Red-headed Lovebird
Agapornis pullarius

Inseparable Carirrojo

Description Inseparable Carirrojo:

Between 13 and 15 cm in length and a weight between 29 and 50 g..

Ilustración Inseparable Carirrojo

The Red-headed Lovebird (Agapornis pullarius) has the forecrown, the front of the crown and lores bright orange red; the back of the crown, nape, the mantle and scapulars bright green; rump bright light blue; uppertail-coverts They are bright green; undertail They are yellowish green. Upper, the wing-coverts they are bright green and gives the impression of being in relief; small area of ​​clear bright blue in the carpal joints. The primaries and secondaries Green in them vane external and blackish at the internal. Under, the wing-coverts they are black, underside of flight feather blackish. The chin and throat They are bright orange-red; rest of the underparts bright green (paler than the upper region). Central feathers of the tail green, the green side marked red and with a black subterminal band, yellow (or yellowish green) at the tips.

Bill red. The eye ring It is formed by a thin and small band of blue and white feathers; irises dark brown; legs gray or greenish gray.

The female of the Red-headed Lovebird has the head, the chin and throat with yellowish orange edges in the back. Under, the wing-coverts green.

The immature they are like the adult female, but the orange color head and throat It is yellower. Young males shows the black color wing-coverts undertail. The bill is reddish brown.

Description 2 subspecies:

  • Agapornis pullarius pullarius

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – The nominal species

  • Agapornis pullarius ugandae

    (Neumann, 1908) – Possibly you have blue color rump a shade lighter than the nominal species.


The Red-headed Lovebird They inhabit moist lowland savannas, isolated patches of forests into savannas, Riverine forests, shrublands, and more open habitats, including abandoned plantations, cropland and pasture.

They prefer secondary forests and primary education, only in the vicinity of grassy clearings.

Generally live below 1.500 m altitude, until 2.000 metres in Uganda.

Shapes flocks of up to 30 birds, wandering in search of food and returning at sunset to their communal roost favorite.

In captivity, often they sleep hanging upside down.

Inseparable play Carirrojo:

The Red-headed Lovebird are single birds with respect to the breeding. They build their nest in a tree cavity (generally excavated by a Woody Woodpecker), in a hole dug by arboreal ants or occasionally termiteros terrestre.
The nest It is a bed of hulls and shredded leaves, perhaps hardened excrement. The female, apparently, It is responsible for its construction.

The breeding season It covers the rainy season, when planting grasses is done. The laying compose from 3-6 eggs (sometimes more in captivity).

The chicks hatch without down.

Inseparable Power Carirrojo:

The diet Red-headed Lovebird It is mainly composed of grass seeds, including cultivars (millet and sorghum).
They also feed, occasionally, of fruit (Psidium and Ficus).

Considered as plague serious Crop in some areas.


Size of the area of distribution (reproduction / resident): 8.360.000 km2

The Red-headed Lovebird They are widely distributed, but erratically through West Africa and central. There are records Guinea, North of Sierra Leone and North of Ivory Coast in the region of Boundiali and Tingrela; in Ghana, Found in the north and east of the country, south and west around Acra. They are also observed in southern Togo and Benin and in parts of central and southern Nigeria, but apparently absent from the coastal regions.

The islands Gulf of Guinea (in Prince Island extinct). Irregularly distributed through Cameroon to the South of Cabinda and Northwest of Angola (possibly south to the Cuanza River) and of the Central African Republic and southern end of Chad to the South of Sudan and North of Democratic Republic of the Congo; in Uganda and registered at the west end of Kenya, and Northwest of Tanzania.

Burundi and Rwanda. There is a seemingly isolated population in southwest Ethiopia.

Generally sedentary although some local migrations and nomadism have been recorded (for example, Nigeria, Uganda and Tanzania).

Their abundance varies widely: common in some areas (for example, flood plains Niger, Nigeria and Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo), but only locally abundant (for example, Ethiopia):. Uncommon in many other areas (e.g Angola, South of Ghana – where apparently it is almost extinct – and West Kenya ). Its population also varies due to nomadic habits, but a true overall decline appears to have occurred in many areas in this century. Caught for the trade in live birds with large numbers captive outside the range.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Agapornis pullarius pullarius

    (Linnaeus, 1758) – The nominal species

  • Agapornis pullarius ugandae

    (Neumann, 1908) – Ethiopia, Uganda, East of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, West of Kenya and Tanzania


• Current red list of UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Decreasing

The size of the world population It has not been quantified, but the species, According to sources, in general it is quite rare and never reported as abundant, except locally on Ethiopia (pit et to the. 1997).

