wissman M. A., 2003).

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Gold dust day gecko
- Phelsuma laticauda

The Gold dust day gecko is commonly known as the mascot of GEICO Insurance, and also the main character of the video game series, Gex.
Gold dust day gecko
A Gold dust day gecko (Phelsuma laticauda laticauda) in Kona, Hawaii – Pharaoh Hound, CC BY-SA 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

Content

Origin

Native to northern Madagascar and the Comoros, currently it is also found in the neighboring islands, the Seychelles and Hawaii.

Characteristics

With a head-torso length of up to a few 5 cm., the Gold dust day gecko is one of the smallest representatives of its species. The color of the body is a light green, 3 red stripes on the back appear to be applied with a brush. The golden, shiny scales of the neck and front of the back give it its name. The eyes are “painted” Turquoise.

Habitat

The Gold dust day gecko is often found near settlements. It inhabits various tree species, larger plants such as deciduous trees, coconut trees and other palm trees, sisal agaves, bananas and houses. It shares its habitat with the dull day gecko (Phelsuma dubia).

This species feeds on insects and other arthropods. They also tastefully eat sweet fruits, pollen and nectar.

Males of this species of Day gecko can behave quite aggressively. They do not accept other males in the vicinity.

The "Gold dust day gecko" in captivity

The Gold dust day gecko has been raised in the care of humans for generations and, of course, you always have to use the pups.

With the right care and accommodation, the Gold dust day gecko is a grateful pet that gives a lot of pleasure to its owners. But, the conditions and needs of these animals mentioned here must be met. Next we want to show you some special characteristics of day geckos in general for their successful care in the terrarium. Here, animal welfare comes first.

Terrarium measurements

The terrarium for him Gold dust day gecko must be of sufficient height, since it is an animal that lives in trees. As a key to the size of the terrarium we recommend calculating with the head-torso length of the animal. The size of the terrarium is calculated as follows for non-adult animals:

  • Terrarium floor space: Four times x three times the head-torso length of the animal.
  • Height of the terrarium: Four times the head-torso length of the animal.
  • Observe the growth of the animal in the coming months (fast-growing animal/slow-growing animal) For adult animals (of legal age).

    As standard measures it is advisable a terrarium of 60 x 40 x 80 cm. (for 1-2 animals).

    Terrarium decoration

    The Gold dust day gecko is an excellent climber, you are almost never seen on the ground. Various cork branches, cork tubes and bamboo shoots have a decorative look and provide the animal with a space to walk, including the coveted spot for sunbathing under the point of ultraviolet light. As such, place a branch or root at the right distance from the light source so that the right temperature is created in it. They will also willingly accept some vertical climbing opportunities.. It also, the terrarium must be well decorated with plants. Artificial plants are a practical option in this case, as they can be easily cleaned of droppings.

    The suitable substrate is the bark bed and earth of the terrarium. Some moss cushions are decorative and regulate humidity. Droppings and food scraps should be removed daily.

    Temperature and lighting of the terrarium

    The Gold dust day gecko inhabits tropical habitats.

    Like the reptiles are warm-blooded animals, you have to simulate their natural habitat in the terrarium: temperature and humidity. This is achieved by various heat/light sources and water misting/spraying. (sprinkler system).

    One thermometer/hygrometer allows the caregiver to control these values. Animals have excellent eyesight and visual acuity. Depend on sufficient lighting. So, It good lighting is mandatory of the terrarium. They also need a sunny spot in the terrarium. This is created by the spot lighting, that provides light, heat and UV rays. The highest quality products are good enough here, because only they are equal to the natural light of the sun. The Gold dust day gecko see the colors in the ultraviolet range, so they can't perceive their surroundings normally without adequate light. It also, only an optimal supply of UV-B light provides enough vitamin D3 for young animals to grow optimally and adults to also be in top shape and display their bright colors.. We recommend the JBL L-U-W Light, which is available in different powers and in the version “Desert” or “Jungle“. This type of lighting provides light, heat and UVA/UVB rays.

    Terrarium Gecko golden diurnal
    Terrarium “Gold dust day gecko” Exoterra

    As a caregiver, you can get an especially good climate (and easy to control) using a heating mat under part of the floor of your terrarium. Although the Gold dust day gecko does not go down to the ground to warm up, yes it heats the basic temperature of the high terrarium -which by design is similar to a fireplace- from below. These terrariums usually have too low temperatures in the lower half of the terrarium outside of summer., so the fry have a hot back and a cold belly.

    The heating mat must be accompanied by a thermostat. In this way, always get the right climate, as the heating mat turns on automatically when needed. A plus point is the more favorable energy consumption in terms of the environment, since terrariums operated in this way not only require lower power for point lamps, but also, usually, fix themselves with less energy. For uniform lighting of your terrarium as decoration of your living space, we recommend the LED lighting across the entire terrarium. Light and heating sources are always turned on and off at a daily rate using a timer, 14h on, 10h off.