The population of the Red-headed Lovebird It is suspected that it may be in decline due to ongoing habitat destruction and unsustainable levels of exploitation.

The Inseparable Carirrojo in captivity:

Quite common to 1960, since then rarely available and hard to find copies than import due to the difficulty of raising them in captivity.

The Red-headed LovebirdAgapornis.

The Red-headed Lovebird they are birds calm and harmless; initially shy and huidizos; They can easily hit when excited; newly imported birds are susceptible; keep in small cages at first and place it in a quiet place; regularly manage complex with vitamina C; are not big chewers; in communal aviaries only species pinzones, because they can not compete with other species Agapornis; changing diet or the establishment, only when absolutely necessary, to They are not very adaptable; immature susceptible to 10 months, after they are more resistant.

As a bird with little success in breeding, no mutations are known about him.

With regard to its longevity, According to sources, a specimen lived for 18 years in captivity.

Alternative names:

Red-headed Lovebird, Red headed Lovebird, Red-faced Lovebird (English).
Inséparable à tête rouge, Inséparable à face rouge, Inséparable pullaria (French).
Orangeköpfchen, Unzertrennlicher (German).
Inseparavel de cabeca vermelha, Inseparavel-de-cabeca-vermelha (Portuguese).
Inseparable Carirrojo, Inseparable de Cabeza Roja, Agapornis Pullaria (Spanish).

Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Agapornis
Scientific name: Agapornis pullarius
Citation: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Protonimo: Psittacus pullarius

Red-headed Lovebird images :


Red-headed Lovebird (Agapornis pullarius)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – photo sent by Federico Antonio Herd Misantone –
(2) – By H.v.d.Hoek. –
(3) – 10 four young birds breeding pairs By HvdHoek. –
(4) – MiAgapornis
(5) – female by ConservationIsGreat – Lynx
(6) – Agapornis pullarius (Red-headed lovebird) by John Gerrard Keulemans [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: selvino (Xeno-canto)

Gray-headed Lovebird
Agapornis canus

Gray-headed Lovebird


Between 13 and 15 cm in length and a weight between 25 and 31 g..

Gray-headed Lovebird

The Gray-headed Lovebird (Agapornis canus) has the head and the neck pale grey. Mantle and green scapulars; rump with a much brighter green than the rest of the tops. Upper, the wing-coverts green, alula Dark. Flight feather green above, darker towards tip and margins to the vane outer; grayish brown below. Under, the wing-coverts black. The throat to the top of the chest pale grey; low area chest up to the undertail- coverts pale yellowish green. Upper, the tail green, by bright side, with broad subterminal black band; undertail, the tail greenish-grey.

The upper mandible bluish white, the lower white pink; irises dark brown; legs pale grey.

The female has the head, neck and chest green; upperparts sometimes more brown than the male. Under, the wing-coverts green.

The immature adults resemble, but the gray hood the male is steeped in green, especially in the nape; bill yellow with black on the basis of upper mandible.

  • Sound of the Gray-headed Lovebird.
[audio:HTTPS:// Malgache.mp3]

Subspecies description:

It notes that within the species Grey-headed Lovebird, given the presence of 2 subspecies, which are Agapornis canus canus (Gmelin); Agapornis canus ablectaneus (Bangs); However, not known any mutation, What is something special in this genre, as usually, each species has different mutations, you change the color of its plumage.

  • Agapornis canus ablectaneus (Bangs, 1918) – Greener (less yellowish) below, head violet gray con held tinkles.
  • Agapornis canus canus (Gmelin, 1788) – The nominal species


In Madagascar They are in some wooded areas, palm savannas, forest edges, degraded forests, bush and farmland and rice paddies to altitudes 1.500 m. Use the clear in the dense forest along the mountainsides.

Observed in the outskirts of cities and towns and, often seen on the roads. Introduced populations show similar habitat preferences.

Gregarious, usually in flocks of up to 50 birds, can concentrate in greater numbers in areas where food is abundant, sometimes it partnering with Madagascar Red Fody (Foudia madagascariensis), the Sakalava Weaver (Ploceus sakalava) or the Madagascar Munia (Lepidopygia nana). They often gather at communal roosts in the bare branches.



The nests of the Gray-headed Lovebird are treeholes; the bore is lined with chewed leaf pieces or wood chips and grass blades carried by females between body feathers.

Nesting They were recorded in the months of November and December in Madagascar. Probably they breed during the rainy season (November–April) in Comoros.

The laying is of 4-5 eggs, but up to eight they have been recorded in captivity.

The incubation, probably, the female performs single, lasts a few 23 days and the young leave the nest after forty days.


The diet Gray-headed Lovebird consists, mainly, grass seed.

In Seychelles They have a preference for the crop pasto guinea (Megathyrsus maximus); in the Comoros islands by flower buds Stenotaphrum. They also eat rice out to dry around the villages and farms.


Madagascar It is the natural range of the Gray-headed Lovebird, where usually are common, especially in coastal regions, but today they are rare in eastern and absent or scarce in the central plateau.

Introduced Comoros, Seychelles, Rodrigues, Meeting, Mauritius, Zanzibar and Mafia; apparently disappeared in the last three islands and only a small number Rodrigues and Meeting, but generally widespread and common in Comoros.

In Seychelles, initially established extensively in Mahe but now confined to the suburbs around Victoria and some towns of the West Coast; small town, According to sources, in Silhouette.

Attempts to introduce them to other islands and in Africa have failed.

Distribution of subspecies:

  • Agapornis canus ablectaneus (Bangs, 1918) – Arid lowlands of southwestern Madagascar, intergrades the species nominal about Beth kopaka and Ankavandra
  • Agapornis canus canus (Gmelin, 1788) – The nominal species


• Current red list of UICN: Least concern

• Population trend: Stable

The size of the world population Gray-headed Lovebird It has not been quantified, but the species, According to sources, It common and it is generally Extended. (pit et to the. 1997).

The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence of any reduction or substantial threats.

The species has undergone intense trade: from 1981 when it was listed in Appendix II of CITES, 107,829 wild-caught individuals They were recorded in international trade (UNEP-WCMC CITES Trade Database, January 2005).

After a total ban on exports from Madagascar, in recent years it has been possible to have some specimens imported.

Inseparable Malgache in captivity:

The Gray-headed Lovebird they are very rarely seen in captivity, Since this species it is not widespread today.

The Gray-headed Lovebird It is a pretty bird silent; Active; often timid and elusive; Just get used to his caregiver patiently and in a gradual manner; newly imported birds, initially they are very susceptible; reared in aviaries not usually give complications; It hard chewer; enjoy bath; his voice is not too loud; communal aviary is not recommended because its something rowdiness; He tolerates only birds of the same species in large aviaries where you can implement your flight.

With regard to its longevity, they can live between 10 and 20 years.

Alternative names:

Gray-headed Lovebird, Gray headed Lovebird, Grey headed Lovebird, Grey-headed Lovebird, Madagascar Lovebird (English).
Inséparable à tête grise, Inséparable cana (French).
Grauköpfchen, Grauköpchen (German).
Inseparável-de-faces-cinzentas (Portuguese).
Inseparable de Cabeza Gris, Inseparable Malgache, Agapornis Cana, Inseparable de Madagascar (Spanish).

Gmelin Johann Friedrich
Gmelin Johann Friedrich

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittaculidae
Genus: Agapornis
Scientific name: Agapornis canus
Citation: (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
Protonimo: Psittacus canus

Gray-headed Lovebird Images:

Gray-headed Lovebird (Agapornis canus)


Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr


(1) – A male Grey-headed Lovebird at Beale Park, Berkshire, England By Tony Austin (originally posted to Flickr as Parrot) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – Grey-headed Lovebird, Ankarafantsika, Madagascar By Frank Vassen [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Grey-headed Lovebird or Madagascar Lovebird By [email protected](Opiate ~ @ sugar groups and the) -> (Self-photographed) [GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – the whole family… by ZaR – ipernity
(5) – we Pedia

Sounds: Mike Nelson (Xeno-canto)

Hyacinth Macaw
Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus

Hyacinth Macaw



90 to 100 cm.. of length and a weight of 1,5 to 1,7 kg.

Hyacinth Macaw illustration

The Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) is the largest parrot; has a distinctive coloration, mostly blue intense, with different colors. Wings and tail below black. The basis of the bill and periocular ring, naked and yellow. The tail is very long, and its powerful bill Black is deeply curved and pointed.

The species Anodorhynchus glaucus, similar but smaller, extinct in the early 20th century, It may have been present in Bolivia.