    Nutrition

    The Gold dust day gecko is a fast and agile hunter. The feeding insects (crickets, domestic crickets, grasshopper, etc.) they are always sprinkled with mixtures of vitamins and minerals. This is the only way to avoid irreversible deficiencies, which can often lead to serious illness or even death in young animals and pregnant females, for example.

    Feeding animals must always be adapted to the size of the Gold dust day gecko. Feed only insects that will be eaten directly. Otherwise, feeding animals would disperse around the terrarium, they would hide away and get rid of the attached vitamins/minerals – the result is malnutrition and malnutrition despite food supplies.

    It also, to the Gold dust day gecko in nature they like to lick overripe fruits and nectar. With “Exoterra Day Gecko Food” small glasses already prepared with a suitable food porridge are obtained. Not offered on the ground, but permanently in the so-called “cupholder” at a high altitude.

    Social behavior and reproduction

    The Gold dust day gecko can be maintained individually, in pairs or in a group constellation of one male with several females. Males are always incompatible with each other.

    Females of the species “Phelsuma” put 1-2 eggs after a few 28 days, until 5 times a year. Some species stick eggs to the substrate. The eggs quickly harden in the air and the females of the “kind of glue for eggs” stick 2 eggs each. They like to do it in small cavities like bamboo canes or cork tubes..

    The Gold dust day gecko puts up to 5 pairs of eggs per year, this species uses the indentations of bamboo leaves and tubes or similar cavities. At a constant temperature of 28°C, the colorful dwarfs hatch after a few 40-45 days with a size of something less than 60 mm.

    Curiosities

    It is commonly known as the mascot of GEICO Insurance, and also the main character of the video game series, Gex.

    Thanks to the special adhesive foils on your fingers, the Gold dust day gecko not only moves on the smoothest surfaces, but even clings to the glass upside down without problems. In doing so, develop true superpowers through so-called adhesion: thanks to their feet covered with billions of fine hairs, make use of Van der Waals forces and electrostatic forces.

    On the sides of the back of the head have small “calcium sacs”, which serve females to store calcium in preparation for egg formation.

    In the wild, guarantee their survival against predators by wagging their tails and “moving in a startled way”. If a hunter grabs them by the trunk, the skin sheds and the Gold dust day gecko escape. Tail and skin regenerate in case of emergency.

    For sale "Gold dust day gecko"

    The price of a "Gold dust day gecko" at the exotic animal market, bred in captivity, ranges between 80 – 100 EUR.

    Videos "Gold dust day gecko"

    Phelsuma Laticauda

    Gold Dust Day Gecko - Phelsuma Laticauda

    Alternative names:

    1. Broad Tailed Day Gecko (English).
    2. Gecko diurne à large queue, Gecko diurne des îles, Gecko poudre-d’or, Gecko vert à trois taches, Phelsume poussière-d’or (French).
    3. Goldstaubtaggecko (German).
    4. Gecko Poudre d’Or (Portuguese).
    5. Gecko diurno del polvo de oro (español).

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    Striped mud turtle
    - Kinosternon baurii

    The Striped mud turtle inhabits stagnant and slow-flowing waters of all kinds, including temporary.
    striped bog turtle
    Kinosternon baurii au Vivarium Elapsoidea (Meyrin, Geneva, Switzerland) – Totodu74, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Content

    Origin / Distribution

    The Striped mud turtle (Kinosternon baurii) is native to the southeastern United States. The main distribution area is the Florida panhandle, but the species is also present in the coastal lowlands of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina and Virginia. In general, the species is considered common and not endangered, and is not subject to trade restrictions or species protection laws. But, the local population of the Florida Keys is threatened by the destruction of the biotope and, therefore, has been placed under protection in the United States. Trade has no impact on natural populations.

    Characteristics / Appearance

    The Striped mud turtle it has an oval shape and a dark brown or black shell. The skin is dark and the underside of the shell is slightly yellowish.. In most places in Florida, animals have stripes on their shells that give them their names. But, there are regions where these turtles continue to have signs of these stripes or do not have any. this is known, for example, by populations of the Everglades.

    These reptiles usually have two distinct stripes on their heads on each side.. This goes practically through the eye to the tip of the nose. Females have longer tails that are slightly bent at the end.. It is assumed that this fold serves to better cling to the female when courting and mating..

    With a maximum shell length of only 12 cm in females, males are even smaller, about 10 cm., this turtle is really small. These are already record dimensions; females reach sexual maturity when they measure about 7-8 cm long and have 5-6 years.

    Habitat

    The Striped mud turtle inhabits stagnant and slow-flowing waters of all kinds, including temporary. If such a pond dries up, animals change habitat. Migrations of up to 3,5 km. They also look for the preferred places for laying eggs.. Thus, the Striped mud turtle, is unfortunately a frequent victim in road traffic.

    Behavior

    These little turtles are omnivorous by nature and feed on palm seeds, algae, insects, snails and the like. For its part, They are common prey for alligators and birds of prey such as the snail kite.. The small hatchlings and eggs are eaten by a large number of animals, which the turtles compensate with a very high reproductive rate.

    A female can produce up to six (normally: three) broods per year with 1-6 (normally: 2-3) eggs each. The eggs are huge compared to the mother, one wonders how they fit in little mama. Eggs need between 80 and 145 days to mature, and only grow at temperatures between 28 y 30ºC. If the temperature drops to 22.5-24°C, the embryo pauses in its development. The pups measure between 2 and 2,5 cm in length and weigh between 2,1 and 3,9 g..

    The "Striped mud turtle" in captivity

    Striped mud turtle
    This Striped mud turtle (Kinosternon baurii) was one of six mud turtles observed on two islands in the Florida Keys during a survey in January 2016. This listed reptile is one of seven species targeted during this study. Foto de Jonathan Mays – Flickr

    Aquaterrarium

    The minimum size of the aquaterrarium for the care of a single animal is three times the length of the carapace as the length of the tank, one and a half times the length of the shell as the width of the tank and two times the height of the shell as the water level. For a single animal this means (with a maximum carapace length of 12 cm.) a background surface of 36 x 18 cm with a water level of about 10-12 cm.. But, you will hardly be able to keep a turtle in such a small aquarium. But, a standard aquarium of 60 cm is absolutely sufficient to create a well-structured living environment for the little turtle. The following principles are very important: The Striped mud turtle climb and run instead of swimming. So, the water surface must always be easily accessible and the water level must not exceed 20 cm..

    Aquaterrarium decoration

    Waterproof roots and round stones are suitable for furnishings. The substrate should consist of a layer of fine sand of about 5 height cm, since animals like to dig. Many specimens only come out of the water to lay their eggs.. But, this varies greatly from one individual to another and, therefore, must be tested: add a piece of floating decorative cork to the tank. If you visit this part of land, a fixed part of earth must be installed, which may consist of a plastic bowl suspended and filled with sand, for example.

    Illumination

    On the ground part can be installed a weak focus under which a temperature of 30-35°C is reached. The uv need of these turtles is low; a commercially available fluorescent terrarium tube with a UV component is perfectly suitable. A too bright location of the aquaterrarium should be avoided.

    Temperature

    The water temperature should oscillate between 22 and 26°C from February to November, with 14 daylight hours. A hibernation period of about two months with only a few 8 daylight hours (this is much more decisive for the start of hibernation, that is regulated by hormones, than temperature) at 12-15°C is very favorable for keeping turtles healthy for many years and for reproduction.

    Individual maintenance, as a couple or in a group?

    In principle, It is best to keep all swamp turtles alone. The males are very incompatible with each other and can drive the females crazy by their constant willingness to mate.. Females also prostitute themselves sometimes with violence against each other. But, this varies greatly from individual to individual. You can be very lucky and buy a pair that will get along very well, but unfortunately you can't trust it. Sometimes, the animals only split up after years of peaceful coexistence. This is said to occur even in humans…

    In principle, you should have as many tanks as animals you want to have, so you can elegantly avoid all difficulties from the beginning and you can react quickly if necessary.

    for breeding, the female is put with the male, which usually bears fruit very quickly. In this way we have a fertilization rate of almost 100%, while annoying females often do not take care of themselves if they are kept together for a long time.

    Unlike many other reptiles, females are not at all demanding when it comes to laying eggs. They gladly accept the sand-filled dirt area described above. At worst, they will simply lay the eggs in the water, but don't let it go to that extreme. By the way, females that stand alone also produce eggs (unfertilized, of course). It's like with chickens, they don't need a rooster to produce eggs for breakfast.

    Turtles and fish

    Video Kinosternon Baurii

    Tortue Kinosternon Baurii

    The most exciting and beautiful thing is to keep the turtles together with the fish.. First of all, the aquarium becomes more attractive - there are more things in it- and, in the second place, fish realize very quickly when something goes wrong in the water. The right species for the biotope are, for example, the Jordanella floridae (Jordanella floridae), the Least killifish (Heterandria formosa), the Blackbanded sunfish (Enneacathus chaetodon) or the Everglades pygmy sunfish (Elassoma evergladei).

    If you are lucky enough to have the Sailfin molly (Poecilia latipinna), You will see how these creatures, otherwise delicate, become authentic beauties. For reasons that are still unknown, the Sailfin molly they develop exceptionally well when kept next to turtles. Of course, the selection of fish species is not limited to those mentioned. Only the slow fish that live on the bottom, as the Whiptail catfish (Rineloricaria fallax, etc.), should not live with turtles. As a rule, fish are safe from small shell carriers; at most, weak or sick specimens become their victims, but that doesn't matter.