The Hyacinth Macaw take advantage of a great diversity of habitats rich in various species of Palm trees with large seeds, of which feeds.

In the Brazilian Amazon avoid areas of more moisture, preferring forests of lowlands, and seasonally moist formations with light areas. In the drier parts of the northeast of Brazil inhabits areas of Plateau cut by Rocky valleys, steep with closed deciduous woodland, Gallery forest and swamps with Mauritia flexuosa.

In the the Pantanal region the birds frequent gallery forest with Palm trees in wet grassy areas.

Apparently performs migratory movements.

Usually seen in pairs, family groups or small flocks (usually up to 10); much larger flocks reported before the decline.


They nest in large tree hollows, in cracks in rocks from cliffs in the northeast of Brazil or in moriche or aguaje (Mauritia).

The favorite for nesting trees in the Mato Grosso, Brazil, include Enterolobium and Sterculia striata. In Northeast Brazil, the nest is located in Palms Mauritia dead or on cliffs.

They usually put one or two eggs, Although only one brood usually survive if the second egg hatches a few days after the first, Since lower breeding cannot compete with the greatest food.

The incubation period lasts about a month, and the male will assist his partner while she incubates the eggs.

Young people remain with their parents up to three months of age. They reach maturity and begin to play on the seven years.

The breeding season is from August to December, Maybe a little later in areas of pantanal.


The diet Hyacinth Macaw consists mainly of nuts, locally available of various Palms, including (on Amazon) Maximiliana regia, Orbignya martiana and Astrocaryum, in the northeast of Brazil, of the Syagrus coronata and Orbignya eicherir, in areas of wetlands of Bone collectors and Acrocomia.

The palm nuts they take them from the own soil or plant (especially after a fire or when available as remains not digested in cattle droppings).

Other fruits that have information are the from the Ficus sp., as well as aquatic molluscs Pomacea.

Birds drink liquid Green Palm fruits.


Its distribution includes the Centre of South America, Perhaps in several spacious separate areas.

In the Amazon in For from the Tapajós River, to the East of the basin of the Tocantins River, extending to the South, possibly to the Northwestern area of Tocantins. At least before present North of the Amazon River (in Amapá, Amazon and Roraima, Brazil) and perhaps they can still inhabit some examples, Although there is no known recent records.

Distributed, also, through the Northeast interior of Brazil, more or less centered on the Microregion of the Chapadas das Mangabeiras in the union between Maranhão, Piauí, Goiás and Bay, Brazil (the region Gerais).

A third important population focuses on habitats wetlands of the upper basin of the Río Paraguay in the southwest of Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, and extending into the adjacent area of the East of Bolivia and North end of Paraguay.

Reported as probable for the Mapori River to the South-East of Colombia (Vaupés).

Movements General residents but perhaps seasonal in the Amazon in relation to the ecology of the plants on which they feed.

The territory between the three current major distributions, can still be occupied while given recent trends, They seem to indicate that this seems unlikely.

Formerly common in some areas (for example, Mato Grosso). Now they are rather unevenly distributed, with the recent and likely declines continuous in its population due mainly to the illegal trade internal and to the smaller, but significant, international market of live birds. Also hunted for its feathers (especially Pari) and as food. Declining in some areas (for example Eastern Amazonia), because of the alteration or loss of habitat.

Total estimated wild population in 3000 (1.992). CITES Appendix I.



• Current red list of UICN: Vulnerable

• Population trend: Decreasing

The Hyacinth Macaw It has been subjected to a massive illegal trade. At least 10.000 birds were captured in the wild, in the Decade of 1980, with a 50% destined to the Brazilian market (Mittermeier et to the. 1990).

Between 1983-1984, more than 2.500 birds were moved out of Bahia Negra, Paraguay, with others 600 extra at the end of 1980 (J. Pryor in litt., 1998). Although these numbers are now much smaller, the illegal trade continues (for example 10 bird went through a pet market in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, in August 2004 until July 2005, where the birds were changing hands for 1.000 $ US and went to Peru [Herrera and Hennessey 2007]). More recently it has been observed that it seems to be no almost no illegal trade of this species in Bolivia (B. Hennessey in litt. 2012).

Through its area of distribution, There is something of the local game for use as food and for its feathers.

In the Amazon, There has been loss of habitat for the livestock and the rivers hydropower systems Tocantins and Xingu.