    Food

    The Striped mud turtle is more carnivorous than omnivorous. It is advisable to grow duckweed, especially the large species Spirodela polyrhiza, in the tank. Like this, they are simply available as food when turtles feel like vegetarian food. Otherwise, feeding is very easy, because Kinosternon baurii is not demanding. But, food should always be absolutely fresh and of high quality. It doesn't matter if it's industrially produced food for swamp and water turtles or frozen food..

    Vitamins and valuable unsaturated fatty acids are destroyed more quickly than many people realize. Here we continue to sin a lot. Always buy food in small containers. Dry food should be consumed at the latest 6 weeks after opening the can, and frozen food after about half a year. Dry food should never be stored in a bright place, warm and humid. They should always be stored in an airtight container, in a dark and cool place.

    If properly cared for, these friendly dwarfs hardly cause problems and give years of pleasure to their caregiver.

    Buy one "Striped mud turtle"

    The price of a "Striped mud turtle" ranges between 130 – 160 EUR.

    Videos "Striped mud turtle"

    kinosternon baurii baby in mini aquaterrarium

    Primo Ingresso in Acquario Kinosternon Baurii

    Alternative names:

    1. Striped mud turtle (English).
    2. Tortue de boue rayée (French).
    3. Dreistreifen-Klappschildkröte (German).
    4. Tartaruga de lama listrada (Portuguese).
    5. "Tortuga de pantano rayada" (español).

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    Jackson's chameleon
    - Trioceros jacksonii

    The Jackson's chameleon is diurnal and shows a foraging behavior with few movements per minute and a very slow locomotion rate.
    Jackson's chameleon
    Jackson's chameleon (Chamaeleo jacksonii) b. 27-01-2005 1 year Wellington Zoo 22-01-2006, Wellington, New Zealand – Photo credit: Peter Halasz. (User:Pengo)

    Content

    Origin / Distribution

    The Jackson's chameleon (Trioceros jacksonii) is native to Kenya and Tanzania.

    It has been introduced in the US. USA, in California, Hawaii and Florida.

    Subspecies of Trioceros Jacksonii

    Currently there 3 subspecies of “Jackson's chameleon” Described:

    • Machakos Hills Jackson’s Chameleon (Trioceros jacksonii jacksonii)

      The Machakos Hills Jackson’s Chameleon is originally from Kenya, and it is the rarest type of chameleon. It measures an average of 20-25 cm long. Males have 3 horns, and the females have 1 or 3 little horns, which can sometimes make sex determination difficult. Females are lighter green in color than males., although sometimes they are red. Males are dark green., sometimes with aquamarine blue head and bright yellow patch on flanks. Individuals with this coloration may soon be described as a separate subspecies.

    • Mount Meru / Dwarf Jackson’s Chameleon (Trioceros jacksonii merumontanus)

      The Dwarf Jackson’s Chameleon comes from Tanzania and is very difficult to find in captivity. Wild-caught specimens are no longer available, as all export of wildlife from Tanzania is prohibited. it is extremely rare, although there are some breeders of the Mount Meru in Europe.

      These chameleons are the smallest of the species, with 17-20 cm length. Males have 3 long narrow horns, while the females only have a diminished horn on the nose. Both sexes have a dark green or blue-green body with much yellow on the face and at the base of the horns.. The eyelids are bluish-green.

    • Yellow-Crested Jackson’s Chameleon (Trioceros jacksonii xantholophus)

      The Yellow-Crested Jackson’s Chameleon is originally from Kenya, specifically from a limited range in the foothills of Mount Kenya and Nyambeni. It is the most common type of Jackson's chameleon. As the largest member of the species, individuals can grow to 36 cm long, and males are known to far outnumber 40 cm.. Males have 3 horns and females do not have horns.

      Invasive populations of the Trioceros jacksonii xantholophus are present in the Hawaiian Islands because a well-meaning pet store owner released some in O'ahu in 1972 in an attempt to restore the health of a wild-caught cargo from Africa. They have since spread to Maui., Hawaii and Kauai.

    Characteristics / Appearance

    Most measure approximately between 15 and 35 cm length. They usually have several shades of green, but they can become as dark as black when they are very distressed.. Are sexually dimorphic. Males have three long, pointed horns protruding from the head. These horns are absent or underdeveloped in females. The back of the head has a small crest. There are small spines along the vertebral line. Like other chameleons, the Jackson's chameleon has zygodactyl feet (divided so that two fingers point inward and three point outward) that are specialized for life in trees, and a prehensile tail that is also used for grasping.

    But, the most recognizable feature of all chameleons are their eyes. The pupil is the only visible part from its skin covering. Each eye rotates 180 degrees and is independent of the other. Chameleons have unusually strong control over the curvature of their lenses, and can enlarge an image.

    They are considered a long-lived chameleon (until 10 years).

    Habitat

    The Jackson's chameleon prefers to live in thickets and mountain forests. They need to hide and prefer to live in trees. They rarely venture on the ground, except for laying eggs or mating.

    Behavior

    Males are territorial and fight with their horns, which they can also use to attract females. When two males meet, they stand on their side, flatten their bodies, curl their tails and push their heads forward. They inflate with air to appear larger and become brightly colored. Next, open their mouths to show the varied colors of their interior, while swaying and wiggling with the occasional soft hiss. The submissive male will normally try to hide, freeze on the spot or try to escape the area. Fade into muted colors. When males fight, they hit each other with their horns and try to push themselves from the branches. These fights can cause physical harm to chameleons.

    They use stillness and dull natural coloration to protect themselves from bird predation, Snakes, shrews and lizards.

    Reproduction

    The Jackson's chameleon has a mating ritual that mimics its threat ritual. The male initiates the display of threat to the female, including color changes, inflating of the throat and elevation of the front legs towards the opponent. The female then has two options. May make threatening gestures, in which case you do not want to mate. If you want to mate, make weak threatening gestures or make no gestures at all, in which case the male recognizes his will. Then the male surrounds the female, grabs your neck with your mouth, is placed on your back and inserts the hemipene into the cloacal orifice. This whole process usually takes a few 13 minutes. The female will continue to mate during 11 days, but not with the same male twice in a day. Gestation lasts approximately 190 days. The young are usually born in the morning. The female opens the cloaca and the young are born one at a time on a branch.. They are still surrounded by a gelatinous egg sac and remain asleep until the egg touches the substrate.. The young then wake up and stretch and break the egg sac.. At birth, the offspring measure some 5,5 cm long and weigh some 0,6 Gm. After 20 days females copulate again. The young will reach sexual maturity at the age of 9 or 10 months.

    Food

    The diet of this chameleon consists mainly of insects and spiders. Using your eyes independently, sit completely still and watch if an element of prey crosses your path. When you locate it, both eyes converge and it swings a bit to improve its vision and confirm the distance at which the prey is located.. The prey is captured by projecting the tongue, which has a fleshy tip covered in sticky saliva. The prey is brought back to the mouth, chewed and swallowed. Language, one and a half times the length of the lizard, can reach its full length in a sixteenth of a second.

    They get water by licking the drops from the leaves.

    In the morning, sunbathe, bending one side towards the light and flattening the body and stretching the neck to increase its surface. Once heated, are able to hunt.

    Threats to the species

    State of conservation ⓘ


    Status Minor Concern ⓘ (UICN)ⓘ

    The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) classifies all chameleons as threatened. Two reasons for its decline are habitat destruction and the exotic pet trade.. Demand for chameleons encourages pet suppliers to pull them out of the wild and ship them over long distances; the survival rate may be approximately 1 of each 10, and those who survive arrive malnourished and stressed. Proper care methods for these lizards are not well understood, so they can be mistreated without knowing it. Captive breeding has not been very successful, with the exception of the San Diego Zoo and some private breeders.

    The "Jackson's chameleon" in captivity

    The terrarium

    • Size: The bigger, best, minimal 60 x 45 x 90cm.
    • Type of cage: Full or hybrid mesh (combination of mesh and glass or panel)
    • Lights: UVB source (inside or outside), natural light source (window or LED) (inside or outside), Heat source (exterior)
    • Hydration: Nebulizer at night, manual misting in the morning and afternoon
    • Ventilation: full mesh, Small fans when using a hybrid cage and/or the air is stagnant
    • Interior: live plants (not fake), natural branches (no fake vines, non-strings, non-bleached wood), non-substrate.

    Care

    UVB light source: T5 HO 12 hours a day, 5-12% according to the height of the cage
    Visible light: Full spectrum or natural light, 12 hours a day
    Resting point: 26-28°C, 1 time maximum 2 times a day
    Temperature during the day: 21-23°C.
    Temperature at night: Max. 15-17°C, Ideal temperature below 15°C.
    Humidity during the day: 50-70%.
    Humidity at night: 100%, fog
    Hydration: Nebulizer at night, Manual nebulization, Dropper
    Type of feeding: Crickets, Soldier flies, Cockroaches, No vegetables, Fruit-free
    Volume of food: Youth without limit, Adults maximum 1 daily cricket
    Supplement – Every meal: Simple calcium, Bee pollen
    Supplementation – Once every two weeks: Calcium with D3

    Buy one "Jackson's chameleon"

    The price of a "Jackson's chameleon" at the exotic animal market, ranges between 150 – 250 EUR.

    Videos "Jackson's chameleon"

    TRIOCEROS JACKSONII XANTHOLOPHUS - Jackson's Chameleon

    A Chameleon Comes Over to Visit | Trioceros jacksonii | Color Video

    Alternative names:

    1. Jackson's chameleon, Jackson’s horned chameleon, Three-horned chameleon, Kikuyu three-horned chameleon (English).
    2. Caméléon de Jackson, Chamaeleon jacksonii (French).
    3. Dreihornchamäleon (German).
    4. Camaleão-de-jackson, Chamaeleo jacksonii, Camaleão-de-três-chifres (Portuguese).
    5. "Camaleón de Jackson", Trioceros de Jackson (español).