In the Pantanal, only the 5% trees S. apetala have suitable cavities (Guedes 1993, Johnson 1996). Young trees are used as food for livestock and burned by frequent fires (Newton 1994).

The Gerais is it being quickly transformed by mechanized agriculture, livestock and plantations of exotic trees (Conservation International 1999).

In Paraguay, the preferred habitats of the Hyacinth Macaw are considered seriously threatened (N. Kochalka Lopez in litt. 2013) and the Paso Bravo National Park suffering from illegal logging.

Conservation Actions Underway:

    – CITES Appendix I and II, protected under the Brazilian and Bolivian law and ban on exports from countries of origin.

    – Many landowners in the Pantanal (more and more in the Gerais) they do not allow hunters on their property.

    – There are several studies long-term and conservation initiatives (for example. Anon 2004).

    – In the Refuge Caiman ecological in the Pantanal, the Hyacinth Macaw Project It has used artificial nests and hatchlings management techniques and created awareness among farmers (Anonymous 2004).

Conservation Actions Proposed:

    – Study of the range, the current status of the population and the scope of the negotiation of the different parts of its area of distribution (Snyder et to the., 2000).

    – Assess the effectiveness of artificial nesting boxes (Snyder et to the., 2000).

    – To enforce the legal measures that hinder trade.

    – Experiment with ecotourism in one or two sites to encourage donors (Snyder et to the., 2000).

Hyacinth Macaw in captivity:

Rare up to 1970; then, starting at 1980, It increased considerably in number of captive birds due to the increase of breeding.

Despite the prohibitions, many of these Macaws they are still trading at high prices (10.000 euros or more), due to its beauty and ease to mimic human language.

The breeding of this species can be difficult and, Unfortunately, many chicks die each year in inexperienced hands.

From this page we strongly preserve these beautiful birds in their natural environment, sincerely not us seems reasonable to his tenure as a pet.

Alternative names:

Hyacinth Macaw, Blue Macaw, Black Macaw (English).
Ara hyacinthe (French).
Hyazinthara, Hyathinzara (German).
Arara-azul-grande, arara-azul, arara-hiacinta, arara-preta, arara-roxa, arara-una, canindé (Portuguese).
arara-azul, Arara-azul-grande, arara-hiacinta, arara-preta, arara-roxa, Ararauna, arara-una, canindé (Portuguese (Brazil)).
Guacamayo Azul, Guacamayo Jacinto, Papagayo azul (Spanish).
Jacinta azul, Paraba azul (Bolivia).
Vihina (Desana).
Kaheta (Carijona).
Guaía-hovy (Guaraní).
Arara-úna (Tupi guaraní).

John Latham
John Latham

Scientific classification:

Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Anodorhynchus
Scientific name: Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
Citation: (Latham, 1790)
Protonimo: Psittacus hyacinthinus

Hyacinth Macaw images:


Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus)


– Parrots of the World – Forshaw Joseph M
– Parrots A Guide to the Parrots of the World – Tony Juniper & Mike Parr
– Parrots, Parrots and macaws (Neotropical)


(1) – Hyacinth Macaw also known as Hyacinthine Macaw at Disney’s Animal Kingdom Park by Hank Gillette [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
(2) – A Hyacinth Macaw at Brevard Zoo, Florida, USA By Rusty Clark from merritt usland FLA (Brevard Zoo Hyacinth Macaw) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(3) – Hyacinthine Macaw at Melbourne Zoo, Australia By derivative work: Snowmanradio (talk)Anodorhynchus_hyacinthinus_-Australia_Zoo_-8.jpg: Erik (HASH) Hersman [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(4) – Hyacinth Macaws at Stone Zoo, Stoneham, Massachusetts, USA By Eric Kilby (originally posted to Flickr as Squawking Heads) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(5) – Hyacinthine Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) By Ana_Cotta (originally posted to Flickr as ARARA) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(6) – Hyacinth Macaws, Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus at the Aquarium of the Americas in New Orleans, Louisiana By Derek Jensen [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(7) – A pair of Hyacinth Macaws and thier nest in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil By Geoff Gallice from Gainesville, FL, USA (Hyacinth macaws) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(8) – A Hyacinth Macaw preening at the Aquarium of the Americas, New Orleans, USA By Quinn Dombrowski (originally posted to Flickr as Dainty) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
(9) – Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus by Hans – Pixabay
(10) – Illustration Guacamayo Jacinto By Lear, Edward [CC BY 2.0 or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sounds: Niels Poul Dreyer (Xeno-canto)

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