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    Oaxacan spinytail iguana
    - Ctenosaura quinquecarinata

    As to the nature, the Oaxacan spinytail iguana is relatively tame, eats from the hand and does not get scared when you put your hand in the terrarium
    Oaxacan spinytail iguana
    Oaxacan spinytail iguana (Ctenosaura quinquecarinata) Osa Peninsula Costa Rica – Benjamint444, GFDL 1.2 , via Wikimedia Commons

    Content

    Origin / Distribution

    The Oaxacan spinytail iguana (Ctenosaura quinquecarinata) mainly inhabits tropical and subtropical dry forests, in both Costa Rica and Nicaragua. They can also be found in secondary successional forests and in human-transformed environments, like small towns, crops, tree plantations and pastures for cattle.

    Characteristics / Appearance

    The tail of the Oaxacan spinytail iguana it is heavily armored with five rings of spines that form longitudinal ridges. The males of this species reach a length of 35 centimeters, while females measure 18,5 centimeters. Like most of the Ctenosaura, iguanas are born a bright green color that fades to brown as the animal ages. Females tend to take on a uniform brown color and males develop shades of black., blues and yellows on his body and head on the brown background.

    Habitat

    It is a kind of secretive and strictly diurnal habits, terrestrial and arboreal, that usually hides in caves or holes in the ground or between roots and cracks in fallen logs, or low over trees or bushes. They are occasionally seen resting or basking, usually during the hottest hours of the day, and are extremely quick to escape and hide from any potential danger..

    Adults are basically vegetarians, feeding mainly on leaves and fruits and occasionally on some invertebrates. Its reproduction is oviparous.

    Behavior

    Food

    The Oaxacan spinytail iguana it is omnivorous and is known to consume leaves, fruits and flowers of many trees, including the indian agati (Sesbania grandiflora), the jobo (Spondias mombin) and the azulillo (Tecophilaea cyanocrocus), as well as various insects. This species has a significant symbiotic relationship with shrubs in the plant families Fabaceae and Bignoniaceae. It is sometimes known to eat crop plants, like the bean.

    Reproduction

    The sexual maturity of Oaxacan spinytail iguana reached at two years of age; reproductive males have an average of 26 cm long snout-cloaca (SVL), while the females measure 24 cm SVL. Males can reach up to 35 cm long SVL. Breed annually, with five eggs or less; the incubation period is 80 days. Their average lifespan is six years.

    Threats to the species

    Oaxacan spinytail iguana
    Pygmy club-tailed garrobo in Prague Zoo – Jklamo, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    It is currently considered a rare species with reduced populations and in danger..
    Total population size unknown, but it is estimated that there may be less than 2,500 mature individuals.

    These Ctenosaura are threatened by habitat fragmentation and destruction caused by human activities, including urbanization, Agriculture, deforestation and ranching.

  • The Oaxacan spinytail iguana takes refuge in fence posts or hollow trees that are threatened by ranchers and farmers who intentionally set fires to annually regenerate their fields.
  • Sometimes they are also killed by accident, inside tree holes that are collected for firewood.
  • Large-scale farming and ranching displaces Oaxacan spinytail iguana and fragment the population, this can reduce their genetic variability to some extent.
  • forest clearing, the uncontrolled burning and extraction of wood and the construction of roads, provides easier access to garrobo dispersals outside its habitat for gamers.
  • In regions where they are not hunted for food or for the pet trade, these iguanas are feared and intentionally killed in the belief that they are poisonous.
  • In many cases, iguanas die due to blocking their burrow entrances in hollow trees and fence posts.

  • The "Oaxacan spinytail iguana" in captivity

    This species is widely traded within the legal and illegal pet trade and is sold nationally and internationally.. The Oaxacan spinytail iguana was the second species of the genus Ctenosaura most imported into the United States 2001-2008, with the 50 % of imported specimens registered as wild-sourced and 50 % as captive maids (3171 iguanas) from two hatcheries in Nicaragua. One of the breeding facilities reported a total export of more than 6000 captive-bred juveniles to Europe, Asia and USA in 2009. Since 2005, the number of reported exports to the US has decreased; the number of exports to other countries is unknown. Interviews conducted in several municipalities reported wild captures destined for the pet market.

    Recently, all spiny tailed iguana were approved for inclusion in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), to improve the regulation of international trade. Before listing in CITES, this species was included in a partial trade ban within the European Union since 1996.

    The terrarium

    As to the nature, the Oaxacan spinytail iguana is relatively tame, eats from the hand and does not get scared when you put your hand in the terrarium, but if you try to catch it it bites, to clean the terrarium you have to hold it with gloves. When it comes to eating, he likes practically everything.: Apple, pear, banana, melon, zucchini, green pepper, Canons, cockroaches, crickets, grasshopper,all kinds of worms, little mice, small reptiles, etc.. It is a very easy species to care for..

    Buy one "Oaxacan spinytail iguana"

    Annually they are exported every year to Europe, Asia, and the US, an approximate number of plus almost 6000 young individuals of Oaxacan spinytail iguana from captive breeding.

    Its price can range from 30 euros for a baby up to 300 euros for an adult male.

    Videos "Oaxacan spinytail iguana"

    ctenosaura

    New black iguana terrarium

    Alternative names:

    1. Oaxacan spinytail iguana, Five-keeled spiny-tailed iguana (English).
    2. Iguane à queue épineuse (French).
    3. Fünfkiel-Schwarzleguan , Oaxaca-Stachelschwanz-Leguan, Fünfkielige Stachelschwanz-Leguan (German).
    4. Iguana de cauda espinhosa de Oaxaca, Iguana de cauda espinhosa de cinco quilhas (Portuguese).
    5. "Garrobo enano de cola de garrote", Cola chata, Garrobo de cola espinosa, Garrobo enano o Iguana de cola espinosa de cinco quillas (español).

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    Keeled slug-eating snake
    - Pareas carinatus

    The Keeled slug-eating snake is a predominantly lowland resident. Rarely found near human settlements and farming areas.
    Keeled slug-eating snake
    Pareas carinatus, from Bogor, West Java, Indonesian – W.A. Djatmiko (Wie146), CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Content

    Origin / Distribution

    The Keeled slug-eating snake (Pareas carinatus) is present in parts of southern China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Viet Nam, Peninsular Malaysia (only in northern states), Sumatra, Borneo, Java and Bali. No records from Singapore.

    Characteristics / Appearance

    It has a remarkably sharp snout and relatively large eyes.. Its body is relatively thin and laterally compressed.. Its color is typically medium brown, with a pattern of darker spots and numerous narrow, broken bars. On the top of the head there are dark markings, that can form a clear cross shape, or they can be somewhat less defined. Its underside is pale yellow..

    Habitat

    This Keeled slug-eating snake broad-spectrum inhabits lowland and low-mountain forests up to the 1300 meters above sea level. It is nocturnal and has mainly arboreal habits..

    Behavior

    The Keeled slug-eating snake is a predominantly lowland resident. Rarely found near human settlements and farming areas. Its predominant habitat is forests.. Here the snake feeds at dusk and at night close to the ground. Snakes move very slowly. Their diet consists of nudibranchs and slugs..

    When disturbed, sometimes curls into an S shape, lifts the front body off the ground and pushes the “adversary”, but usually without biting.

    This species lays eggs. Females can lay between 3 and 6 eggs throughout the year. The pups measure between 15 and 18 cm when hatched.

    Threats to the species

    The Keeled slug-eating snake (Pareas carinatus) has recently been assessed by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2011. It is classified as Least concern.

    The "Keeled slug-eating snake" in captivity

    Video of the "Keeled slug-eating snake"

    PAREAS CARINATUS, the snail snake! the snail eater....

    The terrarium

    Some measures of 40 x 35 x 60 cm. (width x depth x height) for the terrarium, illuminated and heated with a fluorescent tube and a parabolic radiator of 60 W. The terrarium may have peat plates on the bottom, as well as at the rear and on a side wall. A thick layer of soda clay under the peat plates serves as drainage and water storage to keep the peat moist at all times and thus ensure higher humidity. The Ficus benjamina and the Ficus pumila they take root in the peat and grow forming a tangled web in the terrarium. A few pieces of cork bark add more structure.

    Drinking water can be an ornamental birdbath, and animals can be sprayed at least every three days. Depending on the season of the year (warmer in summer, cooler in winter), The temperature in the terrarium ranges from 22 and 32 °C during the day and 18 and 24 °C at night.

    Food

    The Keeled slug-eating snake is specialized in feeding on shelled snails. With their enlarged fork-shaped jaws they try to hold the prey by the soft body and lever it out of the shell by alternately retracting the two jaws..

    Nudibranchs offered sporadically have so far only been accepted with great hesitation and only when very hungry. The snails that feed are the bright band snails or (Cepaea spp.), that can be found in almost all the field and have an adequate size. for the juniors, look for smaller snails. Bernstein the snail (Succinea putris), that can be found in wet meadows, offers a good alternative to the not always frequent juveniles of Cepaea due to its smaller size. The collection of young vineyard snails (Helix pomatia) is prohibited for reasons of conservation of the species.

    Water snails have never been accepted as prey. Feeding the previously frozen snails or their bodies or soft parts proved to be extremely difficult.. It seems that, in addition to the olfactory stimulus, visual stimulation due to the slow movement of the live prey animal and the round shape of the snail shell also plays an important role in prey recognition.

    Normally, the animals eat about eight snails once or twice a week. Feeding always takes place at night. If snails are introduced into the terrarium, snakes immediately begin to lick intensely. They then appear to follow the odor gradient in the air until they have the snails directly in front of them..

    Buy one "Keeled slug-eating snake"

    The price of a "Keeled slug-eating snake" at the exotic animal market, ranges between 200 – 300 EUR.

    Videos "Keeled slug-eating snake"

    Keeled Slug Snake eats snail

    Pareas carinatus feeding

    Alternative names:

    1. Keeled slug-eating snake (English).
    2. Serpent mangeur d'escargot (French).
    3. Gekielte Schneckennatter (German).
    4. Serpente-comedora de lesmas (Portuguese).
    5. "Serpiente comedora de babosas", Serpiente caracolera (español).

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    Red-headed rock agama
    - Agama agama

    The Red-headed rock agama (Agama agama) It is one of the most colored lizards that we can find, since even the females are quite colorful. They are desert terrarium animals like the Pogona, with whom they can also coexist perfectly.
    Red-headed rock agama
    Red-headed rock agama – Jason Pratt, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Content

    Characteristics

    The Red-headed rock agama has a very marked color change, but it is only visible during the day. At night, the look of a Red-headed rock agama is uniformly gray. According to your mood, the Red-headed rock agama changes its color.

    The females., juveniles and lower-ranking males have brown to gray bodies. Dominant males are recognized by their flattened steel-blue or olive-green body and yellow head and tail., about orange to red. Depending on the subspecies, head color spreads over anterior body. The males acquire their splendid colors when they have warmed up in an elevated place during the day.

    During gestation, females show yellow to orange spots on flanks and turquoise spots on head. The tail, long and round, does not drop, unlike numerous iguanas or of the Skinks.

    Its size varies between 13 and 30 full length cm. Males are usually 7,5 to 12 cm longer than average female.

    Behavior

    Red-headed rock agama
    Agama agama at the Schmiding Zoo in Schmiding near Bad Schallerbach, Austria – Michael Gäbler, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

    The Red-headed rock agama lives in colonies with a dominant male in a limited area. Group size can be up to 25 individuals. At dawn, group members are activated. During the day, the dominant male usually stays in a high place and shows his color.

    Yet Red-headed rock agama also likes to warm up on a high place in the scorching sun. Stand on front legs and stretch body, and occasionally the tail, diagonally up. When a sexually mature young male changes color, is expelled by the dominant male and has to find his own territory. In a fight with a rival, the fighting male's head turns brown and white spots appear on the body. The males emit hissing sounds and try to strike the opponent's head with their tail.. But, before doing it, adopt a threatening posture. They shake their heads back and forth, lift the body off the ground and unfold the skin folds of the throat.

    The “Red-headed rock agama” in captivity

    Terrarium

    In its original habitat, the Red-headed rock agama live in groups of several animals. This condition must also be maintained in the terrarium.

    The terrarium for him Red-headed rock agama must have very generous dimensions for a couple, or better, one male with two females, since the Red-headed rock agama captured in the wild have a pronounced flight reflex, apart from great mobility. So, dimensions must be at least 200 cm long x 100 cm deep x 150 centimeters tall.

    As the Red-headed rock agama he is very hungry for sun, must be brightly lit, of course with UV, temperatures should be 26-32°C with a basking point per animal up to 38°C. Humidity during the day should be at a constant level. The humidity during the day should be 40-50%, but it should be sprayed every morning and every night.

    The terrarium must be provided with a sand mixture suitable for digging as a substrate, as well as various stones and branches to climb, in order to provide the animals with sufficient variety.

    Diet

    as food, live insects come into question, they must be pollinated regularly, if possible you have to feed many ants, which unfortunately is hardly possible without raising, in any case the diet should be as varied as possible.

    Reproduction

    The Red-headed rock agama (Agama agama) it's hard to breed

    In the wild, mating usually occurs before the rainy season, but it is probably less due to the time of year than to the increased food supply, so maybe you could try to provoke mating in the terrarium by giving more food and spraying with special intensity. If this is successful, which, as I have already said, would be a very lucky case, the eggs are incubated at about 30°C and around 70% of humidity during 60-90 days.

    For sale "Red-headed rock agama"

    First of all, I would like to say that almost all animals found in trade or exchanges are wild caught, and that it takes a lot of intuition to keep these animals, and wild-caught animals in general, unfortunately most of the animals that are sold die due to improper care, and only very rarely are hatchlings successful in the terrarium, so I would advise anyone who is not really versed in terraristics not to buy them, I know that animals are beautiful, but precisely for this reason we must try to protect them.

    The price of a "Red-headed rock agama" in the exotic animal trade ranges from 20 – 25 EUR.